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TUESDAY, JULY 12, 1825.
The following is the last number of “ Ma son of *7$. ” We place it thus conspicuously, because we wish it to be read previously to the observations which follow in another arti cle: From the Richmond Enquirer. uHbw is such a delegation [a* that to the Staunton convention] to make mani i%fest the fact, that a majority of the people u call for reformP I cannot conceive any “ method but one—To require every mem “ her of the convention, as a preliminary “ to all proceeding, to state os mis honor, U HOW MANY FEItSONS WERE PRESET!' “ AND CONCURRING IN' THE ACT OF DELE* u cation. Jind, cs both Mr. Mercer arul tt the Friend of Equal Rights declare, that “ the object oj the proposed (■onventton “ at Staunton, is to elicit an expression of “ the real opinion of the people, and there “ by to convince the Legislature, that there w is a large majority in favor of reform, “ / hold them bound to adopt some method “ like that / have suggested,to shew the M REAL NUMBER OF CONSTITUTENTS RE “ PRESENTED IN THAT CONVENTION.” There was a time between the se cond and third Punic wars, when Cato the Censor concluded every speech he made in the Roman Senate, upon any subject, with these words—“I am also of opinion that Carthagt should be de stroyed.’* And I shall commence eve ry letter I shall hereafter •address to the public, with the words above re printed from my last number. I chal lenge the Staunton Convention to give us the test I have indicated, of the real number of its constituents; or any fair test; any test susceptible of examina tion. If they do so, we shall know how to estimate the real numberof re formers; if they decline to do so, we thailbeatno loss to understand the reason. In my first letter, I asked, whether Mr. Mercer did not, in a public speech to the people of Fairfax, declare him self in favor of the abolition of the free hold qualification of suffrage? He rightly supposes that I did not hear that speech; and it was for that reason that I stated the sentiment I had heard ascribed to him, in the form of interro gation. I gathered the doctrine the speech maintained on this subject, from an account of it which I saw in the Enquirer, purporting to be au ex tract from an Alexandria paper, and which (so far as I knew) had never been contradicted. But Mr. Mercer having said, that it is untrue, that he either proposed to abolish the present qualification of suffrage, or advocated its universal extension, I would not say another word on the subject, till I had ascertained what he did say, from some gentleman who was present and heard the speech. I am now well informed, that, in that speech, he declared it as his opinion, that even/ mem who pays a tax ought to vote. I do not know what Mr. Mercer calls the ” universal exten sion” of the right of suffrage: I only know, that this qualification, which he certainly did maintain, goes to the extent ot giving the right of suffrage to fret nr?roes. If I might collect Mr. Mercer’s opi nion on the proper qualification of the right of suffrage, from his answer to me, I should suppose that he thinks that persons who hold lands by lease hold tenure generally, should exercise this right, as well as those who hold by freehold tenure: for, when he talks i of a husband voting on the dower of his wife in fifty acres of waste land, while he could not vote on an estate of a thousand years duration in as many acres of improved land,I can hardly im agine he meant it to be understood, tiiat he ever heard of a henejiriary term of a thousand years. In the English complex system of conveyances and settlements, very long terms are some times created, and vested in trustees, to support contingent remainders, or to attend the inheritance. If he means those short terms of years usual in real leases, for which the tenant pays a year ly adequate rent to his landlord, I say, without hesitation, that such a tenant is the last person, who ought to have a right to vote, because, by his very situ ation, he is liable to be influenced by the landlord’s wishes, and the power he holds over him. I' speak of the gene ral principle—I know,that much would depend, in each individual case, on the temper of the particular tenant or of the landlord The lawgiver can only build his institutions on the general nature of man. I said in my last number, that if my information was correct, the sense of the county of Fairfax has not been fairly ascertained. I hear that an explana tion is wanted; and therefore send you a piece signed Seventy Six, which ap peared in the Alexandria Herald of the 11th May, and which I request you to republish. The facts it states have beetreonfirmed to me, by private infor mation, on which I can place implicit relance. MASON OF 76. An anonym out article, elaborated in this vicinage, and printed, some weeks ago, in a newspaper of this town, has, at the instance of •• Mason of *76,” been published in the Richmond Enquirer. The object of its au thor is to fasten upon the friends of Conven tion the charge of having “ tohetdkd and be guiled” the freeholders of Fairfax into an ex pression of sentiment directly at variance with their real opinions; and to prove that our re port of the proceedings in that county was intentionally unfair. The piece was pointed out to us when it first made its appearance; but carrying in its front a seeming doubtful ness of candor, and dragging at its rear a pitiful subterfuge, acquired in its journey tlirough tire press, we conceived that an an swer at that time would be entirely gratuit ous. It has now assumed, however, an ad ventitious importance, as well from the at tention bestowed on it by the able writer, who has kindly yielded to become its commen tator; as from the respectability of the chan nel through which it has been reconveyed tQ the public eye; we, therefore, feel ourselves bound to notice it and shall do so as succinct ly as the case will bear. That wc may be fully understood, let us, before we proceed, copy from our report an extract embracing e very tiling that wc said in relation to the con vention . “ "When the resolutions had been read, Mr. “ Mercer addressed the people. He said that • * having1 proposed similar resolutions in Lou “ doun, and supported others in Prince Wil. “ liam, he felt himself called on, as a represen ** tative, in whom the voters of Fairfax had so I “ often manifested their confidence, to urge “ the adoption of the resolutions, and to as “ sign his reasons for doing so. He explain “ ed, in a concise, eloquent and convincing “ manner, the glaring defects of the present “ Constitution ; the causes which led to the “ adoption of the features complained of; and “ the suitability of the present times of peace “ and political harmony, to examine those fea “ turcs deliberately, and if found inconsist “ ent with justice and enlightened republican “ principles, to expunge them and substitute “ others, which experience and progressive “ reason had long since dictated. He dwelt, “ particularly and forcibly, upon the anoma '* lous feature which gave to Warwick, and “ King and Queen, an equal influence in the “ Legislature with Frederick, Shenandoah, “ Loudoun, and all other large and growing “ counties. He boldly declared his convio “ lion, that the right of suffrage ought, and “ could safely he extended to all free white “ male citizens who had a permanent interest “ in the state, notwithstanding their poverty “ or their vocations might deprive them of “ the freehold qualification; and he explain “ ed, we thought, with sufficient clearness, “ that this could be done without subjecting “ the state to the inconveniences, and the “ people to the comiption, which were said “ to exist, through a somewhat similar exten “ sion, in Maryland, New-York, and else ** where. “Messrs. Mason and Thompson, the late dc “ legates, explained the motives which go “ vemed their conduct on the same subject in “ the last legislature. Mr. Mason declared “ himself wholly opposed to the resolutions, “and to a proposition for a convention in any “ shape. He spoke with great animation, “elegance and ability; \ised all the arguments “ that his subject would admit of, ami was 11s “ tened to with great attention. Mr. Thomp “ son justified his vote in favor of ascertaining “ the wish of the people, and added several “ powerful arguments to those ad vanced by “ Mr. Mercer in favor of a convention and of “ the resolutions proposed. Mr. Tyler one of “ the candidates, acknowledged his hostility “ to any change in the constitution, but ex ‘' pressed a determination, if elected, to be *, governed by the will of the people. It the “ people by their votes, that day called for a “ convention, as their representative, he “ would support them by any necessary legis “ lative act. All the other candidates made “the same declarations. “ The resolutions were adopted, and when “ the polls closed there were found to be “Fora Convention .... 114. “Against.65. “ So the freeholders of Fairfax have followed “the distinguished example of Prince William “and Loudoun, and the representatives of the “ county are pledged to further their views.” The allegations against the correctness of the above report, as far as we can discover them, arc only two— First—For an omission to state that there were many persons present decidedly opposed to the Convention, who did not vote at all on the question; going upon the principle that a proposition when submitted, if not car ried, was of course lost; and that in order to be carried, it must have the support of a ma jority of those entitled to vote upon it. And secondly,—For unfairly stating that the freeholders of Fairfax had followed the distinguished example of Prince William and Loudoun, and that the representatives of the county were pledged to further their views. In regard to the first charge, we can only say that although the writer of this article was pre-' sent during the whole day of election, and mingled generally with the voters, he heard no such argument used as the one contained in this allegation, nor did he hear any other reason assigned by the people for not voting on the occasion, than that they did not under stand the objects of the Convention, and pre ferred not voting ignorantly; and these, let it be observed, were very few, certainly not ex ceeding forty-five, as may be seen by a com parison of the votes given on the convention, with those given for representatives in the le gislature—the whole number of vote* polled on that day being 224, 179 of which were for or against a Convention. Upon the second charge more stress is laid. It is asked, whether 114 are a majority ofthe voters of Fairfax? or whether they are a ma jority of those assembled upon due notice, that thie question was to be taken? To both oftliese interrogatories we unhesitatingly answer in the affirmative. The 114 did on that day con stitute a majority of the votets of Fairfax— for none are voters savej present freeholders; and there is no other way of ascertaining the number of freeholders present, than by count ing the voters who present themselves to the polls, 8s who. are recorded on the books of the clerks. We have said before that 224 were on that day so recorded; and we presume, it will not be denied that 114 make a majority of that number. But here we cede a great deal, for in fact those who declined a vote on the convention, were no more voters in re spect to that question, than those who ne glected to go to the Court-House, were, in re spect to Assemblymen. The true majority', therefore, was the difference between 114 and 65. In answering1 the first interrogatory, we have also answered the second, except as to the question of due notice. On that subject, little need be said—it is not a matter requiring a specified notice regulated by law. It is a voluntary movement by the people, and a sufficient notice is all that is desirable. From the time the first proceedings took place in Loudoun, it was understood by every voter in Fairfax, who troubled himself with public matters, that the question would be taken in his county on the election day. The proceed ings in Prince William, and afterwards at Lou doun again, were additional notices—and the seven candidates for the Congress and the General Assembly, riding in every direction through the county, may fairly be supposed to have given sufficient notice, even had the people never heard «f the subject before.— We have avoided saying any thing in relation to the proselytizing exertions of the contcnd ing parties. With that, we have nothing to do, not having touched the subject in our re port. “Mason of 76” charges Mr. Mercer with having, in a public speech to the people of Fairfax, declared himself in favor of the aboli tion of the freehold qualification of suffrage, and says he gathered the doctrine the speech maintained on that subject, from an account of it which he saw in the Enquirer, purport ing to be an extract from an Alexandria paper; and which had never (so far as he knew) been contradicted. We refer that writer again to the extract, and assure him that it never has been contradicted —Mr. Mercer has read it in our presence, and acknowledged it to be correct. We heard, we believe, every Word of bis speech—nothing was freer from ambi guity: that it contained any such declaration, “ that every man who pays a tax ought to vote,” we declare to be utterly unfounded; and so far from wishing to give the right of suffrage to free,negrve», he explicitly stated that “it could be safely extended to all free white citizens who had a permanent interest in the state.”— So we reported him in the first instance. We epoy the following article from the New York American, concurring with the F.ditors in the ir sentiments, both as regards the speech and the booksellers. We, there fore hope, they will qualify their expression —“An Alexandria paper,” so as to exone rate m.v from the charge of misrepresentation. The fairest way is always to name the paper upon which comments arc made. Mr. Webster’s oration at Bunker Hill, is to be had at all our bookstores. It should be read by every body, both for the matter and the occasion. It would be unjust to the enterprizing booksellers who gave the unusually high price of $600 for the copy right, to interfere with its sale by any ex tracts in the papers: we therefore abstain, though with reluctance. This may be a proper occasion to no tice a miserable attempt that has been made,in an Alexandria paper, to dis parage Mr. Webster’s character, by representing him as selling this oration for his own benefit. Mr. Webster has no interest w hatever in the sale. He presented the manuscript to the Bun ker-hill Monument Association, who sold it for the sum of $600; to be devo ted to the funds for erecting the monu ment. Errata.—In the first line of the 3d para graph, of the last No. of ‘A Freeman of 1825,’ for preserving, read reversing. In the middle of the 3d column, for country of Illinois, read county of Illinois. In the first note, 346 for 846. NATIONAL ROAD. St. Clairsville, June 25.—The first di vision of this road, extending from Canton (Bridgeport,) to the west end of St. Clairsville, is expected to he un der contract the first week in July. A great number of persons are now on the line of the road, accompanied by Mr. \Vever,the Superinlendant, exam ining the ground to enable them to make correct estimates of the cost of con structing the road before they lay in their proposals. No person will be per mitted to contract for more than two miles of the road. The Contractors, will, it is understood, commence work immediately after the contracts are en tered into by preparing the bed for the road. In the winter they will be enga ged no doubt in breaking stone, which has to be done off the road. No stone will be put on the road before the 15th day of May next, and the* not more than three or six inches in depth, as the Superintendent may direct.—Gaz. Rye of the new crop was ground in to meal in Chester county on the 23d of June, much earlier than was ever kuown before in that neighborhood. LATE FROM EUROPE. The ship Liverpool Packet, Captain Coffin, arrived at Boston, left Nevr Dieppe on the 10th ult. and brought Amsterdam papers of the 6th. The editors of the Palladium have sent us the following extracts, The papers contain the particulars at length of the Coronation of the King of France at Rheims, which took place on tin* 29th of May, with all the pomp and ceremonies usual on such occasions. The Archbishop blessed the crown and placed it on his Majes ty’s head—The Prelate gave him the sword of Charlemagne—the Chamber lain put on the Purple boots—the Dua phin put on the spurs, Sec. The horses of the King’s carriage ran away with it, and he owes his life to the skill of his postillion and coach man. General Curial was thrown from his horse and had two ribs bro ken. Gen. Bordeselle was thrown twice, but received no injury. In England, the speculations in for eign stocks and the various projects, seem to have produced a scarcity in the money market. The Dutch frigate Pallas, with the Duke of Saxe Weimar as a passenger, sailed from Falmouth, Eng. May 27, for New-York. A Frankfort! article of May 31, states that the Egyptian army, sent against the Greeks, was in a perilous situation at Motion. The great timber ship Columbus, on her way from England to St. John, N. B. was abandoned at sea, a wreck on the 17th of May. [_,Neic-York Mere. Adv. Neir-Ynrk, July 7.—By the steam boat Connecticut, Captain Comstock, from Providence, we received the Bos ton Palladium of Tuesday. Capt. Williams, of the Susan, at Bos ton, left Smyrna April 14, and on the 17th, between Tino and Miconi, passed through the Greek fleet, about 40 sail, and was boarded from several—they were bound to the month of the Dar danelles, in pursuit of the Turks.— Same day, was boarded by 2 Greek coi^ sairs, who took a lew shot, 8cc. Left, at Gibraltar, May 20, Charles, for N. Bebford, 10, just out of quar; Adams, Ontario, and Juniata, for Phil; Actress, Maranham; Columbia, New York; Atlantic, do and Boston; and others. An Am. brig, for Trieste, sail ed day before. The N. Carolina re mained at Algesiras. Ar. at Gibraltar, previous to May 16, Enterptize, and White Oak, New York; Charles, Trieste. The Col. brig El Vencedore, of 14 guns and 160 men, was in quar. at G. She ar. a day or two before, having, on the 13th May, in sight of Cadiz, sunk a Spanish brig of 12 guns and 175 men, (10 or 12 of whom went down with the vessel) after an action of 10 minutes—brought 58 prisoners in.— The El V had no person hurt, and not a shot struck her. A Gibraltar Price Current of May 20. Kontuck) Tobacco was selling at from 6.1 a 75 per cwt; Cottons in great demand; Sugars and Coffee, steady at the quotations—Flour very abundant and dull, without the least prospect of improvement—Caro. Bice, 4* and dull —4000 cwtx. Pepper, per Restitution, have been placed at loj per cwt. 4 mos.” The Gibraltar Chronicle of the 21st of May, states that the Colombian pri vateer cruizing off Malaga, is said to have already captured two brigs, a vel lachero, a mistico, and a small revenue boat, in the latter of which she sent the crews of the captured vessels to Malaga. A small privateer schooner captured a Spanish mistico in the straits on the 14th of May. MEXICO. It appears by the Mexican papers that on the 18th May, the Senate rati fied the treaty between Great Britain and the Mexican Union. Thirteen of that body united in offering an addi tional article, containing a formal ac knowledgement of Mexican indepen dence; but the article was rejected af ter having been referred to a commit tee. A copy of the treaty is in pos session of the editor of the Philadel phia National Gazette. It establishes reciprocal freedom of trade, and the mutual enjoyment of the advantages al lowed to the most favored nations.— Every vessel built in the Mexican Slates,or “nationalized” according to their laws, owned by a citizen or citi zens of Mexico, whose captain h a Mexican by birth or naturalization, and three-fourths of whose crew have been admitted into the service with the knowledge of the government, is to be considered as Mexican. This descrip tion is to be in force for ten years, whe^the matter is to be open to a new arrangement. The subjects of the British government are not to be mo lested on account of their religion; but it is not specified that they are to have the privilege of public worship. But by an “additional article,” it is agreed that “any privileges which it may be convenient for the United Mex ican States to concede to Spain (the only power that could pretend to any which Great Britain might not have) shall be in no manner exclusive or pro hibitory, and be limited to a determi nate number of years.” The first “Constitutional Federal Congress” terminated its session on the 21st May. The paper “El Sol” of the 22d furnishes the loug discourse delivered on the occasion by the Presi dent of the Union, and also the answer of the Congress. Both performances are of an interesting character. The President adverts, with expressions Of pride and complacency, to the recogni tion of Mexican independence by Great Britain, and to the treaty between the two powers which the Congress has •just sanctioned. He mentions also the arrival of our envoy in the country and the diplomatic plenitude of the Mexican ambassador's reception and treatment at Washington. On the 17th May, the proceedings of the Chamber of Deputies wei* so ani mated as to require a premature ad journment. The subject of debate was the question of selecting the old capi tal Mexico as the federal city; a plan against which the legislature of the State of Mexico continued to protest and argue. On the 31st of May, Henry George Ward was received, with great pomp, by the President of Mexico, as Charge d’affaires of bis Britannic Majesty.— Mr. Ward, after he had read aloud his credentials, pronounced an address wherein he dwelt upon the lively in terest which his sovereign felt in the aggrandizement and prosperity of the new Republic, and his desire to main tain the relations of friendship that had been so happily established. The Pre sident made a suitable reply. Tranquility reigned throughout the nation. General Santa Anna had ar rived at Alvarado, after having surren dered his authority as Military Com mandant in Yucatan, into the hands of a successor appointed by the govern ment in Mexico, and transmitted an address to the Sovereign Congress, ex pressing the firmest loyalty to the moil. CUB*. Captain Otten,of the schooner Lord Nelson, which arrived at Darien a few days since from Turks Island, states that while he was there, he learned that the French had taken possession of the Island of Porto Rico; and that the Bri tish force was shortly to land at Trini dad (south side of Cuba) to take pos session of that Island. This is a con firmation of what we published on this subject in our last. f Geo. Rep. TIIE MURDERER. His Excellency Samuel Stevens, Go vernor of this State, has requested the Executive of Virginia, to send John Conners, (the supposed murderer of Miss Cunningham,) to this place to stand his trial. He will probably be bi ought to the jail of this county in a few days. Elkton Press, July 9. A highly charged thunder cloud, passing over this town on Thursday last, created considerable alarm, with no inconsiderable injury—as in its pro gress it struck the mansion ot Doctor James Carmichael, and placed his fa mily and visitors in the most imminent danger. It appears that the electric fluid came first in contact with the house, near one of the upper and central front windows, immediately under a tin gutter, where it divided and passed off in different directions—one portion by a corner gutter, tearing aw ay some of the board ing in its passage; another descending by an adjoining tree, much of the bark of which was torn off; and one other portion, entering a lower room of the house, glided along the guilding upon the backs of several chairs* until it reached one which it broke in several places, but where it happily exhausted itself without doing further injury.— Fortunately no lives were lost; although a little servant girl and boy were knock ed down—the first, in closing a win dow shutter, was not only for a time deprived of life, but was also much burnt, and still suffers; the other, altho’ severely stunned, soon recovered. The Venetian blind of the window through which the fluid entered, was consider ably shattered, and much of the glass destroyed. That Doctor Carmichael’s house and family received no further, and more serious injury, is attributa ble, probably, to the lortunatedirection of the elective agent, which coming first in contact with a metallic sub stance, sustained a division, and conse quently a diminution of its force and power. [Virginia Herald. At a recent Squirrel Hunt in this town, the following number of quadru peds were killed: Squirrels, 466 ; woodpeckers, 48; crowsA36; foxes, 7; bobalinks, 74; pi geons, 64; woodcocks, 23; hawks, 10; woodchucks, 49; owls, 4; skunks, 12; partridge, 1. Whole numbers, 784. [Perris, (Me.) Obs. Kennebunk,July 2.—Lew’is Smith, one of the pick-pockets detected at Kenne bunk, has confessed, and turned State's evidence. It seems they had been suc cessful at Saco, Portland, Dover, Con cord, and on Bunker Hill. Of the money found about them, $53 have been recognized as the property of two gentlemen in this town, and of a gen tleman in Andover. The remainder, being 8253, has not been identified. EXTRAORDINARY ANIMAL. The bones of an animal of an im mense size, and which apparently be longed to some unknown species, were exhibiting at New Orleans. They were found on a small bayou leading from the Mississippi, about 20 miles below Fort St. Philip, and immediate ly on the sea shore. The following is the only description given?—A horn 18 feet long, and weighing about 1000 lbs. a branch of a horn, 9 feet long, weigh ing 150 lbs; 7 joints of the back bone, 1 do. of the tail; 2 do, of the leg. 1 From a letter dated May 6, from a respectable house at Buenos Ayres to another in this city, we have been p0. litely permitted to make the following er tracts:—“ Recently there havej !x>en several political changes—all tile En glishmen who were detained so long in Paraguay, have been permitted to conie away with their property. Since their arrival here, several expeditions have been fitted out for that country; but it is impossible to say whether they will be allowed to return, as it was only through the interference of the English minister that the first were liberated and none but Englishmen. “The war in Upper Peru is at length closed, by one or Olaneta’s colonels who deserted him, carrying a large part of his force. A battle ensued be tween them, in which Olaneta was kill ed, when hostilities terminated. At the time of the action, General Sucre was in Olanela’s rear, and had already obtained possession of Potosi, but ar rived too late to assist in the action.— It is believed that Olaneta was killed by some of his own party, as he was the first person who fell, at the com mencement of the action. The result of this affair must prove of immense benefit to the commerce of this place. Upper Peru is one of the richest pro vinces in this part of South America, and has always obtained its supplies of merchandise from this port. It has been closed for nearly ten years. “ The last accounts from the Banda Oriental state that (leu. Lavilija, who is at the head of the revolutionary movement in that quarter, has upwards of one thousand men under his com mand. General Lecor, the coinmati manderat Monte Video, has sent out 400 men to disperse them, but if they come in contact with Lavilija, they will either join him or he will take them prisoners. Lecor has no other cavalry—his German troops will do well enough to defend fortified places, but they cannot expect to oppose the countrymen on horseback with any prospect of success. “There cannot be a doubt that this government is at the bottom of this movement, and will support Lavilija. A law was yesterday passed by the Congress, authorizing the executive to raise an army of 8000 men—so you may calculate to a certainty that there will be a rupture between Buenos Ay res and Brazil. A few fast sailing schooners would sell well, for if this government do not issue commissions, Lavilija will.” [RaltimortAmerican. The idea of uniting the waters of the Atlantic and those of the Gulf of Mex ico, by a Canal across the Peninsula of Florida, is pronounced in a New-York paper, to be “one of the most easy, cheap and advantageous projects ever attempted.” The acting under a reso lution passed at the late session of our legislature, authorizing tU« Governor to employ a proper person to ascertain the best route for a Canal or Road in this direction, will perhaps give us more light on the subject. [ Milledgeville Reconk r. Washington, July 9.—The prospect of a Canal communication between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, across the isthmus of Nicaragua, becomes daily less remote and uncertain. It is an ad ditional satisfaction to know that in this important work the United States is likely to he a participator. A com pany of New-York merchants sent out Cncris Bolton, esq. a respectable merchant of that city, to investigate the proposed route by way of the San Juan River and the Lakes of Nicara gua, with a view to carry into execu tion a work by which the commercial interests of both countries will be so considerably benefitted. The San Juan River is about 100 miles in length, and of safe and easy navigation. The Lake is a fine sheet of water for shipping, of from fiO to 70 miles in length. The principal expenditures will be required in the small river which lies between the Lake and the Pacific. This River is called the Rio Leago, but as the ma ter ials for the construction of the Ca nal are plentiful and convenient, the difficulties may be easily overcome — The result of the survey which is now going on, will probably be soon laid before the public in an official form, as Mr. Bolton has returned in the Shark ; and, as every confidence is re posed in his skill and experience, the appearance of his report, if it should coincide in its purport with the opini ons which seem to prevail on the sub ject, will, in all likelihood, be the sig nal for the active commencement of the undertaking. The English gov ernment is doubtless alive to the im portance of possessing a key to the Pacific, by one of the newly emancipa ted countries. As yet, however, we have heard of no step which has been taken of sufficient vigour to induce a fear that we may be anticipated. therefore, the contemplated Canal is t« be constructed, and the American mer chants are to share in the credit and advantage of the work, the sooner a vigorous system of operations can be commenced, the better. The advan tage which would result to our com merce is too obvious to admit ot a moment’s doubt or hesitation; and we ought, therefore, to be prompt and en ergetic in seizing upon the opportuni ty which is now offered to as. The report which has been circula ted in a Northern paper, that Mr. Bol ton was sent out by order of the Ame rican government, is incorrect. Our government has taken no step in |hc business.