Newspaper Page Text
FRIDAY, DEC. 30, 1825.
PSINTID ANP M7PLISHIP, DAILY, bt svowDxar i thohbtob. and on TUESDAYS, THURSDAYS & SATURDAYS, f (TON TBX COCNTNT.) . (C? Office at the corner of Fair/ax-street and ' Printer*’ Alky. L The price of the Gazette is five dollars per fflk annum, payable in advance, or six dollars at ]W the end of the year. W Adt**tis***nts inserted three times for one W dollar per Square, and twenty-five cents per r square for each insertion afterwards. Those sent without a specification ofthe number of insertions, will be published until ordered out, and charged accordingly. • • AH lettci s must be post paid, unless or dering the paper or enclosing advertise ments. _ POETRY._ From the Middletown, (Conn-) Gazette. On the hut gad entrance "f Com. M-tCDON OUGH into this place. He comes—but *tis not from the field, Nor from the ensanguin’d wave, Where pride and power were forced toy ield Their banners to the brave. Brightly that wave is heaving now, Its stain hath passed away, As life’s last flushing from the brow Of that unconscious clay. He comes—but ’tis not with the sound Of cymbal, pipe or drum— And those who ought to shout around, Are now with sorrow dumb. No gladden’d bailor festive board Await the gallant guest— For shk who there should greet her lord, la in her grave at rest. He comes—dark mantled in his pall, At midnight’s solemn still, While not a voice is in the hall, Or whisper on the hill; And those who from the vessel’s side Support his banner’d bier, Are *till as fix’d by manhood’s pride 9ave to the gushing tear. But when they hear their heavy tread Knell through his empty Hall, And sec the image of the dead lileam from the dusky wall, They yield themselves to their despair, And round his coffin’d clay Lament aloud, that worth so rare, So soon should pass away. BERTRAM. STANZAS. Recall that strain! whose liarrowing spell Moves not this withering heart in vain; Recall that strain! thou know’st full well It gives my sorrowing bosom pain. Why wilt thou wake that joyful measure, Why touch that chord in careless glee > Although to thee it may bring pleasure, It doth bring madnean unto me. The hand that struck that note in gladness Is cold and mouldering in the tonib, The eyes that glanced in softened gladness Are closed in death's untimely gloom. That fonn of beauty’s brightest moulding— Where is it now* go, search and see; Its earthly charms are now unfolding Their fragrance in eternity. O Wake not, then, that joyful measure, Strike not that chord in careless glee; Although to thee it may bring pleasure, It doth bring madness unto m*. AQBIOUIiTUBAIfc_ From the .imerieun Farmer. CULTURE OF COTTON IN MARY LAND. [Interesting letter on the Culture of Cotton in Maryland, published by per mission of Doctor Muse, President of the Agricultural Society of Dorcl.estet county] EusterviUe, E. S. Fir. 22d Nut. 1825. Joseph E Muse, Esq. I have noticed your communication in the 30th number, vol. 7, of the Ame rican Farmer and will endeavor to answer your inquiries. With respect to the Palma Christi, I am not able to give you much information. It was introduced here about two years since, and although a more profitable crop than com or Oats, the former staples of the country, it will be abandoned here after for cotton, as infinitely preferable to any thing we have yet tried. This is our first year of experiment in this article. Our crops are nearly in, and although the most unfavourable season ever known, the result has fully equal ed our most sanguine expectations. It was doubted by many whether the sea son was not too short to mature the cotton, and liable to be cut off by the frost; but on this point we are now per fectly satisfied. Even after frost, there is sap enough in the branches to per fect all the balls. The quality of our cotton ranks equal to the upland, and even belter. A few bales brought last week 2 cents per lb. in Baltimore above the usual prices. This, I be lieve, must be owing to its being the product of a more northern latitude 1 have no doubt, whatever, that it is the most profitable crop you can raise. The cultivation is precisely the same as corn—the drill system by all means to be preferred. 1 he earlier you can get your crop to stand, the better, but I would not advise you to commence planting sooner than the 10th or 15th of May; we begin here about the 1st. T he gust of the 4th of June nearly destroy ed our cotton this year, and many ploughed up and replanted. One of my neighbors told me that lie counted 110 perfect balls upon one stalk oi tni» replanted cotton. If your field will average ten bolls to the stalk, it is a good crop. ^ ou need not dread the labour of picking out; it is not half the trouble we.expected. Some of us plant this year ten, fifteen, twenty or thirty acres—and expect to finish in a bout two weeks hence If you go ex tensively into cotton, you will require seed. I have promised to furnish Mr. Sinclair of Baltimore, with seed which I shall select with the great est care from a farm that has made the best crop of any in the coun ty, and was not annoyed with rot, rust, or any other calamity. And if the theory held by some, that these diseas es, the rot, especially, are perpetuated through the seed, it is certainly deserv ing of attention, to be particular from whence you procure it. With respect to planting, I knew the following expe riments made. The seed was thrown into a loose flour barrel, and boiling wa ter poured on them; when cold enough to handle they were rolled in ashes and planted. They came up in four days remarkably well. Other seed, soaked in cold water, came up in ei%ht days. Other seed planted dry, vegeta ted in twelve days. From actual expe riment, made by different persons this year, 1 believe that our salt marsh land, if not too low, is peculiarly adapted to cotton. I saw some most beautiful and flourishing last August, growing in a marsh pasture planted as late as the 20th of June, very full of blossoms, and promised well. This is very encour aging to some of us Eastern Shore farmers. I have here ventured a few hints, which, if they prove any way serviceable, will afford me much plea sure. Very respectfully, your obd’t. serv*t. F. H. SMI 1 H. P. S With respect to cultivation, the main object is, to keep it clean of grass and weeds in its early stage. It is not near so liable to suffer from drought as corn, or any thing else._ ON DRESS. Its jlr.alofty to Literary Composition. Dress should be properly adapted to th<* person, as in writing, the syle must be suitable to the subject. I am far from objecting to magnificence of apparel in those whose rank and for tune justify and allow it; on the contra ry it is a useful piece of luxury, by which the poor and industrious are en abled to live at the expense of the rich and idle. To those of the fir^t rank in beauty, I recommend a noble simplicity of dress; the subject supports itself ami wants none of the borrowed helps of external ornaments.—Beautiful nature may be disfigured; but cannot be im proved by art; and as a very handsome w< man may be regarded as the finest subject in nature, her dress ought to be epic—that is to say, the true v Iran ian epic, modest, noble, and entirely free from the meretricious tinsel of the modern taste. All conundrums and bizarreries of costume must be avoided, as well as jarring images and meta phors; or, in other words, confusion of colour All Conceits and luxuriances of fancy, w hich only tend to depreciate so noble a subject, are strictly prohibi ted; and if »t but justice to some of the handsomest women to say, that they generally keep the clearest from these extravagancies. A graceful dishnbillt may be permitted, and admired, like the versi tciolii of the Italians; but it must never relax into slovenliness. As for those of an inferior rank of beauty, such as are only pretty women, and whose charms result rather from a certain air audyene sais quoi in their whole composition, than from any dig nity of figure or symmetry of features, they may be indulged in greater licen ces of ornament, because the subject not being of the sublimest kind, may receixe some advantages from the elc gancvof its style and the variety of it« images. 1 the efore per nit them to dress up to all the flights and fancies of the sonnet, the madrigal, and such mi nor compositions. As for that third class who with per fect neutrality of face, are neither hand some nor ugly, and who have nothing to recommend them but a certain quick and lively manner,or smart and genteel turn of figure, they cannot be indulged in a higher style of composition than the epigram, which should he neat, clever, the whole to lie in the sting. I come now to a melancholy part of the subject, upon which the freedom of my advice will, I fear, not be kindIv taken. I mean that part of the fair sex who go by the application of plain or ordinary, and who(l am compelled, but sorry to admit) constitute a por tion of our countrywomen Their dress must not rise beyond humble prose, as any attempts beyond it amount at best to the mock heroic, and are calculated to promote laughter. A plain fair one should by all means avoid all ornamen tal flourishes of style, which attract too close an attention, and repay so ill a critical investigation into the materials of the subject Should I be disposed to allow a little poetry to those of this class, who have at the same time con siderably passed a “certain age, ’ they must be confined to the elegy and the tristibus. If they have any tenden cy to blueism, they may be indulged with being bound, gilt and lettered on the back before they are consigned to the shelf. As to the ultra-ultras of this class, and who arc at the same time “old of fenders,” we must for their own sakes. treat them with rigour to save them from the ridicule of the Bathos in dress ing up to the fashion. SCHMITZ—A Rkai Histobt. Of all the ways by which wealth may be rendered serviceable to the commu nity, the fostering of unfortunate and impoverished genius is by far the no blest. To draw latent merit front the obscure retreat towhich advers fortune had consigned it—to give to undispiay ed and unnoticed talent an opportunity of exertion—to open to aspiring genius, emerging Irom the depressing influence of ignorance and want, the path of ho norable elevation—to smooth the as perities of a life of literary devotion— these are employments so beneficial to the objects of favor—so truly advanta geous to the best interests of society* that they should justly excite the grate ful approbation of the world, and infuse into the generous benefactor’s heart the most exquisitely pleasurable emotions the practice of benevolence can bestow. Many who have ruled and legislated with wisdom—-many who have raised the intellectual nature of man, adorned the annals of literature, extended the researches ofscience, advanced the pro gress of the liberal arts, and refined the taste of society, might have lan guished in inactive obscurity, their ta lents unknown, and their worth unap preciated, had not the fostering hand of patronizing liberality been extended towards them. The charge of ingra litude has often been raised against protected genius; and allowances have not always been made for the eccentri city of feeling, and acuteness of sensi bility, with which it is too often united. The following relation affords a proof tiiat protecting kindness has not always met with an ungrateful return: Professor Krane, superintendent of the Gallery of Paintings at Dusscldorff, was visited by a young man poorly clad, who presented for his purchase a pray er book adorned in the ancient style, with religious emblems and ornaments Upon inquiry, be informed the Profes sor that his trade was that of a baker, but being extremely fond of drawing and engraving, he applied himself to them during all the time he could spare from his occupation. The Professor surprised and pleased at the exhibition of native talent, asked him why he did not relinquish his trade for the art of engraving. The young man answered that the poverty of his parents prevent ed a suitable instruction, but that be hoped by a sale of drawings, See. and by persevering industry to raise money to enable him to travel—the Professor gave him an injunction to call next day. When the young man had departed, he carried the book to a friend some miles distant, who admired the workman ship, lent t >e young ariist two hundred crowns, refusing the security ofl'ered by the Professor. W ith delight was the money received; the oven was abandon ed—applying himself to the study ot drawing, geometry, See. his progress was such that in two years travelling alone, was able to add to his stock oi information. By the advice oi the Professor, he set out for Paris with a letter of introduction to a celebrated artist there—to husband the little mo ney be possessed, be travelled on foot, hnt unfortunately falling sick upon bis arrival, his expenses completely ex hausted it. Too proud to appear be fore the gentleman to whom his letter was addr ssed, without the means of subsistence, he enlisted for a soldier— In this situation he was discovered by him—the nature of the service allow ed him time to pursue his studies under the artist’s direction. Receiving his discharge, he applied himself with di ligence, and returning home with ta lents highly, improved, he was kindly received by the Professor, who was pleased with his pi ogress engaged him to work in the cabinet. About two vears after this an entertainment was iriven by the Professor to several of his friends at which the young artist wa* present; the beauty and amiability of the Professor’s daughter, who was then under an engagement of marriage, im pressed his susceptible heart with feel ings of ardent love. The hopelessness of his situation, and consequent unhap piness of his mind, was so visibly ex pressed in his countenance, as to elicit enquiries from the Professor as to the cause of his melancholy. Schmitz con cealed not his attachment, but denied any assumption of aspiring to the hand of one so far above him—the daughter of him to whom he owed every thing, his best friend and benefactor, could never, he knew, be allied to one with out rank or fortune. It was the id«\a that he should lose the pleasure of be holding her,which occasioned his dejec tion. The Professor assuring him of his high regard, reasoned with him upon the criminality (’circumstanced as his j daughter was) of his passion, tenderly urging him to subdue it. The young man promised obedience, but his feelings, were too acute—he fell sick—for months did he continue dangerously ill His lamentable situation, and cause could not be concealed from the object of his love. She sincerely pitied him. <The ties of duty forbade more. The in* tended husband returned to his pa rents. From his letter it was percepti ble that objections had been raised by them to the union. The Prolessor’s daughter released him from his pro mise. Compassion for the suffering ol Schmitz, soon ripened into attachment to him. An expression of her regard, conveyed to him by her father, excited such lively emotions as had almost ptoved fatal to his enfeebled frame.— Her society, however, revived him; the bloom of health began to re-visit his pallid cheek, when to their aston ishment, they discovered one morning, that without giving them the slightest intimation of his purpose he had lelt the town, and carried his engravings and drawings^ with him. 1 his was considered the act of a delirious per son, and affected them with poignant sorrow. Schmitz had gone to the elec tor palatine. He exhibited the spe cimens of his workmanship, informed him of his situation, expectation and love. Pleased with his talents, his in genuousness, and ardent affection, the elector gave him an order upon the treasury for 600 florins per annum.— On the'9th day after his departure, he returned, and iaid the order before the object of his sincere and noble love.— Addressing himself to her father “Mow,” says he, “I am more worthy of her.” What a pleasing instance have we here of generous and honorable con duct. We hardly know whether most to admire the noble benevolent liberali ty of the Professor, or the noble spirit of the young artist. Such actions are honorable to the nature of man, such displays of the noble feelings of the heart, are worthy of record. 1 hey should be preserved in story, to excite the emulation of others. 1 he perusal cannot fail to strengthen virtuous sen timent; it may inspirit wealth to en courage genius, and may excite genius to perseverance. Yellow Serpent of Martinico. In the report ol M Cuvier on the operations of the French Academy, are several curious details respecting the yellow serpent of Martinico, or trigono cephule spear head This terrible rep tile, which has so long inspired the in habitants of the Island with terror, sometimes exceeds seven feet in length, and its fangs are often 15 lignes in length. It is exceedingly active, ex cept when gorged w ith food, and at tacks every thing that passes; it is ge nerally found in an erect spiral form, with the head forming the top of u kind of cone which it forms with its body; and it is even asserted that it can erect itself upon its tail, and in that at titude attack its prey. It is very quick of hearing, and its eyes, forrmd like that of cats, it uses night and day. It hides itself in the most obscure places and hunts only at night, or in dark and cloudy weather. Its tenacity to life is so very great, that the body moves right hours after the head is cut off.— It produces from thirty to sixty young at a birth, which are hatched front 8 to 12 inches, and are in possession of their venomou? qualities at the entrance in to the world. They abound in the su gar canes, and feed upon the rats with which the place abounds. They are hunted by a particular species of En glish terrier, and the serpent-eat r of the Cape of Good Hope has been intro duced here, but hitherto without any great effect. It F. M ARK ABLE P KF.SF. RV ATION. In our paper of Monday last, we sta ted that the American brig Evelina, which sailed from Liverpool, on Fri day se’nnight, for New York, Viad both her topmasts carried away in the gale; that one of the crew, being on the mast, was thrown into the sea by its break ing; and that two others who put off in the boat to endeavor to save him from destruction, succeeded in getting him into the boat, but a heavy sea swamped it, and all three unfortunately perished. We arc now happy to state that the three men were picked up hy the brig Octavia, Capt. Barge, of this port, on her voyage from Liverpool to Larne, about thirty miles from the north west light ship. Notwithstand ing their perilous situation, at the time they left the Evelina, the men were ex erting themselves manfully, rowing for the land, when they were so fortunate ly picked up. [Belfast Chronicle. The following select Committee has been appointed by the Speaker of the House of Representatives since our last report: On so much of the Message of the Pre sident as relates to the suppression of the Slave Trade—Messrs Mercer, Govan, Y'erplanck, Tattnall, Gurley, Clarke, and Bryan. A man by the name of Lipsy, a for eigner, has been fined fifty dollars, sen tenced to six months, imprisonment, and mulcted in the cost of prosecution, for voting twice, and attempting to vote a third time at an election, in Phil adelphia. He exhibited a false certi ficate of !' iving paid taxes (which would h.»- . ifi-d him as a voter) I and personated another peison. From the Baltimore Ameriaan. The Treaty between Mexico and Colombia, which wc insert below, shews what are to be the points pre sented for deliberation at the Congress of Panama. It is designed to settle a confederated plan amongst the mem bers of the newly formed governments, to employ, if necessary, the whole na val and military strength of each in defence of the others against invasion from Spain or from any other foreign pOWCr—that this confederacy should be of a kind so intimate and confidential, that if a remote province belonging to one of the republics, lying in the vicin ity of the other, should rebel against its own government, that adjoining power may undertake its reduction for and in behalf of its ally. Such, at least, is the construction that we put upon the tenth article of the treaty. Anoth er and a still more important point, n-irrinllv rpcoonized bv our own gov ernment in our treaty with Colombia, is, to refer all matters in controversy between the parlies to the decision of a Congress formed by delegates from the other independent republican pow ers, whose award is to fee final and con clusive. This is but a commencement cf a political revolution, destined at no distant day to reform and remodel the old inuuarchial law of nations into one of a more plain, simple and republican character TREATY BETWEEN COLOMBIA AND MEXICO. [Tran dated fur the National Journal ] Treaty of perpetual union, league, anti confe deration, between Colombia ami Mexico, published at the city of Mexico, on the 20th of Sept. 1S25. The government of the republic of Colombia, on the one part, and that of Mexico on the other, sincerely desirous of terminating the evils of the present war, into which they have been forced by the King of Spain, and having de termined to employ their whole naval and land forces in defence of their li bertv, and anxious also that this league should be general among all the states of Spanish America, that they may con tribute their united strength and re sources to maintain the common cause of their independence, ha%e appointed plenipotentiaries, who have concluded the following treaty of union, league and confederation: Art. 1. . The Republics of Colombia and Mexico unite, league, and confede rate, forever, in peace and war, to main tain with their naval and land forces, as far as circumstances may permit, their independence of Spain and all other foreign dominion; and after the recognition of their independence, to assure their mutual prosperity, har mony, and good intelligence, both a mong their people and citizens, and the states with which they may insti tute relations. Art. 2. The Republics of Colombia and Mexico, iherefore enter into, and mutually form, a perpetual compact of alliance, and firm and constant friend ship, for their common defence, oblig ing themselves to aid each other, and mutually repel any attack or invasion that may, in any manner, menace the security of their independence and li berty, affect their interests or disturb their peace; provided, that in the last case, requisition be made by one or other of two governments legally es tablished. Art 3 To cflVct the objects ot tne preceding article, the contracting par ties promise to aid each other, with the amount of land forces that may be fixed upon by special conventions, as the cir cumstances may demand, and during the continuance of the occasion. Art. 4. The Military Navy of both contracting parties shall also be in lul fillmcnt of the preceding conventions. Art. 5. In cases where aid is sud denly required,each party shall operate against the enemy with all its disposa ble forces witlun the territories of the Other, if time be not allowed for con cert between both governments. But the party thus operating shall observe the laws and ordinances of the states, as far as circumstances may permit, and shall respect and obey its govern ment. The expenses thus incurred shall be fixed by separate conventions, and paid one year after the conclusion of the present war. Art. 6. The contracting parties ob lige themselves to furnish whatever as sistance they may be able, to the mili tary and mercantile vessels arriving at the ports of each other, from dis tress or other cause; and they shall have power to repair, refit, provision, arm, and increase their armament and crews, so as to be able to continue their voy ages or cruises, at the expense of the stale or individuals to whom they may belong. Art. 7. To avoid abuses by armed privateers of the commerce of the state and that of neutrals, the contacting parties agree to extend the jurisdiction of the maritime courts of each other, to their privateers and prizes, indiffer ently, when they cannot readily ascer tain their port of departure, and abuses shall be suspected, of the commerce of neutratnations. Art. 8. The contracting parties mu tually guaranty to each other the inte grity of their respective territories as they existed before the present war, re cognizing also as part of this territory what was not included in the vice-roy alties of Mexico and New Grenada, but is now a component part of it. Art. 9. The component parts of the territory of both parties shall be defin ed and recognised Art. 10 If internal quiet should un fortunately be disturbed, in the territo ry of either party, by disorderly men and enemies of legal government, the contracting parties engage to make common cause against them, until or der and theempire of law he re-estab lished. Their forces shall he furnish ed, as provided by articles 2 and 3. Art. 11. All persons taking arms a gainst either government legally estab lished, and fleeing from justice, if found within the territory of either contract ing party, shall be delivered up, to be tried by the government against which the offence has been committed. De serters from the army and navy "rc in cluded in this article. Art. 12. To strengthen the bonds of future union between the two states, and to prevent every interruption of their friendship and good intelligence, a Congress shall be formed, to which each party shall send two plenipoten tiaries, commissioned in the same form , and manner a$ are observed towards ministers of equal grade to foreign na tions. Art. 13. Both parties oblige them selves to solicit the other cidevant Spa nish States of America to enter into this compact of perpetual union, league and confederation. Art. 14. As soon as this important purpose shall have been attained, a general Congress of the American States shall assemble, composed of their plenipotentiaries. Its object will be to confirm and establish intimate relations between the whole and each one of the States; it will serve as a council on great occasions; a point of union in common danger; a faithful interpreter of public treaties, in cases of misunderstanding; and an arbitra tor and conciliator of disputes and dif ference::. Art 15. The Isthmus of Panama be ing an integral part of Colombia, and the most suitable point for the meet ing of the Congress, this republic pro mises to furnish to plenipotentiaries of the Congress all the facilities demand ed by hospitality among a kindred peo ple, and by the sacred character of am bassadors. Art. 16. Mexico agrees to the same obligation, if ever, by the accidents of war, or the consent of a majority of the States, the Congress should meet within her jurisdiction. Art. 17. This compact of perpetual union, league and confederation, shall not, in any wise, affect the exercise of the national sovereignly of either con tracting party, in regard to its laws and form of government, or its foreign relations But the parties bind them selves, positively, not to accede to any demand of indemnity, tribute or im post, from Spain, for the loss of her former supremacy over these countries, or from any other nation in her name. They also agree not to enter into any treaty with Spain, or any other nation, to the prejudice of their independence; but to maintain, at ail times, their mu tual interests with the dignity and en ergy proper to free, independent, friend ly and confederate states. Art. 18 Provides for the ratification of this treaty. The foregoing treaty has been duly ratified. GUADALUPE VICTORIA. By the President: LUCAS ALA MAN. From the Baltimore Gazette. PERU. The General Assembly of Upper Peru passed a decree on the I lib of August, by an unanimous vote, that their country should be called La Re public Bolivar, or Bolivar Republic; and in testimony of the profound re spect entertained by the whole nation for the talents and virtue which distin guish the Hero, the supreme executive power has been tendered to him during the time of his residence in the coun try, under the title of Protector and President. All persons who combat ted at Junin and Ayacucho are placed by the decree upon the fooling of na tive citizens of the New Republic; and in short there seems to be no bounds to the evidences of gratitude bestowed indiscriminately upon all who partici pated in the delivery of the country. The Flag of the New Republic is to be bicoloured\ green and scarlet, with two green borders, a foot in breadth On the scarlet field are five green ovals, formed of the branches of olive and laurel, one in the middle and four at the sides, with a golden star in each— The lesser banner will bear only a sim ilar oval with a star. The coat of arms is divided into four quarters; in the superior one are five silver stars on a scarlet or azure field, significant of the five departments which form the Republic. On the in ferior is an emblem of Potosi, in a gol den field, to denote the mineral wealth. In the middle-quarter on the riglu side is the bread tree, and on the other an Acapalca, to represent the animal i.i igdom. At the top of the escutcheon is engraved the scroll of liberty with a genius on each side, and the name cl the Republic. The citizens’ scarf is bicoloured. The Peruvian Army and Navy were well cloathed, well fed, and what con tributes always to the comfort ol both, were promptly and liberally paid — The interior of the country contined to present the same appearance ol tran quility as that mentioned in our for mer advices, and education was begin ning rapidly to enlighten the minds ol toe rising generation. A motion lor free toleration in religion is to be brought before the deliberations of the Congress at the earliest opportunity, and the impression was very geoer.'Hj that it woi4d receive the approbation of a majority of the people