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FRUITED ARt> PUBLISHED, DAILY, BY SNOWDEN & THORNTON. ARD (lt)R THE COURTET,) OR TUESDAYS, THURSDAYS AND SATURDAYS. CORRER OF FAIEFAX-STEKT ARD FRIRTERs’ ALLET. Daily Paper, $8—Country Paper, 85, per annum. WEDNESDAY, JANUARY II, 1826. From the National Journal CONGRESS PROCEEDINGS OF MONDAY. • In the Senate—Mr. A an Burcn, from the committee on the Judiciary, to whom was re ferred so much of the President’s message as relates to that subject, reported a bill further to amend the Judicial system of the Lmted States; which was read the first time, and or dered to a second reading In presenting this bill, Mr. Van Buren re marked, that this was a subject which had oc cupied the attention of the Senate for the last two or three sessions, and a matter to which the committee had given the consideration its importance demanded. At the last session, the committee reported a bill, proposing to in crease the numlier of Associate Justices ol the Supreme Court from six to nine, and to extend i the number of Circuits from seven to ten, which, together with a provision enlarging the term of the session of the Supreme Court, was the improvement then contemplated to be made in the svstem. That hill was acted upon in the Senate, and received the assent ot a majority ol the members, but was not passed for want of time. The committee had again considered the subject in everv aspect, and a majority had agreed to report a bill with similar provisions. in adopting this course, the committee were in fluenced by the belief that this measure, though not entirely without objections, was most "‘ee from them*, and one which was most likely to receive »he sanction of Congress. 1 his opinion was strengthened by the lact that a bill, with like provisions, had been introduced into the House of Representatives, and appearances jus tified the opinion that it would pass that body. Mr Van Buren, from the same committee, reported a bill to alter the time of holding the sessions of the Supreme Court *of the tinted States; which was passed to its second reading. Mr Van Buren,from the same committee to whom was referred the bill “ prescribing the mode of commencing, prosecuting and dead U controversies between the States.” repo, tel the same without amendment, stating that it was the unanimous opinion ol the committee, that it oug t not to pass. On motion of Mr. Robbins, it was ordered to lie on the table. Mr. Lloyd, of Mass, from the Committee on Commerce, to whom was referred that part ol the President’s Message which relates to the expediency of an entire removal of- the discri minating duties of tonnage, and of impost, on the entry of foreign vessels and merchandise into the United States, made a very interesting report on the subject, which was lead. The following is the concluding part: .9. • .1_c..ki-v. Committee have been enabled to take ef the subiect committed to them, and which for ma ny vears has been one of much interest and at tention, both with the people of the U. States and the Government, although they are aware that, from the high price of labor in t he United States an index, as they conceive, of great na tional prosperity, arising, as it does, in a period of peace, from the reward which ability and in dustry are sure ta*meet in a country where eve ry man is free, without shackles, prohibitions or monopoly, to avail of the fruits of his own efforts; and where, from the comparative extent ot the territory to the sparseness of the popu lation. labor is sure, for a long time yet to come, not only to be required, but to be amply re warded; as well from the greater cheapness and , facility in obtaining the articles necessary for ship building, and the difference in the cost; as well as in the comforts of subsistence, between American and European seamen, that the ves sels of the North of Europe particularly, can probably be constructed and navigated at a less expense than those of the United States; yet the Committee, duly estimating the intelli gence, industry, and enterprise, of the mer chants and navigators of the United States, and reposing that confident reliance, which they be - lieve may be safely placed, on their successful competition with those ot any other na.ion, on equal terms, are of opinion, that while the prol fer. entirely to abolish the discriminating duties between the United States and ocher nations, who may reciprocate the same, alike on vessels and on merchandise, will meet the professedly principles of the present times, and will afford a new Instance of the equa1 and equitable views,* and of the frank and liberal policy, which have ever characterised the conduct of the U. Stales in its commercial and foreign relations, the doing it will not be injurious to any of the in terests thereof; and therefore report the follow ing bill:— “An Act in addition to an Act, entitled an Act concerning discriminating duties of ton nage and impost.” The bill was read twice, and made the order of the day for Monday next. Mr Van Buren presented the memorial of Archibald Grade, of the City of New-York, itating that in the years 1806 and 1807 he load ed two vessels, that cleared directly for Ant werp, and after a forcible detention of a few days in England, where they were carried by British cruisers,, they arrived at their place of destination. At the time of their arrival, the Berlin decree was in existence, declaring that no vessel coming directly from England should be permitted to enter a French port Under this decree, though none of its provisions were contravened, their cargoes were sold, and the proceeds placed in the public treasury. The memorial states that the present government •has paid for a claim of precisely similar im port, and prays that Congress will take such step* in relation to the case as to them shall seem fit: The memorial was referred to the Commit tee on Foreign Relations. Agreeably to the notice given on Thursday last, Mr. Johnston (of Louisiana) asked and ob tained leave to introduce a bill “for a survey and estimate of a canal through the Peninsula of Florida, from the mouth of St. John’s river to Bacassa Bay, and to ascertain the practica bility and expense of a ship channel;” which was read the fiiat time and passed to a second reading. Resolved, Thatthe Select Committee on Roads and Canals be instructed to enquire into the ex pediency of authorizing the President of the United States, by law, to cause the necessary surveys, plans, and estimates to be made, for the purpose of ascertaining the practicability of uniting by canals, in Indiana, the waters of Lake Michigan with the Wabash, and the lat ter with the waters of the St. Mary’s, St. Jo seph’s and White Rivers; also, the practicabil ity of uniting by canals the waters of the rivers St. Joseph’s, St. Mary’s and the Wabash: with the Ohio river, passing through the Valley of White Water: the surveys, plans, and esti mates, for each, when completed, the original to be laid before the President of the United States, and a copy before the Governor of the State of Indiana. The Senate then adjourned. Is the House of Representatives.—After the presentation of a number of petitions from various quarters of the Union, and some re ports of committees on private claims, the House look up for consideration the following resolution offered by Mr. Cook of Illinois, on Friday last. Hewlett!, That the Secretary of War be direct ed to communicate to this House the reports that hate been made by the commissioners ap pointed to survey and locate fhe road from the right bank of the Ohio, opposite to W heeling, through Ohio,Indiana, and Illinois, to Missou ri, and also, such information as he may have in his Department showiug the progress that is making in the construction of the same, and the cost and manner of its execution Mr. Jennings (of Indiana,) moved to amend the resolution by inserting the words1* and the instructions given by the Department to,” to come in after the words “made by,” in the sec ond line. The modification being accepted, the res olution was agreed to. On motion of Mr. Newton (Va.) it was Resolved, That the Committee on Commerce be instructed to inquire into the expediency of having a vessel built for the purpose of plying between and supplying the light houses and light boats on the Coast of Florida with what ever may be wanting for the same. On motion of Mr Stephenson, (Pa.) it was Resolved, That the Committee on Commerce be instructed to inquire into the expediency of making a further appropriation for the com pie- j tion of th“ plan projected by the Board of En-! giueers for deepening the channel leading to' the harbour of Presque Isle. Mr. Adams, (N. Y.) offered the following re solution, which lies one day on the table; Rqsolved, That the Secretary of the Treasury or other proper officer of the Government, be directed to lay before this House a list of the names of persons claiming dividends under the act of Congress, pasred on the 3d ol March, 1825, appropriating §250,000 to pay for pro perty destroyed by the enemy, in the late war between the United States and Great Britain, with the amount, so far as ascertained, due to each claimant. Un motion ol Mr. Alexander, ol Va. it was Ordered, That a Member lie appointed to the Committee on the District of Columbia, in the room of Dr Kent. The Speaker laid before the Mouse a commu nication from the Department of War, in an swer to a resolution of this House, calling for the rules which have heretofore governed the Department in the settlement of Militia Claims, which was laid on the table, and ordered to be printed with the accompanying documents The Speaker laid before the House a com munication from the Department of the Navy, containing a list of clerks and their salaries, which was ordered to be laid on the table and printed. The Speaker laid before the House a com munication from the Department of the Treasu ry, containing information on the subject of the Light House ordered to be erected on Dutch Island, which was ordered to be laid on the ta ble and printed. The Speaker laid before the House a com munication from the same Department, con taining the annual statements of the District Tonnage of the United States, which was or dered to be laid on the table and printed. From this communication, it appears that the regis tered tonnage, as corrected at this office, for the year 1824, is 669,972 6U Enrolled and licensed tonnage, 6-11,563 04 Fishing vessels, 77,627 33 1,389,163 02 Tonnage on which duties were collected. Registered tonnage employed in foreign trade, paying duty on each voyage, F.niolled and licensed tonnage employed in coasting trade, paying un annual du ty; also, registered tonnage employed in the same trade paying duty on each entry, Fishing vessels the same, Duties paid on tonnage by citizens en gaged in foreign trade, not registered, 816 50 844,08* 90 606,893 25 81,533 09 1,533,317 79 Of the registered tonnage, amounting as before stated to 669,962 60, there v ere employed in tlie-whale fishery, 33,165 70 Enrolled and linccnscd tonnage on do. 180 08 35,345 78 Total number of vessels built in the several districts of the United States in 1824. Registered tonnage, 54,492 18 Enrolled tonnage, • 36,446 77 90,939 00 A bill from the Senate to provide for the se curity of public money in the hands of clerks, marshals, and attorneys, of the United States’ Courts, and their deputies, was read twice, and referred to the Committee on the Judiciary. JUDICIAL BILL* The House then resolved itself into a com mittee on the bill to amend the Judicial Sys tem of the United States—Mr. Tomlinson in the Chair. The question being on the motion of Mr. Mercer, to strike out the first section— Mr. Mitchell of Tennessee, resumed and con cluded his remarks, in opposition to the motion. Mr. Buchanan of Penn, followed on the same side, and before he had concluded, on motion of Mr. Webster, the committee rose, reported progress, and had leave to sit again ; and the House adjourned. We arc indebted to the Annapolis Republi can for the following abstract of the provisions of various laws which are now before the legis lature of Maryland:— Mr. Lee reported a bill respecting certificates of freedom to persons of colour, which proposes to limit all such certificates, hereafter, to a pe riod not exceeding one year—to annul all certi ficates now held by coloured persons, after the first of August next—requiring such certificates to be renewed before that period under the pe nally of banishment from the state for neglect —requiring that certificates of freedom shall be on parchment, with the seal of the state im prtssed thereon, not uttw.hcd thereto—the price of each certificate one dollar. Besides these particulars respecting certificates, the bill goes to interdict free persons of colour, who shall leave the state for a period exceeding twelve months, from returning, under a penalty of be ing sold ont of the state by order of court. Mr. Williams has reported a .bill, to provide for taking the sense of the people on the expe diency ol calling a convention to amend the constitution of the state. Mr. Thomas has reported a bill relating to the inspection of salted fish in the city of Bal timore; which provides, that if any officer of the corporation shall attempt to prevent the landing, inspection and storage of salted fish, between the 1st of November and the 1st ol June, he shall be fined for such offence one hun dred dollars. Mr. 1 urner has reported a bill, for repealing the law, which allows the value of slaves or ser-. vants, who may be punished by sentence of death, to be assessed upon the county in which ihe condemnation happens. Mr. Teackle has reported a bill entitled a bill for the relief of certain Literary Institutions of this state, liy a law of,last session, it was made the duty of persons having the controul of col leges, academies, and schools of this state which derive any funds from the treasury of the state, to make a report of ihe condition of their insti tution by a stipulated period, annually, which period has expired. The law directed in case of failure on the part of such institutions so to report, that the treasurer of the state should withhold the payment of the sum appropriated by law to any such seminary. Most of the in stitutions have failed to comply with the law. The bill reported by Mr. Teackle is designed to extend the period in which they may make such report, in this instance, to the — of March next; and if they comply in that lime, to autho rise the treasurer to pay them se\eial!y their annual donations. The institutions enumerated as having failed to report, are Washington College, Charlotte Hall school, Lower Marlboro’ academy, Fre derick school, Hagerstown academy, Rockville academy, Garrison Forrest academy, St. James academy, Franklin academy, and Elkton acade my—also the commissioners or other agents of the school fund for St Mary’s, Rent, Anne A* rundel, Calvert, Charles, Baltimore, Talbot, Ce cil, Fiitice George’s, Queen Ann’s, Worcester, Frederick, Harford, Caroline, Washington, Montgomery, and Alleghany counties. THE NEW YEAR. At no period since the Christian era has there been so much peace on earth and good will a mongst men as at this hour. The great nations, first in the scale of power and intelligence, are at peace. The whole seem to struggle, with out envy or jealousy, to increase the happiness of man by diffusing knowledge amongst every class of society. The standard of intelligence has been greatly elevated within this half centu ry. During that period greater advances have been made in science and in taste, than had been for ages before. A high and noble desti ny for this continent seems to have been settled in the councils of eternal wisdom, and to have commenced—not only as regards the United States, but as to South America too—where e ven the most sanguine lovers of freedom hardly dared to hope for a change for the better for centuries yet to come. The wisdom and intel ligence found amongst them astonish the world, and prove that the germ of liberty is in every nation under heaven; and it only requires some quickening principle to call it into life and vi gor. The iron and tht golden ages have passed; but the age of wisdom has commenced—and may the ages of darkness and terror no more return upon the earth. It is no Utopian system that we contemplate—no indulgence of the hopes, that wars and fightings- are no longer to exist, and that the lion and lamb are to lie town to gether—no; but that human passions will be under the guidance of reason, and that the ap peal to the sword, w hen it is made, will be for justice, rather than for passion, resentment or ambition. To the aged such a prospect must be delightful; for nothing can be sweeter to the honest mind than the persuasion that the sun shine of prosperity will fall on his descendants, and the mild light of peace rest upon his grave when he shall sleep in dust, and that those who follow him shall come to their resting place in the decay of years, and not in violence and blood. To the young it must be pleasant to find that their lives have fallen to them in good and not in evil times; that the cup presented to their lips has less of sediment than that which their fathers drank; and In addition to all, that they have more information to enable them to ana lyse its contents than others had who have gone before them—and the philanthropist ar.d the true Christian must be happy in seeing others so happy. May the time soon come when the Satarnian ages will be something more than a Poet’s dream \_Boston Gaz. THE POWER OF STEAM. From the ' Ijondon J John Bull. The strides which steam is making in the e conorny of the country, are more gigantic and surprising than those who are domesticated at a distance from its immediate operation ima gine; but the capability of the locomotive en gine to travel with ease and safety with a wei ght of ninety tons in its train, at the rate of eight miles an hour, having been proved by the open ing of the Darlington and Stockton rail road, it becomes our duty to submit a more detailed statement of its powets and advantages, than we believe has yet appeared in print. The engine will travel over 25 miles 7 times a day, making 175 miles a day’s work, with 90 tons, consuming 7 tons of small coal each day or 42 tons per week, which, at an average cost of 7s. will be 14/. 14s. One man and a boy in constant attendance, supposing the 24 hours equal to three days, will be three men and three boys each day, which at 16s will add 5/ 8s. 6d. making the total weekly expense 19/. 17s. 6d. The engine will cost 600/.; 80 wagons 900/.— giving 1500/. for the entire get out. Now, 90 tons will load 6 boats: each of these boats will be a day in performing 20 miles therefore, 52 boats, with 52 horses, 52 men and' 52 boys, will be required to execute the trans fer of 90 tons 175 miles in one day: each horse will cost weekly one guinea, each man a guin ea, and each boy 12s. forming a total weekly charge of 1 ao/. 8s. in lieu of 19/. 17s. and 6d, The 52 boats and horses will he worth 10,000/ and requiring a considerably greater amount to keep them in repair; throwing a balance of full 700 )1 per anum in favor of every locomotive engine that may be used. How many may e ventually be at work, it will be difficult to con jecture; but as 40 would be required to work the London, Birmingham, and Liverpool, and the Manchester and Stockport lines, in all prob ability not less than 500 would be employed, and as the saving on every five engines would be equal to the interest of one million, the 500 would put the people in possession of a sum as great as the interest of one hundred millions sterling, independent of the advantage of speed, and the great sating of tonnage, the rail-road lines being one-third shorter than the canals in use. Finally, 1000 persons may be conveyed one mile, or one person 1000 miles, by locomo tive engines, at the rate of eight miles an hour, at a cost of something less than five-pence. Re-establishment of the Grand Lodge of Free and Accepted Masons of England, According to the Old Constitutions granted by his Royal Highness Prince Edwin, at York, Anno Domini 926. Whereas the two Great and Independent Fraternities, formerly known under the denom ination of ANCIENT and MODERN MA SONS of ENGLAND, did associate them selves by a Treaty of Union,bearing date the 1st day of December, 1813, from which period this Grand incorporated Body was to be known and acknowledged by the style anti title of the U nited Grand Lodge of Ancient Free and Ac cepted Masons of England: Therefore be it known unto all whom it may concern, that, that part of the said “United Grand Lodge” which is usually held in London, have gradually innovated upon the ancient land marks of Masonry, in contravention of the ar ticles of the aforesaid Union; and they have al so composed and published a new Code of Laws, which are calculated to establish a dangerous and despotic authority iu the government of our Institution. And furthermore be it known, that they have introduced a law for the purpose of enforcing obedience to what is styled by them the “esta blished mode of working.” This new system has been opposed and rejected because it is not according to the genuine land-marks, laws, and traditions of the Craft; as guarranleed by the third article of the aforesaid Union, but on the contrary, it is composed partly of ancient and modern Masonry, blended together with new matter and ceremonies. This strange combi nation has been promulgated in order to ac commodate and reconcile the erring interests and contentions of those members who com posed the Lodge of Reconciliation—thus intro ducing a system more objectionable than that which divided the Fraternity during the greater part of the last and the present centuries. And be it known, that in consequence of the innovations which have been thus introduced into the government of the said United Grand Lodge, the fundamental principles and practi ces of Masonry have been violated; singular outrages and abuses have been committed in different Lodges, under the pretence of com pelling obedience to the arbitrary and illegal commands of a Provincial Grand Master.— These proceedings have given rise to great an imosities, and have created feelings of hostility which are in diametric opposition to the mild and benign spirit of our excellent institution.— Under these circumstances numerous petitions were forwarded from various parts of the king dom, praying for an investigation into the sub ject matters of complaint. Instead, however, of an inquiry being instituted, these petitions were treated with the utmost contempt by the aforesaid part of the United Grand Lodge, usu ally held in London, thus affording a strong presumptive proof of their determination to countenance and maintain a despotic authority aver all Lodges and Masons in this kingdom. The extraordinary and insufferable conduct caused the secession of several Lodges and many individual brethren, upon the incontro vertible ground thdt the articles of Masonic Union having been violated, the contract was [hereby broken and the convenant thereby dis solved; hence it follows that the United Grand Lodge of Ancient Free and Accepted Masons af England, has by inevitable consequence ceas ;d to exist. In consideration of this event, general Meet ings of the.Fraternity were held in Liverpool, on the 21st day of July, and the 22d day of December, 1823, for the express purpose of re establishing the Grand Lodge of'Free and Ac cepted Masons of England, according to the Did Constitutions granted by his Royal High ness Prince Edwin, at York, Anno Domini, 926 At these Meetings the right Worshipful Bro ther George Woodcockwas regularly nomina ted, elected, proclaimed* and installed Grand Master of Ancient Free and Accepted Masons for the year then ensuing. The Ancient Grand Lodge has thought it due to its character to make this public declaration of the principles and circumstances which have led to its re-establishment, whereby the Ma sonic world may be guarded against the ino_ vaiios which have been introduced under th administration of an assumed authority. By Older of t he Grand Lodge. JOHN THACKER, Grand Secretary. TRADE WITH THE BRITISH COLONIES. We have been obligingly favored with the following correspondence on the subject of the British Colonial Intercourse Acts. It appears from these letters, that our government, as well as the British Minister at Washington, are of opinion that the Collector at Halifax has mis construed the intentions of his government. We understand that despatches from the British Minister at Washington, to the Gover nor of Nova Scotia, were received in this citv a few days ago, and forwarded to Halifax, via St. Johns, N. B. with the greatest celerity. It is conjectured that these despatches relate to the above affair, and that they will have the ef fect to prevent the operation of the harsh con struction put upon the acts of Parliament by the Collector at Halifax. [Ar. Y Mer. Adv. Extract of a letter from the Hon- C. C.Cam breleng, of the House of Representatives, to a Mercantile house in this citv. Washington, 2d January, 1826. Dear Sir: I received the enclosed letter from the Secretary of State a few davs since—I have been waiting to ascertain whether it was proha ble any temporary arrangement could he made here with the British minister to prevent anv interruption of the trade with Halifax; hut, as I understand, he does not feel authorised to med dle with the question, although he is persuaded that it was not the intention of Parliament to interrupt the intereourse between the U. States and the British American possessions in any manner whatever. We must wait for the Hal ifax Collector to reconsider his opinion, or until he receives his orders from Great Britain. I am, Sir, with great respect, kc. C. C. CAMBRELENG. The Hon C C. Cambrelenp, II. R. Dktahtmkkt of State, ? Dec. 27, 1825. \ Sir: I have perused the letter which you left with me, and which is herewith returned, res pecting the construction put at Halifax upon the late British act of Parliament opening the trade and intercourse between the British Ame rican Colonies and foreign countries. And I have also examined the Acts of Parliament of 4th and 5th Geo. the 4th, referred to in the fifth section of the above mentioned Act. The result is a belief that the Hatf/H* construction is not that which was intended by the British Government, or if it be, that it was designed by an order in Council to except the trade ard intercourse with the United States from the operation of the Act when so interpreted. I should strongly incline to think, but for the op posite view entertained at Halifax, that the Act to regulate the trade of the British possessions, abroad, passed in July last, did not intend to disturb or affect the trade between the British. American Colonies and the United States, 6ut meant to leave that trade on the footing oi» which it was put hv the aforesaid Act z* the 4th of Geo the 4th and the subsequent Act of indemnity of the 5th Geo. the 4th. That the British Government did not look forward to *uch an operation of the Act of Par liament, as is about to be enforced at Halifax, I think clear from the following considerations! 1st. It would be inconsistent with profes sions made by that government to this, and with negotiations between the two Govern ments contemplated, if not resumed. 2d. No notification has licen given at Wash ington, or at London, of such a purpose a& that winch, for the first time, is indicated at Halifax 3d. 1 he British Minister here is unadvised by his government of any intention to close the Colonial ports against our vessels, and 4th. No information has been received here from any British Colonial port, except Hali fax, of such intention. If the Halifax construction be correct, I am persuaded that the British Government must have intended to have created an exception of, our trade, by an order in council, which had not arrived at the date of the last advices from Halifax. If I am right in that conjecture, the order may yet reach that place before, or a few days after the day fixed (the 5th of Janaury next) for the commencement of the Act. I am your obe dient servant,H. CLAY. Purified Pyroligneous Acid. TIIK use of this article appears to be a perfect substi. tute for the common process of smoking meat.— Very numerous experiments have established the fact, that the flavour of meat prepared in this manner, is fully equal, if not superior to that given in the common mode of smoking. For safety, convenience, economy, clean liness and dispatch, this mode seems to possess advan tages over the common one. There are two modes in which this acid is used, with perhaps ecjual success. One is, to mix it with the pic kle which is put to the meat, in the proportion of one quart to 150 to 200 pounds of meat. It’is not material whether this be done when the meat is first salted or not. It should be suffered to remain three or four weeks and then taken out and hung up in any convenient place to dry’. The other mode, is simply to bathe over a piece of meat w’itli the acid, once, twice, three or four times, according to its size. In either mode, the quantity of acid necessary will be about tbe same. The proportion of one quart to 200 pounds of meat will be found enough to suit the taste of some—others will be better pleased with more. Experiments arc easily made. For sale bv EDWAHI) STABLER & SON'. 12mo21 * eo3tlaw6t XfcYf KstabUft\\ went. The subscribers respectfully inform their friends and the public generally, that they have commenced the Blacksmith and Wheelwright Business, at the old stand near the Arch on Washington street, lately occupied by Mr. Thomas Bladen, under the firm of Hnnnuis & SHicRKiroan. Having employed the same hands that were employed by .Mr. Bladen, and having on hand a large quantity of first quality materi als, they flatter themselves that satisfaction will be giv en equal to that during Mr. Bladen’s time. They hope by ui'remitted and prompt attention to business, to me rit a liberal share of public patronage. Orders from town or country will meet with equal promptness and despatch. ROBERT IIOOGKIN, dec 3—3aw2w8claw3w_JNO. SHACKELFORD BriAport T'wine. This day received and in Store— A 0 CASKS shad, herring and sewing twine, for sale by [nor^9] WM. FOWLEk Co.