Newspaper Page Text
FMIHTKD AMD rVBLISHKD, DAILY, BY SBOWPiar & THOHNTON, AMD (tom TUB COOMTBT,) OM TUESDAYS, THURSDAYS AND SATURDAYS. COMMXM OF FAtHFAX-MTXKT AMD PHIMTKRS* ALLKT. • Daily Paper, g8—Country Paper, &5, per amvm THURSDAY, JANUARY 12, 1826._ An abstract of “A Bill for erecting a Peniten tiary in the District of Columbia, to reform the Penal Laws of the said district, and for other purposes/’ Sect. 1. Authorises the President of the U States to appoint three Commissioners to select a site foi a Penitentiary. 2. Directs the Commissioner of the Public Buildings to erect a Penitentiary to conta.n eighty separate cells, &c. 3. Appropriates the sum of--- for de fraying the expense of building said Peniten tiary 4. Authorises the Marshal to deliver to said Penitentiary, all persons sentenced to hard la bor. 5. Provides that the President of the United States appoint five Citizens to be Inspectors ol said Penitentiary, with power to make rule,, , regulations, &c. appoint a Keeper atul other officers. t 6. Directs the Keeper to make contracts, keep accounts, and manage the affairs generally. 7. Directs the Keeper to he paid-dollars salary annually, and the other officers to be paid as the Directors shall direct. * 3 & 9. Keeper to give bond, Stc. and to have no interest in contracts. 10. Inspectors to have no interest in contracts. 11. Suits to be brought iu the name of the United states. 12. Regulates the meetings of the Inspectors, and their mode of doing business. 13. Presents the duty of the Inspectors. 14. Prevents any one from visiting the Peni tentiary, without .permission from one of the Inspectors, except the President, Members of Congress, &c 15. Prescribes various duties of the Keeper 16. Provides for the feeding and employment of the convicts 17. Directs the Inspectors to furnish bibles. 18. Provides tha* any convict setting fire to the Penitentiary, or assaulting, with intent to kill, any person employed therein, shall suffer death _ __ iy. r.narrs, i n«t me said commissioners shall select a site in the County of Alexandria for a County /ail, on which it shall be the duty of the Commissioner of the Public Huildings to cause a County Jail for the City and County of Alexandria, to be erected and finished, and to repair and alter the Jail of the City of Wash ington, and appropriates-dollars therefor 20 Provides, that all persons convicted of murder, arson, rape, or burglary, shall suffer death. 21- Robbery punished by fine and imprison ment not less than five, nor more than twenty one years. 22. That all persons committing an assault, with an intent to murder, or with house break ing in the night, with intent to commit burgla ry, their aiders and abettors, shall suffer fine and imprisonment not less than one, nor more than ten years. 23. That persons guilty of manslaughter, or of setting fire to any mansion house, or out house, with intent to commit arson, their aid ers and abettors, shall be punished by fine, and confinement to*bard labor, not less than one, nor more than ten years. 24. Provides that it any person sets hr* to any property, not being a mansion house, they shall be punished by line, and imprisonment to hard labour, not exceeding ten years. 25. That persons guilty of stabbing, wound ing or maiming, shall be punished by fine and hard labour uot exceeding ten years. 26. Forgery punished by fine and hard labour not exceeding ten years. 27. Cheats and swindlers, punished by fine and hard labour not exceeding seven years. 28. Perjury and subomaYion of perjury, fine and hard labour not more than seven years. 29. Rioters punished by fine and hard labor, not less than one year. 30. Persons unlawfully taking and carrying away, or holding in slavery, any negro or mu latto, shall be punished by fine and imprison ment at hard labour, for a term not exceeding seven years. 31. Persons taking by force or fraud, any child under the age of 14 years, shall lie punished by fine and hard labour, not exceeding seven years. 32. Persons stealing and carrying away any personal goods ol another, shall be punished by fine, not exceeding double the value of the thing stolen, and imprisonment at hard labour, not more than seven years. • 34. Persons buying, receiving,or concealing any property, knowing the same to be stolen, shall be punished by fine and hard labor, not exceeding seven years. 35. That the robbery of any bank note, pro missory note, kc. shall be punished in the same manner as the robbery of any other goods or chatties * 36. That in all cases of larceny, robbery, or burglary, the offenders shall restore the goods, or pay the value thereof. 37. Offenders to pay the cost of prosecu tion. 38- Persons disturbing any Religious Con gregation, Society, or Association engaged in the worship of Almighty God, to be punished by fine and imprisonment in the Jail of the County, not exceeding one year Persons, in the night time, breaking in to any building not being a mansion house* vrith intent to commit larceny, shall be punished by fine, and confinement to hard labor, not ex ceeding seven years. 40. Persons guilty of an assault, or assault and battery, shall be punished by a fine not ex ceeding one hundred dollars, and imprisonment in the jail of the.county, not exceeding one year. 41. That in cases, where by the laws now in force, whipping, imprisonment, or putting in the stocks romis the punishment, the person convicted shall be punished, by fine and impri sonment to hard labor not exceeding seven years. 42 That no crime shall be punished with death, except those specified in this law, or some other act of Congress From Ike Natumal Intelligencer. CONGRESS PROCEEDINGS OF TUESDAY. In the Senate—'Mr. King rose, and said, lie had received an act passed by the Legislature of Alabama, authorising the laying oi a ton nage duty of five cents on all vessels entering the port of Mobile. The object is to improve the navigation of that river, so as to enable ves sels of a certain class to reach the town of Mo bile with facility; and moved to refer it to the Committee on the Judiciary; which motion was agreed to. Mr. Van Buren, from the Committee on the Judiciary, to whom the subject was referred, reported a bill to annul “An act concerning wrecks and wrecked property,” pasred by the Governor and Legislative Council of the 1 er l itory of Florida; which was read, and passed to a second reading. The bill‘-further to amend the judicial sys tem of the United States;” and 1 he bill for “altering the time of holding the session of the supreme court of the United Slates,” were severally read a second time, and, on motion of Mr. Van Buren, were postponed to, and made the order of the day for, Wednes day the 18th inst. , i he Senate then proceeded to consider, as in committee of the whole, the bill “for the sur vey of a route fora canal between the Atlantic and the Gulf of Mexico.” Mr. Johnston, of Louisiana, said lie would make a few remarks on the object of the bill. Ii provides, said he, for an examination of all the country south of the St. Mary’s and Aj r palachicola rivers, to ascertain the most eligi ble route through which to connect the Atlan tic and the Buy of Mexico. 4t contemplates, after this reconnoissance, a scientific survey ol the several routes, with a view to obtain all the facts in relation to the localities of the country and the coast, and to obtain such plans, esti mates, and opinions, as will hereafter enable Congress to act on this subject. It has in view two distinct objects: 1st. A Canal, in connexion with a general system of internal navigation. 2dly- The practicability of a ship channel. 1 feel it, said Mr. J my du ty, as well from the public station which 1 fili here, as the peculiar interest and position ol the State which 1 represent, to bring before this House, sepeiately, a subject which con cerns my State, which unites, every interest, and iti which, happily, we can all concur with out violating any constitutional principle, l'he connexion of the Gulf of Mexico with the At lantic forms u part ot the great system of in land navigation. It is the most important link in the chain of communication. It is the point of union between the two great portions of our country—the East and the West. Its po litical, military and commercial advantages, need not be illustrated here. The public opin ion is alleady sufficiently enlightened ana de termined. It remains only for us to give it effect. In regard to a canal navigation, it is satisfac tory to know, that the work is noi only practi cable, but of easy execution aud at a small ex pense. Many routes have been indicated,all of which are probably convenient, but it requires an ac curate survey and estimate, to obtain a know ledge of the localities and expense, to enable us to decide. Two routes have been particularly mentioned in the bill That from the St. Mary’s to Appalachuola, is deemed practicable aud thought to possess many advantages. It pass es through a sandy soil, of moderate elevation, abundantly supplied w ith water, and communi cates with both seas in a deep channel; its dis tance not exceeding 200 nules, anu may be, in lime, with incieased advantage, extended to Pensacola Bay, and thence to Mobile Bay.— i iuii iruiu oi. jMuu b iu v aiubbduaa cay, ib a work of easy execution. The Peninsula is of a secondary formation, or alluvion, with little el evation, and penetrated by a c..ain of Lakes, which deviate only a small distance from the shortest line of communication between the two seas. The distance is not more than 92 miles, 18 of which is already navigable by the river. Throughout the remaining 74 miles, the soil is light, with little elevation, easily excavated, and many natural facilities. From the St. John’s, the first sixtetn miles are ailu\ion, with an ele- j vution of only three fin above the waters of1 that river. From thence the line passes over a region whose elevation is estimated at 11 feet, and indented throughout by lakes, valleys anu creeks. It is formed of a strata of sand and clay, and bedded on limestone, lying probably below the point of excavation The remaining 23 miles of the line, is a gentle inclination from the great Prairie Alachua to the Gulf,witii sand, clay, and broken fragments of stone, mixed and easily removed. Throughout the whole line, there is an adequate supply of water, with an elevation of five feet in thr centre, and a deed nation from that height to the Atlantic in 31 miles, and to the Gulf in 34. It is, moreover, to be observed, that, by unit ing the channels or a chain of Lakes tnat ex tend into the interior, you will greatly diminish the line of excavation, the labor, and expense, while you will only increase the line of commu nication 18 miles. Thus much I have deemed it necessary to say, in regard to the two routed designated. Hut there are other and higher considerations connected with this subject, that claim the attention of this body. I mean the possibility of a ship channel across the Penin sula—an object which, if accomplished, wou d opera’e an extraordinary revolution in the na vigation and commerce of this continent.— From the information which I have on this sub ject, and the opinions of practical, experienced, and scientific men, 1 do not entertain a doubt that the work is practicable—at an expense whic the object justifies—and within the means which we can*fairlv devote to it. At present, more than one-half the territory of the United States depends on the Mississip pi river, and one-third of the population, an this proportion constantly increasing, have their commerce through the Bay of Mexico It is the object of this bill to supersede the passage round the Gulf of Florida. Of the political and commercial advantages of this communication, I shall reserve the exposition until the bill 13 reported to the House. The bill was ihen, on motion of Mr. John ston. referred to* the Committee on Roads ami Canals. . The Senate then spent near two hours in the consideration of Executive business, and then adjourned. In the House of Representatives.—Mr. M‘Lane. from the Committee of Ways and Means, reported, without amendment, a bill from the Senate, entitled “An act to provide for the seizure and sale of property brought in to the United Stales in violation of the revenue laws, in certain cases;” which wa3 referred to the committee of the whole. Mr Beecher, from the Committee on Roads and Canals, reported a bill in addition to an act for the continuance of ihe Cumberland Road; which was twice read, and committed to the same committee of the whole which has been charged with a bill making appropriations for certain fortifications of the United States. STENOGRAPHF.RS. The resolution yesterday offered by Mr. Campbell, for the admis^on of stenographers, not exceeding three in number, to occupy seats in front of the Clerk’s table, having been taken up— Mr Campbell observed, that in calling up this resolution, it might he considered proper that he should submit a remark or two. He did not think that the resolution was indispen sable for the purpose of enabling the Speaker to make the arrangements adverted to, as he be lieved, for his own part, that the Speaker alrea dy possessed the power; but the practice of the House having assigned to the Reporters a dif ferent situation, unless it was disposed to im pose on the Speaker the responsibility of cliang ins; the practice simply by lus own authority, the alteration in the rule ought to be made.— Mr. C. here quoted the rule of order on this subject, which is in the following words : “Stenographers, wishing-to take down the debates, may be admitted by the Speaker, who shall assign such places to them, on the floor or elsewhere, to effect their object, as shall not interfere with the convenience of the House.” Mr C. observed, that he could not perceive any inconvenience that could possibly result from placing the reporters in front of the clerk’s table. It was the only point in the House from which it was possible they could hear bo as to report with correctness all that passed, espe cially since the erection of the partition behind the Speaker’s chair. If gentlemen considered it important to have the Debates and Proceed ings reported at all, it was certainly important that they should be reported with accuracy. It had been proposed by some gentlemen, that the Reporter* should be placed on each side of the steps ascending to the Speaker’s chair; but it must be manifest, that if so situated, they will ha wholly unable either to see or hear what passes on the side of the House opposite to them. The most expedient place, on every account, was immediately in front of the clerk’s desk. Mr. Forsyth said he should like to understand whether this rule was intended to stand in lieu of that which now existed on this subject. Mr. Campbell replied, that he did not intend it as a substitute, but rather as an amplification of the powers at present given to the Speaker on that subject. Mr Forsyth said, that in that view he was opposed to the rule. He thought it would make an improper distinction among the Sten ographers, to give a preference to some over others. Mr. Campbell replied, that he knew only of two gentlemen who at present reported the De bates of the Ho' se to any extent, and there was room before the Clerk’s table for three. Mr Forsyth replied, that he did not know how many might be actually reporting, hut he was certain that six or seven were allowed to enter the Hall. Mr. Little, of Maryland, observed, that he apprehended that no serious inconvenience was at present experienced by the Reporters, and as tio pi rmanent arrangement had yet been resolv ed on in relation to the partition, which was supposed to stand in the way of their report ing, he moved that for the present the resolution lie on me iaoie. This molion prevailed—Ayes 82, Noes 52. On motion of Mr. Edwards, of N. C. it was Resolved, That the Committee on the Judici ary be* instructed to inquire into the expedien cy of passing a law to give the assent of the United States to the provisions of an act of the State of Alabama,entitled “An act for impro ving the navigation of the bay and harbor of Mobile,” passed the 20th of December, 1825, so far as the same may be necessary. JUDICIARY SYSTEM. On motion of Mr Webster, the House again went into Committee of the Whole, Mr. Tom linson in the chair, on the bill “further to a inend the Judicial system of the United States.” Mr Buchanan again look the floor and con cluded his speech commenced the day previous. Mr. Mangum of Nortli-Carolinia, next address ed the Committee, in favor of Mr. Mercer’s motion to strike out the first section of the bill, mid alter speaking an hour, gave way for a mo tion for the Committee to rise The motion prevailed, and the House adjourned. On Saturday, being the anniversary of the Columbian Institute of Washington city, an o ration'was delivered on the occasion, in the Chamlier of Lie House of Representatives, by Dr Tobias Watkins, who had been appointed jralor. The Hall presumed an elegant display af beauty, and the gallery was occupied partly by the Marine Band, which performed several favorite airs. We are indebted to the National Journal for the following abstract of the oration: [Balt. Amtr. The Orator commenced with an apt and beau tiful illustration of the effects as well as the cha» racier of knowledge. He instanced the astonish raent and awe with which the expedition under Columbus was received on its first landing on the American shore. Hence he digressed into an apostrophe on the present condition of Spain, contrasting the attitude in which she then stood, as the discoverer of a New World, and that she now occupies, as unable to retain her own rank in the old one. While around her art and science are diffusing their splendid usefulness over mankind, she alone degenerates and de clines in the scale of nations. He proceeded to review the perfection to which the chisel and pencil of ancient genius reached. His descrip tion of the dying gladitor was a fine example of oral delineation From the works of art, he went on to make brief reference to the orators of past ages. He then dwelt on the vast im provements which have since taken place in all the various departments of human knowledge How would the first men of the ancient ages, could they be reformed from the impalpable dust into which they have been changed, stand astonished, could they see the phenomena which the present age exhibits. Virgil and Livy to see their works in print. The Heroes of Greece and Rome to see their greatest deeds eclipsed by the invention of fire arms. The wonder with which the telescope would be viewed; and all the other productions of modern genius. The finishing touches which the science of later times has given to the imperfect discoveries of by-gone ages. The effects of chemistry—the improvement in navigation since the discovery of the compass. He touched on the enterprising character of the Venetians, the change which had since taken place, in the character of commerce itself, and of those who arc engaged in it, since the day when Aristotle thought it unworthy of a gentleman, and Plato would have punished him who made it his pursuit. The orator view.ed the effects of the arts and sciences upon the comforts of mankind, and the wretched condition of those countries in which they are not cherished; and regarded the ad vances which were daily-witnessed in the path of knowledge by those nations in which the de sire of knowledge was active One age puts to shame that which has preceded it—light is added to light—and yet much remains to be discovered before we shall reach the limits as signed by the divine interdict—“thus far shalt thou go, but no farther.” The secrets of the elements are not all discovered; and many a phenomenon, destined to produce future won' der and utility, yet remains undeveloped. By a gradual transition, he came to touch on individual genious, and instanced the obscure origin from which some of the greatest men— Franklin, Fulton, Harrison, Arkwright—have sprung. He glanced over the field of useful, and the flowery walks of ornamental science, and touched on the impassable limit which seems to be laid down to individual genius, which compels it to obtain perfection in one science, at the cost of ignorance, or at farthest, superficial knowledge in all other sciences. Thus the powers of one individual should be thrown into a common stock, and men of tal ent should be associated together, to give to them all that influence which belongs to know ledge A conviction of this necessity has introduced the literary and scientific associations of mod ern times. Modern Europe abounds in them, which corresponding with each other, becomes still more powerful! He instanced the Institute of Paris, and the Royal Society of Lodnon. Referring to the unsuccessful efforts which had been made in this country to establish similar societies, he attributed them to the genius of our institutions, which placed our different States in an attitude of rivalry, which prevent an union even for literary and scientific purpo ses. He anticipated a better state of things. The orator then took a view of the particu lar situation, prospects, and character, of the Columbian Institute, after a warm panegyric on its founder. Here men of learning could meet on neutral ground; here he hoped was the foundation of an Institution which should here after dispense utility and honour to the country giving to her that pre-eminence in the arts and sciences, which she now enjoys in liberty; here he trusted would he found a reservoir of knowl edge, which men of science in all parts of the Union would contribute to fill. He referred to the advantages of its situation its proximity to the Library of Congress, arid to the Patent Office; to the encouragement which had been extended to it by Congress, in placing the Bo tanic Garden under its charge; by the Com mittee on Manufactures, in committing to it the superintendence of their exhibitions. Should an Observatory be established, he anticipated new benefit to the labours of the Institute. Freedom is the natural soil of knowledge: under despotic governments it only lingers like a forced and pining exotic; but where liberty is, it expands into the perfection of beauty and usefulness Ours is the land of freedom; here are no despots, no hierarchs, no tortures, but all the circumstances of our age and situation combine to urge us on to still greater efforts The orator occupied somewhat above an hour in its delivery. To the Editors of the New-York American Gentlemen,—Permit me to inquire, through the medium of your journal, how far our ship ping merchants are bound to conform and act upon the new regulations issued from the Bru tish Consulate, in virtue of a late Order in Council? Does said order, for example, render it im perative on the shippers of cotton to present to H. B. M. Consul their seperate invoices for veri fication, as regards the growth of this article, kc ?—or will not this “order” be sufficiently en forced, if the general manifests of cargoes be so authenticated, by the captains of each vessel bound to British ports? 1 he latter is the onfy form exacted by the French government: and it being well known, that the manifests now adopted at our custom house, contain distinct specifications of foreign and domestic articles of growth, their quantity and value, I presume that which is so fully ver ified by one instrument, need not be attested by any other; but as serious fees are at Issue in this matter, the sooner it is put at rest the bet ter By an early insertion of these queries, you rill oblige a subscriber. J. F. ^ e have no hesitation or doubts in answer ing the above questions. A single consular certificate to the manifest, containing alt the names of the shippers, and the marks and num. bers of the articles shipped by them, together with the oath, to be taken before a notary by each shipper of the origin of the articles, and to be appended to the manifestos all that oughi to be required. Thus instead of firing subject to a tax of $2 to the British Consul for every bill of lading, amounting sometimes in freight ing ships to gso or $40, our commerce would have to pay but g2. This is an old grievance revived. Some years ago the writer of this had occasion to bring the matter before the Chamber of Commerce, which led to a Cor respondence with the Secretary of State, and resulted in the abandonment by the British Con sul (by order from his government probably) of the enormous and unreasonable fees exacted by him. Now, it seems, the practice is re sumed, very certainly to the disadvantage of the commercial interests of this country The case is shortly this. Great Britain adhering to that provision of her navigation acts, which | requires that vessels of foreign countries shall only bring into British ports for consumption, articles the growth of the country to which they belong, exacts a ci rtificate of origin for such articles as arc raised in other countries besides that whence the ship sails. Under this head our cotton and. various other articles, arc subject to the necessity of taking certificates ot origin. But by usage, and we believe, in deed, by treaty between us and great Britain, full faith and credit is to l;e given in each coun try to the official acts of the functionaries of the other. Hence it would seem to follow, that the clearances, manifests, &c with which a ves sel sailing from an American port is required to be furnished, should be received in Bri tish ports as authenticating conclusively what they purpoit to state. Our law’s requiring each shipper to swear to the value and na ture of the articles shipped by him. Let their oath be annexed to the general mani fest, and then, if our commerce must submit to furnish the means of subsistence to a British functionary, let him annex to this manifest his certificate of its genuineness, and receive two dollars.—The instructions to the British Con suls, as we have seen them published, require that each shipper should take with him a Dec laration on Oath, made by the owner or shipper, of each shipment of such enumerated goods, of the growth, produce or manufacture thereof._ Now this oath a British Consul cannot admi nister in this country. He has no right to ad minister any oath without legal authority from the United States, or perhaps the state in wh-ch he resides, and none such has ever been given. Hence his duty would seem merely to be, to au thenticate the signature and station of the per son qualified by our laws to administer oatiis. This, wc believe, to be the extent of his autho rity, and certainly, in our otvn case, we would object to any other exercise of it. Trior’s Office, Alexandria, Jan. 10. IN consequence of a request from some oftlie venders of New-York, the Managers, with reluctance, have concluded to postpone the drawing of the New- York Literature lottery, 3d Clots, which was to liave taken place on the 4th, to the 19th of Januarv, at which time it will positively be drawn. It seems that Madam for tune hn u'ltliii^Uli— „ C.... ... t, .. . tend her favors to a few more that have not yet called at TYLER’S, Who has a few more chances only left in the abovemost Splendid Lottery. Those who have neglected taking chances in this brilliant Lottery, are respectfully invited to call at the Temple of Fortune and select one of the following splendid prizes. They are— 1 Prize 1 1 1 2 4 10 39 of of of of of of of of 100,000 dollars, 50 000 dollars, 20.000 dollars, 10.000 dollars, 5.000 dollars, 2.500 dollars, 2.000 dollars, 1 000 dollars, The whole positively to be drawn on the 19th of this month. dj’Tickets are selling yet at the low price of $50, shares in proportion. But few remain unsold. HIE GRAM) Consolidated State' Lottery of Maryland, to be draw’n in Baltimore on the 15th Feb ruary. Tickets only $12, and the highest prize 100,000 Dollars. Tickets in the above splendid Lotteries, in a variety of numbers, may be had by calling or sending to TYLERS justly celebrated and famed TE.MYliE OF FOUT1LVE, Corner of King and Royal-strcet, Alexandria. Cash advanced as usual for prizes as soon as drawn. Orders by mail promptly attended to. janlO Purified Pyroligneous Acid. THE use ofthis article appears to be a perfect substi tute for the common process of smoking meat.— Very numerous experiments hare established the fact, that the flavour of meat prepared in this manner, is fully equal, if not superior to that given in the common mode of smoking. For safety, convenience, economy, clean liness and dispatch, this mode seems to possess advan tages over the common one. There are two modes in which this acid is used, with perhaps equal success. One is, to mix it with the pic kle which is put to the meat, in the proportion of one quart to 150 to 200 pounds of meat, it [is not material whether this be done when the meat is first salted or not It should be suffered to remain three or four weeks and then taken out and hung up in any convenient place to dry. The other mode, is simply to bathe over a piece of meat with the acid, once, twice, three or four times, according to its size. In either mode, the quantity of acid necessary will be about the same. The proportion of one quart to 200 pounds of meat will be found enough to suit the taste of some—others will be better pleased with more. Experiments are easily made. For sale by EDWARD STABLER & SON. 12 mo 21 eo3tlaw6t XfcYf EslahVisViment. The subscribers respectfully inform their friends and the public generally, that they have commenced the Blacksmith and Wheelwright Business, at the old stand near the Arch on Washington street, lately occupied by Mr. Thomas Bladen, under the firm of Hodokih & Shackelford. Having employed the same hands that were employed-by Mr. Bladen, and having On hand a large quantity of first quality materi als, they flatter themselves that satisfaction wul be giv- ' en equal to that during Mr. Bladen’s time. They hope by unremitted and prompt attention to business, tome* rit a liberal share of public patronage. Orders from town or country will meet with equal promptness and despatch. ROBERT HODGKIN, dec 3—3aw2wklaw3w JNO. SHACKELFORD.