Newspaper Page Text
THURSDAY, JANUARY 19, 1826.
TUKSDAYS, THURSDAYS A>'D SATURDAYS. .C0B3TXB or ?/IWiI «TIIT iW fimtu’ UUT. Daily Paper, g8—Country Paper, $5, pet POETRY. From the Salem Gazette. MOONLIGHT. We are beneath the uark blue sky, And the moon is shining bright; Oh, what can lift the soul so nigh As the glow of a summer’s night! When all the gay are hush’d to sleep, When they that mourn forget to weep, Beneath that gentle light. Is there no holier, happier land, Among those distant spheres Where we may meet that shadowy band, The dead of other years ? • Where all the day the moonbeams rest, And where at length the souls are blest Of those that dwell in tears. Oh, if the happv ever leave Their bowers of bliss on high, To cheer the hearts of those that grieve And wipe the tear-drop dry, It is when moonlight sheds its ray, More pure and beautiful than day, And earth ia like live sky. [From a Liverpool paper. THE MERRY HEART. • I would not from the wi$e require , The lumber oftheiT learned lore; Nor would 1 from the rich desire A single counter of their store. Tor 1 have ease and 1 have health, And I have spirits light as air, And more than wisdom, more than wealth, A merry heart that laughs at cure. Like other mortals of my kind I’ve struggled for dame Fortune’s favor, And sonn-tunes have been half inclined To rate her for her dl bejiaviour. But life was short—I thought h folly To lose its moments in despair; So slipp’d aside from melancholy’, With merry’ heart that laugh’d at care. Ami once, ’tis tru«, two ’witching eyes Surpris’d me in a luckless season, •runi*d all my mirth to lonely sighs, And quite subdued my better reason. Yet ’twa* but love could make me grieve, And love’s you know, a reason fair, And much improv’d as I believe, The merry heaft that laugh’d at care. So now, from idle wishes clear, I make tho good I mav not find; Adown the stream I gently steer, And shift my sail with every wind, And half by nature, half b^ reason, Can still with pliant art prepare, The mind attun’d to every season. The merry heart that laughs at care. Yet, w rap me in your sweetest dream, Ye social feelings of the mind, Give, sometimes give your sunny gleam, And let the rest good humor find ; Yes let me hail and welcome give To every, joy my lot may share, Ami pleas’d and pleasing let me live With merry heart, that laughs at care. RAIL ROADS AND CANALS. Fivm the Motional Intelligencer. We have pleasure in complying with the re quest of a Representative in Congress from Pennsylvania, by publishing the following ex tract of a letter to him from a very intelligent constituent of his, who has made the subject of the comparative advantages of Canals and Raii Roads his study: “The present idea that presses upon me, and which, I think, can be brought to hear, if the general curse, jealousy, can be stifled, is a grand edge railway, from Pittsburg, by or through Chambersburgh, York, Lancaster, and West • Chester, to Philadelphia, with a branch from the neighborhood of Gettysburg to Baltimore That each State shall be mutually interested, in proportion to their wealth and population from Pittsburg to Gettysburg, or as near that place as may be agreed upon, and thence each to perfect their own branch to their respective ca pitals. I would use steam-power entirely, be cause the road would passthrough a country in which, for the whole route, fuel would be abun dant and cheap, except a small part between Lancaster and Philadelphia. I calculate the route, making allowance for deviations, from Pittsburg to Philadelphia, at 340 miles, and though it is ascertained that the rate of travelliug on the Stockport rail-road in England is eight miles per hour, with a cargo of ninety tons, I would be willing to fix the rate at six miles per hour, and about seventy-five tons catgo The journey would, therefore, making great allowance lor time lost in ascend ing inclined planes, and unavoidable delays in obtaining water and fuel, be performed in three ' days and three nights. The allowance in England, made in the ele vation of the rood, which is not found to affect the motion of the engine, is about eighteen feet in the mile. This is a fall that a canal could But overcome.advantageously by lockage, yet, on the rail road, it is of no consequence. Could the road be graduated at a rise of fifteen feet to the mile, from Philadelphia to the summit of the’Allegany, the ridge would be passed without being felt; but, as that is out 'of the question, and as there are several ridges that cannot be passed in that way, recourse must be bad to stationary engines But as these will invariably be placed in situations abounding in coal or wood, the article of fuel will be of tri fling consideration, and as the spare power of the engines may be employed in manufactur ing in many cases to advantage, the expense of maintaining them will not very impor tant. Supposing each stationary engine should on ly overcome a lift of fifty feet, but, in many ca ses, a lift of one hundred may be overcome with one engine, one hundred engines would over come 5000 feet of rise and fall, and on a canal, allowing each lock to have 8 feet lift, it would require 625 locks to overcome the same rise and fall, and the occasional dips, such as must occur in making a catial between the Susque hannah and the Schuylkill, by way of the val ley of Lancaster, would greatly add to thenum ocr OI lOCKS. If the whole number of locks between Phila delphia and Pittsburg should amount to 700, of eight feet lift each, overcoming a rise and fall to gether of 5600 feet, the cost of constructing locks, estimating them at 1000 dollars per fool, would be $8000 per lock, and amounfto 3^000 000 dollars for that pari of the work alone, i Without taking into calculation the army of i attendants that such a number of locks would require, the immense expense of yearly repairs from breaches, freshets, 8cc. the damage done to farms and mills, the total stoppage of trade in the winter, and the impossibility of oue or even two distinct canals, conveying the trade of the west, when it is known and^cknowledged that a lock, in regular business, cannot pass more than 40 boats a day—regard less of all these, we will take the matter upon one point alone— The saving of time. A trip from Philadelpia to Pktsburgh and return, by the rail road, wou'd occupy a week. Thus the mail, and as many ! passengers as might offer, would be carried from Philadelphia to Pittsburg in 3 days; by a canal 500 miles in length, with 700 locks to pass, the voyage to Pittsburg and back, would occupy 6 weeks. If a cargo of 75 tons be conveyed on a rail road by a locomotive engine, with one man and one boy as attendants, in th»ee days and three nights to Philadelphia, which we must al low to be equal to six men and six boys per day, and a like cargo be conveyed by a canal in three boats, each having a man and boy—we say no thing about the horse—and twenty-one days are required to perform the journey, it is equal to sixty-three men and sixty-three boys, so that of human labour, without saying any thing of the army of attendants at the locks, it is a saving of time and expense, in favor of the rail road, as 12 is to 126; and, I believe, if 1 bad time, I could make it appear that throughout the whole, the rail road would bear the same ratio ol advan tage over a canal, through that particular tract of country. Of the expense of constructing such a road, I would not be willing to estimate it at much less than 20,000 dollars per mile. Cutting through hills, making causeways across hollow ways, building bridges and culverts, and perhaps oc casionally boring a short tunnel, must involve considerable expense, independent of tracks, stationary engines, and inclined planes: But 1 do not conceive that a rail road, and all its at tendant expenses, would amount to one half the cost of a canal to obtain the same object; and I believe that the end would be attained in one third the time, and that the cost of conveying merchandise would not be more than one half the charge now demanded on Canals In proposing this rail-route, I do not conceive that it would at all do away the necessity of im proving our main rivers. The rail-road would cross a country m w hich a canal is impractica ble, and it would intersect our Susquehannah at right angles, raiher aiding and rendering more important the improvement of that river and its branches, by conveying its coal and lumber into districts which require them, and where canals for such a purpose would ne\er pay cost of con struction. »t is only by a canal or rail road be coming the great thoroughfare of a general and extensive trade, that either can be profitable As it respects another point, I may indulge a little in speculation. 1 do not think, nor did I ever think, that the proposed canal to unite the Potomac and the Ohio, will succeed. It maybe made, but if Pennsylvania does her duty, it ne ver can become the thoroughfare of the Eastern and Western trade Summit levels 3000 feet above tide water may be attainable, but 1 sti ong ly doubt whether they can be of much utility; and if our preferable route should offer, by which time and expense of transportation shall be saved, such elevations will be deserted — Pennsylvania has all this in her power, and more. She has it in her power to wrest from the state of New-York the trade of Ohio. The same line which judiciously connects Pittsburg and Philadelphia, secures the track of Ohio and Kentucky;- nay, Tennessee, Indiana, Illinois, and Missouri, will be ours; and even the trade of Lake Erie, as soon as a channel is open into the Allegany, will seek the market of Phila delphia. You will perceive that Baltimore must and will have a chance, do as we will, to participate in all this trade. I have said that no one canal can accommo date the Western trade; but this objection does not hold against a rail-road. The route is ne ver so and the carriges travel with at least three times the velocity that boats do on*canals. There are no stoppings of consequenee. The train of wagons may be continual, and as much property as the road can contain may be in con stant and regular motion, wagon succeeding wagon in close array, to the point of destina tion. The New York Canal can pass but forty boats per day, in regular business. 1'his I have front the report of the Commissioners, now be fore me. They state that it must not be ex pected that the canal can long be able to pass the trade which will be offered. They speak of constructing double locks, by which boats may ascend and descend at the same time with out interrupting each other. Bui in a few years they calculate that this expedient will not be sufficient: another canal has been recommend ed, parallel with the present lint; but of late some scientific men speak of constructing a rail road along the side of the canal the whole distance from Albany to Buffalo, as the only sure means of securing all the trade that may offer And here the advantages of New York are immense. Her level for the purpose is al ready made; it requires only a trifling addition in some parts to the breadth of the towing path; and when her single locks occur of six or eight feet lift, it will only be necessary to begin about ^quarter of a mile below to graduate the rise, and pare off a little fc about a quarter of a mile above, without havi g recourse to inclined planes and stationary engines, except at Lock port, where the rise 61 feet. The long levels, one of which is 69 tn es, are admirably adapt ed for the purpose, a id having a canal already completed along the thole line, she can convey , all the materials thatlnay be wanted to the spot j with a trifling expentc. This scheme probably ; will be undertaken and completed before Penn sylvania can be spurted into action, and New York can effect it at half the expense, and at half the time that we can open a communica tion with Pittsburg and Lake Erie.” From, the National Intelligencer. FROM BRUSSELS PAPERS. We are indebted to the Minister from the Netherlands for the use of a file of Brussels pa pers, in which, however, we do not find any news, which we have not alreacty received through the medium of the English prints The notices, official and unofficial, of transac tions in the government of the Low Countries; shew it to be in a stale of great tranquility and apparent stability The King appears anxious to do every thing to contribute to its prosperity, and he, as welt as his family, shew themselves much to the People, not in the Capital only, hut in different parts of the country. We have said, the papers contain no News. Strictly speaking, they do not afford any. 1 he following speculations, however, are interest ing to us Americans, as shewing that the move ments of our Mediterranean squadron have no little consequence attributed.to them, in the continental journals. The reader will of course put a just, value upon the rumors and conjec tures embodied in these paragraphs. “The ultimate destination ol the U. States’ frigate Brandywine is said to lie Constantino ple. The Government of the \J. States has been much displeased by the relusal of the Porte to receive a diplomatic agent, resident in the capital of Turkey. It is said,that a. demand is about to be made for the reception of an En voy from the U. States, end that this demand will be supported by the presence of an Amer ican squadron in the Mediterranean, which is to be slrengthed by the North Carolina ship of the line.. It is also added that, in case of this demand being refused, the determination of the U. Slates to assist the Greeks in estab lishing their independence, will be declared. It is rumored, that the opposition of the Porte to the wishes of the Government of the U. S'ated is founded on a secret ’reaty, in which it has pledged itself to the British Government not to receive American official agents ” “We leaun from Glasgow that, notwithstand ing the proclamation of the British Govern ment, five stea^n vessels are building for the Greek service, and that several steam cannon, on Perkins' plan, have been,put on board of them.” “The point which the United States have se lected for the formation of an establisement in the Mediterranean is, it is said, the Isle of Milo, situated about sixty miles north of Candia. The port is one of the most beautiful and capa cious in the Mediterranean. The entrance is narrow, but then it presents a vast bay, of suf ficient extent to contaiu the whole of the Bri tish navy. Another melancholy instance of the deleteri ous effects of Carbonic Acid Gas, occurred at Middle Hadam, (Ct.) on Thursday fortni ght.— On Wednesday evening* Capt. Norman Hurd placed in a new building, a vessel of lighted charcoal, for the purpose of drying the plaster ing. On Thursday morning, Ann Eliza, his eldest daughter, aged 10, with Sarah Franklin, her youngest sister, six years old, went into it. They had been seen sliding in the garden but a few minutes before, and being wanted at break fast, were 3ent for; and, not being seen, a girl who lives in the family, opened the door of the building, and lound them both lifeless on the floor! The girl, too much frightened either to take, them away, or to cry for help, ran to the house and gave the wretched tidings, when Capt. Hurd rushed to the place, and, in an ago ny of feeling that can be imagined, hut not de scribed, snatched his children from the deadly spot. The Physician was instantly called, and the proper means resorted to for resuscitating the victims, but the youngest was gone, beyond re covery. The other, after some time, exhibited signs of life, and was brought to, but, alas! only to a state of suffering and distress more heart rending to her friends, than the easier and more speedy death of her little sister She survived, in a state of the most intense distress, until Monday noon, when she died, notwithstand ing every effort that medical skill, or affec tionate tenderness could devise to save her — The case of Mr. and Mrs. Hurd is peculiarly a distressing one At one .“fell swoop” have they been deprived of half their children !— Their oldest and their youngest daughters, (both of them fine and most interesting chil dren,) have been snatched from them in an aw ful and unexpected moment. On Thursday, the remains of the little sufferers, attended by a large concourse of mourning friends and rela tives, were interred in one grave, the members of the schools to which they belonged, walking as mourners. An impressive and very appro priate discourse was delivered on,the occasion, in the Episcopal Church, by the Rev. Mr. Bent Icy, from Psalms 1.15. We have all of us read and heard of the fa tal effects of ignited charcoal in a close room, but with a blameable indifference, until wc see them brought to our own doors. This instance, it is hoped will, at least in the neighborhood of its occurreuce, be remembered—and be so re membered as to produce caution. What is very singular in this case, is the fact, that the young woman mentioned above, had herself been into the same room, a few minutes before the children went there, and shut the door too, and although she experienced a “bad air,” and was obliged to hold a handkerchief to her face, yet she received no injury; so that the door was opened three times before these children entered, and yet they are supposed, from appearances, not to have staid in the room five minutes. The savings Banks in England have invest ed in the public funds a capital of more than twelve millions sterling,clear of all the sums withdrawn from them. From the New York Gazette oj Jan. 16. Capt. Turner; of the brig Marseilles, from Malaga and Qibraltar, left at the latter port, Nov. 27, brigs Columbia, Nesbitt; and Silk worm; Hathaway,for New-York, to sail on the 20th; ship Paragon, Thompson, of Boston, 7 days from Liverpool, for freight or chatter.— The ship Gov. Hawkins, Dunton, from N. Y. sailed 2 days before the M. for Messina, and the brig White Oak, Noyes, of this port, sail ed Nov.'27th, for Leghorn; brig Sicily, Bulk ley, was waiting sales of cargo, and would leave soon for Messina. Schr. Thetis, Lincoln, of Boston, had sailed for Pernambuco, and schr, Chilo, for Maranham. Brig Tontine, Harris, of Philadelphia, had discharged part or her cargo, filled up with stores for the squad ron, and would leave the next day for Port Mahon, Minorca, where the squadron were to rendezvous for the winter. Brig Tamworth, of Boston, had discharged, and was waiting freight. Ship -, Hatch, do. do. Two brigs had arrived from the Straits, and were under quarantine. Left no American vessels at Malaga. Captain T. states that great distress prevail ed in Malaga, and the surrounding country, occasioned by the heavy rains, which destroy ed the crops of grapes, and the great loss sus tained by the fermentation of wines; several farmers have lost the whole of their wines in one night, and that which was brought in be ing so inferior that it was hardly worth prepar ing for market. The prices of lead, fruit, wines and barilla, had consequently considera bly advanced. CRIMINAL COURT, CITY OF NEW-YORK. Thomas W. Clerke, the Editor of the Globe and Emerald, was called to the chair. The' recorder made a long address, the substance of which we give as follows:—You have been in dicted and convicted of publishing a libel on Mr. Stone, the Editor of the Commercial Adverti ser. The circumstance in which this libel o riginated occurred in the progress of a public discussion about a celebrated player called Kean. It seems that.the same spirit was prevalent a mong a number of people. It created confu sion in the Theatre. Gentlemen conducting the public press, very foolishly became warm on the question. A fair criticism is undoubt edly correct and proper. But, though we are entitled to free enquiry on any public question,* yet those who may differ from another ought not to be libelled. Our laws are so plain on this subject that no one can mistake them. It is lawful to publish ahy thing you please, provid ed the publication is true, and made with good motives. The conduct of individuals may be examined as well as that of the government.— So long as the publication is true, and it is done with good motives, the law acquits the.party from any criminality. Nay, to prevent the rights of the press, from being encroached up on, the constitution as well as the laws enacted under it, have said that the jury shall be judges of the whole matter—the law and the fact. It is believed by this court, as well as by every ci tizen, that Che liberty of the press is sufficiently protected by such provisions. With reference to your case, the court are of opinion that you made the publication respecting Mr, Stone with good motives. Yet if you had reflected for a moment, you would have found it was false. [Here the Recorder read the libel! ous mat ler.j Now it is perfectly clear that charging a man with having opened his hand to a bribe, and of committing a crime nearly allied to suborna tion of perjury, is a libel unless it is proved.— Every man's feelings would be injured and lacerated to see his name introduced in this manner into a public journal. For this offence it would be the duty of the Court to inflict a heavy punishment, but according to an af fidavit made by you, it appears that Mr. Stone had made use of some hard- expressions to wards you, such as calling you a foreign rene gado. It is very unworthy in an American citizen to call any man such names, who has emigrated to this country from the best and purest of motives. You have preferred .our government to that which you had left. Your principles were honorable in making the change. An editor, therefore, making such an attack is not entitled to the same'protec tion that one might have expected who had not done so. Reason at once dictates that the circumstances ought to vary the punishment Besides Mr. St'*ne has it still in his power to pursue his private remedy by instituting a ci vil action for damages. The editors were ve ry injudicious in making U6e of such expres sions on this subject. The people entertain such opinions of what is just and honorable, that if a public officer who has faithfully dis charged his duties, should be attacked, it would perhaps be impossible for the press to destroy Iris character. In a long course of ex perience, I have seen many excellent men as-, sailed by the public Gazettes in the most viru lent manner, and yet I have lived to see%those characters venerated and respected by all their fellow citizens. The judgment of the Court is that you be fined $20 and be bound over to keep the peace for one year in your own recog aizanceof 81000 [Snowden’s Advocate. SUMMABY. Mr. Kerate, a French author of a work enti tled “Divine Worship,” taking our reception of Lafayette as his standard, addresses the French youth and thus urges their ambition to fly to the succour of the Greeks: “A man is at this moment travelling the con tinent of North America. The whole popula lion crowds around him; from the sources of the rivers, from the recesses of the forests, they flock to see him, the maidens of the banks of , the Ohio crown him with flowers; the youths desire to behold him to touch his garments; , the old men to press his hand before they lose him. These marks of respect will be trans mitted from generation to generation; they will become family documents. At his approach the magistrates make room to receive him a mong them; his presence diffuses joy in the ci ties; he brings glory to the tombs of the brave; it might be thought that they had waited for him to begin their immortality; he himselr is loaded with benedictions and. honors. Wbat, | then, has he done? Is he a prince or potentate? 1 No! With the means at the command of a pri vate man, he assisted an oppressed nation.— i Young Frenchmen! this is the picture you ] should have belore your eyes: it is worthy of you.” A Committee, of the Rhode-Islaml Legisla lure has recommended the repeal of the auc lion duty, on the sale of all goods of the growth produce or manufacture of the United Slate;’ except distilled spirits, and a bill to that effect is now before the Assembly. Fourteen peti tions for new banks in Rhode-Island are now before the Legislature,%nd five applications for the increase of capital of banks. An official report on the subject of the Vir ginia penitentiary, states, that, by the manu facturing operations of that institution, for ihe ** year ending on the 30th of September, a ba lance of 10,545 dollars appears in favor of the institution. * The Desha Family is a very heavy burthen on the public treasury of Kentucky. The salary of the father, as Governor, is 2000 dollars pci year, that of the son-in-law, as Secretary of State, is 1000 dollars per year, and that of the son, Isaac B.—we beg pardon, we mean the ex pefises of prosecuting him, is upwards of three thousand dollars; making upwards of six thou sand dollars, which three members of one fam ily have been the means of drawing from the treasury in the last 12 months.—Danville Mv. John Funs ton was hung at New-Philadel phia, in the state of Ohio, according to his sentence, on the 30lh ultimo. He confessed his guilt before his execution His crime was murder commiled by shooting a mail carrier. An unfortunate accident took place last week near Georgetown X Roads, in Kent county, Maryland. A boy in the act of shooting a rab bit, accidentally shot four boys who were seat ed on the ground at some distance from, and unperceived by him. Amongst the number were two black boys, one of whom died soon after, having received thirty shot in his person. One of the white boys is also very much injur ed.—Chester town Telegraph. The New York Statesman of Saturday, savs “the Hudson river, in the Neighbourhood of Albany, has been open for several days free from ice, and the papers of that city add. that the navigation is open to N. York. During the greater part of Wednesday, the water of the river was very high at Albany, entirely cover ing Quay street, and in some instances almost even with the doors of the ware-houses.—Early in the evening the water it was found had sub sided about two feet. The pier sustained no injury; and its permanency may be said to have received additional confirmation. The Steam boat Linnaeus arrived yesterday from Providence, and proceeded to Poughkeep sie this morning at 10 o’clock. The Saratoga goes this afternoon at 5 o’clock: and several other boats are advertised for to-morrow. A sloop from Newburgh, with a cargo of wheat, arrived on Wednesday.” % The Gibraltar Chronicle states, that the fe ver on the opposite coast had arrived at such a dreadful height, that the inhabitants were falling dead in the streets. A subscription had been opened at Gibraltar for the sufferers at Tangier. ' The publication of the first newspaper iu North America, was commenced in Boston, on Monday, April 24th, 1704, by John Camp bell, Esq. with the title of Boston News-Let ter. The publication was continued by Camp bell for 18 years, and transferred to Bartholo mew Green, who continued till his decease, Dec. 28, 1732. He was succeeded by Mr. John Draper, who printed about 30 years, till Nov. 29, 1762. His son, Richard, was his succes sor, who, in May 1774, took John Boyle as a partner. In June, Draper died, and left the proprietorship to his widow Margaret, and af ter a short space, the connexion was dissolved. At the commencement of the revolutionary war, John Howe was admitted as partner to Mrs. Draper. The paper was discontinued in 1776, after having been regularly published seventy-two years! The Boston News-Letter has recently been revived by Mr. Bowen, the publisher of the history of Boston. It now makes its appearance on a neatly printed sheet in an octavo form, and ornamented with en gravings. The object of the work is to ob serve and preserve the incident;* in the history of the city which may be interesting to the pre sent or coming generations, to furnish a sys tematic chronicle of the most remarkable c vents ig America and in other parts of the world, to revive the memory of the things of former times, and embody in a permanent form those documents and facts illustrating the ori gin and progressive improvement of the me tropolis, and the character of the men who have contributed to i* posp'irity.—Nat. JEgis. “Does your husband expectorate? said an apothecary in Cheltenham, to a poor Irish wo man who had long visited his shop for her sick husband—'“Expect to ate, yer honor—no sure, and Faddy does not expect to ate—he's nothing at all to ate!” The humane man then sent a large basin of mixture from a tureen of soup then smoking on his table. A few days since two young ladies, near Camberwell, were accosted by a gypscy woman who told them, that for a shilling each she would show their husbands' faces in a pail ot water, which being brought, they exclaimed, ‘Lord! we see only our own faces.” “Well,'’ jaid the old woman, “those faces will be your husbands* when you are married.” Prophecies for 1826 —Iiy.the course of the pre sent year a number of ladies will catch cold for want of clothing; while others will carry their whole wardrobe on their back, and yet be starv 'd to death. • Several young ladies, of good property, will ^11 violently in love with young men of no property, or expectations; dreadful disappoint ments will consequently ensue on both sides. A great many lectures and sermons, will be jrrached, and unattended to. Novel reading will be the rage, and young misses will rise early and go to bed late, to read love tales. It will be the fashion for ladies to wear no >ockets,and from circumstances, some gcntle nen may not require any. Several duels will occur, when the parties will miss fire, it being their orignial intention tot to hurt each other.