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PR1RTED ARI* Pl‘HLISllF.lt, DAILY, BY SNOWDEN & THORNTON. ARD (FOR THE COVRTRT,) OR TUESDAYS, THURSDAYS AND SATURDAYS. CORRER OF FAIHFAX-STREKT ARD PRlRTXKs’ ALERT. Daily Paper, g8—Country Paper, $5, per annum WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 15, 1826. ———awwi—ukmww /row Me Richmond Enquirer. MR. JEFFERSON. On Wednesday Mr. Loyall of Norfolk intro duced into the House of Delegates a most in teresting and touching subject. We should deem it utterly impossible that the Legislature should refuse to sanction it. Mr. Loyall ad dressed the House as follows: He observed—The sensations under which I now address you, Mr Speaker, are such as 1 have never before experienced in this place, or elsewhere Impelled by the strongest corn ic tions to the duty I am about to discharge, it is yet, I confess, with a degree of pain in which 1 am well satisfied when I have done, all who hear me whatever may he their opinions will mingle the keenest sympathy. I am not about to tax the patience ol’ilie House, by calling its attention to a question the consideration of which is likely to consume much of its time; but to present a spectacle which cannot fail to reach the heart of every generous man, conn* whence he may. I repeat, Sir, it is not without pain the most acute, that I undertake this of fice, arising, however, solely from the necessity which imposes it upon me, and not from any doubt I entertain of the propriety,or success of the measure 1 shall propose. It is, that ihe House will allow me to introduce a bill autho rizing Thomas Jefferson to dispose of his pro pcrtv by Lottery, li is not intended, Sir, mat this bill shall make any demand upon the Trea sury. Not a solitary dollar will it draw from that source. No, Sir, the individual in ques tion would rather perish than extract the twen tieth part of a tithe from the public estate, to the accumulation of which in every possible foim more than sixty years of tils life nave b en most solemnly and intensely devoted. It will confer no pecuniary reward Tor services per formed. The reward of these is found in the numberless blessings resulting from them, and a consciousness that they were rendered from a pure love of tnankin I. It will neither take mo ney from the treasury, nor abridge the rights of a single individual in the community. It will do no more than give authority of law for doing that which cannot be done without au thority of law, ill behalf of a great public bene factor who, though pressed m his old age by hard fortune, would not accept even this of you were it not in obedience to that stern pride which recoils at the idea of dependence upon the mere bounty of any human being, and that elevated sense of moral obligation, which prompts him to discharge with scrupulous ex actness, all just demands upon him. It may be inquired, wiiii what view is this poor boon sought? \\ iih no other, Sir, than that his valuable property may be disposed of inawavlo command something like fair pi i ces, for the payment of his debts, which amount to a sum so great, that but little, if any thing, will be left to support the remnant of his t!a\s. should his large estate be forced into the mar ket in the -present depressed state of prices; and without some such aid as this measure pr jposes, the al'ernatirt, afflicting as it is, can iit t >e averted. Will it be asked how he has be. Otie thus indebted? How it has happened t. . with his huge patrimony, he has become involved to an extent so alarming? Uelieve me, Mr Speaker, it is tin- natural result of causes which, instead »>i attaching blame or censure to him, exhibit his character arid services in their most attractive view, and increase the lustre of those recorded honors which will go clown with him to after ages, llis pa tnmony was considerably impaired bv the ravages attending our struggle for indepen dence, and laige as it was it Inis bar.vly ena bled him to bear up under a weight of sacri fices and charges, both upon his lime and foi tune, I am bon! to say without a parallel in this or anv other country 1 need nut near. Sir, to a pei tod more remote man that of me first open res stance of this old dominion and het daring sisU r- to the oppressions of the mother country; fo:- we all know mat this c risis fixed his destiny forever. 'From t at moment all Ids energies and tun anti care, were de o • d to the glorious cause upon the success 11 which toe liberties of t .i people were staked. And surely the triumph of thi> cause did not release such a man us Thomas Jefferson from toils less peri lous, if you will, hut certainly uot less critical ana arduous than those of the agony which led to it. Such a man could not be left at such a crisis in possession of bis time, or any portion oi it, to b; used for his own individual advan tage. Such a man could not be spared for a pioTneni f. mu the wants of his country, and it is literally true that from the period referred to, down to his retirement from the Presidency, ail care of i'is privutt concerns was absolutely forbidden by the heavy and incessant requisi tions upon him oi b ah state ami general gov ernment The effects resulting from sue It neg lect, such entire abandonment of landed estate in Virginia, I need not mention. All who hear me, know that rum, utter ruin, is the almost inevitable consequence, and the larger me es tate, the more certain and disastrous the re sult. It will not be imagined by any one,-that >lr. Jefferson’s retirement from the turmoil of public scenes at the close of bis Presidential office, allowed him an oppoi♦.unity of arrest ing the evil, of reparing the breach in his • fortune, and oi throwing off the embarrassment produced in his private affairs, by bis vari ous and absorbing employments in the pub lic service The interest upon his d“his una voidably contracted, whilst thus employed, had already reached an amount which consum ed nearly the whole of his income; and though translated from the glare of the metropolis of the Union to the shades of MontieelU, his ex penses were still enormous compared with his means to sustain them. And, Sir, I aver that the veriest churl upon earth, much less one of his noble and generous nature, could not have managed, by any manner of device or contri vance, to keep them down. It is true, he had surrendered to another the exalted station he had so long filled w ith the distinguished appro bation of his country, and ail the pomp and cir cumstance of which it cannot he divested; but in doing so he was as little able to withdraw from active public employment faculties which had become a portion of the common stock, in ac celerating the great march ol intellect through out the world, as he was to screen himself from the constant, ardent and admiring gaze of the crowds who sought him. v bitors from almost every spot within the hounds of this wide spread Republic—Yes. and from beyond the farthest 1 seas too, was attracted, and stiil continue to be attraclcd to*this mountain summit, and, Sir, unlike the late of the pilg ims, who are carried by their pious devotions to the Holy Sepulchre, the visitors to this enchanting abode of science and letters, nourished as they are by all the sweet charities of life, depart without payment of money or reward. Unless, therefore, lie had been required to close the doors of his hospita ble mansion, against the thousands who resort to it from every quarter,atul to withdraw him self from Society, which he has so largely con tributed to enlighen and improve, and at no pe riod of his life more than since the rearing of that noble Temple of science which is now flourishing and diffusing its light under his pa ternal care; the expenses incident to his cha racter and situation, though from dire necessi ty, at tills time contracted, could not have been kept down to any small amount. And who, I ask, can wish that they should he 30 reduced, as to deprive him of the few enjoyments which remain to him; or that he should be forced to seek a hiding place in some obscure hollow of the mountain, for the brief span he may yet linger amongst us? 1 have It It it my duty to present tins imper fect view, Sir, to enable the House to trace at once the causes of the embarrassed situation of this venerable nail iot, aggravated as it has been by a most heavy loss sustained within the last few years, on account of one to whom he was bound by the imperious ties of a close friend ship. And how is it proposed to relieve him? Hy the grunt of a privilege w hich the Legisia lure have wisely taken under their control, to be used whensoever the consideration present ed should be deemed of sufficient importance to warrant the indulgence Le* it not be sup posed, Sir, that this is the first application of the kind which has been made to the General Assembly of Virginia, or that the least impedi ! ment has existed, until of late years, to the use of a Lottery for the attainment of any laudable or valuable end. An examination of our sta tutes will show that, within the last forty years, more than seventy cases have occurred of lotte ries authorised hy the legislature, for the vari ous purposes of endowing schools; erecting churches; promoting public charities; con structing roads, bridges, canals; of aiding individuals in works for the public good, and for their own advantage, under peculiar circum cnmstances Nearly all of these cases are before me, and I would enumerate them were it ne cessary Indeed, .sir, it was not until the pas sage of the act of 1811, which authorised the president and directors of the Literary Fund to sell annually, for seven years, to any person, the privilege of raising by lottery, or lotteries, the sum of S30,000, and appropriating the pro ceeds to the benefit of the Literary Fund, that the Legislature ever refused the privilege, when satisfied from the circumstances of the case; that it would be used as an instrument to attain any salutary purpose. The prohibitory act of the same session, was nothing more than a re cnaction of the old law of 1769; before which the right of lottery was free to all; and had no other object in view, than to protect the privi lege granted to the literary Fund Subsequent to the expiration of that priv ilege, it was, for some years, the policy of the State to extract a portion of its revenue, from a tax on the sale of tickets in foreign lotteries, or lotteries antho lised by other States. At a more recent peii ocl, this policy was substituted by an absolute prohibition, accompanied by heavy penalties, of the sale of ti-.'kets in any lottery not autho nsed by our own laws i be utter abortiveness i of this prohibition, all must acknowledge; and j the expediency of again resorting to ii as a j so nice of revenue, no one, I should imagine,! can mtertaina doubt. Whilst, Sir, in defiance of your penalties and prohibitions, thousands | are daily carried out of the state, to promote j schemes of improvement in our sister stales, we deny to ourselves, as well the use of these means of effecting similar improvements, as the benefit of the tax—certainly not less*v alua ble than an inoperative prohibition. But, sir, whatever nay be the will of this bo dy in relation to existing enactments, upon the subj> cl—in* ye disposed or not to place it upon , ground different from that which it at present occupies, thi-> is a claim emphatically address-1 ed to your sound discretion to grant or n fuse j the rt lief in behalf of one whohasdone theSute ! some serv ice Shall we refuse the exercise of the right sought in this case, because of its de parture from an established principle of sound policy? 1 he uniform policy of the State until within the Lst few years, has been decidedly in favor of the right; anti this wc are all now more i than ha.f inclined to believe is the sound policy. Does it off ml any moral principle? No; for if used at a:: it must be productive of good to the party claiming it, and cannot endanger the wel fare of society by encouraging that spirit which , in mere games of chance is often latal—always ! injurious io those who engage in tlum. If it be said that the naked ingredient of chance stamps it with immorality, tluu, sir, it is obvious every pursuit of life is liable to the same imputation, and t e argument forbids us the exercise of some j of the most valuable attributes ol our nature.— It is not my purpose, however, to go into an ex amination of the general principle, which, in truth, has little or no bearing upon this ques- j tion.—And if it had, I would simply remark^ I that Lotteries rest precisely upon the principle of Insurances, whether of snips, houses, lives,_ bad debts, and all others, w ith this single dis tinction—that the Lottery is more liable to run into abuse; and it is for this reason alone, that the Legislatuie have taken the subject under their own special regulation. I he Lottery is unquestionably useful, restrained within pro per bounds.—And when funds are required for any benevolent or desirable object for which a direct tax cannot he resorted to, the public au thority restraining it may grant the privilege under particular circumstances, claiming in dulgence without flanker of abuse. ’1 his mode of selling was formerly often resorted to, and in a case familiar to us all (that of Col Bvrd,) it had the salutary effect of making his estate com petent to the payment of his debts and of satis tying his creditors, a large portion of whom must otherwise have remained unpaid. 1 he estate of Mr. Jefferson is of such description, that a purchaser could not be obtained, except at a most deplorable sacrifice; but by the aid of a lottery, inducing many, and 'tie willing on ly, to venture’the small risk of a ticket, his debts would be discharged, and probably a com petency be left for his family. l.et no one imagine, sir, inai mis is a ciaim set up in behalf of a man, as the leader ol a par ty. The relitf proposed by the measure in question, I view as an act of but sheer justice from tlu* Legislature, as granting but a small measure.of what is due from \ irginia to this her devoted and illustrious .ion. I scorn upon this occasion, all motive or purpose, abstracted from the naked justice of the case. Is he then, fiom his character and present situation, enti tled to that degree of consideration to- justiiv j the Legislature in permitting him to use thi^ priv ilege? I do not address myself, Sir to men of this or of that political denomination, but to all when I say, that as well dining the period of British domifia tion in this land as since the auspicious birth ol our liberty, \ ir ginia is mainly indebted to Thomas Jefferson for all that wv hold most valuable in her gov ernment, her laws, her institutions. He came into the p\blic service at ilie dawn of manhood, and from that moment down to the present, through all the trying scenes of our country— embracing the revolution—he lias been enga ged in labors most moimntous and ol toe deep est interest to us and all succeeding generations. Thai the men with whom he was associated at the most eventful era of our history were of the first order, is most true; yet we well know to him they all looked up as the leader in the great work of reformation—for the master-mind to guide them in realizing to this people the substantial blessings of free government; and upon him, sir, devolved the vast responsibility, the beneficent trust of framing those Statutes which occupy the front of our present Code,! imperishable monuments of genius and vv isdom and devotion to equal rights. It is my devout ami earnest prayer, that Virginia will not turn her hack upon him in his old age, but that she will shew at least, as far as this poor boon can shew, that * :e has not forgotten what he has done for her. -»* 'm,mr4A .4u~ * v.'taMMMmnv v.ra WFDNKSPAY MOltNINCi, 1 H Kl Al’Y 15, 1PC6 We are again indebted to the polite attention of Captain Rose, of the ship Shenandoah, for files of London and Liverpool papers—the form er to the 27th December and the latter to the 30tb, on which day the Shenandoah sailed from that port. Under the head of “Postscript” will be found copious extiacts,containing, however, nothing of political importance, except the quiet ascension of the new Empeior, Constan tine, to the imperial throne of Russia; an offi cial account of which was received in London on the 26th Dec. The London Gazette of the 27th, contains orders for the Courts going in to mourning lor the late Emperor on the 1st day of January. The accounts from Greece are late, and we regret to say, very unfavorable. It is intimated that, should Ibrahim Pacha lie successful, he lias resolved on transporting the Greeks to Egypt as slaves,and settlcing the Mo rea with Egyptians; but there is yet a hope that he may he thwarted in his barbarous designs. Letters from Liverpool, under date of the 1st January, were received by last evening’s mail, having arrived al Nevv-YorU on Sunday last in ihe packet ship Canada; and others, via Nor lolk, as late as tlu 3d Jan. One of these has been politely furnished us, and will be found at large under our commercial bead. It is not yet known what vessel has arrived al Norfolk Ii is given as a rumour, in the New-York Gazette of Saturday last, that Mr. McLean is to be appointed one of the new Judges of the Supreme Court, and that Mr Taylor of New Yoi:k, now Speakoi of the House of Represen tatives of the United States, will receive the situation of Porstmastcr General. We should regret exceedingly to believe that there was any foundation for the report. Mr. McLean cannot be spared from the post which he fills so advantageously to his country. Mr. McDuffie, of South Carolina, will address the House of Representatives to-day, in sup port of his Amendments to the Constitution of the United States. The galleries will doubtless be crowded at an < arly hour. SUPREME COURT OF THE UNITED STATES. Tvf.suar, Fkbhvaht 14, 1826. The argument of the case of John C. Little page^ vs John Fouler find other?) was concluded bv Mr. Talbot for the appellees, and by Mr. Libb in reply for the appellants. J 'me? Taylor's derisee vs. Thomas D. Owing* and others—This cause was argued by Mr. Talbot for the appellant, and by Mr. Trimble for the appellees. CONGRESS PROCEEDINGS OF YESTERDAY. The Senate were occupied all day with the discussion of the bill fur the survey of a route of a Canal between the Atlantic and the Gulf of Mexico, which was reported by the Com mittee on Roads and Canals, with the follow ing amendment to extend the survey:— “Sec 2. And be it further enacted, That the President of th* United States be, and he is hereby, authorized to cause a further survey to be made of the country between the Appalachi cola and the Mississippi rivers, with a view to the formation of an inland navigation between the same, with notes and explanations, and an estimate of the probable expense of the same; and to carry this law into effect the sum of twenty thousand dollars be, and the sante is hereby, appropriated, out of any moneys in the Treasury, not otherwise appropriated.*’ The amendment was earnestly opposed by Mr. Randolph, who addressed the Senate at three differ :;t times, in his usual style of elo (j'i* nee, amusing an attentive audience more by the felicitous sallies of ridicule, and satire, which he brought to bear against the bill, than by the force of his argumentative powers, or the correctness of his views. The bill and a memdment were ably supported by Mr. John ston, but the amendment was lost, a number being apprehensive it would embarrass the great objects of the bill, which they believed to be a measure of great importance to the com mercial interest of the country. The bill uas| ordered to a third reading. In the House of Representatives.—The report-, from the Standing Committees were all cf a private ami uninteresting character. Mr. Cocke oT Tennessee, called up a resolu tion which he had laid on the table the day 1 i previous, requesting the President of the Unit- j ed States to cause to be laid before the House ; a statement, shewing the full amount of com pensation which has been allowed to the Pay master and Quarter Master of the Marine Corps, for the two years preceding the first of January, 1826, distinguishing the several items of pay, rations, forage, servants, quarters, fuel, and every other item for which an allowance has been made, the amount of each, separately; and also the number and rank of the officers of the Msrine Corps, who have been allowed pay and emoluments,according to their brevet rank, during the two last years, ending on the first of January, 1826,designating the stations at which J each was employed, and the number of Ma-1 rincs at each station. After some little discussion on an unsuccess- j fill attempt to amend the resolution, so as “to J direct the Secretary of the Navy,” instead of “requesting the President,” the resolution was adopted in its original shape. Mr. Storrs of New York, submitted the fol lowing resolution, which he requested might be laid on the table and be printed; and which, he said, he should call up, when others, of a similar character, should be taken into consi deration: liesolvrd, That it is expedient that the Con stitution of the Uuited States he so amended,! that the Senators from the several States shall l not be appointed by the Legislatures of the States; hut shall be chosen by the elec tors in each State, having the qualifications requisite for electors of the most numerous branch of the State Legislature. Mr Forsyth of Georgia submitted the fol lowing resolutions, which lie consented should lie on the table for the present: 1st. Resolved, That i' is expedient to repeal so mueli of the act of the 3d of March. 1819, en titled “An art in addition to the acts prohibit ing the slave trade,” as provides for the ap pointment of agents on the Coast of Africa. 2d. Resolved, That it is expedient so to modi fy the said art of the 3d of March, 1819, as to release the United States from all obligation to support the negroes already lemoved to the Coast of Africa, and to provide for such a dis position cf those taken in slav e ships who now are in, or may be, hereafter, brought into the United States, as shall secure to them a fair opportunity of obtaining a comfortable subsist ance without any aid from the public Tresury. Mr. Forsyth promised, that when the resolu tions should come to lie considered lie would show tha* the law of 1819 had been abused, by blending the Agency o! the United States, on tilt-Coast of Africa, with the establishment of the Colonization Society; ami that the money appropriated for that Agency had been misap plied. On motion of Mr. Thompson, of Pennsylva nia, the Committee on Military Affairs were instructed to inquire into the propriety and ex pediency of erecting a Chapel at the Military Academy, at West Point, for the use of the Students and persons there employed in the public service. On motion of Mr. Dorscv, of Maryland, the Committee on Post Offices and Post roads were instructed to inquire into the expediency of es tablishing a post route from Allen’s Fresh to the I rap, in Charles county, state of Mary land. On motion of Mr. Estill, of Virginia, the Committee on Military Pensions were instruct ed to inquire into the expediency of so amend ing the severs! laws relating to Revolutionary Pensioners, as to allow said Pensioners to re ceive their pensions front the date of their se veral declarations, made pursuant to the provi sions of the Act of Congress, passed on the 18th March, 1818, entitled “An act to provide Tor certain persons engaged in the land and u val service of the United Slates, during the Revolutionary War.” Tiie Speaker laid before the Hjues a kite; from the Secretary of War, transmitting a re port from the Surgeon General, containing the information called for by the House on the 10th inst concerning the encouragement of Vacci- ' nation in the Army. The Surgeon General states that whenever a soldier is enlisted, he is Iminediiaely vaccinated if not previously done; ami that there have been but two cases of the, small pox in the Army of the United States since the year ISIS. A message was received from the President of the United States, transmitting a report from the Secretary of the Navy, which shows the exact amount ol the expense incurred by each Court Martial, and each Court of liirpi i y, held by order of the Navy Department since the first of January, 1324, and to whom paid. The lotaLamount is Si8,997. Mr. James Johnson, of Kentucky, moved to reconsider Mr. Miner’s resolution yesterdav re jected by the House, requesting information from the President of the United States in re gard to the relative amount of revenue paid into the Treasury of the United Slates from Boston, New-York, Philadelphia, and the Ports in the Chesapeake; anJ the amount of expen ditures for the defence and commercial conve nience of those places. Mr. Hemphill of Penn sylvania, spoke in favor of the motion to re consider, but belort any decision was had, the Speaker declared that the time allowed for the consideration of resolutions had expired—and the orders of the days were announced. The House then resolved itself into a Com mittee of the Whole, on the bill making appro priations for the Naval Service of the United Slates for the year 1826, Mr. Markley, of Penn, in the chair. Some immaterial amendments were made, and others attempted. Among tire last was one proposed by Mr. Barnev of Maryland, to appropriate SCO,noo for the es tablishment of a Navy Yard at Baltimore, which was supported by the mover and Mr. Little ol Maryland, but doubts arising as to the propriety of the amendment, since the same subject was under the consideration of a Stand ing Committee of the House, it uas withdrawn. I he bill was then reported to the Mouse, con curred in, and ordered to be engrossed for a third reading to-morrow The bill making an appropriation for purchasing Books, See. for the Library ofCongresss, was also passed thro’ a Committee of theWboh, concurred in by tire House, and ordered to a third reading to morrow Mr. McDuffie of South Carolina gave notice, that the Appropriation Bills having keen dis posed of, he should positively to-morrow call up his Resolutions, proposing certain amend ments to the Constitution. And the House adjourned. Philadelphia, Feb 12, men.—The Emperor of Brazils on the 17»li of Dec. declared war a g .inst the United Provinces of Rio de la Plata. (Jreat preparations were making, when the Navarre sailed, for prosecuting the war with vigor. Several transports with troops had Skih'd for Montev ideo, and a strong naval fwr eo was off Buenos Ayres blockading that port A great number of privateers were on the coast of Brazils from Buenos Ayres, and had made se veral captures Markets at Rio, on the 20tli Dec. dull for American produce Sugar, cof fee ar.d hides scarce and high. The Xa'arre was chased oir Pernambuco bv a vessel under the Biaziiia ti Hag, but escaped by superior sail ing. DEC REF. OF DECLARATION OK WAR. The Government of the United Provinces of Rio de la Plata having committed acts of hos tility against this Empire without provocation or previous formal declaration of VV'ar, reject ing thus the forms established among civ ilisted nations, it is required by the dignity of the Brazilian peopl** and the rank which belongs to us among powers, that I having heard my Council of State, should declare, as I now do, War againat the said Provinces ami their Gov ernment, directing that by sea and land, all pos sible hostilities be waged upon them, author izing s»( h armaments as my suhjtcis may please to use against that nation—declaring that all captures, prize of whatever nature, shall secure entirely to the captors, without any deduction in favour of the public treasury. [Follows the regulation for the publication and distribution of the decree.J Rio Janeiro, loth Dec. 18.5. Fourth year of the Independence and the Empire. Gaz. From the Baltimore Federal Gazette. We have been polite ly favo ed with the fol lowing extract of a letter, dated “Fort an Prince, 25th Jan—The Senate and lower house (the Legislature) are now in ses sion. The former are no doubt deliberating on the triaty negotiated by the deputies sent to France lor that pm pose, I have been favor ed with a sight of it The items of most in terest to the Americans trading to this Island are the following:—The flag to cover the pro perty and to entitle it to half duty on both im port and export; produce of this Island to be admitted into France at an intermediate duty between their own Colonial and Foreigv duty, by which coffee wiil pav about tiro sous less du ly than any other foreign, and cotton, logwood, See. in the same ratio. Sugar is excepted, but there is none made litre. Should the S"naf£ confirm it as it stands it will interfere with the carrying business, but I do not know any o her advantage that they will gain at our ex pense. We will have to remit to Fiance and draw for the proeccus.