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by SNOWDEN & THORNTON.
A.tO (roil THE COfSTRT,) 0!» TUESDAYS, THURSDAYS AND SATURDAYS. CORSKR OF FAIRFAX-ATREKT AND PHlXTins’ ALLKT. Daily Paper, $8—Country Paper, 85, per annum. MONDAY, MAY 22, 1326. AMERICAN AUDITOR. Under this title, it is proposed to publish a Weekly Newspaper, at ihis Metropolis, which will embrace, in the course of publication, lead ing articles of news, political and literary es says; occasional criticism, a condensation ol congressional proceedings, including a sketch of the arguments offered in debate, all impor tant documents, both foreign and domestic; ami a careful selection of sucfi topics, as are usual ly found in a well conducted periodical print. In the execution of this task, we lay no claim to superior talents. However the principal points in the management of a newspaper, in presenting what is useful and interesting to the community, and in endeavoring to ascertain the truth of what we publish, in relation to mm and measures, will be strictly observed, vv nen we reflect on the surprising influence of the press on society, possessing a power almost magical, the necessity of these rules for the govern ment of an Editor are evident. The garrulous nonsense and shallow lucubrations that now so frequently find their way to the public eye, through the machinery of the daily prtss, seem to call for some effort, on the part ol the public writers of the clay, to correct it by the publica tion of well-considered articles, in a shape less ephemeral. That intellectual indolence which shrinks from the lahvr of reflection, must be unpardonable in the writers of a weekly sheet, who, from the ample time allotted lor their productions, are enabled to weigh every thing accurately, note ev ery occurrence of the passing week, and can seldom he taken by surprise, in propagating those surmises, rumors or reports, which abound so much in the ordinary newspa pers, and which often oiiginatc either in a view to deceive, to speculate on credulity, or to fill a dull column. In short, in the perusal of some of the daily sheets, a valuable portion of a man’s time is lost unreading what he had previously read; so that it is, m*e times out of ten, a real gain to consult a weekly paper for a correct ac count of the passing events. Hence, if its con tents be industriously assorted, and systemati cally arranged, under the direction of an intel ligent pen, it will always be susceptible of re ceiving that freshness and novelty which gives a real zest to the intellectual nutriment it spreads before its weekly readers. The success of this plan must depend ou the ability to exe cute it. As we present this sheet as a subsntutc lor a prospectus, wc si* .ill he biiel in our address on th - subject of our ,>oli»icul creed. The articles which follow, are sul»nritt"d, so far as they go, as embodying cur opinions on the politics ami the parties of the day. We are not without our doctrinal points in politics, nor our feelirgs in regard to the present chief Executive and his Cabinet: in relation to the first, we have always rained under the standard of the Republican Paitv, in contradiction to what is jet called the Federal Party; and, in regard to the latter, we cheerfully avow ourselves fiiendly to the/ad ministration; firmly believing that the main acts of the present government are, so far, in accordance with the spirit, if not the letter, of the f onstitution In \ne txcicise of oui edito rial duties, however, it will be our aim to bring the ai guments of those hostile to the adminis tration to the last of the provisions of that sa cred instrument, and of the construction which Congress, by ther acts, have always hitherto put upon it; and then to determine according to the purest principles and the lights of our best judgment. On what is called the constitution al question, so ably discussed during the pre sent congress, we hive no previously formed resolution; we stand open to conviction. In what we have said, we do not mean to be understood as assuming any pretensions of su periority over other writers for newspapers; but whilst no claim is made to absolute purity of composition or correct thinking, we. indulge ^ hope that we may, in this sheet, employ the language of a ":r.!l; ;7iim it> polished life, and a mode ot reasoning as sound and unsophisticated as practicable. We hope we may ar all limes be able to discriminate between the rude licen tiousness of the press and rational liberty, A boistrous politician should be no more tolera ted in pi nit, than in conversation. The interests of the City of Washington, where the Auditor is issued, will of course re ceive particular attention. This number is offered more as a specimen of its intellectual, than its mechanical, execu tion. The design is to print the American Au ditor on an Imperial sheet, with a handsome fount of types, already ordered from the Phil adelphia foundry, at gs per annum, as soon as the public patronage will justify the undertak ing- . . Subscriptions or communications may he ad dressed, in the mean time, to Mr. J. A. M. Dun casoti, at the City of Washington. May 20, 1826. •+»— [From the American Auditor.] CORRUPTION OF THE PRESS. The perversion ol the press is a favorite theme with the exciwnve patriots of the day, v* ho have taken it into their heads that the President of - the United States, the ^ Secretary of St^te, of War, of Treasury, and Navy, and indeed the en- j tire executive, are individually. sunk to the very lowest depths of corruption, and that it re- j quiics their new lights, to redeem the nation and the eabinet from plunging.into that pol tl cat darkness, which these jgmfawMi, ""“S'"' their lanterns can pre.ent I hey keep up a continual uproar against the go.crnn.ent be cause it is empowered to patron.se about se en tv presses, with an emolument or something like H100 per annum, for publishing the United So lan s. Upon this petty trick thev bottom the success of all their schemes, and all their hopes, and vainly fancy i( they carry this point, public sentiment may be so warped as to a Ler their object in seating a particular candi date in the Presidential chair. I hemselves disappointedoff.ee hunters the victims or a ill constructed political vision, dissatisfied with the world, these political misanthropes boggle on btnt on pulling down tlie Constitution, or resolving our government into its first elements, if their own selfish ends be not accomplished. U is in vain that fhe most reflecting and consi derate, the most experienced and patriotic in out national councils have held out the lamp ol po litical truth to them, they struggle forward to reach their object. Shutting their eyes, or in capable of expanded views of measures or ol mankind, and their true interests, they seem deemed to keep alive a spirit of faction and dis coid, without reaching any firm ground on which principles and not men, may repose, in political saiety. . , . Gloomv as the touches of this faint sketch are, they fall far short of the reality. Wc could mention names; but personality is not nor evci shall be our object: What we propose, we be lieve we can accomplish, without that daily dut flinging and personal abuse which we me son y to observe distinguishes the original newspaper productions of those editors that prate so much about the corruption of the press, who from their intenseness of vanity and egotism, cannot perceive, that tne only standing they can ever gain ill the eyes of the nation cannot rise above the level of those ephemeral parlies which at various periods in our conntiy have arisen and vanished in quick succession, like the shadows of liberty which benighted France pursued in the early stages of her revolution, through all the quagmires of discord and dissention. Hut to return to our topic. Probably there are upwards of 450 newspapers published in the United States and the territories. Three in each jstate and one in each territory are autho rised bv law to be employed to promulgate the acts of Congress, making in all seventy two presses for the twenty-four states, and four for the territories of Michigan, Arkansas, Florida and Columbia. Subtract these seventy-six from the whole four hundred and fifty, which will leave three hundred Sc seventy-four newspaper presses, not at all influenced by government, St of course according to the arguments of the ex clusive jjatrtols, entirely free from the corruption of the executive. Thus then it appears, by the rules of Cocker’s arithmetic, that seventy-six presses have to contend in this fight lor the loaves and fishes against the hungry expectants their opponents,armed with three hundred and seventy-four. Fearful odds indeed. The war of the giants sink in comparison with these poli cal Palladia arrayed against the administration. They have numbers indeed on their side: Hut how stands the real result as relates to the al ledged corruptibility ot the press? and we are proud to record it, noi with a view lo shew the actual popular standing ol the administration, but as a triumphant vindication and a decided rt final of an ephemeral party that now fancies it is about to control the ebb and flow of public sentiment; like the courtiers of King Canute, who boasted the control of the waves of the o rean. Out of three hundred and seventy four, exclusively supported by the people, without a cent of public money to help them to a dinner or a ream of paper, not more than twenty, (we repeat we will not he invidious hy mentioning names) oppose the administration. Let the restless men in buckram, of an opposing candi date for President,disguise it as they w ill, count noses as often as they choo e according to their own showing* theie remains an actual majo rity of aoout three hundred and sixty-four free and independent editors, with tl.eir unbought and uncorrupted presses rendering a hearty support to the present government, and rallying round tne present administration. We will leave the seventy-six publishersoi the laws out of the question: in “auditing” they shall pass for mere (yphe» s It appeals therefore, that all this complaining of the corruption of the press, because the executive holds the appointment of the printers of the laws, amounts to nothings that I'm: Ins stand on apparenilv firm ground, even if The Outs prevail in carrying the bills repot ted on this subj ct by Senator Benton. It thus conclusively appears, that the princi pal means by which the virtue of,the press is sapped is by the weak and profligate employed for their party pu: poses, who do not hesitate lor so many sequins to stab public or private character just as deep as emolument dictates. Such presses it is certain have always the small est number of readers, and of course being weak and worthless, are most exp%ed to the intlucnce of corruption. The “exclusive patriots” of the day have al so touched with great acrimony on the subject of the selection of printers of the laws because some eight or ten recent changes have been made since the commencement of the present administration: and what is conclusively cor ruption in their eyes, is that some of this lim ited number are supposed to be friendly to Mr. Clay, and not to General Jackson On an in spection of the list, an experienced printer in forms us that only two or three of these chang es, are friendly to the Secretary of State, and that nearly all the remainder have never evinc ed any hostility to General Jackson Hence it is evident that this governmental service could not have been confided to more able or impar tial hands. It is quite natural that the dismiss ed or disappointed should clamour, and it is quite as likely that the “exclusive patriots” of the opposition, should make a noise, because their virtue has not been attempted by the ex ecutive. Besides we heartily concur in opinion with Mr. Beirton, as expressed in the Senate on the 15th instant, lhai “good offices should go round.” The Secretary of Siate has em ployed too sparing a hand in topping off the government patronage, from those who begin to view it like an heir loom, to continue forever in the same family. Th*' political warfare waged on this subject is really diverting: the hungry expectaut bins tors, insinuates, softens, and denounces, just as 1 the fit is on him, in the same breath : there is something forever behind the curtain,*to dis close, but it is never told. The most bitter in vectives are penned; and yet the administration gets on as smoothly as if these chivalrous knights of the type never existed. The real object of all this abuse about the cor ruption of the press, may be easily seen through. An incumbent for tht Presidential chair in 1829 is uppermost in the heads of these restless edi tors; but it is not our purpose to agitate that | topic at present; or we might attempt to clear away the rubbish with vhich they are obscuring the real merits of the question: we take it for , granted President Adams will be re-elected by | tht* people to that exalted staiion, and thougli ! we are not sufficiently sanguine r.ot to expect opposition, yet the result every day appears . more certain. His administration so far has j proceeded on ground purely American; and if j his opponents wish to examine how firmly his j popularity is based, for the present among a i hundred instances we will merely refer them to i t lie vote appropriating money tor the long con tested Panama mission, which was carried by a triumphant majority. As the charge of cor ruption is parlioularly laid to the door of t ie Secretary of Slate, the reader must at this stage of our argument, perceive is entirely ground less. On a future occasion we shall iucontro vertibly prove that some of the leading prints, commissioned by him to print the laws are a mong the few that oppose the administration. Their names and place of publication from the official list shall be inserted, to put this matter beyond a doubt. It will then appear that the corruption of the press does not arise from the paltry pittance of £100 per annum, dispensed to seventy-four presses out of four hundred and fifty, but from designing men who take advan tage of ihe editorial depravity of the day, to accomplish their pwn purposes at the expense of the public weal. The success of the present administration it is evident does not depend on their breath; it has a weight of character; in the estimation of the nation and of Congress, which despises the machinations of political ad venturers and demagogues, which looks: for no support or approbation, that does not emanate from the spontaneous affection and unbiassed suffrages of the people. The measures of the administration shall occupy a future number. ..mis »if MONDAY MOHN'I.Vjj, MAY 22, 1826. ’flic important Foreign News received by last evening’s mail, excludes a detailed account of the Proceedings of Congress, and other arti cles prepared for publication to-day. The me lancholy accounts from Greece are truly dis tressing, and are too well authenticated to per mit us to doubt them. We learn Horn Washington,that the House of Representatives yesterday rejected the pro position of the Senate to prolong the Session to Thursday next, and that both Houses set all night —This is consequently the last day of the Session. Wc intend, in a day or two, to give our readers a full view of what has been done, and what left undone. The London Globe remaking on the pecuni ary embarrassments of Mr Jefferson, says—‘he has, happily, an estate which he cannot be de prived of—in the respect and gratitude cf a great part of the civilized world.” And recent circumstances prove, that the A merican people will not allow their great bene factor to he deprived of one foot of his patrimo nial estate. A correspondent of Ihc National Advocate, not Noah’s,) says that “the selection of Mr. Harbour to preside over the War Department, gave great satisfaction to the officers and friends of the army, who had been disgusted by the wickedness and folly of his predecessor—by the system of espionage, partiality, favouritism and extravagance which had characterized his administration.” The writer then complains that the incumbent has not discarded the fawn ing sycophants by whom his predecessor was surrounded. lie says there are so many per sons, and those immediately about the Secre tary, who are interested in preserving the pre sent order of things, that it is fcaitd he is not correctly informed of the real state of the ar my; and adds, “There can be but little hope of i reform so long as the sleek Major V. D. V. re mains Chief Clerk, and Mr. Calhoun’s bosom friend, one of the late Directors of the Bank of Columbia, is at the head of the Indian office. They will tell him fifty times a day that “all’s well,” but all is not well, a reformation is ne cessary to preserve the army.” We repose too much confidence in the indifs try, sagacity and independence of Mr. Barbour, to believe for « moment, that his Chief Clerk, or the “Chief of the Bureau of India n Affairs” could long deceive him; or that th^y would be retained a day after being suspected by him. It is worthy of his inquiry, ho never, whether pub lic opinion in relation to the administration of the War Department, is in any manner influ enced by the presence of men known to be the devoted friends of Mr. Calhoun. The waning popularity of the Vice Preside nt, makes it ne cessary that his old partizan* w'.o are retained in office, should not be suspected if using their places to the furtherance ol his ambitious pro jects. Mr. Randolph arrived in Philadelphia on Friday morning ami was to embaik the next day on board the ship Alexc v!er for Liverpool. The Baltimore Patriot says ’‘tat when Mr. IL passed through that city, be n <c on an old dir ty hat, drawu close over nis 1 yea, a short white j / flannel coat, buff waistcoat, white litven papta loons, yellow top boots and spurs, which with his peculiar form and phiz, exhibited one of the most singular and ridiculous, figures ima ginable. Aew-York, May 18.—The schr. with slaves, spoken of in the following paragraph from a Providence paper, is the Decatur, which was related in our marine department yesterday to hav£ been fallen in with by the brig Rook, on her way from the Canaries to this port. The Decatur arrived here yesterday, having on board the navigator, left with Iter by Captain Atwood, of the Rook, and two of her crew, with the two remaining slaves. One of the crew says that the captain and mate were thrown over by the blacks. “The schooner Mentor, Captain Smith arriv ed at Providence, from Baltimore, on Monday last. Spoke on Saturday, off Block Island, whale ship Constitution, Capt Chase, from the Pacific Ocean, bound to Nantucket, vvith a full cargo of oil. Was informed by Capt. Chase, that he had spoken a schooner belonging to Boston, bound from Baltimore to N. Orleans On hailing her was informed that the captain' and mate of the schooner had been lost over board, and that they were in want of a naviga tpr. Boarded her and was requested to take a number of women and children slaves on board of his ship, to carry into port, and leave them a navigator. While on hoard the schooner a sail or stated to Capt. C.thal hC had something to communicate which he could not tell there, but would do so if he would take him on hoard the ship. 1 he sailor, together, with 17 blacks, at the request of those on board the schooner were then conveyed on hoard the Constitution, where the sailor informed him that the white crew, together vvith the slaves, had mulinitd, killed the captain and mate, and taken posses sion of the vessel. Capt. Chase finding that he was not strong enough to take pos session of the schooner, made sail and left her, vvith the re mainder of her crew, and 10 blacks on board.” Extract of alcttcr from the Engineer of the Delaware and Hudson Canal, dated Kingston, May 18,1826. “There are now employed on the line about twenty-five hundred meji and two hundred teams, and I should be pleased to see one thous and men more.” jVo/c—The line of the ahovementioned Ca nal is in a very healthy region, the north east ern end is near the Hudson, and can be visited by steamboats in 10 hours. The centre is 27 miles from Newburgh, over a turnpike road,on which stages run daily. Newburgh is on the Hudson, 60 miles from this city. Aeto York American. The crew of the schooner Decatur, which ar rived here yesterday under the suspicion that they had despatched the captain and mate, on the voyage from Baltimore to New Orleans, were not arrested yesterday on account of the absence of the proper authorities, snd have gone at large; but it is supposed they will be shortly taken into custody. Ib. On Tuesday last, about ten thousand dollars of counterfeit money was found in the yard of a cooper’s shop in Albany. The hills we-e chiefly of the Mechanics and Farmers hank of Philadelphia, Elkton bank of Maryland, Cor poration of Georgetown, Bank of Orleans, and of Banks of the State of New-York. This spu rious-money is supposed to have been deposit ed in the yard by Edward Scott, who harl been examined in March by the police officers on suspicion of being engaged in counterfeiting money; and discharged for want of evidence. [ Baltimore Patriot. The New York Statesman says that the cel ebrated Automaton Chess Player, who has dar ed the skill, ingenuity and science of all chess players in Europe, for some 50 or 60 years, was clu ck-mated in his own quarters, and before an assembled multitude on Monday last, by a gen tleman who is a citizen of N. York, and who, by the way, is considered a very skilful player of this scientific game. As usual, it was the conclusion of a game. The pieces were set as follows, and the gentleman was desired to make his election. On one side, a queen, knight, and four pawns. On the other, a castle, bishop, knight, and three pawns The gentleman took the latter, which chess-players say was the worst side and in eight moves he check-mated the automaton. Balt. Amer. From the Rational Journal of Salurday. CONGRESS. In the Senate, the greater part of yesterday was devoted to the consideration of the report of the Committee of Conference of the Senate on the subject of the disagreeing votes of the two Hou.es, on the bill making appropriations for carrying into effect the Creek treaty. A re solution was finally adopted to agree to the proposition of the Conferees of the House of Representatives. A resolution was offered by Mr. Harrison, and passed by a vote of 26 to 14 to prolong the session of Congress until Thurs day next, to enable Congress to dispose of the great mass of pressing business that must other wise remain unacted on for the want of time. In the House of Representative*, yesterday, several resolutions asking for information on various subjects, were laid on the fable The resolution laid on the table on the proceeding day, by Mr. Sloanc, of Ohio, on the subject of any grant of land to any Commissioner or Agent of the United States, for the negociation of any Indian treatv, w as adopted by i» e House. The a mendment made by the Senate in the bill for the relief of Mr. Monroe, by which the sum ap propriated was raised from Si3,000 to some what more than S29,000, was disagreed to by a vou of 66 to 64. Several private bills, received from the Senate, were then taken up, acted on in Committee, and ordered to a third reading to day. Some bills from the Senate, to enable the President of the United States to hold trea ties with certain Indian nations, were acted on in Committee, and passed. A report w as made from the Committee ap pointed to inquire into the practicability ol ma king the Hall of the House of Representatives , more suitable for »he purposes oi a deliberative i Assembly, and a resolution was agreed to, au- j tho; zingtne employment of Ur. Strckland, of j Philadelphia, to aid the Architect of thu Public j Buildings in devising a plan for the improve ment of the Hall, and nominating a Board, con sistiiiR of the Secretaries of Slate and War, and the Attorney General, to carry into effect such plan as may be deemed most suitable. From the New York American, May 19. The arrivals from Europe last evening, bring; us very late intelligence—of which, wc fear we must say the certain of Missolonghi and the massacre of all its inhabitants, is the chief and most distressing incident. There is, indeed, some confusion of dates, but the article below, from the Journal dos Debats, explains that too well; and, inasmuch, as the Varilades an iso lated and fortified rock, in the midst of the marshes of Missolonghi, and defending its pass es, had undoubtedly been taken by assault on a previous day, there is no room, we fear, to hope that the calamity whidi lays western Greece open to the inroads and devastations of the Bar barians has not happened. Great as the disas ter undoubtedly is, it will not,it is hoped, prove fatal to Grecian liberty. A letter to the editor from General Lafayette,of the 10th AprilKthus speaks of this event. “The news of the taking ot Missolonghi, while it has afflicted every honest heart and liberal mind, is not however a death blow to the cause.” And very certainly thous ands and tens of thousands of honest hearts and liberal minds throughout Christendom, will join in fervent aspirations that it may not prove so. The next incident of the deepest interest, is the rejection in the House of Peers of the law proposed by the French ministry, rendering es tates hereditary, and re-establishing the right of primogeniture. This is a noble hofnage bv the Peers, to the enlightened principles of the age, and of the fundamental charter of France. The second clause in the proposed law which was adopted, is, when disconnected from that concerning primogeniture, harmless.- It mere ly gives a father the right,under certain circum stances, to choose among his children a succes sor to his estate, and to entail it for two gene rations. The (ommercial accounts' by these vessels continue gloomy. Some failures had occurred in England, though none that we can learn ot much extent. Cotton, it wid be seen, has again fallen? Pile French papers, as far as they are per mitted. and our private letters concur in exc pressing the belief, that both Russia and Poland are in a state of fermentation. The English journal (the Commercial Chro nicle) announces in the most positive terms, tlut Lord Cochrane hail arrived at Napoli di Romania about the first of March; arid that he had caused to be prepared under his direction, pieces ol' auillery to carry 68 pound balls, des tined to be employed in the Greek gun-boats against the fleets and forts of the Turks. An article, however, from a Brussels paper of the 13th April states, that Lord Cochrane was still inhabiting that city. The Momteur ol ihc 12th April contains a declaration signed by fourteen cardinals, arch bishops and bishops, pretesting against the doctrine maintained by the \bbedt-la Mennais as the * rue doctrine of the Homan Catholic Church, th?t the Hope has authoiity over the temporal power of Kings. These dignitaries say that “to pretend that the infidelity of kings, annuls their 'itles as sovereigns, and that the Papal supremacy may extend even to depriving them of their crowns, and delivering them to the mercy of the multitude,, is a doctrine that has no foundation in the Gospel, nor in aposto •ical traditions, nor is the writings of the doc tors and Tethers, who adorned the finest periods of Christian antiquity.” A discussion had taken place in the House of Commons, on a proposition to allow to Mr. Huskisson /.5000 per annum as President of the Board ol 'I rarlc, and to abolish the office now held by Mr. II. as Treasurer of the Navy, which resulted in granting \o Mr. H. the pro posed salary, and retaining at the instance of Mr. Tierney, the office of Treasurer of the Na vy, which Mr. T. said he had himself held, and knew to he necessary. Mr. Huskisson declin ed holding it any longer. The increase of Mr. H.’s salary, however, being only voted by 87 to 70, Mr. II. renounced it. A deficiency in the English revenue, for the three months ending 5th April, had occurred o 1/682,799, as compared with that for the same neriod of last vear. The Journal des Dehats of the 12th of April, thus speaks in relation to ihe fall of Missolon ghi. This is Chateaubriand's organ, and he is a prominent friend of Greece: it must, there fore, we fear, he taken as authentic. The last lingering doubts as to the fate of Missolonghi have disappeared. The news of the day before yesterday is unfortunately con firmed —The confusion of dates which yester day caused us to cherish a ray of hope, is ex claimed. It was the 8th March Old Style, or the 20th New Style, that Missolonghi defended by 4 to 5,000 men only capable of bearingarnis, yielded to an assault which cost the lives of some thousands of the assailants. The bishop Joseph was burnt at a slow fire; the sick, the priests, the women and the children, perished in the flames or beneath the swords of ihe Turks. The marshes of Missolonghi are chock ed with the dead. • The bulwark of Western Greece lias fallen! * • And why did it fall? Oh, inextinguishable shame of the French Ministry!—Two French officers conducted the rafts armed with cannons—two French officers taught the ferocious Egyptian where to place his batteries so as most effectually to crush the Christians! The petition of the inhabitants of Puy-de Donic against the “droit d'ainesse','' arrived at Paris',-covered with more than 400 signatures of notable citizens. Thirty-two persons had been arrested at Pa ris on account of the rejoicings excited by the rejection of the project of a law on the “droit d’ainesse.” Letters front Kouen and Eibeof announce that the rejection of this law had been celebrated by / numerous illuminations. Several transparent cies were rnnaikt'd with these words. age to the ch*n\ber of Paers.”