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Phenix gazette. [volume] (Alexandria [D.C.]) 1825-1833, April 06, 1827, Image 2

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85025006/1827-04-06/ed-1/seq-2/

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__ tVi.pni\rK!lS ALX.il*
Forty days were spent oy me 1^5yp«««»»»
pitting the operation, and the moderns, it is
said, have not been able to discover the ingrc
diems »f which their mummies were compos
ed. Some learned physicians, however, have
thought, that at a very early period the Egyp
tians boiled the bodies in a large cauldron, with
a kind of liquid balsam,and that their manner
of embalming was thus:—They scooped the
brains with an iron scoop out at the nostrils,
and threw in medicaments to fill up the vacuum;
thev aho took out the entrails, and having filled
the body vvi h myrrh, cassia, and other spices, j
except "frankincense, proper to dry up the hu
mors, tl.ev pickled it in nitre, where it lay soak
ing many days. The body was then wrapped
up in bandages of fine linen and gums to make
it stick like glue;"dad so was delivered to the
kindred of the dtreasefl, entire in all its features,
the very hairs of* the eyelids being preserved —
They used to keep the bodies of iheir ancestors
thus embalmed, iTf little houses magnificently
adorned, and took g-eat pleasure in beholding
them, as it were, wilhou any change in their
size, features, .or complexion. The method of
conducting the process o! embalming, could
not fail to excite the most nainlul emotions.
Diodorus Siculus inf >rn.s us, that among the
Egyptians, the person v ,.o performed the act
of making tlie.iHcisb'-iS and other anatomical
operation.;, tied ;»-> '■aon as he had dischatged
I.U < Inc *; a*id H,who were present pursued
him with stones, as one who had incurred the
public malediction, for they regarded with hor
ror eveuy o e who had offered any violence t^
® hey
this expense contented themselves with an
internal infusion of a liquor extracted T om the |
cedar; and, lea'mg it there, w rapped up the ho- i
dy in salt of nitre. The oil thus preyed upon j
the in\esiincs, so that when they took it out, |
the intestines came away with a, dried and
not in the least putrefied; the body being in-j
closed in nitre, grew dry; and nothing remaned ,
besides the skin glued upon the bones Tue '
method of embalming, used by the modern li
gypiians, according 10 Maillei, ‘‘is to wash tile
body several limes with rose-water,” which, he
elsewhere observes, is mote fragrant in that
country than with us, they afterwards perfumu
it with incense, aloes, and a quantity of oilier
odours, of which they are by no means sparing,
and then they bury iho body in a winding sheet,
made partly of silk and partly of cotton, and
moistened, as is supposed, with some sweet
sccnted water or liquid perfume, though Muil
^fct uses only the term moistened; this they covei
with another cloth of unmixed ro.ton, to which
they add one of t.fc "ichesr suits of cioih^s o!
* the deceased; the ‘^expense,*’he says, “on the.e
occasions, is very great, though nothing like
what the genuine embalming cost informer
times.” . .
Dr. Ward, a celebrated Commentator on the
Scriptures, suppo s it a. the Jewish method of
embaiming was \n dillet nt from t!ie Egyptian
Roth, as he coun t s, swathed up theii dtad;
but instead of tin- Egyptian etnbowelling, he
supposes tin J "j contented themselves with
an external nnc.ion, anti that instead of myrrh
and cassia, tin y used myrrh and aloes.
I he-art «.f embalming is now unknown to
the tgypuans; hut they still practise a mode of
cleansing dead bodies; and scenting them with
odoriferous waters and Arabian perfumes.
What I lerodotus ieLtes oT certain procedures
in this art has been pro'cd impracticable in the
Memoirs of the *>cad< my of Inscriptions. Ini
these latter days, howe'er, dead bodies have
been preserved for a considerable length oi
time. Brydono describes a Convent of Capu
chins neat Palermo, in which there is a vast
subterraneous apartment, divided into large
commodious galleries, the walls on < ach side ol
which are hollowed into a variety of niches, as
if intended for a great col.e*'tion of statues —
These niches, instead of statues, are all filled
with dead bodies, set upright on their legs, and
fixed by the back to the inside t>l the niche.—
Their number is ubout three hundred; they au*
all dressed iu the clothes they usually wore, Sc
form a most respectable and ven» ruble assem
bly. The skin and muscles, by a certain prep
aration, become as dry and as bard as a piece of
stock fisb; and although many of tlp*m have
bietihere upwards ol two hundred and fifty
years, yet none are reduced to skeletons. The ]
muscles, indeed; in some appear to be a good
deal more shrunk than in outers, probably be
cause these persons had been more attenuated,
at the time of their death. Here the people of
Palermo pay daily visits to their deceased
friends, and recal with pleasure and regret the
scenes of their past life: here they familiarise
themselves with & future stale, and choose the
cgmpauy they would wish to keep in t^c other
worfcf It is a common thing to make choice
of their niche, and to try if their bodZ “l*. '
that no alteration may be neccssai y a •
are dead; and sometimes, by way of a vo unta y
penace, they accustom themselves to stand tor
hours iq'these niches. In the 1 10 es a
of St. Thomas, at Strasburg, are o be seen the
bodies of two noble persons, a father a_ h
daughter which have been preserved upwards
rfSoy^a": «,b.b.wd in «
uliich they worn immediately ?««.««*> *'
deaths_A few years ago, when they wei
-iceted not a hair or an eyebrow was wanting,
llmircyes were open, and they appeared « be
Slid alive The Minister slated that the ca
ses in which they were enclosed, were concealed
during the period of the Revolution, foi as each
of them has valuable rings on the fingers, .hey
would in all probability have been mutilated
or destroyed. In the mins of Herculaneum, a
few yeurs.ilgo, were found loaves, which weie
baked under the reign ol l itus, and winch a.
bear the baker’s mark, indicating the qua.uy
of*he flour, which was probably prescribed q
regulation of ihe police. There "eSf. a.lso
found utensils of bronze, which, instead ol beuig
tinned like our’s, are well silvered. he an
cicnts doubtless preferred ibis method, as moie
wholesome and more durable. *. ,
The process of cnbulrning the body aHcr
death, which prevail on the demise of members
of the Itoyal Family, has been generally prac
tised among the reigning dynasties ol Europe
for many ages, and was in 1 ranee l.equenily at
forded to illustrious personages who were not
of »he blood roval. At the |>rofananon of the
cemeteries of St. Denis,during the popnla. ex
cesses of the French revolution, several bodies
were found in a stale of entire preservation, and
among them was particularly ohvent l that ol
Marshal Turenne,’ who was killed by a chance
shot white reconnoitering the eiwmy. and whose
features, it was said, bore, after exhuma'ion,
the exact expression assigned to them by those,
vvhosayv him fall, a century before. Usurpers e
ven have had the honour of phy^cal preserva
lion hy.this process: it was expensively bestow
ed on*our Uromweil, whose# head, some g'»od
peoplelT^ve said, is sti I pics r ed in an iron
case, if not above ground now, at least it was
half a dozen years ago, unless a gross deception
was practised upon Mr. Bullock, ol the Egv
lian Hall, who had such a relic from a family
in whuse^>dtsfS«ion, according to documentary
testiiqSfcy, it had lain lor a ccntui y.
In tme process of embalming, the object to
be effected is simple—to remove in the first in
stance the internal pans most liable to decom
position, and then to dispose of ’lie body so as
to exclude air. In common church yards, in a
stratum of dry sandy eartn, bodies have remain
ed perfect for a century, without the advantage
of anv previous preparation. Ihe artificial
modes employed for this purpose are various,
and their origin is lost in the remote history cf
Egypt, in those titnrs when surh magnificent
modes were practised to commemorate the il
lustrious dead. In many rases the internal parts
were merely withdrawn, and s'rong spices sub
stituted, when the body was wrapped in linen
cloth, (as we find in the mummies) "hl(;b
, painted and varnished with a preparation of
'c-tf’-iV a* rivfiiKl ot ii-tid. ,1 spirits, a mod,- uni
versally used by chemists to preserve animal
substances. In some of the monastic mstitu
tionsVf the continent, Brydonne gives a remar
kable i xample, tiial in Sicily the body is diied
in a peculiar manner, s<» as to present the cha
racteristic t xpresslon of t :e individual, wiio is
placed kneeling or Mai ding in some appropri
ate place, attired in his usual costume.
'1'he two former methods have been most
practised in England, and bodies have been ex
humed in the dilapidation of our cathedrals in
perfect preset vation, after the laps <>f ages —
Several were brought to light m Winchester
and Canterbury, during the sacnlegi of Crom
well’s soldiers, of w hose profanation ot noble
cemeteries, horrid tales ai'* record* d It tnr
various alterations of VVimlsoi Cn u . many un
fit nt bodies, which were pivs.r»»d hy enbahn
ing, have been successively disc «•*,»• red Dnrc,
the tomb of a Saxon King tv.o v:> »-..*• I j’tie
body of Edward IV was d’sci * red, when an
excavation was made in on. of the re esses ol
St. George’s Chapel, about to years ago, and
the featu es a d part >f in: dress wei r peiT- ct,
pa: '.irularly leather sandals, and a girdle. I h
body >aa dry, but raj idly decayed after a few
days exposure to the air.
While ltie* late Kang was directing the exca
vation for consiruc.n g the present royal vault
ill St. George*-, 1 liaprl, lt»ree stone coflins were
lound, the liu of one of whicii was accidentally
broken by the workman’s q-adr, and disclosed
an embalmed body, hummed or floating, as it
was de scribed in a large quantity of liquid —
Upon further examination of these coflins, th* y
weir found to rotraln the bodies of Edward 11!
his Queen,and one uf tiis children* I he Queen’s
features and figure were in m uarkub.c preser
vation; and her long auburn hail was as bright
as at the tinu of h#t interment. In two or tim «•
flays the air operated prejudicially, and the ';»■
dies wire rc-internd with pious care oy hi
late Majesty.
The next discovery at Windsor occurnd
bout eight or nine years ago, wuen the htaii at
trunk oi (Jhurles I. wr it discovered in a I a
en coffin, which was dug up during the rep -
ol thr chapel. Ihe body was preserved
s nne liquid preparation, which Sir il.nrv li
fonl, who examined it with his present M;.j -
ty, lound to ionium a strong saline flavour;
mis case, likewise, dc< 'imposition rapidly
lowed exposure to the air, and the coffin w s ,
speedily replaced m us picvious situation It
was a mistake to suppose, as was l ‘Ought io.
a long scrips ol years, that Cromwell's p‘ar<y
made any secret ol the place of interment of the
Royal martyr; indeed, the very mode ofdepoVt
I ing it in any conservative liquid negatives toe
supposition. ] lie King’s body was interred in
the area of the chapel, and a stone ILr with t.»r
initial C. was placed over it; but when lienoial
Lambert had some troops of dragoons -t.itioned
at Windsor during the commonwealth, the\
preferred ‘‘seeking the Lord”(to use Crotnell's
cant,) within the aisles of St. Groigt ’s chapel,
to a bivoude in the court yard; and to make the
shelter equally available f-r their horses, they
tore up the fine puvetm tit of the chapel, to give
them a surer footing. In this work ofdes.ruc
tion, the flag over Charles’s tomb got cast aside,
and no trace of l spot remaining palpably in
the place, the nc tory of one was lost, an'
hence arose the 1 oneous supposition !
All the bodies he present royal vault, which
was constructed pressly by the King or i
members of the oval Family, arc em »a mec
There are upon e stands, which a»e °.rmtc
of solid masonrv icveral coffins alrea y, in
ding two of the L of George III. who died in :
infancy, and we* at first buried in Henry
Seventh’s Chapelhe body of the Princess
melia, of the PAcess Charlotte, o t tc cut ;
King and Queened the Duke ol Kent. a ,
ces are provided I more than seventy co ins,
a more elevated isition being P,ovl L( or
those of the highlbranchcs.
In the passing efcnts and reflections o ;
one short hour, w|t a picture of human lie
may we behold!—ivas led to this consul ra
tion by vvitnessingliis morning the- musu-i o
a body of the Foot guards in the lJirdc agi a '
of St Ja.nePs Pa.$ and the commencement ot
their march to thexiast to embark lot ^
ga!.- It was the sutnid battalhon of ihe j.
giihent of those fiiy troops who had won t en
full share of gloryo the late Peninsular war,
which was thus agin on foot for the scene o
their former triuulhs. There they stood, list
ing on their arms^n the most complete state
of soldi* riv equipient, not for the showy page
ant of a field-day’siercise, but Tor the em.u -
ranee and the fain<i>f a foreign campaign.
There was no noisH bustle either amidst • u.
thickly-closed raulvof the soldiery or among
the collected multiyde which had assembled to
be the spectators coheir departure. A so u-i
gravity pervaded, sjgeneral, the countenances
of both;—the settle?purpose, the cub’1 nib'll'),
the unshrinking ■duiug’* of Biitish l*0,)Ps
might all lie trucedin tne visages ol t.ie ,,IU
group; the deep ini rest, the strong sym|N thy,
ihe warm hope ol n English populace were to
•be observed in the aces of the mho*. Nalme,
‘tin, seemed as if rfijulved to aid the *'C,,ne w.ih
t er accoidam g-'Z’’ I' was one of those still,
mitd, genial mornitts which she loves to shate
alike between tite Miovancy ol the rising and
the solemnity of tie declining year, between tin*
seasons of hope andteloom,bt.tvveenautumn and I
spring; as though, a the fickleness ol ner reign,
she wished to point jut more reflective.t bought s
to the incertitude if '.ile’s sunshine in allws va
rying seasons of Mis tMb'cncc. 1 » • "‘^h
the clouds weie in; .i’ - rolling O'^ay lion,
path of the god ol day, wi.o y I *r a moi: < ••
dispersed them in then rapid way, ami a a
withdrew liis gloiv Jirncatn their veil, i he
eastern sky was streaked vvitli lines which ex
hibited his fad Z track of rising brightness;
while the north and the west were shared be
tween the cerulian pa h ..oh seemed to mvite
his advancing Ci ui .e, and i ■. • m s which were
waiting to succeed thedepui.u 1 ii-siti. g
brilliancy. That day i how many i . >gel >
thoughts, hopes and fear-, were to he crowded
into such a span,—a speck o( time ! 1 he
seen*, before rue was ihe epiloine ol this it flee
lion, for the wold!
1 think l a'e nndcrs'.»o'1 it to he genet ally a
point 6t ihiltur* di *i'-1-• men!
h r foreign service; and it appeared to me as it
this rule had hern aewd a. on in the present
c^se. Still there were (aid who could have
had the heart to prevent them?)'*otlecUd round
the column many a. male and female relative;
the women, almost like Racliael, “refusing to
»e co . f.irted.” wended wives an.l betrothed lo
vers, fathers and moti.prs, brothers and sisters,
j — ill t »• lies of consanguinity and of heart
■ stretched on the rack <«( leave taking and of se
i paration. You might see many a gallant fel
ow summoning up a 1 hi; forii ude 'o hear
, hints If and Ins afflicted fair one bravely thro ugh
the trial. You might hear the less impassion
ed hut not less sacred words of consolation
which an only son uttered into the ear of a lie
j reft and widowed parent. Here was an old
I man exhorting the child ol his promise to em
ulate his father’s dearly treasured eourage in
the same righteous cause—that of his king Sc of
It is con tin v; there a youth pit dging to a brother
th • vow ol ii!iu! duty and protection to their
aged and common s. e; and in auothei direc
tion was heard a deep-ccawn, poignant burst of
sorrow poured from the wife of his bosom into
the struggling heart of mr.iv a tr.anlv moo'd.
“iion*t be unhappy, Marv,” aid .. fine young
man in a pale, fair girl, whose grief, depicted
iti her guz1*, at fi, r.t too acute to u lieve iised’ in
tears,“don’t be unb p yj you will five with Hi -
ther, and you will w.ite to me. and I shall per- J
haps sometimes find time to wri'»- to you; and
a so.dier’s letter, you know, inveis over the I
v " f for a print); and vvp shall soon settle the
m 1 come back; they won’t dare to stand
t'-eir gia uny wn< n our bayonets touch
them—and then, Mary-”*'Ah!” exaaitn
cd M.wy, bursting into teats, “but they may
stay long enough to kid some of you, and how
can .! til! tinit you—— ” “Oh! no,ii",” re
plied the bru*e youth, “many chancres before
o' 'urn Mary, coni'-, be merry, you’ll love
•»!• the hotter whtn I have fought for my
■wiin ” -\nd then Maty vvrpi again; but
- ;>eared a hope in this second flow, itn
, lu r soldier’s confidtnee and pride,
il gt t my half pay,” whispered a man,
acc.-i>t of more tenderness than his ap1
• seemed to warrant the expectation of
— * hard-lYutured, strong limbed figure,
'•ina -i <iterioo medal suspended by the usual
i ■ is breast,upon which lu* looked down
be ght of it nerved him to some great
*. .n. ‘ You’ll get half of my pay,” said he
'■ »ttv young woman w ho carried an infant
on > ■ arm, while with the oilier hand she held
a bi<> ninghoy ofstx or seven years old; and as
«« cannot spend any .money m Portugal, we
Shull have the other hall to send Johnny to;
school, and make a clevel fellow of nun; shall j
we not J dm ty?” stooping down to kiss the ro- j
sy boy;and lie shall take tare of his sister w hen !
he grows to be a nun;" and 1 tbought 1 saw a
tear fait from his full eye as be raised it towards I
beaten, and added, “and when I come borne I
s'.all gad mv discharge and nry pension, and
we’ll go and live at the old village, and make all
the country folks stare with the stories of all
the battles and sights I have seen.” His sor
rowing helpmate was too deeply afflicted io ut
ter a word; but she looked fiist at her husband,
lhen at her boy, whose little tears fell fast, tho’
he scarce knew why he wept, and then at he ,
infant, which she clasped in silent anguish to
her bosom, and hid her face over the little mno
At this moment the commanding officer who
was to conduct these gallant men to v.ctory or
to death, mounted on hia well-paced charger,
which seemed to know the exact extent o i s ,
military step, placed himself at the head o tit ^
battalion. The word of command—‘attention,
‘shoulder arms/‘march/ were given in rapid
succession. 1 he scene was changed.—all was |
life and motion—the band struck up a martial
air, and the column moved forward. The as
sembled crowd gave the departing' heroes
cheers of encouragement and rare well; at.a r re
tired to my room, aij^l traced these tew desul
tory lines, which mtfyperhaps be cavilled at by
critics and condemned by the stern; but which
may, nevertheless, not be without the sympa
thy of some Kindred spirits, nor the delights
arising from the consciousness of a wai m heal l
ed sensibility. English paper.
[From the National Journal ]
The lust Session.— Parties, it is said, arc useful
in free Stales, by tendering those w ho govern, i
vigilant in the discharge of their official duties,
and careful in the measures they recommend,
and the conduct they pursue. Hurgh has de
nominated this “an old and vulgar error,” and
asserts that “nohody ever thought an opposi
tion necessary in a private Iamily, when the
heads have nothing but the good of the Iamily
in view.” Hut in this country parties have ex
ist* d almost since the origin of its Government;
and it is not probable, from the nature of man,
mat these parties will ever entirely cease to«x-|
ist. W e are willing to believe that, to are- j
tain extent, they may not be injurious, if they ,
are not beneficial; but, to be so, there is a limit
beyond which they must not pass. If an opp')
siiion be founded on the principles of virtue,
the love of country, and a hatred of oppression
and injustice, it will lie, in its nature, temperate,
anil firm; and ihgrr.fv d. Il will point out with
lenity the tirors of those who rule, and suggest
in their stead, measures which may he thought
conducive to-m public happiness and welfare.
When it uanscends this limit, it assumes the
odious cliai acter of faction, and is stimulated,
not by the impulse of patriotism or virtue, hut
by the base and selfish feeling of personal ag
grandisement or disappointed ambition. W hat
l.as been the course pursued by the Opposition
in the last Co>ig ess? And we ask the question
as men wholly unprejudiced. Were measures
objected to on the ground that they were d li
cient in wisdom, or manifestly calculated to
produce serious injury to the country? Were
I ihey resisted and scouted at because they had
| 4n obvious tendency t j subvert our liberties or
1 abridge our rights, and because they would in*
I evitably lead to the destruction of the admit ah
' constitution by which we are governed? No.
j \ j were objected to b< cause they cm^yUi
oil Irom tho'C to whom the members of the
Opposition had taken up a groundless dislike,
an.l who had been • levated to power constitu
tionally,but contrary to their wishes, Sc certainly
not in accordance with their interests, Hus was
, w
floor of Congress, and it was so strikingly obvi
ou, that it was scarcely deemed necessary to con
ceal it under the veil of pretended patriotism,
flic Administration was trammelled at every
step—difficulties vveie started, objections were
urged, and resolutions offered, to impede the
progress of useful legislation, and to retard’the
necessary operations of Government; days were
consumed in wretched and empty revilings, and
nights employed in collecting materials for
n<-w streams of vituperation. Almost the
whole volume of indignation and wrath was
poured upon the President and the Secretary; of
State: upunrhe President, because it was his
destiny to be elected agreeably to the letter and
spirit of the constitution; and upon the Secre
tary, for having committed the inexpiable
crime of assisting to elect him. The Secretary
of State was, however, more especially the ob
ject of their bitterest hatred and abuse. He
was deemed formidable on account of his high
intellectual powers, and the extended populari
ty he had justly acquired. By breaking him
down, it was thought that the access to power
would be more easy; and he, therefore, became
the target at which the talented,as well as the
unlalentcd of the Opposition, directed their
envenomed shafts. Of Mr. Clay’s merits it is
almost unnecessary to say a word. His cha
racter is too well known — has been too long be
foie the public to be exulted by panegyric, or
depressed by slander. A3 an orator,evet y man
who ha - heard him most admit his claims to
eminence; and as a statesman, there are few
that will have the hardihood to deny his excel
lence. To a mind acute, discriminating, and
naturally allluent, is united au accurate know
ledge of the world, an intimate acquaintance
with the policy of States, and a close and un
ceasing application to business. lie has been
schooled in the polities of his country—nurtei
ed in the love of tepublicanism, and perfectly
conversant with all that is calculated to render
the nation powerful ami happy. In the various
conditions in which he has been placed, lie
has never failed to do what he believed to be
right, and has never ceased to oppose what
he knew to he wrong. Every where vve find
him the same uniform and ardent patriot, and
ui an limes we see him driven on by an inextin
guishable love of liberty. It ha^een correctly
observed of him, that the “ spread of univeral
freedom is the first and strongest wish of his
heart, and whether she flaps htr wings over the
Cordilleras of America, or reposes on the clas
sic pains or delicious valleys of Greece, she is
sure to meet in Mr. Clay a friend that no casu
alty can alter, and no personal interest can
change.” \Vc feel a pleasure in bestowing this
passing tribute on one who has been of late an
object of such unmerited and ungenerous abuse
We have, in a former article on this subject; !
asserted that the history of the world furnishes
many examples of the pernicious effects of un
bridled opposition and internal dissensions.—
We need barely refer to that ofCxria, Greece
Rhegia, Briton 8c Gaul, for a proof of this asser
tion. Violent oppositions are apt to produce
civil discords, deadly enmities and open vio
lence. Civil discords*according to the histo
rian Livy, have been, and will be, more ruinous
to States than foreign war, pestilence, and all
the calamities which the wrath of heaven sends
down upon mankind. And yet, says Schoock,
“ We sec in many countries a set of men, blind
ed by pride and ambition^forcing their country up
on thiefutal rock, and the people still as thought
less of the danger as if there were no warnings
of it upon record.” In republics, where the
first offices of the State are accessible to all
whose talents or services have brought them in
to notice,or whose restless ambition goads them
on to the attainment of the first honors ol the
nation, the violence of opposition, and the hick
Prings of party, never tan m appear, w nur weir
uniform 'tendency is to Weaken the arm ol'Ciov
eminent, to produce discord in its councils, and
disaffection, jealousy, and hatred, among its ci
tizens. Fioin efforts of the Opposition now
existing in our country, we must infer that
they eagerlv desire to bring about this result—
a result which, as Americans, they would have
occasion bitterly to lament and deplore. “ h
temperate opposition and accusation, says Si.
\V.Young,“in their course, often recoil on their
first abettors;*’ a position which he illustra”
by a passage from Diodorus “ I lie demagoguet
at Argos having accused some of the Lupatr.
dai, they grew rich on the confutations; and en
couraged by the populace, went on accusing one
noble Sc another, until the number of unjust exe
cutions, and the enormity of their procedure, oc
casioned some remorse, and they stopped stnr\
when immediately new demagogues started i.»,
and, accusing the old ones, they in their turn. ut,e
successively fined, imprisoned, nnd iv t to death.' -.
Let the people of lilts country seriously iclltct
on this subject, and, if possible, look with a cool
and unprejudiced * V*’ upon ihe conduct ol t io'e
who have so unceasingly labored to poison their
minds against the existing Administratein, ami
to render them objects of haired; contenipt,ami
derision. " e :iu noi nesua-.c m say um suui
reflection will enable thorn to see the impolicy,
if not the criminality, of the present unlmdiul
Opposition, and the disgrace which the coun
try has sustained by the intemperance of lat.
giiage and violence of proceeding they have so
constantly exhibited._
1 iea ju- bss - ± -- - -^^t**®****!
To \Unl,
A very comfortable bric k house,
fuc proof, near Mr. Kntwislc’s brewen,
large anil calculated for a bo arding hon*.
\1so, a very goad house on Fairfax-stre ,
below "the /YesbvUrian Church.
apr4_3t __JOSH/l II. O.l HS.
1^11F. public are informed that a new line of Mail
Coaches is established, intersecting the Winches
ter stage at Fairfax Court House, and the Charlottes
ville stage at Orange Court-House. It starts front
Fairfax Court-House on Mondays and Wednesday, it
6 A. M. on the arrival of the stage From Alexandria,
an l arrives at Orange Court-House at 2 l*. M.on Tries
m rys and Thursdays on the arrival of the stage from
Fredericksburg. It starts from Orange Court-House
at a A M. on Mondays ami Wednesdays on the arrival
of t lie stage from Charlottesville, ai*l arrives at Fairfax
Court-House on Tuesdays and I liursdaj s at 4 I . M.on
the arrival of tire stage irom Winchester.
This route is about the same distance to Charlottes
ville as that bv Fredericksburg, and »», in winter, Je
ri Ledlv* Deferable It is a shorter route to Staunton
than that i>v Winchester—pan« wnsugn ■ r»\>a(out
•••dyicturesnue country, and furnishes to the curious
y,. i.. — ■ .iiost Captivating view of
Monticclloaud the University of Virginia.
'The Proprietor ha« procured close, comfortable
Coaches; strong, active Horses,- discreet, careful dri
vers; and will warrant the accommodations to be ex
celled by none. Every exertion shall he made to
From Fairfax Court-house to Centreville, 62J cts.;
from Fairfax C. II. to Has market, $1 50; from Fairfax
C. II. to Huckland, $1 75; from Fairfax C. II. to New
Baltimore, $2 10; from Fairfax C. II. to Warrenton,
i>2 50; from FairfaxC. II. to JeUerson, #3 25; from
Fairfax C. If. to Culpepper C. II. $4 50; from Fairfu
C. II. to Orange C. H , 75 miles, $6 GO.
jan 23 — lawJm THE PROPRIETORS,
a'j’ Flie Nat ional Intelligencer will publish the at. vt
once a week forojqi e months.
To Ucntf,
For one or more yeafs, that clejjar:
jjJ two story brick house, on Prince-street, a itb
1 a s,a,J*c aiK* carriage house, cistern and bath
* -Wr.A house, an excellent garden and water well,
and every other convenience—At present in the occu
pancy ot Thomas Kail fax, Esq. Possession to be iu l
lGtli of May next, or sooner, should it suit the patties.
For terms apply to * ROBERT BROCKET, Sen.
"‘ho wishes to purchase
From 2 to 300 Cordn f>ood Pint Wood for burning
Brick s.
15__ lawtf
IN addition to Ins Commission /iutinrni, the subscri
ber haslliis day taken » license to sell by Auction,
and desires hi.s friends and the public generally to be
inform'd, that he will transact business in either line,
to the best of his ability, and in such a manner as is
customary in other establishments of a similar nature.
All persons wishing them, can be furnished with rc*
commendations of the most unexceptionable charac
ter; and when property is placed in bis hands for sale,
reasonable advances will be made, if desired. Until a
more eligible situation can be procured, be will re
main at bis old stand on Janncy’s wharf, where he u i!
receive Goods in one of the best fire-proof Warehouse *
in town; ami in the mean time lie will attend to every
description of sales, whether of Heal and Personal hv
tates, Stocks, Furniture, or Merchandize of any hulfl.
march 14—cotf
I lie National Intelligencer, Baltimore American,
Poulson’s American, [Philadelphia,] New York llailv
Advertiser, and Hie Boston patriot will insert the «•
hove every other time three times, and send their ac
counts immediately to this Office,
The beautiful, thorough-bred
running horse, (belonging to Hr.
Thornton,)called the M.'HlYMXU
.—. —^-- BH, will stand the ensuing Season,be
ginning immediately, Ik ending on the 1st of July next,
at my harm in P^nce George’s County, Maryland, four
miles from Alexandria, at *20 for full-blooded Mures,
and $10 for common Mares. Pasturage, 50 rents per
week. Mares must not be fed on clover; it prevents
their retaining. GEOUGK SKMMKS.
’Y^^MARYlJl^iDER is a beautiful blood buy 1>
hands oj inches high, of great bone and muscle, and
perfect symmetry. He rafl at Baltimore at 3 years old,
and could have distanced the field hut bolted out of
the course. Those who saw him, declare him to be
the fleetest animal that ever ran on the Baltimore
course. He was taken at 4 years old to New-York
State, and was limited to twenty mares. It is thought
lie will now keep the course, and will run this fall
PEDIGREE,(which cannot be exceeded.)
He was gotten by the famous running hor»e Battler;
which was by Sir Archv; his Dam the celebrated run
ning Mare Noli-me-tangcre, by Top gallant, the bro
ther of Sir Archy; his grand Daui the Dak o» Sis As
apr 2 eoTt

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