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THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 20, 1832.
THE CHOLERA* Health Office, Alesandria; ? September 19, 1832. 5 Report of the Board of Health lor the twenty* four houra ending this day at noon: In Private Practice—1 case, a colored woman. Bjr order: . _ 3 BENJ. S KINSEY, Sec’y. Board of Hkalth, > Richmond. September, 17, 1832 3 Cases nf Cholera reported to day—18 hours: Whites. 1. Ph®bv Gill, dead. 1 2. Bradley, living. Colored. 1. Nat. ; living. 2. Sam, dead. 1 3. Fanny, dead. 2 4. Susan, living. 5. Lewis, dead. 3 6. Wil^gre, dead. 4 7. Wilson Allen, dead. 5 JOSEPH TATE, President. ^7» Since the report was received from the Board, D' Briggs has sent in hi* report for 48 - hours, which adds si* colored, and one white per so:., to the above, t hree recovering, two under treatment, t*»in collapse. Manchester.—Several cases of Cholera are sta'ed to have occurred in Manchester, opposite UIM VIIJ* Washington, Sept. 19 Report of Cholera Cases by the Board of Health of this City, for the 24 hours ending Septem ber 18, at uoon: Central Hospital. New cases 1, deaths 2, cured 1, remaining 21. Private Practice. New cases, whites 10; colored 10; total 20; deaths 3. V\ hole number or new cases - 21 Whole number of deaths - - 5 CtTY o? Washington, Sept. 17, 1832. We, the undersigned, do certify, that we have in person diligently inquired and examined into the condition <»f the Prison of Washington Coun ty, in the istrict of Columbia, and have found the Prison very clean and in good condition, and the prisoners as healthv as the citizens in any n*rt u£ tlue Cii« pfT W ijjhmiilnii- »iul fe»*l ourselves fultv warranted to sTaTtng [ft an con cerned in the* health of the pn>oners, that we consider their situation, on the score of health, as promising as it would ire if they should be con* fined elsewhere, agreeable to the provisions of law. There have been onlv two deaths at the Prison from the prevailing epidemic, both of them blacks, and the disease, in both cases, ascribable entirely to the U9e of improper fond, taken by ! the deceased without the knowledge «or consent of the Jailer: and it is believed that no other case of that disease has occurred among the prisoners. Henry Ashton, Marshal, Thos. Mi ler, Attend. Physician. W. Cranch, Chief Judge. In our yesteiday’s paper, the following appears as a distinct paragraph: •• I he Report of Deaths ' bv Cholera on Sunday embraces eighteen cases.” | This the render will please to amend, or rather \ rectify, bv adding the words “ at Baltimore,*’ omitted inadvertently, and substituting Saturday fur Sunday.—Xul. hit. B\LTtMORE, S"pt. 19. Health of Haiti mnrt —*V'e have again to offi*r our congratula' ions upou the health of our city It will be seen that the deaths by Cholera for the last twenty-four hours are only four, and we learn that one of these was brought in from Ran dall’s Town and another from Curtis’s Creek. Philadelphia. Sept. 18. Health of Philadelphia.—The cholera has al TO ^1 emirel> left us. Now and then we have a case, but all that have occurred for a week past, may. it is believed, be traced to some gross un prudence. The Health Report gives but one hundred and tu enty four deaths for last week. Of these eight persons died of Cholera—seven teen children of Summer Complaint five adults ol Cholera Morbus—six adults and three chil dren of Consumption—six deaths were by Dys entery. and eight by Typhus Fever. The wea ther has been rather warm for the last two days, but pleasant, and we should say healthful. Nxw Yore, Sept. 17. Public Health.—We art gratified to be ena bled to aunounce a very considerable decrease in ' the mortality of the city during the last week—a ! decrease even surpassing our anticipations. The j whole number of interments during that period i is two hundred and ninety-one—of which [ were of cholera one hundhrd and twenty eight. Compared with the preceding week, this return shows a diminution in the whole num ber of sixty four—the decrees* of deaths by cholera being sev*nty three. The C|ty Inspector’s report, from which our information is derived, is the most favorable since that of the 7th ol July last. We anticipate with ■ confidence the rapid disappearance of the pesti lence with which we have been so long and so se * Ferely afflicted. Boston, Sept 15. Health Commit sioncra.—At the meeting last evening Mr. Wetmore, from the committee ap pointed to visit the “ infected district,** made a report, setting forth in detail what he briefly sta ted at the meeting on Thursday evening,-which statement was reported in the Courier of yeater day. Fessenden Court and its neighborhood is, stated in the report to be in a very bad condition. The sewers in Eliot street are not enough to drain the cellars, and the adjoining houses in Tremont street, there being no sewers in that part of the street, are drained bv hogsheads sunk into the ground, at the end of spouts; through these the waste water soaks down into the earthjn ana near Fessenden Court, and the constant draining to this point has formed a great mass of filth and corruption on the site of the old tan yard. . l ae cellars in Fessenden Court are exposed to the oozingsor drippings, in this manner, not on y from the waste water of the houses in iremont street but also from the Eliot street sewers. the, repoftt was committed to the Sub-Commissioners . forthe Southern District, with instructions to j confer with the Mayor and Aldermen in order to havr those nuisances abated with the least possi ble delay. A member of the board stated that the cellar of the house occupied by the late Mr. j Eliot, in one corner of which was a provision store, is one mass of filth and corruption,-—that the afternoon previous he had seen taken from it | two hogsheads of matter, principally rotten meat and its liquor. In the Board of Commissioners of Health, } 6 o’clock, P. M. Sept. 14th, 1832. 3 The Board report the following cases of Ma- j lignant Cholera within the city, viz: Mary Adeline Babbidge, 17, died at No. 68 Eliot street, at one o’clock this afternoon;—case reported by Dr. D. ll.Storer. A female is reported by the Physicians of the Tremont street Hospital, admitted to that Hospi* tal last evening, with symptoms of Cholera.— There is a reasonable prospect of her recovery, j A female, named Joanna Rvan. reported by 1 the Plivsicians of the Hospital of the Middle Dis trict, affected with Malignant Cholera, was last evening removed from Broad street to that Hos pital, and there is a probability of her recovery, j A female in Jefferson 6treet, near Fayette st. is reported by Dr. Homans as being in a state of 1 collapse from Malignant Cholera, and another fe-1 male in the same house, as affected with the dis ease in a milder form, both of whom have been exposed to the local cause of the disease in Eli-) nt street, and first sickened in that street, where I they then resided. A patient admitted to the Hospital of the Mid- i die District, from the corner of Atkinson and \ Berry streets, found not to be affected with the i nL^ll_ U.. I__I n« -—I..- ..f Board. WM. HAYDEN, Jr. Secretary. We learn that the female reported by Dr. Ho- j mans as in a state of collapse in Jefferson street, j (mentioned in the official report.) died last eve- j ning. She was sisterto the Mrs. Hutchinson! who died a day or two before. The female at the Southern Hospital, whose case was reported in yesterday’* Courier, was last evening affected with a fever, consequent up on Cholera, and her case was considered doubt ful. All these cases are known to have originated in the infected district, except that of the woman , from Broad street, who was of very bad habits, and was taken ill after eating a very hearty din ner; her age is about fifty, and there is some doubt whether her case be leally that of Mulig nint Cholera. _ “TELEGRAPHlANA.” In our daily paper of »he 14th of September, we said that an official document emanating from one of the Department*, was no lunger entitled, , as such, to the confidence of the people; and we there charged that the President of t'u U. States ‘ had submitted to Congress, in an offi- ml report, ' a false estimate of (he condition of ih«* rrtasury, j knowing it to be faint! We also cltaig<-d that j this false estimate wn- prepared at his requ s’, I for the purpose of controlling, the legislation of Congress, and that it was intended to sustain that act of his administration upon which his remain ing popularity chiefly rests.* We challenged the Globe to deny the charge, and asserted that we held the proof in our possession, and mat, if our statement was denied, we would put the matter beyond controversy. We proceed to redeem our pledge. The fo'lowing is an extract from his message, returning to the House of Representative* the enrolled bill, entitled *• \n act authorising a sub scription of stock in the Maysville. Washington, Paris, and L- xington turnpike road company,” with his objections thereto; dated 27th May 1850. extract. * “ By fhe statement from the Treasury Depart ment. anil those Iroin the Clerks of the Senate and House of Representatives, herewith submit ted, it appears tiiat the bills which have passed into laws, and those which, in all probability, will pass before the adjournment of Congress, anticipate appropriations which, with the ordina ry expenditures for the support of Government, will exceed considerably the amount in the Trea sury, for the year 1830. Thus, whilst we are diminishing the revenue by a reduction of the du ties on tea, coffee, and cocoa, the appropriations for internal improvement are increasing beyond the available means of the Treasury; and if to this calculation be added the amounts contained in bills which are pending before the two Hous es, it MAY BK SAFELV AFFIRME THAT TEN MILLIONS OF DOLLARS WOULD; NOT MAKE UP THE EXCESS OVER THE i TREASURY RECEIPTS, unless the payment! of the national DEBT BE POSTPONED', and the means now pledged to that object applied to those enumerated in tnese i»ills. Without a well regulated system of internal improvement, this exhausting mode of appropriation is not like ly tube avoided, and the plain consequence must be, either a continuance of the NATION \L DEBT, or a resort to ADDITIONAL TAX ES.” [Here follows the copy of a document head ed “ Statement from the Treasury D,*pariin«*m” giving an estimated deficiency of 8705.863. and an estimate uf appropriations then pending be fore Congress, amounting to 89,471,284. J It will be seen that the President refers to this statement, not as from the H- »d of the Trea sury. but as from the Treasury Department_ His object was to make it-appe'ar that the appro- 1 priations were beyond the “available means of the Treasury;” and he says; If to this calculation be added the amount contained in the bills which are pending before !he two houses, it m>ty be sttfely affirmed that \ ten millions of Hollars would not moke up the J 4 txress over the Treasury receipts. unless the pay nent of the National debt be posponed. To sustain this view of the financial relations if the country, the statement from the Treasure rive* an estimated deficiency of seven hundred md five thousand eight hundred and sixty three dollars; and an additional estimate of ap propriation* pending before Congress, to the amount of nine millions four hundred and seven ty-one thousand two hundred and eighty Jour dollart. r Mir The object of this formidable array or MIL LIONS was to tnak« an impression upon the country that, but for Gen. Jackson’s Roman vir tue, Congress would have'absorbed the whole amount of the public revenue in wasteful schemes of internal improvement, and thus have detested Ihe payment of the national debt. We will hereafter ahow that this wa* part of a deliberate scheme, to break down the independence of Con gress; but we postpone that part of the subject to another number. . * Now, who could have believed that when General Jackson submitted as part of his veto message, this estimate from the Treasury De partment, showing a deficiency of seven hun dred and five thousand eight hundred and sixty three dollars, lie had before him a report Iroin the head of the Department, leaving lor further appropriations, an estimated balance of one mil lion six hundred and seventy-two thousand eight hundred and sixteen dollars, over and above 83.463,739, the unsatisfied appropriation* of former years, liable to be called for in 18o0j and which, from the nature of the appropriations of that year, would be met bv similar appropria tions uncalled for in that year, and an excess of 8I.947.G87, oo account of the public debt. ^ e? such is the fact, and, in proof of what we say. we submit the following copy, which »e have obtained from the files of the Treasury Depart ment. [flere fullows the copy of the document head ed “Copy—see the record of the Treasury De partment-submitted to the President”: The standing appropriation for the sinking fund, is ten millions of dollars. The objert ol General Jackson was to make an impression that the appropriations by Congrpss had already exceeded the receipts of the Treasury; and that, but for his veto, the ten millions would have been consumed likewise. Heuce the Treasury state ment, prepared for hun at the Treasury and submitted to Congress, makes an estimated defi cienry in the appropriations already passed, ol seven" hundred and five thousand eight hundred & sixty-three dollars, and arrays a formidable lis of other appropriations said to be pending befori Congress, to the amount of $9,471,284. Now, will the reader believe it possible, that, instead of a deficiency of $705,803, as estimat ed in the Treasury statement reported to Con gress, there was a balance in the Treasury, or the 1st of January, 1831. of six millions four teen thousand Jive hundred and thirty nine del lars and seventy five cents. Vet suen is the fact. (Seti ^report of 2>ecre»ary Me Lane, dated Dec. 7,1831.) We know that we are treading upon danger ous ground. Independent of the relation whiofc __oorne to General Jack son and to the party who are supporting him, the American people will he slow to believe that the Chief Magistrate of these United State* could so far forget what was due to his high of flee, and to their character, as to be guilty of that which we have charged against him; but this is not a question of belief or to be disposed of so lightly. We are aware that it involves, deeply involves, the reputation of pur press, and we have, therefore, given the public documents whii h prove our charge. 77iey cannot lie. D > we heat one ask, why this important fact has not been before disclosed? To this we re ply that it is not our fault. 'The farts are so — The charge was not to he made lightly, and at no time without the proof. Having beard the facts, we obtained the proof; ami immediately discharged our duty by bringing it before the public. Again we say, we are aware of the heavy re sponsibility we have assumed. In doing so we challenge the closest scrutiny into all the tacts. New Orleans. >ept 4. HMereaf, commandant of the Mexican armed schooner Montezuma, which was captured by the U. S. schr. of war Grampus, Captain I atnall, for an act of piracy upon the American schooner Wm. A. Turner, was examined before his honor Judge Harpsr, yesterday morning. He told the most imnudent and imnrobable story that has ev er been sworn to. The articles which were ta ken from the American vessel, he says, were gi ven gratuitously, even the writing desk contain ing the schooner’s papers, and the letters to the consignees!! The prisoners were remanded for further examination to-day.—Bee. The mulatto man Philip, accused of the mur der of Mrs. Fayatt, was tried yesterday bv a court of freeholders,presided by the parish judge, and condemned to be hung to-morrow, or within the next twenty-four hours.—lb. Bwld, wtm lately relieved a gambling estab lishment in this city, of about nine hundred dol lars in a manner conlraire a la regie de Iloyle, has, we learn, been arrested at Donaldsonviile. Wiih the exception of twenty six dollars the en tire •• spoils of victory” are recovered. Paul Clifford would never recognize him as a “genu ine cove.”—lb. Latest form Mexico.—Letters from Vera Cruz, to 24'h Aug. have just come to hand, and pape.s to 23d; their contents are interesting; but we have only opportunity, for our Second Edition to-day, to state in general, that the states of Mex ico continue to declare in favor of Pedraza, and that things wear still more an aspect favorable to the restoration of a better system. Several states, since our last advices, have protested against the illegal and violent administration of Bustainente. Strung indications were shown, among one of the print ipal divisions of Bustamente’a army, of I disposition to come over to the popular and na tional side; and there was reason to hope that all nav have been settled before this time.— H. Y. Dai. Adv. brandy. 4 Q*. Pipes Cog-isc Brandy, of superior quslity, 4 landing from acbooner Washington, from New fork and ter sale by 3. U. JANNKY. 4 ALEXANDRIA, (D, C.) . THURSDAY MORNINOt SEPT 20. 1832._ Powers of the Federal Government.—Oppos ed as we are to Nullification, in all its forms and shapes, add convinced that there is much more real danger to our liberties and union to be ap prehended from the interested views of the dif ferent Stateef than from the action of the Gene ral Government, we are yet far from being tali tudinarian in our construction of the Constitu tion. We believe, that, in the end, a tou loose construction of its provisions will be attended with as many difficulties as, we are sure, will ac company all attempts to administer the Govern ment under the narrow, contracted views which are held by some of its Southern expound ers. In this, as in all things else, there is a hap py medium, which being pursued, both the Scyl* la of Consolidation, and the Charybdis of Di*u nion. may be avoided. These remarks are not out of place in an article designed to call atten tion to the power of the Government in general, and especially as it is exercised in our foreign relations. Whenever the Federal arm is extend ed to the Slates, we see their ever watchful jea lousy excited, and the most untiling vigilance used, as long as there is thought to be the least occasion for alarm. They “cavil on the ninth part of a hair,” when they are interested in a question of power with the General Government} and never is there an occasion of this kind pre sented that we do uot hear invectives against the “high-handed power” contended for by those who happen to hold the executive offices. We should be glad if these eloquent declaimers would extend Hieir range of observation beyond their own sovereignties, and instead of fighting ! with shadows, or magnifying, in the true Don 1 Ouivotte stvle. windmills into slants, set heurti. ' ly to work io arresting the real evils which are flowing from the very liberal and extraordinary use made of the federal power, in our inter . course with foreign nations, and with matters and things which do not concern the States. As the ** world now wags,” it appears to us, that we are fast losing sight of all our good old con stitutional ways. Our dealings with other na 1 tiona used to be characterized by that dignity, • decorum, and sense of justice and honor, which became a great Republic. If an injury was com mitted, it was inquired into, anil satisfaction first sought for peaceably, but earnestly. There was no parade, blusier or bullying. Every thing was done »* decently and in order.” It is not so now} and we have thia part of our subject sketched to our hand by the New York Jour nal of Commerce. That paper remarks, that our »» Government has a very summary way of doing businrMsi If a Guviruur at the Falkland Islands seizes three or four of our sealing ves sels, a ship of war goes and seizes him} or if he happens to be missing, contents itself with carry ing off the principal men of the colony and spi king the guns destined for its defence. If the Quallnh Battoo-ans, on the roast of Sumatra, plunder an American boat loaded with pepper, and murder the crew, a ship of war goes and burns their town, captures their forts, and kills one hundred and fifty of their inhabitants. If • Mexican government vessel plays the pirate with one of our merchantmen, a ship of war goes and seizes the said government vessel, puts her crew ' in irons, and sends her to the United States as a lawful prize.” There comes a very natural reflection upon I tie heel of this, and it is well added —“ It has so S happened, hitherto, that this summary method has been applied only to nations which cannot measure swords with us. But it inay come to pass, in process of time, that some vessel bear* ing our nag will receive inuignmes irom a Bri tish or French cruiser, or the Governor of & Bri | tish or French colony.” | In such a case, we presume, there would be some little difference, and we should not be wil ling to exercise our power with so little ceremo ny, and without the forms usual in all organized nations. It may be in the recollection of our readers, that it was boaetingly remarked, not long j since, that the Neapolitans would think more of our claims upon their government it they were reminded of them by “ the thunders of our can i non’*—and another sage politician * poke tome , what in favor of bombarding ! isbon, for the pur j pose of hurrving Miguel into a payment which he i had already promised to make the “ first conve nient season.” We confess, we do not like such indications of public feeling, come from what source they may. It seems like a forgetting of the true doctrines which form the base of all our : institutions, and a willingness to overlook the simple,yet necessary forms of the Constitution,in order that force and violence may accomplish our ends. Let this spirit once prevail, and we know j I not the lengths to which our commanders, milita ry and naval, may be induced to go, stimulated by public applause and approbation. We have entered, in thia article, into no labor ed discussion concerning the law of nations, to show that we are beginning already, in some in stances, to feel power and forget right. The pages of Grotius, Vattel and Puffendorf may be employed on this subject to advantage on some future occasion. It as only our intention by these cursory remarks to direct the attention of the public, and especially those who here bepn stead fast “in resitting the encroachments of federal, power/’ to a matter which we (oink deserve their serious deliberation To be consistent, *. should carry out our doctrines wherever th*j may lead. 1 be General Government may t. easily transgress the provisions of the Constitc tion in its intercourse or transactions with f;. reign powers, as in its legislation over the states One error ought to be resisted as well as the o>h. er, for we hold that all power, exercised with, out lawful authority is dangerous to (be liberties of th^people. I The developments in the article from the Tc legraph, copied into this morning’s Gazette, arc curious enough, and we arc anxious to see what answer the Globe will make. ! The survey of the Coast of the Unted State?, directed by an act of Congress passed in 180* is about to be resumed and carried on under the direction of Mr. Hassler, whose qualification! are highly spoken of. Mr. Reuben M. Whitney, made famous, fir.? by the Bank Report* of Mr. McDuffie and Mr. Adam*, aud subsequently by his memorial to Congress and leave to withdraw that memorb!, has sued the editors of the Baltimore Chronirie for an alleged libel, laying his damage* rt g2o,. 000. We never remember to have read a libel i lous article, of any description, in the Chronicle, and we incline to think that Mr. Whitney will ' again “ come out at the little end of the horn.’’ We opied an article, a few day* ago, fnm the Cincinnati Gazette, stating that Gov. Mc Arthur, of Ohio, had declined to run a* a can didate for re-election. H<* was the candidate i<f the National Republicans. This, in all pc..bj i bility, will produce a similar union between ! them and the Anti-Mason* to that which lias n | ken place in New York. Both parties will pro | bably agree upon the same candidate. We have heretofore spoken of the able mar. ner in which the Charleston Union papers—the Courier, Patriot, and Gazette,—are conducted The communicated articles, especially in the Courier, are olten written with a vigor, spirit and eloquence which make us wish that the/ could be preserved in some less perishable form than the columns of a newspaper. The talent of the city and state is engaged in writing lor the public, through the most popular and conve nient ot all channels, the daily press. We wish these honorable eierlions may not fail in rescu ing the state from nullification. . Speaking on this subject, the Richmond En quirer savs: “ We read the Charleston pa|»rr» i with great attention. They are teeming with 1 political productions, many of which are distin ! guished by great force and eloquence. Sever*! of them remind us of the State papers of our Revolution. It shows what men can do when they are in earnest, and their minds roused ai.d ■ inspired by strong feelings.” An Anti-Nullification Meeting waa held on i the 21st ult. by the citizens of Nelson Count/, (Virginia,) Robert Rivee in the Chair, Alexis* der Drown Secretary; when, after tire object ol [ the meeting was explained by Capt. James Gar land, a Committee was appointed to prepare i j preamble and resolutions, who retired and re | ported accordingly. The preamble is able and worthy of insertion, but we have no room for it just now. The resolutions were adopted with great unanimity. This meeting, we are inclined [ to think, is the first of many of a similar kind which will be held in Virginia. Indeed we are surprized that, throughout tlx State, Anti-Nullification meetings have not al ready been called. We presume that we ire not in error, when we say that Virginia is nta'ly unanimous on the subject. Men of all parties agree in wishing to prese/ve our glorious Luwn. We should wc glad to see this feeling expreswi , and the tone of public sentiment made known m . an authentic form. It might have a salutary el feet in lessening the fever in South Carolina. | The Union and State Rights Convention c( South Carolina assembled at Columbia, in that state, on the 10th instant. The delegates highly numerous and respectable. The fin* jJ decision of this Convention is uncertain, but it probably will be in favor of calling a convention j of the Southern States. We perceive in the list of names many wen of great worth and ta lents. — The sickness of the Carrier, wli.t delivers this paper in the lower part of the town, will account for the irregularity with which it was served to our subscribers yesterdav morning. Should any be neglected to day, they will oblige U9 by add ing to the office for their papers. Exertion's be made, however, in the absence of the regular Carrier, to make as few mistakes as possible. We have received a communication Mgnfd “An Alexandrian,” giving an account of to* “affair” between the Sportsmen, spoken of f a correspondent in yesterday’s Oazette. D rt said, to have taken place near the District line, a little over on the Virginia side, and therefore the parties cannot be dealt with here. Th«J Jj fought with muskets, deliberately firing »t •*“ other, when a fair opportunity offered. Three shots were exchanged and one of ‘these cocob*^ ants, is thought to be seriously wounded.” Of correspondent hopes that the Magistrate! Fairfax will take cftgflizance of the matter.