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Phenix gazette. [volume] (Alexandria [D.C.]) 1825-1833, September 20, 1832, Image 2

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Health Office, Alesandria; ?
September 19, 1832. 5
Report of the Board of Health lor the twenty*
four houra ending this day at noon:
In Private Practice—1 case, a colored woman.
Bjr order: . _
3 BENJ. S KINSEY, Sec’y.
Board of Hkalth, >
Richmond. September, 17, 1832 3
Cases nf Cholera reported to day—18 hours:
1. Ph®bv Gill, dead. 1
2. Bradley, living.
1. Nat. ; living.
2. Sam, dead. 1
3. Fanny, dead. 2
4. Susan, living.
5. Lewis, dead. 3
6. Wil^gre, dead. 4
7. Wilson Allen, dead. 5
JOSEPH TATE, President.
^7» Since the report was received from the
Board, D' Briggs has sent in hi* report for 48
- hours, which adds si* colored, and one white per
so:., to the above, t hree recovering, two under
treatment, t*»in collapse.
Manchester.—Several cases of Cholera are
sta'ed to have occurred in Manchester, opposite
Washington, Sept. 19
Report of Cholera Cases by the Board of Health
of this City, for the 24 hours ending Septem
ber 18, at uoon:
Central Hospital.
New cases 1, deaths 2, cured 1, remaining 21.
Private Practice.
New cases, whites 10; colored 10; total 20;
deaths 3.
V\ hole number or new cases - 21
Whole number of deaths - - 5
CtTY o? Washington, Sept. 17, 1832.
We, the undersigned, do certify, that we have
in person diligently inquired and examined into
the condition <»f the Prison of Washington Coun
ty, in the istrict of Columbia, and have found
the Prison very clean and in good condition, and
the prisoners as healthv as the citizens in any
n*rt u£ tlue Cii« pfT W ijjhmiilnii- »iul fe»*l
ourselves fultv warranted to sTaTtng [ft an con
cerned in the* health of the pn>oners, that we
consider their situation, on the score of health,
as promising as it would ire if they should be con*
fined elsewhere, agreeable to the provisions of
law. There have been onlv two deaths at the
Prison from the prevailing epidemic, both of them
blacks, and the disease, in both cases, ascribable
entirely to the U9e of improper fond, taken by !
the deceased without the knowledge «or consent
of the Jailer: and it is believed that no other case
of that disease has occurred among the prisoners.
Henry Ashton, Marshal,
Thos. Mi ler, Attend. Physician.
W. Cranch, Chief Judge.
In our yesteiday’s paper, the following appears
as a distinct paragraph: •• I he Report of Deaths '
bv Cholera on Sunday embraces eighteen cases.” |
This the render will please to amend, or rather \
rectify, bv adding the words “ at Baltimore,*’
omitted inadvertently, and substituting Saturday
fur Sunday.—Xul. hit.
B\LTtMORE, S"pt. 19.
Health of Haiti mnrt —*V'e have again to offi*r
our congratula' ions upou the health of our city
It will be seen that the deaths by Cholera for the
last twenty-four hours are only four, and we
learn that one of these was brought in from Ran
dall’s Town and another from Curtis’s Creek.
Philadelphia. Sept. 18.
Health of Philadelphia.—The cholera has al
TO ^1 emirel> left us. Now and then we have a
case, but all that have occurred for a week past,
may. it is believed, be traced to some gross un
prudence. The Health Report gives but one
hundred and tu enty four deaths for last week.
Of these eight persons died of Cholera—seven
teen children of Summer Complaint five adults
ol Cholera Morbus—six adults and three chil
dren of Consumption—six deaths were by Dys
entery. and eight by Typhus Fever. The wea
ther has been rather warm for the last two days,
but pleasant, and we should say healthful.
Nxw Yore, Sept. 17.
Public Health.—We art gratified to be ena
bled to aunounce a very considerable decrease in '
the mortality of the city during the last week—a !
decrease even surpassing our anticipations. The j
whole number of interments during that period i
is two hundred and ninety-one—of which [
were of cholera one hundhrd and twenty
eight. Compared with the preceding week,
this return shows a diminution in the whole num
ber of sixty four—the decrees* of deaths by
cholera being sev*nty three.
The C|ty Inspector’s report, from which our
information is derived, is the most favorable since
that of the 7th ol July last. We anticipate with ■
confidence the rapid disappearance of the pesti
lence with which we have been so long and so se
* Ferely afflicted.
Boston, Sept 15.
Health Commit sioncra.—At the meeting last
evening Mr. Wetmore, from the committee ap
pointed to visit the “ infected district,** made a
report, setting forth in detail what he briefly sta
ted at the meeting on Thursday evening,-which
statement was reported in the Courier of yeater
day. Fessenden Court and its neighborhood is,
stated in the report to be in a very bad condition.
The sewers in Eliot street are not enough to drain
the cellars, and the adjoining houses in Tremont
street, there being no sewers in that part of the
street, are drained bv hogsheads sunk into the
ground, at the end of spouts; through these the
waste water soaks down into the earthjn ana
near Fessenden Court, and the constant draining
to this point has formed a great mass of filth and
corruption on the site of the old tan yard. . l ae
cellars in Fessenden Court are exposed to the
oozingsor drippings, in this manner, not on y
from the waste water of the houses in iremont
street but also from the Eliot street sewers. the,
repoftt was committed to the Sub-Commissioners .
forthe Southern District, with instructions to j
confer with the Mayor and Aldermen in order to
havr those nuisances abated with the least possi
ble delay. A member of the board stated that
the cellar of the house occupied by the late Mr. j
Eliot, in one corner of which was a provision
store, is one mass of filth and corruption,-—that
the afternoon previous he had seen taken from it |
two hogsheads of matter, principally rotten meat
and its liquor.
In the Board of Commissioners of Health, }
6 o’clock, P. M. Sept. 14th, 1832. 3
The Board report the following cases of Ma- j
lignant Cholera within the city, viz:
Mary Adeline Babbidge, 17, died at No. 68
Eliot street, at one o’clock this afternoon;—case
reported by Dr. D. ll.Storer.
A female is reported by the Physicians of the
Tremont street Hospital, admitted to that Hospi*
tal last evening, with symptoms of Cholera.—
There is a reasonable prospect of her recovery, j
A female, named Joanna Rvan. reported by 1
the Plivsicians of the Hospital of the Middle Dis
trict, affected with Malignant Cholera, was last
evening removed from Broad street to that Hos
pital, and there is a probability of her recovery, j
A female in Jefferson 6treet, near Fayette st.
is reported by Dr. Homans as being in a state of 1
collapse from Malignant Cholera, and another fe-1
male in the same house, as affected with the dis
ease in a milder form, both of whom have been
exposed to the local cause of the disease in Eli-)
nt street, and first sickened in that street, where I
they then resided.
A patient admitted to the Hospital of the Mid- i
die District, from the corner of Atkinson and \
Berry streets, found not to be affected with the i
nL^ll_ U.. I__I n« -—I..- ..f
Board. WM. HAYDEN, Jr. Secretary.
We learn that the female reported by Dr. Ho- j
mans as in a state of collapse in Jefferson street, j
(mentioned in the official report.) died last eve- j
ning. She was sisterto the Mrs. Hutchinson!
who died a day or two before.
The female at the Southern Hospital, whose
case was reported in yesterday’* Courier, was
last evening affected with a fever, consequent up
on Cholera, and her case was considered doubt
All these cases are known to have originated
in the infected district, except that of the woman ,
from Broad street, who was of very bad habits,
and was taken ill after eating a very hearty din
ner; her age is about fifty, and there is some
doubt whether her case be leally that of Mulig
nint Cholera. _
In our daily paper of »he 14th of September,
we said that an official document emanating from
one of the Department*, was no lunger entitled, ,
as such, to the confidence of the people; and we
there charged that the President of t'u U. States ‘
had submitted to Congress, in an offi- ml report, '
a false estimate of (he condition of ih«* rrtasury, j
knowing it to be faint! We also cltaig<-d that j
this false estimate wn- prepared at his requ s’, I
for the purpose of controlling, the legislation of
Congress, and that it was intended to sustain that
act of his administration upon which his remain
ing popularity chiefly rests.* We challenged the
Globe to deny the charge, and asserted that we
held the proof in our possession, and mat, if our
statement was denied, we would put the matter
beyond controversy. We proceed to redeem
our pledge.
The fo'lowing is an extract from his message,
returning to the House of Representative* the
enrolled bill, entitled *• \n act authorising a sub
scription of stock in the Maysville. Washington,
Paris, and L- xington turnpike road company,”
with his objections thereto; dated 27th May 1850.
extract. *
“ By fhe statement from the Treasury Depart
ment. anil those Iroin the Clerks of the Senate
and House of Representatives, herewith submit
ted, it appears tiiat the bills which have passed
into laws, and those which, in all probability,
will pass before the adjournment of Congress,
anticipate appropriations which, with the ordina
ry expenditures for the support of Government,
will exceed considerably the amount in the Trea
sury, for the year 1830. Thus, whilst we are
diminishing the revenue by a reduction of the du
ties on tea, coffee, and cocoa, the appropriations
for internal improvement are increasing beyond
the available means of the Treasury; and if to
this calculation be added the amounts contained
in bills which are pending before the two Hous
TREASURY RECEIPTS, unless the payment!
of the national DEBT BE POSTPONED', and
the means now pledged to that object applied to
those enumerated in tnese i»ills. Without a
well regulated system of internal improvement,
this exhausting mode of appropriation is not like
ly tube avoided, and the plain consequence must
be, either a continuance of the NATION \L
DEBT, or a resort to ADDITIONAL TAX
[Here follows the copy of a document head
ed “ Statement from the Treasury D,*pariin«*m”
giving an estimated deficiency of 8705.863. and
an estimate uf appropriations then pending be
fore Congress, amounting to 89,471,284. J
It will be seen that the President refers to
this statement, not as from the H- »d of the Trea
sury. but as from the Treasury Department_
His object was to make it-appe'ar that the appro- 1
priations were beyond the “available means of
the Treasury;” and he says;
If to this calculation be added the amount
contained in the bills which are pending before
!he two houses, it m>ty be sttfely affirmed that \
ten millions of Hollars would not moke up the J
txress over the Treasury receipts. unless the pay
nent of the National debt be posponed.
To sustain this view of the financial relations
if the country, the statement from the Treasure
rive* an estimated deficiency of seven hundred
md five thousand eight hundred and sixty
three dollars; and an additional estimate of ap
propriation* pending before Congress, to the
amount of nine millions four hundred and seven
ty-one thousand two hundred and eighty Jour
dollart. r Mir
The object of this formidable array or MIL
LIONS was to tnak« an impression upon the
country that, but for Gen. Jackson’s Roman vir
tue, Congress would have'absorbed the whole
amount of the public revenue in wasteful schemes
of internal improvement, and thus have detested
Ihe payment of the national debt. We will
hereafter ahow that this wa* part of a deliberate
scheme, to break down the independence of Con
gress; but we postpone that part of the subject
to another number. . *
Now, who could have believed that when
General Jackson submitted as part of his veto
message, this estimate from the Treasury De
partment, showing a deficiency of seven hun
dred and five thousand eight hundred and sixty
three dollars, lie had before him a report Iroin
the head of the Department, leaving lor further
appropriations, an estimated balance of one mil
lion six hundred and seventy-two thousand eight
hundred and sixteen dollars, over and above
83.463,739, the unsatisfied appropriation* of
former years, liable to be called for in 18o0j and
which, from the nature of the appropriations of
that year, would be met bv similar appropria
tions uncalled for in that year, and an excess of
8I.947.G87, oo account of the public debt. ^ e?
such is the fact, and, in proof of what we say.
we submit the following copy, which »e have
obtained from the files of the Treasury Depart
[flere fullows the copy of the document head
ed “Copy—see the record of the Treasury De
partment-submitted to the President”:
The standing appropriation for the sinking
fund, is ten millions of dollars. The objert ol
General Jackson was to make an impression
that the appropriations by Congrpss had already
exceeded the receipts of the Treasury; and that,
but for his veto, the ten millions would have been
consumed likewise. Heuce the Treasury state
ment, prepared for hun at the Treasury and
submitted to Congress, makes an estimated defi
cienry in the appropriations already passed, ol
seven" hundred and five thousand eight hundred
& sixty-three dollars, and arrays a formidable lis
of other appropriations said to be pending befori
Congress, to the amount of $9,471,284.
Now, will the reader believe it possible, that,
instead of a deficiency of $705,803, as estimat
ed in the Treasury statement reported to Con
gress, there was a balance in the Treasury, or
the 1st of January, 1831. of six millions four
teen thousand Jive hundred and thirty nine del
lars and seventy five cents. Vet suen is the fact.
(Seti ^report of 2>ecre»ary Me Lane, dated Dec.
We know that we are treading upon danger
ous ground. Independent of the relation whiofc
__oorne to General Jack
son and to the party who are supporting him,
the American people will he slow to believe that
the Chief Magistrate of these United State*
could so far forget what was due to his high of
flee, and to their character, as to be guilty of that
which we have charged against him; but this is
not a question of belief or to be disposed of so
lightly. We are aware that it involves, deeply
involves, the reputation of pur press, and we
have, therefore, given the public documents
whii h prove our charge. 77iey cannot lie.
D > we heat one ask, why this important fact
has not been before disclosed? To this we re
ply that it is not our fault. 'The farts are so —
The charge was not to he made lightly, and at
no time without the proof. Having beard the
facts, we obtained the proof; ami immediately
discharged our duty by bringing it before the
Again we say, we are aware of the heavy re
sponsibility we have assumed. In doing so we
challenge the closest scrutiny into all the tacts.
New Orleans. >ept 4.
HMereaf, commandant of the Mexican armed
schooner Montezuma, which was captured by the
U. S. schr. of war Grampus, Captain I atnall,
for an act of piracy upon the American schooner
Wm. A. Turner, was examined before his honor
Judge Harpsr, yesterday morning. He told the
most imnudent and imnrobable story that has ev
er been sworn to. The articles which were ta
ken from the American vessel, he says, were gi
ven gratuitously, even the writing desk contain
ing the schooner’s papers, and the letters to the
consignees!! The prisoners were remanded for
further examination to-day.—Bee.
The mulatto man Philip, accused of the mur
der of Mrs. Fayatt, was tried yesterday bv a
court of freeholders,presided by the parish judge,
and condemned to be hung to-morrow, or within
the next twenty-four hours.—lb.
Bwld, wtm lately relieved a gambling estab
lishment in this city, of about nine hundred dol
lars in a manner conlraire a la regie de Iloyle,
has, we learn, been arrested at Donaldsonviile.
Wiih the exception of twenty six dollars the en
tire •• spoils of victory” are recovered. Paul
Clifford would never recognize him as a “genu
ine cove.”—lb.
Latest form Mexico.—Letters from Vera Cruz,
to 24'h Aug. have just come to hand, and pape.s
to 23d; their contents are interesting; but we
have only opportunity, for our Second Edition
to-day, to state in general, that the states of Mex
ico continue to declare in favor of Pedraza, and
that things wear still more an aspect favorable to
the restoration of a better system. Several states,
since our last advices, have protested against the
illegal and violent administration of Bustainente.
Strung indications were shown, among one of
the print ipal divisions of Bustamente’a army, of
I disposition to come over to the popular and na
tional side; and there was reason to hope that all
nav have been settled before this time.—
H. Y. Dai. Adv.
4 Q*. Pipes Cog-isc Brandy, of superior quslity,
4 landing from acbooner Washington, from New
fork and ter sale by 3. U. JANNKY.
Powers of the Federal Government.—Oppos
ed as we are to Nullification, in all its forms and
shapes, add convinced that there is much more
real danger to our liberties and union to be ap
prehended from the interested views of the dif
ferent Stateef than from the action of the Gene
ral Government, we are yet far from being tali
tudinarian in our construction of the Constitu
tion. We believe, that, in the end, a tou loose
construction of its provisions will be attended
with as many difficulties as, we are sure, will ac
company all attempts to administer the Govern
ment under the narrow, contracted views which
are held by some of its Southern expound
ers. In this, as in all things else, there is a hap
py medium, which being pursued, both the Scyl*
la of Consolidation, and the Charybdis of Di*u
nion. may be avoided. These remarks are not
out of place in an article designed to call atten
tion to the power of the Government in general,
and especially as it is exercised in our foreign
relations. Whenever the Federal arm is extend
ed to the Slates, we see their ever watchful jea
lousy excited, and the most untiling vigilance
used, as long as there is thought to be the least
occasion for alarm. They “cavil on the ninth
part of a hair,” when they are interested in a
question of power with the General Government}
and never is there an occasion of this kind pre
sented that we do uot hear invectives against the
“high-handed power” contended for by those
who happen to hold the executive offices. We
should be glad if these eloquent declaimers
would extend Hieir range of observation beyond
their own sovereignties, and instead of fighting
! with shadows, or magnifying, in the true Don
1 Ouivotte stvle. windmills into slants, set heurti.
' ly to work io arresting the real evils which are
flowing from the very liberal and extraordinary
use made of the federal power, in our inter
. course with foreign nations, and with matters
and things which do not concern the States. As
the ** world now wags,” it appears to us, that
we are fast losing sight of all our good old con
stitutional ways. Our dealings with other na
1 tiona used to be characterized by that dignity,
• decorum, and sense of justice and honor, which
became a great Republic. If an injury was com
mitted, it was inquired into, anil satisfaction
first sought for peaceably, but earnestly. There
was no parade, blusier or bullying. Every thing
was done »* decently and in order.” It is not so
now} and we have thia part of our subject
sketched to our hand by the New York Jour
nal of Commerce. That paper remarks, that
our »» Government has a very summary way of
doing businrMsi If a Guviruur at the Falkland
Islands seizes three or four of our sealing ves
sels, a ship of war goes and seizes him} or if he
happens to be missing, contents itself with carry
ing off the principal men of the colony and spi
king the guns destined for its defence. If the
Quallnh Battoo-ans, on the roast of Sumatra,
plunder an American boat loaded with pepper,
and murder the crew, a ship of war goes and burns
their town, captures their forts, and kills one
hundred and fifty of their inhabitants. If •
Mexican government vessel plays the pirate with
one of our merchantmen, a ship of war goes and
seizes the said government vessel, puts her crew
' in irons, and sends her to the United States as a
lawful prize.”
There comes a very natural reflection upon
I tie heel of this, and it is well added —“ It has so
S happened, hitherto, that this summary method
has been applied only to nations which cannot
measure swords with us. But it inay come to
pass, in process of time, that some vessel bear*
ing our nag will receive inuignmes irom a Bri
tish or French cruiser, or the Governor of & Bri
| tish or French colony.”
| In such a case, we presume, there would be
some little difference, and we should not be wil
ling to exercise our power with so little ceremo
ny, and without the forms usual in all organized
nations. It may be in the recollection of our
readers, that it was boaetingly remarked, not long
j since, that the Neapolitans would think more of
our claims upon their government it they were
reminded of them by “ the thunders of our can
i non’*—and another sage politician * poke tome
, what in favor of bombarding ! isbon, for the pur
j pose of hurrving Miguel into a payment which he
i had already promised to make the “ first conve
nient season.” We confess, we do not like such
indications of public feeling, come from what
source they may. It seems like a forgetting of
the true doctrines which form the base of all our :
institutions, and a willingness to overlook the
simple,yet necessary forms of the Constitution,in
order that force and violence may accomplish our
ends. Let this spirit once prevail, and we know j
I not the lengths to which our commanders, milita
ry and naval, may be induced to go, stimulated
by public applause and approbation.
We have entered, in thia article, into no labor
ed discussion concerning the law of nations, to
show that we are beginning already, in some in
stances, to feel power and forget right. The
pages of Grotius, Vattel and Puffendorf may be
employed on this subject to advantage on some
future occasion. It as only our intention by these
cursory remarks to direct the attention of the
public, and especially those who here bepn stead
fast “in resitting the encroachments of federal,
power/’ to a matter which we (oink deserve
their serious deliberation To be consistent, *.
should carry out our doctrines wherever th*j
may lead. 1 be General Government may t.
easily transgress the provisions of the Constitc
tion in its intercourse or transactions with f;.
reign powers, as in its legislation over the states
One error ought to be resisted as well as the o>h.
er, for we hold that all power, exercised with,
out lawful authority is dangerous to (be liberties
of th^people. I
The developments in the article from the Tc
legraph, copied into this morning’s Gazette, arc
curious enough, and we arc anxious to see what
answer the Globe will make.
! The survey of the Coast of the Unted State?,
directed by an act of Congress passed in 180*
is about to be resumed and carried on under the
direction of Mr. Hassler, whose qualification!
are highly spoken of.
Mr. Reuben M. Whitney, made famous, fir.?
by the Bank Report* of Mr. McDuffie and Mr.
Adam*, aud subsequently by his memorial to
Congress and leave to withdraw that memorb!,
has sued the editors of the Baltimore Chronirie
for an alleged libel, laying his damage* rt g2o,.
000. We never remember to have read a libel
i lous article, of any description, in the Chronicle,
and we incline to think that Mr. Whitney will
' again “ come out at the little end of the horn.’’
We opied an article, a few day* ago, fnm
the Cincinnati Gazette, stating that Gov. Mc
Arthur, of Ohio, had declined to run a* a can
didate for re-election. H<* was the candidate i<f
the National Republicans. This, in all pc..bj
i bility, will produce a similar union between
! them and the Anti-Mason* to that which lias n
| ken place in New York. Both parties will pro
| bably agree upon the same candidate.
We have heretofore spoken of the able mar.
ner in which the Charleston Union papers—the
Courier, Patriot, and Gazette,—are conducted
The communicated articles, especially in the
Courier, are olten written with a vigor, spirit
and eloquence which make us wish that the/
could be preserved in some less perishable form
than the columns of a newspaper. The talent
of the city and state is engaged in writing lor
the public, through the most popular and conve
nient ot all channels, the daily press. We wish
these honorable eierlions may not fail in rescu
ing the state from nullification. .
Speaking on this subject, the Richmond En
quirer savs: “ We read the Charleston pa|»rr»
i with great attention. They are teeming with
1 political productions, many of which are distin
! guished by great force and eloquence. Sever*!
of them remind us of the State papers of our
Revolution. It shows what men can do when
they are in earnest, and their minds roused ai.d
■ inspired by strong feelings.”
An Anti-Nullification Meeting waa held on
i the 21st ult. by the citizens of Nelson Count/,
(Virginia,) Robert Rivee in the Chair, Alexis*
der Drown Secretary; when, after tire object ol
[ the meeting was explained by Capt. James Gar
land, a Committee was appointed to prepare i
j preamble and resolutions, who retired and re
| ported accordingly. The preamble is able and
worthy of insertion, but we have no room for it
just now. The resolutions were adopted with
great unanimity. This meeting, we are inclined
[ to think, is the first of many of a similar kind
which will be held in Virginia.
Indeed we are surprized that, throughout tlx
State, Anti-Nullification meetings have not al
ready been called. We presume that we ire
not in error, when we say that Virginia is nta'ly
unanimous on the subject. Men of all parties
agree in wishing to prese/ve our glorious Luwn.
We should wc glad to see this feeling expreswi ,
and the tone of public sentiment made known m .
an authentic form. It might have a salutary el
feet in lessening the fever in South Carolina. |
The Union and State Rights Convention c(
South Carolina assembled at Columbia, in that
state, on the 10th instant. The delegates
highly numerous and respectable. The fin* jJ
decision of this Convention is uncertain, but it
probably will be in favor of calling a convention j
of the Southern States. We perceive in the
list of names many wen of great worth and ta
lents. —
The sickness of the Carrier, wli.t delivers this
paper in the lower part of the town, will account
for the irregularity with which it was served to
our subscribers yesterdav morning. Should any
be neglected to day, they will oblige U9 by add
ing to the office for their papers. Exertion's
be made, however, in the absence of the regular
Carrier, to make as few mistakes as possible.
We have received a communication Mgnfd
“An Alexandrian,” giving an account of to*
“affair” between the Sportsmen, spoken of f
a correspondent in yesterday’s Oazette. D rt
said, to have taken place near the District line,
a little over on the Virginia side, and therefore
the parties cannot be dealt with here. Th«J Jj
fought with muskets, deliberately firing »t •*“
other, when a fair opportunity offered. Three
shots were exchanged and one of ‘these cocob*^
ants, is thought to be seriously wounded.” Of
correspondent hopes that the Magistrate!
Fairfax will take cftgflizance of the matter.

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