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Alexandria gazette. [volume] (Alexandria, D.C.) 1834-1974, February 20, 1834, Image 2

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Daily paper - - - - $3 per annum.
Country paper - - - 5 per annum.
The ALEXANDRI A GAZETTE for the coun
try is printed on Tuesday, Thursday, and
All advertisements appear in both papers, and
are inserted at the usual rates.
The incidental debates in the Senate on the
Deposite question have been very animated and
interesting. These short speeches to the point,
tell much better than labored orations. They
are more eagerly read and better remembered*
In the Senate on Friday, when a memorial
from North Carolina on the Deposite question
was under consideration,
Mr. FORSYTH said:
The proper course would be to refer these pe
titions at once to the proper committee, and it
would be their business to ascertain the charac
ter, political and personal, intellectual and mo
ral^ of those who had signed them; to sift the ar
guments contained in the petitions, and to form
their judgments whether these petitions did or
did not exhibit a fair expression of the public
will. To the full exercise of public opinion, he
would make no objection. But why were the
Senate to go in advance of the Committee, and
to make all these inquiries in the open Senate?
Were we to take for granted all the assertions
of honorable Senators? Were we to adopt all
their theories without examination, and to be
persuaded, on this floor, that, when the Legisla
ture of a State send here resolutions, they did
not know what was the opinion of their consti
tuents, and wc were directed to receive the pe
tition of a meeting of citizens as evidence of the
fact? Were they to hear ail mis, ana noi gu in
to any discussion of the subject? feuch discus
sion would more properly come up after there
had been a report from a committee. It was
certainly of importance that gentlemen here
should know what was the true opinion of those
who sent them here. There could be no possi
ble objection to the printing of these petitions.
The perpetual dingingof one tone into the pub
lic ear, whether in the presenting of the misera
ble petition of some half dozen individuals, or
a legislative expression of public opinion, could
have but one elTect, and that was to increase
the public agitation.
Mr. CLAY said:
The President resorts to a high-handed mea
sure; violates, as we believe, the Constitution;
tramples upon the laws; wrests from us the cus
tody and control of the public treasure and the
general currency. The People petition and re
monstrate, and fill the city with their Commit
tees, sent hereto expose their grievances, and to
solicit speedy and effectual redress. Under
these circumstances, the gentleman from Geor
gia rises in his place, and tells us that all discus
sion, in presenring these petitions, is unprofita
ble; and, remonstrating against it, he expresses
the hope that, hereafter, the business may be si
lently transacted. I tell the gentleman from i
Georgia, and he may tell the Pres,dent, that,
when the Constitution has been outraged, the
liberties of the country brought in danger, and
the highest interests of the People put in jeopar
dy, the Senate will not be silent—Congress will
not be silent—the People will not be silent. Un
til I am prepared to bow my neck to the yoke of
despotism, for one, I will remonstrate, protest,
and loudly proclaim the dangers impending over
us. I have no doubt that discussion is painful,
and provokingly impertinent, to the tenant of
yonder White House—that he would prefer dead
silence and universal submission; but l trust
that these miserable petitions, as the Senator
from Georgia denominates them, will continue
to come in; that the country will become sensi
sible to the reality of the existing dangers; that
discussion, in every form, and on every occa
sion, will take place; and that finally, the Con
stitution and the laws will resume their accus
tomed authority.
The gentleman from New York; (Mr.WRiGHT,)
declares that he is opposed to any Bank of the
United States. But he is only one gentleman;
he mav not be here when the question comes up;
he may be otherwise provided tor; he may re
view and alter his judgment. I understand that
in the State of New York, by common consent
a sort of statute of limitations exists against all
political opinions of two years’ duration. Bank
or no Bank! There is no such question now or
hereafter likely to arise. All feel and own that
a United States Bank is indispensable. And I
have but little doubt that the very spot is now in
view, if the ground be not actually laid off, on
which a magnificent banking-house is contem
plated in Wall street. Why, what did the Pre
sident tell the New York Committee of merchants
which lately visited him? That the Govern
ment, (not Congress,) but the Government—in
his sense of the term, that he was determined to
try the experiment ot the league banks, and, if
that failed, he would try some other. And what
other, that failing, but the Wall street bank?
Mr. WRIGHT said:
The honorable Senator has spoken of the sta
tue of limitations in the State of New York as to
political opinions. Of this I know nothing, and
it can have no influence with me. He had given
here, Mr. W. said, his honest convictions in re
ference to that most dangerous institution, the
Bank of the United States. He believed it to be
a dangerous institution, and would continue so
to believe although the honorable Senator had
intimated5that he might hereafter be found on
the other side. Experience might have taught
the Gentleman what he had not yet learned; but
he would tell the Senator that, if ever he chang
ed his opinions, he hoped in Heaven, not to find
it necessary to detail, in justification, his pi iv ate
transactions with a moneyed institution. But
again, he had been told that be was deceived by
those with whom he acted—that their opposi
tion was not to a Bank, but to the location of it.
If ever he could learn that the gentleman from
Kentucky understood the opinions of fiis consti
tuents better than himself, (and to understand
them better, the gentleman must be better infor
med than the evidence of the last two or three
years would warrant him to believe) he would
then be willing to go to him to learn them.
Mr. CLAY said, in reply:
In reference to his change of opinion on the
subject of the Bank of the United States, he was
glad it had been again touched upon. It had
been frequently adverted to, and he would now
notice it. About twenty-three years ago, this!
question was agitated. In 1811 he was without j
any war experience, or any great experience of
his own, and there were then not more than fif
ty banks in existence in the country, and he did
express that opinion, in a speech against the
creation of a bank, which very speech gentle
men were now circulating in a garbled form,
wherever they thought its circulation would fur
ther their views. He had then believed the
Bank to be unconstitutional. What he now
said,* was not for the purpose of gaining ap
plause or praise; but, during a political life of
thirty years, this was the only question of pub
lic importance on which he had changed his
And what were the circumstances which had
wrought this change? The experience of the
war, and of the operations of these very Banks,
which the gentleman said had so triumphantly
borne us through difficulties, had compelled him
to review and revise his opinions. What was
the fact? The Government issued paper bear
i ing an interest of six per cent., which it pledged
the faith of the country to redeem. For this pa
per, guarantied by the honor and faith of the
Government, there was obtained, for every 100
dollars, 80 dollars from these Banks which sus
pended their specie payments. The experience
of the war, therefore, had shown the necessity
for the Bank. The country could not get along
without it. He had, then, changed his opinion
on the subject and he had never attempted to
disguise the fact that he had changed it,
in consequence of the experience which he
had obtained. He had doubts if experience
could have the effect of changing any opinions
of the gentleman from New York, or the gen
tleman from North Carolina. He had changed
his opinion with Madison and other men, as
wise certainly as either of the members from
New York, or from North Carolina. Did he
skulk on this occasion. He held at that time a
situation in the House, which would have per
mitted him to lock up his opinion in his own
breast. He was then the presiding officer of the
! House of Representatives. The question was
! not to continue a Bank, because there was none
| in existence, but to create one; and he had then
j come forward, as honest men ought to come for
* ward,and expressed his change of opinion, at the
time when Mr. Madison, who was the President,
and other distinguished men, changed their
course. He could point to Senators here and
there, who had then changed, as well as to prom
inani niHvpnc thrmiurhnnt the cmintrv: while lef?
islative bodies changed. A gentleman who now
held a high judicial station in Virginia, and who
could not, consistently with his own views of the
constitution, vote for the Bank, was so convin
ced of its necessity, that, as he had recently ad
mitted in a pamphlet, he went out of the House
that he might not oppose it. He himself had
changed, because the good of his country requi
red that he should change his opinions; and, as
he had said, the experience of the war had
shown that the Bank was indispensably necessa
He felt regret that any disclosure which he
had made of his own relations with the Bank,
should nave given pain to the Senator from
New York. In reference to his own affairs, the
gentleman might make such disclosures as he
thought proper, but probably any disclosures
concerning the condition of some of his
political friends at Albany, at this moment,would
not be very pleasant. In reference to himself,
it was well known to his friend from Mississippi
and others, that, at a public tavern in Virginia,
the President had made certain statements rela
tive to his (Mr. Clay’s) situation with the bank
which had been circulated through all the news
papers on that side, and which he had found it
necessary to meet with a flat contradiction.
--— ■ - —
On the Deposite Question—made in the House
of Representatives on the 17th inst.
The SPEAKER laid before the House a me
morial, signed by about S00 of the merchants
and other inhabitants of Richmond, praying for
the restoration of the deposites to the United
States Bank.
Mr. PATTON said the accidental connection
which he had with the memorial which had just
been read—a connection growing entirely out
of the necessity—that some one, according to
the usual custom of the House, should call for
the reading ofmemorials on this subject—made
it proper, and perhaps necessary that he should
state, without entering upon any discussion of
the questions of constitutional law or national
policy, which constituted the topics of the me
morial, that from most of the propositions and
inferences contained in it he wholly dissented.
1 shall not, (said Mr. P.) at this late period of
thp dav. avail mvself of the example which has
I been so frequently set in the House lately, to |
! enter upon an elaborate exposition of my opin-!
! ions, and the reasons which have induced me
to adopt them. 1 hope to have an opportunity
of doing so at large, before the discussion in the
regular lorm, and on the direct question, shall
be terminated. For the present, I beg leave to
say that I do not agree with the memorialists,
that the Chief Magistrate, in the course pursued
by him to procure the removal of the deposites
by the Secretary of the Treasury, viz: by the
removal of Mr. Duane, has been guilty of any
unconstitutional assumption of power. I con
cur with the memorialists,that thequesti >ns which
I have arisen out of this matter, do involve an in
quiry as to the proper line of distinction and
separation between the Executive, Legislative,
ajid Judicial departments of the Government, as
secured by the Constitution, and the separation
! of which, and restriction of each of which, with
in its own orbit, are essential to the preservation
of the public liberty, according to one of the re
ceived maxims of free government. But it
seems to me that if the principles asserted in
the memorial of the citizens of Richmond, be
adopted and carried out to their legitimate con
sequences, there will be accomplished an utter
subversion of the barriers erected by the Consti
tution for the protection of the Executive branch
of the Government, in the administration of the
functions devolved upon it, and a very rapid
stride will be made towards the consummation,
so much dreaded by the Fathers of the Repub
lic—the consolidation of all the powers of Gov
ernment, in the engulphing vortex of the legis
lative department.
I think with the memorialists, Mr. Speaker,
that the proceedings of the Executive, in this
matter, were unwise, inexpedient, and ill-timed;
but, at the same time, supposing that the Presi
dent honestly believed that the law justified, and
the public interests reqiured, the removal of the 1
deposites, (and we have no right, from any evi
dence before us, to say that he did not,) then it
seems to me that it was his constitutional right
and official duty, to displace the recusant Sec
retary of the Treasury.
In relation to another proposition maintained
by the memorialists, I differ with them. I do ;
not admit that the removal of the deposites in
volved any violation of public faith, or that any
obligations of contract require them to be resto- .
red. I regard the question, whether they ought
to be restored, as a question, of politicai expedi- i
ency. It is not, I agree, a question of “Bank -
or no Bank.” That is, what you, or I, or any
other gentleman may think, a£ to whethei a
United States B#ink ought to be rechartered or
not, has nothing to do, in my judgment, with
the inquiry, whether the deposites ought to beie
stored or not. But I am at a loss to compre
hend how any gentleman, who looks at the de
nosite question as one of political expediency,
can keep out of view the inquiry, whether the
Bank of the United States, or any Bank of the
United States, will be rechartered.
It is not to be sure, admitted by the memorial
ists, in terms, but it is to be gathered from the
whole scope and tenor of the memorial, that the
commercial distress and dismay which exists,
has not resulted from the act of the removal oi
the deposites itself, but from an apprehension
that the Bank is not to be rechartered, and that
the Executive branch of the Government has
assumed an attitude of hostility to the Bank. If
this be true, what relief can you afford?—how
do you remove the dismay of the trading com
munity by returning the deposites unaccompa
nied with an assurance that the Bank is to be re
chartered? The imputed cause of the disease
will still remain in full force, and if any relief
be afforded by the administration of the propos
ed palliative, it must necessarily be temporary,
and after a few months the evil must be renew
ed, and be felt with aggravated severity. In
this respect, the question, whether the Bank of
the United States will be rechartered, is unavoid
ably connected with the proposition whether the
deposites ought to be restored or not.
As to that question, every gentleman, looking
to the signs of the times—to the known and as
certained opinions of the Representatives of the
People—the Representatives of the People here,
and the Representative of the People at the other
end of the city—must judge for himself.
For my own part, I see no reason to suppose
that the Bank of the United States will be re
chartered, or that a Bank of the United States
will be established. If that question were now
to be presented, 1 believe there would be a ma
jority of at least forty in this House against the
establishment of any Bank. Is it likely that this
majority will be changed? I know of no ground
rm whiMi cur'll an eYneetatinn r.nn he indulged.
If I believed that the Bank of the United States
would be rechartered, I would vote a restora
tion of the deposites instantly.
I have been induced to make these few re
marks, without premeditation, unexpectedly,
and indeed, l may say, by an accident, for the
purpose of preventing any possible misappre
hension of my opinions, which might have re
sulted from my making, without explanation,
the motion which I now make, that the memo
rial be referred to the Committee of Ways and
Means and be printed.
The motion was agreed to.
Literature Lottery of the State of Delaware,
Class No. 8 for 1S34,
To be drawn at Wilmington, Thursday, Feb 20
Tickets $3 00; halves 1 50; quarters 0 75
Virginia State Lottery,
For the benefit of the Petersburg Benevolent As'n,
Class No. 3 for 1834,
To be drawn at Alexandria, Va. on Saturday,
February 22
66 Number Lottery—10 Drawn Ballots.
1 prize of $15,000 1 prize of $5,000
1 do of 8,000 5 prizes of 1,000
Tickets $4 50; halves 2 25; quarters 1 12 1-2
On sale in great variety by
Uncurrent Notes and Foreign Gold pur
Literature Lottery of the State of Delaware,
Class No. 8 for 1834,
To be drawn at Wilnungton, Thursday, Feb 20
Tickets $3 00; halves 150; quarters 0 75.
Virginia State Lottery,
For the benefit of the Petersburg Benevolent As'n,
Class No. 3 for 1831,
To be drawn at Catts’ Tavern, West End, on
Saturday, February 22
66 Numbers—10 Drawn Ballots
1 prize of $15,000 1 prize of $5,000
1 do of 8.000 5 do of 1,000
Tickets $4 50; halves 2 25; quarters 1 12 1-2
To be had in a variety of numbers at
Lucky Lottery Office,
Upper end Kin? Sreet, near the Diagonal Pump.
Orders from the country, enclosing the
ca^h or prize tickets, promptly attended to.
Literature Lottery of the State of Delaware,
Class No. S for 1834,
Will be drawn in Wilmington on Thursday,
February 20
Tickets $3 00; halves 1 50; quarters 0 75
Virginia State Lottery,
For the benefit of the Petersburg Benevolent Me
chanic Association,
Class No. 3 for 1834,
Will be drawn at Catts’ Tavern, West End, on
Saturday, February 22
Tickets $4 50; halves 2 25; quarters 112 1-2.
To be had in a variety of numbers of
Lottery § Exchange Broker, Alexandria.
3 Sideboards; 8 Bureaus; 6 Washstands
Dinner and Breakfast Tables
1 Centre do
Plain, painted, and curled maple French
post Bedsteads
Maple high-post do
Common rush and cane-seat Chairs
One second-hand Gig, with Harness, on con
signment, and for sale, low, for cash,
feb 18_GEO. WHITE.
ON the 9th of February a noble DOG follow- !
ed me from Washington, half bull, with i
two white spots on his neck. As he may be va- !
luable to his owner, the owner is requested to
some and pay charges and take him away.
A GENTLEMAN well qualified to teach the
Latin and Greek Languages may hear of a
^ood situation by making immediate applica
:ion to the Editor. One qualified to teach the
Mathematics also, would be preferred.
feb 5—tf *
Drums prime Turkey Figs, just recei- i
v^d per brig Cazenove, for sale by
feb 14 A. C. CAZENOVE & CO.
tribute of respect.
At a meeting of the gentlemen of the Bar of
the Supreme Court of the United States, and o
the Officers of the Court, at the Court Room in
the Capitol, on Tuesday the 18th instant, the
Hon. B. F. Butler, Attorney General of the Uni
ted States, was called to the Chair, and the
Hon. Jno. Sergeant was appointed Secretary:
Mr. Webster rose and addressed the Chair as
It is announced to us that one of the oldest,
one of the ablest, one of the most distinguished ;
members of this Bar, has departed this mortal j
life. William Wirt is no more! He has this,
day closed a professional career, among the (
longest and the most brilliant, which the distin-;
guished members of the profession in the Unit-.
ed States have at any time accomplished. Un-1
sullied in every thing which regards profession
al honor and integrity, patient of labor, and rich ;
! in those stores of learning, which are the re
ward of patient labor and patient labor only; i
and if equalled, yet certainly allowed not to be
excelled, in fervent, animated, and persuasive
eloquence, he has left an example, which those
who seek to raise themselves to great heights of
professional eminence, will, hereafter emulously
study. Fortunate, indeed, will be the few, who
shall imitate it successfully!
As a public man, it is not our peculiar duty to
speak of Mr. Wirt here. His character, in that
respect belongs to his country, and to the history
of his country. And, sir, if we were to speak of i
him in his private life, and in his social relations, i
all we could possibly say of his urbanity, his !
kindness, the faithfulness of his friendships, and
the warmth of his affections, would hardly seem
sufficiently strong and glowing to do him
justice, in the feeling and judgment of those
| who, separated, now forever from his embraces,
can only enshrine his memory in their bleeding
hearts. Nor may we, sir, more than allude to
that other relation, which belonged to him, and
belongs to us all; that high and paramount re
lation, which connects man with his Maker! It
may be permitted us, however, to have the plea
sure of recording his name, as one who felt a
rlna^ pqiicq r\f I’olifrimip rltitir n nrl u'lin nlnppcl nil
V. * -j 7- -I
his hopes of the future, in the truth and in the
doctrines of Christianity.
But our particular ties to him. were the ties of
our profession. He was our brother, and he
was our friend. With talents, powerful enough
to excite the strength of the strongest, with a
kindness both of heart and of manner capable
of warming and winning the coldest of his '
brethren, he has now completed the term of his j
professional life, and of his earthly existence, in ,
the enjoyment of the high respect and cordial j
affections of us all. Let us, then, sir, hasten to
pay to his memory the well deserved tribute of
our regard. Let us loose no time in testifying
our sense of our loss, and in expressing our
grief, that one great light of our profession is
extinguished forever.
Mr. Webster concluded by submitting the fol
lowing resolutions, which were read, and unani
mously adopted, viz.
Resolved, That the members of this Bar feel,
with deep sensibility, the loss which the profes
sion, and the country, have sustained, in the
death of WILLIAM WIRT, a member of this
Bar, and heretofore for many years, Attorney
General of the United States.
Resolved, That we cherish the highest respect 1
for the professorial learning of the deceased, for
his varied talent and ability, for the purity and
uprightness of his professional life, and for the .
amiable and excellent qualities which belonged
to him as a man.
Resolved, That, to testify these sentiments, ;
we will wear the usual badge of mourning for the 1
residue of the term.
Resolved, That a Committee be appointed to
offer to his bereaved and afflicted family, the
condolence and sympathy of his brethren of the
Bar; and to request that he may be interred in !
the City of Washington, and that his profession- :
al brethren be permitted to raise a suitable mon- .
ument to his memory.
Resolved, That Mr. Southard be requested to
pronounce a discourse, before the Bar, upon j
the professional character and virtues of Mr. .
Wirt, at such time, during the present term, as J
may suit his convenience. ,
Resolved, That the Attorney General do move “
the Court that these resolutions be entered on . J
the minutes of their proceedings. |;
The following gentlemen were appointed by J
the Chair to compose the Committee ordered by ]
the fourth resolution: Mr. Swann, Mr. Jones, 1
Mr. Webster, Mr. Clay, Mr. Southard, Mr. j
Sergeant. Mr. Peters. /
IN lots to suit purchasers, by
| | Bushels of St. Ubes Salt, in t
JLU.lJUw store, for sale oy
4AAA Bushels of Curacoa Salt, very
^ v vr" coarse, and similar to Turks isl- '
and, for sale by
Pounds Cork Wood
9 Manilla and Russia Cordage, as- t
sorted sizes, for sale by
feb 15_ Vo well’s wharf. y
I Ann Bushels Bright St. Ubes Salt, c
J- ^ the cargo of the Brig Bel videra, t
Capt. Fletcher, from St. Ubes, for sale by f
feb 13—2w EDW’D. DAINGERFIELD. c
4AAA Bushels Turks Island Salt, for sale ^
In Store, £
A lot of OARS, from 18 to 26 feet long, suit- 1
able for Fishermen. feh 13—a
-—-—- a
fJX Barrels Flour, partially damaged, New- v
UtJ comer and D. Snyder’s brands, a desira- b
ble article for Bakers, just received and on sale t]
feb 13__Prince-street Dock. tl
ORPHANS’ COURT, Alexandria County, ) tl
February Teim, 1834. V o
CHARLES McKNIGHT, Executor of Ann u
Butcher, deceased, submitted to the Court
his final account as Executor aforesaid, with e]
the vouchers in support thereof; which account qi
will be allowed, passed, and recorded, unless ' la
-ause be shewn to the contrary, on or before the o1
first Monday in April next; of which all persons ci
nterested or concerned will take notice. 0(
A copy: Test. A. MOORE, 0i
feb 10—w6w Reff. Wills. w
We consider the Deposite question virtual
settled in the House of Representatives, by un
vote referring the Report of the Secretary ,
the Treasury to the Committee of V\ ays an *
Means, as announced in yesterday’s Gaze it 2.
That vote satisfies us that the President will in
all or any events, be sustained in the House by
a majority of twenty or thirty. A spirit of jus
tice so far prevailed as to induce this determin
ed majority to give way on the previous ques
tion. This operation, to stop debate, was effec
ed by the meagre majority of four votes— He to
112. That carried, however, the party rallied
came up, in gallant style, at the call of the lea :
ers, and sent the Report, without instruction?
to Mr. Polk’s Committee by a vote of 131 to 9
Thereabouts is the strength of both sides. T .
majority will, no doubt, be lessened upon ot! •.
questions hereafter arising from the same sub
ject; but the power is with the friends of the
Administration, and they will exercise it_\Vt
trust and hope for the weal of the country
though we very much fear for its uoe.
It was Mr. Muhlenburg. and not Mr. Suihei
land, (as stated by us yesterday) who moved ih
previous question. The following were the y- a
and nays upon the final vote:—
Those who voted in the affirmative are:
YEAS—Messrs. J. Adams, W. Allen, W. Bn
lies, J. M. II. Beale, B. M. Bean, S. Beardsley
A. Beaumont, J. Bell, James Blair, Johh Bln .
A. Bockee, C. Bodle. K. Boon, J. W. Bro n. >•
Bunch, R. Burns, J. A. Bynum, C. C. Cambre
leng, R. B. Carmichael, J. Carr, Z. Ca.-ey, J
Chaney, J. W. Chinn, S. Clark, C. C. Clay. J
Coffee, T. Corwin, R. Coulter, J. Cramer. T
R H,iv P TJir.k'fMNnn I) W III.
inson, W. C. Dunlap, J. Ewing, J. B. Forester,
S. Fowler, W. K. Fuller, J. Galbraith, J. H.
Gholson, II. H. GiJlet, G. Ii. Gilmer, J. Hull. T
H. Hall, N. Halsey, T. L. Hamer, E. A. Hanne
gan, J. M. Harper, S. 8. Harrison, S. G. Hatha
way. M. T. Hawkins, A. G. Hawes, J. IlencL
3on, E. Howell, H. Hubbard, A. Huntington. W
M. Inge, L. Jarvis, Richard M. Johnson, N
Johnson, C. Johnson, S. Jones, B. Jones, E. Ka
vanagh, II. King, G. L. Kinnard, A. Lane. G Y
Lansing, J. Laporte, G. VV. Lawrence, J,. Lea.
H. H. Leavitt, George Loyal, E. Lucas. C. Ly
3n, R. T. Lytle, A. Mann, jr., J. K. Mann, S. \\
Mardis, J. Y. Mason M. Mason, jr. J. McCarty
R. Mclntire, J. J. McKay, Isaac McKim. J. M
Kinley, J. McLene, C. McVean, J. Miller. H
Mitchell. R. Mitchell, H. A.Muhlenburg. J. Mur
phy, G. P. Osgood. 8. Page, G. Parks, J. Parkei
J. M. Patton, W. Patterson, Dutee J. Pearce. B
Peyton, F. Pierce, J. Pierson, F. E. Plummer. J
K. Polk. P. H. Pope, F. S. Schenck, W. Schley
Dudley Selden, W. N. Shinn, C. Slade. F. C\J
Smith" J. Speight, James Standifer, J. T. Stod
Jert. Joel B. Sutherland, W. Taylor, W.P.Tay
lor, F. Thomas, J. Thomson, J. Turner, J. Tui
rill, A. B. Vanderpoel, J. Van Houten, D. I»
Wagener, A. Ward, D. WardwelJ, J. M. Wayi
r. Webster, R. Whallon, C. P. White—131.
Those who voted in the negative are:
NAYS—Messrs. John Quincy Adams, H. ,\.
en, J. J. Allen, Chilton Allan, William S. An *.
>r, W. H. Ashley, J. Banks, Noyes Barber, C.A
Barnitz, D. L. Barringer, Isaae C. Bat.es. M. Bea
:y, J. M. Bell, Horace Binney, G. N. Briggs. .!
Bull, G. Burd, Tristam Burges, H. Cage, G
Chambers. Thomas Chilton, B. Choate. Nath;:
niel H. Claiborne, W. Clark, H. S. Clayton. V
K. Clowney, H. W. Connor, J. H. Crane, David
Crockett, E. Darlington, Warren R. Davis. A
[">nvi« R DphAri-v R R D#»mina H Dennv. L
1 ✓ 1 J + '
3. Dennis, J. Dickson. J. Duncan. G. Evans, h
Sverett, Horace Everett, J. M. Felder, M Fill
nore, S. A. Foot. T. F. Foster, P. C. Fuller,.*
i>. Fulton, R. L. Gamble, W. F. Gordon. B.Goi
lam, J. Graham, W. S. Grayson, G. Grennel:
r., J. K. Griffin. H. Hall, G. Hard, B. Hardin, J
darper, A. Hazeltine, J. P. Heath, W. Hie^ter
. W. Huntington, W. C. Johnson, G. W. bay
). H. Lewis, J. Love, Ii. C. Martindale, T A
Marshall, W. McComas, George McDuffie, I
A. T. McKennan, Charles Fenton Mercer. J. •*
dilligan, S. McD. Moore, H. L. Pinckney. 1]
>otts, jr., R. Ramsay, J. Reed, A. Rencher, W
J. Shepard, Alexander II Shepperd. W. Siaik
. Sloane, D. Spangler, P. Thomas, C. Tornp
:ins, S. Tweedy. J. Vance, S. F. Vinton. Join*
j. Watmough, E. D. White, F. Whittlesey. I
Vhittlesey, R. H. Wilde. L. Williams, E. C. N
on, H. A. Wise, E. Young—98.
The following preamble and resolutions, rel
ive to the Removal of the Deposites, have bee:
ntroduced into the Senate of Maryland by
ohn G. Chapman, the excellent and able Sena
or from Charles County, to whose politenc-c
ve are indebted for the annexed copy:
Whereas the General Assembly of Maryland
ire of opinion:
1st. That the act establishing the Dank id ’
Jnited States, is a contract between the Govei.
nent and the Stockholders, entered into/i"'^
ual and good considerations:
2d. That among these it is stipulated, inbtii
f the Government, that the public money 5,‘a
e kept safely by the bank, and by it tran-*1'1'
ed upon request, from place to place, v'it.u^
harge, and in behalf of the Stockholders; **'“•
be bank shall have the benefit of the public ^
osites, during the term of its charter, nj1 e
therwise ordered by the Secretary of the i
ury only for reasons which both Houses
Congress ought to approve:
3d. That the bank had performed all *ts(,J(i.
ations to the Government when a large pat ‘
le public deposites was withdrawn, without -
uthority of any act appropriating the sac
nd the accruing revenue of the nation i
ered to be withheld from it, and that the ha^
Tas at that time in so prosperous a state us
e the safest depository of the public tun-'
)is country: ,. ,
4th. That the withdrawing and withhold r
le public funds from the bank, under such
Limstances, was a violation of its contract ,
ie part of the Government, and that the »
f the nation is pledged to end and repao
ron^: rpana |
5th. That the present pecuniary pressur
nbarrassment are the unavoidable ^ ^
aences of those unnecessary and, thereloi w (
wful acts, which, by withdrawing a.Iarf,^ ac
' the public deposites, and withholding 11 ^
uing revenue of the nation from the bail ^
impelling it to receive its notes at PIn*ai ]afte»
■ at any of its numerous offices, n° (p
here issued or expressly made para

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