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By EDGAR SNOWDEN. _ — -—— Terms. Daily paper - - - - $3 per annum. Country paper - - * 5 per annum. The ALEXANDRIA GAZETTE for the coun try is printed on Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday. All advertisements appear in both papers, ana are inserted at the usual rates. • ■■ i ■■ ." " EIGHT DAYS LATER FROM EUROPE. Important News.—Great success oj Donna Ma - ria's cause—Settlement between Don Miguel and Don Pedro—Don Carlos fied to England. By the packet ship Sylvanus Jenkins, Capt. Coffin, which sailed from Liverpool on Sunday, the 11th May, the editors of the New York Dai ly Advertiser are put in possession of London and Liverpool papers to the 11th inclusive, be ing eight' days later than any previous date. The news is of a most decided character: it ap pears that the long contest between the two brothers in .Portugal was about drawing to a close, ah<rtftat Don Carlos, by his flight to Eng land, would no longer keep Spain in a state of agitation. The Liverpool Journal of the 10th Mav savs: We have great pleasure in announcing the probable cessation of hostilities in the peninsu la. The Lord Nelson, in five days from Lis bon, has arrived at Dartmouth, with news that the Pedroites had taken Figuera: that Coimbra had declared for Donna Maria: that the whole of the road from Oporto to Lisbon was open to the Pedroites; and that Don Miguel and Don Pedro had come to a settlement, an armistice having been agreed to. Nor is this all: a tele graphic despatch was received at Paris on the 6th instant, stating that Don Carlos had em barked for England; it also corroborates what we have above mentioned respecting Portugal; for the despatch says, “ The affairs of Portugal have been arranged between Don Miguel and Don Pedro.” These letters by the Lord Nelson confirm the fact respecting Don Carlos, and say that he had placed himself under the protection o( the English. The news reached Paris from Bayonne, whi ^ ther it had been brought by the French secreta ** ry of legation, who had left Madrid on the 3d instant. Coming to us from two sources, be sides its extreme probability, we are inclined to give it every credence. We understand that i t the ratification of th$ convention between the four Powers would be immediately and finally executed. The Irish Tythes Bill, as it is called, came up for discussion in Parliament on the 6th, and on deciding for a second reading the vote stood 288 to 52; majority in favor 196. - ^ • The letters from Paris, of Tuesday’s date, bring the prices of the French funds very firm, the five per cent. Rentes having closed at £105 45c., and the three per cents at £79 25c. Spa nish Cortes bonds, which closed at 30 8-4. The Portuguese Regency bonds were at 77. Reduction of the Four per Cents.—Public an nouncement has at length been made of the plan for the reduction of the 4 per cents.* Of this plan, in the form now proposed, a fa vorable opinion is generally expressed in the city, as a plain, straight-forward measure,“ma nifesting a proper confidence in the resources of the country, and not threatened with any serious objections or difficulties in the course of its execution. It is obviously indispensable to its success that the 3 1-2 per cents, should rise to par at the least, as all persons would _^ krt /-I fnvc* f r. .-A Ulllvl v> lOU vv-if VI JiVlij UI1U V in this there are some persons certainly who anticipate difficulty; but we suspect that the measure has been prepared with too much fore sight to leave any probability of it, and that a command of money is in reserve far greater than there are likely to be dissentients to call for. At present there is an actual advantage to be made in the sale of 4 per cents, and by in vesting the money in the existing 3 1*2 per cents of about 3-8 per cent.; but a few operations of this kind would soon do away with that advan tage, and bring the stocks to the same level. The union of the new stock with the large mass of the existing 3 1-2 per cents, though the divi dends are payable at a different quarter of the year, is held to be a judicious feature of the measure, and has been adopted, without doubt, because the other class of 3 1-2 per cents are re deemable at the will of the government; while • the others, with the 4 per cents now converted, are not redeemable till the year 1840. A fur ther conversion, therefore, and on a much larger scale than this, is^Doked for early in the next year,— Times. The Dublin papers report that Mount Tren chard, in the County of Limerick, the seat of Mr. Spring Rice, has wilfully been set fire to, and burned to the ground. We hope, “ for the honor of old Ireland,” that the report is with out foundation. Trades' Union.—The tailors, as well as jour neymen of other trades, are becoming dissatis fied with the unions. Six, who lodged in one house, returned to their work on Wednesday morning, after having lost, by their strike, two pounds fifteen shillings each man. The king of Denmark has issued an ordnance abolishing all distinction in his colonies between the whites and men of color; the latter, having proved himself of irreproachable character for three years, is to be declared free, and allowed all the political and civil lights as the white po pulation. Mr. Audobon was at Liverpool, where he vis ited the Zoological Garden. An incident of a serious nature had occurred at Toulon, during the celebration of the King’s * Fete. A general salute was fired—two of our frigates in port paid the same compliment to the day. In firing from the Constellation it was forgotten that one of the guns was shotted, and going off the ball entered the Suffern—one of the balls passed through a port hole, killed a sailor, carrying away the leg of another—some of the shots also entered the hull of the vessel, wounding and injuring several by the splinters, who were obliged to be sent to the hospital. Mr. Humann intended to resign his office as Minister of Finance, but had been prevailed upon to remain until the new elections were over. The Earl of Burlington died, in his Slst year, on the 19th ult. Gen. Goblet has been refused to be received as Minister from Belgium at the Prussian Court —they considering him a deserter from the King of Holland. The Ottoman Government were about to commence a strict blockade of the Isle of Sa mos. Mr.- O’Connell expresses a desire to retire to * m private life, on the condition that pacific meas ures be extended to Ireland. Death of the Catholic Archbishop of Tuam.— Died, at Albano, near Rome, on the 18th A? pril, the Most Rev. Dr. Oliver Kelley, the ven erable, reverend, and pious Archbishop of Tu am. It is reported in Paris that the new Spanish loan has been taken, but there does not appear to be any positive information from Spain that such is the fact. Extraordinary News from Van Diemail's Land.—The legisiative council, by a majority of one, the Lieutenant Governor being that one, has passed an act, by which the duty of ten per cent, ad valorem on goods and mer chandize imported into Van Dieman’s Land, has been changed to a duty of ten per cent., not ad valorem, that is to say, not on the in voice or cost price. The greatest agitation pre vails among the merchants and inhabitants of Hobart Town. In the Commons, on Thursday, Lord Althorp made an announcement which was received with great applause by the house, and will be hailed writh satisfaction by the country. He stated that government had determined to grant pensions of £70 a year to the widow of Mr. Richard Lander, the African traveller, and of £50 a year to his infant daughter. IRELAND. Investigation at Newcastle—Disgraceful pro ceedings.—Sunday last the Solicitor-General, Mr. Crampton, arrived in this city from Dublin, and proceeded to investigate the circumstances attending the recent conflict between the mili tary, police, and country-people, on tythe duty, in which three lives were lost at Fehoonagh. Monday, the inquiry commenced in the Session House of Newcastle, the Solicitor General pre sided, assisted by Alfred Furlong, Esq., and Ma jor Sullivan, magistrates. It was an open court, and the investigation perfectly free. The town was full of country-people, and the circumstance of Monday being the fair day of Newcastle, if possible added to the multitude, which crowded the streets, and surrounded the court. At the adjournment of the court on Monday, Mr.Vokes, Mr. Smith, police magistrate, and a few of the constabulary, proceeded towards the hotel, and in passing Bridge st., where dense masses of country people were collected, a volley of stones was let fly at Mr. Vokes and his attendants, and continued without intermission until, by the greatest good fortune, he was enabled to gain the hotel, pressed upon in this desperate crisis by a ferocious mob, who surrounded the house, and momentarily threatened to rush in upon their victims, and stone them to death. With great difficulty, Mr. Vokes contrived to send a private message to the officer commanding the military force in the town, acquainting him of the danger, and he instantly hastened to the scene, drawing up a company of the 85th on the quay before the hotel; reinforced by an offi cer and sixteen men of the 7th Dragoon Guards. Even this military display did not intimidate ! the riotous assembly, and many stones were thrown at the soldiers, which struck their caps and frequently their legs. Showers of missiles were also directed at Mr. Vokes and the police. This audacious outrage was committed with impunity under the eyes of the Solicitor-Gene , ral. The dragoons were pelted with stones in I the streets and from the windows. The win dows of Chief Constable Gi ant’s house were dashed in with stones, and the military were obliged to go there for his protection. Major Sullivan, the Magistrate, had his hat knocked olF in the streets. The Solicitor-General repaired, with Alfred Furlong, Esq. to the Castle of Newcastle, and returned the inquiry yesterday morning, when Lieut. Todd, 85th, was again examined, who proved that the firing at Fehoonagh village com menced w’ith two policemen, and the military, after Mr. Smith, police magistrate, had told him that if driven to that unavoidable necessity by their assailants, he should only fire by a front rank from the section, which was strictly adher ed to; and he added that the instant the escort had passed the crossroad with their seizure and prisoners, Mr. Vokes at once gave the word to cease firing. The Solicitor-General’s investi gation terminated yesterday evening.—Lime rick Chronicle of Wednesday. FRANCE. The effects of the insurrection at Lyons have , been felt at a great distance in France. At Calais and Boulogne the net manufactories have suffered severely. The goods sent to Ly ons have remained unsold, and the bills drawn in consequence have not been accepted. The manufacturers, overloaded with goods, have ceased to employ their men, excepting only one for each machine, as necessary for keeping it j in order. Two grand camps are to be formed, one of j 80,000 men, for manoeuvring in the environs of j Lyons, and the other for the same purpose, ! near Paris and St. Omer. | An opinion has been for some days prevalent in Paris, that very serious differences had ari i sen between the great European Powers. That the late treaty of France, England, Spain, and Portugal, and the tone taken by Switzerland in reply to the representations of the Holy Alli I ance, had determined the northern Sovereigns to hold out in return menaces of hostility, which neither France nor England would be tound unprepared to resist. The opinion of the best informed political circles in Paris was, never theless, that war would actually take place. PORTUGAL. Don Pedro has informed the Pope that if the excommunication of himself, the Queen, the ministers, and their adherents, be tnot with drawn, he will stop the revenue of the papal see, £40,000, and cut off all communication. Mr. Chester, the resident at Madeira,- has written to declare that he has an order from L. Howard de Walden to open all letters sent by the Ringdove, and requests that the merchants may not write politics. Is this English? A correspondent of the Times writes that as sociations are so frequent in the streets of Lon don, that Englishmen cannot go out at night without loaded pistols “ready primed.” SPAIN. The Queen has circulated to her diplomatic agents at foreign courts copies of the statute for the regulation of the Cortes, with a defence of her liberal measures as necessary to prevent Carlos from accomplishing his usurpation. Carlos, in the meanwhile, addresses the peo ple of Arragon from his palace at Villa Real, urging them to defend his title to the throne. There was an affair between the Carlist in surgents and the government troops on the 27th, on the road between Colosa and Pampe luna. A dreadful conflict is said to have taken place on that occasion. The insurgent forces were completely defeated and routed, and the government, troops headed by Quesada and El Pastor, entered Pampeluna. UNITED STATES. By the last accounts received from America it would appear that the difficulties of the com mercial world are not yet over; indeed, that the 1 height of the commercial crisis is not yet reach- 1 ed. The Senate lias decided, by a great majo rity, that the conduct of the President, in with drawing the government deposites from the United States Bank, by which the embarrass ment was first created, was illegal and uncon stitutional, -while the House of Representatives have come to a totally different conclusion. The subject has occupied both Houses for the last three months, and there is scarcely a town, a district, a county, or a division of the Union from which a petition or remonstrance has not been sent to the government or to the legisla ture on one side or the other. In the meantime numerous failures are daily taking place. Great enterprises of national improvement, such as ca nals and rail roads, have been interrupted from the difficulty of realizing their funds—manufac turing industry has been arrested in its career, and commercial credit in New York and other large towns has been shaken to its basis. EAST INDIES, &c. The Governor General hks assumed the com mand of the army in India by special appoint ment. The over-land despatch inform us, we regret to say, the failure of Messrs. Cruttendon & Co., of Calcutta; and the Madras papers announce the failure of Messrs. Frank, Cole, & Co. Accounts were brought to St. Helena, by the French ship Lydie, of a dreadful hurricane in the Isle of France in the middle of January; the crop was injured, and many vessels wrecked.— The Intrepid, from Bengal, left St. Helena for London on the 7th of March. We have Canton Registers to the 5th of Dec. They are full of the proceedings at home on the India Company’s charter, on which subject in tense anxiety had been expressed. Their latest intelligence from England was by the Fairy, to 19th June. We have Hobart Town Couriers to the 4th of Oct.—The colony was laboring under a too great plenty of emigrants, and a too great scar city of money. Late accounts, of an authentic nature, receiv ed from Cochin China, state that kingdom to be in a very disturbed state at present. An exten sive insurrection prevails now at Saegen, the capital of the southern and most fertile district, and the Tanguenese are said to be in open re volt against the King, who is reported tube a m-o'if hrr'int TURKEY. Mehemet Ali, yielding to the advice of the French and British Consuls at Alexandria, has consented to recall the exiled Candiots, and to restore to them their sequestrated property. A conspiracy against him had been discovered at Aleppo. Twenty persons, said to be implicated in it, were, with a promptitude digne d’envie in Europe, immediately executed. Two St. Si monians, who had gone to Egypt in search of the “ free woman,” and failed, had entered the service of the Pacha. SWITZERLAND. A letter from Berne, dated the 29th of April, ,states that the Directory was about to convoke the Swiss Diet, in order to submit to its consid eration the ultimatum of the Austrian Govern ment, relative to, political refugees, and the measures which that power has deemed it ne cessary to adopt in consequence of the asylum granted to the refugees in some of the Swiss cantons. The letter adds, that it was likely all refugees would be ordered out of Switzerland, if it was known that they would be received in France. BELGIUM. General Evain retires from the War Depart ment, and is to be succeeded by General Bazon, who will have a seat in the cabinet, which was not possessed by his predecessor. The resigna tion of General Evain is entirely an act oF his own will. He has long been disgusted with the fatigues of office, and the various tracasseries in and out of the Chamber, with which he had neither inclination nor energy enough to grap ple. General Bazon is active and intelligent, a man who has risen rapidly, and seems fitted to rise. He is, moreover, a Belgian, and one of those “ Dutch deserters” whose best claim on the country is the compliment paid them by the calumny and hatred of the King of Holland.— This appointment will be officially announced as soon as the formalities for nominating the Minister at War to a seat in the cabinet are completed. There are no other news whatever. DR A irs THIS DA Y Literature Lottery of the State of Delaware, Class No. 24 for 1834, To be drawn at Wilmington, Thursday, June 12 HIGHEST PRIZE $6,000. Tickets $2 25; halves 1 12; quarters 0 62 Virginia State Lottery, For the benefit of the Dismal Swamp Canal Co. Class No. 11 for 1831, Will be drawn at Catts’ Tavern, (West End,) Alexandria, Va. on Saturday, June 14 SPLENDID CAPITALS: 1 prize of $20,000 1 prize of $5,000 1 do of 10,000 1 do of 3,000 100 Capital Prizes of $1,000! &c. Tickets 10; halves 5 00; qrs. 2 50; eighths 1 25 To be bad in a variety of numbers of J. W. VIOLET !', Lottery and Exchange Broker, Near the corner of King and Fayette Streets, Alexandria, D. C. Orders from the country, enclosing the cash or prize tickets, promptly attended to. DR A US THIS I)A Y Literature Lottery of the State of Delaware, Class No. 24 for 1S34, To be drawn at Wilmington, Thursday, June 12 HIGHEST PRIZE $6,000! Tickets $2 25; halves 1 12; quarters 0 62 Virginia Stale Lottery, For the benefit of the Dismal Swamp Canal Co. Class No. 11 for 1834, To be drawn at Catts’ Tavern, West End, on Saturday, June 14 scheme: 1 Prize of $20,000 1 Prize of $5,000 1 do of 10,000 1 Prize of 3,000 Tickets $10; halves 5 00; qrs. 2 50; eighths 1 25 Sold, in .great variety of lucky numbers, by JOS. 91. CLARKE, (Sign of the Flag of Scarlet and Gold:) King st. Alexandria, D. C. DR A WS THIS DA V Literature Lottery of the State of Delaware, Class No. 24 for 1834, To be drawn at Wilmington, Del. on Thursday, June 12 HIGHEST PRIZE 6,000 DOLLARS. Tickets $2 25; halves 1 12; quarters 0 62 To be had in a variety of numbers of J. CORSE, Lottery <f Exchange Broker, Alexandria. i WHITE LEAD. J 9AA Kegs Pure White Lead, Lewis’ brand, wW for sale by ’ K’* 0 'V. H. MILLER. 1 A GLANCE AT THE SENATE. ^ From, the Knickerbocker. We have re-threaded the cork-screw galleries, and are in the Senate Chamber. Here is a dif ferent body from the one we have just left. The senators seem older than the representatives; but so many of these bald seniors exchange grey heads for black ones, that it is difficult to deter mine. They sit with their hats off—that’s bet ter. They bustle about less—that is more agreea ble, if you would hear a speaker. “Show me the lions,” said I to my cicerone: “Where is Van Buren, where is Clay, and Webster, and Calhoun)” My first query was answered by pointing to the Vice President’s chair. I should have much to say of Mr. Van Buren; but they have elevated him to a high office, which, like all office^, has its drawbacks, and its disadvan tages. “ He cannot figure,” said my guide, “ in debate, his mouth is shut, unless opened to say, ‘the ayes have it,’ or ‘ the memorial is referred,’ or something of the like.” His manner is calm and bland, and he presides with ease and digni ty. And there he sits, with no opportunity for display—thumping with his mallet, when the galleries are out of order, having occasion on ly to remark, now and then, ‘the question is so and so,’ &c. The newspapers talk of his shrinking, cowering, blushing. This is all the veriest romance in the world. He lives in the Senate like an embodied abstraction. He takes . Clay’s jibes, and Webster’s thrusts, as the ghost of Creusa received the embraces of iEneas. He heeds them not. He leans back his head—piles one leg upon another—and sits as if he were a pleasant sculptured image, destined for that niche all his life. The massive forehead: those prodigious eyes: those heavy shoulders: that iron built frame, point out at Webster. How like Satan himself he can look, and what a malicious smile! He talks as if he were telling a plain story; not en thusiastic, but concise and clear. His arm comes up, as it lifted by a spring. He speaks like one from the grave—so solemn and so se vere. Anon the lion is aroused. What a voicet The sentences leap into life—with well timed metaphor, skilfully interwoven—all perfectly wrought out. Yet Webster is a man of no ima gination. He has a well disciplined taste; and give him a clue to a figure, and he will trace it out with force and beauty. i nai sienaer-Duiu man, apparently aDout nrty years of age, in a blue coat, with bright buttons, a frizzly head, and an eye like a hawk, erect and earnest, with mouth partly open—that is Calhoun. He is not an orator—yet few com mand so much attention—none more. His voice is bad. His gesticulation is without grace. He is zealous and enthusiastic, but without being frantic. His apparent candor, earnestness, and sincerity, command attention. His voice strug gles in his throat, and you almost understand the thoughts swelling there; and they soon rush out as fast as words can convey them. He speaks in debate, as a farmer in earnest would talk to his boys, or a merchant to his clerks. He steps about, stands here and there, looks at this man and that— and ifa man looks inquiringly at him, he asks, ‘ I am rigid, am I not?’—‘ But as I was saying, this conservative principle.’—1 It hurts me to talk to-day; I’ve got a cold,’ &c. This is much the manner of Mr. Calhoun. If an idea comes into his head, out it comes, without re gard to rhetorical polish. Mr. Calhoun’s power is in colloquy—animated conversation. Men are willing to listen to a man who talks well, whose declamation might be insufferable. Cal houn links words together, bites off the last syl lable—and oftentimes eats up, as it were, whole sentences in the rapidity of his enunciation. That tall, well-formed man, with a wide mouth, and a countenance indicating every change of thought within, is Clay. He has been so often described, that I shall dwell upon him briefly here. Nature made him an orator to figure in a free government. In a despotism, his. head would have reached the block, for his impudence, before he was thirty!! He is good at every thing: Nihil tetigit, quod non ornavit. I have never heard such a voiee. It is equally distinct and clear, whether at its highest key or lowest whisper— rich, musical, captivating. His action is the spontaneous offspring of the pass ing thought. He gesticulates all over. The nodding of his head, hung on a long neck, his arms, hands, fingers, feet, and even his specta cles and pocket handkerchief, aid him in de bate. He steps forward and backward, and from the right to the left, with effect. Every feature speaks. The whole body has its story to tell. i riai is r orsycn wuri ins arms a-Kimoo, neaa thrown back, spectacles on, laughing at what somebody has to say, who is speaking over the way. I cannot describe his figure, but it is a handsome one. He is all ease and composure; is never thrown olT his guard. He is ever rea dy; and the less prepared, the better for the fight. He eludes with the utmost skill all man ner of weapons. No member of Congress is better at the reconnoitering and skirmishing of debate. That tall, red-headed man, with a large man ly figure, and full face, is Preston, the new member from South Carolina. He looks as if he had long lived under the rays of a Southern sun. Preston is sui generis. He talks poetry all in rich array, and gorgeous sentences.— When there is a storm in the Senate, they hang him out as a rainbow; and although the rough clouds often darken his glittering hues, before the storm is hushed, yet tempers are cooled, and spirits are softened, by the dazzling arch, and* the rich interlacing of it bow. His is unpreme ditated eloquence. He does not, like Sheridan, mark in his orations, the place to introduce ‘Good God! Mr. Speaker.’ The incidents of debate suggest all his fine sentences. His ges tures are admirable. No American orator is more graceful—-few have more art; and yet few understand so well the ars celare artem. Such a man was necessary in the Senate. All the kinds of eloquence that Cicero describes, are now exemplified and illustrated in that body, aml^no two are formed on the same model. Felix Grundy is a happy man. There is not a more jovial, benevolent face in Christendom, than he wears. He was an actor upon the stage of public life, long before my remembrance.— His head is now all gray, and his step begins to falter, and bears the marks of age, but his mind has lost nothing of its vigor, and he none of his humor. He is happy at a retort, skilful at a thrust, and good humored, even in the angriest debate. He has a mind happily tempered for political warfare. Leigh is a new-comer from Virginia; a round thick built man, with a little sharp eye, that snaps at times like a spark of fire. He is some thing of a lion in the National Menagerie. Per haps my metaphors may seem objectionable, were it not that we ‘ Republicans’ have a right >o talk of our ‘ Servants’ as we please. Wright las a fine person and countenance. No one exhibits more calmness and dignity, or more larrowly wTatches the progress of debate. BLANKS AND PAMPHLETS Printed, with neatness & despatch, at this office The first Exhibition of the Columbian w ticultural Society closed on Friday Even’ with an excellent Address to a very crowd^f and attentive auditory, from the Secret r, of the Society, George Watterston, Esq. on ti ’ importance of Horticultural Pursuits, and v ‘ advantages, social, moral, and intellectual t be derived from the study of nature, and a c„i tivation of the various branches of NatUr History connected with Horticulture. The nrr moters of this Institution have much cause f gratulation arid satisfaction at the success^ display they have thus made, almost at the yen* commencement of their labors; and may h J this first Exhibition as an earnest of the cellh rity of future years. It will be left to the r propriate Committees of the Society, to deta’i the various excellencies in Flowers, Fruits a?!} Vegetables, which the Society exhibited am] tG award to those who produced them the meed of praise for their laudable exertions. One thin r however, must have struck the most unscientiff’ visiter, and that was, the beauty, good ta!te and the fine general effect of the* Exhibition The extensive and elegantly arranged codec tion of Green-house Plants, many of them ran and curious,- the beautiful Flower* displays by female taste, in Pyramids, Vases and Bou quets; the luscious and tempting Fruits; the Vc getables of various kinds, and all excellent ft their kind; the mellifluous warbling of the var ous singing birds, appropriately placed ‘‘amid embowering shrubs and close surrounding flo\" ers;” the soft wailing of the Eolian Harp- t> f occasional airs from the fine Marine band and “ female beauty smiling o’er the scene”-’ all conspired to produce a coup d'azil perfect in its kind, and which will belong remembered bv the delighted visiters who thronged the Hall dur ing the two days of exhibition. On Saturday, the Society dined together at the restaurant of Mr. Geusta—the President Col. Towson, presiding, assisted by Vice Presi dents Maxcy, Gales, and Mason; and, after spending a social and agreeable afternoon re. tired at an early hour.—Nat, Jut. From the Williamsport (Md.) Banner, /<//>c 7 We have seldom seen the fields present a more luxuriant appearance than they do at piv sent. A few weeks ago the killing frosts and a parching drought seemed to have cast a blight over the vegetable kingdom; but the shower and rains that have fallen with the last fortnight have put a new face on-things. The crops&of small grain promise an abundant harvest. The fruit, however, is said to be generally destroyed The Canal.—We have the pleasure of an nouncingto our friends of the District of Colum bia, that the Canal is open for navigation from Washington to Hollman’s Dam, a point distant from this place by land only 8 miles. The en tire distance thus rendered navigable, is aboir 86 miles. Numerous rafts of timber, and boats loaded with Flour, Whiskey, Coal, &c. have passed down this week, some bound to tide water, oth ers for intermediate points. As yet, we have not heard that any break in the banks have oc curred since the water was let into the Canal some weeks ago. The Aqueduct at this place is nearly finished, as is indeed the entire 15 miles that were first put under contract near this place. The entire distance of 7 miles be low this, is completed, the contracts taken off the hands of the contractors, and the Engineer has let into it the small streams to test the secu rity of the work prior to the general admission of water from the river. We earnestly hope that Congress will foster this great work; and that we may yet live to hail a boat passing this place, laden at Cincinnati, and bound to the Metropolis of the nation! Baltimore, June 10. From France.—The ship Gulnare came up last evening from Havre—sailed 30th April. An intelligent gentleman, passenger on board the Gulnare, states that it was currently reported at Paris that Louis Philippe had pledged his pri vate fortune to pay the American claims, shoulu the Chamber of Deputies again refuse.—Chron. Ilydrophiles.—A sect in Germany is about to succeed the Ilomcepathics, called the Hydropbi les, who hold to that part of Sangrado’s system which pertains to the administration of water All diseases are henceforth to be cured ba wa ter—drowned for the salvation of the patient. Charity, who resides at the public pump, wil put up her sign, “ Drugs and Medicines,” “ ai advice gratis.” ‘ Ho every one thut thirstrtii ’ Baltimore Oaz. \ C! n 1 » - n 1 4 A tU/vM /i « n »-» n * 4ft N/pUlllCII jVUI IIUIj l 1 J ii 111'. 11C I ^ » l O (III O' count of the alleged discovei*y of the fossil rc mains of a man of gigantic stature, in digging the canal of Sopena, in that country. It i» said to have been eighteen feet inlength, andtohav' been found at a depth of eighteen feet. It wa embedded in argillaceous earth and had become petrified. The bones, veins and arteries were distinguished. The account supposes these t * be antedeluvian remains. The existence of antediluvian human fossils is one of the great problems of Geology, Spain is the spot in which it is claimed that they hav» been more than once discovered. Jn the pro vince of Arragon, it has been contended tha petrified human bones, and, in one instance,n perfect petrified human skeleton, have been found in a mass of animal petrifactions. Among the numerous cases cited on thatsm of the question, we do not find it stated that the human remains were of any extraordinary size The cellebrated Guadaloupe case, which ha been relied on so strongly as proving the diluv an theory of fossils by including the human race among the remains, was of an ordinarily size female, wanting the head, the right arm, ana both feet, found embedded in a solid rock. I !■' subject is one of much curious speculation Those who, like ourselves, know little of the -*ci entific traits of the controversy, yet like t“ re«v. of the facts which are daily disclosed, concen* ing the ancient constitution and changes of the globe we inhabit, may find an account of the principal instances of the discovery of supper11 human fossils, in the 13th chapter of a little: m1' recently published by Key & Biddle, phia, entitled, a “ General view of the Geo."g of Scripture,” by Mr. Fairholme. Bat into re A^eritC: Nfrs. Clay, the lady of the lion. Henry arrived in this City, from the Virginia sPsi:V~'.' on Tuesday evening, and departed yr morning for Ashland. We are sorry to ea1 ‘ that the health of Mrs. C., which was in 1 v _ precarious state when she* left \\ ashing/011’ ^ been but slightly improved by her visit to Springs.—Maysville Eagle, June 9. The Wayne county Herald says that the ^ Pigeons have made an encampment near« mont in the northern part of Wayne eoun. Ohio, which is at feast five miles in extent. * said that the lines of this encampment are dia with as much regularity" as if done by an exp rienced engineer; and every tree and bush '' j|; in them is literally covered with nests. 1 4 sands of pigeons are taken away dadv u sportsmen. '