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Alexandria gazette. [volume] (Alexandria, D.C.) 1834-1974, October 11, 1834, Image 2

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THE GAZETTE.'
Br EDGAR SNOWDEN._
Terms.
Daily paper - - - - S8 per annum.
Country paper . - - 5 per annum.
The ALEXANDRIA GAZETTE for the coun
try is printed on Tuesday, Thursday, and
Saturday. .. . .
All advertisements appear in both papers, and
are inserted at the usual rates.
FIVE DAYS LATER FROM EUROPE.
The ship Pacific, Captain Waite, has arrived
at New York, bringing London and Liverpool
papers to the 6th of September, inclusive.
Messrs. Robert Allan & Sons, Brokers, in Ed
inburg, had stopped payment.
Paris dates are to the 4th of September, in
clusive. Marshal Gcrrard, President of the
Council, was extremely ill.
Commercial intelligence of importance, had
been received in London, from Lisbon but
what it is we have not ascertained.
Don Pedro had been chosen Regent of the
Kingdom by nearly an unanimous vote. The
marriage of the dueen was the next subject of
consideration. Thus far, the proceedings of
the cortes have been very acceptable to the
people.
Madrid advices are to the 29th of August.
The report of the Committee of Finance on
the project of Count Toreno had not been pre
sented to the Cortes. Madrid was in a more
healthy state, and enjoyed perfect tranquility at
the date of the letters.
The wifeof Don Carlos, the Donna Francisca
Teresa, died at Portsmouth, (Eng.) on the 4th
of September, in the 36 year of her age. She
died of internal mortification. She will be bu
ried, pro tem., in the church-yard of Alverstoke,
for subsequent removal to Valencia.
London, Sept. 6.—The recent change in the
tea duties still continue to excite attention; and a
strong belief is entertained among practical
men that, in the next session of Parliament, the
law which has received the sanction of the le
gislature, fixing a scale of duties oil tea, must be
changed.
There has not been much doing in the money
market to-day, and the fluctuation in the price
of Consols was limited to 1-2 per cent., the ex
treme quotations for the account being 60 13-48.
II would apprur vuai mcic uit omi
sales of Exchequer Bills, and as is said, on be
half of the Bank of England and the Scotch
Banks. The premium on Exchequer Bills,
which was yesterday at 37, this afternoon was
reduced to 31. India Bonds have fallen from
15 to 12 premium, but each closed rather high
er.
We find that the amount «f bullion in the
hands of the Bank is rot so small as rumor as
signed to it The return states that the a verage i
amount in hand was .£3,272,000, which is only j
£296,000 less than the average quantity of the |
precious metals in the pbssession of the Bank
when the last Teturn w as made. Neither does
it appear th.«t the circulation of the Bank has
been diminished.
In the Foreign Market there has been a great
deal of business done to day both in Portuguese
and Spanish Bonds. The news from Lisbon
received to-day produced such an active de
mand for stock that from 79 1-2 the price rose
to 82, and that quotation was maintained with
in one fraction up to the termination of busi
ness. _
CAFFRARIA.
It is no ordinary degree of benevolence that
carries a man to Caffraria, to improve the con
dition of his debased brethren. Mr. Kay, how
ever, who has published a very full account of
his residence, was not one to despair of a cure,
because his patients were reduced low, thoiigh
nothing but a trust in Omnipotence could have
sustained his hopes. The Caffre is so debased
that there is little left in his mind to build a su
perstructure of goodness upon, and though it is
true yet it seems hardly possible, that he has
within him the diamond that better training may
polish into Shukespeares, Newtons, Canovas,
and Wilberforces.
There is nothing so untiring as a conviction
of duty. Had the Reverend Missionary expect
ed for himself any wordly advantage—had he
come out to gratify any earthly passion, he
would have made a speedy return,—but he had
better objects, though perverse, intractable sub
jects. The Caffres, like the Quakers, are known
by a name which they do not recognize them
selves, and that respectable people, the Hotten
tots, are thus called by a word which has no
place in their language. Caffre is (we think) a
general Arabic term for an unbeliever. The
people are cheerful and volatile; their good spi
rits are their best possessions, and their talk is
in proportion, for they are great narrators.
The greatest luxury of a Caffre is plain ani
mal food, and the whole country side gather
round, when an ox is brought to the shambles;
strangers remain at the feast while a bone re
mains to be picked.
The animal is slaughtered barbarously. He
is first entangled in thongs about the legs, thrown
down and fast bound; then an incision is made
• by a spear a little below the breast, when a tru
culent, muscular fellow thrusts in his arm, and,
by a violent wrench, breaks the ateries, and the
beast perishes slowly in agonies.
The Caffres are well formed and of an agree
able physiognomy, and the face is sometimes as
oval as a Grecian bust. They are tall and ath
letic. There is no thickness of lip which dis
tinguishes the negro, and there is no resem
blance to the Hottentot race. The women,
however, are not so well formed as the men,
though they are sprightly and vivacious. The
apparel is that which man provides for himself
in his rudest state, of the skins of.beasts, cur
ried, however, with some skill. The men how
ever are generally without clothing unless a
coating of grease may be so called, as they rub
themselves frequently with the fat of animals.—
The Queen dresses no better than her poorest
subject—neither have hut one robe to wear by
day and sleep in at night.
The dwellings of these independent people 1
are not designed for their posterity, nor do
they afford much comfort to present occupants.
They are huts of the shape of bee hives and not
much larger. The door is a hole that serves al
so for window and chimney. Architecture is
not an art much studied in Caffraria, and the
chief builders are females. The Queen herself
is obliged to make her own hut. A village is a
collection of a dozen huts, and called by the
Dutchmen a kraal—or beast-fold.
As the people >=.e pastoral, their chief wealth
is in cattle, and a Caffre w hose eyes are dry at
the death of hie wife and children, sheds some
« natural tears” when the chief lays hands upon
• member of his horned flocks. This awakens
ill his grief, wounds all his affections. After
hese, what be most oovets are the materials
for trade, such as beads, brass, wire and gilt
muttons. They are the medium of exchange,
the bullion of the country.
Their ordinary diet is milk, which like the
Arabs and Faulahs they use in a sour state.—
This is the standing dish, and next to it is the
bowl of boiled corn. The most common grain
however is a species of millet. They have a
few esculents, though they raise a m?,lzc
and some pumpkins and sugar cane. The uat
fre will not taste swine flesh—he is too delicate
in his tastes. He keeps no poultry and has a
strong prejudice against eggs. Fish they ab
hor, though the whole line of coast abounds
with them. Troops of dogs accompany an en
campment of Caffres, wild, starving and vora
cious. Their situation however is hardly worse
than that of females. When young they are
often beautiful, but the labor and bondage or
the married state render them emaciated. All
the laborious occupations devolve upon the
wife, and the Caffre often classes his wife and
pack ox together. . .
The Caffres have no notion of the immorta
lity of the soul, or, in fact, of their having a soul
at all. Human life they hold very cheap, and
a fine pays the price of blood. The case of a
widow is deplorable—she has no friend, no
home; and when she dies, she is dragged off
where the beasts of prey devour the body. But
none are buried—it is considered a pollution to
touch a dead body.
A state of society like this, if society it may be
called, has of course its witches and its w izards,
who are moreover the chief physicians. W hen
a chief feels or feigns a head-ache, or a cholic,
the whole country is alarmed; for the sorceress
is called in to pronounce who it is that has caus
ed the sickness. Of course the charge is fixed
upon some one -with flocks and herds, and as
no proof is needed of his guilt, no protestations
are heeded of his innocence. He must suffer
in his estate, the treasury must be filled, and the
chief cured. Witchcraft occasions the disease,
and witchcraft must cure it. The sorcerers are
the general witnesses—they make the charge
of any crime, and they alone hold the proof.
The evidence of the senses is of little avail
against their testimony.
The modes of torture are various: beating
with a club is one of the most merciful. Fre
quently the victims are lied down and their bodies
covered from head to foot with large black ants.
Roasting and branding with red-hot stones are
otner meinoas.
Capital punishments arc executed by throw
ing the doomed over a high precipice, by
drowning, or wedging them in the clefts of trees,
by stabbing,stoning, burning, and strangulation.
The dying Caffre is generally declared to be
dead, and carried into the forest, where no
friendly hand closes his eyes, but he dies desert
ed by wife, father, brother, son. If. however,
one sick is carried forth, and should remain
alive for several days, he is brought back, shut
up in a hut with provisions, and deserted. In
fants, and chiefs, with their wives, are the only
persons who have the right of sepulture; they are
buried in the cattle fold.
The manner in which Europeans travel in
Southern Africa, is in huge wagons, drawn by
oxen; and as many yoke as ever were attached
to a Great Plough, in the roughest field in New
England. There are few’ roads, but a pioneer
company of Hottentots clear away obstructions,
and the wagon jolts on over mountain and val
ley. The out-riders are mounted on oxen, which
are much used for the saddle. Ox races are
one of the amusements ol the Cadres, and the
winning animal is applauded to the skies. An
old traveller, in the Courier, relates that when
he was at the Cape, he saw there '* the King
of the Hottentots—and a handsome man he
was, riding at full speed on a roan ox.”
Boston Cour.
DR A WS THIS DA Y
Virginia State Lottery,
For the Benefit of the Town of Wheeling,
Extra Class No. 11 for 1834,
Will be drawn at Catts’ Tavern, (West End,)
Alexandria, Va. on Saturday, October 11
CAPITAL PRIZE $15,000.
Tickets $5 00; halves 2 50; quarters 1 25
For sale, as usual, in great variety, by
JOS. HI. CLARKE,
(Sign of the Flag of Scarlet and Gold,) King si.
Alexandria, D. C.
DBA WS THIS DA Y
Virginia State Lottery,
For the benefit of the Town of Wheeling,
Extra Class No. 11 for 1834,
To draw at Alexandria, Virginia, on Saturday,
October 11
HIGHEST PRIZE $15,000.
Tickets $5 00; halves 2 50; quarters 1 25
On sale in great variety by
JAS. KIOKDAN.
flCj* Uncurrent Notes and Foreign Gold pur
chased.____
DR A IKS TH/S DA >
Virginia State Lottery,
For the Benefit of the Town of Wheeling,
Extra Class No. 11 for 1834,
To be drawn at Catts* Tavern, West End, on
Saturday, October 11
HIGHEST PRIZE $15,000!
Tickets $5 00; halves 2 50; quarters 1 25
To be had in a variety of numbers of
J. W. VIOLETT,
Lottery and Exchange Broker,
Near the corner of King and Fayette Streets,
Alexandria, I). C.
DR A US THIS DA Y
Virginia State Lottery,
For the Benefit of the Town of Wheeling,
Extra Class No. 11 for 1834,
Will be drawn at West End, Va. on Saturday,
October 11, at 3 o’clock, P. M.
HIGHEST PRIZE 15,000 DOLLARS.
Tickets $5 00; halves 2 50; quarters 1 25
To be had in a variety of numbers of
J* CORSE,
lottery <f Exchange Broker. Alexandria.
PRIVATE TUITION IN DANCING.
MR. DUPORT, Professor of Dancing, from
the Royal Academy of Paris, offers his
professional services to the citizens of Alexan
dria. He will attend at their houses, to give pri
vate lessons, if sufficient encouragement is of
fered. Address Mr. Duport, care of Lewis
Johnson, Pennsylvania Avenue, Washington.
_oct 7—eo3t _
DANCING SCHOOL^
MR. GENERES respectfully informs the la
dies and gentlemen of Alexandria that his
Dancing School will re-commence on Friday,
the 17th instant, at the same hours as heretofore.
oct 9—eo3t
RELFE’S BOTANICAL DROPS.—JEBB’S
RHEUMATIC LINIMENT.
AFRESH supply just received and for sale
by WILLIAM STABLER.
Miserable punning.-X correspondent is of
opinion that Mr. Rush’s flying eap into the arms
Df the Administration, was only preparatory to
making a Husk for an office; and thinks it pro
bable he will be rewarded with the Buts-lan
mission—to which we add, that we care not a
rush whether he is or not— Norfolk Herald.
The great Portage Rail Road over the Alle
ghany mountain,—the link by which the long
chain of Canal communication between eastern
and western Pennsylvania is united,—is a stu
pendous work, worthy of the enterprise, resour
ces, and objects of the State which has con
structed a more extended line of internal im
provements than any other in the Union. 1 here
is at present but a single track in operation, but
the second track is expected to be completed in
time for the operations of the next spring busi
ness.— Balt. American.
The Mint._This establishment has been com
pletely perverted into apolitical engine. We
understand that no Anti-Jackson man can pro
cure gold without delay and a certain per cent
age to be paid to the mint, while any amount
ordered by the Jackson men, and to be used for
political purposes, is furnished promptly and
without charge. We doubt whether there is at
this moment a government upon the face of the
earth so thoroughly corrupt as ours.
Phil. Com. Int.
Almost a ZW.-The Bristol It. 1. Gazette
states that two lads in that place had a dispute
a few days ago about their personal beauty,—
each claiming superiority over the other. The
contest increased to great wrath, and a chal
lenge was given and accepted. At the appoint
ed hour the parties met, with seconds and arms,
but each feeling some reluctance to having his
beauty marred by a bullet hole, it was mutually
agreed and determined, 1st, That Mr.-had
the most beautiful hand as well as the most
graceful figure, and 2dly. That Mr.- had
the finest complexion. 1 hus the matter ended,
and none of their precious blood was spilled.
N. Y. Jour. Com.
The Washington, from Canton, is hourly ex
pected, with the small-footed Chinese female.
This lady is to be exhibited as a show; and
some are extravagant enough to suppose, that
if she lives two years, 300,000 dollars will be re
alized by her keepers.—.V. Y. O'az.
Fair of the American Institute.—The annu
al exhibition of this institution, founded for the
patriotic purpose of encouraging domestic in
dustry by a laudable competition, is now being
held at Niblo’s Garden. It is but a few years the
society has existed, and it is with exulting pride
the members of it may now look upon the com
plete success of their efforts. There are few
great capitals in Europe that could make a dis
play of the productions of art reflecting more
honor on the skill and ingenuity of man than
those now exhibiting in tbe.saloon at Niblo’s.
The concourse who flocked to the exhibition
yesterday, during the afternoon and evening,
was immense; at least 4000, one half or two
thirds of whom were ladies. This living, mov
ing assemblage of female charms was by fur
the fairest portion of all that the ./air could ex
hibit, and it was by no means an easy task to
divert attention from the dazzling eyes and
plumes that sparkled in every part of the room,
to the less brilliant and inanimate objects, how
ever gaudy or attractive, that were spread out
in profusion upon the tables, or hung like ar
morial bearings and escutcheons upon the walls.
New York Star.
Embezzlement and Theft.—A lot of stolen
goods, wortli perhaps two or three thousand
dollars, has recently been discovered in Roches
ter, in the possession of a Mr. Clark, a person
who hitherto has borne a good character. The
particulars of the discovery, as they are com
municated by a correspondent of the Journal of
Commerce, are these. Clark’s wife called on
the evening of the 2d instant, at a store, for the
professed purpose of purchasing something, ac
companied by one of her little girls. The little
girl was soon missed, and also a shawl. One
of the clerks pursued, and overtook and accus
ed the child, who denied at first, but soon ac
knowledged the theft, and gave up the shawl.—
They parted as she thought, but not so; the
cleric followed her to her father’s house, when
a search soon commenced, and in a cistern un-!
der the floor, sunk for the purpose, was found
the goods in question, of all sorts and denomi
nations—whole pieces of broad cloths, silks, li
nens, &c. The father, mother and three chil
dren were arrested, separated and confined.—
The children as they passed, were looking and
imploring that protection which unfeeling and
cruel parents had not in their power to bestow.
Clark has been, fora time past, on a pedling
voyage or two, and how much he has disposed
of is quite uncertain.—N. Y. Jour, of Com.
The Whig Convention of the 2d District yes
terday nominated the Hon. Stephen C. Philips
of Salem,as a candidate for member ofCongress
in place of Hon. Rufus Choate, resigned.
Boston Cent.
TOBACCO MANUFACTORY, AND SNUFF
AND SEGAR STORE,
Corner of Prince M ater Streets, Alexandria.
SAMUEL V. HILL respectfully informs his
friends and the public that he has on hand,
and will constantly keep, a supply of the
finest] CHEWING & SMOKING TOBACCO;
and also an assortment of the various kinds of
SNUFF; and the best Spanish and American
SEGARS. Chewers, Smokers, and Snuffers,
are therefore requested to call at his Store, cor
ner of Prince and Water streets, near the Far
mers’ Bank, and purchase these articles, of the
best quality, on the most reasonable terms,
oct 11—3m
STANDARD MEDICAL WORKS.
EBBRLE’S Practice of Medicine. A Trea
tise on the Theory and Practice of Medi
cine, in 2 vols 8vo; by John Eberle, M. D. Pro
fessor of Materia Medica and Obstetricks in the
Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia. “ This
is one of the most valuable works on the Prac
tice of Medicine that has ever issued from the
American press.”
The Practice of Physic, by W. P. Dewees, M.1
D. Adjunct Professor of Midwifery in the Uni- j
versity of Pennsylvania, 2 vols Svo.
A Compendious System of Midwifery, chiefly :
designed to facilitate the inquiries of those who
may be pursuing this branch of study; in 8vo,
with 13 plates; 5th edition, corrected and en-1
larged; by W. P. Dewees, M. D.
Dewees on the Diseases of Females, 3d edi-,
tion; with additions, in 8vo.
Do on the Diseases of Children, 4th do, 8vo 1
Just received and on sale by
oct 11AUG. JACOBS. |
INDIA RUBBER SHOES.
Pair India Rubber Shoes, for sale, very
low, by oct 6 WM. N. McVEIGH. >i
ALEXANDRIA:
SATURDAY MORNING, OCT. 11, 1834.
MARYLAND ELECTIONS.
The following shows the result of the Elec
tion in all the counties of the State, on Monday
last, for Members of the Legislature:
Recapitulation.
Counties. Whig. Jackson.
Alleghany - - - 3
Washington - - - 3 l
Frederick ... 4 0
Montgomery - - - 4
Prince George’s 4 0
Calvert 4
Charles 4 0
St. Mary’s ... 4
Anne Arundel ... 4 0
Annapolis City - - 2 0
Baltimore City . - 2 0
Baltimore County - - 0 4
Harford 1 3
Cecil .... 0 4
Kent .... 4 0
Queen Anne 0 4
Talbot 4 0
Caroline 4 0
Dorchester .... 4 9
Somerset - - - 3 1
Worcester ... 4 0
62 18
Whig Senate • - 15
77
Maryland presents the above signal Whigj
Triumph over Jacksonism, and calls upon her j
sister States to “ go and do likewise.”
CONNECTICUT ELECTION.
From Middlesex County we have complete
returns, i. e. either the actual number of votes
or the majorities, and the result is, a Jackson
majority of 229; being a Jackso . gain, since
last April, of 346, not including East Haddam
and Haddam, concerning which we have not
the means of drawing a comparison.
From Fairfield County we have complete re
turns from all the towns except six, and the re
sult is, Whig votes 1361, Jackson 1102. Whig
majority, 259.
We have complete returns from all the towns
in New Haven County, except Middlebury,
Wolcott, and Southbury. The result is, 2701
for for the Whig Ticket, and 2525 for the Jack
son candidates. Jackson gain, since the elec
tion last April, 1252.
Correspondence of the N. Y. Journal of Commerce.
Hartford, Oct. 7, 1831
The Whig ticket, yesterday, was carried in
this town by 74 majority.
This was the largest vote ever given in this
place, excepting last Spring, when the Whig
Governor received 137 majority. The returns
are all received from the towns in this county,
(20) neither ticket w ill receive 5 plurality, shew
ing therefore no change since last Spring out of
10,000 votes which have been given this fall.
Middlesex County gives the Jackson ticket
about 250 majority, and Tolland will also give
the same ticket a majority of about the same.
The returns have not come in so as to warrant
the belief that the Wrhig candidates are elected.
It will be a close vote in this state.
Very few votes for the Anti Masonic candi
dates appear to have been polled. We find none
mentioned, except 22 in Middletown. Nor can
we account for the fact except by supposing
that the Anti Masons took offence at the rejec
tion of their candidates by the Wrhigs, (upon
whose co-operation they considered themselves
as having a claim, in consequence of the sup
port they gave to the Whig candidates at the
previous election,) and that to punish this per
verseness, they have very generally given their
support to the Jackson ticket.
From the Correspondent oj the. N. Y. Com.
Hartford, Oct. 7th, 1834.
By comparing the returns of votes already
received, for members of Congress, with the
votes for Governor last spring, the Whig ma
jorities are increased,—so I think there can
be no doubt of the election of the Whig can
didates by very handsome majorities. I had
some fears about the election —fearing that
our friends would not turn out,—but think now
there is no doubt of our entire success.
Other advices from Hartford assure us
that that county, and those towns from both East
and West, from which they have heard, have
come in better than w as expected for the Whigs.
We have just heard from New Haven,
that Litchfield county, has given twelve hun
dred majority fur the Whigs.
A postscript in the New York Commercial
says: “ All’s well in old Connecticut—Huzza,”
—other accounts continue to affirm that the
result is still doubtful.
DELAWARE ELECTION.
The returns begin to come in from Delaware.
Wilmington City has a Jackson majority of
about 49; New Castle County has a Whig ma
jority of 40.
The returns, as we gather them from verbal
report-, are altogether favorable to the Whigs,
in all of the counties.
PENNSYLVANIA.
Next Tuesday will be the day for the main j
election in Pennsylvania. It is, therefore, need- j
less, at present, to occupy our columns with the !
various contradictory accounts of the late lo
cal elections for Inspectors of Elections through
out the State. The Whigs claim some import
ant changes. The Jackson party assert that
their majority continues undiminished. Wo
shall see next week.
Hon. Isaac McKim.—It is generally expected
that this gentleman will resign his seat in Con
gress,since the indisputable condemnation ol his
conduct, exhibited by his constituents on Mon
day last. He owes it to the people and to his
own consistency to pursue this course.
A writer in the Paris Journal des Debats asks
what could become of or be done wdth the im
mense number of Pianos made in that capital
every year? There were not less than three
hundred, and ninety of them at the last Exhibi
tion of Manufactures, and at least three hundred
workmen w’ere employed by each of even the
iecondary piano-makers,
The Hark Away has arrived at Petersburg
bringing Liverpool advices to the 3d Septem
ber. We are indebted to the Petersburg Intelli.
genccr for slips containing the latest news—the
same as received per the Britannia, at New
York, published in yesterday’s Gazette.
No papers are received at this office with so
much irregularity as the Richmond papers—
with the exception of those of New Orleans,
from which last city, indeed, we do not receivt
intelligence more than once or twice a month.
We trust that, in the consideration of the im
portant question relative to the settlement of the
American Claims upon France, every thing like
partisan feelings or prejudices, on both sides,
will be avoided, and that the whole matter may
be viewed only as it affects the honor and inter
ests of our country. The Press ought to set the
example.
The universal good order that prevailed in
Baltimore on the day of the election, is highly
creditable to that city, and contrasts admirably
with the scenes of riot and confusion lately wit*
nessed at elections in other large places.
The proposed Washington Institute, as it was
to be called, in connexion with the United States
Telegraph, has been abandoned by the proprie
tor of that paper.
The Choctaw, Shawnee, Cherokee. Creek,
Delaware, Osage, and Pawnee tribes, we are
informed, met in Grand Council, a* Fort Gib
son, on the 1st ultimo. The latter tribe, which
had kept up a continual warfare with all the
other tribes ment'oned, made a treaty of peace
with them, interchanged pledges of friendship,
and invited them to visit their country.
We observe in the last Cumberland Civilian
a notice, calling a meeting of the citizens of Al
leghany County, Maryland, “ to consider and
adopt such measures as may be deemed best
calculated to secure the speedy completion of
the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal; and also to
consider the propriety of. calling a Convention
of the citizens of Maryland, and the adjoining
States, to aid in furthering the accomplishment
of this great national improvement.”
Extract oj a letter to the Editor, Jrom Am
marie County J o., dated 1th inst.
“ Yesterday was County Court. The Hives’s
were on the ground, as busy as usual—General
Gordon was also present,a nd seemed to be in good
spirits at the prospects before him. “The Pai
ty” are very much at a ioss to know what course
to take in opposition to this gentleman, whose
independent course has taken a strong hold on
the confidence of the People, and whose popula
rity is deservedlygreat. It has been fully conclud
ed to hold a Convention (upon the New York
system) to nominate a Van Buren candidate.
Public proclamation was made at Court, call
ing together the faithful, to elect Delegates to
this Convention; but 1 am told only some 20 or
30 could be paraded. There is some doubt ar
to who will be selected; some say the elder
Rives, some the younger. 1 have heard upon
pretty good authority, however, that the choice
is most likely to fall upon Mr. James Garlavdof
Nelson. It is thought that Mr. W. C. It. i*
afraid to venture, though the Whigs are anx
ious that he should be the candidate, in order
that they might have an opportunity of putting
on him the seal of their final condemnation.’’
[communicated.]
The superior efficacy of the engine with auc
tion and hose, compared with the common fire
engine, was strikingly manifested at the unfor
tunate burning of the Steamboat Cygnet. The
Hydraulion kept an incessant stream of water
pouring on the flames with only the hands ne
cessary to work it, w hile the other engines, not
withstanding the immediate vicinity of the wa
ter, were idle half the time, in consequence of
the want of buckets to fill them. That we have
willing hearts and able hands to assist all in the
awful calamity of fire has been frequently de
monstrated; but our apparatus is not complete,
at least not so complete as it should be, and
might easily be made at a small expense.
We have five engines of the common kino,
and two Hydraulions, one of which i-a suc
tion, with a thousand feet of good hose belong
ing to the last named machines; but theerned
ing screws of the branch pipes of the several
engines are not alike. I would suggest that
iney d<* aiuruMi umi muue to currc>pwn»* " ,
those of the Hydraulions—60 that each branch
pipe may fit every engine; and that sudinu
should be added to ereri/ engine in town, and al
so two hundred feet oj hose to each: the alter*
tion of the screws and pipes, and attachment®
the suctions, would not probably cost moreth*3
8100 a piece, perhaps not near that sum-d*
hose about 60 cts. per foot: the cost would v
trivial, and might be saved to the town and l'-.
siirance Companies in a single occurrence^
fire. With these alterations, we should be
to throw fifteen hundred gallons of watery
minute on or in any building below Union
or two uninterrupted streams from thp men*
high as Royal street, and this, too, by only keep
ing the engines manned, without the npre*:,J
of forming lines, always attended with mur’
difficulty and delay, or the needles* expo*urf
to wet of those dipping and passing water fro®
the docks or pumps. The serious consider*'
tion of the subject is recommended to our In
surance Companies, our Town Council, and to
every citizen. 1 I°TA
[communicated.]
Mr. Editor:—\ have been an attendant up*1.
the proceedings of the Courts in the State o
Virginia and in this district. ,
The Court of Alexandria County. accor<.i -
to the law creating it, is to be govern'd m
practice by the laws and practice which »
the rules of the Virginia Courts anteceden
the year 1801. , nf
1 have remarked the difference in them" J
conducting the proceedings of the Cour* _
Virginia and the Court of this County. »
particularly allude to that which
Grand Jurorb. ,h
It is thought by some questionable * ' .
any presentment or indictment of (,,d l 'aD,
ry impannelled in the Alexandria Cour, ^
according to the strict principles of law. ^ he
tained. The law of Virginia, which is 11 rn{
law of the County of Alexandria, reqm

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