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“ Bv EDGAR SNOWDEN. _, Trnxi _ n . . - 19 per annum. Daily papar annum. Country paper - - 5 Pcr a The ALEXANDRIA GAZETTE for the coun try is printed on Tuesday, Thursday, Alf advertisements appear in both papers, and are insetted at the usual rates. _ THE STEALING PROPENSITY. • AcauUitiveness’ is the name given by the Phrenologists, not to the propensity to steal, which if we understand them, they do not be lieve to be in any case constitutional-but to the propensity to acquirer accumulate, for the mere sake of acquisition or accumulation, and not for the sake of any benefit beyond. This they suppose to be one.of the innate human faculties existing, in various degrees, and different sta ges of development, in every man s mind. * “f focultv in itself is considered not only innocent, bit indt^nsable. As George Combe says, in his system of Phrenology, “ it: prompt* the bandinan, the artist, the manufacturer, the me - chant to activity in their several vocations; and fnstead of being necessarily the parent only of • miserable and degraded appetite, it is one of ^u?ces when properly directed, of the com Its regular ac.ivI £d*,‘" gui.be. civiliied man Iro.n the savage. 7heir regular, ur merely instmct.ve and reck less use of it—that is, the abuse or neglect of it —is quite another thing—and upon that we pur oose now to offer some comment, suggested as our readers well perceive, by a transaction of a remarkable character, which has recently tak en place in a Southern city. . . Aladv in highly respectable standing, has it «ms,b^n convicted,or is likely to be,of stealing from the dwelling of a female acquaintance, probably of the same respectability as to repu tation with herself—the offender having been heretofore esteemed, by aU who knew her as an exemplary character. How can such an af fair be explained? Does it imply a radically and universally depraved mind? or does it indi eate insanity, and would a plea of insanity be “c' ved by any Court of Justice, or ought ,t to ^ as a sufficient answer to the accusation of th^ft—supposing either that there is not, and that there can or cannot he'proved, an apparent propensity and an actual habit, in the indi vidual. under the same circumstances, to do the thing? Or if it be not legal insanily, is it mor al? * And what allowance in reason ought cha rity to make lor such a habit? These are que ries of some interest, if not of some importance; , and perhaps there is no better way of throwing light over the subject to which they relate, .ban by furnishing other well authenticated facts of -a similar description, attended in some cases with circumstances which may answer in some sort the purpose of an explanation. # A gentleman, rather advanced in life, ot hign respectable character and good family, was 2, the custom of frequenting a grocery in the neighborhood of his dwelling noose—being a maa of large property—sometimes for commer cial and sometimes ostensibly for social purpo ses.’ The trader, after some time, accidentally discovered that his oranges in a certain re tired portion of his shop, were disappearing be yond his means of accounting for. I his put him at length on the alert, and the result was, that his wealthy and respectable customer, whom the breath of slander never had assailed, proved to be the author of the loss; he was in the habit, as it turned out. of regularly taking a certain nun*' her of them every day, unless accidentally pre sented; and on the last day o the week, double the usual number, (with the view of a supply for the Sabbath.) The owner deeply shocked, but Uncledto make the best of the case went pn jSSjto a relative of the offender and commu thpcp facts. ‘Well. Sir,’ said the gentleman, having pa tiently heard the statement. ‘ that isn’t the worst of it; be is in the habit of stealing his bread which he eats every day for his living. The result was, that the grocer concluded to sav nothing of the circumstances to any other than the relative, and the lat.ernledeed hi honor to pay all the expenses of the offen der’s habit, both for the past and the future. We mi^ht mention numerous other instances of this kind, but do not wish to incur the hazard of wounding the feelings of those who might, however unreasonably, suppose themselves or their friends to be gratuitously brought into no tice But our readers must all have met with •uch cases, and both the medical and moral au thorities are full ot them. , ._ Combe says that Drs. Gall and Spurzheim saw in the prison of Berne, a ricketty child, 12 vears old who “could not refrain from steal fng” and'who, with his pockets full of bread, purloined tha. of other,. That lh» boy" coo d refrain ’ by the way, is much more l.ke y Ih2n the other case cited above, since the child £«JuSiSy .uied lo have been no. only ricket. i bit‘‘badly organized,” and perhaps was in’ consequence partly insane to all intents, or essentially non compos. Such being the case, however ^he Propensity-we do not mean the habit—would seem to be the more naturally at tributed to original constitution, accoiding to the theory of the Phrenologists, and according o the theory also, we should observe of Lord KainVs and several other distinguished philoso phers who never heard of that science. P same propensity, observed in some per Js^niy du?inj intervals of to-WJ. Uid to the same conclusion. T he celebrated ri nel so highly esteemed as a medical authority in France says-11 could mention several in stances of insane persons, of known integrity and honesty during their intervals of c®ln™®*s’ who had an irresistible propensity to cheat or •teal, upon the accession of maniacal parox ysms.’ Spurzheim had in his own possession the skull of such a person, who died at Prague in Bohemia. Gall was acquainted with two ci tizens of Vienna, who having led irreproacha ble lives in their sanity, were in madness disttn Sshed for an extraordinary, and, no doubt in ir case, irresistible inclination to steal. They wandered over the hospital continually, when permitted, picking up whatever they could lav their hands upon—straw, rags, clothes, wood, Ac a striking exemplification of what is meant bv acauisitivene-s in its naked state, and without •bat direction of reason, or that counteraction of oiher propensities, which, in sane minds, very ^nJrallv prove sufficient, as they are intnnsi rn^ni in all cases, to prevent the ex ee^fr abu^’ol the disposition of which we £ Similar illustrations are Inrmshed by the steal in Cpropensity which has been generally SSliSldln respectable lemales during certain periods of-physical and mental diseases, or un °°?S0i,ufSewas observed by the celebra ted Esquirol at the Saltpetriere in Paris, ip a Koifht of w^°» ^rom exces9,?c in<^' •ence in some naa practices, auu uuui u»«f jointed love, had become “ weak in intellect, riolenl tempered, and finally a thief. On his iray to the Asylum just named, he contrived to deal spoons, carvers, and other things from the [nn at which he dined. He afterwards frequent 'd different cafes in the city, (attended by a ser vant) and was in the habit of putting cups, sau cers, spoons and all into his pockets, and car rying them off In other respects his conduct was sane, and the stealing propensity was final ly cured, probably by medical treatment; though it does not appear that he entirely recovered the strength of his mind. The Governor of the Prison at Prague com municated to both Gall and Spurzheiro the his tory of the wife of a rich merchant in that cUy, who was continually stealing from her husband. She practised with great adroitness, till they were compelled at length to confine her in a House of Correction three several times. Here she renewed her operations stealing every thing that she could find, till finally she seems to have been frightened out of the habit by the discharge of a spring gun, which was set to a strong box kept by her in the stove that heated the room. COURT OF REQUESTS — Tragedy in Tri bulation.—Mrs. Margery Watkins, a short squab figure,with face Aarmsas blue as bilberries, wad died up to the bench to make good her claim to 17s. 9J for the hebdomadal ablution of the bo dy linen of Mister Kemble Macrcady Walde grave, ati foot aspirant to histironic honors, and a well known star at one of the amateur minor theatres. The appearance of the defendant created some merriment, his nether limbs displaying the theatrical “sock and buskin,” which strangely contrasted with a blue body-coat, buttoned close up to his chin. He had evidently been captur ed just as he was preparing to “ cork” for a dress rehearsal of (Jthrllo. The complainant set lorth the mode in which the defendant had contrived to get into her debt. She declared she had undertaken to k^ep him in clean linen for 9d. a-week; but having from repeated washings, reduced his entire stock to one shirt and a couple of tails, she presented her bill, and was faithfully promised the full pay ment out of the first money to be received at a forthcoming “benefit.” The benefit, however, proved unproductive, and no cash consequently being forthcoming, the complainant summoned him for the debt. • •_ n. ..... ...r,.,.. n>n. VUimillSOlUIICI. J vu IVIMWV ~ man her demand? Defendant.—“ The very head and front of my offending hath this extent no more.” This woman hath despoiled me of my best linen shirt and silk handkerchief. Complainant.—Oh, goodness gracious! your best shirt? Why, my Lord, he never had more than one good one, which he’s got on; and Mr. Jones has told me he always lent him one of his dickies while it went to the wash. Defendant.—" He told a lie, a d-d lie, upon my soul a wicked lie.” Complainant—I’ll be on my oath it’s true, your Lordship. His other shirt is in such a state that if it goes into the copper agin, it must be put into a cabbage-net, or I shan’t get out all the pieces I’m sure. Here, Betty (calling to an old woman not unlike one of Macbeth’s witches), show the shirt to the gentlefolks. Betty advanced with a bundle. Defendant.—" How now, ye secret, black, and midnight hags, what is’t ye do?” Betty disengaged the shirt, spread it out, and held it up to the Court. It presented just such an appearance as might be supposed to have been produced, had it re ceived a point-blank discharge from a grape and-canister-loaded eight-and-forty-pounder. Complainant.—There that’s his shirt; and on ly see, my lord, how it’s darned, which I never charged him nothing for. Did I Betty. Defendant.—" Rumble your belly full, spit fire, crack your cheeks; I tax ye not with un kindness; 1 never gave ye kingdoms.” Petty,—You give us kingdoms! Why, you shabby scrub, you never stood the price of a quartern all the time we’ve washed for you. ‘ Defendant'.—“Aroint thee,ronion, for a rump fed witch.” Hnlu IScfan irnttr f nrrlahtn* tf’c quite awful to hear the heaps of wickedness that comes from his mouth. Defendant.—But where’s the handkerchief?— “ To lose’t or give’t away wore such perdition as nothing else could match.” Complainant—It hasn’t been sent to the wash these three weeks, you nasty feller. Defendant.—“ The handkerchief!” Complainant.—I havn’t set eyes on it, nor has Betty. Defendant.—“ The handkerchief!” Complainant.—Don’t bullock me, it wasn’t sent, I say. Defendant—“Away!” The Commissioner here interfered, and begged the theatrical hero would conde scend to give a direct answer to the Court— namely, whether he could find means to satisfy the complainant before extremities were res orted to. The defendant threw himselfintoan“imposing attitude,” then, as if a sudden thought had struck him, asked and obtained 24 hours grace. The defendant then folded his arms, stalked slowly out of court, and as he cast a glance at the sleeves of his coat, ejaculated, “ Oh! my pro phetic soul, my MTic/e!”—London paper. THE ROTHSCHILDS. The following information concerning the House of Kothechild, is given in the London Metropolitan for last month. “ The financial business of the house of Roth schild began to assume importance, in conse quence of its first loan often millions of florins, to the court of Denmark. In 1812, Mayer An selmo Rothschild, the father was attacked by a mortal illness. Aware of his approaching end, he had his ten children called to his bedside, gave them his dying benediction,and made them promise never to cnange their religion, and al ways to remain united among themselves on ’Cnange. These promises have been religious ly kept, and amply has the fable of the bundle of sticks been verified by the five brothers. When ever they are about to undertake an affair of im portance, all the united brethren invoke the memory of their father, which is venerated by them in a manner highly honorable to their fil ial feelings. Their great political operations commenced in 1813. and up to the present time it Is computed their house has negotiated in loans, subsidies, &c. upwardaof 160,000 millions sler ling, principally for the different monarchies of Europe; their profits have, of course been im mense. Their long and uninterrupted success was owing to their unanimity, and^ommunity of interests. Every proposition is decided b^r mu tual deliberation. Each operation, of major or minor importance, is conducted upon a concert ed and common plan; and all their individual, and combined energies, employed tocommapd success. Although, for several years they have resided at a distance from each other, that circumstance has by no means caused a listaace or discord amongst them; on tne contrary, it has proved a great advantage, in contributing towards the prosperity of their immense undertakings, by thus making them OU courant of the state of the principal money markets in Europe,though a continualexchange of couriers, which generally precede the go vernment messages; in this manner, each o the five brothers,! from the point where be l placed, possesses a great facility for preparing and negociating different affairs for the centra! establishment. _ _. “ The statistique of the Wondrous Five is as “Amscheor Anselmo, resides at Fjrankfort surle-Malne. He is the senior, and chlelor ne family, aged sixty-one years. At this house tne general inventory is made out, from private in ventories furnished by the other four banks, it is there, also, that the congresses of the frater nity are generally held. “ Solomon, the second brother, born Septem ber 9th 1774, has passed his professional time, the last eighteen years, between Berlin and Vi enna, chiefly at the latter. “Nathan, the third brother, is in his fifty sev enth year. He is the London Rothschild.. “Charles the fourth of the five bankers, is tor ty-six years old he has been established at Na ples since 1821. “'Jacob, the youngest, in years, was born in May 5th, 1792. His consort, the baroness, is the daughter of his second brother, the Baron Solo mon. Jacob has carried on his business since Anno Domini 1812, at Paris. ” DR A WS TO-MORRO W Literature Lottery of the State of Delaware, Class No. 48 for 1831, To be drawn at Wilmington, Del. on Thursday, November 27 HIGHEST PRIZE $12,000. Tickets $4 00; halves 2 00; quarters 1 00. To be had in a variety of numbers of J. CORSE, Lottery <f Exchange Broker. Alexandria. ~~ DRAWS TOMORROW Literature Lottery of the State of Delaware, Class No. 43 for 1834, To be drawn in Wilmington. Del. on Thursday November 27 HIGHEST PRIZE $12,000. Tickets $4 00; halves 2 00; quarters 1 00 On sale in great variety by JAS. KIORDAN. Uncurrent Notes and Foreign Gold pur chased. ___ DRAWS TO-MORROW Literature Lottery ot the State of Delaware, Class No. 48, for 1834. To be drawn at Wilmington, Del. on Thursday, November 27 HIGHEST PRIZE $12,000 Tickets $4 00; halves 2 00; quarters 1 00 For sale, as usual, in great variety, by JOS. HI. ( LAIIKE, (Sign of the Flag of Scarlet and Gold,) King st Alexandria, D. C._ DR A WS^fo-MORRO W Literature Lottery of the State of Delaware, Class No. 48 for 1834. To be drawn in Wilmington, Del. on Thursday, •. Noveml>er 27 CAPITAL PRIZE $12,000, Tickets $4 00; halves 2 00; quarters 1 00 To be had in a variety of numbers of J. \V. VIOI.F.TT, Lottery and Exchange Broker, Near the corner of King and Fayette Streets, _ Alexandria. D. C. JAMES S. GUNNELL, M. D. DENTIST, RESPECTFULLY informs the citizens and visitors of Alexandria that he may be con sulted at Mr. A. Newton’s Hotel on the third Wednesday in every month, from 9 o’clock A. M. until 4 P. M. All letters addressed to Dr. G. at his Office, between the United States* Bank and the President’s House, Washington City, or left at Mr. Newton’s Hotel, Alexandria, will De punctually attended to. jan 2—eWedti DAVID ArrlUH HAS the pleasure to announce to his custom ers and the public, that he has received a fresh assortment of CONFECTIONARY, fc. which he offers, wholesale or retail, at as low prices as they can reasonably be had. He con tinues to vend his merchandise at the house on King-street, five doors from Washington street, where he is ready to furnish— Oranges, Lemons, Grapes, Almonds Dates, Filberts, Madeira Nuts Currants, Figs, Trimes, Rock Candies Shelled Almonds, Tamarinds Liquorice, Ground Nuts. Lime Juice Green Ginger, Citron, Guava Jelly Currant Jelly, Cordial, Cigars Confectionaries Bordeaux Pickles, Capers and Olives French Confectionaries, by the late arrivals WINES, white and red—first qualities Cranberries German TOYS, French do., of the choicest kinds He flatters himself that, by assiduity and care, lie will merit patronage.nov 24—eo3t WAS COMMITTED TO the Jail for the County of Alexandria, District of Columbia, on the 2d of October, 1833, as a runaway, a yellow woman, who say her name is REBECCA SMITH. She appear to be about 35 years of age, 5 feet 6 inches high, stout and well made. She says that she belongs to a Mr. Freeman, a negro trader from the South. The owner is therefore requested to come forward, prove property, pay charges, and take her away; otherwise she will be sold out to the highest bidder, on the 2d day of De cember, 1834, in front of the Court House door, os the owner has been notified before this ac cardingto law. D. MINOR, Deputy Marshal, and Jailer for the County of sept 12—2awt2dDec Alexandria, D. C. Valuable Farms and Merchant Mills For Sale. BEING desirous to remove to the west, the subscriber offers for sale the FARM on which he lives, on Apple Pie Ridge, four miles north of Winchester, containing 250 acres — The improvements consist of a two story brick Adwelling house, barn, stable, and all neces sary out-houses. A never failing stream of water funs through it, and the fences are in good order. Also—A farm of 140 acres lying near the mountain, 6 miles from Winchester, a good ta vern stand, and now occupied as such by Patrick Molon. Also, the STONE MILL lying on Babb’s Run, within half a mile of the last farm, and two miles of the first, with between 70 or 80 acres of land. All communications by mail (post paid) will be attended to. JOEL LUPTON. Frederick county, nov 18—eotf ALEXANDRIA: WEDNESDAY MORNING, NOV. 26, 1834. AFFAIRS OF THE STATES. NORTH CAROLINA. Notwithstanding the confident predictions ol the Whig presses in North Carolina, and the honest opinion entertained by thousands out of that State as well as in it, that the Legislature was Anti-Jackson, it appears that the Hon. Bed ford Brown, a thorough Jackson Van Buren man, has been re-elected to the Senate of the United States. The Globe says:— “It gives us great pleasure to announce the re election of the Hon. Bedford Brownf by a ma jority of 32 votes. The vote stood—for Brown, - - 113 Settle. - - 60 Scattering, - 21 We understand th it Gov. Swain was nomi nated in opposition to Mr. Brown, and with drawn—that Mr. Branch was also nominated and withdrawn—and, finally, that Mr. Settle (once a friend, but now an opponent, of the Administration) was settled upon. Mr. Branch made, we learn, a most imploring speech, and deprecated the haste with which the Assembly advanced to immolate the liberties of the coun try.” MISSISSIPPI. A great Jackson Convention has recently been held in this State. A letter from Jackson, (Mississippi,) dated the 5th instant, immediate ly alter the close of the Convention, gives a brief account of its proceedings. It was fully attended, about 130 delegates being present. The letter states that “ Martin Van Buren was unanimously nominated lor the Presidency, and Thomas H. Benton for Vice President:”—we presume subject to the confirmation of the “National Convention.” Robert J. Walker, Esq. was nominated for the Senate in the place of Poindexter, and Col. Claiborne and Judge Wright for Representatives. lLLIIVUlo. Gov. Reynolds has been elected to fill the va cancy occasioned by the death of the Hon. Charles Slade. Gov. Reynolds, it will be re membered, is the Representative elect to the next Congress fiom the same district in Illinois. Mr. May has also been elected to succeed Gov. Duncan in his district, as well for the fraction of his term as for the next term. Gov. Reynolds, we learn, has had the misfor tune to lose his amiable wife, who died at Belle ville, Illinois, on the 5th of this month. VERMONT. We are glad to be able now to announce the re-election of Heman Alien, as representative in Congress from Vermont. The representa tion of that State in the next Congress will con sist, then, of the following gentlemen, all Whigs: Hiland Hall, William Slade, Horace Everett, Heman Allen, Henry F. Janes. GEORGIA. It is confidently asserted that Mr. King will be re-elected Senator from Georgia, and that Alfred Cuthbert will be elected to fill the place vacated by Mr. Forsyth, for the Department of State. Col. Geo. M. Troup is spoken of as most likely to be the next Governor of Georgia. A smart run has been made on the “Columbus Bank” ir. Georgia, but it held out, and confi dence was restored. MAINE. We lay before our readers a letter from Mr. Sprague, in which he concisely announces his intention of resigning his seat in the Senate, as soon as the members of the Legislature can as semble to fill the vacancy, and in which he sums up his reasons for so doing. We are not sorry to see Mr. Sprague take the position he has taken, though his loss in the Senate is such as cannot easily be made up—but we arc glad to see him draw the strong distinction he does be tween the instructions of a packed caucus in a legislature, and the strong voice of the people, when a direct appeal is made. TO THE MEMBERS OF THE LEGISLATURE OF MAINE. Gentlemen:—Deeming it proper to give to ap propriate agents, whom the people have desig nated for that service, an opportunity to fill the seat 1 now hold in the Senate of the United States, at the earliest practicable moment, I take this mode of apprising you that the Legis lature will, on the firstday ol its session, receive my resignation of the office of Senator. I do so in order that you may be prepared for immedi ate action upon that import..nt subject. When, at a former period, the Legislature ar rogated to itself a right to demand the surrender ofmy office, I thought myselfbnund, by the high est and most solemn obligations, to resist that high handed assumption of power which, if sub mitted to. would entirely abrogate an express | and important provision of the Con>tituiion ofi the United States, changing the tenure of the office of Senator from six years, as therein dis tinctly prescribed, to the precarious pleasure of the Legislature for the time being, which that in strument so emphatically repels. I have so long and so unequivocally withstood that assumption that it cannot be supposed to be in any degree sanctioned by me should I soon yield to my in clination to retire, especially as my situation has been so materially changed. 1 have recent ly by my own consent, been brought directly be fore the whole People of the State as a candi date for the office of their Chief Magistrate. The contest was a vigorous one, and turned upon political questions in which I had been and might again be called upon to take part. Pecu liar circumstances, which preceded and attend ed the canvass, gave it the character of an ap peal to the great primary source of all power— :he People. Their decision has been pronounced; snd I cannot now perceive that my considera tions of public duty require me to sacrifice my reelings and wishes, by continuing in office, a 1 moment longer than is necessary to give to the j Legislature an opportunity to elect another in 1 my stead. The precedent cannot be danger-] jus. There can rarely be such a coincidence jf circumstances, and never without the volun ary consent of the Senator himself to be plac-1 ed directly before the whole people as a date for their suffrages. ndl‘ l am, very respectfully, Your ob’t serv't TELEG SPRAGUP Hallo well, November 17, 1834. PENNSYLVANIA. The Pennsylvanian says, the Commissioner, of Pennsylvania, James Buchanan, Joseph Burke, and Roberts Vaux, Esqrs. in conjunction with General Wall, Dr. Stryker, and Wm.Sher red of New Jersey, were in session last week jQ this city, and we understand have brought th* important negrociation entrusted to them, t0a satisfactory conclusion. These gentlemen were charged with the difficult duty of fixing the U*, of the waters of the Delaware for canal pUr. poses, and for removing obstructions from that river—objects of vast interest to the people the respective States. We trust their labors will prove acceptable to the citizens o! New Jersey and Pennsylvania, to whose legislative bodies the arrangements must be submitted for ratifi. cation. LOUISIANA. Charles Derbigny. Esq. President of the ?e. nate of Louisiana, has consented to become a candidate for the United States Senate. Mr Waggaman, the present Senator, will probable also he a candidate. The permanent population of New Orleans does not exceed 50,000, from which the black population -being deducted, the number of the white population wili not exceed 20,000. Of these 15.000 are Catholics, and the remaind er Protestants. By the latest accounts which we have receiv ed from the Washington Rail Road it appear that the disorderly spirit had not ceased, al though there has been no further bloodshed. On Saturday night the rioters forcibly enter ed a tavern kept by Mrs. Harrison, 18 miles on the Washington turnpike usually called the half w ay, of which they kept possession, appropria ting to their own use every w hich they wished. Another party broke into Mr. Wheelock’sstore, one mile this side of Mrs Harrison’s, and took away all the goods which they could find,the larger quantity having been previously remor. ed by the owner. The citizens of Anne Arundel county have met at Waterloo, and have established a guard to assist in keeping the peace, which, with the efforts of private individuals and other measures now in progress, it is thought w iil restore tran quillity.-—_ Correspondence of the Baltimore Patriot. Louihviu.e, (Ky.) Nov. 13. In August last, the Secreturv ol the Treasury issued a “circular” to the Receivers and Dis bursing Officers of Public money, of a most ex traordinary character. It authorized the c hecks of the latter, on any Deposite Bank, to be received by the former in payment of all public dues, and thus, without authority of law, or any other than executive responsibility, a currency is no doubt contemplated to supply the place of that issued by the U. S. Bank. But this is not all—the circular alluded to, points to no limits. Some of said checks are issued for one dollar, and every or any amount found to be due to laborers employed upon the public works in the West—and the superintendents are all military men—subject only to the orders ol the proper department. Let it be known that the appropriations of the last session, are no longer expended as heretofore under contracts In Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois, the chiel super intendent on the National Road has superseded the former commissioners, hnd changed them tire system. He has appointed a sub-superin tendent for each ten miles of the road, who employs hands to labor on daily wages— and thus has increased the number of officers, and, of course, the political influence they may be expected to exercise. The circular alluded to does not stop at the creation of an unlimited courrency of checks of all denominations and amounts, issued by subordinate government of ficers— it assumes the power to appropriate these cheeks at its discretion, in as much as the Receivers ami holders of public money are by j the same circular, authorized to pay on demand I such claims against the government, liquidated i or unliquidated, as may be presented by men | thought to be safe, and showing vouchers <h I satisfactory character to the officer of whom 1 payment may be so demanded. Auditors, and j Treasurers, and Legislators, and all other re straints upon the party, may hereafter be dis carded.” ‘ . . • I •_I nnlieac One ol me mostcurious . we have seen is that of a ceilain Stephen Mc Guire, a Heafand dumb mute, who recently diefl, according to the Huntingdon (N. J.) Gazette, * Mobile. He was educated in the Deaf and Uumo Institution in this city, and a native of * «'w >r sev, and went to Mobile lor his health and to practice medicine. He had exlnhitcd ta en n a high and marked order—was enanioure early lifeof the character of Napoleon-vimiiq France while yet a boy, and partook P'1 an intlie glories of the trois jours—reciossei Atlantic—plunged into the western «after s and bravelv fought against the savages i wars with Black Hawk, receiving the palm w honor for bis bravery on that occasion lr< fair Indies of Galena. His shoit ca • humble ns his origin was, and atfecte s was with the most grievous and distressing firmity, admirably proves the truth ol beautiful lines of Gray, which might * a his epitaph: “ Pehold in this neglected spot is laid. A Youth once pregnant wilh celestial nre Hands that a rod of empire might haven*") , Or waked to ecstacy the living lyr*y Reprieve.—We learn that Otis, onder&cn tenceof death at the Leverett street J • being concerned in the murder °f .i,e James Crosby, has received a reprieve President of the United States, for fi'e . ’ to give time for an enquiry into all ti*e stances of the case, on the part of the h ^ when it is not unlikely that a I ardon granted.— Boston Jour. __ Breach of Trcst.—We learn that: ■ >J“rnf man about twenty-two years of age, wno ^ few weeks past has been in the em, y’ _ |*. assistant mail guard, of the mail con 1 tween this city and New York, J’as0!?. k hr0'. last entrusted by several of the New > orMJJ, kers, with a package containing about bank-notes of varions denominations, a Structed to hand it to three of our city Moiter The money was not received in due time, a* has since been ascertained that the ,ndt has decamped with the package. It is suppv ed that he has gone West.—Juq.