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Alexandria gazette. [volume] (Alexandria, D.C.) 1834-1974, November 21, 1837, Image 2

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85025007/1837-11-21/ed-1/seq-2/

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DaiWPappr, - - - - t8 |H*r annum
Country Paper, - - - - 5 per annum
;.The Ne«r York elections have maae
quite a stir here; and, notwithstanding
the charlatanical excuses and apolo
gies of the Globe, you may depend upon
it the powers that be are sufficiently
alarmed, and / Anotr that a very high
functionary, (no less an one than R. M.
Johnson) has expressed an opinion that
the party is lost forever, and that the
Whigs will be able to maintain the ascen
dency for a long time. This is, no doubt,
the actual opinion which all ihe leaders
t»ere entertain, no matter what their ex
pressions to the contrary may be. It is
amusing to notice die shifting and shuf
fling of the subordinates. You may hear
them endeavoring to press upon the minds
of some the conservatism of their opin
ions and their total dissent from the ul
traists—while others w ho are too deep in
the mire, excuse, a ta Olobe, their disas
trous defeat. They are very severe upon
the office-holders in New \ ork who vo
ted the Whig ticket (?) and would wish
them all proscribed,and good men,staunch
and true, put in their places. I should
not be greatly surprized if there were
some removals and the * hickory system
in some measure re-established. But as
1 said before, the majority of the subor
dinates are conservatism ng, that is,taking
the middie ground,or “fence” position, a
convenient one for a leap either way, as
matters may hereafter turn. Most are
schooling themselves in W hig principles,
thinking those will be most fortunate.
The‘ almost sainted” Jackson’s favorite
“persecuted patriot” Reuben, is turning
with a vengeance on his foimcr friend*-.
Reuben could not stand the charge of
4 perfidy and treachery” made against his
employers, and has, as you are aware
commenced a seiies of letters addressed
to Mr. Van Buren. In the one which ap
peared yesterday, he makes an onslaught
on ifie tribe of L^vi, distinctly charging
on Levi the financial embarrassments of
the country and the failure of the glori
ous experiment, brought about by his
blunders and total mismanagement.
These are weighty charges,and coming
too as they do from one formerly high in
me confidence of ihe party deserve at least
some notice from these immediately con
cerned,—but ihe Globe, Levi and all the
c! que preserve an ominous silence—
Something ere long will be elicited from
Reuben which will prove the assertions
made respecting Mr. Woodbury’s entire
incompetency. A late Pekin (China)
paper slates that “the treasurer of the
celestial empire has been discharged Irom
office on account of incapacity and his
hein^ a bungler in business.” Shall we
be surpassed in c ur sense of justice by
the great nation of the East? The Mer
chant has died off, and Duff Green has
gone to Texas. Like country—like
t\vtract of a letter from a gentleman
from \ ii ginia.
lil was very much gratified at my re
cent visit to Alexandria. Old associa
tions, business, convenience and the de
sire of seeing my friends, lead me annu
ally to your place, and this full it has
given me great pleasure to find that you
are, at last, manifestly improving. You.
at home, are not as well able to judge of
this fact as a visiter, because the change
from bad to betler, is exceedingly grad
ii,d. But that a real change has come,
is manifest. May it go on for your sakes.
until general prosperity prevails and
your ancient tow n again assumes its just
importance. I conversed a good deal
with your merchants. More business has
been done this fall than has been done in
the same space of time, for many years
previous. Your store-keepers, on Ki tg
street, acknowledged to me that their bu
siness had increased. Your Mechanics
have considerable work, many of them
more than they cun do—And your Man
ufactories are really extensive and valu
able establishments. The value of your
heal Estate has increased—?ome late
sales of property, 1 have been told, are
very encouraging. Courage then, my
old friends! In a lew years the Chesa
peake and Ohio Canal,will be completed
to the great Cod Region. About the
same time your Lateral Canal w ill be fi
nished. In that event, your fortunes are
made. Not that a shower of gold will
descend upon you,—but you must then
lte, a thrifty, growing, business place,
with the materials for trade, manufac
tures and commerce, in abundance be
fore you”
One of the greatest humbug* 01 toe
day we take to be the “Business Conven
tion'’ which lubty assembled at Phiiadel
phi.t—re assembled—and—adjourned. It
has issued an address to tne Public full
oi common place generalities. What is
t!iC use of such Conventions?
Col. Johnson i> Ho'iizitu; in New ork.
The Colonel? poor man! is much to be
The Whigs of New York City will pro
bably make their day of Jubilee, a day
of Joy to I he poor of the city. 1 hey
are thinking of making collections to
raise a fund to buy food and fuel foTthe wi
dows and orphans during the approach
ing inclement season, and thus celebrate
their triumph by a deed of benevolence
which will fill their own heaits with glad
ness while it will relieve the distresses of J
their fellow creatures.
At a Public Meeting of the citizens of
Charleston, S. C. held on the 11th inst.,
at which the Mayor presided, resolutions
were adoped, after debate, by a nearly
unanimous vote, in favor of the entire
abolition of Imprisonment for Debt.
One of Mr. James M. Mason’s reasons
for opposing the sub Treasury Bill, i-S
because, he says, “Mr. Calhoun was the
father of it.” This is this almost as bad
as Mr. J. M. Patton’s reason for not vo
ting for Judge White as President. But
Mr. Calhoun was not the father of it. ,
He only adopted it. It was distinctly j
marked out and recommended by 1 its. J
dent Van Buren before it was even known j
I that Mr. Calhoun would be in favor of
j any such project. Palmain qui meruit,,
I ^ .-—
It is reported by a citizen ot this town
that on Sunday night last, after daik, on
his return from Washington to this place,
he was stopped on the road and his mo
ney demanded—that seeing some one
approach, he, in return, seized tho foot
I pad, who thereupon immediately broke
' from his hold and fled.
j We have heretofore remarked that Mr.
James M. Mason’s speech at Charlestown
: had not given general satisfaction. The
j Van Burenitcs, especially, we learn,
1 are not pleased. Mr. Mason ought to
! have rented upon his excellent speech in
i Congress, and the result of the Frede
rick election. It he desires to be pupu
• tar. let him not be too anxious to swim
) with the current. There are times and
! occasions when political firmness is ab
! sotutely necessary. Mr. Mason cannot
! be an Administration man and an Ant -
Administration man at the same time.
It is probable, we think, that the elec
tion in Michigan has resulted in the sue
ecssof the Administration there. Apart
from party politics we should think that
! Michigan has good reason to he satisfied
with the course of Guv. Mason—whose
i talents, energy, activity, and zeal, in be
j half of his state, are worthy of all praise.
j The present fall has been a remarka
i ble one in the general mildness of the
; weather. We expect an examination ot
i Mr. Mountfurd’s Meteorological Reports
i would show a great contrast between
1 this and the fall months ot several pre
| eroding > ears. __.
i The “Bank Preservers” nave become
afraid of the name of “Conservatives.”
! They are nicknamed so, says the Rich
mond Enquirer. All wrong. It is a term
of their own choosing. They named
thfirown party. Their newspapers and
orators gloried in it. “What’s in a
name’5? __
The New York Whig victory has been
celebrated with illuminations & bon-fires,
in Fredericksburg, Leesburg, and other
places in Virginia. _
‘•The avalanche in New York,” says
the Richmond Enquirer, “has been suf
ficiently startling. Quite “sufficiently,”
| we dare say.__
Chicken Business —1 lie New York
I Transcript say>: ' We understand that
one of the greatest monopolies of the
I day—the business of hatching chickens,
heretofore confined to the hens, is now
disputed with them by Mr. Y\ tr. Fukes,
No. 5, avenue A. He batches them in
his oven, as ihe Chinese do.
There are clitic rent opinions with rc
jspect to the Express Mail, but the Join
! nal of Commerce seems to have but one
j way of thinking on the subject. “We
are told,” it observes, 4*that the letters by
the Express mail arrive much less rc
I gularly now, than they did before the
! postage was paid in advance. Whether
! there is any thing in this or not, the Ex
press mail is a great nuisance; and an e
| normous expense to the merchants.—
i Thousands of letters are sent in it which
might just as well go bv the great mai>,
' but for the necessity which the Expres it
i self imposes. To Southern merchants
, the tax is most onerous. They are com
' pelted to keep up a very heavy expense
' for triple postage, for which they get not
j the least advantage. YVe hope there a ill
I be good sense enough in Congress at the
next session to abolish this anomalous
1 excrescence on the mail policy of our
Appointment by the People of New
General Joy to reign in the hearts of
the American People, in place of Gene
ral Jackson, resigned.
WALDIE’S Select Circulating Libra
ry—furnishing the hest popular Li
te* atur?, Memoirs, Biography, Novel*,
• Tales, Travels, Voyages, &c., is publish
ed weekly by Adam YValdie, Pbiladel
* phia. Each number contains 18 pages
| of large quaito letter press—making two
j handsome volumes a year. Price $5 per
! annum, payable in advance. Subscrip
tions received by BELL & ENT WISLE,
Agents, King street, Alexandria; who
furnish all periodicals for which they are
Agents, without any extra charges.
' fH>v 18 "
The late Riot at Alton.
/•Vom fhe Missouri fit public an*
Extract of a letter to the Editor dated:
“Alton, Wednesday evening,Nov. 8.
The curse of Aboliilonism has again
fallen upon our town. Yesterday morn
ing at 4 o’clock, P. M. a fourth Abolition
press was landed from the Missouii Ful
ton, and put into Godfrey, Gilman & Co’s,
warehouse under guard of the friends of
Mr. Lovejoy. During the day of yester
day much excitement prevailed, and du
ring the evening many individuals col
lected with a full determination to de
destroy it. The ware house was again
guarded by some eighteen or twenty
Friends of the cause, and when the at
tack was made, Mr. Lovejoy fired from
a window and shot down a Mr. Bishop.
The populace infuriated at this, and not
being uble to make entrance, set fire to
the building. The individual who appli
ed the torch to the roof was aoout to he
fired upon (or was tired upon) by Mr.
Lovejoy, when he, Mr. L. received*u mor
tal wound from some one of the assail
ants. Two others inside received wounds
hut not dangerous The press was then
given up and destroyed. To-day, »e
have peace and quietness, and trust in
God that it may continue.”
In addition to the foregoing, we learn
that the crowd tacked the house of
Messrs. Godfrey, Gilman & Co. about
eleven o’clock in the night, but finding it
defended, they retired. In a short time af
afterwards the attack was renewed. Ai
each time no violence was manilested ex
cept to demand the press. Those in the
house having refused to give up posses
sion, and having expressed their deter
ruination to resist, il was resolved by the
assailants to set fire to the building. For
this purpose a ladder was raised and a
fire kindled on the roof. The fire when
first kindled did not burn freely, and a
;second person ascended to add fuel to it.
Whilst he was in the act of ascending
dm ladder, the Ilev. Mr. Lovejoy came
lout of the house and stood opposite to
! he S. W. corner of the building. He fir
1 ed from this position several time®, at the
man ascending, but without effect. A
man from behind a pile of lumber on the
| wharf below, fired at M • L: the gun
was charged with two balls, both of which
entered Mr. L’s. body, near or in the
chest. Mr. L. dropped the gun he was
in the act o! firing, ran up into the house,
and as he reached the Clerk’s room fell
on the threshold and expired instantly.
Those in the house now proposed sur
i rendering, if the fire was put out. The
I crowd without ascended, and cariied wa
I \ey in their hats to extinguish the flame?.
j The doors weie then thrown open, and
as the crowd rushed in, two guns were
(ired, by some of thosee entering. The
ball from one of the guns lodged in the
ancle of a Mr. Rolf, one of the defend
ers of the hoii'C, and it is yet doubtful,
whether lie will not loose his leu. The
other henII lodged in the foot of Mr.Wel
ler. Several other persons in the house
were injured, in attempting to escuph.—
As sooii as the crowd had gained posses
sion, they took the press, broke it in ma
ny pieces, and threw it into the river.—
All then dispersed, and by two in the
morning the town w as again quiet.
The Mayor, as we learn, w as on the
“round. attempting to arrest the distur
bance, but without any effect. He liar
rowly escaped being w ounded or killed,
as a ball perforated Fiis ha*.
Mr. Lovejoy and Mr. Lishop w ere both
interred yesterday', and every thing seem
ed to indicate, that the storm had subsi
ded. Report states that Mr. L. on the
evening preceeding his death had agreed
*o leave Alton and to remove his press,
but was dissuaded by l)r. Becher and
somcothers from doingso,on the ground,
that the war had been commenced there
and m *st be terminated there.
If the press had not been surrendered,
a large amount of property must have
been destroyed, as ttie store house in
which the press was, contained mure
than $100,000 worth of good?, exclusive
of the value of the building.
Every one must regret this unfortu
nate occurrence but the guilt of the trans
action w ill ever rest with those who mad
ly and obstinately persisted in the attempt
to establish an abolition press there.
They were warned time after time of the
consequences, and urged by every con
sideration, not to press the attempt; but
to all they turned a deaf ear, and nublic
opinion will hold them responsible lor
the fatal consequences.
Dissipation—the South.—The Mobile
Examiner in noticing the prevalence of
yellow fever in that city, and the causes
which contiibuted to its increase, gives
the following judicious advice to those
who are wont to lead the same dissipated
life in a w’arm as in a cold climate. To

I the source here ascribed w e have no
! doubt, may be aitributed the death of ma
ny young men, who seek the Souih for
None but the physically blind can avoid
the scenes of deep indulgence and gene
ral dissipation which daily accelerate the
passage of some endeared frit-lid to the
silence and decay of an early tomb.—
And as a general evil, we are fully pel - '
suaded that the supposed predisposition ;
of our climate to disease is incomparably
less fearful in its consequences than are 1
those misspent hours and interminable ;
carousals which form a striking feature j
of almost every southern community.
The natural warmth and buoyancy j
of our air, awakens congenial feelings'
in those w no respire it; and as if life had j
let loose all her sw< e.s at once, the incau
tious victim of his own imprudence, ol
ten lets fall and breaks the golden bow l. 1
while endeavoring to dr.iin its honied 1
contents at a draught. And thus it is >
that the evil - retulling from a wrong use,
or rather abso»u e abuse, of Heaven’s
richest blessings, arc but too frequently a I- j
legedtobe the imperfection of those bless- j
mgs themselves—as it heaven had inter- J
mingled her best gifts with poison.’’
E D W A ll D SWA N N,
Attorney at Law,
HAS opened his Law Office on St.
Asaph street, between King and
Prince streets, and will practice in the ,
Courts ol the District ol Columbia, and
those ot the Counties ol Fairfax, Lou j
doun. and Prince William, in Virginia,;
and Prince George’s and Charles Coun*
lies, Maryland. nov 9—dlweolm I
Native Artists
We extract the following from the N.
York Daily Express, with great plea
Native Artists.—Mr. John Cranch.—
We take pleasure in laying before our
readers the following testimonial in favor
of a young American artist, who has re
cently taken up his abode in New York.
Vtr Cranch is the son of Judge Cranch,
of the District of Columbia, and is one of
the mo>t promising and talented artists
in our country.
There is no place which we like to vi
sit more than the studio of an artist; and
surely there is none which deserves visit
ing more, or which better repays us for |
the visit. We are let into an entertain
ment which appeals and ministers to ma
ny of our senses at once; and we pity the
man certainly, who can experience all to
which he may be admitted in a case of
This kind, without some additional expan
sion of his bosom—some kindling nl his
enthusiasm, and some better opinion of
human nature.
But we have ho idea of an essay, la
bored or not, upon these matters. Our
onlv intention is to direct public attention
to the efforts of one of our artists who
has been, it is true, but a short time with
us; but who, for that reason, is not any
les- entitled to that notice, and that kind
and renovating regard,which good sense
' and good feeling are ever ready to ren
der to genius and perseverance.
We refer to Mr John Cranch.a gentle
man who has already about him, in his
rooms, some specimens which cannot
fail to do him high honor as n painter,
and to give him those assurances of po
polarity which strong and good woikmen
ever deserve, so soon as his merits shall
be known,as they should be,to the coun
I The heads copied by Mr Cranch, in
I Italy.— where he resided some three <>i
i four years, constitute, perhaps, the bes'
! thing in his studio. They combine so
many ol the leading excellencies as well
as peculiarities of the ‘*dd masters,” that
they easily pass lor touches from those
powerful pencils.
The group® Irom the Tempet —of Pros
pero and the light footed generation—is
mother capital affair, w hich should be
more and better known;—and to better
know it. we are aware ot no better wav
than to go and contemplate it, as long as
inclination will lead you.
In drawing Mr Cranch ranks deserved
ly high, also. A good judgment, as good
a taste, and an accurate eve. are percep
tible, to a singular degree, in all he un
dertakes. This is no mean praise, and
we wish the fact was made more of, now
i-days, than it is. It is a leading virtue.
What is good painting—a good brush —
without a good pencii? It is like Pe agi.e
finger above the pian<<, iri the matter ol
music without the ear.
But enough of this—lor the art and the
man. We hope to see them both encour
aged; and fee! confident that in doing
what good sense tells in for the latter,
we shall be doing much for the former.
One of Mr Cranch’s specimens,—the
head of (hcnville Mellmf we have seen
at CloveCs book-tore, in Broad way. It
isan excellent likeness,and with theoiher
paintings referred to by our correspon
dent, affords abundant proof of the geni
us and tact of Mr. C. — iXeto \ork E.rp.
We have ?>een looking for some such
nr Ice of Mr. Cranch ever since we
heard he had been in New York; for v e
were ceitain that his genius and talents
would be there, if any where, properly
appreciated. And now therefore, that
his works are brought into notice there
may we not indulge the hope that public
approbation and patronage will abun
dantly rew ard so deserving an artist?
A Pensioner one hundred and six years
oi.d—John Davis stiil continues to call
on “Uncle Sam” sem:-innually, for his
pension, though he numbers a whole
century and six years over. 1 saw him
a few days since, when he attended here
to prove his identity, and his right to he
counted among the living.
This aged veteran was born in Prince
William countv, Virginia, and for sonic
time liv*‘d near the residence of George
Washington, with whom he served in
! Rraddock’s war. He afterward served
! through the whole Revolutionary struggle
! His appear? nee dose not betoken such
extreme ag«— 'ds step is still q;i;te active
and firm, and he rode on hoisebtck to
this (eleven mil*-s,) and retured the same
day. His hearing is hut little impaired,
and Ids vision sue!) that he wii es h s
name without spectacles, lit? observed
i that his (acuities were failing, especially
his memory—though sometimes his recol
lection W3s very perfect in recalling the
past events of4 bygone days,” but agaain
he found himself Irequentiv bewildered
in a st**ry, and inceetl says he, ‘ I begin
iO feel the effects of old age/’ The last
twenty years he has not tasted »d aulent
spirit, and what is mod singular in this
man’s history, is his conveision at the
age of ninety-.line, was baptized and still
is constant m- liner ol the Baptist church.
Lawrencevide, Ga. Oct 10, IS37.—South
ern thinner.
It is a fact, now for the first time made
public, in the second volume of OiiviVsj
Life oi Burr, that Jefferson’s lii>t election J
to the office of President of the United J
States, was compassed by a frawl of bis
turn commission, in the canvassing of the
votes ol the states, before the two Houses
of Congress. But for this fraud, neither
Jefferson nor Burr, but Charles Cotes
worth Pinckney would have been elected.
It is a fact, that the celebrated proc
lamation attributed to General Jackson,
against the n til I i tiers of South Carolina,
written by Mr. Prist and Edward Liv
mg.ston. and unon which the fri-nds ol
Jackson, have plumed themselves so
much, and given their idol so much praise,
was never signed bv him. Jackson did
not, and would not sign it. His name
was directed to lie placed at the bottom
of it by another, utter it had been sent to
the printer. There is now no official
copy of that document in the department
of staff, bearing Je.ckson’j signature.
—Acte York Commercial,
1 I
Female Influence.
The Influence on Woman upon the
Destinies of a People.—An oration with
salutatory addresses, delivered at the an
nual commencement of Columbia Col
lege, Oct. 3d. By Nathaniel W. Chitten
deV New York. Omitting the salutary
addresses to the Public, the Trustee*,and
the President and Faculty of the College,
we here present the oration entire.
The Influence of Woman upon the Desti
nies of a Teople,
The cause is often lost sight of in the
magnitude and diversity of the effect.—
Nations rise, flourish, and decay. An
erroneous philosophy points confidently
to the engraven dogma, the order of our
being. History reveals not the secret
springs: with her, causes are general and
extrinsic; in her rightful province she but
speaks of the daring deeds of youth, the
energetic acts of manhood, the impotent
exertions of age, weakened by luxury,
maddened by dissension; and, then :lie
rush of foreign conquest, her soul fired
wiih new sprung ambition,her arm nerv
ed with the certainty of success.
i Mav we not however,through the Jaws
of our governing principles, discover the
I operation of a remoter influence diffusing
| itself with uncontrollable power through
every vein .and arterv of a people’s desti
ny? The gathered fragment of ancient
record, t' e unbroken annal of modern
time, the spirit ol true philosophy, *11 con
firm it. Let us look to the bos«-ni of our
homes; there stands the altar of our fa
thers: there concentre all our social affec
tions; arornd fondly clusters every do
mestic virtue.
But what, we may ask,what gives light
and life to that home; what hinds us by
J an indissoluble, sacred tie to that alta»;
i whnt call® forth the full, warm gush ol
: grateful affection;what imparts existence,
name, worth, to those domestic viitues?
Woman, Woman is that remoter in
i fluence. Beginning within the narrow
| circle ol the firesi le, it progressively ex
pands until it embraces the wider and
vet wider circles of kindred, of friend
ship, o! country, of mankind.
We are not interring the vague enco
miums of blind admiration or the ardent
promptings of youthful enthusiasm. We
speak the plain,the simple truth. Every
nation has been elevated, or depressed
in the scale of prosperity, ol knowledge
—in a word, of civilization itself—accord
ing to the estimated standard ol the fe
male character.
That it should be thus, is natural. It
springs even from the relative organiza
tion of the sexes. Man is swayed more
by passion and intellect; woman, by the
affections and moral sentiments; the lat
ter tend to correct, to strengthen, a id to
guide the former. This congruity hi tlmii
peculiar characteristics pervade® and
strengthens the manifold relation® of life,
ft creates an influence, than which in
I its bloom, nothing is so “searc hing. ®o
versatile, so multifariou®, so universal/5
Without its support, talents falls grovel
ling to the dust; th** heait loses its purity:
the best and holiest feelings witnher and
the highest hope is blighted. — Man sink®
below the level of the brute creation, t> -
cause, with the divine spark ol ioielli
gence glowing within, tie follows blindly
the instinct of Ids animal nature—an ignis
fatuus that leads him to tne biack and
tnirv pool of moral turpitude.
The gloomiest despotism nas always
brooded over the monarchies of tne East.
If the torch of liberty ever blazed there,
»twas but for a moment—lie torrent ol
vice rjuickly extinguished it. \\ I»y is if?
* hy has not man, in climes enjoying the
i brightest smile of heaven, ns®inne,! In
j inalienable rights, his noblest privileges?
why does not the light of lif* beam enno
bling upon him? why is all generous feel
ing. all true-hearted affection unknown?
The fountain head of moral purity i>
podu'ed. Woman is fearfully degraded
— regarded as a mere object of gloss
| sensual appetite. As a necessary con®e
i fjuence, thi? destinies of the Asiatic na
tions are as uncertain as the shifting
sands of their des u ts; the whole govern
mental fabric is unstable; there is no na
donal morality to support it; no attach
ments of consanguinity to cement it; no
' manly patriotism to protect it.
1 Woman’s influence is either of tin*
■ nost exalted or of the most debasing
tendency. For, in the female character,
; mere is no mid-region; it must rxi"t in
| spotless innocence; or else in hornless
| v ce. Nature affirms this in regard to
; both the sexes. The Wnrld does not —
, Time is the a'ly ol truth, and nature fi
na!lv triumphs. What is person d repu
diation without personal morality? The
fame of W ashington is self-illinninab*d;
its chiefest .lenient is high moral piinci
| pie. The renown of (\x*<ar, Cromwe
| and Bonaparte, is reflected; snccesslti.
| ainoition has thrown its glitter over con
! summate hypocri y i ■ .fish ness. and dc
pr.i vry.
Widening the circle, however, or w.' at
! permanent avail, is a national intellect
| unaided by a sound national morility?i
I < »recce is wont to be regarded as the
land of all that \> lovely, of all that i
good. In creations ol the mind it i>. Met ;
trophy covered lulls a»e encircled vxiih:
an insn.>taining radiance; b iie.iin it are 1
living forms ot celestial beau x; from tin ;
before -unopened mine of 01 iginuuty the)
came; a Homer, a yKschyius, a Plato, |
w rought them out, and touched them w ith \
the Promethean fire of their genius. Put
descend unto the plain. The nils ol
Aganippe and Ilippocrenc run slow and
discojoied; instead of the freshness of
virtue, \ve behold the sickliness of vice;
ins'ead of breathing the purr, cheering !
atmosphere of moral purity, we inhale !
the pestilential vapors of all that is loam
some in man. Foul corruption isev« ry
where seen; from the hearth to the fo- j
rum, from the centre to the circurnfer* ■
ence, it wraps all in its crushing,serpent- !
like folds, it is a rebellion against the
dictates of Nature. The Laconian law- j
giver has laid the main pillars ot the ■
Spartan constitution in outage and in
dignity upon the delicacy and juuty of
woman; at Corinth, at Athens, tinough
out all the pouticai systems of Greece,
the female character is dethroned Ironi
;ls high and natural elevation in society,
stripped ot aii its charms with all its vi -
tues, and degraded into the object ol
gross sen itaiitv, or the blind and worth
less instrument of political econo : y.
Can we wonder, then, for a single in
otant, at the destiny of thu people? Had
their social aftd moral relations b'
otherwise, their political existence hi
been different. Had they been anima.!
by pure patriotism, such as is kin<Jie/*
the hallowed shrine of filial and rel.g; *
love, nurtured by the endearing recV*4
tions of home, of wives, sisters.** nioth-rV
the little band of Grecian ilc- um
might, from their proud elevation of
ral and intellectual greatness, have <
defiance successively to the M„cJ /
nian. the Iloman. and the Ottoman.
We turn from this scene of laments
error to the earlv race or Grecians *
strange interest invests them. The
of their primeval forests, the tnysfepC
rites of their religion, lend them' i,,
a romantic charm. Hut chiefly
high reverence for the sex, blench,* f
thought and deed wnh so.emn v!«r^: *
awakensour admiration and ies|,v '
They gave to the character of
value and importance that events'
wrought in her condition a change, »lt
jderful alike for the singularity t»f j.J ;,i)v’
ition and lor the influence it Ims e\ 'p,.»
j upon ilie gradual spread of i»*li uj a!,
ienlightened principle'*.
In the cu>toms and sneia! ii'am ,r
this people we behold ihe sop,^
institution ol C\ ivah v: <»n» ti at >o rilf(
!y ar.d >o immeasurably ain ^ N ,
iing the dai kness of the middle
l)evo:i"n to woman was heret».e ar,n^.
inc spirr’. 1* gave rise to manly ;.r,j
voluntary homage, a noble nnd chiv../.
rous it finement M re in.'fliered hv tp»«« .
ligations «>f religion. Tin* li<*|a,rfeit
rior spurred on his charger to the c#lf.
\ (lift with the trail c-cry id CJod and I,,,
“ladye love.” It humanized Mu* couduci
of war, while it liberalized Hie pursuits of
neace. And flora it ..Minstiels an**
the morning star precursoi of a ncvs rt!
uiighler era ol civn ziti n.
We have considered the it tli]*rco . f
woman in a moral p. in; of new asex» -1
ted amid the retired and tranquil s\i,
pal hies of home As regulating direitb
the political destinies ol a people, d *
has not been found wanting m ifit» ii. c'
Witness Cleopatra and /,* iiotmt «*f ,.\j’
England’s Elizabeth, ar d AushuN y.i
ria I hercsa. Ilnj sad experience !:.•>
shown that the riders sr.it hr fits h«*r
not, that ih.» sceptre and the swoi •I gr.h».
not her hand; and that, in most in-f.ir.rrs
when called leempire,slu* has proud uu
nappy or ci iminal.
In iMir own country the femil#* rhu
ict^r occupies its lofty and rightful xi.,.
tion. Men, said Eyim-jin Uud sSolcit,
were made for Slales.ruit States tm met
This opinion kingly statesmen have ov.:
found convenient to adopt, la mm n -
stance hns it been rejected—in the scu«.t
of true political wisdom enclosed in the
corner-stone of American Indepenceno.
I’heie it is maintained, that a (iovern*
ment bring composed ol individua <, :>
made lor mutual benefit, and t \ turivoat
these must net essarily exercise, each «> •
m Ins separate capacity, a certain
gree of influence up mi public atFiir*>:liC
our solar system, wherein each imnufr-t
[particle recipro.icfes its it fluence vj:,
• h*» largest mas**. And whv, too, ma*
not our llepub lean system, Iromana.i.
gnus causes, be perennial ill its t x.v
W ith the wives, tie' sisters ffi* ro .
thers of tho Cud, rests the awful it:
The laws, the institutions, (been
ditiou of till' people, cannot be cofiijMr**!
with 1 hose of the wild and untrai.eu*-}
iemocracies, and tie* equally Iic»*r»tf*»u*
monarcliie.il despotism**, ’hat have futfi
or to sw ayed the destinte* ol men, w In fht r
of anc ient or of modern date, fri them
there always were, and are. a tlieusuid
poisons at work to induce decay and fi
nai ruin. Hut here, thank Heaven! Ho*-e
contaminating causes cio not exist. Tin?
otn ilying influence of woman i« mir (>n
ruction Nobly has she hi li.'led her /* cb
,i hitmen’, because nobly lilted fm i'.—
Her mind is expanded ny lattonal and
iiilellettuaS associations; hter.iture, r* •
linemenf, and taste, adoin the sai « !
privity ol home—that home leialned to
ner tie* seined of a moral «l»-c»|dn.e if
rite heart, the scene of all pure ai d l>
bought', the fits! di>c«*ver.it>k «outi
<»f our gicutest glory; the Inippm d
Can it then he* o’herwise, titan tho? out
beloved country should lie virm his -»< '•
I Imppv— hat her lieait should pH ',,,f
with iIn* full healthy tide of v nntiiiui • ;*
isir?uce—’.haI ever liaih, should tit* M
: "Us to rx« rtiou. unyielding to dec i)
ha’, though yet qniveiing w itb tie * the •
ol tin* leceut coiivuNioii hut a n* ore* t
«nd she will tUe, like the strong nub
more invincible hum tin? confident.’'1
died and conscious strength- - uuf li■
so long as woman shed' le t po'ent ■» ■
laturul influence over the serial,
l morn1, and tin* political re ad »n$ «d
j Native Laud,>o long will shepruo ed * *
firm fnotsep, intuitu* tritiodmn v »l» »1
future time; tier way made clear hv f
com i ingling glut i« s of a hriw n y i’,! t
—.*ven dial of Cbt istiandy and n*
hearted hecdom.
rilO the StockhoM'-isol tin* ‘ ‘d nn>J< r>
■- I imuraine ( ntnpany A.»x ♦rt " •
There having been no eh ‘ • ’ ' .
tors on Monday the tifii ni't t y ii< •
the stockholder* to all* n*!:
{Notice is hereby again given 5
♦•hction lor eleven directors wnJ ’’
at trie* oliice o| said company L
oesd.. V the 2 id ol nv«'a»net. m* •< •
tween the hoiir^ of If) .\. M >>'>'' I 1 .
nov S-te \V. 11. MILLKIL l'""
\JESTEIUM V morning. at ^
ket Ilow-e* or briuv»n ■ • *‘^* '*
myhoii.se, a leather pocket hook. ' ^
taming Unity or hot) dmUi* «> h1*
money, the exact amount net icc n,• ^
— also, a note of hand payable ••> a* ^
•S'Sa— and some 0U1.N |>»ipeis, f<n',ri" ,
* Inch, was a trill ol anic.es l,MM'1,11
\ I Mr. Owen Leddv. I vuli -,Vr ‘‘ .
ward ot li*e dollu.s hrr the pocket oow*
and its contents delivt r* d f,» 1, f>- , .
Living on fhe Lithe ILver r*,rA ^
Koad, near the lirst gate. f‘oV ^
A CAUL>. ,
fill IK sul) ^ciibei liavii)*; tiik*’Di»ii
1 n.m hcence, r.-peclfully
services to hi* li ientis ami tt,e i (t
neruliy, as A <ctioiie*r—Ue I *11 s 1 a 1 1 . <
commodious stole room mo[n .
Marine Insurance (hike, ,vl:‘" ' jn.
where he is prepared 10 rt-cen* t ^
moots. Sales ol furniture, real ■ ',‘l ;
punctually- ..ended tn, and
dily made. CKAVE.N AallfOM
injv Id —if

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