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Alexandria gazette. [volume] (Alexandria, D.C.) 1834-1974, April 23, 1840, Image 2

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ALEXANDRIA GAZETTE
AND
VIRGINIA ADVERTISER.
PUBLISHED DAILY AND TRD^SMIY BY
The ALEXANDRIA QAZETTEVfor
the country, is printed on Tuesday, Thura
.# day* and Saturdays,. i /..
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No subscription ii received from ***'**tt7>“
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cj* yj 3 S3 tT.^o3 3 2S *? 53 © © S3® B
‘scene in the house of represen
. . ' TAT1VES.
The Howse of Representatives on Tuesday,
again resolved itself into Committee of the
Whole on the state of the Union, (Mr. Casey,
% of Illinois, in the chair.) on the bill making ap
propriations for the civil and diplomatic expen
ses of the Government for the yerrr HMO.
Mr Saltonstalt, who was entitled to the
floor, proceeded to address the committee in
reply to remarks made yesterday by his col
league. (Mr. Parmenter.) In thexouraeol his
remarks, ami amongst other things, Mr. S.
commented on an article which appeared in
the “Globe'* of last evening, beaded “Fede
ral Tricks;” and yielded the floor to Mr. Wise
to make certain explanations as to the subject
matter of which that article treated. During
these explanations, Mr. Hopkins, ol Virginia,
was also two or three times on the floor in re
ply to Mr. Wise. . . A , ,
. Mr. Saltonstail, perceiving tnat the expla
nations. interrogatories, and answers growing
out of this matter were likely to be extended
to some considerable length, had risen to claim
the floor— ‘ • , A , , ,|
When, suddenly on the extreme left ol the
Chair, and almost in the corner, Messrs. Gar
land, of Louisiana, and Bynum, of North
Carolina, were perceived to be in close and
very violent personal conflict, clinching each
other, an l interchanging blows.
A general rush was made to the spot Irom
nil parts ol the Hail; amidst which were
h-ard lou&and repeated calls lor the Speaker.
Mr. Banks, of Virginia, and others succeeded
in interposing between and separating Messrs.
Garland and Bynum; the committee rose in
formally and in violent confusion, and the
Speaker resumed the chair.
Air this occurred in much less time than is
required for the narration: and in a few mo
ments. something like order having been re
stored——
Mr. Wise moved that the two gentlemen
(Messrs.Garland and Bynum) be taken into
custody by the Sergeant-at-Arms.
Mr. Morgan inquired who was entitled to
the floor? ...
The Speaker said lie had taken the chair
without the committee having risen, for the
purpose of bringing the House to order. Hear
ing no motion made, and the House refusing,
as^it seemed, to take any order, he would again
mve place to the Chairman of the Whole.
* [ Che motion of Mr. Wise, was distinctly
heard by the Reporter just at the angle, but
probably did not reach the ear of the Speaker,
owing, to the noise.]
Mr. Dromgoolesaid lie was not for permit
tin^ the chairman to resume liis seat, without
expressing the hope that the members of the
House would now unite with him in enforcing
order. He (Mr. D.) knew nothing of the
commencement of this difficulty, or of the
'language whioh passed between the parties;
sor did he intend to impute fautt to any one.—
He felt, therefore, perfectly disinterested in
calling upon the members of the House to
unite with him in suppressing these disorders.
It was due to ourselves—it was due to the
chancier of the country. When a disorder
of this kind occuned, it was the duty of the
House, before proceeding to other business, to
take measures to prevent its recurrence.
Mr. Brings (who speaks, unfortunately, from
a position "where it is impossible to hear more
than one-half of what he says) was under
stood to sav that he hotted the gentleman from
Vi gima (Mr. Dromgoole) would not conclude
without submitting a motion.
Mr AVise rose to ask the Chair to inform the
House what was the parliamentary course in
such matters? . .
The Speaker was understood to say it
would be parliamentary to raise a committee
for the purpose of investigating the facts. It
had also been the practice to put a specific mo
tion to the House itself. Heretofore the House
had not gone further than to entertain a mo
tion submitted to itself, and not to send the
matter to a committee of inquiry.
Mr Underwood said he had been here some
vcars,and that the scenes which he witnes
se.l during the present session were very differ
eut from those lie had been accustomed to
see some y.eafs a?o. He regretted that such
cCenes should have occurred; they had had an
effect on his feelings which he would not at
tempt to describe; and he must be permitted to
make this remark, that, unltsss some steps
we/<5 taken for the purpose of producing a
chan^ iu the mariner of conducting business
here,°this bodv might as well be dissolved,
and its members to return to their homes.—
The interests of the ration required it; it was
indispensably necessary; something must to
done; and, unless, a change could he effected,
the dissolution of ihe body was inevitable.^-.
The nation would not louse* tolerate such-j
scenes; tlie GoveFonrrent could noi cnnitnano
the respect of the People. As. the .Speaker
had intimated that it.was.parliamentaryjo
raise a committee to juvestigate the. facts, he
would submit a moUoli accordingly. .f
Mr. U. then submitted a resolution provid
ing for the appointment of a committee of five.
This resolution was subsequently modified,
and, as adopted, will be found below.
Mrs Briggs hoped there would be a unani
mous concurrence in this proposition.
Mr. Connor, concurred, he said, in the pro
priety of the investigation: and whoever
mi'dit be in fault, let him be held up to the
country, lie said a melancholy change had
taken place witliin a few years in the charac
ter and feelings of: his House. It had been ob
vious for some tin#* past, to. all. the members
of the House, as well as to visiters and stran
ccrs in this city, that something was requisite
to be done to sustain the order and dignity of
this body. Those why had been*members of
it furmety, well remenibeied what its charac
ter was in time*?gunediy^aiid at JeaWlialfol
the gentlemen who were now members
knew how sad a change had. taken. place in
tducourse tUa tew years,. He belied fe
migl)t appeal to ihe Speaker, who had, with
m i*# dial* pt-tune. wnnecsed Scenes not pre-"
ciseiy^uch a* bail taken place la-day' but of
etaActc* *PP**<»chiHg to%itv * Thdse ca ses
hailjbeetv qf^sliedtfjhe * pwtle-.of the House
hmhMe'p'q ^ttLlejd^t^getHlenicti tad iuter
. had said, the
•« w* had been crushed. Bui now it had come
Hie-m^ierrt nnlhmg'yeTSOtTfftTo any
one) that theinost disrespectful language \va»
wsedf nottmly *tn "uildeT'.ctii'renfsf bXit.'In the
House; indeed* be mjght safrhr. venture to say
lh?l die had heart! a a much of vulgarity and
a buse as he had ever heard npoo court greens
/jr at the tails xd a muster in the district Ik*
represented, Order, morality, pence—all re-:
quire that some steps should be taken; and
if there were a majority oi the friends o! or
der in this House, let them now unite with
him in putting down this fell spirit calculate
as it was—and be spoke it with .
ruin the character of this House, and jo hit
the country intodisrespectalid obloquy
might he not, in this connexion, call the at
tention of gentlemen to the cliiiacter o( the
proceedings ti the House lor theja t
fifteen day£ What had they beesi but a s c
cessive arraignment on the one side,tind de
fence on the othelr, of the high officers of ti t
Government, who had been denounced ;^
scoundrels, and every thing else lha I u as had.
Such might be the fact—he was not here <
vindicate those officers:. He stood there as
the friend of order. . . . #•
Mr. C. then allutletf to the several cases ol
breach of privilege which had occur.ed u*
former years, and concluded by 8ayme that >e
insisted upon it, as had been well said by the
gentleman from Kentucky, (Mr. Underw ood,)
that, if a stop was not put to such proceedings,
thev had better adjourn and go hor/e to their
constituents, and tell them that they could not
do the business of the country—that party (or
a tvorse) spirit had seized upon the Represen
tatives of the People—which amounted ion
denial of the transaction of their business, and
to an entire banishment of law or order in the
House.
Mr. Banks, of Virginia, confesssd he rose
under the influence of feelings which probably
he had never before experienced. He had
been raised in that scfiool which taught bun
to look upon order and decorum as essential
to the dignity of those who sent them there.
He had witnessed with pain ana mortification
the course of proceedings here. He had seen
with pain the arraingment of the officers of
the Government at the bar of this House he
had seen with pain private character ripped
up here and exposed to public gaze. Tie
ebullitions rtffeeling which had been .man: cst
ed here, and which protracted this session to
the present Period, without any business lor
the People having been transacted, should
now be arrested,am! a course should he pur
sued which would put an end to such scenes.
He hoped no member would object to the pro
posed inquiry. He had happened untortunatc
ly to be near the combatants, and he had in
terposed his feeble aid to arrest them. He
would say nothing now which would give rhe
to debate, although he had heard the remarks
on both aides before the parties came in col
lision. He had risen merely for the purpose
of appealing to all parties to maintain the dig
nity and decorum of this body; it was a duty
which they owed, if not to themselves, to the
People of the United States. He trusted
that, without further debate, the House would
act, and that a committee would be raised to
ascertain and report on the tact who was at
lauit in bringing about this most disgraceful
scene; and he pledged himself that, wherever
the blame miglit fall, he, for one, was prepar
ed to take that course which would sustain
thedignity of the House, and the character of
the American People.
Mr. Underwood then presented his resolu
tion. modified so as to read as follows:
Resolved, That a commi tee of five he ap
pointed to investigate the facts relative to the
disorder and personal violence which hnsjmt
taken place between two of its members, to
wit, Rice Garland and Jesse A. Bynum, and
that said committee have power to semi for
persons and papers, and that said committee
report with all practicable despatch the facts
ot the case.
Mr. Briggs (who could scarcely be heard)
was understood to say that the proceedings of
the House had reached a point now at which
a pause must be made. Thu discourteous lan
guage, this personal abuse, this vulgarity of
expression, which, as the gentleman from
North'Carolina (Mr. Connor) had intimated,
could not be surpassed at the corners of the
highways, had led to an act of personal vio
lence before the House and country. He knew
that members of the House, on both sides,
had felt recently the state of degradation
which it had attained, and that they were de
sirous to arrest the evil. But they had
paused too long. He called on the members of
the House of all parties now to unite, mind
to mind, ami shoulder to shoulder, to raise the
prostrate dignity of the House trom the depths
into which it had fallen—to .that proud post
tion which it once held. It could be done—it
must be done—or, as the gentleman from
Kentucky [Mr. Underwood] had observed,
they must cease to be a House of Represen
tatives. Decorum, order of debate, personal
civility, (at least,) must attend their proceed
ings,or they could not much longer exist as a
House. I f the affair itself he knew nothing,
anti would know nothing until it should have
been fairly investigated; when he would do
his duty, let the consequences fall where they
might.
Mr. Andrews,of Kentucky, was understood
to say that, as a young man and a new
member, he had sat here from day to da v, and
felt humbled at the proceedings of the House.
He agreed with the gentleman from Massa
chusetts. (Mr. Briggs ) that a pause ought now
to be made. But believing that at the present
stage of the matter, debate might be in the
way of proper investigation, he had risen sim
ply for the purpose of expressing the hope that
the House would concur with him in opin
ion, and that there should be no further dis
cussion at present.
[Here cries were heard from all sides of
“Move the previous question.”]
Mr, Andrews said that, as such seemed to
be the sense ol the House, he would move the
previous question.
And there was a second.
And the main question (being on the adop
tion of ihe resolution) was ordered to be now
taken, and, being taken—
The resolution was unanimously adopted.
The Speaker announced the committee 10
consist of the following gentlemen:
Messrs. Underwood, of Kentucky ; But ler,
of Kentucky; Briggs, of Massachussets; Clif
ford, of Maine; and Cooper, of Georgia.
. And, on motion of Mr. Wise, the said com
mittee had liberty to sit during the session of
the House.
The House then went again into Committee
of the Whole on the S»aie of the .Union, ami
restfaued.the consideratiou of 1 he Genera 1 Ap*
. propria tion bHI./ : * . .
L . ..INTERESTING. DERATE.
i. In'the House of Represntqtives, on thcrdh
inst., whilst the genera! * appropriation hill
was under discussion, Mr. Hubbard remark
ed: Mr. Chairman, l am a new member, and
shall not go over the ground so much debated
here to-day, as to who has been most to
blame for extravagance in expending public
money during former sessions of Congress,
whether it be the present and former Presi
dents, or Congress. I shall endeavor to con
I fine tnyseif to the question nowjtmder debate?
and, upon this subject, I have to state that
so far as lean judge from what l have witness
ed. the mint talented opponents of the A l
minfctralion have not treated the President
fairly on this question of expenditure of pub
lic money. In my opinion, an Opposition to
an Administration, on the ground of extrava
gance, should be able to point what items of
appropriations lor the public service are too
‘high. Jf there be«uch, I call upon the ta Jen fe
ed ^entiemeri now debouncing the /resident
in general term* for wasting public money,
to* point out the item that is too high, and I
will go with them.. They will a I WUyff find me
among tho« who vote The- least which win
carry on. .the Government' IT they cannot,
pojnt Qitf gome particular item, it does seem
to me 4h»t it it unfair to moke general objec
tion* aaainstthe President, and by UiaLmeanfi
make the People dissatisfied w^th the ad mints
t ration of die Government hdffrchoice. t»y
?o miich clamor againSfbiTI&, That gentlemen;
a iter all of their corp plaining, themseJ ves. voie
lor. Do they expectfthev -can Excuse theni
selve* to their^constituents after-voting for
such appropriations, by endeavoring to shift
.the. Ida me from ihemsclvc.i to the President I
They cannot dart, sir. The People will re
quire voting against as well as speaking a
gainst appropriations of which complaint is
made to them. . 4.
I have, Mr. Chairman, witnessed on the
part of the most talented gentlemen ot the
Opposition in tins House a method of attack
ing the President which seems to me very
unusual anu unstatesmanlike. It i* this:
whilst complaining of the President for his
extravagance, and making the greatest pro
fession* ofecoi.omy themselves, yet wherev
er the President has faded to make a call up
on us for money for any objeei of expense to
which our money has heretofore been applied,
those genilemen ' have attacked him in the
most violent manner for not including that
particular object in his estimates for the year,
Gentlemen know, or ought to. know, inni,
whenever the Government begins to with! old
public money from interests or' sections o!
country accustomed to receive it, the very act
of withholding money Irom that section or
interest must necessarily, of i’sell, irritate and
displease the people so disappointed.
Now, it does seem to me that il these reduc
tions in the estimates are proper, a statesman
or patriot would rather desire to sooth and
quiet the people so disappointed, by making
them acquainted with the true condition ol
the whoiecountry, and the impoverished situa
tion of the Treasury. But if these reductions
are » ot proper, then it appears to me that, as
statesmen and patriots, they should show that
the country required an enlarged expendi
ture, and support it with their votes. But it
t]ot sappearto me that this method ol denounc
ing the President for expenditures for w liich
we vote ourselves, or denouncing him for not
calling upon us for money which we ourselves
are n*‘t willing to raise by our votes, is more
like a mere partisan warfare than patriotic,
statesmanlike opposition.
These, sir, are mv views upon the question
of expenditures. 1 k'ow that I am, under
the Cons ituiion, responsible U) my constitu
ents ft r the money I vote away; and I will
not n'tempt to shift that responsibility upon
the President; nor can nnv member here ex
cuse himself for voting a way the public mon
ey on the ground that ihe President is extrava
gant. He can use or ex rend no public money
unless we here vote if for him, and require
him to use i*; and I now tell gentlemen ol all
parties, who themselves are disposed to cut
down this appropriation hill, that they will
find me with them upon every attempt to lop
oil needless expenditure.
Mr. Yanderpoel said lie was glad to hear
such professions of economy from the oth
er side of the House. He assured gentle
men that he would co-operate with them in
ihe great work of economy, a bout which they
now seemed s • solicitous. Ifthe resu!t should
prove a little practice, as well as profession,
on their part, fie (Mr. V.) would undertake
to prophesy that the revenues of the year
would still be equal to its expenditures; par
ticularly if we should pass a declaratory law,
according to the proposition of the Committee
on Manufactures, to guard against the frauds
and evasions in your revenue laws, which
which were so constantly occurring. The
gentleman from Maine (Mr. Evans) had. a
few days ago. told us that the Secretary o! the
Treasury had given us YOo flattering a view of
ihe finances; that there was a permanent <1e
ficit; that, in asking tor the power to issue
Treasury no*es,he asked lor nothing but pal
liatives; and that the Secretary was deceiv
ed if he entertained the idea that, with the
aid of five millions of Treasury notes, he
would tie able to get through the year. Not
withstanding the confident assertions ol the
gentleman, he (Mr.V) entertained a confident
.hope that the Secretary would be able to cel
through theye3r without further aid, it you
promptly passed the above declaratory law,
and took care, in your appropriations, not to
exceed the estimates. He had heard some
strange doctrines to-day; doctrines that seem
ed to him (Mr. V.) to conflict directly with
sentiments which their au hors had so often
reiterated hrre. The gentleman from Vir
ginia (Mr. Wise) says he holds the Execu
tive responsible for every appropriation made
bv Congress within the last seven years. How
did the gentleman expect the Executive to ar
rest the legislation of Congress m regard to
appropriations? Was it by means o( the veto
power?
| Mr. Wise responded. ‘'No, not by the
veto.”] .
Then (said Mr. Vanderpoel.) I wish the
gentleman would define the means which he
expects the President to use to prevent impro
per legislation bv us.
[Mr. Wise said it was a certain indefinable
power, which no one understood better than
his friend from New York. It wns a look, ora
tiint Irom the President. This was all that
was necessary to deter his faithful suppor
ters in this House from voting lor any mea
sure.]
M«*. Vanderpoel said lie was astonished to
hear such a doctrine as tins from the gentle
man from Virginia. For more than six years
has that gentleman,and the “indeflnnble”party
with which he has acted, most indignantly
declaimed against the alarming increase of
Executive power; this has been the burden of
his never-ending complaints; and now, for
sooth, he holds the President blameworthy,
because he w id not transcend his constitution
al functions, and dictate directly to members
of Congress in regard to matters that come
clearly within their constitutional province.—
Was it not very strange that the gentleman
should, so suddenly, change his tune? For
years has Executive encroachment, real or
imaginary, been with that gentleman the
alarming political sin of the times; and now,
behold, it suits his purpose to attach blame to
the President, because tie has not* practically
encroached fir enough on the jurisdiction of
Congress. Me (Mr. V.) was not prepart d to
hear such a doctrine—such a ground of blame
against the President from that quarter.—
He could now, however, he hoped, congratu
late the country that the frightful bugbear of
Executive influence had at last disappeared;
for the leader of the Opposition had told the
Mouse ttint the President was culpable, be
cause he had not more efficiently exerted that
influence.
'Mr. V. said he was nofn little surprised at
the positions assumed, by fhegentlen.au from
Massachusetts, (Mr. Cushing). He. tells us
that he would hold th£ President responsible,
not only for all appropriations made by Con
jgress, but he would also hold him responsible
J for jhe omission ol’ Congress fo make ti e ne
cessary appropriations, if they were not inclu
ided in the estimates. The President, then, is
I to be blamed if Congress appropriate t<;o
’ much; and the President is fo he equally blnm
' ed d’Congress appropriate too little. It seems
that the»e no is possible way of shielding the
I President from censure, unless Congress adopt
I the very exact medium which accords with
justice and propriety. This is certain!} pla-|
ring the President in a pretty difficult position.
Such doctrines at this day seemed to him
(Mr. V ) to militate very much against all the j
arguments and denunciations he had, for the ;
lust several years, heard against undue Exec- j
dive influence. It was a little singular that
tfie gentleman from Massachusetts should
venture to hold the President’so strictly res
ponsible for all the appropriations made by
Congress, when we consider tv hilt that gentle
man had done here within the last four days.
That gentleman had recently, as a member of
tire Committee:on Foreign Aflair.s}*i*eported*a
bill Vo appropriate five million^ - to indemnify
a cl iss of claimantsdorspoJiaiiorft'doramiited
by France anterior fo 1900. Now if it should
go happen.that his bill~shouid become a law,
soin6 four or five years -hence, wbetr gcntle
men-of ihe.CpjMisilion Shall hold* upTn fright
fulcolnrstbe appalling -aggregate-of the ex
pend it ures of this Government, They will ta k$
good care wot to admit or state that, with .
this large item ol .five milluns, the Executive |
Find no connexion; aitfl yel,.aqcordiug -to the ;
arguments of the two gentlemen who. had pre- j
ceded him. the President ought to be held re- j
sponsible for such appropriations. And it was
df this that he (Mr. V.) complained. When j
gentlemen talked about, or denounced, tFie j
expenditures ol a particular year, they con-j
tented themselves with the aggregate; rever .
trouble*! themselves with particulars, lor, d j
they di«l so, they would show that their own ;
votes were instrumental in swelling up these;
aggregates. We do charge, sir, that the large j
expenditures ot late years are mainly attribut
able to Congress, and mU 10 the Resident.—
I t his very vear, a proposition has come from
one or 1 wo of my colleagues (Messss. Marvm
land Barnard,) to appropriate a very lormida
| hie sum lor the improvements ol rivers and
I harbors; appropriations for objects of this de
I sciiption were not included in the estimates
sent heie hy the Departments. Hill. d his
colleagues hill should pass, it would serve to
ere.te a new text lor homilies, some two or
three years hence, upon the extravagance ot
| this .Administration. .
Some five \ears ago, we passed a bill to in
crease the compensation of the officeis of the
[ Navy, for which he (Mr. V.) voted; t ut the
j most formidable opposition it encountered was
from the IrientU of llie Administration here.
! T his had swelled the n«va! expenditures very
j cousiderahiy; ye* gentlemen, when they de
! nouuced any increase, would not tell us that
j they voted for a measure w hich essentially
contributed to such increase. Confine your
j selves, then. »o the estimates; and, my word
for it, you will not have so much occasion in
| future times to complain of the extravagance
j ol IS 10.
| Mr.Graves next addressed the House: Mr.
i Chairman, (said Mr. G.) I cannot sit here
land in silence suffer such remarks as those
'that have fallen from the gentlemen from Ala
bama and New York (Messrs. Hubbard and
Yanderpoe!) to pass unnoticed. T hough siu h
declarations and assertions have been met
and reluted for the hundreth time, they are
again repeated here with a full knowledge
that they cannot be sustained. I have been
an observer of debates on this floor too long
not to understand the policy of those gentle
I men. Their remarks will he reported in the
Organ ol the Administration in all ot their
| full ess and with ah that apparent air of hold
! confidence which, il unreplied to. really citr
ines a force w’ifh them. Nothing that, is said
I by the Opposition in reply to such remarks finds
! its way into the Organ ol xlie Administration
in the reports it daily makes ol our proceed
ings, unless it he to afford a meagre, feeble,
siiul’garbled account, sufficient to make the
speeches o! its friends understood. These re
ports are co; ted wto the thousand subordinate
piesses which the Administration ha.?pension
ed throughout every Mate iij the ITnon, and
thus it is that f.mr-fifihs of the friends and
supporters of the Administration read hut one
side, and place full fai’h at.(I credit in wdial its
friends say here AV'hat say they to their
neighbors, who stand opposed to them in
politics? Po you suppose these things would
t v asserted on the floor ol Congress in the face
of'the Opposition, unless they were trut: The
honest, unsophisticated People of the country
and the villages, who are accustomed to plain
and straightforward dealing, really feel there
is some force in these appeals. Hence it is
that again and again we hear week alter
week the very same course ol remarks indul
ged iu by the ft iends? of the Administration.—
They can only be parried, in any degree, by
being met promptly and confuted. Every mem
ber here, who is much in the ha bit of participa
ting in the^e party skirmishes, feels himself,
as I now do, somewhat embarrassed in occu
pying the tune of House in replying to and
confuting in almost the same language these
oft-repeated and stale speeches. Out 1 see no
thing better to be done, and hence I feel it is
a duty we ol the Oppo.-iiionowe to the coun
try to meet these assertions and arguments,
it such they can be called, and expose their
fallacy.
The member from Alabama complain* that
it is unjust to the Administration to deal in
general denunciations against them, to charge
them with profligate abuses and wasteful ex
penditures. Such denunciations, he said,
shake the confidence of the People in their
public servants, and create an improper and
unwholesome suspicion aiming thegreat mass
of ihe People of'those in whom they should
have confidence. In this way, I suppose he
meant, that abiding confidence between the
representative and consuluent so essential in
a re present a ive Government is shaken and
impaired.
Sir, (said Mr.G.) no People ever have, or
ever will lose their liberties by too great
watchfulness—by keeping too strong an eye
on those into whose hands they entrust this
invaluable boon. If there be one true ad
age. it is, that eternal vigilance is the pr ice of
liberty; and, for one, l will miss no suitable
opportunity, here or elsewhere, to impress
t tie People with thegreat importance of strict
ly adhering to and practising upon this impor
tant truth.
'1 lie honorable member says, we of the Op
position should he held to specifications of
particular cases in winch abuses have been
practised. J)o not t/ie opposition hc;e contin
ually point out particular cases of wasteful
ness in the expenditures of the Government,
and charge home upon the Administration
the most astounding abuses, the most corrupt
practices, ami give specifications? And yet
the Administration refuse to grant committees
of investigation with powers to compel the
attendance of witnesses*, and cause them to
testify as to the truth or falsehood of these
charges.
About two months since I ascertained that
Fdgar \V. Kohinson, (as 1 stated on another
occasion whilst speaking of the Treasury
Note bill,) the editor of an Ad ministration pa
per at Frankfort, ivy. calied ••The Kentucky
Veoman,” was in Kentucky doing the dirty
work of his party whilst he was drawing a
salary at the rate of SI.*200 per year as a
clerk in me Post Olnce Department in this ci
ty. Knowing that the Administration party
would net tjive a select committee, l asketi tti
have an inquiry oil the subject relerred to the
Committee on the Kxpenditures in the Post
Office D i nrtmei.t wiih power to send for per
sons and papers. This seemed to me to be
soreasmiahle a proposition, that l had suppo
sed no party could vote against it. I thought
the friends of the Administration would not
f.iil to see that a re Instil to allow such an in
vestigation would redound to their great inju
ry; still they refused to give this authority.—
After the first refusal by the friends of the
Administration to suller this investigation to
proeeeed, I made a not hi r effort to get the sub
Ijectup, and have the proper authority con
I terred on the committee for the in vestiga tion ol
! this subject, and then stated in my place that
II was prepared to prove all that 1 at first sta
ted. and moreover to establish, beyond con
troversy. that tins man Robinson actually re
ceived "his salary us a clerk up to some few
days after the gross and insulting reply of the
Postmaster General of the *2b:h January to
niy letter of the preceding day, asking him
to inform me whether Robinson was then
actually drawing a salary asekuk in his office.
My remarks were published in the city papers;
I challenged a denial ol what i had asserted;
near two months have elapsed, and neither
the Post ina sit r General, nor any friend of his
here has dared to controvert what l then as
serted and now repeat. 1 now ask, is there a
friend of the Administration here who is au
thorized to denv a single word ol what I
have stated? If there be one, 1 wish him to
rise in his place and make it known. [Here
Mr. G. paused.]
I knew (said Mr G.) no one would deny
the assertion, and yet, srange to tell, the sup
porters of this Administration refuse to au
thorize an investigation of the case, for my
part, Mr. Chairman, I have not so. much care
about the proposed investigation of the par
ticular case of Robinson, since neither the
Post master General, nor any friend of his, has
denied the truth of what l have charged, as 1 j
have that,on the investigation ol this case, j
the committee might he enabled to bring to
lii»ht perhaps, a number of similar cases. In
deed. it seems to me that the loends ol the
Postmaster General and ilie Piesident cannot
now have any other objections to this investi
gation than a fear of what may be brought
out in reference to other similar cases, i will
not charge that the e are other cases analog
ous tii Iba t of Robin on, but I wi.; ~ay, in my
[opinion the refusal of t!«(\ friends of the Ad
ministration to sutler this investigation to p*o
]reed implies that the most extraordinary, and,
11 should think, a most hazardous party move
| means nothing, or it means that this astound
ing abuse is not confined to the case of I*oh
tnson.
! Considering the great increase of the num- j
her of desks, partirulaiJv in this District.and
i the great increase of their compensation, now .
[amounting, I suppose, to considerably up
wards ol double what it was when the pre
sent party came into power, in connexion with
. this movement, I say it isfiir to presume t! ere
are a number, yes. n large mu her, ol similar
ra-'Cs. The number o| officers am! clerks in
the Treasury Department itself, in thi< Pi»
; tried, amounts,as l the other day stated, to
three bundled and twenty nine, with a com
pensation ol between three ami four hundred
thousand dollars, ltobinson procured a sub*
Jsiitute to perform ihedulies of his station, it
! appears, lor one third of his salary, hv which
‘ he saved to i:im<ellat the rate of £siwi I^r
ivear. Now if all the duties of the clerks in
this District can lie performed tor one third of
j what we pay, the parly here, out of the Trea
sury Department itself would have the means
j of bestowing upon their supernumerary clerks
colonized in the various Slates as editors of
! newspapers.'lie neat little sum of between
j two and three hundred thousand doihns an
•nuallv. I do not say. nor, indeed do I suppose
j it p obnblc, that the officers in the Treasury
; Department or the Tost Office Department
ireallv receive only one-third ol the amount
the Government pays out for the services
| performed still I do siippo.se there are immense
sums annually taken from these clerks by
their employers for party purposes.
I do not believe that the Secretary of Stair,
of the ’Treasury, of I he Navy, or of War,
i would act in had faith in app-opri.rion of the
collection* from subordinates for political pui
| poses. Hut I cannot say as much of the Tost
! master General; for. unless he has undergone
I a change lor the better since fie left Ken uc
I ky-1 believe him base enough to afpropriate
to fjis private purposes those contributions
! raised for the purpose »>| party. As to this
Postmaster General, reluctant as 1 am tlius
to think of a high functionary, I do, in the sin
ceri’v of my soul, Ixlcve, irotn a long ac
quaintance with his character, both before
and slime he came here, he would dishonor
the darkest cell in your penitentiary.
Again: hut the other day, when it was as
certained that another man, W'ashii gh>n,wlio
is ami for years has been connected vvilh ti e
Globe office as reporter of either this House
or the Senate, has been during all that time,
and *!ill is a clerk in the Treasury Depart
ment, at Sf.-iOO per year, my colleague, Mr.
Andrews, offered a resolution to have it ex
amined into, which, notwithstanding General
Whitcomb, the head <»t the bureau mwhicli j
Washington is employed, admitted to my col - |
league that he was a clerk under him, the
friends of the Administration voted down,
and defeat'd his resolution. Here are two
cases, coming to light by the merest accident,
of the most unblushing corruption; and when
a committee of investigation is asked to
examine more at large into these ami similar
abuses, the majority of this House refuse to
permit it,and then comp’ain ol the 1 'position
(or not making s| eciticarimis of particular ca
ses, and confining then* strictures to them.—
Yes,this is a sample ol those in power; they
tie the minority hand and foot,and then com
plain of their not acting, and that, too, with
all the apparent airol candor and sincerity!
When, in the history of the world, was such
a spectacle ever before presented! Is it pos
sible that the infatuation of the age is to con
tinue! I think l see in the distant vista the
da wirings ot better times!
Cut, furthei: in his ch iracterH'ic strain,
the honorable member front New York (Mr
Vanderpoel) congratulates tlie country that,
at last, tlie Whigs have consented to cr, ope
rate with the Administration in their favorite
work of retrenchment He seems to rejoice
that, at last, a spirit of economy has come
over the wicked opposition to his party, who,
in his estimation, are responsible for all the
extravagance, and, I suppose, the profligacy
and proscription, too, of this pure and immac
u'ate Administration.
Yes, .Mr Chairman, again and again, is it
asserted hv the friends of those in power, in
debates here, that the Opposition, that has
been in a most decided minority lor the last
five sessions of Congress are responsible for
the extravagant appropriations. Though I
have so often alluded to this MiSjert — and if
has become stale with me, and doubtlessly
with this House—I must he again allowed to
call the attention of the honorable member
from New York, and, through him, his friends
in the country, to a lew fact? which ought to
fie stereotyped tn*every Whig pape r in the
land.
This party were crying out against the ;
wasteful extravagance of the Administration
that preceded their accession to power, when
die expenditures of that Administration ave
raged but $ 12,575,177, a ml, what is still more
strange, in these economical times, they owe
much of their success to this extraordinary
charge. They came into power in 1829, and
die first year expended 812,030,100; they con
tinued to increase this amount until, for 1835,
they ran the expenditures up to $17,511,950.—
'this, though a great increase, was not sol
large an appropriation as to bp a source of j
much complaint. During all this time the j
Opposition had a majoiitv in the Senate,
and could thereby exercise some check .
upon the wastefulness of the Adminis- (
tration. Hut, in the beginning of 1830, the re- J
signntion of Tyler, Leigh, and Mnngiim, un
der instructions placed the Administration in
complete ascendancy in both fins House on<J
,|,e senate, which they have, up to this time, ;
retained: and. during that very session, the (
•expenditure of the Goverment was run up to '
| $30.8119,161, and, front that time to this, has
i ranged between that sum and 810.127,*2IS
j flie amount «»f appropriations for 1838. Here,
! |hen. we have n specimen of the economy <»f
I those in power; and also a specimen of the
! candor of tlie party in their declarations du
ring ilus debate that tlie Opposition is respon
sible for them.
No party ever existed in any country that
better understand bow to use patronage grow
ing out of large appropriations than tfio^e now
! in*power in this country. Nor did ever a party
1 Use patronage to more purpose.
[Here Mr. G. went into a wide range of
'argument upon tlie subject of power and pa
; nonage growing out of the prerogative of the
Executive to expend appropriations and his
great number of appointment* of foreign mi- ■
nislers. cabinet oilicers. district attorneys,
! &c., &c , one of whom, tlie district attorney
| i;,r the southern district of New York, rect-iv
*| as t'e emolinnen s c»i hi* station, lor the
I year 1-39, upwards of 82®,000.]
| * Mr. G. remarked that he was a little amns
! rd at the great indignation winch tlie honor a
; h*e member from New York exhibited at an
| allusion made by his friend from Virginia
] about the immense power of the President
lover the legislation of this country, by influ
encing the deliberations of Congress and trie
opinions of members The gentleman, in sub
stance, said, if the member f om Virginia in
tended to intimate that any action or opinion
ol ins, here or elsewhere, was influenced or
controlled by Executive power, be would as
sure him be was very much mistaken. Now,
(said Mr. G ) the gentleman ought not to rake
ariv part «»f this charge to himself, for. where
ver he is known, it is well understood Ae needs
no such influence to toe the party li e. to think
...jth and act in conformity to lb' wishes and ,
feelings of t fie hi ad of his party- That mem- i
her if is well understood, Aas never been I
known even to incline top* opinion that was {
not acceptable at the h.le House; hence |
there hit? been no iieceo,,>'’*,,/*r,,s ??n' •
,Vmeitt.t concerned <'» c.-,ll into req-u.sit.un ;
Executive patron.-*'. Bt.r, Mr. Clu.innan.
.■eiitlfinen :.rerl unrreqnentlv under the m-,
Exe utive power when , they are
?/LlXious of If.. I served with that
} ' 1 lusember here in the Congress he
•onora r»»t*. , ■ . . ...
r . .# vtieo he was aluavs true to his par
lure i<t$v. ,.
•v !je"’r billeijii;*. ^omefitnts, :t is true, f (
(bought I sa \\ the men. If r n lit tit nio*e ?* nVus
than common. 1 remember, at 01 e pattmular
period of that Congress, to have observed se
veral gentlemen particularly zealous m fhe
, discharge of their party functions. each seem
ing to compete with the other with a noble
emulation, and I was rurioirs to lea n n hether
all tins proceeded from natural causes, nr whe
ther arn'icia 1 influences had been brought To
bear. In the prose rut ion of this curiosity of
mi* *', I ren cn her to have named ihe subject
ton certain delegate from a particular Terri
tory, who uns one of die mixt sagacious and
talented genflemfn that I have ever met here,
and hr* pave me a solution to my problem —
Sir, sa id h»* to me, there are six of these niem
, b rs, o| u Jiich I am one, applicants lor a mis
sion to Naples, and some one or more for an
, nuditorsh*|. Perhaps the honorable member
inav have some recolleeti »n of the time to
• \\ Inch 1 si 1!ii e, and lie innv have known some
of the nsnrnnts. lint I will corclude (said
Mr. Onbv repeating ibe sentiment ot inv friend
font \ ir mia, (Mr. Wise,) that it is ilifficul:
t«> (h scribe the exact character, or to enumer
ate t In* numberless sources of Kxecutive pow
er iii tins Hall—it is all-pervading-and power
ful beyond degree.
The committee then rose and the Ilou^e ad
journed. _
FRESH SPRING DRV GOODS.
I' F.MFEI, STANSIUTR V, at his n<**v stanR
J on King street third door above Fail lax
sjriet, has received, and offers for sale.on ac
commodating terms a pood assortment of
FRESH SPRING DRV GOODS,
' embracing, in part, as follows—
j Mnuslninc de Angles, Motislaiue de Paine*,
' painted Muslins, painted Lawns; Prints.a great
. variety, some very cheap; black Italian Lus
tring, col’d Pou de Soies andGrode Naps,Sin.
chew’s £arsinets, & c. Summer Cloths. plain
and twilled; striped Jeans, Drillings, hro.vn
and white Irish Linens, Krminet, Cloths. Ca*
simeres, Vestings; a variety of Summer Go<» !s
• for gentlemen's and youth’s clothing; Prn:t»* i
liarv plaids, Ped Tickings, Cheeks. Ki
j (;loves. 1 {osier*; 1 bread, Bohhii'Ct. Cambrc,
and Swiss Edgings and Inserting*; Corded
i Skirt*, Victoria Marseilles do; Marseilles an !
knotty Coimtcrpaines. preen Bnrregeand Tl u!e
; for Veils; Swiss. Jaconet. Cambric and Book
; Muslin*: Bishop I awns; silk, cotton and linen
! cambric IIdkls ; Linen Cambric and Lawns;
' Russia Diaper mwt Crash, Russia Sheeting Pa*
' mr*k Diaper Table Cloths; a lull assortment
; o! trimmings, embracing, Pins. 'Papes, Spool
and Ball Cotton. Needle*, Bobbins, Thread*.
; Bra ills. Cords, Sewing Silk. Twist, Binding, &.<•
; P> own and bleached Cotton Goods, a targe
1 assortment, as a No Cotton Osnaburg*. Ger*
I man Budaps, and the kinds ol goods u*ed for
; servant's clothinp. ap 11—MonKiThursot
I ___
GEO. S. IIOUGH,
HAS opened his Spring assortment,com.
posed in part of—
Supei ior Cloths nnd Cassimeres
Summer 'Tweed Cassimeres
Astmean Cloths
AI par tin do
Twilled and plain Summer Cloths
Blue and hlaek Lustrings
Prinrettns.and Circassians
A heaiitiful assortment of plain .an l/a^r
Drilling?
Brown French Linens
Grass Cloih do
Boy’s Summer wear
Battmefs
Damask and watered Moreens
5-1 and 10-1 Barnsley Sheeting
I»isn and bleached Russia do
Damask. Bird Eye, and oiher Diapers
Whim mil b-own Damask Table Cloths
Printed Cloth Table (’overs
Coll’d Table arm Piano Covers
Gum elastic Oil cloth do
Best Borsvtli Nankeens
Splendid assortment o* Mou*laine do Lam.*3
Challeyde I nines, and Challeys
Do plain and fijr’rt dress Silks
Chintzes, Calicoes and Furniture ditto
rain ted Lawns (very handsome)
Supr Pongees ami Minchon do
Italian Cnpes.ol all colon
Green Barrage
Dr> Veils, pin in nnd figured
l ine black nnd white lace Veils
Filet black net Shawls, from 5 to-\d
Fancy Shawls and Handkerchiefs
Supr and low priced Linen Cambric
Linen Cambric f fd'kfs, of all qualities
Strip’d and plaid Swiss MuslinsandCand) i<f*
Fine hl’ck and blue b!’k French Bombazines
Great variety of mens, women?, misses ami
boy's Cotton Hosiery
Black and white, plain and ribb’d Silk do
Kid, Silk anrl CoTton Gloves, ol best qua fv
Men’s Hoskin & Beaver do,(some .superior)
Knitting Cotton anrl Yarn
Green worsted Cord mid 'Tassels
Supr Marseilles, and corded Skirts
Thread T.aresand Edgings
Thule. Filet Nett and Bobiners
Hair ami Tooth Brushes and Combs
Kidderminster Carpetings
Venetian, Stair, anrl Floor do
From .1-1 to8*1 printed do
50 pieces 1-f, 5-1, anrl 6-1 Canton Mattiu?
Silk and Cotton Umbrellas
Parasols and Tournesols
Linen and Cotton Burlapi
Twilled Bagging
Ticking—some very superior
Long Cloth Shirting
With a general assortment of Domestics
Alicant Door Mats
Together with almost every other article in
the Dry Goods line, composing a complete as
sortment. 4th me 15
DRY GOODS—veryciiejp.
A LARGE lot of Reasonable Dry Goods at
vprv low price*, suitable to flip pres
sure of tbe times*. Wc have on hand nbmif
seventy-five thousand dollar? worth of choir**
and seasonab!eGoods, w hich we intend tool
lerat very lotv prices, heinganxio'i* tore*f*M
'itir stock. They consist in part of the follow*
in?, viz :
Mousselines de Lair.es, plain, printed and m
broidered
A large stock ofSilks, very ricli, and > Crejl
variety
Painted Lawns and Chintzes,new s’Ce
Foreign and Domestic Prints
Silks and Cotton I losiery
Silk, Mohair, and Kid Gioves
Jaconets and Cambric Mndins
Irisli Linens, warranted ui*mixed, an • w
cheap
Russia and French Drilling*, in great van
Mexican Mixtures ami Cotton Drill*, f*»r
we a r
Pom* slic Nankeens
SummerClotl.*, Ango.a C nssimere>. an . ,J
hroons
P;,mask Table Moths and Mpkms
Black a ml hhe* black Bornbazmes
Black Love Veils and Handkerchief*
Ijnen Cambric (lamlkercliiels—very cheap
Parasols and Bonnets
Marseilles and corded Skirts
Alsr*, a very extensive assortment of i
mpf5fi>r, whirb, with every other article m* y
ally kept hv us, and not herein ennmente .
up will offer at such prices as eannoMjw 1
: suit aii purchasers, and to correspond win • c
exigencies of the times.
BRADLEY & CATLETT.
Washington, ap 21— 3t
FASHIONABLE Ft.'R AND SILK HATS.
STEPHEN WOOLS & SON resper'lW
inform their friends and the public 8*11
ally, that tliev have removed to the home
door North of De. Stabler•* Drug store,
rent!v occupied hv Mr. L. F. Fox, as
Goods store,) on Fairfax streel,where they• *
manufacturing an assortment of v. ;j
HATS of the latest fashion. comprMfL •
qualifies both of Fur anil Sdk that areJt/ar
fy worn in the District. Being mat
l.v llrf'Hiselvcs, they r.m coi. loenily rrc.
mend them, and they will sell at rr .
cannot fad to please al'

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