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IHBUIBKO DAILY AND TRI-WEF.KLY BY TLB ALKXANHRIA G A7.RTTR, for thefAimtrt, is printed on Tiiwday, Thur?» d»Y. »nd Ssfiirdsv. _ i WEDNESDAY MORNING, Pec. I**0- i COM vrj.MC^TIOX. YOTHF. SUITOR OK THE VF.EKANDR • 1 OAZETTE. Ill the Alexandria Gazette, o| the 17th ir. Ktnnt/I read an Address delivered before tl»e Alexandria Lyceum, bv Brwjamit Hali.o west.. The character of. the address is. for • inrt, calculated toenhance the repu tation dr the lecturer, n’readv deservedly high as a philosopher. The learning he has displayed—1ms powers of arguntent—his com* tfrtlld of appropriate language, and ins litcili of K1 its!ration, are of a Idgh order of tner t. SJnph net are ornaments of society, and de serve to He held in grateful esteem. ' Chit, there is one portion of t* e address which f tead with feelings of unaffected re jvretsnd surprise—I mav say with amazement. I allude ?o the revival of the exploded doc trine, that wheat will degf nerate into cheat. Such an opinion is unnhiiosophical and unsci entific; contrarv to tlie I:'vs of na»nr«v v.dcrh are immutable, and cannot admit ol radical variation from fnp;r direct operation. Etna Rating from such a sonr-e. the error mav he re.adilv fallen into bv others, l^ss informed. ■ without anv examination. That the ignorant have believe.I in it from time immemorial, is mi argument in its favor. They have believed in other thitr*> equally absurd, and equal« fv destitute of the least particle of proof.— Hut when a man, who has made the piivsical Frws ihe s»»i‘lv «»r his life, and whose mind Has h^en disciplined to severe reasoning, he co*ne* fhe adv«W*ate of error, the itiituv done ♦o the cause of science, is difTicult to he re rwired. • AH botanical writers agree, lhat tvieaf an 1 ebeat belong to different genera.— Wheat \Vriticuin hibern'im) produces its grains in sp'k^s. t‘he »t (Hromus semUnus) grows in a mnioles like oats. The grain of the latter. is furn;she I with an awn or heard, and ji enveloped in rigid husk. There are various other generic as well as specific differences. This si nn'e contrast is sufficient of itself to demonstrate the utter impossibility of one of tt)»<?# rdanfs being converted into the other.— The farthest that anv plant has ever been nn'C'i to he r° nov»*d fro n its original tvi**, amounts to nothing more than a variation in I he *rv?C4€*. Thus, all our apples, are varieties of the wild anpl** (P»ir>is Stftv^stris.) a harsh Uut dnrnutive fruit; !>ut the name sjjpcific d script ion will embrace every apple tree tliat is now cultivated. Tne temark of Button, quoted hv Mr. HM that *,WhMat is n fiel;t;ous production from the cultivation of an inferior plant”, and the assertion that the cereal grains are not to he found wild til nnv part of the earth, do not in the least warrant the conclusion to which fie 1 has arrived. Cultivation dties much to modi fy the prop’rties an I to increase the develop ment* of plates and of animals; hut no au thentic instance has been, or can he, adduced to prove that any plant or animal has been derived from, or relapsed into, a convener even of the **imM genus, much less to assume the form and growth of an individual of a totally distinct genus. It was ordained in the beginning, that lik** should produce its like; -and every departure from Ibis law has been Vistlv denominated a monstrosity, the offspring of hybridization, and incapable of being per petuated. The great Button never intended to intimate that wheat was the product of a plant having no congeniality or affinity with It. Had he advanced such a doctrine, with what reason could he claim to he able to iden tify the genus and species of anv known animal that ever existed, hv means of a single hone? Hi* great discoveries were founded on the un erring laws of nature; or rather they were the elucidation of those laws His meaning was obviously nothing more than that wheat had been greatly improved and meliorated by cultivation. The original plant compared to the improved production, mav have he* n what the potatoe was, to what it now is. in its cultivated state. The apple, the pear, and peach, have no doubt undergone simi lar changes. The generous Arabian steed may be descended from a stock as ‘‘inferior’ as the Indian poney; ai d the great improve meats in horned cattle may have been made from an origin equally humble a ml dwarfish In all these caws ftieconnexion is evident and obvious. There is no specific difference be tween the wild and llie cultivated potatoe;«»r between the wild horse and the Arabian — But therein no more connexion between wheat and cheat than there is betweeen ihe oak and the cbesnut, the horse and the zehra, or tiie bison and the cow. Am! if it can be shown ♦hat there is an actual transformation in one single instance from one class of individuals to another, the order of nature becomes ini mediately deranged; like will no longer with certainty produce its like; and the offspring of the human race mav be the On ran 2 Outane. 1 therefore regard the positionol Mr. ffallo tvelh as untenable ami tin philosophical; and as opposed to the whole course of nature; and I now consider mvself justified hi calling for tl>e proof, Fver-y man has some reason for Ins opinion—a very insufficient and absurd one may satisfy the ignorant—hut the philosopher should he able to furnish such f vide nee as is in accordance with the laws of nature. Hie ••fict** already adduced hy Mr. U., summits to absolute!* nothing. I will, however, brief Iv examine it. and test its claims to be consid ered a fact or even an experiment. He states that an intelligent gentleman of Ins acquaint ance planted some grains of wheel in his •garden; that a horse broke in and cropped the plants during their growth; and that each plant «o mutilated produced cheat, while those that were tintonrhed remained wheat. What'trpriita me is, that a man ol close investigation, who is in the habit of requiring proof in all his mathematical and philosophi cal liediMUnm**, should receive such a state ment from /rwy «o»rre without expressing a word of doubt. The mutilation, it appears, is ttnsinned (for it is nett proved) as tl»e cause which produced 1he chest. The plants are siwjXisedto have been wheat when they vege tated and until they were hit ten ofl. Suddden |y or gradually it is rnnjerfnrpd their whole character was changed—the leaves from be ing soft and velvet v been .tie rough and some what hairy; and the head, from being a com pact spike is expanded into a loose paircip.— The whole proof is supposition, not even justi fying the inference in the remotest degree.— No evidence i>» adduced to show that these plants were not originally cheat. The wheat had not been planted as an experiment; and there might very probably—for one probabili ty may he opposed by another—have been grains of cheat amongst the seed, or already dropped on the earth. I respertfu'ly submit whether such a fact or such an experiu cut de serves ro he received as evidence. It barp'v nmonnisiocireumstantialevidencp;and ivotibl clearly lie rejected in a court of law, as en tirely insufficient for the conviction nf a crimi nal. Mow strong and absolute and undoubt ed ought the proof ihcn to be which isbroiight forward to convict nature ofan abandonment of tier principles. | A fact like the one cited hy Mr. Tlallowel! was related some years ago to the celebrated John Wickham, who replied, “I would*n! be. lieve i* if I was to see it.” The expression was a strong one; hut before it is condemned, the nature of the case deserves to l>e consid ered. The transformation which he wascal led on to believe, was nothing short of a mir acle. It Heady implied the exertion of superna’u ml fHiwer, because it was contrary toihe course of nature. IT the occasion did not justify a departure from fixed laws, there might he some reason in being incredulous to the last. While I should hesitate in making a reply couched in so strong terms, it might at least he appropriately rejoined to such a demand on our credulitv, that f‘ men do not gat her grapes from thorns or figs from thistles.’* Numerous ** facts” like tie ore adduced by Mr. Hallowell have been brought forward heretofore ; and, manv years ago, when there was a vigorous controversy waged in the Agricultural papers on this doctrine of traits mutation, the advocates thereof threatened to confound their opponents hv the results of ex periments conducted for t fie ex press purpose of deciding the question. Wheat in every stage of its growth was lacerated, broken down am! tramp'ed upon; hut it rose again to vindicate its origin and identity The trans formation was not to he produced hy human agency; nature would not yield to compulsion to gratify the wishes of ingenious speculators. In regard to Mr. Ilallowell’s specimens of inferior wheat which show a strong resem blance to cheat, and in which nature appears to have effected hut an imperfect chang**, not having seen them I can only remark that if they (Mtssess the heads of wheat, it is impossi ble that the grains can have the own and, the horny husk winch characterize the grains of cheat. If the specimens exhibit panicles, they are no longer wheat, and cannot contain the grains of wheat, however inferior in quality. If Mr. H will give an accurate botanical de scription of the whole plant, 1 make free un hesitatingly to assert tint it will not embrace the peculiar characteristics uf both plants, either in whole or in part. I might fairly call on Mr. iT. to establish his conclusions from the example of analogous ca<es. If <»ats, barley, rve and Indian corn are all artificial instead of improved produc tions, ihct ought also to manifest some ten dency 1° revert to their original condition.— Under the long continued ill-treatment of some of our farmers, it. might he readily supposed they wool I relapse into barbarism and give some indications of iheir parentage. Why should the disposition be confined to Wheat alone ? In conclusion, I will also venture In stale a ’ fact which mav pass for what it is worth. II it could teceive the sanction of such high au thority as that of VTr. H., its influence might at least prove beneficial in a practical view. Several years ago, mv farm became infested with cheat to a great extent, relieving that the fault was in my own management rather than in the tendency of the grain to degene racy, I set to work to extirpate the nuisance. In the first place l determined to ?ow nothing hut pure se< d ; and in order to have it pure and cleansed from all filth, I diligently assist- j ed to prepare it with my own hands. After ; one or two rotations, with the aid of good ploughing, l had the satisfaction to see it so nearly exterminated that out of mi annual crop of from four to five hundred bushels of wheat, I am certain there was not a jxwk of |cheat,all told. AGUICOLA. Virginia, Nov. 28, 18to I ' Turkic llevents—The Po.<rf afire.—The j National Intelligencer of Sat unlay says — That there is a general deficiency in the public revenue, to a large amount, winch it will ! be among the fit si duties of the present or the i next Congress to provide for, not only for the i time being hut for time to come, ut* presume j is universally understood, II nothing he done I»v way of providing lor I tie ext met ion jot this drill, the liist tiling, indeed, | that Congress will have to do under the ad ! ministration «vf Gro. Hakkison . (u ho will no douhl restore k> Congress the dut v of man- j aging the revenue, usurped by the Executive since the lib of March, IS2li) will be to pro ■ vide at once for the payment ol a public debt 'including *1 reasury notes) of twenty or thirty millions of dollars. The next and yet more im'Kirtaiil duly which will necessauly devolve upon the next Congiess will he to provide a ! permanent addition to the revenue, winch falls i annually short of the wants ol* Government. I partly from the late derangements in the com- j j merceof the country, hut principally hv t!*e * necessary operation of the compromise'tariff, j wtNch will have reached its minimum in IS12, i hut is already low enough for its; pflects he sensibly felt upon the revenue Irum the cus toms, (or duties upon imports.) In addition to other deficience® of the reve nue, which it will l*» necessary for Congress to provide for. if we do no! mistake the matter will !»*• that in the receipt® of the Post f'fiEre, i wh;ch have been falling off until its revenue ts tint adequate toils exfiendi’ir-e. The pre < sent Postmaster-General, we believe. rere»v- i ed it from *nis pr*»deress »r loaded with a h**n vv deht. which the diminishing revenue ol the j * office is not like1 v to ena *de Id n to pr »vi Je h»r. i Wp support, in fact, tfint th*» Post (|Jt partnient. as well a< the Treasury nepartipeit * dnds is <! itfi«'u!t to meet the dailv ordinary de mands upon tt. *j CHAPMAN’S PICTURE OF THE ‘ B.1PTISM OF POCJHOA TJS. Painted by order or Co n7re.11 for the Rotunda of the Capitol. 1 • About four years ago Congress.ordered four large national paintings to fill np the vacant . p tnnels in the Rotunda of the Capitol. A large appropriation was mule 10 defray the ex pen* 1 ses, and lour American artists selected for t * f ithe Ivor*. Among the :nnd>b»*r was Mr. .T. ['i. t ’hnpman.now resident of .Vashingfoti.n In’ lented and successful young artist, who chose | the interesting subwet of the “llaptism of Po» jcahontas.” Mr. r'linpinan is the first incom plete his task, and the splendid result r.f his ! genius and labor now adorns the wall of the ! Rotunda immediately on the right ol the door | leading to ihe Senate Chamber, j Many have visited the pictti c, and tve hear ! nothing hut expressions of satisfaction ami de I’ght. We wid. for the present, give our rea ders n description of the stibiect from a pun* nhlet which has jihi been published. I he name of rnrfjfiontis ’»ns uescenoen in Itoslernv as the "real henefactress. flip Hilda rv geniusof the first successful Cobinv planted [within flu* limits nt tie* lTnit»d States; who. when famine raged or coasnimev menaced it with swift destruction, ever interposed her he i nign and gentle influence to supp'y thfir wants and ward off their dangers. From all that [history and tradition have preserved, a if well as from the testimonials nt the tduects nt fier kindness and protection; from tfie particulars of her life that have come down to yis, and from every aii»hent:c memorial now extant, she appears to have hecn. ho* It in mind and person, one of ihe choicest models ’he hand of nature ever formed. With the purest sim plicity s|,e united the kindest heart, and to t| e timidity of a spotless vir m^he mined a snga cityof min i, a firmness of spirit, and an ad venturous daring, winch more than once, when the existence oft he Colony, was at stake prompted her to traverse tfie midnight forest alone and fwave the indignation of her kiu dred to give adv'ceand warning. Inseparably interwoven ns is the name anti lostnry of Pocahontas with the very ex is'e nee »tf tfie first permanent Christian cornn un tv of I his great Confederation, and clothed as she is with every attrrhnte to call forth our veil eratjon amt gratitude, she, most undoubted1 v, deserves the dignity of a historical character. Though a simple Indian maid. Iter Ide and nc liousnre closely associated with events, which in iheir consequences, ha ve assumed a tiiagni Hide that fully entitles her to he placed among 'hose whose who exercised pit ’fix tensive in fluence m the destinies of.stales ajjnd the course o! hiimnn events. She was, therefore, deem ed a fit subject for a National Pictute. paiujed by order of Congress, to fiomnfemoriite tile history and adi ms of our anccsto'S. But site hid another claim, non I rss venera - I hie and touching, to the rem**mhbim’C of pos terit\, ami which a I besses itself to all Chris tum people and t’h'i !iancletrchek. She stands lorernosf in the train o ' those wandering chil dren of the forest who have at different times —lew indeed, and fir between -t een snatch ed from the fmgs ofa barb iioi-- idolatry,to l«e come lambs in the fold of the Divine Shepherd. She therfore appeals toour religious as well as •tut patriotic sympathies, and is equally avso cnted with tiie rise ami progress of the Clnis t'anclmrch, as with the political destinies of lh(* United States. ft was a memo’able Sahhatlt morning wl en tne sound of ihe church hells echoed through the silent forests about .la jiesMwn, to gather toils consecrated aisles-the first dedicated to the worship of the li.’ing Cod in British America —the pioneers of rivilizu’ion and Christianity in ihe neiv world, to witness the sublime spectacle of this converted heathen girl—Pocahontas -the danghtepof Powhatan —•“the first Christian ever of" l»er Nation,” turn ing from Iter idols to Cod. How loin* aim earnestly me •■winning oi ill is one soul’’ had looked loin ilie Colony, and hv i's friends and promoters in England, i lie numerous let lens and chronicles of I ha I dav express in terms flint cannot he mistaken lor transient impulse. Thev placed their iiopes of lasting prosperity in bringing the sav age within the influence ol the light of the Gospel; and when that pure minded girl knelt the ‘first fruits of Virginian conversion,*1 sit the altar of God, they indulged in pious exul tation at tlie glorious beginning, and die pros pect of peace, security, and prosperity, that seemed to dawn upon tlie <*ol<»ny In ohediencOMo the regulation of tlie town, the Captain of the u atcli had gone his usual round, to‘shut the ports and place cerilinels. and the hell having tolled the Iasi time, had searched all the housesof the-fowne, t > com mand every one. of what quality soever, (tlie sicke and hurt excepted.) to rep* ire to church, after which he accompanied all the guards with their arnies (himselfe Heim* last) into the church, and laid the keys before the Govern our.’ * The Sargennts took theirstations, and tlie Indians gathered about the place of cere mony. as Unite supported his destined bride to the rude baptismal font, hewn from an oak of her native direst. ,Vanfrt/t/anis% her favorite brother, whom Smith calls “the most manli est, boldest spirit keener saw in a Saluage,” stood nearest to her of her own kindred; an t*:der sister, with her Indian hoy, sat in mute, anxious interest and curiosity in front, while her uncle, the sullen, cunning, vet daring Ope rhanknnou. h shrunk hack, and probably even then brooded over the deep laid plan of mas sacre which he so fearfully executed years af ter, when that spotless Indian girl had gone It) reap her re ward in Heaven. The Rook ol Prayer is closed; for not until j after that tone was there an established form ! |or the baptism of those of riper years in the service of the Church of England. She hears ( upon her forehead the record of her vow—she i renounces »he idols ufher nation—has conies- j ?ed the faith o| Christ, and is baptized. The; Indian child clings closer to his mother, as the | snowy mantle of swan skin, tipped with a gai j plumage that may he still ^seen among the: I lockets amt a long the shores about .Tames* j town, falling front h'*r shoulders, discovers to j her own the costume of her adopted people,; and an unguarded movement ol momentary i excitement among the savage sjtecfator'? is re- | pealed through the congregation, as handsfill j instinctively on march lock and sword-hilt.— It is the moment of the picture—another, and spt* is received ii»n» the fold ol Christ, as pure ai d beautiful a spirit as ever knelt at Ins Holy Sacrament. In the execution of the picture, the artist ; has been governed bv the he^t anthorit'es, as to facts and details, and lias made all the re search within his power in Fngland. as well as Mir own coimtrv. for information with regard to the subject, and in some pointshe nia v have j l sacrificed the picturesque tor the sake orhis-,j hvicnl truth, to which lie has endeavored ’o adhere. j To those only familiar u ith the churches of | *ur own time and country, the interior ol that j ( represented in the picture may appear sirmge j It was adopted from oifr now in existence. | hni’t about the time ol that of Jamestown, with j ircti variations as Hie means rind facilities ol I fie Colonists would Vnost tikelv occasion, and I ilie description ol an actual' residerftnt James* f town at that period (Willi on Sirntchy) sng- 1 jested The p’ne columns, almost as they 1 some from the forest, the freshness of the ma- I i r rial throughout, and die at»empt of a st\le i •onneefed with their associations in their na- I ive land in *lie construction of fher reap'd, J in* |*eru,iarit«es that naturally suggP’t them I :ptvp*.awl nu’henfT resources hav j supphed < he rest. ‘<rT,hp grrene Vcluet f’brrre with a I ivinet Cushion" of the Governor, “w'th a 1 "’loathe spread on n ^abb* h»»ftre him. op ' * hicli he kneeleth”—,#ihe Font.heiven hollow * ikt* •iCanOv*'—the pulpit, \Mth it.-, doth mi* hroidered with the Arms of Virginia, and initi als ol King James—the horr-glass, etc., etc.— the martial character ofSirThomas Dale, and i the regulation of the °olony that obliged the Colonists to wear their arms even to church— the courtly etiquette that existed, even at Jamestown, at that early day, when the Gov ernor went forth “attended with hjsCounsail ersCantaines and other Officers and a gaard of Hoiderdiers to the number of fiftie in his 1 orrKhips liverie,” with Ins Standard Hearer and Page—the younger sons and cousins of no bility at* home that might he there seen, with the sturdy husbandman, the vine dresser, the mechanic, and mure energetic adventurer and soldier—the ordinance that deprived the Indi an of his weapons before he entered the pali sades that surrounded the town—the naked limhs and costume of the savages—are mat ters of history which the artist, has only fol lowed with the best ofhis ability, and he only regrets it was not more worthy of I he grandeur and beauty of the subject of the picture as well as of its origin and destination. * Articles, Laws and Orders, Divine, Poli tique and Martial, for the Colonie of Virginia, I &c. Sir. THE PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION. I The Electors of President and Vice Presi dent assemhletogether.il the seats ofGovern ment in lheir respective States, on the first Wednesdau of December, and vote for Presi dent and Vice President. They make three lists of the votes. One of these is sent by a specialmessenger, appointed l»v the Electoral College, to Washington, ami is to be deliver eiLto the President of the Senate, on or be fore the first Wednesday of January; another is required to be forthwith lorwarded to the President of the Semite hv mail; the third is to be forthwith delivered to the District Judge of the United States in the District. And ifn list of votessh.ill not have been received at the seat ol Government on the first Wednes day of January, the Secretary of State is re quired to despatch n special messenger to the District Judge for the list left with him. On tfie second Wednesday of February, Con gress is required to lie in session, and the cer tificates of the votes which fiave been receiv ed, are to be oik*tied h’v the President ol the Senate, in presence of the House of Represen tatives, and counted, and the persons elected ascertained and declared. The Presidential term commences on the fourth of March. Incase of tfie removal, death, resignation, or inability of lfie President, tfie Vice Presi dent executes the duties of President until an election. If there he no President or Vice President, the President vrn lent of’the Senate executes tfie duties; and if there tie no Presi dent of the Senate, the Speaker of ihe House ol Representatives does the duty. In case tfie officers of President and Vice Preside it are both vacant, tfie Secretary of Slate is to noti fy the Executives of the Sia'es. and to give public notice of an election of Electors, to he field at tfie time and in tfie manner of tfie re gular “lection, if there he two months after notice before that time, if not. the next suc ceeding year.—Cin. Daily Adv. iNSCRAifcv,.—We commend tfie following article to the attention of our readers gene rally. It is from the pen of our estimable contemporary of tfie Philadelphia United Slates Gazette, and contains hints which should not hi permitted to pass without im provement. We have a periodical fit of warning our ren ders a bout mmranre, and we have good rea son, for the seeming importunity; sometimes we fiear of distress I’mm tires, that makes tfie heart ache. And we know that a little fore thought would have thrown tfie loss on an in surance company. And not unfreqtiently we hear of » lucky chance ol a policy being found n tfie desk of a gentleman, when death, it was feared, bad left bis family aillicled, not only with grief, hut with poverty. Again we find painful instances of’ neglect to renew policies; and the dreadful event of fiie or death com ing between tfie expiration of one policy, and die time of its renewal. An instance is now before ns of very recent occurrence—so recent, that we do not feel at liberty to mention tlie name, though we have less liln riy to conceal the monition. A distinguished gentleman, whose worth was in his character and high attainments, in sured his fife in this citv for six thousand dol lars. Only a few weeks since fie was sudden Iv called oiit of life, and his family leli with out the means of support derived from his pro. tessional exertions A friend in this cit y hast ened to the Life Insurance Office, and made inquiries as to the policy upon tfie life of I lie deceased, and fbiiml that it had been suffered to run out a few months before, and had not been renewed. _ The Honor ok the Nomination .—A wri ter in the Baltimore American of Tuesday claims for the State of Maryland the credit of having first nominated Harrison and 'I'ylei as candidates lor I he two Imrh offices to whief: they have been elected. This is true; and it is also true that it was upon the motion of one of tl e delegates from Frederick County, that the aforesaid nomination in the Slate Conven tion of December 1835, at which Dr. Wm, Bradley Tyler of Frederick presided, was ren dered complete. The sub-committee of twen ty one in their re[>orl in the convention promis ed resolutions nominating Gen. Harrison as a candidate lor die Presidency and only recom mending John Tyler of Virginia for Vice Presi dency, so as to leave the matter open to the Electoral College. When the report was read in the Convention, Col. James M. Coale, ol this citv. at present one ol the Harrison Elec tors ot this State and a member of the Con vention ol 1835, arose and moved that the word recommend he stricken out and the word nominated inserted in lieu thereof,so as make both Harrison am) Tyler nomiuess of the convention. After a long discussion the motion was adopted.—All this will he seen by reference to the Journal of proceedings ol the Convention published m the Whig papers ot 1 altimore in December 1835, an extract ol which we give below. This nomination sug gested the united names ol Harrison ami Tyi.f.k tithe Harrisburg Convention, and to this nomination therefore mav he traced hack thr chain of events that resnhed in their elec tion as President ai.d Vice President ol the United States.—Frederick Examiner. Removals from Office.—We hope among the removals from office, which the ins seem to apprehend, and the outs to claim, one man in particular will he spared. He is a postmas ter in Maine, near the Aroostook line, who, when Col. Barry took commaed of the Post < ‘Hire Department, and was sweeping all be fore him in the shape of reform, addressed him a letter which ran in the following vein: “VIy Dear Colonel: The sound of your broom which is now sweeping the Augean si allies is echoing among these distant hills; village and forest are alike filled with disma v; * birds forsake the woods, Ihe trembling »11 Ihnl flies to its mother’s arms, and even strong nrit-n find their joints give wav—they shake like Belshazzar nt tne visionary hand iha» wrote fiis death-doom. I tremole tor my ol fire—1 have eleven small children, and nv'p of them n-p girls—it yields me now three dol lars and thirty-seven and a hall ceMs a year— ihis enables me »n buy them sugar p'ums, rps.piccaninies, besides a ‘thanksgiv ing’ goose, i cast myself on your clemency. Kver faithfully, yours.” TOBACCOINTEREST. At a meeting of the Tobacco Planters of Charlesjjonnty, Mil., held at Port Tobacco, on November 21th, John Barnes, Esq. was catted to the (’hair, assisted by J. B. Wills and J. Fergusson, Esqs. Edward J. Hamil ton and Henry C. Bruce were appointed Sec ; rotaries. | The Hon. Daniel Jenifer addressed the meeting at considerable length, and presented ;a number of important and interesting facts in |relation to our tobacco trade with foreign :countries, showing the burdens, restriction15, and vexations to which the planters were subjected, and urging the propriety of a firm I and decided stand in relation to their interests, and concluded by offering the following re solutions. lie was followed by the lion. W.D. Merrick, in n warm and forcible support of the views he had presented, who also dwelt at | large upon the oppressions to which the to* i barco planters were subjected. After which, the resolutions were unanimously adopted: 1. Resolved' That this meeting highly ap prove the call of the National Tobacco Con | vention, to meet in the cif v of Washington on ! the lcth of December nex*. and that twenty five Delegates be appointed from each ele**. tion district in the cotinfv, together with the officers of the meeting, toattend said Conven tion. 2 Resolved. That the agricultural interests of this country have been too long neglected: and that it is the duty of the Government of the United States, in its negotiations with fo reign Governments, and by its legislation at home, to have the products of our soil equally protected abroad as those of other exports from the United States. 3. Resolved, That the time fins arrived when the tobacco planters oi this country should use all pro per means to impress upon the Government of the United States the pro priety of adopting speedy and effectual mea sures to relieve the staple of tobacco front the heavy duties and restrictions imjiosed upon it in foreign countries. 4. Resolved, That the Representatives in Congress from the tobacco growing States he requested to make this subject a primary oh l»*ct of legislation at the next and succeeding sessions, until the burdens upon our tobacco abtoad are so modified as to hear some fair proportion to the duties levied upon articles imported into the United States. 5. Resolved. That the editors of public totirnals in the State of Maryland and District of Columbia he requested to publish these proceedings. JOHN BARNES, Fres’i. John B. Wili s, ) fl ^ ., . John Fergiisson, J v>ce Pr^sulenls F.rlitanl I. Hamilton,) Secretl,rips. Henry C. Bruce % ) Fort Tobacco. Md., Nov. 21, 1^10. PREXCII SPOLIATIONS. A numerous meeting of persons interested in the claims for French Spoliations, prior to 1800, was held at the Exchange in the citv of Philadelphia, on the *21th of November, 1810. Charles Masey. Esq. was called to the Chair, and Charles Macalester was appointed Secre tary. The Chairman stated the object of the meeting, when on motion, it was resolved, that a Committte ol five be appointed to report resolutions expressive ol she views of the meeting. The Chair appointed John M. Scott. James Bayard, Joseph Sims, A. Peries, John Potter, of South Carolina, who alter consulta tion, reported the following resolutions* which, having been read, were unanimously adopted:— Resolved I st. That the origin ol these claims may he traced hack to the period of our revo lutionary vtrusgle, and the amount forms, in larr.no inconsiderable in item the cost of our national independence. Resolved '2nd. That when the government bartered a wav these claims for a valuable consideration by the Convention of 1800, they were justified from the necessity of the case, and no dou fit acted wiselvand well:—at the same time they became themselves liableto tlie claimants on the principle *o clearly as serted in the Constitution ofthe United States, “that private property shall not be taken lor public use without just comper sation.” Resolved 3d. That the encouragement to persevere in foreign trade, given to the mer chants by our government in the form of a cir cular. issued from the Department of State under (he administration of General Washing ion, in the year 1793—assuring them of pretec* tion and indemnity—is a circumstance which ought ever to be borne in mind, as bearing clearly and directly on the above-mentioned lia hilif v. Resolved ith. Ilinf. the value ol these claims, against France, lias of late years he - come more apparent from the fact that claims of a similar character have been successfully urged against France by other nations, and similar claims have been recovered by our go vernment, not onlv from France. hut from al most every other government of Europe. Resolved 5th That during the long period in which these claims have been pending and unsettled, our conviction of their meritorious character has been deep and abiding and our faith in their ultimate satisfaction by nongovern ment has seldom faltered and has neverfailed. Resolved, fi/A. That our conviction of the Mistice oT these claims is strengthened by our knowledge of the fact, that they have been subjected to the scrutiny of numerous and va rious committees of both houses of Congress, most of whom have reported in our favour, and not oneol them against us for nearly twenty years past. A Hero from* I’ui.wer.—-The Cincinnati Republican gives the particulars relating to the discovery of the jewelry, stolen from the store of Mr. McGrew, in that city, ami states that when the Marshal had traced the clue to . Havie’s house, upon entering,the wile immedi ately sail!— “I presume yo^ are an "Hirer, and ! know what you came for, there are the goods’’— pointing to them. She is represented as quite an intelligent and interesting woman, says she is from Philadelphia, and that she married Ha vie after the • hieida hank robbery. She 1 did not appear disposed to conceal anything j in relation to the burglary. She said her hus band had no accomplices iri the business, that he went to the store between 7 and 8 o’clock, and brought home one handkerchief full, and then returned and brought home another, all before 8 o’clock. She said he had been em ployed, frequently since then, in marking and [lacking the goods in the day time, when if persons had come up they must have seen him. When questioned why she continued to live with such a mar, she said — He had l>een kind to her, he was also intel ligent and a srentfemnn in his manners, and that her attachment for him was such that she could not leave him. She said she had often talked to him of the danger to which fie ex posed himself, hut all to no purpose. When something was said ;n her presence, of the prohab:li*y of Harvie having been the person who had stolen ttie cluaks and cnr.lsthat have reren'I) been taken from various house* in ih»* city, she repef'ed the chnrge with apparent indication. and said her husbcnd never en b»ag*»d in such petty the'ts. A very large hunch of keys was found in the house, and unless fie is apprehended, fie will foubtlesj: pursue his b»»vn**ss m some other place, for according to the Republican fie is a most c,h>| and determiner? villiananda perfect j ulept in the burglar’s art. AaaSS&SiMBMwllMk j WEDNESDAY MORNING, Dec. 2, ] LATEST FROM CHINA, i By the arrival at New York, of the East!,,, dia ship Globe, Capt. Christopher, in I-16 days from Canton, we have dates from tha» city down to the 1th of July last, being ten dav$ later than the last accounts received from that quarter. The news from China continue* to he Li^L ly important to the civilized world. I Admiral Em.iot, with the rest of the \n. glo-lndian force, had arrived at Macao. The blockade of ('anton was in full force at and tfie Admiral and the rest of fleet had pr» ceedec north ward towards the islands of For. inosa or Chusan, or fo the Yellow Sea. The destination of »he fleet, or tin plan of action, seems not to he exactly known at Macao. (Some suppose that they will take possesion I of Cliusnn. an island opprwire the 2reat emp<» j nuin of Vinkin; others that liter will proceed | to the Yellow Sea. and attack Pekin, the rapj. j tal itself.. Whatever plan of action the Hrit i have adopted, there seems fo be no douht of the ultimate success, or of the important events that may grow out of the expedition, j The whole force of the Anglo-Indian empire, | numbering a population of 150.000,000 ex fen,i ing from the Indus to fhe Bnrampoofa riversT will he turned upon the Celestial Empire. By Captain Chr istopher himself, we learn, verbally, that the Chinese were not in the least alarmed at the force the British have hrought against them, and appeared tube in dillerent at fhe effect* of lire blockade. They may rather like some change than otherwise. The general opinion was that the blockade would he enforced until some settlement could be effected. Presbyterian Church Casf.—The law case between the Old and New Schools came up in Philadelphia last week. The whole court, is is known, had some months ago set aside the opinion of Judge Rogers, and order ed a new trial. At the opening of the Court this week, Judge Kennedy presiding, theCom - sel for the Old School moved that this case should take precedence of all others: hut the New School Counsel opposed the motion, on the ground that, it being unexpected, thev were not ready, and the Court refused the motion, which brought the case so low on the Calendar that it will probably not he reached this term. Georgia.—SVe learn from the Milledgeville Georgia Journal of the 24th ultimo, that on the 23d a resolution for going into the Election of an U. K. Senator on the 4th December, wn >■ taken up for consideration in the Senate, when a Van Buren Senator, Mr. Echols of Walton county, moved to /ay it on the table for the balance of the Session; and that it appearing to he the determination of the Van Buren par ty to prevent an Election of a Senator the pre sent session, the Harrison party in the Senate unanimously withdrew. The Journal savs, ‘‘we approve, nay commend the act. The high handed attempt, open|v avowed upon the floor, to prevent the election ofSenator, merits the censure of the people.’* Fires—There were two fires in Washing ton city last Sunday; the one a stable, on the Capitot Hill, belonging to Mr. John P. Ingle, the other a frame buildingr situated near tie railroad depot, and occupied by Mr. J. Etter as a printing office. In both cases the build ings were totally consumed. We are sorry to learn that Mr. Etter is a considerable loser by the destruction and injury done to his pres ses and printing materials. We understar d that the fire in Mr. Etter’s printing t ffice pro bably arose from the heated condition of the stove pij»e; the fire in Mr. Ingle’s stable is thought to have been caused by an incendia ry. Rail road Accident. —Saturday night as the train ol cars were on their way fiom Fred ericksburg to Richmond, a negro intoxicated, tell between the baggage car and the front passenger car, in an attempt to pass from one to the other, and was immediately killed bv the wheels passing over turn. He was one of the baggage hands employed upon the road. The front passenger car was thrown from the track, but not upset. Charles McClure, (V. B.) has been elected a Representative to Congress from the Cum berland District in Pennsylvania, to fill the vacancy occasioned by the deceased Win. S. Ramsey. We learn from the Baltimore Patriot that Ex-President Adams is to deliver a Lecture j before the Mercantile Library Association of Baltimore this evening, which is to constitute tlie Introductory Lecture to the course insti tu’ed by that Association. At a meeting of the Board of Directors of the Louisville, Cincinnati and Charleston Rad Road Company, «n Friday, 20th bit. Colonel James Gadsden, waste elected President. Frankfort. (K v.) Nov. 24.—General Har rison arrived in our town on Wednesday evening last. His visit has been one ol a pf * vate nature, and during his stay he has been an inmate of the family of Mrs. Sharp and her venerable mother, the relict ol the late Co!. John M. Scott, his earliest, best tried, and best beloved friend. He leaves Frankfort on this day for Lexington, by the way of \»*r saiiles, and will return bv this place on hi* homeward journey. I le is in excellent health. The Charlottesville Jeffersonian, in an* jnoiincing ihe postponement of the tnai «-f ! Semmes, charged with the murder of Profes sor I >a vis, states that Messrs. Leigh and L)* onsol Rirhmond.and Messrs. RivesandGilmer, of Charlottesville, are employed as Ins coun sel. V. W. Southall, Esq. is the prosecu'mg attorney. __ Lib».l dv Carrati res —A lithograph* 1J New York, named A lfred K. Baker, was fin* ! *250 a day or two ago, lor caricaturing '|r* Price Flandon and several members of his I*’ mily. It appears tliat he was employed others to draw the caricatiire. without en'er taining himselfanv bad feeling against fbefn« bur did it horn mere pecuniary consideration'* ami refused to give tlie names of his emp ,,r ers. The Court very properly expressed abhorrence ol the detestable practice.or*.t. ^ ihe dra wings to be effaced from the stunty' that no more copies of the caricature con printed Irom if, and that the caricature v‘ be destroyed.