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Alexandria gazette. [volume] (Alexandria, D.C.) 1834-1974, December 15, 1840, Image 2

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PUBLISHED DAILY AND TRI-WEEKLY BY
TAT) TV AT* W 3)WJ)H ^
»rr« \ T. F! X V NDIU A GAZETTE, lor
ike country. Is printed on Tuesday, Thurs
day, and Saturday.
terms:
4+$enption. -The Daily Paper is furnished lor
fkH por annum— payable half yearly.
The Country Paper (triweekly) is furnished for
oar annum—payable in advance.
So subscription is received from the country, un
less accompanied by the cash, or by a respon
sible name. , liV ,
Advtrt>*mz_\dvertwement3 Inserted at the rate
of fl per square for three insertions, anil > »
cen»s every subsequent insertion. Nearly ad
risers are charged m oropoitio 1 to the ituin
’wsr of their advertisements
I* arsons. a-lvertis»n?.bv die vear. not to advertise
articles not ino’n l**d in the*r n*/itl.v‘ business,
aor to insert in their advertisonv'iits any other
names than th*.ir own
TUESDAY MORNING, Dec. i:», HID.
COUSIN TILLY’S BET.
A? xoona* the Harrisburg Convention nomi
nated the old hero of Tippecanoe as a suita
ble jvrwn to presi«lc over our beloved coun
try. Frank Smith looked armnd among iiis fe
male friend? to select a suitable individual to
preside over hi? a fleet ion 4. Frank was a
whole-souled Whig, an ! ref»o?ed the utmost
confidence in the successor the nominee ol
the convention. Tie was engaged in business
and only declined taking a wife on account of
the uncertainty ol the times. He kept an old
dirty Kachel >r's hall, which was genteely lor*
nisli »d wj:h every thing requisite fi»r house
keeping. All that was wanting to complete
in? happiness was a beau'iful companion, with
a heart like his own. Frank was as fine a
vouog fellow as ever rallied around the lip*
pecanoe Rig, and nvght have cut quite a con
spicuous figure in the world, if he had been
gifted with leas diffidence.
Frink soon came to a decision. He silent
)v nominated to the highest office in the gilt
of hi? affections, a young Jadv who was, in
every particular, worthy of his nobie heart.—
She was a distant family connexion—a char n
ing cherry-cheeked, cheerful, capricious crea
ture of a comin—about as old as himself and
endowed with a proper share or that good
common sense for which our fair countrywo
men are so eminently distinguished all over
t?ie world.
Frank Smith embarked enthusiastically in
the double care of love and j>oli?ics. lie car
ried both with him, hand in hand; but it might
have been observed that he conducted one
cause with eloquent words, and the other with
eloquent took? He often told his fur cousin
Tillv that General Harrison was his choice
tor the highest office in the gift of the people,
.hut nev*»r once did lie teil her that she was
hi* oolv choice for the highest post in his own
gift. But why should lie have told her 50?—
She knew it as 'veil as he did. His eves hail
manv a time told her a story too plainly to
be misunderstood.
Frank had made at least a dozen attempts
to disclose his feelings to his cousin, hut hi<
lips invariably refused to obey the promptings !
of his heart.
One evening, just befve the Presidential e- j
lection, the two were together engaged, ns
every body else was, in talking over political
matters—lor Tilly, like all other pretty girl?,:
\v?s a thorough-going Harrisonian. 1
‘Cousin Till v,’said Frank.‘it i? now certain
that Old 'Tip will be our next President. The
People will then once more be prosperous—
business will revive, and tho>e young men
who have all along hesitated about changing
their condition, may now just as well look out
for helpmates. What sav you to that."”
*1 certainly think.’ said she, “that our sex
should now, that this long contest is about to
clo4t», receive a share of their attentions.*
•Yes. cousin 'Tillv, Harrison is good for the
next four years—that’s certain! You must
fiave noticed, cousin 'Tillv that 1 am heartily
tired ol this confounded bachelor life; and
from the attention? l have paid to you. theob*
vet of mv allec—that is—the—the—that von
are tin*—I was ah>ut f >—»h* listen to theg»*o
rjoin Tippecanoe song in the streets!
For al! the world seems turning round,
For Tippecanoe, s»tid Tyler too!
Frank's incoherent |ove-sjH*eches were cut
short, fortunately tor him, by a crowd in the
street singing lustily the famous song ol ‘T»p
pecanoe and 'Tyler too.’
‘Really, cousin Frank,' said T»l-v ‘you are
not tit for any thing hot to talk politics ’
*1 am afraid there is too much truth in what
you say,* replied Frank, "but still, I must in
sist that l tried mv best to tell you my thoughts
upon a different subject.*
‘And why did you not finish telling them."
•aid his cousin archly.
‘Because 1 was too much ol a blockhead, or
a coward.*
*A bold, Tippecanoe soldier von nre t'-u!>! -
You need not fear me, cousin Frank; l am on
ly a woman.*
•So you are. cousin; but ! must confess that
! am the greatest coward on earth when I at
tempt to open my heart to you.’
‘Most astonishing,* sai l Tillv.
‘All very true, mv cousin. You know full
well—I know you do—that I have long enter
tained a deep—what was l going to say?—I
don’t believe Van will get more than >ix states
at the outside.*
‘Cousin Frank. I sin” hive to put von in
charge of oM l ip’4 ‘keepers;* you are going
crazy.’
*1 believe so myself. I am m a bad box !
assure yo»i,C*»usin Tillv;: • ■[ me how to jet out of
this confounded squandaiy. You know what f
want to ?e!! v«>u. How shall l say n?’
‘Poirt know.* snitl Tilly.
M’ousiiu’said Frank imploringly.
‘WtU/
‘l>» teli me '
‘I’ll bet you that Harrison wiii be elected,’;
sa»d Tilly. % |
•t»h! but 1 wouid bet that way rayseliV rcpli-'
c l Frank.
* You wished tn*» to help you out of your qmn- |
d i •* v > cousin Fr.iuic. You must It he re fore, take
the bet ’
•What «b»\ou wart to bet,’ enquired Frank. !
‘Myself.’
‘A^r.mo what:’
*\ ourself
‘lint let me s°e.’ sa ' Franl,. who was some* !
whit puzzled to u.nlersr;i,i i ?i>e operation of !
the vvng»T. *ii l should lose. a> l surely will,
bo\r will it (lieu Ire:’
Ml you l*»be.’said she. M wf; win you: and
iff hue you will win uie.* Fuller way will ,
suit you, I supposed
•I We through Uf exclaimed Frans. u\ an
ecst.wy <4 nv. ‘Pune, done, done.—' .ive cne
\otir haud,—Hurrah for Tip, T>\ ami 'Fill.—
ia»u*in you h is t di»ne the t>t:>ii.cs> ®h*rtoiis
|\; l am haypv.'
Fi;e elect:**!, came and Harrison carried i*w
d‘iv. Oi r '*.> c.Mi'Ui It 1 v won I he i*tt au*t
cheerfully was* it p.n ! a. d ^racelu «y was n
:»:* *e;*trd.
Tuev celebrated .. I*, s ehrtjof*. a ?;w
^ *«- U ’ *. hx * ' *"j: *’ -*eV 1 •*'
V ;! h * L*C »
GREAT MATCH RACE BETWEEN GA
NO AND BOSTON.
As much interest is felt by the friends oi the
Turf, to know the result of the Match race be
tween the above celebrated racers, we copy
in lull the correspondence ol the Charleston
Courier.
August Dee. 7. 1840.
The Match Race, between and />7?.«*
fou, 4 mile h»*at>. lor 8*2o.00o, came oil yester
day, according to t!ie arrangements previously
made. , ... r
The F^afavette Course is a beautiful one, of
an oval siiarv-. an f \ i tine order at ihe present
lime. I readied the ground about 12 o’clock,
and found a considerable crowd already as
sembled, which was much augmented as the
period tor starting approached. About one,
the contending nags made their appearance,
when the betting, or rather propositions for
betting commenced in the vicinity ol the stand
—three to one was freely tendered without
takers. tv!;eu the triends of Boston became
[more libera!, and bets were offered, and in
some few intances taken, at five to one.
About half past one, the signal was given
to mount. The veteran sorrel looked as il it
was but an every day business with him, and
Gilpatrick, his rider, appeared as unconcerned
as any one need look who had the thing dead.
He was without spurs, which. I ani told, are
not required to incite old white nose to do his
duty. C mo certainly made a fine appearance,
and moved as if tie was conciousof the impor
tant |nrt he was expected to play in the ex
citing game, but those better acquainted \'tln
suclnnatters than myself, informed me that
his limbs were not in a proper condition, and
would not sustain the v\o;k necessary to in
sure the victory.
At TFie word 'hey were off in handsome
style, at a very moderate pace, Boston having
the track, and taking ihe lead. Belore the
first half mile was completed, however, Cano
shot ahead, and kept it to the end of the mile,
passing under the string 2 or 3 !eugtl»3 ahead:
i mie zin. ...
The second mile was hut a repent on of ttie
fisrt, at a little acceleration of pace, however,
Gano leading at the conclusion about the same
distance as before—Time 1m. 57s.
The third romul was one of exciting inter
est. Bets at long odds were cried among the
crowd assembled around the stand, on Boston,
as to the result of the heat and the race, and
taken in small sums in a few cases. The third
of the mile had not been completevi, when Bos
ton made a push, and closed on Gano, a strug
gle ensued forsever.il hundred yards—-the mul
titude were silent—you could have heard a
whisper at the distance of an hundred feet
—when the white nose of the unconquerable
Boston slowly made its appearance and 2 ad
ultly the symmetrical form of the noble ani
mal disengaged itself from the eclipse with
which it had been fora short time enshrouded,
hv the intervention of Gano, who was inside.
The stroke of the two nags was tremendous
for this short period, hut ’he moment thot
the sorrel had emerged from this temporary
ohsciritv. the friendsof the hay horse pave up
ail as lost. Boston passed the judges*stand a
bout two lengths ahead—Time lm.53s.
The fourth mile was run without a hope on
the part of Gano ; Boston appearing perfectly
at ease, coming out several lengths ahead —
Time 2 in. 5s. Total time of heat 7 minutes
57 seconds.
After t»*e proper period the horses were n
gain called to the stand bv the judges, when
Mr. Walton, the owner of Gano, announced
that he would not start for the second heat,
nor would he require Boston to gallop around
the course, hut gave up the purse.
The Northern Jnckies bore their honors
and jacket ted their winnings as the real lov
ers of the Sports of the Turf always do, with
out appearing as if thev had been successful,
and their chivalrous competitors of Georgia
tendered the rights of hospitality with all
their characteristic generosity anil waiinlli of
feeling.
HANGING ACADEMY.
VT It. F. G. L\BBE. from Washington Citv,
J. resnectfullv informs the Ladies and Gen
tlemen of Alexandria that, having been re
quested to open a DANCING ACADEMY in
that citv, he will commence as soon as twenty
subscribers are obtained.
Parents, wishing their children instructed in
the Art of Dancing, will pVn.se leave their
names at the Ditv Hotel, where a subscription
list is open. If successful, the days of tuition
will he Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Saturdays,
for Hoarding Schools; in the morning and in
the evening for young Ladies, and from 7 to
tor Gentlemen. The Course will consist of
21 Lessons. Terms made known on applica
tion at the City Hotel. dec 1I—d2w
HEU.EVVE FOU s.iu:!
TWILL sell low, lor cash, this desirable lot
ot ji'iiiml containing about 12 acres, more
or less, situated on ihe east side of the main
I road leading to Washington city, hut a smai!
[distance from the corporation line, directly
an the hanks of ihe Potomac River, and with
in about 120 yards of the Alexandria (’ana!.
The improvements are a comfort;; hie dwell
ing house, smoke, ice, and other out houses,
amt a well of the very best water in the van!.
The soil of Bellevue is first rate—admirably
'Suited for a market garden. The situation is
hea thy commanding a fine view o! the river,
ns well as Alexandria. Georgetown and
Washington. A further description of this
property is deemed unnecessary, as any per
son disposed to purchase, will no doubt view
, the premises. _
dec 5—2a w !t GEO. A\ HITE.
I FOR SALE (JR RENT.
rjVrfE Occoquan Manufacturing Company nf
1 fer for sale, or rent, their Cotton W orks,
at Ocooqu.a n, Prince WilliamComity, Virginia.
The Factory is a substantial stone edifire.
1 within a few yards of navigable u Her, hav
ing easy communication with the cities of “the
District, and with Baltimore, also, by menus
of the Railroad. The machinery consists ot
pmo .spindles. 12 looms, and the necessary
pickers,tappers, and cards. It has also Iramts.
of approved const ruction, lor making seine
twii~‘\ Its water privilege is the whole power
of* the river Occoquan. Any one desiring to
rent could now secure t he services of the pre
sent manager, an exnerieuced.ntid skill til man
facuturer, who would either accept of certain i
yearly wages, or have Ids compensation m ;
koine way dependent upon llit* profits. App’i- ,
cn’ion utav be made to
JOSEPH J \N.\KY, Jk ,
dec I —eotf President Occoquan M Go v !
JOHN T. KVA.'NS
r) USpUCTFULLV informs country mer
V chants and t tie public gent rally, I hat he
wishes to purchase FtM’S o.f various kinds,
vi/.: —t hter, Mttskrat, Mink, i'nccoon. Rabbit,
red and grey Fox, and pledge* himself to give
higher prices tf>ati can he had in the nortl err.
markets. From metchan»s and others, who
deal in the article, he respectfully solicits a
c:|l at his old stand, on King street. 11 is pur
chasing terms being always cash. iiP Hatters
himself to give such encouragement a> will
prove it decidedly to their interest, to sei! in
tiie Alexandria market.
He, also, takes this opportunity, of inform
in^i.us old customers and the public, that he
continues to Manefacture, and will constant
Iy keep on hand, Fur, Silk. Mole skin, and
Russia HATS, of the various fashions I le
shapes, which, fir beauty and durability all
heme manufactured under his own immediate
inspection, cannot be sttspnssed in the Union,
•and. which tie will sell, wholesale and retail,
v»u the mo .? accommodating terms.
dec j —« o!>rn _j
BROOMs! BROOMS?! BROOMS!!!
/ « r. RF.KKN has hern a pointed by Ching
v / • & Brother, Agent for ihe sale of their
i Brooms, and wid keen c«>n«»ani’v on hand a
! fUl! Mirpiv at iji- i v prirc. at in< s’«.»re. 2
' \\ I • 1 *v \<|<Mou>tOU.
I . * >
ANNUAL REPORT OF THE SECRETARY
OF THE TREASURY—Extract.
The exports and imports within the year
endii.g September 30, IS40, exhibit several
striking peculiarities. While the foreign com
merce of the country constitutes the chief Ira
kis of the ievenue of the General Government,
and is indicative of the extent of our sutplus j
produce,the statistical returns in relation to the j
subject must excite constant attention among
statesmen and political economists, as well as
I merchants.
The exports during the year are compmed
to have been $131.571,950. This amount is
i quite -S10.513,531 more than in 1833. not will)
j standing the reduced price of some of our great
; staples, and fs larger than ever existed before
I in our history.
I < >1 the whole exports, only $17,809,333 were
j of foreign origin. This left those «>1 domestic
i origin at $113,762,617, b-*ing $6,815,937 more
| th in in any previous year.
I Tfie imports during 1810 were about $101,
1805,891. This slows the great falling off
I from the previous year of $57,*286,*211. It fur
nishes, likewise, the principal explanation of
the extraordinary diminution whirl) lias oc
curred in the revenue Iron) customs;}) diminu
tion, however. which hasbeen caused, in part,
I by evasions of the laws, new judicial con
ductions left unCorrected, and the payment
oj too large sums for bounties and drawbacks,
under an omission in the exisiing tariff to re
duce them in a ratio equal to the reduction go
ing on in tlie duties.
The difference between our exports and im
ports has usually been in favor of the latter.—
Several venr* ago it ranged that wav about)
[seven millions of dollars annually; hut, of late
j the a verage has risen to nea r to near *20 millions
! annually; the excess of imports having been,
I in 153$ even, $61,316,995, and in 1839 $11,063,
[716. But during 1810, the extraordinary oc
currence of a reverse in this state of things
Ins taken place. Such a circumstance as the
exports at all exceeding the imports, is believ
ied to have happened previously only six times
| since the Constitution was adopted; and t hen,
never to an exient hevond $7,918,831. Now,
[ however, without anv inflation, and in some
I important articles under a contraction of pri
ces, the excess of exports is not only more
than ever was known before, but quite three
fold greater, being computed to equal $26,766,
059.
This excess having failed to produce the
usual corresponding increase of imports, but
on the contrary, having been accompanied hy
a diminution never previously equalled in a
mount. except under the influence ofthe em
bargo in 1808,the whole matter furnishes ano
ther proof of the hazardous fluctuations in the
rfiief source of our present revenue, which
Congress lias been requested so repeatedly to
guard against by some permanent provision.
Itis also a strong illustration ofthe conjec
ture expressed in the hist annual report, ihat
the country had become alarmingly indebted
abroad; in part on ordinary mercantile credit,
but chiefly on stocks of corporations and
States.
To meet what would soon he due lor inter
est alone, it was then supposed would require !
1 welve or thirteen millions oj theexport<; and
which, in that event, would of rouise furnish
no returns in imports. The same result must
follow yearly, till the old stocks are redeem
ed, unless new ones can, for some Mine longer,
he sold; and the difficulty he thus deferred,
though merely at the expenseof increasing the
whole ultimate indebtedness.
But it is a source of great satisfaction to wit
ness the indications which the unprecedeiited
amount of exports, during the last four vears,
has given ofthe continued prosper’ty of the
country
Notwithstanding some depression in parti
cular branches of business, or in particular pla
ces, the general prosperity has been such as to
create a large surplus of products, and to ena
ble us to send abroad immense and increa ed
values of them, however great the complaints
have been as to low prices.
These official record* are some of the nr'st
authentic test® of truth, amidst contradictory
coniectures on topics like these. They show
that we fiave been ahle to spn.e, in exports of
domestic productions during the last four years,
quite £108,891,713 in value; while in no pre
vious term of that length, since the adoption
ofthe Constitution, have they exceeded $559,•
M7,f»22. Except in the last two series or four
years, they have never gone beyond $259,570,
713; or, not two third? as high as from t$57 to
min. The whole tonnage of the country lias
also advanced within the four years past, more
than 20.000 tons.
Seldom, indeed, if ever, has the navigation
interest, one of the great exponents of our
wealth and increased commerce, been so pros
perous as within the last twelve months.
It is true that a portion of the increase in
exports may he attributable to some altera
tion in 'he habits of the community, not con
nected with additional wealth.
The disposition in families to relv less on
iheir own resources, and obtain mo e bv means
of mercantile exchanges abroad as well as at
home, has, without doubt, grown more rapid
ly of late years than formerly, and tended to
augment both the imports and exports beyond
what the real increase in the amount of pro
ducts would indicate. Vet the great excess
of exports during the last few years, over
those of previous times, cannot all have arisen
from these circumstances --Granting, howev
er, that some of it has, tfie consequences to
that exten*, and in another view of the subject
are not so well calculated to excite gratifica
tion. The increased dependence which the
change of ha bits, in selling and buying so much
more"'of what, is consumed, has occasioned
between different countries and those engaged
in different a vocations as well as the increased
credit thus demanded through many new ram
ifications, and the greater subjection thus pro
duced of almost every pursuit to the evils at
tendant on fluctuations in prices, on bank ex
pansions, and revulsions in commerce, have
probably exercised an influence on the events
Sof the last four vears not inconsiderable nor
salutary. Combined with other causes, they
must certainly have tended »«> effect a wide
and unfavorable alteration in public manners
and tnav, in time, inflict an injury on the mor- \
als and character ofthe nation, which will
more than counterbalance all the gains in
wealth. _
FROM LIBERIA.
By the brig Atalantn, Capt. Lawlin. from the
const of Africa, letters to th 20:h Orloher
and papers to the 20ih inclusive, have been re
ceived.
The colony is nt present in an unusually
healthv state, and every thing seemed prosper
ous and nourishing.
Tun Slwf. Tit-We copy the follow-■
inj from the Liberia Herald ol September SO.
Escape.—Captain Monroe,of the American
schooner Kathleen, informs us that the brig
Viper made a successful escape from New
Cess, about ten days ngo, with six. hundred j
and eighty slaves. ' This vessel was formerly
called the ‘‘Voladore.’’ and about eight years
ago brought a load of emigrants io tins place, j
Governor Buchanan delivered a lecture i
before the Lyceum Society of .Monrovia, j
which is highly spiken of. _
Bank 01 Virginia.—In the Virginia House
ofPelegates, the following resolution has been 1
adopted:
'•Resolved, That a special Committee he ap
pointed to inquire into and report to thi« House
all the facts connected with the late defalca
tion in the Bank of Virginia, and ifu t said
Committee have leave to send for persons and
papers; and that, the Committee inquire into
and report how far mid defalcation has been
produced bv the misconduct or neglect of any
officer of said Bank, ami that said commiMee
ascertain by count or other satisfactory evi
dence, the specie and bank notes in the vaults
iof the Ranks in thisCi y, and report the a
jmount of notes ami s;>ccie in each of said
Banks *o this House ”
THE ARMY.
Severe charges are made against the War
department, under Mr. Poinsett, hy an appa
rently well informed writer in theX. Y. Amer
ican, whose responsibility is vouched hy the
American. The following cases of aggravat
ed wrong are related.
This first case I will examine is that of a
man appointed a 2d Lieutenant in the 1st In
fantry, in 1337—and who left in ihe winter of
’33 arid ’39, carrying with him some three or
four hundred dollars, placed in his hands for
isafe-keepin^ hy the poor soldiers of bis coin*
\ pany—drew ins allowance of pay several tunes
!or the same period from different Paymasters,
jand was permitted to resign, and thereby
[ a void t lie severe punishment allotted by law
! tor desertion, thett. and si.nincr false certifi
cates. 'J’his individual was not capable of
ispelling the most common words in the lan
guage—using h m.su -ur, 7 and tt in musket, u
in some, &c. &c. Yet a hoard, detailed hy
j Mr. Pnin.sett, passed him: he was appointed,
1 and afterwards per:-ilted to rvjugu,•without
! punishment, though his ofi’mces would have
sent him to the Penitentiary for tile.
The second case to which 1 will refer, oc
curred in 13 >3. in the* 2d Infantry; and the indi
vidual then appointed hy the influence of polit
ical friends, lias been romix'lled to leave un
der vcrvdisreputable circumstances, lie was
also permitted to n .vt/n, when he should have
gone to the penitentiary.
At another instance, in the 3rd Infantry. I
will beg Mr. Poinsett, to look.ami, before it is
too late, let repentance ease bis con^cicwc.—
lie there made an appointment of the same
date as that id the 1st Infantry, mentioned a
bove. and which has been vacated Ir.trlv hy
ihe indidual fora berth in the Massachusetts
Stale prison for forgery. 'Phis man was guilty
of lying and swindling, and yet Mr. P. per
mitted him to resign, without being branded
with the disgrace inseparable from such con
duct.
One more example will he found in fins lle
gitnent, the 3rd Infantry—appointed in July,!
1333. lie had been a cadet at the Military
Academy: was declined deficient by the Acad
emic Staff, and deserted, notwithstanding his
obligation to ‘‘serve five years,” before the re-„
commendation of the staff lor his dismissal
could be acted on. For this his name was
dropped from the rolls of the Academy, and
though the Academic regulations, which form
a part of tfie contract with every cadet, says,
‘‘No cadet, who shall he dismissed, shall he
appointed in the Armv until five years after'
the promotion of the class to which tie belong- l
ed.” this individual was appointed lust one !
year after the promotion if his class; and this
too, when the fact of ins dismissal for dcser- J
tion wason record in Mr. Poinsett’s office.— I
The same offence, in common soldiers.subiects i
them to tlip ignominious t nniMiment of stripes
and branding. Yet. Mr. Poinsett isofopmion
that a cadet, guilty of this crime, is fitted for
a commission in «>nr Armv.
Mv next example of Mr. Po nseft’s admin-,
istration of the War I)rpartment will lie found j
in the 1th infarprv, appointed 1*3'*. Here is a
case of dismissal from the Military Academy,
who was appointed in the wmy before the j
class from which he was dismissed was pro* j
moted; and on entering the Armv. They find
one above them who was incapable of passing
through the course of studies at which they
have toiled for four years, for the same com
mission which the political services of a father
can command.
Mv next reference will he to one who, in
the opinion of Mr. Poinsett, is every way suit
ed fora commission in the army: hut as the
school ofmorals in which I was educated was
no so loose as Mr. Poinsett would seem to ad
mire, I must differ from him and refer to an
impartial public fora decision. The case to
which I would now call your attention will he
found in the 5th infantry.appointed in October
1.331*, and in violation of that regulation pro
hibiting the appointment of dismissed radels
before five years alter the promotion nl their
classes. This case is a j»eculiar one and I ask
the attention of all unprejudiced men. when I
inform them tha t tins same individual, com*
mission'd in the Army during Mr. Poinsett’s
administration, and hv his influence was dis
missed from tfie Military Academy hv the
srnt-Mire of a General Court Mur ini, for inarm
tlemanh) conduct. This sentence was appro
ved and ordered to be executed by Mr. Pom
sett, and in a few months we seethe same
person holding a commission in the Army,
with a certificate from Mr. Poinsett stating
that he could see nothing in the proceedings
and sentence of the Court prejudicial to his
character.and yet he had approved the decis
ion of the Court hv which he was dismissed
for unzentlemnnly conduct fs this a contra
diction between two of Mr. Poinsett’s arts or
am l wrong? I leave it for others to pidge.
I.et u> now take a look at th»* filh Infantry,
and we there find an individual api*>inted in
November, 1*3-, who was dismissed from the
Military Academy for incapacity, invited Jo
attend the Hoard for examination, to enter
the Armv, declared deficient and incapacita
ted hv tirot Hoard, and afterwards appointed,
as a reward for the meritorious sei vices of
his uncle, “ 77ic Kinderhook roarer.'' This
character has not attended nnv dutv for tweive
months, and though h* has hr en under orders
for six months, to report for duty in the bar
bor of New York, he lins been, and still is, a
promiscuous loafer in tlie streets of New 3 ork
citv, drawing his pav monthly, and attending
political meetings, and this is permitted by
Mr Poinsett, when an ollicer of different po
litical opinions, who had sense enough to gra
duate at the Military Academy, has been com
pelled to resign for being absent two or three
weeks over his leave, and during that time
expressing his opinions openly on political
questions.
Liber \t. Orrowv.NT.—The Charleston Cou
rier, the leading commercial and news paper
of the Palmetto State, and heretofore favora
ble to the administration of Mr. Van Horen,
has the following jnst and liberal remarks in
reference to the President elect- VN e arc tru*
Jv gratified to find the promise ol the t ourier,
thus thrown out in advance, that the people ol
South Carolina shall have an opportunity ol j
learning through its columns, that though “de- i
fented in their f ivorite can lidate/’they have in ,
theeleciion ofGen. H3rri.*on,“got a ven clever ;
fellow in his stead.” In point of fact we may ,
say, anti it will he found, that so far as high
character and eminent fitness for the trust, are
involved, the Union has done better lor South
Carolina, in the choice of a President, than
that State has done for herself. r\ he Courier
i
sa ys:
Gen. Harrison, notwithstanding our person- j
n! preference of the incumbent, Has been elec
ted Chief Magistrate of our Republic by the'
decisive voice of the American people; and I
we are satisfied with the result and mean to •
take care that the people of this State shall
learn, that although their favorite candidate,
has been defeated, they have got a very ciev- I
er fellow in his stead Our chief objection to:
Gen. Harrison was on the score of Abolition, ;
and that was removed. In relation to'the
suh-treasurv, and the question of finance gen- j
era 11 y, we were with him; and we have every
reason to believe that his adhcence lo the I
principle of the tariff compromise, and his
course in relation to internal improvements
will be satisfactory to the South. We are,
therefore, fully prepared to give his adminis
tration n fair trial, to judge it by its measures,
and above all things, to keep clear of the folly
of declaring in advance.‘war to the knife, and
the knife to the hilt,’against an untried thief
Maoistrrte, as our neighbor and his party did
in relation lo Mr. Van Huren. only, in a tew
months, t» *nl»s!itu»e alliance for hostihu,
amid the w onder and ridicule of the nation.
J EDINBURGH.
Foreign Correspondence of N. V. American.
Edinburgh! I have been so oewildered with
the number and variety of objects I have vis
ited in tins city, that 1 hardly know which to
single out to discourse upon, or what to say ot
I those I nta v chance to sglcrt. The appearance
i *
of Edinburgh is decidedly unique. In thi> re
spect, it stands alone among British ci
ties— admiral)1**, wonderful, unaccountable.—
It is situated on and in several inlis, vallies,
and ravines, which are scattered around in
such peculiar confusion as to leave no doubt
that its foundations were laid in some terrible
earthquake nr volcanic eruption, 1 entered it
from the South, and passing through the Old
Town along a busy, handsome street, l occa.
sionally cauglit glimses of streets running in
the same and opposite directions, teeming with
shops and bazaars*, men, women, horses and
carriages, 00 or bO fee* below me—a city stand
. mg upon a cit y. The buildings in the Old 'Down
are mostly of stone, and tower to the height
I of 7, 8, ant! even 9 stories. Their style of
'architecture is a combination of the ludicrous
and unseemly with the maiestic and venerable
—challenging the most fixed attention, and
scorning all attempts at description. Alter
!crossing Iligh-streetand the Canon-gate—at
j whose head stands the Castle, with Holyrood
I louse a mile distant at its foot. —I soon reach*
ed the bridge that unites the Old with the
New Town. It spans a wide deep valley
that was once covered by a marshy lake, but
i* now occupied by elegant gardens, crooked
streets, and odd houses, down whose chim
neys the vision of the traveller might leap
but fur the smoke they puff in his eyes. In
the night, when this valley is lighted by street
lamps and from the windows ofjfhe shops and
dwellings.and when the hum of the voices
and rolling carriages ascends in confused
echoes from illuminated depths below, the
passenger over the bridge is greeted with a
strangely beautiful scene, having, it ik believ
ed, no parallel in any city of Europe.
Tlie New Town, stands on a rising ground
on the north side of tlit? valley.and commands
a view of the < Md Town, Salisbury (’rags, with
the Palace of llolyrood at their base and Ar
thur’s seat lifting its ma jestic shoulders over
all. (»n the right is perched the Castle, look
ing down Iro'n its rocky eminence upon the en- |
toe city, an I seeming as if it were suspended
from the skies by some unseen and mysterious |
cord. To trie northward lies the port and
•own of Leith, beyond winch spreads the
broad Frith of Forth, over whose quiet bosom
the eye wanders till it rests on the uneven rid
ges of the coast of File, ot is lost among the mists
of the ocean. Rvery traveller is extravagant in
his praises ofihe New Town. It is indeed above
the reach of all adulation, whether we consider
the beauty of Un location, the regularity of its
streets am! squares, the richness and variety of
its shops, the elegance of its private dwellings,
the splendor of its public buildings, or the
grandeur of the numerous statues, monuments
and pillars that.stud it m every part. It is built
entirely of light colored hewn stone, has not,
a mean edifice in it, and owes it3 uniform mag
nificence to the fact that it is the work of the
last 3uor 40 years, and Ins been erected un.
der the critical eye and fostering patronage of
Scotland's taste, wealth, and aristocracy. L
boats that it has no peer in Furope.
A lofty pillar supporting a coMossal statue of
Lord Melville, formerly Henry Dundas, of the
Commons, and the right arm of William Pitt,
stands in St. Andrew’s Square, at the head o.
that long line of palaces, George’s street. Jn
the same avenue stands a fine colossal bronze
statue of the late William Pitt, and also one of
that licentious coxcomb ar.d royal libertine,
George the Fourth. Carlton Hill, which ts
the eastern terminus of Prince’s street, is thick
ly set with monuments in commemoration of
men who have distinguished themselves on
the field ol battle, in the halls of legislation, or
among the more quiet walks of science and
literature. A tall stone tower, overlooking
the city and affordinga wide view of the sur
rounding country, was raised as a memorial
of Nelson's victory <d’ Trafalgar. A small
Grecian edifice, surmounted hy a dome, and
flanked by a monument copied Ironi the lan
tern of Demosthenes**, at Athens, was erected
in honor of Duguld Stewart.
A similar building calls to rememnrancc
that ifninant man, Professor Playfair; while
an elegant structure, which combines the ma
jesty of the Norman and the grace of the Ore
cian styles of a related ure, bespeaks a tear lor
lie fa lien virtues and blighted genius ol poor ;
Corns. In the interior ol tins monument, is a
portrait of the Airsliire bard, copied from an j
original likeness, and a marble statue, which j
is said to bear a striking resemblance to him
who was at once the glory and the shame of
bis native land. Several other monument*-,
one to Iiurne—that crown this proud summit,
might be enumerated, were there time—nor
will I weary you with descriptions of the vari
ous useful institutions that science, literature,
and law, have erected on Carlton Hill. J he
High School of Edinburgh, a budding that
would do honor to any city in the world—the
Observatory, connected with the University
—the County Jail and Bridewell, structures
whose exteriors resemble palaces more than
prisons—these can merely be mentioned.
DEMOCRACY.
We find in the New York Evening Post the
subjoined epistle,to which wemviie the particu
lar attention of our readers. It is evidently in
tended as an exponent of principles:
Chflsla, |)ec. 5 1810. 1
“Well the Whigs have beaten us, but I say ,
no matter. We mtwt now (all back on first)
principles, and take a fresh‘stnrt, and when !
we come up, come up with something worth
having. We shall lose nothing in the end—
What should you say to flinging to the breeze
a genuine Loco-Foco flag, that is, the flag of
social democracy, in distinction irom mere
political democracy? By political democracy,
I under stand the equality of all men before the
state: hy social democracy, 1 understand the
equality of all men before society. The first
is virtually realized in this country; the se
cond is not. Is it not the great work ol our
country to realize this social democracy! —
Well, then, let us throw out its flag, and rally
round a common standard, its friends. Now
seems to me to be the time. The majority of
the old democratic party are readv lor it, and
need it, as a matter to busy theinaelves about *»
When the Democrats “come up,’’ they are
to ‘ come up with something leorth hawing.1'
This wili indeed bt taking a klJtesh start*,” this
will indeed present something new in the his
tory of parties
j Washington Correspondence ofjy\ P- Courts
I Since my arrival in this city I have convers
ed Ireely with gentlemen of difTerent p >!»tic<,
and I have come to the conclusim tint the
party in power are atfju'i as to the policy
which they will pursue. Mr. Van Burnt, an i
his most confidential adviser*, are for throw
ing the responsibility on the Whig.?. Tltev
would throw up their hands forth with, but
there is another set, hitter and implacable,
who will not go with the administration in
such a system of measures, and the tattered
iand miserable shreds of a party which vet
j remains to them, mn>t he kept together, it
possible, until after the fill of March, if no
! longer.
! Ail speculations, in reference to the cabinet,
i are vain, and will he found in most instances,
1 illusorv. These J* u> doubt ihat Gen. Harri
son will listen, respectfully, to the opinions of
his friends on this and every other sublet”, hut
• he will make hi* own cabinet. Tie wili iidge
for himself of the qualifications and fitness of
i a gentleman fora particular department, and
j make his selections accordingly. Much Ins
I been said on the suh-cct of excluding Mr.
! Webster, and Mr. Glav. A different reelin'*
. ’ °
j pervades tins atmosphere, and I am inclined
| to believe, findgin® from the opinions of iho.se
j who are presumed to he in the confidence cr
jthe General,) tbit he entertains a different
I feeling.
Mr. Glav, it is understood, will not accept of
nnv appointment, at home or abroad. On this
; point, he is said to he Inflexible, lie will re
main, I believe, in the Senate of the Trni vd
States, until the new administration shall be
j launched and fairlv afloat, giving to the policy
( of the President surh a support .as may be con
I si*tent with his own patriotic views, and that
[fame which he has so nohlv and so gallantly
j won. The virulence of the party which has
just been overthrown, will continue fora time.
Mr. Benton will be rabid. Mr. Glav will
remain in the Senate to meet and combat these
assault*, while in other quarters, in his mvn
| happy manner, he will four oil upon the trou
bled sea.
I
Whether Mr. Webster will nr will not hr
offered the Department of '■date, for u hirh fie
i* pre-eminently qualified. it is not for me to
suv. Hm I mnv state the opinion which some
of General Harrison’s persona! friend* enter
tain and express. They s > v, that if Mr Web
ster will accept the o'Rcrt of -ecretarv of Slate,
or a Foreign Mission, he ought not to he ne
glected. The same I menage is Peld by some
of the most distinguished friends of Mr. ('lav.
That gentleman I have se*m since mv arrival
in Washington, fie has beep m f»ih'uiore,
btit I learn fias returned tins cav to the rdv.
From these “ signs of the linn s.” 1 have no
doubt Mr. Webster may fill either of the
above stations, if fie pleases.
In reference to subordinate appointments, a
gentleman from Ohio related a remark made
by Gen. Harrison, with vtiich I was amused.
If it he not strictly cored, th*1 story is a good
one. Some person was conversing with the
General on the sub tec t of office. He said he
iiad received various applications winch he
had filed, in tiie order of their dates, and that
at the proper time they would he taken up. as
they lay before him "The Inst should he first,
and the first last’* Tims, in moderate terms,
expressing Ins disapprobation of these inipor
tun it ips. Notwithstanding all that has been
said in New York to the contrary, I now in
cline to the opinion that the Presidentelect
will not reach Washington until some time in
February.
THE SPY IN WASHINGTON.
DR. LEIDY’S MEDICATED SARSAPA
RILLA,
TILING a concentrated Compound pim I
I) Extract id* Sarsaparilla, combined with
other vegetable Extracts, wl.ic.fi ren«!ci<if '
medicine of great utility in Hie cure of nll»V
easps arising from impurities of the lhnod,
and is an invaluable Tuie-ly f»»rall Rinuntut
tic Affections, General Debility, diseases «*f
tfie hair and skin, ulcerated Mire Ihront.
Scrofula, Erysipelas, IVnp'es and Pustules <>!
1 he face and Ivvlv. Jkc. and as a genera
purifier of the Wood at all tune*, there cat* be
no medicine more effectual.
As a medicine for its remedial virtues in a.:
the above mentioned diseases and affection*,
♦here is no preparation more efficacious. From
a discovery made by the proprietor, there i* a
combination of certain vegetable extracts
with the Sarsaparilla, Ghat a ids great!v to :t<
virtues,) found in tin* medicine, which mstifie*
the proprietor in pronouncing it paramount t‘>
all other preparations. For sale at
HENRY COOK’S
dec 15 Drugstore.
THIS IS TC> GIVE NOTICE,
rpif AT tlie subscriber of \lexan dm Conn
1 ty, in the District of Columbia, lias ob
tained from the (Orphan’s Court of said < ouu
t v, letters Testamentary on the personal estate
of Elizabeth Mi!N,lateof the county aforesaid*
«ie<*M. AM persons having elauns ng'iinst tf.«*
said decedent are hereby warned to present
I hem to the.subscriber, passed by the Orphan <
Court, on or before the I ithdayol December,
|'<t!. or they may by law be exclu led from
all benefit to said estate; and those indebted
thereto are required to make immediate pay
ment. Given under niv hand tins l.sthdav
December, is bb IT. IT.lt IIKNN E 11»
Administrator of Elizabeth Mi,is.
dec I;—eo"H ___
THIS IS TO Give .v n n;r.,
TH AT the subscriber of Alexandria r°,,n*
tv m the District of Columbia, has ob
tained from the Orphans’ Court of said Coutn
tv letters of Administration on tin* estate <;•
Charles Mankin, late of the county aforesaid,
deceased. All persons having c! otns a
gainst said decedent, are hereby wnnru •>
exhibit the same.passed hv the '■ »r(»h/i»*'* J ° f
to the subscriber, on or before the I >tb *- iv V*
December Hll. or they may by law bee\t •
ed from all benefit tosai.l estate: and tf»ose in
debted’hereto are required to make iinne’1'.a*
payment. Given under rnv hand this I ‘J*.
Decern be t 1810. ELI7/II. MANKIN,
Administratrix of Charles
N B. 1 have constituted Reuben John-*
iny lawful Attorney, to act in mv P',rP ‘
stead, in all matters relative to the AJnm^
trationof niv laie husband’s estate,
dec 15-w6w ELIZ’H MANKIN, Adm-*-^
ORPHAN’S COURT, .11 ex'a County, J %(T.
Decendier Term. 1840. S
PAULINA C. FOWLE. F.xec’x ot Col. •
Fowle, dec’d , rendered to the Court ^
ftassASscafiss^i-:
W3W*S^fEj*iSs
in February next, of which all persons
ested or concerned will take ootiee. -
A copy—Teste: A. MJJ**,,.
d ec 15—\v6w _ * ^
COTTON GOODS. ,
i B AI ES of Shirtings, Sheet ines. an
i 00 nima burgs, Petertbiir/ manufacture
Ifor «le I*y A- c‘ '’AZEN0VE k C
dec »3

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