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DAILY AND 1RI-WEEKLV BY
TJcemiMR sssiywwm. The ALEXANDRIA G AZETTE, lor th* country, it printed on Tuesday, rhurs d*y, and Saturday, MONDAY MORNING. January 4. 1341. COM W.Y!CJ7!0XS. ALEXANDRIA FIRE DEPARTMENT. Last year the department was called out twenty-three times, in consequence of alarms of fire, at least eighteen of which were either false or uncalled tor. The whole amount of damage by fire, for the last thirteen months, was less than one hundred dollars; during which time there has been no occasion to operate the whole apparatus in order to sup press a fire, and only two occasions when it was necessary to operate even a part. Such an almost entire exemption (Von lire for so long a time, in so large and dense a commu nity. would seem to imply there was but little occasion for either fire apparatus orontaniza tion; but, as with nations, so with this depa rt - ment, “in peace we should prepare for war;’* and by vigilance, in attending to the good condition of the apparatus, and efficiency of organization, be prepared to battle with the “Fire King,** on every necessary occasion; for, without such preparation, a fire originating in a combustible building would be apt, speed ily, to lay the high hopes of many a property holder low; and, as it is such, more than any other class of citizens, who are subject to the calamitous consequences of fire, it behooves them to take especial interest in an institution upon which they rely to “ check the violerce of fire,’* when it threatens the destruction of their possessions. But, strange to tell, they are prone to be the least active in sustaining, by their personal attention, and pecuniary aid, so indispensable an association. The posses sion of property should not cause us to disre gard the title, connexion, and duties of a fireman. If there be any institution which should be practically a “social democracy,” it is a Fire Company; and ii behooves “all men,” in every dense community, to connect themselves thereto, that the drudgery of ope rating apparatus, upon trial days, dragging it to and from fires, &.P., 5cc., may not devolve entirely upon those termed “ workies” Council should also lay a specific tax upon property, annually, to defray all needful ex penses of the Department. The present effi cient members of the Companies are mainly working men, who, in addition to their lime and labor, are neither prepared nor justified in contributing the means to buy or keep in re pair the apparatus, which is seldom taken out without some expense being incident thereto. The Department shoo* i be liberally aided, and its efficiency will be promptly and judi ciously developed. FRIENDSHIP. Alexandria, Jan. It, 1341. [communicated.] Having understood that a charge lin* been made against Cuthbert Powell, Esq., (now a candidate for our suffrages,) to wit: “that he i* opposed to affording all proper means to enlighten the youth of our country,” I wish to say that I have had the pleasure of know ing that gentleman for thirty years, and during that period I often called upon him to aid us (the citizens of this village) in the erection of churches. (No. 4,) a Male and Female Acade my, and he never refused a liberal donation. When the Male Academy of this place was reared. anJ bat partially, its first friend gave it up. Mr. Powell stepped forward and said to another gentleman, “This will not do; the house must be finished.” They then con tracted with the mechanics, bound them selves, and paid the cost. To those who have made the charge, referred to, l would call attention to the Journals of the Senate of our Slate in 1S1J and 1320, (if I mistake not)— Who was foremost, then, in the Education scheme? I answer, it was Cuthbert Pow ell. Who, now,can make the charge against him? P. Uppsrville, Jan. 1st, 1311. Foreign Interference.—After the alarm produced i.i Washington, and in Missouri, by certain letters of Fret.*. Until & Co , the Mis souri hankers in London, showing a diabolical solicitude for the credit of that State and of ?l-.e American stocks generally, all similar in dications of the deep laid scheme of foreigners 10 undermine our republican institutions by pointing out the mode in which they can be made to command mast successfully foreign credit and foreign capital—are eagerly watch f Hence we publish the following startling co nmu lication Innusome dangerous French man. who seems to insunnte that our pros uerdy consists in buying French wines and silks :* nd pi yin? for them in specie—all which he ••Mrs the democracy of t.he Log Cab n is op posed to. We trust the President and the Missouri hum bus wili took sharply at this matter, while yet there is lime I*»r a remedy. “Verry sorry you will not understand French language, so me write English so good as me can do. Me see the news from the United States come very much for Monsieur Harrison Ntnl Tyler too. both together, and all say you never am so h ippvas you will be up t«» the present moment wheiitliev shall be President. | and the Log Cabin and Cider along with mem and if so, then you shall lake very much less the French silk anJ the Champagne, tor the I LogCahin want very litde »uc!i g('od things j f rom this country. Tins is very hoi for us,and Monsieur liar- , ri'on and Monsieur I yler should not come • into Washington with the Log Cabin and the j rider—they shall do very much harm to the j French trade. France Jove* pnwjvmv to ir»e uemocrncy, ( but she n*ant< loser the Democracy all over ! IheworM trike shk and wine plenty. What is tint Penvx-rtov ifhe lives in ihe Ln«; Cabin an I drinks nothin" bn? Cj !eri* That is noth* in? |or France. So you shall see \L M. Mar- I * and Tvler very bad lor you and i*»r U* j -uehtrile \ , . . Vo received a* Havre toe boxes o. saver, j k. 0 in diamond. ten *oxes, $ 10.003. You j e*nt the **a»*»#* \vny by every packet.} a! nothing but silver." MARYLAND LEGISLATURE. | In the Hot***, so much of the Message ns re lates to the Tobacco trade was referred to a select commit tee, consisting of Messrs Heard, Bowling, Estep. Gaither, Win. Lynch and Sp'iggol Alleghany. So much as relates to the sales of the pro ceeds of the Public Li n<»s was referred to a se lert committee, consisting of \ e<srs. Cm*u», Edward A. I.vmrli, HaiMier, Jones oT Sum. Ttick, Presi in o» ami Martin. Mr. Graves asked and obtained leave to in troduces Bill toaholMi the present City Uomt of Baltimore and establish a new one. Mr. Sutton reported a Bill to elect C;t*cks and Registers of Will* by the people. 1 Mr. Legrand introduced a Bill entitled, an act to repeal an act entitled, “a supplement to the act entitled, an act to provide for the ad ministration of justice in cases ot crimes and misdemeanors in the city and precincts of Bal timore, passed IS1 «>. chap. 133, and to revive an act entitled an act lor the more speedy trial of misdemeanors in the city of Baltimore, pas ed December session, 1335, chap. 75—which was referred to the Committee on the Judici ary. Mr. Grant submitted the Following order, which was adopted: Ordered, That the President ot the Hie^a poake and Ohio Canal Company be requested to report to this House, as early as practicable what progress has been made during the pre sent war towards the completion of said Ca nal; the situation of the finances ot said Canal Company; what amount of State bonds have been sold during the year IS 10, to whom sold, and ai what price; the number of bonds in ihe hands of the Company unsold: the amount ol scrip which has been issued by the Company during the year IS 10, and upon what authori ty said scrip has been issued. Also to com municate to this House what removals arid changes (if any) have been made during the year 1310 in the officers of su'd Company, and the causes of the removals and changes. Mr. Gaither offered the following resolution: Resolved by the General Assembly c f Mary land, That the proposition so to alter the Con stitutioii of the United States as to limit the Presidential service to one term, lately made in the Senate of the United States, meets the approbation of this General Assembly. Resolved, That a copy of the foregoing res olution be transmitted to our Senators and Representatives in Congress. The following is a copy of the bill reported by Mr. Bowie: An Act to authorise the Incorporated Banksof this State to issue Small Notes lor a limited time. Sec, 1. Re it enacted by the GeneraI As sembly of Maryland, Thai from ami alter the passage of this act, and until the first dav ol January, eighteen hundred and forty-three, it shall and may be lawful for tlie Incorporated Banksof this State to issue notes under the denomination ot five dollars, and not less than one dollar. Sr.c: *2. And be it enacted, That after the first day ol January, eighteen hundred and (orty-three, it shall not he lawful lor nny In corporated Bank in this State to issue, re is sue of pay out any note, certificate of deposite, or other evidence of debt, intended for circu lation, under the denomination of five dollars whether die same purport to he made or issued by such Bank, or any other Bank or Banking I nst i till ion, or individual. Sec. 3. And be it enacted. That all acts or parts of acts inconsistent with the provisions of this net, be and the same are hereby 'sus pended during the continuance of this act.— Read and ordered to lie upon the table. INDIANA—GOVERNOR WALLACE We have received a copy of the Message of the Governor of Indiana, to the .Legislature of the Stale of Indiana. The Governor makes the following pointed observations in relation to the legislation of Congress over the District of Columbia: ‘‘It affords me pleasure to comply with the requestof fhecitvaml county of Wash ington ami citizens of the county of Alex andria, by presenting to you a copy of’ the [address of their delegates in convention assembled, to the People of the United States and to their several Legislatures. No adequate motive can be assigned lor »he ex traordinary legislation wh'ch forms the ground of complaint, other than the fixed determina tion of the majority in Congress to punish the frank, unreserved expression of opinion on the part ot the people of the District. This insuf ferable breach of justice and good faith, per petrated by the selected guardians of the na tion's honor and the People’s Constitution, should create a sensation reaching to the re motest limits of our widespread country. It is in keeping with the conduct of those who dis franchised a sovereign State, and trampled tin der foot the right ofthe People to select their Representatives, with a view of carrying into effect the repudiated policy ol their chief.— With such, right and might are synonymous terms. The trilhdra wal ofthe chattels of the hanks was done professedly to carry out the policy ot Government in reference it* the cur rency. So wide is the variation, however, between the profession a ml the practice of the men who laid their ruthless hands upon those institutions, that ii is in vain to seek in that pretext for the motive that led to the destruction of the fiscal agencies deemed ne cessary in the District for the protection of commerce and industry. The change in its tnurfcipil charter, relative to the elective linn* chise, in defiance of the wishes oi the inhabi tants, wr.sau indefensible exercise of jower. ‘‘It is of incalculable importance to eveiy community that the safeguirds and peculiar institutions which tt deems necessary to 'he efficient preservation of the peace, good or der, and safety of society should he preserv ed inviolate. The District having no Kepre sentative. Congress should exert a protecting rare over her interests, and faithfully reflect her views in relation to her own domestic p > lily. An enh^h’ened nat»oq will jp»t silent!) acquiesce in the asserted right of Cong.ess t \ make experiments upon the District, ami to tamper wi'h her most precious interests, a gainst the known and expressed will of htr people. Unerring you to the maste !y and el oquent address f*r detailed information, per mit me to suha.it to you the propriety of a doplinir such resolutions as the sense of jus tice «»*t th‘* prompting of sympathy may sug gest.” NOTICE. partnership heretofore existing under tin* firm of P. JAC( >BS &. SON, was dis solved on the 1st inst , by mtiuial consent* All persons having claims against the firm, will hand them in for pay ment, and those indebted will please nnke payment to either of the un leaned. PR ESI,Y J ACOBS, jun I —3t CORNELIUS JACOBS. FASHIONABLE TAILORING. rpllE subscriber respectfully informs the X cti-itoaiers of the late firm ot P. JACOBS & SON, ami the public generally, that he lias removed his shop to si two story brick house ,tJ the west side ol Royal street, one door moth oi the dwelling of .Mr. Edgar Snowden, iti'l pe p<»pes by strict attention to business to merit and receive a share of public patronage, jau 1-eodlw CORNELIUS* JACOBS. THE YEAR 1840. The records of the year 1840 have been dis tinguished by more of crime than any which we remember—more certainly of “blood god liness’’ t..*an any that we have seen fora time rf peace. When sometimes recurring to the numherof murders and suicides which distin guish the chronicles of the year now closing* , we have enquired whether the apparent aug-| mentation does not arise from the greatly in* j creased facilities fur publication; but we con- j elude that this is not the case; for, to say, nothing of the shocking murders that have j occurred at some little distance from us, when j I we would ask, have the records of out crimi nal courts ever exhibited a list oflrom thirteen to twenty indictment* lor murder in a single year? ami when, since the establishment ol theoflioe, has the coioner been called to hold ! inquests over so many who anticipated the call | ofuattre, and rushed an unhidden guest to the provision of another world? | Siu*h tin epidemic of crime will naturally j command the attention of the moralist. How he will decide with re ference to the cause, or j what lie will propose as a preventive, we veil ! tore not to predict. Beyond the surface of things, however, ii is evident that the search must be made for.the cause; and the perma-j nent preventive must be applied in the domes * tic circle, and at its tenderest pads. It is in vain to Jo >k for permanent correction of those evils :r. society tint spring from a want of some fixed principles ol morality. Chance may preserve, or sudden terror check; but to ensure not only the absence of the evil, but a ! confidence in public morals, the purification I must begin at the fountain head, and ihevir j tiKius man. the sound patriot, and the correct i citizen, must fie moulded at the fireside. Lord BrouLdiain,in remarking upon the effects ol early discipline and the force of habit, declares that the man is formed at six years—after that tie but perfects the shape which he received, fulfils ihc destiny prescribed, ami exhibits more or less ns circumstances favor, the im press previously given. Let, then, the v.riotis astoun ling accounts which we from day today present to our read ers. instead of awakening in them a vague as tonishment as to the progress of crime, induce in them the fulfilment of often formes resolu tions to train the voting of their family with such fixpdregard to RIGHT, that in their af terintercourse with the world, they shall not leadily yield to the influence of unfavorable circumstances, and become the victim ol those j assions ami appetites, which were in child hood only hidden, not repressed—left for after dotninancy, instead of being bent into the service of a well regulated will. “This is an evi! generation,’* says one, who has been looking into the calendar of crime; and so it is: yet the best that can be said of the past is, that it was a careless generation tv» allow so many to grow up with undisciplin ed minds and unformed mora's. We look not to the accomplishment of the day dreams ol the enthusiast, that all are tube virtuous, and consequently all happy—too many accidents befal man, to allow nfall to keep the path of virtue—hut we do expect that the lessons o! this year, and perhaps of its predeces sor, will send many fathers home to their families full of the enquiry whether the happiness which they have vainly sought abroad, is not to be found there by careful search,and nourished to enlarged influence by that devotion which is itself a great reward. We may say of tiie present times, that men have built large bouses, with a greater know ledge of the external tii in of the internal fm Hh;and have chased the phantom of pleasure abroad, when tnesoul and body of happiness have escaped their search by retreating to their own firesides. The utter unprofitable ness of the wild pursuit, its anxious, unreward ed cares, will send the wanderer hack, per haps—fnppy indeed if he return before his ab sence allows the growth of unfriendly pas sions there, or his taste become too much vi tiated for ihe quiet enjoyment of domestic af fections. We grow gloomy and didactic—the conse quences, perhaps, of a consciousness that so many years have closed over us that we can not reasonably hope to commune in this way with our readers many more years. Wheth er few or many, however, ief. us .strive to be useful. If we find many tilings to deplore in the passage of time, besides the passage of time, still also there are many occasions for felici tations, public am! private. Health, many comforts, and good will are blessings to be re membered; an I our nation, too, has this year exhibited to ttie woild a proof that republics retain m themselves the means of seif pre servation—we speak without party reference —and besides, to have also shown, by the ex biiof’our commercial proceedings,that we can by industry and economy, redeem ourselves from the thraldom of foreign obligations.— Years may then pass away, and generations of men cease, or give way to others, but our coun’ry am) its institutions need only the blessings of Providence, upon the virtuous re solves of her citizens, to be as perpetual as time.—U.S Gaz. Georgia Legislature.—The Legislature of Georgia adjourned sine die, on the C lih ult. The bill requiring ihe Banks to resume i payments passed both Houses and was ap proved by the Governor. The hill to repeal the Law of 1330, authoriz ing the Central Bank to pm in circulation notes, double in amount o!' its capital stock, and to provide for the redemption of its notes, &c. &r ; and also the bill requiring the Central Bank to appropriate $75,000 per annum to ward paying the interest on the public debt incurred for Internal Imp ovements, have pass ed both Houses. The hill requiring vessels from Maine to quarantine,passed the Senate, with the follow ing amendment, which ivas agreed to !>y the House, and the bill approved by the Gov ernor : be it further enacted, Timt whenev er the Governor of the State of Maine shall comply with his constitutional obligation to the State of Georgia, in the premises, the Gov ernor of this State shall, by proclamation, sus pend the operation of this act.” This bill is passed because of the refusal of die Governor ot Maine to give up a captain at,d crew of a vessel who carried off Glares from the p«>»t of Savannah. CASE OF AMOS KENDALL. I Circuit Court of the District of Columbia for Washington County. November Term, IS 10. Wm. R Stoke?, Lewis W. Stockton &. Daniel Moore, surviving partners of Richard C Stockton, versus Amos Kendall. The action came on lor trial on Monday, | 28th December, and has occupied the Court! and Jury ever since. The declaration, claim- i ing damages 8100,000, contains three counts. | The first sets forth, in substance, that the ! plaintiffs and their deceased partner were con- ! tractors, under and in tfie name of Richard C. Stockton, tor carrying the mail, and, be sides performing the duties stipulated in their contracts, performed certain extra services; for which extra services the then Postmaster General, (Maj. Barry,) in conformity with the la iv and usage of the Department, caused credits to he entered on tfie books of the De partment, in favor of the plaintiffs to the a mount of 8122,000; that the defendant was subsequently appointed Postmaster General, and “wrongfully, oppressively,” Stc. caused the said credits, upon which payments had been made, to be suspended on the books, and recharged to the plaintiffs so that it was un truely, unlawfully, and oppressively made to appear on the said books that the plaintiffs were indebted to the Department in the said sum of 8122,000, whereby they were unable to obtain large sums of money legally earned by them a scontractors for other services, and were subjected to great expenses, delays, in juries and embarrassments, and were greatly injured in their credit and business, and suf fered great losses in complying with their con tracts with the Department, &c. The second count is lor omitting, reglect ing and refusing lor a long space of time— viz. two yea is — to pay to the plaintiffs, c. contrary to the duties and obligations o! his ofiice. The third count sets out the act of'('ongress of the 2d Jul v, by which the Solicitor of the Treasury was authorized and directed to settle and a ijU't the chum ofilie plaintiffs for the said extra services, and directing the Postmaster General to give credit for tfie a luotiiil which should he found hy the Solicitor. Thai tfie award was made for $lfil,5G3 84J; whereby it became the duty of the Postmaster Geneial to give credit, &.e. Thai he refused, Xc. The case was opened by Air. 11. b. uoxe for the plaintiff's, with a clear and forcible de tail ofthe grievances complained ol’, embrac ing a long and systematic course o* alleged acts ol oppression, and obstinate disregard ol the requirements of law and the obligations of office, overwhelming the plaintiff* with difficulties and embarrassments, under which one ofthe partners (Mr It. Stockton) had sunk into an untimely grave, lie recapitulated the various circumstances of aggravation charac terizing the case—the re-opening of mailers settled l>y the defendant’s predecessor accord ing to law; the sudden recharging of such an nil’ll ense sum; tlie applications of moneys loaned from time to time afterwards, upon other contracts, to the satisfaction of this tic - ] I minus balance; the peremptory and arrogant refusal of the defendant to be governed by | Congress in the act of July, 133d; by the Soli citor, who had been clothed with lull powers and who made his award; by the Judiciary Committee of'the Senate; by the unanimous vote of the Senate; by the unanimous decision of the Circuit Court in the Mandamus case, and finally, the reluctant and tardy submis sion to the unanimous judgment ol the Supreme lout t—unanimous as to the condemnation oi the defendant’s act. Air. Dent opened the case for defendant, who proposed to show that the plaintiffs were not contractors, unit the Department; that no such award was made, as alleged; and that the defendant had done nothing more than his doty. The ev.deuce, | rincipally documentary, has i not yet been concluded on the part of the plaintiffs. Counsel for the plaintiffs, Messrs. R. S. Coxe, M. St. C. Ci.AKVt:. and J. II. Katun. For the de'endunt, (Jen. Joses ami Mr. Dejit. POISONING CHILDREN \\ I HI NARCOT ICS. Tne London Medical Gazette calls at tention to a very interesting report made to the House of Commons at the instance ol Sir Robert highs. It is entitled “Returns from the Coronets of England and Wales, of all In quisitions held by them during 13.17 and 1333, in cases where death was found, by verdict of jury, to have been caused by poison.” The total number«»fdeaths by poison m luese two years, was 513; of winch -61 were females and 232 males But the in>»l startling fact in these returns, is the very at eat number of deaths ol children, resulting from over doses of opium or in preparations, and from doses thereof given m mistake lor oilier medicines. DeathsTrom these causes, amounted to a sev enth of the entire number of all deaths from poison. The repoit gives 7*J deaths oi children jioiii poison l>y narcotics. This fact should cause mothers to take the alarm. Narcotic ami anodyne drugs cannot he administered with too much camion to children; and they should never he given without advice of a physician. The sensitive ami nervous system oi aninlant should never he acted upon hy these powerful drugs, unless in extreme cases. < >1 these, no mother should ever presume to judge. Two crops ol lauda nmn, says the London Medical (Jazcite, have been known to kill an infant, and a case is1 mentioned where a single drop stole away the h!e ofa new born ha he. Lvcn the most expe- [ rienced medical men, says Ihe same authority, j never administer remedies of this class to die very young, without exercising the utmost camion and making toe most accurate calcu ilations. In the above named report, the coroner of Nottingham states viodlrev’s Cordial is giv en tochddreii to a great ex'ent, and that he has no doubt whatever, that many mi'.nls were yearly destroyed iii that hoiough, but j u ho, dying oM gradually, never came under ins noiice,;ollicially." In the present day, the more general d:flu- i siuu ol correct fads in pliysnoiogy and palliolo- j gy,has caused a large class ol young mothers ! to reject the uld system ol giving narcotic ! drugs to infants. In carrying out this salutary ! reformation, like all other reformers, they ha ve a strong opposition to contend with. 1 he grandmother interferes, and says ‘‘the idea that a little laudanum, or a few drops of pa e goric will hurtn child, i> all nonsense;' that she gave it to all her children, and it didn't in jure one of them in the least. ‘It is true, ’she will in all probability add, “there is John, 'here, who was put to sleep for twelve hours hv a little too large a dose of laudanum. I was a I most frightened to death; hut he came toost last, and it didn't hurt hi u at all.” These grandmothers are the most persever ing opposers of all nursery reformations. Con- j sequent!v, to carry out the convictions which \ modern reforms in the administration ofmedi- j cine have given, the young mother will tia ve a J hard task to execute. Too many have not the steady courage to hold out to the enu mi mi|(), but firm opposition to all erroneous hu: j well meant inferlerence. Eut there are others j whose pure and unswerving love for their ten der offspring, keeps them firm to tneir duty.— To these, the next generation will owe much. They are the little band of true hearted re* j former*, whose good example will be like lea-' ven, sp eadmf and spreading, until its infill* ence is felt throughout the wide circle of ma •eraai responsibility. TRADE AND COMMERCE OF ALEXANDRIA. ra7?T>Q!aiT3 7? 0 IFB333 Years. Bread, barrels. Flour, brls. Tobacco, hhds. Amount, 1936. 7,939 18,949 3,493 $393,0*29 1337. 7,79*2 11,752 5,017 414,690 1839. 4,831 10,010 3,663 357,473 1339. 11,901 41,905 1,977 554,417 1910. 15,097 79,615 5,593 811,716 .■AjMSTTCg’!? ©i? sr&T?.D!MP3 IF&Dlil !?©!arSTU5J S»©!S''J3. Years, Value. Duty, 1836. $118,571 $39,339 1937. 76,406 22,934 1838. 125,691 27,058 1839. 122,837 36,012 1910. 105,605 22,792 ! FROM THE PORT OF ALEXANDRIA. Entered. Cleared. Years. Number. Tons. Number. Tom. 1936. 20 4,860 32 5,811 1937. 25 5,075 44 7,517 1939. 20 4.327 30 6,024 1930. .37 7,264 63 9.289 1810. 61 9,911 106 16.725 LIST OF VESSELS, BELONGING TO THE POUT OF ALEXANDRIA, ENGAGED IN FO'IE'GN FR OK. Ship Virginia, 370 tons Brig Virginia, 1 >« tons “ Columbia. 334 “ “ Edward. IM " “ Metamora, 361 “ <f William, 171 “ « Maryland, 400 “ “ Columbia, 131 “ “ Polomac, 423 “ Hartley, 133 “ “ Alexandria, 490 “ “ Esther. 135 •* “ Pioneer, 523 “ “ Khzaheih, 111 “ “ General Washington, 677 “ I ncas. 155 “ “ John Marshall, 321 u “ Mary Helen. 159 “ Barque Archibald Grade, 2»)9 “ “ Tribune, 161 “ “ General Harrison, 2:G “ “ Ca/.enove. 171 “ “ Isaac Franklin, 193 “ Vessels employed in tile coasting trade, inclu ling Steamboats, 7,007 tons, making a total nf 13,262 tons. Tin: CENSUS—THE CITIES. We published cm Tuesday the census re turns of IS 10 for each county and city in Ma ryland, by which it appeared that the whole population of the Slate amounts to 467,567 souls. In 1830the census leturns showed the population of the States to he 417,010. This shows an increase ot *20,527 in the State, within the last ten years; hut when the <uct is taken into view that in this City of Baltimore the increase in the last ten years has been 21,888. it is seen that there has been a de crease of'population in the rest of the Slate of 1,361. From tarious counties in the State emigration to ihe West and Sooth has been going on to such a degree as to keep the ag gregate of population to a stationary point, whilst in some cases there has been a slight di minution. The population of the city of Baltimore is shown hy the official returns to be 102,513, being an increase of 21,989 since 1830.— We have noticed in several papers an erro neous statement in this particular, the popu lation of our city being put below the number just named. With regard to New Orleans • mis take has been made on the other side— that is, her population has been stated at 106,761, when it afpears by the official re turns, which we have now before U6 from one of the papers of that city, that the population of New Orleans, is 102,191 —being less than that ot Baltimore by 322. Baltimore, then, still bolds her rank as the third city in the Union. Nay, i! a rigorous rule of computation were enforced, and the population of Philadelphia estimated accord ing to the limits of the city proper, without taking in the county, Baltimore would stand next alter New York, a* the second city in the Union. The population of Philadelphia proper, by the late census, is 98.873. Still as the Liberties ol that city may be fairly reck oned in the estimate we shall not insist upon our claim to he regarded as more than third among our sister cities. The increase of population in most of the large cities of the Union as well as in the whole country generally for the last ten years, affords an undeniable evidence of nation.il progression. In 1830, the city of New York numbered 292,589 inhabitants; in 1810 she counts 312,231—an increase of'109,615. Here is a gain in ten years large enough to make of itself a very considerable city. The city of Philadelphia proper has gained in ten years 13,396; die County has gained 56,565 — in ail some seventy thousand. Baltimore, as above stated, bargained within the same time 21,8*9. In Boston the population has arisen from 61, 000 in I860, to 93,152 ar the present time showing the handsome gain in ten years of 32,060. Hut :f,e most remarkable instance of rapid increase in population is exbibiled by the cry of New Orleans, lier population fins doubled since 1930, having iocre ased upwards of 30.000. Cincinnati has increased about twenty-one thousand; which almost doubles her numbers ten years ago. St. Louis has now a population o! *24,595; in 1930 she num* bered only .*>,992. i tie average gam ol .v*w Orleans, therefore, for the last ten years, has been about five thousand annually; that ol Cincinnati some two thousand; that of5t Lou is nearly the same. Pittsburg should not be omitted in the list of growing cities. Her population, is put down at 21,296. Upon this, however, the Stcubenvills Herald remarks:— This table makes our neighboring city of Pittsburgh appear 10 disadvantage. By add ing Alleghany, Birmingham, Manchester, Sli go” Lawrenceville, Oakland and, other sub urbs, all. to the eye of a stranger, forming a part of the city of Pittsburgh, the population reaches about -10,000 inhabitants: Were Phil adelpl.ia subjected to the same rule that hai been applied to Pittsburg and confined to its own coronation,it would exhibit on paper a less population than Ballimo e or New Or leans. Taking the aggregate population of Pitts burg as thus indicated, her rapid growth will he apparent.—Balt. American. READY MADE CLOTHS. TTEAVY Hushing, and cloth overcoats; Irl cress and frock cloth coats, fine black eassimere pantaloous, satin and Valencia vests. Received and lor sale by jtn4 GEO. WHITE. MONEY MATTERS. The New York Commercial Advertiser of Wednesday afternoon says — The hanks of Philadelphia yesterday drew five hundred and thirty thousand doihri ».» specie from Wall street viz: UankofAtner ca, 200,000 dollars; Merchants’ B. uk, 200,'K»» dollar,; National Bank, 100,000 dollar; and 30,000 dollars from auotner.—The*e gratis were ail in the legul a- course of fnnmess, which is yet a inoregratifying tort. T/ie New York h inks ha ve specie m a Hindunre. and we arr ifL*cl to see it p rfirnnng Us appoprmte office —that of adjusting balances. The N. Y. Express of Wednesday, S, P. >f. says— There is a great stir among the Ranks fur specie; each Rank draws on iheoiher lor l*a - since*. It is a mere shipping from one Bunkt" the oilier, in order lo make up the accounts i * the 31st. the close oi the year. The fact is that each Bank has to pay up m lull ami a correct statement of the specie is made in alt i tiie Banks. To morrow not even certified | checks will be received in deposit.it must ail i he hank notes. The same paper hat the following pera ! graphs— The United States Rank in Philadelphia is again in the market as sellers ot Sterling Rills. They are drawn on the well known j banker Jas. Morrison, London, and are sold 1 and endorsed by the U. Slates Rank in tins n ! ty. We learn they sold a large amount yes terday. it is about two years since the *1 . i S. Rank ceased to he bill drawers, though Ur years and years tliey were the great operator* in this branch of Kxchange, and their HiiU i stood higher than all others It is well known that in all the immense Drafts not a dollar ev er came back. The fact that they open again in the market is an indication of new confi dence in their ability to resume specie pay ments and to continue to meet with fidelity and promptness all their engagements. There has been a little pinch in the Mimic? Market (ora day or two past,—the hanks are preparing for the 31 si, and consequentlyi.fi* clmeall paper that they can, in order to pre sent a favorable statement. Auer the 1st «*l January, there will lie a disposition to let i tit and money will again be aseasy as it has been. The determination of the Slate of Illinois to pay the interest on their Bonds, has given great satisfaction and confidence in them We have never known a period when I eight was taken to Liver|>oo!at as low a rates* it u at present. The packets are taking naval stores at 13d. sterling, a rate that once would hardly have been deemed sufficient to pay tor loading am! unloading. In reference to the Resumption, the Phila delphia Standard,has the following paragraph: The Resumption.— Speculations, we i>-r* reive, are still rife in regard to the probable course of the Ranks of Philadelphia. V\e ha ve taken some pains to inform ourselves on this head, aipl are graufiid in being author ized to say, that the United Stales Rank an I the Philadelphia institutions generally, will under u > circumstances postpone the resuaip* timi beyond the 13th of January mst. The Piuladt Iphia Inquirer says:— Our Stock Market continues dull and inac live. No change of the least importance m prices volerda\. United States Bank sold at b.V. Kxchnuee on New York as low as a . fins looks like resumption, and we find even the most obstinate of the sceptics are begin ning to yield. The late Col. Wrn. Fir.hugh, of Livingston Co., New York, who died about a year ago, on emigrating from Maryland, brought a part of his slaves with hi in. They were brought along, it is believed, not without some view to their ultimate emancipation, which they accordingly obtained, under the gene ral emancipation law of this Slate. Others of his slaves were left with his son William, who, from the time ol his father's emigration, has owned and occupied the estate in Mary land which his father left. Doctor Daniel II. Fitzhugh, and Mias Lu zabelli P. Fitzhugh, of Livingston county, Mrs J. T. Ta I man, of Rochester, Mrs. Lieut. J. \V. Swift, of Geneva, and Mrs. Gerrit Smith, of Peterhoro/ children of the late Col. Fiizugh, have recently ransomed and set at liberty such of the slaves above mentioned as were left with their brother W nliatn, am their children also. There are lenol them. Mr. \Vm. Fitzhugh, although a slave h«ld«r* generously favored the view's of his bro and sisters, and emancipated the slaves •> less sum than their admitted value, -it• them is already in the family of .Ir Smith, and is learning to reada^ud ^1^^ NOTICE. f riMlE Stockholder? ot the Farmers’ Bank o 1 Alexandria, are hereby notified that an ! Election of Directors will be held at tbe^r Banking on Xondar ^ d»y or Januare next. ,,p.;hi;r df, ri_tctF Cashrer.