Newspaper Page Text
PUBLISHED DAILY AND 1RI-WEERLY BY
WBBfl&JSbSL SSf(S>^S£^Sa terms: M«nj»rt>n Ttis Daily Paper is furnished lor Eg per annum—payable half yearly. The Country Paper (in-weekly) is furnished lor per annum—payable in advance* He subscription is received from the country»un* teaenooompaaied by the cash.or by a respon sible name* __ SATURDAY MORNING. Feb. 20. 1841. TWENTY-SIXTH CONGRESS, Stems i__ In the Senate, on Wednesday, Mr. Norvell presented a memorial from certain citizens of New York, in relation to certain persons de signated aa ••American Patriots,who were taken captive in arms during the Cauadian Frontier Difficulties, and sentenced to punish ment as felons by British Authorities. The memorial condemned these proceedings of the British Authorities, and asked for the adop tion ot resolutions by Congress declaring them cruel and inhuman, and for the inter position of the government to procure the re lease of these persons Grom imprisonment. The memorial having been read, Mr. Nor vell moved that it be referred to the President ot the United States. . . Mr. Preston opposed tne motion. He had the strongest objeciionsto any interference with the internal and domestic concerns of Foreign Nations. The advice given by Jef ferson against any such Interposition was wor thy of all attention and consideration. He subscribed to it most heartily. Mr P. said he had seen with regret the ex cited proceedings on the Northeastern frontier, They were calculated to excite emotions oi uneasiness and apprehension for the preserva tion of peace and harmony; tor no one could contemplate the possibility of a conflict be tween Great Britain and the United Stales, an«l all the train ol calamitous consequences which would follow to the two countries, to civilization, and to the world, without the greatest pain. It was at all limes, and under all circumstances, improper to interfere with the political affairs and proceedings of oilier ►tales: But most especially, as regards the British North American affairs,ought all such measures tending toexcilemem be scrupulously avoided. Mr. Preston adverted to the recent corres pondence between the British Minister and Mr. Forsyth in relation to the negroes of L* Amistad. He characterized the course of the British Government in this matter as an un warrantable interference: and he hoped that no Department of the Government would gi%*e it the slightest sanction or favor, lie hoped, too, that no countenance would be giv en for such interference by a similar example on our part. In his opinion tne Seriate ought to mark with its decisive rebuke even this prop* - sit ion, to interfere in behalf of the persons re ferred to by the memorialists. With what face can we censure the intervention, on the partot Great Britain, in the caseol the Aniis t«d negroes, if we entertain the memorial.— He was against euiertaiiiiiiing it so far even as to suggest the idea that the President might consider the propriety of interfering, ile moved to lay the memorial on the table. After a lew remarks I rum Mr. Norvell, the question was put, and carried in the affirma tive. So the memorial was laid on the table. In the Senate, on Thursday, Mr. Clay gave notice that, to-morrow, as early as possible after the morning’s business was disposed of, he should call up the resolution introduced by him some time since for the repeal ol the sub Treasury. The resolution for the admission of ladies during the residue of the session to the privileg ed seals in the Senate, having come up for con sideration— Mr. Norvell said that citizens were, at this peculiar time, crowding to this metropolis in unusual numbers. All were aware of tins fact. All were aware that, among those crowds, ladies from all quarters of the Union, who had never visited the city before, were to be found. It was right and proper that as ma ny of the citizens of the United States as could be accommodated with convenience to the 8enate should have an opportunity of witnes sing the proceedings and debate? of this body. By admitting the ladies below, many of whom would probably never have another opportu nity to hear our debates, more room would be left in the galleries for the accommodation of gentlemen. He, therefore, hoped that the resolution under consideration, which he had thought it right to submit, would be adopt* edII Mr. Benton moved to lay the resolution on the table. Upon this motion the yeas and nays were demanded, and resulted as follows: Yeaa—Messrs. Anderson, Benton, Buchan an, Clay, of Alabama, Clayton, Culhlterl, Fulton, Hubbard, King, Linn, Lumpkin, Mou ton, Phelps, Pierce, Prentiss, Roane, Smith, of Indiana, Tappan Wail, Williams, Wright —21. Nays—Mewrs. Allen, Bayard, Clay, of Kentucky, Dixon, Graham, Huntington, Kerr, Knight, Mangum, Merrick, Nicholas, Nichoi * son, Norvell, Ruggles, Sevier, Smith, of Con necticut, Sturgeon, Tallmadge, White, You >g —20. The Sennte then proceeded to consider the resolution proposing to electa public printer lor the 27th Congress. Mr. Hubbard, who introduced the resolu tion on a former day,made some few remarks as*to the joint resolution under which the Sen ate had, irom time to time, acted/ Mr. Huntington remonstrated at consider able length against the proposition, going into a succinct examination of all the resolutions and laws that had been passed in relation to this subject from 1917 to the present time. Mr. H deuitd that the joint resolution of 1819 (re lied on by the iutrodueer of the motion) was obtaatory; that it had been treated by the oth er House as e petfeet nullity, and could not be binding on the Senate. He denied the justice, the propriety, or the. expediency of going into any such election at this late stage of the ses sion. There was no necessity font, because the printer was already provided lor until the 4th of March, and there was no justice in it, because it was seeking to place a public officer j ol the minority oo the majority of the Senate. He said, if it passed, be, for one, snould not retard it as obligatory, and should move to rescind it as soon sa the next Congress met. He would therefore move to post none its fur ther consideration until the 4t'.i of March next. Mr. Hubbard said he would take occasion to answer the remarks of the Senator in detail to-morrow, and meantime, he would desire that it be postponed until that time; which was agreed to. The Senate then proceeded to consider the special order, being the bill to establish a uni form system ol bankruptcy, when Mr. Benton rose and addressed the Senate at great length. Mr* Clay, of Ala. rose, bui gave way for a motion to adjourn. In the House of Representatives, on Mon day, OB motion of Mr. Edward Davies, of Pennsy 1 vama, it was Resotved% That henceforth, for the remain der of the present session, the House will daily takes recess from half past 8 to 4 o clock P M. , . . ,r; .fl The House then aimin resolved itse.l m'o Committee or the Whole on the state ol t ie Union, and resumed the consideration ot the i bill for the civil and diplomatic expenses ol Government for the year 18 41. Mr. Bell was i again called to the chair of the committee. Mr Green moved to amend the hid oy striking out the item—“For compensation to theo.ficers and clerk ol the branch mini at Dohlonega, Georgia,six thousand dollars. Mr. G. in support ol his proposition, said that he considered it Lis imperative duty to Ins constituents ami the country to Insist upon this motion. He was more thoroughly convinced than ever, since hearing the discussion upon this subject of branch minis, that the appro prialions for the whole of them ought to he stricken out. It was worse than a useless ex penditure of public money to the amount ot upwards ofseveniy thousand dollars, because these brauch mints produced a want of unifor mity in the coinage of the United States, and at an immensely increased cost. His friends from Georgia thought these appropriations ought to be continued lor the honor and glory of the country. He (Mr. G.) could see no hon or and glory in this wastelul expenditure ol public money. He considered the question tion purely a matter of dollars and cents to the Government; the only thing that could be said in its favor was, that the neighborhood around these establishments might he benefited to some extent, at an expense to the balance of the people and the Government of upwards ol seventy thousand dollars. He was for econ omy in the expenditures of the public money, and for cutting down all useless and extrava gant expenditures. His friend from Ohio was in lavor of economy, and was against these branch mint establishments, and greatly in favor ol abolishing them at a proper time, but thought this was not the time; that we should wait until General Harrison came into power, and we have a majority of his friends and par ty in power; and then he should be willing to go into a general system of economy. Mr. G. said no man in ibis House was a warmer friend of General Harrison than he was; that friendship had germed in his heart in early life, amidst hardship and danger, and would 'there remain to the end of life. No man in this House or elsewhere felt more anxious for the honor and glory ofhis Administration than he did. But the honor and glory ofhis Ad ministration, and of those who assisted in bringing him into power, was a faithful and honest observance of ad the promises and pledges made to the People before his election. He, for one, intended to keep them to the let ter and spirit,and sliould embrace every oppor tunity to cut down unnecessary expenditures of public money; and he was for commencing now—the earlier the belter; now was the ac cepted time. The Treasury was without a dollar—borrowing money to meet its daily ex penses. He had had the honor of offering a resolu tion, the sole object of which was to raise rev enue upon wines and silks and luxuries suffici ent to meet the econoaiical expenditures of the Government, and to pay the deficit of the Treasury. This had alarmed some Southern gentlemen, and they cried out “Tariff! Tariff !’* These same gentlemen were unwilling to re duce the unnecessary expenditures ofGovern ment, and still more unwilling to raise money by a tax upon such articles as the great body of the people would not feel, and which the compromise act authorised and required, to meet any deficit in the Treasury. He for one, was lor carrying out the compromise act.— lie was the last man that would disturb that compromise. Kentucky’s great and favorite sou had brought about that act, moved by patriotism and love of country, and saved some of the distinguished men of the South from utter ruin, and perhaps disgrace. He would say to his friends from Georgia that no centleme n in any portion of this House was he more attached than to certain gent'emen of their delegation; and if it was not a duty he owed to iiisconstituents, who stood first with him before all other friends, and the good of his country, fie would he disposed towitlid.aw his motion; but, when their interest was at stake, he must be excused in -oing for their interest and the interest of his country, in preference to all other considerations on earth. After so.i.e further remarks from Mr. G— Mr. Afford said: I regret, Mr. Chairman, that my friend from Kentucky has made this motion to stride out the small appropriation for the branch mint in Georgia, lam surpri sed,as well as mortified. We hear from these silk and wine gentlemen, these old tariff men, an eternal complaint of want of money; and yet, sir, they are moving to strike out every place where money is or can be made. 1 ob ject. 1 hold that the policy of encouraging the development of our internal resources hy ilns Government, m this manner, isjust.anu ought not to be abandoned. 1 hold,sir, it is the last best resource for na tional support io the event ol actual non-inter course, by war or high tarifls, with other na 11011s; and certainly those who favor a la rill ought to husband our resources at home. 1 hope, sir, the motion will not prevail The debate was continued by Mr. Nishet. who alluded to Mr. Alford's speech on the Treasury note bill relative to his view of the tari If question. Mr. Alford explained. The difference be - tween myself and my colleague is not very material. 1 object to the time. I hold this great measure will be belter settled next ses sion. i object to the source from whence it comes. 1 said before, 1 repeat now, it is my opinion there is an effort here to lay the foun dation of a tariff much too high lbr the wants of an economical Administration, such as 1 hope and believe General Hanison’s ad ministration will bp. And 1 feel it my duty to resist that effort. When the proper time arrives, and we come to the work in good faith, there will be no difficulty, if gentlemen will do as they say, abide the compromise.— Let the proper committee lake the whole sub ject before them—wines, silks, sugars, salt, and all together, luxuries and necctsarics, and, in the spirit of the compromise act, legis late on this subject as becomes the American Congress, and all will be right. But I do ob ject to this partial revision, at this time ; and I am satisfied it had the object 1 attributed to its Iriends in view. Besides. Mr. Chairman, all agrpe it cannot ; he done this sess.on, for want of time. What then is the motive, unless it is to imbue upon the in-coming Administrator! the piinciples of the tarilf party ? It any impartial states man will look upon the long list of articles taxed, and those which are free of duty, he j can but see that an ad valorem duty of filteen or twenty per cent, on all will raise a revenue not only ample but superabundant And, 1 am of opinion, if all are taken together, a low er rate will do; and, if there is to he discrim ination at all, it will be best to diminish tfie } duty on necessaries. We can tell better at the proper time. By that time the actual defi cit will be known and provided for. I know my friend would not misrepresent me willingly. Between us there h the best of feel ing, and certainly no great difference in prin- j cipie. I desire rot io he misunderstood. I have no letter writers, no trumpeters, and nei- j ther myself nor the reporters have ever yeti been able to wiite out n»v speeches correctly: i they, from the rapidily oi my manner of speak- ! jng. and L because 1 speak without notes, and generally when I am excited by the course of the debate indulged in this House. The debate was continued at great length by other gentlemen. Mr. Warren availed hunseT of 11ns oppor tunity to reply, as he di l with much effect, to certain arguments advanced some time since m a speech nude by Mr M. A. ( ooper, in I'ommiitce ol the W hole on the sate ol the Tump, on ttie Treasury-note l id, and vindica ted the Wine p*»i t> ol ?iit Crlule ol Georgia in reference to their action upon certain exciting topics discussed in that speech. Mr. W., before entering on his subject, con demned toe practice of making one speech on the floor of the House and writing out anotlier for the newspapers, staling that he would be glad if the Reporters would write out his re marks and publish them as they were spoken, without submit king them to his revision—cour teously adding, that the usn'ges of their profes sion should be complied with on his part, whenever he might he called upon. Mr. W. yielded the. floor several times, for explanation,to NJr. M A. Cooper, and some questions of order were made. Mr. W. concluded at half past 2 o’clock. , Mr. W. Thompson obtained the floor, but the hour designs»ed in the resolution of this morning having arrived, The House took a recess until 4 o’clock. ; Iii the debate in the Senate, on the Treasu ry Note Bill, Mr. Wright alluded to tiie present Bank of the United States as a darling favorite of Mr. Clay, of Kentucky. That Se nator demanded in an emphatic tone, where | the gentleman from New York derived the ! right to use such language, j Mr. Wright said that he had intended no thing oflensive, He meant only that Mr. Clay had been a strong friend of the Bank. Mr. Clay, (with great emphasis.) Never, sir, never! While it was a National Institu tion he was a firm friend to it. But when the friends of the Administration have tried to fasten upon the Whigs the charge of peculiar favor towards the Bank of the United States, after it was a State Institution, he repelled them and denied the inference He had cut loose from it. He had indeed declared,yearsaeo that if we should have another National Bank it must be a different Institution. He regrett ed also the renewal of the charter. He re gretted the name it had taken. It was calcu lated to delude and deceive. But he still more deeply deplored the recent catastrophe; not so much for tire Directory, but for the countless widows and orphans, and other des Iit ne persons, who must sutler from it. WEST POINT ACADEMY. List of distinguished Cadets, reported at the examination in January, 18-11. First Class. Paul O. Hubert, from Louisiana. Charles"P. Kingburv, from North Carolina. John McNutt, from Ohio. Wm. P, Jones, from Virginia. Wm. Gilham, from Indiana. Second Class. Zealous B. Tower, from Massachusetts. Hor. G. Wright, from Connecticut. Mnssilon Harrison, from Virginia. Josiah Gorgas, from New Yoik. Smith Stansbury, from Maryland. Tmn i) Class. John Newton, from Virginia. Henry L. Eustis, from Massachusetts. George W. Bains, from Alabama. JohnD. Kurtz, from the District ol Columbia. Wm. S. Kosecians, from Ohio. Fourth Class. Wm. B Franklin, from PennsylvaLia. Thomas J. Brereton. Wm. F. Reynold*, from Ohio. James J. Reynolds, from Indiana. Joseph A. Hardie. The Ruins of Palenque.—We have hith erto alluded to the mission of Mr. John L. Stephens, of New York, (well known by his Travels in Egypt, Arabia, Syria, Russia, &c.) to Central America, with a view toan inves tigation and description ,»f the vast and won dermis ruins ol an ancient, world-forgotten city, near the present village of Palenque.— We may also have announced that the Har pers have now in press the volumes which comprise the fruits of Mr. Stephens’ observa tions. A recent Belize paper has the follow ing paragraph: Messrs. Catherwood and Stephens, gentle men who lately visited us on their way to explore the ruins of Palenque, after undergo ing many privations incident to their research es, have arrived safely at New York, alter suffering much from stress ol weather. We understand they intend shortly giving to the world the fruits of their discoveries, which c^^not blit prove of immense interest, when nsider the subject to he treated of; for* what ran more astonish the human mind than to hear that the deserted ruins of an enormous city have been discovered, equal in size to three modern London*; and that too, built of materials, the immensity and durability of which appear almost fabulous to modern ar chuecis? The name of this mighty mass o( departed greatness is absolutely unknown, ei ther to the aborigines or present race, and what is more wonderful, the very existence of such a city is absolutely ur.inentioned by any ancient writer. The city is named Palenque, a name given it from that of an Indian village situated in its immediate neighborhood. It lies in a hilly province of Mexico, bordering on Peten: the site is remarkably well chosen; two opposite plains of immense extent, shelv ing gradually toward each other, but divided from approximation by a noble river called Usumacince, unite in forming a noble land scape: thus on an open plain which gently oe scends from the mountains, the city stands lost in its own shadows and melancholy great ness; the graceful palm, towering cedars, the flowr’y Cteba, having now usurped the abodes of possibly preadamite Princes, and marble balls, where beauty was wont to repose and listen to the falling of transparent fountains, are i.otv tenanted by the wild beasts of the forest. A field will thus in all probability be thrown open to the speculations of the moral-1 ist, philosopher, historian, and novelist, far surpassing • in point of interest the vaunted pyramids of Egypt or the dim cities of Hercu laneum and Pompeii—scientific attractions, which, through the indefatigable exertions ol our late visitants, are in all likelihood in a fair way of being generally diffused through out the civilized world. j A Victim to Science.—The Courier des Etats Unis publishes a Paris letter of 8th Jan uary. from which we make this translation: • The scientific public have been crieved by die death of voting Hkuvy, who was preparing a course of public lectures on Chemistry.— i A casting, in which he was trying some ex periments on the solidification by coal of car bonic acid gas, exploded in Id* hands, and drove his body inio a closet, the doors ol which it burst— brokeone thigh, and seriously injured the other. One icg was immediately amputated, and sufficient reaction of the sys tem was only waited for to cut off the other, when the unfortunate sufferer died. A pension was granted to this victim of science; but the order for it was laid upon a corpse. Carbonic Ann Gas.—By the fatal accident referred to above, public attention had been much turned in Taris to the solidification ol this gas, by the means practised by M. Thi lorier. The pressure of the gas in the cylinder, at the commencement of the experiment, is of 75 atmospheres, and the pressure is increased by 2 atmospheres for every degree-td* cold, and is thus made to reach that of 150 atmos pheres. The wildest reveries have been indulged about the prodigious efficiency of this terrible power, which it has been proposed to substi tute for steam; but the difficulties »;f detail in producing ti.e solidification are so great, as lor any practical purj'oses, to be pronounced i by slidiul mtn insurmountable It seems im possible to control an a^enl so susceptible ol luoildii aimn from atmospheric changes. LIFE IN BOSTON. Boston, Feb 13, I8IK Theatres in this literary emporium are n. g. no go. The reasons are many but two will answer my purpose in showing why they are so poorly sustained. The first is, the manager pays too exorbitant a sum to those persons termed “Stars.” who pocket all the money and leave the manager in many cases minus to a considerable amount. The second grand reason of this unexampled depression of the drama in this goodly city is, the great number ol literary societies which have sprung into being wilhia the last lew years with a giant 'growth. These several societies have in view j the one great object, the diffusion of useful, j moral and scientific knowledge, and are made exceedingly useful, entertaining, and interest ! ing, bv engaging the most talented men in our country for lecturers, and in the choice of such subjects as are of the most interest and mo ment Among the many literary societies with which this city abounds, the Lowell In stitute may he classed as first, for its benefits were designed and intended by the liberal donor to improve and enlighten the citizens of j Boston at large, men and women, without re gard ta weal-tii or rank. John Lowell jr. in his will bequeathed the magnificent sum of two hundred and fifty thousand dollars 10 en dow this institution, ami long will his name he held in grateful remembrance after many generations have passed awa v, (provided Mr. Miller's prophesy of the world’s coming loan end in A. D. IS 13 should prove unti ue) b thou* j sands who were benefit led by his noble be I quest. The tickets to the lectures of the Institute, of course, are gratuitous to all persons who are so fortunate as to obtain them by lottery. Thenagum, all persons who possess the ability, or can even raise either fifty cents, one dollar, or two dolllars, can procure a ticket that w. II admit himself and two ladies to hear a course of lectures on some scientific subject, a! cither one or the other of the following named societies, to wit: Boston Society for the diffusion of Useful Knowledge; Boston Lyceum; Franklin Lectures; Mer cantile Library Association; Young Mens elocution and Debating Association; Mechanic Apprentices Library Association; Franklin Association; Phrenological Society, &c. &c. Now, who would not rather give even one dollar lohear a course of twelve lectures on chemistry by Professor Sillimati, than the si me amount to see lor one evening the danc ing of Fanny Elssler or any other celebrated danseuse. Those of our people who have music in their souls and wish to understand the langvage ofthe heart, prefer goirg either to the Handel and Hayden Society, the Boston Academy of Music, the Boston Musical Insti tute, the Billings and Holden Society, or to hear some itinerant minstrel, than to the The atres. _ Virginia Legislature.—The Loco Focos gave way yesterday in the Senate, on elect ing a Senator. Mr. McMullen’s resolu tion for indefinite postponement, was rejected hy a vote of 30 to V. Mr. McMullen and Speaker Nash alone voting for it! The reso lution was then amended, on motion of Mr. Baptist of Mecklenburg, (Loco) by fixing on 3d March as the day of election—ayes IP, noes 13—Extra himself voting for the motion. Thus amended, the resolution of the House was adopted—ayes 21, noes 11. (Particulars herea (ter.) So the election takes place on the 3 1 March, and the Whigs have obtained a complete tri umph! Never, says a spectator of the whole six days debate, was a party so torn to pieces in argument and pounded to chaff', as have been the Loco Foco party of the Senate! It is nearly the only instance within our obser vation, where a party has been pushed off their ground, by debate, and compelled to surrender to the power of argument! The greater the applause due to the Whigs of the Se nate, who against bigotry and desperation, have made good the cause of the Constitution and the country. Loco Focoism will now trv to sow discord among the Whigs, by voting for a Whiz- in the hope th.nl aiding in his election,gratitude may make him half a Loco Foco at ieast. The Whigs must guard against the danger of hav ing a Whig elected hy Loco Foco votes, hy agreeing among themselves. The House agreed to the amendment. In ’he House of Delegates the Madison “dog fight’’ was conchtded hy putting out Mr. Bouton and putting in Mr. Banks. The House agreed with the Senate to elect a Senator of liie United Stales on the 3d March. [■Richmond Whig. The decision of the Senate, of Missouri, adverse to the nomination of Judge L. E Lawless for his present seat on ihe Circuit Court Bench, was received to-day, and spread with rapidity in different parts and circles of the city. We need not say that ihe course of (lie Senate, was generally approved: there was scarcely a dissenting voice, in a popula tion made up of all classes and parties. It must be gratifying to the members of the Se nate to know, that such is the general estima tion in which this act is held, and that the people hail the retirement of Judge Lawless from the Bench, with feelings of undissem* bled gratification.—St. Louis Era. The Richmond Banks.—The Banks con tinue, and will continue, to pay specie, and that withoutcontractingiheir discounts. On the contrary, as the season of business advances, they expect to extend the line of discounts. A different apprehension has produced uneasi ness in the community; but we may pro nounce it, from all we bear, groundless.— Mr Gregory is the patron of an important measure now pending before the Legislature, which, it is thought will greatly (should u pass) fortify the Banks, and tend to the relief of the community, and check the inroad ol brokers. We shall, in a few days, take a more extended notice of it.—Rich. Whig. Raleigh Pater Mill Burnt.—We sin cerely regret to state that the Paper Mill in this vicinity, belonging to Mr. M. Satcr (late of Maryland) was burnt to the ground on Tnursday, with all its contents* not a dol lar’* worth being saved. Mr. S. had in the mill about $1,0( 0 value in Paper and Stock, so that Ins entire lo>s, including bis Machine ry, Engines, cannot be less than $6,000 or $7,000. The fire is supnosed to have been communicated by a spark Irorn the bleaching works, the day being very windy.—Raleigh Register.__ Berkeley Lands.—The real estate of JohnKisnger, dec’d., was sold at public auc tion, at the Court House on Monday last, pur suant to a decree of the Circuit Court. The prices afford very gratifying evidence of a rise in (he value of our lands. The Home stead farmol 190 acres sold at $00,30 per acre, an adjoining farm of 170 acres at $19,* •10 per acre, and another adjoining farm of 141 acres at $52,30. These lands ail lie west ol the Williamsport road and within a mile or two of the Potomac River. Another farm of 216 acres lying near Hardscrabble was sold at $3-2,10 per acre.—MartinsburgGazette. A IIoax—The Niagara Fails, according to a ' story published in the N. Y. Sun, are Fails no ; more, but merely Rapids. The statement is, that the rock of the Horse-shoe fall, the Table- i rock, the Biddle Tower, ihe llotei on the j British side, have all been washed away, so j that the mighty inland oceans of America i now glide down an inclined plane, instead of leaping at one hound (rum a perpendicular rock, into the boiling cauldron beneath. Tru» authority of the story is an Extra from j a Bullalo paper, We don’t believe a word of i it. N, Y. American ' GEOLOGICAL DISCOVERIES—'TOMBS OF THE WEST. In the Clinton Republican (Wilmington) we find an article on the Geology of the Mi land country which has much ot interest. ;The writer is speaking of the Geological re i mains on Todd’s Fork of the Little Miami. | After speaking of fragments ol primitive rocks, still found in this region, the writer i , proceeds to say : I “In digging wells and excavating the earth near Wilmington. beds of Peat have i been discovered at the depth of twenty feet i'roin the surface, and charred wood and iparts of vegetables, at a much greaier depth, ; furnishing indubitable evidence ilia I the super incumbent soil has been made by theconvul sions of the elements in that great change | produced in the order of things, by the de , luge. The country through which Todd’s jFork run?, is formed from the diluvial depo sit, but in ninny places the alluvium is collect ed in peat beds and furnishes the richest and i most productive bottom lands in Ohio. Minerals arre buried far beneath the surface, and the | land is much better adapted lo farming than I for mining. Along the hanks ol Todd’s Fork , north-wesf, and west of Wilmington, may i be found the human skeleton deposited in stouy vaults, made of flat limestone. These stony graves are built on elevated ground and hear evidence that thedesign in tiieir con struction was to exclude water from entering them. The earth does not seem excavated to. deposit the dead, hut the tombs are built on a level with the earth’s surface. Compar ing a human skull taken from one of these stony arches with one taken from a mound that had been raised near ten feet over the skeleton, it seems that the changes that have been wrought on them, by time, are very sim ilar. The skull taken from these rocky tombs presents to the eye the appearance of hone that has calcined by slow and continued heat dissipating the fibre and gelatine, and leaving nothing to preserve the identify of* the human form, hut the phosphate of lime. It has been supposed by those who have examined the contents of the mounds that are found in va rious places between the Scioto ami Miami Rivers that thev have beer, the depositories of human remains for many ages.’’ Alter remarking upon the remains of the Mammoth, the writer says: — ‘•I am led to conclude, therefore, that the human beings whose remains are now reposing in these rocky tenements, were at least co eval with the Mammoth in his day of mutable existence! Perhaps long before that sepul-i chrc of Joseph of Aremathea was made, a part of that sin doing and disobedient tribe of Israel hail wandered over the land and over the sea and tenanted the very spot on which I now write, It may be, the skull I now look upon aided in building some of these s'ony arches over the last remains of some one ol that pe culiar people. Skill, wert thou Jew or Gentile? Wert thou a man of letters with thy songs and thy merriment? or an untJtored savage? D;d*st thou v.orship the true God ? or bow the knee to stocks and stones ? Did’st thou eat pork ? or the suculent juice of the green herb? Alas! thou Fhredesi me not. Well, I to«> may one day lie like thee. A thousand years may pass into forgetfulness and oblivion, and my tongue less jaws am! scathed and worm-eaten skull may remain as a last lingering evidence of a former race’’’ Minerat.i7.ed Sterotomic Wooten Pave ment.—We are pleased to see the subject of paving the streets with wood, occupying so much o! the public attention. Having observ ed several articles recently published in an af ternoon paper, on lbis important improvement, and in our tin n, for the infornialion M tiie pub lic, we stale that lhe plan which has been | adopted with complete success in London, in vented by the fount Pe Lesle of Paris, will soo.1 he introduced into this city, having al ready been adopted in Walnut street, Phila delphia, opposite the Merchants Exchange. Thai pavement is laid in the white cedar of New Jersey, hut as this is found loo expensive for general use, resor t has been had to an in vention of Doctor Edward Earle of Philadel phia, to mineralize the blocks by a cheap pro cess, prodeemg the same durability as Kvaniz ing. Tins latter, it is well known, has been adopted for veins in Europe, being accomplish ed through the action of corrosive sublimate of mercury, while there is ample testimony to show that Pr. Earl’s process, which is to sub stitute the sulphates of copper and iron for the mercury, answers every purpose of preserva - tion from decay to ail vegetable matter,—N. Y. Pour. A Temperance Stouv.—The I’altimore Clipper relates a pleasant anecdote in relation to a Temperance pledge, thu : •‘A very beautiful young lady on the Point not long since, signed her name to a temper ance pledge, one article of which prohibited her receiving the affectionate attention ol any young gentleman who was in any wa v given to intemperance. Jt happened that the tender hearted damsel had, at llie very lime she put her name to the paper, a bean with whom she was well pleased, hut who. unfortunately, (according to report) took occasional!v ‘.» lee tie too much.* The maiden was therefore un der the painful necessity of addressing her •fondly loved one’a polite note, sfnting her sit uation, the nature of the pledge she had tak en, and the utter impossibility of her ever re ceiving his attention as a lover. ‘I love you a*; purely as ever,’ was the language ol the note, ‘hut my word has gone forth, and hon or bids me to respond to your kindness only in the light of a fiend.* ri he young man found himself completely subdued. The words ‘1 love you as purely as ever,’ were too potent.— Determined not to forfeit such devoted affec tion, he sought the earliest opportunity to he ro me a temperance advocate himself, signed the pledge, ami is now a member ofthe Wash ington Temperance Society. Young love’s dream with them ha* already brightened into engagemeht, and is, we understand, shortly to becousummated in matrimony. Powetfu: and beautiful is thy influence, o! woman.” “ I.iff/’ i* apt Oyster'The liquor in an oyster contains incredible multitudes of email embryos, covered with small .shells, fierier ily transparent, swimming nimbly about. One hundred ami twenty of these in a row would extend one inch. Besides these \oung oys ters, trie liquor contains a great variety of animalcuiiP. five Inn drcd times less in size, which emit phosphoric light. The list of in habitants, however, does not conclude here, for, besides the last mentioned, there are three distinct sjiecies of worm, called the oys ter worm, found in oysters half an inch in length, which shine like the glow worm. “ We do not know—neith-r do we wish to know—says the National Kagle, (N. 11.) ‘‘the rascal who wrote the above paragraph, but one thing we know, and that is that oysters are good—“good any way” as our friend of the Telegraph lias it. Some great lover of shell fi'h in a moment of initation at being charged too much for Ins “bowl,” or finding them not cooked a la mode, must be die an thor of ibis splenetic tirade. We hope he will shut fiis “clam .'heir* in future. Talk about “animalcule!1 and small embryo*!’* Why who does not know that your little young, delicate oyster, like brook trout, are best n f all ? Be sides, we should like to be told what liquid— even the best champagne—does’nt contain a ho«t of these little sparkling suckers byway of * encouragement to go on.'” As to the oys ter worm, no admirer of oysters has ever f>een one, and it is probably an invention of some obi clam digger, who is anxious to injure the reputation of his great competitor, the king of shell fi<h—the imperial oyster! We hope that he and his clams will set “sucked in” one of these day*, and he made to pay for his exces sive “ovater-iiv” toward those shppeiy buit jatroasol bait Ur*tr | 2), 2. SATURDAY MORNING, Feb. 20. \$\\ The Richmond Enquirer is evidently uneasy at the prospect of having one of its pipes—:!,e 'Abolition pipe -slopped on the 4th of March by the then President of the United State*.— (The curtain has not, however, been raised Ur 'enough, and its anxiety is but poorly conceal, ed, by its Inquiries and its “ifs,’’ and “ands.1’ Well, the Enquirer can surely wait for uV) weeks. The Inaugural Address will certain ly be delivered, if Gen. Harrison lives an! | takes the oath of office on that day. \ye can I give the Enquirei no information in advance. | We can only indulge the hope that the Inau gural, will “generally” and “specifically/* shut up the Enquirer on the subject o( Aholi ! tion. That ought to content its restlessness ’and satisfy its present desires. We know I that the Enquirer has rolled.this Abolition bu siness, “as a sweet morsel under its tongue’’ ' so long, that it will very reluctantly resign >o : delicate and savory a cn>. Rut, it* the depn* vation is to take pis ce, let the Enquirer leara to bear it with a good grace,and makero I wry faces. If Gen. Harrison knocks Aboli I lion “specifically” in the head, it will not suit the purposes of the Enquirer *'generally/’ Therefore, we adopt the words of the Enqui rer, and beg,that print to avoid atbchicanerv “equivocation/* and “humbuggery/* The Administration prints attempt to ridi cule General Harrison for his uniform atten tion, politeness, and gallantry, exhibited to wards the fairer and better portion of uut jrnce. The/ forget that “an old fashioned Virginia gentleman” could not act otherwise, and that his deportment in tins revert « natural to a brave and kind-hearted hero, let him be ever so aged. Besides, has not Gen. Harrison a debt of gratitude due to h, countrywomen, for their exertions in Ins be half? Nine tenths of them were in his favor, and he but feebly owns his obligation bj showing them his attachment and respect. A Board will convene at Philadelphia 01 the 25th of May, or as soon thereafter as prac ticable, lor the purpose of examining the As sists 11 t-Surgeons who may be ordered loaf f»ear before it, and such applicants for apjo.;' merit in the Medical Staff of the Army ai may be invited to attend. The Board will consist of Surgeon .Woirer, Surgeon Finlay, and Surgeon McDougall. On the night of Saturday, or earlv Sunday last, an attempt was made to rob the lla. Road Bank, Lowell, which resulted in the complete discomfiture of the robbers, who were literally paid for their labor by the.r pains, as they obtained no plunder whatever. After efTectmg an entrance into the banking house, they opened the outer door of the vaa’t by means of false keys. They next attemptfu to open the lock of the inner door (one o I A'.* drews’ patent) by the same means; but not succeeding, as it is believed to be proof against false keys, they endeavored to force oil the lock. But although they appeared to hive been skillful workmen, and provided witlivr ceilent instruments, the strong and carefu manner in which the lock was fastened to the door defied their utmost eflorts. The direc tors have offered $500 reward for the convic tion of the persons w ho made this daring at tempt. _______ New Jersey United States Senato*.— It is understood, says the New Brunswick (New Jersey) Fredonian, that a joint n»eetin; of the Legislature of New Jersey will place on Friday the 19th inst. for the choice of a United States Senator. Mr. Weuster has resigned Ins seat w die Senate of the United Stales, to take elkct from and after the 27th instant. Postmaster General Niles, it is said, Hi written home to Connecticut, that “lie w not under any circumstances, remain in tie , Post Office Department, u der Geo. Hainan Winding Up.—Several banks in Mas«a* chu>eitsare dosing business, and a ca»i is made upon the holders of their bills tolorvvift. them for payment before the period arr ,"< when they will cease to be redeemed. Tr.c following named banks are those referred viz: Fulton, Commercial, American, IfatiC"'*. Kilby, and Oriential Banks, at Boston; V-r folk, at Roxbury; Middlesex, at CambriJik Windsor, at Windsor; Montpelier, at -Vor - [>elier; F ist Bridgewaier, at Los: Brulgewate’ A bill has passed the Legislature of Alaba ma, providing, “That in addition to trie P' * perty now exempted by law, from execu' vi 'i there shall be exempted from execution all debts hereafter to be contracted, Dfl? u^e of every lamily in this State, forty ac"* of land, which shall be and enure to the ^ and benefit of settled and permanent fanning A Foreign Call.—The Churchman *> ■* fs that the Right Rev. Bishop Donne Jtt l invited to preach the consecration senr. m the opening of the Rev. Dr. Hook s cc '• in Leeds, England, and tliat lie wilDai* Leocc for that purpose in July. Wu mam Bartlett, the oldest an i citizen of Xewburyport, Mass, died on u• * inst., at the ace ol 93 years, worth about r a million ofdollar3. It is said hfli3s be-pt*3 ed fifty thousand dollars to the IheoiU0 Seminary, Andover, making m°re ?,l3rit , hundred thousand dollars as the total3rr<)J , of his donations to that institution. A ',5t ^ his estate, except the bequest to AnJ,,vr 5 given to the grandchildren of the <l*cea e ‘ The corner stone of the first P,- c < Citurcb in the Republic of Texas ua* 31 the 11 ih October last, in the city of A a|a ^ da, the Rev. C. S. Ives officiating w casion. _ Canadian Military Force—Ti,e 20,000 regulars in the two provinfci- ^ ^ dition, eacti regiment of militia rt'i11 J;i.. .have two flank companies in constant ^ ness. As there are 113 Regiments^ ^ !<T Province, tliis will give |6,0<W ^ force of26,000 would thus be c* field at a moment’* nonce. Dignity.— There was a fM f*J“ ^ Jefferson City, Mo. I he c*t**w tiie mayor of the city an I th* 1,1 cu.t com t.