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Alexandria gazette. [volume] (Alexandria, D.C.) 1834-1974, May 12, 1841, Image 2

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the country, is printed on Tuesday, Thurs
day, and Saturday. _
From the New Orleans Bee of Apnl 2S.
The mails are burdened with the records of
villainies perpetrated in every corner of the
land. The purient appetite for the rehearsal ot
tales of crime, is dosed to satiety by narratives
of the most heinous offences against the law.
and everandanou comes a graphic description
of an expiration on the gallows, dished up in
most approved keepine with the degenerate
taste that takes delight in auch recitals. To
tfce general fund of criminal incidents, the city
of N. Orleans has furnished of late, more than
her just quota. Not a day transpires without
some shocking development, and scarce a
night passes but the morning unfolds some
dreadful deed perpetrated in the silence there
of Fires have been so frequent ol late, as to
warrant the belief that the city is infested
with incendiaries. Robberies are committed
in raid day. Swindlers ami pickpockets
throng the places ot general resort, ami the
penal docket is blackened over with cases
ranging in turpitude from petit larceny to bru
tal violence upon the person o! a child.
Recent disclosures have implicated nersons,
heretofore above suspicion, in embezzlements
of large sums of money; and the sudden ab
sconding of individuals, respectably connected
and of g.n>d report, under circumstances that
leave no question of their being concerned in
extensive breaches of trust, has bewildered
the good people of this city, who are seen in
squads, each morning, at the corners ol the
streets, speculating upon what the day may
bring lorlh. A moral blight seems to have
fallen on society; law has lost its terrors and
religion its sanctions. Public reprobation and
the good man’s scorn, it would seem, are not
now dreadful things. The restraints which
were once omnipotent to prevent c.ime, are
no longer heeded. I he nation appears to
be stricken with hardness of heart.
Whv is this? Would K be arguing too curi
ously to trace these delinquencies to political
causes?—Many atitr.e have we endeavored
demonstrate the baneful influence ol official
turpitude upon private morals, and as olten
predicted the present state of social deprava
tion as a natural consequence of the latitudi
finrian ethics of public employees. The morals
«f no people can long withstand die lorce 01 of
ficial corruption; anil afove all o.Iters are the
citizens of a republic susceptible to the conta
gion of crime in high places. The personal
qualities of those in power are extolled bv
those who promoted them to office, and
th? excuses set up for knowfl inaiieasances
am! stout denial of suspected fraud, all tend
to weaken popular abhorrence of tolerated
vices. In a republic the practices of high
functionaries should conform to the stan
dard of gt*od citizenship; and just as lar as
the line of strict probity is departed lrom,
does the authority of government sanction the
commission of evil. Perhaps no one act has
made more terrible havoc of public virtue than
substituting for the old republican catechism,
•s is he honest, is he capable?” the inquiry, “ is
he an active electioneerer.*”' Uom‘>tv and ca
pacity lost their beauty in the eyes of men,
when they were no longer recommendations
to public confidence. They were trouble
some virtues and interfered with one’s ad
vancement. The first fruits of this political
blunder was the most appalling deterioration
of official probitv, and social integrity has at
length been undermined by the influence of
high example.
v\ nai else count resuu irum me n
nivance of Mr. Woodbury at p« dilations—
the knowledge of which was brought home to
hint? Public defaulters were allowed to go
unwhipped of justice, and not unlrequeutiy
roiled in their carriages, (the purchase of
crime) by the honest citizen who had before
his eye an example of successful villainy,
that might disgust him with the homely vir
tues that kept him poor.
When the government refused to stamp the
brand of infamy upon the plunderer of the
people's purse, the people began to think that
it was not very disreputable to thieve; and
when Treasury robbers were seen perambu
luting the streets in periect security, dressed
in fme raiment, thieving got to he respectable.
It is a known fact, that related defalcations,
and the impunity of the defaulters, so benumb
ed the sensibilities of the public, that a thief
was respected in proportion to the magnitude
of his depredations upon the vaults of the
Government. Could this state of things long
exist without corrupting the minds of society?
What else could it end in hut that slate of
morals which has converted the newspapers
of ihe day into Newgate calendars ?
The public must look to Washington City
for a reform in the distribution of offices, ami
a vigorous prosecution of every defaulter as 1
the first step necessary to retrieve thecharar* i
ter of the country. Virtue and capacity should
be rewarded, and crime visited with condign !
punishment. Thieves should be treated ns !
such and no excuse be allowed to justify rob
bery. The brand of infamy should hum deep
info the bone of every peculator’s forehead.
The country should be purged hy fire and
sword. Let no exalted rascal escape. The
Penitentiary is bereft of its charms as long as
a single official felon is without its walls.—
Let the councils of the nation he regulated
by a high sense of moral obligation, ami all
the evils which sprung from a base and venal
administration of affairs will shortly disap
f>ear. That consummated, the people can
look back upon the abyss they have escaped,
and forward that they fall not into the like a*
t orrespondence of ihe Baltimore American.
fttw Orleans, May 1, IS-11.
It appears of late as if crime had taken up
its head quarters in our city. Two murders
were committed yesterday, and the criminals
have both escaped. In addition to this, it is
evident that a trained band of incendiaries
are in our midst Two attempts of this kind
were made yesterday, one which was fortu
natelyifrustrateddheotheronly proved partially
successful. A small barrel under the stair
case of a building in Exchange Place, contain- I
tng papers and other rubbish was found burn- i
•ng, anti but for the timely discovery the house
would have soon become a prey to the flames,
n the afternoon, smoke was seen issuing from
*- shed in the rear of a warehouse in Dcrniere
street, in which a quantity of tar and other
*‘0’nbustible articles were stored. The stren
uous efforts of the firemen arrested the^ pro
mts* of the flames before they had effected
•uu<'h injury.
1 notice ihat the steamship Natchez, bound
o Havana, is reported as being badly aground
jt ihe N. E. Pass. *
l':.e success of Fanny ElhsVrat the Orleans
fhe.ure is probably beyond precedent. After
.^rformiug lor tvveutv two nights in tins city,
tae seats for this evening’s performance were
soid it iticujti yesterday, and brought from 4
t*i 6 dollars a piece.
To the President of the Lnited States.
New York, May
In May last, on the Tippecanoe battle-ground,
in presence ol some thirty-thousand peop e,
was intrusted by the surviving soldiers ot that
: memorable field with the flag that was in t le
I midst and thickest of the strife, which I was
I commanded to take to this commema me
itropolis, to be displayed here, helore our lei
1 low-citizens, as a living, speaking enib^m id
I .be valor of their old commander, and o. the
perils he had undergone. When the political
■contest was over, (in which his courage had
been questioned.) and the People had seated
him as President in the Vt hue House at
Washington, I was also to bear it there, and,
m the .tame of his fellow-soldiers, request
Mim to deposite it among the honored troph.es
of ilie Republic. I promised on that ground to
execute this commission, and with an earnest
conviction of coming success—that the lorlv
tuo pounder of the Empire State should herald
j it* arrival there; but in the midst ol scenes so
. event In) as those of March, l put oil the duly,
I in the hope of a more qi;:et day, w hen, now,
alas! there is the quiet of the grave.
I see, thefefore, no way so proper to obey
the orders of the brave men of Tippecanoe as
to lay this flag before you, the successor, lor
whom were the dying injunctions ol their il
lustrious Chief, and upon w hom his office, ami
l trust, his spirit has fallen, with the request
that you will carry out the wish ol his com
patriots in arms by depositing it among tne
trophies of the Republic. 1 beg you, in their
name, most tenderly to cherish it. Other nags
of our countrymen have, no doubt, been os
gallantly defended, and were as glorious on
land or sea; but, while they may have won hut
a single ship or a single field, this has the high
honor of winning whole States, ol conquering
empires, indeed. An old Eagle like this, borne
bv tiie pioneers of the wilderness, that has un
tied to die reign of liberty and law, becomes a
holy emblem, w ith its in hoc stgno vinets up
on it, erving out as from the spur, ot the past
to the future, ami which, as the country be
comes older and greater becomes to all pos
terity holier and dearer.
1 have ll,e honor lo ^^n-J^spec^.ly,
To James Prooks Esq.
Washington, May 4, 1311.
“The flag which w’as in the midst and thick
est of th* strife,*’ and was committed to your
I care on the Tippecanoe battle-ground by the
| surviving soldiers of that memorable fie Id,and
which they commanded you to bear to this
metropolis as a speaking emblem ol the valor
of their old commander and of the |>erils he
had undergone, has been delivered over to
my hands, and w;ll be placed by me among
the honored trophies of the Republic. The
account w hich was given me some years ago,
by the gallant Ens.gn, now no more, who up
held that banner amid the perils ol the fight,
had prepared me to expect to see it as it is,
gashed by the tomahawk and rent by bulls.
That Ensign alone, of all the officers, with hut
twenty men of the gallant company over
which’, when Uie sun went down, that flag *o
proudly waved, survived io lell in the morning
of the hazards ol that terrible night. From that
brave soldier,wdioaherwards held a high place
in the hearts of the people of Indiana, l learn
ed properly to appreciate the fearless bearing
ami noble conduct of the patriotic citizen who
has so recently exchanged this earthly taber
nacle lor clay for one that ecdureth forever.
Death is the common heritage of all mankind;
so to live but as that the darkness of the grave
snail not obscure our names, and that they he
placedin close association with the names of the
great and good who have gone before and who
are to come after us, makes death itsei 1 a con
summation lather to he wished than feared,
and throws a light of glory oyer tilt* grave.—
Such, now, is the condition of “the old com
mander” into whose hands, when you receiv
ed this flag, you so joyously anticipated its tie
hvery. His deeds are now‘‘enrolled m the
Capitol,” and this banner shall he preserved
as a memorial ol a battle well fought, aud ol
a victory most nobly won.
1 pray you, sir. to accept assurances of my
great respect, JUUN T\LER.
The bearer of the Hag at the battle of Tip
pecanoe, alluded to in the above reply of the
[President, some of our readers may not recol
lect, was Ensign Tipton, a Tennesseean by
birth, who started Irotn home with only his
axe for a patrimony,and who subsequently be
came a Senator in the Congress ol the United
Stales, and one of the first men in Indiana.—
Of him the anecdote is narrated,we have seen
in the public journals, where lien. Harrison is
represented as riding up in the lieu tot the bat
tie, inquiring of the young Tiption, “Where is
your captain?” “Head! sir.’* “Vour lieuten
ant:” “Head! sir.” “Vour second lieutenant?”
i “Dead! sir ” 14 Vour ensign?** “lie stands
before you!” whe e Tipton then stood, hold*
mg amt defending tins very Hag, but so cov
ered with dirt and so besmeared with blood
that Oen Harrison scarcely knew him. “Hold
on,” said Harrieun “lor a moment longer;’’ I
wnl reinforce you;’* and he rode oft’ and led
up there the company oi’Capt. Kohb; by which
time, nr soon al.vr, of the seventy live men
underCupt Spencer, there were only ten or
twelve left not killed or wounded; in this com
pany was this ft.ig.—.Nat. hit.
Ansuk'a.vStsam biniM.—When ibis pnpert
several months ago, first announced to the
public the contemplated establishment of an
American line ol steam packets between New
York and England —an aimuimcemvi.t, by 1 he
way, which some oilier journals thought piop
ei to discredit and ri neule--a |romi>e was
made that furtlier particulars should he given
hi due season, filial pio.nise we are now in a
condition to lnl I if.
Contracts lor budding two of the ships have
been signed—the moviels aie completed, and
the timber procured. The builders are Aiessis.
Smith, Demon and Comstock, well known as
excellent naval architects, i he slops are to
be 23W0 ions each, anti three hundred ieel
in length. Each is lo have two eugmes ol 100
horse power—equivalent to 10i0hoi.>e power
according to English computation. The two
are to be finished in eighteen months, ami as
soon as they are completed the keels of the
other two are to be laid. They are to make
the passage from New York to England in ten
days average—that is, the time allowed lor
the passage, under ordinary circumstances, is
to be ten days, while, il tuvored by wind and
weather, the ships are expected lo make the
run m nine, or perhaps less; of course when
the circumstances are uopnpiiious the run
may be protracted to twelve or thirteen days.
The negotiations wilh the Government of
the United States, for carrying the mail, are
nut yet concluded, nor are they suspended, it
is not unlikely that a favorable arrangement
will be made to this effect, but whether u is
or not, the ships will be built, will commence
running between New York and England, and
will very speedily run ofi Cunard’s packets
and all others.
We shall probably be able, in a few day*,
to place before our readers a detailed state
ment of the dimensions, &c. &c.
N. Y. Commercial.
A Pes.—The latest pun, received from Lon
don, is the following:—“The young man,
Jones, who had so often made his way myste
riously in the royal palace, has received" the
appropriate appellation—ln-1-go Jones.”
At a church somewhere in the country, the
choir assisted by the congregation, divided .»
line in one of the hymns thus: “Lile is hke
a shad—Lite is like s/nirf—o\v (oh!) how u
flies.— Oh’ how it flies.
The columns of the Loco Foco prinjs nre
loaded with much hypocritical cant upon the
subject oi removals. Forgetful of the long ca
reer of proscription, and partizan excloM'c
ness, which nas prevailed lor twelve years,
and up to the late period of less than two
'months past, they are joining their lugubrious
' notes, in one monotonous cry of lamentation,
at the removal of a few, for that vital olfence
• against the principles of democracy, an nl
• tempt to control the popular elections. They
; make no effort to disprove the justice of the
sentence which has been executed upon these
j delinquents, nor to controvert the true Jeiier
jsonian principle, which would condemn the
intederence of cilice-holders in local politics,
j but, tacitly disclaiming all pretence to argu
ment, they rest the merits of their cause upon
j one long, united and continued howl of “ pro
scription and persecution.’*
How complete is the alteration, which a
change of position will bring about, in the n»
tionsof these shifting, double-dealing parti
sans. During the mild administration of
Jackson’s immediate predecessor, the ques
tion of a mans political opinion was never
asked, in reference to liiscontinuance in office,
and that class of time servers, who watch the
varying breeze, and trim their sails to catch
the favoring gale of court favor, were more
naturally induced to espouse the cause of his
competitor, from the p iuciple of insuring com
plete safety in retaining their places, whoever
should succeed in the coming election. 1 he
present incumbent, in case of re-election,
would not dismiss Ins opposers for opinion’s
sake, but Jackson was expected to make a
clean sweep, of every one wbo did not advo
cate his claims, should he become victo
rious in the approaching contest. .Mis follow
ers felt, consequently, sure of their oliices. in
either event, while the supporters of Mr.
Adams’s administration had but one slen
der hope on which to rely.
The star of the Military chieftain prevailed,
and the work of punishment began in earnest.
There was no inquiry tfien respecting the ca
pability or honesty of a public officer,—that
was not the test of retention or appointment.
There was nothing said of investigation inio the
fact of interference with elections, and attempts
locontrol the popular will; that was far 1mm
the question Hut one interrogatory was needed
—did tie vote lor the Chief? Was his electora l
ballot deposited for Adams or for Jackson'
If for the former, his guilt was sufficiently de
cisive, and his condemnation and punishment
followed close upon the heels of the determi
nation. And then the jackals and hyenas* of
that dny were perfectly furious in their
demonstrations of vindictive joy, at the
rapacity and tyrannical caprice of their 'ead
ers, shouting their praises to the skies in
their eager anticipations of* heir.g them
selves recipients oi* ifie spoils of victory —
There was no pretension to principle in the
distribution of the loaves and fishes There
was no regard lordecency or propriety in seiz
ing upon every office of honor and profit in the
gilt of the Executive. They deigned, but one
answer loanv animadversion upon ihe.i court,
but one justification of their greediness and
selfish monopoly of place. Devotion to their
party was always to have its proportionate re
ward. Anti efficiency in ilie jh>I11icaI canvass
was the sorest recommendation to the favor
of the court.
\\ e l*e to recall these reminiscences ol the
past to the eyes of our present moralizers, am!
hold up to their view the lull dimensions ol that
indiscriminate prosoripiion which they were so
rapturous in extolling, though at the present
day, they declare themselves inconceivably
shocked at the dismissal of those who are un
deniably unworthy of their delegated trust.—
For twelve long years they rioted upon the
sweets ofidlice, carefully excludingevery free
man who should dare to question the infalli
hi!ity of their Loco Foco measures, or ac
knowledge himself a Whig. And this was all
correct, in t^eir estimation; a just exercise «• *'
the power which they had secured, for a peri
od, in their tinnds.
But now, when an Administration lias come
into power, under a declaration of the true
Jeffersonian principles, and a determination is
promulgated to carry out those principles in
their true spirit and letter—to appoint or re
tain in office no man who is disf.o.est, or in
capable, or who abuses his trii't to influence
the elections of the people, the cry of wail
ing swells upon the wind. Partisan ser
vices, electioneering talents, are expresslv de
clared to form no recommendation to office,
and the demagogues of the opposition are h« »r«»r
struck at such heresy, (.hie know s not which
most to admire, their consummate absurdity in
pretending to entertain a moral sensibility so
inconsistent with their previous doctrines, or
their contemtible hypncricy in keepu g up the
show of carting complaint.—Rich. Whig.
Attack on Castle Roake.—We learn from
C.ipiaiu Roake, keeper of the light I « use m
Thomas’s Point, tint in t he height of a heavy
cost of Wind which occurred several hours be
fore day on the *2(>th uit., a veiy numerous Hock
»i{* birds, embracing many varieties, attracted
by ttie light, Hew against the lantern and
building with so much violence as instantly
to kill and stun hundreds of them. The cap
tain and his band thus taken unawares, were
lor a moment no little astonished, but quickly
perceiving the cause of their sutptise, recov
ered their presence of mind, and proceeded
deliberately to seleci from amongst tin dead
and disabled assailants,such as they knew,
from experience, would make a good broii,
or could be converted into delectatde pies.— :
The flock consisted uf wood cocks, red birds,
yellow birds, Indian hens, swallows, owls,
and oilier kinds trknowu to our informant.
Annapolis Rep.
We hear that Charles Kean has already
realized hy his professional exertions, a sum
exceeding X’20,u00. 11.s father, with only a
small share ol that prudence which the son
iso commemlably evinces, might have died
worth X’* 00,000.—London paper.
flow to preserve Health.—It is stated in
a foreign paper that M. Fourcawlt, a Firm h
‘physman, has recently made some important
• discoveries ami experiments, which go so show
iliat »ii important means of preserving «»r «>l
restoring health is a due ulU ntioa to the ac
cess of air to every part of the external surjace
Of the body. He succeeded in producing, at
pleasure, in animals he tore healthy, suppres
sions ol perspiration, conjectious ol the nlood,
the derangement of tne intern .I organs, af
fections ot the heart, and the foundation of
aggregation of matter in the lungs analogous
to the tubercles m pulmonary ^consumption,
and even death itself as t tie consequence.
The means hy which >*e ai rived at these
results was the simple preventnm of the access
ol air to die skin, which, hy checking the func
tions of j>er»pira'.ion, caused the matters usu
ally carried off through their agency to tie
thrown hack upon the internal organs.
Boston Journal, j
Love in Australia.—This is a curious mat-1
ter. The lover goes to a neighboring tribe, i
fixes his "eagle glance” upon the maid that
fids his eye, walchrs her movements with per
severance day by day. until she happens to
stiay in some »enred spot, by grove or rivulet,
then, in a transport of ardor, rushes upon her
with a rough club or a wooden sword, knocks j
lie* down, beats her ovur the head until she 1
Infcomes senseless, then drags her oil to his j
own tribe, and receives the blushing confer- j
sion tlul liertieari is won. They then become !
man and wile. A complete .illustration, tin* :
custom, of the saying that "a I'jint bean nev- !
er won a fair lady.”
» '■ ■ I———
\JrENlTlAN BIJ.XDS 30x00,33x7*2. a ml P2x
73. Fl.it (J*)., 30, 31, 38, 12 ami 1'» mehe.' i
wide,and ofpropoi liuiiaU lengths, for sale i»\ j
1 uiy U UbO. WUiTii. 1
[From i»ie Fortiaml Ailvcrti-er.]
The cause of temperance is making the
i most gratiiying progress throughout our coun
j try. The reformation in Baltimore parlicu
I larly, hn.s been crowned with the most signal
i triumphs. It is said that £(>00 confirmed drun
kards there. have signed »fie pledge of fatal
i ■ .
•abstinence Irotn all intoxicating drinks, and
1 several of tije number have become so tho
| roughly imbued with the import .nee of this
‘ glorious result to the civil and moral condi
tion of themselves and their families and the
i world, that they have become apostles in this
'great cause of phdantluopy anJ human happi
Several of these persons*have visited Bos*
ton, where they have collected large crowds
I of moderate and immoderate drinkers, and
produced upon their minds the clearest con
' viction of ifie folly and wickedness of longer
persisting in the indulgence of the depraved
! and ruinous appetite for intoxicating liquors.
I We have been deeply interested in the re
| marks of Mr. Hawkins, one of these missiona
! rie?, atFuneuil hall, and beg the attention of
! all our readers to the extracts from his speech
which follow this article.
We will only add what Mr. Hawkins him
selfstated on another occasion, ‘-dial his fam
ily was brought to abject poverty by ins ex
cess in drink, and he pawned the coat oil his
back, also his lime piece for S3 which cost
fiini s 10; Ins family, h^ said, were compelled
to sleep on the floor w ith oniy straw beds,
and they had • dv three chairs and a pine table
I was born of re^pecM.rde parents, and was
educated by a minisltr. and then bound out
to the hutting business, in as perfect a grog
shop as ever existed. A few days belore I
left Baltimore I found the old hooks ol my
master, there were the names ol sixty men
upon it; and we could recollect hut one that
did not go to a drunkard's grave. Another
hatter savs it was just so on Ins books. At
i one time there were t wel ve of us as a ppren tires;
eight ol the twelve have tiled drunkards, one
is now in the almMiome in Cincinnati, one in
the almshouse ol Baltimore, one is keeping a
tavern in Baltimore, ami hem am I.
For awhile I was prosperous, notwithstan
ding l drank o.; l did not expect the appetite
to conquer me. Well, when 11 years old, m
ISP'S, 1 went to the West. As soon as away
from parental caie, I gave wav, till went by
the board, and my suite.digs commenced.—
For six months 1 had no shoes, and only one
shir*, and one pair ol* pantaloons. Then I was
a v gabund indeed. But l returned, ragged
and bloated, to my mother’s home. When I
got to the edge ol the town, l was ashamed
even to walk on the ground ol my nativity.—
In iliedii>k oh the evening I crept along to my
mother's and was soon dressed up decently—
My mother only said, •Join*, 1 am atraid you
are bloated.’ 1 then drank nothing lor a while
but it was so bar i to do without that at length,
l look a glass of ale, and ail was over with
me again; my appetite rushed on like a Hood
and earned all before it. And Mr lilleen
years, time alter lime, ! rose and lei!; was up
and ./own: would quit all, and then lake a hi
de glass. I would earn lilleen dollars a week,
be h ippv and well, and with my money in my
hand Mait for home,and m some unaccounta
ble way,uupeiceptjidy and lrreMtibi v tail in
to u tavern, and think one glass only would
do me good. Bui J louud a single glass
would conquer all my resolutions. 1 appeal to
all my felhov drunkards if it is not exactly so
— if the one glass of any intoxicating drink
does not annihilate, by i e viva I ol the appetite,
aII resolutions to resist drinking on.
June I3lii, l drank and sutlcred awlu !y—I
can't tell you how much I suffered in mind—-in
body everything, but in mind more. I drank
dreadfully tneiwo first weeks ol June —bought
hy ihe gallon, ami drank,and drank,ami was
a bout ta king life—drunk all the time. Outlie
1 Oh. 1 was a wonder to myself; astonished I
had any muni lelt, and vet it seemed in the
good in ss of ( jod uncommonly clear. 1 laid in
bed long alter my wile and daughter were up,
and my conscience drove me to madness. 1
hited ihe iiaikness o! the night, and when
light came 1 hated the light, i ha leu my sell
— my existence. 1 asked myseil. ‘"Can I re
1 V;»m?” ‘‘is it possible.*'” Not a being to take
me hy the hand, and lead or help me along
ai d say »ou cun.1' I was friendless; with ml
help, or light; an outcast. My wile came up
stairs and knew I was sutler ng, and asked me
to go down to breakfast. I had a pinto] whis
key, and thought I would drink; and yet I
knew it was 1:1 e«> r death with me as I decided.
Moderate drinkers, beware! Take care you
don’t get into this condition! \\ ell. 1 told my
wile I "would come dow n presently. Then my
daughter name up and a>ked me down. 1 al
ways loved her. More because she was the
drii:.diard*sliiend —my only friend. And then
she said, “Father don't send me after whiskey |
to-day ’*
! | was lormCMCw U'lcre. mu mis w as uuc.\
I peeled toriure. I told her to leave ti:e cha in
ner, an i she went down crying, and sn:d to
her mother, lather is angry with me. Wile
Came n;> ag un, a:. i a-keel me to take some
codec; I told her Idol not want anything ol
her. and covered my self in the bed. I soon
heard some onecntei the room, and I peeped
out a ml saw it was my daugh'er. i then
thought ui mv past |.!« ; mv degradalion; nus
erv til'mv tVicnds: and felt bad ciioujh. sol
called lit r and said, * Hannah, I am not angry
w ith von, ai,d 1 >hah not drink any mo,e.
.>i»e cred, and so did I. I got up ami wm*. to
»he cupho.iid a.id looked at the enemy, my
whiskey bolllr, anil though*, “Is it possible
1 can he lotored, and then turned my h.u k
upon it. St Vera I tin e$ wluie d reusing, I look
ed ;,t |lie 1 Otrle but thought I should be lost d
I yielded. IVor drutkar.il there is hope lor
\ou. You cannot he worse oil than 1 w,.>;
iiot mme deg:ad.nl, or mo e ol a slave to appe* |
111e. Yon eai. retnrn 11 you w»u, I fy - ttij
it. , . , r
Well Mon lav night I went to the • ociety ol
Drunkard., and them I liruiid a il ir.y oiil bol
lle c:»mp.rni »i!s. I did not iellany body l was
t’i»;ri<r, not * veil mv w tc. 1 bad got on* oluil
i'ictiSTy. Put did not know bo vjoiig 1 would
keep out. Tin* six | minders o! the society
uc.c there. We bad tished logetlier; gat
dru ik to<'ether. Yon could not break u> 5,P
vvl.cn drunk. We stuck |,ke brother*, and so
we do now we are sober. < hie said here i
jj wkius. the “regulator.” the <'hl brmsrr;
nnd tnen clapped and laughed, as you do now.
iVut there was no laugh or clap in me. i was
loo sober a ml soieirm lor that, i he p.edge
was read lor my accommodation. 1 hey did
mil >av>o. and yet I knew. They all looked
over my shoulder to see me write my name.
I never bad such lei lings before* It was a
.•real bailie.
- \t eleven I went home. Recause, when l j
striid out late, l always went borne drunk j
Wde had givi n me up again, and thought .
u«mid be home drunk again, -in ! she began to ,
tbmk about break ng tip and going home to ,
mother’s. My yard is covered. aiUi brick,;
and as i went over the brick wile listened as
six? T.d I me, to determine whether the gate- •
door opened di link or sober, !«*r she could red,
amt it opened sober and shut sober; and " hen !
| elite, cd, my vs i!e was -t m !u g in the inn.die j
of she room to see me ;i> I came m —>ae w r^ j
astonished. hut l smiled and she sinned, as 1 •
M ij|{ per keen Pluck eye. I bud he. rju.i n, 1 j
conbi not k*'t|» it Pack—‘1 have pid rny i ' me ,
io ihe temper n ce pledge never to drink a> ■ ’ !
j |V0 *’ —;i wns a ha, py time. I cr». d an I s:.e
, • vve could not flush ;f. and our crying
k**d ua our daughter, and she cried too. I
• e. j you 11:l-, til it yon may know L Pappy
• - j-cSorm.itio.i of a drunkard uiake> ins ia
J,V.wjv' j „ifpt eoi.e tl.it night, mv t bouglils
.vtre betitr than t c |>. >e.\t mono. e i Vvtni
to see my mother, old as [ was. I must go to
see her ami tell hero! our y>\. H e hat! been
praying tvvenlv years Jdr her • < md i n son. Now
(she said, ”it is enough. i am ready to die.” It
; made ail inv court xam' It m • y
| '1 he next thin" was to detenu /./ what wr.s
! to he done. My mind u as ? !:. dr crnnac
ter gone—! was bloat il.sm! ! vvr < t -*d ».l
i but. men who had .'lie? na1 n e c <;> •' m n •»
help aea in a nd took n.e !>v the i.; i • hr! I i e
up. encouraged and comforted n.e. ! ii : <
;s|:gni a drunkard a> i«»:■■» is ; dv«; lie toe -*
'sympathy and i> worth \ o! it. puor a nd nr c -
i able as he i^: he da! not de-i. n •<» ! it :i • •>
J drunkard; and people !:a v e too long told him
I he c iiii.ot reform; r. !' no use; in* must *i11* :j
; drunkard. Ihi* now w e assure iem i »* can re*
i form and need nut live imrdie so ami vw'lmw
ourseives, gs.oij m one year, as evidence of t! e
; fact. The poor wretcli here is crammed i oo
1 the poor house or pri'Oin ami when he comes
out he meets temptation at every step- he
hegs you to succour Inin; but he is led by a; -
ipetiteand neglect, straight to the grog-'h ’p*
j Drunkard ! come tip here, you can reform —
take the the pledge in this Cradle ul L.hetJ)
land be ever free! Pel iy n >t.
; We publish the following comnumic.Loji
from a former Surveyor Gen* ral of lVui:s\!
I vania, Judge Taylor, in ihe hope tint it may
I lead to inquiry and discussion Ujoiithc un
■ pm taut subject of which it treats. M uch mju: v
1 to Government and individuals lias aii*en
i from the careless and incorrect urui.it r in
i which some ol our former surveys have been
made:—Ma disoiiian.
1 . . , .
' In a conversation with s um* gendemen >u
j the Land Department at Washmgvn a lev
j days since, 1 was somewhat stuqe.'ed to * i.: • i
that the o{ inion still seem* to pre\a;l that
wlint is called ti e local attraction of the ling
luetic needle is earned by imuera' substances
j in the earib, swell as iron ore and the like.—
Under the conviction of the filhhdity ol the
) deri r ilit*, it seems that a gem email in the
j Male of \1 issonri ha> undertaken an illiMr a
• tton oi the subject, with a view , a* i wmler
! stiiiio it. of teaching the I .ami Surveyor wh > t
causes the diificulty, a ml how to avoid tl.
Urom an experience id' many years as a Laud
Suiveyor, ! am saiLfied that l have ascer
tained the true caii*e of the local attraction ol
t lie magnetic needle. Iron i ; e of ihe \ ci v best
qu . !i ty has no a Lira cl i ve power*, m it > na t u: a i
stale. It is only after being i.uisti d or bin lit,
that it acquires tins quality--so that tin* on*,
alter being dug out an I p'aeed close hy tne
needle, will have no mo e efh*ct upon it than
the same qu uit ty of e a v. n h mil i k-L t > a t -
tract when removed to a roasiderab e dis
l a lice, and perhaps sew: ,i feet under the sur
face ol the gmumi. it mineral substances,
in their natural slate, have no iullueuce m
producing ihe attraction a!:u led to, u hat then
is it, will he inquired, w Inch causes the uni t r
taimy m ihe selling of the needle, on pat lieu
lar occasions, so troublesome to Surveyors
It will require loti a Inn; to enable any one
to solve the diliiculty. In tr;uisj ortmg the
compass from out* Nation to another, more or
less Iridum always endues Tins process col -
lects an undue propu tion of the electric fluid
in that pari of the u.Mi time til which lias been
the subject of Inction, and tins attracts tin*
needle from its true meridian. It will, on
some occasions, adhere to Ihe gi t" caver *o
tenaciously, that it cannot he disengaged hy
any suit a nle proce>»tii : f I cord discover, ex
cept that, oi reducing the elecnc fluid loan
equilibrium. This is done by moistening tie.* j
electrified part w nh the h;ea;l; -on the at j it
cation of which, the need e will let go fs hold !
m a twinkling. The state of the atmosphere j
has much to do in t nis ma tier. In a cic «r jhy
atmospheie. the bre itn w M; scarcely alind;
moisture sullicient to keep oil local attraction.
In a moist atmosphere, there :* less d lficmty. j
From my expeilence on tins s^m. cl, I amin
I cine d to the opinion tha l the e'ecl:'ic f!ui I a -
I lone constitutes magi'etisiii m ihe attnet ve
! power— that substances w li'cn absorb me e
iectrive fluid wdl not become magneti-ed, fmt
all ltie silt»stauce*. winch • J<» n< -t a h*au h t he e - J
lectric fluid do always become more or le*s
magnetised. I have not, however, 'uade any
experiments to ascertain the tacts.
From the London Gourt Journal, «>| I < lit April.
'I’he change ol fashi >ns so looked forward
j to from the Ute ol Lon "champs has not l»« eu
*o remarkable as might ha * e been ant;ci, aled
in consequence o| the inclemency ol tin* wia
ther; indeed, many of our lair elegante* slid |
keep to their winter habiiiments: we may
mention, however, that the reign ol scars is
entirely established, whether il he hu the
promenade or hu* evening dress, tne only «hl
lerence being in their texture, l or the hu
nter they arc of potiite d ■ siae, both black and
colored; and loi the latiei, «d ligbi g«u/.e or
hio title. 1 Here ,s a great i, eg t ee ol mill or m: - l
ty in Ihe present tashion; tne mat. Hie diws,
and the scu f, are ai! of velvet ami ol th. * Jtu*
Several of the dresses are ornamei.fi d wiiii
hranbenbourgs, or rows ol tuitions, w oh gimp
liimming crossing from one to another. lot m
mg a sort of ladder over the bust, and some- ,
times going dow n tlieskut. The corsnus are i
still worn Mat, and the sleeves remain mu ii ;
♦lit same as they hive been for tne la>t two
nr three months. For evening dress, the cor* ;
sage is made pointed and very huig. I he up
per part Is ornamented with lolds. an J tne
s>. v» >, wi ich a re ve? y *hor l, have » run fau
lts, winch lull below the elbow, i »>» vi>itmg
die*scs. pink levcnnne i> much iri v-» •;;«*. if.e
ho!tom 11mimed w ith tin11* mek*. hound v\ , h
fringe; over ihe neck, a srarl ol the same.
Ito-sf color Ci lours (jin.lr i* also much worn .
in »!re*s. Uo, lu!l dress, skut* <-f tnlh illu
sion ao- a Go w orn, trimmed with an embroid
ery <>t chemie in r*>lor>. 'Fhe sane orna- j
meni i> placid on the c.u>ag« ,m i sleeves. (1
./ hi.n it.v or coon lick jt
I’l m I I NK'S i’A V< )l i:i i i ’
LL'JLS riULll.Y V ('(>.. Manners, LOT
IT. ii 1 UI TK’IL
K inn M. neari v o| p>»siU* .1 I Sa y rs’ Pro;* "tore.
Soul on >.« tnr da v au<I I «i»*>• L»y ia>t. too one
hundred do yr prize.", and returned one oi
tsiuoij un>oid.
i>:t wvs this day,
Till* r.-komoke It ivet Lot :n v, ■'!a *" No nl.
i;,iI it.iS stj.o.in, si >i .*>n j, > i,i i; , cn.r.
Wli'dt Tick**'" -"hire * in |»iop-»rt; m.
7 ) number', and 1 1 drawn ballots.
Draws on Th'»r»dr.y. May 1A l!ir Poknrrv*kc
Itiver Lottery, ( !us" No tin. Capil.i!" £ I V< *,
$ >,o'io, s.'j.nw *, sj ot u, si.-tin, .<i,*inn.
1 ot i 1,100, in ol' S". o. n.ici i !j piiy.es> ol • ■ •' "
each. Tickets **s — ska ft > in proj ortion.
+ t* Orders liom any part i f the (*. States,
enclosing ihe money, or prize 1 »ckets, in any
id’ tiif Lotteries ol li.e prt>enl djv, will be
punch'/liy attended to. andti.e drawmps for
warded, by mail, as soon ;ii received, li ad
dressed to
JAMES PfIALEN is Mnnaners, .
Alexandria, DM*.
( i MITH SON S best Super United Lye I
Needles, all nze>
[)o. do. Improved Silver L\ed do
('| ,)u ley 6c Son’* t.e>t I bn :n r. i Driiied Eyeu
Do do. Victoria, do., in boxes, a >>’d <;z.es
Darners «»! almost every description, cl.
warran’ed ; lor ?aie, ; >w, ’»v
may 12 *•!.■>. \vllil L.
SC A S k ' ’ > 1 f.imccd •' di
S do spermaceti Men M 1 * i • *
n't boxes sperm < nr! c*. a 1 ol t; e be
rjnaijtv, now iamim?, 1 *r • • I■* bv
iiiy i i a. c v/.k.y.>vl &, ro,
north ri-:m\ 1 u
AJr. Ldito'i: The ai nexid ohm:
l.ns Ik-cii received by me
North Ft ud ; and t n ! odic$ n c •
fid \\ ill it inUi.il ! lii > I,
i .«•..> »h
11) I i e C f • i i > * i;». i 1' i'.; 11 • ■;
. t ■ 11 1 f
had a rate
I !aI; jso!»*.*• \ iru s ......
re r Hut h:;ii :.s !< i, .a: ; . f ,
111 ' i; < i ! t f 1 ; i; i- I i *
i mis* llie ii le; "C n.tci< * i>.;,a JN . »
ev< ry thir U ’ lev*! ; • -
our ::i;e 1 ’ha i' Ala •_;>:» a :e. ! .m
that Air, I' . • . . ‘
j read v\ ; ii u\:H:f> . hv t.,e \t, m ,m„ ;
and I e found a it i.e; „
* * •••** * *K t
i: i id n I.a It ::o to in.; *•* i , •
j , '
; t»{ this 11 <’y great m in. \y. A ...
(T.cinna:i, May !. 1''
; H hat ip < - ft. Harris 'j True (in
i Sir: W til re I *
( \our hi fx.i it 1.1I : !.ir i; m a l: .
it c neither li» el
it g. #i he p • cal and it
I«»! the I - v • » el ’ . te of •: .
I States is well k: ov, m ar t, r N ,. , , ‘
lion w 4 i cnTalni l..> mmorv. i • .,
virtues a* d r.ii istiini j . < n
1 fine i.1 rra!lit:: .! ici.dr:' the :: » •
! dead lhes>* i !. •; I!,. I'j ;■ . ; • . .
! ' 1 N •
d:t r.a sell ha r aid ; *« o*f. i . r
j f!. e>e oeie jut l!.•. r > > t vne * . * ,
11*imi be »•. ( (!.
(leu. 1 i.« 11 is >.i u i•> rr,r .\
i pour a ml i' !;'*■r a»e foi i.«i a •
■ imn as ttie ^teat a. ; kart.< i. \ A.. .
j children '*« ie i*i ii me .. h .
the e".,Lv '-t-e tiiilf .na m : A . , .
lie 'vs I i)i:: ! i'Ve .a ; ” .
and in a ! hm m:*i icu . >• \\ tMi m ..v ,
said ;i ; • *::tif i! oppot « i.r, •«. (»! • t, t
neiiihkor t.»r I«*ri v \ i i■ s. i.i•, ;ti; ,
ne\ el' ha 1 a j ai !.« .:* •»! t s;>. a; ,
l le was hoi'esl in I a > j c. ! ;*■>. f.., t't .a ;t.
li^ion, a n<i i o; (a; i:i < v t v ii ; u
!!t* was aEo aurlihn . ai. . t,
one. 111 ... * v deuce ol . ilt ivus ntcessari
order to lessen any one l<i ii ' .
when Irs » i el.ai u ’er v. «.• .. f
lit* \va>. o!fell lii>t f.» p * ai! >i e , ,» ,• r.
eumst i nees dial miui.t e\’.e:. \ ••
'.ii** •((!••> er.
I it* w rhanl'ib't . !n r e .. :
i v -is v t! ua fde. s .1 itn a:. s •
j !»«’sr interests id 111:111. I » u , v< j ,•
j 1! h »11 j 111 would pomote tie ;!,*■ < . , ■
lee t«n i or 1;.»* t - •» l' «> •» t <•! re •« .1, •
j w in a generous «*•»?»( 11 »i.! »r. ! . ;
| 1 Iri t in'1 1 house nl l h'*i e w -
rf» e ted |!*r > e.i <n m f n: > \ « . : v .. *
aid. 11e has 1 ■! 11'11 n;i 1 • j t< 1 1 # . •
piece of land in >weh a pdii**, . o • • . .
need a t ’imrch iht te. m a >< . * ]
I >tj• • 111 d i 1 b<’ i“ ‘live it 1 *r s ;i .1 | ,
an i often when the eiaitns ii» ; i.h ,*
Ii 1 ve ! 11,en on mv !i indw I '« : e,,
cotieeai it Irom him. know :i 1
1 o^i 1 v would lea 1 him >0 do, u ii n • ;
urn .! 1 r 1 v *’i i not re<ju.ie.
Wdiileeiija *ed in erei*!i;J‘.r a ( , 3
I fhehle <*«»111 f» m!:hii lm \ »■ in. **> I
idenre. I did not eaii '*.1 him t n •• ■' •.
eompleled. < Pi ini .«!* n'.ii \ tn-t 1 *.
said. ‘ I lu 3rthat von l ave ri I
< Ii. u Ii v have \ on 1 • *t e < t on , *"
re [ ted. I e ui-'ider \•»err h»*m vo en: ( »\ , t.
dv .siilii-ieiil Me seemed lihrt. ai d u:
* let me ito at Ii 3nI w tint I e in. d : e i dle \ •
pert v I ii 1 \ e hr !<>np'S to < • od. ui': I eater- •
; r<»pri ite 1: heifer I Ills trad ;n hi> e! .
ter w.isil ally exhibited at lion e lie* ;•<
.1 nd needv knew w l.e p in find .1 1 ra il '. l.e
w 1 low. the | it|iH,i»* .n and t.*.• * a!’!*.*t♦'»i 01 >
er\ jf ade p if lieip-lU’d tfl fits bounty. I!.- ■
pro; eie*d in lie lor their povrrtv or 1 1 v.
not in', 1 i *- l t he eaUnc »•( tfe*ir w retel.e f1
till the sullen,;-: was re eve * or than. '
to ap; \ a m wai remedy. 'l l “ hordmi a i
f i_*i 11 ve sh • 1» :n I 1 s s v mjm 11 v. a n l 1 *■
ects of sccrni and pr» ui ice lot • • • ; * l
ui'! proteelor. I leave visited the >!'A.
stood hv tlie d* : -j and atlei 1e«; a' '! i 0
1 J mown.n e, a 1 J I In* m i n whom I • o- 11 ■ >.r
o!t?*n met lliern on errands o| im* -a
! feeially amon: t!.e poor, w • !*.:;• - ' -
i I le* writer ha had a :rit?vo\fi o - ,111
ra.i i';ar aeipi-iintanee m the v.oir.tv ■ • *e
I he h veil, helm: 'die I'.I s**>r ol l!,eeoa. • *' ' 1
w here I e u,u s I < j j* * * f, ! ir 'hi- s \ tn.. »\ •
OiiN (o A. a re 11 I * ■ '. vet he l.e \ • ; ' * *
poor :rn 11 speak o proa**lim v o| . .M -
son N »! ** W fe*n i In* ea r lit*a’ 1 <n •. *
Idt sv( (I him. and whend.e t*e s ;v. /.)>„
il iVr witnesN (o him. I’eeano* li> < * •' » •
ifie poor tii it era d. and i!.1* lath*t
him th it Jl.nl none to help him. i lie t
n| limit,ai vvii'ieady to i**rt'!i 1 :: »•
him. a nd he ea nsed !.’;•* i ; •* w 1, * 1 * "
I >r !• 1 v. /ih wa> e\ e , ,*o (he !i ii '. m
the i.ime. //e w i> a la ht r ;o ; •
the eaiise t'. it At I.ijcw not In: eu’C* 1 *
jo! 1 •.»:», 11 s
'Id,i*. app eat, ol sei,p!ille. u n/'t
a le-a i: v response anmn : ih ; n. . • ■ ' ■
knew I is w oi I h. a nd \ et In* r a o'.
!«1.:i and r» lathed then - a •.
tifrii'rul It'amsoit's It’t it to* • ••
; It may he >-11 • <. ail t he^e virtues are
11:'!.*• s exh bled wilimn', religion, ' ■ i»
: s*i!i<*imi!<' is mamli >t**»l *:» ki*«• v ho v !
roil m’f is tlm n-su l «»} rdir stiau p • *
lieiv.al^o. •' ir’.s aie more t" h* r* c
’ f l.'l It I Ilif'O's I IJand perhaps fcW " •
sjeak, hi.! a heller <*;>,rorI u:»: I V «»! Kim* ’
ie s i» ;io , ,ii^ vie\vv ami I* em c s 'it • n 11 u '
or. I Ii: t saw ti:'* <»',m*t ii a -
■ (r pe i ■ o 11" i * ’j iii’ii * *! 11' ?»*;!«> ■' l*1 »:
on the ''ii .; cl i*I t«- to eraii< c. dr <*
i! c n » i t it m •' <•* w ;* > ven ' ia I ie*
aii.l'e-'S ti e cIhMm ii at ( h-w*. t'*“
I ,«*r I’s •!.i *.. mu tii<»'m11i *1 > i *11 * i: 11 "
(it w »> premiai! . ::i»••; «*"t iri_r l'» r
mi ieT urgin'* iiis lt»*i;’ ni*<n * to 1 V l/e
’ sc! VC > " „'*i . f. f tie li* Uj"vt »! i tiger i ms •’*< .
i ner■miiiu.j tlit* ch.d ireu at. ! \ mdi to t
! nin!i r tin* li.itim r "I ( hi :*t.
\ | determi eil to :: va.l Ii \ f . ol • e !. * f,i
po'tumty. Idr learm:;.,* lie* : • ioiiu*! «’ • *
dud. \ ' | v* w* «' it<i<*.i tn hi' lem-e. I . •
nut u ’Hi ioui: 1 r ti •* • * ' re I occa mr: i
t he CmM . O* ill COMV* ■ at "II oil the Mj'< c 1
rclie on general y, l > a 1 do you h*eh sc. ' ••
\.ei have at pre*e ,f. a ! ei ve al ii '*• « ' f;
i ' He re; ' '. I i Might the pr
pies of Christianity i“ my child • (
trust tiiev i * ' 1 De i . , •
!ov**r:tn\ Hut of late I !'■> i innrein i>
i ject fl» r< I kimiv the r»i!*h 11
ti-ui !: O'U (; lil. If> (luctrines are c *
.(> p; * cepts fittre, a i ! i's pltii •»! ' • v
^f*« r:.s admirably a iapted b» the woif'
1 i; 11 e": st • i i I a nicer r» i»I y not tvh it a c' I-'
| >|ioui.| ta*. >el I (I 1 II"'. f.e**'l nn> • *?•»* i"
me, f »r I know n.v rfu'y. lint when I
do good, evil i> pre ent with me :
At a subsequent mteiv.ew he o' o’rv^
jeei more and tno'e the in.por ia tic** • ; ;
ml religion. I do think I tii *V re . '-i a
delight m tf.i* duties • i a cm d "I (* ' *• ;
.have concluded to unite v. tdb ' .** c;. < '
'Otm as my health w . . (>eru t i:."
In these private con vers* tion < !e‘
| and unemharr losed. Ii;sview .d n ‘
<*icar and < vin.'elie a!. lie r ecu,;. * ; •
t.i.etiv. 1 lie Kather. Son and li'-'y i •'
;«hI; ( lirist, an a tor t : ■
t;.e *ieprav.ty o! u. • : and die * -’• •*'> '
spent in regeneration. (
.vi»*ei after this. I •* was n nn do ■'
i fv,-v enc\, nod bmn'! rrtii'h Troft ! ft “
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