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DAILY AMD TRI-WïEEM IV
S33S®WS5)Ï2SS· AT, FEBRUARY I, 1842 COLTS TRIAL IN NEW YORK. t. - The evidence in ihia case was concluded on Thursday. In the afternoon, the summing up was commenced by Mr· £inmeu, one of Colt's teoaael, by readlnf (he following confession written by the prisoner. COLTS CONFESSION. Samuel Adams called on Friday at ray offite, aa near as I can recollect· between the hours of 3 and 4 o'clock. Whether lie had aoy spe cial object in view In coming at that lime or Ml 1 Cannot say. When he entered my olfice I was sitting at my table, as usual, and wss at that time engaged in looking over a manu· script account book, as 1 had been engaged in this work for one or two days previous; that ia,I,was reading over the entries and recon sidering the arithmetical calculations belong· ifcf to the entries, &c. Mr. Adams seated himself in a'chaif rear the table, and within an arm*e lencth of my self, so nearthst had we both leaned our heads forward towards each other, 1 have no doubt but that they would have touched. I Bpokt ot my account, which he had at my request handed to .«ne leu or twelve days be lore· 1 stated to him that his account was wrong,* and read «ο him at the same time the acccfturt* as I had made it out on another piece of paper, and requested him to alter his ac count as 1 had il He objected to it at first, aaying that I did not understand printing. He, however» altered his figures as 1 read them from my account, as I made the remark that I would give $10 or some such sum if I was Hot right· α Λ*» ι»* Ka/i ait«i»fl hi* figures, and on look* Μ·«%· β·« ··<■«« «-· w - - w ing it over, he said that he was right at first, and made the re .nark that I meant to cheat him. (In the mean time we had both been figuring, on separate paper, parts of the ac count.) Word followed word till it came to blows. The words "you lie !" were passed, and several slight blows, and until 1 received • blow across my mouth and nose, which oaused my nose slightly to bleed. I do rot know thai I felt like exerting myself to strong defence. 1 believe 1 then struck him next violently with my fist. We grappled with each other at the time, and 1 found mysell shoved to the wait, with my side and hip to (fee table. At this time he had his hand in my neck handkerchief, twisting it so that I could scarcely breathe, and atthesarr.e time pressing me hard upon the wall and table There was a hammer upon the table which 1 then immediately seized hold of, and instant ly struck him over the head. At this time 1 think his hat was nearly in my face, and his Pice, I should think, was downwards. I do not tfiink he saw me seize the hammer. The seizing of the hammer and the blow was in» Staneoiis. I think this blow knocked his hat oil, but will not be positive. At the tim* 1 only remember of his twisting my neck hand kerch;er so tight tint it seemed to me as though I lost all power of reason. Still I thought 1 was striking a way with the hammer. Wheth er he attempted to get the hammer from me nrnotl cannot say. I do not think he did. Th· first sense of thought was, it seemed, as though his hand or something brushed Irom my aeck downwards. 1 cannot say that I had any sense or reflection till 1 heard a knock at the door. Yet there is a faint idea still re mains that f shoved him of] Irom me, so that He fell over, but of this 1 cannot say. When I hearu the knock on the door, 1 was instantly startled, and am fully conscious of going and tu ning the key so as to lock it. 1 then sat down, fori lei I very uvak and sick. After sitting a few minutes, and seeing so much Hloori. I think 1 went and looked at poor Adams, who breathed quite loud for several I minutes» threw his arms out and was silent.— 1 recollect at this time taking him by the hauo, which seemed lifeless, and a horrid .thriii came over me, that I had killed him. About this time souie noise startled me. 1 lilt agitated or frightened· and 1 think 1 went to the door tosee if 1 had listened it, and took the key out and turned down the slide. I think I stood for a minute or two, listening to Hear if the a H ray had caused any alarm. 1 believe I then took a seat near the window.— It waa a cold damp day, and the window had been closed all day except about six or eight inched at the top, which I let down when 1 first went to the olfice, and which remained down all the time I occupied it. _ 1 remained in the same seat I should think Arat least half an hour without moving, un less it was to draw the curtains οΓ the win dow close, which were within reach. My custom had been to leave the curtains about one third drawn from the side of the windows inwards Broadway. The blood at this time waa spreading over the floor. There was a great quantity, and 1 lelt alarmed lest it should leak through into the a pot tiecarie's store. 1 dried to stop it by lying my handkerchief around his neck tight. This appeared to do no good. I then looked about the room for a piece of twine, and found in a box which •tomi in the room, after partially pulling out tome awning that was in it, a piece of cord, which 1 tied tight around his neck, after tak ing the handkerchief oft* and his stock too I think. It wai then I discovered so mue h bUiod, and j the fearof its leaking through the floor caused , QIC to take a towel anil gather with it all I ; Could, and rinse it into the pail I had in the ! nwm. The paii was, I should think, at that. tine about one third full of water, and the ; blood filled it at least another third full.— Previous 10 doing this, I moved the hody to #*rde tlie box, and pulled out part of the nwning to rest it on, and covered it with the IfcmaUider· 1 never saw his face afterward*. Alter soaking up all the Wood 1 could, which l*diJ as still aud hastily as possible, I took ray atat again near the widow, and be?an to think What was best tirdo. About this- time some one knocked at the door, to which, of course, Ilpaid no attention. My horrid situation re tained from this time till dark, a silent space ; of time of stili more horrid reflection. At dusk of tne evening, and at the same | time aomeonmibusses were passing· 1 carelui- j ly opened the door and went out as still as; possible, and 1 thought unheard, i crossed j l?l° *!*· Park, and went down Iroin thence to ! tne City Hotel, my purpose being to relate the ! circumstance to a brother who was stopping ! Jtthto house. I saw him in the front reading room, engaged in conversation with two gen· tiemeo. 1 spoke to him, a few words passed between us, and seeing thai he was engaged I altered my purpose and returned as Far as I tbt Park. 1 walked up and down the Park ' Junkiog what it was best to do. Many things ! l^tkought of; amone others, was going to some Wpgtatmte.aMi relating the Tacts to him.— Then the horrors of the excitement—a trial, public censure, and false and foul reports— that would he raised by the many who would stand ready to make the best appear worse than the worst, for the sake of a paltry pittance gained to them, in the then feelings, was more tfcta could be borne. Publication of pervert* etf truths, and originating false» foul, calumni* ittef lies. Besides, at this time» in addition ,· ttttoMowi given, there would be left the· mark or evidence of t rope drawn tight round the neck, which Idbked too délibérai· lor any thing like death catted ih an a lira jr. Firing the building fteittéd at first a happy thought. «9 att woofd bfe ehveloped in flame, and waliftf lnt& thé air and ashes* Then the danger of causing the death, <»t others (,as there were quite a hùmbêr whi slept in the building·) the destruction of property, &c caused meal once t· abandon the idea. 1 next thought of having a suitable box made acd hive it leaded inside, so that the blood would not run out» and moving it off mime where and*burying it. Then the delay of all this, and the great liability of being detected. After wandering in the Park for an hour or more, I returned to tny room and filtered it, I. had left it,as Κ supposed unobsemnl ler*i door was open, and he was tally] some one quite audibly. 1 went into, entering undetermined,and not kntm to <fo. After I was seated in my rooi ted silently till Wheeler's school was his lights extinguished; and during this sus· pense it occurred to me that 1 might put the body in a cask or box, and ship it of) some where. I little thought at this time that the box which was in the room would answer, 1 supposed it too short and s t all, and entire ly unsafe, as it was quite open. i Wheeler's school being out, 1 still heard 'some one in his room, and as I then thought, laid dtfwn on some benches. The noise did not aftfear eiacfly like a person going to bed, 1 could hear the rustling of no bed clothes — I felt somewhdt alarmed, but then the idea occurred to me that it might be the person who Wheeler had stated was going to occu py the room that 1 then occupied as a sleeping room, as soon as! gffve it up, which was to be in atout ten day's time was temporarily oc cupying his room for this ρ irpose. Relieving myself by this thought, I soon lit a candle, knowing that no time was to be lost; some thing must be done. This wa* about nine o' clock! should think. Having closed the shut ters I we*.*, and examined the box, to see if 1 could not crowd the body into it. 1 soon saw that it would answer if! could keep some of the canvass around the body to absoi h the blood, and keep it from running out. This 1 was fearful of. It occurred to me il l bury or send this body off, the clothes which he had on would, from description, discover who it might be. it became necessary to strip and dispose of the clothes, which 1 speedily ac complished by ripping up the coal sleeve, vest. &c.f Wfiîle removing thé clothes, the keys, money, &c. in his pockets caused a rattling, and I took them out and laid them on one side. I then pulleJ a part of the awning over the body to hide it I then cut and tore a piece from the awning', and laid it in the bot tom of the box. I then cut several piece* from the awning for the purpose oHesrening its hulk, supposing it was loo much to cro\%d into-a 1>οχ·with the body, it would not go in. t their tied' as tight as 1 could a portion of the awning ab «ut the head, having placed something like flax which Ifound in the box with the awning.- (This flax or swindling tow came from a room 1 had previously occupied No. 3 Muriay street1, also the awuing ) 1 then drew a piece of this rope around the legs at the joint ot the knet s, and tied then· together. 1 then connected a rO;»e to the one about the shoulders or iierk, and bent the knee* towards the head of the body as much as 1 could. This brought n into a compact form. After several efforts 1 su: ceeded in raising the body to a chairseat, then to the top of the box, and turning it round a lit tle, let it into the box as easy as 1 could, buck downwards, «vith the head raised. The head, knees and leei were still a little out, but hv reaching down to the boitomof the box and pulling the body a little towards me, I readily pushed the head and feet in.The kncesstill pro jected 1 had to stand on them with all my weight before 1 could get them down. The awning was then all crowded in the box excepting a piece or two, which I reserved to wash the fli>or. There being still a portion ot the box next to the feet, not quite full, 1 took his coat, and alter pulling up a portion of the awning, iprmvded it naitiallv under them, and replaced the awning.' The cover was at once rut on the box and nailed down with 4 or 5 naiU which were broken and of but little account. 1 then wrapped the remainder of his cloth ing up and curried it down stairs to the privy, .and threw it into it, together with his kejs, '-.va I let,'money, pencil case, ike. The<*e latter things ί took down iti nly ttfct and pocket?, a part wrapped it. a paper,and a partotnerwise, in throwing therndown I think (hey must have rattled out o! «he paper. 1 then returned to the room, carried down the pail which contained the blood*, and threw it into the gutter of the street ; pumped several paih of water and threw in the same direc tion. The pump is nearly opposite the outer door of the building; then carried a pail of water up stairs, am! repeated s ud washing to a third pail, then rinsed the pail, returned it clean and two thirds lull of water to the room; opened the shutters as usual, drew a chair to the door, and leaned it against it on the inside as 1 closed it. Locked the door and went at once to the Washington Bath House, in Pearl — I ■■■» «■ Π·ι m » ιι·ι « in t hp SlTCCl, Ileal Lii viiu v·. "·».» »« - — bath house, went by a hardware s lore, for the purpose of getting some naitasoas further to secure the box. The store was closed. When 1 got to the bath house, 1 ihink by the clock there it was eight minute· past 10. I washed out my shirt thoroughly in parts of the sleeves ami bosom, that were some m hat stained with blood from washing the floor.— My pantaloons in the knees 1 also washed a little, and my neck handkerchiefin in spots. 1 then went home; it wanted, wheu J got home, nbout 5 minutes of It o'clock. I lit a light, as asua). Caroline wisl.ed to know why 1 came in so late. I made au excuse saving, that 1 was with a friend from Philadelphia, ! think,and that 1 should get up iu the morning early to go and see him oil· 1 went to ihe stand and pretended to write till she became quiet or went to *leep. 1 then put out the light I and undressed myself, spread my shirt, &c. ; out to dry, and went to t*d. In the morning, j at half past 5 o'clock, I got up, put iny shut and hand Kerchief, which were not yet quite dry, into the bottom of tne clothes basket under the bed. A. ways changed my shirt on going to bed. in the morning put on a clean snirt and handkeiclucf and was nearly dressed when Caroline av/oke up. l saw to ner mai u was il jubiful wlieiher i should retuiit to breakfast.1 Dut not re tun:; went to the oltice, foti '4 Η | apparently a s I had l:fl it, Weill alter some , nails; got them at WoOtiSstore; the store was ; just opening; returned to thé rbonrf;' nailed the bo* on all sides; went down to the East River ! to ascertain the first packet Tor New Orleans. 1 Returned to my rutun; marked the box; ! moved it myself, but with great difficulty, to the head of the stair*; did nut dare to let it j down mvsflf;went to look lur a carman; saw ; a man passing thedoer as! wasgoiugout; re quested mm to help me dowo with the box; lie got it down without any assistance; pre ferred doing so; paid him It) or 12 cents; went\ down Chambers street for a cartman, who I eaw coining towards Broadwa>; hired him to take the box to the ship Toot of Maiden Lane; went with him. While he was loading the box I went to my office for a piece of paper to write a receipt on;* wrote a receipt to be signed by the captain on my way down the street; did not offer receipt to \>t signed, but requested one, which the receiver of4 the brig gave me. A*c)erk was*by'at the'titte and ob jected t«> the form of the receipt, and took it and altered it; wished to know if I wanted a bill of lading. I first remarked that at there was but onejs box;if was not very important, however, that! 1 would call at the offlfce ft* one. Did not go* β for a bill of lading. Tore up the receipt be fore I was two squares from the ship. Re turned to my office, by waryof Lovfcjoy's Ho tel in thë Park. Went'to his silting room. Called for a hot roll and coffee. Cool J not *•1· Drank two cups of coflee. Weht to my office, locked the door, and sat down for some time. Examiueâ every thing about the room. Wiped the wall in one or two spots. Weut home a tnl to bed. TWENtr-SEVENTH CONGRESS s§®®®iad! Seseuoxi. REMARKS OF Mr. CLAY, (of Kr.) ^ÊÊ^tecnting several petitions against the H^HBkpra/ of the Bankrupt laic. gEsflrc SENATE—January 28,1812. PRCLAY.,<: I have bren desirous, with out being drawn into (he current of the de hate, to address a few observations l«> Hit* Senate before the decision is pronounced on the peiuidig bill of repeal. And, as 1 do not wish to deprive the Senator lrom Missouri, in positeftoionoT the floor; (Mr. Denton,) ol the opportunity, which he appfrafs ib de>ire, ol closing the debate, I will avail myself of this occasion to present those observations. Mr. President, the power to establish uni form bankrupt laws is clearly and unequivo cally veHted til this Government. Il js sub jected to but one solitary condition, that the laws which it authorizes to he pissed shall he uniform. That uniformity was u.e mof ve with the Stales for the grant of the power. Their intention and expectation, undouliieilly, were, that creditors and debtor* m e^eh St-jie should be placed, in regard to bankruptcy, iu every State, hi the same condition It was not an* Uicipated that this power should remain dead and dorman', hut that it should he an elec tive and operating power for the benefit of the grantors. If the Stales, the conuueirial Stales, especially, could have /oreseeu tiiai Congress would not execute the granted pow der, they never would have stripl themselves of it, but would iiave retained authorjiy to pass laws adapted ιο their respective situations. 1 shall not discuss now the question of tfie extent of the grant. That has been done v ..«..I imn I.oiitiir·! Ι·1ιι flKllitV %Y 1 I 11 Wll.^Ui I 'U '^OV VI V IPI MIIU ι·ν vv V I M «/I ν «> by the Senator iroiM Georgia, (\ir. Berrien,) ivht» lift ve proven that il embraces the past as «well as the future. J shall content mysell wilii declaring my entue conviction that the 'power vesied in Congress lui I y authorizes tiie retiospectue operation of the In w. All hank rupllaws thateverexisted,all la ws,aiicientan(! modern, which have operated like bankrupt laws, from the Jubilee of old to the present day, ha ve this retroactive character. The Constitution of the tinned States pre sented an aggregate of powers veiled in the common Government for the good of all the piirts. In the exercise of some uf ihese powers, all had an interet and shared the benefit; in the exercise of others, particular sections, pirticujar States, or peculiar infer ests only were concerned. But the obligation was ju*t as great to exercise the one class of powers as the other. Ft» instance, there was ;a g^eat interest m a ce·lain insti uion peculiar Vo one section ol the Union. The navigating in.erest also was confined to but a feλ Slates. Bankrupt laws were needed only by a lew «States. Was it right, was ii in (he sp.rit ol «that union and harmony i\uh which this Con stitution was formed, ι lia t Congress should neglect or refuse to execme power, with whirh it might be cleai I y entrusted, lor ihe protection and benefit of these peculiar inte.* est?, because, being local and limited, the States generally did not feel the necessity oi any legislation? We are a family of States, and. like any other fmiily, if we are to preserve peace and satisfaction, union and harmony, we must sympathize wr.heach oiher, and inakemmu· al concessions. In all cases of the exercise of the powers of Government, demanded by particular States, the questions which we should ask ou selves ate, what is ihe extent of benefii which will accrue to the Slates in* vokmg our interposition? Will it be gréai?— Will any or only a very slight injury be inilic ted on other Slates? If the urgency be great and vital, on the one hand,ami there be no in jury nr a very inc niMderable injury on ihe other—still more ii ihe necessity ol ihe Jaw is extreme and manifest in some States, and there is only a sentiment, a vague feeling a gainst it in others, can Congress, as the par ental Legislature of ihe whole Union, iiesi m\e> «liaiîi? Or. tl ii will not act* since the Slates have tieii their hands, and are refused •the considération on which Uie restriction was imposed·ought not Congress to proceed without delay to untie them, by an amend· meut of the Constitution, and (ho* restore to thein the power of acting lor themselveb? AII soc ety, public and private, il it exist as i: should exist in tranquility and happiness, is but the performance of an uninterrupted series of reciprocal friendly offices, concessions and sacrifices. It was under ihe influence of princtyl*3 and sentiments such as 1 have described, that some twenty years ago, when the passage ol a bankrupt bill was pending belore the House of Representative», I rendered to it my hum ble support, it ».vas then lost, not lor ι lie want of a majority in its favor, bin for the want of time. Under the same influence, about two years ago, I voted lor the bill under the charge of my friend and former colleague, ( \Jr. Crit tenden) 1 was not sure what was the senti ments and wishes of the People of Kentucky, in respect to the passage of such a law; but, at neither of the periods to which 1 have re ferred, was there any manifesta lion of their disapprobation of my course. I believed, and yet belreve, that they have no general or great interest.in the operations of such a law. Recently there has been an exhibition ul a strong fteliug in opposition to it;-and it is not improbable that, i( the law stood alone, and il Ken ucky stood alone, unassocialed with oth er members of (his Confederacy, she might iiot deem it expedients jass or continue such a law. Dut 1 have studied ihe character ol that People in vain, I have mistaken the high minded principles, the justice, the gener osity, the magnanimity which have ever dis tinguished them, il ihey will not acquiesce in the continued existence of a law, theexecu * --1 ·«'» 11 aiieiiiloil UAifli ιι,ι innu'v 1 IW 41 Hi » Clivai ντ m vv m %·% ··«<««· - y or but slight injur/ to the n, but wiiir.h >c vjtaj jmportançe to other Slates jn me Union. Prompted by their sympathies fur injuries which the/ never themselves felt, by their patriotism and by their love o| this glorious Union, in time of war, they frw to the fron tier, and freely spilt tneir best blood, in aven ging ihe wrongs and upholding the honor and the interests of their country. They are not going, iu time of peace, amidst unexampled embarrassments, to quarrel about a measure of relief demai ded by unparalleled sufferings and misfortunes in other States, from which their happier condition in a great degree ex-1 empts them. A measure alike just to ι he ere ditor and humane to the debto<! A measure, which, exclu.ling the fraudulent from us be nefits, is intended only for the honest and un fortunate debtor, after he shall have made a lull and fair surrender of all his property and effects. A measure which will lift up the de pressed, cheer the despondent, and bring back to life*and to hope a large, active, and enterprising class, who have t een plunged in to ruin partly by the erroneous policy of Gov ernment itself. Surely, surely it could only be a merciless creditor, that with lynx eyed vigilance, would watch the future earnings ol jtegrielUor aller a surrender ef atl he hid; j^HMure earnings of his wife, his child. flBe bread from their mouths, and up HK those earnings to a preexisting debt. ^im President, one of the most piemmsble contests that ever existed was terminated , in November, 1840, by the most signal political vïçtofy |hatVveV was 'won. The first duty o: the victors was to bind up the wounds whxh bad been inflicted during the rage of the con flict and to bury the dead. The extra session dI Congress wjm convened as early as was foond practicable, lrwas not thought expe· MBB ΤΆ '-a client,at that time, ton ttempis anv amendment of the Constitution, because they could be postponed without great injury. Nor to at tempt, upon a large scale, any measures of economy and retrenchment, because ihey re tired a carelul and deliberate examination of ihe operatio.i ol all the Departments of Government, and a hearty co-operation be tween the Legislature and the Executive. It *.vas deemed wisest to iiimt the deliberations iif that session to the consideration ol a large, liberal, and comprehensive system of mea :.uiesr»i it lief. Accordingly, it was proposed to re-estab lish a sound currency and provide lor the re duction of the enormous rates of exchange.— With that end, by decisive majorities in the ! the two Houses o! Congress, two In!Is were successively passed and sen! to the President Their unfortunate fajgjs too well known, and I fear will be ion^|lpkinbered. Either of those bills, il it hadWn approved, I have no doubt, would have been sensibly felt, in its beneficial effects, by every interest and in ev ery section of the country. Another measure was lor the benefit of all the State? and all the people, by distributing in equal and just proportions, the proceeds of the public lands among the States, to which they rightfully belonged. The ellecl of tins measure will he to save the several States fr%im the necessity of levying an amount equal to the distributive fund upon their respective inhabitants, in the most onerous formol all taxation—thai of a direct tax. A third measure was to relieve the Gene ral Government itsell, by replenishing its empty coders. For this purpose a duty was laid upon free articles, which will produce some seven or eight millions dollars, and which, il ceriain articles had not, 1 think, been improperly omitted, would have welded II ! rte millions more. Then came the Hankruptja w, as a measure intended fer the.benefit of both creditors* arid debtors, rendered necessary by the action of Government, both Federal and Stale, prod tic jug the greatest disorders in the currency and exchanges, and embarrassments, distress, arid ruin to individuals. And, lastly, a temporary arrangement of the banking system of the District of Colum bia, adapting it to the present wants and in lwriit'1 «if thp fifitri'*» iJ lilt! Mixft'lf*! ·ι< fur .·! could tie done. These were the fruits of the extra session so far as they depended upon Congress. Tins was the circle of beneficent measures, intend ed to embrace all interests and all pa its of the Union. Il was a great system, parts of which were more or Ies9 adapted to all por tions of the Union. We have reason to he lie ve that it was looked up»m and regarded as a whole; and that votes ivere given lor some measure in the series, not so much because they were in consonance with the views of ihe constituents whose members give those votes, as because they were wanted by other pa ι Is oi the Union, and the compensation was 'found in other more acceptable measures of the same series. I To this whole system of measures of relief, and to each of its parts our opponents made the most strenuous resistance, upon grounds which they no doubt considered satisfactory although we could not concur with them — They would now gladly accomplish the sub version of that system which they could nor then dtleat. To assail the whole system they are perfectly aware would he unavailing, and they have no hope of success but hy attacking it in detail. Accordingly, we find them all, with but few exceptions, arraying tnemselves against the bankrupt law, as the entering wedge to the destruction of ihai entire system. Let them carry tlie repeal, and ue *iial! hear the shouts of triumph ami witness the charge ο! bayonets ιιμοιι eveiy otner pari οι me sys tem Already has the Senator from Missouri (Mr. Linn) moved the repeal of ι lie law for tfie distribution οΓ the proceeds of the public lands and I presume he is only waiting the re ptal of the bankrupt law to pi ess on h's mea sure wiih invigorated strength and uudrubiing confidence How can we separate tlie meas tjrcs composing that system, and, in gond faith towards each other, repeal one which happens to he disagreeable to us, arid expect the resi due ol the system to he retained, which may he equally disagreeable toothers.' No,sir.— Lei us stand by the system, and the whole system, and bear forever in mind the motto of our Revolutionary ancestors I believe that the People of the United States will prefer the preservation of the whole system, by refusing to repeal a law to which many of them may object, rather than hazard the loss of all by repealing that law. And I am hilly persuaded that the gdlant and patriotic people of rny own Slate are not prepared to sacrifice their favorite law, for the distribution of the pro ceeds of the public lands, to any feelings winch they may entertain in respect to the bankrupt la w Have the considerations which, at the extra session, led to the passage of this law lost, by the lapse ol time, any (if their force f lias pe cuniary embarrassment and distress diminish·, ed, the currency become sounder, the exchan ges more equal and regular, the nice of 'he products ol the earth been encouraging, ami the value of property been maintained.'' Alas! sir, not onlv have all these causes, which de range the business of the country, continue!. hi.t iliuu l.utro. a i>,iflv increased Π il fi :\ιτ. "uv * ··*" J ·■" ■ ~ ο - --J - -α gravaietl since we met here in the su«T)iiier.— Au J 1 lament to say that, in looking forward as far ive can catch 3ny glitmKe.501 the future, prone as 1 am to gaze on the happier side ol the picture, I s*>e nothing bright ami cheering nigh at hand ; bu', on the contrary, stiil great er distress and suffering in every department of industry, further depression in the value of property and in the products of agriculture, and individual ruin and distress more widely spread and mote intensely felt, i! ever there existed a period of general calamity, which could call upon the National Legislature for its interposition, by the passage of a uniform bank rupt law, that calamity is now present and that period now exists. And when is it that we are called upon to retrace our steps and to subvert the whole system of heuiiicent measures adopted at the fcxlra Session, by beginning with the repeal of the bankrupt law and ending with that of j the law for the distribution of the proceeds [of the public lands? Three days only before j the commencement of the operation of ihe bankrupt la w! Siioulu the work of u'estruc-1 j tioii be accomplished, they will not be days of j grace and of mercy L ut of cruelty and iniiu j inanity. Yes, the Senate, which has twice, I after an interval of suliicient length to ensure 'the fullest considération, deliberately pro nounced its judgment in iavor of this law, is now asked to reverse that judgment, to undo its own work, to deprive creditors of the great benefits which are secured to them, to j let the loose the rigors ol tho law upon bon- j est debtors, and to replunge them m hopeless j despair. Their condition resembies that of innocent and unfortunate men long and unjustly incar Ccrated within the dark walisol a jail - us j door h half open; they are rusiiiu* towards it, j pale, emaciated, and exhausted; the light of; Heaven has once more beamed upon their1 haggard Faces, and once more they begin to [ breathe the cool and pure air ofan uncontam- ι mated atmosphere. At this instant of time, I the Senate is called upon to drive thetn back j to their gloom ν and loathsome cells, and to j fling back that door upon Us grating hinges, j And I am invited to unite in this work ol in humanity and cruelly ! ί have not the heart to Jo it! 1 have not the hand to do it! I can not do it ! notice. ning thanks for the patronage ex to him, in his business, the ?>uhscri- j ber respectfully informs his customers, that he finds it absolutely necessary, to make col- ! lections monthly, and he takes thi* method of"j informing them ol this arrangement, in order that it may not put them to any inconvenience. He will present his bills on the 1st ofFebruary and thereafter once every month. jan 28--6C * JOliN CREIGI1T0N. not, I lïâû tended THE TREASURY NOTE BILL. House of Representative®» Jan.29, 1842. When the bill was before fhe House, Mr» Fillmore had moved that ihe House concur in ihe amendments made thereto by the Senate. And MrvSprigg had moved lhai the bill ind amendments be committed to the Commit tee of the Whole on the «taie of the Union. And on that motion Mr. S. was eci tit led to the floor, and spoke for three hours. Mr. Fillmore inquired of the Speaker what was the pending question? The Speaker said it would be on the motion of the gentleman from Kentucky to commit ihe bill, with the amendments of the Senate, to tîie Committee of the Whole on the Stale of ihe Union. Mr. Fillmore inquired if any question had been taken on either of the amendments from the Senate ? The Speaker faid no question had been ta ken on either of the amendments. Mr. Fillmore desired to make a brief ex planation in relaiiiin to the last amendment. It was now appuient thai the House would not do any business on Monday. Almost a month had elapsed since the toll I.ad been brought into this House under the extreme pressure of the immediate wants of the Trea sury; and iie should conceive himselfculpah'e it he were to delay the action of the House foi a moment. The first amendments pending were merely verbal, as he had saul on a form er day,"and he hoped the vote would be taken. Mr. Stanly rose and said, he thought the Mouse and fhe country must he satisfied trial too much valuable time had already been con sumed in this debate. And now, without further preliminary remarks, in which he ι îη#iniitf» if hp chose, he would move the ' Ο " previous question. In answer to inquiries the Speaker said that the effect of the previous question (if sustain ed) would be to cul off the motion to commit, and tiring the House lo a direct vote on the amendments of the Senate. Mr. Roosevelt then submitted the following point as a question of privilege : Whereas the amendment of the Senate to the bill for the issue of Treasury notes, ren dering ttie same an addition to, instead of a partial substitution lor, the twehe million loan heretofore authorized bylaw, converts the sa ici bill into a hill fir raising revenue, w.urh, by the Constitution, can only originate in the House of" Representatives, ai.d is a breach "I the privileges of 'he House; Therefore Resolved, That the said amendment cannot be entertained by ibis House, and that the bill and amendments be returned to the Senate, with a respectful communication to that effect. The Speaker overruled itie punt, deciding that it was nothing more than raising a con stitutional point, and not one ol those ques tions of privilege which he ought lo submit lo the House. Mr. Roosevelt appealed from the decision. Mr. Spring asked îhe yeas and nays; winch weie ordered. Some conversation tollowed, in which vi^-c-.-o I'Mlmnrp t nuMs Williams. w«;i kj » »»/^v » \ . v| — - - - - - - , - ami the Speaker participa led. When the question was taken, "Shall !he decision of ι ht* Chair stand as the judgment <»! this llou-e.'" and decided in the affirmative: Yens 112, nays 73 So »he decision of the Chair was allirmed. Vhe question tiien recurnngand being taken on liie demand fur tiie previous question, there was a second. And the main question (being on concurring in ι he amendments of the Senate) was order ed to he now put. And the two first amendments of the Senate which are merely verbal) were concurred in. And the question recurring on trie third and last amendment of the Senate—which amend ment strikes out the proviso of the House, (inserted on motiono! Mr. Gilmer,) thai the amount of Tieasury notes which might he is sued under the authority of this act should be deemed and taken to be in lieu of so much of the twelve million loan authorized by the act of July last Mr. Sprigg asked the yeas and nays; which were ordered. Mr. Alherion submitted the following point of order. in the 7ih section, article 1 of the Constitu tion, it is provided: 44AIi bills for raising rev enue shall originate in the llonse of Repre sentatives, but the Senate may propose or concur with amendments, as on other bills." i "The bill as it went from the House was nota hill lor raising revenue, but to substitute one mode of raising revenue lor another in regard to an amount of revenue already au thoiized by la w to he raised. The amendment j of the Senate does not increase or diminish an amount already authorized to lie raissed in the bill as passed by the House, but it ent·; ciy changes the nature of the House b·*, and makes it a bill lor raising an orig'ii^i and in dependent amount in addition the sum au thorized to be raided by former laws, and its adoption by the Senate m ellect, origitia ting a "bill for rais»: ν revenue." The Speaker overruled the point of order, ·» ,MV,> ··w η α ί» ouuobo iiuau ν uiw |iv^nu w.iicij thç House had just decided. Mr. Atherton appealed Irom the decision of the Chair, and asked (tie yeas ami nays; i which were ordered. Altera oriel conversation, in which Messrs. W. W. Irwin, Lewis Williams, Fillmore, and the Speaker participated— The question "Shali the decision of the Chairsiand as tfie judgment of the J looser" was taken and decided m the affirmative: — Yeas 117, nays 70. So the decision of the Chair was affirmed. The question recurring on the third amend ment of the Senate— 1 Mr Hopkins moved to lay the hill and a mendments on the tat·»;. Mr Fillmore asked the yeas and nays; ! which were ordered, and being taken, were as follows: Yeas 1)8—Nays 101. So tfie bill and amendments were not la ici on the ta ble And the question again recurring on con curring in the amendment of tiie Senate stri king out the proviso of the House that the a mouut of Treasury notes which might he is sued under the authority of this act should he deemed and takes in lieu ol so much of the loan bill, &.c — The yeas and nays were taken,and resulted as follows: Yeas 100—Nays 100, LA tie vote ] The Speaker (with great promptness) voted in the affimativc, causing the vote to stand: Yeas 101 nays 100. So the amendment was concurred in, [and the bill needs only the signature of the Presi dent In become a law. It stands now in the following form: Be it enacted, S^c. That ihe President of the United Slates is hereby authorized to cause Treasury note* to be issued for su'h sum or sums as the exigencies ol the Govern ment may require; and in place of such of the same as may be redeemed, to cause others to be issued; hut not exceeding the sum of five millions of dollars of this emission outstand ing at any one time, and ta t>e issued under the limitations ami other provisions contained in the act entitled "An act to authorize the is suing of Treasury notes,'* approved the ! twelfth of October, one thousand eight huit- ! dred and thirty-seven, except that the autho- ! rity hereby given to issue Treasury notesshall expire at the end of one year from the pas- j s;ige of this act. VALUABLE FISHERY FOR RENT! TT7ILL be rented out, for a term of years, \ V at the next Stafford Court, (the 2d Mon day in February) that well known and valua ble Fishery on the Potomac? Run, in the Couu y of Stafford, belonging to Mrs. Catharine B. Waller, and which has heen fished for the last 1 years by Mr. Henry Moore. Persons wish ing to engage in Fishing mav do well to at tend. JOHN MONCURE, for jan 27—3w C. B. Waller· • · · * In the course of hit eloquent speech, in the · EIou*e of Representatives, on Friday, Mr. MARSHALL, of Kentucky, «aid : "Of ail the objects he might or might not have had in view ;n offering the resolutions which hi? had submitted to the House, the very last wa· to revive here, and at a time like thw, the bitter and envenomed animosi· ties of 1801. Those unhappy enmities gre* nut of a state of the world and of the politics of this country which existed no longer, and which never could exist again· Mr. M. couî^ | of course, have no personal remembrance & > those days, since the year 1801 happened tone I the very year in which he was born, and the I troubles of that stormy era had terminated * before he was old enough to bear arms, or io r lake any active iuiere&t in politics. Mr. M held himself accountable for his own sins on^ ly, and nor for those of a generation gone by. j All these matters were, with him, matters of history merely; but, for one, come weal, come wo, from the resolutions he had offered, he entered hi* disclaimer and his itncjualified de· nui ol Hi * proposition that Northern men, or that the party termed Federalists—whatever might have been their mistakes—ever were as a party, traitors to their country, or a h i ruled faction conspiring to bring us tack under those very chains which they them selves—ay, they were the very men— which they themselves had cut in two, to destroy which, they had pledged their lives, their fortunes, and their sacred honor ; l.ad girded on their swords, and never had shesi/j. ed theiu until tiiey saw their country in liberty and peace. Against such an asser- / Hon he entered, now and here, under eve. ry responsibility, his solemn and emphatic disclaimer. They might, in some things, ha\e Γ been mistaken; but, on the leading pointe «f I domestic policy especially, the Whig party I were the very last fiersons in this world who I ought to charge those men with having been I " — is ni tn th* | [>t>ll lICU I irBIWIS· A livmn; α * injury or dishonor of their own country, Uiejr never were. In the then existing state of the world, when the balance of power in Eurupe was violently and dangerously disturbed, when one va>i πι ι ii t a r y power was rising ove: t.iie subjected and affrighted kingdoms aroima and when one gigantic and commanding in in] was wielding that entire mass of military (or*e with as much ease as il it were a willow wand those men believed that it was not lor ι he t'niied States to abandon her neutral po· si (ion. and help ru assailing that Power whose navy yioi.e prevented the establishment of π despotism such as none of the C«£*are ever equalled in power, and vvhicb would ver? speedily have overshadowed the world. This had been their honest belief ; but public opm· ion condemned it. The war which ensued had a prosperous and glorious terminating, (an event entirely contrary to their expeca lions) and its resuli accomplished the fallut that man whom die Démocratie party dreaded more than alJ the world beside. The positions taken bv linn in regard to a navy and in a Bunk of the United Stales, and other kindred measures, were formed in the school of (hat slaveholder whose sacred dust was n<»w re· poking wiihin the sod of his native Virginia, and on die banks ofhis ow n on^e^hived Potu iiimc. Against the hated head of tins illustri ous man, the whole ttiun.ier of·a victorious, and triumphant, party had long t een hurled, n<»r did ifiey cease till the hand of one η branded on his country's history as a traitor, in an evil hour, had laid him low. What ever might have been the errors of that great statesman, it would be hard to convince Mr M. that one who had entered the family of Wast*, mgton at the age of nineteen, and who served with him for seven years, through aiS the sonl-lrying scenes of the RevoluiKt» ry ■■■'"> «niA«,a,l hiu oniira il· Well J l> II*/ VI »J"J VU HIM V ·· ··· ^» w ^ — ψ and continued so to enjoy it, that altecwards, when the soldier of the Revolution bestrre the civil head of the Republic, &ed the com mander in-chief of all her military power, xt appointed this traitor second in conuaand, it would be hard, he again said, to coariaee him with all his own confidence in the and patriotism ol George Washington, that there was treason in the heart of oat wbom the Father of his Country loved so well· If this, cried Mr. M.% is Federalism* make the most of it. FOR, NORFOLK, CITY POINT. ANt> RICHMOND. The good schooner MARY AM ELIA, Duncan, will take freight for the above places; apply to the Cap tain on board, lying at the Foundry wharf, or jan 28 W. N. & J. H. McVElGH. TO RENT. The two story Brick Dwelling house north side of King street, bc:ween jPatrick and Elenry streets, now occu pied by Mrs. Mary Smith. It is one of the healthiest situations of the Town, and neigh· borhood of our best water. Po*?es*ion to he had 1st April, and probably sooner. Apply to jan 27—if A. C. CAZENOVE & Co. FOR SALE. The Establishment, at present used and occupied as an Alms'-House, for mum Joor·House,) in the County of Fairfax. The buildings consist of a larjie two-story Brick HOUSE, with wings, a portico back and Iront, six larpe rooms on each floor, and pas sages tnrougn tne centre or mam Duili!ing, a kitchen under the same roof, and a large cel lar; a granary and «smoke-house, stable, and two cabins. The lot contains about G4 or 70 acres of land, a portion of which is in wood, and abundantly supplied with excellent water. It is situa ted within haif a u.ile ol the town ol Providence, (the County Seat,) a neigh borhood universally healthy; and with little alteration or improvement, i* admirably cal culated for a Boarding School or Seminary.— It the above be not sold before March Court» ne'xt, it will on the first day of that Court, be olfered at public auction in front of the Court House. For terms, apply to Thomas Ajre, James Cloud, Alexander Turlev, or to JAMES HUNTER, President, protein., Board of Poor, Fairfax Co., Va. jan 4—eotd I, EC ΤIIΚ ES ΊΜΙΕ Ile ν Professor MAFF1TTT, Willie liver a course ot Lectures to the citizen? of Alex ιnd i.i, 01» the (oilowing subjects: , I <t The Life o! Genius, beingihe a44Flit delivered bel<»re the Society of ·· Brothers in Unity,** ι» Vale College. •id. Intellectual and Moral Power of Educa· tion. .M Causes and eliectsof the American tud ι French Revolution*. 4th. Origin, Richness, Beauty and Power of the English Language. 5th. The Moral Grandeur oi the American) Revolution. The first oi ihe Uourse will be delivered in the Alexandria Lyceum, on Friday evening, February 4th, and the others in the following week. Tickets for the Course, $1—to be had of Messrs. \V. Stabler & Co., Bell it Entwisle, P'erpomt &, l alhott, and Henry Cook. Single tickets» 25c, to he had at the door, the evenings of the Lectures. jan 29—lw —— * ι » PHIZES ! PRIZES!! DRAWS on Saturday, 5ih February VIRGINIA STATE LOTTERY, ClassC, lor 1312. 106,000 DOLLARS, in PRIZES of $500 each. ι Prizt of îwô.ooo ι of $ra,ooo I do ^ 6000 I οΓ 4000 I do 2507 1 of 1900 1 do 2000 1 of Γ300 1 do 1700 lof 1600 2 do 1500 3 of 1300 à do 1250 200 of .500 Tickets $10,shares in proportion. Orders Iroiu the country, promptly attend ed to by E. L. PRICE. jan 2d—eoJt I BUCKWHEAT FLOUR , Ν barrels tnd half barrels, for Mile by Ί î* A. C· CAZENOYE fc C σ*.