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Alexandria gazette. [volume] (Alexandria, D.C.) 1834-1974, February 01, 1842, Image 2

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DAILY AMD TRI-WïEEM IV
S33S®WS5)Ï2SS·
AT, FEBRUARY I, 1842
COLTS TRIAL IN NEW YORK.
t. - The evidence in ihia case was concluded on
Thursday. In the afternoon, the summing up
was commenced by Mr· £inmeu, one of Colt's
teoaael, by readlnf (he following confession
written by the prisoner.
COLTS CONFESSION.
Samuel Adams called on Friday at ray offite,
aa near as I can recollect· between the hours
of 3 and 4 o'clock. Whether lie had aoy spe
cial object in view In coming at that lime or
Ml 1 Cannot say. When he entered my olfice
I was sitting at my table, as usual, and wss
at that time engaged in looking over a manu·
script account book, as 1 had been engaged in
this work for one or two days previous; that
ia,I,was reading over the entries and recon
sidering the arithmetical calculations belong·
ifcf to the entries, &c.
Mr. Adams seated himself in a'chaif rear
the table, and within an arm*e lencth of my
self, so nearthst had we both leaned our heads
forward towards each other, 1 have no doubt
but that they would have touched.
I Bpokt ot my account, which he had at my
request handed to .«ne leu or twelve days be
lore· 1 stated to him that his account was
wrong,* and read «ο him at the same time the
acccfturt* as I had made it out on another piece
of paper, and requested him to alter his ac
count as 1 had il He objected to it at first,
aaying that I did not understand printing. He,
however» altered his figures as 1 read them
from my account, as I made the remark that I
would give $10 or some such sum if I was Hot
right·
α Λ*» ι»* Ka/i ait«i»fl hi* figures, and on look*
Μ·«%· β·« ··<■«« «-· w - - w
ing it over, he said that he was right at first,
and made the re .nark that I meant to cheat
him. (In the mean time we had both been
figuring, on separate paper, parts of the ac
count.) Word followed word till it came to
blows. The words "you lie !" were passed,
and several slight blows, and until 1 received
• blow across my mouth and nose, which
oaused my nose slightly to bleed. I do rot
know thai I felt like exerting myself to strong
defence. 1 believe 1 then struck him next
violently with my fist. We grappled with
each other at the time, and 1 found mysell
shoved to the wait, with my side and hip to
(fee table. At this time he had his hand in
my neck handkerchief, twisting it so that I
could scarcely breathe, and atthesarr.e time
pressing me hard upon the wall and table
There was a hammer upon the table which 1
then immediately seized hold of, and instant
ly struck him over the head. At this time 1
think his hat was nearly in my face, and his
Pice, I should think, was downwards. I do not
tfiink he saw me seize the hammer. The
seizing of the hammer and the blow was in»
Staneoiis. I think this blow knocked his hat
oil, but will not be positive. At the tim* 1
only remember of his twisting my neck hand
kerch;er so tight tint it seemed to me as though
I lost all power of reason. Still I thought 1
was striking a way with the hammer. Wheth
er he attempted to get the hammer from me
nrnotl cannot say. I do not think he did.
Th· first sense of thought was, it seemed, as
though his hand or something brushed Irom
my aeck downwards. 1 cannot say that I had
any sense or reflection till 1 heard a knock at
the door. Yet there is a faint idea still re
mains that f shoved him of] Irom me, so that
He fell over, but of this 1 cannot say. When I
hearu the knock on the door, 1 was instantly
startled, and am fully conscious of going and
tu ning the key so as to lock it. 1 then sat
down, fori lei I very uvak and sick. After
sitting a few minutes, and seeing so much
Hloori. I think 1 went and looked at poor
Adams, who breathed quite loud for several I
minutes» threw his arms out and was silent.—
1 recollect at this time taking him by the hauo,
which seemed lifeless, and a horrid .thriii came
over me, that I had killed him.
About this time souie noise startled me. 1
lilt agitated or frightened· and 1 think 1 went
to the door tosee if 1 had listened it, and took
the key out and turned down the slide. I
think I stood for a minute or two, listening to
Hear if the a H ray had caused any alarm. 1
believe I then took a seat near the window.—
It waa a cold damp day, and the window had
been closed all day except about six or eight
inched at the top, which I let down when 1
first went to the olfice, and which remained
down all the time I occupied it.
_ 1 remained in the same seat I should think
Arat least half an hour without moving, un
less it was to draw the curtains οΓ the win
dow close, which were within reach. My
custom had been to leave the curtains about
one third drawn from the side of the windows
inwards Broadway. The blood at this time
waa spreading over the floor. There was a
great quantity, and 1 lelt alarmed lest it should
leak through into the a pot tiecarie's store. 1
dried to stop it by lying my handkerchief
around his neck tight. This appeared to do
no good. I then looked about the room for a
piece of twine, and found in a box which
•tomi in the room, after partially pulling out
tome awning that was in it, a piece of cord,
which 1 tied tight around his neck, after tak
ing the handkerchief oft* and his stock too I
think.
It wai then I discovered so mue h bUiod, and j
the fearof its leaking through the floor caused ,
QIC to take a towel anil gather with it all I ;
Could, and rinse it into the pail I had in the !
nwm. The paii was, I should think, at that.
tine about one third full of water, and the ;
blood filled it at least another third full.—
Previous 10 doing this, I moved the hody to
#*rde tlie box, and pulled out part of the
nwning to rest it on, and covered it with the
IfcmaUider· 1 never saw his face afterward*.
Alter soaking up all the Wood 1 could, which
l*diJ as still aud hastily as possible, I took ray
atat again near the widow, and be?an to think
What was best tirdo. About this- time some
one knocked at the door, to which, of course,
Ilpaid no attention. My horrid situation re
tained from this time till dark, a silent space ;
of time of stili more horrid reflection.
At dusk of tne evening, and at the same |
time aomeonmibusses were passing· 1 carelui- j
ly opened the door and went out as still as;
possible, and 1 thought unheard, i crossed j
l?l° *!*· Park, and went down Iroin thence to !
tne City Hotel, my purpose being to relate the !
circumstance to a brother who was stopping !
Jtthto house. I saw him in the front reading
room, engaged in conversation with two gen·
tiemeo. 1 spoke to him, a few words passed
between us, and seeing thai he was engaged
I altered my purpose and returned as Far as I
tbt Park. 1 walked up and down the Park '
Junkiog what it was best to do. Many things !
l^tkought of; amone others, was going to some
Wpgtatmte.aMi relating the Tacts to him.—
Then the horrors of the excitement—a trial,
public censure, and false and foul reports—
that would he raised by the many who would
stand ready to make the best appear worse
than the worst, for the sake of a paltry pittance
gained to them, in the then feelings, was more
tfcta could be borne. Publication of pervert*
etf truths, and originating false» foul, calumni*
ittef lies. Besides, at this time» in addition ,·
ttttoMowi given, there would be left the·
mark or evidence of t rope drawn tight round
the neck, which Idbked too délibérai· lor any
thing like death catted ih an a lira jr.
Firing the building fteittéd at first a happy
thought. «9 att woofd bfe ehveloped in flame,
and waliftf lnt& thé air and ashes* Then
the danger of causing the death, <»t others (,as
there were quite a hùmbêr whi slept in the
building·) the destruction of property, &c
caused meal once t· abandon the idea. 1
next thought of having a suitable box made
acd hive it leaded inside, so that the blood
would not run out» and moving it off mime
where and*burying it. Then the delay of all
this, and the great liability of being detected.
After wandering in the Park for an hour or
more, I returned to tny room and filtered it,
I. had left it,as Κ supposed unobsemnl
ler*i door was open, and he was tally]
some one quite audibly. 1 went into,
entering undetermined,and not kntm
to <fo. After I was seated in my rooi
ted silently till Wheeler's school was
his lights extinguished; and during this sus·
pense it occurred to me that 1 might put the
body in a cask or box, and ship it of) some
where. I little thought at this time that the
box which was in the room would answer,
1 supposed it too short and s t all, and entire
ly unsafe, as it was quite open.
i Wheeler's school being out, 1 still heard
'some one in his room, and as I then thought,
laid dtfwn on some benches. The noise did
not aftfear eiacfly like a person going to bed,
1 could hear the rustling of no bed clothes —
I felt somewhdt alarmed, but then the idea
occurred to me that it might be the person
who Wheeler had stated was going to occu
py the room that 1 then occupied as a sleeping
room, as soon as! gffve it up, which was to be
in atout ten day's time was temporarily oc
cupying his room for this ρ irpose. Relieving
myself by this thought, I soon lit a candle,
knowing that no time was to be lost; some
thing must be done. This wa* about nine o'
clock! should think. Having closed the shut
ters I we*.*, and examined the box, to see if
1 could not crowd the body into it. 1 soon
saw that it would answer if! could keep some
of the canvass around the body to absoi h the
blood, and keep it from running out. This 1
was fearful of. It occurred to me il l bury or
send this body off, the clothes which he had
on would, from description, discover who it
might be. it became necessary to strip and
dispose of the clothes, which 1 speedily ac
complished by ripping up the coal sleeve, vest.
&c.f Wfiîle removing thé clothes, the keys,
money, &c. in his pockets caused a rattling,
and I took them out and laid them on one
side. I then pulleJ a part of the awning over
the body to hide it I then cut and tore a
piece from the awning', and laid it in the bot
tom of the box.
I then cut several piece* from the awning
for the purpose oHesrening its hulk, supposing
it was loo much to cro\%d into-a 1>οχ·with the
body, it would not go in. t their tied' as tight
as 1 could a portion of the awning ab «ut the
head, having placed something like flax which
Ifound in the box with the awning.- (This
flax or swindling tow came from a room 1 had
previously occupied No. 3 Muriay street1, also
the awuing ) 1 then drew a piece of this rope
around the legs at the joint ot the knet s, and
tied then· together. 1 then connected a rO;»e
to the one about the shoulders or iierk, and
bent the knee* towards the head of the body
as much as 1 could. This brought n into a
compact form. After several efforts 1 su:
ceeded in raising the body to a chairseat, then
to the top of the box, and turning it round a lit
tle, let it into the box as easy as 1 could, buck
downwards, «vith the head raised. The head,
knees and leei were still a little out, but hv
reaching down to the boitomof the box and
pulling the body a little towards me, I readily
pushed the head and feet in.The kncesstill pro
jected 1 had to stand on them with all my weight
before 1 could get them down. The awning
was then all crowded in the box excepting a
piece or two, which I reserved to wash the
fli>or. There being still a portion ot the box
next to the feet, not quite full, 1 took his coat,
and alter pulling up a portion of the awning,
iprmvded it naitiallv under them, and replaced
the awning.' The cover was at once rut on
the box and nailed down with 4 or 5 naiU
which were broken and of but little account.
1 then wrapped the remainder of his cloth
ing up and curried it down stairs to the privy,
.and threw it into it, together with his kejs,
'-.va I let,'money, pencil case, ike. The<*e latter
things ί took down iti nly ttfct and pocket?, a
part wrapped it. a paper,and a partotnerwise,
in throwing therndown I think (hey must have
rattled out o! «he paper.
1 then returned to the room, carried down
the pail which contained the blood*, and threw
it into the gutter of the street ; pumped several
paih of water and threw in the same direc
tion. The pump is nearly opposite the outer
door of the building; then carried a pail of
water up stairs, am! repeated s ud washing to
a third pail, then rinsed the pail, returned it
clean and two thirds lull of water to the room;
opened the shutters as usual, drew a chair to
the door, and leaned it against it on the inside
as 1 closed it. Locked the door and went at
once to the Washington Bath House, in Pearl
— I ■■■» «■ Π·ι m » ιι·ι « in t hp
SlTCCl, Ileal Lii viiu v·. "·».» »« - —
bath house, went by a hardware s lore, for the
purpose of getting some naitasoas further to
secure the box. The store was closed. When
1 got to the bath house, 1 ihink by the clock
there it was eight minute· past 10.
I washed out my shirt thoroughly in parts of
the sleeves ami bosom, that were some m hat
stained with blood from washing the floor.—
My pantaloons in the knees 1 also washed a
little, and my neck handkerchiefin in spots.
1 then went home; it wanted, wheu J got
home, nbout 5 minutes of It o'clock. I lit a
light, as asua). Caroline wisl.ed to know why
1 came in so late. I made au excuse saving,
that 1 was with a friend from Philadelphia, !
think,and that 1 should get up iu the morning
early to go and see him oil· 1 went to ihe
stand and pretended to write till she became
quiet or went to *leep. 1 then put out the light I
and undressed myself, spread my shirt, &c. ;
out to dry, and went to t*d. In the morning, j
at half past 5 o'clock, I got up, put iny shut and
hand Kerchief, which were not yet quite dry,
into the bottom of tne clothes basket under the
bed. A. ways changed my shirt on going to
bed. in the morning put on a clean snirt and
handkeiclucf and was nearly dressed when
Caroline av/oke up. l saw to ner mai u was
il jubiful wlieiher i should retuiit to breakfast.1
Dut not re tun:; went to the oltice, foti '4 Η |
apparently a s I had l:fl it, Weill alter some ,
nails; got them at WoOtiSstore; the store was ;
just opening; returned to thé rbonrf;' nailed the
bo* on all sides; went down to the East River !
to ascertain the first packet Tor New Orleans. 1
Returned to my rutun; marked the box; !
moved it myself, but with great difficulty, to
the head of the stair*; did nut dare to let it j
down mvsflf;went to look lur a carman; saw ;
a man passing thedoer as! wasgoiugout; re
quested mm to help me dowo with the box;
lie got it down without any assistance; pre
ferred doing so; paid him It) or 12 cents; went\
down Chambers street for a cartman, who I
eaw coining towards Broadwa>; hired him to
take the box to the ship Toot of Maiden Lane;
went with him. While he was loading the
box I went to my office for a piece of paper
to write a receipt on;* wrote a receipt to be
signed by the captain on my way down the
street; did not offer receipt to \>t signed, but
requested one, which the receiver of4 the brig
gave me. A*c)erk was*by'at the'titte and ob
jected t«> the form of the receipt, and took it
and altered it; wished to know if I wanted a
bill of lading.
I first remarked that at there was but onejs
box;if was not very important, however, that!
1 would call at the offlfce ft* one. Did not go* β
for a bill of lading. Tore up the receipt be
fore I was two squares from the ship. Re
turned to my office, by waryof Lovfcjoy's Ho
tel in thë Park. Went'to his silting room.
Called for a hot roll and coffee. Cool J not
*•1· Drank two cups of coflee. Weht to my
office, locked the door, and sat down for some
time. Examiueâ every thing about the room.
Wiped the wall in one or two spots. Weut
home a tnl to bed.
TWENtr-SEVENTH CONGRESS
s§®®®iad! Seseuoxi.
REMARKS OF Mr. CLAY, (of Kr.)
^ÊÊ^tecnting several petitions against the
H^HBkpra/ of the Bankrupt laic.
gEsflrc SENATE—January 28,1812.
PRCLAY.,<: I have bren desirous, with
out being drawn into (he current of the de
hate, to address a few observations l«> Hit*
Senate before the decision is pronounced on
the peiuidig bill of repeal. And, as 1 do not
wish to deprive the Senator lrom Missouri, in
positeftoionoT the floor; (Mr. Denton,) ol the
opportunity, which he appfrafs ib de>ire, ol
closing the debate, I will avail myself of this
occasion to present those observations.
Mr. President, the power to establish uni
form bankrupt laws is clearly and unequivo
cally veHted til this Government. Il js sub
jected to but one solitary condition, that the
laws which it authorizes to he pissed shall he
uniform. That uniformity was u.e mof ve with
the Stales for the grant of the power. Their
intention and expectation, undouliieilly, were,
that creditors and debtor* m e^eh St-jie should
be placed, in regard to bankruptcy, iu every
State, hi the same condition It was not an*
Uicipated that this power should remain dead
and dorman', hut that it should he an elec
tive and operating power for the benefit of the
grantors. If the Stales, the conuueirial
Stales, especially, could have /oreseeu tiiai
Congress would not execute the granted pow
der, they never would have stripl themselves
of it, but would iiave retained authorjiy to pass
laws adapted ιο their respective situations.
1 shall not discuss now the question of tfie
extent of the grant. That has been done
v ..«..I imn I.oiitiir·! Ι·1ιι flKllitV
%Y 1 I 11 Wll.^Ui I 'U '^OV VI V IPI MIIU ι·ν vv V I M «/I ν «>
by the Senator iroiM Georgia, (\ir. Berrien,)
ivht» lift ve proven that il embraces the past as
«well as the future. J shall content mysell
wilii declaring my entue conviction that the
'power vesied in Congress lui I y authorizes tiie
retiospectue operation of the In w. All hank
rupllaws thateverexisted,all la ws,aiicientan(!
modern, which have operated like bankrupt
laws, from the Jubilee of old to the present
day, ha ve this retroactive character.
The Constitution of the tinned States pre
sented an aggregate of powers veiled in the
common Government for the good of all
the piirts. In the exercise of some uf ihese
powers, all had an interet and shared the
benefit; in the exercise of others, particular
sections, pirticujar States, or peculiar infer
ests only were concerned. But the obligation
was ju*t as great to exercise the one class of
powers as the other. Ft» instance, there was
;a g^eat interest m a ce·lain insti uion peculiar
Vo one section ol the Union. The navigating
in.erest also was confined to but a feλ Slates.
Bankrupt laws were needed only by a lew
«States. Was it right, was ii in (he sp.rit ol
«that union and harmony i\uh which this Con
stitution was formed, ι lia t Congress should
neglect or refuse to execme power, with
whirh it might be cleai I y entrusted, lor ihe
protection and benefit of these peculiar inte.*
est?, because, being local and limited, the
States generally did not feel the necessity oi
any legislation?
We are a family of States, and. like any
other fmiily, if we are to preserve peace and
satisfaction, union and harmony, we must
sympathize wr.heach oiher, and inakemmu·
al concessions. In all cases of the exercise of
the powers of Government, demanded by
particular States, the questions which we
should ask ou selves ate, what is ihe extent
of benefii which will accrue to the Slates in*
vokmg our interposition? Will it be gréai?—
Will any or only a very slight injury be inilic
ted on other Slates? If the urgency be great
and vital, on the one hand,ami there be no in
jury nr a very inc niMderable injury on ihe
other—still more ii ihe necessity ol ihe Jaw is
extreme and manifest in some States, and
there is only a sentiment, a vague feeling a
gainst it in others, can Congress, as the par
ental Legislature of ihe whole Union, iiesi
m\e> «liaiîi? Or. tl ii will not act* since the
Slates have tieii their hands, and are refused
•the considération on which Uie restriction
was imposed·ought not Congress to proceed
without delay to untie them, by an amend·
meut of the Constitution, and (ho* restore to
thein the power of acting lor themselveb?
AII soc ety, public and private, il it exist as i:
should exist in tranquility and happiness, is
but the performance of an uninterrupted series
of reciprocal friendly offices, concessions and
sacrifices.
It was under ihe influence of princtyl*3 and
sentiments such as 1 have described, that
some twenty years ago, when the passage ol
a bankrupt bill was pending belore the House
of Representative», I rendered to it my hum
ble support, it ».vas then lost, not lor ι lie want
of a majority in its favor, bin for the want of
time. Under the same influence, about two
years ago, I voted lor the bill under the charge
of my friend and former colleague, ( \Jr. Crit
tenden) 1 was not sure what was the senti
ments and wishes of the People of Kentucky,
in respect to the passage of such a law; but,
at neither of the periods to which 1 have re
ferred, was there any manifesta lion of their
disapprobation of my course. I believed, and
yet belreve, that they have no general or
great interest.in the operations of such a law.
Recently there has been an exhibition ul a
strong fteliug in opposition to it;-and it is not
improbable that, i( the law stood alone, and il
Ken ucky stood alone, unassocialed with oth
er members of (his Confederacy, she might
iiot deem it expedients jass or continue
such a law. Dut 1 have studied ihe character
ol that People in vain, I have mistaken the
high minded principles, the justice, the gener
osity, the magnanimity which have ever dis
tinguished them, il ihey will not acquiesce in
the continued existence of a law, theexecu
* --1 ·«'» 11 aiieiiiloil UAifli ιι,ι innu'v
1 IW 41 Hi » Clivai ντ m vv m %·% ··«<««· - y
or but slight injur/ to the n, but wiiir.h >c
vjtaj jmportançe to other Slates jn me Union.
Prompted by their sympathies fur injuries
which the/ never themselves felt, by their
patriotism and by their love o| this glorious
Union, in time of war, they frw to the fron
tier, and freely spilt tneir best blood, in aven
ging ihe wrongs and upholding the honor and
the interests of their country. They are not
going, iu time of peace, amidst unexampled
embarrassments, to quarrel about a measure
of relief demai ded by unparalleled sufferings
and misfortunes in other States, from which
their happier condition in a great degree ex-1
empts them. A measure alike just to ι he ere
ditor and humane to the debto<! A measure,
which, exclu.ling the fraudulent from us be
nefits, is intended only for the honest and un
fortunate debtor, after he shall have made a
lull and fair surrender of all his property and
effects. A measure which will lift up the de
pressed, cheer the despondent, and bring
back to life*and to hope a large, active, and
enterprising class, who have t een plunged in
to ruin partly by the erroneous policy of Gov
ernment itself. Surely, surely it could only
be a merciless creditor, that with lynx eyed
vigilance, would watch the future earnings ol
jtegrielUor aller a surrender ef atl he hid;
j^HMure earnings of his wife, his child.
flBe bread from their mouths, and up
HK those earnings to a preexisting debt.
^im President, one of the most piemmsble
contests that ever existed was terminated , in
November, 1840, by the most signal political
vïçtofy |hatVveV was 'won. The first duty o:
the victors was to bind up the wounds whxh
bad been inflicted during the rage of the con
flict and to bury the dead. The extra session
dI Congress wjm convened as early as was
foond practicable, lrwas not thought expe·
MBB ΤΆ '-a
client,at that time, ton ttempis anv amendment
of the Constitution, because they could be
postponed without great injury. Nor to at
tempt, upon a large scale, any measures of
economy and retrenchment, because ihey re
tired a carelul and deliberate examination
of ihe operatio.i ol all the Departments of
Government, and a hearty co-operation be
tween the Legislature and the Executive. It
*.vas deemed wisest to iiimt the deliberations
iif that session to the consideration ol a large,
liberal, and comprehensive system of mea
:.uiesr»i it lief.
Accordingly, it was proposed to re-estab
lish a sound currency and provide lor the re
duction of the enormous rates of exchange.—
With that end, by decisive majorities in the
! the two Houses o! Congress, two In!Is were
successively passed and sen! to the President
Their unfortunate fajgjs too well known, and
I fear will be ion^|lpkinbered. Either of
those bills, il it hadWn approved, I have no
doubt, would have been sensibly felt, in its
beneficial effects, by every interest and in ev
ery section of the country.
Another measure was lor the benefit of all
the State? and all the people, by distributing
in equal and just proportions, the proceeds of
the public lands among the States, to which
they rightfully belonged. The ellecl of tins
measure will he to save the several States
fr%im the necessity of levying an amount equal
to the distributive fund upon their respective
inhabitants, in the most onerous formol all
taxation—thai of a direct tax.
A third measure was to relieve the Gene
ral Government itsell, by replenishing its
empty coders. For this purpose a duty was
laid upon free articles, which will produce
some seven or eight millions dollars, and
which, il ceriain articles had not, 1 think,
been improperly omitted, would have welded
II ! rte millions more.
Then came the Hankruptja w, as a measure
intended fer the.benefit of both creditors* arid
debtors, rendered necessary by the action of
Government, both Federal and Stale, prod tic
jug the greatest disorders in the currency and
exchanges, and embarrassments, distress,
arid ruin to individuals.
And, lastly, a temporary arrangement of
the banking system of the District of Colum
bia, adapting it to the present wants and in
lwriit'1 «if thp fifitri'*» iJ lilt! Mixft'lf*! ·ι< fur .·!
could tie done.
These were the fruits of the extra session
so far as they depended upon Congress. Tins
was the circle of beneficent measures, intend
ed to embrace all interests and all pa its of
the Union. Il was a great system, parts of
which were more or Ies9 adapted to all por
tions of the Union. We have reason to he
lie ve that it was looked up»m and regarded as
a whole; and that votes ivere given lor some
measure in the series, not so much because
they were in consonance with the views of
ihe constituents whose members give those
votes, as because they were wanted by other
pa ι Is oi the Union, and the compensation was
'found in other more acceptable measures of
the same series.
I To this whole system of measures of relief,
and to each of its parts our opponents made
the most strenuous resistance, upon grounds
which they no doubt considered satisfactory
although we could not concur with them —
They would now gladly accomplish the sub
version of that system which they could nor
then dtleat. To assail the whole system they
are perfectly aware would he unavailing, and
they have no hope of success but hy attacking
it in detail. Accordingly, we find them all,
with but few exceptions, arraying tnemselves
against the bankrupt law, as the entering
wedge to the destruction of ihai entire system.
Let them carry tlie repeal, and ue *iial! hear
the shouts of triumph ami witness the charge
ο! bayonets ιιμοιι eveiy otner pari οι me sys
tem Already has the Senator from Missouri
(Mr. Linn) moved the repeal of ι lie law for
tfie distribution οΓ the proceeds of the public
lands and I presume he is only waiting the re
ptal of the bankrupt law to pi ess on h's mea
sure wiih invigorated strength and uudrubiing
confidence How can we separate tlie meas
tjrcs composing that system, and, in gond faith
towards each other, repeal one which happens
to he disagreeable to us, arid expect the resi
due ol the system to he retained, which may
he equally disagreeable toothers.' No,sir.—
Lei us stand by the system, and the whole
system, and bear forever in mind the motto of
our Revolutionary ancestors I believe that
the People of the United States will prefer the
preservation of the whole system, by refusing
to repeal a law to which many of them may
object, rather than hazard the loss of all by
repealing that law. And I am hilly persuaded
that the gdlant and patriotic people of rny
own Slate are not prepared to sacrifice their
favorite law, for the distribution of the pro
ceeds of the public lands, to any feelings winch
they may entertain in respect to the bankrupt
la w
Have the considerations which, at the extra
session, led to the passage of this law lost, by
the lapse ol time, any (if their force f lias pe
cuniary embarrassment and distress diminish·,
ed, the currency become sounder, the exchan
ges more equal and regular, the nice of 'he
products ol the earth been encouraging, ami
the value of property been maintained.'' Alas!
sir, not onlv have all these causes, which de
range the business of the country, continue!.
hi.t iliuu l.utro. a i>,iflv increased Π il fi :\ιτ.
"uv * ··*" J ·■" ■ ~ ο - --J - -α
gravaietl since we met here in the su«T)iiier.—
Au J 1 lament to say that, in looking forward
as far ive can catch 3ny glitmKe.501 the future,
prone as 1 am to gaze on the happier side ol
the picture, I s*>e nothing bright ami cheering
nigh at hand ; bu', on the contrary, stiil great
er distress and suffering in every department
of industry, further depression in the value of
property and in the products of agriculture,
and individual ruin and distress more widely
spread and mote intensely felt, i! ever there
existed a period of general calamity, which
could call upon the National Legislature for its
interposition, by the passage of a uniform bank
rupt law, that calamity is now present and
that period now exists.
And when is it that we are called upon to
retrace our steps and to subvert the whole
system of heuiiicent measures adopted at the
fcxlra Session, by beginning with the repeal
of the bankrupt law and ending with that of
j the law for the distribution of the proceeds
[of the public lands? Three days only before
j the commencement of the operation of ihe
bankrupt la w! Siioulu the work of u'estruc-1
j tioii be accomplished, they will not be days of j
grace and of mercy L ut of cruelty and iniiu
j inanity. Yes, the Senate, which has twice,
I after an interval of suliicient length to ensure
'the fullest considération, deliberately pro
nounced its judgment in iavor of this law, is
now asked to reverse that judgment, to undo
its own work, to deprive creditors of the
great benefits which are secured to them, to j
let the loose the rigors ol tho law upon bon- j
est debtors, and to replunge them m hopeless j
despair.
Their condition resembies that of innocent
and unfortunate men long and unjustly incar
Ccrated within the dark walisol a jail - us j
door h half open; they are rusiiiu* towards it, j
pale, emaciated, and exhausted; the light of;
Heaven has once more beamed upon their1
haggard Faces, and once more they begin to [
breathe the cool and pure air ofan uncontam- ι
mated atmosphere. At this instant of time, I
the Senate is called upon to drive thetn back j
to their gloom ν and loathsome cells, and to j
fling back that door upon Us grating hinges, j
And I am invited to unite in this work ol in
humanity and cruelly ! ί have not the heart
to Jo it! 1 have not the hand to do it! I can
not do it !
notice.
ning thanks for the patronage ex
to him, in his business, the ?>uhscri- j
ber respectfully informs his customers, that
he finds it absolutely necessary, to make col- !
lections monthly, and he takes thi* method of"j
informing them ol this arrangement, in order
that it may not put them to any inconvenience.
He will present his bills on the 1st ofFebruary
and thereafter once every month.
jan 28--6C * JOliN CREIGI1T0N.
not, I lïâû
tended
THE TREASURY NOTE BILL.
House of Representative®» Jan.29, 1842.
When the bill was before fhe House, Mr»
Fillmore had moved that ihe House concur in
ihe amendments made thereto by the Senate.
And MrvSprigg had moved lhai the bill
ind amendments be committed to the Commit
tee of the Whole on the «taie of the Union.
And on that motion Mr. S. was eci tit led to
the floor, and spoke for three hours.
Mr. Fillmore inquired of the Speaker what
was the pending question?
The Speaker said it would be on the motion
of the gentleman from Kentucky to commit
ihe bill, with the amendments of the Senate,
to tîie Committee of the Whole on the Stale
of ihe Union.
Mr. Fillmore inquired if any question had
been taken on either of the amendments from
the Senate ?
The Speaker faid no question had been ta
ken on either of the amendments.
Mr. Fillmore desired to make a brief ex
planation in relaiiiin to the last amendment.
It was now appuient thai the House would
not do any business on Monday. Almost a
month had elapsed since the toll I.ad been
brought into this House under the extreme
pressure of the immediate wants of the Trea
sury; and iie should conceive himselfculpah'e
it he were to delay the action of the House foi
a moment. The first amendments pending
were merely verbal, as he had saul on a form
er day,"and he hoped the vote would be taken.
Mr. Stanly rose and said, he thought the
Mouse and fhe country must he satisfied trial
too much valuable time had already been con
sumed in this debate. And now, without
further preliminary remarks, in which he
ι îη#iniitf» if hp chose, he would move the
' Ο "
previous question.
In answer to inquiries the Speaker said that
the effect of the previous question (if sustain
ed) would be to cul off the motion to commit,
and tiring the House lo a direct vote on the
amendments of the Senate.
Mr. Roosevelt then submitted the following
point as a question of privilege :
Whereas the amendment of the Senate to
the bill for the issue of Treasury notes, ren
dering ttie same an addition to, instead of a
partial substitution lor, the twehe million
loan heretofore authorized bylaw, converts
the sa ici bill into a hill fir raising revenue, w.urh,
by the Constitution, can only originate in the
House of" Representatives, ai.d is a breach "I
the privileges of 'he House; Therefore
Resolved, That the said amendment cannot
be entertained by ibis House, and that the bill
and amendments be returned to the Senate,
with a respectful communication to that effect.
The Speaker overruled itie punt, deciding
that it was nothing more than raising a con
stitutional point, and not one ol those ques
tions of privilege which he ought lo submit lo
the House.
Mr. Roosevelt appealed from the decision.
Mr. Spring asked îhe yeas and nays; winch
weie ordered.
Some conversation tollowed, in which
vi^-c-.-o I'Mlmnrp t nuMs Williams.
w«;i kj » »»/^v » \ . v| — - - - - - - , -
ami the Speaker participa led.
When the question was taken, "Shall !he
decision of ι ht* Chair stand as the judgment <»!
this llou-e.'" and decided in the affirmative:
Yens 112, nays 73
So »he decision of the Chair was allirmed.
Vhe question tiien recurnngand being taken
on liie demand fur tiie previous question, there
was a second.
And the main question (being on concurring
in ι he amendments of the Senate) was order
ed to he now put.
And the two first amendments of the Senate
which are merely verbal) were concurred in.
And the question recurring on trie third and
last amendment of the Senate—which amend
ment strikes out the proviso of the House,
(inserted on motiono! Mr. Gilmer,) thai the
amount of Tieasury notes which might he is
sued under the authority of this act should be
deemed and taken to be in lieu of so much of
the twelve million loan authorized by the act
of July last
Mr. Sprigg asked the yeas and nays; which
were ordered.
Mr. Alherion submitted the following point
of order.
in the 7ih section, article 1 of the Constitu
tion, it is provided: 44AIi bills for raising rev
enue shall originate in the llonse of Repre
sentatives, but the Senate may propose or
concur with amendments, as on other bills."
i "The bill as it went from the House was
nota hill lor raising revenue, but to substitute
one mode of raising revenue lor another in
regard to an amount of revenue already au
thoiized by la w to he raised. The amendment
j of the Senate does not increase or diminish
an amount already authorized to lie raissed in
the bill as passed by the House, but it ent·; ciy
changes the nature of the House b·*, and
makes it a bill lor raising an orig'ii^i and in
dependent amount in addition the sum au
thorized to be raided by former laws, and its
adoption by the Senate m ellect, origitia
ting a "bill for rais»: ν revenue."
The Speaker overruled the point of order,
·» ,MV,> ··w η α ί» ouuobo iiuau ν uiw |iv^nu
w.iicij thç House had just decided.
Mr. Atherton appealed Irom the decision of
the Chair, and asked (tie yeas ami nays;
i which were ordered.
Altera oriel conversation, in which Messrs.
W. W. Irwin, Lewis Williams, Fillmore, and
the Speaker participated—
The question "Shali the decision of the
Chairsiand as tfie judgment of the J looser"
was taken and decided m the affirmative: —
Yeas 117, nays 70.
So the decision of the Chair was affirmed.
The question recurring on the third amend
ment of the Senate—
1 Mr Hopkins moved to lay the hill and a
mendments on the tat·»;.
Mr Fillmore asked the yeas and nays;
! which were ordered, and being taken, were
as follows:
Yeas 1)8—Nays 101.
So tfie bill and amendments were not la ici
on the ta ble
And the question again recurring on con
curring in the amendment of tiie Senate stri
king out the proviso of the House that the a
mouut of Treasury notes which might he is
sued under the authority of this act should he
deemed and takes in lieu ol so much of the
loan bill, &.c —
The yeas and nays were taken,and resulted
as follows:
Yeas 100—Nays 100,
LA tie vote ]
The Speaker (with great promptness) voted
in the affimativc, causing the vote to stand:
Yeas 101 nays 100.
So the amendment was concurred in, [and
the bill needs only the signature of the Presi
dent In become a law.
It stands now in the following form:
Be it enacted, S^c. That ihe President of
the United Slates is hereby authorized to
cause Treasury note* to be issued for su'h
sum or sums as the exigencies ol the Govern
ment may require; and in place of such of the
same as may be redeemed, to cause others to
be issued; hut not exceeding the sum of five
millions of dollars of this emission outstand
ing at any one time, and ta t>e issued under
the limitations ami other provisions contained
in the act entitled "An act to authorize the is
suing of Treasury notes,'* approved the !
twelfth of October, one thousand eight huit- !
dred and thirty-seven, except that the autho- !
rity hereby given to issue Treasury notesshall
expire at the end of one year from the pas- j
s;ige of this act.
VALUABLE FISHERY FOR RENT!
TT7ILL be rented out, for a term of years,
\ V at the next Stafford Court, (the 2d Mon
day in February) that well known and valua
ble Fishery on the Potomac? Run, in the Couu
y of Stafford, belonging to Mrs. Catharine B.
Waller, and which has heen fished for the last
1 years by Mr. Henry Moore. Persons wish
ing to engage in Fishing mav do well to at
tend. JOHN MONCURE, for
jan 27—3w C. B. Waller·
• · · *
In the course of hit eloquent speech, in the ·
EIou*e of Representatives, on Friday, Mr.
MARSHALL, of Kentucky, «aid :
"Of ail the objects he might or might not
have had in view ;n offering the resolutions
which hi? had submitted to the House, the
very last wa· to revive here, and at a time
like thw, the bitter and envenomed animosi·
ties of 1801. Those unhappy enmities gre*
nut of a state of the world and of the politics
of this country which existed no longer, and
which never could exist again· Mr. M. couî^ |
of course, have no personal remembrance & >
those days, since the year 1801 happened tone I
the very year in which he was born, and the I
troubles of that stormy era had terminated *
before he was old enough to bear arms, or io r
lake any active iuiere&t in politics. Mr. M
held himself accountable for his own sins on^
ly, and nor for those of a generation gone by. j
All these matters were, with him, matters of
history merely; but, for one, come weal, come
wo, from the resolutions he had offered, he
entered hi* disclaimer and his itncjualified de·
nui ol Hi * proposition that Northern men, or
that the party termed Federalists—whatever
might have been their mistakes—ever were
as a party, traitors to their country, or a
h i ruled faction conspiring to bring us tack
under those very chains which they them
selves—ay, they were the very men—
which they themselves had cut in two,
to destroy which, they had pledged their lives,
their fortunes, and their sacred honor ; l.ad
girded on their swords, and never had shesi/j.
ed theiu until tiiey saw their country in
liberty and peace. Against such an asser- /
Hon he entered, now and here, under eve.
ry responsibility, his solemn and emphatic
disclaimer. They might, in some things, ha\e Γ
been mistaken; but, on the leading pointe «f I
domestic policy especially, the Whig party I
were the very last fiersons in this world who I
ought to charge those men with having been I
" — is ni tn th* |
[>t>ll lICU I irBIWIS· A livmn; α *
injury or dishonor of their own country, Uiejr
never were. In the then existing state of the
world, when the balance of power in Eurupe
was violently and dangerously disturbed,
when one va>i πι ι ii t a r y power was rising ove:
t.iie subjected and affrighted kingdoms aroima
and when one gigantic and commanding in in]
was wielding that entire mass of military
(or*e with as much ease as il it were a willow
wand those men believed that it was not lor
ι he t'niied States to abandon her neutral po·
si (ion. and help ru assailing that Power whose
navy yioi.e prevented the establishment of
π despotism such as none of the C«£*are
ever equalled in power, and vvhicb would ver?
speedily have overshadowed the world. This
had been their honest belief ; but public opm·
ion condemned it. The war which ensued
had a prosperous and glorious terminating,
(an event entirely contrary to their expeca
lions) and its resuli accomplished the fallut
that man whom die Démocratie party dreaded
more than alJ the world beside. The positions
taken bv linn in regard to a navy and in a
Bunk of the United Stales, and other kindred
measures, were formed in the school of (hat
slaveholder whose sacred dust was n<»w re·
poking wiihin the sod of his native Virginia,
and on die banks ofhis ow n on^e^hived Potu
iiimc. Against the hated head of tins illustri
ous man, the whole ttiun.ier of·a victorious,
and triumphant, party had long t een hurled,
n<»r did ifiey cease till the hand of one η
branded on his country's history as a traitor,
in an evil hour, had laid him low. What
ever might have been the errors of that great
statesman, it would be hard to convince Mr M.
that one who had entered the family of Wast*,
mgton at the age of nineteen, and who
served with him for seven years, through aiS
the sonl-lrying scenes of the RevoluiKt» ry
■■■'"> «niA«,a,l hiu oniira il·
Well J l> II*/ VI »J"J VU HIM V ·· ··· ^» w ^ — ψ
and continued so to enjoy it, that altecwards,
when the soldier of the Revolution bestrre
the civil head of the Republic, &ed the com
mander in-chief of all her military power, xt
appointed this traitor second in conuaand, it
would be hard, he again said, to coariaee him
with all his own confidence in the
and patriotism ol George Washington, that
there was treason in the heart of oat wbom
the Father of his Country loved so well· If
this, cried Mr. M.% is Federalism* make the
most of it.
FOR, NORFOLK, CITY POINT. ANt>
RICHMOND.
The good schooner MARY AM
ELIA, Duncan, will take freight for
the above places; apply to the Cap
tain on board, lying at the Foundry wharf, or
jan 28 W. N. & J. H. McVElGH.
TO RENT.
The two story Brick Dwelling house
north side of King street, bc:ween
jPatrick and Elenry streets, now occu
pied by Mrs. Mary Smith. It is one of the
healthiest situations of the Town, and neigh·
borhood of our best water. Po*?es*ion to he
had 1st April, and probably sooner. Apply to
jan 27—if A. C. CAZENOVE & Co.
FOR SALE.
The Establishment, at present used
and occupied as an Alms'-House, for
mum Joor·House,) in the County of Fairfax.
The buildings consist of a larjie two-story
Brick HOUSE, with wings, a portico back and
Iront, six larpe rooms on each floor, and pas
sages tnrougn tne centre or mam Duili!ing, a
kitchen under the same roof, and a large cel
lar; a granary and «smoke-house, stable, and
two cabins. The lot contains about G4 or 70
acres of land, a portion of which is in wood,
and abundantly supplied with excellent water.
It is situa ted within haif a u.ile ol the town
ol Providence, (the County Seat,) a neigh
borhood universally healthy; and with little
alteration or improvement, i* admirably cal
culated for a Boarding School or Seminary.—
It the above be not sold before March Court»
ne'xt, it will on the first day of that Court, be
olfered at public auction in front of the Court
House. For terms, apply to Thomas Ajre,
James Cloud, Alexander Turlev, or to
JAMES HUNTER, President,
protein., Board of Poor, Fairfax Co., Va.
jan 4—eotd
I, EC ΤIIΚ ES
ΊΜΙΕ Ile ν Professor MAFF1TTT, Willie
liver a course ot Lectures to the citizen?
of Alex ιnd i.i, 01» the (oilowing subjects: ,
I <t The Life o! Genius, beingihe a44Flit
delivered bel<»re the Society of ·· Brothers in
Unity,** ι» Vale College.
•id. Intellectual and Moral Power of Educa·
tion.
.M Causes and eliectsof the American tud ι
French Revolution*.
4th. Origin, Richness, Beauty and Power of
the English Language.
5th. The Moral Grandeur oi the American)
Revolution.
The first oi ihe Uourse will be delivered in
the Alexandria Lyceum, on Friday evening,
February 4th, and the others in the following
week.
Tickets for the Course, $1—to be had of
Messrs. \V. Stabler & Co., Bell it Entwisle,
P'erpomt &, l alhott, and Henry Cook.
Single tickets» 25c, to he had at the door, the
evenings of the Lectures. jan 29—lw
—— * ι »
PHIZES ! PRIZES!!
DRAWS on Saturday, 5ih February
VIRGINIA STATE LOTTERY,
ClassC, lor 1312.
106,000 DOLLARS, in PRIZES of $500 each.
ι Prizt of îwô.ooo ι of $ra,ooo
I do ^ 6000 I οΓ 4000
I do 2507 1 of 1900
1 do 2000 1 of Γ300
1 do 1700 lof 1600
2 do 1500 3 of 1300
à do 1250 200 of .500
Tickets $10,shares in proportion.
Orders Iroiu the country, promptly attend
ed to by E. L. PRICE.
jan 2d—eoJt
I
BUCKWHEAT FLOUR ,
Ν barrels tnd half barrels, for Mile by
Ί î* A. C· CAZENOYE fc C
σ*.

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