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SHMk&a ®35®WIE>I2SSa The ALEXANDRIA GAZETTE,for the country, is printed oh Tuesday, Thurs day. and Saturday. •''ftscnpfto*.—'The Daily Paper ia furnished at •9 per annum—payable half yearly. TheCouuiry Paper (tn-wsekly) it furnished lor $6 per annum—payable in advance. No subscription is received from the c^untry,un teas accompanied by the cash, or by a rcepon tible name.____ THURSDAY, JULY 14, 1842. DREADFUL STEAMBOAT DISASTER. An extra issued from the St. Louis Republi can office on Sunday week, contains an ac count of another fatal steamboat disaster, as follows: Dreadful Casualty.—We are indebted to Capt. Eaton, of the steamboat latan, for the following account ol the accident which hap pened to the Edna this morning, “Steamboat Iatan. “Mouth of Missouri River, July 3, 1S42. •‘The steamboat Edna collapsed both flues of her larboard boiler at a quarter past four o'clock this morning, at the mouth of the Mis souri river. “The Edua landed at the mouth about one o’clock this morning The latan was lying there, snd the Edna landed on the outside of her, and laid in such a position that it was dif ficult lor the latan to get away from the shore. However, alter a little trouble, the latan got under way, and had run three or four hundred yards, when the Edna shoved out from the shore. Her bow could not have been more than one hundred feet from the shore when she collapsed her flues. Her engine had been working out of gear lull a hail hour, and had not been stopped more than ten minutes at the very outside. •‘I was looking at the Edna when the ca sualty happened, and had observed her some time before the accident, and 1 did not think she had unusually high steam. I am of the opinion that some obstruction existed either in cimnlu ni rta a, in i niimn r»rP •••v y J f#l r • •* ^ ^ v.. r. •« . - - ^ - - r - vented the usual quantity of water from going into the boilers. “The number of wounded is sixty three, mostly Germans. Some two or three were blown into the river and saved, and it is sup posed that two or three others were lost. The cabins of the Edna and lat»n are filled with wounded, and they are receiving every atten tion lrom the passengers and others that can be bestowed upon them. “As soon as the accident happened, the la tan dropped alongside of the Edna, and towed her to the Illinois shore, when the Annawan took her in tow, and die la tan proceeded to St Louis with the wounded. “N. J. EATON, “..Vaster of the steamboat laianS* Tiie Edna was bound up the Missouri with full freight. She has been lowed in by the Annawan. So far we are unable to get the names o! the wounded, but learn from the of ficers of the Edna that they were Germans, with the exception of the serond engineer, who was on watch, and one fireman. They are a portion of a party of emigrants who landed here a lew days since from the Caledonia. We understand that not a single cabin pas senger was injured. Two or three only have died, though it ap pears amiost impossible that several of them can recover. We uere on board the Edna, and never have we beheld such a sight. A number ol nun and women appear to he literally skinn ed. The whole force of the steam was thrown af«, over»he deck passengers as they slept. They will » e removed to the hospital. TROUBLE AMONG THE MINERS. r*..•..r. 1^4... ... _ .»_* r>i ■ i « mid in a £CtillCIUU li lli l Nil. Minersyille, July 11, 1842. “Things have assumed a (rightful appear ance. The miners and labourers have turn ed out and refuse to work or let any oilier per son. On Saturday night the military from Pottsville were here hut all was nuiet; the turn outs have a tweeting again to-day. was here last week, he has ho doubt been the cause of this disturbance. 11 is principles . as developed in his Zellers and communica tions |o a certain paper published in your city are now being developed; tills is the com mencementof the “levelling” system. The Sheriff of the county and the priest Irom Pots villehave been here, if speedy measures are not immediately adopted to suppress the riot 1 should not he surprised i( the town is burnt down. 1 have been told hy person3 that threats are made to murder the coal men i! they do not obtain their rights, as they ca/i them. Mr. B- has received a letter warning him not to go near his mines. 1 hope that it will end without bloodshed. They say the operators must come into their mea sures, .vhich they will not d<>; they say as long as there are any provisions in town they Will have them if it is by lorce. On Saturday they numbered at their meeting in this neigh borhood about 800 men. There are more men here than can fiudeicpioytfent, and they are becoming desperate. Three of .my tnen at tempted to go to work on Saturday; ?hey were driven off and one seriously inured. The tit ters have another meeting to-dav when u'* shall have further developements.” Yours. Taking Advantage of the Times—The Towanda Banner of last week says: “We hear it stated that merciless creditors are tak- , ing advantage of the present state of the times ami speculating on the misfortunes of their debtors, by levying upon their property, at tending the sales, and there refusing any thing but specie in payment, thereby preven ting competition, and bidding in the properly for one fourth and one third its real value!— Instances are related in this county of this kind, where by this process four and five hun dred dollars* worth of nrnnerfv have been s'ruck oil for fifty, sixty, and seventy dollars! This, if true,is tyranny and oppression of the most inhuman kind, and it will be strange in deed, it such brutality is suffered to be often repeated without some manifestation of the public indignation.*' The Legislature during its present session ought to afford some relief, and not suffer property to be thus sacrificed. | American Sentinel. Sion or the Times —Thousands of dollars worth of silver plate has been taken to the mint lately to he manufactured into money. On Friday last a set of silver, valued at four hundred dollars, was taken there to he con verted into specie. This fact is probably ow ing to the scarcity of money, as n is nothing rare to see gold and silver goblets and sundry other silver plate, taken from ttie sideboard to the mint, thence to the owner’s pockets in the shape of substantia1 money. Philadelphia Gazette. From the New Orleans Bee, July 2. CAPTURE OF THE AMERICAN SCHOON NER MARY ELIZABETH. We announced some time ago that the A mtrican schooner Mary Elizabeth had been seized and captured at a short distance from our coast,by a Texian sloop of war. We have since received from a respectable source the following details, which impart a grave aspect to the affair, and seenv to render it a violation of the rights of the American flag. The schr. Mary Elizabeth, which cleared at | the custom house the 30th May last, lelt New Orleans the 31st of the same month, bound to Tobasco. On the 1st June, being at the en trance oT the South West Pass, she put to sea, but the wind being exceedingly light, she made but little progress. On leaving the pass her people had observed at a short distance to the West a small cdtter which weighed an j chor and followed in the same direction with the Mary Elizabeth. Shortly after, a boat was seen to quit the cutter’s side and approach the schooner. On reaching her, the cutter raised the Texian flag and a number of persons on board (some four teen or fifteen,] made themselves visible.— Three men who were in the boat got on board the schooner, and one of them, who appeared the commander, required the captain to show his papers. They were produced, and while they were under examination the sloop ap proached and ranged herself alongside the «rbomipr This vesStl Droved to he ttie Wash ington, a Texiansloop of war. The captain and a part of the crew repaired on board the Mary Elizabeth; they were armed,and by me nacing the passengers ol the schooner kept them quiet, while they searched the vessel, disturbing and deranging every thing. They subsequently took away all the pa pers belonging to the Mary Elizabeth, and removed them to the cutter. Four armed men were left in the schooner; the captain. Pierre Jaure Guibry, was deprived of the command,and his office vested in a prize cap tain, to whom the papers ol the schooner were delivered. These arrangements were not ef fected without much discussion, and night closed before they were completed. The Mary Elizabeth thensetsaii for Galveston, and the Washington remained in the vicinity of the pass. When the schooner arrived at Galveston, the captain made his complaint to the Ameri can consul, E. A. Rhodes. The latter referr ed him to the American minister, Mr. Joseph Eves, who replied that tie understood nothing ol maritime affairs, and advised him to apply to a lawyer. This course of procedure was adopted, aud the affair wa* brought before Judge Morris. All the papers which had been found on board the schooner, even to the let ters, were brought into court. They were all examined, and the correspondence was open ed. Among the latter was a letter from Mr. Ma nuel Ulasco of ibis city, addressed to l) Pa blo Sastre, a merchant at Tabasco, and con taining a draft for $317 31, da led May oOlh, to order of the sail! D P. Sastre, on Francisco de Senmahmrt of the same city. This letter was i \ no n rj*, 111 ilnnKl !i>cc rtMuitiPil KJ I VMtW II l/J/V II ) I V U vi | u 'I u vj • ' i' v. w * v v« • v -- j ’ aether with the draft and the remainder of the papers, inasmuch as Mr. Blasco has, up to this moment, learned nothing ot its fate. After a prolonged investigation, the judge gave his opinion. He declared the prize :l legal, but at the request ol the counsel lor the Texians,he suspended judgment and postpon ed h s decision :or forty days. in the in'erim the Mary Elizabeth remains in the port ot Galveston, and the disastrous effects ol this detention may he readily divined. The car go Is rapidl>| deteriorating, and the owners and shippers will sutler serious losses. We learn, moreover, that the captain of the Mary Elizabeth, not salistieH with the pro ceediugs in Texas relative to the capture ot his vessel, has forwarded to the collector of our port the protest presented to the American consul at Galveston. The collector wrote immediately to Washington and laid before the General Government the conduct ol the Texians. We trust that justice to ail parties concerned will be speedy and effectual, and that the Government will adopt fitting mea sures to prevent future outrages on the Ameri can flag. The Treaty.—The country naturally looks with an anxious eye to the progress of the negotiations that are going on between Lord Ashburton and Mr. Webster: and it is painful to hear, that one of the Maine Com missioners, supposed to be Mr. Preble, is throwing such obstructions in the way, as make a settlement of the Boundary partol the Treaty exceedingly difficult. 0» course, we cannot be well informed of what is the pre cise point ot difference, but it is understood, that Maine is not content with the free navi gation of the St. John as an ofF-sett lor a sur render of that portion of the disputed Territo ry, which Great Britain desires to connect her upper and lower Provinces. In this state of the negotiation it is hardly proper to he discussing its details in the pub lic Press,—but this N. E. Boundary has given the nation so much and such constant trouble for fifteen years past, thal it is fair to say, Maine must now present a very strong case, before she can interest the People as a whole, provided the free navigation of the St. John has been offered her as is reported. That is such an important concession, the Free navi cation of that fine river, that it is a boon For which much can afford to be given, and if something is not offered therefor, Maine can hardly expect the People of the United Stales to be willing to fight her battles, should site thus manifest no disposition to conciliate, or compromise herself. The Commissioner, Mr. Preble, with whom according to report, there is this obstinacy ! now, our readers will recollect, was the Min ister Plenipotentiary for the United States to the Hague, when the King of Holland made I his decision, dividing the country between the j United States and Great Britain, but giving us j the letter half Mr. Preble then protested) against that arbitration, to the chagrin of Gen, ; Jackson and his Cabinet, as it is believed, and certainly not to the profit of the United States. Mr. Preble was afterwards a Com tnisdiohCT r°r Maine to Washington, where tic parttally assented, as is believed in Maine, to ! the exchange some of the lands of this dis puteti territory for lands in Michigan,—For winch he was so a.Tnill,y rebuked at home, • .«• . • __L . I a I v o in nc l/i fit, /it. mat u is mu imi'ivu.'iiu.'- **v' i the safe si*ie at all hazards now. Maine has been consulted in this Treaty, as it seems to us,contrary to the spirit and letter i of the Constitution. It was an act of courtesy f hv which a great public principle is jeoparded, j Maine is certainly hound, therefore, to throw no mercenary, nor unnecessary bar between the peace of the millions that inhabit the Unit ed States and the British Empire.—N. Y. Exp. ; The Petersburg Intelligencer states that up wards of 75 Loco Focos signed the Tariff*Me morial which was recently sent from that town to Congress. The Richmond Compiler says, some 70of the parly signed the Tariff memorial in that city. We are glad to see this disregard of party trammels, in reference to a question, which, in point of fact has noth ing to do with mere party division. It !> a question of political economy, not of constitu tional construction and hence it origin to he decided with exclusive reference to its headings upon the pecuniary interests of the country.— The people should think for themselves on such ; a subject, and not yield up their judgments to the control of party leaders, who seek to make every question subject to their own paltry per- j sonal ends.—Lynchburg. Virginian. ARMY GENERAL ORDER. Headquarters of the Army, Adjutant General's Office, Washington! July 1*2,184*2. , 1. The General-m Chief has received the following Order through the Department of War: War Department, July 11, 1842, The great improvement which has been made in the facility of intercourse between the seat of Government and the most remote parts of the Union since the organization of military divisions, renders correspondence be tween the General Head Quarters of the Ar my and the military geographical departments so rapid, that divisions are deemed no longer necessary. The circuitous transmission 01 important communications caused ^y that or ganization has si»T.cthne$ been found ipcon-. Ytr.ieni to the public service, and may prove I seriously detrimental, in view, therefore, of the great importance of a direct, prompt, and immediate correspondence between the Ex ecutive and the Major General commanding the Army on the one part, and the command ers of the several military departments on the other, the President directs that the two mi litary geographical divisons be discontinu ed. . . Circumstances have varied so much since ihe military geographical departments were established that a new arrangement has be come expedient; and the Major General com raandmg the Army will therefore report for the approbation of the President such a plan for districting theUmted S;a»es into military de partments, with a commander to each, not ex ceeding ten, as may be deemed advisable, with a view to the direction *d ihe military force which may at any time he employed within them. J. C. SPENCER. II. The following arrangement of military geographical departments having been duly submitted and approved, under the foregoing instructions, the same is hereby published for ihe government of the Army : Department Xo, 1.—West Florida, and the States ol Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Tennessee, and Kentucky. Head Quarters, Iron) the Istol November to the 30th of June, in each year, at New Orleans, and for the re mainder of the year at the Bay of St. Louis, or Baton Rouge, as the commander may elect. Department Xo. 2.—The country west of the Mississippi, north of Louisiana and Texas, and south o! 37ih degree of north latitude.— Head Quarters, FortSmi h. Department Xo- 3.—The Slate of Missouri, (above the 37th degree ol north latitude,) the Slate of Illinois, the Iowa Territory, that part of the Wisconsin Territory west ol the 13th degree of longitude west from Washington, and the Indian country north and west of the lines indicated. Head Quarters, Jefferson Barracks. Department Xu 4.—The States oflndiana, Ohio, and Michigan, the pari ol ihe Wiscon sin Territory not included in Department No. 3, ami the Indian country north. Head Quar ters, Detroit. Department Xo. 5 —1The States of Penr.syl • vama, New York, Vermont, New Jersey, Connecticut,and Rhode Island. Head Quar ters. Trov, N Y. ^ Department Xo. G.—The States of Massa chusetts, New liampshi e.and Maine. Head Q.;rters, Portland. n. Iinrlm/’I)/ \'n 7 —Thp Rtn of Dpin wa ip. Mary hud, and Virginia, ilead Cluarters, Fori Monroe. Department Xo. S —The Stales of North Carolina, South Carnli:ia, and Georgia.— Head Quaiters, Sullivan’s hland, harbor of Charleston. Department Xo. 9.—(Temporary.) East and Middle Florida. Head Uuarters in the field. III. Brevet Major General Gaines is, for the present, assigned to Department No. 1. and Brigadier General Wool to Department No 5 IV. The senior officer hi command of troops in a department will command such depart ment until an officer of higher rauk shall he sent to the same V. Commanders of the respective depart ments will not leave their Head Cluariers, on totrs of inspection, without giving the earl.est notice thereof (in anticipation, if practicable) to General Head Uuarters. They will also promptly repo, t their return, together with such observations on the state and condition of the troops and the frontiers inspected, as the good of the service and the General Reg ulations for the Army may require. By command of Major-General Scott: U. JONES, Adjutcint General. Mr. George W. Dixon concluded his ex traordinary periestrianism at a quarter past 12 o’clock on Saturday, having been on his feet Co consecutive hours. The weather had been very unfavourable to the experiment, i which circumstance caused Mr. D more ex haustion and even suffering, than he had ex ; erienced on any former occasion. His pulse was 72 to the minute, when the walk was commenced, and 92 to the minute, at the con clusion of it. Mr. Dixon did not, we learn, go to sleep on Saturday during the day; and in the evening in consequence of the inclemency of ttie weather only sung a national song and a comic nelody,his state of physical exhaustion not having the slightest apparent effect on his voice. In addition to the musical performances Mr. D. will give experiments in animal mag netism on a child G years old, this evening. Norfolk Beacon. We publish on our last page the Circular of thelvcnawha Committee, calling the atten tion ol the Westei n Virginians to the Conven tion which is to be held at Lewieburg on the first Monday in August,or. the subject of re apportionmewt. We trust, that our Western friends, whilst presenting their views to the State, will adopt a wise, unimpassioned, and conciliatory language—and will recollect the danger which we ran during the last Conven tion of dividing the State, upon this much agi tated question. We trust that some arrange meut will he n ade, that .s calculated to adjust the present difficulty on proper terms—and we are satisfied that the interests ol the Old Do minion tequire the discussion to he conducted in a cool and liberal spirit.—Rich. Enq. VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. The Board of Visitors of this noble institu tion, in which so deep an interest is deserved ly leh by the people of Virginia, assembled at the Institute, in Lexington, on Friday, the 1st day of July. Present the following members: j Col C. Cro/.et, Gen. C. P. Dorman, Gen. Li ?o’\ George H. Lee, Esq, James McDowell, Esq-. Col. Jno. N. Tazewell, and Dr. Ley-j burn. I The first commencement day was held on th£ 4th ul'July, the anniversary of our national After the Address Degrees were conferred T»v the Superintendent, Up'Q sixteen Gradu ties. . The following is a list of IhC Graduates ar ranged according to merit: *1. Wm. D. Fair, of Amherst. *2. W. H. Henderson* of Loudoun. 3. John B Strange, of Fluvanna. 4. T J. B. Cramer, of Frederick. 5. Edmund Pendleton, of Botetourt. 6 James H. Lawrence, of Caroline. 7. W. M. Elliott, of Buckingham. 8. J. H. Jameson, of Culpeper. 9. C. P. Deyerie, o| Mongomery. 10. J. T. Smith, of Norfolk Borough, 11. Wm. Forbes, of Richmond (City.) 12 J. W. Bell, of Augusta. 13. V. C. Saunders, of Loudoun. 14. O. iVJ. Knight, of Nottoway. 15. James Marshall, of Warren. 16. L. A. Garnett, of King & Queen. * Distinguished Cadets. SANSON, THE HEADSMAN. We translate from a German paper, the “Gash of Zeitung,” the following sketch of Sanson, the Parisian executioner, who certain ly has some claim to be regarded as a hero.— History cannot point to another who has be reft 60 many of his fellow creatures of life.— Slaughter was the only trade he knew, and it was his fortune to wield the axe in times when scores of heads fell of a morning. He was no vulgar Jack Ketch, to strangle thieves and assassj* ~ King^ queens, princes, state» men, poj ^magcgues, all ranks of so ciety. e J»is fatal prescu^^od lucre? I [ “Hat^KPRi the French papers? Dr^ou t know whomlead? Let me enlighten you.— jThere died atParison the 20th of August last, an old man of 87, named Henri Sanson, I Headsman of the Department of the Seine.— • Methinks l see you turn up your nose, ami i wonder of what consequence whether there is one executioner more or less in the world.— But this Henri Sanson, my indifferent reader, was no common despa teller of low assassins, incendiaries, coiners, and such rabble: lie was the headsman par excellence, the Nemesis of the French nation, the last act ol the bloody ■drama of 1789. In him has a portion of ! France’s blood-inscribed story sunk to the 'grave: for he was, during the first Revolution, the Execuieur des hautes oeuvres, through whose hands passed the heads of nearly all those who at that period perched by the guil lotine in the Place de Concord. Henri San son was at that lime an active young man of 20 years, attached to no party, and he struck off to day the head ofthe ardent royalist, with the same composure that he would the next day that of a suspected republican. History can tell of no second executioner who has separated Irom their shoulders so many worm renowned heads, or marshalled so much ol life “the way to dusty death.” in the times when the guillotine’s en permanence held the French populace in check, Irom thirty to forty heads daily have been known to fall beneath his axe—it is not therefore to be wondered at that he should have acquired an unerring skill in his bloody art. Let us take a hasty peep into this day book of terrors, and let pass in review the bloody ghosts which rise out ofthe catastrophe of that time to remind us of the horrors of the past. “First meets oik eye the shade of the 24th Tanuary, 1791. It bears a broken crown, and what is sadder still, a broken heart This crowned shade is Louis XVI, King hy the grace of God, who stalks a warning example through the ranks of God’s annomted, and calls to them—“lie just and firm!” “Next use the pale manes of the 16th Octo ber, 1793. Tr.e pallid features marked by sorrow, deep indeed, but which still has not been able to extinguish the brightness ol their beauty. On the snow-white neck rests the blood drops of the guillotine. The lovely head, which, once adorned with a diamond crown, now bears one ol thorns, is that ol Maria Antoinette, daughter t»f Maria 'The resa, sister ol the Emperor Joseph, and the unha ppy Louis’s consoi t. “Now flits across the scene a shade whose aspect fills us with disgust. 'The hahl head, with Ins load of sin, fell on the Bth November. 1703 It is Philip d’Orleans, Philip Egalite, the aimer at his brother’s crown. 'Two years before,as Louis lost Ins ciown upon thescaf- , r . i «... - . i r . i _ • I _ . _..__ .J 11)1(1, rump nau irom ms citmimci g*»/.ru through the opera glass upon the execution of llis royal brother, as n n opera dilettante would view the pas-set.I of a Fanny Kilsler. llis shade also may serve as a warning beacon through centuries to come, reminding us ol the fowler caught in his own snare. “Next rises from the darkness of i lie grave, the giant shade of the 15th April, 1791. llis powerful frame, and fierce aspect, which even in death still startled ail around, point out the Jupiter Fulminans ol the revolutionary Olympus, the herculean Danton, whose voice has been compared to the thunder’s roar, and his oratory to the scorching lightning’s flash. Man of terror who brought thee to the axe? “Next follows ihe shade of the 2Sth July, 1791, that of Maximillian Robespierre, anti cio.se upon Ins heels those of his brothers, Au gustin, St. Just, Cauthoo, Lebas ilenriot, and seventeen others of their associates. The Ninth Thermidor, the holvday-eve of the French Revolution, was a hard day for our headsman. As iie had once shown otliem the fair head of their king, so did he on this day exhibit to the exulting populace the distorted features of the dictator; and as they shouted their approbation eachone thought to himself: “Now can we sleep in peace, without die fear of being awakened bv the hangman ” But on that n ght when exhausted Paris gave itsell up to sweet repose, could Sanson, who had annihilated the head of the reign of terror, close no eye, for Robespierre, and tiie whole train ol revolutionary victims gathered in a bloody circle around bis bed, and chased the sleep from his eye lids; then did he fold his arms and pray:—“Father in heaven, forgive tne—I was hut the instrument!” From that day the ‘Executer lies hautes oeuvres’ rested from his labors; he wiped the blood from bis axe, and with a sigh, laid his hands in his lap. “After a lapse of forty-two years, during which he had successively seen arise and pass away, the Directory, the Triumvirate, the Consulate the Kmperor Napoleon,Louis XVIII and Charles X, he was again called by Louis Philiippe to the place of execution, to try Lis axe’s edge anew on Fieschi arid his confede rates. and shortly afterwards, on vounff Alii baud. He brushed the rust from his guillo tine, and carried into eflect, with the same impartiality as heretofore, the decrees of the ia\v. Louis XVl's head was one of the first, and Allibaud’s theiast which fell beneath his hands. “The Nemesis of France, lle^ri Sanson, i now sleeps tranquilly in the church-yard.” The Ex Hon. Charles F. Mitchell — This distinguished financier was arrested on Saturday at Philadelphia, and lodged in Moy- , a me using prison, to await a requisition from 1 the authorities of this State. At the time of i his arrest he was in charge of officer Wm. Pv. ! Coulson, who is the special agent deputed hy Governor Seward to take Mitchell in Ohio,, where it was said he resided, and bring hun j on to New York. On tho arrival of the officer at Baltimore, in company with the prisoner,! the latter tvas arrested, but being informed of ihe state of the case, the authorities permitted i him to depart. He was then brought to this city, and look ! lodgings at Sanderson’s Hotel, being still in custody. Whiie here, however, he was re cognised at the Hotel or in the street hy the rrpnflnman friMii \ nrk. whll WHS hiS h.-iil while awaiting the sentence of tfie Court, and j to whom he gave the slip, who went before; Alderman Griscom, made oath to the facts, and demanded a warrant lor his arrest as a; fugitive from justice. A warrant was accordingly granted and | placed in the hands o! officer James Byrns, ! by whom he was arrested, at or near the ho- j tel, and taken to the office of the Alderman,1 about C.^ht o’clock on Saturday evening,; whence he was tY.mmitteu Jo prison to await; the requisition of Gov. Seward. Coupon 8p- j pea red at the office of the Alderman, and left] with him his instrument of authority from Gov. Seward for Mitchell’s arrest. In addition to the complaint against Mitch ell by his bail, we understand that warrants ( have been out against him in this city, for for- j, genes perpetrated here, bv which Messrs. E.; , W. Clark & Co. were sutTcrers, previous to ; j his conviction in New York.—N. Y. Exp. TEMPERANCE FANS. I DOZ. jus*, opened, by < july 4—2w C. M. & F. TAYLOR. | r In the Senate, on Tuesday, the whole of the morning hour was consumed in a de* bate on the bill to j>ay to the heirs of Gen. William Hull, a balanced salary alleged to be due him from February, 1H3, to October of 6ame year, while under arrest and trial for cowardice and treachery to the United States, in having surrendered the territory ol Michi gan to the British, in 1S12. The hill was ad vocated by Messrs. Clayton, Berrien and Wocdbridge, and opposed by Messrs, lappan, Preston, Merrick, Bayard, Calhoun, &.C., and finally lyid on tlie table. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. Night Session—July 13. The House were in session yesterday be tween fourteen and fiiteen hours. Meeting at ten in the morning, the session continued be tween 1*2 and 1 o’clock. Speeches were made as often as one hour, and fifteen-were delivered during the day, be* ginning with South Carolina, going through Alabama, Virginia, Maine, Ohio, Pennsylva nia, Tennessee and some other States. There was the utmost stretch of freedom of debate, and the members bad the privilege of saying j just what they pleased, and just how they pleased to the end of the day. Trie debate for the most part was to a beggarly account of empty boxes. The one hour rule, as ever, worked to a charm, giving fifteen men a hear ing. whereas without it, not more than lour or five speeches could have been made. The Debate on the New Tariff Bill was brought to a c!os>e in the House of Represen tatives at 12 o'clock yesterday, except so far as concerns amendments, for the purpose of receiving and briefly debating which the bill is to he kept under consideration in Commit tee of the Whole until 12 o'clock on Friday next. At that hour it will be reported to tne House, when the voting in tfie House upon amendments will begin, and we suppose that that bill may he finally disposed of by Sat urday night. After passing t he House, the bill will go to the Senate. In that body it wiil probably be referred to a committee, which committee will report if with or with out amendments, in a day or two. The hid can hardly be expected to pass that body be fore the 1st of August. It will be returned to the House for concurrence in amendments unde by the Senate, which will consume a (tav or two more. So that it may he the 5th, or even the 10th of next month, before it is consummated so I ir as Congress is concern ed, and presented to the President h>r his ap probation.—Nat Inteliigencer. IMPEACHMENT OF THE PRESIDENT. , Until fmiml guilty,even alter impeachment, Mr. Tyler would continue to perform the du ties of President, and not Mr. Mangum, a< I many persons have been induced to think — j : The constitution is the only guide in the event i oJ impeachment of the President. ' The fourth section of the second article ol i | that instrument s.iys: “The President, Vice ! President, and all the civil officers of the U. * Stales shall be removed from office on im peachment for and conviction of treason, hri I hery, or other high come> and misdemeanors.’ ! The President must, therefore, not only tie ! impeached, but he must he convicted of the crimes alleged against hint, tinder tlie consti tution, helore he can he removed. The first section of ilie same article declares that “in case of the removal of the President from office, or of his death, resignation or in ability to discharge the powers and duties ol the said office, the same shall devolve on the Vice President: and Congress may by law pro vide for i he case of removal by death resigna tion or inability, both ol the President and Vice President, declaring what officer shall then act as President; and such officer shall act accordingly, until thedisabiliiv he remov ed or a Prevalent shall he elected.” Uongress, it will be seen, has no power to act in relation in saving who shall administer the affairs of itu* Federal Government until the offices, both of President and Vice President, are made va cant by one of the causes enumerated m the constitution. * I s I . . . .... • . t M ! n I I *k t F /\ a If.*n t r\ r l 1,1 nno It . t » V II t W| MUJ/VMVU ment. The third section of the Constitution provides that “the Senate shall have the pow er to try all impeachments. When sitting tor that purpose, they shall he on oath or affir* million. When the President of the United States is tried, the Chief Justice shall preside; “and no person shall be convicted without the consent of two thirds ol the members present.” —Thecrones alleged against am President, must, in our opinion, he of a Inch order, and j I be most clearly proved, to obtain a vote ol I t ao thirds of any Sena te .'or conviction, con j stituted as that ho ly is, and always must he, j under existing laws. These facts will enable every one to judge ; of the probability of an impeachment of the President, and the result ti done.—Phil. Ev. j, Journal i IIfmiy Clay has never had any agency* m any measure or system of measures, which produced public mischief. Whatever evils have alllicted the |a’4l(j were produced by those opposed to him, and who pursued a policy, which be strenuously resisted. Eor twelve long years, when he was in a powerless mi- j nority, the country ran the gauntlet of expert- , ments. We tried Jackson, Reform and Econ- i omy—it proved an abortion. We tried the ! Gold Humbug, and caught a worthless rag ' currency. We tried pocket vetoes—Treasury i orders—Executive Legislation—and the iSub i Treasury—and reduced the Government and t the people to beggary and bankruptcy. We i are now repeating the same stale round under t the auspices of the gallant Capi. Tyler. The :c mischiefs ol his doings and ol those who went !a before him, cannot he laid to Henry Clay’s charge. Hi:i skirts are clear. Hehasoppo- \ c cfili nr.rinbPv! n n/l will 1 > > r ■ih'iiKd J hi* I ”v ” 1 .| i -' .- . ' “ r r — — • whole batch of crude and mischievous expert- j r rnents upon the prosperity of the country. Jf i the barriers of the public liberty have been C broken down, and the capacity <d the people ii to endure tnisiule been subjected to the sever- '1 2St te-t, no blame cin attach to him. lie has c stood firmly, during all the difficulties which k have environed us, battling for popular rights | I ind urging a wise system of measures, w hich g would have brought blessings to tfie whole t< people. P We have at last reached to the end o| the catalogue of experiments. The political quacks tl ind demagogues cannot go much farther, nor t( iiuch longer delude the people. A crisis is at if land. We must consent to take the back if :rack,aiui repeat the experiments, w.uch lave ti iflected us so sorely, or “.e tuusl adopt the ii mlicy and measures ol the old Republicans— v >1 which Henry Henry Clay is the great chain* u >ion and advocate—Rich. Whig. e [From the Baltimore Patriot.} P. G. Goode, or Ohio.—Ia my sketch of proceedings on Saturday I omitted to notice the remarks of the lion. P. G. Goode of 01 iio, Mr. G. was reluctantly drawn into thesis cussion, and would not have spoken but for the circulation of some base reports as to hit desertion from the Whig ranks to the so c ail ed “Guard” of the President in the Hons? of Representatives. Mr G. repelled the ch?,rge in the most satisfactory manner. It original, ed in a misunderstanding ol a letter written* by Mr. Goode to some person in Ohio, and published there, but has not been corrected until now, and that by Mr Goode, who has suffered in character from the calumny. Suf fice it say, that there is not a more sterling Whig than Mr. G. in the House of Represen. ‘tames or any where else. The Whigism of Mr. ('lay himself should as soon have been questioned. Asa legislator, Mr G. represents hisconslitituents with the strictest fidelity — fie is alvvavs at fits post, speaks but litttle, land that to the purpose,and his name »vili be lound recorded upon every important question : since he has been a member of Congress.— Thus much tor a man who has been most 1 on lust 1 v traduced and “wounded in the bouse of his friends.” M D C. Washington Correspondence of the U. S.Gaz. | It fell out that about the 7lh or 9th of April, 118*11,1 was in Ihe room of John Tyler, then lading President, at Brown’s Hotel, where I •saw a person just appointed Marsha! of one of ;the Western States, Indiana or Illinois, if! ! remember rightly, and when and where the following conversation, nearly word for word occurred. \tr Tdpr \mv. sir. co home and enter upon the duties of your office, and take care that you do not meddie in politics, for if I hear of your doing so, so hel(5 me God, I will off with your head. . .... Marshal. My predecessor was in the habit of summoning as jurors, ot his own party, ex clusively, from different parts of the State, to the seat of Government, where the District or Circuit Court sat—and thus not only giving the fees ns jurors and for travel, to his own political friends, hut forming a kind ot politico, convention of the jurors. Mr Tyler. If l ever tiear of your doing that, so help me God, I v\ i11 remove you (or otl with your head) without the least notice. Marshal. May l not lean a little to my own party ? Mr. Tyler. Not a hair—not a single hair I am determined my officers shall have nothing to do with politics, and I only want an oppor funitv to show the world, and I’ll do it. that I’llo if with the head of any one that I have appointed to olficc for an act ot that kind, as quick ns ! will one of my opponents. Marshal. Weil, Mr. Tyler, but about my deputies? Mr. Tyler. Oh, as to them, I have nothing to say. You are responsible lor them a- c have a right to select such men as you have confidence in ; onlv take cure not to meddle, nor let ihem meddle, with politics ; for I’ll show ihe world that 1 am determined to car ry out (tie principles wc came imo power on. Here the Marshal! took leave, and I have never since seen hnn j he cannot have lorg«>i* leu this conversation. Correspondence of the N A. American. House of RepuesentatiVes. ) Wa lling on, July li, l*?H ) We had a great session ol ten hours undo h ilf \esterday. Hie House met at 10 ••V!ock A. M., ami adjourned at I went >-five mmutes beiore nine l*. .\t., being m Ooinrwnee ol ta* Whole on the state of the Union fbi the entire period, excepting about fen minutes. The Chairman of the Committee of the Whole. McKennan sat the whole ot the teut ons session-firm, watchfui, and good nature*. never yielding tor a moment to weariness,ex huustiou or impatience, as steady and a* dig nified as the great statue of Washington m the Rotunda, being nearly as big, try the way. He ought to he a favorite with you, because lie is not. one of those sensual creatures l at can not sit all Ha v without their dinners—in* powers of physical endurance bemg such that he is able to occupy the Chair horn morning till night and day after day without dinneror tea. Veslerday, with the patience and ted uer.ial of a Spartan, he remained athi^po»: never going out lor any refreshment, fa>ung from seven o'clock in the morning till nine at ingot. Rut the rest of ihem arc not so. I grievs to inform you that du mg a co;isideiab;e part ol the days particularly at dinner-time am! tea time,the speech*makers were left with not more than half a quorum of auditors. They will eat—the annuals! in spite of all that you ami l can sa\; ami they mu rules l no peni tence for this heinous sin. Let no Whig, and no friend of the Protec tive system, begrudge the lime occupied in this great debate, compressed as it is, by the severe discipline ol the House, into the small est possible number of days, presenting an in stance of condensation without a parallel in all parliamentary history. The suicidal folly of the Locofncos in betraying all their hither to secretly cherished enormities of doctrine is most astonish in/, even to the Wings a |oni» deb:.* has almost always proved ruinous nr greatly injurious to the Locolocos, under any circumstances, whether in minority or majority; and this debate seals their lasting condemnation with the people. The inveterate disposition of their men here to make speeches, and to liil out each his hour with something or other, leads them to the revelation ol’every scheme and pm pose ol Na tional ruin, which otherwise might nev er tie betrayed, tdl in some unhappy hour o ‘ their ascendency they should proceed to sur prise os byits enforcement, “in spite ofali la mentations’’o! a suffering and fettered people. So it was with the Sub-Treasury. They ne ver could have got into power by the avowal A that '^#ject. They came f1!0l ai jS’anou A Bank men, and tor two successive contests, retained it as Slate Bank men, till, gur.vn in solent by repeated triumphs, they brought out tins monstrous project from their secret store - [mu e ol evils, and lorced it on us. The first effort at a direct issue with us on that point, resulted in their defeat. And now, the Sub J’reaMjry is only among the tilings that were, ind are not, and are never to be again. But, as their leaders and organs boldly de clared in the very moment of that brief iri niiph of iniquity, m July, 1810, the SubTrea* jury was but ‘‘the first s:ep” toward the con summation of a complete revolution in our vhole Repo dican system of Government; and low—produced before the world in a bully intimely crisis—behold the second step in heir system of destruction, the second dream if their speculating abstractionists, the second [real humbug of their bookish pedants, the:f uackish political ph losophers: “Free tract nd direct taxation.” They declare louJly and universally in fa ror ol the entire abandonment of our present Revenue system o( indirect taxation. Nc lore duties on imports ! No more protect'oo lour agriculture, manufactures or commerce’ ustom-houses are io be put down as mons'e« 1 the same category with banks. The Sub ’reasury was only the introduction of the Lo ufoco system of reform ir.to the business of eeping and disbursing the public money.— he Free trade and direct taxation scheme its to the very source, and applies the spieai ) the business of raising and collecting t.\« ublic moneys You are scarcely p epared or able to crevlit lis, because you have not yet had a chare* i rend what we have been hearing for tb* ist fortnight, But there is no mistake about Read the Lncofdco speeches made during ie*e Tariff deflates, and you will find it aR id out as * fr«ve sa;d Locoroco«s ol every iriety and secnon—Northern, Southern, Fas* •rn, Middle and Western—almost without Kception, harmonize in this grand moveme.d.