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Alexandria gazette. [volume] (Alexandria, D.C.) 1834-1974, July 21, 1842, Image 2

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THURSDAY, JULY 21, 1842.
Frightful Apparition at the Death Bed of
the Supposed Murderer*—At* article appears
in the New Hampshire Statesman, giving an
account of the dca*.h of a man thought to have
been concerned in the sudden disappearance
oft Mr. Hodgdon, from the town of Landaff,
. N. H., forty-five years since.
By this account it appears that Hodgdon
was working in Landaff*as a joiner, and was
employed by a Mr. Noyes, with whom he
made his home during the time. When his
engagement with Noyes was finished, Noyes
was indebted to him four hundred dollars for
labor.and lor money lent him at varii>us times.
After this Hodgdon went to work for a Mr.
Gross, leaving his clothes and part of his tools
with Noyes. One evening he left Mr Gross
to go to Mr. Noyes*, after which he was not
heard of. Some Utile excitement prevailed a;
tbit time on account of his sudden disappear
ance, but it was generally thought he had ab
sconded. Noyes soon after pretended that he
bad received* letter from Hodgdon, request -
iog him to tell his toolsjand other things, and
remit the proceeds to a plaee in New York
which he named, as Noyes said he did.
The excitement soon subsided, as Hodgdon
had fewer no fnends in Landafi; and Noyes
himself died a few years ago, but on bis death
bed intimated that he had a disclosure to make
before he could diem peace. The Mr. Mann,
however, whose dying scene we give below,
went a day or turn before Ids death, and spent
a whole day with him, and after that nothing
more was said about divulging any thing, and
Noyes expired apparently in the greatest man
la! agony, and under horrible remorse or con*
science, frequently exclaiming, O God! forgive
mo that one sin f That one sin is supposed to
be the murder of Hodgdon.
At last it came Mann's turn todie, who was
supposed to be concerned with Noves in the
violent death of Hodgdon. The particulars
of his death art given in the following deposi
Uoa, which has excited a great deal oX interest
to New Hampshire :—
We the undersigned depose amlfaay.that on
8unday evening, June 19, A D. 1342, *e were
celled to watch with Mr. Samuel Mann, our
neighbor, of North Bentoo. One of us had
been with him the Friday ni^ht before, to
watch, and had stopped there at the family’s
request,Saturday mgnt, and Sunday through
the day; the other, Mr. Whitcher, came to
watch about 9 o’clock in the evening, and the
family soon retired to rest, and left us with
the tick man, in a small room, the bed ou
the north side, the fire place on the soutn side,
the door/way to the kitchen on the east, a no
« door leading into a bed room on the west
end of the room, and a set of drawers ou the
east aide of the room near the foot of the bed*
and a window by the foot, on the north side.
The window was raised from four to six inch
es.—The door into the kitchen was open, and
Mr. George W. Mann, slept there in the
south-east corner of it.—-The door into the
bed room was closed,and Mrs Peter Howe and
Mra.|Mann slept these. It was supposed, tie was
dying Friday night, his extremities were cold,
and yet he lingered on, he seemed much dis
tressed, but not insane, but on Sunday re
mained still alive, and apparently sensible.
When all was still Sunday night, and Mr.
Whitcher was sending by the foot of the bed,
close lathe drawers by the open window, and
Mr. Norris was sen tug south of the bed some
four or five paces irons the head of the bed,
on the west-side el the room, aud the cau
die was shining, and standing ou the mantle
over the fire place, we both distinctly
heard a groan—to Mr. Wlmcher, it seemed
on the sou:h east of. and near turn and the
drawers,and to Mr Norris, it seemed north
cast sad near the drawers. We are both pos
itive it could n«n have come from the s-ck map,
nor the bed whereon he was. nor from another
room. It was a deep lengthened groan, and
Started us both. Mr. Whitcher stepped Irom
the foot o! the bed where be was standing by
the open window, to the fire place to get a
light,and see what the noise came from, or
whai caused it. As he took the light and
.turned round towards the bed, we both saw
the room betted up a II at once, with an un
earthly crimson colored light. It almost ex
tinguished the light of the candle, so that its
light wai very feeble, apparently almost
out—and immediately we both saw a strange
looking man standing between us ami the
bed, looking apparently at Mr. Mann—his
dress we cannot describe, his whole face we
did not see.
His clothes were dark, but we cannot give
the fashion erjmake, nor say whether he had
on boots or shoes, or hat or not We were
both transfixed—both stood there sidebv side,
is Norris had risen up, Witcher still holding
the candle io his hand and no lire in the fire
placets! least none that gave any light, and
as the strooge nan stood before us, and his
face towards Mr. Mann, Mr. Mann appeared
much excited and agitated, he rolled on the
bed, sad threw hie arms about sou opened his
ejee wide open, and appeared frightened and
to fisc upon the apparition, then he tried to
cover up bis head, then he spoke and his words
were according to our be6i recollections as
"1 am a last man. and going to Hell, and I
can see Hell! and the Devil is waiting fur me.
Oh! ! have helped make away wdh a man
forty*four years ago this summer on Jockey
Hilj, vKt> I lived in Landaif, The man 1
wofted lor is now dead, and 1 assisted him up
north-east otthe house, where was then a
second growthoj wood, on a svrampy flattieh
p?cg, now cleared up, and buried him. 1 ha ve
thought ofit much since, and was often warn
ed about it, but! tried to bear it as well as I
^nitd* He tried to say something more, and
re both think that he used the name of £d
vards, but in what connexion, we cannot say
.le called no other name, we may be mistak
i in thisname»butthink we are not. Hespoke
Sift* and throwing his arms about groaned
ind died. We know n e were frightened. !
ind could not speak, or did not, nor did tne
stranger, and as soon as Mann had fcmshet.
confessing, and was dying a way,he (the suan
ger) was c»Mie.
Eiow he pot in or out, we know not, one
door was open, t>» t we did mu see him g£ ,u
or out, nt*r can we believe that he did
we first saw him, he stood at the head of n
bed or near it, hU fhee partly turned away Irom
Whitcher toward |the bed and hts back to
Norris. We have above given the truth as it
[appeared to us, and (for the sake of the sur
vivors,) as smoothly as we could—and as
near as we can recollect it, and although we
were shocked and some confused, yet we
both remember, and fear we always shall too
vividly,the scenes of that night, and when
we apeak to each other of it both agree as
above. Neither of us had ever heard of a
man being missing 86 he told us, and we nave
been up to day to see the ground lie descrio
ed, and found it as he told. He made uocon
fession of any other crime that we under
stood, and we feel friendly to the family, nr.d
also to him, and have no other view in giving
this but to save false reports, and do oue
solemn duty.
Grajton, as. July 9, 1S42.—Then the said
Haxen Whitcher, and David M. Norris, the
signers of the above afiadavit made by them,
signed, and is true, and is all the truth ac
cording to our last recollection, before me,
IRA GOODALL, Justice of the Peace.
Edward* to whom it is supposed he, (Mann)
referred and who, many now suppose was
accessory to the murder, is now living, and
has been partially deranged at times ever
jsince, as well as Mann.
The Right of Search —The New York
Courier has the following extract of a letter
from M. de Tocqueville ia & friend in this
Paris, June 5,184*2.
‘it appears certain that you; countrymen,
in consideration of some guarantees held out
to iheir commerce, are about to accede t » the
Right of Search, at least, our ministers assert
it. If such is the fact, after the conversations
and writing* of the American Ambassadors
in Europe*and the influence which these con
versations and writings have exerted upon the
resolutions of our Chambers, the United Stales
will soon find themselves as destitute of polit
ical, as of financial credit. Pardon the free
dom of my expressions. This event afflicts
me much. I did not expect it*andl thought
myself justified in affirming, in opposition to
the opinion of Mr. Guizot, that it would not
happen. I confess 2 thought the point of mar
itime honor, dearer in America than it ie.’*
The representations here referred to by M.
de Tocqueville were of course unfounded-—
He did no more than justice to this republic in
opposing the opinion of M. Guizot. It would
indeed be treaehety the roost shameful if we
were now to desert France on this question,
after having induced her to retrace her steps
for the purpose of standing by our side* Per
haps it will not he known for some time to
come how important the adhesion of Frauce
has been to us in this matter.—Balt. Am.
Correspondence ot the Baltimore Patriot.
Norfolk. July 16.
A storm of uncommon violence was experi
enced at Edenton on the 12th instant, which
prostrated trees, fences, Sic. We learn from
the Harp and Compiler, that the vessels in port
were all driven from their moorings except
the schr. Washington. The schrs. Virginian,
Dunbar, atwi Carolinian, were blovnoutnf
the harbor; the former lodged upon Reedy
Point, the latter had not been heard from.—
The Schr. Jewett, Underhill, went ashore on
John’s Island. The Edenton Packet, lying
near Jnhnton’s Badge, went up high and dry.
in the country, the corn was prostrated and
the hlades whipped to shreds. Cofliehl’s noli
dim was carried away and much damage
thereby done. The float bridge at Hartford
was also carried awav.
Further effects of the Storm.—We learn
that the head of water in one of the ravines
crossed by the Wilmington railroad, (in the
neighborhood ofWeidon) was so great that
ttie culvert could not give vent to it until the
pressure of the water forced away the em
bankment, leaving the rails standing When
the train from Wilmington came along the
condition of the niace was not perceived in its
approach, and the locomotive on entering up
on tne unsupported rails broke them do vn
and tumbled to me bottom, dragging alter ii
the tender, hut not the cars with the passen
gers which remained above, uninjured. The
engineer was the only person hurt, and he but
The Post Master General, in answer to in
quiries, gives the following important informa
tion respecting mail arrangements neuly
made, for public accommodation..
In order to give to the business community
the longest possible time for the transaction
of i he business of each da v, and enable them
to avail themselves of the United Slates Mail,
as the legitimate channel or communication. I
have organized the Mail agents from Boston
to New York, from New York to Buffalo, ami
from New York South, into a species of Ex
press Mail, ivhtch will receive and deliver let
ters up to the moment id departure of each
By these means. I hope to furnish all neces
l sary mail facilities »o the business correspond
; ence of your city. Signed,
Charles A. Wickliffr.
The'‘Favorite Son of New YoRK*’doe8
mn, it appears* excite quite as much enthusi
! asm in his electioneering peregrinations as was
; expected. Even in his own State, where he is
j best known, it seems by the Following para
graph from the Buffalo Commercial, of Thurs
day, he is not overwhelmed with popular cuihu?
| siast«.
The sun of Van Buren is set forever.
Mu. Van Bcren’s Reception.—Mr. Van
| Buren has arrved—and while we pen this ar
ticle, iiisescort is passing hy. The manifesta
tion ofpopular enthusiasm upon the occasion is
, very slight. He was received in silence—the
welkin was not made to ring with cheers, and
such demonstrations ofpopular fa vor as usual
ly greet theyreat, the good, and the patriotic
citizen whose life and talents have been spent
for the best good of his country.
The procession consists of 155 miiitary, all
told; S barouches; 3 buggies, 1 lumber wagon, !
and a struggling crowd of men and hovs on
the sidewalk. We give from actual count j
ami "nothing extenuate, or set down ati^ht in.
malice.” j
— — ------ , i
The New Orleans Courier, a leading Loco
Foco paper, announces the success of the
Whigs in rather a lugubrious tone, and adds
that a part of tfie majority was obtained by I
allowing cabmen to vote. A wful—awful in
deed!—Cabmen-tnen who drive horses—
men, perhaps, not a worth a thousand dollars
in the world, allowed to vote! No wonder
the democratic blood of the Loco Focos is
roused, their feelings insulted, and then party
deleated. Terrible fellows, these cabmen—
they dr.ve all before them.
Vmied States Gazette.
Bilious and intermittent fever prevail to a
considerable extent in Georgetown at the pie
sent time. Otherwise the town is healthy.
[Georgetown Advocate.
The second drill nr the Tyler troops came j
ifflaat night, according to previous adjourn*- j
ment, and was one of the broadest burlesques j
ryf» political meeting to sustain a Chief Mngis- :
trate ever seen. The meeting was called to ;
order by J. L. Curtis, the President of the ad- j
journed meeting at Military Hall, hut no soon
er did he attempt to complete the organization,
than the de?r friends ol Capt. Tyltr, in the
shape of Michael Walsh and his Spartans,
quickly cleared the rostrum, and organized
the meeting hy placing Maj. Hopkins, of the
Pewter Mug, in the Chair, Walsh then com
menced, and gave the Captain one of the
greatest dressings over got by a gambling
! politician*
He was followed by a Col. Hepburn of Geor
gia, who touched all the raws lell by Walsh.
The policy ol Tyler was denounced in full by
him and a genp-ral review made by him ol all
his public ar ts from li e lime he took the presi
dential chair Mr. H. said he had no ^ ish to
rob Mr. Tyler of any credit due him, I m the
amount of such credit must he determined by
comparing bis acts will) the standard of Jel
ferson and others. Mr. Tyler should t e sat
isfied now to follow and not to dictate to the
democracy, and all vetoes of l>a»>k- and tariffs
coufd never make them mrget his sanctioning
the repeal of ihe darling sub-treasury. He
closed by recommending as the next penance
of Tyler to dismiss the present federal cabinet,
and call around him sterling democrats, and
resume the policy ol the last 12 years; nothing
else could show them that his repentance was
The next speaker was Job Haskell,of Char
coal memory. He is an orgtnal Tyler man and
loudly declaimed in praise of the veto, < f that
‘‘Mot err of Monsters” a United .Slates Bank.
His views as to what should be considered
evidence of repentance in ttie Captain, was
that he should remove "Black Dan,1' front the
Cabinet and cal1 Silas Wright to the vacancy.
Beside this, he must remove Mr. Curtis from
the Custom House*ami give the place to one
James Kelley, a Democrat, who fought, bled
and died almost at the battle of Bridgewater,
in company with Job, who is to Come in for a
share of thejpickings. when Kelly gets the
Job was followed by a Mr Cammafo'd, who
gave the President a vsevere lashing. He said
he positively denied him any merii at all; and
earnestly warned his follow democrats to put
no faith in this Judas, who had not in a soli
tary instance acted with a patriotic motive
when opposing those who took him from the
mire, but always prostitmed Ins high station
i to subserve ins petty spite^ugainst Mr. Clay,
! who was his superior in every point ol view,
f An attempt was here made to adjourn, but
‘railed, and. an triMi carman, the only real
friend of the Captain, got the stand. After a
long squabble fie was permuted to speak and
commenced ss follows in apologising for the
President—“Sure now, b-»ys, if Misthet Tyler,
(long life to him,) displeased ye in spiltn the
beautiltil sub-Trea*urv, did’nt he kill two
. banks fir ye’s, and pleased ye twice to once,
and didn’t he plase ye again by muriherirg
this little divil of a tariff no longer at*o nor
i three weeks? sure it’s Mr. Tyler does the gin
j tele after all.” Further lie could not continue
the comparison, as V1r. T\ler*s«>nly fdend was
hustled off the stage, and tfie meeting adjourn
ed hurriedly. The rostrum was torn down
and three cheers given for Tyler, and the
whole pack abjounieii toa mass metting in
the Fourth Ward to sustain the Ma\»»r.
The new administration paper made its ap
pearance yesterday—the Union, or (O/ion) as
the news hoys call it. and lodging lr in the
sample, it will be an onion lo ihe parly it in
tends to support. Judge Noah commences a
firade against a U. 8. Bank, and tc|t> of its
corruption*. a subject iith which vnletssome
one lies he is well acquainted.
Lerer from New York.
Laborers Wanted—ail over die country.
The farmers are seeking laborers, particu
larly in Pennsylvania. Read the !oilowing
article :
The farmers of Pennsylvania are calling a -
loud for help to assist them in garnering their
crops. The abundant harvests in this State,
and in all the States, contiguous t.• it, are suf
fering for the scythe and sickle of the hu.s
baudunn, ivh-le tens hi thousands ol able
bodied men are Iving about the streets of cmit
ernes idle—s*»me from necessity, but many
m *re from i ?cl»nalion.
On the Battery daily, they are 250 idlers—
many of whom will not work; they prefer to
beg. We want a workhouse, and must have
it, or we shall be overrun with an army of
beggars —N. Y. A Tier.
Counsel.—It is not (says James) through
the ear alone, nor by the written \v< rds ad
dressed to the eye, neither by the tale, nor the
moral, that man’s heart may receive instruc
tion, it he will hut take it. There is not I
suv again, there is not a sight* there is not u
sound, from the flower in the valley to the
gloud covered peak of the mountain—from
the sound of the lark to the thunder of the
storm, which does not speak to the heart of
man sweet counsel, and iviadom without end;
sinking softly, calmly,., almost imperceptibly,
into ’he mind.
Usefulness of Snakes —A writer in the
j Genessce Fanner advises those who are in
j the habit of desirovingsnakes to let them a
j lone, as.they are early risers, and at work in
| the field hv the break of day, picking up those
little depredator**, the corn worm, which infest
corn fields. What was made in vaiitf
i Boston Cour.
i _ _
l)K <\ VV S THIS 0.\Y
Maryland Consolidated Lot’ry, Class 76;
will be drawn at Baltimore on Thursday*
July 21.
75 numbers—13 drawn ballots.
| Tickets $5 (JO—shares m proportion.
Consolidated Lottery of* Md.. C|a«s 77;
Will be drawn at Baltimore on Fiiday,
July 22
Tickets §4 00—shares in proportion.
On sale, by the package, certificate, or
share, bv EDWARD SHEEHY.
Consolidated Lottery of Maryland, Class ft
Will be drawn dC Baltimore on T/iursdav, *
July 21.
75 numbers—13 drawn ballots.
Tickets §5—shares in proportion.
Maryland Consolidated Loi’ry, Class 77,
Will be drawn at Baltimore, on Frida v,
July 22.
Whole Tickets $4—shares in proportion.
Drawing ot Md. Cond'd LoPv , Class 74,
61 7 62 52 25 54 32 3 6 73 68 51 76
For sa.it,in gjeet variety, by
Consolidated Lottery of Md , Class 76,
Will be drawn hi Baltimore, un Thursday
July 21.
Tickets $5,00—shares in proportion*
Consolidated Lot'ry ofMd., Class No 77.
Will be drawn at Baltimore, on Friday
July 22.
Tickets 84 00—shares in proportion.
For sale, in great variety, by
On the Florida Armed Occupation Bill.
The bill said it was *’to provide for the {
armed occupation and settlement of the un
settled part of the peninsula Last Florida ”
Yes; we were to give away lands worth $200,
000 for the purpose of inviting, tempting, brib
ing men to come with their wives and chil
dren to be destroyed either by the Indians or
the yellow fever !
He confessed that the hill being lor protec
tion was no obstacle in his mind to its pas
sage into a law. The people ol Florida had a
1 right to tie protected in tn^r persons and pro
perty —just as good a right as the people of
Massachusetts, hut no he ter. Protection was
the correlative to allegiance, on all the prin- !
eiple&nflaw; and when a Government de
clared, in regard to any portion of its people, !
that it would not protect them, it absolved
them, ivsojacto, from the duty ol allegiance.
He had been voting millions t«»r ihe Iasi ten
years for the protection of the people of Fiori
da. The gentleman from New York (Mr.
Granger) had said this had cost us twenty
five mi lions, hut that was not two thirds of
u-htu we had spent upon it. He had g ven
with an ougru Igmg hand, ami his constituents
were willing to pour out both tdooii and treas
ure to ten times the amount, tT necessary,
whether for the people of Florida, or the pen
p.e of Ala bama, orol Georgia; and, in fact,
they had gone for these people far beyond
mere protection. They had swept the coun
try of every vestige ol* an Indian, and had
given an enormous and fertile territory to
their jurisdiction; and all this under color
of defending them from the hostilities of the
He had said that this friend from Kentucky
had opened a large field. He was now lor
protection, but how had tie voied when it hail
been proposed to protect the manufacturer of
iron an article indispensable to us in war; and
how especially had his friend from South
Carolina, (Mr. Holmes) voted? His Iriend
said it was a bill not for protection but lor
revenue. Mr. A. had been amused,, he could
not bm smile at his friend’s excuse. Now, for
his own pa t tie was willing to vote for any
honest bill lor revenue and for protection too;
hut, as lie understood, there was not the least
chance that the fruit of all thHr labor would
receive the ratification of the Executive. They
had been told from "hat was held good au
thority that the president would sign no toll
fur revenue if it was passed with even the
slightest intentions of protection; so that as
soon as the tariff bill was sent to him it would
he vetoed.
f A voice: “what authority have you lor
saying that?”]
Mr. A did not. profess to speak from autho
rity. but “stir olTne air had carried ihe mat
ter.'’* Individuals who were In strict com
munion at ihe While Home, had assured him
that if the very word protection was m the
hill, we should have #iVen, and ditto, and
dilio.** [Roar* ol laughter ] And this, as Mr
A. understood, was ine reason why the gen
tleman from S »uto Carolina had been so anx
ious to get the word into ttie tide so as 10 en
sure the veto, and because wi h his constim
ents if that were hut in ihe title, it would tie
fen limes more a *hdi of abominations” than
even the land of (Laughter] So he
wanted to pui the word in ihe Mir! j*Mticn
merriment prevailed in the eoinmi’tee, of which
\1 r. A. seemed largely to partake; and no lit
tie confusion perva red the Hall.]
But thegentleman from South Carolina had
brought other topics »nto the discussion; lie
had told the committee, and most truly that
in case of a war with Mexico, (and tie had
somehow contrived to make a Vlex'can war
re'evant in discussing the present hill.* the j
Gulf of Mexico would he covered with swarms !
[of privateers. Yes, and not only the Gulf of
Mexico, hut ihe West Indies generally; the j
1 coasts o| Great Britain and of France, and of j
India and China too. There was not a drop j
I ol salt water on the ghihe that would not he ’
traversed t»v these privateers;and who woiihl •
tie iheir owner ? 'ftie people of Mexico nnL?
No but our good Iriends across the water;and
| if we complained to the Government of F.ng
land, we should he told that it was “a per— ,
! fectlv lawlul mierferenre with the commerce '
of other nations to run under false colors;!
i that the only inconvenience attending it was ;
! ihe danger ol being taken: and that tisk those
who engaged in tins branch of business must
calculate to run.” [Loud laughter ]
Mr. A would vein ore to say ihat we
should not have been six months at war wit •
Mexico before the Gulf would be covered
I with Baltimore clippers with British owners,
j He thanked the gentleman from South Car
olina for his timely warning. What he had
prophesied was perfectly true. But tt did not
stop there. Mr. A. went further; let not pen*
tletmn lay the flattering unction to their
souls that we could have a war with Mexico !
alone. Gentlemen night talk with as much !
contempt as they pleased at,out Mexico, and ;
a war with so feeble a Power. Certainty J
such a war would not be form'dable in itself. 1
The only danger attached to such a contest
would be that we should he tempted to in
vade the Mexican territory, and capture the
ancient palace of the Montez.nmas; and in
that case the consequence was like to follow !
which Hume said- would have followed had,
Henry V. and his successors succeeded in re* j
taining the British conquests in France, viz. j
! i ha f the seat of Government would he trams- 1
ferred. Hume said it would have been |
transferred Irom London to Paris, and that
England would have become comparatively
depopulated and converted into a province of
France, which was no doubt true, and Mr. A
feared that if we conquered Mexico the seat !
of our Government would he transferred >
to that fertile and delightful country, so much !
richer and more powerful by nature than our
But a contest with Mexico would have oth
| er consequences than the sweeping away of j
our commerce by Mexican privateers. Any!
man worthy of the name of statesman, any!
one capable of looking lurther than a mere1
war with Mexico, could nor lad to see thatj
the necessary and tne immediate consequence 1
ofstich a ivat must h» ivar Wll|, GrciU Britain, i
Uweu.;, immed-ieiy follow. Ami tms was j
out one small portion of the wars now brew - j
ing in the lour quartersof the world—which |
were in a political ferment more dangerous j
than that of the ingredients in the witches* j
cauldron in Macbeth. Let every wise ami j
reflecting man lay this to heart, ami look to j
the consequences But, Mr. A. would not en- 1
large—at least not at present: should the de
bate goon and the yeas and nays be ordered
upon the bill he should have a good deal more j
tu say.
In the mean time, believing that the bilJ
would not answer its professed purpose, but
that alter it had done all it could the people ol
Florida would need more protection still; and
beiieving that it was in the power of the Ex
ecutive, without any action on the part of 1
Congress further d an the act of appropriation, I
to purchase (if purchased it must be) a peace
with these Indians for far !e$$ money—and 1
\lr. A had cer ainly rather buy Indians than I
buy ourown citizens—he must vote against the ’
bill. Give him one-hall of what this hill pro- l
posed to give 3 way, and he would answer for *
gelling every Indian to leave the Territory 1
before the first of January. The Territory 1
should be swept of every Indian. Our true t
policy was not to exterminate these Indians, t
and not to go into costly plans to protect the t
people of Florida against them; it was to ne« t
gotiate with them, and he would be a poor t
negotiator indeed who with but $100,000 1
could not purchase the removal of eighty In- |
dians. This was an easy, a direct, a speedy, j
Bnd a certain way of getting rid.of them.
As to the occupation of Flor/a, let it fare >
bs other Territories have fared. Let people
go there who chose, to go, an& let them pur- j
rhase as much of tne*e fine sugar lands at the
Government price as ihey could ptv for.— j
There was a disposition in the Senate to favor
seitlement of that k:nd hy granting pre-emp
lio-i rights; let the same thing be done in this
case; hut let not the property of the nation be
wantonly sacrificed as a means of buying a
peace with some eighty roving Indians.
The approval ami signature by the Presi
dent of the act for apportioning Representa- j
tives among the several States, coupled with
an intimation hy message that he had
•caused the same to he deposited in the office
of the Secretary of State, accompanied hy an
exposition ol his reasons for giving to it his
sanction,” induced, as our readers must re
member, a (‘all upon the Department, by the
House of Representatives, for an authenticat
ed copy of those reasons; which copy, when
received, was, with the message, referred to
a select committee, of which Mr. Adams was
the chairman. The commit'ee through its
chairman made a report upon the subject on
Saturday la&t, as already n<»iire«f, CuMplwdniij
with a rrs< dot ion proposed fry the committee
lor adoption as an expression of the opinion
of the House, The greater part of the
report is a constitutional examination and
argumentative denial of the right of a Presi
dent of me United States to accompany Ins
approbation of a hill presented to him hy Con
gress with any qualification or reservation
whatever. But the latter part of the report is
devoted to the exposition hy the committee
of its views of the reasou^eiven hv the Presi
dent for tho^e objections to the act which he
waived outofdeferer.ee 10 the expressed will
ol Congress;ami ihe subject olthat par* of
the report being ol much immediate interest
and general concernment, we have thought
that, not being able readily to spare room lor
the whole report, our readers would he ob
liged to us for that part of it which hears more
directly than trie rest upon die politics of the
cay. We insert it therefore, as follows:—Na
tional Intelligencer.
The President announces that one of his
reasons fur entertaining deep and strong doubt j
of die constitutionality of Hie law which he !
lias approved and signed is, that it purports to
he mandatory on the States to form districts
for die choice of Representatives m single ,
I lie committee believe this to be by far the
most import! nt and most useful provision of,
the act. They be'ieve, indeed, the estu lish-i
ment ol the principle absolutely indispensable •
to the preservation of tins Union. The re- i
presentation ot the People hy single districts
is undoubtedly the only mode by when the ,
principle of represent‘tioo, in proportion to!
numbers, can he carried into execui.on. The
provision ofihe Constitution is, that the lie
sent . lives shall not exceed one lor every t ir
tv thousand of lederal numbers, and every act
ol app »riu»nmenl has necessarily prescribed
one member for every addition ot the common
multiple within each of the sever.<1 Stales—
A more unequal mode ofassemiumg a repre
seinauouol the People in « delihera ive body
could not easily t>e contrived th«u tint ol
one portion chosen hv a general ticket th 011
gtiooi the Sla»e, another portion bv single and
partly by duutde, treble, and quad mile dis
[riels. This loon* in ihe mass, a represent *
in >n not ot one represent a 'ive I <*« l tie couunou
standard number ihrouihoui the whole Union
but oi"Siart*s. and cities, ami sectional divi
sions, in knots and clusters oJ population, ol
ditlereoi dimensions and proportions, more
bkelv lobe governed by the spun 01 p-iity
than *d pairuittsm. Ai present,, seven nfu.e
smaller 6taits cqtnre an undue share o| lo
cally couceiiliated power mi Hie House, hy ge
neral ticket elections, siiflutg uie voiee and i
smothering the opinions ot ininotuies nearly
equal to naif ihe people of the Stale thus dts
Ir.mchised hv Ute overhearing insolence ol a
Iliaj 'Tity, always merger, ami as it grows I
leaner growing more inexorable sud oppres- I
sive. I’he larger biate# oave h:th-ito pass
ed over vvnt; Iwle notice tins practical mi
qu.iy, t>y which the Stale •>! New HamD-ime !
with rive members, preponderates over the :
Stale ol New Vufk, vvnn Imiy. But n i« m
the na ure ot thing* impossible uiat inis snouh! ;
be surfeie.l locontinue Jong The manner <d
election for the members of this House must'
be uniform. The genet ai ticket or ihe single j
district must t»e ihe common rule for all$ and i
if the smaller States will insist upon sending j
members lo this Llou>eai|ol one mind, New
York, Pennsylvania, or Ohio, or ai! three i<>
geiiier, vvill, ere long, teach them try outer re •
stilts the arithmetical combination of concen
trate*! numbers.
Should trie general ticket system universally j (
prevail, it is obvious that the represeoiaiion I
in ihin House will entirely change its charac- j
ter, from a representation ol the people to a '
representation ol States, and transform the !
constitutional Government of the United
Elates into a mere coidederation like that
which, fillv four years ago, fell to nieces tor •
the waul ofligatures to hold i* tnge'her.
it is in the spirit of tins dissolution of the
Constitution, and consequently of the Union,
tt*at the President re ords his surrendered ,
doubts of the constitutionality ol theawmr-;
ti mment act. because it imj ports to be mania i,
lot yini the Slates to form districts lor the
choice ol Representatives to Congress in single
disii icia. liut» wha l school hoy does not !<"ow
that it in the vital property of (arc to be man
dtiory—that which is not mandatory cannot :
he ia\y. The very definition of municipal law
by the great jurist of England, is a rule «»l ci
vil conduct prescribed by the supreme power *
in the State commanding what is right, and
prohibiting whal is wrong It is equally 'dear !
H.atihe existence of liberty herseif many!
community of men, is identical with the m in* 1
dat-ry character of the law; and the only d is- ’
Unction between a free and an arbitrary Go- 1
veinment is, that one is a Goverumer,i i»|’
laws, and the other a Govern*;^.,! (,i “ J
"resident, that lliia
mandatory Cudracter of ihu law is made ap*
piicable to ibe ac lion o» fhe sovereign Staie$ ?
Bui the law derives its maud it«»ry%utliori»y !
Ironi ihe Constitution itself, which the States '
have hound themselves, by the most solemn ,
obligation* to obey. The command is in the (
Constitution, which has in express terms vest- j
ed inCong-ess the power exercised in this sec
lion ol the agt. The President admits that lg
the power of Congress, hy law, to alter State ^
regulations respecting the manner of holding j
Sections lor Representatives, is dear; hut he ; t
has fell deep and strong doubts of the power j j
to command the Slates to make newregnla- j
Lions, or alter their existing regulations.
This objection would invalidate every ap- js
portioiirnenl act which has been prescribed
l»y Congress during ihe existence of this Go- ,
vemn.ent. Every new apportionment act not j
miy annuls the regulation provided hv the |1
avvsoi I he several Sta ie* io* hold elec* ions of [
lepresenta lives under the preceding appur- ,
ion men blit is mandatory to the Slates to ,
provide regulations fur holding ihe elections i s
vitliiu the Slates, conformably to the appor- jd
pmment law enacted by Congress. !q every ! {
uccessive apportionment law, the number of J
lepresent itives ic this House which manv of|,
he States have beeo entitled to send during r
he preceding ten years is increased ordi- ,
ninished; and the numerous State Legisla- .
ures which have been so long wailing for .
he legislation of Congress at this time and on c
his subject, the special extraordinary sessions a
vhich more than one of (those Legislatures a
have been under the necessity of holding I
have all been caused by their indispeninhU I
duty to provide regulation for giving r
to the mandatory injunction of Congressional 1
law. K
The objection to the tmndatory character I
or the law has an aspect so extraordinary »u I
to he somewhat whimsical, when we cotuid*. I
that the power »n Congress, admitted by tu I
Prescient to he clear, of districting the St,,! I
by its own authority, is nuch heavier and I
more searching in its operation than that I
which he considers »s so questionable, fu B
election of Representatives to the Nations; I
Legislature is not a burdei, hut a precious I
privilege. The geographical rtiviaiun ofih? B
territory of the Slate, according to the num« fl
her of the Representatives allowed to th* fl
State in this House, is an ope#ation obvious. fl
better suited to ttie action* of he local Lfgi*. fl
lature than to that of the assewhly represent. I
ing the whole Union. The assignment oj I
that operation, therefore, to iht State Lcgis. I
la lures, though mandatory in bum, is in mju I
tante a concession of powei; and it is strange E
passing strange, to find even the most /eaiout {
and most Jealous vindicator of State rigi,ts |
complaining of an investment of authority inq)e K
State as a grievous usurpation of authority I
Congress. 1
The exposition of reasons for approving sn(j
signing the hill has a Mill more singular ap.
pearapet* of inconsistencv, hv the utdttsiutiug
intimation that these questions of the ronstiiy.
tlocality of the law, and of its mandatory
'character, are brooding among the rancormis
and vindictive passions of inflamed and in.
darnmatury partisans, reserved tor eXasprra
led alie ealion at ihe threshold of the 28iu
Congress. It would seem as if, in the lore
sight, if o »t in me aspi rations of the P«esj
dent, sufficient is r.ot unto the day the ev;|
l hereof
Tin* is not ops of those laws the constitt;.
tionalitvof which will have the benefit «*f *
fair and impartial decision by an independent
jii final tribunal This Hnu*e i* made, by the
Constitution, exclusively the judg* of u,e
election*, returns, and quahficaturns of n$
own member*. The quest ions ol construction
and ot constitutionality* siimu'ated by thus?
surrendered and yet recorded doubts, will b*
wrath tieasmed up for the day of wrath, to
iiiHame and convulse the deliberations of this
House for ihe next Congress—*1 he Congress,
hr it remembered, upon the House of Reprr.
sentative* in which will devolve ihe duty of
electing the President of the United Stales (or
four years from the 3d ofMacch. 1845, if, as is
too much to he apprehended, an absolute ma
jority of the votes in the electoral colleges
should fail of bring, secured*
The p ivaie and personal* iolerest of the
President in the organization of the House of
Representatives of the next Congress sugges t
motives on Ins part fur nearing lo influence
that organization in the direction ol. hi* indi
vidual interest, which may account fur iins
attempt to countenance and encourage a spir
it, already too apparent on the part ol mure
tiiao one ofthe Stales, to set at defiance ihe
will ot the whole Union.expressed beyond all
possible cavi! or honest controversy in it s
provision ot ihe apportionment law, ami in
force upon the LI**u>e ol Rrp.esemanve&a re
presentation chosen by general lieketboin dime
Slates, wi de the iepresei»tai|oii Irocn all ihe
other Slates.wni, in obedience to (he law, t>3
cm»sen hv single distiicis.
Ii is sell' e video t ih * t, in the even! of such a
coH ct at ihe organization id toe next House
ol Repre^entaiives, the local interest and com
parative weight ol the (eiv States electing t»y
general ticket will be in due* t opposition to.
the nntr<*sl and relative we'ght ol all the
States represented b* single tlis?rids, i'l \* -le
»■ Xpecied III it political svmpaHues uml pajiy
discipline will ne Midineutly strong to prevan
over me p^imanen , in*li<pula ide, ar.d a bating
lulerc-sis o| Hie laigeand populous StH^cs, and
induce Uieir Repre*eii'a live* to indulge the
s nail Msie* with a general ticket lep'^srutH
uo ' at trie expense **l the relative weigh' ami
io(i vnce of Hieir own consulueiils, the $e*u.l
Can i*e no o»her Ilian to introduce inequality
of privilege between the constituent conlede
raies «>| uns Union; and Hie inevitable con
sequence of a ruut'tintd p*achc*l eieiClseni
Mien in-qua! mil be mutual irrit;*i**n, alien •
aliuii, a mi disgU',1. tdi me large State* w ill a
(b»i»t the general lukei rep«e*eutaiiou il.ein
Neive*. anil merge in tne tl »*m nun.h*r> ad
me ml!iieuce of me sunder .-nates
Shllll-ir CUMidefi I l*ui*. tile Ibesnleiit stJie*
have operated with linn m regard io llie rr;*
rc'enunon ol lracnons exceeding Hint) turn
S I ltd.
But i is { ratmei.tol ihiscohstiiiiiion;il dnnht
is <ii ikiugiy ditfeient from i|hi whicn lie ne
stows o.i ihe tliHinl with regard in ihe manda
tory cImc icier "I til- section pie*cri ungtle -
iion t>y single districts Tiu* argument of me
President on the li-si doubt is against ilie pro*
vision mi the law. and consMj'iriitiy agatmt
Hit law; the argument on die >e«*oud douut
is in f. vor of i fie Inll. (fi ill is case, the d-njK
had exisu d from the f umd i ion of tne Gov
ernment; i had always fiHherio been |<»u nl
insnr n>hi oah'e Bn1 now, me Pmsi lent, wu »
had heretofore voted againstM as uuCMisf itu
iiotnl, finds if recommending 11>eIf as ap
proaching nea»er to conslmiimij «jequality tfiaii
;i nv com iion divisor to the elime poputa lion of
MCh Sia*e, which had tmreloj'o.e been dee n
pd indispensable. As there is no prospect of
;inv practical opposition to tne lull execution
d ihis provision of ihe law. an exposition of
reason* for approving and signing li e tud con
taining i» appears to the couiiintlre de-slmi e
itsell not only of reason, hut even of pMUsihic
f>re fence
I he President conclude* bv observing (hit,
in approving the hifl, he fl liters himself that
a disposition will he perceived on his part !•»
roncede to ifie opinions of Congress in a mat*
ter"which may con luce to Hie good of :ne
joontrv ant) fhe stall,lily of ns in>iilouoris,
upon which fits own opinion is not clear and
fended This repealed p olession id ueier
?nce for the npm ous ol emigres* would he
•eivfii with <inre re<|,ec-,l*^', BCceftai,«, l»ul.
for roi^nilimacon • | cx|J|C
’.viner’s real .eiilmienis towrarii il't* Le^n.a
lure of ,jie Union, a•!dressed not ?o them, OuL
r<* private individuals and convivial asstm
blies, and hy them p traded iurif; in the public
journal* of ihe daily press to the world It
would also ne better entitled to die credit o!
sincerity* hut/or tbe countervailing compli*
nient to tbe respecta bility nl opinion against
the constitutionality of’ the bill, thereby in
dicating and fomenting that lacttous re*i*t
ince to tbe execution o| Hie most important
provision of tbe law, of which Hie ’uu npet
jas been aiready sounded in t woof Hie States,
ind v.Vh threatens a Conflict at t/ie organi
sation of Bits (louse tn the nex« Congress, to
a Inch no friend to the peace and harmony o(
he Union can look forward but with tuelan
iholy foreboding.
i he com mi i tee consider me act ot me rres
ifent, notified f>y him to the House ol Uepre
emstiv*^ in his meS'3ge of Uie 25th ultimo,
is unauthorized by ihe Constitution and laws
d the United States, pernicious tn it* imtnedi
ie operation,and imminently dangerous m
is tendencies. They belive it to he ihe <iu
y of the Hou-e to protest against it, ami tu,
►lace upon their journal an earnest remote
trance against its ever being again repeat
'd. They report, thcrelore, the lot loving res*v
Resolved, That the House of ’itepresenta
ive consider the act ot the Prudent of me
Jniied Stales notified to them t*y fiiessa^e
f the 25th ultimo, viz his ca aamg to he de
bited in the office of the Secretary of Sure,
vith the act of Congress Entitled “An act for
n apportionment of Representatives animg
he several States according to the six th Gen
us,” approved ac,d signed hy him, an expord
ion o! his reasons lor giving to the said act
us sanction, as unwarianted by the Conswu
ion and lawjt of the Untied States, injurious
o the public interest, and of evil example for
he future; and this Hoiue do hereby solemnly
roiest against the 3aid act of the President,
nd against its ever being repeated or adduced
s a precedent hereafter.

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