OCR Interpretation

Alexandria gazette. [volume] (Alexandria, D.C.) 1834-1974, January 03, 1843, Image 2

Image and text provided by Library of Virginia; Richmond, VA

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85025007/1843-01-03/ed-1/seq-2/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

. * * , * . ! .
The ALEXANDRIA GAZETTE, for the coun
* trv; is printed on Monday, Wednesday, and
* Friday. * V . f
The Country Paper (tri-weekly} is furnished for
$5 per annum—pay able in advance.
Subscription—the Daily Paper is fur nisi wd at >8
per annum—payable halt yearly.
* No subscription is received fiom tike country, un
less accompanied by the casfc or by a respon
• sible name.
Tuesday mohmnu, iantvry 3.
Examination of Witnesses.
James W. Wales, sworn by the president, tes
tified as follows:—1 was purser's steward on"
board tlie Somers, in her late eruise. I w as in
formed, on the night of the :25th of November
last, of an intended mutiny on board that vessel.
1 was standing forward, b\ the bitts, w hen Mr.
Spencer came forward, and, after some few re
marks relative to. the weather, requested me to
get on top of the. booms, telling meat the same
. time that he had something vtry important to com
municute lo me. 1 accordingly got on top of the
booms with him, and lie commenced the conver
sation by asking me, “if 1 was afraid off death.” 1
was.then alone with him. “Was I afraid of death
—and did 1 fear a dead man, and dare 1 kill a per
son,” were the questions be asked me. I w as ve
ry much surprised at these remarks, and looked
up to see‘It he was in earnest; 1 found that he
was very serious and \ery nluch in earnest in
what he said. • 1 replied that 1 was not particu
larly anxious to die quite \ct, that 1 had no cause
to fear a dead person, and that, did a man suffi
ciently abuse or insult me, i thought 1 could mus
ter sufficientcourage to kill him if necessary. Mr.
Spencer replied, “1 don't doubt your courage at
all; I know it.” “But,”.said he, “can you keep
a.secret, and will you keep cue.*" “If so,” he
added, “take the cath.”
He then dictated, an cath, of which 1 cannot re
• collect tfie whole; but the purport of it was that
1 should never make known to any person the
conversation which was about to take place be
tween us. 1 took the oath as directed by Mr.
Spencer. The oath was merely administered by
word of mouth, no hiblc being used. He then
w ent on to state that he was leagued with about
twenty of the brig's company to take her, murder
all her officers, and commence pirating.
The plan and stations.of the men, he said, he
had all arranged in secret writing, done up in his
neck handkerchief. Me requested me to feel of
his nee le-h and kerchief. ! did so and there was a
.rumpling which showed that there was paper in
the back part of it. He went on to state to me
the plan he should jnirsue. The affray would
commence some night win n he had* the mid
watch. Some of his men would get into a fight
on the forecastle. He (Spencer) was to bring
them up to the maM and call Mr. Kogcrs, the of
ficer of the deck, t<> pretend to settle the diffi
As scon as Mr. Rogers had g«>i b> the gangway
they were immediately to >eize ami throw Kirn
overboard. They wou'd then have the vc»ol in
their own possession. The keys of the arm chest,
tie sai<l, he could tax hi" hand" On at any moment.
The arm chest was to be opened and the arms
distribut d to his men. .lie was then to station
his men at the hatches to pn vent any one from
coming up on dock, and he should proceed to the
cabin and murder the commander with tin* least
noise |>ossiblc. Me should then proceed xvitti
some of his men to the w ard room; then murder
the ward-n*om and steerage otliccis. Me stated
that the officers had no arms in the ward room
with the exception of the First Lieutenant, and
nil the arms that he had there was an old cutlass,
which he should secure betore lilt affray com
This accomplished, he said he should go on deck,
and have the two after gun" slewed around sous to
command, from a raking position, the deck. Me
would then cause all the crew to he called undock,
and select & number from them such as would suit
his purposes; the remainder lie should cause to he
thrown overboard. (The words 4*suit his pur
poses” were the very ones he usod.f This dune,
lie should commence’clearing the deck, beginning
by throwingoverhoard the launch and all the spare
spurs and rigging of the vessel, as they only tend
ed to lumber up the deck; that should they stand
in need of any spare spars or*rigging, tliey could
take them from vessels that they would capture.
This done, the brig’tvas to proceed to Capo San
Antonio, or to the Isle of Linos ai^i thero take on
board one who teas JinnUiur with tin ir inknded bus
iness, and who was wady and willing In join (lit n;.
The name of this per-on \yi" not mentioned, l’his
done, they were to commence «*nu>ing tor prizes;
that whenever they took a vessel, after taking
from her that which would be of U"t* to tfirm,
they were to murder all on board and scuttle (lie
vessel, so as to leave no traces of her. Should
there be any females on board of the vessels they
would take, they w ould have them removed to the
brig for the use of the officers and men—using
them as long as they saw tit, and then making
away with them.
Spencer then called up Elisha Small, seaman
on board. He came and stood by the railing, but
did not get upon the booms. (This was before 1
made any reply to what he said—becauso l could
not reply.) He commenced talking to him in Span
ish, but l could not tell what they were talking a
bout, as 1 did not understand the language. Small
looked surprised, however, at xvh.it be told him. J
saw Small’s face very plainly. Spencer then re
marked to Small, in English, 4iO. you need not
be under any apprehension or tear on his (witnes
s's) account, as 1 have sounded him pretty well
;iad find he is one of us.” Small seemed pleased,
and remarked that he was “very glad to hear it."
Small was then called away to execute some or
der. Before going, Spencer told him that he
(Spencer^ should have the mid-watch‘that night,
and wished to havo. somc farther conversation w ith
him (Small) relative to their plans; and desired
Small to,“sce.tlu? foretop-man" meantime. [Me
did not name him.] . %
Small then left. Spencer made overtures to
me, saying that ii I would join them he would
give me the post of third officer in command. Me
then went on to state that the commander had a
large amount of money on board. This, he said,
with what the purser had, w >uld mane a pretiy
little sum to commence with. He then a<ked me
• what I thought of the project. 1 thought it pru
dent to dissemble as much a* possible in order to
• gain further information and told him that l wm>
favorably disposed toward it. My duty then cull
ed me a wav. • Spencer remarked that we would
have another interview on rhe morrow when he
would show me the plan he had drawn up. He
followed me to the gangw ay, saying that it l lisp
ed a syllable of what he had communicated to me1
1 should be murdered; that i! he did not dp it him
self those connected with him would; that go
where 1 might my lifewould not he worth a straw.
I said*>4No, T would not make any mention ot it.’ ,
This conversation lasted upwardsof an hour—near-;
Iv two hours. It w as contrary to the rule* of the
snip to sit ou t he booms at all; wr were on the
centre, out of sight. I recollect no other part of
the conversation which occurred th;m.
I took the first opportunity that l could to make
file matter known to Commander Mackenzie.— ^
It was about !> o'clock at night when l left Dir
Speaoer, and went below to turn in. It w as very
lijht—moonlight, 1 think, though 1 will not be
sure. 1 proceeded a* far n* the cabiu. intending
, i
to communicate the intelligence to Commander
: Mackenzie,-but l observed that Small was watch
ing me ^closely. Seeing this, 1 turned back and j
though* Twould try io get mto the wardroom, but
I there X was again pqt off’; for* Spencer pat up his
head ambwahted to know “‘What (he devil 1 >Vas
about, cruising around there, ” or something to
that amount. Spacer’s hammock was hung right
over the wardroom door, and to reach the door I
had to pass by it l made no reply, but pretended
to be getting'into'thc purser’s storeroom. 1 then
j went on the firstdeek again. About an hour after
* I went again to the steerage, and found Spencer
, still awake. 1 had returned there with the inten
tion of getting into the wardroom. I saw' that
the lights were out. and that the wardroom gen
tlemen had ret ilred. • .
I then let the matter rest till looming, but did
uot go to sleep, though I tried. In the morning,
as soon as l could get in, before breakfast, (about
7 o’clock I should think,) 1 communicated the
matter to Purser Heiskell, and then tventondeck
and told the first lieutenant that the purser wisii
cd to see him immediately in the ward room. I
merely gave the purser to understand that there
was a mutiny on trot, and wished him to get it to
the commander as* soon ns possible. 1 condens
ed Spencer’s statement,and w ent up to the First
Lieutenant of my own accord,* for fear the purser
would neglect it. 1 was watched as closely as
possible by Small, Cromwell, Wilson, McKinley
and Spencer, and tl ere fore kept out of the way
of the officers as much as possible.* 'These men 1
frequently noticed clubbing together, and 1 be
lieve tiny knew I was nlayingthem false. I had
no farther interview with Spencer, though l en
( doavored Jo do so. Ife was eontimi illy engaged
with the forecastle man, Pvnjantin, F. Green, on
the foretop, so that I could not see him. Spencer
was arrested on the* evening of the 2fith Novem
4>er. I could get no chance previously to talk
w itb him. Gjvcii was an apprentice .on board.—
Spencer w as put in irons, and w as immediately
asked if such a thing had occurred.
. Previous to the arrest of i\ r. Spencer, 1 had
heard nothing from any of*the other men, nor had
seen any thing to implicate them after my conver
sation with Spencer; ‘though 1 had on the iihth
seen him talking with Cromw ell, Small, Neville,
Wilson and McKinley, near the Jacob’s ladder.
They were all collected together;! was on the
gangway, and could hear none of their conversa
tion, which nous carried on in the usual tone.
i saw Commander Mackenzie and Spence r to
gether on the quarter deck just previous to Spen
cer's arrest. The conversation with occurred
between them, >o far as l can recollect, was this;
'The commander told him that lie understood he
(Spencer) a>pircd to the command <>i that 1 essel;
and that he did not know how he could accom
plish his object except by ruling over the dead
bodies of her officers. I beard nothing more nl
the conversation except that Mr. Spencer said
‘Yes, sir,'and then I was sent away to attend to
getting out some irons. That w as all of the con
versation 1 heard. I brought up the irons on
deck. \fter they wa re brought up no conversa
tion took plain*. S|xileer's sword was taken
away, and the irons put upon him, to which he
appeared willingly to submit. At the time the
, irons were put on, some of tlie officers were on
the quarter deck. ’The men were at quarters;
the officers were all called out; and some ot the
men—1 do not recollect who they were—were
stationed at the guns. After he was ironed,
Spencer was taken to the larbeard arm-chest.—
This was about t> o'clock, I think—the time lor
cveniiiiT uuarters. Mr. Siu-necr was then alone.
Alter lliis, l observed dissatisfaction among the
men. When an order was given it bad to be re
peated several times, and even then they obeyed
it sullcnlx, as if Uit v did notcaiea tarthnig whe
ther the order was executed oi not. Cromwell,
whose hammock was slung i \t to mine, was
called by some otlicer to go on deck, ant! went
muttering—-but 1 could not understand what lie
said. The s^imc evening l observed \\ ilson, Mc
Kiiil* \ and three or four others collected on the
forecastle talking together; and when the< Hirers
went toward then thev would separate and goto
other parts of tlic ship. I heard nothing at all of
tin i! conversation. A[othing else occurred that
night, to my knowledge.
The next day 1 noticed nothing suspicious in
the conduct of the men, except that they wore
surly about d >ing their duty. This surliness w as
general among the men. I think that on that day
Cromwell amt Small were put in irons, though !
will not not he sure.
\ftcr these three wa re in irons 1 saw that the
Clew was dis >rderiv. Iri tin* morning, whi'e holy
stoning the deck, 1 being otlieer over the prison
er^, 1 observed signs passed between Spencer,
Wilson and McKinley; they put their hands to
their chins and Cromwell, who was lying on the
arm chest, rose up.
I told him m\ onhra.were to shoot him d«»wn,
and i should do so it fie did not he still, lie lay
down. 1 then went back with mv pistol cocked,
to the launch, where W ilson \. as poking about,
and found that he had a numb* rot the Loly-ftopes
and that he was taking out a hand-spik** I told
him that if I saw him m dvij'g any farther signs 1
would blow’ his brains not. He -aid nothing, did
- not put the hand-spike hack, but went to draw
some water. I put the hand-spike hack my sell.
1 expressed my tears to Commander .Mackenzie
and the first lieutenant, telling them that I thought
it dangerous to leave tin’ holy-stones about, as
thev might hi' easily used I went-to the com
mander to tell him this. While Spencer was in
irons, near the battle-axe rack, l observed him
tcvinghowhe could work one—mov ing the axe
up and down. Cromwell and Small were at this
time confined. Alter 1 told this to the first lieu
tenant he told it to tin* commander, and the hat
tie-axes were removed to the arm-chest.
That morning Wilson, McKinley, McKee au<I
Green missed their muster, and congregated round
the stern of the launch. The next day, at morn
ing quarters, they came forward and made some
acknowledgement; they were then put in irons;
it was then it o’clock. After they were put in
irons 1 could see that the men and hoys were still
surly,Jhey went to work, when orders were given
w ith evident dissatisfaction. I heard nothing said
among them, how ever. This dissatistaction ke pt
on till the execution, vvhen the w hole feeling chan
ged. Those who before had been slow to exe
cute an order, were, after that, the first to run to
obey it. After the arrest of Spencer, and previ
ous to the execution, this dissatisfaction was evi
dently on the increase—so much so as to be per
ceptible from day to day. More than halt the
crew, 1 should think, exhibited it.
! was present at the time of the execution, 1
did m>t hear any conversation between Comman
der Mackenzie and Spencer and ( romw ell,though
l heard him ask Small to forgive Spencer Small
sat at the gangway. Spencer said, “Small, 1 hope
you w ill forgive me Small replied, “Mr. Spen
cer, how can von ask me that when you ha\e
brought me to this ?” Commander Mackenzie
said to Small, “Don’t go out of the w orld with any
hard feelings at your heart—forgive him.’ Small
replied, “Since you request it, sir, 1 forgive him."
Small then bade Lieut. Gansevoort farewell.—
Commander Mackenzie said, “Small, wliat ha\c
you against me that you will not shake hands with
me and bid me gouul bye Small said, ‘ Nothing
sir, only I did not think that you would shake
hands with a poor fellow like me and bid him
irood bve ” He reached .out his hand, shook t hat
of Commander Mackenzie very, cordially, and
bade him farewell.
I heard Small sav, looking up to the flag, “God
bless that flag!” lie was then addressing hK ship
mates* having asked permission to do So'of the
commander, which had readily been granted him.
1 cannot recollect the words of his address, though
1 heard him warn them from his fate ; and heard
him sav that his sentence was right and just, and
that it was right that lie should die. He then!
looked up and said, “God bless that flag!” and
asked Mr. Spencer if he was ready to die, saying
“/am.”' Spencer made no reply at all. He had
permission to give the order to fljre the signal gun,
but waited some time, not being able to no so.
Previous to this, Commander Mackenzie told
riie that Spencer wished tospeak with me. I wert
up to him, and he said to me, “Mr. Wales, I >m- ,
cere tv hojx' that you will forgive me tor tamper
ing with vour fidelity.1 —-(’ommauder Mackenzie
was standing by his side—1 replied that 1.did, and
hoped that Gm! would forgive him. He then
shock my hand and said farewell. I had no othe.fa
conversation with either of them. *
• While we were at Mcsurado,. going ashore in
the boat, on the 11 th of November, Spencer was
officer Cf the boat, and l was with him. 1 believe
Mr. Rogers was also in the boat, though l am not
sure. The commander had told Spencer before
he got into the boat that he was not in uniform-—
He was just going into the boat as this was said.
He muttered some reply, hijt I could not hear
what it was. After vve had got sc me 20 or 30
yards from the brig the captain hailed us and ask
ed if we had the American ensign in the boat.—
Spencer replied that he had not got it, and added,
(not however, so that the captain could hear) that
he'd “be G—d d—d if lie was going back after it
either, toy thed—d old humbug. Go to h—11.”—
He continued cursing all the way to shore—
though 1 cannot call to mind the particular ex
pressions'that he used. 1 think MeKinly was in
the boat,mid Gohhng also—though I am not sure.
This was the second cutter. This was all that
took place at that time. Spencer’s n marks seem
ed to please the crew. . * *
About two weeks before t! e rove lation ot the
mutiny was made, while hoi ml from Mcsurado to
St. Thomas,Mr. Spencer having tlic w atch on deck
(thou ;h 1 do not recollect the day or the place
of th * vessel,) Mr. Rogers sung < ut to let go
some brace. Spencer was ta king with l rom
well, [who was boatswain’s mate ( I the watch,]
•and some others of the crew. None ot them
paid any attention to, the order. Mr. Ro
gers ca1 led out aimin' and again. They paid no
attention.* Mr. Roirers then came forward and
gave the order himself. [I was forward standing
by the Jacob’s ladder. They were as near Mr.
Rogers as 1 was and coYd hear as well.] (’apt.
Mackenzie, w ho w as on deck, noticed it, and sent
for Spencer to come aft. 1 did not 1 car the con
versation between them, but when Spencer came
forward he was muttering curses against the com
mander. . '
I nskeil hiu:—“Spencer, what’s the matter ?”
Said he, “the ecmmander says 1 don’t pay atten
tion to my duty, end urges me to pay better atten
tion hereafter. G-—dd—n him, I’d like some of
these da* k nights to catch him on the top of that
round-house, and plunge him overboard. It would
be a pleading ta*k for me, and (he muttered be
tween his teeth) G—d d—n him, Vll doit yet.” I
made no rep’y, he w ent forward and began talking
with some of the men—four or five. 1 went below.
I di 1 not repeat this language to any of the offi
cers. I have had frequent conversations with
Spencer on general subjects, but no others which
would throw' light on the matter. 1 did not know
a‘ the time that these w ere mutinous expressions.
(Mher officers weie near, and must have heard his
> 1 * A._ 4 1. k«d A 4 i OkO
► 'pCIHCI HUM a pillule mim
limp. Once the purser called the trysail the
mainsail, and they had quite a dispute about it.—
Spencer brought out a picture ot a brig, with a
Mark flag flying at the peak. He made no re
marks at that time or any othi r to me about the
picture or tho color ot the flag.
At Madeira, whim we were getting under
weigh, (Yomwell spoke against ■ C ommutider
Mackenzie, ( apt. M. asked why some rigging
had not been attended to. Cromwell was sta
tu ned forward andCapt. M. went aft. Cromwell
then said he “did not care a d--n about the
rigimg; (’apt. Mackenzie was desirous ot getting
too mudi work out ol the crew*; that there was
no necessity of getting under way that night at
all,” at the same time wishing the “commander,
and the brig farther in hell than they were out.”
This he said loud enough to he heard by all for
ward. Several of the officers were forward at
the time, but in the hurry of getting under way
paid no attention to it. Shortly after we left
New York, CromwcJJ, while giving some money
to tin* sergeant of marines to take care of, told
me that Spencer had given him $15; he men
tioned u<> purpose, though he said something a
[unit its being a “pretty good present.”
Spencer also drew* some $15 or $20 worth of
tobacco ;md cigars during the cruise, which he
distributed to the crew*—the tobacco rather to
the bovs than the men. He gave Cromwell a
bunch or two of cigars at one time, and also to
Small. 1 saw him give m >ney to Small at Santa
Cruz, w hile going ashore. I saw two silvcr-pic
c< >, tho(g;h i could not sec how much there was.
I have seen Spencer give Crecii and Van Velchcr
a pound of tobacco at a time, and to others small
er amounts. 1 recollect uo other conversation
or facts that would throw any light upon the mu
The president informed Commander Macken
zie that he had the privilege of cross-examining
the witness, hy questions in writing, to he ap
proved iy the Court. He handed the following
q. I>id you ever hear Cromwell speak of his
wile r
//. | have. Two or three days after we were
out we had a heavy g le. Cromwell came
down and began to speak about friends at home.
He spoke of his wife in a very light manner
fora man who hud just been married, at ieast.
[The words he used indicated that he cared no
thing for her chastity while was gone.]
The Judge Advocate ohjei ted to the ques
tion, and asked wliv Com. Ma-'kenzic wished to
ask it.
Com. Mackenzie said it w as merely to coun
teract any. feeling of sympathy that might be
si tight to he drawn from his wife and family.
'Hie Judge Advocate said that purpose was al
ready sufficiently answered.
<1 Was it not on tie* occasion of your inter
view with Spencer on the booms, that he com
plained of Commander Mackenzie’s treat
%/. He did sav something about it then, though
I do not remember what. He said, I believe, that
Capt. M. was proud of his command.
Q. Did Mr. Spencer state that the pistols al
luded to in his conversation on the booms were
.7. He did, and also n musket.
q. | )id you bear Mr. Spencer make any remark
about dead men telling no tales."
j}. l did. He said that bis motto was “dead
men tell no tales.” He alluded to this in connec
tion with what be said <>t scuttling vessels that he
might capture.
if^. Was anything said about “small fry” and
“eating biscuit” in that conversation!
.7. Yes, sir. He said that they would eat
considerable, and that he would make them
walk the plank; they would lie useless on
hoard. He meant the small hoys—tfie smaller
apprentices. .There were some, very small on
(}. What effect, it any, did Mr. Spencers re
mark about throwing Com. Mackenzie overboard
have upon the crew ?
,7. It rather pleased them. 1 saw smiles upon
the faces of seven! of them; Cromw ell and Small
were among them.
Commander Mackenzie said that the officer* of
the Somers h id been charge.1 in the official jour
nal, in an article supposed to have been written
by the Secretary of Wav, with harshness and
cruelty, and a-ked if there was no way of show
ing that* this was untrue. He wished to a^k the
witness a question concerning it.
The Court said that no notice could i»c taken of
Com. Mackenzie -said that the source from
which it was supposed to have come was so high
that he wished to notice it.
The Court s ii«l that it must be regarded as only ;
a newspaper report, and that it did not come
w ithin the scope of the inquiry.
The judge advocate thought a question might
be put which would answer the purpose of Corn
minder Mackenzie. The question as at first i
handed in was therefore modified as follow s:
Q. What w as the conduct of Commander Mac
kenzie generally during the difficulty on the So
mers? .
,7. He appeared to labor under no fear, was!
humane, and did every thing he could for the
comfort of the prisoners. #
Commander Mackenzie said he would waive j
these questions altogether, as he only wished to
a-k them to meet a particular case, which he w as 1
not allowed to do.
The following question was then aiknved:
(7. During the continuance of the difficulty on
board the 8 >mers.-*Hd yon observe any conduct in
! Commander Mackenzie exhibiting unmanly fear,
| a despotic temper, or any quality unbecoming a.
commanding officer and a gentleman: *
*7. (With much energy and dee is ion 0 NO! i
Sir, I did not.
Q. Judge • idooutfitc— Oil) Spcneertell you where
■ he was tocmisc after-turning pirate ?
.7, He did not. He said he would cruise where
| ever he could pick up the1 most prizes.
I After making up the record of proceedings the
Court adjourned. * t
Four miles Northwest from Middleburg, Loudoun ,
County, Vu.
IN this Institution are taught the Latin, and j
Greek Languages; Spelling, Beading, Writ
ing, English Grammar, Composition, Elocution,
Geography and Astronomy, with the uset)f the
Globes; History, Arithmetic, Book-keeping, Al- ■
gebra, Geometry, Mensuration, Logarithems,
Trigonometry, Theory and Practice of Survey
ing, &c., as connected with the duties of a civil
Engineer; Mechanical* and Architectural Draw
ings. - • .' ' . ' . . 4 -
The Institution is furnished with a cabinet of
Minerals, and other specimens of Natural Ilisto- ;
rv, a good library, Maps, Globes. Diagrams and
j Charts; Models of Locomotive and stationary
i Steam Engines, tho principles of which, or - fa
I miiiarly explained a large collection of Pliilo
| sophical and Chemical Apparatus ; an excellent
! Turning Lathe, and a variety of 'Pools.
Full courses of Lectures arc given to the Stu
i dents, on—
Meehan its, Magnetism,
Hydrostatics, Astronomy,
I lyd ran lies. Geology,
Pneumatics, Mineralogy,
Optics, Botany,
Acoustics, Chemistry,
Electricity, Anatomy,
Galvanism, &c. &.c
The School Year consists of forty-four weeks,
| and is divided into two sessions of tw'cnty-two
i weeks each. The next session will commence
1 on the 2d January, 1843 ; and the business of the
| Institution will be continued under the manage
I merit of Benjamin H. Boston, whose indefatiga
! hie assiduity and successful exertions in the cause
! of Education, are well known to the public.
Terms—Board and Lodging $44 per session.
Arithmetic, Grammar *
and Geography, 8 “ “
Algebra, Geometry', &c, 10 “ u
Latin and Greek, Hi “ “
Drawing (an extra charge) 10 “ il
; A student may enter the Institution* at any
i time, but in all cases to remain until the close ol
1 the existing term. Should he leave before that
: time no deduction can he made, cxcopting in
case of sickness.
Each student should have all his clothing mark
ed with his name in full.
A continuance of public patronage, is respect
fully solicited by THE TRUSTEES.
Loudoun County, Va ,—nov 8—eo3m
rriHE undersigned has just received from New <
X York, Philadelphia and Baltimore, a large 1
and very splendid assortment of Stoves, among
which are Hall, Radiators, and other parlour 1
Stoves, of beautiful finish and workmanship.— <
Also, Cast Iron and other Grates of the most i
modern style ; together with a variety of cook- <
| ing and Ten plate Stoves—all of which he is en- I
! aided to sell at the lowest northern prices, FOR i
i CASH. i
; oct 11 —eotf RICHARD HILL. <
THE subscribers have on hand, and continue {
to manufacture, STOVES of the latest and j
I most approved patterns. These, together with a y
| general assortment of Copper, Tin, and Sheet
j Iron ware, they offer for sale, wholesale and re- j
| tail. Also, at shortest notice, Roofing, Gutter- ,.
ing, Cooking utensils, Stove pipes, Engine Pipes, J
Edge Tools, Ship and other Smith work, as usual, t
repairing of Stoves, &c., in the most durable y
! manner, at their Factory, North side of the y
I lower end of King street, nearly opposite rhe j
I Custom House.
FOR SALE.—SHEET IRON by the Ton, ,
Hundred, or less quantity at Northern Prices. ]
dee 31—eotf ISAAC KELL & SONS. <
l .
JOHN T. EVANS, respectfully informs his {
customers of the town and country, that he (
lias just received tlie largest assortment of -
HATS and CAPS offered for sale in this market, ’ j
and, at the most reduced prices, wholesale and g
retail, such as »*
Men and Hoys' Cloth Caps 11
do do do do Fur trimmed j;
do do Silk and Cotton velvet do y
do do Sealette Caps ♦
Infants’ Silk Velvet do j
Fine Otter and Seal do (
Men and Roys’ good Fur Caps for $1; also a ^
large assortment of Hats, sucii as Cassimere, i
Russia, Moleskin, short nap Reave 1: very good t
Russia and Silk Hats for £ood F lr Hats for (
$1,25, y
Also, a large assortment of Ladies’ Muffs and \
Swans-down. Fur skins for Ladies’ and Gen- .
tlcmcns Cloaks. ,
1 will sell the above goods, for less than they r
can be had in the District for cash. Call and see, (
All those that have accounts of long standing ^
are respectfully requested to call and settle them, ,
or they will he put in the hands of an officer, I j
am in hopes I will not he paid off hy any more t
Bankrupt Notices. r
oct 2U—eo3m JOHN T. EVANS.
! 1
ROCKY Island, Clementine Cuvier, Bcncvo- j
lent Merchant, Persecuted Family and He- s
len of the Glen, by Pollock, author of the “Course • y
of Time;” Life in the Wilds and The Hill and v
Valley, by 1 larriett Martineau; Christian Offering, \
Sinner’s Friend, the Golden Vase, with handsome f|
engravings, by Mrs. Gould ; Parley’s Magazine y
for 1842; World Displayed; Life a Journey by y
Topladz and the Christian Pilgrim, by President
Edwards; Col. Gardner; a Choice Drop of Ho- y
ney, Christ is Ail, Gems of Wisdom, Christian’s 0
Pattern, The Living Tree, One thing is needful, a
Anecdotes illustrating the power of religion n a
the mind, Dr. Hawker’s Christian Traveller,: s
Baxter's Counsel to Youth, Now or Never, Life y
of Agnes Beaumont, Sabbath School Teacher t.
-judged: Infant Library, parts 1,2, 3 Hi 4; Back- |(
biting, Promising and Performing, Memoir of ^
Martha, by J. A. James, Memoir of Robert L. u
Johnson, Prophet’s Guard and Little Wanderer; \
; by Wilberforcc; Pictures and Stories for Chil
dren, The Rnshbcaring, Memoir of John Cotton,,
A mother’s Journal, Loss of the Kent East In- t
diaman, Adventures of a French Soldier, The a
Pious Shephard, Motherless Ellen, The Ten j
Commandments Explained, Scenes of Early Life, a
by Jane Taylor, the Pious Sister, Mother’s Gar- v
land for her children, Sorrows of a Rover, Ad- u
vice to the Teens, Surprising Conversions, Last t
Hours, Tales of Egy pt, French Peasant, Female a
Characters, ^Temperance Meetings, Morning of <>
Life, Teacher’^(Rsits, the Golden Clue, by Mrs. j
SI lenvood; John Watson, Wealthy Farmers; Mr*.
Leslie, Scotish Loom Boy, Young Inquirers; a
Frost’s Lessons on Things, American Popular /
Lessons, Hie. For sale bv . r
dec 30 - BELL k ENTWISLE. t
4 FI LL supply of Appleton's Tales for jhc v.
people and their children; Library for r
Young Countrymen, containing Captain Smith a
and Captain Hudson, and Miniature Classical ‘ r
Library—the cheapest Books published in the j
countrv. Just received and for sale bv
dec 30 BELL & EN1 WlSLE. |
GALLONS Bleached i •' t
O'JUU and Unbleached Sperm [ OIL. v
6000 gallons Winter Elephant ) * *r
100 boxes Sperm Candles t
Received per schr Hope & Susan, fra/n Nan- $
tucket, for sale bv # g i
dec 24 ‘ LAMBERT & McKKNJE J
' _:* t
' . OK siM TII C tliOl.lS «,
kn Senate, •/ng/t.s/, M4 -•—Oa tin* Ire ify ol \\ ash- ;
Mr. C\LHO!\\ said Lfial liis object in rising ,
was not to advocate or oppose the treaty, but sim- j
ply to state the reasons that would govern him in '
voting for its ratification. The question, accord- j
ing to bis conception, was not wilier it was all
we could desire, or whether it w as liable to this
or that objection ; hut whether it was such a one *
that, under all the circuinstances of the case, it
would be most advUaWe to adopt or reject. Thus '
regarded, it was his intention to state fairly the !
reasons in favor of and against its ratification; and j
to assign to each its proper weight, beginning j
with the portion relating to the Northeastern 1
boundary, the settlement of w hich was the imme
diate and promfhent object of the negotiation. *
He was one of those who had not the slightest
doubt that the boundary for which the State ofj
Maine contended was the true one as established
by the treaty of peace in 17S3; and had according
ly so recorded his vote, after a deliberate investi
edition of the subject. But, although such was
it is opinion, lie did not doubt, at the time that the
boundary could only be settled by a compromise,
line. W e had admitted it to be doubtful at an j
earlv period during the Administration of Wash
iiigtcin; and more recently and explicitly, by stip
ulating to submit it to the arbitration of a friendly
power, bv the treaty o( Ghent. 1 he doubt, thus
admitted on our part to exist, had been greatly
strengthened by the award of the King of Hol
land, w ho had been mutually selected as the ar
biter under the treaty. So strong, indeed, was
his (Mr. C.’s) impression that the dispute could
only he settled by a compromise or conventional
line, that he said to a friend in the then Cabinet,
(when an appropriation was made a few' year
since for a special mission to be sent to England
on the subject of the boundary, and his name,
among others, wras mentioned for the place,) that
the question could only be settled by compromise ;
and for that purpose, sofce distinguished citizen
of the section ought to be selected; and neither he
nor any other Southern man, ought to be thought
of. With the>e previous impressions, he was pre
pared, when the negotiation opened, to expect, if
it succeeded in adjusting the difficulty, it would
be (as it has been) on a compromise line. .Not
withstanding, when it was first announced that
the line agreed on included a considerable portion
af the territory lying to the west of the line awar
ded 1>y the King of Holland, he was incredulous,
and expressed himself strongly against it. His
first impression was, perhaps, the more strongly
against it, from the fact that he had fixed on the
river St. John, from the mouth of Eel river, tak
ing the St. Francis branch (the one. selected In
die King of Holland) as the natural and proper
compromise boundary, including in our limits all
:he portion of the disputed territory lying north of
Eel river, and west and south of the St. John, ut
love injunction, and all the other within that of
"Irent Britain. On a little reflection, however, he
xsolved not to form his opinion of the merits or i
lemerits of the treaty on rumor or imperfect in- \
brmation; but to wait until the whole subject was <
jrought before the Senate officially, and then to ;
nake it upon full knowledge of all the facts and .
•ireumstances after deliberate and mature reflec- i
ion; and that he hurl done fo with the utmost care 1
md impartiality. What he now proposed was, to •
ijvc the result, with the reasons on which it rests, <
md which would govern his vote on the ratifica- 1
ion. <
He still believed that the boundary which he 1
lad fixed in his own mind, was the natural and \
>roperone; but, as that could not be obtained, the <
inestion for them to decide was, Arc the objec- 1
ions to the boundary as actually agreed on. and 1
he stipulations connected witb it, such as ought t
o cause its re jection ? In deciding it, it must be 1
)orne in mind that, as far as this portion of the r
)oimdary is concerned, it is a question belonging » I
nuch more to the State ot Maine than to the t
Jnion. It is. in truth, but the boundary of that >
State; and it makes a part of the boundary of the »
Jnited States, only by being the exterior bounda- <
y of one of die States of our Federal Union. It t
s her sovereignty and soil that are in dispute, ex- !
:cpt the portion of the latter that still remains in (
Massachusetts; and it belongs in the lirst place to t
icr, and .h>Massachusetts, a< far as her right ol s
oil is involved, to say what their rights and in- t
crests are, and what is required to be done. The f
est of the Union is bound todefend them in their <;
■ >,.4 /. U ! 4 .-v 4/\ 1 a . I k r\ 4 i I » / i \ - »V»U\f I h4 » /■
ur*c v iami. ami iw in tw uui/ * * J J '
billing to assent to in settling the claim in con- J
est, if there should be nothing in it incoiois- v
ent with the interest, honor, or safety of tin* rest t
»f the Union. It is so that the controversy ha* a
ver been regarded. It is well known that c
’resident Jackson would readily have agreed to s
he award of the King of 1 Lolland, had not Maine i
ibjected ; and that to overcome her objection, he (
vas prepared to recommend to ( ’ongtw; t<» give <i
ler, in order to get her consent, one million ol {<
icres of the public domain, worth, at the minim- h
im price, a million and a quarter of dollars.— r
['he ease is now reversed. Maine and Massa- v
husetts have both assented to the stipulations ol
ho treaty, as f?r as the question of the boun- t!
lary affects their peculiar interest, through com- n
iiissioners vested with full powers to represent a
hem; and the question to decide is, Shall we if
eject that to which they have assented ? Shall b
he Government, after refusing to agree to the v,
ward of the King of Holland, because Maine t i
bjected, now reverse its course, and refuse to i<
grec to that to which she and Massacnusctts I
iave both assented ? 't here may, indeed, be rea- n
ons strong enough to authorize such a course; q
qt they must be such as will go to prove that n
re cannot give our assent consistently with the ti
iterests, the "honor, or the safety olthe LTnion.— s<
’hat has not been done; and, he would add, it ai
here beany such, he has not been able to detect c;
hem. b
It has, indeed, been said that the assent ot a:
Iaine was coerced. She certain!) desired to b<
htain a more favorable boundary; but when the
Iternative was presented of another reference to tl
rbitration, she waived her objection, as (ar as ,ir
he was individually concerned, rather than incur w
he risk, delay, uncertainty and vexation ot anoth- si
r submission ot her claims to arbitration; atid it
:*ft, it to the Senate, the constituted authority ajs- v<
ointdri fertile purpose, to decide on the general n
icrits of the treaty, as it relates to the whole w
Inion. In so doing, she has, in his opinion, act- hi
d wisely and patriotically—wisely for herself, d;
nil patriotically in reference to the rest *>1 the tl
Inion. She has not got, indeed, all she desired :
nd has even lost territory, if the treaty he com- ti
ared to the award of the King of Holland ; hut, h:
s an otfsett, that which she has lost is ot little In
alue, while that which she retains has been >1
reatly increased in value by the stipulations con- ot
iined in the treaty. The whole amount lost, is tli
bout half a million of acres. It lies along the Y
astern slope of the highlands, skirting the St. h
iawrcnce to the east, and la acknowledged to he K
f little value for soil, timber, or anything else-— U
sterile region, in a severe inhospitable clime.— <>i
1 gainst that loss, she has acquired the right to h«
avigate the river St. John ; and that, not only
j float down the timber on its banks, hut all the
rod notions of the extensive, weii-timbered, and, —
iken as a whole, not a sterile portion ot the A
date that lies on her side of the bosom ol that oi
iver and tributaries. But that is not all. She tl
Iso gains what is subtly more valuable—the oi
ight to sfrip them on the same term** as colonial It
roduc.tions to Great. Britain and her colonial tl
ossessions. J hese great and important advaii* oi
ages will probably double the value ol that ex- I.
•nsive region, and make it one of the most pop- n
lous arid flourishing portions of the State. las- n
imated by a mere moneyed standard, these ad- a
aritagcs arc worth, he would suppose, all the rr
est of the territory claimed by Maine without o
icm. If to this bemadded the sum of about
•200,000 to be paid her for the expense of de- e
ending the territory, and $300,000 to her and r<
in equal monies, in consequence n
ofl assent to flic boundary, ainl the equir
aiBercived, it must apparent that Maine
foB made a h^il exchange in accepting the
tiBa< compared with th? award, yis far;» her
seB.' interest is concerned. Birt Ur that as if
mBe is the rightful judge of lier (wir interest**, I
aiB assent is a sufficient ground for our as
sc*iB,,vidc.l that to which she has assented
<l<Bt involve too great a sacrifice on the piH-t
nfBst of the Union, nor their honor or safe.
ty.Btar from tha t, as far as the rest of the
fdil is concerned, the sacrifice is small, and
theB great. They are under solemn con*titu
tioiBiigations to defend Maine, as one of the
tm-Bh of Ihi* Union, against invasion ; andu>
proBiCr territory, cost wliat it may,* and at
eveBizard. "Die power claiming what she
conSd to be hers, is one of the greater, if
not Bicatest, on earth. The dispute is of
longpi-iug, and of a character difficult to bo
ad juB and, however clear the right of Maine
nmvBega.Med in the abstract, it ha* been
ma l«B*tfnh in consequence of admissions, for
vvbiefl (love.nment of the Union is responsi
Topinate -neb a controversy, with the as
sent oml party immediately it it crested, paying
tlie stiB'nn of half a million—of which a lar^e
part, sBofMMH), i* unquestionably due to Maine,
and wBhave to he paid to her without the trea
ty—is,peed, a small sacrifice ; a fortunate de*
liveraiB President Jackson was w illing to al
low \.m- has been stated, niore than twice as
much Ber assent to tlie award : and, induing
so, he sped iiis wisdom, what ever might have
been thpit of it at the time. Those, at least,
v.hooppl the treat), will not charge him with
being upL to sacrifice the interest and honor of
the t'nipu making tire oiler; and yet the charge
which tfimakc again*.! this portion of the treat).
d« es, bBplication. subject what he was rcadv
to do, t<uimi!ar one.
But imMiui that trie territory which England
would all re beyond tin* boundary of the award
ed line. \ftd greatly strengthen her frontier, arid
weaken §p''* and would thereby endanger the
safety of® country in that quarter. He did not
profess !«• deeply versed in military science;
but, accfcng his conception, there was no
fouu intiAir the objection. it w as, if he did not
mistake, ■ very last point on our w hole frontier,
from the pith of the St. (’ro»\ to the outlet of
Lake Sul* >r. on which an e\|)edition would he
organizeS* either side t«) attack the possession*
of the otijj In a military point of \ iew, our lo?*
is as notiS in that quarter; w bile in another, and
a much fiv important quarter, our gain by the
treaty is#t. in tin* same point of view. He re
ferred tdrAat provision by which we acquire
Houses* i%t, at the northern extremity of Lak
Champlaiif. It F among the most important inili
tary posit®* on the w hole line of our eastern and
northern Slier, w hether it lx* regutdedjn refer
ence tootSivc or defensive operations. He well
rememben the deep sensation caused among
military lift m * >nsequone»? of it> loss; and he
would leafchc question of 1<>^ or gain, in a mili
tary point (view', (taking the two together,) to
their deoilq without the least doubt what it
would be I
But if it Build be thought by any one, that these
considerate, as conclusive as they seem to be,
were not slcient to justify the ratification of this
portion of 4ir treaty,what if ic should be rejected,
lie would ft—if, after ha\mg agree*! at Ghent to
refer the sleet to arbitrat ion, and after having re
fused to ail to the award made under that refer
ence, by uflirbitrator of our own selection, we
diould iroweject thi-* treaty. negotiated by our
>wn SeerJry. and w hich had pre\ iouslv receive*!
iie assent! the States immediately interested—
whether tie would lx* the slightest prospect that
mother e ally favorable would ever be obtain
'd? On t contrary, would we not stand in a far
worse coi tion than ever, in reference to our
Haim? 1 mid it not, indeed, be almost certain
hat we sf uld lose the whole of the basin of the
i>t. John, id Great Britain gain all for which she
wer eonte ded, strengthened a? slie would be- by
he disclo ires made during this discussion? He
v?.' far fr* i asserting that the facts *lisclose*l es
ahlished tie claim of Great Britain, or that the_
naj ex h If ted is the one to which Franklin refer
ed/n his note to the Count dc Vergcnucs, the
"retilt Minister; but it cannot be doubted that
he ctifonnitv of the lino delineated on the map,
vith V one described in his note, would have the
fleet f Mrengtheniug not a little the claims of
ireat tritain, in her own estimation and that ot
he woV But the facts stated, and the map ex
iibited gthe deiinnan of tin* Committee on for
ign Itelijons, [Mr. Him;*.] are not the only or
he stron<sst *lisclosure made during the discus
ion. Th French map introduced by the Sena
or from *:ssouri. [Mr. Bkxtox,] from Mr, Jef
erson’s eolation in the. Congress libraay, in or
er to rebutthe inference from the former, turned
ut to he sti more *o. That was made in the vil
ige of Passv in the veer alter the treaty of peace
yas negotiant, wiier** Franklin (who was one of
he negotiator.) redded, au*l wasdedicated to him.
nd that has he !» •mud n y line drawn in exact
onformity toflie other, and m the manner de
eribed in tiie note of Dr. F. miklm—a line soru* -
rhat more \v r-c■ to tc than iaat claimed bv
rreat Britain. But. a- -triking .»■* F this eoinei
etiee. he w.t^ t .r 11**r » regarding it a* sutlieien’
> cstc l>li**ii t !x* * I aim < d t • real Britain. 11 w on M.
owever, he in vain f<> deny that it w as a e«>r*»b«*
iting < irei:mstanc*e, calculated to add no -null
eiirfd f*; her claim.
It would be "till further increased by th»* hu1’
ml France wj- our ally at tin* time, and. a- >urh
ms! havV been consulted, and kept coii'tandv
1 vised of all that occurred during the progress <d
te negotiation, including it* final result. Itwotdd
[) idle, in suppose* that these disclosures would not
eigh heavily against ns in any future negotia
on. rrhcv would, so much *0—taken in conn»x
ui with the adverse award of the King ot It'd"
nd. and this treaty, should it he rejected—as to
sudor hopeless any future attempt to settle the
ucsMon by negotiation or arbitration. No alter
ative would be left us, but to yield to the full ex
ult of the British claim, or to put Manic in po**
•ssion hv force—and that, too, with tlic opinion
id sympathy of the world against us and our
1 use.* In hi* opinion, we would he bound to at
mpt it, in justice to Maine, should we refuse t«*
rrec to what she has assented. So much for tie
mndary question, a* far Maine is concerned.
Having now *hown (satisfactorily, he hopeuj
1:11 Maine has acted wisely for herself in absent
g to the treaty, it remained t<> he considered
hethei w e, tlic representatives of the Union on
ich questions, would n<»t al*o do >o in ratifying
—o 4hr, at he.st, a> the boundary question i* in
ti v* Ifc would add nothing to what had al
adv '.i'cii said of the portion in which Maine
a** immediately interested. 11 i- remarks would
» confined to the remaining portion of the boun
irv, extending from the northwestern conn rot'
at State to the Rocky mountains.
Throughout thi* long-extended line, every ques
Mi has been settled to our satisfaction. Our right
i* been acknowledged to a territory of about one
mdred thousand acres of land, in New Ham/
lire, which would have been I >*t by the aw.#%p
the King of Holland. A long gore of„ about,
c same amount,, lying in Vermont and New
01k, and .which was lost under the treaty of
bent, would tx* regained by this. It include
ouscse's Point. Sugar Inland, lying in tlic wa
i* connexion in tween Lakes Huron and Superi
, and lien to fore iu dispute, is acknowledged to
; GUI’s ; it is large, and valuable for soil and p< -
lion. So, .also, is |-!e Royaie, .near the northern
lore of Lake Superior, acknowledged to be our*
-a large island, and valuable for it* (Bfierics.—
nd, also, a large, tract of country to the n rt 1
id west of that lake between Fond du Lac and
ic river St. Louis on one side, and Pigeon river
1 the oilier—containing four millions of acre'.
B said to be sterile: but cannot well be more si
ran that acquired by Great Britain, lying uv't
the boundary awarded by the King of Holland.
» addition, all the islands in the 'river St. Lavv
mce and the lakes,"which were divided in ron
trig out the division line under pn vio;i* treaties,
*e acquired by u* under this : and all the chan
ids and passages are opened to the common uws
four citizens and the subjects of Great Britain.
Such are the provisions of the treaty in ret* 1
lce to thi* long line of boundary, < hir -v**' ~
•garded in tiit* most contracted point of vie'*.
ierc equivalent* for tlic 'iim assumed to hr p-u*

xml | txt