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EDGAR SNOWDEN. The ALEXANDRIA GAZETTE, for the coun trj, is printed on Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays. The Country Paper (tri-weekly) is furnished for $5 per annum—payable in advance. Subscription—the Daily Paper is furnished at $8 ~Ρ·Γ annum—payable half yearly. No subscription is received from the country, un less accompanied by the cash, or by a respon sible name. WEDNESDAY MORNING, MAY 31. TO THE EDITOR OF THE ALEXANDRIA GAZETTE: ••HONOR TO WHOM HONOR IS DUE." I am encouraged by the liberal spirit with which your journal is conducted, to throw myself OB your indulgence for the presentation, through your colunna, of a few suggestions, touching the proper course to be pursued by the D emocratic party, in order to guard against defeat in the Deit Presidential election. It has generally been conceded that the choice for the nomination will lie chiefly between Mr. ι Calhoun and Mr. Van Buren, and the claims and prospects of these two gentlemen are being daily descanted upon, in the various Democratic jour nals throughout the Union. The frienth of Mr. Van Buren seem to have rested the chances of their favorite, upon the time of holding the National Convention, and hare been making strenuous efforts to induce the party to fix upon the ensuing November. This point, however, seems to have been conceded of late by some of the friends of the New Yorker, who have expressed their willingness to wait until May 1844. Indeed, the hot haste in which the j Legislature of New York and the late Virginia Convention have acted in reference to this sub ject, has thrown Mr. Van Buren decidedly in the back ground. Mr. Ritchie, who, in connexion with General Dromgoole, attempted to whip the party into the traces, has himself been forced in to terms, for he has seen in other States that the tide of public sentiment, and to a considerable extent in Virginia, was strongly set against him upon this subject, and had he persisted in his ' scheme, he would doubtless have found to his great discomfiture, that with all the moral and in tellectual power which he has heretofore brought to bear upon Virginia, the Republican party of the good "Old Mother of States" would neverthe less have dared to think and speak for themselves. ; The only reason which I have seen advanced : by the friends of Mr. Van Buren for holding the j Convention in November, (a period not six months distant,) is, that the divisions which now exist in the Republican ranks, would then be healed. Is there not the most flagrant absurdity in this? The time of holding the National Con- I ° I vention is, at present, the great mooted question between the two wings of the Democratic party, ; and if November is insisted upon, the line of se paration is at once drawn. If the friends of Mr. ■ Calhoun call for a later period, so that ample i time may be allowed for the full tleveîopement of the sentiment of a majority of the party, is not the requisition perfectly reasonable, and should it not therefore be promptly granted ? Su then it must be apparent to all, that so far as the time of holding the National Convention is con cerned, it is the latest practicable day to which it. ean be deferred, that will brin£ union and harmo- ! I By to the party. For should a Convention speak- ι ing the voice of the majority of the Repulican party, be held in May 194-1, and Mr. Van Burcn j be the nominee of such Convention, the friends | of Mr. Calhoun, as a matter of course, would ι acquiesce in the nomination, anil do their duty as faithfully as an\ other portion of the party. It is all important, however, that the Conven- j tion should reflect fully and unequivocally the i will of a majority of the party. In order to cf- i feet this result, a delegate chosen by the Feople, should be sent direct from each Congressional District to the National Convention, and the per capiia system of voting, should be adopted. It too often happens that conventions which, at best, are but neccssary evils, substitute their own will for the will of the people, and this should always j be guarded against as much as possible by the mode of constituting them. In the present in stance when so much is at stake, the sense of the Democratic party should be taken in small com munities, so that the will of the whole may be as nearly approximated as possible. The plan here proposed will best accomplish this end. Were it practicable, it would be even better for the peo pie 10 go en misse ιο me i-onvenuon, aiiu casi their votes for the man of their choice. So much ι for the manner of organizing, and time of hold ing a National Convention. Now as to the individual who would most pro bably concentrate the strength of the Republican party. Whoever he may be, he should be se lected by the party as their candidate, for upon no other ground can wc promise ourselves suc cess or secure the triumph of our principles. That Mr. Van Buren failed to get the united support of the Democratic party in 1640, is a fact too well known to deny. That he would fire any better in li?44, there is not one jot or tit tle of evidence to prove. What assurance is there that he would get a single State in 1S44, which he failed to get in 1S40? There has been a revolution in public sentiment in favor of De mocratic principles, but the opinion which the peo ple formed of Martin Van Buren during his ad ministration of the Government is as decidedly unfavorable now as it was then. There is a pre judice against the man, which will forever keep him out of the exalted station which he once at tained through the iniluence and popularity of his patren, General Jackson. He does not enjoy the confidence of a large portion of the Republi ean party, aud should he be forced upon them as their candidate, a very general feeling of discon tent will be produced throughout the Democratic raoka: The old pariy hacks and those who held office under hiœ H ou Id, oicourse, be pleased, but it would be far otherwisewith the mass of the party, who want a fresh caudate and one un- ! trammelled by ancient pledges and around whom Jhiay can rally with confidence and enthusiasm. If Air. Van Buren, who has been President for one term, and the party's candidate for another, should be run a third time, ta the exclusion of all others, who art quite as able and deserving as himself, then, indeed, wcuM the great pillars of the party have the strongest assurance that there is to be r:o equal dispensation of rewards, among the tried and faithful, but that a lew crafty* po litical managers, who have no sympathy with the people, will always juggle them out of their rights, and make fuols of them by substituting 1 their own will for theirs, the natural consequence j of which, must be, to dampen the zeal and ardor of the leaders, and greatly weaken the party. Many who voted for Mr. Van Bureu in 1S40, would not support him again, now that they are rid of him, and have expressed their unwilling ness that he should be a candidate again. How can it be supposed that 145,000 votes, (the ma jority against Van Buren, in 1340,) will be neu tralized in 1344 Î How can it be imagined that a man who was so signally defeated, with all the offices of the Government, at his disposal, can be j elected, without the aid of them? Mr. Van Bu ren is dead with his party, and it would be sheer folly to galvanize his corpse, and subject the par- ι ty to the grand farce of laboring to bouy up a man, in whom, the glow of natural vitality does ! rot exist. Had Mr. Van Buren done some such service to his country, as was performed by Gen. Washington, there would be some show of rea son in insisting upon his nomination for the Chief Magistracy a third time, but even Washington himself would not have desired this, after the same | unequivocal demonstration of the people's want of confidence in him, which was given to Mr. Van Buren in 1340. As to the cry, that Mr. Van Burcii iost his elec tion by fraud, or by his faithful adherence to Re publican principles, it is all a humbvg, and will avail nothing with an enlightened people. I have no inclination to disparage the claims of Mr. Van Buren, but if ho has not already received at the hands of his party, rewards and honors, quite ad equate to his merits and services, then, indeed, I am willing to acknowledge that he is a much better and greater man, than any other the coun try has ever produced, and ought to be made Pie sident again, without reference to the claims of others. John Adams and his son, were both e jected from the Presidency, after the expiration of one term, but did their friends ever attempt to bring them before the people again? Neither of them was ever spoken of afterwards for the Pre sidency. In selecting a Democratic candidate fur the Presidency, nothing must he overlooked, which will tend to secure the triumph of the party.— All interests must be conciliated as tar as practi cable. There is a large and very respectable portion of the old Jackson party, who left him, after his Proclamation, and went off, under the States' Rights banner, and it is essential to the success of the Republican party in the next great contest for power, that they should preserve their present bond of union with them, for without their co-operation, they will Jose the splendid prize which glitters before them. The South will look to the man who is sound upon the tariff, and slavery; and all sections will look to the man who is sound upon the question of the currency. We want a man who will work a thorough and corrective change in the adminis tration of the Government, and who will intro duce into every branch of the public service, that system ol economy ami accouiuaouuy, wrnuu uua been so long neglected to the great detriment of the public interests. Just such a man is John C. Calhoun. His measures would be bold and stringent, and would bear upon them the stamp of his sublime genius—they would reflect the strength and decision of his own character—they ο ν would advance the interests, the honor, and the glory of the American nation. lie is, in fact, the very man for the times, and is peculiarly fitted by his character, hi* talents, his political princi ples, and his locality, for "the People's candi date.''* He would give to the Government, if elected, a moral power which it has never pos sessed since the days of Jefferson and Madison. In the city of New York, a large majority of the Republican party prefer Mr. Calhoun to Mr. Van Buren, for the presidency; and in the interi or of the State, his popularity is rapidly growing. Indeed the popularity of the great Southern Statesman is daily increasing throughout the Unit ed States. He will rome into the Convention with the support of the South, while Johnson and Cass, in the West, will throw their weight in to his scale. New Hampshire, through Mr. Woodbury's influence, will gv for him. Mr. Buchanan will control Pennsylvania, and it is na tural enough fur him, to prefer Mr. Calhoun to Van Buren,as he would enjoy a much fairer pros pect of succeeding Mr. Calhoun, than he would to cuaie in after any Northern man ! The chan ces then, are greatly in favor of Mr. Calhoun for the nomination by a Democratic National Con vention, and if he receives it, he will get the uni ted support of the Republican party throughout the Union ;—for there is no other man so well calculated to unite the different fractions of the party, and the different sections of the country.— lie has a strong hold un the affections of the peo ple, who look to his ardent patriotism, his noble disinterestedness, his inflexible honesty, his un blemished private lift·, his consistent public ser vices, and his extraordinary abilities, as the surest guarantees that their honor and interests would be safe in his hands. The policy of running Mr. Calhoun for the Pre sidency, ought not to be, and is not doubted bv the Republican party, while it would be but an act of justice to one who has battled long and faithfully in defence of Constitutional liberty and popular rights, and h ho has manifested no unhallowed in terest in the triumph of Republican principles and the prosperity of our free institutions. JUSTIiIA Caroline County, Va., May 26th, 1843. ΛΥο have, a favor to ask of the Madisonian.— The following toast, said to have been delivered by John Tyler in 1839, is now going the rounds of the newspapers. What we desire is this—to know from our trusty and well beloved friend, Jones, whether the toast is authentic or not, and we, therefore, hope that the editor of the Madi sonian will make the proper enquiries in re gard to the matter and report the result. It would be as well to have the thing properly understood before Mr. Tyler sets forth on his expedition to iîunker Hill, so that if the toast be genuine he can explain it a* he goes along : UA Toast from John Tylf.r, i\t 1839. — Pit grim Presidents ami Travelling Cabinets—The fruitful offspring of the second Presidentai term. One term and no re-election—the best interests cf the country demand it—will not the popular suffrage of the country decree it io 1S40'"—Penn tylvanian. REVOLUTIONARY RELICTS. [correspondence.] Charleston, S. C., June 15, 1542. Gen. James Hamilton : Dear Sir :—You will receive with this letter, the Head Board, which for nearly sixty years stood at the grave of Major John Majoribanks, of the British Army, who commanded a Battalion at the batlle of the Eutaw Springs, and died about six weeks after it, of a fever, said to have been occasioned by fatigue and exposure on that occa sion. 1 am authorised to place this relic in your hands, for such disposition as you may deem most agreeable to the family of the deceased, re specting whom you were good enough to make enquiry during your last visit to England. The: board is of black cypress, arid rotted at the ground, j the upper portion being still perfectly sound. It had been saved from injury from the fires which so often run through our woods, by the care of the owners of the plantations where the remains lie, and sometimes of others in the neighborhood. It fell, about two years ago, when the spot was marked, to preserve a knowledge of it, and a mar ble slab, upon which the incription will be copied literally, is now in preparation to take its place· The original memorial can no longer serve its purpose here, and will no doubt, as you have sug gested, be valued by his family, or by the public in his own country. The letters on the board are deeply cut, but have become partly illegible from the action of the weat scr. 1 therefore transcribe it from a copy, taken many years ago, (exhibiting the lines, contractions, &c., as they stand on the hoard ,) viz : '· John IVlarjoriba nks, Esq., late Major to the 19th Ilegt. Inf. and commanding a Flank Bat. of His Majesty's Army, Obi it of Oct., 1731. Major Majoribanks sickened and died at Wan toot, a plantation in St. John's Parish, Berkeley, then owned by my father, and now by Chas. - * .... , 1 t, * Macbeth, Esq, who marneu 1115 granu uuui;mu. ( Major M. was buried in the forest at bis own re- 1 quest. A Lieutenant and a Surgeon of the Bri- : tish Army are said to lie one on each side of him, j but no tablet preserves their names. These graves are eastward of the dwelling house at Wantoot, just beyond the cleared land, a few yards east of the public road, about S miles above Biggin Church, and about a mile and a quarter below the Church at Black Oak. In my boyhood, I frequently heard Major Ma joribanks spoken of by my father and other gen-j \it*men of the nci^hboorhcod, (all of them on the ; side of Independence, and most of t:u m of Ma- j rion's command,1) and the sentiment was general, | that he was not only a galJant oflicer, but a gen- j tleman of high character, who strove to check ; the irregularities of the soldiery, and to mitigate ! j the evils of war. Bui the incident to which Ij am about to advert, and which places the memo- ; ry of Col. William Washington and Major Ma-! joribanks in a most interesting relation, had not. then been developed. These officers, you know, were distinguished opponents in the battle at Eu taw, fought on the 8th Sept., 1781. Moultrie, in his memoir,says: "Colonel Wash- .! ington charged with his cavalry in a thick scrub j oak wood, which was very unfavorable lor the j horse. The British reserved their fire till the cavalry was almost upon them, when they gave j j fire. Col. Washington's horse was shot under j him, and he fell into their ranks. lie received a wound with a bayonet, and would have been kill· j ed, but was saved by a British officer, and made ! ! prisoner." Vol. 2, p. 294. " They," (the Bri tish army,) "retreated down to Wantoot, (Mr. Ravenel's, twenty miles below Eutaw,) where they encampcd some time.'' P. 2j5. Johnson, in his Life of Green, says: "On his right, also, fie (Col. Stewart) had made a similar provision against the possibility of his lines being ' compelled to give ground. In the thickcts which border the creek, Major Majoribanks, with three j hundred of his best troops, was posted, with in structions to watch the ilank of the enemy, if ev- ! er it should be open to attack. This command j 1 J '■"""•""■I « η,Λΐ; it h'jvinor cnmp> r»h 1 in 11 it ν to ) liJU ajoumv'u ν» ^ j ^ the main line, forming with it an obtuse angle." Vol. 2, ρ 224. 14 Gen Greene now saw that Majoribanks must be dUîodged, &e. Therefore orders were dc ! spatched to Washington to pass the Americans* left, and charge the enemy's right. The order ; was promptly obeyed, and galloping through the I woods, Washington was soon in action. On ; ' reaching the front of Majoribanks, Washington ' • attempted to charge, but it was impossible for his ( i cavalry to penetrate the thicket. lie then dis- j covered that there was an interval between the : British right and the creek, by which he was in ! hopes to succeed in gaining their rear. With this ; view, he ordered his troop to wheel by sections ! to I he left, and thus brought nearly all his officers ' 1 Ο J next to the enemy, while he attempted to pass their front. Λ deadly and well directed fire, de ' livered at that instant, wounded or brought to the ! ground many of his men and horses, and every of i ficerexcept two." Vol. 2, p. 228. I 44 The Colonel himself had his horse shot under him, and his life was saved by the interposition of I a British officer." P. 220. The inference is obvious, that the officer who saved the life of Col. Wm. Washington, at Cu- · ; taw, was one nf the Battalion commanded by Majoribanks. That Majoribanks himself was ! that officer is believed from the following anec ! dote, which 1 extract from a letter dated 12th j August, 1821, addressed to Major Alexander Garden, the. author of Anecdotes of the Revolu tion, by my brother, Mr. Henry Ilavenel, to whom the statement was made : 44 The anecdote of Col. Washington's being ( saved at Eutaw, by a British officer, is mentioned , ! by Moultrie in his memoirs. But the name of, j the officer is not given, arid appears to have been ! unknown. The information that Majoribanks was the officer, is given upon the authority of an old servant, in whose house, from its being more j commodious than the other negro houses, Ma- 1 joribanks was quartered and died The disclo i sure was perfectly gratuitous without a hint or ; 1 question relative to the original anecdote, and j was made in a general conversation into which I . ;« Ιιλπο nf nailont iwr snmpfhincr nf. JVU 111 III* II* ··«!'«. ·-- — σ _ σ interest in relation to Majoribanks. Upon being asked how he learned the fact, he said that he heard it from some straggling British soldiers, whom he met iu the road after the battle. · These soldiers, he said, were on their way down to Fairlawn, the British post near Monk's corner." j We have thus good reason to believe that Ma joribanks was not only a brave ofticcr—but a gen erous enemy. It is desirable, and the desire lias been cxprcss ! ed by many, that an appropriate monument should I record a sense of his magnanimity. Bui without ! it, liis lot is only that of many a gallant spirit of ; our own Revolutionary Army, whose remains j moulder without an adequate memorial. It is ! due to several friends, η ho, as you are aware, : desired to contribute to that, which is in prépara-1 j tion, and whose oiler*"', were declined, to add, that ; it was always my father'* intention to substitute ! a stone for the original memorial, whenever it, ! should have decayed: and unless the measure j ■ were a general or public one, this office seems now properly to belong to his sons. To per ! petuate a knowledge of the spot, by a memorial, ' however humble, is felt to be a privilege as well as a duty. 1 am, very respectfully, kc., (Signed) · DANIEL RAVEXEL. i (Copy.) Lo.vg's Hotel, Bovd-st., ) LONDON, August 2:2, is42. ) Μτ Lohd D υ κ ε : i do myself the honor ol trans mitting to your Grace, a relic connected with the history of the British Army, in the war of the Revolution, in the then Colony but now the State of South Carolina. It is a head board, taken from a grave, which bears the following inscription : JOHN MAJORIBANKS, ESQUIRE, Late Major of the 19th Regiment of Infantry, and : commanding a Flank Bat. of hi§ Majes ty's Army, Obiit, 22 Oct. 1781. This board was pianted on the grave of the in dividual, to whose memory it is dedicated, about I sixty one years since. It is composed of a species of wood callcd Black Cypress, of all the trees in the forests of the Southern States of the Ameri can Union, the most enduring. It decayed about two years since at the surface of the ground and fell. The inscription, however, is still legible. The British Army Register will give your Grace the date of Major Majoribanks' commis sion, and possibly a summary of his public servi ces. I am sure, however, it will not be uninteresting to your Graee,and the relatives of so valiant an officer, (long since deceased, and whose memory is yet traditionally and affectionately cherished by Uie people who live in the vicinity of the spot where he died) if this relic should be accompa nied by a brief notice of this officer and the cir cumstances attending his death. History generally takes sufficient care of the renown of gieat commanders; but it is often the grateful office of recollections, essentially more private, to preserve the repute of a gallant sol dier, perhaps less elevated by rank than by merit, which serves to embalm his memory, for the pride and affection of his friends, ifnot for the os tentatious glory of his country. From every record and tradition in South Ca rolina, it would appear, England lias; seldom sent on her service abroad a more ripe and accom plished soldier than Majoribanks unquestionably was. There is little doubt, he saved the British Army from entire annihilation at the battle of the uEu taw Springs,1' hich took place in the Parish of John's, Berkeley, South Carolina, on the 8th of September, 1781, during the memorable cam paign of Lord CornwalJis in the Carolinas and Virginia. In Colonel Tarlcton's history of this campaign you will find the following account of this bat tle : "The right-wing of the Army being compos ed of the flank battalion of Major Majoribanks, who having repulsed and driven back every thing that attacked him, he made a rapid movement on the left of the enemy, and attacked them in flank, upon which they gave way in all quarters, leav ing two brass six pounders and upwards of two · · ■ ' ·* - — 1 — ι— » MUÎRUL'W U1UUU */»ι mt u(.m «.<« . 800 prisoners, among whom was Coionel Wash ington—but to Major Majoribanks, and the flank battalion under his command, the hi nor <j' the day is grrathj dur." As I happen to be an American, I am sure your grace will pardon my sa vine:, that although every man in both armies was probably prepared ίο admit the gallantry and matchless services of Majoribanks, yet in relation to the victory Col. Tarlton claimed, for hi* Brittannic Majesty's Army, there were cotcmporaneously two opinions entertained on that subject, it is undoubtedly true that Colonel Stewart, who commanded his Majesty's forces on the occasion, usseited his title to the victory, whilst General Green, the American commander, was not the less per tinacious in claiming this distinction for his own troops. General Greene, in his official account of this battle, says that he left a picket on the field on the night of the engagement; "that the enemy re tired, leaving seventy of their wounded besides a thousand stand of arms." We took live hundred prisoners. They had live hundred killed and wounded. Nothing but the brick house and their strong pest at ihe I'utaw Springs hindered the remains of the British Arinv from falling into our hands. 1 think we owe the victory we have gained to the brisk use made by the Mary land and \Tirginia levies with the bayonet. I can not. forbear praising the courage and conduct of ail my troops." Perhaps at this late day it may be just to both sides to admit, that it was a drawn battle, which [ apprehend, will usually be the case, when those meet who arc of the sanje blood and came from a common stock; and that all tilings being equal in number and material, either party would be very apt to gel as good as they give. Be this as it may, there was but one opinion of the conduct of Major Majoribanks, which was graced during the hottest of the battle, by an in cident highly illustrative of the chivalry of his character. *jreilt:rai υ* reçue j>ci rcn ui£ uitJi i.ic; uitui κ>.\, day depended upon hi* dislodging Majoribanks, ordered Colonel Washington (than whom a bra ver soldier never drew steel) lo pass the Ameri can left, and charge the li^htof his Majesty's army. Colonel Washington executed this order with consummate skill and gallantry; but as thcj biographer of General Green observes :— ;Majo ribanks received Washington's cavalry with such a deadly and well directed fire, that many of his horses and men were wounded and brought to the ground. Every officer wn> wounded except ing two. Colonel Washington had his horse kill ed under him, and such v. as the impetuosity ol his charge, that he was thrown wounded into the ranks of the English army,'· where, according to the same writer—''lie was in the act of receiving the bayonet from the hand of a private of the British army, when his life was saved by the inter position of a British officer.1" This officer was Majuri banks. After the battle, the British army retreated to Waintoot, a plantation belonging to the. late Da niel Kavenel, Esq., about twenty miles below Eu taw Springs. It was in this plantation that .Ma jor Majoribanks became sick and ultimately died. Although he was greatly and gallantly ex posed during the whole of the engagement, it is believed he retired from the field of battle with out being wounded, but such were his exertions on the 8th of September, during the heat of an autumn day, and probably his subsequent expo sure to the night damps of our climate, that in a week or ten days after reaching Mr. Havener.· plantation he was taken ill with the billious or congestive fever of the ccuntiv, and died on the 22d Oct, 1781. The heat of the day, on which t lie battle of the "F.utaw Springs" was fought, is yet a matter of tradition in South Carolina. Both armies v\ ere seen contending with the bayonet for the use of the spring, to slake the intolerable thirst, which the meridian rays of a burning sun had produced in a densely sulphurous atmosp!*' re. It was at this fountain, situated in a romantic valley, where one of the most capacious, limpid and beautiful springs, that ever gushed irom a lime storm rock, is tu he found, that the gallant Colonel Howard of the .Maryland line crossed the steel of his regiment with that of the British Gre nadiers, to determine perhaps who should drink first. If, therefore, Majoribanks was not killed in battle, he owed his death to hi* great exertions in the temperature I have described. If Mr. Ravenel (who was a staunch Whig, and absent with General Marion's corps) was not on his plantation at the time, to extend the rites of hospitality in his own person to a sick, yet gene rous enemy, Majoribanks nevertheless received from his servants every assistance which could at all be necessary as an auxiliary to the solicitude and attention of his own brother ofiiccrs. An old and faithful slave, belonging to the uidow of Mr. Ravenel, yet survives, who waited on Majoribanks in his last moments, lie recollects a few days before the death of Majoribanks a conversation between himself and the other officers of the Hank battalion, in which it was admitted by them that Majoribanks was the officer who had saved Col. Washington's life at Eutaw Springs. The ser vant to whom I refer, remembers distinctiv the deep impression the death of Majoribanks occa sioned, and the solemn effect produced upon the whole British army when the body was borne out for interment through a long file of those brave men, whom but a few days before he had so gal lantly ied to battle. He was buried at his own request, in a grove of oaks, which is within fcight of the main road leading to Charleston. The spot has been guarded by the rc^pcct which a gallant man's remains will always receive from the generous and the brave. Indeed his grave has been, and continues to be the common property, and to excite the sympathy of the w hole surrounding country, so much was he esteemed for the clemency and humanity with which he tempered the unavoidable rigours of war. But the fact of \ is having saved the life of Col. Wash ington, embalmed him at once in the affections of ©ur people, who loved and admired Washington, ι with a fervour I shall not attempt to describe, for altho' he was not the "Washington" whom we call, without speaking half our gratitude. uihe ι I father ofhis country," he was his kinsman, and I resembled him in many things except that of a I temperance and mildness of reason, disposition I and manners, almost feminine, fie was endow • ed with an intense and burning impetuosity in ! battle, which made him beyond all comparison, I the first cavalry officer the revolutionary war ' produced in the rnnks of the American army. The head board was preserved in its faithful office of marking the spot where lay the remains of "Majoribanks," with a sarredness almost re ligious, by the late Mr. Ravenel, who bequeath ed it as a sort of Ici^acy to his worthy sons. Time at last has brought it to the ground, but the Rav enel family are now preparing a stone tablet, to receive the same inscription to be deposited in the same spot. The> consider this duty so en tirely an affectionate family office to the memory of a gallant stranger, who died on their patrimo nial estate, that they will permit no participation in the offered contributions of others, towards a grateful object which seems almost to wear a na tional character. I enclose your Grace an interesting letter I re ceived on thii subject from Mr. Daniel Jlavenel of Charleston, which you are at liberty to trans mit to the surviving relatives of Major Majori banks, if they ate to be found. I send the head board to your Grace (in con formity with the object of that letter) as the Com mander-in-Chief of the British Army, to give it as a relic to any of his relations, or to deposit it j as a memorial of the British Army at Chelsea, ί whichever your Grace may deem most appro priate. If this memorial already covered with the in crustation of time, is neither of Parian marble, nor eml ellished with the beauties of sculpture or art, it will at least teach an instructive lesson of humanity, bravery, patriotism arid honor. 1 sincerely hope, your Grace, our two coun tries bearing a nearer affinity to each other than j any other nations on the face of the earth, may i long be at peace; but if this blessing be denied, I let us hope that the memory of ^Majoribanks'' j will, even through the instrumentality of this sim j pie testimonial, somewhere return to refreshen ι and invigorate us in the great moral duties of ci : vilized war. It will remind us that a pillant soi i dicr may "sink to rest1' in a foreign land, not on· j ly "blessed by the wishes of his own country," I but by those even of his enemies—benedictions, won by a gallantry which was surpassed only by the nobleness and generosity of his spirit. I have the honor, with the profuundest respect to remain, my Lord Duke, your Grace's mostob ! dient humble servant, j (Signed) J. 11AMTJ/TOX, of S. Carolina. Field Marshal, His Grace the Duke of Wellington, ConuTg-in-C'hicf Η. Β. M Army. Horsi: Gr\rds, April 7, 1343. Sir: I have the Duke of Wellington's com I inands to acknowledge the receipt of two loiters , from you, tlie one of the 2"J«i uk., with an enclo sure from Mr. Kavenel. and the other marked private. j The Duke has read with great interest the nar rative which you have with so much kindness ! taken the trouble to lay before him, explanatory ί of the event and of the inscription upon the head board, which had been placed over the grave of | the late Major Majorioanks of the HKh Regiment, ! at'd in thus thanking you lor that communication his Grace desires me to assure you that he fully ! appreciates the good feeling of Mr. Kavenel, and the generous motives and conduct of that . gentleman in the construction of a more lasting I memorial in honor of the name and character of ! a British officer who died in a distant country, when employed in the execution of his military duty. I Having unsuccessfully endeavored to find any ! of the relatives of the late Major Majoribanks, ι w hose name appears to be diileri ntly spell to that of the family in this country, to which it the -Î more nearly applies, it only remains for me to as sure you that the head board which accompanied ! your letter shall be duly deposited in a place, the most likely to fulfil the object ol your considerate ar.d bene volent intention. 1 have the honor ο be, sir, Your most obedient, humble serv't ( (Signed) F1TZROV SOMERSET. Gen. Hamilton*. Correspondence of the Philadelphia Aurth * hn< rican. \e\v York, May Id43 The remains of Sir Charles Bagot, late Gov ernor General of Canada, arrived here last night in a government barge, from which they were im mediately transferred to the Warspite. Lady Mary Bagot, Captain Bagot, and Mr Cholmdbey, and their suite, some twenty in all. have taken lodging? at iho City Hotel. The Warspite will ! sail early in the week for Portsmouth. 1 The past week has be.n one of great interest in I the monetary affairs of our country. The sales of stocks at the boards of trokers, amount to the sum of $4,000,000. The Bank of λ«ιν Yoik, one of our best Banks, has given notice that j per cent, will bo the fu ture rate of interest; indeed, this is above the market, as large amounts of short business paper have been taken at 3], per cent., and banks that j aie so ant iquated a^ to ask G per cent, arj losing I all their customers. Λ new state of things is fa.*>t ! coming round, and a short time longer will see a return of success to all honest business. The Hon. Daniel Webster arrived in town last evening, from his excursion on Long Island, and put up at the Astor House. He was joined b\ : the Hon. Caleb Cushing, Minister to China, and suite. Mr. Gushing had a long confidential in | tcrvicw with several of our leading China mer chants this morning. Among the other lions in town are Mr. Seward of Auburn, 1 hurlow Weed, Esq , and the Applctons and Lawrences of Bos ton. Humors as plenty as blackberries may be : expected to be flying about this time, j Λ southern gentleman was taken by the Mayor ! and ofiiccrs from a hotel this morning and com i mitted to prison for stabbing the porter of the | ! house where he put up. It seems he returned i home from a frolic at a late hour, and had an al tercation with the watchman of the house, w hom he stabbed severely in the shoulder with a Bowie lmir» J 1 _ L iiiiiiv, tiinj ιυ atlUlIJCl IIUU3V, liUlll V) litlitu 1 ho was taken to the Tombs. ί Passengers arc taken np the river in first class j I steamboats for 23 cents, and brought back for six and a quarter cents—a profitable business is ra-ι cing. POST OFFICE, ALEXANDRIA, l). G Γ Nov. 24, 134·>. J Northern Mail closes daily at 1 o'clock P. M.; arrives, and ready for delivery, every • mornir· , ut 7f o'clock. - outhern M.«il doses daily, at. Α. M.; | j arrives daily from ii to 3 o'clock, I'. M. Winchester Mail closes Mondays, Wednes ' days, and Fridays at ί) P. M.; arrives Wednes day-. Fridays and Sundays, by 8 P. M. Warrenton Mail closes Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Saturdays, at 7 A. M.; arrives Sundays Wednesdays, and Fridays, by '2 P. M. Falmouth Mail, via Occoquan, &c., closes ' Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Saturdays, at (J A. M.; arrives Mondavs, Wednesdavs, and Fridays by : 10 P. M. Northern Neck, Va., Mail, closes on Mondays ' and Thursdays, 5£ A. M.; arrives with the South- ί ern mail on Tuesdays and Fridays. Leesburg (Va..) Mail closes Mondays, Wed· j I riesdays, and Fridays at 1 P. M.; arrives Mon days, Thursdays, and Saturdays, with the North- 1 ern Mail. Upper Marlboro' (Md.) Mail closes Sundays, i Tuesdays, and Thursdays, at 1 P. M.; arrives! Wednesdays, Fridays, and Sundays, at 7^ Α. M. | Nottingham (Md.) Mail closes Sundays and ; Thursdays, at I P. M.; arrives Wednesdays and ; , Sundays, at 7^, A. M. Port Tobacco (Md.) Mail closes Sundays and | Wednesdays, at 1 P. M.; arrives Sundays and Thursdays, at 7$ A. M. ERRUG 1 NOUS CHOCOLATE, kc.—Just received, a supply of the Ferruginous Choc olate, highly recommended for debility : also, Dr. Rose's Patent lîreathing Tubes, used by con sumptive persons to exercise and strengthen the lungs. Nursing bottles. For_saleby 5th ino 30 WM STABLERk CO. From Ike Boston Post* PARISIAN CAFES AND RESTAURANTS. The immense number of splendid cafes ar=d restaurants in Fori* is a subject of admiration to every visiter of the 'gay metropolis.' They -are to be found in all quarters of the city ; but the richest am! most fashionable arc on the Boule vard-. in the Palais Royal, and in the vicinity of the Exchange, Ladies as well as gentlemen fre auent them, and most of them have their hn',it(„^ or regular visiters, who pass no inconsiderable portion of their lives in these agreeable retre^. The Cafe de Pov, in the Palais Royal, boa>t»of a numerous and respectable circle of habitua, «ho, from political predilections, make it their rendez vou<. while the amateurs ol clicks !re<|iic:,t tl,c Pafc de la Rcgcnce, orce the re «ort of the re nowned Philidor. The Cafe Tortoni on the Be*, levard des Italiens, is patronised bν spectators in ths public funds, who collect oil charge h cur-in front cf this celebrated cafe, and in the evening is thronged by fashionable Iadi( s and gentlemen, to partake of delicious ices, for whi< h Tortoni is so much distinguished. The Cafe Procope. in t|ie faubourg St. Germain,one of the oldest in Paris, it is -esorled to by medical students and literary gen tlemen who reside in the Latin quarter, and is not inferior ins, lendor to any in the metropolis.-. The Café de Londres, Cafe Valois, Cafe Lein biiu Cafe de la Rotonde, in the Palais Royal, af ford an agreeable lounge to the stranger in the centre of the citv, *hile on the Boulevards he will fmd a visit to the Cafe Anglais, Cafe de Paris, i ('afe Veron, Cafe Turc, and Cafe Petron, amply ! repaid by tlie rich assemblage of objects, which ! meet his eye, no less than by the agreeableness of the good thinçs presented to his ta«te. In these I plendid palaces the genuine'Moka1 can be quaffed ι in its purity, and the stranger will realize that, to ! enjov this delectable beverage, no plaee is com ί parable to Paris. Other refreshments, such a> chocolate, tea, ices, liqueurs, as well as dt-jeun.is i a lu fourchette are to be obtained; but only at the ; restaurants are those luxurious dinners and -up. i pers provided, for which I a·.is so < ele^raUu. I On entering, you politely bow t<> the dame J.; ! comptoir, and the garcon immediately brings youi ! del n i tusse οί cotlee and u petit verre de liqueur, I with ajournai to peruse, such a* the» Journal des I Débats, the Siecle, the National, Charivari, tr Galignani's Mcssengr r, and perhaps a lilc of the 'Boston Post.' if he suspects you to be an Ameri can. After admiring the beautiful ceiling, the ! rich and numerous mirrors, the splendid crimson > velvet seats, the fascinating riam*el who presides over the scene, and the animated g xups cf for cigncrs of all nations arranged round the marble tables playing dominoes, chess, and other games, you finish your refreshments, present a few so»:* to the gareon, after the payment of his demand?, and retire making the same ubcisunce to the ladv and company, fully determined to repeat λυιΐΓ visit to this or some similar cafe with which Paris abounds. In the coflec houses denominated 'Cafe* Kstjm inels,' smoking is tolerated, aiid generally you will iind a billiard room attached, to whieh icame the Parisians are ruueh devoted, The Cafe d» l'Opéra Comique,on the 15 mlevard des Italiens,i, οί this description, having numerous tables, and is a p'aee of much resort. In the evening, fhe cafes on the Boulevards and near the theatre-are filled with an admiring throng, and being brilliantly illuminated, present a picture of the greatest vivacity. The saloon beinz unable tu accommodate all the visiter*, nu merous parties of ladies and gentlemen arrange themselves in chairs on the walk in front of the building, and sip th<*ir lemonade or orgeat, or resale themselves with ice or sorbet, according to their particular fancies. Itinerant musician!, with whom Paris abounds, help to enliven the evening by performing some air on the harp or guitar, and bestow on you a heartfelt 'mncit' in consideration of the charity that your benev olence may prompt you to contribute. The ga iety of the scene is uninterrupted till midnight, when, admonished by the not distant approach of morn, the jrnliiy woria υι ι ans retires ιυ strciv in the arms of Morpheus, a temporary rest and ob'ivion. The number of cales and restaurants in Pari» cannot be easily computed, but including the traiteurs, or pretty restaratcurs, u hose busiiiess i> to ?end out tii-hes or dinners ready dressed, the total cannot vary from four to five thousand. It i- usual tor tire to a cafe immediately after di ning to take u <!iimi-tasse of collee an 1 a petit verre de liqucr,instead of'sitting over the bot tie.* : as i;k England and in this country. The charge for cotlce and liquere is twelve sous, a price not unreasonable considering the deSiciousness of the beverage. it the cafes of Paris are splendid beyond de scription, the restaurants are no less magnificent. The most gorgeous arc the Trois Frères Proven c aux, the Grand l'atel, \ cry's and \ clour's in ' the Palais Royal, the Uocher de Canral, n;o j Montorgueil, and the Cafe de Pari4·, and *'afe Angluis on the JSou'cvard (!#s Italiens. The din ing room* are the large>t and most sumptuous i;i Paris, and are the rendezvous of the best soeiety Every delicacy and luxury uhieh the ta*teof an epicure can desire are her.· prepared by artHs of the greatest celebrity in their profession. <hi entering, the 4carte' i* placed in your hand-, in tî.c shape of a volume handsomely hound. contain:^ a bill of fare of upwards of three hundred disl.e% from which )ou can make your selection, if \« U arc anJuit in that rcspe? t. For no little know ledge and ί-kiίi ate requisite to enable the travel ler to choose the mo«f ncherchr dishes and lo avoid those which are not comme il faut. llavii%' adjusted your snow-white napkin, a la Fiancn-e, and called for a bottle of Chateau-.Margaux, or Laflitte, you commence on the soup ka la Ju lienne' or 'an macaroni,' having previously or dered a garcon to bespeak yon a 'turbot, sauce aux huîtres,' or a 'sole uu gratin.' ^Viti; t!ie*c preliminary arrangements, you begin, like a true Parisian gastronome, the work of destruction, and, finding as you ad ν ance your appt tite rather renewed than appeased, )nu command, say, a 'filet de bœuf, au vin de .Madère;' to he followed by a 'coquille a la financière.' Perhaps you 1 / M !.. might have prelered a 'Kognon, an vm uu vunu pagne,'or a 'fricasse de p<»ulet,'but a*> the orders have been ΐζίven, it would be an act of ill breed ing to countermand then», besidt* betraying to thegarcon \oiir ignorance of the art of selecting After luxuriating on these dainties, and 'takin; your tirne"* like a philosopher intent on the mo-t important of subjects, you O e! an inclination t> try tlie giber, or game, and order the waiter t j bring a -perdreau, en salmi, aux truffas,' and f«»r ar» entremet, a 4co<|·»iIle aux champignons,'or 'omelette, aux fine herbes.' Having found thfl wine to your liking, and despatched the ·Γι*'., Ilcsh, and fowl,1 you finish oit with a desert, ac quit your bill, which may be twenty francs, a.id ad journ to some cafe to take your demi ta^e and petit verre de li'jmur. Such is the routine ot a fashionable dinner in one of the be»t restaurai in Pari5, where the lovers of tue 'Apician nier sels,' and bon-vicanh of every description may re vel to the heart's content. besides the expensive restaurant®, there :«r numerous saloons at which you can dine for much a head, at a fixed price, from 1G son- to two francs, and have soup, three dishes, half * bottle of wine, desert and bread at discretion.— One ot the best of this description, and frequent ed by English and Americans, is kept by M· Richard 2 rue Vivienne, who has been in rep'iie for many years for the excellence of his di»be' and the selection of his wines. Lusus Natura.—A very remarkable curic.vt>' may now be seen at the residence of Mr. Hirhar ! Weisiger, in the town of Manchester—A Terr.'f slut having within a few days brought forth a lit ter of live puppies, tœo of the five arc without u ) lore legs or feet. In other respects, these tw puppies are perfectly formed, and in fine i.eaitK and condition. That one should have been mutilated bytnature, would be looked upononiy ^ one of her freaks: That two of ihe live sliouid be similarly deprived shows some cau-e more re gular than that which governs her freaks. Richmond fl hif Official.—"Mr. and Mrs. Robert Tyler 1*;: the city to-day on a visit to Thos Α. Γ·»ορ-'*· Esq., (Mrs. Tyler's father.) at Frankfort, I'·*· ' Mud\sonian of yetferd'ty.