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Alexandria gazette. [volume] (Alexandria, D.C.) 1834-1974, August 05, 1843, Image 2

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The ALEXANDRIA GAZETTE, for the coun
try, is priuted on Tuesdays, Thursdays and
Th« Country Paper (tri-weekly) is furnished for
$5 per annum—payable in advance.
Subscription—the Daily Paper is furnished at $8
per annum—payable half yearly.
No subscription is received from the country, un
less accompanied by the cash, or by a respon
sible name.
The Acadia arrived at Boston on Wednesday,
bringing Liverpool dates to the 19th July.
The Whig papers and politicians were antici
pating a rupture in the Ministry, from differences
of opinion upon Irish matters.
The great iron steamer “Great Britain,” the
largest ever built, for the New York trade was
to hare been launched on the day the Acadia left.
Wales, which was in a state of considerable
excitement when the last packet left, though
still rather feverish, is at present, comparatively
quiet. ..
Instructions, it is stated, have been issued by
the Secretary at War for an additional number of
Chelsea pensioners to be placed under the con
trol of staff o(Boers. The men are to be selected
from East and West Wales, Bath, Whithy, Shef
field, Coventry, Derby, Lincoln, and Norwich,
and the pay will amount to upwards of .£6,000.
The Lords of the Admiralty have forwarded a
stand of 500 small arms, at the instance of Sir;
_ _ ■ i_
Watkin uwen i en, xnc capiain ou|ju»iw»uuiu
of the Pembroke Dockyard, for the use ol the
men engaged in that place, in consequence of the
disturbed state of the surrounding districts.
Ireland continues almost exclusively to absorb
the attention of Parliament, and the present ses
sion promises to prove one ot the most protracted
on record. As matters progress, the sitting seems
likely to run into the autumn.
The Repeal agitation continues undiminished
throughout Ireland.
A deputation ftom the Ami-Slavery Society
had waited upon Lord Aberdeen, in relation to
slavery in Texas.
O'Connell held what is te>med an “extraordi-;
nary meeting" of the Repeal Associatian, at the
Corn Exchange, Dublin, on Saturday, for the pur
pose of favoring his adherents with Lis views oi
the debate on Ireland.
He made a long speech on the present state of
parties, the position of the Ministry, ami the pros
pects of repeal. He spoke, in the most exulting
tone, of his own strength and the weakness of his
adversaries, and professed to regard the success
of his movement as unquestionable, after the sen
timents which hod been uiU red in the House ot
The Messrs. Baring, of London, have underta
ken the construction of the ('anal across the isth
mus of Darien.
Three favorite New York packet ships have
arrived since our last publication. The Roches
ter, Captain Britton, reached here on the 6th in
stant; the England, Captain Bartlett on the 10th;
and the Garrick, Cupt. Skiddy, yesterday.
Dr. Hanheraan,the founder of honuepathy, died
in Paris on Sunday week, aged 88.
The celebrated vocalist, Mrs. Wood, after her
verv short connexion with the Roman t athohes,
has again returned to her husband and the l rotes
lant faith.
According to a communication made by M. Ar
go to the Academy of Sciences at Paris, on the
5th, a contract has been entered into by Messrs.
Baring & Co. of London, with the Republic ol
New Grenada, in virtue of which the Republic is
to cede to them the line required lor tne project
ed Canal across the Isthmus of Panama, with 80,
000 acres land. Messrs. Baring ^ Go. had it is
said, in the first instance, fixed the amount of toll
for the navigation of the canal at the price of 18
francs per ten; but they have reduced it to 8
francs. The work upon which lrom 4,01)0 to
5,000 men are to be engaged, it L to be comple
ted in 5 years.
The Sandwich Island*.—Despatches have
been sent oil by Government to (’apt- l.ortl G
Paulet, of the Cansfort frigate, m the booth 1 a
rifie, acknowledging the tree independence ol
King Tomchamuha 111- and the SanuWiCh islands
from this or any other country.
gpAiM.—The intelligence from Spain leaves no
doubt that the fate of the Regent is sealed. Ma
drid is in a state of siege. He proposes to keep
open his communication, it is said, with Saragos
sa and Cadiz—ii he can. The advance guard of
Zurbano had entered Saragossa, when that gene
ral was expected the iollowing day w ith ten bat
talions. Madrid was pcaccble. but as for the Re
gent, he is what the French papers call him a
lost man.
'•Poor 'Espnrtero, enfeebled with disease and
hunted on every side like a wild boar, seems hke
b to sink. The Regent, according to the Yrench
telegraph, lias been obliged, owing to the state ot
his health, to return to Madrid. The capital still
remains his faithful ally, but he cannot make hcaa
it is clear, against the potent influence ot riench
-old. In the meantime, generals do every thing
/but fight. A few days will decide the late of the
Regent and the young Queen. A Bourbon 1 mice
wuwf, it would seem, be hei bride—that, we iear,
' wiii be the denouement.
HUSBAND.—Erastus Brooks, Esq., of New
York, now in England, gives the following de
scription of them as he saw them on horseback :
“Their dresses were exactly such as on© w ould
sec on a dozen of equestrians in London and New
__.a „ 1,1,10 hrrv*»flrlntli habit, with a
small linen collar, and lead colored gloves. Her
hat was the usual vidmg-hat of black beaver.
Hi* dress was the usual dress ot a gentleman, and
his hat was gray beaver, with a black crape band,
in honor of the late Duke of Orleans. These
were the Queen of England and I’rince Albert
•h^r consort. Shade of Elizabeth ! how would
ihv ruff sink down with amazement hadst thou
beheldthv descend ant then ! I, who had only read
of aueen's in books, which tell of their grand do
ings and their gorgeous robes, was not qu^ P
pared for this simplicity. ' icto'UA is of the
middle size, and rather plump. Her hair is of a
dark brown, plaited on each side, and tucked pe
hind the ear. Her features aro like the portraits
w6 s€e of her *, her eyes are bright. She looked
before her with a flushed and anxious gaze, and
bowed slights on each side, with a sweet but
pensive smile, while the people around took off
lheir hats and courtesied in silence, rnuee Al
bert raised his hat several times.”_
ANOTHER COMET—Ina letter from a gen
tleman on a visit to.Jje White M-^
w“l£W evening, July **.
This extended from the eastward ortzo f
ivnrds whilst that one was from the west. It
was visible for about ten minutes only, and seetn
Td o fade away instead of sinking below the ho
r„on 'To-night it is cloudy, and has not been
visible here. If it has not been seen in New
York make its appearance here known, that per
iti S I #pon.—Qtk 1 ot>t'
Foreign Corre.ycnJence of the A etc 1 crk Tribune. 1
letter from Italy, because 1 write of all Italy, for !
the beggars belong to the whole country. There
arc various classes—some only occasional beg
gars, made so by the liberality of foreigners.—
Finding it is oltcn but to ask to receive, they
will stop in the midst of their w'ork and beg for
a mere fraction of a sous. But your regular pro
fessional beggar is known in a moment. He
has been accustomed to hear AV and pay no
more attention to it than if he did not hear it.
He knows that perseverance conquers all things,
and that nearly every man w ill give half a cent
to be rid of his importunity. The mode of beg
ging varies according to the temperament of the
beggar. There is one perhaps minus both legs,
w ho is perfectly conscious that his condition, as
he sits helpless on the pavement at your feet, ap
peals to your sympathies stronger than his lan
guage, and simply holds his tattered hat out as
vou pass. I know' one such who has acquired
quite a property. Then there i- your dramatic
beggar who makes himself larner than lie is, or
rolls his blind eyes so as to give his most revolt
ing aspect, and appeals to you in language and
in voice most touching and pathetic. He will
tell vou of his large family and their starvation,
and asks for the love of God to give him one sin
gle copper. A third flatters you, calling you a
beautiful gentleman, and heaping titles on you
sufficient to satisfy the most ambitious. 1 have
often met an old woman of this class, who smiles
on me with the most perfect good humour, and
throwing her head on one side coaxes me w'ith
such a tone and so many compliments that 1 find
mv hand in my pockets before I knew it. Then
there is your graceless, ragged little urchin, wrho
will crack his jaw and turn somersets till you
really think he deserves a penny. No matter
how'strongly you are resolved at first against en
couraging the little rascal, after he has worked
himself out of breath in tumbling for you, and
comes up smiling and demands only a quarter for
it all, it does seem stingy not to give. You may
have told him to stop and go away half a dozen
times, it matters not, such is our nature that if a
man will play for us we feel w'e ought to pay
him. There is another class, that, conscious ot j
having no particular claims in themselves upon
your particular charity, borrow a wretched babe
or child, whose misery will plead for them.—
Sometimes you meet a jolly beggar, but him you
may immediately put down as a beggar of for
tune. Life with him has not been a failure. He
is none of your disappointed men. II is business
has always been thriving, and he feels as he acts,
right kindly to you and all mankind; and why
shouldn’t he? lie has a little property amassed |
from ti*eir charity, and he u secure against **a
ramy day.” 1 used to meet such a one on the
Pincian hill in Rome. He was a large fat follow,
with withered legs, so that he walked on his
hands and knees alone. In the morning he would
be down in the heart of the city, but towards
evening he stationed himself on the last landing
up the long Hight of steps that lead to the hill;
and a* you ascended he advanced on all-fours to
the edge, and with his head erect, looking lor all
the world like a large mastitT, and showing a most
beautiful set of teeth, addressed you like a fami
liar friend with k(i-ood day, sir.1 ‘It is line wea
ther to-day,’ or ‘It looks like rain,1 as the case
may be. ’He was a large, fine-looking man, and
it was hard to resist dropping a penny in his hat.
He struck my fancy amazingly, and 1 would of
ten stop and talk with him. One day 1 asked
him how much he took per day. ‘Oh,’he said,
ten or twelve cents.’ ‘Ah, now,’ I replied, ‘don’t
try to deceive me, for I am a good friend; 1 shall
frjve you just as much; I v\on t teil anvbody, 1
wan't to know merely from curiosity.” ‘Well,’
he said, ‘half a dollar a day, and often more.”—
(This here, is equal to a uonnr ai uome.; i ms
w is certainly good wages, when it cost him but a
few pence per day to live. ‘But,’ he added, ‘this
is oulv during the season when strangers vi-it
Rome. In the summer I take very little.' He
| then gave uic a long history of himself and of a
I donkey he owned, which he said was fastened
I above on th? hill to ride home when the day's
work was finished. This man owned two or three
houses. He seemed to consider me a sort ot
! confederate after he told me his circumstances;
I and if I happened to he passing up behind another
! stranger who refused to give him alms, he would
tip me a wink and smile, and expect hi> coppei
from me.
So much for the beggars, and now for the mode
of ridding one's self of them without bestowing
alms, for*it would impoverish a prince to give to
all, and every time they ask. I have tried vari
ous methods*but find scarcely no rule universal,
j Threats are quite useless, for they know you can
! not fmd it in \our heart to cane them, and if you
! do, you will most certainly give them a penny to
| nay for it. They will (lodge it, it is true, but not
j retreat. Sometimes ‘niente,’ (nothing) spoken
with w ith perfect sang froid, will convince them
that you have been long enough in Italy to un
derstand their habits, and they will leave. If
they still persist, a ‘non intendeter' (don't you un
derstand?) will sometimes relieve you. if they
! still dog vour footsteps, as some impudent ur
: chins will do, a slight tap of the cane by way of
I preface is the only resort. Sometimes to point
! the finger and cry ‘shame,’ will send them off.—
There is another mode the secret of which 1 do
not understand, but which is more effectual than
all. It is to say first ‘niente,1 and.if they persist,
repeat it again and waive two fingers of the hand
before your forehead. When they see this they
will almost invariably stop, look at you a mo
ment, and quietly withdraw. If you are in a
carriage, you can let them run their breath out,
and some of them are wonderfully long-winded,
j and then they arc sure to abuse you at tlie cqd.
A little girl once chased the carriage in which I
rode for more than a mile. I had net a particle
of small change in my pocket, or 1 oeneve t
should have given her something to have sent her
away. She first plead with me, and of c-nrsc
did not believe me when I told her I had no
small money. She then folded her little arms
and prayed for me to the Madonna, and all the
, time running at the top of her speed. Not suc
' eroding in this, she heaped on me all the titles of
nobility and epithets of praise she could com
mand/ The fair trial of each occupied some
time, and when they all failed and she was fairly
tired out, site stopped, and with a most villainous
look, called me a blackguard.
A man always has change, and you would smile
to see me sometimes making change with a beggar.
He w ill be sure to ha** j not quite enough to give
you back what you demand; but if 1 begin I al
w'ays insist on the lust fraction except the single
penny I promised. The first time a beggar of
fered to make change for me amused me exceed -
ingly. I shall never forget a little urchin I saw
at Picstum. He was seven or eight years old, 1
should think, and had nothing on but an old rag
ged shirt, and a still older brown hat, that came
: down to his shoulders and Gapped its broad brim
around his neck. He had a plump, but sallow,
sickly face, over which a smile never played. 1
! told him 1 had no small money, that I had given
: it all awav. He did not believe me, and dogging
mv footsteps with an importunity 1 had never
witnessed, plead in a low, plaintive tone for a
■ single ‘grani.’ He annoyed me so much that 1
1 finally turned upon him with my cane and told
! him 1 would floe him if he did not leave me.—
I «in<-A seen. I am convmceu uc »uuju huiu
r bqtfi clcaU—uiey uituvi ^ —
nothing to eat.” Tired of standing, he found a
stone that fairly laced me, and sitting down upon .
it, deliberately crossed his bare legs, folded his ;
arms, as if he had no intention whatever of leav- :
ing me. This was a regular set to, and I looked
on him with perfect astonishment. At length the
carriage drove up and 1 asked my friend for some
coppers. lie had none. “Well,” said I. give
him a cay line.” He tossed it to him, but he nev
er smiled, though he seized it like a hungry man.
He even forgot to thank me till 1 asked him if he i
w as not thankful, and he said “yes,” with the
same solemn immoveable countenance.
I w as once on an excursion with some friends
who tvere very anxious to impress on some dozen
beggars or more who surrounded us at the hotel,
a good moral lesson. Among the ragged group
was a little girl w ho never asked for alms, but
stood busily braiding straw. To this girl my
friends gave a paul, but nothing to the others, and
then requested me to tell them this w’as because
she was industrious. I did so, and read them
, quite a lecture on the crime of idleness. They
were astonished, and rose and told it to their fel
lows, and one after another came and looked on j
us in perfect amazement. My friends looked quite
dignified at the wholesome truth they had incul
cated by the very judicious distribution of their
charities. In the mean time l had noticed the
disappearance of several of the company, who j
now returned, one w'itli a stocking, which she j
was knitting most perscveringly, another with a
bit of braided straw, all expecting ot course a re
ward for their industry. The lesson had taken
effect quicker than my friends expected, and they :
found it rather difficult to explain why they should j
not give as liberally to the latter as to the fiist. ,
1 laughed heartily over the experiment and
turned away, convined that money w’as not the
means through w'hieh truth must be inculcated to
a beggar.
in the New York Evening Post relates this inter
esting anecdote:
“I passed a few days in the valley of one of ,
those streams of northern Vermont, which find j
their way into Champlain. If I w'ere permitted
to draw aside the veil of private life, I would j
briefly give you the singular, and to me tiie most
interesting history of two maiden ladies, who
1_11 - . lU:. T Ii'/Milil 1 r» 1 1 Vf.ll llflVl’ 111
U well in lino t anvj • * »t w.. j ” 7 —
their youthful days, they took each other as com
panions for life, and how this union no less sacred
to them than the tie of marriage, has subsisted, in
uninterrupted harmony, for forty years, during
which they have shared each other’s ocjcqpatios
and pleasures and works of chanty while hi health
and welched over each other tenderly in sickness, (
for sickness has made long and frequent visits to '
their dwelling. I could tell you how they slept i
on the same pillow and had u common purse, and 1
adopted each other’s relations, and how one of
them, more enterprising and spirited in her tern
per than the other, might be said to represent the
male head of the family and took upon hersell
their transactions with the world without, until at
length her health failed, and she was tended by !
her gentle companion, as a fond wife attends her j
invalid husband. I would tell you of their dwell
ing encircled with roses, which now in the days !
of their broken health, bloom wild without their
tendance, and I would speak of the friendly at
tentions which their neighbors, people of kind
hearts and simple manners, seem to take pleasure
vi bestowing upon them, but I have already said
more than 1 fear they will forgive rne fur, if this
should ever meet their eyes, and 1 must leave the
camps, of Meiun, lias presented to the French
Academy of Medicine a memoir on the real signs
of death. lie draws the following conclusions,
intended to guide public authorities in the pre
cautions that should be taken against the dan
ger of interring prematurely persons not really
1. A greenish blue color, extending uniformly
o\er the skin of the belly, is the real and certain
sign of death.
o The period at which this sign appears varies
much; hut it takes place in about three days,
under favourable circumstances of warmth and
, moisture.
3. Though discoloration of various kinds, arid
from various causes, may occur in other parts, i
the characteristic mark oi death istobc found on
ly in the belly.
4. Apparent death can no longer be confound
| ed with real death; the belly never being colored
green or blue in any case of the lormcr.
f>. This coloring of the belly, which may he ar
tificially hastened, entirely prevents the danger
of premature interment.
6. There is no danger to public health from
the keeping a body until the appearance of the
characteristic sign of death —Lund. Jled. Gaz.,
May 1813, from Gaz.Ahd. dc Paris, Ap. 1.
phlet entitled the “Wrongs of Women,” has just
been published in New York. According to its
statements, there are at this time in London
alone, 15,000 girls, from the age of 14 upwards,
employed in the millinery and dress making esta
blishments of 1500 employers, who are reduced
to the most deplorable condition ol health, and
living in the most ruinous way. Rut as fashion
1 has every where its apes, so has it every where
1 its victims, and it is said that there is hardlv an
establishment in the realm that docs not “kill a
girl a year,” and if to the list of killed were su
neradded all who are mortally wounded, a fearful
return would appear. During the two “seasons”
in town, the girls usually work from 6 A. M. till
2 or 3 next morning. Many have for three
months successively worked 20 hours out of the
! 24. One witness, who was examined before the
! Commission of Inquiry, had been compelled to
i work from 4 A. M. on Thursday to 10£ on the next
' Sunday morning.
pondent of the New York Express asserts that
I Taunton not Fall River, has suffered most from
! the late fire in the latter place. He relates a
chapter of accidents that, have befallen Taunton ;
such as the fire of 1834, a loss of <$30,000, the
failure of a large firm, who, as he expresses it,
.i.... n h«fl of <175.000 bv the fire of
1838; the failure of the Cohannet Bank, with a
capital of $*200,000 all sunk; another fire on the
31st of May last, with a loss of $30,000; and
lastly the payment of $50,000 to Fall River by
means of “Mutual Insurance.” Truly, Taunton
has been an unfortunate town. The charity
evinced towards the Fall River sufferers, he
thinks, had been better expended in Taunton.—
He says : _ . . .
“Fall River has ever been a flourishing town,
and has been managed by men who are in reality
rich! One of its leading business rnen said to a
friend of mine, as late as last week, that he could
not but deprecate the course which had been ta
ken to make them appear in the light of objects
of charity; ‘for/said he “$5,000 would serve to
make all the real objects ot charity quite as com
fortable as they were before the fire; and he
could not think what could be properly done with
a sum of money which would not probably be
less than $60,000 ”
the Shannondale Springs a negro man, who is
something of a curiosity. He is an inoffensive,
oblHn^ creature, and is always emphatically
‘•wide awake” when duty calls. Though above
forty years of age, he has never been known to
sleep1 Neither man, woman nor child can say
that he has been caught napping even for a min
ute! He is not entirely “a cold-water roan,
though he slake3 his thirst from no other than
! the pure fountains that flow near ins residence.
; He is an attendant at the Baths; and whilst he
i mingles the hot and cold.for others, and is always
winning good words from those whom he serves,
no temptation can induce him to meddle with the
i firewater, which has been the scourge of so many
1 of the whites as well as of his own race. He is a
teetotaller—unpledged, yet him and faithtul 10
hii purpose.—hit Pi
the SCII1I, SARAH LAV 1X1 A.—In refer- |
enccto the story of the mutiny, the New Bedford !
Bulletin adds the following particulars:
Wc learn that Capt. Crowell, of the Pilot boat
Favorite, of this port, saw the schooner on Sat
urday, off the mouth of the Bay, apparently bourn!
into this port, but on nearing the schooner put a
wav into Vineyard Sound.
The Mercury this morning publishes a rumor
that a boat, manned by four men, was seen to
land at Secunnet Point, Rhode Island, on Sunday
morning, supposed to have proceeded from the
The entries in the logbook published yesterday
arc said to be in the hand writing of Babe,, one of
the seamen; though on comparing them with the
signature of Babe to the articles, we were by no
means sure of fact.
Mr. John Gustavus of this town informs us that
on*Saturday evening, while bathing, on the S.
E. shore, just below the Smoking Rocks Whart,
(so called,) a row boat, containing four men,
approached the shore. In consequence of the
darkness he is unable to state what kind of a boat
it was. . , ., . ,
One of the men asked him if they could land
there? On being informed that they could, three
of them landed, with each of them a bag. They
wore dressed in seamen’s apparel. They *uid they
were strangers in New' Bedford, and asked how
far they should have to go to reach a tavern, and
receiving the proper directions from him, and bid-1
ding tlie°man remaining in the boatgood by, he
shoved off and the rest proceeded up to the town.
Mr. Gustavus thinks this occurred about ii o’clock,
but is not sure. It might have been earlier. He
does not know whether either of the men w'as co
lored. We publish this statement, as it may lead
to the detection of the daring scoundrels now in
our midst.
An entry discovered on the log book gives rise
to a belief that there had been a disagreement
between the mate and two of the crew', hut we
are not at liberty to publish the particulars.
ment created by the large number of boatmen
who continue at this place on a “strike”, rose to
quite a threatening aspect on Monday and yester
day, and from all appearances a crisis is near at
nano.—v/n i'juuuu}
two of the boats who resides at Mauch Chunk,
attempted to move them off, when he was seized
and thrown into the l^high river, and another
person who assisted him out, was afterwards dri
ven iiuiu trie g*iH»nd with stones. Processes were
issued for the apprehension of the leaders, but
we believe the officers were not able to appre
hend them. Yesterday the Mauch Chunk Com
pany had a conference with a committee of the
boatmen, but no arrangements could be effected
to remove the unfortunate state* of things. '1 he
boatmen, the companies and the State are sus
taining a great loss by the suspension of the coal
trade which has already existed for four or fi ve
weeks. The peace as well as the interests of the
community require that the evil should be remo
ved, and the laws be cntorced and iospeeted.
Easton (l'a-) Gazette.
Correspondence of the X. Y Express.
Washington, July 31, 1843.
The Revenue Cutter and Revenue Boat, and
the Light House Systems, it is to be hoped, will
now undergo a thorough reform or at least a tho
rough examination. Within the last week a
most outrageous case of abuse and fraud has been :
brought to the notice of the Treasury Depart-j
merit hero. The complaint comes in the shape of j
a memorial from ship-builders, spar-makers, sail-!
makers, and others, in consequence ol the acccp-j
tance. on the part of a Government officer, of
the highest proposal for the wood-work of the
Iron Revenue Cutters, building at New York.—
Notice had been given that these proposals would
he received for the object mentioned; and in con- (
sequence the following persons sent in their ,
names with the amounts which are affixed oppo
site to each:
Robert La to, (for finishing each cuttcr)$1750.
j. R Hall, do 37.7.
Dechcr & Rrowcr, do 1 .>00.
Of course the highest bid was accepted !! The
news leaked out, and the facts connected with
dm i.ir/.nm«tnnrp that nil the (joveriinieiit con•
tracts for years past have run in the same chan
nel, increased the suspicions already excited that
something was wrong somewhere. Another cir
cumstance had also recently occurred which did
not tend to diminish the suspicion any. A small
vessel had been contracted or intended for the j
l nited States service, at the price of 40UQ dol
lars, deliverable at some southern port. The go
vernment had previously built one for 1500 dol
lars precisely like her, only not deliverable at
the South, and any of the ship builders would
have been glad to have taken this job at the same
price, with the addition of one or two hundred
dollars for sending her to her port of destination.
Next to this cause was another to which l al
luded in a former letter, viz: the expenses of the
Revenue Cutters, the repairs of which for two
vessels only, cost the Government, in 1841, up- j
wards of forty thousand dollars for the port ot
New York alone, and the expenses of the Reve
nue BoaU at the Battery and elsewhere, exceed
ed twelve thousand dollars! Your readers can
draw their own conclusions at such enormities as
these. _ _
Philadelphia Ledger is informed by a gentleman
from Columbia, that a fiend-like attempt was
made by a negro to commit an outrage on the per
son of a white girl, at that place, on the afternoon
of the 1st inst. The girl had taken passage on j
board of a canal boat for Harrisburg, when the j
negro came on board, locked her in the cabin, j
and attempted the outrage alluded to. The cries j
of the girl attracted the attention of a boat build-;
er on the other side of the canal, who immediate- j
ly rescued her, and took the negro before Squire J
Lloyd. After hearing the case, the magistrate ;
committed the negro to the town hall, to await a
conveyance in the morning, to the jail at Lancas
ter. The outrage soon became known, and much
excitement prevailed in the neighborhood. Dur- !
ing the night a number of citizens and strangers
went to the town hall, rescued the negro, took
him down the beach on the Susquehanna, stripped
him of his clothing, and gave him thirty-nine se
vere lashes. They then tarred and feathered the
wretch, gave him thirty-nine lashes more, sup
plied the place of the feathers which were cut ofi
bv the last beating, by a fresh quantity, then pin
• ** « • • a 1 _ t_ !_A_ aL ^ J ^ m t k a k aiica
ionea nis arms, iouk nun v
of a leading abolitionist of Columbia, and left
him, in that condition, tied to the handle of tue
door. The negro was a stranger at Columbia.
The men-of-war lying at the Naval anchorage
in our harbor, presented a beautiful appearance
yesterday morning. The Pennsylvania, Levant,
Decatur, Ontario, brig Oregon, and schrs. Phai
nix and On-ka-hy*e, all with their sails loosened
and Hying to the wind to air and dry them. At a
short distance from them, the splendid steam Fri
gate Missouri, which arrived that morning, was
lying in majesty.—Norfolk Herald.
NOVEL PREMIUM.—Among the premiums
distributed at an annual exhibition of a Female
Academy in Georgetown, was one for excellence
in the act of cooking. The young lady’s name is
not given. Wc would liko to contribute our J
mite in making it known, and holding it up to (
the admiration of others. It is time for a r0-ac'
tion in the system of education which would lead
one to believe that young ladies would never ex
pect to be housekeepers or mothers, although the
j same inspection would leave no doubt that thev
were looking forward to shining in society and |
practising the arts of beau-catching. '1 he orua- j
mental has its place and will always keep it; the
useful needs expansion in various directions.
Frederick Citizen.
, the Sporting Chronicle, that these gallant vete- ,
| rans arc again in training under the most Hatter- ,
inz auspices—Boston especially. We earnest } j
hope that they may be brought on the Turt again j
this Fail, in condition to “light their batt.CiO tr j
—The Cumberland Civilian of yesterday, in its ;
regular edition, announces that the work on the
Chesapeake and Ohio Canal, at that place, hi a
been stopped, and thinks it will not resumed j
until some favorable action on the subject be had
by the next legislature. An extra, however,
from that paper, contains the annexed lettor,
which it received after going to press, stating the
cause of the il present temporary suspension of |
the work on the Canal.” We infer from it that j
Messrs. Letson fit, Rutter intend to re-coramence
Cumberland, 2d Aug. IS43.
To the Editor of the Civilian.
Sir:—[ sincerely regret 1 had not furnished
you, prior to your paper going to press this even
ing, with the following extract of Mr, Fisk’s (the
Chief Engineer) letter to me, received by me late
on Saturday evening last:
“ Having received from the Clerk a copy of an
order of the Board, declaring the contract re
cently entered into between the President ot the
Company and Letson and Rutter null and void
(and which has been thus communicated, by an
order of the. Board)—it becomes iny duty to ap
prise you, that 1 can give no further instructions
in reference to, and can in no manner superintend,
the work you arc now doing,”
This alone w„s the cause of the present tempo
rary suspension of the work on the Canal, under
our contract. It is important for us to have Ln
gineers, but not so important w’ho they are, pro
vided they will perform their duties.
We have been, and shall so continue, ready to
prosecute the work of the Canal to the letter and
spirit of our contract.
Very respectfully, your ob’t servant,
T. W. Letson.
The Frederick Examiner states, that “the com
pany have offers to do the work for fifteen per
cent. less than the bid of Messrs. Letson and Rut
ter—say for $200,000 less. We are glad to
hear this, because it may increase the prospect
of selling the state's interest in the work. But
what is to be done with the contract of Letson
and Rutter?” ___
AUGUST ELECTIONS.—The elections which
take plaee during the present and tiie ensiling
week, may be regarded as the most important
that will occur during the present year. Six
States, electing fifty-four members of Congress,
and the Governor and members of the State Leg
islature in nearly all, have held their annual elec
tion, or w ill hold them on Monday next.
North Carolina.—The election in this State
took place last Thursday. Nine members of Con
gress are to be chosen. We have no means of
Tudiring of Ihe probable result, lo 1640, this
State gave a majority of 12,594 for Harrison.
Last year, Morehead, Whig, was re-elected Gov
ernor" by a majority of 4745. If, therefore, the
State had been fairly districted, the W bigs ought
to have elected a majority of the members of Con
gress. This has not been the ease however.—
The State has been most unfairly gerrymandered
—and the result is very doubtful. The gallant
Stanly is a candidate for re-election in the
Washington district, and Kenneth Raynor in the
Currituck district, where the Loco Foco Legis
lature have endeavored to prepare for them a
sure defeat, but where the result is not hopeloss.
We shall have returns in a little more than a
week. Four Whigs out of nine are said to be all
\vc can hope for.
The election in Tennessee for Governor, 11
members of Congress, and members of the State
Legislature, took place the same day. This is by
far the most important election of the season.—
Upon the result will depend the political charac
ter of the U. S. Senate. The campaign between
Jones and Polk, the rival candidates for Gover
nor. has been carried on in the most animated
manner. All our accounts agree in representing
the efforts of the former eminently successful on
the stump—and that the prospect of his re-elec
tion by a handsome majority, is most flatter ing.
The prubable result of the Congressional contest
wo have already given, and have nothing to add
to it. We hope’to hear of the success of at least
six Whigs out of the eleven candidates. The
Legislature is in more doubt, and is more impor
tant in its results. Two U. S. Senators are to be
chosen—which, if the Whigs succeed, will give
to them the control of the Senate, beyond all fear
—and w ill render the repeal of the tariff, by the
next Congress, an impossibility. 11 the Locos
carrv the day, and also succeed in obtaining the
Lf. S. Senator in Maryland, they will ha\o ju>t
half the Senate, with Mr. Hives
In Kentucky, the election for the choice of
ten members ol Congress, takes place next Mon
day. In nine of the ten districts, Harrison had a
large majority. Since then, there has been no
U-t election. The Whigs can hardly fail to elect
a large majority of the members, if not in every
district in the State but one.
On the same day, Alabama chooses seven
members of Congress, and her State Legislature.
The Mobile Chronicle states that “from every
section of South Alabama, the W higi are rcceiv
iugthe most gratifying accounts of the prospects
of their party, and we have the strongest confi
dence—notwithstanding the gross injustice of the
While basis principle, (adopted as is well known
for the express purpose of depriving the Whigs of
South Alabama of their just weight in the Na- j
tional Legislature,) that we shall be able to carry j
every district in South Alabama at tHe August
election, which will give us four sterling Whigs j
in the next Congress, to wit: Delict from the fust j
district, Petit from the second, Hunter from the
third, and Young from the fourth.
In the first district, the Whig majority was, in
1810, 2611—in 1841 it was 671. In the second,
in 1840, Whig maj. 1267—in 1841 it was 451. In j
the third, tbo Whig majority in 1840 was 654— |
in 1841, the Locos had a majority of 43. In the
fourth, in 1840 the Whig majority was 711, in
1841 it was 587. The Whigs will see from this
exhibit how easy it is for them to carry every one
of these four districts, and wo cannot for a mo-j
ment doubt but what it will done.”
The choice of seven members of Congress is
also to be made on the same day in Illinois. The
Loco Foco Legislature having most unfairly dis
tricted this State, we have no very sanguine
hopes of the result, though our friends there ex
pect to elect three or four members—one in con
sequence of a serious split among the Loco f ocos
in the Chicago district.
Indiana, also, elects ten members of Congress,
half of her StaU Senate, and her House of Rep
resentatives, on the seventh inst. We have .1 -
ready published a letter, giving a full perhaps
too sanguine an account of our prospects in that
quarter. We hare nothing to offer in addition.
Missouri chooses her State Legislature on the
same day,— but there is no prospect of any im
provement upon the disagreeable sameness which
elections in that State have uniformly exhibited.
The Locos are, however, getting up a beautiful ;
private quarrel, and may thereby contribute to
their own partial defeat. We have little reason,
however, to expect much that is agreeable from
that quarter at present.—lioitou *ltlas.
PRETTY GOOD.—At a meeting of the survi
vors of a blow upon one of the western waters,
when the report was, as usual, concluded “that
no blame could be attached to any of the offi
cer3 of the boat,” when the fact was that the
steam had been crowded as well as the boat, a j
vankec submitted the following resolutions in ad
dition : t , ,
“Resolved, That’s nobody’s to blame but the
Resolved, That the biler knew better than tew
4go on a bust.’
Resolved, That wc reckon it got just about
what it deserved for blowin’upin such a scowra
geous manner.” _
Virginia six per cent stock were sold at the
Reading Room yesterday at par — Xe.folk Her- j
aid. : ' I
VAN BUREX IX OHIO.—The friends of Mr.
Van Buren in Hamilton Comity, Ohio, in obedi
ence to a call signed by over one thousand citi
zens, held a meeting in the Court House, Cincin
nati, on Thursday evening last, as wc learn from
the Cincinnati Enquirer, for the purpose of plac
ing him in nomination for the office of Chief Mag
istrate of the United States, subject to the deci
sion of the Democratic National Convention.
During the day large numbers of the sterling de
mocracy of the county, and respectable delegates
from a number of the adjoining counties, arriv'd
in the city for the purpose of attending the meet
ing. At an early hour the Court House was
crowded, and the yard and streets adjoining
presented a dense and motionless mass of people.
The nieeting organized in the Court House by
calling Moses Dawson, Esq., to the chair, anil
appointing ten Vice Presidents—and three Secre
taries. After the appointment of the commit
tees, tho venerable chairman addressed the meet
ing, fie had frequently met his fellow-citizens,
the true and incorruptible Democracy of Hamil
ton county, but never before under such affecting
circumstances as the present. He was now in
his 76thyear, and he had reason to believe, that
this was the last time he would ever meet his
friends on a similar iinpoitant occasion. IIis life
had been devoted to a cause which every Demo
crat in this and every other land had near his
heart. He congratulated the Democracy of Ham
ilton county, upon the demonstration which they
would make that night, and in taking so effective
a stand in favor of the man who was pre-emi
nently qualified for the high and responsible trust
of Chief Magistrate of our glorious Union.
Such was the heat of the atmosphere and tho
density of the crowd at this stage of the proceed
ings, that an adjournment to the yard was effect
ed, where a mass of orderly and enthusiastic de
mocrats, numbering from five to seven thousand,
were waiting in anxiety for the orators to ad
dress them. Addresses were then delivered by
John Brough, Esq,, Hon. John B. Weller, T. W.
Bartley, Esq. Mr. Root, of Ky., and the Hon.
Alex. Duncan, and the applause w hich greeted
them from the beginning to the close, at a late
hour, testified the popularity of their sentiments
and the satisfaction of their audience,
The Enauirer sneakirur of the meeting say*:
u If there was ever a doubt entertained of tho
success of the democracy in Hamilton in ’4 4,
that doubt must have been dispelled by the nu
merous and enthusiastic meetingot Mr. Van Bu
ren's friends in this city and county, w hich took
place at the Court house on Thursday evening.
Ft was emphatically a gathering o! the people;
and if the enemies of democracy had ever Matter
ed themselves on factions and discords and split
tings in our party, the spirit of the meeting, the
boldness of the orators and the approbation of
the audience, closed every avenue to hope, and
left them to depend upon {lie merits of their ow n
cause and the support of their own discomfited and
disheartened numbers.— PcnntyivtiiiMH'
But the enemies of Democracy in the strong
holds of tho Government, and out of it, have
forced Mr. Van Buren into the position of the
Democratic candidate in advance of the an
nouncement of the Democratic convention. The
whole power and patronage of the Government
—its organization and intrigue to defeat the causo
of the party and assume a control over it—are
directed against Mr. Van Buren alone. Coali
tions have been formed with men assuming to be
loaders of the Democracy—w ith Governor Por
ter of Pennsylvania, and his brother, made Sec
retary at War for the occasion; with Mr. Il*n
shaw of Massachusetts, also brought into the
Cabinet in ratification of alliances to betray
whole sections of tho Democracy to tho<e who
prostrated it in 1840. These Government coali
tions, through the influence of its patronage, arc
operating on prominent partisans and presses of
the Democracy in all directions; and the whole
scope of the effort is to sacrifice Mr. Van Buren,
to make complete the ruin of the cause, and the
disorganization of the party of which he is thus
made the head. These renewed attacks on linn
from the same quarter that brought on the coun
try the disgrace and disasters of 1840, compel
us as a means of upholding the cause, to uphold
Mr. Van Buren. If these macninations prevail
against him, as a necessary consequence they
will obtain a power over the cause,and the par
ty sustaining it, which we should consider equi
valent to its second overthrow, It is thus that wc
• . .i r i t • _4 \ f _
have been drawn imo mi neiu m Mippuit .»•».
Van Buren before our time. The designation of
the common enomy ha* made him our candidate,
before the convention has spoken, if, when it
does speak, it identities the oaii*cof the Demo
cracy with any other candidate, the same devo
tion to the cause which now animates our activi
ty in defence of .Mr. Van Buren. will animate
us in the service of that other candidate. Now,
no man of our side is assailed but Mr- ^ 3U
ren.—a lobe.
\Vc do not know a single friend of Mr. Van
Buren who is not opposed to Gov. Porter. They
cannot be united. If the Governor suppose* ho
can bv any process induce the friends of .Mr. V an
Buren to modify their opposition to all his doing*
bv this ruse, he is very much mistaken Mr. Van
Buren neither wants his aid nor desires his friend
ship. When James Madison Porter was urged
upon him as a candidate for the office of Attor
ney General of the United States, he expressed
his opinion of the porters strongly and unequivo
cally. In attempting now to connect themselves
with Mr. Van Buren, they must either he actuat
ed by a desire to injure him, and thus aid Mr. Ty
ler and his friends in their warfare, or, knowing
as they do, that the friends of Mr. Van Buren aro
opposed to the whole Porter concern, they «*• k
to propitiate their opposition, and thu* save th*
Governor from the fate that awaits him. In ei
ther case they will miss their aim.
Mr. Buchanan and hi* friends have repudiate
themselves from all connexion with Porterisro
ns Mr. Van Buren and his friend* never had any,
they will not now unite with his excellency or his f
The tour of ex President Adam*, attended by
demonstrations of popular respect wherever he
goes, is a proof that even among fickle republican*,
the integrity of a statesman is his best policy. The
_ A a m /«!% m/v tt'kon llfil VP Mill
UmC seems w *«.
justice will be done the character of Mr. Adams
Even in the Bouth, where he is hated for bis va
lorous defence of the unqualified right of petition,
will the sentiment gain ground that lie is a patriot
of the stamp above all others needed in the na
tional councils. No rnan can study his persona,
history and accuse him of any ant of meanness or
selfishness. His moral courage i* a grand trait,
possessed in an equal degree by very few men in
political life. Were he less pure, his vast know
ledge would of itsolf invest his opinions wji *
rare degree of influence. The policy of »*is J
ministration is a model for all others. Honesty,
prudence, economy, contempt of the base arts by
which his successors have perpetuated their as
cendency, were its glorious characteristics —
How different would the country have hern m
every sense, in it morals. »t* reputation and its ^
neral wealth, had bis straight-forward course
been imitated ; Hu* when he \va«» doing mo»f f°r
the nation was he least appreciated.—rhiladelpn*
Xorth Jn;erican.
Mr. Webster has recently been spending1
short time at his paternal mansion at f ranklin.
N. H., and on Monday last entertained a fe* V
his friends and neighbors at a rustic and mjcu > *
chowder party. In reply to the toast which cy
ed him up, he indulged in a happy tram ot r*
marks, alluding to the place of his nativity, w
his anticipation of spending much of his time
rnong those with whom he had been reared- '
have an account of tliis social fete, which vw r'»
to find room for shortly. Mr. Webster ajT! ..
in this city last evening on his way to Mar< -
• - Boston MM
catcd in Alexandria, offers his prefer
services to the citizens. He may he foun^
Mrs Morgan's Hoarding House, on rairtax » •
nearly opposite Stabler’* Hrug Wuehouse.
jy ‘^7—2aw8t

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