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Alexandria gazette. [volume] (Alexandria, D.C.) 1834-1974, September 19, 1843, Image 2

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The ALEXANDRIA GAZETTE, for the coun
try, is printed on Tuesdays, Thursdays and
Saturdays. 4 .
The Country Paper (tri-weekly) is furiushed for
per annum—payable in advance.
Subscription—the Daily Paper is furnished at $8
per annum—payable halt yearly.
No subscription is received from the country, un
less accompanied by the^pash, or by a respon
sible name. -/'
GR EAT FLOOD.—On Saturday last we pub
lishc d an account of the damage done to buildings
and other property in this city and its vicinity by
the late equinoctial storm. We now feel ours*'Ives
called on to notice much more extensive injuries
done to public and private property in this city
and in Georgetown by the unprecedented rising
of the water in the Potomac and in the Chesapeake
_ _ - % rs a
and Ohio and Washington Lanais on Sun
day last. The^ water in the Waseington Ca
nal completely overflowed its banks, and at the
Seventh street bridge was, at ten o’clock P. M.,
at least two feet higher than the embankment.
Most of the cellars on the south side of Pennsyl
vania avenue from Seventh street to Second street
were deluged with water, and the wood merch
ants on the margin of the canal and basin sutlcred
considerably. In the low grounds on the margin
of the canal in the Fifth Ward there was an ex
tensive sheet of water, which rendered some of the
streets impassable to foot passengers.
In Georgetown we regret to state that the flour
and wood merchants along Water street have suf
fered heavily, c.The water has inundated all the
cellars and many of the principal warehouses in
the principal business streets, and the wharves
and warehouses presented a scene of great waste
and dcsola tion during the whole of Saturday.
Many fine wood piles were carried away by the
flood. So serious is the damage done to the Che
sapeake and Ohio Canal, that it is thought by ma
ny competent judges it will take many weeks to
repair it. The Georgetown Advocate of Satur
day evening thus notices this unfortunate visita
“The stormy weather of late has been unusual
ly long-oontinued for this meridian and season,
and its consequences have been more or less tv* It
in town and country—in the latter particularly,
on both fields and streams. The storm of lan
week, which;did so much damage in the country
for miles around to roads, bridges, &c., has been
followed up by continued wet weather, which on
Thursday night last grew into a tremendous storm
of w ind aud rain, which only abated with the
morning, when evident signs were visible m our
streets, in the uprooting of trees amt razeeing ot
gardens, of its probably more destructive efhvi> in
the vicinitv. The fanners have suffered in the
breaking dfcwn of their corn, though not so se
verely as might have been from its being nearly
all made, and also in the flooding of near-ground
crops. The orchards, too, Inve suffered much,
and the fruit, peaches in particular, which were
abundant, have been stripped from die branches.
“Judging from the immense body of water
which is now rushing down the Potomac, and
from which we already begin to hear of most de
structive results above, and which ton has been
the means of serious injury here, the storm must
have been most widely extended and no less vio
lent in all the Potofhac region. Ever since yes
terday morning the river has been on the rise,
and from towards dusk last evening until this
morning most rapidly, and it is believed yet so
continues, until it has reached a height ot some
three feet beyond nny funner period in memory. ■
All the cellars, and many of the. floors al>o\c, ot
the stores and warehouses on the lower side of
Water street, arc completely flooded, and in one
part of the same street, for some two squares and
a half, the street is under water to the depth of
three or four feet, while a number of the houses
on the upper side thereof are aKo readied by the
flood. As to the wharves, to the length of tuo
w hole town, not one of them can be seen. The
damage is of course immense; tor, notu bhstand
ing many of the merchants labored throughout the
night in the removal of their goods, large amounts
of flour, sugar, molasses, salt, and other merch
andise tire completely hidden trom >i,*,.\,aad
much has been in the course ot removal through
out the morning in a damaged state. Some acc i
dents also befell the shipping, and caused no little
scare to a portion of the seamen.
“The Chesapeake and Ohio (anal, we. are sor
ry to say, bus again suffered severely, but the wa
ter covering its banks tor miles, it is impossible
yet to say Ho what exact extent. This morning
foundjt empty at this place, it having been neces
sary during the night, so immense was the body oi
water rushing dow n it, to cut away the hank a
bout four miles above the town. '1 be breach a
liove, it is believed, is of some hundred and titty
feel, w hilst in other places the banks are said to
be more or less injured."
The preceding account of the “destructive fresh
et" copied from the Advocate, furnishes the par
ticulars of the disasters to our Georgetown neigh
bors up to noon on Saturday. We made a visit to
Georgetown about 5 o'clock in the evening, and
remained there until sunset, in full view of Water
street, winch, from the basin to near High street,
waaone continuous sheet of water. It was a sin
gular and novel spectacle to see canoes, tioats, and
scows plying along Water street, and in front of
the principad warehouses and stores. 1 he amount
of the injury done by this disastrous freshet to the
merchants and citizens of Georgetown was esti
mated by an intelligent merchant with whom * e
conversed at between $20,000 and $30,000. The
principal sufferers are Messrs, f. & A. II. l)od?c,
r^Iessrs. Pickrell, I*owry, Davidson, iearson,
Brown, Dixon, Ratcliffe, McPherson, Smoot, and
Miller & Duvall. So disastrous a freshet has not
occurred in Georgetown for the last forty-five
years, as sve are assured by an old inhabitant.
It was feared, when we left Georgetown on Sa
turday evening last, that the water would rise
higher about two o'clock the next morning; and
such was the fact.
Yesterday, as late as three o'clock P. M., when
we close this paragraph, the water had fallen con
siderably. At the Seventh street Canal bridge,
near the Centre market, in this city, the water
had receded much, and B street, next the canal,
was free from inundation. Many, however, of
the contiguous cellars, yards, and enclosures w ere
still completely overflowed. Some ot the city
wood merchants are sufferers by the freshet; but
the greatest losers are the wood and lumber mer
chants in Georgetown.
At 6 o’clock P. M. the water in the basin of the
Washington Canal had fallen a little below the le
vel of of the banks, and was still receding.
Jiutiomal Intelligencer.
Passengers who came from Harpers’ Ferry on
Saturdays state that the Potomac was extremely
high at that place and had flooded the town. I er
gons were passing from house to house in boats.
Fears had been entertained for the safety of the
Railroad bridge over the Potouiac, a* the water
had risen within a few* inches of the timbers, but
when the curs left they had begun to subside.
We regret to learn from the Cumberland Allc
ganian of Saturday that the rise of the w aters in
Wills’Creek, at that town, ha- again caused con
siderable injurv ; and when tlie statement was
written the water was rising. ^ f
In this citv, on Friday morning, the >torm ble w
jilownthc Ropcwalk on Federal Hill, belonging to
[ the estate of the late dames Neat**.—Hut. *lnur.
learn from the Frederick Herald of isatuida)
that the Board of Directors of the Cheasapeake
and Ohio Canal Company, at their mooting sn
Frederick city, on Thursday last, unanimously ap
proved of the arrangement which had been enter
ed into by the President of the Baltimore and
Ohio Railroad Company, in conformity with a
resolution previously adopted, for the transporta
tion of coal and iron on the Rail-road from Cum
berland to Dam No. G. Under this arrangement
(says the Herald) we learn that the ItaH-road
Company agrees to transport coal at two cents
per ton per mile, and iron at the usual rate, to
Dam No. 6, and such articles as may be brought
to Dam No. G, on the Canal, to Cumberland at
the regular charge, until the trade reaches an
amount requiring a material augmentation of ma
1 The" Herald makes the following brief expo
sition of the motives for the new arrangement:
I 44 Wc believe that the two leading objects in
' view bv the projectors ot tin* arrangement weie,
j the present increase of the tolls, and the foster
ing of the coal trade: but it never was exported,
as has been elsewhere intimated, that the Ca
nal Company by this arrangement would be
! able to pay the interest on its debt to the State/’
i “ That desirable resuit can only be etlceted by
completing the Canal, and the sooner the better.
The present scheme was adopted, as regards its
financial aspect, as a temporary expedient to in
; crease the present weak resources ot the Compa
ny and to add to its revenues by opening a new
trade, and in this view it was judiciously design
ed and has been carried out with zeal and en
! P«rv ’’
great doings at spring field,
' Old School Democrat, of yesterday, gives a Jlon
rishing account of a meeting of the friends of the
Administration at Springfield, Illinois, composed
i of precisely one person—we >ay, tnu person, he
, cau>e the proceedings present the singular (eat m e
of having hut one name mentioned, either at the
beginning, in tiie middle, or at the end thereof.—
David Prickett was the Chairman—there was no
, Secretary—and it does not appear that any body
offered the. resolutions, although a long string suf
ficiently Ttjlerhh, were adopted. Having applau
ded the general course ot the Administration, be
rated the. Whigs, and denounced the Globe, pro
vision was made for the appointment of a State
Central Committee ot s»\—ol which Mr. 1 rickclt
was voted to he Chairman. It was furthermore
resolved, that the friend* of the present Adminis
tration he. requested to orgunize in each county,
and appoint committees to correspond with the
State Central Committee. And the Ma>s Met
ing of ait declared, uthat \re will mo>t cheerfully
support President rPylcr, pres ided he he the noini
liee of the Democratic National (onvcniian, for
President of the United States” Who the com
mittee of six is, vve are not intwrned—th.c worthy
Chairman being, doubt lcs, pu//.!eu to hnd li\e o
ther Tyler men to act in conjunction with him
self, took time to limit them up. As the lylcr
candidate for Congress in that District received
107 nut of about 11 .aIK), it i< possible tliat
tin* si\ mav be found, but ol this we have our
doubts. Certainly, even a Tyierite will agree
with us that it required a good deal of ingenuity
to carry on the proceedings of a meeting, when
there was only one man to act so many parts.—
Onr celebrated Saline comity Ma>s meeting was
composed ot /< ur persons, and they got along ve
ry smoothly ; but it required the genius ot a J yier
man to carry out a Mats meeting by himself—in
combine, in his own proper person, tin* vatiou
attributes ot President, Secretary, mover ot the
resolutions, and People. David deserves an other
ifcverman did, tor bis courage in placing himsel!
at the hvud and tail ol such an undertaking '—67.
Louis Mew Era.
i The “Old 1 [linkers'’did an c\t«n.>ive business
at their Svraeuse Convention. 1 be) not only set
tled the question of the Presidency loi tin* next
term, but made till their arrangement-' for the term
after that! Mr. Dick Davis, the Regency Promp
ter and Stage Manager, a;ter ' liingiog veil
Muitin’ V w J»i’iir.\ lV»r IS44.“announced Sii.vs
Wkiou r a> the ruling 'Star" for 1 > i ne elec
tion of.Mr. Van Huron D 44, said Mr 1)., ‘Sfrcrca
the tueceMo n to Silas 11 right ! 1 his considera
tion will doubtless induce the tricuds ot Messrs.
Calhoun, Ponton, Huehanan, Cass, Johnson, Re.
Re. Re. to go into the upport of Mr. \ an lbiren
with increased spirits and alacrity!—*llbtnvj Lee
mug Journal.
MAJOR IlUSSKl-L.—The Nestor of tin edi
torial fraternity, the Hon. Herijamin Kusscll, this
dav completes the eighty-tirst year of bis age.—
He was born on the 1 ’th ol September, 17b?. H“
is known throughosrt the country having been
for a long period the* able and it it • !!igent editor ot
the (Yduinhiun Contuse!, the f:r>t number nf whirls
paper l e issued on the Tilth i t .March, 1 <■'*}, and
continued the eddor-hip ot i! till November,
wlii'ii he disposed ol it to Messrs. Adams R Hud
son. 1 !e has continued to enjoy good health till
June last, when he had a severe atta'kol ihethen
' prevailing influenza, which leit him in a some
what feeble state. e an* happy t o say, however
that hi^ health i< improving, and In* is now aide to
be abroad among his numerous friends—li sten
MARSH \L BERTRAND.—Tliis distinguLh
t«! military hero and companion hi arm* with Na
poleon, the greatest cap-tain of the age in w liieh he
lived, was complimented yesterday by marked
i distinction. About 4 o'clock the officers ot the
| Washington Battalion, the Louisiana \ oiunteers,
and the Militia, assembled in a body at the M.
Charles Exchange Hotel, and proceeded tv) the
St. Louis Exchange, where they were met by tbt*
officers of the “Legion.” In full military costume
I tlicv repaired to the splendid Bail Roma of the St.
Louis Exchange, w here they exchanged saluta
tions w ith the honored guest of the city, Marshal
Bertrand, the friend of Bonaparte. An immense
! crowd thronged the streets, and the air was rent
with shouts and huzzas, as the time-worn and bat
tle-tried warrior made his appearance. It was a
scene of enthusiasm calculated to excite the live
liest emotions.—A*. 0. Tropic.
From the Philadelphia Exchange Books.
the 29d of August, th« brig Rowona was lying in
the Laguayra roads, the weather perfectly calm.
1 discovered the vessel moving slowly about a
mong the shipping; I could not conceive what
could be the matter. I ordered to heave in to see
if the anchor was gone, but it was not—but to my
surprise, l found a tremendous monster entangled
fast to the buoy rope, and moving the anchor
slowly along the bottom. 1 then had the fish
' towed on shore. It was of a tiattish shape, some
thing like a devil lish, but very curious shape, be
ing wider than it w as long, and having two tu^k*,
one each side ot the mouth, and a \ery small tail
in proportion to the fish, and exactly like a hat s
tail. The tail can he seen on board the brig Row
ena. The dimensions ot the lish were a> follow**:
Length from end of the tail to end ot tusks l£ feet;
from w ing to wing 120 feet—the mouth 4 feet
wide, and its weight 3,500 lbs. C. S. DILL.
We see it stated that the Hon. Daniel Webster
has been retained as counsel for the heirs of Ste
phen Girard, in connection with General Jones,
of Washington, and a gentleman of the Bar of
The city retains Messrs. Sergeant, Binney, and
It is understood the.heirs contend that Corpo
rations cannot act as trustees, and of course, there
i»re oth^r grounds assigned for proceedings.—
Phil. U. S. Gazette*
! letter from the Senior Editor of the Pittsburg (Uz. !
Waruw, 111., Aug. 30, 1643.
the prairies, nauvoo, JOE SMITH, j
voo, as most of your readers probably know, is
about 20 miles above this town, on the Mississip
pi • Warsaw lying at the foot of the l)es Moines
rapids, and Nauvoo at the head.— 1 here are two
roads—one bv the river bank and one by the
prairie. We took the latter, although it is some
four or five miles farther. Nauvoo lies about
north of this point, but wc first took a due east
course in order to get on the prairie, as the bluff j
j which divides the prairie from the river, alii
! through this region, consists of wooded hills and ;
| ravines generally from three tQ five miles wide.j
i Our road* therefore, for the first four miles was
i very rough, after which we got out on the open,
1 illimitable prairie, when wc altered our course
to the north, and stretched away for Nauvoo,
over one of the finest roads in the world. 1 was
much surprised, on arriving at the prairie, to
witness the great changes that had taken place
within three years. Three years before, on the
I prairie some filtecn miles across, innnediatei\
I east of Warsaw, scarcely a house was to he seen;
now the whole prairie appeared to be settled,
presenting the appearance of an old inhabited
country, with the exception that not a tree w as
to he seen. I was informed that twenty-live
farms could be counted from one little hillock on
this prairie. Rut cur course north soon took us
from this settled country, and we travelled over
vast prairies, extending in every direction as tar
ns the eye could reach, except on our right,
vi he re 1 ay the bln tf which i i»te r ve ned b c t w ee n
us and the river. Herds ol cattle could occa
sionally he seen dotting the surface of the earth,
and it wanted but a small stretch ol the iioag.ua
i ti<m to faiicv these the primeval lords ut till
. prairie, the fierce butlulo, that a few years ago
roamed in solitude and security over these inland
1 oceans. As wc approached the “kingdom” as
i Xauvoo is denominated hero, the country again
began to be settled, while the luxuriant herbage
of the prairie was cropped quite short by the
herds of cattle belonging to the Mormons. Most
] of the prairie, near Xauvoo, is fenced with turf,
i A ditch some two feet deep is dug on each side
! of the fence, and the turf piled up between, mak
jiig a very good and durable fence. 1 hose lenccs
| are broad enough on the top fora foot path,
j Quite a number ot the houses or huts in w hich
| the inhabitants on the prairies live, are also made
j of turf, and covered with clap-boards. As this
turf is black, as is all the soil on tae praiiies,
j these huts present a very sombre appcaianrc,
j and as there is not a tree, and scared) a hillock
to ward oil the scorching sup. of summer, or the
! cold biast winter, they present a very bleak and
; desolate appearance. A* we neared the city, a
j bout six o’clock in the evening,wc passed an im
i mciise herd of cows which wera being driven
' into the city, from the prairie, to supply the in
habitants with in ilk. We also passed a large
' number of wagons loaded with hay, the pmducc
! of the natural grass of the prairie. About three
i miles fix m the river, we entered the “kingdom
I of Xauvoo;” it being about four miles long, up
! and down the river, and three miles broad. The
part near the prairie, about a mile and a hall
i from tin1 river, is (pule broken up w»th i i\ines,
j nevertheless it is all laid out m a( le lots, ann
. more or Scs« settled. We drove near the river,
i and put up at a very respectable tavern, kept by
■ one of the elder*—a temperance h »«hc. Alter
| tea we walked out past the house of the prophet,
i who has a very good garden containing about an
; acre, w itha very fine fence around it,painted white,
I as is also his house, a moderate sued, and humble
| looking frame dwelling. Near the prophet’s, on
the other bank of the river, is the site of the
a x*.. I " V. 111 lit i ivr itinll. 1 il(*
basement is finished, U is built of Rood, hard
; while stone. The front on the river is about 140
• feet, and is entirely of cut stone. It has a wing
) running back about 100 led. All tins woik iv o!
1 the best and most substantial character. When
: this building is finished, it will he equal to any
hotel in the western country. H\ special icyciJ
lion, the prophet ami his heirs are to have a suit
of roc.ms m this house torever.
The ueAt morning, alter breakfast, we paid a
visit to the prophet, were received in a
common sitting room, very plainly furnished,
where the. prophet and tho older members of
the family had just been breakfasting, snd his
numerous children and dependants were then
Siting at the table. Me received us in quite a
good humored, friendly manner, a*>ked u* to
sit down, and said he hoped for a hotter ae
qaintauee. On the gentleman who accompa
nied me asking him bow lie prospered, he replied,
' O \nuc can get ahead of me, and few can keep
behind me.’’ Me s?emed to think he had said
something very witty, for lie laughed very heart
ily. We spent about an hour conversing on vari
ous subjects, the prophet himself, w ith amazing
volubility, occupying the most of the time, and
his whole theme was himself. Let u> give what
turn we would to the conversation, he would
adroitly bring it back to himself. 1 be gent Io
nian who aceomj anied me is a strong \N big,
and as the Mormon vote had been given at the
recent election to the Locofoco candidate for
Congress, thereby defeating Cyrus Walker,
]y.q , Whig, who had defended “joe” in sever
al law suits with the Missourians, the conversa
tion took a political turn at first. “Joe” profess
ed to be a great friend to Mr. Walker, and said
he had voted for him, but would not iMcrfcre with
hjs pet pic in the matter. Me said he had nevei
;o,krd the Lord any thing about polities; if he had
drnie so, the Lord would have told him w hat to
do. “'The Lord,” said he, “has promised to give
ns wMd nn, and when l lack wisdom I a«k the
Lord, and he tells me, and if he didn’t tell me,
I would sav lie was a bar; that*.*' the way I »c» l.
Hut ! never asked him any thing about politics.
] am a Whig, and 1 am a day man. 1 am u»a le
of (May, and 1 am tending to (May, and l am going
to vote for MtN’iiY Ci.ay; that’s the way 1 feci.
( A laugh.) Hut 1 won't interfere with my peo
ple, religiously, to allcet their votes, though 1
mir.lll to tied l l. \Y, lor lit; uut,m u; lie i lesiutm.
I have sworn by the eternal gods—it’s no harm
to >wcar by the gods, because there are none, il
there is only one God, th re can't he gods, and
ifs no harm to swear by nothing, (a laugh)—I
have sworn by the eternal gods that I never will
vote for a democrat again; and 1 intend to swear
my children, putting their hands under the thigh
as Abraham sworo Isaac, tli.it they will never
vote a democratic ticket in all their generations.
It is the meanest, lowest party in all creation.—
There is live-sixths of my people so led away by
the euphoneous term “democrat, that they will
vote the Locoloco ticket, i am a deinocr.it my
self. 1 am a Washington democrat, a Jcd’er-on
democrat, a Jackson democrat, and I voted for
Harrison, and 1 am going to vote for Clay. The
Locofecos are no democrats, but the meanest,
lowest, most tyrannical beings in the world.—
They opposed me in Missouri, and took me priso
ner ami were going to shoot me for treason, and
I never had committed any treason whatever.—
I never had any thing bigger than a jack-knile
about me, and they took me a prisoner of war.
and twenty men to guard me. ! had nothing to
do with lighting. Our men, six hundred strong,
were in arms, under Col. Hinekic. When tin*
Missourians came marching up, Col. Hincklc or- |
dered u* to retreat, when I lifted up my hand, and
said, “Hoys 1 think we won't go yet; we'll stand
our groirrd,” and they stood firm, but Col. Ilinc
kle run like the devil. Tor doing this, they charg- j
ed me w’ith treason.”
Id this manner the prophet ran on, talking
incessantly. Speaking of revelations, he sta- •
ted that when he was in a “quandary,” he ask- j
ed the Lord for a revelation, and’ when he
could not get it, he “followed the dictates of
his own judgment, which was as good as a
revelation to"him; but he never gave anything
to his people as revelation, unless it was a rev
elation, and the Lord did reveal himself to
him.” Running on in his voluble style, he
said : “The world persecutes me, it has always
persecuted me. The people of Carthage, in a
j public meeting lately, said, ‘as for Joe, he s a
1 foot, but he’s got some smart men about him.”
I’m Had they give me so much credit. Jt is i
! not every fool that ha* sense enough to get
1 smart men about him. The Lord does reveal
himself to me. 1 know it He re vealcd him- j
self to me first when I was about fourteen years j
old, a mere boy. 1 will tell you about it. There
was a reformation among the different religion*
denominations in the neighborhood where 1
lived, and l became serious, and was desirous
to know what Church to join. While think
ing of this matter, I opened the Testament pro-1
mfscuously on these words, in James,‘Ask of j
the Lord who giveth to all men liberal!) and up- j
braidctli not.’ 1 just determined Ld ask him.— j
I immediately went out into the woods wheici
my father had a dealing, and went to the
stump where I had stuck my a^c when l had
quit work, and I kneeled down, and prayed,
sayinc, ‘O Lord, what Church shall I join?1—
DI recti v 1 *n\v a light, and then a glorious per
sonage "in'the light, and then another person
are, and the first personage said to the second,
‘‘Behold my beloved Son, hear him.” I thru,
addressed this second person, saying, “O Lord,
what Church shall I join?” He replied, “don’t
join ary of them, they are all corrupt.” The
*vi«inn then vanished, and when I came to my
self, 1 wa* sprawling on my back; and it was
sometime before my strength returned When 1 j
went home and told tho people that l had a re
velation, and that all the churches were cor-|
nipt, they persecuted mo, and they have persecu
te 1 me ever since. They thought to put me ;
down, but they hav’ut .succeeded, and they can t
do it/ When 1 have proved that I am right, and
get all the world subdued under me, ! think I
: shall deserve something. Mv revelations have j
proved to he true, b'caiM< they hare beendeliv
i ered before they came to pass, and they came to
pass exactly. I bad a revelation in Missouri
which w.t* fulfilled to the letter. The Missouri- ;
ans had got u* all p* issuers, and were threatening
to kill ii'. The principal men of us were lyimr
under a log, with a guard standing around us in 1
the night. 1 fell into a trance. I cal I it a trance.
I heard a voice \t hich **aid, ‘Joseph, tear not, you
and all your triend* shall be delivered without j
! harm, and sh:i11 yet stand upon the hills of Zion.’ i
! When 1 awoke out of th«. trance, 1 aroused Elder j
Higdon, who was by the side of me, und said, I
have a revelation, we shall ail escaje. Elder
: Higdon shouted, and told it to the ne\t one, and
1 in the morning it was told to my family and all
1 our friends, and they all re joiced. That rcvela
i tion came to pass, although they were holding a
council at the time 1 had the trar.ee, and had re- j
1 solved to kid me. They can’t harm me. I told
1 my fa • • ily lately, before 1 left home fur Divon,
! that if I was taken up the 1/ rd wou’d deliver me,
: did’nt I Emma—(appealing to his wife, \\ ho was
standing behind his chair, play ing with his h »ir,
and who answered m the affirmative)—and when
i they took me I was passive, in their hands, and
the Lord compelled them to bring me right to j
; Nauvoo. They eoiild’nt help tliemsclves, al
; though ill' y gnashed thvir teeth with rage." *
| Speaking of the temple, which ho is erecting,
j he said, “l don’t know how the world will like it;
it suits me; 1 have no book learning: I'm not ca
pacitated to build / 'cording to the world; 1 know
j nothing about art Juncture, and all that, but it
pleases me; that’s the way I feel."
A good deal of conversation of a smiilar rhar
: octet* took place, tlm prophet occupying nearly
the whole tine*, and talkingof himself incessantly.
Judging from his convorsation, manner, and .Ap
pearance, 1 should think him a man of small capa
city, smaller acquirements, and a dupe to his own
impostures. Mi* language is rude and vulgar,
and his conduct light and trilling. Mo is fond of
his own y k**s. and low wil, ar.d laughs inirnoti
< ratelv when he thinks he has said a good thing.
He is a large, He#by man, with a fine blue eye,
large and sensual looking mouth and lips, with
an evident predominance of the animal propen- j
It was surprising to sec the awe with which |
hi> followers approached him with hat in hand, i
contrasted with the cavalier and hearties* style
I of his treatment of them A poor man came to
the door while we were there, ami with evident!
trepidation addressed the. prophet. He wished
to obtain s >nr* information as to what he had best
do with his family, having just arrived “Had
' I better come into town, and sett’e on one of the
j Tots, or s- tay out cm the prairie.” *‘Ifyou are go
ing to farm it, \ou had better stay on the prairie,
was the reply of the prophet. “1 vvi-h to buy a
piece of land, for which 1 will pay trade of various ]
kind* to the amount of $*00; will you sell me j
some?” ‘\Mv lands arc all good titles, and I mu*t;
have the money for them,” was the reply of the j
prophet, a* he turned on his heels and left the j
man to reflect on tluj Christian politeness and j
courtesy of one whom he esteemed as a prophet ’
of the Lord, aid to obey whom he had It-11 his:
e ,i lv home and braved the hardships of a western
life." It i* MirpriMng that th“ conduct of the. pre
tended prophet docs not open the eyes ot his poor, |
deluded' followers. Hut they seem to be. perfect-1
Jv blinded. ‘ Joe*’ i* profane and vulgar in his ,
conversation, and Ircipietitiv get* drunk, and yet
lie is ven°rat» <1 a* the favorite of Heaven, and his
revelations put on a par with divine writ.
After taking our leave of the prophet, we spent
; some time in viewing the city and temple, r lie
sin* of Aauvno i* one of the most beautiful on
the Mississippi river. The river at thi* place
makes a large bend, forming a semi-circle, with
in which lies the lower part of the city, running
back to the bhdf. This «cmi-eireu!ar piece of ,
ground i*. perlectlv level, and lies above high w ,
, ter mark,' extending at the widest place about j
t free-fourths of a mile hack from the river, ami ;
is about a mile and a half in length along the j
bind’. The bluff lises gradually, and is not very
high, and present* most bcautitul building sites.
On the bluif immediately opposite the centre, of,
! the semi-circle, and about, a mile. Irom the river, ,
■ stands the temple. The *ite. is beautifully cho- j
sen, a* it is in a central and elevated po*ilion, ;
am! can be seen from the river, all around the |
bend, and from every partol the town. All over!
the bluff and bottom,"arc buildings, either erected, j
or in progre** of erection, but no part of the town ;
is compactly built. J lie whole spare L a con- i
giomei alion ot houses, fences, garden*, cornfield*, ;
stables, huts, ^e. One looks in vain for any
thing like a compactly built street. The object
seems to have been to scatter as widely at
all convenient, and to cover as much ground
as possible. The ground is sold out in acre
lots, and every man build* hi* house, or shant^e,
or, hut, as the case may be, and plants hi* |
ground in corn and vegetables for the support
r l • r • I 'I’L _ L_- ^... n r nil
HI ll|> IU III 11 > I Iiuiiad Oiw j
shapes arul hzc«. Some, very many, are fine ;
bnck dwellings. Others arc quite importable
looking frames. Others, again, are mere shan- i
tecs, some log, some turf, and som« mere *hfds of
hoards. There are very few stores, mechanic
shops, or business houses, and no trade going on.
There is nothing to export, and no ability to im
port. Every body seems engaged in putting up
houses, taking rare of gardens, and getting in hay
from the prairies. As crowd* of emigrants are
docking in daily, the whole community is employ
ed in providing shelter, ami procuring the barest
necessaries lor existence. It is hard to estimate
the number of the population, it is scattered over
so large a space, and several families arc frequent
ly crowded into one house. The prophet stated
tome, that he estimated their number at 12,0tl0.
He said he could muster, in half a day, 3,000
able bodied mt n fit to bear arms, who could
whip any five thousand Missourians. It ii thought
there are at lca^t ‘Jo.000 Mormons in the county.'
They have a majority oi the voters, and hold >
nearly all the county offices.
There must he a gieat deal of suffering in the
winter season from cold and hunger, and there is
considerable sickness in the community at this
time. One sees many pale faces about the streets.
As *ve approached the city, we met a mournful
cavalcade conveying a human being to his last
resting place. Kirst came a common wagon drawn
by horses in which was the colfm,a rough looking
box, with three men sitting upon it in their shirt
sleeves. Behind this came a rough wagon, drawn
by oxen, in w hich w as a large family of children,
ol all ages, a young woman about eighteen appear
ing as chief mourner, her cheeks wet with
tears, probably bur) ing her father. No pro
phet, or priest, nr elder, or procession of neigh
bors accompanied the remains to their Ust resting
But 1. muM hasten t-i^oroe account of the Tcm
pfe, and t’-cu hi mg thia long, ami i fear, dry epis
mmmmmmmmi i > » n mu-J" ■'X,-——r
tic in a close. This modern structure, v hich i*
to revive the departed glories ol ihc temple ot Je
rusalem, and which is as apparently dear to
cry Mormon heart, as was that famous and 'one
rated house to the devout Jews, is building, a^ we
stated before, on the bluff, and is indeed ‘beauti- j
f»i) for situation.” It is about 120 feet long b)
00 broad. When finished it is to e.onsis t of a ;
basement, and two twenty-five feet stories 1 he
basement and one twenty-five feet^tory is up,
and the remainder in process of completion. 'I he
basement storv is about 12 1ect in the clear, the
half of which is under ground. It is divided ofi
into various sized rooms running along each *i«!e,
with a large hall or room in the centre. In this :
large room, stands the consecrated Inver, suppor
ted by 1 write oxen, carved w ith great fidelity i<» 1
the living original. Kour of the oxen face the
north, four the south, and two <;arh,rast and west.
They , as well as the laver,are composed of wood, (
and are to be overlaid with gold.
The later is of oblong shape, some four or
five feet deep, and large enough for two priests ,
to officiate at llic rite of baptism, for w hich it is
intended, at once. A pump stands b\ if to sup- !
ply it with v.atrr. Stairs approach it from either
side I walked up and looked in. it contained
nothii g but a few inches o! writer 1 he lavcj, ,
oxen, &o.. arc at pn sent protected from ti e wea- ;
ther by a temporary roof. What llic numerous I
rooms in th s basement are intended for 1 did not
] arn. The walls are all exceedingly strong and
m issv, ev« n tlie partition walls, generally from
two to three feet thick. Th* basement is light
ed by numerous wit d w«, about five leyt high,
and as many wide, arched over the top. Between
these windows are very heavy pilasters, on the
top of which rests the basement stones of the
less heavy pilasters between the windows of the
upper stories. On each of these basement “tone*
: o nr figure of the new moon.
with the profile of a man’s fare, us seen in old j
Almanacs. Tin* windows of tin* upper stories
are some fifteen or eighteen feet high, arched or
or the top in a perfect semicircle. The first story
above the basement is divided into two apartments
called the outer and inner courts. The walls be
tween these c'-urUare three feet thick, of solid
mason work, with two immense doors for passage
between them. The outer court u some twenty
five tort wide by ninety teet long—the inner
court is about ninety feet square. These facts
bout the dimensions of the building I obtained
from doe himself. Ail the work is of good cut
stone, almost white.and il will present a hue ap
pearance when finished. How' the >ce»»iid b'ct
story is to he finish* d I da! not b arn. 1 nave been
thus particular in my descriptb n of this building,
as manv exaggerated stories are circulated in re
gat'd to it.
Having tints visited the prophet, and examined
the city, and temple, I I-ft f<*r iny teinponry j
home at this place, thankful that l had been pre
served from >uch vain and unhappy deln>ion>,
which cannot but work temporal and spiritual
woe to all concerned in thorn, unluis speedily re
pented of.
Titf. Ilo^cn u.« a.vi» Srto.KOvs or I'aiiis.
^c. \r , with Biographical Notices. By K.
(\\Mi't»r.i». Stmvart, M. D. I vol. s vo. N e .v t
York. ,
l)r. Stewart lias in this volume—very reada
ble for every body, and very valuable as a pro
frsaional work—embodied the experience and
knowledge he acquired in several years’ resi
dence and professional study in Ihiri*.
The view here presented of tie* nu ncrou* and
interesting hospitals and medical institutions of
Paris, of the various lectures and lecturers, li
braries and periodical publications connected
with the medical profession, is invaluable lor-tu
dents about to visit Trance—and cannot bo with- j
out interest for tnon of liberal curiosity in ail
The munificent provision of tlie ciiy of I an*
for the poor, tho halt, tho lame, the olim!, and
those otherwise atilieted with tho innumerable
ills that ilr>h i- heir to, i» set forth here in minute
The average population of the city hospital-*
and alms houses is hrrnty thousand—while nearly
one hundred thousand poor rer.eite aid at home in
clothes, fuel, and provisions.
The details and management of these pub!ie
institutions aro presented in these pages in an in
telligible and succinct manner.
The more interesting portion of the v du ne to
general readers, however, will he the second
p»rt whore sketches are given of various distin
guished physicians and surgeon- ot F ranee.
There i- much about L.uikkt, the hone-t, truth
telling, and virtuous friend of Napoleon—the be
nevolent Mirgcon-in-chi-f of the Imperial ar
riiit*s. Wrc cannot refrain from copy ing some of
the anecdotes concerning him.—.V. Y .‘I nn icon.
I; is probable that the firm and decide d conduct
of Lnnvy, on more than one occasion, by show
ing him to Napoleon as a sincere an i candid
friend,contributed to pr >dune tin- kindly feeling
towards him. In one case, in particular, he risk
ed much in the enu-e of I ruth, and was amply
rewarded lor his conscientious ami upright con
duct. It was alter the battle of Haul// n, w hen
Napoleon, on sending for him to know the num
ber and condition of the wounded was surprise*.!
to find them so much greater than usual, harroy
explained, by attributing the fact to there being
-o large a proportion of recruits present, and to
the nature of the engagement, and tie* peculiar
position of the troops. No! altogether sati-lied ,
with this explanation, the <»cm r «! made inqui
ries of o’hers, who, it so happened, were unfa
vorable to the continuance of the war, ami desi- ,
runs of returning to their homes: these were anx
ious for peace at any cost. Thus they repre
sented to him, that the cause of tier unusually ,
great number of wounded was owing to must ot
the soldiers having become disgusted with the
war. and to prevent its prolongation, turned then
arm- against each other. Hearing this story fre- 1
qiicntly repeated, hr concluded to sisccrtVm the
truth of it, and direc ted a rornmiUeo, with Lar- |
r*«v lit iu head, to sin a rate all the wounded ol a
certain class from the rot, and to examine care
fully the nature of tfn »r wounds, determined to <
make a striking example ol Midi as should be |
found to have mutilated liierasclv<s. Larrey, ;
convinced that the report wa* but a calumny a- i
gainst bis proteges, presented himself again to
the Kmperor for the purpose of renewing his ar- j
gurnerits in favor ol its falsehood. lie had no
sooner commenced, however, than Napoleon in- ,
terrupted him, and said in a severe tone: “Sir,
any observations that you may have to make to me
must be official; proceed to the* discharge of your
dutv.” (Monsieur rout me Jerez vos observation', ;
ofjicirtinent: aliez remplir rtore deroir.) Thus elu
ded, Larrev went about his duty in err-m>t, and
in the most quiet, slow, and dignified manner,
whilst the Kmperor was all impatience for the
result, proceeded to collect from every individu-!
al the must minute particulars concerning ins
wounds and his general history. It was repre
sented to him, that his position was a delicate
one, and that he had better be*1 are of urine* <•*..
sarv dtlay, as it would certainly exasperate the
General. Notwithstanding all tins, he waited
patiently until his task was fully accomplished,
and then presenting himself, demanded the pri
vilege of offering his report in person. A* soon
as he entered, the Kmperor said to him, “VVull,
sir, do you still persist in your opinion?” “1 do
more, Sire; I come to prove to your Majesty,
that our brave fellows were unjustly calumniated.
I have passed much time in making a rn<M ri
gorous examination, and 1 have been unable to
discover one amongst them who is guiity. Thera
is riot one of the wounded without his individual
verbal-process; I hav*. them all at hau l, (a cart
load of manuscripts,) and your Majesty may or
der them to be examined.” The Kmperor con
tinued to regard kim sternly; and snatching the
report in an irritable manner, said, “It is well,
sir; I shall attend to it;” (je vois m en orer.j—
Me ihtii, Wijijtd vp and down the room lor some
■--- -
;itno iii a rapid and hurried way, apparently much
a * •ated, until, at last, hi* rotintrm»me rkarcd,
and he stopped before the surgeon uhojchand
he took in the most affectionate manner, and with
some emotion said, “Adieu, Monsieur Larrey ; a
Sovereign is very fortunate w ho has to deal w ith
surh men as you; my further orders shall he con
veyed to you.” On that same evening Larrey
received from Bonaparte hi* portrait <et in dia
monds, six thousand francs in gold, and a lif> pen
non on llic slate for thrro thousand more.
At Waterloo, he was, a* usual,assiduous among
the wounded soldiers—performing operations at
night, in the rain, on the liejd of battle.
The retreat, or rather the rout, of the French
began. The fate of Larrey as thus related by
himself tc* our author.
\\> were compelled, then, (the surgeons «nd
wound* dA to follow the general retirat, which
our armv had already commenced, and by the ad
vice of the Km pc ror, received through one ol his
aids-de-cump, we endeavored to gain the frontier,
by a cro— road, which had been pointed out as
the shortest anil most favorable. Littering on
tli is route, then, we had scarcely advanced the
distance of one or two leagues, travelling in pro
found obscurity, when we were inteiecpted by :\
corf-of Ihit-sinn lancers. I marched at the head
of mv little company, and being firmly (tersuadrd
that the soldiers formed but a very *m ill body, \
did not hesitate to force the pa--.ige. sword in
hand. After having fired b"th my pi«:aU as vvn
advanced, 1 made an opening through which mr
companions and servants passed at full gallop, a *t
we had already gained vim* distance, when my
hor-e, being wounded by a bullet, fell under me,
and at tin* -amu moment I received Oi the load
arid left -boulder, a double sabre wound which
rendered me insensible.
Anxious to rut off their retreat, and thinking
mr dc id, the soldiers continued the pursuit of iuv
unfortunate companion*, whom they soon over
took ; all of them were more or ie-* wounded
and taken prisoners In the meantime I returned
to eonvrioiKK vs, and found myself able to mount
iiiv horse which had lik ‘Wise regained bis feet ;
seeing no one near me, i directed im course into,
the er.iiiitrr. pa-sing through corn fields, and go
ing westward toward* the frontier. 1 succeeded
finally in getting near to the bank of the r\»mhrer
v*h* n at daybreak I was again surrounded by *
Mother corps of the *amc army. A* no coinage
or dai ing could avail me now', I surrendered.—
Xotw ithsfaialing this u» t of submis-ifn, I was
di*arm* d and -tripped ol nearly all my Hollies.—
'l it** officer* divided amongst thvinsehe* the con
tents of iuv pur*c, about forty napoleons, and
look possession of my arm*, my ring, and my
watch. My figure, and a gray surfoiit that I
wore, giving me s'*inc resemblance to the Kmpe
jx.r, I wa> ai tir*t taken for him, and immediate
ly conducted by my captoi*s to the Pru-*ian gen
er.il, commanding the advance guard to which
they belonged : (fits person not during to take
anv definite measures concerning me, had me ta
ken by bis lancet*, w ith my hand* lied, to another
gmieru! ollicer of higher rank, who bring convin
ced ol the error a id enraged at the mi-take, deter
mined to have me -hot.
Fortunately, at the moment when the soldiers
were about firing on me, I was recognized by the.
«i:rc(M»n major ot the regiment, w ho ha-tened to
inform ih«*. general officer of it, and to solicit a
- .-pension of the barbarous measure. This was
granted, and ihe cider given to conduct me to tho
Provost Mar-ha! of the allied armies, (Jrncral
iii11 ow. 'Phi- general, who had icen me at Mer
lin, recognized me. likewise, and was touched at
findinme in the uncomfortable and almost na
ked stale to vvlfieh 1 had been reduced. I w as
hare-looted, and scarcely covered by mv surtout
and pantaloons, for the lancers who had taken
me prisoner, had possessed themselves of all my
. . .... i i* _ .. U
\ aitianie euei i>, anu nni .**»
hand** were tied behind my bark, and my bead
covered with bloody bandages. b inally, the Fro
wst Mardial (grand prewU) ordered n»e to lx*
disembarras-cd at once of mv cords, and directed
that l should be taken to the < Jenoral-in-ehiefof
tin* Is ,-tile armies, FicWLM »r»hal Kluchrr, to
v. lnxi! 1 was known by name, for l had saved th«
life ofliis son in one of the battle-# of tlit* Austrian
campaign, in which he was seriously wounded
and made prisoner. I be. Mar*hal treated me
with kindiif's ; and after inviting rnc te breakfast
with him, lie presented me w ith twelve golden
Frederick*, and h jd me ron\ eyed by post to Lou
vain. .secompanic.d bv one of his asds-dc-camp.
Thi* officer, having only demanded from the
munieipa!:t) a billet f<»r a woundid frenchman,
wild? name be co*:!d not give, l was placed in tha
house el a poor woman, who had scarce ly enough
for the subsistence ofhetv.df ami children. lob*
tamed, v* i’ll the gieatest difficulty. and at the
cost of a piece of gold, a bow lot onion soup, and
the favor of having a Mtrgcon st nt lor to dress nij
WOiltids. Shortly after, a young cjfcciir tie S*nte
arrived and prepared to fulfil h:s mission, when
hiving rcrogoi/<-il me. lie suddenly ( \rl.iintwl
‘You ar* Itarori LariryY l U#« I scarfrlv replied
in lb* affirmative, when he rushed to the *tr*ii
ra«c and iti^appeared, leaving me to conjecture
wh*t I * >r.ti found lobe true, \\z. : that be had
•join* to the muuieij) il it\ to make known my riain*',
.ind to -illicit a better bulging for n»e. Imb ed, in
a |V* .v moment?- ailef a municipal officer, accom*
p mil'll l>v tliK young pliy -teian, i ame with a cai -
riage, and conducted rn*’ to the fion*P of one of
rbe most re^pe.ftable citi/.iMe* of tin* town,
Vo-.It: a i'.eb*bratcd lawyer, win*;** I received
every kind and considerate r»t!**nti*#n and a«si*t
a nee.
Iar. Stewart, the author of the volume, bus now
r turiu-d to tbi* • mjhtry.
.f A< K K l-riVil.—An Kugiisli writer says that
hi- » mU'i'f'tct of t*|.• i’o'u n »n b ingni ui was deri
n*d fro ii Sir f v, • * *! * i; l .1yj left, of wlio u no other
ir uriil r\i-b lint an aim id illegible deed ot
ivigimf King Klward \ I. wherein be is ap
»o;,,u-l Ij'itl of >l»i*. Manor of Tyhurne, with it *
ippurtcna’ice*, ii.ebxfiiig tin* gallows. It js to a
*i>TTop»i »n of .Ia»pu:tt tint a:it.j«ju.irie- attribute
l.yk Iv‘l< h.
It '• c!•■ r. w Ij ‘‘i in 11-* prov i*It nre of b * d it -haIf
it- vour fde to -tin I t>y tin cold form of him
vliom you h»\e i < * v«• < i; to g.t '/<• upon lip*, oft*
iow p.»!c and m itionle***; upon hands thin and
.V-istcd, cros*ed upon the silent bread; upon *)*•
id- disoppcd upon checks of clay, never to be l»IN
••! again, Ihori, htply yuii uuy think of th#*-e,
HMUtiful lines of the good Wesley. Amid-t r*’
nemberej hopes that vanished and fear* that di<
tacted, weeping in unknown tumulu, u like «*»f|
dreaming* of e* lest; d music.” e mhos to vour a* li
ng heart this scran** Kvangel!
How hlcst is our Urol her, bereft
fit all that could burthen his mini!
Ihv.v ejxv the soul th.V has left
This wearisome body behind!
Of »■ vil incapable thou,
Whose relics with envy l ;
Xo longer in mi-cry now, v
ao longer .1 aiui.rr, like me.
7 hi- du*t is aTected n o more
With sickness or shaken w ith pain ;
'{ I;** war in the member* is o’er.
And n. r, r •hall vex him again ;
N'n ang**r henceforward, or **h •me,
Shall rethbn his innocent clay :
Kxtinct;« the animal flame,
And passion is vanished away.
The languishing head is at re-t.
Its thinking and aching are o’er ;
The quiet, immovable breast
Is heaved by alllietion no nmre.
The heart is no longer the seat
Of trouble nr torturing pain ;
It eca*e*> to flutter and !»<*at,
It never will Jlutltr again.
Tl,e lids ho so seldom could c!-»c,
I5y sorrow fortiiddcu to slcejt,
Scaled up in eternal repose,
Have strangely forgotten to weep.
The fountain* ran yield no ^uiqdn**,
'i iie hollow s frosnw.Vm .or* free,
7 he loir- are all y i;-: d !Voui.lhe>y ♦ ye*,
And oil they n*\tT shall see.

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