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PUBLISHED DAILY AS D T R I - WEEKLY BY EDGAR SNOWDEN. The A LfeXAN D R l A GAZETTE for the conn try, is printed on Tuesdays, 1 hursdays anu Saturdays. Thte Couhtry Paper (tri-weekly) is furnished for #5 per annum—payable in advance. Subscription—the Daily Paper is furnished ut per annum—payable half yearly. No subscription is received from the country, un less accompanied by the cash, or by a respon sible name. WEDNESDAY MORNING,OCTOBER go MUSIC, POETRY, FINE ARTS—I .never saw', in New York, an audience of better quality, for so large a quantity, than was as sembled last evening to welcome the perfected Cinti. I presume there were few “ears polite” unv where else. At a dollar the pair (long and short alike) Madame must have delighted these fastidious organs to the amount of five thousand francs, to be diminished only by the expense of room-light and accompaniment—a transmutation of “evening wind,” that throws Bryant's coinage of that commodity quite into the shad* >*r. Tfmm (os is wise and usual) played the audience into tune with an overture, and then the screen gave up its prima donna. Madame in r»inlr citin—three Inr^n roses V/llIlI |.- — — on her breast—the dress, air, and graces of’ferns, the composure, plentitude, and alas! the paren thesized smile of 'ties. Madame Cinti has been a good animal resemblance of the beautiful Mrs. Norton. The general mould of the lace, the low forehead, the dark hair, and the unfathomable dark eyes, are like in each to the other. With a trepidation which lasted only through the first bar she commenced the aria of “Fatal Goftredo,” (from Donisette's opera of Torquato Tasso,) and sang it to the breathless (b light of the audience. No such finished music has ever been breathed before upon American air, l am persuaded. With not a fourth of the power and volume of Castellan, and none of the passion-lava of Malihran, she reaches a finer fibre of the ear than either. The quality of her voice is txceed i , glv sweet, and the mingled liquidness and truth 1 r chromatics could never have been exoeed Yhe ladder of harmony seemed built a round nearer to heaven by her delicious music. • lame Damoreau, in the beginning of her ca reer. 'v as hissed from the French stage for singing false—a lesson in study and perseverance which 1 wish could be laid soltly into the memory ol Castellan. The latter wonderfully organized creature, with anv thing like the same skill, would be the world's queen of song. 1 he New Orleans people, by the way, who are Parisians in their nice appeciation of operatic talent, con sider Castellan a remarkable actress; and so great was the enthusiasm for her there that the neces sary sum to engage her was made up by private subscription. It is several thousand pities at least that, in the first capital of the country, there is not operatic enthusiasm enough to bring this dormant genius upon the stage. Monsieur Artot, who accompanies Madame Damoreau in her tour, alternated performances with her. He is a very gentlemanly looking young man, with a figure that would make a very good case for his own violin—a very long neck and a very small waist—and he plays with exe cution enough for all practical purposes,but with taste unsurpassed. Wallace knows several hea vens of the violin to w hich Monsieur Artot has not yet ascended, but the latter knows enough to give all the pleasure which that instrument can give to ordinary listeners. The audience applauded Mons. Artot very long and loudly. 1 think, by the way, that a series of musical con . . . 1 . 1tr.ll 1 ..1. 1 « .... tl.n veniions UeivVOCU >> UIMIC «JIIU va^^iian vn Uiv. first part, ard Artot and Cinti on the second, w ould be a most charming and exciting tourna ment. Madame Damoreau had the good sense not to desire a musical contention with a performance on paving-stones by cabs ar d omnibusses, and the street in front of Washington Hull was coat ed with tan. 1 am delighted to sec that Mr- Griswold is about putting forth “Lillian." and the other pot* ms of Winthrop Praed—tire poet, late member of Parliament, who died a year or tw o since. I re printed Lillian, as a poem singularly unknown for one so remarkable for grace and fancy, some years since in the American Monthly. I subse quently became very well acquainted with. Mr. Praed in England. He was a dark-complexion ed, intellectual looking man, with the hollow chest and bent carriage of a consumptive, singu larly impressive and winning after a little ac quaintance. He had married a very lovely wo man shortly before his death. His mind, in its poetical vein, was quaint and humorous, and no lover of poetry should he without his book, now that it w ill be attainable. There seems to be a kind of appendix-dawn of literature in Italy. Prescott's Ferdinand and j Isabella, is about'being published at Florence in the Italian translation. Sparks’s Lite ot Wash ington, translated by a young Neapolitan, is also nearly ready. A society has been formed at Florence called Societal Edctrice Florenti nn, for the publication of translations ot the best torcign works, including those of American literature.— The Marquis Gino Capponi,one ot the most pro minent names in Florentine history, has put our country under obligation by his enthusiasm for our literature, and his aid to the publication of the works l have just mentioned. He is himself a remarkable scholar. Our Consul at Rome, Mr. George Greene, has had a large agency in tiie same cause. Mr. Greene, by the way, lias devoted a labor ot some years to a History ol Italy, which is still in progress. He, as is known very well, is a credit to the talent and scholarship of our country. The Marquis Capponi has tur** lushed Mr Prescott with materials for his Historv of Philip II. • Crawford’s Statue of Orpheus is being treated with due honor in Boston—Boston ull-praise worthy for its warmth in fostering the arts!— The Athenaeum was found to have no room which could show this fine work to advantage, Awi the committee arc now putting up a separate building for its exhibition. Mr. Gould's new work, “The Sleep-Ruler in the Omnibus,” is very amusingly written, and is making a sftr in New \ork. Albert Pike, the “hymnerof the Gods” and lawyer in Arkansas, has recovered his health, and left our hotel this morning on his route west ward. He would he an honor to our poetical literature if the law did not “stand betwixt the wind and his nobility.”—A*. Y. Corr. of „Vul. hit. Correspondence of the Biltimure Patriot Cincinnati,Oct. IS, JS43. Mons. Hellert, Civil Engineer, is now' occupied in prepan r the building plan for an extensive I’niversi t he established at Bogota; the dimen sions of the. e difice are to be four hundred and fif ty by ».ie hundred and fifty feet. It will be a $*ue specimen of architecture, and a well endow ed institution. The President of Saint Xavier College, of this city, iuforms me that a large Ca thedral, made of cast iron, wits lately erected m Brussels, France, for the purpose of dedication, ■after w hich ceremony it iken down, placed on vessels, and has probably now reached its final destination in some part of Central America. I mention these facts as evidence that the people’s minds in that part of the w orld are not entirely I absorbed bv their increasing commerce, but that religion and literature will also receive a share ot < their attention. A late letter from Hiram Powers, the Sculptor, I to his brother in this city, dated at \ lorence, ltulv, states that he has at last finished ids divine crea tion of ‘Eve/ and has laid aside his chisel so.far as that piece of sculpture is concerned, believing he can do nothing mure towards its improvement. Tliis work will be sent to the United States, notwithstanding the oilers made for its purchase by some of the Italian noblemen, because it was the first composition of magnitude he undertook, and as his first is his favorite, he therefore wishes it to belong to his own country. On the comple tion of a statue of Mr. Calhoun, wliich will require ; about three months, the “Eve” and the Null ifier Will be sent over from Italy together. This latter statue is to be paid for by some of the personal | friends of Calhoun in his own State, and is as i large as life. Powers has for a long time been engaged on some great work in secret, not even his most intimate friends are acquainted with the subject he lias chosen, hut on which he appears willing to rest his reputation as a Sculptor. This, together with the “Greek Captive,” will perhaps never be seen in the United States, as he intends sending them to London for exhibitiou and sale so | soon as they are completed. Kellogg, the American Painter, is in \ enice, where, Powers mentions, he is getting along fine ly. When Kellogg was last heard from, he was represented to be busily engaged in riding in the gondolas and taking the portraits of the \ cnetian nobles, or making sketches and aquatic excur ; sions along the classic shores of the Adri ic,with the most distinguished of the Italian virtuoso.— 1 The most serious objections heretofore urged by vour Eastern critics against this young artist s paintings, appeared to he the too frequent array ; of some originafbut absurd ideas of perspective which he had imbibed duringearly pupilage, and not only lost no opportunity to display these ima gined truths to nature, but appeared irrevocably confirmed to their faults ; but, fortunately-, he has now abandoned thi* peurile style, and conforms to those true principles of art which have been tamrht hv the erreat masters. He not only excels in this branch of the fine arts, Painting, but his letters, published in the Cincinnati papers, evince fine literary talent, and his works not only give evidence of great excellence, but of untiring in dustry and devotion. 1 le deserves, as he no doubt receives, the best wishes of the many friends he lias in the United States. 1 have heretofore made mention of the impor tant invention of Dr. Kdday, called the “Sub-Ma rine Plough and Excavator,” and that your mc ; chanics would probably be selected to build the entire machinery for exoavatinghhe projected Pa nama (’anal. The following extract from the in j von tor’s advertisement, taken from the Cincinnati Gazette, will give you some idea of the impor tance already attached to this really great inven tion:—“Mr. I leilert, the chief engineer of the Pa nama (’anal, (who has been detained by sickness in this city,) examined this Sub-Marine Plough and Excavator, with several others <>f our best en gineers’ and give as their opinion, that th** work upon the Panama Canal may he done by this exca vator with a saving of at least one-third of theu sual time and expense.” M ith those competent to judge, it is thought, that the day is not far dis tant when this machine will be u>ed in cleansing our canals (without lifting o[f‘ the u'uter%) and also be adopted as Richest dredging apparatus for re moving obstructions in sonic of the sea-board har bor*. Good arrangements are new being made for the reception of the venerated Old Man Eloquent, who has, in a late letter, signified his intention of being here on the fifteenth of November next. THE KING’S ARMS AND THE CAN NON.—Much curiosity is felt to know the history of these interesting trophies of the war of Inde pendence, which to the indignation of every true American, have been trucked otf under the ham mer of an auctioneer, for a few paltry dollars, by the shameless cabal now at the head of the State Government. As far as we can learn, they are genuine trophies of ’To. There is every reason to believe they were a part of the. armament of the British Government brig Nancy, an ordnance vessel, bound from Woolwich to Boston, then in possession of the British. 'Phis vessel was cap tured by the privateer Lee, Captain Manly, as she was attempting to run into Boston Bay, on the g!l!h A ovemner, Mie contained a large brass mortar, several pieces of fine brass cannon, a large quantity of small arms ami ammunition, anil an abundant assortment of camp anil intrench ing tools. Washington declared that if an order had been sent for articles to supply the wants of the American army, they could not have made out a more perfect invoice. Armed with these weapons the Americans took possession of Lechmcie Point and Dorches ter Heights, and drove the British from Boston. Vet the patriotic government of Marcus Morton drew the>e time-hallowed and thrice honorable trophies of victory—these sacred memorials of the valor and devotion of our brave sires—from the Arsenal of the Commonwealth, and trundled them to market like a heap of rubbish!—Massa chusetts B7ifg. COMICAL (X)NFERENCE—Th e Chinese Commissioners entertained Sir Henry Pottingcr at Nankin prior to a settlement of the terms of peace. “Numerous parties,” says Captain Loch, “of minend meat, pork, arrowroot, vermicelli, soup with meat in it, pigs’s ear soup, and other strange dishes, were served in succession, in small china and silver basins; and in proportion to. our various capabilities in making these messes dis appear, we seemed to rise in the estimation of the-beholders. But human nature could not sup port this ordeal long ; and, as a coup de grace, Ke ying (unc le of the Emperor) insisted upon Sir Henry opening bis mouth while he, with great dexterity, shot into it several immense -ugar plums. 1 shall never forget Sir Henry’s face of determined resignation after he found remon strances were of no avail; nor the figuie of Ke ying as he stood before him in the attitude of a short-sighted old lady threading a needle, poising I the bonne bonche between his finger and thumb preparatory to his successful throw.” The ravages of the yellow fever have been great in Mobile for the population, and we have noticed several instances where whole family l.w i....... Iw,„k .... i... 41... ~.,4i 1...... ; \ ii' mi » v v. i j uiviu. m u j' uiv i rn.nv.orr nauu of tiie fell disease. 'Truly the following, which vVecopy from the Herald, is a picture sad to look upon;—*V. O. Picayune. but then 7, too, will lay me drum and die!"— Almost hourly in the day wc hear of some in , stance of real distress, which issuflicient to wring : tears from a heart of stone; where some poor, unfortunate being ha^ h»st by death all that bound him to earth, aad the last ties which held his at j feet ions are severed. A day or two since, the most heart-rend ing 1 instance of affliction and calm despair w as told j us which we ever remember to have heard. It is this: ^oiue tw o or three weeks since, a lady of this city gave birth to a child, and while still on her bed with debility, she was taken with the yellow fever. Her child died, and her husband and mo ther w ere seized with the same disease. In a dav | or two after, a younger brother was taken down ! —and as all of the family, with the exception of one brother, was taken sick, the last one was car ried to the house of a friend. In a few days the mother, who was first taken down, died—her husband followed her shortly after. The aged mother recovered so far as to be rble to go and uurse her sick boy—and in the meantime the el der brother, the last of the family, was also seiz ed with the fever. The mother watched w'ith a mother's solicitude, the fast-ebbing life of her youngest boy, w ho was sinking into .death's em brace. Ere long he too died—and in a few mo-, ments, when his bereaved parent saw her loss, she observed in a certain tone which too plainly told of despair, “Now that he is dead, I will go home and nurse my laU child; and when he is dead, /, too, will lay me down and die!” Oh, who can tell, who can picture the agony of that be reaved and heart broken woman! Words cannot do it, and none but a parent can feel that mo ther s misery. V\ hat ao aw'iul chasm has been made in her bosom, neyer. never in this world to be tilled! THE LATE ELECTION'S.—The Editor of the j (Robe has made a furious attack on us for g*v*inS false returns of elections calculated to injure the cause which we have so ardently espoused, and to j operate in favor of Henry Clay, the greatest per sonal and political enemy of President Tyler in the Union. We will not now condescend to deny this charge. We have had occasion to prove so many false statements and flagrant misrepresent ations uttered during the last eighteen months by the Editor of the Globe, that we forbear in refer ence to this matter. “Destroy his fibs and sophistry in vain, The creature’s at his dirty work again.” Like the Editor of the Richmond Enquirer, we frankly confess that we see no good reason in the present aspect of the Democratic party through out the Union, as exhibited in the political confu sion which now exists in most sections ot the country, or in the result of the recent elections, to occasion any constitutional Republican to re joice. We again publish the returns of the elections, and invite the candid, calm, and deliberate atten tion of the Democratic party to the result. \\ hen the Democratic party rallied upon the vetoes of the President, given at the extra session, there was one universal shout of Democratic victory through out the country. But the men v'ho had conducted the party l > defeat in 1840, by means of wire-pull ing and party machinery, working themselves in to the ascendency, and waxing strong, valorous, and arrogant, spurned the President and his friends—the Globe leading the onslaught—and, in tiie short space of one year, behold the re sult : GEORGIA—lias elected every Congressman Whig bv some 4,000 majority. The Governor , and Legislature also Whig—all gone. TENNESSEE—Has elected a Governor Whig —a Legislature Whig—and two United States Senators, lring, will be elected from that State. RHODE ISLAN’D—Has elected a Whig Gov ernor and a If mg Legislature. MARYLAND—Has elected a Whig Legisla ture, and will elect a Whig 1 nited States Sena tor; and Baltimore city, which, after the vetoes, gave a Democratic majority of 1,0(32, now gives a Whig majority for Mayor of 3G2. PENNSYLVANIA—Has elected 12 Whigs to I Congress and 11 Democrats—and one indcpcnd i nt Democrat pledged to the Tariff and the Whig doctrine on the public lands—partly by the man agement of the Globe and its friends in defeating ! Me,Cully'selection in the first district—while one Democrat, (if no more) the lion. Wm. W ilkins, was partly elected by the friends of John Tyler. The Legislature and Canal Commissioners—thanks to the independent democracy of the old key stone* State of the interior, where the blighting influence of the Globe was unknown—have been saved. OHIO—Has elected 9 Whigs to Congress in a State which should not have sent 5 Federalists to the National Legislature—the peculiar friends of the Globe being the victims—while Inc popular branch of the Legislature, it seems, is Whig. And some time >ince NORTH CAROLINA elected a Whig Gov ernor by a large majority. Now We know that the Republican party, pro perly organized, and on a proper basis, with honest I editors, and fearless, though wise, champions, will be in a majority in most of the States of the Fnion. Yet we do not hesitate to state distinctly, that it is our impression that the‘Globe and its al lies have note, us in 1840, by their folly and wick edness, led to those Democratic defeats we have enumerated. There is not, and will never he, a majority of the People of this country to approve the editorial course, or subscribe to the profession of political policy and principles announced in the Globe.—.Madisonian. Whig Committee Room, \ Columbus, Oct. 20, 1813. ) The annual election in Ohio, having just pass ed, we take the earliest opportunity to communi cate to our friends the auspicious result. The Whigs of this State went into the canvass, borne i . t i i i l 1 I • dow n t>v me accummaicu wnni^ ui hh .ii lation,and the etFects of disagreements on national | politics, too strong toko overcome by mere party attachments. They hud only a deep regard for •principles to cheer them on, and the result, so far as the popular voice could be beard, has been a triumph — a glorious victory! If the'result of the election does not exhibit the Whigs of Ohio in all the strength of 1640, enough has been done to show that the plague of free trade, and its kindred evils, have been stay ed; and that the crisis which is approaching in '44, will be nobly met and triumphantly parsed. The Gerrymandering of the State in 1840 for members of the General Assembly, and alike in* iquitous proceeding hist winter lbr members of Congress, virtually disfranchises thousands of O 1 * . Whigs in the election of their representatives.— Therefore it is that the entire strength of the par ty can never he made to tell; except in the year of a Presidential election. But there are circumstances attending this elec i tion which arc encouraging. The bad legislation ! of the last few years, has awakened a spirit ofin ! quiry among our opponents, and we arc proud to 1 acknowledge that in many instances men have ! risen superior to the trammels of party, and con tended manfully for principles and for the rights of the people. In the districting of last winter, our opponents provided for the election of 15 Locofoco Members of Congress. But 12 only have been elected,— Showing a clear gain of three districts, in spite of party legislation. Of the 18 State Senators elected, the Whigs have secured 9. Of those w ho hold over, the lioeofoeos had 11, to 7 Whigs, securing a Loco foco majority of four in the- Semite, retained un | der the operation of the districting system. Of the 72 members of the House of Represen tatives, the Whigs have elected 59—the Locofo cos 50—and three independent men have been elected in opposition to the regular Locofocb can didates, under circumstances w hich induce us to believe that on all great questions which divide the two parties they will act w ith the Whigs.— j I nder this expectation we claim a majority of eiirht on imnt ballot. This result is sufficient to arrest the inarch of corruption. The differing complexion of the two Houses, produced as before explained, will dis appoint the hopes of many who had fondly ex pected that the eusuing election would give the people a Legislature which would justly and hon * estly represent their wishes. But—courage friends! I This evil will now be corrected by a fair district ing of the State: bad legislation will be prevented: no prospective laws to bolster up demagogues can ' be passed. And we may add, from the signs of the times, both in our own .State and among the sisters who have recently held their elections, a | favorable augury may he drawn, promising noth ing less than the election of the Whig nominee for the Presidency in 1844. At all events in the name of our whig follow citizens, ice pledge Ohio for such a result, JOSEPH R1DGWAY, ROBERT .VEIL, JOHN A. I,EZELL, LEWIS HEYL, JOHN GREENWOOD, W11 .LIAM A RMSTRONG, O. W. SHERWOOD, State Central Committee. The Boston American, a paper got up in the first place wc believe, as a Whig paper, but which afterwards turned Tyleritc for a “consideration," has stopped, as we learn from a Massachusetts Journal. The consideration however, has been received, and the wages of iniquity promptly paid; a circumstance not always very strictly observed in the Tyler purchases. \N arren, one of the “live stock" bought on the occasion, has been made an Inspector of Customs, and Hogan—called Dr. Hogan—is appointed Consul at Neuvitas, in the island of Cuba.—.V. Y. Courier. Macready, the celebrated tragedian, is now act ing in Philadelphia. MEETING OF WORKINGMEN AT THE NAVY YARD. WASHINGTON, D. C.—One of the largest meetings of workingmen ever held in this District, took place on Friday evening, the 20th inst., in the “Anncostia Hall.” The meet ing was organized by theeleetion o! Mr. W jiliam Bland as Chairman, and of Mr. George W. Clarke , I as Secretary. The chair then staled the objects of the meeting to be the consideration of the re cent order from the Navy Department, causing j the dismissal of about 330 men from the several branches of business in this Navy Yard. He had also understood, with regret, that similar orders had been issued to all the Navy A ards in the United States. After a variety of suggestions and interchanges of opinion as to the most effectual mode of proceeding, it was finally agreed to ap point a committee of one member from each branch to represent the body before the President of the United States, and the Secretary of the Navy. Whereupon, Messrs. Greenfield, New man, Easley, Garrett, Bartlett,Ashcraft, Mitchell, Phillip*, Snyder andNokes, were appointed said committee. The following preamble and resolutions were then submitted to the consideration of the meet ing, and unanimously adopted : “Whereas, an order has just emanated from ; the Navy Department, requiring the immediate ! discharge of several hundred workingmen from this Navy Yard ; therefore, he it resolved unani mously, that from what we have been informed, we discover in said order the finger of necessity —the appropriations for the increase and repairs of the Navy having been exhausted. We, there fore, attach no blame whatever to His Excellen cy, the President, or to the Hon. Secretary of the Navy. Resolved, That wre regret to find that Congress, at its last session, reduced the appropriations for such purposes to $.”*00,000 for the first half Near of 1843; (out of which some arrearages were to he paid) and to one million of dollars for the fis cal vear, commencing on the first dav of July ! last; instead of the allowance of two millions of dot i lars yer annum, as it did during several former years. Resolved, That we also deeply regret that Con gress deemed it necessary to deny to the Navy Department what is allowed to every other de ! paitment, the privilege of making a transfer ! from one head of appropriation to another. Resolved, That this meeting is sensible of the deep solicitude experienced by the President of the United States, and also by the Secretary of i the Navy in behalf of the workingmen, on this oc casion ; and, it is our firm belief that every effort will be made by them to obviate the difficulty— ; rescind the late order, aid set us to work again, ; with as little delay as practicable. Resolved, That the committee already appoint ed to communicate with the Pres dent and Sec retary of the Navy lay the true state of the case : before them; that a large majority of us have families entirely dependent upon the labor of our hands for support—the rigors of winter, (when every expense is increased) are rapidly ap proaching—that many of us are far from our homes and families, and that loss of employment at this juncture would inflict upon ue evils almost incal culable. Resolved, That on a former occasion, and under similar circumstances, President Tyler nobly “took the responsibility” of allowing the me i chanics to prosecute their labors on the new Trea sury and other public buildings, on the faith of a future appropriation by Congress. That act was fully sustained by Congress. That act was ap proved and admired by the workingmen through out tho whole country. President Tyler’s prompt and energetic action on that, and several other 1 occasions in behalf of the workingmen, has reflec ted high honor upon his name, which must de scend to his latest posterity. Resolved, That we respectfully solicit them, if! funds cannot be commanded before the meet ing , of Congress, to permit us to continue olir labors I in the public employment and rely upon Congress [ to pass an appropriation to remunerate us for the same. Mr. Frederick W. Southworth offered the fol lowing resolution, which was unanimously a dopted : ■ a rm . . « i • /t . i nr v nesoireu, 1 rial me worKingmen 01 me tvasn-' ington Navy Yard tender their heartfelt thanks to Captain John H. Aulick for his prompt and energetic exertions in our behalf in laying our case before the Hon. Secretary of the Navy, and for h is conduct throughout as an officer and a gentleman. And the meeting adjourned, VviM, H. BLAND, President, j Georoe W. Clarke, Secret n y, * — The circumstances under which the work- j men at the Navy Yard in Washington and else where were discharged la*l week, are explained in the follow jug Jotter from the Secretary of the Navy; Washington', Oct. 21, 184.3. Dear Siu*.—1 notice a call for a meeting in Baltimore for Monday evening, “to express their , views in relation to the dismissal, by John Tyler, : of the Whig Mechanics who were employed in! the public service at Washington, because they dared to exercise the right of freemen on Mon day last, in the city of Baltimore, their place of residence, by voting their sentiments.17 The order for the discharge of the workmen engaged upon the “increase and repair,11 of the Navy, not only at (he Wa shington Yard, but for • the discharge of all those employed in the like service in all the Navy Yards of the United States, was given by me, without instructions from the President and in fact without his know ledge. It w as rendered necessary in consc- j quence of having exhausted the appropriation j made by the last Congress, for this branch of the : public service. I neither knew (be politics, the j residence, nor even the persons of those upon whom the order was to operate. I did not know, 1 nor had I ever heard, that any of them had voted in Baltimore. The workmen discharged at the Washington ! Yard perfectly well understood the cause of this order; and at a very large meet igof this respectable body of citizens held on Friday even ing, they unanimously passed a series of reso lutions, a copy of which I send you tor publica tion, which breathe a very different spirit from that which is shown in the call of the Baltimore meeting. It crave me infinite pain to be obliged to dis* charge from employment *o many industrious and worthy citizens, at this season, when winter is so near at hand; but I had no alternative. The mo- j ney which fongress had thought sufficient to be expended for this purpose had been all used, and j here the law required me to stop. I trust this explanation, which 1 desire you will 1 have the kindness to cause to be published, will j satisfy the gentlemen who have called the Balti more meeting, that they have moved under a misapprehension of the facts in the case, I am, very respectfully, Your ob’t servant. DAVID HEN SHAW. THE ENGLISH HARVEST.—Private letters received at Boston (says the Daily Advertiser) speak more favorably of the English harvest than the circulars which w e have already published.— We extract the following, under date of Oct. 3d: “The fears of the scarcity of bread have been relieved by the turning out of the harvest, which is quite an average in quantity and quality. It was saved by a month of the finest weather ever known in harvest time.” It is an extraordinary fact, says the Madisoni an, “that with one exception, no man has run upon any ticket as friend of President Tyler, u'ho has not been elected. That exception occurr ed in Tennessee, in a Senatorial district; but in that district the Tyler man was only beaten fifty votes, and Gov. Polk five hundred and sixty-five in the same counties.” This is a u*atter that should be looked to by the “demociacy,” and by the whole country for that matter.—>Acirri'ork Courier, But for the inroads made on the Western Re serve, the strong hold of whiggery, by the aboli tionists, the Whigs would be in a much larger ma jority on joint ballot.—Ohio Old School Repub. U. STATES STEAM SHIP PRINCETON. f. S Steamship Princktov, Philadelphia, OcP/6ev21, 1843. lion. David ITevsiiaw, Secretary of the tYciry. • | Sir : I have the honor to inform you that I left the Delaware on Tuesday, the 17th instant, to try the Princeton at sea, and returned to this place last night to finish her equipment. The Princeton has performed so well, under all cir cumstances, that too much cannot be said in praise of her. We arrived at Sandy Hook on Wednesday, in 21} hours from Newcastle. We went up to the city of New York to show our selves and to give notice to the Captain of the English Steamer Great Western that 1 designed to have a trial of speed with that vessel. On Thursday the Western came out of the East river, and the trial took place, from the Battery to the sea, in which we gained a most glorious triumph, in the presence of many thousands of our fellow citizens, assembled to witness the use ! f'ul and exciting contest. The following account, which was made at the time by two gentlemen who came on hoard for that purpose, 1 prefer to send to you rather than to trust my own pen on the subject. You will allow me, however, to add that the Princeton is now admitted to he the fastest and most beautiful, as she will hereafter ! be admitted to be, the most formidable ship atloat. I At 38 minutes past 2 o’clock, P. M., whilst the Princeton was lying in the North river, tlie Great Western was seen passing the Battery, un* i der a full head of steam, blowing off strong, and with her fore and aft sails set, the wind blowing fresh from the westward. The Princeton imme diately started her engine, gave chase anil com ing up astern of tlie Great Western soon passed with no sails set, and the yards square. The Western then set her square sails, and the Prire ton, following her example, made sail also, and continued to widen the gap between the tuo ves sels. When the Princeton had arrived at the Buoy of the middle below the Narrow s, >he was ! more than a mile ahead of the Great Western — I Here the latter ship, to make good tin* distance she had lost, took the “Swash Channel,11 which is three miles shorter than the ordinary ship chan nel which the Princeton had taken before she | was aware of the intention of the Great Western. Notwithstanding the greater distance she had passed over, she met the Western again at the Black Buoy on tire Outer Bar, and then* passed un | drrher stern about two lengths d'nlanf, then hauled ! up on u line parallel to her. \\ hen coming along side Captain Stockton wished Captain Haskett a j pleasant passage, and the crew of the Princeton ; gave the Western three cheers. The Princeton then rapidly passed ahead of the W estern, in two j minutes crossed her bow, and then hauled up for the Capes ol the Delaware. From the time that the Princeton passed Castle Garden till site finally hit the Great Wes-! tern was one hour and lilty-six minutes, during ! which time she had beaten her three miles. The Princeton occupied one hour and thirty one minutes in going from Castle Garden to San- : dy Hook Point, a distance of more than twenty one miles; thus show ing her speed to have been more than fourteen mites per hour, and that against trie ilood tide, and proving her to be the j fastest >e.i-going steamer in lire, world 'Hie Great Western accomplished the distance j to the Bar in considerable less time than she had ! ever done before, having been well prepared for the occasion. ., The Princeton had her full complement of coal ( in her bunker*, as also the greatest part of her water and stores, and a (juantity of coal on deck I equal to the weight of her armament. Your obedient and faithful servant, R. F. STOCKTON. ANECDOTE OF A GOOSE.—The following account of a Canada goose is so extraordinary, that l am aware it would with difficulty gain ofeu^ it, were net a whole parish able to vouch for the truth of it. The Canada geese are not fond of a poultry-yard, hut are rather of a rambling dNpo- j sition. One of these birds, however, wai. observ ed to attach itself, in the strongest and most af fectionate manner, to the houst* dog, and would never quit the kennel except for the purpose of i feeding, w hen it would return ugam immediately. ! It always sat by the dog, but never presumed to I go into the kennel, except in rainy weather.— Whenever the dog barked, the goose would ' cackle and run ai the pi i son she supposed the dog harked at, and try to bite him by the heels. Sometimes she would attempt to feed with ttie dog; but thii the dog, who treated his faithful I companion rather with indifference, would not permit, 'fins bird Would not go to roost with the others at night, unless driven by main force ; and when in the morning she was turned into the ' field she would never stir from the yard gale, hut sit there the whole day in sight of the dog. At last, orders were given that she should be no lon ger molested, hut suffered to accompany it as she liked; being thus left to herself, she ran about the yard with him all the night; and what i- particu larly extraordinary, and can be attested by the ; whole parish, whenever the dog w mt out of tho j yard and ran into the village, the goose always accompanied him, contriving to keep up with him by the assistance of her wings ; and m this w ay of running and 11) ing, followed him all over the parish. This .extraordinary affection of the goose towards the dog, which continued to hi* death, two years alter it wfas first observed, is supposed to have originated from his having accidentally saved her from a fox in the very moment of dis tress. White the dog was ill, tho goose never quitted him day or night, not even to feed ; and it < was appiehended she would have been .tarved to death, had not orders been given for a pan of corn to be set every day close to the kennel. At this time the goose generally sat in the kennel, and would not sutler any ope to approach it, ex cept the person w ho brought the dog’s or her own I food. The end of this faithful bird was melan choly; for when the dog died she would still keep! possession of the kennel; and a new home-dog being introduced, which in wi/.e and color resem bled that lately lost, the poor goose was unhap pily deceived, and going into the kennel as usual, the new inhabitant seized her by the throat, and killed her*—--- Willoughby'i Ornithology. The Now Haven papers announce the death of Johx Breed Duiuiit, a Tutor in Yule College, from wounds inflicted upon him by one of the ! younger members ot the College, immcdiatcly'af ter the commencement of the present term. We give the account in the words of the N ew Haven Herald :— Some young rowdies Of the advancing classes were paying their respects to the Freshmen in a course of introduction prohibited by the rules of the Institution, which Tutor Dwight, with others, \ attempted to suppress. In the performance ot this duty, he seized a young man named Lewis Passit, of Philadelphia, and was in the act of drawing him to the light in order to recognise him, when Fassit drew a knife or dirk, of some j kind add gave him three successive stabs near the groin, and almost penetrating the femoral artery, which would have been instantly fatal — A fever ensued which soon terminated in death. Mr. Dwight, adds the Herald, was a «on of Mr. J, Dwight, of New Haven, late of Rich mond, Va., and a grandson of the Hie President Dwight. He was only 21 years of age, and gra duated at Yale College in the CHsg of id40. He was a gentleman of fine promise and his loss will make a serious void in the social and literary circles to which he was attached. Fassit, the young man, who now stands guilty of perpetrating the highest crime known to our laws, has left the city, and will ptobably escape. We understand, however, that measures have been instituted for his apprehension and that a requisition will be made to the Governor of Penn sylvania for his apprehension, and surrender to the hands of justice, ARREST QF FASSITT.—We learn that Mr. Fassitt, was arrested on Saturday, by officer Carr, of New Haven, and taken before the Re corder, and after a statement of the facts, was committed, Soon after his committal he* was taken before Judge King on a writ of habeas cor pus, and released upon giving bail in the sum of $5000-—Pennsylvanian. LOUIS PHILIPPE—King of the French— f We are indebted to the “Picturesque ([«ondort AnnuaP’of the present year, for the following iu. terestmg notice of this great man. Louis Philippe hn« the twofold instinct of the gentleman and the. Parisian citizen,—the grand, son ol St. Louis, and the King of the revolution ol July. His life, is grave, industrious, and seri ous. He often rises before daybreak; as soon a, he wakes his work begins. He reads the des patches of his ambassadors, and prepares the la bour of the day, and acts as from a knowledge of the importance of one additional day in his reigri. He reads very few newspapers, except the Kng li>h ones. His breakfast is soon finished, after which it is his ministers’turn : with these he lives in the greatest familiarity. The man w hom he adopts, has at once, at all times, admission to the King: he is received at any hour of the day or ; night. The King espouses the cause of the min | isler as he would his ow n; he takes on interest m hi- success in the rostrum, in his success of everv kind : he defends him warmly, and sincerely, anil w hen he is obliged to displace him, he never *a\s adieu, but au revoir. His familiarity is at once dignified and trank. His good sen-e i> exquisin*, even its severity i- tempered by a grace only tube tound in him. He detests the smoke of tobacco, and thinks that in a royal chateau the smell of it i» abominable; but as every one smokes at the pre sent day, he lias tound a w ay of complaining of it which offends no one. In the numerous r<u nions of the Tuilleries, when business prospers, when his ministry is safe for a few’ weeks, the King i* a happy man. He has a natural love for ail -uperior men,of w hatever kind; he >eck> them he draws them to himself; he'is never at a lo-v His speech is easy, his memory prompt; he ha been tried by good and bad fortune: a prince of tin: blood, a soldier, an outlaw, an exile, a school master, a king—he had been on a level with all these various conditions. Above all, this man. -o surrounded with labours, shines as the father of a I family. Hi* peculiar province seem* to be, to j bring up, instruct ami enrich his children. fully undeistands that a large family in our days is, for prince*, the most excellent, the least ruin* ous, and the most easily pardoned of all liixmie*. At present he ha* no less tlun four >ons, the pridu and support of his throne. These are tlio Due Jo Nemours, the Prince de Joinville, the Due d’Au male, and the Due do Montpensier. 'Phey all been brought up at college, among othcrchih dren ol their age. They followed the satno courses, contended for the same ptizes, and ct these prizes so envied and *o disputed, they have* had their share, bul not without great difficult* and hard study. All these children have been, for the King, a delightful subject of paternal dili gence and zeal; he has followed tlieni step by step in their studies, he has directed them one after the other; tin *e children have been tus joy and pride: he has loved them, at the same time with passion and prudence. Those who are dead he lia* mourned in hu h a w ay a* to draw tears front the most iti*eii*ibh\ AmuSi the>v unexpected grief*, tim death of tne Prince** Marie, in the bloom of her youth and beauty, and just as sho had achieved the renown to which her great taU cuts as a sctilptre* * fairly entitled her; the death ol his son, the Duke of Orleans, the heir tb the throne, ip the glory of manhood; the courage ot the King has not failed him. By the side of the King, Uk king like the guardian angel of this royal family, is the Queen; a modest, amiable, clever woman, who has contributed not a little to the popularity of her family. The Queen, a daugh-. ter of king*, married the Duke of Orleans, when hr was only a fugitive. Their marriage wa* founded much more upon mutual esteem and af fection, than upon interested motives. When the Duchess of Orleans reached the throne, she thought and acted like a Queen. She had been consult d by her husband in all the important speculations of their private life as landholders and capitalists. She is now' equally consulted in the management of political affairs. She i» Queen a • ft I * • i • £• C • l . i. • ns sue nas utrn me wanner 01 a iariiuy, w imoui ostentation; on the contrary, though very labori ous and devoted, she had taken caws to conceal her labor*. Though le*s a warrior than Napoleon, the sa tisfaction of the present king of the Tuilleries is quite as great, when be sees himself surrounded, saluted, and recognised by the soldiers and stand ard* of France. Although a peaceful king, Louis Lliilippe ha* been a soldier, and remembers it well. From the way in which be watches the martial movements, you can sec that he loves them and remember* them with pride. If he ii not embroiled w ith all Lurope, the king of the French bus at lead w ithin his reach an active, aad impassioned, constantly renewed war, that with Africa, In that he lias enclosed the martial ardour of Fiance, and keeps it on the alert; there ho sends each )U»r battallions of the elite to learn the danger* and fatigues of that great game called war. PORTRAIT OF MR. CLAY.—The Phils* delptiia Inquirer says that a splendid full-length portrait of Mr. Clay has just been published in that city, and is exciting much admiration. The engraving i* hy John Sartain, from the original picture painted by John Neaglc, at Ashland. It is 4 masterly affair throughout, and abounds with beauiic*. Both artists have been signally success ful. We can conceive of nothing more appro priate for a popular ornament or a public institu tion. Had Neaglc and Sartain never produced any thing el»c, this work would have placed them in the front rank of their respective professions. The figure of Mr. ( lay, the expression of the. face, the drapery, the American flag, the globe, the anvjl, the plough, the sheep, and the ship in the distance, arc all not only very fine, but they are disposed with exquisite >k;11 arid propriety—and serve to form one of the most captivating and at tractive pictures that we ever remember to have seen. Thousands of copies of thi* truly splendid work will no doubt be speedily disposed of. COMMERCIAL. BALTIMORE MARKET, October 24. Cattle.—There were 850 bead of BcefCattle offered for sale at the Scales ibis morning, of which about 500 were sold, and the balance laid over. The prices paid ranged from §1,50 to §2,GO per 100 lbs. on the hoof, as in quality,which is equal to §3 a §4,75 net. The principal sales were however at intermediate rates, averaging about §4 net. Moos.—There were only about 200 head of hive Hogg in market to-day. Sales were made at §4,25 a §4,50 per 100 lbs. Flour.—The market for Howard St. Flour is without much animation. A sale of 300 barrels good mixed brands was made from store on Fri day at §4,J2C On Saturday GOO barrels were sold at §4,J2J. On Saturday GOO barrels were sold at §1,18} and 400 barrels at §4,25. The uniform asking price to-day is §1,25. The receipt price is unsettled. We note sales of 2600 bbls. City Mills Flour on Saturday at §4,Hi, and of 300 bbls. on the same day at §4,25, full. Oraiv.—The supply of Wheat is very limited. We note small sales to-day at 85 a 90 cents for good to prime reds, and at 70 a 85 for inferior to good. We quote Md. White Wheat at 90 a 95 cents. A sale of a load Pennsylvania red, quali ty not prime, was made to-day at 91 cts. for ship ment. Sales of Penn. Rye at 55 cts. and of Md. at 52 cts. The last sales of Corn were at 46a 47 cts. A sale of yellow’ to-day 48a50 cts. Oats sell at 21a23 cts. RICHMOND MARKET. Ocy. 23. Tobacco—Receipts aru] inspections continue light, v'ith a limited demand. We quote hugs §l,70a2i; common leaf 2.Ja3i; middling 3^a4f; good 44a5$ and 6; fine G^aHJ, as in quality. Flour—Canal in demand at §4,— holders generally .ask §4,25. Wheat—90 cents for prime quality; most sales of really good quality at 85 cents—inferior ran ging from 60 to 80 cents, according to quality. Corn—55 cents per bushel. ONONG AI IAEA OLD RYE W HISKEY, in barrels ?nd by retail, of prime quality, and of fine flavor, fur sale by THOMAS BURNS, uci 25 corner of Prince and Fairfax si?.