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Alexandria gazette. [volume] (Alexandria, D.C.) 1834-1974, February 03, 1844, Image 2

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~ t I
ID BUSHED DAILY AND TRI-WEEKLY BY.
_EDGAR SNOWDEN._i
The ALEXANDRIA GAZETTE, for the coun
try, is printed on Tuesdays, Thursdays and
Saturdays.
The Country Paper (tri-weekly) is furnished for
$5 per annum—payable in advance.
Subscription—the Daily Paper is furnished at $$
per annum—payable half yearly.
No subscription is received from the country, un
less accompanied by the cash, or by a respon
sible name.
SATURDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 3.
VIRGINIA HOUSE OF DELEGATES Feb
ruary I.—The vute of Tuesday, rejecting the
bill.concerning the Lank of the Valley and branch
es, was, on motion of Mr. Blue, reconsidered and
the bill passed.
The following engrossed bills w ere passed*
1. “Amending me act of November 18, 1798.
against those who counterfeit letters and privy
tokens to receive money or goods in other men’s
names;”
2. “Prescribing the mode of asertaining the tax
on venders of certain patent or specific medi
cines
3. “Concerning the commissioners of the reve
nue ;”
4. “Fixing the assessed value of the Dover
Coal Pits’ tract of land in the county of Gooch
land;”
5. “To amend the act entit’ed an act to amend
the act pa*>ed 7th February, 18i7, entitled an
act prescribing certain general regulations f«*r the
incorporation of Turnpike Companies, and for
other purposes;”
6. “Investing part of the Literary Fund ($lo,
000) in buildings, &c., for the Medical College at
Richmond;“ and
7. “Concerning the weighing of live stock
brought to the city of Richmond.”
A bill “concerning general elections,” was, af
ter a long discussion, indefinitely postponed— ayes
57, to noes 47
The engrossed bili “to incorporate the Odd I* t-i
Iqws Association at Harper's Ferry” was lo’st—
ayes 19 to noes83, after much debate.
On motion of Mr. Lacy, the House agreed,
when it adjourned yesterday, to adjourn till fcet fee
o’clock to day—in order to allow the use of the
hall to the ’Democratic Convention until that
time, which was done.
Several bills were pushed forward through
their regular stages, and reports ol Committees
acted on. •
THE LATE JUDGE GASTON, OF N. C.
On the opening of the Supreme Court, of North
Carolina, the Attorney General rose and said :
The request of my brethren in attendance at
this term, makes it my duty to inform your Hon
ours of their proceedings, on bearing to t tin. j
the afflicting intelligence of the death of the lion.
William Gaston your associate on the Bench of
the Supreme Court of this State, and to ask that ;
the same may be placed on the minutes ol tue
Court.
Judge Gaston, at the meeting of the Court, had
every appearance ot health; giving to the com-j
munity a confident expectation that h;s services *
would he prolonged yet for many years, Our ;
hopes are at an end—the calamity is sudden. ur»- j
expected, overwhelming! It hath pleased a
merciful providence to cut short his existence.— '
On Tuesday, Judge Gaston came into Court—in i
health—went through a case requiring close and ,
constant application. His notes demonstrate his j
attention. At the usual hour, the Court adjourn
ed. At So clock, his death was announced; the
memberspf the bar, and the officers of the Court, !
except a few, not having heard of his illness*
I cannot speak of Judge Gaston as he deserves
to be spoken of. His eulogy is on the lips of the
whole country. The force of his example will
perpetuate his praise.
The ways of Heaven, how unsearchable are
they! To teach us our nothingness, as well as
* to wean us from life—our most useful citizens,
our nearest relations, and our dearest friends,
are snatched away, impelling us to rely only on
Kim, who pervadeth and sustaineth all things.
You, Sir, know, (addressing himself to the
Chief Justice,) the manner of his death. Sor
row often .produces its consolation. I was pre
sent when Judge Gaston died. T nut he lived
constantly mindful of the grave, 1 have no doubt.
The evening before he departed tins life, in con
versation with a friend, he mentioned that de ath
had to him no terrors—that the years he had
numbered, were hut so many steps m the com
pletion of the journey assigned him by his Ma>ter,
and that he rejoiced that his armor would soon
be put ofl. Up to the moment of his dissolution,
.his mind was cheerful—entertaining, and instruct
ing his friends on mcrul subjects, .his Inst sen
tence impressed upon them the absolute necessi
ty, to enable us to he either useful here, or happy
hereaftert of an abiding belief in a Being, present
every where, knowing the intent, and unrierstand
insrfihe imagination ol the heart—who is Almighty,
bringing man into judgment after death, rew ard
ing him for his deeds. Before his voice had died
upon the ear—uhe was not. ” 11 He has gone to
his rest!’*
Chief Justice Ruffin, on behalf of the Court,
responded with very great emotion:
The Court unites'with the Bar, in lamenting the
calamity which has fallen on us; and is ready to
concur in whatever may honor tlie memory ot
our deceased Brother, or express a sympathy with
his bereaved family.
The loss indeed is that of the whole Country;
and it will doubtless he deeply felt and deeply
deplored, by the whole Country. But to us, who
\ have been connected with him here, it is peculi
arly severe.
Having been closely associated in private in
tercourse, and in the discharge of a common pub
lic duty, for the last ten years, we have had ihc
*bes* means of know ing and appreciating his p* r
aonal virtues, his abilities, his attainments, and
Judicial services.
We know, that he was indeed a good man and
p great Judge.
His assistance in the discharge of our official
..duties* i$ cheerfully and gratefully acknowledged
hy us, who have survived him. In our opinion,
his worth, as a minister of justice, and expound
er of the Jaws, was inestimable; and we led that
as a personal friend, his. loss cannot he supplied.
The Court directs the proceedings of the Bar to
be entered on the minutes, and will, in the other
jrespect*; comply with the requests expressed, in
ibem.
The Court then adjourned.
THE OLDEN TIME.—The Louisville Jour-.
ml says
In a recent debate in tfie United States Senate* 1
the records of the Senate, which were read,
•bowed the fact*which may be new to many of'
jour waders, that during the early period of our
^ Government, the practice urns for the President,
when the Senate was in Executive session, to er> |
t«r the chamber ami take his seat by the presi
ding oJficer, and there receive the counsel and
advice of that body, (I* this so?)
. -
~4iA QUERY ’1—Mr. Wise has made a long re-:
port in extenso on tha Slat or 2oth Rule. The Re
publican* in Congress from the North-arc watch-1
td “wiih an eye that never w inks.” Are they go
ing to stand by us on the Protective system and
j^U-AboirlioD, or not?—Richmond Enquirer.
LETTER FROM Mr. TYLER.—On the 8th
of January, a large number of citizens of Phila
delphia celebrated the anniversary of the battle j
of New Orleans, by^a public dinner. The fol
lowing letter from the President of the United
Slates, wa* read on the occasion .
Washington, Jan. 6, 1344.
Sir:—I have to acknowledge the receipt of
your letter of the 29th of December, inviting me.
in behalf of the Democratic citizens of the city
and county of Philadelphia, to be present et their
proposed celebration on the 8th inst., of the bat
tle of New Orleans, and to express my regret that
my public duties will deny the me privilege of
doing so. It would otherwise afford rue unspeak
ably great pleasure to unite with my fellow-citi
zens in doing honor to an event which constitu
ted the crowning glory of the late war, and has
given to the gallant Captain under w hose auspi
I cesit was achieved, an undying claim to the gra
! titude of his countrymen.
. For the association which you have instituted
; between my name and his upon one important
measure of civil policy, I feel myself in no small
degree honored. 1 had exerted my limited in
fluence to bring General Jackson into power, and
being a member of the Senate, it gave me no
small pleasure at the time to sustain hint in the
exercise of the Veto on the bill passed by the
two Houses for rechartering the Bank of the
United States. 1 stood upon that occasion in a
small minority, but had the happiness to find that
the great majority of the American people came
up to the support of the President, by giving an
j unequivocal expression of their opinion in favor
1 of the course he had pursued.
I In what I have done upon the same subject
•• since my accession to the Presidency, I was in
| fluenred solely by a regard to the sacred obliga*
j tions of an oath, and my unshaken convictions of
duty to the country. I sought to conciliate no
party— I sought to offend no party; but in the
| discharge of a high public duty, enjoined upon
• me by the most sacred obligations, I felt, and
up-mall similar ^occasions, should they recur
during my term of service, I trust 1 shall con
tinue to feel, a comparative indifference; but I
nevertheless could not fail to experience pride
a ml pleasure in the demonstrations of public ap
proval,through the popular elections, whic h short
ly afterwards so conspicuously followed. If
fr rn that lime the Executive has stood almost
alone, so fir as the politicians have been con
cerned, in the odministratrm of the Government,
I nevertheless derive no small gratification from
the fact that questions of the greatest interest,
both foreign and domestic, ha\** been j romptly
i and successfully met, and that, contrasting the
j situation of the country when I came into power
i with what it is now, there is much cause to re
j joice in the change.
j Be good r notigh to make my acknowlcdgc
Lments acceptable to those you represent, and re
j ceivc assurances of my constant recard.
JOHN TYLER.
; INDIAN WIT.—'The Caddo Gazette of 1 Oth
* ult., relates an anecdote, told to the editor by
| Governor Butler, who has lately returned from
the Indian country, which shows in a strong light
the natural wit and penetration of the red men
| of the forest. It appears that Gov. Butler, in
I order to show the good feelin# and friendship
! existing between the United Slaws and the Wes
tern tribes of Indians, requested Stanley, the
i young artist, who accompanied him on his late
visit to the Indian country, “to sketch two hands
embracing » och other; the one of a red man and
the other of a w hite man, with the “ealutnet of
peace'’ above them, which was done in the most
exquisite style of that young and highly gifted
painter. Alter its completion, the young Cuman
che chief, to whom he was about to present it,
proposed very appropriately, an addition to tne
picture, by draw ing under the hands, and in im
mediate proximity, the head of a bull-dog, to
bite, as he said, the hand that proved treache
rous. The group was finished, according to de
sire, and transferred to the Indians, to their great
amusement and gratification.
FITZ-NOODLE'S HINT TO THE LA DIES.
Whilst ladies persist in maintaining the strictly
defensive condition, men must naturally, os it
were, take the opposite line, that of attack; oth
erwise, if both parties held aloof, there would
be no marriages; and the two hosts would die in
their respective inaction, without ever coming to
a battle. Thus it is evident that, as the ladies
will not, the men must take the offensive. I, lor
my own part, have made, in the course of my
life, at least a score of chivalrous attacks upon
several fortified hearts. Sometimes t began m)
work too late in the season, and winter sudden!)
came and rendered further labors impossible;
sometimes 1 have attacked the breach madi),
sword in hand, and have been plunged violently
from the scaling-ladder into the ditch; sometimes
1 have made a decent lodgment in the place,
when—bang! blows up a mine, and 1 am scat
tered to the deuce! and sometimes when 1 have
been in the very heart of the citadel—ah, that I
should say it!—a sudden panic has struck me, and
I have run like the British out ol Carthagena!
i One grows tired alter a while of such perpetual
activity. Is it not time that the ladies should
take an innings? Let us widowers and bachelors
form an association to declare, that for the next
1 hundred years, we will make love no longer Let
! the young women make love to us; let them ask
| us to dance, get up ices and cups of tea, and help
: us on with our cloaks at the hall-door; and if
; they are eligible, \?e may, perhaps be induced
i to yiel j, and to say, ‘‘La, Miss Hopkins—1 really
I never—I am so agitated—ask papa!”—Fraser’s
: ^Magazine.
GOOD SENSE IK NOT GOOD POETRY.
It is rarely that we read New Year’s Addresses,
: for they are generally so stupid and milk-and
i waterish as scarcely to pay for the trouble of
perusal. We glanced accidentally, yesterday, at
! the New Year’s Addre-s of the Indiana State
; Journal, and were mightily smitten with the fol
! lowing glimpse at tilings ol the future. Rotter
! poetry may have been written, but a greater
| amount of truth was never crammed into the
same number of lines.
The vear begun will see John Tyler,
Come pretty near to burst his boiler ;
it mav puss mi:ster two months by,
Rut March will blow it all sky high.
Calhoun, the mettled Southren horse,
R, fore that time will bolt the course;
Renton, of “mint-diop” fame, “if taken,”
W ill, bv prescription, “be well shaken;”
Dirk Johnson die an easy death—
i Not for the lack of wind, but breath;
Puohanan, single and alone,
j Furnish with ta>e a true head stone;
While Cass, at loot may well repose,
Some foes made friends—his friends made foes.
Van Ruren will retire to nook
Of Lmdcnwold, at Kiriderho* k—
To dig and delve, if he's the gumption,
And raise sour-krout for hon e consumption,
Reclaim his bogs, and fat his pork,
Or any other wholesome work—
Get married —Jive an honest man—
Thus ends the lesson—<4us'd up Van.”
The people will, with might and main,
“Pick their Whig flints and try again;”
And “try,” like Miller nothing daunted,
Nor by the fear of failure haunted—
Try with success—storm tiie redoubt,
And put their foes to utter rout.
With gallant 44 Harry of the West,”
Of burnish! arras and tow’rin* crest—
The Whigs ail foes may well defy,
And win a glorious Victory
“So mote it be”—and so it will—
As sure as water runs dov* n hill;
As sure as leaves bedeck the trees,
Or streamers float upon the breeze,
So sure November's sun w ill see,
Clay cnoice and triumph of the free.
The Boston harbor is closed by ice as tar as
Fort independence, and thence to the Narrows,
the navigation is completely obstructed by ice.
ALEXANDRIA, D. C. I
SATURDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 3.
___^_j
tTTe i:E£E.NT REJECTIONS.—It is not j
usual for tnWSenate to refuse their ad vice and
consent” to the President in the selections he may
make of citizens to preside over the different de
\ parftnentsof the government established by law,
or to fill other high stations, and, it is therefore, j
fair to presume, that an opposite course would not1
have been pursued on several recent occasions, j
without strong reasons to justify the departure
from precedent. We have not seen the ayes and
nocs on the rejections of Messrs. Ilenshaw, Por
ter, and Spencer, nor has any authorized expost ;
of the reasons for their rejection been published,
j But from the indications given out v*e are led to
' believe that a very large majority of the Senate
! concurred in this action; and from the response
i already heard to the action, we incline to think
i that it meets with pretty general approbation
throughout the country. We are satisfied that
the sentence of condemnation is just. Enough is
knowm to show that it was due to every consider
ti in, that a mark of censure should be place .1 up
on a political course like that exhibited by the ;
gentlemen referred to; and both the great parties !
which now divide (he nation appear to unite in
their views on this subject.
MR. CALHOUN.—We published in yester
day’* Gazette J*Ir. Calhoun's long expected Ad- ,
dress to hi* Friends and Supporters, in which he j
announces his determination not to have an) thing j
to do with the Baltimore Convention, and, of
course, his secession from the Loco foeo I art) !
as at present constituted. We presumed, of course,
that this would be Mr. Calhoun's plan, and his
friends, no doubt, will very generally follow his
example. The Charleston Courier in publishing
the letter says:—“His reasoning against the mode
of organizing the proposed Convention, as calcula
ted to invade one of the important compromises
j of the Constitution, and rob the smaller States of
; their due and constitutional weight in the Presi
! dentiul canvass is ingenious and forcible. In thus
i withholding his name from the Baltimore Con-;
• vention, Mr Calhoun does not expressly vvith
j hold it from the people, but we apprehend that
• the one is equivalent to the other—for we scarce
Jy suppose that his friends, into whose hands he
commits his future course, will place him in nom
1 ination independently, divided as the country is
’ into two great parties, each resolved on its candi
date. We may then, take it for granted, that un
der existing auspices, Mr. Calhoun leaves the
field to Mr. Clay ai d Mr. Van Boren, and we are
i led to infer, from two significant passages near
j tbe clost; of Ins address, that, as between those
! two gentlemen,lie will preserve an armed neu
4 \ I 1 t l *
The Charleston Mercury, (Calhoun orjan) af
ter saying that “ The coming Baltimore Conven
tion, as the reader of the Mercury Vuust long
since have known, may lie to us nothing'—its dc
; crecs nothing—its nominations nothing—will be
nothing, unless in supporting the candidate ol the
party, we can feel that we are effectively advanc
ing the principles which we hold above all party”
; —asks, “Who then can receive our support for
! the President?” and answers, “We cannot sup
port u Wbi;”—and concludes with the declara
j tion :—44 The Democratic party now, so far as
' Mr. Calhoun and South Carolina arc concerned
arc left unembarrassed to make all their arrange
ments to meet the adversary. On the wisdom and
justice afirmness of their measures, will depend j
their fate. Time serving, truckling, playing with
principles, cannot save them. I hey have tneir
own fate in their own hands—they will make
defeat or victory as they please.”
The Richmond Enquirer comments, at large,
but in the point no point style, upon the letter, and
; concludes: 44 We still hope in the perfect re
union of all portions of the Republican party a
gainst the dangerous schemes of the \\ big party.
We hope yet to see them all, yes am. united, in
1 J %
the support of a nominee, with Republican prin
ciples like our own. We shall rejoice to be re
united with tjicm, in saving the Republic from the
sceptre of Mr. Clay. We shall welcome them
! with open arms—ardent, and talented, and high
minded as they are.—We regard the support of
the nominee, as the only “rock of our safety—
the only path to our success” (as the Legislative ;
Convention recently declared.) The Baltimore
Convention will select our candidate.—Time is
rapidly approaching for decisive action, he
j cannot now chancre front in the presence of so
; wily and formidable an enemy. Let us bury all
| differences of opinion about the organziation of
| the Baltimore Convention. Let us march togeth
er, shoulder to shoulder, and shield to shield. Mr.
j Calhoun's friends are now released from the ob
i ligations they felt towards him.—Let us then bu
ry all previous animosities, all differences of opin
1 ion about men, in the common cause of our glo
1 rious country. It only wants a pure and Repub
1 lican Government, conformable to the spirit of |
!
i our Constitution, to devciope tne energies oi a
! people, destined by wise counsels to the greatest
! pitch of freedom and prosperity to which any na
tion has hitherto soared. And what Republican ;
will not unite in the effort? Who will not sacrifice
’ his feelings upon the altar of his country? We
'hope that Mr. Calhoun himself, rising above all
I other considerations, and uniting in a spirit which
| is worthy of his exalted genius, will still put all
prejudices under his feet, and prove himself wor
| thy of the confidence and admiration of an cn- .
lightened people.”!!!
The Richmond Whig says, “while wc then to
tally dissent from his Free Trade notions, we
! fully subscribe to the profound and statesman*
like views which Mr. Calhoun exhibits in oppo- j
sitio;. to the Van Buren method of constituting
the proposed Baltimore Convention. Iso friend ,
of the Constitution, as it is, can read them without j
a conviction of their truth, or without paying a
juat tribute to the analytical mind, which has so
thoroughly sifted the Constitution and the reasons
for it and so powerfully defended it against the j
aggressions of party and party managers. He'
hai-hung a millstone round the neck of the Balti
more Convention, which will sink it to the hot-,
tom before yet it*is in existence.
“We have risen from the perusal of Mr. Cal
houns letter with a large increase of the respect
we fe!t for him once, (not to say enthusiasm) but J
which since 1S3T, had yielded to an unwilling
belief, that all his opinions and public action be
gun and ended in seif. It now seems impossible^
to us, that the author of such views, can be that
base caitiff, a man who is only a patriot in pro-!
portion to his private interest! It is impossible j
! that a man thinking so justly and greatly on many j
I subjects, can be such a political knave.”
THE MAILS—THE WEATHER —Yester
day wc received a mail from the South, by the
land route. New Orleans dates are to the 23d
ult. It snowed on Thursday night and we pre
sume obstructed the travel on the rail roads
at the North, for ne did not receive the Nor
thern mail yesterday The derangement and
delays of the mail, give inconvenience and
trouble to us, which none but those em
ployed in the publication of a daily newspaper
can realize. Yesterday, the weather continued
to moderate, and the snow and ice thawed con*
siderabfy. The Potomac river is still frozen
hard.___
POST OFFICE REFORM.—The New York
Express says that this subject is occupying the
attention of the House of Representatives as well
as the Seriate. The Committee whose duty it is
to consider the subject, has divided itself in three
sub-committees, which are to take into considera
tion—first, the subject of the reduction of post
age ; second, that of the franking privilege ; and
third, that of the private expresses that now car
ry mailable matter. These three sub-committee*
arc to prepare rough drafts of these subjects, anc
to present the same at a general meeting of the
committee on Thursday next,—when the wholi
are to be throw'll together in the form of a bill.—
Mr. Hopkins, Hie chairman, vve learn, is indefat
i^able in his exertions. The Senate will not b(
waited for, the House intending to prepare a se
parate and independent billl for Post Office Re
firm, the passage of which will be strongly urgec
and which will doubtless pass that body.
FREE NEGROES IN VIRGINIA.—The Rich
mond Whig is engaged zealously, in a series o
able articles, in an effort to procure the arneliora
tion of somo of the laws of V irginia, said to bea
oppressively upon the free negroes in that state
and to be needlessly severe in their exactions.
.Several instances are given which show, indeed
that some relief might be extended. It is state;
“that some time during the last summer, a color
ed girl, born free, only 14 years old, and a resi
dent of the adjoining Town of Manchester, paid ;
visit to a friend in Richmond. Either throng!
choice or necessity, she remained all night on tha
side of the river, without, however, the smalles
intention of becoming a resident. During tb
night she was arrested by the police, and wot hav
ing her free papers was lodged in jail. Being per
fectly ignorant of the law, and having no one t<
counsel or advise her, the unfortunate ercatur
was detained in jail 45 days, and then, by order o
court, sold for jail fees! Shu was sold for the pe
riod of 45 years, to pay the sum of *15—was pur
chased by a Negro Trader, and carried into rap
tivity in a strange land, where she was sold again
We are informed that she is, it alive, at this mo
merit in Louisiana. We do not recollect any cns<
of oppression of the helpless, that ever w rough
more powerfully on our feelings.”
The Whig adds: “We trust this most melon
clmiy case of legal oppression may open the eye
of the people ^of this State, to the barbarous char
acter of their laws against an unhappy clas3 of in
dividuals It is to them —to the people—speak
trig in another legislature—that w e look lor rc
form. From the present body we have no hopes
Rut we have the utmost confidence in the viitm
arid humanity oi the body of the people, and w<
hope yet to see a thorough revision of this portioi
of the penal law.”
EXCOURAGE ^ OUR O AW.—Wc w ish, say?
the Fredonian, this maxim were better understood
and practised in smaller towns, especially ii
those located in the neighborhood of the large
cities. True economy and convenience re quirt
that we should sustain each other by patronizing
our own mechanics, tradesmen and morcuants,
and living as much as possible within oiuselves
We all know that the practice is too much other
wise. The lady who wishes a new dress, ever
if it be a shilling calico, goes to the city foi it,
and perhaps, though not always, gets it a cent
cheaper per yard, after wasting a day and paying
passage fortli and back. The man gives more foi
his hat, his coat or 11 is boots and gels an article nt
better, by buying in the city, besides which he i*
sure to incur some incidental expense. i
have known persons having occasion lor twe
or three dollars worth of mechanical work, go t<
the city and give it to a stranger, instead of to his
neighbor and townsman. Now we say that in the
end this is an extravagant and every way hurilul
system of business, costing a great deal of time
and money, and preventing all that glow ot good
feeling, and all that prosperity of our own artizens
and tradesmen, and spending what we have tc
spend among ourselves. It needs no argument
to show that this is the true economy. It is foi
the interest of the merchant to buy and sell as
cheaply as he can, and it is our interest to buy oi
him, for the more he is patronized the less is his
need of large profits. So of the mechanic. And
the competition in all sorts of business will always
k( cp prices sufficiently low. A\esay then, ‘ let U2
encourage our own.”
HARVEY’S ATMOSPHERIC EFFCTS 01
AMERICAN SCENERY.—Those who have not
been observers in other countries are scarcely
aware, says Willis, how peculiar our country is in
its, atmospheric phenomena—how much bolder,
brighter, and more picturesque. 1 here is scarce a
scene pictured in Harvey's beautiful gallery which
could be at all true of any other country; but tc
the American c e they are enchanting!}’ faithful
and beautiful. The artist gives in his prospectus
for engraving these works the following interest
ing bit of autobiography:—‘In 1827 I entered
upon the line of portrait painting in miniature; 1
pursued it for nine years with an assiduity that
impaired my health. Country air and exercise
being recommended me, I purchased a tract oi
land on the majestic Hudson, built a cottage af
ter my own plan, amused myself by laying out
grounds, and gained health and strength by the
employment. These exercises in the open air led
me more and more to notice and study the ever*
varving atmospheric effects of this beautiful cli
mate. I undertook to illustrate them by my pen
cil, and thus, almost accidentally, commenced a
set of atmospheric landscapes. The number h3d
reached twenty-two, and aa yet I had no thought
of publication, when business called me ^Eu
rope. I carried them w ith me, and while in Lon
don, occasionally attended the conversazione of
Artists. At one of these I accidentally heard a
gentleman, on leaving a little knot of conuoissuers
assembled round my portfolio, pass a most flatter
ing eulogium on its contents. I felt the more
elated by his praise on learning that he was Pro
fessor Farrady, the able successor of Sir Hum
phrey Davy. At Paris, while partaking of the
courteous hospitality of the American Minister,
- t
1 my portfolio was sent for and received tlic appro
bation of that gentleman and his guests. Govcr
nor Gass retained my drawings for a wesk; on re
1 turning them to me he recommended that I should
have them engraved, and suggested that it might
be done at once, while I was in Paris. I was too
; diffident, however, of their popular merit, to risk
j so expensive an undertaking. On my return to
; New York my personal friends encouraged me in
: the project, and at last I made up my mind to lay
! the original drawings before the Boston public;
^ conceiving that I owed it to that city, where I had
received liberal encouragement i 1 my previous
■ pursuits, to give to them the opportunity of origi
nating the work of publication.” Mr. Harvey
went afterwards to London to find print colorists
| who could execute the work to his satisfaction,
; and, while there, Mr. Murray, who was formerly
| in this country, and is now attached to her Ma
jesty's household, showed to the Queen the first
number. The royal subscription was immediate
lv jriven to the work at a munificent price.
O
-_ _-___ —__ A A W 9.
| A\ iaMUL/.ZJJaAlia.N l
1 | ACQUITTAL.—The New Orleans Picayune of
' i the 17th ult, contains an account of the trial
i of J. D. Perrault, who, it will be recollected,
! j confessed in December, 1342, that iie hau embez
' j z!ed a considerable sum of money from the Citi
’ | zens1 Bank of New Orleans while Cashier of
s | that Institution. Before he was arrested he made
' | his escape; but he ultimately returned, and after
' j the usual procrastination of the “law’s delay,” he
^ his been brought to trial and acquitted. The in
dictment against him had eight counts, setting forth
. : the different sums taken, with their respective
f dates, which were obtained from his own letter
. of confession. The taking of the money was ad
: milted by the prisoner’s counsel; but he contend
, cd, 1st, that the money was not the property of
- j the b«:ik, as assumed in the indictment; that al*
f ! though prisoner received it, it had never been in
1 , the possession of the bank—2nd, that the limit of
- 1 time wh ich the law allowed for prosecuting had
- , expired—some of the transactions charged in the
i indictment having taken place two or three years
i ' ago; and, 3rd that a nolle prosequi had already been
► entered in the cn-e, which wrs a bar to ail »ubse
t quent criminal proceedings. The prosecuting at
3 iorney argued to show that in receiving the rno
. nay the prisoner \vt«3 acting in the capacity of an
. officer cf the bank—that the moment he l eceivi d
) it, it became the property of the bank, and his
3 special duty was to take charge of it—lie argued
f 1 that ihe pica of limitation could not apply, as it
_ was Iona; after the transaction had occurred the
. prisoner confessed to them, and the principle cf
. law was that no man could take advantage oi hi
own wrong—and that (he entering of a nM pro
. sequi, when an indictment was found informal,
, was no bar to the finding of another true bill.—
t ! The Judge briefly and “with Hit energy,” says
(he Picayune, charged the Jury; and the Jury in
. about ten minutes returned with a verdict of ac
s quit tail A pretty hold verdict this. The Pirav
- ! une draws a contrast between (his case and the
- non-committal charge of the Judge, and the case
. i of a poor man who should steal a loal of bread
. ! for a star', i sg family, the moral epEr!c it wvuld
. ! draw from a learned Judge on the iniquity of
: ! tread stealing, and (lie vindication of the in ijesty of
» \the law by hrs sentence to iir.priioi.moLt The
i contrast is not far-fetched.
We understand tout Messrs. Porter and Ilcn
shaw, still remain, at the request of the Resident,
! at the head of the War and Navy Departments.
CONGRESS —There is almost an embargo
' laid op the intercourse between this place and
i Washington, and we are worse olf for news from
! the metropolis than if we lived sixty miles away
| with a railroad to expedite matters. V*c learn
| by a gentleman from Washington that no legish
i tive business of any importance has been transac
; ted by cither House ofCongress^inceour last rc
1 port. The bill providing for the transfer of appro
! priaiions for the naval service has been before the
I Hoiis.se. The Senate has adjourned until Mon
': day. Wc received r.o Washington papers yes
terday. ___
’ j An adjournment of the present session of Con
' ' gress Is proposed in two or three forms for the
1 i 20lh and the 1st of May. The propositi uis
j seemed to meet with considerable favor with the
major it v, but as a vote oi two thirds were nccr,s
: sary, no day was agreed upon. The session, wc
fear from the past, will not only he o( tnc usual
length, but result in much less than the usual
t amount of business.
The Richmond Enquirer of the Et in-d. says:
“The travel is suspended in three of the great ar
, ‘((Ties of communication, viz: the Canal, the
j Jamc3, and Potomac Rivers. The navigation oi
* each of then* is obstructed by the ice. T he Ca
nal has been frozen for several days. The steam
er for Norfolk could not leave our w harves, until
I yesterday morning.”
COMMODORE ELLIOTT.—A speech which
j Com. Elliott recently made at Hagerstown, Md.,
has been published in pamphlet form. 1 he Com
modore took occasion in his remarks to gi'e a
. sketch of his public career and a history of the
persecutions he has encountered. 1 he speech i> j
a vindication of himself Irom tae enarges mace ^
against him, and is fortified by reference to docu
. merits and testimony.
We are glad to learn that Lewis Gaylord
Clark, Esq.. Editor of the New York Knicker
i booker, ha3 in press a volume composed of the
' | “Olhpodiuna,” prepared forthat periodical by his
| brother, the late Willis Gaylord Clark, Esq.
! GAME FOR LONDON EPICURES.—Among
! the passenger* by the BriRania, are a kt of Wild
Turkics from Western Virginia.
NEW WORKS.— We have received Leonard
Scott &. Co.’s edition of Blackwood’# Magazine—
1 for January. The publishers of this old and reg
i ular edition of Blackwood have reduced the price,
the present year, from $4 to ^3 per annum. Of
the merits of this standard Magazine we need not
speak, and the American reprint is very hand
i somely turned out.
Frcdrika Bremer’s new work—New Sketches
of every day Life; a Diary,—together with Strife
1 and Peace—published by the Harpers’—one of the
! cheap books. This, like the previous stories of
| Miss Bremer is said to be a very interesting and
' | weu drawn picture of domestic life and manners.
Lover’s new work, £ s. d., published by the Ap
pleton’s of New York, in handsome style, full of
! Irish humor, and illustrated with prints,
j The Harpers’ edition (cheap) of Dickens’s
Christmas Carol—a notice of and extract from
which have already appeared in our columns.
All these works have been just received and are
for sale at the Bookstore of Bell & Entwisle.
> THE WHIGS AND THE DISTRICT SYS
TEM.—We perceive, eaysthe Spectator, (CaU
houn Organ,) “that in the State of New York, the
Whigs are proceeding to appoint their Delegates,
one from each Congressional district, to the
‘ Convention, to he held in Baltimore in May next,
This policy, which the Democratic party has
thought proper to reject, they have assumed; and
* by going immediately to the people, and having
their roice in each Congressional district carried
! up to the Convention, they are proving, not mere
! ly the practicability of this method of organizing
1 a National Convention, but its popularity, and
' its harmonious tendency in uniting the Whig
i party on their candidate. On this point, howev
j er wrong i:i other respects, the Whigs of \ew.
York have shown a pro; cr deference for the
will of the people, which cannot but result in
giving them strength in the next Presidential elec
tion. Because from a large State, they have
not selfishly and wrongly consolidated their pow
er.whiht the smaller States around them, bv
adopting the district system of representation
have given full scope to ar.y differences of opin
' ion which may exist amongst them, and rnav di
vide them. This is as it ought to he; and instead
‘ of heart-burnings and disgust in many portions of
j their party, at being excluded from any partici
pation in nominating and making their President,
all will be satisfied with the result of the nomi.
nation of the General Convention. None uillb*
excluded from a belief that the convention wilj
! be organized on principles hostile to the com.
’ promises of the Constitution, or be dissatisfied
with ils deliberations, because it docs not cm.
body the will of the whole people.”
The “Democratic” party only, adds the S;>cota
1 tor, although out of power, will venture to turn i
j deaf car to the remonstrances of their parts,
seemingly ambitious of the high distinction.of
conquering, in spile of friends or for*.
j LOWLLL AND ITS MANTKAm RKS
j A late number of the New York Tribune state*
i that there are eleven regular manufacturiugcom
I panics in Lowell, including the “Lacks and Ca
nals,” or W ater Privilege Company, which was
j 1 *
j incorporated in 17 J2, hut did nut commence t j»e- k
! rations till H22, which may be regarded a> the
I
ycurof the foundation of Lowell. These eleven
i
| companies employ art aggregate capital of $10.
700,000, and employ 0,3Jj females and 2.343
males. Besides these, there arc in Lowell extrn
1 sive powder mills, paper mi^ls, a cord and whip
, factory, iiunncl mill, blanket mill, foundry, bleach
cry, &.C., employ ing a capital of $500,000 and a
bout 500 workmen—making tlie whole inanufv*.
till ing capital of Lowell §11,201,00 ), and giving
constant empl nt to over 9,000 men and wo
I
■ men. The principal cotton manufactories at Low- |
I ell run G, 194 looms and 201,07G spindle-,producing I
1 1,425.800 yards of cloth per week, or 7 t.l il.GOO |
j within the year 1843. The amount of cotton I
’ “used up” by them during the year was 2*2,800,- jf
I 000 pounds. One woolen factory m..kes 9.000
yard? of cassimeres and 1,800 yards of broadcloths |
1 per week, an J uses 1,00 L000 pounds of wool and
’ 3,000,000 [ oumls of ten-els per annum. Previous
to the year 1822 Lowell was a rugged barren
1 spot, inliabited by two or three families ol boat
1 men and fi-hcrmen, and not worth ten dollars
j per acre, including every thing upon it. Now it
j is the second city in the Slate of Massachusetts
I in point of wealth and population. In IS40 the
popnlati »n was 21,796. Such arc som'of the
results of the policy of protecting domestic in
dustry.
SPANISH AFFAIRS.—In addition to the in-11
forma* imi concerning the political condition of
Spain which is imparled to the public in tiifcx- i
cellent Letters of its European Correspondent, j
the Editor* of the National Intelligencer have |
received by a late arrival from Europe, iaf rma- I
lion,on which they rely, which leaves very little f|
reason to expect a satisfactory issue to the tr.i* I
Lies in thatco :ntiy. It is the opinion of their I
informant, who has the best possible opportunity I
for forming correct opinions upon the suyrt 1
1 thal the Monarchy C£Ji *varccly be su-taLC I
thi ng« go. ] he army was destroyed in t!» i B
^surrection against E'-tar'ieuo as an in-trum* 1 B
of constitutional order; it can now be tunioi •> I
m
account only f.rdesp iii n or anarchy. V»e ’ y B
expeut, by the next arrivals, to hear ot tut se- E
cession of the extreme /b.grr- L/ parties ■
the Tories—jr. attempt by them to rit.> t i; 1
vince* against the MoJerado rule at Mini'.— E
junctions of several military corps and cowman- ■
ders in aid—a stout resistance by Genera!*' r*' E
valz, with such troops as he can contrive ** K
pay; and, in the end, martial law every wh . E
or some new rulers and system at M :,i'' p
tended with the expulsion of ail the pro:m‘ * it F
Moderados. T he question of an arm ! 1': r |
vention by France is believed to be serLu'!) (,VB
tertained in thcCabinet councils of that • ‘-0 I
I but is believed to be impracticable, t
subject tiie very frequent and long intern*;-'
| Paris between Lord Cowr.rr and M. h - *
supposed to reb r, more than to t.’ie Grc ^ v ' I
tion or the Legitimist proclamation, at 1•
of the Dube of Bordeaux’s pretender, mp
ATLANTIC STEAM XAVTGATl‘»N--We
have already mentioned,says the New ^ • R 11 *
nal of Commerce, that in addition to the (»r '*•
Western, of 1700 tons, we are to haw, dun.'.:’’1
j coming sea^or;, the Great Britain, of 3>00
| plying between Liverpool and New York. I''
! days of departure from the two places will be f
I V/J IV j *
1'uoM Liverpool.
Great Western.Saturday, 27th April* I
Great Britain,.Saturday, 20th .** >* H
Great Western,.Saturday, lath.l • j.
Great Britain,.Saturday, le'.h tab- H
Great Western,.Saturday, 3d An^u*t 1
Great Britain,.Saturday, 31st A *r/*' K
Great Western,.Saturday, 2Ut ^ i K
Great Britain,..Saturday, 1'HfU' • - I
Great Western,.Saturday, IHh No'eC‘ P
From New York. ■
Great Western,.Thursday, 23d '• :• K
Great Britain,.T hursday, 20th .L • p
Great Western.Thursday, 11 tl*J- , B
| Great Britain,.Thursday, 8th l
i Great Western,.T hursday, 2T-‘ •; . I
Great Jlritain,.Thursday, 2(i?r» ^ * ■
Great Western.Thursday, l^tji( > .^ B|
! Great Britain,.Thursday, 1 id* - r ‘.M
Great Western,.Thursday, Oth Fc' '*' H|
The fares by both ships, it is announce - p
be at reduced rates. . I
The French steamers, some of them a | f
! we presume will be on the line from 1*1,4 ^
I York, early in the season. |
j ATTEND TO YOUR IXSUUA>'cE
| JCIES.—W c learn from the last Marsh;*! I, - * ; ||
j Statesman, that the Mills of Charles M* f
that city, which were recently burned at ■
were insured for$l5,0lH) It n$tf ***' ' ,1
r * * X

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