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Alexandria gazette. [volume] (Alexandria, D.C.) 1834-1974, July 03, 1845, Image 2

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•^•ALEXANDRIA GAZETTE, for the cout
try, is printed on Tuesdays, Thursdays
S JlSriJSiwi^The Daily Paperisfurnished at $
per annum—payable half yearly* ,
Tbt Country Paper (tri-weekly) is furnished fo
$5perannum—payable in advance.
No subscription is received from the country ,un
less accompanied by the cash, or by arespor
siblename. _
Btlla’—Vfe are shocked to learn that added t<
all our other causes of trouble and difficulty will
foreign nations, there springs up a new an<
entirely unexpected source of apprehension.
What with Texas, Mexico, and Oregon, France
Great Britain, and—we know not who else, thi
new trouble caps the climax, of our foreigi
broils!! Not to keep our readers, however, i
moment in suspense, we, at once, strike in medi
«s rev, and inform them that information of thi
new trouble is conveyed to the last Richmom
Enquirer, in a letter from Washington, and is t<
the following effect.
“I must notice, also, another strange circum
stance. As the procession was being formed
and the carriages of the President and Heads o
Departments were waiting to enter the line a
their appointed places, (and while still withii
the enclosures of the Presidential Mansion,) tin
carriages of two of the Foreign Ministers wen
rudely driven past those of the President and hii
suite—showing a want of courtesy upon the par
of those gentlemen, which would have beer
_1 m am/) aiirno rAhnked at either of theii
own Courts, had a like circumstance occurrec
there. The carriage of the French Minister wai
also about to pass that of the President; but, dis
covering it in time the gentlemanly occupant im
mediately ordered his coachman to turn and gc
out by the other passage. Mark the difference
between the representative of a proverbially po
lite Court and * * ”
And this intelligence is prefaced, by the fol
lowing grave remarks, delivered, apparently
with a due sense of the importance of the subject
and the solemnity of the occasion, by the editor!
of the Richmond Enquirer themselves :
“We have every reason to believe that the
strange facts stated in relation to the Foreign
Ministers, are truly and accurately set forth—
These foreign representatives have clearly com
mitted an offence sufficient to warrant a severe
rebuka from every American who upholds the
dignity of his Government, and regards the cour
tesies which should characterize the bearing o!
gentlemen, whether in a private or diplomatic
sphere. We are no sticklers for the petty forms
of etiquette; but in the case explained below,
there was a palpable breach of decorum, which
we did not feel at liberty to overlook. We trust
that the rebuke of their incomprehensible con*
duct, by national sentiment, will teach them a
little better manners in future. They should
learn that the office of President is entitled to at
least as much respect as the crowned heads,
whose agents they are. In insulting the Presi
dent of the United States, they insult the people
who selected him as the representative of their
feelings and views.”
Now, we hope our good friends will excuse
us, but we must respectfully submit, whether in
lieu of “the severe rebuke of every American,'1
it would not be better, in every sense, that we
should keep our rebukes% for others than impu
dent coachmen, and that the Ministers referred
to, should, if they find that their servants have
misbehaved, dlschargo them for bad conduct,
and employ others who will be more civil and
courteous hereafter. And although we, of course,
must leave it to the Union to speak for the Pres
ident, ^y authority,” we dare say, he thinks, ii
he has ever thought of the matter at all, exact
ly as we do, and would recommend the sam<
course. ___
The partisans of the present Administratior
defend its proscriptive course, by charging th<
Whigs with proscription in 1340. Can tw<
wrongs make one right? But is even this excuse
a valid one? What are the facts? The Rich
mond Whig answers and says, “how came thi
Whigs to proscribe at all? To proscribe proscrip
lion—to fire against fire—to restore those t
place who had been unjustly deprived by Jack
•on and Van Buren,or else to displace man;
minions whose ferocious partizanship and noi
ay brawling had supplied qualification and lif
ted them to office and honors. The Whigs hav<
ever as a party disavowed and detested proscrip
tion for opinion's sake. What an absolute neces
aity mere was lor tnera to remove wnen incy at
tained power in 1840, is manifest from one faci
that of 67 Van Buren Land Officers in the West
something like 60 were defaulters! Genera
Jackson was the author of the system of proscrip
tion. Mr. Adams in 4 years made but 6 remo
vals—Madison in 8, less than 40: Even Mr. Jef
ferson, who was denounced for proscription b]
the Federalists, less than a hundred in his twi
terms. Jackson removed 1500, we think, in thv
first six months: The other Presidents had remo
Ted only for official cause. He removed for opin*
ion, for xevenge.”
Mr. Moseley has withdrawn from the Richmonc
Whig, and sold his interest in that establishmen
to Mr. R. 11. Gallaher. The editorial depart
Bleat will remain under the control of Mr. Johi
Hampden Pleasants, aided from time to time bj
his former associate Mr. John S. Gallaher; and b)
the active co-operation of Mr. R. H. Gallaher
The Whig will maintain its old principles, arxi
continue to support the good cause which it has
always upheld with a courage and devotion which
could not be surpassed.
There will be four steam packets to leave
England for America, in the month of July.—
The Britannia, Captain Hewitt, is advertised to
leave Liverpool on Friday next, the 4th of July;
the Great Western, Mathews, Saturday, the 5th;
th» Acadia, Harrison, on the 19th, and the
Great Britain, Hosken, on the 26th. The Hi
bernia, Captain Ryrie, which l^ft Liverpool on
the 19th ult, baa been eleven days at sea.
Yesterday the new arrangement of the mails
...» - ; *■ *
| At Portsmouth, Va., on Wednesday evening
■ before last a large meeting was held to devise
i measures to pay honor to the memory of Gen.
j Jackson. They appointed a committee to invite
Mr. Tyler to deliver the funeral oration. We
have not heard whether he will accept. As
the late acting President, has been for the last
two or three years, a very prominent “Jackson
man” he had better come out.
A violent storm occurred at Old Point on Sat
urday afternoon, stripping off the tin roof of the
r large new building, and exposing the fair tenants
r j of five rooms to the merciless elements—no body
! injured—but much havoc and confusion in the
- j ladies’ toilettes. Some of the ladies had to go to
j j Norfolk to refit.
The Washington Union says, “we have good
® | reason to believe, that a permanent reduction of
r the fare on the great channel of inter-communica
; tion (Baltimore and Washington Rail Road,)
* | will be made shortly.’’
Captain Conner has arrived at Pensaeola. We
understand he reports that the Mexicans arc
fortifying YTera Cruz, but with not much prospect
| of a declaration of war on the part of Mexico
■ | The Criminal Court for Washington County,
1 has adjourned until Monday next, the 7th inst.,
* ; which is the day fixed on for the trial of Caleb J.
|; McNulty. __
§ There are certain well defined rules and regu
j lations laid down by high authority, and the force
i 1 and truth of w’hich are generally conceded, for
.1 the government of man both in public as well as
} private life. Great care should be taken not to
\ infringe upon those rules, lest the mind and char
> acter of human dignity should be unappreciated
by the vex populu l think it would subserve the
interest of the representative as well as the rep
resented, if some of those old rules were placed
f! conspicuously in our Legislative Halls. The con
i' stituency certainly have some object in view
» .DK»n ihpv vn to thfi noils. and some end to be
; attained when voting for the Representative of
i i their choice; but really it requires a degree of
i ! ubiquity not given to mortals to understand or
t comprehend the modus operandi of some of our
i! Legislatures. The character, obligations and du
• ties of a representative have certainly undergone
I a great change since my boyis » readings. I ap
» prebend the waves of progressive democracy will
• wash away the impress of those principles laid
> down by Jefferson and others. VINDEX.
> ---- 1
> If Commodore Jesse D. Elliott is not content
■ with the cockade worn by Washington, and the
Schuylers, the Greens, the Marions, Sumpters,
' | Lees, and other heroes of the revolution, he had
'! better show the white feather, as some men were
! accused of doing on Lake Erie in 1313.
The extract headed “Revolutionary Incident,”
published in the Gazette, is certainly very “inter
' esting,” to use a newspaper phrase, if true. Bat
es I have not met with it in my limited reading
of recognised histories of the Revolution* I will
be thankful to any gentleman who will inform
me where it is to be found authenticated,
pondent of the Courier des Etats Unis thus des
cribes the sensation produced by the marked re
semblance which the Prince de Montfort, son of *
Jerome Bonaparte and the Princess of VVirtem
burg, bears toAupoJeon. The prince is now in
Paris, under a special permission granted by Lou
is Philippe,—the laws excluding all living per
sons of the name and lineage of Napoleon from
4k_ Ih* in tr still in fnrr**—ranfrn
VIIV V7VI I V* • • w 1 ' - -- -o
contrast with the fact of the gorgeous obsequies
and monumental honors lavished on the dead
A letter from Paris of 23d May tells us that
last Tuesday in the portion of the Chamber of
Deputies assigned to the diplomatic corps, the
appearance of a handsome young man seemed to
rivet the eyes of the Deputies, owing to his re%
markable resemblance to Napoleon. His ap
pearance was modest and reserved. He manifes- j
! ted the greatest attention to what was passing in
the Chamber, and seemed not at all aware of
the interest he himself was exciting. The young
man is the ion of Jerome Bonaparte, youngest
brother of the Dtnperor and of the Princess of
• Wirieroburg, the noble lady so faithful and devo
ted to the husband her father gave her.
Prince Napoleen Bonaparte, is 23 years old,
1 but appears somewhat older. His face Is grave
and pensive with a marked expression of benev
olence. He speaks of his own name with at
\ tractive modesty. It it his first visit to Paris,
> and his delight is tempered with a calm and earn
est gravity, which gives a good augury of his
5 The desire of the young traveller is to occupy
• at Paris the least space that will be allowed him
^ to occupy. He bears the most illustrious name
of history with pride, yet with modesty. He is
• aware that some names are most difficult to be
J borne, especially when they are still farther ex
• alted by signal misfortunes. Hence he rarely
f appears in public, dreading equally the merely cu
rious of whom he would be ashamed, and fanat
ics with whom he has nothing in common.
He is considerably taller than Napoleon, but
3 of most striking resemblance in features—the ef
fect of that resemblance was touchingly illustra
ted on his visit to the Invalides; the old soldiers
m fooKing upon mai iace engraven on iheir
- hearts, were moved to tears. A like effect has
been witnessed at the opera.
I last, the citizens paid respect to the memory of
. General Jackson by a funeral procession and
oration, which is represented as having been
quite imposing. The oration was delivered by
* the Rev. Mr. Cassels, and followed by a short
r address, by request, from ex-President Tyler,
) who was present on the occasion.
> NEW MAIL ROUTE.—We understand that
. an arrangement has been entered into by Major
Hobbie, First Assistant Post-master General, and
Mr. Fextox, on the part of the American steam
boat Company running on Lake Ontario and Riv
er St. Lawrence, by which a Daily Mail is to be
' carried between Lewistown and Ogdensburgh.
I This arrangement will be of great importance
. to the inhabitants of the Northern part of the
State, and one which they have long been in need
of, and we can now boast of what our Canadian
r neighbors have long had to boast of in the Royal
Mail Steamers, viz, a first rate daily line of A
merican Mail Steamers. We are pleased to see
a disposition on the part of the Post Office De
partment to give our Northern friends all the
; mail facilities in their power under the new law <
and low postage, which goes into operation at this
time.—A*. Y. Tribune.
THE NEW POST OFfTcE LA W went into !
operation to-day. We shall bide the result of 3
the experiment with patience and impartiality, i
but with a strong disposition to see it succeed.
Some questions hare already arisen in the con- i
strut lion of the law. One, from the postmaster i
at Boston, has called forth an opinion from the 3
Attorney General, which we hope to be able to I
lay before our readers. I
The question was also asked, yesterday, upon i
what class of letters did the lew take effect—up- s
on those which ere detivtrad from the post offices, t
or those which are matted in the course of the I
day? We understand that the new postage will j
; apply to all new letters only.— i t
teemed editor of the U. S. Gazette is again off
on his summer rambles, communicating pleasant
descriptions and wholesome reflections to his
Dear Arm Chair. He thus discourses of a fune
ral at a grave yard near Portsmouth, N H.
The sexton and his assistant took the coffin
from a poor hearse, and laid it in a,;sepulchre
hewn out of a solid rock,” that end of thegroupd3
having only a slight layer of earth over an im
mense stratum of granite. Not a being of the
whole followers left the carriages to go near the
grave. There were no words uttered, and no
sign given by clergy or laity. Nothing broke the
stillness of the time and place, but the loud wa il
of a little child, a girl. She had been silent amid
the almost inaudible sobs of the older mourners,
but when, from the window of the carriage, she
saw them bearing away her mother, and laying
that form in the earth, she forgot the le?9on of
quiet under which she had left the house. Slic re
membered only the bosom on which she had nest
led, and she “lifted up her voice and wept.”—
There was grief besides—deep seated and silent
grief_that will live while the mourner lives.—
The service had been performed—thnt is, a pray
er had been offered at the house; so the train of
carriages passed onwards, and conveyed some
to their home, now left desolate, and others to a
home which may lack that lesson to make it bet
“Are there no services at the grave here:”
said we to the sexton.
“None unless it be ‘the church;1 they have a
service at the grave, but we do not.”
“Customs differ with climes,” said we, glad to
meet one person with whom we could converse.
“Yes,” said the sexton, “I have seen a rcod
deal of that, for l used to follow the sea, and 1
fourfd the funeral customs varied in every port, and
even in the same port, among different classes.”
‘And which did you think the most appropriate:'
“Why, 1 could not always tell. I found though,
that however much the clergyman might say in
favor of the deceased, the community in which he
had dwelt, soon brought his life and conduct to
their standard, and measured them with severe
“But do you not think that some have been bu
ried in tearless silence, whose virtues have been
recognized after their death, and thus spread a
sort of lustre upon those kindred and friends whom
they left behind?”
“Aye, sometimes—certainly, sometimes,” said
the sexton, and he stuck his shovel upright in the ;i
fresh earth, and approaching the chain which
was stretched around the little enclosure in
which he stood, he pointed to a prominent, but
not large slate headstone, in the buning ground
immediately adjoining. «
“There,” said he, “is buried a man who con
trived almost all of his life to be bestowing bene
fits on others; but as he did no man any very re
markable favor, and had no great wealth, he
was never particularly noticed. All, as I re
member*, said he, was a good man, but there
seemed to be no one to mention any particular
instance of striking liberality. He had ofiended
a society once, by refusing to p:iV for a pU-Plt, ,
or buy a bell for a church, though it was said he
spent the very money thus refused in assisting a
number of unfortunate persons. Well, sir, when
he died, he was buried in silence, as this body
has been; and 1 thought he was forgotten when
buried; but some of his recent acts of benevo
lence were fresh in the hearts of several, and
they spoke out his praise, and thousands fit the
absence of his kindness, for it was like — ”
Mv friend the sexton was unable to illustratf.
He failed, fora minute, to find a comparison.- At
length seizing my hand and pointing towards the
vanes on the numerous steeples of the town, he
continued with animation:
“It was like that. The sun that has gone down
from our sight, is yet in existence, and those
vanes that catch his last beams, are bearing tes
timony to his setting effulgence ; while all below
feels the absence of his light, and stands in groan
ing chilliness and gloom.”
“1 believe,” said the moralizing sexton, “that
if a man wiil steadily do good to his fellow men,
it will be found, when he has gone down to his
grave, that his virtues will, like that sun's light,
be reflected by some and remembered by all.
And if he does that good in a proper spirit, and
from a proper motive, he will, though going
down from us, be allowed, like that sun, to shine
an, and to be regarded by others.”
The sexton had done, by accident, what the
clergyman, by the customs of the place, had o
mitted, and so I left him, that I might consider
of his funeral discourse at the open grave.
nicated for the Times Sf Compiler by Rabbi Josephus
!>en Israeli, of Hanover, Fa.—Rabbi Eliezu saith, <
“Repent one day before thy death.” His disci* i
pies asked of him, “How can any man know the <
day [of his death?” His answer was, “Be penitent
to-day, as to-morrow thou rnayst die; and if thou <
observe this, thy whole life will be such that j
when the day of reckoning comelh, thou wilt be <
prepared.” And thus Solomon said in his wis- i
doro, “Let thy raiment at all limes be pure and
while, nor let ointment be wanting on thy head.” ]
(Eccles. ix., 8 ) Rabbi Jochanan ben Sachai
explained this 6aying of Solomon in a parable:— I
A King invited his servants to a feast, but did i
not name any precise time for their attendance. I
Those among them who were provident, dressed I
and ornamented themselves,and stood in waiting
at the palace gate—“Because,” said they, “the ]
King’s palace is not deficient of means for the ,
speedy preparation of a feast.” But those who j
were foolish, said, “Every feast requires much j
preparation.” They consequently went about j
their ordinary occupations. Suddenly the sum- t
mons was given to appear before the King.— <
The provident were ushered in, and took their |
appointed places; but when the silly entered into <
the royal presence, their garments were soiled, j
as they had no time to get properly arrayed.— ,
The King rejoiced to see the former, and said, j ;
“Ye that are fit to sit at my table, partake of j»
iny feast;” but he reproached the latter, saying, ; J
“\e that presume to coroe into my presence all | <
soiled and unadorned, ye may stand and look on.” i (
rtvi • \ f* r\ i ■ • « • • . . . .
i ne son-in-iaw oi xvauoi xvieir, ana in ms name, (
added,‘lHow hoppy would the latter have been, (
were they all admitted to the feast, though but j
in the servile capacity of attendants.5 But it is ;
not so. Both are invited; but, while trie former i
feast in abundance, the latter starve in penury, .
as it i3 written, “Behold, my servants shall eat,
but ye shall be hungry; behold, my servants shall
drink, but ye shall be thirsty; behold, my servants »
shall rejoice, but ye shall be ashamed; behold,
my servants shall sing for joy of heart, but yc
shall cry for sorrow of heart, and shall howl for •
vexation of spirit.51 (Isaiah Ixv. 13—14:) <
The moral w’hich this parable inculcates, con- I
veyed as it is in that simple, unassuming style in 1
which the Rabbis generally delivered their 1
instruction, and which, from its very want of 1
pretension, speaks more directly to the heart than I
any fine figures of speech and rhetorical flowers I
possibly can do—demands our attention on ac- s
count of the important diversity of opinion ex- I
pressed by R. Jochanan ben Sachai and R. Meir. c
The former says that, unless man properly pre- c
pares himself here by the practice of virtue pie- r
ty and penitence, (which he calls “being dressed* *
ornamented and in waiting at the palace gate,”) c
he is not capable of enjoying the rewards of a 1
olissful hereafter; and that the punishment of his c
criminal negligence consists in that very incapa- *
city, and in that shame and remorse which assail c
aim when he beholds the bliss of which others c
enjoy a fullness, but from the participation of
which he is excluded. According to this opiu
on, the punishment of the impenitent would be 5
nerely negative, and would consist only of the f
ncapacity to enjoy, and consequent exclusion *
rom the rewards of the blessed. R. Meir, 1
lowever, goes further, and tells us, that as the s
•eward is positive, the punishment is npt less so;
ind he supports his opinion by a quotation so,, r
itrong, so expressive, and so apposite, that we c
ear to weaken the impression which it cannot J
ail to make on every reflecting mind, by anyat- <
empt occur part at addition or explanation j
Ncros of tl)c Day.
— ■
The trial of C. A. Jacobs was concluded yester-1
day in the Criminal Court by a verdict of acquit-1
lal. The facts upon which the prosecution was j
founded, as appeared in evidence, may not be un
interesting; they were briefly these:
The accused had been a partner in com- J
mendum of the house of Lambeth and Thornp !
son, from 1837 to 1840, when upon dissolu
tion and settlement of accounts, he became a
large creditor of the house for his capital inves
ted and the estimated profits. A mortgage was
given by Lambeth and Thompson to secure the
amount so due to* him. Large payments were
made upon the mortgage and additional security
to a very large amount was also placed in his
hands. An agreement is alleged afterwards to
have been made, by which Jacobs was to receive
in payment certain of these securities, and in
consequence Lambeth and Thompson assert that
he had become their debtor—the mortgage being
paid and a large balance of collections and secu
rities remaining to their credit.
The account not, however, having been finally
settled, a suit wa3 brought in the Parish Court
by Lambeth and Thompson, to obtain a decree
that the mortgage was paid and cancelled Pend
ing this suit Mr. Thompson received an offer for
the purchase of his dwelling house on Camp st ,
one of the properties embraced in the mortgage.
The property being subject to a prior mortgage
to the amount of $11,000 and the price agreed to
be paid for the house $10,000, the difference ot
$8,000 was apparently due to the mortgage of Ja
cobs. Thompson being unwilling that Jacobs
should receive this amount, not really due, pro
posed to Jacobs that he, Thompson, would ac
cept the offer for the house, upon the condition
that Jacobs would receive the whole excels,
$8,000, from the purchaser and give his receipt
for the same as second mortg 'gee, retain $4,000
of the amount. For thi3 sum he was to give his
receipt, stipulating that the same should be re
tained as a payment, if on final settlement of ac
counts, it should appear that Lambeth and
Thompson were indebted to him, but if found
not indebted that the same be refunded with 8
per cent, interest. The balance of the money,
viz: $4,000 less the costs of sale, to be returned
immediately to Thompson after being received
by Jacobs from the purchaser. This proposi
tion was accepted, and upon the faith of the a
greement so made, Thompson concluded the sale
of his house.
After the sale was completed and the purcha
ser ready to pay over the balance of the price,
Thompson called on Jacobs, requesting him to
c 11* o t It a oml rnl Mrn tlio ch o rn o c a
greed. Jacobs, after a delay of one or two days,
received the sum from the purchaser, and was
called on by Thompson for the portion received
on his account, and for his use.
Jacobs then, for the first time, insisted that be
fore making the payment, Thompson should ad
mit in writing the obligation of a note, which
formed a disputed item in the accounts between
Jacobs and Lambeth & Thompson. This Thomp
son declined to do, because he had on previous
occasions refused to admit it, and because the
money had been agreed to be returned to him
without condition. Jacobs persisting in his re
fusal to pay over the money so received for
Thompson, this prosecution was instituted.
The circumstances attending this note were
stated to be the following :—In the year 1842, the
firm being much pressed for funds for necessary
supplies to country customers, requested Jacobs,
with whom they were then on good terms, and
who occupied a part of their counting house, to
discount for them a note of a Mrs. William*,
for $1700. Jacobs declined doing so, on the
ground that he had not the means. Soon after,
on the same day, Mr. Warfield, a broker, called
upon Lambeth & Thompson, and enquired whe
ther they had a note of Mrs. Williams1, stating
that he believed he could dispose of it for them
They accordingly gave it to him, and he soon re
ported an offer for it, at a discount of 3 percent,
a month, payable in City Bank notes, then at a
discount of from 8 to 10 per cent., which was
the best he could do. The note was according
ly sold, with the endorsement of Lambeth,
Tompson & Co., at that rate, and at maturity,
about 7 months afterwards, the firm discovered
that Mr. Jacob? was the owncrof the note.—
Thompson also stated that within a few days he
had learned from Mr. Warfield that the note was i
passed by him immediately to Jacobs.
The charge was based upon a late act of the
Legislature, intended to provide a punishment
for breaches of trust. It provides “that if any
servant, clerk, broker, consignee, attorney man
datory, depository, common carrier, trustee, bai- *
lee, curator, testamentary executor, adminislra- j
Lor, tutor, or any person holding office,11 etc.,
‘shall wrongfully use, dispose of, conceal, or
otherwise embezzle, any money, bills, notes,11
»tc., “which he shall have received for another,
jr for his employers, principal or bailor, or ty
virtue of bis office, etc, or which shall have been
intrusted to his care, keeping or possession by
another or by his employer,” etc., “said servant,
'lerk, agent, trustee, etc , etc., “or any other per
:on or persons whatever, upon conviction of such
jreach of truit or embezzlement,” should be
•mnished by imprisonment at hard labor, etc.
The Recorder before whom the case was first
jrought and examined, considered the facts as a
nounting to a breach of trust, and coming within
he purview of the law. A true bill having been
bund, the accused was put upon his trial.
After evidence and argument of counsel, the
earned Judge charged the jury, in the most expli-1
;it manner, in favor of the accused He decla- J
•ed that Jacobs was not the trustee, bailee, agent,
nandalory, or depository ofThompson in receiv
ng any partof the money on his account,and that
he offence contemplated by the statute could not
fxist without some secret use or concealment of j
noney. He furlher charged that the money j
:ame into the hands of Jacobs only as a mort
gagee, and not by virtue of the agreement made
vith Thompson. Mr. Grymes, on the part of
Mr. Jacobs, refused to enter into any defence,
md after speecbos from Messrs. Micou and Ja
lin, for the prosecution, Judge Ganonge deliver
ed his charge to the jury, recommending an ac
juittal. The jury, after being out a few minutes,
;ame into Court with a verdict of not guilty, ac
sompanying it with the expression of their opin
on that this was a most outrageous prosecution,
in opinion in which the large number of person*
vho crowded the Court appeared heartily to join, j 1
—Aew Orleans Jropic.
r. Walker's letter to the editor of the AJississipian.
Messrs. Bancroft and Walker have just struck
i blow—one for the “revenue limits,”and the olh
>r for the “revenue standard—which is calcula
ed to command the attention of the nation.—
A'c said, some weeks ago, that the tarifT system :
nust“be reduced to the revenue standard;” and
hat the tarifTof 1342 “can scarcely stand as the
>ermanent system of this great country. It is I
oo unequal in itself—It is too oppressive upon
cme interest®, too partial to others—too favora- 1
)le to the rich, too burdensome to the poorer j
lasses of the community. The sooner it is redu
ed, the better for all. It is better even for the (
nanufacturers themselves to understand on what I
hey are to calculate. It is better for the rich (
apitalists to have moderate and stable duties,
han those which are too high, and, on that ac- 1
ount, never fixed, but always unpopular and al- 1
rays fluctuating. It is better for the tranquility I
f the administration—better for the prosperity
f the whole people.”—The Union. *
SPRUNG ALEAK.—The U. S. steamer''
Ipencer, which left this port a few days since |
or New Orleans and Texas, has returned, hav- i
fig sprung a leak in the Gulf Stream. How i
ong she will be detained here we are unable to ]
ay. Probably not long. i
We understand the Spencer is to convey the ! <
nails between New Orleans and Texas. Why « J
oes not the government employ the steamer I
obn S. McKim, which now plies between New I
)rleans and Texas? She is better fitted for the | I
wpew than the Spencer —A* Y Courier, i i
MARKET.—The market for Wheat in this city
has opened, and to our surprise, at only 95 cent9
the bushel, for the month of July, to be reduced
in August to 90. This, we suppose, will as
much disappoint the farming community as it has
surprised us. One dollar was the least that was
expected, while many confidently expected $1,
10. The superb quality of the grain, the reduc
tion by frost and drought of the crop in the
States* N. W. of the Ohio, and the yet unknown
result of the British seasons for harvesting, had
combined to induce a very general and sanguine
hope that Wheat would command a dollar at
least, and we rather think there is some regret
among the millers of Richmond that they had
not opened the market at that price. We ob
serve that it i3 now given in Baltimore where
the first parcels as here, sold al 95.
The farmers, wc presume, will he in no hurry
to avail themselves of prices, which, notwith
standing the proposed August reduction, can
scarcely descend any lower, while there are very
many chances for an augmentation. For a scries
of years together, the latter market has been
better we think than the early, and we are in
dined to the opinion that it will prove so again.
There is great advantage to the farmer in thresh
ing and getting his Wheat out of his way at the
earliest practicable moment; but this advantage
and the waste from evaporation and other causes,
is more than counterbalanced by an advance cl
10 cents on the bushel, and there are many judi
cious men who think that Wheat wifi necessarily
rise to that point beyond the July standard ot
price. Indeed there are very many possible
causes which might carry it much higher still.
Mr. Haxall, just returned from a tour as fjr
north as Niagara, reports that the crop is fine in
Western and Northern New York; but it is not
yet harvested; While in Western Pennsylvania,
Ohio, Indiana, Illinois and Michigan, it has been
certainly seriously curtailed by drought and espe
cially. frost.
About 20,000 bushels of wheat have been re
ceived in Richmond, principally, if not entirely,
red and white May samples which we*have ex
amined, show' a decided supeiiority of the red,
which weighs 65
Wc conclude with renewing the expression of
our mortification that the farmer who ha* failed
in his wheat crop measurably for the la«t 7 years,
and now presents one of such rare and supeib
quality, should command for it no more than 95
cents. This, however, is not the result of any il-,
liberality on the part of the Richmond millers,
distinguished for their liberality, but of calcula
tions made on the condition of the markets of
the World. But w'c feel convinced that prices
nmet advrmep. and rnnnn! rpeedp —Ti’irh 11 hi<r_
THEFT IN A CHURCH.—The Paris Journ-j
ai des Debats of June 1, says:—"The day before
yesterday, on occasion of the celebration of the
Fete Dieu, the church of St. Paul was filled
with a crowd of parents of the children who
were partaking their first communion. During
the pious ceremony, the most profound quiet
reigned in the church; but when, at the close of I
the service, the parents came forward to receive
their children, five or six ladies at the same mo
ment perceived that they had been robbed. As
tonishment followed the first rumor, when one of j
the ladies who had lost her purse accused a j
young woman of very elezant dress a:.d very po- !
lite air of being the thief; ami at ttie same time !
the others who had been robbed recollected hav- !
ing seen this person pressing upon them in the j
crowd, and no doubt was felt that it was she j
who had taken the missing purses, handkerchiefs l
and watches. Upon this accusation the young <
eleganle seemed confounded, and was unable to
make any answer. But on a movement to search
her, sue made a precipitate retreat, left the
church and took refuge in a neighboring house.
The commissary of police, whose office was at :
hand, being summoned, search was made in the I
house, but for a long time in vain, though it was j
very certain the young lady had not left the1
premises. At last, in a closet at the very top of
the house, she was discovered, and many of the
stolen articles being found on her person, she
was taken to the police office. She declaied
herself to be twenty years old, but refused to
give her name, because she professed to belong
to an honorable family, whom she feared to
plunge into despair.”
BIRTH —The Cecil Whig claims that General !
Jackson was born in that county. The Whig says: |
"The prevailing opinion among the la>l gen- j
eration of inhabitants around about the village of
Turkcytown in this county, was that he was born
near that place. Of the following facts, there is
no doubt. An Irish emigrant, named Jackson,
with his wife and two sons,small children, immedi
ately from Ireland, settled near Turkey town, Ce
cil county, Md , and remained there about a
year. While there, another son whom they nam- i
ed Andrew, was born, and the date of hL birth j
answers to the time of the birth of General Jack
son. About that time there was a tide ofemi-|
gration from this county to the country known as j
the Waxhaw settlement in the neighborhood of j
Charlotte, in Mecklenburg Co., N C.,—and to j
the section of country lying adjacent thereto on i
the line between North and South Carolina,which j
line had not then been determined and laid down.
With these emigrants went the Irishman Jackson j
and his family, his sou Andrew then quite a child !
among the rest. The circumstances detailed a
bove led many of our citizens within whose
knowledge they transpired, but who have since i
passed away, to entertain the firm belief that
Ibis bev Andrew Jackson, is the same individual j
who afterwards became Gen Jackson, and Pres- i
ident of the U. States, and whose death is now t
mourned throughout the length and breadth of
the country.”
Our readers will recollect that about a yearogo 1
i case was tried in the District Court in which
Sally Miller, held in bondage os a slave by Louis
Belmonti, but claiming to he free, and to have |
aeenbornin Germany and of German parents,!
was plaintiff, and Louis Belmonti and John F. j
Miller, called in warranty,were defendant" Mil- j
ler alleged that Sally was born a slave and his j
properly, and that he brought her up as a slave j
ind 3s such sold her to Belmonti. The District
Court then gave judgement for the defendants, but
Messrs. Roselius and Upton, counsel for Sallv,
and her friend®, were so well convinced that she 1
was what she was represented to b'—that she
:ame to this country when an infant, with her
rather and mother, who were “redemptioncr-s,’'
3nd who died soon after their arrival—that they i
carried the case on an appeal to the Supreme
^ourt, where the case was lately argued. On ;
Saturday Judge Bullard, on behalf of that Court,
delivered its decision, reversing the judgment of
ihe District Court, and decreeing that Sally be'
released from the bonds of slavery. Thus, after (
seing for about a quarter of a century in bond- ;
igc as a slave, this woman is declared to be free.!
[n view cf all the fact® ot this extraordinary case
kve may well exclaim, “Truth is strange, stran
ger than fiction!”
We have in press and will publish in a few days
n a pamphlet, a complete history of this case, |
irepared by an able member, of the New Or- ^
eans Bar, and we venture to say that few publi- j ,
nations have appeared possessing so much of sin
gular and romantic interest as this narrative of
jvcnt9 happening in our midst.
Our friends of the Picayune learn that it is J
n contemplation by those who have taken an in-,
ere&t in the fate of Sally Miller, to pay some I
niblicroark of respect to Messrs. C. Rosclius and I
W. Upton, the two counsel who have zealously,
ibly, and with triumphant success, advocated and (
ichieved for her, her just and long withheld rights. J
fhey richly deserve it.—Tropic.
TENNESSEE.—Messrs. Scrugg9 and Stanton |
he rival candidates for Congress in the Xlh Du-; ]
rict, diversified the performances at one of their |
ate discussions at Ripley, by a game of fisticuffs !
o the amusement of the lighter portion of the;
mditers and the disgust of the graver. The !
Vlcmphis Enquirer reads them a very faithful;
ecture on the subject. We expected a hot con- j,
est in this District, as its last poll veted—Clay ■ i
5,052 : Polk 5,974. but thi* is rather too hot cn- i
ircly — fcV. y. Tribune. I
i scarcely necessary for us to enlarge upon the
benefits arising to business men and others, frVn
a liberal outlay in the way of advertising, ri
importance of letting one** business, be
public, is satisfactorily illustrated in the f0;i,u.
, ing extracts;
The follow ing, from a New York letter [j •
, Charleston Courier, shows the benefits arV
from advertising extensively, as it is well knov,,
I that venders of patent medicines have pursue ]
the plan tvith great success:
“Brandreth, with his pills, has rNcn from 3
poor man to be a man of extensive fortune. Jj,.
has now at Sing Sing a three story factory f, 1
; grinding his medicines. Aloes are carted n't, t
by the ton, and whole cargoes of pilis arp ,te
i spatched to every pert of the Union, ar.d down
j every body's throat. He has expended thirty t},,
thousand dollars in a single year for ad vert is ir -
Comstock began with nothing, but bv crcwf*
his patent medicines, has been able to pure ha*'
one of the first houses in Union Place, and
magnificent soirees, kc. Moffat, adding hitter
| to pills has run up a fortune of nearly £3o0,un::*
Sherman taking the lozenge line, has erncpvj
from hi* little shop in Nassau street, into ;i '%t*
of lots arid houses by the wholesale. I r..« | *r .
mention Sw ain of Philadelphia, who, bvpL <r . .
! his panacea into people’s stomachs, can a;! r.;
buy a single pearl head band for hi* d.i<; u,;.
; worth £20,000 — to prove that we are a ; ;ij t •
i ing, bitter drinking people! Your literary i.,,.
| will starve in his garret, while your pil: make:
emerge, from his garret into a palace.M
; “A\ Advertising Firm.—The WorcrvVr.!
gis states that Messrs. Hardin, Hunt ^
firm doing an extensive business in r at • \
during the pa>t year, paid about out . i, rut ..
i lars for advertising their goods, and are j
( that by this outlay, they have received a i ,cn j ...
| vest in return.1*
Saturday lias these observation':
“Unlike the other colleges <f Virginia t «
University is an institution founded by tho b*:> .
tore of the State, and sustained by .3 baer.i .
ual endowment from its treasury. II.inert •
other colleges have been relumed a par:;. - :
in the Literary Fund, to which murv an* ,
opinion they arc absolutely entitled, j, •
excuse for withholding from them the pr.:
of the State is the fact that most of them ate
supposed to be, or actually are, under tl e :■ 1’ •
ence of religious denominations; an I it j*
ceivrd that much trouble would ai i^c ir.cn >»o
tarian contentions as to a proper district. n f
the funds appropriated. Into this subject u,
do not now propose to enter. It is fraught w
serious difficulties; but if these can he answered,
we shall be very anxious to see each literal\ 1:
stitution in the Stale enjoying its proper quoti
of assistance.'1
We rather “calculate” that these ob-rrvjt. •<
of our University alumnus neighbor were ce- jr.
ed to aid the University by exciting prejudice
against certain Colleges, and they, efficient Invi
tations, by representing them to be, or •n«tr.U3tir,g
that they were, under “Sectarian” influence.
We have no objection in the world to the
friends of the University resuscitatin: its fallen
fame, and building up its future usefulness b
all fair and liberal means: We w ill go with
them heart and hand in the attainment of ob
jects so patriolit and laudable. Hut we do ob
ject, strenously and indignantly too, (if si.b
were the intention,) to the elevation of that pam
pered pet, which lias already swallowed $il)b,
000 of the Public Treasure, to very little pur
pose, while other Colleges have, like Kumenci,
fought ignorance upon their own resources—we
do object, we say, to advancing the Univer*ity
at ihe price of rank injustice, of unfounded and
injurious stigma to other Colleges, Ies< pretcr.
ding, hut in our estimation more deserving
Wo 1 tv dnwii ihe broad, nnnrialifie.l and eabr
w J- ^ r s
vindicated proposition that theie is not a “Secta
rian” College in Virginia—not one where tie
slightest effort is made by the authorities of <' ■
lege to warp the mind of the student to embrace
the peculiar tenets of any denomination of
Christians, or the dogmas of any partieufai
Church—not one where any thing more is mrui
cated than the general truths of Christianity in
which all srtct$ aeree— W e know through evi
dence from the highest source, recentl) placed
before us that there is no effort and no wish to
inculcate Presbyterianism particularly nt Hamp
den Sidney, the College which ha* always been
under the strongest suspicion of ary other: Cr,r e
is no such attempt at Randolph Macon to inf.'!
cate Methodism, nor at the Richmond College as
Mr. Ryland has lately proved, to inculcate Bar
list tenets. We have heard that it was equal.)
true of the Institution at Bethany under the su
perintendence of the Rev. Alexander Campbell
—but in that instance we speak with more re
serve, because with less knowledge
A noble zeal for learning led to the ‘ * •
nient of the three Eastern Colleges mention,
by the Presbyterians, Methodists and Baptist!.
They have taken every precaution to extend ti.e
area of their usefulness, by divesting them of 1
sectarian character- Their motive wa<> net to
form Presbyterians, or Methodists or Baptist*,
hut to advance knowledge and civilization: They
hare received no aid from the State, and wr regard
it as the extremity of illiberality that the friendi
of the Institution which has monopolized
ingulfed all that aid, should endeavor, ’o injure
them, or if not endeavor, yet still injure them f'v
the suggestion of a sectarianism so tjr.foun<B
fact, but so well calculated to poison the p»«-'iC
mind. — Rich Whig.
THE WEST.—There is to be a great conven
tion at Memphis, Tennessee, of the Wi-tri
States, on the fourth of July, to take in'> f':
sidcration various matters of interest to the
The subject of the Lake defence®, inconnn!
with a ship canal to connect the Mississippi;v
Lake Michizan. will come noon that oc<j- -
ami we may expect t»» see a derided |>o«iU''' r
*umed by the West in reference to it.
Upon another subject, also, it is pos*i'/!c
some decided stand will be taken. We **
[he Oregon controversy. The resolutions*!'
we published some days ag.., ns passed v,y
rreat meeting at the capital of Jdinois *rr*
passed with a view to their being laid before
Memphis Convention. So we infer from »
fact that the Illinois meeting was called a* a 'r^
liminary to the Convention for the purpose of T
pointing delegates. 7’he tenor of those rfw'>.i
Lions is known to our readers.
feigned regret we lenrn that this U. S. Irrn ''Kt
enue Cutter met with an accident on her ! ’
sage down, by springing aleak at or near
La, which will fora few days arrest iierprog^**
She is represented as having several teet •» ^
Ler in her hold, but that the pumps womd
icr sufficiently to enable them to stop the * ^
l\ e learn by a gentleman who was on hc3‘f^'
icr where she lay, that the leak was m ^
louse, supposed to liave been caused by •
ion of the wheel and not to any d€*fi11e: e) 1
vork.—Pittibw'g American.
The Mormon Temple has heretofore been !h«
iretext under which the imposter priest
ixtorted from their fanatical followers T ‘
ions cf money, property and labor. 1** ,
lie is row finished, and it is said that tn %
lotel, the Nauvoo House, is hereafter to "
)bject of their mendicant demands on t 1
if their followers. When men are so r0
he influence of religious teachers tna
onger know that their souls are the:r <■>*’' '
lecome hewers of wood and drawer* o
or the benefit of the clergy. St Louis^ (
FROM TEXAS.—The steamship
rivtd night before last from Ga vc* ° s.ej
arings no news. There had ***" fC ngrt*
from Washington nice the »?w,°n "VL V
ipened. Of course, nothing is known of ,
Lents of the President’s message. ^P ► w,
•eceived by her were no later than thote • -
w the New York — A* 0

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