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Alexandria gazette. [volume] (Alexandria, D.C.) 1834-1974, July 14, 1846, Image 2

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>OBLiSHED DAILY A >J L> TRI-WEEKLY BY
_JUH3AR SXOWIIEX.
The ALEXANDRIA GAZETTE, for the coin
try, is printed on Tuesdays,Thursdays and Sa
turdays.
SUBSCRIPTION.—The Daily paper is furnished
at $3 dollars per annum, payable half yearly.
The Country Paper (tri-weekly) is furnished for
five dollars per annum, payable in advance
No subscription received from the country, unless
accompanied by the cash, or by a responsible
name.
ADVERTISING—Three insertions of one square,
for one dollar. Yearly advertisers at specified
rates.
TUESDAY MORnWgT JULY 14, 1818.
Communications.
RETROCESSION AND R. M. T. HUNTER.
The Retrocession bill has at length passed both
Houses of Congress, by which the old tow n oi
Bellharen will be again received as a part of
the Old Dominion, ami its citizens thus enabled
to enjoy all the rights and immunities of free
men, of which they have been so long disfran
chised. Without enquiring into the advantages or
disadvantages likely to emanate from this second
annexation bill, the citizens of Alexandria do,
without doubt, hail retrocession as the harbinger
of a new and n^>re prosperous and contented era
in their political andsocial existence. Should the
beneficial results anticipated by the friends of the
measure, be realized, not only the citizens of Al
exandria, but those of Virginia, will have great
cause of congratulation, as the former will be
greatly benefitted, and the latter, il not bent-fit
ted, will feel great gratification in vv itnessing the
political emancipation of a portion of their friends
and brothers, who have been so long repining at
their political thraldom and disfranchisement.
But in any event, however, should not the
gratified citizens of Alexandria feel a deep sense
of gratitude towards those who have so ardu
ously and faithfully advocated the Retrocession
bill in Congress, by which they have become
emancipated, and will be enabled to enjoy the
immunities of freemen, and the advantages they
anticipate in being again received as an integral
partofa sovereign State, instead of remaining
a dislranchised protege ol Congress? Most as
suredly they will.
The two Virginia Seniors have advocated the
measure with much zeal and ability. Judge
Fenny backer made an an able constitutional ar
gument in its favor. But the colossus, the great
advocate of the measure, both in the House and
out, and without whose aid it would hardly have
been consummated, was the Hon. R. M. T. Hun
ter. He advocated it with zeal, ability, and po
tency, unrivalled and invincible. His report and
speech in its behalf are so lucid, clear, and con
vincing, as to carry conviction to many minds
previously piepossessed against it, and to his ex
ertions may be attributed its success.
Mr. Hunter is as fine a specimen of a Virgin
ian, as the greatest admirer of Virginia charac
ter could desire. His talents were acknowledged
before entering Congress, and aided in tie
rating him to the speakership of the House of
Representatives, soon after entering Congress,
perhaps the youngest speaker it has ever had, in
which capacity the duties thereof were firmly,
promptly, and most etliciently discharged, i'ut
although his talents and eloquence are distin
guished, and his acquirements thuse of a scholar
and a statesman, yet lie is not so distinguished
for these eminent characteristics os he is for the
affability, courtesy, and Kindness of his deport
ment. He is by no means sectional in his feel
ings: he seen.s to regard every Virginian as hi*
constituent, and hi? deportment i> ir* accordance.
He does not pass you with an averted or down
cast eve, as if he was looking for a tip upon the
pavement, as some of the Virginia member- do;
but if he has any acquaintance with you at all,
it is impossible to escape in- quick, dark, eagle
eye. He. has hern frequently seen to quicken
his step upon (he advance to overtake a Virginia
acquaintance, with an expectation of social con
verse. Possessing talent-, eloquence, and ac
quirements of a distinguished grade, with none
of the pomposity and inflated dignity so often
80 disgusting in men of high station, and the
greatest amiability of character, without the
slightest blemish in his hlc, the Hon. R. M.
T. Hunter is a man whom Alexandrians espe
eitlly, and Virginians generally, nray with pro
priety delight to honor. FAIRFAX.
VIRGINIA VOLUNTEER&
W« have -ought for information at the foun
tain head, ard are glad to learn that the follow
log companies have been enrolled, under the re
quisition of the President of the United States
upon the Governor of Virginia for three regi
ments of volunteers:
J3 Companies of Infantry.
5 Companies of Riflemen.
2 Companies of Artillery.
1 Company of Artillery for garrison service
in the State—in all about IbOO men—the Artil
lery and Riflemen to serve as Infantry, if re
quired. Numerous individual tenders of ser
vice have also been made; among them many of
ficers of high rank, and graduates both of the
United States Military Academy and the Virgin
ia Military institute.
It is to be regretted that a larger force has not
been enrolled, and it would be a subject of deep
mortification, if we were not fully ensured that ,
• call for immediate service would be promptly
responded to by a much larger number of volun
teers than, in ail probability, will ever be requir
ed of Virginia.
We learn that the Governor, understanding
that it will be acceptable to the'War Pepa**t- j
has determined to substitute a Rifle Regi
ment foe ono ot the regiments required. T he j
•kill of many of our peopie (particularly in the
West, which is all in motion) in the use of tne j
rifle, will enable him to send into the fitdJ as j
fine a body of marksmen as the world affords.
I he whole lorce now enndieu, and probably
Um or twenty times as many more, are eager for
immediate service. But as the States nearer to
the seat of war have already sent a large force
into the field and the climate at this season I
night be fatal to our people, we learn that the
Governor has called upon the Secretary of War
to know whether a. port ion, at lea<t, ofthe vol
unteers may not be employed for the present in
garrison service; say at Portress Monroe.
In case the suggestion of the Governor should
meet the approbation of the Secretary of War,
we understand that the Governor is authorized ;
to present the claims of Capt. Carrington's Com
pany of Infantry, which was organized in this,
city in advance ofthe requisition, and is fully
equipped for service — Ricfi. E*q.
A LETTER FROM PARIS. I
Correspondence of the Charleston Artcs.
Paris, June 11, 1946.
Ordinary and common place topics only, fill
up the vacant hours of the Parisian at present.— '
Now and then I hear a group discussing the es
cape of Prince Louis Bonaparte from Holland;
or, gratuitously aiding the Chamber of Deputies
to talk over the Budget. There is nothing left
to excite this very excitable people Lecoropte, !
the regicide, has feen the wonder for some
weeks, but he has finished the drama. He was
talked about, tried and guillotined two mornings j
since. The defence tried to substantiate a plea :
of insanity, hut it is curious to observe on what I
grounds. That sensitive feeling of consequence j
and morbid vanity, which sometimes magnifies
mole hills into mountains, so much insisted on,
would send, 1 fear, a gre^t many honest French
citizens to the mad-house, if courts should con
sider it a mark ol lunacy. However, ail these
things are already familiar to you, through the
good serviceof Messrs. Galignani, whose ellorts J
to glean all the news upon the Continent deserve j
the thanks of every one who speaks the English j
language. , . j
Jf you will allow me to raise trom me aeaa
once more, our former acquaintance, Robert le
Diable, I will speak of him again. The opera
founded upon this subject, was announced a few
evenings since, to be performed by the Royal
Society of Mu-ic. 1 went with high expecta
tions and was not disappointed. Beingquite a not
vice in this grand mode of performing music, I
was well prepared to enjoy the novelty of this
vast display of machinery, sights and sounds.—
The building accommodates an audience of
about 2000 persons, and lias a stage more than
SO feet deep, with abundant room for machinery
: above and below; and the representations, it is
said, ar« always got up in the most unrivalled j
I *1 v le. The immense stage opened out upon a I
richly dressed audience; and below it was the
orchestra, occupying one-half the parterre, and
numbering seventy or eighty musicians. 1 he
overture opened, and it was too amusing to es
i cape observation, to see below you forty fi ldle
bows sawing the air in all direction*. But soon
the sweetness of the harmony riveted the whole ;
attention. 1 was astonished that eighty perfi rm
er«, hard at work, made no more noise. It was
melodious—like the warbling of a single night j
I ingale. It was soft and gentle, hut dvep and
| penetrating. Presently came in (be chorus and
! the power. It was like the crash ol cataracts,
and seemed as loud a noise ns the cars could
| bear. The singing was very perfect, and the
j inimitable air of iMe*d. Roi-sy w ho filled the
! part of Alice, drew forth constant applause —
j Upon ihe stage were generally Irom 50 to 100
! persons. The scenes are laid at the old chateau
! in Normandy which I spoke of in my la*t letter,
i There appear in fine relief the woody hills and
the w inding Seine. The first acts are occupied
with the scenes of Robert's armous. In the
fourth act the mu*ic is sublime, and the machi- j
nfrv terrible. A *ubleraneafl cavern looks out ■
| of the heart of the mountain. There are mon
uments of the dead. Robert walks terrible nnd
| alone among the numerou* columns# He carries
! a magic, wand. It* touch bursts out in (lames
land fire. He call* upon the dead. A ho>f. oi
| virgins ii<e slowly from their tombs, and in their
I pale winding sheet-* join in the wild revelry ol
j the dance. The scene i* changed. A multitude j
! of innocent children, little hoys and girl*, aie
i spor ting and dancing upon the green. Robert
appears among them. He seems bewildered and
confused. They lead him about here and there
among the graves. Presently, further hark
among the column* of a dark cavern, appear
again the ghastly revellers, full of glee and up
roar under the ghastly and sulphurous light.—
I lie power of music under all these favorable
circumstances is very great. It shows the geni
us of those great masters in musical composition,
in a new light. 1 was charmed w ith the per
formance, and also with the William Tell of
Rossini, which I heard afterwards. Tne excel
lence of music needs only to be known, to be uni
! versa Ily appreciated; and I remember with infi
i nile pleasure, the able prolessors of that art in
i America, and the increasing fondness for good
| vocal and instrumental music among all classes
i there.
j I o-day I have passed some 01 my leisure nours
in strolling through the halls of the Royal Li
brary, and amusing myself among the curiosities.
It filh the large hotel once occupied by Cardinal
Mazarin. It contains among other things, med
als, antique gems, suits of armour, antique mar
bles, and the famous Zodiac of Dendarah—
This Zodiac, by the way, is a very humble and
'modest object compar'd with a gaudy Magic
1 Lantern representation ofitjwhich I once saw in
the Hibernian Had. The early specimens of typn.
graphy, illustrating the progress of that art, .are
very interesting, as well as the early specimens
of illumination and book binding 'I hey are all
| arranged under glass cases, and labelled. Still
more interesting are the manuscript letteis of
Madame Sevigne, Rousseau, V oitaire, Franklin,
&.c. The number of volumes in the Library is
estimated at 1,200,< 0U- Two large ho I Is for
reading were filled with occupants. Here are
, found books in all language*, and gratuitous lec
tuies are given daily on all the orential langua
ges. I was astonished in the Library to see so
many books ol large size. Among these pon
derous tomes 1 recognized the chivalrous John
Froissart, which worthy Knight ha* lately be
come a favorite among the readers oi the New
World.
The Palais Royal is rear by, and a far more
interesting resoit to the lover of history. It has
been the scene of many historical events since
the death of Louis XIII. Many of them have
been commemorated by the first masters of the
day, and the painting stiJI overlook the places
where their subjects have been enacted. Here,
Anne of Austria lived in the turbulent times of
the Fronde In four or five pictures appear the
masculine and haughty Austrian Queen, Cardi
nal Mazarin, and Cardinal De Retz. The pre
sent King resided here from 1814 to 1831. One
of the finest pictures by Heim represents the
House of Deputies offering the throne of France
to his present Majesty It is said to contain ma
ny excellent likenesses of the leading statesmen
of the day, and among whom Lafayette is con
spicuous. The Salle de Trone contains the
throne used by Louis Philippe after the revo
lution of July. The furniture and drapery are |
crimson velvet. The Palais Royal is now' used ;
as the residence of the royal visitors. 1 he vis- j
itor walks through the quiet halls of the place |
without thinking of the busy world underneath, j
The lower story is full of the richest and busiest
shops of the metropolis Here are showy Res
taurats, and glittering Cafes, and in the court,
crowds of loungers. Here is the place for noise
and politics. Here among the trees and straw
chairs the Jarkabin Club was formed, and Ce
mille Desmowlin harangued the populace. Close
by is the Cafe l)e Foy where the Dantoriists met.
The Palais Koyal it always pointed out as an
epitome of the great city.
Articles from the royal manufactories the
Gobelins, Beauvais, and Sevres sre now exhibi
ting at the Louvre, and they attract crowds of
visitors. I remember the fondness which the
Charleston public showed in April last for the
tasteful articles of a similar kind, imported and ,
exposed for sale by Signor Vito Viti at the Hi- !
bernian Hall, and 1 imagine they willaLo he
desirous to know what appears from these royal
schools of experimental art. Experimental,
schools one may call them, because their chief;
object is to improve the art ot weaving carpets
and tapestry, enameling, and painting in auier
ent colors upon porcelain, Let us notice some
of the principal objects in order. Among the
porcelains are a variety of dishes with fine!) col
ored views and landscapes. Marty of them rep- ,
resent the roval residences;others historical sub* J
jects. Then there are several porcelain clocks,
ornamented; with paintings and figuies. One five
leet high, in the Moorish style of architecture,
with domes, turrets, and crescents. 1 he figures
upon the dial plate are in Turkish on one side ;
and Arabic on the other. In the main tower is
a chime of bells which execute a strain of music
every time the dock strikes the hour. This ar
ticle is intended as a royal present to Mehemet j
Ali, Viceroy of Egypt. Next are twc Centre
Tables, three feet in diameter, the top of one
piece tilled with a wreath of the richest flowers,
and birds. Last come the perfection of porcelain
workmanship, two portraits, four Let by three,:
hardly distinguishable from the finest oil painting,
except by their more even surface. They are
the portraits of Queen Victoria and prince A I- j
bert. The tapestry of Beauvais is in smaller '
articles than the Gobelins. Here are Iwq rich
pictures three feet by four: one a hunting dog
starting a partridge; and the other, baskets of
fruit and a monkey Besides, there ate a va- j
riely of small pieces designed for the Queen’s ;
boudoir, and others commanded bv the Q icen of :
the Belgians. There are wreaths of flowers, ara-!
besques and symbolical figures, ar/J they appear
designed and finished with an elegant taste, quite
worthy the furniture of royal apartments. Fur
thcr on the visitor sees a large floor carpet, ‘
*25 feet by 35, suspended against the wall,
for better observation. 'This is from the man- j
ufactory of the Gobelins, and is for the
Council Hall at the Tuileries. The artist has
put a large circular arabesque in the centre
which is surmounted by vines and festoons of
flowers to the border. The richness of the col
ors and the delicacy of the shades are worthy of
notice. Last of all, the visitor should sit down
and admire at his leisure two wonderful copies j
of the cartoons of Raphael. They are “Peter j
and John curing the paralytics” and the “Sacri- j
fice at Lvstra.” This is the Gobelin tapestry, so
perfect in its effect that it is difficult to say it is 1
not equal to the best painting. It very much re
sembles it, but the drapery lias a softer and a
richer hue, and the eyes are never dazzled with
that glossy, glimmering reflection, that always j
troubles you in an oil pointing, unless you stand j
in precisely the right light. These copies are I’d ,
feet bv Ifi, and every object, even the slightest
shades of expression in the countenance, an* giv
en with wonderful fidelity. The manufactures
from the fGobelin are never sold. J’hey orna- >
merit the royal palaces, or are sent as presents j
to foreign sovereigns. A single piece olinn re
quires the labor of many years, and costs se\
eral thousand dollars. I noticed an unusual nunri- ;
ber of strangers in this apartment of the Louvre,
and very often heard parties expressing their |
wonder and admiration at these beautiful arti
ch s, in the Lnglish language.
I will not leave the mystery of the^e wonder- !
ful manufactures in the daik, as i should do by ;
stopping lieu*; but will carry you to the inarm- j
factory, and show how they are made. Here, os> j
in many other strange tilings, our wonder will .
cease, when we go behind the scenes. Aston- ;
ishing (fleets can sometimes he produced by!
means that appear very simj le when once point- :
ed out. Columbus very easily made the egg stand
on end; and in the play, very dreadf iI thunder is i
produced bv a piece of sheet iron. The Gobelin ;
manufactory is open to the public two days in j
the week. The carpets and tapestry aie both
woven upon upright frames. In the carpet rooms j
the warp is h strong woolen thread. It is fasten- I
cd to the tollers of a largo frame from 1MI to 4')
feet long—according to the size of the carpet. At
short intervals of twelve or liMeen threads, the]
spaces are regularly rnaiked with a dark color. ;
The woi ktnen sit with the w»»rk before tic m, and
the pattern just above, and behind are the;
boxes with the various tint* of the wool wound
upon bobbins. The pattern is divided in o
small squares lo correspond with the colored
threads of the warp. Th* workmen sil and weave
in the colors with their fingers, making a loop on
each thread over a steel wire. These are cut
open, and trimmed, and wrought out into a soft
plush, with the scissors as the workmen proceed
The finished carpet presents a very even and j
rich surface. The tapestries are wrought upon
similar frames, but the workmen sit behind them j
and make the figures on the opposite side. I he j
painting to be copied is placed against the wall
behind the workmen, and they turn round lo see
it. In a large picture it is usually placed hori
zontally, and the design begins on one side, in
stead of the top or bottom. The warp of the
tapestry is a linen thread, firm and round like a
fishing line. The warp is very fine woolen or
silk, and is wrought into a smooth, ph<in surface, i
like ordinary clolh, and fastened on t!»c hack.— J
The different colors are not carried across from |
one point to another, as in weaving, but fastened
just at the place where they appear. If two dif
ferent tints happen to fall together, like a straight
border of brown and a yellow ground near it,
they are wrought on their separate threads and
then sewed together. The work is not kept
even; sometimes a flower, or a tree, or a counte
nance is finished beyond the rest. The work
man takes hold of the warp above and passes a
single thread, then presses it down with the
sharpened point of his bodkin and a steel instru
ment. Here he sits, with the patience of Job,
months and years, at work on the Sam'* pn cions
little piece. In the exhibiting room ol the estab
lishment are several beoutilul subjects in tapest
ry. Amor.g thetn three portraits ol the King,
and a magnificent copy of that well known pic-;
ture, Mehemet Ali overlooking the ma^sacr^* ol j
the M u me Jukes. It is about twenty feet by ;
thirty. j
I imagine you are quite enough weaned, by t
i this time, with tapestry and the fine arts. Very I
| well, 1 will go with you, then, to the Exchange, j
; where we shall be relieved with a very different j
| scene. Here every thing is activity, noise, bus-!
J tie and business. Let us stop a minute before it
and examine the beautiful building. It is new J
and dates no farther back than 1820. It is a clas
sic Grecian temple 201) leet by 12), surrounded
by GG Corinthian column*, nnd stands apart in an
ample square, planted with shade trees- Now, if ,
j we mingle with the crowd and ascend the ample ;
j flight of steps that lead to the front, we shall
certainly desire to stop there, a few minutes, to
glance at some of the different phases of the
; business world. The eager hundreds moving,
and talking, and noting, under the spacious
facade, are so many representatives of much
velocity. He will never rest till ho dies.—
—Now", there is a young man coming up the
steps. I should judge he has been taken in a
partner in some commercial house of conse
quence. He puts his hand upon his cravat to
set it square and gives a tw irl to his whiskers.
Now he has ascended the steps and looks very
proper—hat, vest, whiskers, all right. He has
not sailed far enough on the rough sea of com- j
merce, to forget the green gloves of youth and !
gentler employments. 1 would not insure him “a ,
la mode” ten sears lienee. Another group are -
j seated, much at their ease, enjoying a box of
rappee. They are merely discussing the mar
kets. There is a gentleman seated on the base i
of a column, studjing and reflecting over a
: handfull’of notes, letter, papers. He is marking I
| the commerce of every important city on the
j globe. Here is a huge m in with both hands j
i thrust deep into the pocket of hi* brown coat,
'looking out with an air of satisfied importance
over his strained ve*t, and talking leisurely, as
he promenades ha^W and forward, with the lit
tle fidgetty gentleman under his elbow. Possi
b'v their thoughts warm over the fields of Sicily,
the isle of Bourbon, or Maderia, or some other j
| region of rich comestibles. Farther on is a j
^harp little gentleman, ail motion, and talking so j
fast to three companions that they can only an-1
suer by nods and signs.—This little gentleman is
a character. He fills a great deal more space ;
than his height and breath. He jumps into more
business than six men can attend to. He is in ■
such a tremendous \ aste that his poor, emanciated :
body, long a^o gave up the chase in trying to |
keep up with his hurry. He seems to grow small
er and smaller every djy. Theie he has left
them and plunged into the hall in the di
rection of the brokers. He has got to be
ready for the stock market. Now let us go and
look at the interior. The guide booksavs the
gallery affords the best view. Pass across the
vestibule and ascend a flight ol marble steps.—
But where are we! What is the matter? It
sounds like the cataract of Niagara. The thun- j
der pours down from the vaulted roof with deaf
ening violence. Screams, and shouts, and
shrieks, rise above the uproar, and you are per
suaded it must be another Fieach Revolution !
broke out. No, the re are numbers in the ga!- ;
leiy quietly conversing or looking down into the j
great hall as if it was nothing strange. This is .
the hour appropriated to the stock brokers. In j
the ball are one or two thousand person?- A
circular iron* railing keeps the crowd from the
brokers. In the middle of this space is another
circular rail ten feet across. Here stand the
broker*, fifty or *ixty iri number, with pen
cil and memorandum, halier*, hair flying, bid
ding, ^creaming, buy ing, selling, noting down,
motioning, and running to each other Ironi dil
ferent sides of the ring, The mul'itudc around,
equally busy, fill the building with a uoi*e that
i* almost >tunning, and one "is glad to retreat to
the more tolerable thoroughfares of the city.
J.
ATTEMPT TO AID A SLAVE TO ESCAPE.
W e find in the last “Newbernian,” published
at Newborn, N. C\, an account of a very bold but
badly planned attempt that was made there a tew
days ago, by an Irishman by the name ol Daniel
0’R.afity, to decoy away, and convey to a tree
State, a slave belonging to John l). Durand, Esq.
O’Rafity came from Washington, N. C. a few
days previous to this attempt, probably ir.
accordance with an arrangement made be
tween him arid Albert some months since. O’
Rafity and AU»eit owing both Tailors by trade,
had been employed for some time previously to
last January in the same shop in Washington.—
Since that time Albert has been living in New
bern.
On Tuesday last, O’Rafity went to the stage
office and under the name of Mr. Rrown took
two seats in the western stage for Kingston.—
One for himself and one as he said tor a boy by
the name of Newman Newland. The next
morning O’Rafity and the boy Albert got into
the stage and proceeded on as far as Goldsboro’
with ihe intention as is supposed of taking the
Rail Road for the north. Rut unfortunately for
the success of their scheme, they lound on ar
riving at Go Id* boro’ that the next train would
not leave there until -4 o’clock the next evening.
Albert’s master was not apprised ol his ab
sence from Newbcrn until about 10 o’clock on
Wednesday morning, lie immtdialcly started
in pursuit, and arrived in GobLboro about 1 o •
clock of the same night. O’Rafity and Albert
were both found in bed at the tavern at which
the stage hud stopped, and with the assistance
of two gentlemen who had left Newbcrn soon
after Mr Durand, and had overtaken him on the
road, they were taken into custody.
A warrant was immediately taken out for the
arrest ofO’Rwfity, and he arid Albert were sent
hack to Newbcrn and lodged in jail. 'J fie case
is to undergo a lezal examination, to ascertain
whether there is sufficient evidence to commit
O’Rat'd) for trial. 1'*)' the laws ot the Stale tire
offence of aliempuig to conceal a slave, with m
tent to carry him < ut of the ^tatc, is punishable
with death.
IS SANTA Fi: A PART OF Tf!H U. S'
We have already had occasion to riot ice the
singular conduct of the government, in n gat'd to
the trade to Santa Fe and New Mexico The
law recognizes Santa Fe as a part <>t the territo
ry of a foreign government. To encourage the
trade of our citizens wish that country, a draw
back was allowed upon all good- imp-ntml to the
United States, and afterward exported in the or
iginal packages to New Mexico, I 1 is law, and
the refunding duties under it, had been recognis
ed at the Treasury Depar'merit, up to a ven r e
cent period. W in n, however, it had become
neces^arv to assert our title l<» the whole ol the
country Fast of the Rio Grande, following that
l iver to its extreme length, Santa Fe b came
thereby a partol the United Slates, and the ab
surdity of tlie law, or of the claim to (he ten ilo
ry, became at once apparent.
In this dilemma, the. Secretary oT the Treasury
determined t<> assert the possession ol the torilo
ry, hv refusing to recognize the provisions of the
law, in regard to drawback, as applicable to
Santa Fe. There were large amounts ol goods
in the public warehouses at New Yoik, which
the owners refused to take until llm Collector
would issue the necessary debenture certificates, j
lie declined to do 'so, under orders, and it is
said the matter was referred to a Cabinet coun
cil at Washington, for their decision. We now
understand that the Collector has been made to
take the b;ick track, and as a necessary corise- •
rjuenee, it follows that Mr. Polk’s admmistrjthxn
recognizes Santa Fe, though claimed by the j
President, within the territorial boundaries of i
the United State«, as really forming a part of
the Mexican Republic. A gentleman, who is
acquainted with all the facts, has handed us a 1
note, mi which it is said—“The goods of certain
Mexican merchants of Chihuahua, which had j
been detained at the custom house in N«w York j
for some time, in consequence of a refusal to is
sue debenture certificates, have been released, |
and the certificates granted. These gentlemen, j
who have been here lor some time awaiting the j
result, are to leave to-day (yesterday) for Inde
pendence, to get their outfit ready, preparatory
to their leaving for Santa Fe.”
These proceedings on the part of tlie govern
ment involve the grossest absurdities 'I lie ;
ownership of the territory ol the Rio Grande is
claimed hv the president and all his followers.
It was made the pretext foi ordering Gen. Tay
lor to lemove his forces Irom Corpu* Chi i*ti, and
to take up a position in front of Matamoras, and
to repel by force any troops who might attempt
to cross that boundary. Gen. Taylor did s - re
pel them and defeated arid followed the invad
ers to their own ten itory. Now, however, the ad
ministration rrj'usts to a-seit a claim to the same j
bouudnn at Santa Fe, ns well marked on the
map as that of the R io Grande at Maimoro®, ar d
actually recognizes its existence as a part of the •
Mexican territory. Not only has this been done
in the particular ease to which we have referred,
but the American government now has a eon-ul
at Santa Fe, (Mr. Alvarez.) and it is only a ;
few weeks since the consular seal was sent to
him by order ot the government.
SINGULAR CASE OF POISONING.
We find in the Alexandria, La. paper, the
following account of the trial and conviction
of an old Regress named Hannah, a black girl
named Judy, and a hoy, for poisoning Mr. Shef
field, an overseer on the plantation of Captain
Wilkinson, on the Red River, his wile and
child, and Dr. Shields: — ‘‘From some cause
the negress Judy formed a dislike for Mr. Shef
field, the overseer, arid communicated her feel
ings to an old woman named Hannah, who wield
ed considerable influence in the quarter. Jt
would seem that this woman was the master
spirit of the diabolical proceedings that ensued.
She suggested poison as the surest means of get
ting rid of trie overseer, and named the seed of
the Jamestown weed as ‘certain death.’ The
*eed was procured by the hoy Rill Johnson, and
this appears to be the head and front of his of
fending. They were green, and were ground
with coffee, which was given to Mr. and Mrs.
Sheffield and child, Dr. Shields, arid a negres-.
Sickness immediately followed, which would
uridouhttdly have resulted in death had the seed
been in a state of preservation, as a more certain
poison cannot be named. When arrested lh«
girl and boy made a full confession, hut the old
woman maintained rigid sit* nee. Alter a clear
and patient investigation, she was found guilty
and sentenced to hung on the 3d instant.—
The boy was sentenced to wear round bis neck
a five pound iron collar f<>r twelve months; arid
the girl to wear a >imilar collar, and to receive
twenty-five lashe*- ner rn >nth for the same period."
FROM THE ROCKY MOUNTAINS.
A company numbering some fifteen or sixteen
men, belonging to Chouteau’s Fur Company, ar
rived at St. Louis on the 3d instant. They
started from Fori St. Pierre about the first of
last month. The only item of news they bring
is the arrival and encampment of a large body
of Mormons, three or four thousand in number,
and near one thousand wagon*, at Belleview, a
short distance below Council BinfF'. Th<-y
had been there and on the road seveial mouths,
and were suffering, it is said, severely for the
want of provision*; many were reported in
an actual state of starvation. Provisions and
game are very scarce in that portion of the
country, and to supply their immediate necessi
ties they had bought 'HI the provisions stored at
the Bluff' for the u^e of the Fur Company. It is
said that it is the intention of the caravan to
cross the Missouri and take up their w inter quar
ters on Platte river, above the Pawnee country,
and next spring to go oo to Oregon.
ANOTHER LETTER FROM UOHN M. j
CLAYTON, OF DEI."
The following It-Iter was received and read at j
the Win; celebration held in Philadelphia coun- j
ty, on the 4th of July:
Washington, July 3, 18-1G.
Gentlemen—^our kind invitation on behalf;
of the committee of arrangements, for the cele
bration ol the coming anniversary of American
lnd« -prudence by the W bigs of the county ol j
Philadelphia, was duly received, and it would be |
gratefully accepted, did not other demands upon
me, which are of an i operative character, pre
clude it. My time and attention are absorbed
by what is daily occurring here. Wo seem to
be on the eve of consuffnmat 'ng the most destruc
tive measures of the dominant party. Having
just escaped in the most extraordinary manner,
from the danger of a desolating war with Great
Bt itain, into which we should have been inevita
bly plunged, but for the exertions and assistance
of the Whigs in Congress, we now find ourselves
in a war with Mexico, which is daily attended
with the mod enormous expenditure of the pub
lic money, and of the object and end to be at
tained, by winch, no one here seems to have any
distinct idea. This is the crisis selected by our
rulers, for an attack upon the Tariff of 1842,
which, while it has given protection to our la
borers, has yielded an abundant revenue to the
government.
I have just returned from a visit to the Hall
of the House of Representatives, where, amidst
the highest excitement, 1 have seen the friends j
of Home Labor arrayed against lfie advocates of j
free trade, in a contest (I tear hopeless) for the
existence of that verv I ai iff ul 1842, which the
Di-mocrats of Pennsylvania so confidently as
sured us, bn tvvV> vears ago, would not be dis
tuibed by Mr. Polk or bis party, in case be i
should be elected President <d the l nited States.
I)o vou recollect their party flags and banners!
with the famous inscriptions ol “Polk, Dallas, j
and the Tmiff of \*AS' Will you sutler them !
to forget their assurances, “that Mr. Polk was a :
biller Tariff man than Mr. ( layr” Would that j
every Pcnn-yivanian could have wilm^cd what i
has been doing here lor the last werk'— the vio-i
Iff11 denunciations, by genth men in Congiess, of j
the whole, protective system, and the mighty
caueu-ses for drumming up k,th»- laiililul,*’ and
gallieiing in tlie stragglers Iroiu the Democratic ;
camp!
'Die representatives ol tin* people are ot thi<
moment voting on the great question whether
American labor inn its American protection —
wfieth* r the wages of the man who earns his
bread by the ‘Sweat of bis blow,” shall any lon
ger he maintained against tbe wi-h*s ut the
‘•.Modern I democracy.” The odds against us are
fenrlul. The influence of all the patronage and
power of the Lxecutive—of the very Chief Mag
istrate of PennsN I Vania’s oicn ehoiee, is at raved
under tbe vt > u banner v\ hi* h pi oc laims <i* sti in -
ti on and i uiii to !Vnn-\ l vania’- dearest in!* r*Vs.
If st»e falls in this -iruggle, ulowill pity In i?
Will >he not be lairly met in all her complaints
bv ifio-t* dear triends of free trade with whom
sin* c«-operated,to rru'h her-elt and us, with
the ir.ont* stable truth, that she lias lallen by
her own band-? 'The tact that she nas sent rep
resentatives .hem, who have voted l- r protection,
will avail her nothing.
The answer to her lamentations will he, that
she elected an cncmv t > bci iitte*r»*sts, and by do- ;
ing so gave him the whole—tin1 iiresistible pow-j
cr of the Executive, to control the action ol ;
others upon whose conduct and votes the ques
tion depend*J.
I he \\ bigs are contesting— aye, gallantly and j
gloriously, contesting every inch of ground in \
favor of protection to the laborer; hut before the
night fails, 1 fear Pennsylvania will find cause
bitterly to deplore the game she played in the
last Piesidential election —Where now are those j
miserable demagogues who deceived the people
in 1844 with the falsehood that Mr. Poik was a j
belter friend of tbe tariff of 184‘i than Mr. ("lay r |
Where are they? They should be the objects ;
of th« just scorn and contempt of their conn- i
trvmen during the residue of their miserable
lives.
The prostration of the protective system,
which will he tbe result of the repeal of the act
of 184:2, will be followed by the warehouse bill,
which will, if passed into a law, destroy the
mercantile, as well as the manufacturing inter
ests of the nation. The sub treasury bill will
follow that, and crown the victory which Penn
sylvania gained in 1811, with tbe subversion o!
nearly everything in the power of this govern-j
merit which Pennsylvania has held desirable.
While I mourn tins state of things, l deeply
s\mpathize with the gallant Whigs of Prmnyi- j
vania. They ruddy contended for the right ii.
184 4. They will a^ nobly contend for it in 1818
With great respect, \our oiPl ‘•erv’t.
'jiMIX M CLAYTON.
MELANCHOLY EVENT.
We are deeply pained to learn, as we do by
n telegraphic comrr.fiMir.it i( n in Inc Albany!
Evening Journal, dated at Buffalo yisterd .y,
the I 01 h, 1 h;iI tlie AM/g/O'rt, w It ir h bad i u^t a • i i v
ed Iroin f'hicago, brought intelligence that Hfn
ry K. Schoolcraft, E**q., late Indian Agent d
the faults*. Marie, u;n mnrdend H«*t week by
a half-breed Indian. ()f the particular** of thi*
*yd event, which will fall with heavy weight up
on very many of I fie ri'izen* to whom Mr.
Schoolcraft was more or !c>* intimately known,
we ktiow nothing, and can only hope th.it further
intelligence may contradict the rep-ri of his
death. Oft hi-, however, we have but slight ex
pectation. It is said that the murderer was still
at large.—A cm? Ymk Cornier.
BRITISH OPINIONS.
The London -Morning Chronicle speaks thus of,
General Tati.or’? bottle*:
AM atfmirari.—Such is the, nr.otto of Great |
Britain in respect to the great deeds of America.
She views them coldly, quietly, and without ]
either wonder or emotion. She i> a* little stir-,
pt ised at their occurrence as the mathematician is .
astonished at the accuracy of his own calcula-j
tions. She secs her way both to them and !
through them, and would have been more stir- 1
prised had they turned otherwise than they have
done.
*• lhe font* on the Rio Grande have hem gal hint :
and successful. No man in England doubt* it — I
no man in England even suggest** a second mt< r
pretation ol them, nrr c are* about r« lining
upon their natural signification. We admit,
without reservation, that they exhibit some im* .
portant lacts, and that to some e xtent, Vi/: the
tran.scendant merits of the American army, the
strategic skill ol the officer*, the in.p*-’uou* t ner
gv of tfu* soldier*, the considerate h-rbearanre
i j the sutler*. For any exception that we take
to bis conduct, General Taylor may deserve a
li iumph, and Captain Rinegold the honoiscfan
ovation. They have fought, well, and kept up a
character which was b lore high enough to be
independent of either bravado or ex jgg» ration /
More than that, they have j*i*t done v. hat we
expected, arid what we foretold they would do.
Who so dear to us as the man who fulfil* our j
prophecies?
“The Mexican* themselves are r-.et dishonor
ed. Lei ih'»e who thnk lightly of American!
courage attu'oute the success in question >o the
weakness of their enemy, rather than to the val
or of their coi-querors. e reject the aPerria
tive. America won the tight through t er own
inherent ht rni«ni. The cause gained by *
ttie strength of the one rather than by’the weak
ness of the other.
“Such is the (act— a fact probahlv admitted
through the whole length and breadth of Great
Bi itain, by the Gael ai d Welshman, as well us
the consanguinous Anglo Saxon.”
The following officers have been elected by
the Mockholdeis of the Klectio-Mugnelic Tele
graph Company, (New York, Philadelphia, Bal
more, and \\,a>hinirtor ;y)—Hon. Amos Kendud,
ol Washing'.on, President; I . . Ciuik, Scne
tarv;* George H. Hart, of Philadelphia, Treasu
rei; and for Directors, Amos Kendall; George
C. Penmman, of Baltimore; J. K. Tumble, ol
Wilmington; George H. Hart, and William >J.
Swain, of Philadelphia; and John J. Halsey,and)
J hofijas Vv. Ciaike, ol New York
NEWS OF THE DAY.
“To ehoxc (he very age ami body of rAcTiMlj.”
A letter from Lexington, Ky.t under date of
July 1st says that, on that morning, a »neckl
term ol F ayette Circuit Court commenced iu
session. It was called for the trial of Shelht
indicted for muider, the particulars of which
mtM he well renumbered hy our reader*
Great excitement prevails,and considerabledoubl
ns to the result. The prisoner is the ,0r, 0f
Gen James Shelby, and grandson of the |,u
Governor Isaac Shelby. The talent of Kentuck?
is engaged in the cn>e. For the prosecution-/
H. Robertson, Commonwealth’s Attorney
«on of Chief Justice Robertson, and Col W®
H. Caperton. ol Richmond. On the defence—
H(m. Henry ( lay, Messrs. Rohir*on and John
son, (brother of Col. Johnson,) and Hon. Sili*
Woolley, Professor of Civil Jurisprudence ,n
Pennsylvania Law College. The jurv, at th.
last date, could not agree.
A celebrated Lnglish poet once advertised
that he would supply “Lines for any occasion.’*
A provincial sought him shortly after, and vs»rt
ed a line strong enovgh to catch a pormiul The
poetic art was nonplussed.
Champagne Juleps are now the fa«hionabl*
drink in New Orleans. The editor of the Delta
in alluding to one. says: “It js a beve ’
which surpasses anything vve ever tasted. There
were four py ramids of crystal, tow ering tbo»e
! mmiatme forests of verdute, which seemed i«
i float in lakes of amber."
Prop Morje, it is now propo.pd, ihould hj.e
ihe filling ol 11,e vacant panel the Kolundo of
; Hie Capitol ut \\ mg!,,,,; » |„i„|, .j£nej .
jstjrh men, ns Mr. Durand. I’tesident of the N
| A. of Dc'izn, Philip Hone, James ll .rper. J„i„.
I than Goodhue, Judge KdmotfS, Mr. Verplanck
l# of. Mapes, and the artists Klliot, Cnniminga*
Chapman,'Ingham, Cropsuv, and Shun,way, ha/
if'g petitioned to Congress lo that ell’ect.
: The Boston Journal say- the rnercurv in the
! thermometer, stood on Friday, at 99," in the
! shade, in Stale street, for the first time this Sum
nifi*. I fie other pafers do not make if quite 10
hot In Philadelphia on Sunday the heal il w
‘ sai l was up to IU.'i° in the shade.
A new State is about to he admitted info th*
i Cnion. A bill La-» bem reported to admit W|V
con-in as a State. 1 ow.i has already been iu
i thorizeil (o form a St C« n-tifution. So tve
j shall probably have ihh fe States repn -ented in
I the thirtieth Cor gre-s. Aftei that ptir d. it n
probable that we shall add a State e*erv two
years to the federal galaxy, so that the number
of the States of the I'nion w ill agree exactly
with the niirnher of the (Vngm--. The fiftieth
(’ongir-s, which we shall see twenty one years
henee, will r epresent fifty independent States.
Wp learn from a correspondent, \rho was a
pa--« tiger on board the i ew and beautiful Mon ♦
<*r A/.ooi/ lentwi on her fir-t trip fiom Aquii
(’reek to Baltimore, on I huf-dtv, t* at -he made
the trip in most excellent time, and that the pa».
setters were highly pleased w Hi the Boat, her
gentlemanly commander, and with the ariange
iiienls generally.
T he pianoforte manufactory of Stoddett £
Dunham,of New Yoik, was desttoyed by fire
la-t Friday morning, together with »ome forty
lini-hed instruments that were stored in Ike
building.
Two inveterate gamblers of Paris lately sta
ked an ear on the i"S*ue of a game at teirte.—The
loser insisted on his more fortunate adversary’s
taking the stake, and handing fi m a clasp knife
submitted to ttie operation with the greatest tang
froi.l imaginable. T he matter hiving cr me to
tlu* knowledge of the police, the victor was sen
tenced to eight days’ imprisonment.
T he citizens of Mercer county, Ohio, refused
to allow the three hundred slaves belonging 10
the late John Randolph to settle in that county.
—They were forced to leave in twenty-four
hours, and those hav ngthem in charge conveyed
them hack twenty miles, and at the last dates
were encamped in the woods.
At Cincinnati, on the 8th in*t , two men,
named Ireland, lather and son, were arrested on
the charge of passing counterfeit notes on the
Commercial and Lafayette Ranks of Cincinnati.
A large quantity of money and paper* tilling
wbeie more could he had, were found in their
possession.
The Wilmington Journal snys:—“We have
just learned that the ml has suddenly se*z» J
upon the early potatoes in this section ol coun
try, and tint a sad destruction has bea n *tjffi*re'l
within a few* day*. — Up lo Saturday la*»l the
early potatoes were in perfect health—sound,
and abundant in yield; hut «inre that time the
ml las attacked them, and a great portion,of
them is now utterly destroyed.
The U. S. hi ig Porpo *e arrived of! Pcnsacolj
\avy Yard on llie 2rtth ult. Luut. Porter, of
the Navy, was n pasMigrr in the |Vrjois«
T his brig has hern absent f<>t about thiee
ni nfL> on a crui/.e ol onset nation to the I* and
of St. |)otiungo. Tli*» r» p;i t from I or is that
the Lland is m a very unbilled state.
'The r. S. sloop-, f war Falmouth sailed from
Pensacola on tie 27th ult. for Vcia f’uiz.
The line ship QU’u, ha> been stripped. aniJ will
go into the-dr\ dock when the ImltprniltPtt
comes out. Workmen art still engaged in lilting
up the Fi aiiklm as a receivii g ship.
P. M Butler, Lsq , formeily an tfiiccr of the
United Slates army, afterwaid** (lovernor of b ®
State of South Carolina, and more recently
Indian agent in the Cherokee Nation. I as been
chosen Colonel ol the regiment of Volunteer*
called out from South Carolina for the Mexican
war.
The citizens of New Orleans have, proposed l*
raise a subscription, in sums of ten cents earn, cr
any tuna over that, voluntarily given, for the pur
pnpe of procuring a suitable present for earh <1
the following nou-cominis^ioned officers, of
whose bravery honorable mention is made by
their commanding officers m ih»ii oflu i»l report*
of Ihe battle ol Resaca do la Palma : Corporal
O’Si i.mvak, Serjeant Major Maloney, Server t
McCabe, and Corporal Karkel.
The Rev. Richard Uavys died sudden■» 11
Boston on Thmsdav last, from disease oft *
henit. In company with the Rev. Mr. Ula*1*
had been in thi>* country about three years. rf"
led mg subsci ijit ion** tow ards bunding n Ca2 r,‘ r
Cathedral at Armagh, in Ireland, and arrived at
Boston from a tour to the \Ve**t only a lew day
belore his death.
DIED, _
On Monday, Jiinf* Khh, SAMI EL ART HER'
ton of Burn!! T'., an! Ann C. Pummel, aged Ur
months arid twenty one d ys.
The finer * i will t.ikc place this aftn*
noor" at 4 o’clock,; from the residence ol Mr
[Grid Crovs, corner of Kin; and Columbus 4*
'f’r.e friends of tEe family aie invited to at
tend.
In Washington, on Sunday, the 5th ins:., af’e.'
a p-nti acted litne-ft of seven month*, IJr
THORNTON A. DONIPHAN, in the 57th
year of his age, formerly ;i resident of King
George county, Va.
E* Fairfax Countv, on Monday, 20th of June,
JOHN T. STEWART, aged twelve months,
youngest child of John B. Stewart. Also, on
the 2d inst. SARAH \. SI E^ ART,
three year?, youngest daugn ei of J. H. Stew.*r
on the same day, b»«i< k hi y llen.y, aged
veirs, belonging to the Mine gentlr-maii; all with
Uiut most ruthlf-s disease, seal let lever.
Near Fairfax Court ffon«e. on the 8’h it** *
Mrs. ELIZABETH BlfUKE, aged 47 year?,
wife of Newman Buike.
At Oeccquan, Prince William county, Va. on
Monday, tr»e 21)th nil., Miss MARY ELLEN
TAYLOR, aged 20 years. She was an amiable
and kind-hearted girl, and her loss will he seri
ously felt by a large circle of friends and ac
quaintances

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