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Alexandria gazette. [volume] (Alexandria, D.C.) 1834-1974, September 03, 1850, Image 2

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PC BLISHKD DAILY A N 1) T RI-W IKKLVBV
EDGAR SNOW DEM.
The ALEXANDRIA GAZETTE, fortheCoumry,
it printed on Tuesdays, Thursdays Ac Saturdays
SuBscKirriON.—The Daily paper is furnished at $
dollars per annum, payable half yearly . The
Country paper—tri-weeklv—is furnished tor live
dollars per annum, payable in advance.
Advertising.—Three insertions ot one square, tor
* one dollar. Yearly advertiser? at specified rates.
Nosubscription received troin the country, unless
accompanied by theca.h, or by a responsible
name.___
ALEXANDRIA.
TUESDAY MORNING. Skptf.nbkr 3, 1^0.
INewaoftlie l)«y*
“2o show the very age and body of the times."
The New York Postsays.—“Our western ad
vices speak of great impediment to business
from the appearance of the cholera, which com
bining with the falling markets retarded the
forwarding of the wheat to the lake ports and
cities. The receipts have fallen off in St. Louis,
Chicago, Milwakie, and other shipping-points
in comparison with ihe receipts of last year, al
though the harvest was then later, and less
abundant. The corn crop will bean abundant
one, but will not generally mature for a few
weeks. Corn continues to range at high prices
ia the west. Supplies cannot be expected to be
in in any quantity till near at winter. Oats have
commenced arriving at the lake ports, and
prices have declined 30 per cent within the last
month.”
A terrible accident occurred on the 31st ult.,
on the Susquehanna railroad, resulting in the
death of one of the passengers. It appears
that in passing over one of the bridges, about
eight miles from Baltimore, the cars were ob
served to jolt heavily; and on reaching the city,
one of the wheels of the last car in the train
was found stained with blood, and a piece of
c^at attached to the gearing. The conductor
immediately returned to the bridge, and found
that a man, supposed to have fallen between
the cars, had been crushed to death, and his !
body fallen down between the rails of the
bridge. He was genteelly dressed, and it is
the impression of the conductor that he got on
the cars at Cockeysville.
The “Lead Game'1 is one of the last things
out in the city of New York, and as it may not
be understood by our readers, we will briefly
describe it. A single thickness of tm-foil is
stock on a fifty cent piece with gum arabic, and
pressed down so smoothly as not to expose the
deception, giving to the coin an unctuous feel
ing and a leaden sound when thrown on a table
or counter. A person unacquainted with the
deception readily bets that the piece is not gen
uine. It is needless to remark, in the phrase
of the b’hoys, that the dupe is “leaded."
The brig Adelaide, of and from Calais, Me.,
bound to New York, was totally dismasted of!
Nantucket on the 24th ult., and soon afterwards
filled with water and turned keel upwards. The
officers and crew get on to the vessel’s bottom by
means of the lumber with which she was load
ed, and in about fifteen minutes her deck blew
up. They were afterwards rescued and carried
into New York.
An extract from a Marseilles paper, in the
Courier du Havre, mentions the mysterious dis
appearance of a boatman, and tour of the crew
of the American frigate Constitution, on the
2d of August. Since 10 o'clock on the even
ing of that day, when the boatman engaged to
carry them on board the frigate, a short distance,
neither he nor the sailors have been heard of.
The New’ York Commercial Advertiser of j
Saturday afternoon, announces the death of
John Inman esq., one of the accomplished edi
tors of that well conducted journal. Mr. I. j
was in his forty-seventh \ear, ami for the last j
twenty years has been intimately connected
with the press of New York.
The steamer Osprey, on her way to Charles- ,
ton, was run into on Sunday, by the barque
Delaware, of! Cape Henlopen. She had her
wheel-house broken in and otherwise conside
rably injured. She was towed hack to Phi la.- j
delphia for repairs, and will be delayed a week. |
The Venezuelan Government, with a view to
the protection of its extensive coast, has, I
through Fortunato Corvaia, esq., its special
agent, contracted for the building of a war
steamer, at Philadelphia, of suitable size and
proportions for the service.
A delegation of nine Menominee Indians
from the Winnebago country in Wisconsin, are
at present on a visit to Washington city. Ash
kosh, the Chief of the Tribe, is among them,
and their object is said to be to procure a grant
of land in Minnesota.
Commander Chas. H. Bell, recently attached
to the New York Navy Yard, has been appoint
ed superintendent and inspector of the Bremen
line of U. S. mail steamships now building in
that city.
Rer. Mr. Schneller, of Brooklyn, has been
appointed R. C. Bishop of Savannah: Uev. Mr.
Grace of Memphis. Bishop of California, and j
Ree. Mr. O'Reilly, of Buffalo, Bishop of Hart
ford.
There is a perfect glut of peaches in the New
York market. Baskets of them, of fair quality, j
could be purchased on board the boats on
Thursday at six cents each, or about two cents
a peck.
A letter is published from Professor Webster
to Dr. Parker, in which he states that he has ;
no other confession to make and no further ex
cuse to offer for the murder of Dr. Park man
than what has already been made public.
The Great Western Railroad, from Niagara
Falls to Detroit is put under contract, and will
be commenced immediately on the section lying
between Hamilton and London.
The Norfolk Courier states that Capt. Wil
liam Jamesson has been ordered to the Mediter-!
ranean, to report to Commodore Morgan, for
daty in that squadron.
The Paris correspondent of the New York j
Journal of Commerce states that Capt. Lynch's (
“Expedition to the Dead Sea," has passed to a
third edition )n*jU>nrion.
Major Weightman the new United States
Senator from the recently organized State of
New Mexico, reached St. Louis from Santa Fe j
90 tbs 33»d ult., on bis way to Washington.
From a published correspondence it appears 1
that a nice state of affairs exists in New Mexi- j
co. Col. Munroe, civil and military Governor
ot that Territory, by virtue of appointment by
the General Government, denies the constitu-!
tional right of the state officers, and the latter
deny the same right to Col. Munroe. From the
decisive language used by Colonel Munroe,
and the equally decisive and violent reply of
Lieutenant Governor Alvarez, we should not be
i surprised if a collision ensued between the two
parties whose organs Col. M. and Lt. Gov.
A. are.
An affray took place in the third district
court at New Orleans, on the 23d tilt., between
three gentlemen, Dr. Dupas, Alderman Wilt/,
and Mr. D. Veau, in which knives were used.
Wilt/, and V eau were badly wounded, perhaps
fatally, the former being stabbed in the breast
and thigh by Veau, who, at the same tune, fell
himself suddenly on the floor as if he were
dead, ft appeared afterwards that he had been
stabbed in the back by Dr. Dupas, who avow
ed the act as one done in the defence of his
j friend.
: A man named Win, Brown, was killed by a
| blow from Vincent Callamer, with a paddle, at
Leonardtown, Md., on last Sunday week. Cal
lamer, with others, were teasing Brown, when
the lattei struck Callamerwith a paddle--the
latter then seized hold of it, wrested it from the
hands of Brown, and dealt him a blow with it,
that caused his death. The coroner's jury ren
dered a verdict that the deceased ‘tame to his
death by an accidental blow by the act of man,
with no intent to kill.”
The Philadelphia Ledgersa>s: “Counterfeit
half eagles are now in circulation, and al
though goo 1 imitations of thegenuine, are rather
lighter in color as well as in weight than the
genuine. There are also indications ot bra>s
upon its face. The best test, however, is in
the fact, that, on the eagle side of the coin cn
the genuine, there are three full-points—one
before the word “five” and two after it; on the
counterfeit there is not a full-point on either
side.”
The Richmond (Va.,' Republican cautions
the public against a young man calling himself
Tracv, who presented a letter from Rev. John
B. Kerfoot, Rector of the College of St. James,
Maryland, which proved to be a forgery, but
by means of which he imposed upon many citi- :
zens and obtained aid. Other letters he has—
one purporting to he from Rev. Or. Way land,
of Mass. He is about 24 years of age, short in
stature, and has an Irish accent.
Last week, a son of Mr. John Gilpin, of Cen
tre township, Ohio, J2 yearsof age, came to his
death in the following singular manner: While
pounding, or mashing apples to make cider, a
“yellow jacket,” flew into his mouth and stung
him at the top of the throat, and in twenty min
utes he u\i* dead.' Swelling set in immediately,
which completely closed the windpipe, and
death was pioduced by suffocation.
Barnum has sent the New York Post a note, j
in which he says that he has risked his whole
fortune upon the success of his enterprise in
bringing Jenny Lind to America, but he denies
that he has resorted, on any occasion, to da- !
yuers* conceiving that Miss Lind has a re
putation which will enable him to dispense
with any unusual method of attracting public
attention.
A person representing himself as a Baptist
• clergyman, presented his credentials lately,
which were probably forged, to the citizens of
Hardwick, Vt., and after spending a few'weeks 1
at the houses of several of the inhabitants, j
married a respectable young lady of that vil
lage. In a few' days he decamped, and has not
since been heard of.
The late Sir Robert Teel has, according to j
the Daily Snrsy “left full and specific directions
in his will for the early publication of his po
litical memoirs;” and has ordered that the pro
fits ariMtig from the publication shall be given
to some public institution for the education of
the working classes. He has confided the task .
to Lord Mahon and Mr. Cardwell.
The Wheling Gazette of Saturday says—“We
learn that Mr. McCrea has resigned his posi
tion as one of the board to fix the location of
! the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. The time ex
pires for their report in less than a month.—
We do not know whether his place will he j
tilled or not/*
The Cnited States Marshals will be ghad to
I learn that an act supplementary to the act of
23d May, 1S50, has been passed by Congress
authorizing the Secretary of the Interior to ex
tend the time for taking the census, where, 1
from circumstances beyond the control of the
Marshal, further time is rendered necessary.
We received on Saturday a portion of the ;
missing Southern Mails. The papers general- j
Jy speak of the late s’orm as having been one
of unusual severity, causing an interruption of !
\ intercourse between various points, and inflict- i
mg considerable injury to the crops ot Cotton
and Corn.
In consequence of the repeated failures of
the Great Eastern Mail, we learn from the Na
tional Intelligencer, that Mr. Warren, Second j
Assistant P. M. General, proceeded north on ;
Friday evening, to investigate the cause of them
and apply the proper remedy.
There seems now to be a probability that the i
cholera wil I spread though the interiors of the
Western States. We hear of it from several
points in Ohio, in Indiana, in Illinois, and in
Wisconsin. The disease was also prevailing in
some parts of Ohio. ,
Col. Snowden, the Assistant Treasurer of the
l' S. Mint at Philadelphia, gives the following
statement of the operations of that office dur
ing the week ending on Friday last: receipts,
$155,709 54; payments, $69,015 7S; balance on
hand, $1,250,444 GS.
The Camp Meeting at Union, in Fairfax coun
ty, was brought to a close on Thursday morn
ing last. The attendance, during the progress
of the meeting, was quite large: and every
thing passed of! in the most gratifying manner.
The barque Edgar, Captain J. P. Ellis, has
been chartered by the New York State Coloni
zation Society, and will sail from that port for
Liberia on the 20th inst. Emigrants and
freight will he taken.
The lT S. store ship Erie, Lieutenant \V. D.
Porter, 13 days from Marseilles, having on
hoard the Ottoman Commissioner to the United
States, and suite, arrived at Gibraltar on the 1st
ult..and sailed on the 2d for New York.
The American steamer Atlantic arrived in
New York on Sunday at 12 o'clock, having on
board the celebrated vocalist, Jenny Lind, who
is in excellent health and spirits.
A man whose name we could not learn was
drowned in the Accotink, Fairfax county, dur
ing the recent high water.
The National Educational Convention which
has been in session in Philadelphia for some j
days past, adjourned tin# die on Friday night.
An important case has been decided in one of |
the California courts, which concerned the dis
posal of an estate valued at $700,000, left by a
deceased California merchant named Deideis
dorft. The Pacific News states that this deci
sion covers the title to a large amount of land.
He was a foreigner, and his only relatives were
residents of the Danish West Indies. He died
intestate about the time of the annexation of
California. The decision is that Deidersdorft
and his heirs being aliens, had no legal title to
property in the United States, and that his estate
is public territory.
It is a circumstance not devoid of interest,
that two such men as Fathers Mathew and
Chinequy should be engaged simultaneously at
the two extremes of the Union—one, in the
; very Southwestern borders of civilization, in
Arkansas—the other, among the French habi
tants of Lower Canada—pushing ahead the
work of temperance reform. Though less re
nowned, Father Chinequy is a worthy yoke
fellow of Father Mathew. His work has been
somewhat noiseless, but thorough and com
plete.
The lovers of music in Boston, enjoyed a rare
treat on Wednesday evening, in listening to a
concert given b\ the Musical Convention which
has been in session there for several days.—
One thousand voices joined in singing a number
of chorus pieces, accompanied by an organ and
three pianos. The power, it is said, was like
the deep, sonorous bass of Niagara Falls. The
singers were to give a series nt concerts at the
Tremont Temple during this week.
Mr. John Jay Smith, of Philadelphia, who
projected the holding of a great Industrial Ex
hibition in the United States, in isr>2. by the re
moval of all the practical and suitable portions
of the London Exhibition to our shores, af’er
they shall have been done with in London, has j
succeeded in placing the accomplishment of his
design beyond all doubt.
A meeting of the citizensol Richmond is to he j
held this evening, to take into consideration the
propriety of sending delegates to the Wythe
villeConvention, called for the purpose of de
vising means to carry forward the Virginia and
Tennessee Railroad. All the cities, towns, and
counties of Virginia, interested, are invited to
send delegates to tin’s Convention.
The Recorder of London, the Hon. Charles |
Ewan Law, is dead. Mr. Law was the second
son of the late Lord Ellenborough, and a
nephew of the late Thomas Law, esq , of .
Washington. The situation of Recorder of !
London is worth about £4,000 per annum, and :
is in the gift of the Corporation.
Lamartii e has returned from the East much j
earlier than was expected. He proposes going!
very shortly to England, m order to procure !
there the capital and the instruments of which
he has need for the working of his newly ac
quired territories.
The Nepaulese Prince has been summoned
before the Westminister County Court, and j
compelled to pa> £*2f> to Mr. Rosenthal, the
portrait painter, for a portrait which he ordered, j
and for which he was unwilling to give the ar
tist more than jClO.
The Wheeling Gazette of Friday stales that
the first blow has been struck on that end of j
the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. Shovels, j
wheel barrows and carts aie at work within
a mile of Wheeling.
The captain, crew and passengers of a Brit
ish brig which arrived at London, have pub
lished a card in which they aver to having seen
a Sea Serpent, during the voyage.
The population of Harrisonburg, Va.. is S76. ;
The population of Lexington, Va., is 1S00 souls.
Changes of Personal Estimates.
It is very amusing to observe how people
change their estimates of politicians, as the lat
ter shift ami change their positions on the polit
ical board. An instructive lesson may be de
rived from a contemplation ol these changes.
The lesson is this: that we may differ from
others in opinion without being justified in im
pugning the moral honesty or intellectual sani
t\ of our opponents.
In tins country it is too much the habit to im
peach the hearts or intellects of those who
cannot, or will not, agree with us in our views
of political subjects. Political discussions in
variably sink into personalities. A sturdy par
tisan is considered as going loo far when he
admits the leading men of the opposite party to
he honest in their intentions, or well endowed
in their upper story. This would not look so
had, if, in the constant changes and fluctuations
of parties, there was not a chance, almost a
certainty, that these very partisans, before they
have got to the end of their row, would be
found singing the praises of the very politicians
whom, at a former period, they weie so loud in
denouncing. It is therefore, we infer, the best
policy to combat the principles and attack the
arguments of the political chiefs \ou are oppo
sed to, hut to abstain from imputations upon
the sanity of their minds or the integrity of
their hearts.
The best illustration of the danger of the op
posite custom we have seen for a long time, is
afforded in the case of our old friend General
Foote. We have known the General a long
time, as a high-minded gentleman, intelligent, ;
hold, and magnanimous, a little wayward, and j
self-willed as a politician, and excitable as a !
man and speaker. The General came to this!
city some years ago, with the view of being
admitted to the bar. He was examined about
the same time we were. He was rejected; we
; were admitted, tie is now a >enator, ana we
! a poor editor. Despite this inequality of for
1 tune, (though, in justice to ourseives, we must
| state that the Genera I is greatly our senior in
years,) we have ever felt an interest in the
General's political career, and have been sorely
tempted at times to depart from our indepen
dent neutrality, to defend him against the floods
of abuse and scurrility which it was much the
j fashion of some writers a short lime ago to
i pour upon his head. But the General has had
* ins revenge. These very persons, who then
abused him without stint, are now his fulsome
| eulogists. His course on the Compromise bill
has entirely changed his mind, heart, and
1 oharacter. He is now an orator of (turning
eloquence, stinging sarcasm, and powerful in- ;
i vective. A little while ago, with these very;
I same people, he was the clown of the Senate— 1
a pestilent little mischief-maker—a diminutive
cur, snapping at the heels of elephants and ;
wild buffaloes. His quite creditable, though a |
| little egotistical, orations, were farces, disgrace
! ful to the Senate, and his exhibitions ot pug- ;
j nacity were truly humiliating to all who vene
rated the Conscript Fathers of the Republic -
Now. he is powerful in debate, a five feet nine j
Hercules, who every day breakfasts upon the
sprouts of Chivalry, dines upon Disunionists, j
and sups on old Benton, served up with roast
ed Chestnuts /—(). Delta.
Chesapeake and Ohio Canal.
On Tuesday last, the water was let into the
canal as far as the tunnel and has probably !
; reached it by this time. In a very few days it
i will be continued on to Dnm No 6, when navi,
gation will be continuous to Alexandria. The
energetic president ot the Company, Gen. James
M. Coale, has been in this region recently, giv
i mg the matter his zealous personal attention.—
j It will be a proud day for him when this great
| work is finally completed. Most faithfully has
he discharged the onerous duties of the Presi
dency of the company and richly does he de
serve high honor for his eminent services.—
Cumberland Civilian.
GREEN GINGER.—A supply just received
and for sale hv
9 m0 2 \VM. STABLER & BRO.,
Fairfax street.
Jeffeihou— Haisdolph— Dr. Cooper
From 11 SecretariOy corr. uf Louisville Journal.
The two earliest whose powers of discourse
in private made a vivid impression on me, were
Mr. Jeflerson and John Randolph. To the lor
mer, as a youthful guest at Monticello, I
have listened, m charmed attention, lor whole
days at a time. Kor 1 \va> bred in an extreme
adinirat.On of him; and if maturer life, latter
study of his public doctrines, and a historical
knowledge of the part which he really played,
have changed my early reverence for him into
us very opposite, I still remember with delight
the charm which he knew how to give to his
conversation. It flowed in an almost perpetual
stream, 5et entue>} without any airot assump
tion or of one who had the infirmity of talking.
He seemed to speak because you wished to
hear him, not because he loved it. His style
was didactic, yet easy: lively, though not witty:
perspicious and flowing, not pointed or apoph
thegmatic. The diction, it seemed to me. was
! jar pmer and mole home-bred than that o! his
written compositions; which is often turgid
without vehemence and cumbersome without
1 force, from his loving words more than lofty
! enough, or too many of them. As to matter,
; lie talked of everything, and not a little as it he
1 had mastered it ail, Politics, Science, or Theol
! 02V. Indeed, he leally knew a great diversity
I of things: hut it one may judge from what he
| lias left on the subject, which he must he sup
posed to have understood the best—the philo
sophy of Government—he was much more
I specious than solid. 1 think he would have
uttered you without any hesitation, a book on
Soap-hoi ling. Nava! Architectuie. the Quadra
ture of the ( ncle, the T hree Heavet.ly Wit
nesses, the Greek Article. or the Chinese lan
guage—of which last he knew nearly as much
as of (Jioek: a id on all these as well as most
i other subjects, he would have talked well and
probabl) appeared well-in formed. His manner
was singular!} animated and winning; h:s voice
flexible and persuasive: hlace expressive as
it was n«*!y: his figure, gait and gesture re
markably graceful and sprightly, in spite of aid
age and a shape as faulty as could well he.
Randolph, in the sol ter hours of social ease,
when fora moment spared by the sting of dis
ease or the worse pangs of a temper embittered
by the const ousness of an organization which
dissociated him fiom his kind, conveised st !1
more captivatmgly; had much of the finer fa
culties, Imagination, Sensibility. Wit. Taste,
which Jefferson possessed m>t at all: had a rare
dramatic gift: much more original turn of m ud:
had cultivated far more those studies which
weie then aptly called Pol te Letters; knew
much more than did his kinsman of agreeable
things; was happier and finer in bis discourse,
while equally abundant; intermixed the quieter
passages of his talk with bright or surprising
things, flashes of fancy, striking savings and
well turned prose-epigiams, which seemed to
come of themselves, and, as far as my youthful
perceptions may he depended on. seemed a man
of brilliant, where Mr. Jefferson seemed at best
of large mind. The one might he taken for a
philosopher: the other was certainly a man of
genius: the one was imposing, the other de
lightful: Jefferson shone: Randolph sparkled —
From the smoothness of his temper, Jefferson
seldom displeased; Randolph often, through
the indulgence of his wit or of his antipa
thies. But where both desired to please or to
shine alike, I have little doubt—though 1 never
saw them together—that the Koanoker would
have easily borne off the palm. With all
Mr. Jefferson’s blandness of speech, policy,
courtly address, and finesse, he often—so deep
iy tinged was he with tho«e things—sinned
against taste, by Radicalism. Utilitarianism,
Infidelity—a want of Religion, a want of sen
timent—the religion of the affections: Randolph
though bitter, haish. satv neal as to persons, had
a fund of Reverence, loved thegloiies, the hon
or and all the traditions of the past, adored an
cestry, and was warm with everything which
the phdosnphorir mind and cold Imart of him of
Monticello would have exploded for the taitli
of Voltaire, the morals of Rousseau, and the
politics of Robespierre. The first believed in
wisdom and virtue, and liber*y as something
that had happened; the second regarded them
only as something which, by the help •>! De
mocracy and Progress, were to cotne. f need
not say that this total difference of opinions tin
ged the entire talk of the two men; and made
made the one glow, while the other was cool:
that excited the symj athies and the fancy, while
this disenchanted you of the feelings and taught
you. in their stead, disbelief and speculation.
Of a little later date than these, as to the
time when he occupied public attention and
made a chief part of that social and intellectu
al circle where 1 knew him, in South Carolina,
was Dr. Thomas Cooper, the translator of Jus
tinian ami of Brotis-a ss; the busiest and the
best pamphleteer of all his day: a man who
really merited, in no small degree, the praise of
univeisal knowledge—that piaise which is
usually but the evidence of an ambitious sciol
ism, of a great memory and a small understan
ding, ot everything caught at and nothing g:u^
ped. His curiosity scarcely exceeded, though
boundless, his diligence to pursue and h's power
to systematize all the subjects tfiat awakened it.
In Common and Civil and Natural Law, be
was quite eminent; lie was learned in Medicine
and Physiology; he was among the very be>t
Chemists, Mineralogists and Geologists of the
country: fie was as good a Biblical schol
ar as is olten found on the incredulous side,
and made much war upon Noah and Moses, far
more to his own disci edit than to theirs: his
was the stiong doctrinal pen ot State Rights.
Ant.-tariffism and Nullification: he was almost
the founder in the South of systematic Politi
cal Kconomv and of the Free Trade opinions:
lie kept up, mean time, with the progress of in
vestigation and discovery in the Arts and Sci
ences abroad and at home, took part in every
thing of the day jhat occupied eitfier the reason
of the few or the passions of the many; read
everything that came into print, even in this
age of knowledge and of lage re-acting upon
each other in endless reproduction: devoured
magazines, newspapers, pamphlets, reviews,
journals, from the Trim suctions of the Royal
Society and the Mullet in des Sciences, down to
Mrs Gilman's Rosebud and the k out h's Gazette
and (horrible gluttony of Reading!) swallow
ed all the new hovels, as fast as they appeared. |
so that even Mr. Janies himself could scaicely
keep ahead of him! In short, such were his pow- ;
ers ot application, that in study he might be said i
to have the stomach of a cormotant and the ;
digestion of an ostrich: for the capacious maw i
of his mind assimilated all this, as quick as he
licked it up. Heiewithai, nc was iorever wri
ting, now a book, now a tract, now a learned
article for a review, now a popular one for a
newspaper. Mean time — the most comba
tive of mortals, while really one of the kindest
—he was seldom without a controversy- usu
ally two or three of them, political, scientific,
or religious—on hand, besides keeping an eye to
those of everybody else, and longing to make
them his own.
So much for the man: now of his conversa
tion. His better merited the name than that of
the two I have just described: he conversed more,
he discoursed less, or rather not all. Some
times he narrated remarkable things which lie
had witnessed, in the course of his very active
and eventful life; but this was done with an
admirable historic conciseness and simplicity.
He had a multitude of curious things to tell:
apt anecdotes of a great part of the celebrated
men of Europe in the time of Pitt. hex, and the
French Revolution, with their coevals of this
country; and nothing could be more agreeable
or better brought in than his stories. Feu men
(as may he supposed from what I have already
said) ever possessed a greater or a finer body ot
knowledge; and be dealt it out in conversation,
whether serious or gay, with a groat happiness of
manner: not forcing it nor as of any set purpose
to shine, but always according to the call o; the
occasion and only to its extent. His talk was
as instructive as 'it was animated and pleading:
not exactly witty, though he told the wit of
others excellently: but, while easy and lively,
singularly apophthegmatic. sententious and
clear. He conversed like Montesquieu or Ta
citus made gay and companionable.
Harrisburg Outrage.
The Winchester Virginian, learns that the
greater part of the white population of Har
risburg took part against the fugitives, join
ed the Southerners, and drove back the free ne
gro mob. Our impression is that the people
generally at the North, with the slightest en
couragement from their press and politicians,
would do their whole duty promptly and man
fully by their Southern brethren.— Rich. Rep.
AND SHOWER BATHS, only *>ocents, by
jy l H. B. WHITTINGTON & CO.
| The Planetary System—Ameri
can Astronomers.
At the late meeting in Edinburg, of the Brit
ish Association for the advancement of Science, j
j Sir David Breuster, the (’resident, in the course
oi his introductory remarks, said: —
j ‘-Within the bounds of our own system, and
in the vicinity of our own earth, between the j
orbits o! Mars and Jupiter, there is a wide space J
which, according to the law of the planetary i
distances, ought to contain a planet. Kepler
predicted that a planet would be found there;
: and strange to say, the astronomers of our own
1 times discovered at the beginning of the present
cent in y. lour small planets, Ceres, Pallas, Juno,
! ami Vesta, occupying the very place in our
• system where the anticipated planet ought to
; have been found. Ceres, the first of these,
was discovered by Piazzi.at Palermo, in 1 SO 1:
j Pallas, the second of them, by Dr. Olbersot
Bremen, in 1S0*J; Juno, the third, by Mr. Haul
ing, in 1 >0-1: and Vesta, the fourth, by Dr. 01
bers, in 1^07. After the discovery of the third,
Dr. Oibers, suggested the idea that they were
the fragments of a planet that had been burst
in piece-: and considering ihat they must all ,
have diverged fro.n one point in the original
orbit, and ought io return to the opposite point,
be examined these parts of the heavens, and
thus discoveied the planet Vesta. But though this
principle was in the posses-ion of astronomers,
i nearly forty years elapsed before any other
planetary fragment was discovered. At last, in
| is la. Mr. Heneke. of Dresden, in Prussia, dis
covered the iragmeiit called Austiea, and, in
iS-47. another called Hebe. In the same year our
countryman, Mr. Hind, discovered theotheriwo,
Iris and Flora. In 1 ^ 1 Mr. Graham, an Irish
| man, discoveied a ninth fragment called Met s.
' in IMP, Mr. (ia-paris. of Naples, discovered
anothei, which he calls Hygea, and within the
' last two months, the same astronomer has dis
covered the eleventh fragment to which he has
given the name of Parthenope. il these elev
en smail planets are really the remains of a
larger one, the size of the original planet must
have been considerable. What its size was.
would seem to be a problem beyond the grasp
i of reason. But human genius has been per
mitted to triumph over greater difficulties. The
planet Neptune was discovered before a ray of
: its light had entered the human eye: and by a ,
law of the solar system just discovered, we can
determine the original magnitude of the broken
planet long after it iiad been shivered into frag
merits, and we might nave aeierminea it even <
after a simile fragment ha l proved its exis
, tence. This law we owe to Dan. Kirkwood, of
i Pottsville. an humble American, who, like the
illustrious Kepler, struggled to find something
new among the arithmetical relations of the
planetary elements. Between every two adja
i cent planets there is a point wheie their attrac
tions aie iqual. If we call the distance of this
1 point liorri the sun the radius of a planet's
S sphere of attraction, then Mr. Kirk world's law
! i-, that in ever\ planet the square of the length
| of its year, reckoned in da>>, varies as the
i cube of the radius of its sphere of attraction.
iTh'slaw has been verified by more than one
[American astronomer, and there can be no
j doubt, as one of them expresses it. that it is at
| least a physical fact in the mechanism of oni
system. This law requires the existence ot as
; planet between Mars and Jupiter; and it fol
i lows from the law, that the broken planet must
i have been a little larger than Mars, or about
j f>,0U0 miles in diameter, ami that the length of
! its day must have been about 57 Lj hours. The
American astronomers regard this law as a*
■ mounting to a demonstration of the nebula h\
! pothesis of Laplace; but we venture to say that
! this opinion will not be adopted by the astrono
mers of Fngland. Among the more recent dis
coveries within the bounds of om own system,
• I cannot omit to mention those of our distin
guished countryman, Mr. Lassels, of Liverpool.
Cy means of a fine JO feet reflector, construct
ed by himself, he detected the .satellite of Nep
tune. and more recently an eighth satellite, cir
culating round Saturn—a discovery which wa< ,
made on the very same day. by Air. Bond, di- ,
I rector of the Observatoiy of Cambridge, in the
| United Slates.’*
Aerostation.
I Ballooning seems to have become all at once
a mania in France and Kngland. Besides the
two ascensions of Messrs. Bixio and Barral
for sc entitle purposes, and M. Poitevin's aerial I
excursion with a pony, there have been several
| others more or less remarkable. Dr. Dale
. went up at Paris, with three other persons, and
j had a successful voyage of live or six leagues. '
i but encountered great danger in getting down,
! on account of the country people, who opposed
his landing among their fruit trees and grain
| fields. At London. Mr.Green ascended with a
| pons weighing tw o hundred pounds; but before !
be could do so. be had to answer before a mag- !
istrate a complaint of some benev .lent person '
; who belongs to a society tor the protection of I
quadrupeds against human cruelty. A physi
cian testified that the voyage would not be
i likely to endanger either the life or the health ,
i of the pony, and in view of his testimony, Mr. !
! Green was allowed to proceed. So say the
papers.
A Mrs. Graham of Kngland, made recently
her fifty-fourth ascension. Site must be. of all
the aeronauts, the most experienced, we think,
for none of whom we have read or heard have
accomplished half that number of voyages.
; Spain, too, lias caught the infection, and
[ there is to be an ascension by Sr. Montcmayor, '
! that is to eclipse all others. It will be a *;fly- t
j ing I ligate," the accounts say, provided will 1
| apparatus for generating gas, and many other
I things—among them, pieces of artillery for j
firing signals, kc . &c.— Glvbc.
Kesurrcctiou l^traonlimiry.
T he mate of ilie s’eamer Kansas was arrest
ed yesterday on a charge of assault with intent
| to kill a deck hand in hi* employ, and after
an examination before Justice Berther, wa
| hailed m the sum of frJoO. His victim, in a
| critical condition, was taken to the calaboose,
j followed by a large crowd of messmates. Ilert
his svmptorns became worse: be lost all consc:
. onsness apparently: his breathing became em
i barrassed; and to his friends, there seemed
scarcely the shadow of a hope of his recovery.
As a last obligation that friendship required of
1 them, they administered to the unfortunate inva*
! lid, whether or no, a large dose of brandy and
i then shipped him to the hospital, in one of the ci
I ty carts. On the route the jolting and the spirits
j combined worked miraculously. Our hero
i awoke, and hearing that he was being convey
| ed to the hospital, ordered the driver perempto
rily to stop and let him down. His conductor
remonstrated, hut our invalid showed such uu
| tnkakeable signs of an me lination to battle his
way out that he gained his point, since which
| time lie has not been seen or heard from.—.S7.
Louis Intelligencer.
Candidates Plenty.
The Assistant Marshal, who is engaged in
taking the rensu- of Barnwell Distiict. thus
writes to the Charleston (S. C.) Mercury, m
giving an account ot what he ha< st*en :
-litirnwell C. II., August 4.—The whole dis
trict is complete!} parahzed with dry weather
j and candidates. T he latter have overrun everv
! section, corner and hole within their knowl
edge. There are for the Legislature. 7: Senate,
IT: Sheriff, 3; Clerk of the Court. 17; Tax Col
lector's Office, 2.3: Ordinary, IS: making, in ail
i 71; and when this swarm comes down upon a
Ismail crowd of people, it is indeed the “time to
try their souk”
'of was upon the tract of sixteen or seventeen
of them the other day. I reached a house, and
before I could commence asking the ladv of
the house bow* many horses, dogs, cats. &c .
she said, (taking me for one of the swarm.)
am very sorry iny husband is not in: be ha*;
promised to vote for all the candidates, and I
, have no doubt be would promise you
A Dinner to Gen. Foote.
A public dinner lias been tendered to the
Hon. H. S. Foote, by a portion of the citizens
of Fauqu er: and the invitation has been ac
cepted. The dinner will be served to-day by
the Messrs. Baker, at their hotel in this place.
\Ve learn that the object of the dinner is to tes
tify personal respect and esteem entertained for
Gen. Foote as a man, and al*o commendation
of the patriotic motives which controlled him
as a Senator in his course in relation to the
Compromi;* bill. Gen. Foote has labored to
restore peace and harmony to the country by an
adjustment of the questions in dispute between
the North and the South: and his efforts in this
noble cause have certainly been zealous and
untiring.— Warrenton Flag.
Latest from Europe.
ARRIVAL OF THE ATLANTIC.
The American mail steamer Atlantic ariiveiJ at
New York on Sunday at 12 o'clock. She brings
Liverpool dates to the 21st, and London to the
20th ult.
Jenny Lind, the distinguished vocalist, arriv
ed in the Atlantic. She enjoys good health, and
is in fine spirits. There aie in all 133 passen
gers on board.
Liverpool, August 20.—The Cotton market
has ruled heavy, and a decline ol Jd per lb.
lias taken place within the past three days.—
The sales in the same time amount to 9,'>00
hales.
Bread-tuffs.—In London there was a fair
supply oi Knglish wheat, and prices were one
shilling lower. Indian corn quiet and dull. In
Liverpool there was a good demand for Hour
and prices maintained former quotations. Red
wheat has declined one to two pence Pei bush
el. Corn quiet. Common American Hour had
declined bd per bbl.
Nothing new or impoitant in provisions or
groceries.
'The Money Market quiet. Consols on For
eign Stock* remained unchanged.
DKNMARk ANT) SCHLKSVVIG -Accounts
from Schleswig Holstein represent that the
field operations of both armies have been com
pletely suspended, but the general impression
is that this stillness will not he of long dura
tion. Some of the newly recruited Hermans
aie said to he already murmuring at the inacti
vity. hut they are compelled to submit.
BKLGIIWL—Accounts from Belgium state
that a large tract of country lias been overflow
ed. The inundation extends over sixty miles.
Nearly ail the Lowlands are flooded, and corn
i> floating about presenting a desolate scene.—
Thousands of acres are under water on each
side of the railway, and it might be taken ten a
va*t lake, weie it not lor rows of tree tops that
mark the margins of the submerged fields.
FRANCK.—The speech of Louis Napoleon
at Lyons on the occasion of the great banquet
held there, has produced much sensation. The
genera! feeling among the Legitimists and Dem
ocrats is that of satisfaction. Louis Napoleon
announces his determination to remain at the
head of allairs if public opinion should lavoi
him, without regard to obstacles placed in his
was by the framers of the Constitution.
I,ate advices represent that much lam had
fallen during the week, and that the wheat crop
now out would he seriously inpned. in conse
quence of w hich price* weie advancing.
Similar accounts have been received from
Belgium.
'The Havre Cotton market is without special
movement or change in prices.
The weather in Kngland and Ireland was
good, and the haivest promised abundantly.
Three failures, each to a large extent, had
taken place in Hamburg, viz: K. C. Me \er, J.
F. Hindi, and Hergert& Co.
Hamburg, August Id—A number of peas
ants who were suspected of having fired from
their houses upon the Danish troops, and had
otherwise made themselves conspicuous in
their conduct, have been restored to liberty
with the exception of two of trie most promi
nent among them. The report which had been
extensively published throughout Germany of
some of the inhabitants of Frie lerickstadt on
the Killer hav:ng been shot by martial law, has
to he added equally to the list of Holstein in
y entions as named in the reports from that place.
Another paragraph trom a Munich paper of
the 12th states that the reports which have
[ found their way into the Southern papers, and
been thence cop:e<! into those of Northern Ger
many. regarding Louis. King of Bavaria, previ
ous io his journey to Aschaflenburg. having
sent to Col. Vanderlameta the sum of 30,000
florins for the use of the Schleswig Holstein ar
my, in addition to another sum of 1000 florin*
for a conceit, cannot be traced to any sou ice of
positive truth.
The news by this steamer is generally unin
teresting as the above pretty clearly indicates.
Mysterious Outrages.
During the past week wre were informed of a
series ot outrages committed by some unknow n
villian, in the western sect on of the city, on a
respectable lads, but tearing that a publication
of them would prevent the detection ot the
pepetrator. we withheld the facts, which we
are now authorised to give. It appeals that on
Sunday evening, the 21th ult., about ^ 1*. M.,
Mis. Menzies,1 the lady of James Menzies.
Ksq., of the Morse telegraph office, was stau
• ling in the trout passage of her dwelling, on
Franklin street, between Kutaw and Para. just
inside of the door, when a man passing threw
something which struck heron the left cheek
causing it to blister %v;th severe pain. On
Monday night, about the same hour, whilst
in the act of closing the front door after a
lady who had ju-l left, the contents of a
bottle of oil of vitiiol were suddenly thrown
at her. which burned the body of herdievs, but
fortunately none ol it touched her flesh. At
this repetition ot the outrage, every means
was used to discover tfie perpetrator, and a
watch constantly kept on the house. On
Thursday morning, however, whil-t sitting in
the front parlor, a paper containing gunpowdei
and matches, with tinfij-entine worked into it.,
and sand-paper so arranged a* to ignite the j
matches and cause an immediate blaze, wa
thrown inlotheroom. It was evidently intend-!
ed to cause a quick flame, and thus set file to j
Iter clothing, but being opened with suspicion
and rare no damage ensued. Again, on Thors- !
day afternoon, rot six hours after the package
was thrown in. Mrs. M was sitting at a win- j
•low opening into the back yard, having re-1
-olved to keep a\va\ Irom the front part o| tr»e
house, when a man suddenly appeared in the
j vard. and again threw some vitroil at her, a
portion of' wh ch tell on her forehead, and
the balance on tier dress, severels Mistering the
flesh and burning her dre*-. These lepealed
outrages caused renewed vigilance to detect
tf e perpetrators, the neighbors joining in the
: watch. Consequently no fuither atlenipt \va>
made on Friday, and by renewed xvatch
j fulness on the part of Mrs. M.. it was hoped
! that no further attempt could lie made —
On Saturday morning, however, a small boy
called .at the door with two sugar rn*k«,
nicely wrapped up, staling that Mr. Menz.ies
had sent them for her from the office. Sup
posing he was one of the telegraph boy®, she
received them without the slightest suspicion,
hut feeling no appetite at the time set them
; aside. On Mr. Men/ies reaching home at din
ner time she joked w.th him about sending her
so small a quantity of rusk, and was greatly
surprised to find that he had not sent them On
examining them they appeared good to the eye.
: hut on undergoing an analxzation. by Mr. (j
\\. Andrews, chem st, what appeared to be
sugar sprinkled over them was found to be
• nearly pure arsenic, and so pronounced bv him.
Mr Menz.ies, as well as his lads. have left
nothing undone to unravel the mystery and de
tect the perpetrator, but are at a loss to discov
er a shadow of suspicion or probable cause
that could lead an\ one to the perpetration of
these repeated outrages. There is a probabili
ty that the hoy who left the rn^ks was an inno
cent instrument in the hands of tho*e who
*-pek to encompass the destruction of Mr* M..;
and if so. he will doubtless come forward ami
give such information ns may tend to their de-1
tection and punishment, a* well as the frustra- i
tion of further attempts of a similar character. |
She is satisfied that the perpetrator is a man.
hut so quick has been his movement* that *»he
could scarcely recogn ze his features.—Haiti
more Vun.
NtOTICK.—The stockholders in the Ashh\*s
Gap Turnpike Company, are hereby noti
fied, to attend a general meeting of said Com
pany. at the tavern of Thomas J. Noland, in
the town of Mi ldlebitrg. on the third Friday,
(the 2(uh> in this month. The object of the
meeting is to elect a President and two Direc
tors and such other officer* as may he nece-^a
rv for the management of the affairs of the
Company, dur ng the ensuing vear.
H. H. HAMILTON. Treasurer
Ashby’s GapT. P. Co.
Middleburg. Va., sep 3—eotd
FOR RENT—That handsome More
and busmen stand on Kinz street, one
door east of the subscriber. Posses
sion given in October next. Enquire of
sep 3—3t J. W. LOCKWOOD.
X DOZEN CORN BROOMS, assort e<]
35.
sizes, iml received, ami lor sale hv
*e|> 3 IVM, BAVNK.
COIN V ENT ION ELECTION
Fauquier District.
O Z V
Warrenton,.:os >j j-j#*
Salem,.127 1*>4 -jo
B.X Roads,. 03 3o f "
Hopewell.25 29 11
rpperville,. 49 4! id
FIk Run,. 41 20 m
Weaversville,...20 9 -0
Morrisville,
20
15 :n
1m
•)3j 552 4 -3 .*ih^
Kappahanock,-.237 353 ; *
772 705 ,r)9l 1
Messrs. R. F. Scott and Samuel 1 fi *.
Fauquier, and C ol Strother, of Kappah., .•
are elected—all mixed basis, and \\
Stafford District.
The following the result of the <•,.,
this District tor members of the N.m* (
tion :
Fd wards.351
Wilhams,.202
Moncure,.26!
Snowden.247
•Jasper,.123
Suttle.131
Brawner,. 78
Dow ell,..219
Sinclair.131
Berry. 27
One
from.
>2
190
100
1M
123
Precinct 111 Stafford (To!>oir
303
140
198
328
134
273
•>o
10
294>
145
10
225
317
151
199
I ■> .1
to
ftlarricil.
On Sundav evening, the 1st :n^t . In ;(••
! William B. Edwards. WILLIAM H mh;
of Alexandria, to Miss ELIZABEIH M ;;i
I DER, of Fairfax Countv. Va.
Died.
On the 21st uit.. at his residence. New*:
Loudoun county. Va., GEO. M (iKA\ x \
e*q., in the 0»»th seat of Insane. Feu v, i'
ever fulfilled more faithfully everv du’\ A
husband, fat tier, and master, and none w
cherished with warmer recollection* !.\ ; .
melons friends and acquaintances, toi hi*
manly virtues, and for all those trait* ut
adorn the character of a tine gentleman
0 »*.i
1 (in
(I iM
II |M*
(I III)
COMMKKCIAL.
PRICES OF PRODUCE IN ALEX iM
FROM WA(IONS AND VKSSKl>
Maryland Tobacco.$3 f»0 a : i
Flour, Super.I ^"L, <r
Do Family.»3 2.7 <i »;
\\ HEAT, red.1 00 a l
Do. white.l or* i
Ryk.o fw n
Corn, white.o r»4 <:
Do. yellow.0 .On <r
Oats.0 'W a
Corn Meal, per hushel....O rt.O a
Butter, roll, per lb.o i*‘» u
IX). firkin.0 12 u
Bacon,.0 ou n
Lard, new.7 uo n
Clover Seed.4 7.7 </
Timothy Seed.■* .00 a
White Beans.0 <i
Plaister. (retail).3 Ou a
Flaxseed.l 121a
Black-Eyed Peas.o d.o u
Grain.--We quote white Corn. dull. a*. .
a r>r>—yellow 5n a .00 cents. Red ulna’
common lots, is selling at NO to 1 Ou reus .»
good to prime reds at IO0 a 110 ceiitv V\
wheat 10T» a 11*. as in qnaliH .
Sales of Stock in Kicluaiotiri.
State 6 per cents—sales this week at "
Treasury per new issues ,'.n; old. wt.
terest on par, 1st July. $102 .70. This
has been produced hy the State having gu.c i
teed the bonds of several improvement r*-»n »
nies Their wants, together w ith otliei detr . »
upon the State, has thrown upon tlu*n«K.'
too much stock at tins tune. Monex s v
abundant, and at present \ rices the stuck n t
ket will soon be relieved.
Richmond City Bonds—Sales this week ;
new issues $! 02.
Jame- River and Kanawha Bonds guarai ’
b\ the State- Last sale $102.
Central Railroad Bonds guaranteed f>\ ”
Slate —Last «ales $10‘>.
Bank of Virginia, pai $70: Sales this week r
Farmer's Bank of Virginia—Last sale- '
Exchange Bank of Viiginia l.a-t -ah- a
Norfolk $107.
Virginia Marine and Fire Insurance I r
sales at $100.
Richmond, Fredericksburg am! Potomac \i
road Stock—Sales this week $07.
James River and Kanawha Stock Sale-’ *
week $17 .00.
Richmond and Petersburg Railroad St<
Last sales $20 .00.— Richmond limes.
IH.'jO
SEPTEMBER
AIiiiriih c.
Si\|Sin
rim sj trt*.|
M
«>. >\ * I’ll \ i
2 Tuesday.... 5 20 d 2’
4 Wednesday j*> 21 0 2d
5 Thursday. .0 .Tin 2-7
d Fridav.|5 32 d 22
7 Saturday... f.O 21 d 21
N Suri'ln v' ... j.7 2.0 d 2u
fl Monday..7 Ik) d IN
New ....
Kn-t <jr
Full.
La-t
n
men
Sr nr. Mia.K
n.
. d
.12 2
.21 7
| r_J
\CTr| i
3. .0.
u ’
r
I Mil
LATKST DAT KS.
i London.Aug. 20
I Liverpool.Aug. 21
Mavr*».A uur
Xe\v Orleans. A«cr
MAKLNK LIST.
PORT OF ALEXANDRIA, SKPTKMBIK
Arrived, August 31.
Schr. Empire. Knapp, New York, to S.
& Son. and freight (or the District.
September 1. — HrRideout, Smith.
port, plaster, laths and InIi. to Cnzenov**
Sloop Wizard Sk'ft. Herhcit, St Mar>‘
and wheat to .!. I'. B. Perry.
Steamer Columbia, Harper, Bailim<»o
.1. Wheat &. Bros., and freight lor the D
Sehr. (iiarnpus, Penn, wheat and com
1. T. Wilson.
Saii.kd.
Ilr, Brig P. I Nevius. Boddie. St. John.
1»V Fowle & Co.
Slit.'
i:,w
\ '
» n:i,,»
t .
N I*
4^ *1'he Drawing of the Virginia Mono: :
lia Lottery, (.'lass No. *♦*. for ls.'rfi, will tn*'*
place, at the Mayor's Office. Alexandria V t
THIS DAY, (Tuesday.) September 3d. at »:
o’clock, P. M. J. VV. MACRY C«>
pep 3—It Manager*
iZ&L FOR NORFOLK,CIT1 POINI AND
jEj^RKHMOND.-The schoonei /WW"
UAL, Davis, master. will sad on Thur* • ';»>
Apply to the Captain on board at Ca/er \
YVharf, or to R. I. T. WIL><>N
pep 3— 3t
R KG PL All LINK, u.
Sew York. Alemndna, flash- X--*
ingfon and Geoiuetomi PAl'h El >
Schr. Fairfax, Chas. Penfield. ma-ter
Km [lire. Rufu® Knapp,
“ Statesman, .1. I). C’athell,
“ Washington, J. Kendricks,
u Senator, VV. Kirbey,
“ Hamilton, A. Dayton,
“ Arlington, II. Lewis,
Shippers will please take notice that'hen
hove line is composed of ftr*t class nerr »>»»* *
which siil punctually as advertised, arnl
freight well he taken at the lowest rates, i he-**
vessels An nor slojiat S nr folk, hut come through
direct. For freight or passage applv to
STEPHEN SHINN & SON.
2 JanneyV U bar
FOR PHILADELPHIA —The park
SaVet schooner SEA FLOWER, Duke
will sail tt.i* day. For flight appjv w
S. SHINN ol S
Wp2—It Janney’s VVhaif.
FOR NEW YORK-Regular L< e
■kkI—The fine regular packet schooner AR~
J^FgTOS. f^ewis. master, will havr 'i**'1
espatch. For freight apply to
sip 2—1( 6 S. SHINN k SON

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