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Alexandria gazette. [volume] (Alexandria, D.C.) 1834-1974, September 30, 1850, Image 2

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85025007/1850-09-30/ed-1/seq-2/

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Pl'BLISHKl) 1) A 1 L) AN l> TR1 W ttUV K A
Ei)(iAK SM)WD£K.
T he A L h A A M» ix 1A u A Z hTTB, foe tbeCouiary,
i* printed oil Tuesdays, Thursdays^’ .>aturilit>>
Si’B'.iiitiPtioN.— Ibe Daily paper i» tuiiushed at 5* 1
dollars per annum, payable ball year y. 1 be
Country paper—m-weeivly—is furnished tor live
dollars per annum, payable m advance.
Advertising.—Three insertions ot °ne square, tm
one dollar. Yearly advert isersat spec*died rules *
H y subscription received from thecountry. unU s>
a ?n »«npanied by thecash* or by a responsible ,
name.__ ._
ALEXANDRIA.
MOM) XV MORN I NO. SKPTU :<o. ls5n.
Opening of 111** Canal.
The Cumberland Civilian says that its citi
zen* are making arrangements for a proper;
participation in ’he ceremonies of the formal
opening ol the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal.
on the 9th of October. A large number of dis- j
tmjui'bed gentlemen, including the President
of the Coded S ates and the Hovemors of Vi
gioia and Maryland, have been invited by tke
Canal Board to be pre»ent, and it is confidently
exacted that the majority of them will attend.
The Civilian adds : ‘-The Canal, so far as nav
igation is concerned, is completed * The water
was started from this place lor I am No. ' • five
days ago. The process of fillmg will be com
pleted m the course of a few days ’
We learn, also, from the Civilian that the ,
canal boat Southampton, belonging to the trans- i
porta’ion line of Messrs McKaig & Agnevv, is j
now loading with coal from the mines oi the j
Frost burg Coal Company, at the whan of the
Maryland Mil ing Company, and will depart lor j
Alexandria in a few days.
We shall bail with great pleasure the open- ,
ing of the Coal trade on the Canal. We think
ami believe that the advantages presented at j
this porl. make it <p»i’e certain that Alexandra
viH be the principal depot of this important ^
trade. Here are already commodious accom-i
modation* for a large supply of coal, and heie j
vessel* can arrive and receive their cargoes
with every tact ity and without detention. We
hope to see a thriving business commenced at
once, and that it may continue to increase and
improve, as each vearwid open and develope j
the mineral treasures in the upper country.
i
The Raltimoic American is entirely correct!]
in it* remarks in relation to our comments, a
few da*, s ago, on the untenable positions as
sumed bv so vie Southern politicians. I hey '
a;e. a-the American well observes, com para-;
Pvc’n few in number, an.! it wouh! be wroni: to
include the whole body of public men from the | j
South m a designat on which applies only to,
ul-r; ,-N-n o » who are rather tolerated than i
►usiaiortf, and who deiive their influence from
thcabu-eof a sentiment which in d*e 1 is pow
erful. But it is not for us. nor for our respected
contemporary, to do injustice to the S >uth: nor i
is it intended by either A more noble conserve- <
ti>m. more intelligent, more firm, more devoted,
does not exist any whet* than in the southern ,
portion of our common country. They can
manage their own fire-eater* and firms: them to j
penance upon their ow n diet
Th4' Kxhibition <>t the Charles county. MJ., Ag
ricu'tural Society will he held in Port 1 obacco on
the 2htb,30ih,and 3lst of October. The Piince j
r,e »rge’s Agricultural Exhibition will be held .
at Upper MarlboiO.* on the 30th and 31st of Oc
tober. Joseph H. Bradley, esq., ol 'Washing
ton c»tv. has consented to deliver the annual j
address before this Society at its next meeting:
and it is expected that the Hon. Richard ;
w. Thompson, of Indiana, will be present and
ad lre-s the Society, also. From the reputation
of these gentlemen as oratois, we may antici- ,
pate able addresses.
The rumor of the retirement of Mr. Kitchm
from the ‘Union" newspaper, is, r»o doubt, coi- .
rect. In an editorial article in that paper la*-!
•week, he speaks of the proposed disposition of
the Union office, and of his -willingness to retire
to the shades of private life." W e have always
been opposed in politics to the editor of the
Union, but we have, also, always had for him
the kindest regards, and in whatever situation
he may fie placed, we wish him health and nap
pi new*.
The Hollidaysburg VVh g think that among
the advantages to he derived from the comple
tion of the Pennsylvania Railroad to that p ace,
none ;s greater than the facility afforded for the
transit of oysters from ’he sea-board to that
place. The lines of rail roa Is extending from
the Atlant c cities to the inter or, w ill soon en
hance the value of the oyster trade, in all di j
rect ions. Hut. indeed what trade, is it, that
they will not increase?
Mr. Heston has written a letter to some one
in Missouri, in which he consents to be a can
didate tor President, it he should be nominated.
He is particularly hostile, it seems, to Mr.
Kitchie. the editor of the Union, and thinks if
he remains as conductor ot the “organ, the
“Democracy” will he “ruined/’ Heston is
now about to play a strong game—hut he will
be beaten.
It is rumored that the splendid seat <>i the
Hon. James Buchanan, called Wheatland, was
on Thuisday destroyed by tire. The Philadel
phia IVnns\lvanian states that when the wes
tern tram ot cars passed on Tnur-dav evening,
it was in flames, and there was no doubt ot its en
tire destruction We hope there is some mis
take in this.
The nominations ot a g«eat number of Col
lectors Naval o thee is. Surveyors. \c , were
confirmed hy the Senate, on Friday las*—among
them we notice, Joseph Faches. Co'lector, and
Charles T. otuart. Surveyor, of the Port of
Alexandra.
Henry Rehern, who was on Thursday, con
victed in ihe United States district court m Ba -
timore. on the charge of lorg ng land warrants,
has since been tried and convicted on two sim
ilar indetments.
On Thuiedav there were in the harbor of
New York a fleet of IS ocean stearr^hij*, 101
ships, 72 barques, 92 brig*, and lltf schooners,
making a total of 39.7 vessels, most of them
either loading or unloading.
The elector for Governor of Maryland takes
place on Wednesday.
The Portsmouth (Va..) ^Vhig says that at a
neetiig of that town, hehi on W ednesdav nigh’,
:he suit instituted by the town attains1 the S.N:
K. k. Iload Co , was dismissed, uponcondit on ,
that tiie Balt more Steam Packet Co. subscribe
the sum oi $100,000 towards the completion of
said road. The S eam Packet Company havii g
previously agreed to make tiie subscript on, the
work of constructing the toad will commence
at once.
The Brand Jury of Harris county, Georgia,
in the discharge of those duties which require
them to take notice of nuisances, have made a
presentment disapproving the course posmd
by the last Legislature of that State, in making
provision for calling a State Convention in
the event that California is admitted into the
Union as a State.
(Jov. Seabrook of South Carolina recommends
to the people of his state to observe the uh
Thursday in October as a day of Thanksgiving,
Humiliation and Prayer, and ulo assemble at
their respective places of worship to oil**r up
their devotions to that Being who has assigned
us a home r ch in the best fruits of the eaith.
an i distinguished for the excellence of us reli
gious political, social, and civil institutions.'
Extensive preparations are making for the
Maryland Agricultural fair, which takes place
next month. It will, from ail accounts, surpass
any thing ot the kind that l as taken place in
that State. The lair of the Mechanics Insti
tute will also he an exceedingly attractive ex
hibition tl is year.
According to a previous resolution. Conorkss
is to adjourn to-dav. until the tir>t Monday in
December next. The concluding hours of this
eventful session, devoted to the hurried des
patch of important business, must He reported
hereafter.
The Port Tobacco. (Charles Co.. Md ) 11rr*^**^
savsthat the health of that vilbgc has been rt*
markahly wood, ami that the health of the
county generally is good. Then* are a few
cases of dysentery to he found in certain local
ities. but none of them malignant.
At the recent commencement of »he Pennsyl
vania College, at Gettysburg, the degree of D.
I). was con lei red on the Rev. Augustus Web
ster. of the Methodist Protestant church, Balti
more.
The whigs of New York. in their convention ;
at Syracuse, nominated the lion. Washington
Hunt as their candidate for governor. Francis
granger was President of the Convention.
The not them papers are calling on Co* gress
n immediately pass a law to put a stop to the
nefaiious practice of foreign governments send
ng their convicts to this country .
Persons come to New York a thousand miles,
ill the wav from Wisconsin, to lieai Jenny
hmd—and of the .*000 at the last concert, at
east 5000 were strangers, it is estimated.
During five dass of last week the Reading
aailroad brought down to tide-water 3').000tons j
)f Anthracite coal.
Rarmg's circular by the Niagara quotes Amer
can stocks ilu!!. but unchanged.
The Late Storm.
Ru.tfmork. Sept. 27—•*> P. M.— The most 1
emtio -hundei storm that peihajs has ever
i»*eri seen in this *icn itv passed over our ct>
a*r night. It came up from the southw est, ami
am commenced fallmg copiously about eleven
rdocfc. I he lightning was incessant ; dash
succeeded Hash in inslantaneous succession, t«*r
.early tfirce hours. The whom heavens ap- (
•eared to he in a blaze. The peals of thunder
kve;e loud and innumerable; one report an
swered anotliei vo quickly that it was almost
mposs'ble to distinguish the separate reports.1
Streams ol lightning seemed twisted in serpen
tine form all over the heavens. ! learn that
the fluid struck several house* in the city, but
no serious damage ensued. It reminded me i
of R\ron's night among the Alps, when he
exclaimed. **0 night, and storm, and daikites.*,
se are wondrous strong.” The scene was a
j.eifect exemplification of sublime grandeur.
The rain tell m torrents, but parsed off without
doing much damage.
Wischkstkr, Va.. Sept. 27. 1 Sr>0—Wp had
a great hail storm here ia*t evening, between i
4 and o o'clock. Some of the cakes or ice, tor
thev were nothing e!<e, were fioin to S inches
long, and 4 inches in diameter. Some of the
most inctedible tales are told about them, that
none but those who saw: them would believe.
1 measured one that after lying fifteen minutes
on the ground was 4$ inches m diameter, and
1 t'eei satisfied that it it had been weighed in
due time it would have weighed one pound and
a half. Some would measuie lb inches in cir
cumteierce. D
Point ok Rocks, Sept. 20. 1S50.—Having
been caught in the storm of this aPernoon, and
noticing the *i/.e of the hail that fell, induced
»i< to forward >ou an account of jt, as it was
larger than we ever saw or heard of Indeed,
we feel some delicacy in stating the size of it.
hut we are willing to he qualified that some
that tell near us would not pass through a 3$
inch ring, and we would say with all candor
tint it would touch a 4 inch ring, and after cnr
r\ ing it 1 $ miles on font, it measured seven and
three-quarter inches in circumference. D. fl.
Latest Foreign N>ws.
A very remarkable document l as been put
forth by the Austrian (Government, it proves
to bt* a ciicuuMantial record of ali the person*
who weie put to <!eath by the Hungarians, eith
er by sentence of their court martia>s, or other
tribunals in Hungaiy and Tran>\ivaiua. The
motives of the Austrian government in putting
t'oith the-e lists at the present moment are evi
de» t enough. The Hungarian pasty assert that
they we«e chiefly spies and assassins who were
ihus put to dealt).
The publication of the document above al
luded to. just after the onslaught ot Messrs.
Barclay's men, in Southwark, upon .Marshal
Hay nail. ha> caused a lively sensation; but it
came too late to save the Marsha! from the in
dignities w hich were offered him. and which
have annoyed him to such a degree, that, after
remaining twenty-four hours in bed at Morley's
Hotel, to recovei himself a little from !he bruis
es lie received, he quite! Kngland immediately
hy the Osicnd packet, and his arrival back in
(Germany is already announced.
'Jhe Holstemeis seem to be weary of lying
inactive wthm their entrenchmeios. • hegai
lant Col. De Tann. at the heal of two hat -
tal ous. has made sever,)! attempts to engage »i*e
l>ane^ in petty >k rmi-hes, which the Danish
(Generals invariably decline, as not likely to
lead to any n »uits
It appears, however, that on the 9th alt., the
whole one ot posts were engaged with a 111*r
**ate success to both pasties of the combatants.
I'be t'Mie of this encounter is not yet known
wh. si we are wilting. Ini! the genera! impies
'>on is that it wdi prove as iidleiimte as tl«e
skirmishes til the previous days.
A paitial ratihcation of the treaty of peace
lias been exchanged at Beihn, by which it
would appear that seventeen States have ap
proved of the peace.
Hesse Ca^se! and others, who stand out, do
not seem mc.med to levisit the Holsteiners w ith
the result of war.
W e do not see how the war can he carried ,
on without means, but the courage of the Hol
stemers seems to compensate for the want of.
ail other resources.
CHEESE BETTER AND LARD
J‘2 ho ve-5 ini Id Cheese;
kegs fresh Putter;
U kegs No. 1 Lard;
Ju«t received and for sale low hv
J. E HENDERSON, comer King
sep 2" and Alfred Streets.
Alimeiitalion ot* t'oflee.
A paper under the above title has recently j
been read before the hieiich Academy ft Sci
ences by M. tie Caspar n. who presents n as
ttie result of long ami -eiioii- i .qniry into Lit*:
comlition of the working population.
t*ubj‘ Ci is one that cannot fail to be interesting •
wherever large masses have to bo to*I, am ,u’*(
where more so than in Knglaml. I he author
discusses tue question of changing cucumsian-,
ce«. and shows that people do not always live
better as their money condition improves: he
instances the inhabitants ol central r ranee as
a case in point; ami there are district *n ttn.
country where the same wouhl apply. He 1.1
sisi> on the necessity tor azotised looil, and m*
-titutes coiTipaiisons of vaiious d eiaues.
'll.roughoutFrai.ee the average piopoitum
of azote in lood ina\ he taken as Itom to *jn
giamint s—about .i of an ounce. He then con
tinues:— A teinaikahle fact winch I met with
on our tteig an frontier presents to us anothei
mode of economy e.xeicised upon icgimeii, even
wnere tlie supplv ot alimentary substances i
Very small, The mining jiopulat on ol tue en
virons of Charier* i have resolve*! tj is problem,
to nourish themselves completely, pieseive
health, and great vrjgor ot inu-cnlar strength
upon a diet with less than hail ol the niiiriliye
i-r nc pie of that indicated hy obseivatiou in
Hu*ope.r The distinctive fact appears lobe
the habitual use of cotiee at every meal. 01
the rising in the nm.rning. the wotkman makes
what he call-hi-collet; it i< a weak illusion
c»f coffee ami chicory mixed in about equal pro
pontons. ...... ., ,
This drink, to u hich a tenth 01 n»1 • k )' a ide*.,
constitutes almost entirely the liquid patted the
alimentation. tfeiore going to woik, the miner
take- a good demi-litre (rather more than a halt
(•in!) oi this coffee. atul eats a huge si ce ot
v\h'te bread with holier. He carries with h ni
lit tlie mine similar buttered s >ces, and a tin
hottle. which hold.-* at most a litre ot codec ,
this looil is consume I b\ him during the day.
In the evening, on going tiome. lie cats | ota
K»e- dressed With cabbage. or some other green
v-aiet.ibies and finishes this repa-t with anoth
er slice ot bread an i butter, and a cup of his
coffee. All the woikmen examined during tiie
inquiry, s ate that they eat a loaf in twodavs.;
The"C loaves weigh about { lbs., wh'ch gives
•j |r»s. pt*i day. They eat meat only on S imlaV"
and les’tval da\s. and on tho*e days drink 2
iitir>ot beei. Their bread is always w lute,
and o! good quality: hut it is only a tew (• 11x
ileged workmen who eat meat on other days
of the week', the exception is very rare. The
quant.ty of butter consumed may be reckoned
at 2 ounces per day. and that oj coffee and
chicory at l ounce each also daily, i he por
tion or potatoe> and other vegetables cooked:
together and eaten in the evening is at most
11., ||»s. During the week the workmen dtink
ueithei heer nor any other lenneuted liquor:
eoliee is their oni\ neveiage.
Aitct tabulating these quantities, M »!e Gas- j
parin continues: “It is thus to lf> grammes
(about half a a ounce) of azote instead ot 23 that
thealbuminous substance which enters into the
ration of the Belgian miners is ieduced. This
nourishment is still infer or to tfiat of the mos;
austere religious onlei" imposed by mortifica
tion. I have studied am) analysed the diet 01
the monks of La Trappe at Aiguebelie. i heir
pale complexion, slow walk, tne unimpoitant
mechanical lahor to winch they are subjected,
and which the iahoicrs of the country are esti
mated at not a fifth of theirs, all show that their
alimentation m at a minimum in the circum
stances m winch they are placed. \ et it con-j
tains 1 r> grammes of azote, and 402 grammes ;
of carbon, or of hydrogen reduced to >ix equiv
alents of carbon.
••The nutriment of these miners is inferior
also to that of the piisoners iu our cential
housesol detention, whose mechanical labor is
almost ml, resolving tselt into ea*\ movements
of the arms, which fequire more of attention
and skill than ot strength. ilieir daily diet
contains moie than 10 grammes of a/cte and
17r» of carbon.
••Now, .t must be added that the miner, whose
diet is api aiently as poor as we have described
it, is a mo>t energetic workman: that when
Fiench minei—those of An/in. lor example—
attempt to w ork in the ( harierui mines. tbe\ ale
soon compelled to w ithdraw, not being able to
keep pace with the Belgian workman in the ev
ecu'ion of his task.
••It is to the coflee alone that w e can attribute
this possibility of conferring themselves uvh a
diet which clithlrett would find insufficient: ami
it is not a quistion heie ol nutritious subsiance:
for the analysis demonstrates that the coflee
constitutes no more than 1 -3-">th c»t the nutii-:
lous properties ot the aliment. It has thus other
properties ol which careful account must he
taken. . 1
••Does it complete the digestive function?—
does it provoke a inoie complete as-i rotation of
the aliments'? or perhaps it retards the million
of those organs which do not then require so
great a consumpti »n of matenai tor flitn main
tenance or support? On tins hypothesis coffin*
would not nourish, but it would prevent denour
ishment.v
M. deGa«parin then shows fiom ceitain ta
bles that the waste in liquid excretions is less
w hen coflee is drank than at other times, a fact
w hich to some extent supports his hypothesis.
He instance.- the effect of cotlee in enabling
soldiers ami others to endure fatigue, and con
tinues;—‘-An o'd foreman who knows the dis
trict well, and has been him«eif a laborer, in
formed me that a miner, with his wife ami m\
children, lives on his daily earnings of two
francs without making debts
Such is the substance of M. de Gasparin s
paper, which though highly interesting, is not
perhaps a complete resolution ot the qtie-tion.
As M. Magemlieob-ei ved, everything wheh re
lates to the theory of mitrdon is \et surrounded
bv an impenetrable veil. We are beginning to
comprehend the diffeient operations of diges
tion, hut all that happens after the formation
and ahsorp'ion of the chyle, ail ’hat takes place
in the blood, and in the intimate connections of;
the fluids with The organic tissues, s still en
veh*ped in the complete"! obscurity — Stir
York Evening Post.
Prerogative Nobility.
A curious custom prevails among the (1 i
nese, that is perhaps, unknown to many on
this si.:e el the eaith. W htlst ordinary offen
ders ate beaten with common cudgels, those of
the uobtlii\ have tlie estimable psiv lege of b**
mg punished with slick" that have been pre
\ious|v scented with costly perlumes. I his
mark of dist netion is always observed, and
to neglect ii at any tune is considered an inex
cusable indignity.
A story i> told of a Chinc«e nobleman who !
was once whipped with the ordinary weapons;
intended for less illr.str ous personnel's. He
committed suicide immediately alter. by r ppiugt
himself open with his >word. in conformity
with the most approved Chinese inode of per
forming such matters. He could bear the in
fliction oi tiie blows, hut the neg'ect of tlie
necessary perfume was an insult to w-hich he*
haughtv spirit could not >ubunt.— H indicate?
Republican.
Swimming Stockings.
In noticing, lately, a great teat of >wimming.
as :t \va- thought to he. performed a short time
< pc»‘ at Edinburgh, the swimming stocking w as
mentioned as having been u*ed. What that
was we iliti not exactly know; tor whether it
was new to other- or not. it was new to us.—
We have since se**n an engraving of it ami a<
description in an Km1 hsh paper. ft i- no more
than a sort of stocking without a foot, made oi
any cloth that will offer a httle res >t nice lot
water, tbe lower part o! wlncii lesemhie* a
small umbrella, ami is so arranged b\ mean*oi
cords and wooden ribs, that it contracts when
ihe let: is drawn ih and txpacd- w hen :t is
pushed out. thu* enabling the swimmer to
make piettygood heal way: and be get* along
best on his back, using hi- leg* a!terna:elv.
could be easily nude and easdv hied.—Glebe.
Liberal Donation.
Bi-hop Meade ha* received from the Kev.
Dr. Anthon or New York, one thousand do;
iars, the interest ot which. is tote annua ly
applied to the increase of the Library ot the
Theological Seminary of Virginia. This is a
part of a sum of money left by Mr. Charles D.,
Betts, of St. Mark's Church, in the Bowery, to
he deposed af* hi* fn*nd and pastor pr. An- j
thon should direct. The Church in Virginia,
will du!y e«! mate the good will and confidence j
of Dr Anthon in th;sdispoea 1 ot a portion o» the 1
money left in his care. We understand that
the same amount has been as-igne1 to the I he- j
oiogica) Seminary of Kenyon College—South’
er,\ Churchman.
iiuprovetuenr of file Ohio Kivei.
W e air indented to the able and distinguish
ed author. Chmles Kilet Jr., esq . tor pari I. ot
Conti itnji.uns to the I*Ij\s cal Geography o! lot?
Guile-i S a?es. It treats ot the Unocal Geog
rapt y o; 1 ite Mississippi Valle), ami in :.ke* sug
gestions tOi i|.<* j.i j iv»vemtlit ol ito* navigation
of the Ohio ; n.l o i.»*i liver-. i hi- elaborate,
and | roiound, a ..! in nes tng es-a>. lories one
ot the reties ui Smithsonian C • ti ibutions to
Knowledge, and is beuutilult) printed under the
diifCtioii ol the Smiths*.man Institute. '\ tie
learned author d scttsses ami e.\|da;us iuils hi'
plan of reservoirs for it ctees.ng the quan
titx of water in the Ohio sivloiu, and main
taining the navigation above live Met dming
all ordinary itiouglds. 1 he measurements pre
sented m tins paper, and tne abundant l icts
collected by personal labor and observation
for a long sene- ol years, have so com
vinced Mi. Kilet ol the iea-ibihu ol in- i« |u
OMtion. a** to justify him in maintaining that it
is-entiiel\ in the power of man to control ail
tile wale is of the M s>i->ij pi and Missouri, ami
compel e\ery liver to How. with an even cui
rent, from its source in the riMeghany 01 Kocky
Mountains to its home in the Ocean, lorever
nee Mom the huitlul »Herts ol Hood> and
diought." We have room but lor a slant ex
uact Irom a pa;»ei which all should lead lor
themselves:—/> Atimore American
“It has been thedutv (it the writer at foinier
periods to cm iuct >urve\s along a considera
ble portion of the t pj er Alleghany and the
w ho'e of the (neat Kanawha, and to become
familiar with the charade: ot the Monnnga
iieia as far a> it s -u-c.-jitihie of improvement.
Allied h> ibis persona: know ledgeand ihe fact'
acquired m ttie present inws igat-on. in* haz
ards the 0|itiion that les.- than a mi ion and a
quart, r ot dollars will -uthce to suj plx theOiiio
with a deptii sufficient lor boats ol "> lee!
draught. tpcaiiv an open ai d p.*nnaner ! river
navigati.m lip tlie Alleghany to Frank in. a *d
slack v'at»*r navigation. dutmg ihree-louitli- ol
the vear. Irom Fianklm to the line ol the Kru*
Railroad in New V.uk: improve the navigation
ot the Mo longa' e a in V.igm a; and extend
that of the Kanawha 70 or >0 miles above
Point Piea-ant—supplying water power ol
m.mailed capacitvamt permanence, on r.u’int
oio lines ot sieambo.it nav gation. and cm brig
most essentially the desituctive power ot the
flood*.
“Viewing the msign nc:u-l co-1 for which
I40U inik'aot river navigation rruiv thus fie ren
tfeted permanentk avai'afde—without refer
ence to the incidental advantages that \vdi
flow from ihe work—*t may well he doubted
whether there is. in the whole circle of (••■•iiem
plated public imj rovements a projected enter
prise winch in01 r seriously demands the caie
and consideration of those who are charged
with the pro’ect.’on of tiie public inlere-N
-The difficulty which the mind fii-t encoun
ters in contemplating this proposition. arises
fro n the apparent immensity of 'he mas- of
wateisto be dealt with. Hut thisisonix a spe
culation. Tiie qiiaiititx ha* oeen measured, and
found io be ea-ily attainable and peifectlv nun
anea Me.
••The total discharge of the Ohio, in ordinary
low water, is but »5,o0U,000 cubic feet per liour
A j i|»e no larger than one of tlio.-e u-ed tor con
vening the water of theGioton water works —
or three f* el in diameter—will di-charge verv
nearly l.OOO.oOO cube feet per hour under a
head of nO i*vt. S\ such p pcs then placed on
a dam ouk dO feet high, and provided with pro
per valve-, would emit water enough to douhU*
the quantity How ii.tr dow n the()t io at it- usual
summer stagi A' dtf there were three such
damson difleient ,-tuam-, ami 1 *2 pipes in each,
and one man to supei intend each dam, and obey
the telegraphic signal b> open or clo-e tiie vaIve
—oi an equipment equal to three dam-, no
higher than have been alreads bui't in this
country, amt :if> pipes equal in diameter to tin*
mains in Bioadway. and thre* men to manage
the whole—the quantity of water could be in
ctea-ed six fold, ami the nnviga’ion could he
maintained above five feet during all nnfinarv
dioughts. At ’lie same time such is happily the
form of mans of the we-tern villess, tha’dam*
of double t h: ^ height can be olten erected with
out injury to ans appreciable amount ol pro
perty, improved or su-ceptihle < f improvement.
All Kxcitivi? Scene.
The t. esv si ea me is Fiankhn and Pacific, of
the Havte and California line-, left New \oik
on a trial’r p, in company with the Cunar.l
-‘earner Asia. We copy the following accout t
of the tace fiom the New Vo»k Cornier:
An exciting face look place ycsteiday be
tween trie Asia, of the Cutiard line, the btatik
iin, of ihe Havre line, and the Pacific. intended
to inn f.om Panama to >an Fianctsco. The
Pacific, having been launched with steam up
on I uesdav Hiicii non, made a trial of her ma
chines. am! timed her speed by a short excur
sion up the Noah River, carryi'-g aboir for
ty pounds of steam to ine inch, arid mak
ing twenty-lour levolutiruis per minute, llei
owners being perfectly >at -lied with tier ma
chineiy. issued inv tatio;,- to a number ot
friends yevterdax to lest hei *]t:.i1 ?t>#>-. in compe
tion with the above steamers. Among the in
vited guests we noticed Ge» Paez, II. Nadal,
P. .1 Rozas, R. Francia. F Palasio, and R.
Paez, son of the General. Immediate) alter
the at rival of the-e distinguished exiles, the
Venezuelan flag was turs up to the tore. A*
half-past eleven the Franklin worked :nto the
stiearn and tired a gun in challenge to the Paci
fic which shortly after followed her (tow n the
liver, going ver\ slowly unt l abreast of
Governor's I-iaml. At tit's time. 1*> o'clock,
the Asia came out from her heith and made
;nr me x.inows ai a ve*> lapin om;— nr
Kiank*in being close in on the Staten In
land shore—the Pacific meanwhile hing-to
until the Asia had forged alieal about a
tniie, m range with the rianklm, hut in the
channel, am! under full head uay. 1 he fi rank
!in put alter her in good speed, when the "ignal
was given to the engineer of the Pacific (the
tme being ten minutes pu*t twelve) to let hei
go!—and off she went, keeping between the
wake* oi both the others. At th .* moment the
hlack smoke from the pipes o; the Asia aim
Franklin showed that thev weiellrouuig in
the kmJling. The Pacific crowded the frank
lin—fifteen minutes past iweivt—the r mutest
became exciting: it was easily discerned that
the controllers of all the steamers \uue putting
them in then best possible tr m More kuid
ling was thrown in the fire —Pacific along-wc
the Fmnkliu—twentyeight minute* pa*ttwelve
—and ti»e Fiankhn working beauMu A—‘he
Asm qu ntei of a miie a-head—her quaitei-dn k
and snrouds crowded with people ver\ much
excited, waving to the Pacific to come on. A'<
this time all three oi tin* *teamors were work
ing admirable, the Pacific gliding j-r*—t the
Fianklin cj»i*iooasi*\ abreast ol the quarantine.
Icit the Franklin behind, and gained upon the
Asia, passed her at twen!\-eight minu’e* to 1 o'
clock. a nriie heiovv the quarantine. going at
the rate of IT miles an hour, making 12 revom
t on* per minute, and carrying 3" lbs. ot steam
to the inch. At one o'clock theP. made the
smith west spit, being four miie* ahead of be*
competi or*. At ten minutes pa*t one. made Sun
ii\ Hook. 1*5 mile*. (tbe ioute she to k.) Irom
the city in r.5 minute*.
I'f-e trial of the Pacific must have satisfied
all on hoard that she i* one ol the fa*!* st s.-a
going >’eameis ever built, and her bni d^r. Mr
W . H Brown, and the lurnishers ot her mu
ch inen , Messrs. H. K. Dunham ^ ( o . have a
right to lee! proud of her. IT*r machmers wa*
vesterdav under tiie charge ot Mr. King, and
judg’ng trorn the ea*e with which hecontro le i
:ts movements, we feel sati*fied t.'.at *he couid
not have been be,,#*r handled.
The trip of the Fiankhn was an engineer s
trip, ami -Ik.* would remain at *ea until thi*
morn.ng.
Im perfect Education.
Leigh Hunt, in his fascinating Autobiogra
phv, *tate* ihat he never got through the mul
tiplication table when a bov. and doe* not
know it \et. though he is now sixtv-three 'ear*
of a.r°. and one of ttie most delightful ail’hors
m Christendom!
Hunt a!*o states another femafrcab e tact,
which i-, that the early education ot the cele
brated West, President of the Royal Aca emy,
had been so sadly neglected that, at the zenith
r»f hi« fame a* a painter, he scarce'y knew how
to read!—Rich. Rep. _ _
Middle tcrnpike company—The
Annual Meeting of the Stockholders of
hm Companv will take place at the Crurcd
Chamber, on Saturday, the 51 h day of October
text, at to o’clock, A. M
«ep l6-3tawtd C. F LEE. President.
Cougrrfc*.
In the Senate, on Friday, the Chair hid before
itie body a communication torn the Fresi e?il
oi the Unites States communicating the co: os
jio idence between the \ mled Stales authoiiMee
and the Sublime i'ortt. m lelalion to the Hun
garian i \i;e*: also. a communicator. Imm the
SeciehnA of tin* ircasUiA, in response'to a re
solution oi tl»e Senate in ie:atu»n to the mea
sures adopted to prevent frauds upon tiie re
venue since the passage ol the tai ii oi lsd ■;
also, a communication from the Slate Depart
ment. m response to a resolution oi the Senate,
in leia'.i ni to tl»e trade in uu tiio wi!h IViu; till
oi winch were laid on the table, and oideied to
tie printed.
A joint u-'otutu n providing lor the di-tnbu
tion <>| the annals of Congies-, ami aj ant icso
lulioii approj iiatii'ii dhn lor the pun ha*e oi
the | ornaits (now m the 11 In a i \) ol ihe first
live 1 *n* i i^nts oi the I mteil Slate*, weie renor
ted a nit | assed.
Tlie r< so upon providing for an evening se—
s on ol the Senate was moil died b;. rescinding
that pari ol it which requires the evening -tv
siou to tie devoted exclusive!) to the consideta
tion ol executive business.
The bid making appropriations toi he hi hous
es. ice., and tlie hill lor the SHtiU-meni of the
pi ivate land claims grow mg out of the JF* Ihis
t:op grant. which v eie ordered to be eugios-ed
ior a third reading on xesterdax, were read a
third time and passed.
The bill making approprat ous toi the cur
rent and contingent expenses id the Indian de
partment for the year ending June 30. IsM. was
take i up. amended, and then ordeied to a third
Tea !mg.
Mr. fiw in called up tlie hill lor the examina
iion and settlement of private land claims in
California, ami the hill was under consideiation
when the hour aioved tor ipcess.
i he Senate ie*ume l the considetation of >he
bill in relation to private land claims in Cahtor
nia. and, alter sort e lemarks by Mi. B< ii'on.
ihe hi I i on motion hy Mr Hunter, w as laid <»u
the tan e.
The bill from the House makmgappropriations
tor fortifications, was passed without aim nd
ment.
Mi Dickinson called up the naval appropria
tion b II.
Mr ICisk move! to amend it bv providing
• for a sem:-month!y mail from San Francisco to
Fan ama
Alter some debate, the h li was pos’ponpd,
and the Senate then piocedcd If* the considera
tion oi executive business. and at a late hour
a»ii tuneu.
Mih of the House o| Jwpie-eiilalive*
w as devoted to ?he consideration id ho Sen
ate's amendments to the civil ami diplomatic ap
piopilation bill, in Committee o{ the Whole
i*n the -latent the Tnion—the body remaining
m M*>-,on until near midnight. 1 he di-cussion
wa- 11 jih i[*al!v on the indemriiiication ol con
tractors tor the Con^ies-ional prnting
The Senate has passed a hill making tempo
ar\ jiiovisuin for ihed scovery ami working oi
tii*e gold mines and preserving oniei in the
iiold-mine distiict of ( aiitoi n;a »t provide* tor
the appointment of gold-mine agent- for d tFr
ent localities, ami ai-o a-* general superimen
det.ts of no'd mmrs, authorizes these n!on1- to
gra t pei mi’s to American riti/etis. and to Lmo
; eatis declaring heir nitention to become such,
to work p.nt cular spots in tin* placeis or mines,
each peim t tor a placet being tm *>0 ti et ><jiiare,
and toi a m ne 2 ID feet Kjuaif—no individual
i or companv to have n.ore tnan one peiirvt at a
time. I Jouble p.nmils are granted to the di
; covers of new placers or min* s w i h pre-emp
tive right- ior 30 d.t\ s.
American Inventive (ieniiis.
i he New ark. New Jersey, \dvertiset has
the fol owing de.-mphon of a valuable inven
tion now on exhib tion at the K--e.\ ( o*int\
F.tii:
Ci Hue’s Agronomical < 'lock.—Tins mtere-ting
machine i* the g reat attract <>n of the h—ex
County Fair, and letlects honor hotii c*n t!ie in
ventor and mu » ounti \.
It re<;u r»*> winding hut once m 37n day-. arid
hetic * ihe ordinary cii nice- ui accidents !*\ re
moving tit** shade to wind it. &c. are very itittcii
, —f-ne*l a- compared with an ordinary s «ia>
clock. l>y - mp!e inspection :t give* the time
ot day. the da> .-of llie mom ii dm n.g the w f.olt
\ear. ilie ri-ngand .-MUngoi the.-u • ami m< on
for anv latitude, th** pha-e cd the moon, ami the
time o! the sun and moon entering tlie signs,
i.ijh and low tide. kc.
J his clock is also so improved a- to compen
sate for ditfeience- oi the motive power, ami i
calftilyted to he hnc/iromil, the ah-cnce oi
which projvit*. in tun—keepers has fonnerls
been a very ser ou>difficulty.
Mr. A. D. Crane, the inventor. lias always
devoted himself to ti e ,-tmiy of Horology, and
many of hi- friends in Newark have s«*en a
woo len c’ock. made hy him in I s hoyhoo»'.
will; the assistance of no other tor>; than his
penknife, which wa* unexceptionable a- an oi
dmaiv dock. \ he farmeisof New Jer-ey me
also indebted to his inventive treniu- tor the
be.-t lnu-e power now inu-e. The admuable
clock in Trinity Church. Xewaik. vva- con
-tmeted i»\ Air. Crane. and cm-tai* s many nov
elties of value. The va'iafion is hut in sec
ond- in two months. I hi* clock is divided into
three | art-: the time dial being in ti e ualieiy.
the e.-cap^ment is hke that oi a chronometer,
with compensating pendulum, anti the band
ar.* canied t*y separate weight, so that they
ma\ he moved iire-pective of the c ock, ami
ate de’achtvi t om it. though moved hy it —
This secures the woiks |«om receiving any in
jmy trcdTi accidental movements ol the hand }»\
wind, ice. or c>tht*r causes: fmt immed ate
jy on ti.e removal oi at v di-lurning can-e. ib<
hands ir-’.iTn* their proper po-itn*n. ami are
aga ii acted upon hy the clock i fie sinking
is perfoi<ried b\ one wheel ami an escapement
actim: on the hammer.
Mr. ( rane’*1 uie.ute-d achievement, houevr
ha'* not yet *n»«? the public eve*.. He i> now en
ilI mi m ranging thr> *<* alive | arts of a **i% >♦*
of C'liOi'Oinrf^i for sr*a uv*. m n cheap form,
with |p*;« than hail the work of art ordinary
movement. I he train is calculated to tun tour
dav*. but by a peculiar airanuemeM it runs join
«!a\ s more, makmu s ,i;«*. **. a'd thi*. without any
extra e\; en-e in its cm stiiirlioti. I he escape
ment i*■ | eniliatls t oii>tructed. an I lives tout
limes as much motion to tfm balance a- the
be-t oliroi omete e-rapementr being the uieat
desideratum in time pieces. \\ hen manufactur
p'L they nun he afforded at one-sixth lie* imi i
price of >hip-chroi-ometers. and vMii peiform
,q i;i • *o those ot the h'uhest cost.
J lit* inventor ha*- ai**omade an improvern^'i
in the common ^ aakee clock. n\ \\ t-*icI• u-au\
parts are done awa\ with, ami thc»r quality a
time-keeper’s improved. while the price o; a
uood bia-"- clock wdi he lessened to one doitar.
Bcriiitidu ( niivicts
It appear.’* a era:1 tna4 (..iph Harvev s noi
iroin-z to um o:i SO e-nv He has been arre-t^c
at the Sint of ;he Mawr for violating a law «d
the State which--ay"!—Every m t-’er or com
mander ot anv Ve-sel. arriving hym a Ino-i.n
countrv. or from any poll ot th** ( mted ;Sr ‘v
u ho shall enter sa; 1 \e-*sel at the * u*’o r.
House, in tht* city of Ha tin,ore. shall, within
twenty-four hours aitm «*neh entry, make a i»*
por t in will mu. on oath, to tin* Mayor or Leu "
t**r of xaiii cd\. of the name. aue. and occupati *n
of every aiien who shah have been brought ••
earned a passenger 1 • such \e->ei,on »he vo\
au** whence *i I vessel shall have a* • ’** •
on jain of forfeiting. for everv neglect oro»«is.
sion toimkc such report, or the*mmot >.'0 fo
everv passenger neglected or nm red to he re
potted — Hii/ti/nore P'tf> f t
T 1’. CLARKE has ju-t received Loin Ne
f) • York, a line as-oilment of \VI\(>0'\
CORNICES. BANHS. CORDS. TAS<ELS.
am! all k mis of CURTAIN FIX II KES. oi
ihe a'e*t srvles. stiper’Of to a-iv thi tg hereto
fore offered in this market^ He i*. aso. !"♦*
na'pd to fnrnjih a'1 kinds of fill, I, BRONZE.
mahogany, rosewood, walnut.
MIRROR, and PICTURE FRAMES BRACK
KT PIER TABLES furn she i at short notice
He keep" con-ta't'v on haf-d an a^soror^nt r f
LOOKING GLASSES, VEXJTIAN RUND^.
WINDOW SHADES. PAPER CURTAINS.
FIRE SCREENS, and a large var.etv of fine
and common ENGR.\\ 1 N(tS, which he otlers
low for CASH.
J. P C. hangs CURTAINS in the mnd ap
proved mann *r, and will give satisfaction to
ail who mav favor binr. with their patronage.
FANCY CABINET ware made to order
on reasonable terms Cali at his establish
ment, south side of King street, three doors
we«t of the Marshall House Alexandria. Va
gep 30—eoQ w
< <>;,i m i x i <; a r i o x.
Lflteiti Horn tlie lJliie Jliu^e.
LKTTKH l\.
The vut'ji U "f I /• :VrY 'V’ l I'ltoc
i'*t> r/.v htc Author l filiti!> 10a* souiiV'hui
III tutf milt.
Pkar L.—It wa< my good toriiire to reach
\\ avedand. after ‘fie absence of a week which
was most agieeably spent at the Kapulaie, but
more commonly called Lee'.'Springs. It wa>
pleasant to rega n a r«*ti»ement aiteady endear
ed e who has txpetierced his share of
v\or!illy hconvenience. Foe's in every age.
.
have eelebra'ed such retreats. Motgandaic
might pistly challenge *ome of their rommpn
dati.m-. 'or no spot can -hew —
\ -11«* •»i» n> (•'■•'ii a* i.'n< Irthlld.
''t IjoUrf *o n** Mo-el.av.
I ft* nii! on n• y reiuri . that a gentleman w ho
ocrtij i«.*! a chaiming location :n tin- I>a!e. had
left it foi a time. He has gone to improve the
navij iti j.i of the Rappahannock river, as far
a- the town of Fredeticksluug. That town,
w }, eh is tn Spott-y ivani i, lias a I »(»ut four
thousand and live hundied inhabitants. We
have been told that Fa!mouth on this sale the
liver was once the residence of Torn. I'amp
bei:‘s fa:h*-r. It >eems like a pi? *, that the IV et
wa^ not horn ti.ere. instead of Glasgow. His.
get ins coul-l have been nursed successfully,
amid the scenery ot that hamlet, con-isting of I
bold hiiis. and a> romantic islands as the e\e
ever beheld. Campbell woui i have suited our
country, ami our country would have suited;
Campled Iie wa-the Bard of Freedom, and i
a fiiei d io tf e rights nt man. He rolled his
thunder into the eai- or the Russian (Var. and
sung the tail ol 'he Polish Chet. But the inr>
piovement of the Rappahannock, ha- led me I
into train of reflection on that Ft.lifarian
system. which is extending il-eii everv day
ami which is likely to become the hXed po cy
of (mji race Cui ho.no. is the universal en- •
«j iir . {' cannot he re-isted. and we write un
i!er me iinjMi.se specuiu e ieeong s rnpiv.
lor we con!ii not expect oi <i"\ Lilliputian in
his « mem. \<< stem tl e wi’d ami rav <ur floods
of Niagara But I am an Idealist. My posi
tion touching this point, is not doubtful, it is
avowed. We prefer the imaginative dream
of Plato to this Stoical Utilitarianism, ami so.
long as these tinkers can ^-isi a pen. that pen
shall he employed in the cause of ornament
and la* r.
'I hi> -.stem has been nte in the Bay Slate,
almost from it4* -eiFemei.t in l»But m\
calculation as that, »t woid 1 not have reached ■
Virgin a so h»oii as ih;s da e- But we aie all
iiih.eto rni-t kes l\\e j'OOjde have stalte*!
some forts Cotton Factone- in this S ale Wt*
do not object to a moderate u-e of the ( tilita*
run ( nncij ic, hut a i> necomiug excessive —
Proofs are ahtir dant ol it' prevalence in \ n
gn.a. It -pai.*s i either tS '* -crnerv of Nature,
not the* most ciwn-hed mental as>oe>at- Mis —
The admirers oi the judine-que. used to |iv
«]dent the sublim t\ winch l- -ii-pelide. 1 ovei
the junction ol the Potomac and Shenandoah
Mur -ubiimitv then s’ood ;u sfditu ie; hut now
an ldea!i»!. ma\ striml on .l»dfer>(»n's rork. ami
s e ca-ai-. railroau-. and huge engine**, or he
n i .: \ hearthe din ot an Airmuy. in w h chair
nunnl.ictured weapon* oi death. Ihereaie'
oi the Potomac rivei niagii ficent Falls. wh ch
have been visited bv (hckeiis an ! Louis Phil
ip, >e. They a>e;Bout halt cfjuai to .Niag.oa
hut several nitemjil- have been u ade to him
that loina ;t:c snot mio a S mill Lowell. In
' future, when we no there. v\ e ate to see seve
ral tnoiisaml- o( Factors ^ni* : but we ho|*e
lliev v\ih not he kejd at wmk quite bmrteen
hours jmt uienri. i here has been a towel tor
the manufacture ot SlirC,-ef uj» in the ravine,
vvliici) is -panned b>v the Natural Bridge, ami
not oi l\ si». but that .ii'inilabie -tiiir'iire which
-u passes all the bridges of Ico or/o. ot the
lv\ Ihidge oi I) vonshiie ts advertise.! for
s jJi*. 1 he hammer ot the aucti au-er. - to be
i.tted up over the a»te i vi'a winch skirts the
most wo'iderfui arch in the world. I hen at
'he Kockti-h Cap, there t* a piece ot rratchles
scerti rv. hut a man ha- enlaced tunnel the
Cap tor tlu* sumo! .'rd-Xunn hTf. VeriK.tlie
Virginians have commence.! a career or l alila- j
riam.-m. amt we kno w pot where it w<11 m d —
Indeed, an Ideali-t would nor he apt to seek
much skill <n th - him! of ioie. He dwells
1 apa:t in a world, vvh ch he lias reared out of
nothing- ami that wr ild is ai wavs r. volvim/ m
an ot f it. supplied b\ to- imagination. The
man mav he poised on emptv space. f»ut hi
» ve wilt hum over *.vhat**ve. i- mo*? heautiful
in that vvorul he wu I cud a ! tin* bed- ot it
round tropical ll >\vers. ru travel in thought both
un and down a!! it- wi. ding dale-, and -elect
all their greene-t spot** a- place** of repose—
But we rorget. for we are writing on th»* -plead
of the ( trhtaiian sv*-tem .Macauiav give- !••
I,ni,l Bacon. the cred't ol having in*ro»IiK’i'u
this health*- kihlul irrijrowmi-nt. S.nee the
imu* ol t! e (f(*ihutnhurs Si:c. it ha- r\pan it* ■
,!s»*!I far ar.i] w'tie. We max aimo-t pnmnuud
the tjiie-’ton. where has it hot reactteu —
Athni.s w.i- once the «eat of refinerne-d. ami
tf) * refit!«• <■ t the <*ifi#i!r.eistai aits. It via* so
in the t me of Pei c!»**-. Bit’ we dale say. tiiat
the hiooK ol liv—us. on which Plato taught,
and that the (';o’a an fountain. have heroin *
feeder- to some I til tanan f inal ha! is to
hrrj.friH of Mount Pan u —a-. and the |)el|»hir
-terjis. \ve pretend * ot lo niv. hut v\ e tremble
fur their eventual destiny. Hu! woe to the i
u i rhl. when Pdimis-n- -ha i tie sealed hy the
I ?j Marian rjnairier >v.-- scenerv. 'on. ha
rd the lavages ol th** s'<e,r. which wenp
l»o-e. What a change has juis-ed over the
Leman Lake? Formerlv. that Lake was shut
im n solitude. he? wren do* Alps ami tne .In a.
and belonged to those s';eet- oi wa’ei oj winch
Mi lion speak'*.
That to tie* i. .tr_- A li nks v\ Im i* v d-crown d,
Tui ir ehry-tnl minor* t»«*:«1 -
hu* -moking |)uP’hm**e. a« "'rampr* are called,
have swept oti all the -k fl- m ihe Loris Irom
it-- ii lace. Wiiat n*-pe»t \v*u:d orient ihose
macli'i.e- pa . u, I»oi:--«*au phdo-opr.ica.iy mus
i: g < i, lie* -hole—<r K\no. pi** touching ’die
h« aril o’ snnn* Len t i !- am;. oi Shedey sound
ing his lilte by the Ca-tle of t hiiiou It the
11e-[ eriait (iarde< - lay ju-t hei«»re a tail car. ;
wv verilv hei eve. that tin* pa^-engeis won d
make the we k:u ring, a- th»*s puded ol! the
go.i'fh app e- u their tl g!.’. over -•> iniicli ru
ral beauts We hoped to the la-’, that K«»g*
land would have hedged on: tin- S',rn. mi-*. |
named a s\slem ol impmvement. lint it - (
mot^ i .ie in our A a •■-tot .a id. than in ( on- (
pnefdai hoi rope l* .pi s ’ice at I* nlic.d i a
heenme a slump—Miakespenie - ini* heirs, ha
he> n c'l* down—die Lea-owes near Birming
hi'd. emSdh-he ! hv S'len-ttme. have gone to
derav—L'hauce*'-!<mi-e r ear Blenheim. ha
heen dern ri>hed—ih*» ol I la hard Inn. has nr* v
come a wreck—the rad ca* j- ovei;*owering the t
mvh»d\ oi Kvdai rriou t. a’i i •vearn s luffi ng
the once quiet face of Cira*sin* e Y\ harves e\- f
mi d themselv-- l l * Lot ii Lomond. a1' I hridge
-(.au ds picti»r *'«jm* is ai d«. and tie* hug e .
of ( r,,et- an i ( an-men hu-he.l on Lo. h Ka
•rifu. p is n rir,J to hi pi os*. hi 'du- condi jr-u »,
,,f *h r»_*<. that pr if’ ra! Arne i o - would no*
hc distance i in the rare. Indeed much ot
( t Id <run sm wa- originated in ti e * nMed
States, and we fear that the Stalactites and
St.tlagm te-of our Parian cave** are destined i* -
♦ i e* ea’h it- p *wer. an : 'hat the Peaks o*
O re: may soon I -e their angu-t crowns by
the Lever ol Archimeles. P ** .evading the j
mo-t quiet bait:**. The IV*;ac Falls tT.u-t
former!', have been very attnc’rve. for thoy
were the on v object that ever led Wa-hingtou *
Irving in deserb:! g any tiling. t«i tip his
bland pro-t* tor ver«e: hir the nianufact*irer
has got ho d r f tht-m an I rad- ’he:n a vvaier'
power. We are eay it is ti.e -ame thing w ti*
B How's Falls aid Butt**tmi!k. and all the <
poe^s in Connecticut Valley bv this time have t
turne: L’’i itarians. The sentimentalists fare <
ju«t a‘ badly in the valley r.f Wyoming. If in
a future mf*n caM over world,
wi at mud the astonishment of Campbell he, to
survey the ponderous machinery about Wilke—
harre. working away among the ca-cades near
that towi 7 What a dc^’iny for a vale which
hi* petici' rendered more charming than tha* of
Faiterona* But the rno-t a-toni^nmg part ot thi
revo tition is that the pot*t> v» - I,.tve
begun to hetiay the citadel of ta^e. Ioni ti
one of them may v.esp»ak forth ihe evj o-tu a*
tion of the d> iajr C'.e a«—Ki w iiuctjue B u * —
loi they are t>ec<*n»nm l tdtat an>. I he\ | »al
the example of Burn-, who wio;e-ome o} • ,e
h*»st verse in the worn!, hut t ecanie an Kxi -e
man. S<>;iie o| our American hauls are in
counting house*. and others are in i.aid *. ire
stores. and >ome a.e in lactone* Bn-ini *- j
the universal vocation. The v 01 Id. a« cm u
to th.s theory was made loi htismc-s a; re;
hut moderation ev» n in hu-i ii-*> i> a smn i
princple. I' a in.»n never to redeem a week
lor irenta! imp owmen: and loi the levaicl r>
of phi o-ophy ? Is he always. after |bu: g;i ^
into the heautiiti! vottev of learning. t«/ n ap
pear not ainon: the Pierian Sjt.ii.r-. hut amoi 4
cascades distal he 1 fy these me ham-t.-f The
Me nf an Indian would he preferable to th *.
everlasting work, for an Indian can. after n; e
•rood chase. enjoy otmrn cum ate. h.v. *
isin is effectually louted The battle i« lo*:
We men of fancy are piostrate before ti t'
wheels ( f an industry. which overwa rk* ever,
thing it 'ouches. No hope •> left. e.X'Cr pt tha a
great discord may arise among the ( ‘i rai a s
There will he. we hope, a coil sjon of ihtere*i>
winch may to some vx'ent neutral se the efh < t
of tfie sys'em. ITie steam boat- broke up the
staging. and the railroads may f reak up the
"teamfloats So mo*e it he. ism> devout prayiK
^ e lon«4 for the return of the good o d tnm s
when we shall not be \ rested tin inly out of oitr
usual rout ne. We do rot l.ke to lift up our
te^f faster than usual. I hie age id ch valiy
will return. .Men will dream again. I.nag i.a"
tion wiliand rru-t resume rl- «*wa\ Ken al
castles hum leappear. Idea ixn . ke mu
chief, is more ’ernlde on the evenin'* of a tle
|ea’ than on the mom ng of a victor) T hen
will we seek -orne grpen-hoiiv re?r«at. am! Ie
like < I\;;es. who w a* invisible at time' hut we
shall tr> alter being oti^cuied. to ber.ime visi
ble ;»nmny men. h\ the production of some K*
sa\ line Adam >;r rl/-. on what constitute* the
Wealth 01 Natioi.'* Korgive this touch of
varntv. lor vanity is not m*. besetting sin.
\ on 1 -. \c
Died)
Near ( |'|»er M;» torn’, Maivlan !. on l lnirxlas
anT'iiiwj. atu r a short iline****. Mr** .MAKIA,
conson ot Hknjami.n i l!om:tv and dau-bier
of the Kite I Kit li u r-t I >aiit‘it*rlic‘h!. ol Alexan
dria. Va
In the ii-a*h of this mu!\ amiable lady, -one
ty has lost oi.i- ot iN hrichte-t ornament" lit r
ctieeifiii ami atiect onate d "| os turn ha i endear
ed her to ;x lar^e c rde ot relation* am! ft ten ■'
and her death ir deeply lamented b\ then
She ua-* a sincere and dev* ot member of ;f «*
1’iote'tai.t K| i^co; at ('touch—and tier >!riet »»b
servance ot thcdii'ie- ot a ('hii*f'an. leave the
b ested ji'Mirnnce itint *d4e ha* t een borne on
amxel pinion* to ti e br ^li! reaim* of ie leemin^
i«) v e
>mmmrmx*a m ■>— imi i-.hkw—•■wwihiii’i'— iww
AllliaitilC.
IS5o is. \|Sr* I
SEI»TKMIiEU|rMef|^/*.|
Moiin'n ! “»♦ » 'I '
do Moitdav_n .)■»!•) tr». ii
1 Til. 5 rd» 5 dN^ ••••
a .Mj.» la
2 w.'da> ;> :a !;» hr\lt 1 '<• • • •
•ail.
•ii
a
•»
In
-. 2 :
d i.
51 i.
b i It ii i Mia y . 5 .»»!■» I"
4 Frida v .... "• .> dM * *; 'I • •• • ~_
aSiiordav. ; "> oil a d7l lliilll W’ATEI.
''tin :iv... b 0 5 tialSiei r ve.i i; 2*. -dn
LATKS f DAI K>
Lon Ion..
L'V«*r;'< >ol
•vi ’ ; :
Sept. I I
Havre.Sept. 13
New «)r!e;nj<. Srpt. *21
m.akim: list.
I*‘ MiT <»}•• Af.KX \NMIIA. MTI K.MBKK
Akuin fi>.
Hr >z Topaz. M (» he l. lvt-t;>orf, !uxi*l»er an• i
fi-fi in I* ov\ It* k ( o
Schr. I’lia'itojn, I'lHups, !• rt-iinrI.\*.}.* at
to Ca/.eimve \ < o.
Sui.kd.
Scln. 'JVI'Ot, JoiifiMni, T'riniJaJ. I*> > v
M.t'-tf!" >op .
.vi:i I*aut. f\ niiei I. New V tk ‘; (
OilC >\ »• ‘v I <*
MKMOK \ N J>
s iji Sea Flow i, ci^areti at Ph a U foi
•!n< J*01T. nit tin* u in-t
<'an;il ( outmon <*
Akhivkd. September j’?
Boat John (Kenn. (ioo>e Creek. llour to 1>
h. Ho.ie an ! U ni I, Bowel; \ S >n
I ‘i i»ak 11 i>. N t»’» mtn-i >>.
Ii< at U »1.- A ll 11 pei, 11 < •» **. h< ol<*. - I o •«,
ha >. cap-* ixC.. tot Ueawiton. IVt« ii'«*. Bm
kett-i iile. an i Know ii|»*. AM. Harpei** Ltrrx
afi«i Lepton n \ a . 11om Me\ null. Hro \ < ,* .
■i!i.I •jroc‘*ri#»'» foi I la'pei'* K*»r«\. ami < Ink I! i.
Basic counts \a. horn U ni. Basne
_ W A >f I IN<»I <i.\ AM) A 1,1 \ -
ANDR IA M)A I STEAMUl
itiifMAS COLL I i: /» V ll EEk I
hoor-of depaitme of tlnr* Boat lot t».o* week,
commencin' on Mondas mom i N pi rnh* r
3uh. fioin im hnt.h.ut 1) tnnre fiei..’> w har .are
a> lot ou < : —
Leave A 'e.xandna, s. pi. ! l j, A. M , 1$.
and I’. M.
|.‘TfV»* \\ ash ng(0llt V;. ](|J. i .A. M .
I and .u l*. .M.
in cr.imeciion \\ tli a CO.\( H . n Wa*h n^ton
(io.tt . Kaip. I t1 riit> Boa’ arid Coach. I" '■ x
rent** IVi'Oi.s »omu and r u:nii j. without
ieav.njT ’}, Boat. » *4 ct*iit^. each was.
*ep ;0—d I \v J< )li t O.'JSO.V ( aj.tain
cAa. LOR BOS I ON l*he fine packet
S.IH.IH K PJIthKH. I!'
un-. 'ri * - * «»r. row loadiiijj. and ssiii have des
patch Ion frelilit a | i\ to
*-p v7 LA MUCK I* .V Mr KKN/IK
K< )R \KU \ilRK —I h** regular
kv’ schoonei S’L .N A 7OH ho Ns,
ma-ler. util haw* ■ !» ‘•patch. LW iferjhf apt \
to > SHINN \ SON.
sep v—tf JanneC* Wharf.
LOR l illl ADKLIMIIA -I hr park
gyget “choonei E. C ElUZIEiL Mar.
iiri^ton. inasft*r. will std » n Tu**- a\ in-xt Loi
i .* ig ; 11.:; ; ' to S SHINN N S < * \.
s^.ji on—;n .Itimes * V1' half
C* R KU A K I) Wii! I *• ”\»n fi.r th#* rc
0*^ covers '*l a BANK B<^lK. \» I: » h v ;h
«--t on lh»* I 11h ir:-t , ‘•‘»na v\ |.« le hr! ^ n n the
Mat^hall I {«n;«■** and IVfer I i»**n »-r‘- I he
ihrav levvaid s\ il In- tf vvn t»»i the r'e urrs of
he Book and no ;N conteiit?* at tl ;«• office.
wpi( 'jo — «*( r.’t
|. \ n | K' vp, u !.-,*r Brae**-. V\ rl. Sn^j eiid.-r-i
\j afar lied, a deniable a If »• tor c »i recta,a
h it> 'mil ‘‘’oopitnjr. and lo^h v rt commerajerl hy
nie t eal men .»•» r o;. Aicive to ir i.th; a La*
I e- Shonldei Braces for “air at
A LAMMONfrs.
*.»t» :p» \ ar :ets So . **
p AIN I Kl) VV IM)‘) \\ ( i R I A i N > A
I /•</. "ood ‘•Ts ’.v*ar»i* hi 11 mint non*, in \\ hir h
we off^r j reat harian*; a;‘r>tr) i- and Ta-se.v
lor sah* at onr clie.jp \ armtv snee.
v. :. . H Ii WHITTINGTON & CO
attention of the Ut>ir:s • » • «l to 0.
I M GUINN'S as-ortmei : 0 Lx n:«< r' foi
he 11 sspKr.R( Hit b ver\ line, a -o a line aw
‘•or’ment o I’hiH'MEkv and article* f“r hr*
r«'ll.K.T -ep 3 I
P'
iiK COD LI VKfl <r.-*!-. '.<> ref.?- | »*r
Lottie, a! lil'IW > Nf'vt Drmr N<»r«».
wf*», r<»r K n / FiVav
A J|>> MARK u r»r evr h»-r pup.i- <u
l\ j M'lutiny. the within <t Sr^ttmher If**
aid of ro npHt-nt a’.d efficient r :\\(‘ tearhe-*
ha<» '.pen “»-rifrP ! Term** tor F.njr'i*L bratol *•+
a- hefeiofore. Mit«»c. (.atm. and French Fan*
•j^uait«. at | rofp-v»r's charge**
adc: 3< —eo'Ol .
MAKINK INSniANTK COMI'AM* (>F
ALEXANDRIA.--An additional dmden 1
of iiH'etv cents on each shafe has been oe
c'ared, and will he rani to the S»orkho.der« or
the<r !e^a! representative- on and after .Mon*
dav, the l»5th inst. „ .
j»e;i itCfoSw C W \1 I LB. Sec y
W. C* YEA70N, Attorkey at Law,
NTOTARY PUBLIC* and CommMoner <jf
Deeds, Depositions, l(c, for most of the
S’ate'* of the Union. Office removed to that
I ate I v occupied bv Ifenrv W Davi«. F>q , n
«H\ta kef-hou<e building »*• * ■** r,»

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