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Alexandria gazette. [volume] (Alexandria, D.C.) 1834-1974, January 07, 1853, Image 2

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P l* B L 1S|{ K t> l> V I ! V A M> IK l«\\ * -V K 1. \ P \
EDGAR SNOWDEN.
r 10alkxam)ria gazk rti . « ^
;» printed ouTv‘sday'. lai;r,v 'V' V .m:u; ;r,>
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Country paper — tri-weekly— tv l uii»i>heu ioi m*
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Advertising —Time m>ei ot yi|,rv\ t r
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ALEXANDRIA:
KKIDAV V*OUN!Nt;. J.\M .\K\ t •«
The I’ioposed Tripat lift* ITeuty.
\Ve subj >im Ihe letter ut ‘.he SvC'eta \ i !
S ate o: the I n red States. in reply to Ve pro
position ot the British and tre*;cli t»>ven
ments. to enter into a tr partite treaty, tinJn ^
the contracting p >wers “to d 'c!adn,both now
and <v>r hereafter, all intention to o^tVn po-sc^
j»;oa of the Inland oi Cuba; ami to uKOtirci -
ance ail such attempts to tb.it etiecton the pa t
of any power or individual whatever, ami to
declare that they will not obtain or maintain
for themselves, or for any tv e of them^e-Ve ,
any exclusive control over the sjni Is and, nor
assume nor everci-e any domiii oii over the
name.
Mr. Kverett to Mr Crumpton simr!-ir i/»<
P'ltch having bttti tiituf?"t i to M tit s
figc*.)
I i PAKI MLN : l»> >TA ri!. S>
Washington, IVcemher ;. j y
Sir : You are we.* aapia.med wiirt if t* o ei*
mnchoU circumstance.' wnch have hdii*. rto
prevented a reply to the m> e vvhicn \osi ;u
dressed to my predecessor on the " h July.
That note, and the instruction of L1^ ; Ma n.s
bury of thesiho: A't ri. accompany-g d w tli
a similar commit n cauoii Korn the fir r1.
Minister, and the //'•«* t oi a convent on be
tween the three Powers relative to t u a, have
been anions the first subject' to which :i y a *
trillion has been ca >ed b> the i’residei.t.
The substantia* portion id the \ to, o.-e ; coi .
vent.on is expressed m a s.»u!e ait.ile. ...
the following terms
“The high contracting partie** hereby st-vet*
ally anti collectivi.y *1 >ria m. iuv,\ and .o
hereafter, all intention to o‘- ai.: j on o?
the Island td C uba, and hey respec’i v»*;y r<.
iheonselves to discountenance a.i a ie.nf > '<>
that etfeet on the past of any pmv» r or m liv,d
uals w ha*ever, the h Jlh con rac lu_i part e*
declare severally ana coiiecneiy that they
v.:ll not obtain o; maintain »o i tiirit.'t' \i
for any one of thetiuKdvec. any exclusive c n*
trol over the said Island. nor assume nnr ex :*
cise any dominion over the same.’’
The Vfeiident has given the most *er ous si
rpnUon to this proposal, to the notes “l tin*
British am! Fiench Ai: waters acc-mputu :nj
Atni to the instructions »f me t* a.'! or Mains*
Gory and M. IV lurgot, traa>rn;tte 1 v;’h the
project of the convent^*. and he d reel' me ’
make known to you the v.ew winch he ta*e'
t>f this important ai d delicate >u: itc!
The President fu. } concurs wi t; hi- pre t;»
ce>eoi-S who have on more %n one ucou'»'»i
anthor./ed the declaration rtierre t to b:^Lf
Maitnsburv and M 1 e l urjot. that the ’ u ^
States con ill not see with me thitnco g»v •***
land ot Cuba tall into the possession of any
other Kurope.m Government than Spamt ! 1
however, because we ?*!»:m he US'aUsiie,
with anv natural increase oi territory
power on the part ot l*.nj a * or ; raiu p
Fiance has within twenty yea1' a\Ui.'» ’ a
vast l*omail? on tne nodhern coast ot Am.. *,
* -I,* a tin prospect of imMir.i e ev e> son —
Kngland w.thm h ».t a centnrv ha> a-ided ver\
extensively J<» her * pif: re lf.*'e aopus lon^
have created no uiici-^ui'" on j o, ot
d’mted States.
Jn |»kc mat ih t * ' r'" :
in the same p**nod Ltteu'iy n.criiwl d.e.r - »
•ory. The largest ad 1 ’ »** •
tsiana. ufcirh was pnrcha'P i lt;om branc**
‘These acc(n>:oi*' of tern’ury have p: >h,,. .y
caused oo unea- ness to the streat tu
l*owers. as they iuivc been . i^rd. ah *t
iti? operation ot natural causes, ar •’» w-dc».i
any upturn,f.cc <*' the i tefftaU • «• W i-' ">*
of -’he fcifictpal States. They een tol
ioued aUft by a «jreat increase of niutCo >y
Oeueticial comun*‘.reial i:. erc.*ur>c between fhr
CiKted States and Flv ?pe
But th* case v« i i b • tcffii
}o ihe trati-t^r <d C ul a frun Sna ri to a* ' c-‘h*
i*r European Bower. I hai e'>i t c )U.c
»akc ya ‘ « thout a serious derangement
tilt internal : at sy ste a i « ex is?mi, an
would imitca’e de** sins :m r^teretme ’<» u. '
hemisphere which ectih! nm t-ut awaken alarm
in the Imtcc Nates we
ximewhat the *aiiv light in which r»ance at- I
KngiinJ would view iiu* acquisition of *‘».e
important :<lan<i m the Me-t ie»r,ine‘V» : ) thr
rnited Staw; with thw ,1 fteref.ee, ,'t • * true, i
the attempt of the l ni ed Mate* *'• *?-tah
Ji>h themselves in Europe wou!J be a noveity,
while the ajq<*arance of a European I "a or • *
line part of the wc.cid ;« a tarn:liar fait But
Ihi* djflerer.ee t:i the two case* :* m^r *.v hi —
lonrai, and would not di muish the anxieis
which, chs jvo’itu-al grounds, winld t»e cans*.:
■by *ny great deuioii-fiation ot European power
.m a new direction in America. ^
Lord Alahc^burv $tate- that hi eat hr’a.n :
\*Ottld never >»*e wKh i utifiertru.’e the p>^->4
Kiun of Cuba by «/<// Power but ^pam, an*: ex
plicitly declaie* that she has no wish or
•lion of appropriating the Island to her>«dr ann
itie French Minister makes the same avow a
-on behalf of 0i*> government. E >rd Ma'ii.s
•hury and M l>e Tu^ot do the Government of 1
lUeStates no more than fu-’ice m re
■marking that they have otic:’ pronoui.ee*:
ithe:n*eiyes substantially m the s. or sense —
The President doe# not covet the acipnsmcn of
•Cuba for the Tinted States Aj the same time
tie consider* the condition of t ub.i a^ iii;un!>
Amer can ques’ion. am! 1° •* united
<»ujy a European question. The propns-d con
vent ion proceeds on a different piinnp.e
a*«>unne* that the T nited State> tno> r,o
*r interest in l-iie question man England o.
France, vlMms, it )9 ne^assary oftlj ^ C l'
one> eve upon the map. U>s«r how remov are
»the relations of Europe. an -I ti*>w .ntia.av
•those of the Tinted States with th.^ ts an 1
The President, doing full just ce to the
friendly spirit in which his concurrence i* in
vited by England and buiice, and not nisensi
v!e io the advariiage* ot a tioorf uc h r^tami n g
Wtweer* (he three Powers m reference to l ur a.
irti* himself nevertheless unable to become a
party to the proposed compact, for the *omnv
jng reason*: It is. in the first place, in h<>
judgment, clear (»' far as the respect due fro.n
4he Executive to a co-ordinate branch of the
government will permit him to anticipate r*
decision) that no such convention would he
viewed with favor by the Senate. It- cer:air.
cejrction by that body would leave the quest on
of Cuba in a more unsettled i os non than 1 iv
now. This objection would not requ re the
President to withhold hi* concurrence from
the convention if no other objection existed,
and if a strong sense of the utility ot the no a ,
<*uire rendered it his dotv, a- far as ’he execu
live action i* concerned, to g*v.> hi* consent
to the arrangement. Such, however, i* not
the ca*e The convention would f*e of no
value unless it were lasting. Accordingly.»
tie 'term? express a perpetuity of purpose
.and obligation. Now, it may well he doubl
ed whether the Constitution of the l nifed
‘States would allow the treaty-making pow
er to imf>ose a permanent disability on the
American Government, for all coining tune, and
^igventit, under any future change of circuno*
fu m »!oui.» what has been so often
P.om* it. • past la 1 ">03, the I’n.leii Stales
purer.astti Louisiana of France, ami in 1 ^i
the> purchased Flornia o: Spam. It is not
within the com{*eUnee ol tbe tieatv-makii n
power. in iw>, ctiecuially to torn! the Govern
ment in a i its hianche^ ami for all cornu a
tune. rot •niiuti\t*«i s;ini:at pincha-e t t t. uba.
A ime ren> irk, 1 imagine. may he math* even
5,. inference both t> Kn^iah-.i ati«i hiance.
where th» trea’v-rnak ni» power i" le-< mi* p.-ct
than it is with ii* to the control ot oihei
r ranche** ot the G v« ii.uieM.
l to le ' am>thei '*’r»»r jt d ’t ction h> the pro*
p'*'e a^reenmnt AtiiOhi the ohiest ti.nht:• u>
ot the Federal Government is an aversion to
p *lit cal a! lances w !h F.uropean Loaci*. In
i, is memorable farewell adritess, Fresitieot
V\ u"h iu* >n h.in s
•*’l In* p eat rule of cot >iuct tor im in rejpv;!
to torei^n nations • <. n evti ml iu <» r commer
cial relation^ to have wilt* them as little po
litical connexion a> | o>> the. So iar as we
have a!u i !> torn et e- .:H;:emen!>, let thein he
lulr.ilei! \vi h pelted goo-! faith. I tie I it u
' op."
1‘ieM :» iit .11 tier.*on, in h,s inau^urai mhiic;*-*
:■ 1 **'*1. wan ♦ *1 The count rv a- ilimt -‘eii’ai*^iim:
alliance**’’ I tu.** expn s>i ii. n »\v (m’"Imc I'h •
vtr* ; ii, wa* unijuestii nabl\ u-«.}f*v Ah Jef
ferson in reteience lo the ail.ai re with ria re
of 17 > an alliance at the tone ot .<>.1*0^
hie 1 etn !*.t to tin* I inteij Sti»t: s, tuit w h d in
less than twenty ears. ra r e t ear .t.vo * _ :i*
in :tu* v\ar*»ol The French lev ■fut.on. u ' !.u I
the foumia’io') o* heavy claim' upon L .**jn ".
not « \ n ^u.'hr *o *t:e pri-Miit *tit\ It a a
s'e;i t.catit c '.ncivtence that ihe pait'c fur pro
vis the ai < ce \vh ch < ca*i um 1 these
evi s v\a* tha? un ei winch Fiance ea le i upon
U** V ai ! I»* r ; ■ ilefe'i.. ne f r r A o^t I u l til pos
vf'> (,* , j <;;«*! Kta! a. <!. Ao’hn jj it " than
the unhonn »t! miliiene ol \\ a-hin^lon n s.
cUr<! tfie ’ iiiOn jfom the J tii's of that .cri-is.
ami preset vt i! our u» u!rai ‘\
Init th»* Lit **.ilt i t r a» a graver ofjec’ion to
pp.tei i'tj mto th** |»r<»p se«i convention tie ha'
no wim. to « I'j! *e he let lma tlost the COIIl
pat,'. .iiftiouch c<j ial in it- twriis. vvolihl '-e verv
mu<i ut. i i sir s at ce. Fln^t a:a* ami France.
h\ r 11e‘‘iroi l:i‘0 ;t. wonhl tisaMe ll.rume ves
from ont.t ni • i ; o**e"ion nt an m ami remote
from heir sea s of Government, beionmni to
another Ktropean Lower, whose natural rijh!
to possess it must alwavs f>e a* ro tfieo
own a i!.sfnn t ;* amt, iii another m m sphere,
a rai one wfuch, h'\ no or.nai\ nr peaceful
course of th-hif*. c> u .1 ever heloi.i so either ol
them. 1; tfo- piesrnt hala: cent powei in Ku
rope s}.( a ,* he fn sieti up. it Sp un sf,ou ii he
ron • m;a e to mauit tin the i** ami in tier (*f»s
<*•*'; ti a ui f i'i>la ai ami Fiance -hem' . t»e en
j tj- f i a >!eat:i strujtile w th each otfo-r, ('uha
m izht th► n f.e ihe pi /e of the \ictor lijl
the'p t vents . i take lace, the Lrt s .h i.t Joes
not s -e h“\v ( u a c.iu belong to an\ f.iir- pean
L *W « r n.,t >; it i!i
] [it* i ; i t* : > t« t < t* tt.eo .t*i fi.tM .. vvoii.d,
■’V SN
e * 1 n\vn it'u, d-anie lhen»>eive
in m .» .in an .U’pn-di ‘Ali oli m i:hi fake
pmce withon’ any m-t’irharce o; t*x«>tu z tor
e irn reiaton-. a' •! mi »he ra lira! <»• 'er or
things ftoe Nland ot Cuba lies at ur d ors
li como and- a;,; ach !o ’• i.t* hu : of AN\
» which v%asho t! e >h res of five of our
‘ a
it bar** t! e en'rance o* *b.»t z ea‘ nver
'A II :l h d.‘ < 'hill * the .\Oft!l A 'fir I W i'I C > ’!*
:. •! tu : v\ttii N tribifar * - form.- she trjc-’
«»; :•:!**■ w *• t*i communication in tlie
A *
t ki* j- A'a’r*. at the d.*or-wax o? on:
» i • t*;. v' tfi i nit* by 'm* Nth mu
- Ii an i-la U like Cuba, heiouuins •»»
:}><* >, an -h c> a i . uuat !c the en’ra: i >■ of tht
nes imi the >• .• *•. an 1 the l • te 1 State?
*|.ou,'l propo-ea con * n tun i w ’hi- to h'i:- J
i ! ar. ! b ra. <, e, t f n-e 1 *ver**» won d a—uiediy
eel that Tti*» di-c.bl I v- it.v*:jriie! \\ oil 'f!Vr
wm* i ir-eriu’i- ti. in that whn ti uv a-ked
then !o a-.-'ime.
1 • . ns \f» tricut staV-wen a? ;
•* (•:. turns and u d«v iry ng c rc ims’ance*
: avt* i t* -red a- to the de-;i'«ibit*nr>* of the ac- j
pn-n on <d Cu-a b) the I’nite i Slav- I fin
■ : . , || • omti mcia ly. it would in «su.
an extremely > -ruahlt? ; ( --• ss
[ »;*:*-~ Ct *a i c> ’injci c e.- it u> jht bt* iitnost
-^ a ur safety Si l, for domestic rea
in!i*. on which, in a communication ot tbi
;ind t ii _ n not he proper to iwe .tin Ptesi
t thinks that • corporation of ihe islai
; *•» the Ci*ion at the pr.*vml t me, aithonjb
t t!f( > ! w*!li the consent of Spa n. woiil.i be a -
ii.tti-toil* ruea"UU '. and i»e would consider it
Vij ii* ijoa t*\ turce. except in a J-**** ,t, w.;b
s;-a n. -i,ov»: ; an event -o £ireati\ to be dei*re
c-ite i :ake p.ace. a- a di^race to the civiii/ t
■io:i ot toe
The ihe.-i lent has iiiv.-n an |>'e i»ro d of the |
sincerit\ v\ h v\hich hi holds these views.
ie ha** tin vvn ’he who c .'Oa-1 c>: hi- co -!;•
uO) iJ! j • w . i'anaiii-t a‘! *; .Ciia I a ‘ tack - u: on .
ht* i- .*■ ! 1 W'o iht i a\e «’ e».:i pet tv'tn* f
r hi.ii. Will, its; ai *. ee miai iifg ect of duT>,
a [ fi jr-ct- o{ .« t*’rmidatne chaiac.er t>»
; i*h * r -'.o*i z: h t S’ con*o vaiijCe. No amoun t o*
► . • j \ at . i «■. . ran’« «- -. ?.. . I s caused
►y the indiscret - «•; the C ■ >niai N >vern
*' ( i.’i i. ti.*. * e n vnd him f foin tiiC* p.tlfi Of ,
,n \ ,n 11. - r» *,a ct i tie C a{ ta.n (ie: eo:! of that
> i:: :. an t ihcer apparency i»t up:fit an t r ri
ll .icier. :>..t pro abi\ more used i«*
n\ j?a vc n.na an the m i a *ement of civil .
da rs h i- o a j*u ti !' :eterei <k* to the ;
i)» • ■’ ;t private tin-hii*. ivwho **?Pfr< ’o
u* ent;r»’.\ mnnrent nf the matters !«\ut to h;s ,
i 3.::*- ) ie‘:i—d to al ow p.i>sen2er> and the ;
na * at the lri ted States to he lai ded fr< m a
__ [, i<.> z h m on board. 1 m* is certainly
wry * \tr;» .co a. v n.o-ne of anitna<kvertni2 ;
• • - . - ibu-e tfc • liberty o? the |
nr--, h'• in** -ip'jrct d? a ior**»t*n .wyvernmenT
n !j - na:.ve country. ) he * ap'ain (jencral n
i. d h\ h - (iowrnmeist. tliree thou- \
r:* M*f. :o hold any diplomatic »r*tt i -
i Li F-nited States He is subject j
r ,, , . - re . # ’ii. d reef on ot tim Spatnfh i
i\ i \\ ash sjton a. a Uu- F'resi lent has
( . choo'%e bet x?t*a j* resoit to force to c mi p *1
he ahandcMunent - i this j: itu tons internnHic n
d cotPuiercia! •» lerc ” r<e, (which would resuP i
ii war.) ;i!»d a deiav oi wtvk* anil iiaui tjs nc* .
t't—t * for a iiegot.au >n w»tri .'la.fiu wnr. .in
(he chine^cf the most deplorable occurrences
’i) the mtervut. <««\. *i■ • for a trdle »• • *i< ought,
to have si iw III ! a hj •• tC edi by a-1* t nariut
O' !;'?*:•' i i - T \ V 0 0 SI W llMi 11-S':g i; J ?tl«* HaV;l»:;i
]’iu* Fre-kUmt, however, tias patmnih; i*;bmit
it- ' *o ev:.s, and has cannoned PiithtuUy
to /,vv ... ruha tin* a ■ vantage ol tho>e princi
ple of i»V pghiic Saw. under tin* shelter i»f
,\ fii’.Ti sh»* tt<i' <i« p;»r‘ei in tin- case l*o •* ,,,‘
, fn ■ ’ V 'if M)' Oli< »5I l,..1 incidents to whicii
1 nhu ie. and vvhich art* st.li in \ra,n, ar** among
many -others which point decisively to Jiw ivV;
pedieru v oi M;,7if change in the regions ot
Cuba. uno ibt* Fresiuen! thinks that ’he lnflii
eace or England amt France whh b'pain woujd
t>4* weii empi * * ,1 m smlucinii her so to am i tv
'.he a !mm;*fration <»i the governuienl oi Cuba
a- t > all rd the means <>! Mime prompt remedy
if.r evi > ot the kind alluded to. which have
tone :;:uch t> increase the ^p:r:t o! unlawful
enterprise against the island.
I hat a convention -uch as i- proposed would
be a tran-itorv a :range»i :*•*»;. sure to he swept
a wav by the irresistible tide of all'.!/- m a new
country. ■ tot hi. a.'prtu»ensiou oi the t'u-.-i
P*iit, *< •-> onviotj- to »viju,'c a * c. b c* r e ■! a rg u rr .*r .
Th * 11 • 'i * re-t* (’’i principles 3pj ffHb e. tt -it
ip, to Europe, where international rj'ciioi s
.irf m their has s of great an' £4*1'*5» *00* \
jDo.ittied for the most part in the progress o'
• une w''v events; and not applicable to America;
wh ch. b»r Urely a waste, is hlling up with
intense rapid ty. a’-- 8 i usli g on on ti a I piin*
ci* es those Territorial rei<MV>«s which, on the
tir-1 d >covery of the continent. Wftre ;.n a good
degree fortuitous.
li»e comj»anitivp history of Europe and
Vnenca. even for a single century, shows this.
In 17England. France, and Spam were not
ma*er: i;!v different m their political position in
Europe ?ro*n what they now are. I iiey were
ancient. mature, consolidated States, established
ta tilt :r retains with each other and the rest
of The world—the Eliding powetsot Western
rd Southern Europe. totally (?;!!orcr,t. wa*
he n’.iV o« f rig14 in
America The l mteil
dates had no existence as a people. A iT.e
,f Eng’ish colonic*. v^t numbering much over
rinlooo of inhftbitaiUs, HU-tched along the
oast. France emended trcoo tfce 1>3^ °t St
.awrence to the Gull ol Mexico, and irom the
Uleghanies to the Mississippi’, beyond wh-ch,
lestvvard, the continent was a wilderness, oc
upied by wandering savages, and subject to a
onflicling and nominal claim on the part oi
'rar\ce ar.d Spain Every thing in Europe
cas comparatively rued; every thing m Amen
a provisional, incipient, aoj temporary; except
he law progress, which Organic and
italin the joutb of State* a* ot ^dividual
men. A siruggie between U:e provincial au
thouiits ul Fngland and France* j or r he posses
sion *>t a peny siorkadeat the confluence of
the Monongahela and ti e Alleghau) kindled
the seven year.-' war. at she close ot which tin*
great huropean Powers, not mateitally attected
m tuetr relations at home, hail undergone as
tonishing changes on this continent France
had disappeared Irom the map or Aineiicu,
whose inmost recessc> had Keen penetiated h\
tier zealous mis«i(niarn > ami hei iesolioeai.il
.•allant adventuieis; Kngland had added the
Famous !.i }.t*i if ails’.t il.tiith' dominions; Spain
tiad he« nine the uo-tiess oi Loui-iara; m> that
in li e language ot the Archbishop oi Mexico
n ITTU, she claimed ^ibeua a> the nonnem
boundary o| New >jfa4n
1 weive >>art» only from the treaty of Paris
e a; sed. and another gieat change took { Uce,
liuillul ot *iiil gieater changes to tome, ike
Ameiicaii levolunon broke out. It invoked
England. France, and Spain in a tremendous
s niggle, and at it> close me l ui’.ed States of
Amenca had taken their place m the Famds
of Nations In Kuiope the ancient Stales
wen* lestored substantial A to their tormer
eijujlitiroim: hut a new element of n calcu
lable importance in reference to territorial ar
rangements is henceforth to he iccognised in
America
.hut t wenty \ears fiom the close of the war
of the American revolution. France, b\ a treaty
wrh Spain, of which the provisions have nev
er been disclosed, possessed herself of Lnuisi
ana; hut did so only to cede it to the l Intel
Mate**; and in tin* sunr.e year Lewis ami Clark
-Mrted on their e.\pedition to plant the flag cd
the ( nitpd States on the chores nf the Pacific,
hi 1 s!o F .oriila w as sold i\ Sjain to tfie Failed
S::itf-s, wh.ose territorial possessions in tins
wax liad been incieased ttiree-tohl in half u
century. I his last acquisition was so much a
matter of course, that it had neen distinctly foie
-een hv the Fount Aianda. ti e1 Piime Minis
ter of Spain, as long ago as 17Sk
Put even Most* momentous events are hut
the forerunners of new territorial revolutions
sol! more stupendous. A dynamic stiuggle
l.et 'ein the Kmperor Napoleon ami Spain,
commencing in l^Cm, coin ulsed the Peninsula.
I he vast possessions ot the Spanish Crown on
til s continent—vice-ro\aIkes arid eaptain-cMi*
eralships filling the space between California
and ( ape Horn- one after a: other asserted
their independence. No friendly Power in Fu- !
n pe at that tune w as abie, ^• r if aide, was wil
ling, to succor Spain, or aid her to prop the j
crumbling buttresses of her cnemial empire :
>0 tai Horn ;i when France, in is,2.'F threw an
anii\ of 100.000 men into Spam Jo Control her
domestic politics, Fngland thought it necessary j
'o counteract ti e mcvt inciit t*\ it-cogt t/ ng the ;
indepei deuce of the Spanish provinces in A met - ,
w a in the remaikai) e language of the d;s»in- ;
guishcd Minister of theda\, in order to redress j
the b,Vance of power 111 Korop**, he called into
existence a new world in the M est; somewhat
ove:rating perhaps tkc extent of the derange- ;
merit m 'he Obt W cm. and not doing full jus
t ee to the position of the Tinted States in
America, or their 11 lluence on the fortunes 0}
their s.sirr republics on tfjiv continent.
J tius, m ^ixt\ \ears Porn the cu se or ;rm*
-eveii \t-;trs' war. Spam, like Fiance, had lu>i
t'.** ia.<t remain* of her oner imi-trial posses
'i.;j.< iii ilu> hemisphere. i la* l mted Males
meaMime w ere, b\ ihe art.* of peace and the
!.i a ill I u i progie** ol thing*. : a} : iV »• nh*. 'go £
’jit' r dimer "ions am! consolidating then i ewer.
i lie great match 01 eve ills >‘iil went on —
Some oi tl.e new re; ublns, troni the tdrct of
h a) \ture (/I laces. or the want ('I trn:!iir>tx W
liberal instituiioi s. showed hen Pelves Kenya
hie of seif-govenunent. The ; rovir.ce ol i e.\
u- revolted from Mexico hy ih** same nuM hy
wh ch Mexico revolted from Spain. At the
memorable battle ot San Jacifito in 1"30 she
j>a>M d the great < rdeai ol nascent States, ami
iic-r independence was recognized hy thi> (o>
vernmfiih by Kngiand, hy France, and other
Kuropean l*ower>. Mainly peopled from the
! hired States, she sought natma 1> to he incor
; "rated into the l mon. lie (tier vva> re peat
e IK rejected hy Presidents Jackson and \ an
Pure:, to avonl a collision with Mexico. At
'aM the annexation took place. As a domestic
question, it i> no fit .subject for comment in a
comiiiUR:C(itK*n h> a foreign M.ms'er Asa
question ot } ublic law. theif never was an ex
tension ot territory more natural:} or justifiably
made. It produced a disturbed lelauon wuh
* he (iovernment of Mexico; war copied, and
m its result* other extensive territories were,
for a laige pecuniar} compensation on the
. art of the 1’i.ited Mates, ad. ed to the l mon.
\\ jthont adverting to the division* of opin
ion which arose in ielt*rence to tins vv.ti-*
as must always happen in free countrC"
oi leterence to great measure*— no petsoii.
Ntirvev mg thc-e events with liie e \ e ot a
com. rehensive s’aw'niutod.ip. can tai. t * tract*
n the main result the um!oi»t>’ed operation
or the law of our political existence. I he
consequences Hie heiore the wo: id \ a*t pio
vmce>. which had languished for tine?* centu
ries under the leaden swat ot a Ma-io* ar> _ sys
tem, are coming under the influence* of an
active civilization. Freedom of speech and
the press, the trial hy jury, religious equality,
and repie-fciitaliW f invent men! have t een c.n
rfd n\ the ( <#n-»11uMvn ot the l mted Nate* i
into extensive region* in which the} were un
known heiore. Hy the settlement of Califor
nia the great circuit ot intelligence lonmj the,
globe is completed, i lit* discovery of the gold ^
of that region leading as it del to the sam« (
discovery in Australia, has touched the nerves 1
ot indu-iiy throughout the world. Kverv ad-1
dition to the territory ot the Ameiican (‘nion ,
lias given homes to Kuro;ean destitution and j
gardei s to Kuropean want From eveiy part
of the Cnited Kingdom, fr< m France, from
Swjfc/erland, and Cermacy. and from the ex
•rerrn *1 no:til of Furope, a march of immigra
tion has been taken up, euich a* the world has
never seen heiore. Into the t n>ied Ms.e>,
grown to their presn,t extent in the manner
d -scribed, hut little ]e*c than half a million of ;
the population ot the <)]d World is annually
jiouring to he immediately incorporated into an
lndo.-drions and prosperous community, in the
bo sum ut winch th;y hnd political and reli- j
gious Imeity. .social position. employment, and |
bread.
It is a fact which would tie*y belief, were it |
nut the result oi clfic.a! lujutry, that the im
migrants to tho l mted Stairs fiom lre:nnd ;
alone, besides having subsisted themselves,
|uve wt't hack to tr.eir kindre.l for the threej
ia*t years near % §ve mill ons of dollars ant it- 1
;i:Kthu« doubling m three Near* the jmichase
niot ey of Louisiana.
Such is the territorial development of the*
United Sta’es in the pa-t century. jsitpossi-j
i.it t ji »t Europe can contemplate il with an un* ?
trieii.il v 01 jeuioa.s c'j e ^ hat won hi hrt\e i
been tier condition in theKe ir\ 1*1^ teaiv hut for
the outlet we have furnished to her starving j
millions *
Spain, meantime, has retained of her ex:en
>1 vc dominions m this hemisphere 1 ul the two
islands ol Cuba and Porto K:co. A respect-|
fuNympathy with the fortunes of an ancient j
ally and a gallant people, with whom file i m- \
teti State* have ever maintained the most ‘
iriendh relations. won d. if no other reason
existed, nrake it our duty to leave t er in t!*e
undiMtirhud possession of fins liitle remnant (»! (
her mighty traiisatian:i2 empire. The Fresh ;
dent i!e*nes to do so. no wurj or deed of his j
wil. ever <i n >'.i >n her title or shake her pos* ■
session, fhit.y.an it be ejected to last very j
long 1 Can it resist ihu? mighty current in the
• ortu e* ol tin world 7 is u Jesr^bifi »rbat n
should do so 1 Can it be for the interest ol;
>pam to chn^ fo a possession that can on!) ne 1
maintained by a garrison oi twenty-live or ‘
thirty thousand troops, a powerful navai force,
ami an am'h'jal expenditure for both arms of
the service 01 ai twelve millions of dol
lars 7 Cuba at this moment i.csts more Jo j
Spain than the entire naval and mditarv e*■!a.h- j
lighments oi the United State- cost the Federal :
Government. So far from being really injured
hy the logs of *«;;£ inland, there is no doubi ;
ttiat were it peacefully ir^nsfcr;e«» 13 tne i oi
led Slates a prosperous commerce ■opt ween 1^11- <
ha and Spam, resulting from ancient wocia t
tio'i a:ul common language and laste, would be j
far t,,j;ie oroductive than the best contrived j
-ystem of colonial taxation. Such notoriously
has been the result to Threat firil&in of »he es- 1
tablishment of the independence of theihnteui
State* The decline of Spain from the posi- j
tion which ,-hic in the time ot Charles the
Pifih is coeval with the i#i*nJa!ion of ner co- j
lonial system; while within twenty-fi.ye years,
and f .n^e Ihe loss of most of her colonies, shei
has entered upon a course o( rapid improve
ment unknown since ihe abdication of that
Emperor. ,
I will but allude to an evil of the first mag
hituiie—l iiie.in li.e Atncan slave trade—»u liie
suppression (*i wh.ch K gland and France lake
a lively inttivs’; an evil which still touns a
guat iepn ach upon tne Civilization ol Chris
tendom, and perpetuate^ the baibari-m »»t Al
rica; but for which, it is to be leared, there is
no hope of a complete remedy while t’uba re*
rr>a• 11" a .Spanish colony.
Pul, w hate wr may bethought of the-o la-t
-ugjestions. t would seem impo-sibie tor any
one, who reflects upon the (/Vents glai.ee.1 at m
this note, to mistake the law ol American
growth and proguss. or think it can ne n«t:
mat el y arrested b\ a convention like that p • c»
po-eii. In the judgment of tne Pie-ider t, it
would be as easv to throw a dam from f ape
Florida to Cuba, in the hope of stopping the
ll iw of the Gulf stream, as to attempt by a
compart like tins to li\ the fortunes of t ub;*,
••now and lor hereafter;'" or, a- expressed in
tli»’ French text o| the convention. “tor the
pr. sent a- lor the tillnit-, (pour ie prcsPht
comme povr I'avenir;) that is tor all coming
time. The history oi llie past—of the recent
past—affords no assurance that twen’V years
bei ce France or Kngland will even w i-h that
Spain sfiou'd retain Cuba: and a century herice,
judging of what will be Iron what ha-* been,
llie | ages w inch retool this proposition will
like the record of the family compact between
France and Spain, have no interest but tor the
antiqnary.
Kven now the President cannot doubt that
both France and Kngland would prefer any
chang in the condition of Cuba to that which
is iim-t to be a; prelm nded. viz an internal con
viib-ion which should r» new the honor? and
thn fate of San Domingo.
I w iii intimate a final objection to the pro
po'i d convention lord Yialnn-bury and M
(>e Fiji got put forward a- trie reason for enter
ing into such a compact “the attacks which
have lately been made on the Island of Cuba bv
law !c-- bands ol adventurers from the United
Slate*, with the avowed design of taking pos
session ol that island.*' The President 1- con
vinced that iho conclusion ol su< h a treaty, in*
-tending ol putting a stop to th< se Inwie— [ ro
Ceedp gs. i\ould give a new and poweMul im
pulse to them It would stnke a death blow to
the conservative policy hitherto pursued in this
country toward ('uha. No Administration ol
this Government, however strong in tne public
confidence in other ie-poct-. could stand a day
under the odium of having stij ulated with the
cleat Poweis oi Kurope that, in no future time
under no change ol circumstance- ; by no ami- ,
cab’e arrangement wnh Sj am ; by no a* t of
law I ul war, -hould that calamt* untortuna’elv
occin : by no consent of the inhabitant- of the
i- land, should they, like the pos-^s-ions of
Spain on the Amencen continent, succeed 111
rendering themselves independent ; in tine, by
no over-ruling necessity of self } reservation,
shouM the Fnited Slates ever make the acquisi
tion ol ('u ba
For thise reasons which tin1 Preside;.t has
thought it advi-ahle, considering the irnpoitancc
of the sti‘-ject, to direct lin* to unfold at some
length, h** ltd-cm.strained to decline, respect
lti!Jy. the invitation oi Fngiand and France to
become partie- to the proposed convention.—
IT* i*i p»*r-naded that these Iriendly Powers w ill
not attiibute this refusal to any oi-ensbibty on
hi- part to the advantages ot the utmost har
mony between the great maritime Slavs on a
-11 bject (<f such iinporlaiice. As little will
spa n draw any unfavorable interence irom
tin- lelu-al :’!he rather, as the eTphat c disclai
mer or am designs aga:n-t Cuba on the pail ol
tin- Governme; t. contained in ihe pre-ent note,
affords all the assurance which the P»e-.dent
ran constitutionally, or to any useful purpose,
give, of a practical concurrence with Kngland
and Fiance to the wish not to disturb the pr,s
«e*-P>n /if that island f-y Spain.
I avail myself, sir. of this opportunity to as
sure \oil of rn\ <L>‘ingu .*Ted cor»-;dera*ion
KDWAIU) KVKRKTF
Eiitish Cential Ameiican Colonies
The Nea York Herald give* the lollowiiijr
-ynnpsi-of the reply received from the Dep.nt
mo!: t ft Ma’e to tirfi 1. a^s s re so ution o! i *. -
j,ji:irv relative to terr.Torui] acquisition hv Ureal
Hi pain in < 'eirrai America.
In rej• 1 v to (ien. Ca^- ** icsoiuhnii. the Seore
ta y of Mate -a>-that no it.lormat.on. olfieial
; or unofficial, ha- been received rc*>;»ec:in&r the
establishment of a new Briti-h colony in Cen
tral Amenca. A eonsu; ot the l niteil St.res
; vva- appointed tor Heh/e, Hmmtiras. on the '< i
Ot Man il. ! ** i 7, ami the Minister o! the Cm
ted Mate- at Loudon wa* instructed ti> the Dt
j• .1 r11?»o*«i to a| piv to the* Hr.ti-h (lOVi-inm^nt
|nr an e.xecpia’or. H - commi-sion was after
ward-, n» ivo0. levuked, and >mce then we
have l a ! no officer there, nor any from whom
the in ten mat.(in a-ked Or in the resolution
tOuid he expected hy the llepartmetit
A note tom Mr ( las ton to Sir lieais Bu -
' wer. dated July l Ik ls'0. is nl-o communica
ted. in winch he acknow tedjes the rece.pt of a
communication from the latter, dec aninr that
the Hrit.-h nwr: ament due- not understand the
et-iimrcments of the conve ntion of the K*'h of
April. i-r>o, to a|*j ly t«» l!er Majesty s >etth
ment at Honduras, or it- dependencies. Her
, Ma;* ■•'>*- ratification of the said treaty is ex
: ehaYvred ui.dei the explicit dcciara’ion above
iiiej.t ,on»‘d. In rep is to this. Mr Ciayton >a\>.
under date o! July 3th, is.70, in u memoian
d urn— .
* “The within decimation of Mr II. RuUver
w a- received h\ me on the *A»th day ot June,
|n.jU. In iep!v, I wrote him my note of the tth
Jills, acknowledging that I understood British
Hoi.dura*, was not embraced in the treats ot
the l Mh day of Apui mst. but at the same
time cat el til • v declining to affirm or dens the
Bn: sh title in their .settlement, or its alleged
dependencies. A tier wjgp.iu g my note last 111*5In.
1 delivered it to Sir Henry, and we immediately
pioceeded. without any further or other action,
to exchange the ratification of said treaty.—
i io* consent of the Senate to the declaration
was not rtquued, ami the treaty was ratified a
it stood when it was made.
\ H .-The rich’s of Croat Britain to any
Central American States have not been com
promised by the treaty, or by any part ot the
negotiations."
Mr.Clayton in h ? letter to Sir Henry Bui-;
wer states, also. tnat ‘*ihe Khairman of the
Committee on Foreign Relations, Mr. ixing. in
torrr.s me that the Senate perfectly understood |
that the treaty del not include British Hondu
ras. It only includes the Central American
States, with their just dependencies." 1 his is the
substance ot ail Hit* correspondence co.nmuni
C3*e,j — yip. Clayton's memoiandum, and the
extract from Sir Henry Bulwer's letter being
given m ful!
Death of Commodore .Morgan.
ili.' !i painful retiret that we have to an
nounce ’he death of the galiant and veteran
Coir, mod ie Char It'S W. Morgan of the i>. iv
Navy. He expire 1 at his official sesidence, in '
command of the Washington Nav) \ard, on
V\rt?«lne^«ia\ morning, after a Ijngeiing anil pain* i
!ul ilinpss, aged sixty-three \e.irf'.
Commodore Morgan enteied the *\av\ in
ISOs, ami was excelled in courage and activity
by no one oi the brave vomit; spirits who bote
a part in the glorious naval actuw * of the war
of :-!*‘1.3. Though very young, he distin
jrjt.^hed hmisei: in the action between the L n:
ted Slates frigate Constitc’.ion an-.i i.*i> hritarooc
.MajcstCs frigate Guemeie, the tr.o?-t important
nuv^l engagement during the war. Twice ap
pointed to uomwand the l. S. naval iorce* m
the Mediterranean, tie (i^Ciia^gbd hi> dutv in
these important tru^s with honor to himself
and advantage to f-i* country. He govenwd
those under his orders not nv operating on their
tear', hut hy well-directed efforts to elevate
them in th°ir own estimation, by rea-ouab e
induigencu'i and ili£ dispensation ol tipiai j is*
Commodore Morgan was a native of \ ir*
a nephew oi los niiistrious namesake.
Uie brave ( Jen Morgan, of the Kevoiutionarv
army. an*i in ail the ^ualitie* of a uaiUnt and
nohjp ( ificer and geMleman. he was uoiih; of
his blood and oi hi* chivainc profession. He
has left a devoted wiie and two eon* to mourn
his loss, and, a« he was e?*ltre:T»e»l and respected
by al! who knew him, his death will be lamen
ted by aii wiUi vi'rOip j:e served, from the
hij»he>t to the humbfest —ivflC in(.
A considerable advance has taken place in
Iron, and ill lb? manufactures of Iron, inclu
ding nails kc. The iron manufacturers of our
country, wilt, we hope, now profit by their in*
4u$try and
riHtiklin.
George Bancroft, esq., m a lecture before the
New Voik Historical Society, reported in the
l imes, pays an eicquent tribute to the philoso
pher :
“Not the half of Franklin'? merits have been
told. He wa-the* true father of the American
rmoii. It ua> he who went forth to lay the
foundation (*l tit at Lire at doign at Albany: an»l
in New York he lilted up ln> voice. Ileie
a'f.m ir u> appeared •t< the apostle of the
I niou. It wa> Franklin who suggested the
Cong re-* of i 77 J. and not jor Ik* wi-doin. ami
he cm lideni e th.it wisdom inspiltd, it is a
matter of count whether that Confess would
have taken t fleet. It was Franklin who sng
ceMed the bond oj Cnion which hinds these
Mate.- jioin Florida to Maine. Franklin was
t.ue greatest diplomatist ol the !S!ti centu
iv. fie never spoke a word loo soon; he nev»r
spoke a word too late; he never spoke a word
too much; he never taded to speak the right
wok! at the right season
Ihliind the Times.
The Alton. (III.) Telegraph gives the fullowing
account of Western travel, in those unfortunate
local.ties not yet blessed hy the introduction of
the rail :
The stage came in vtsyrday. in a deplorable
fix. from Jacks.,nviile. The body and hind
wheel.** weie left tiehnni. perhaps in some rnud-i
dv hole up tne country, opposite -ome anti-rail'
road man’s door l pon the front axie-iree \va>
fashed a crockery crate, which contained tfie
Jehu, Ins mads, an 1 three passengers. J he
whole concern looked a- thrurjh it had search*!
ed the bottom ol every quagmire in the country,
and brought away a simple of its c inposite and
lei til zii.ii (jualitics.
Lip; incott, Gsambn \ Co., Phi ade'phia. have
1 ub'ished. in a handsome volume, the Hi.-tory
of the National Fiag of the Cnilnl States, by
C.i; t. Sci.uvfor Hamilton, of the 1. S. Army.
'I be work is appropriately dedicated to fieri, j
Scott. Itis an interesting collection of facts
countct<d with the glorious standard of our
country.
The same publi-bei* have i-sued from their
pres-, a Pictorial Hefner, or com; endiotis die
tnnary, in which the most important words in ;
the Knglish Linguae* are famiiiariy defined. |
and illustrated hy engravings. I he work is by i
Rersselear Benth-y, of New York, and i- de- i
signed as a Class book for schools.
Received and for sale at the bookstore of!
i
Robert i>e!!, 1\ .ng street.
The Herb) Administration in Great Britain, !
lias had but a short life The majority against 1
the Ministry in the House of Commons, on the:
tux hill, was ]s». The next steamer will pio- j
b.th > filing us the names of the ( ew Adrnn:is-j
tration.
i he Leg .-.atine oi Maryland did not fully!
oiganlze on H edne-dav— but we presume el-j
fected that object \ esleiday. I be Governor’s
Message is said to be a verv lcn.tr out*.
*
Laigt* Sale of Kin I Kstate.
We understand that ‘be Me-sr-. F.iiicott, ,
have sold to () P. Jewett, es<j , of New Yoik, i
the large plat <>i ground at Locust Po.nt. exlero >
(■ii g tmrn the Fet;> to Mes-r*. Pratts Callow's
wharf, und to H e track of the Baltimore and!
O.uio Ralho.i l Ompany. I i is p.opeity has a i
water f.out of ahout one thousand feet, and j
embraces iiorn eight :o ten acies o! groiiinf, at d
i> esteemed the most desirafde wharl csta’e in;
ilitf harbor o! h trim >rt*. l he sum pant it)i
itiis poverty. we uniJer-taix!, was tf-rVnoo !t i
ii.teini'(l to be .’or the l)cpot c?t the I'a'ker
Vein Coal Company. an»i a mi lor the loaitlng,
tti-char^in*: ami use o’ tne steamers ol the New
'i •.rk. lialiimoie ami Aiexuhiii ai Steamship Co
The Tarker \ e n C oal Company have f ar
(,ha»*ol the ( ak'ili'ii a Mu e, \\ esternport
M ine-. an.j the j olteii ami Jackson k-!ates.
Iccairii in in urg*'» Cieek » alley, embrac n^
about !.cOO atie> of the “fifteen teet Vein
v\ e Tarn that it i« the intention (if the Com
pany t?> commence their operaiions as s ion h>
, creumstance- will admit, an.I to ca»ry on their
bti-ineS* with the ut:nost spirit am! activity.
I hey will place two learners ot over OoO ?on*
e.tdi or. the route between tin* cry am! New
Voik prohahly by the hrjrinnini» ol March,
ami il a sulJieient quantity of coa! can he <le
Jivere-I at then wharf in th.s c it\. they will he
prepare ! to put ten steamer- ot like tonnage
mi\ the iiae belore the lirst of lu!y. We are
s!a!to *ee the-pilit of enterprise that animate*
the C oa! Cumpanm- It is ;in a-snrat ce that
the htt-inc-s is in the hand* of tho-e who will
prosecute it w th energy ami ability.— Unlit
nnre Amcriun*
Tin* Smithsonian Institute.
The t*::nicrtill*; of The Beard of Regents or
the Smithsonian InMilute tor the present year
took place yesterday.
I he Boaid i*' composed of the following dis '
tingu.siied tieiitlemoit:
Foard or I\Ki»knt>
Hon. Wm. K. King. Vice IVe* dent of the l*. S. i
Hon. iv*»iit-r B. faney. Chief histiceof C. S.
Hon. .1. W. Maury. Mavnrot Washington City i
Ho;t..lames A. Pearce. C. S. Senate.
Hon. .James M. Ma*on. I . S Senate.
Hon. R. M. Chariton, C S Senate.
Ho:,. James Mearham, H>u*eof Keps. I S
Hon. (»ral»am N Fitch. House ot Heps l . S.
Hon. Wrn. F. Coicock H< use of Reps C. S.
Kill'll? Fh(»c!e, citizen nt Ma^sachusp’ts.
(inleon Hawley, citizen ot New \ork.
I M. Berrien. citizen of (icorgia
IFchar.l Kush, citizen of Pennsylvania
Aie.v. D. Bache, member of the Nat Institute.!
J. ii. Totten, member of the National Institute 1
Fiptnsive Letiisiation.
i lie Virginia Legisatnie has been nearly a
week without a quorum, thus preventing the'
transaction ot any iti portant business. Kach
day thereof it ha* cost the State about it000 to
pay their salaried incidental expenses, kc. I he j
people may thus learn something oi the co*t ot
legislation, or of the House ol Delegates meet-.
mgsin.ph to adjoiiri ‘ I he Fust Auditor es’i
mates the e\penses ol the Legislature, mclud- j
mg mileage, printing. Nc., at *1100 per day' — ;
Fred. Her it.
7\ 4 ORE NKW KOOKS FROM LIMN-J
IVJ. LOn & CO.— 1he Fiscal History cj
I'cua«, embracing an account ot it* resources,
debts and currency, from the commencement ot ■
the Kevulution in 1 "3-1 to rs5l 2. witti remarks;
cm American Debts, by Wm M (Jouge, author;
ul “A History or itauking,” price Ft 70.
7 he American //ug.— l he History of the;
National Flag ot the I'nite l Slates ot America, j
by Schuyler Hamilton, Captain by Brevet, in
the ! anted States Anny, with beautiful colored J
engravings, £l.
Day Ibeams, by Martha Allen, r» neat vol
ume ot poems, ;>0 cis.
Abbot t> ford (dt:ion of Waverly.—The new
and cheap edition of W averly Nove.s, reprint-;
ul :rom tt.e Abbotlsfoid edition, to be completed i
in 12 volume*, at Ft each. voi. IX, now ready, i
ur ce !. Any volume so:d separate.
J)likeni fiouehoid Worth, volume IV . re-1
printed trom’the English edition, a large octavo I
volume, SI To.
Appleton s Magazine for 1S52 —Appleton.*
Mechani^*' Magag.ne, editpd by Ju.ien W. Ad-!
am?, Civil Engineer, horn January to Decem
ber. i£52, bound in one hand*ome quarto vol-’
ume, Ei no. Also, vol. (, from January n He*
cember, IS51, bound in octavo, $3 50.
Loud vn'* Encyclopedia of Gardening, i» us-;
trated bv many hundred engravings, a new edi-j
non. corrected and revised, London edition, a
ro\al octavo volume, 1275 pages, FiO.
Loutl'juo's Encyclopedia of Agriculture, same
Ri/»-d volume, with 1200 ei giavmgs, Ft.
+*ncyclopedia of Architecture. Historical, I t«e
orencah and Practice1, by Joseph Mw111, Lon-,
don edition. With more than 1000 engravings,1
$10
The Pictorial Drfiuer, containing the most j
important words in the English language, tamil-;
liarly defined, and illustrated by over two thou- j
sand engravings *.o render them pleasing and
attractive, by TL Beotley, author ot the ‘Pictc-j
rial SeT*es of Sctidoi Book?,’1 pfice 25 ctfc.' 4 |
7he Model Architect for December 15S2, and j
January IS33. 50 cts., per No. Just published 1
and for sale by ROBERT BELL, i
jau 7 [Age & TeL]
Aews oi tli >ay.
“ Jo shovi the very age and body of the timks. ’*
A sailor named Stan*bury Messick fell Iroin
the ina.*t of a vessel at Seaford, Del , on the
5th instant, a height of 00 feet tro;n the deck,
and died im an hour alter, it is stated that he
tell teel for ‘most, and such *va* the Imce of
the fall that oiie of his thigh bones penetrated
the deck to the depth of near tv*<> incite* —
Mis ihij:h bonc*> were htera'ly shivered to
splinter*. I tie accident ocewned in conse
quence of his foolish!y attempting to pass from
the top of one mast to the or tier on a rope,
iroin which hi* ice: slipped, leaving him hang
ing hy his hands. In this position ne was sus
pended lor several minutes m the presence of
several comrades, who could afford turn no as
sistance.
The New York Journal ot Commerce, a
conservative Democratic Journal says: —‘-Al
though we are not particularly enamored with
Whijsgery, \et we smceiely rejoice at the sue-!
cess ot that party m Ma*.*achiisetls over the
unholy al'iance of Democrat* and Free*oilers 1
Such a coalition de serves to be defeated, and |
it has not it< de-eit*. Horace Mann cannot;
mi<repie«ent itir- old Kay State in the lTmted
Stale.* Senate, nor m the (Jubernatonal chair, i
The W tux party in Massachusetts is the con-i
serval.w party
J lie Cincinnati Gaze tie Pa}** that the most,
opulent private banker of that city began bis
active hte as a carrier of that paper. Of course,
be wa< remarkable for the care, speed and
ialthfiPness with which he pertornr.ed hia work
when a boy, or he would have never been so
succe»lul when a man. He was so well liked
hv the subscribers of the paper that be receiv
ed t!,r«*e or four time* as much as any other
cair;er in the city. The foundation of hi* | re
sent einuiiKUjs iortuue was jrom his small sa
ving* at that lime.
'1’lie farmers around Fredericksburg have
formed an A^r cultural Society, with James I\
Corbin, es<j , of Caroline, a* its President — j
The meetings are to be at lir<t annual, ar.d to j
be field in or near Pori Royal. The fanners in
that region have every advantage to make the
Societv worthy or the old S:afe Society, fine
land-, vaiieu of production, wealth, (estima
ted at $1,000,000 within ten miles of Port Roj-i
al.) facilities of acte-s. &c. ’Hey desire to I
make this Society a Tide-Water Association,
as a:» auxiliary to the State Society.
'I'he Baltimore Banks show an average cap
ital of s7.29! 4tr> lnve>trnents $^S6,067.t3o; j
discou: ts $1-I,*292,*2^I1I5 specie on hand $2./2l,-!
010.44; circulation $3 32S,0.>s; d^posiies $6,021, j
‘Oil ul. I he banks noted in the above
statement are the Merchants’ Bank of Baltt-j
morn, l’n on, Farmer.** and Planters’, Mer«
rhai t*\ Commercial and Fanner*', Western i
Farmers’ and Merchant*’, Chesapeake. Marine,,
Frankhn and Citizens’.
Private letters Mom Bogota of October 2'*, j
-bite that tlie Ibiti-b Consul there had received j
information that the British Government had
nstructed she admiral on the Jamaica Mahon
to blockade the ports <>f New Granada, and to
u-e such coercive measures as he may consider i
necessary to compel the settlement ot a claim |
peihiit s upward of twenty \ears on ihe part of
a \li. Mrlnto>h. Much excitement prevailed
on the subject.
Two tract* of land near Millwood, Clarke
County, one belonging to R. C. Randolph,
e-<i , tiie other to Rev. Mr. Hutchinson, were j
>o!d on last Friday, containing about one bun- !
dred and ti ty aert-s each. 1 be first brought
•>1'», the other $12. per acre. I he land lies m a :
litre farming d'Miict. but is without improve-j
rnents. One of the tracts is under but one en
closure I hn purchaser was Mr. Briggs.
Private lelteis have been receive*! in Wash
I in-ton from Florida, ^tat*n«^ that Billy Bowlers,
I and the r?s: ol the Seminole duels, had refused
to rat»I> the treaty made with Ceneral Biake.
and that Hi!l> an.i ins followers, alter gather
1 inj all the arms thev could, had tie I. (ienera!
Blake had proceeded to the Florida Legislature
and a^ked for tne immediate raiding ot a large
number of volunteers to rpiell tiie war.
In Washing on.. P e jury in the case of Tuck
er, tned for bigamy, brought in a verdict of
guilts. but unanimously recommended him to
merry. Kate Ml? for the defence, called for the
[•oiihg ot thejmy. wii-n eve' man distinct!}
responded gu;ity. Deep mt- t w t- manifes
ted in the result ny a large aseeibiage. \\ hen
the venLcl announced. Tucker's c hildren
u if.I aloud piteou.-iv .
Some anxiety is manifested to know what j
has become of certain hills passed by the Va. I
!!ou-e of Delegates la«t *ess,on, vi/.; The Mil* |
i:ia hill, hill lor ihe organization of tiie Board •
of Public Woiks. Jury hili, and the hill for (
the disposition ot procee Iso» Capitation Tax (
Tt.ese important bill* appear to have slept j
among the archives of the Senate since the} j
were sent to that body last winter.
The New Vork Journal of Commerce says ;
‘•'The demand lor money continues very active |
at »’a 7 per cent . mostly a! the latter rate —
ih mo* endorsed ho-ines> paper, at short dates, is
in request at fi adbi. Foreign Exchange is
easier : Bills on Lnnuon at rt(i da}>, are selling !
at ina’., a 101*4. the average having been accep ;
•fd f- r consi lerahle amounts, with a prime sig
nature. Paris mostly at "
Wp see it stated that at Nottingham, Eng
lamb the great centre of the lace nianufacture,
they are now manufacturing a most beautiful
fabric ot lace for window* curtains he*! cut tains!
,Me., of iron wire. Iron houses, iron ships, and)
now iron capes lor the ladies! Won’t thev 1
attract the lightning, and shan’t w*c have wo
men of metal lor w i vc*.
\ he construction o! the Crystal Palace, in
New Vork. i* prosecuted with energy, ar d its
completion is assured in season for the opening
o! the exhibition on the* lot May next. Mean
time. arrangements are in piogres* to s-ecure a
brilliant represen’a’iou 0! tiir choicest produc* I
! 1 in** of the world’s muustiy m both heints-1
pheres.
On Puesday. *x7ih ult , a poll was opened in j
Wythe countv, to take the vote of the people (
on the question whether the County Court j
should Mihsenbe $-10,000 to the stock of the
Virginia and lennes>ee Kail Koad Company.
The following i< the vote cast For subscrip
tion 3TO ; against subscription 30o.
It is said that Simeon Draper, esq., the well
known auctioneer and banker. 46 Pinest. N. \%
has cleared the handsome prorit of $*gr>O.OOU. the l
past \ear, hs iransactions in stocks ami specu
lation* in real estate.
'I he train which is to convey the President, 1
Directors, and invited giie?ts of the Baltimore;
ami Ohio Railroad Company to Wheeling, will ;
leave the Pratt street depot, Baltimore, on Mon
das morning, 10 mst.,at 1J o’clock
A leading medical praciitioner at Brghton.j
England, has lately given a list of sixteen ca-!
ses of paralysis, pro luced by smoking, which j
came urni^r his own knowledge, within the last,
six months.
The Syracuse Star understands that the di* j
rectors of the Syracuse and Binghamton Rail-;
road, contemplate putting berths in their night
car*, which, it suvs. can readiiy be done if the;
six -oot gunge is adopted.
A general interest has been awakened in the ?
region of Raccoon Ford, kc., in reference to 1
the proposed Hank Road to Culpeper CourF
House, by the way of that place*
The funerai or the l.ite Com. Morgan took 1
place from the Navy Yard, in Washington, yes
terday.
The awful murder of two children in Bergen
Co., New Jersey, is fully corroborated by the
arrest and confession of the murderer.
Mr Carson, Whig, has been elected Speaker
of the Fennslyvania Senate.
Should any member* of the Le.'io alure a "end
the celebration of the opening ol the Railroad
to Wheeling, on the lOih inst , in compliance
; with the invnation to do so, there will be no
| quorum ot the Hou«e, to transact business, lor
I at least another week.
i Mr. Kir;vin,an art.st, has been condemned to
• death lor the murder ol his wife, in Ireland *
K\e. a lonely island near Dublin, and is to b#
executed on the ISth of January. He solemnly
protests his innocence.
Col. Mansfield, of the Engineer Corps, re
commend* C ongress to make an appropriation
of $10,000 for the [ urpose of dredging the Hap*
pahauuock River.
Senator Douglas, of Illinois, has been re-elec
ted Senator from that State.
Late Foreiitii Newt,
FRANCE —The affairs of the French Km
pire were progressing quietly and satisfactorily.
The Kmperor’s departure for Berlin is supposed
to have reference to the settlement of the Zoll
Veiein question.
The financial deficit for the year will not ex
ceed -10,000,000 francs. Tne duty on segara
had been fixed at 12 |>ercent.
The ambassadors of Austria, Russia and
Prussia, had presented their credentials.
Prince Napoleon, son of the ex-king of West
phalia, had been appointed Governor of Al
geria, and is already arranging his administra
tion.
I he French lo^sat the s.ege of Laghorat, in
Algeua, was very severe.
KNGLAND. —The latest advices state I-ord
Derby, immediately on the deieat of his minis
try in the House, had gone to Osborne, post
haste, to place his resignation in the hands ot
the Queen.
The future cabinet was already spoken of
and it was supposed that it would he made up
ot a coalition of Whigs, Peelites, Moderates and
Radicals. Lor*: Aberdeen is spoken ot to take
the iead in the Mouse ot Lords, arid Mr. Glad
stone in the House of Commons.
The Cabinet Council wfa* held at noon on
Tuesday, ah the Ministers being in attendance.
Atter rising, Lord Dei by started by Express and
steamer to the Queen.
I he following persons are spoken of as like
ly to form the new Cabinet. Marquis 01 Lan*
downe, Premier: l^oid Aberdeen, Minister of
Foreign Affairs: Lord John Russell, Leader iri
Pit* Mouse ot Commons; Mr. Gladstone. Chan
cellor of the Kxchtquer; Mr. Osborne, Secreta
ry of War; Lord Newcastle, Lord Lieutenant
of Ireland, and Lord Herbert, Lord of the Ad
mirably.
Lord’Derhv had not yet returned from his
vi*it to the Queen
The at enlion ot Lord Malmhury had been
called to an ou’rage perpetrated by the Austrian
authorities at Vienna, on an Englishman, the
correspondent of the London Morning Chroni
cle, in consequence of letters which have ap
peared in that journal.
Mans parts ot England had been deluged by
heavy rains, and several tow ns on the r.v -rs and
coast bad suffered greatly Irom the oveifl >w of
the w aters
TCKKEY —Great consternation prevailed at
Constantinople, on account of the refusal of
the Bank to receive the Sta’e paper, and the
report that the post ot Zahhjal on the Alta
man frontier had been taken by storm, a» d the
Turkish (garrison made prisoners by 300 Mar
tenegrims.
The Sy rian campaign is over, a d Sera*kier
had leturned to winter quarters.
ITALY.—I'lie Pope had expressed his grab
heat on at the establishment of the French Em
pire and will certainly vDit France to crown
Napoleon.
SPAIN.—This country continues on the eve
of r^vo upon.
K. B ADDISON DKAVTON <i MI.ADK.
ADDISON & MEADE,
auricri/i rit.ii. i)i:roT.
i’uion %trett. between King nhd Cameron,
w'uor k^ai.f ,nn ki:i am. i-r \t.Kl.s l \
Agricultural Imiilruifuls,
SEEMS. AND JMPKOVEH FEKTIiJZLRS,
Will keep fo'i-t iiitiy on baud a lu^'1 :«nii
ext» ri'ivtr as-ortment of A(iKH n itkai. Hmr
VKM'. «V< . which wdl b** ^oM <»n n« tavorable
fri m< a* <;»u hr |>urch:tM*il «U**wl(»*r»* i:tn 7—tt
pKK.Vr REDUCTION IN PRICK rv thk
VJ SOUTHERN LlIKKARY MESSEN
GER—Now is the time to Mibwribe 'o this
splendid monthly publication. Term* the same
as from the publishers
Specimen number* received, and can he *een
by calling at GEORGE K. FRENCH'S Book
and Periodical Depot. Single copies 2r> cl*.,
or $3 per year. [Tel] Jan 7
IRON HAT RACKS, kc.— Just received a
small lot of—
Iron Hat Racks, of beautiful pa'terns
Racks for Shovels and l ongs “
Bronze head and other Shovels and Fongs,
with a irr^at varieiy of arnc!e* suited to Fami
ly purpose*, which wi?l be sold low, bv
* jan 7 [Tel] CREIGHTON & McNAlK.
FEET Spruce, Joist and
Scantling, from 12 to 20 ft.
100.OU0 feet dressed N. C. Flooring
100.000 sawed l^atii*.
Ju*t received, an i for «a 'e hv
tan 7 WATERS k ZIMMERMAN.
200,(10:)
long
]■* HMDs, prune Porto Rico Sugar—
r) ^0 “ new crop New Orleans do
10 “ Cuba Molasses
•to bbl> New Orleans do . for *ale by
jan 7 I) & S BLACKCOCK.
CASI IRON FENDERS for GRATES —
We have on band a few Fender* of the
above description. which we will sell a great
bargain, CREIGHTON k McNAIK.
jan 7 [Tel.]
Mrs phakntm’s celebrated
COUGH CANDY, for Coughs. Cold*,
Sic , for sale bv J. R. PIKE POINT,
jan 7 S. E. cor. of King and Wash-*!*.
pHEMlOAL OR EI HERE A I, OIL, best
v>/ quality, just teceived, and for sale by
.1 R PIKRPOINT.
jan 7 S E cor King & Waab m.
*T/\ BBLS. Wheatley’.* Family FLOCR, ju*l
received and for ‘ale by
ROACH & WASHINGTON,
jan 7 Union stieet.
BOXES and bbl*. [covering's Loaf, ( ru-h
•JvJ ed and Pulverised Sugars, in store, and
lor sale by FLEMING k DOUGLASS,
jan 7
Qr*T BAGS Rio, Maricaibo. and Ohl Java
CoHee, lor sale by
jan 7 D.’&S RLACKLOCK.
17VR HI RE—A likely servant BOY may he
hired for the present year, upon appitca
ion at the Gazette Office. .jan 7—eojf
TEW ORLEANS SYRUP in barrels, for
sale by
dec 22
N
J. T. B. PfcKKV & SON.
X l'KA< TS. —l.uhin's genuine Kx'racl* for
U)
Fj the Handkerchief, just received, fre*h. and
or sale at fjun 1] C C. BERKS S.
FINE old Bacon Hams for sale by
THOMAS BURNS, corner of
jan 3 Prince and F«irf*x-*i*.
~/\ BUS PRIME CLOVER SEED. laud:
J\) ing this day and for sale by
dec 21 ROACH k WASHINGTON
| r* HMDS. W J. and new crop New Or
LO leans SUGARS, for sale by
dec 34 FLEMING & DOUGLASS
SPIRITS TURPENTINE.—a. few Casks
5 Spirits Turpentine, for sale bv
dec 29 THOMAS'& DYER.
[TORSE SHOES.—50 kegs Hor*e Shoes,
LX (assorted numbers,) in store, for >»ale by
dec 25 J. J. WHEAT & BjEQS.
^AlT —-40c jsacks Liverpool (». A Salt, large
5 sacks, for aale by ’ T
dec *24 G W. HARRISON, Ferry Sl«p._
A N D L E S.—100 boxes Jackson Candle*,
~ins ’‘le "y CAZBNOVE i CO
jHau»*««• <«-!... AS
jan I corner of PYince end ^
CaaTbIsTEastern Herring, for w!e by
)UU jan 6 D. & S. BLACKLOCK

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