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PUBLISHED DAILY AND T HI- WEEKLY KV
_ _EPOAH IXOWDKM. _ Al,l.\ ANDIilA: -—-— » MONDAY MORNING, MARCH 27, lb.71 Mr* Fillmore** Speech at LouUvlllet We give from the Louisville Journal, a summary of Mr. Fillmore's great speech at Louisville, in which he gives a brief history of his administration. This speech of Mr. Fillmore will be read with deep interest at this particular time by men of all parties. The Journal says it has a full report ot the speech, but in conformity with what was un derstood to be Mr. Fillmore’s wish, it con fines itself to the publication ot a mere sketch of what he said. Mr. Fillmoro said, on rising, that he felt exceedingly embarrassed in being called on, for the first time in his life, to address an audience like the one before him, anil that ho sincerely hoped there was no **chiei” pre sent “takiu” notes but that what he should utter might be forgotten with the occasion, j II© was at a loss to understand what motive could have prompted such a great and un expected expression of rogard on the part ot : the citiiens of Kentucky. If he were in the ] actual possession of the power which it was once his fortune to wield, or even again seek ing that position, he might see an object for such a manifestation; but here I am. said he, ; neither holding nor seeking office, with noth in^ as a private or public man, which, in my own estimation, should call forth such a tes timonial as this. To nothing, said he, can I attribute it but real Kentucky hospitality, which seeks an object whether worthy or not, and lavishes upon that object its own gener osity. Mr. Fillmoro said that it was his misfortune to be, without his solicitation, and certainlv against his wishes, called to the administration oi the government. He had not even sought the nomination for the Vice Presidency and none could be more surprised than he when he learned that he was nominated. It was only ten hours before General Taylor s death that he had any thought that his illustrious friend was danger. The knowledge came upon him like a peal of thunder from a clear sky. lie felt wholy unprepared for the great responsi bilities about to devolve upon him. Though he had been for many years a politician, he could say that the only sleepless night he ever passed on account of political anxiety, was that on which Gen. Jaylordied. His sleeplessness arose from his deep teeling of the weight of tho duties unexpectedly devolv ed upon him. He reviewed during the hours of that night his own opinions and his own life. He was sensible that lie had drunk in with his mother’s milk and cherished from his youth up a. fooling, even a preju dice, against slavery. Ho endeavored to look upon this whole country, from tho far thest corner of Maine to the utmost limits of Texas, as hut one country, the country that had given him birth. He saw in the gathering clouds in the North and in the South a storm which was likely to overwhelm him, and, he feared, his country also, but he took the con stitution and the laws as his only guide. lie well knew, that by so doing, he must lose the friendship of many prominent men of the country, especially in his own State, and encounter their reproaches, but, to him this was nothing. The man who can look upon a crisis without being willing to offer himself upon the altar of his country, is nut fit for a public trust. On the night of Gen. Taylor’s death, the members ot Ins cabinet presented to me their resignations. I de clined to look at them, first, because I deem ed it respectful to the honored dead that 1 should not consider by what means 1 should carry on the government until he was de cently interred; and secondly, because this avalanche of responsibility bad fallen upon me unprepared. 1 desired at least a lew hours to refieet on what it was uiy duty to do. Hero was a cabinet selected by General Taylor, several of them my personal friends, whom I would do anything in my power to serve, short of endangering the peace of mv country. I knew, however, that their policy was not such as I could approve. I saw that the executive power of the government, the legislative, were in opposition to each other and *bat, while this state of things continued, peace could never be restored. The question therefore presented itselt to me, shdl I retain this cab.net or select a new one? The latter course was loloj-ted, but you can scarcely conceive the difficulties of the position in which this decision placed me. W lien our Presidents arc elected, they have three or four months, betore taking their offices, to select men suitable to act as heads of departments, but this duty came • ‘i ic _ 1..T ponitiNtPi the upon me in nan » * i ... members of the Taylor cabinet to stay thirty days and to give me an opportunity to look around and select their successors; but tht\ respectfully declined. Thus, while the storm was coming up in the North and in tin, South, I was suddenly called to administer the government without a cabinet, am wit 1 out time to select one; but, thank God, 1 w*as not long in this situation. I xras so fortu nate as to obtain a cabinet, the members ot which and myself always agreed in opinion, and in all acts, we acted together. In that cabinet your own honored Kentucky was honorably represented. Still, said Mr. r i more, the great difficulty remained. I he question arose, what was to be doue! ^ In Texas and New Mexico, a civil war was threatened. Texas made preparations to take possession of a portion of New Mexico. He ielt it his duty to maintain the laws ot bis country. One of the laws required that the people of the Territory of New . lexico should be protected. As a means of protec tion he immediately ordered a portion ot the army and munitions ol war to the frontier of Texas to do duty there. The army vrai put in motion, and then, and not till then, did Congress set upon the subject, lexss and J»ew Mexico acquiesced in the action ot Con mas. M. Fillmore spokeof the adoption of gTcompronuse measures ot 1850, andcT eisllr of ths fugitive slave faw. 1 his la , he Mid, had-soms provisions in it to which he had objections, lie regretted thenecos •ity of its being passed at all: hut the con •titution required the giving up ot fugi i •laves,and it was not for him to decide w both •r this was a compact; he had sworn to main tain it, and he would do so to his last hour When the bill came to him from the tw( houses, in the midst of hurry and eonfusior and difficulties, he examined it, and a doubi earns up in his mind whether it was not un constitution*!, as denying the right of habeas eorpus to the fugitive slave. He referred th< question to our accomplished Kentucky law war. his Attorney General, who gave hii ©pinion that the law was not & violation o th. constitution; and thereupon. Mid Mr Fillmore, I gave my signature to the bill bat, in doing so, l drew down upon my de voted head, as I knew I should, the vials u wrath from abolitionism and free soilism.— Jir Fillmore regretted that he had felt ca.l kd on to say so much of himself, and went on o speak of those who stood by him in the ;rcat struggle of 1850. 'He said that he tvould gladly name in that connection many living persons, not whigs merely, but demo crats, as true patriots as ever lived. This work of pacification, said he, was by no means the work of one man, or five men, or ten men—the crisis was one in which the true patriots of the nation, no matter what they had been called, whigs or democrats, or anv other name, rose above all personal and par- i tizan considerations, and looked only to the good of the country. He referred beautiful Iv to the uoble parts taken by the illustrious dead, Mr. Clay, Mr. Webstar, and the late Vice President King. The speaker said that though he had. by his efforts iu behalf of the compromise, lost for a time the confidence of a portion of his fellow citizens, and especially in his own State, he loved that State us a dear mother, and was unwilling to believe that he had proved a recreant son. lie trusted that the excitement of the moment would pass away, and that she would at last see that he had at least acted with honest intentions, it he had not acted the better part. But, fellow citizens, said he, let me refer to your own State. When the gathering tempest of fanaticism, abolition fanaticism was rolling up from the North, and an equally violent tempest of fanaticism, secession fa naticism, was rolling up from the south; and where then did the State of Kentucky stand* She stood like a rock amid the surges of the ocean—she stood firm and unshaken, the pil lar of the constitution. His eulogy of Ken tucky was exceedingly handsome and this portion of his speech, like ail the other por tions, was received with the most enthusias tic applause. Few public speakers ever made so tine an impression upou a Louisville audience as he. Our Relations with Mexico. The following article from the Union, in reference to our relations with Mexico, will be read with interest:— We have deemed it prudent heretofore to abstain from any discussion of our relations with Mexico, tor the reason that we knew that there were complicated aud delicate questions of difficulty between the two gov ernments, which could be best arranged by wise negotiations, it has been made known fur some time that these negotiations had resulted in a treaty which was under con sideration by our government. The terms of the proposed treaty have become public, and we feel authorized, therefore, to allude to the subject in connection with the late cir cumstances, which render more apparent than 1 ever, the importance oi an eariy aim shusihc tory adjustment of ourdifficulties with Mexico. From the days of its installation it has been the ardent desire of the present adrnin I istration to establish permanently the most friendly relations between the United States ! and Mexico. It found, in entering upou its duties, several grave and complicated ques tions unadjusted with that country. Oen. tiadsden, who was among the earliest ot its | foreign appointments, proceeded to his post : with unusual promptitude. Santa Anna re i oeived him with a cordiality which clearly demonstrated that, as the chief of Mexico, , he was well disposed to “let by-gones be by i ‘'ones,” and to deport himself thenceforth towards us as became an orderly, well-inten ; turned neighbor. Of this there were numer ous unmistakable evidences; and, couse ; quently. but a short time elapsed until nego | tiations were commenced for settling definitc 1 Iv all existing difficulties. More than that of mere territory, we wanted a practicable and | convenient railroad route, through territory belonging to ourselves, to the Pacific. '1 his ! Santa Anna consented to let us have. M e wauted the Mesilla valley difficulty, which, if | left open, might anv moment involve us in war, disposed of. 1 his Santa Anna consen ted to arrange. M e wanted to be relieved from the obligations, of endless duration, which we were committed to by the 11th ar ticle of the treaty of peace. This Santa Anna was willing to yield. Me wanted indem nity to our citizens for wrongs they had been subjected to by Mexico. Ibis Santa Anna did not refuse. In all this we can sec everything but a hostile spirit to the United States and their institutions. On the contrary, a cheerfulness is displayed to contribute to our growth and prosperity, and to the rapid development of the resources of the American continent under our auspices. M’e behold the carrying out of the opinions and views in good faith to which ! Santa Anna gave utterance when he returned to Vera Cruz to head the army of Mexico in the war which then existed. M’ith Mexico—if the treaty now before the | Senate shall he ratified—our intercourse with i tbe projected railroad from the Uulph across her territory to the Pacific, and other inter | communications, must soon be on au exton i ded scale, alike profitable to both countries. | It is believed—indeed, we learn, that assur ances have been given to that end—-that at | an earlv day the Mexican tarill will be so 1 modified as*to admit most of the articles ot our product at rates that will greatly increase their consumption. . . , In view of our threatened relations with I Spain, ami the possibility that we may be involved with England and i ranee, it is of ■ paramount importanccthat all pending ques ' [ions should be speedily arranged with Mexi co and we are much mistaken it the people ! of the I’nion do not warmly applaud the efforts which the Executive has made to has ten this event. It is the part of wisdom, of enlightened statesmanship, to anoru no u ; ruse*on our part to Santa Anna to permit any ; European power to obtain a toothold within the bounds of Mexico. . It is true, that for the concessions which Santa Anna had stimulated to make to us, ! we are, if they are perfected, to pav a liberal i price. If there be a nation on earth to wince ' we can afford to be generous, it is assuredly Mexico. Had the mines of f alifornia been discovered prior to the ratification ot the treaty of peace, it is not likely that «e should ! have hesitated to give a much larger a.nouul as an indemnification for our right of owner ship over that rich territory which now con i Stitutos oue of the brightest stars m our fed* ral ealaxv, and has opened the portals t a destiny for us which was never contemplates bv the statesmen who were upon the stag* no later than twenty years ago.—< nwn. Pre.td.nl" Plere«'*ma"o*e Sebrn.ka BUI Kx-Senator Clemens has addressed a let ter to one of his friends which is pub lished in the Huntsville, Alabama, Advocate lie gives his objections to the Nebraska bill and also gives the opinion of Prcsiden 1 Pierce on the same subject. In giving the viewi of the President, Mr. 0. uses the following de i cided languago, which is worthy of remark ‘But a iew days since, says Mr. lie mens, ‘in a conversation with a Nortben ■ Senator and myself, he [President Pierce . i -aye it as his decided opinion that.Douglas . bill was a proposition ‘in favor of freedom - I ttUd »dded that if it should pass, although w< i I micht absorb the whole of Mexico, not an , ! other stare State would ercr come into the l m ■ i on He expressed areal surprise at the oPIH> ■ ' sition it met with from the Xorth, and e<pta ■ mmrise <hat the South shouM be tctl.ing ?• ' take^t. I agreed with him fully, and coulj .; not help recurring to the stratagem bv whicl ,: the Greeks effected the destruction ofTroy r! These declarations of President Pierc^ .! cording to Mr. Clemens, were not madet , him alone, but in the presence and beam, -! of himself and ‘a Northern Senator. « f forbear comment until it shall appear whe - ther President Pierce admits or denies t - accuracy of Mr. Clemens’ statement. This much for Mr. Clemens. The Rich mond Enquirer, speaking on the subject of the President’s conversation in relation to the Nebraska bill, says: “Wo have heard ourselves the President avow himself the ardent friend of the Nebras ka bill, with that warmth and emphasis of ex pression habitual with men of his inpulsive and generous nature; and we have heard him justify his position with a strength of argu ment which no impartial mind could resist. Nor does he commnnicate his views with any reserve or obligation of confidence.” The advices from Walker and his bucca njers, in Sonora, are to the loth of Febru ary. The United States ships Columbus and Portsmouth arrived at Ensenada on the 14th o( February, when Walker spiked his guns and started for San Tomas with one.huudred and forty men and one field piece, leaving behind his sick and wounded. Many of the fillihuster troops had deserted, and those re maining were desponding, having abandoned all hopes of success. Hanger and destruc tion threatened them on every side, whilst thev were poorly provisioned, having to de pend altogether on forcible levies on the in habitants to whom they gave the notes of the new republic as pay. The House of Representatives, on Friday, passed the Indian Appropriation bill through the committee of the whole, and the commit tee reported it to the House. A arious items were added to provide for negotiations with the Indian tribes in the Territories of New ! Mex ico, Utah, Oregon, and Y\ ashingtou. A clause was added appropriating ninety-two ! thousand dollars to pay the Cherokee Indians j in States east of the Mississippi river their proportion of the amount duo under the 1 treaty of 1835 and subsequent stipulations. The private bill before the Senate, on Fri day, was for the relief of Hodges and Lans dale and the legal representatives of Rinal do Johnson and Ann E. Johnson, the deci sion upon which it is supposed will deter mine the fate of other claims of a similar nature. It is for property alleged to have been destroyed by the enemy during the war : of 181*2. No vote was taken upon the bill. I which may be expected to come up again I next Friday. _ The New York Day Book proposes to pub lish the lives of all the present members of i Congress. Fach number of the paper is to i contain at least one biography. Jt has com menced with the life of Senator Douglas, ; and says that the demand for the paper was I so great that it could not be supplied without a The Philadelphia Ledger has a circulation 1 of some sixty thousand—exceeding that of any other paper in the world. It requires the use of powerful steam engines and fast ! presses to issue the number of papers, and ; even with these, every body in the office is ‘‘hurried up*” -—-- 4 —— The Richmond Enquirer objects to the address made to the Sultan, by .our Minis i ter to Turkov, and save that Mr. Spence had no right to express himself, in reference to the quarrel between Turkey and Russia, as he did. —-—-4 ♦ ♦ -- We have accounts from the city of Mexico to the Dth inst. The rebellion of Alvarez has been crushed. The people and troops 1 deserted him, and Santa Anna deprived him of all his honors and decorations. Gen. Am pudia has been made lieutenant general. The Richmond Bulletin argues to show that Gov. Jolmsou “ought to set his face like flint against all importunities” to call an e.\ ! tra session of the Legislature. Every where, throughout the State, the public voice is rais ed against an extra session. Parkersburg, Ya., was visited on the 10th inst., with the severest hail storm ever known ! in that region of country. 1 Elihu Burritt is steadfastly continuing his exertions in favor of ocean penny postage. I Neither House of Congress was in session last Saturday. Culpable Carfle»»ne*». A gentleman from the country preparing for removal to the West, purchased at the hardware store of the Brothers Chum, a re volver, which ho subsequently returned “in the order in which he received it,” as he re marked; the customary precautions were con ! sequentlv omitted. On Monday evening last, ; some customers were looking over the pistols, when this identical one was taken up. A cap was placed upon it for the purpose of trial as usual, the trigger was drawn—and an explo sion followed, sending a bullet closely past the head of a bystander, through the large glass pane of the front door, where it might have lodged in some one entering the store, and out into the street with a chance of kill ing any body in general. The carelessness i of the gentleman who returned the pistol in a loadod condition was highly culpable.— ; Winchester Republican. Fredericksburg Small Notes. The Bulletin states that the Brokers of this oitv, in view of the small note law, refuse to ' take the small notes issued by the corpora j tion of Fredericksburg, because they are not redeemable for a series of years. The conse quence is, a rapid depreciation in the va ; lue of these notes, and a “loss to the poor and needy, into whose hands they have prin I cipally fallen.” We agree with the Bulletic : that the holders of these notes “should nol submit to heavy sacrifices.’’ The notes bcai an interest of 5 per cent, from the date oi their issue, and they will, no doubt, be promptly redeemed and iutercst paid oi them, at the time they becomo due. Thej are. wo believe, the most profitable in circu lation. All issuers of small notes should h< t required to pay interest on their “promises;’ s but, sometimes the principal cannot be ob tained.—Rich Ewp Fire at Norfolk* On Tuesday night last, tho store of Mr i F. R. James, on Maxwell’s whari, Norfolk | was destroyed by fire. There was an insur ' ; ance.of $2500 on the goods burnt, but no in - surance on 1700 bushels of corn consumer * in an upper room of the building—a loss * ! which falls heavily on Messrs. Anderson i - Reynolds, who had placed the corn there oi - storage. During the fire, a younp man nam l ed David Watters, about 18, while standing ? on Rowland’s wharf, was struck by a stone 1 ! which was thrown across, and his skull m i seriously fractured as to make it feared thai * it will prove mortal __ ~ THRESH FIGS.—20 drums, in fine order, jus v received, at WHITE’S, l i mh 27 - PoshOffiee cornei IRISH LINENS—A great assortment nov selling by the single yard, or piece, at mh 27 MEYF.NBERG & BROS News of the Day. “ To show the very age and body of the times. ” Tlw Cumberland Coal and Iron Company, as we learn from the Cumberland Journal, is : prepared, upon the resumption of mining, to increase their business largely aboic that of last year. During the last year they built twelve first class schooners of the aggregate capacity of more than 4,000 tons, forty two barges 200 tons each, now plying between Baltimore and the northern cities, and fift\ two canal boats engaged in transportation on the Canal. In addition to this they own two large steamers of 000 tons each. Thus they are literally in a condition, to mine and transport to market an amount of coal fully equal to one half of the entire product *of the region during the last year. Capt. Haskell, of the ship Independence, at Valparaiso, reports that on the 21st of November, lat. 15 deg. 40 min. S., Ion. 121 •deg. 15 min. \V\, he saw a raft with two de cayed bodies on it. The raft was made of spars from a vessel, and there were \ards and beams and eight water casks. It was well secured in every way, having a mast, hut no sail: a small piece of white cloth was tied up for a signal on the mast; then there was a brass binnacle and compass, a tin pump, trunk, half barrel dried fish and some empty barrels. M hat a tale of hardship and suffering is probably associated with that raft—a talc which will only he known when the Sea gives up its dead Since the discovery of gold in California and Australia has turned the attention of the people iu the direction of that noble metal, its presence has been discovered in many lo calities where people little dreamed of its ex istence. Dr. Percy, of the museum of prac tical geology, Hfcndon, has been, during the past year, devoting himself to an examina tion of lead, lead ores, and lead compounds, with the object of discovering the presence in all these of gold. Universally gold has been discovered in every specimen hitherto cxain j ined by Dr. Percy. • The Mormon missionaries sent to China | met with such poor success that they return i ed to San Francisco after a few month’s la bor among the Celestials. At llong-Kong they preached in the streets, and soon found i that the Chinese who could speak English i had “no time to talk religion.” The Mormon | books were returned unread, and so the mis sionaries returned themselves, from Ilin I dostan reports also discouraging. from Cape of Good Hope the reports snow con siderable progress. The missionaries to the Sandwich Islands also report great success. The East India Company have forwarded to the Manchester Commercial Association samples of certain fibrous grasses, said to grow in Assam and other districts of India. One of these samples is identical with the fibre known as China grass, and has been i valued by Messrs. Marshall, of Leeds, at 48 | to £50 per ton. Auother of the samples j seems calculated to rival Russia hemp, as in ! a recent experiment the former bore a strain of 346 lbs. while the latter would only sustain 100 lbs. There are now in the berth at New York for Liverpool, eight clipper ships, four of which—the Hussar, Defiance, Tornado, and Comet have each made one or more voyages to San Francisco or the Last Indies; two are on tho berth fur London, and one for Ant werp. At the present time, there are but seven vessels up for San Francisco, and three for Australia: while at the same time last year, there were 26 for the former, and 12 for the latter—showing a great falling off in both. Napoleon, on Sunday 5th, reviewed some battalions of Chasseurs of Vincennes, who are under orders for the East. He was cor dially received by the crowd, and it was ob served, seemed in particularly good spirits. The Eastern question has, on the whole, in creased the popularity of the Emperor.— The Duke of Saxe Coburg, Prince Albert s brother, had been Napoleon s guest, and was present at the review. Mt. Savage has a population of more than five thousand, and so great is the demand for houses that the Company are about to erect a large number of new ones. 1 he manufac ture of iron and fire brick gives employment to more than one thousand men. Two blast furnaces are in full operation, and the Roll ing Mill is going night and day, turning out rails of the Latrobe pattern, a large amount of which is now ready for delivery to order. In Boston, there has been, says the l rans aeript, a decrease in the number of mendi cants in the streets since the organization of the Provident and kindred benevolent asso ciations. Most of our citizens give a beg gar an order upon a visitor connected with the associated societies. This visitor is as signed one of the 176 districts into which the city is divided, and if the case is a de serving one, relief of all kinds is furnished. Tho Cumberland Miners’ Journal says that there is some hope that mining opera tions will he resumed at an early day. A number of miners have signified their anxie 1 tv to recommence work if they can he pro i tected from personal violence. This protec ; tion, the Journal says, will he promptly af turned. Mrs. Wilson, who was recovered from the Camanche Indians, has been delivered of a fine Indian buy. The Magoffin difficulty had beon settled, lie restoring the property and paving damages. The Ltali Indians had committed some depredations, and Kit Car son and his company had pursued them. The German and other emigrant hoarding houses, in the lower part of Greenwich street, New York, (some years since, the most fash ionable quarter of the city,) are all to he de molished in the course of a few weeks— warehouses of the first class taking their pla i ces. ’ An Indian from the Interior, arrived at Panama, says that the surveying party under Lieutenant Strain have been killed by wild ’ J beasts. The story is not believed, but it is generally thought that they are either cap ! tives, or have been massacred by the lu | dians. Alexander Ileilbron, the young man char ged with forgery, and who was recently giv | in up at New York to Great Britain under ■ ' the Ashburton treaty, has been examined bo 1 ; fore the London criminal court, and remand • ed for further evidence. I The great feature of the Book trade in Now York, was the offering of Putnam & Co. s ' stereotype plates. The bidding was acti\e, and the prices realized arc considered fair. ’ The amount disposed of cannot be less than \ $40,000. > As May day approaches in New York, the demand for houses increases, and rents in proportion to that demand up, up, ur>.— i There are fewer houses to let this season than there was last year. Castle Garden, New York, was leased on ^ Friday, to Theo. J. Allen, for five years, at $10,000 a year. The lease has just expired, ' which was but $2000, A seaman, named Ldward Howard, on , board of the ship St. Louis, Capt. Ingrabltm, j (so intimately associated with the Kosta rescue, at Smyrna,) not long since received official intelligence that a fortune of about $50,000 had fallen to him in Copenhagen.— In order that he might proceed thither from the Mediterranean to obtain possession ot the money, lie applied to the Nav v Pep.u t- , ment f<*r iiis discharge, which the Secretary lias j ust granted. Although in the immediate neightiorhood j of the richest coal mines in the world, yet at the present time there exists an absolute scarcity of fuel at Cumberland. The steamship America is the next packet expected from Liverpool, and not the Africa, as supposed by many. 8he was to leave on the 11 tli inst. The Minister of France in the Legislative Assembly, on March fitli, requested the au thority to negotiate a loan of 250,000,000 francs. Among the passengers brought from Cali fornia by the Cnited States, is J homas 1*. Meagher, the Irish Patriot. Crystal Palace stock lias declined 15 per cent, since Tuesday. __ Alcx’a., Loudoun and Hampshire II. U. We have been surprised to learn that a re port is in circulation, that the officers and friends of this improvement, have abandoned all hope of its being made. We have kept ourselves posted with reference to the move ments of the Company, and we have not heard the most distant intimation of such a conclusion, from any one interested—but wc have the most positive assurance that the officers of the Company intend pushing it forward with all possible speed. Any one who will permit his mind to be the least in fluenced by such reports adverse to the in terests of the Company, will act without suffi cient knowledge of its movements to form a i correct opinion. There has not been a time since its first organization, when its pros i peets were more flattering than at this pe riod. Wo ask the citizens of the county not to form hasty conclusions upon partial data, i and in a few weeks they will have spread before them the report of the Chief Lngi ; neer, of the general survey of the line, from which they can form conclusions of a reliable character. We are informed by the officers of the Company, that the road will ; be put under contract to the Shenandoah as soon us practicable, after the route has been i decided upon, which will be done on the 12th of April. There is now but little doubt i j with reference to the ability of the Company, ! to procure funds with which to prosecute tile work.—Lctsbimj Washinytonian. Fire* in Loudoun. On Saturday night last, the barn, stabling and carriage house belonging to Gen. Asa Rogers, in Middleburg, were destroyed by tire? Jt was, we learn, beyond doubt the act of an incendiary. The General's loss will be upwards of >000, as the property was not insured. On Monday last, in Middleburg, the Tav- j ern of Mr. R. Smith, was set on fire during , the day, but was discovered in time to ex- j tinguish it before very serious damage was done. On Monday night, a stable several miles east of Leesburg, near the Washington Turn pike, was burnt, belonging to Mr. Muse.— The amount of loss not known. We extract the following from a letter re- j ceived from a gentleman, near Bolington, in | this county. “We had a large fire on Saturday morning, j 18th inst., near Bolington. The farm house j belonging to Mr. Oaniel Boland, occupied , by Mr. O’Neal, was consumed by tire on Sat- , unlay morning last. Everything was burnt, i even the clothing of Mr. O'Neal and family, | which they had divested themselves ot when • ; retiring to rest.” The incendiaries seem to have selected the ! county of Loudoun for the present year, as I the field upon which they are to display their grandest and most villainous powers ot de i struetion.—Ijfeabury \\ ds/iuiylonian. Hotel Robbery. A mysterious robbery was perpetrated at ! the E. S. lintel, in this city, on Wednesday j night. Mr. Wm. White, a merchant of Meads- I ville, Halifax county, in this State, went to j I his room at the usual hour of retiring at night | —put his money (§800) in a stocking, and : placed the stocking under his pillow, locked i the door and went to sleep. In the morning ! he found the door locked, his stocking where he had placed it—but the money gone. A I young man, sleeping in the same room, also ! had a small sum of money stolen from a pock ! et book, in a pocket of his pantaloons, at the ! same time—the pocket hook also being put back after it had been rifled. I he fact that the robber incurred the ri*k of putting the | stocking back under Mr. W \s head, afterget i ing the money, and also stopping to place the | pocked hook as he found it, and locked the door after him, forms the “mysterious part | of the transaction.— I'wj. American Plano*. The superiority of American pianos over i imported pianos in this climate is well un ; derstood, but it may not be uninteresting to ! remark that a high authority has given new i testimony to the fact. The reporter of the j committee appointed to examine the musical j instruments in the Crystal Palace, says: 1 “One of our number, M. Jullien,—whose ex perience l need hardly say is unsurpassed : as regards ripe consideration ot musical in- i : struments,—would particularly record his j I verdict in favor of the admirable strength, ! and often artistic beauty, in the framework of American pianos, and of their remarkable tenacity fa hold well in tune, a winy to the xupe ' rior fidelity of mwh manufacture." San Francitco. The population of the city of San traneis co, at the expiration of 1852, was about oO, ! OOU.—having increased 8,000 during th«* year. Among these 50,OiH) people are distributed 200 lawyers—or one to every 250 persons— j quite enough, one would think, to keep any city* in order. There are ten schools, with an average of 125 scholars each, Id newspa ! pers, including 12 dailies; 14 tire companies, and two hospitals. The property ot the city is estimated at s4o,0on,nou. A WORD TO BUSINESS MEN.—The -Faikfay County News.' having more than doubled its subscription 1 i>t within the past fire months, now* offers to the merchants and busi ness men. generally, of Alexandria, v ery supei I ior advantages as an advert i*ins medium Terms* moderate. Address “News. Fairfax Court House, Va. nih 27—ro ft* VYTALL PAPER.—Just received5000 pieces yy Wall Paper, of latest and most fashiona ble patterns, at all prices, which he is prepared to sell on the most accommodating terms, wholesale and retail; also, a lot of Borders, Fancy Papers. Paper Curtains, and FireScreens, at C. C. BERRY’S, Variety A Fancy Store, mh 27 [Sent’l Si Fair'x News] King street. SPRING DRESS TRIMMINGS.—The sub scriber is now receiving his Spring assort ment of Trimmings. Fringes, Gimps. Gauze, Ribbon, Braids, Buttons. Sec., of new’ patterns • at C. C. BERRY’S, Fancy and Variety Store, mh 27 [Sentinel and Fairfax News.]_ HAMS.—2(J0U lbs. superior Family Hams, just received, and tor sale by THOMAS CRUX. Jr., N. w. corner of nih27 Prince and Fairlax-streets. •)A B0XES ot vcry suP€rior 0ld Castile I Soap, lor sale by mh 27 (Sen ) ’ PEEL k STEVENS Tlic Czar'i Reply to the Emperor Napo leon. The Paris Moniteur, in its non-official part, gives the following as the reply of the Fmpe ror of Russia to the recent letter of the Kin peror Napoleon : 8t. Petersiuro, > January 28, (Feb. 0,) 18o4. j Sire:—I cannot better reply to your Ma jesty than by repeating, as they belong to me, the words with which your letter terminates: “Our relations ought to be sincerely amica ble, and should be based upon the same in tentions: the maintenance of order, the love of peace, respect f*»r treaties, and reciprocal good feelings.” Your Majesty, in accepting this programme as 1 had traced it, says that von remain faithful to it. I dare believe, and mv conscience tells me so, that I have not exceeded its limits; for in tho affair which has excited division between us, the origin of which is not to be attributed to me, I have always sought to maintain friendly relations with France, and I have always endeavored to avoid anything which might clash with the religion professed by your Majcstv. I have made for the maintenance of peace all the concessions, both of form and substance,com patible with mv honor, and in claiming for mv co-religionists in Turkey the confirmation of the rights and privileges which they have long acquired at the price of Russian blood, I claimed nothing which was not confirmed by treaties. I f the Porte had been left to herself, the difference which has so long kept Furope in suspense would have been solved. A fatal influence has thrown everything into confusion. By provoking gratuitous suspi cions, bv exciting the fanaticism of the Turks, and bv deceiving their government as to mv intention, and the real scope of my demands, it has so exaggerated the extent of the question, that the probable result seems to bo war. YourMajestv must allow me not to enter too much in detail in the circumstances as thev present themselves to you in vour letter, in which those circumstances are marked out. Several acts on my part, appreciated with little accuracy, according to my opinion, and more than one fact perverted, would re quire, in order to be properly rectified, at least as I conceive, long developements, into which it would not be proper to enter in a correspondence between sovereign and sov ereign. For instance, your Majesty attrib utes to the occupation of the principalities, the evil of having suddenly transported that question from tin* region of discussion to that of fact, but your Majesty leaves out of view the circumstance tliat this occupation, still purely conditional, was preceded, and in great measure caused, by a very important previous fact, the appearance of the combin ed fleet in the vicinity of the Dardanelles; _11- *..!_. riOfllul ilim UUolUtJ 1JJUV. If p/vioi V ^ • t when England hesitated to assume a hostile attitude, your Majesty took the initiative in sending your fleet as far as Salamis. ibis wounding demonstration certainly exhibited little confidence in me. It was calculated to encourage tho Turks, and to paralyze before hand, the success of negotiations by giving them the idea that France and England were ready to support their cause under all circumstances. In the same way your Ma jesty makes it appear that the explanatory commentaries of my cabinet upon the Vien na note rendered it impossible for France and England to recommend its adoption by the Porte: hut your Majesty may recollect that our commentaries followed, and did not precede the pure and simple non-acceptance of the note, and I believe that the powers were so little seriously desirous ol peace, that they confined themselves to the claims of tho pure and simple adoption of that note, instead of allowing the Porte to modify what it had previously adopted without change. Besides, if any point of our commentaries had given rise to difficulties, offered 1 satisfac tory solution to them at Olmutz, and such was it considered by Austria and Prussia. I nfortunatelv, in this interval, a part of the Anglo-French fleet had already entered the Dardanelles, under the pretext of there pro tecting the lives and property of the English and French subjects; and in order to allow the whole to enter, without violating the treaty of 1*11, it was necessary that the Ot toman government should declare war against us. My opinion is. that if France and Eng land had desired peace as much as I, they would at any cost have prevented that decla ration of war, or, when war was once declared, have taken care that it should have been restrained within the narrow limits to which 1 wished to confine it <»n the Danube, so that I might not he compelled b}* force to aban don the purely defensive system which I wish to adopt. But from the moment when the Turks were allowed to attack our Asiatic territory, to carry away one of our frontier posts, (even before the term fixed for the commencement of hostilities) to blockade Aklmlitzk, and to ravage the pro vince of Armenia—from tho moment when the Turkish fleet were allowed to transport troops, arms, and munition* of war to our coast, could it he reasonably hoped that we should wait patiently the result of such an attempt/ Was it not to be supposed that we should do all we could to provent it/ I he affair at Sinope was the result of it. 1 hat was the forced consequence of the attitude adopted bv the two powers, and the result certainly could not have been unexpected. I had declared mv wish to remain upon the defensive, but before war broke out, as far as my honor and my interest could permit me to do so, and so long as the war was restrained within certain limits. Has all been done which “light to have been done to prevent thO'C limits being exceeded Z If the character of spectator, or even that of mediator was not sufficient for your ma je.**tv, and if your majesty wished to become the'armed auxiliary of my enemies, then, .sire, it would have been more honorable and more worthy of you to have told me so frankly beforehand, by declaring war against me. Each of us would than have known the part lie had to play. But is it an equitable proceeding for those to make a crime of that event, after it has happened, which they did nothing to prevent? If the cannon-shot of Sinope reverberated painful ly on the hearts of all those who in Franco and in England appreciate the national dig nity, does your majesty think that the menacing presence, at the entrance of the Bosphorus, of the three thousand pieces of | cannon of which you speak, and the report of their entry into the Black sea, remain without echo iu the hearts of the nation ; whose honor I have to defend ? I learn from your majesty for the first time, (for the ! verbal declarations made to me up to this period have made no such allusion,) that, i while protecting the reinforcement of Turk ish troops upon their own territory, the two j power** have resolved to prohibit to us the I navigation of the Black sea; that is to sav, I apparently, to take from us the right ot j strengthening our own coasts. I leave it to : vour majesty to consider if that he, as you j *s.lVf the way to facilitate the conclusion of | peace: and* if, in the alternative which is placed before me, I am permitted to discuss, or eve.i to examine for a moment, your pro | posal for an armistice, the immediate eva | citation of the principalities, and the nego tiation with the Porte of a convention to be I submitted to the four powers ? Would you, yourself, sire, if you were in my place, ac cept such a position ? Would your national feeling allow you to do so ? I boldly an swer, no. Allow me, then, in my turn, the right of thinking as you would think your self. Whatever your majesty may decide, menaces will not induce me to recede. j confidence is in God and in my right, and Russia, as I can guaranty, will prove her sell in lo.')4 what she was in ifliz. it. How ever. you a- majesty, less indifferent to my honor,* should frankly return to our pro gramme—it you should proffer rno a cordial hand, as 1 now offer it to you at thisla>t nw inent—I will willingly forget whatever has wounded my feelings in the past. Then, sire, hut then only, we may discuss, and per haps wc mav conic to an understanding.— Let your fleet limit itself to preventing the Turks from sending additional forces to the theatre of war. 1 willingly promise that they shall have nothing to fear from my at tempts. Let them send a negotiator. I will receive him in a suitable manner. My con ditions are known at N ieniia. 1 hat is the > onlv basis upon which lean allow discussion. 1 beg your majesty to believe in the sin . ceritv of the sentiments with which I am, sire, vuur majesty’s good friend, j ” NICHOLAS. To the above letter, the French Minister of Foreign Affairs, by way of reply, has issued a Circular to the diplomatic agents of the French government. The French minister concludes his manifesto as follows:— I will only say one word, Sir, of the mani festo in which His Majesty the Emperor Nicholas announces to his people the resolu tions ho has taken. Our epoch, however troubled, had at least been exempt from one of the evils which most afflicted the world in former days—1 mean the wars of religion, i Now, however, an echo of these disastrous times is made to resound in the ears of the Russian people. There is an affectation of opposing the cross to the crescent, and an appeal is made to fanaticism for that support which cannot lie obtained from reason.— France and England need not defeud them selves from the imputation made against them. Thev do not support Islamisin agaiust ! the orthodox Greek faith. They go to pro tect the Ottoman Empire against the ambiti ■ ous covetousness of Russia. They go there with the conviction that the presence ot their armies in Turkey will destroy the pre judices, already much weakened, which still separate the different classes of the subject* of the Sublime Forte, and which cannot Ihj resuscitated unless the appeal sent from St. Petersburg, by provoking hatred of race and a revolutionary explosion, should paralyse i the generous intentions of the Sultan Ab j dul-Medjid. For us, Sir, we seriously believe that by giving our support to Turkey we shall he of ! more use to the Christian faith than the Government which uses it as an instrument to advance its temporal condition. Russia is t<»o oblivious in the reproaches she make* against others that she is far from exercising in her own empire, in reference to the secU . .... rim itiiniinanf itiifli A htlttN ; a nee equal to that which the Sublime Porte has | a good right to lay honorable claim, and that - if she were to display less apparent zeal for the Greek religion beyond her own frontiers, and more charity towards the Catholic re ligion at home, she would better obey the law of Christ, wh ioh she so nrompously invokes. Receive, Ac. Droi yn i>k ‘Liil'ys. BRILLIANT SCHEMES. To be drawn at Wllmlnffton, Delaware^ in ai*Rn., 18;>4. GREGORY 6l MAtUY, Manager*. $4U,U0O ! $20,000! $HMi ! 50 prizes ol l.ooo! IOTTERY for the benefit of the State of j Delaware, Class 71, for 1854, drawn at Wil mington, Del., on Saturday. April \sf. 1*54. 7x number lottery—13drawn ballot*' BRILLIANT SCHEME: i 1 prize of $10,01)0 1 prize of $5,300 1 do ‘jo.ixio 50 prizes ol 1.000 ' 1 do 10.1)00 50 do 500 j do ‘.i.( h *) 5o do 400 [ do T.tXX) 130 do 2<X) Ac.. Ac., Ac. Tickets $JO—halves $5—quarters $2 50. Certificates ol packag s. 2o whole tickets $140 Cxi Do do 26 half do 70 00 Do do 26 quarter do 35 00 i $50,( x hi! $20,1 xxi! $l5,ooo! IOTTERY for the benefit of the State of Del ^ aware. Cla&w SO. tor lx.>4. drawn at \Sil ] mington, Del., on Saturday. April, Hth. 1854. 75 number lottery—14 drawn ballots! SPLENDID SCHEME! i 1 prize of $50,000 1 prize of $5,145 1 do 2o,i XX) 40 prizes of 1.000 2 do 15,000 40 do 5<X) o do 6/xjO 277 do 200 Ac., Ac. Ac. , Tickets $15, hi vs. 7.50, qrs. 3,75, eighths 1,87}. j Certificates of packag's 25 whole ticke ts $170 <x) Do do 25 half do 85 00 Do do 25 quarter do 42 50 Do do 25 eighth do 21 25 _ 36,000 DOLLARS! IOTTERY for the benefit of the* State of Del j aware, Class 86. lor 1x54, drawn at Wil mington, Del., on Saturday. April 15th. 1854. 11 drawn numbers out of 78 ! SPLENDID’ LOTTERY '. 1 prize of $30.0»Xj 1 prize of $3,G00 ! I prize of 2ii.OOO 40 prizes of 1.000 1 do * ID.iXX) 40 do 500 1 do 6,1 XX) 279 do 200 Ac., Ac., Ac. Tickets $10—halves $5—quarters $i 50. Certificates of pack gs. 26 whole tickets, $140 O) Do do 26 half d<> 70 OO ]),, do 26 quarter do 35 0O 1* OTTF.RY lor the benefit oi the State of Del j aware. Class E. for 1854, drawn at Wil j iiniigton, Del . on Saturday. April 22d, 1854. 7s number lottery—14 drawn ballots ! M AGN1EICKNT S(’H EME! - 1 prize of $64,000 5 prizes of $1,000 1 do 28,000 5 do 3.000 1 do 1 x.fxxj 10 prizes of 2.000 l do 12,fXX) l‘X) do 1.000 1 do 8.280 239 do 400 Ac., Ac., Ac. ! )ii in 5. eienths 2 «)0 Certificate* of packag's 26 whole ticket*. $250 00 Do do 26 hail do 12j O) Do do 26 quarter do 62 50 Do do 26 eighth do 3) 23 rOTTERY for the benefit of the State ot Del j aware. Class ‘.<7, for lKr>l. to be drawn at ] Wilmington. Del., on Saturday. JpnlMth. lho4. 75 number lottery—12 drawn ballots! BRILLIANT scheme. I 1 prize of 100 prizes ot $1;000 I 'jo/***) |0 do 500 j do |5.0oo 20 do 3*X) o do 6,0 iO S5 do 200 Ac., Ac., Ac. Ticket* $10; halve* $5, quarters $2 50! Certificates of pack gs 25 whole tickets $140 00 Do do 25 half do 70 f»0 Do do 25 quarter do 35 00 j if ORDERS for Ticket* and Shares and Cer 1 titicates of Package* in the abo\e Splendid Lot teries, will receive tiie most prompt attention, and an account of each drawing will be sent i immediately alter it is over to all who order • from me. Address, P. J. BCCKEY, Agent mh 27—1 m Wilmington. Delaware. (1 OLD PENS.—Just received a lot ot Brown* \ GOLD PENS, warranted superior to any others now in use. Also. NEW WAICHES, and JEWELRY, of every variety, which will be sold at Northern price*. Call and examine, at GEORGE DLTFEYS Watch and Jewelry Store, north side of King, between Royal and Fairfax streets. N. B. CHRONOMETER. LEVER. LEPINE and other line WATCHES repaired and warran ted. mh24-3f OUTHERN PROTECTION INSURANCE COMPANY.—Notice i« hereby given th»t j the regular meeting of the Board of Directors of i said Company w’ill be held at the office ot the | Secretary, in the City of Alexandria, \ a., o* the 1 third day o/Jpnlruxt, being Monday at 1 oeloek% p M. to transact such business a* may come ’ before said Board. Punctual attendance is re 1 quested. JAMES T. CLOSE, mb 24 —eotd Secretary.