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_EDGAR SNOWDEN._ ALEXANDRIA: SATURDAY MORNING, JUNE 10, 1854 The Boston Atlas ought to see in the re marks of the Alexandria Gazette proof ol the feeling that has been so justly excited in all this section of country, in consequence ol the late scenes in Boston. The most “mod erate” and “considerate” men, cannot pati ently see the laws sought to be invaded in ;i great city of the country, and the necessity of an armed array to support the laws, de monstrated. Nor, can the excuse of “try ing and aggravating circumstances,” be, witli truth, alleged. There were no circumstan ces, “either “trying,” or “aggravating,” ex cept the circumstances of a traitorous mob, and an abolition rebellion. We reiterate all that we have heretofore said on the sub ject. The more we reflect upon the whole affair, the more aro our “considerate” opin ions confirmed. The vote in the House of Representatives, on laying Giddings’s motiou to expel the Union rej»orters from the House, on Thurs day, was 79 to ol. There being no quorum the House adjourned. Mr. Olds poured In»t shot into the agitator. lie said in reply to Giddings’s whinings:— “1 do not go to the city to Boston, where I can be surrounded by an abolition mob to protect me in wlmt I say; but what 1 nay l say here, upon the floor of the American Congress, for my colleague and the people of the country to hear. He who comes here and claims protection upon this floor, through fear of personal violence, has no claim upon the House when he can go hun dreds oi miles away, and, assassin-like, seek to stab his colleagues in the dark, aud give utterance to things which I say were false in their inception and in their utterance, and which had no existence except in my col league's own brain.” The Convention of Delegates from the Young Mens’ Christian Associations of the United States and Canada, met in Buffalo, on Thursday. There were representatives from associations in Boston, Spriugficld, Worcester, St. Louis, Pittsburg, New Or leans, Quebec, and ether places. George NN . Helm, of New Orleans, was elected Presi dent The object of the Convention was to propose some organized method of promot ing Christianity throughout the American continent. ----— A letter from Georgetown, D. C\, in the Washington Star, says, “Our enterprising Water street merchants have gone to work, in good earnest, to raise a company with a capital of $80,000, for the purpose of starting a line of steamers from our city to New York. Subscriptions, we learn, are com ing in very liberally. Already a large portion of the stock has been taken. We hear of one firm that subscribed i? 10,<km>/’ The Washington Star says that Capt. F. M. C. Triplett, late chief clerk <>f the pension bureau, is preparing a digest of the pension laws of the l nited States, at the su^^esti ^ and under the auspices ot the Secretary ot the Interior and Mr. Commissioner NN aldo, which will enable any intelligent person to prosecute claims and transact business with the bureau without employing a legal agent. The Earl of Elgin aud suite left Washing _ « “ i_•_i ... ion, on lueauay, ior v,anuuu, »nu .himw »*«. New York the same eveniug. He had ac cepted an invitation of the authorities and citizens of Portland to visit that city, and expected to arrive there on Thursday, when he would partake of a public dinner, and re sume hie journey in the evening. At a public meeting of the citizens ot King George County, held on the 1st inst., b has. Mason, esq., in the chair, and Thos. S. P. Massey, Secretary, on motion of Col. E. T. Tayloe, resolutions were unanimously adop ted condemning the proposition for holding an extra session of the Legislature The Wheeling Gazette confirms the report of the death of the lion. J. F. Snodgrass, a member of Congress from \ irginia. It ap pears that on Monday last he was engaged in business before the Court at Pakersburg, when be fell dead without a struggle. The State Convention of the Maine Demo crats, known as Morrill Democrats, was very fully attended. Strong anti-Nebraska and Maine Law resolutions were adopted, and Anson P. Morrill nominated for Governor. We regret to see it stated in the l nion, that “our difficulties with Spain remain unad justed.” It adds, that “all rumors as to any change in the policy of the Administration are fabulous.” __ _ The rumor gains currency that the Admin istration have resumed negotiations for the acquisition of the Sandwich Islands. Right f Property. In an article on the Boston riots, the Nev Yo* Citiien (John Mitchell's paper) re marks: “According to the dogmas of Parkei and Phillips and Garrison, to take away th< property ot a Southern planter by force 01 mod, is not to steal or rob, though the righ by which he owns it is the only right to an} property, the only right by which Northen: abolitionists own anything that is theirs—tin law of the land.” It would be well for conservative Northcrr men to think of this. If they give counte nance to lawlessness in regard to slave prop erty, they will give it a power which the> willbe unable to control, when it shall mak< w*r upon oth«r property Let them remem bar that Anti-Rentism is not dead, and tha^ these ire thousands of men in the Norte whose numbers are annually swelled by agra nans from Europe, who hold that pro pert} *f all kinds ought to be equally divided anc against whose revolutionary attempts then Is as ether security but the law and thc re voreooe for the law, which abolitionists an laboring so hard to overthrow. News of the Day, “ To show the very age and body of the times. ” A little child, only 3 years old, got up on the roof of a house in Fourth avenue, New ^ ork. The house was three stories high. The little fellow approached the eves, and swinging his hat in his hand, looked down with the utmost composure on the excited and trembling crowd that bad assembled be low. Some gentlemen with great preseuce of mind, got up on the roof, quietly, and coaxed the adventurer to the scuttle, when they seized him and bore him away to his I mother, half frantic with fear, in the room i below. Owing to a blunder of the Albany, X. V., County Clerk, in summoning the grand and petit jurors, thirteen days before the opening of the Court, instead of fourteen days as re ! quired by statute, there can be no Circuit or Oyer and Terminer held in Albany until • September next. The Albany Fxpress says: ! “This unfortunate circumstance could not ; have occurred at a more inopportune time. There were three hundred eases on the civil : calendar, and the criminal business ready f for the grand jury w as large almost beyond : precedent.” At Baltimore, on Wednesday afternoou, | the residents of the vicinity of Fairmount were startled by a loud explosion and per ceptible concussion. The firemen wore call I ed out, and upon proceeding to the spot it was discovered that the explosion had been ! caused by the blowing up of the pyrotechnic I establishment of Mr. Win. Bond. Four ! small brick houses, where the dangerous j combustibles were manufactured, had their ■ northern walls blown down and their roofs blown off. Captain Casey of the Custom House night I watch at Xew Orleans, lately saved a negro from drowning, by extraordinary means. He grasped him by the head w hen sinking, but the H'tttd thereon was too short to retain a hold, and he sunk. A second time he clutched him by the mouth, which being ca pacious, lie thrust his hand into, and the ne gro, to make the hold the more certain, fas tened his teeth vice-like on it, nearly cutting through one of the Captain's fingers. The Boston Cost says:—“The receipts of Breadstuff's from the West, since the opening of internal navigation, are not near as large as was expected; an l largo supplies cannot take place till after the growing crop is har vested. The general advices of the condi tmn nf tlua i>ri >r\ <i lilrt lintli *l*J tit quantity and quality. At present, Canadian Flour is being entered freely for home con sumption, showing an extreme short supply of domestic." A public meeting of the citizens of St. i Louis, Mo., has been held at the Merchants' Exchange in that city, at which it was deter mined to erect a monument in Bellefon taine Cemetery, as a token of esteem for the late A. 15. Chambers, editor of the St. Louis Republican, and of appreciation for his ma ny virtues and the untiring energy he exhi bited in the advocacy of every measure for the promotion of the prosperity of that city. There have been five gentlemen elected to the Mayoralty of Washington, at different periods, who were printers by profession. Their names we subjoin : Roger C. Weight man, Joseph Gales, W\ W. Seaton, Peter Force, and John T. Towers. The first and the last-named are natives of the city of Alexandria, Virginia. The nearest fixed star has been discovered ; very recently to he Alpha in the constella j tion of the Centaur. The sun is ninety-five millions of miles f rom the earth, and this star, which we feel a certain degree of friendship for because it is our nearest neighbor, is two hundred and six thousand times the distance j of the sun from the earth. Hon. G corge Bancroft has consented to deliver the address at the semi-centennial j anniversary of the New York Historical So j cictv, to l)c celebrated on the 20th of Nnvem j her next. Reside the address, there are to ho ! other exercises, and a dinner. The price ot tickets is fixed at including wine. It is said that a clergyman of Worcester, Mass., has boasted that he had hold of tho plank used by the rioters in battering down the doors of the court house in Boston at the time Officer Batchelder was killed. We hope, he may be hanged, on his own confes sion. A it, tl.n U... AilrnVflUflP SiTkfVilfSi A 1 »» 4 IVV* 111 HIV A . v. f of having discovered a process by which the three topsails of a ship of 1,000 tons can be reeled by a crew of twenty persons in ten minutes, and the same reefs shaken out, and the sails set again, in less time, without sen ding a man above the rail. The well known London book-seller, M il liam Pickering, who died a short time ag<», left his family in penury on account of an adverse decision of a longstanding account. The Boston Press are aiding in the matter of raising funds for the object ot sending means to his family. The Nashville Banner of Saturday last, says:—The interments at the City Cemetery for the 24 hours endiug at 3 o'clock. P. M., yesterday, amounted to five, three ot them of persons who died of Cholera. The weather yesterday was fair and pleasant, and we heard of no new case of Cholera. The Mayor of Boston has offered £200 re ward for the apprehension of the murderer of Mr. James Batehelder, and the same amount for information which will lend to the arrest of the parties who assaulted Rich ard II. Dana, in Court street some days since. The “Angel Gabriel ” made his appear ance in Lowell on Saturday afternoon, and harrangued the crowd for hall an hour, says the News, “from the pinacle of a manure heap, on the Fugitive Slave Law and Papacy. The Artesian Well near Frederick, (Md.) bus reached a depth ot 461) feet and the wa ter is flowing freely and continues to increase. It is expected to furnish an hundred and fifty gallons a minute, wheu completed. Count Sartiges, it is said, is satisfied with ■ the explanations given by Governor Marey in Consul Dillon’s case, and will not insist upon . the punctilio of a salutation to the flag ou its . being raised over the office. ’ The second branch of the Baltimore City 1 Council has concurred in the amendments 1 adopted in the first branch on the evening before, where the consolidation Railroad bill was passed by a vote of lo to 5. Lieut. Maxwell Woodhull, a very compe tent officer of the navy, attached to the L. S, Exploring Expedition, has been appointed tc t survey the harbor of New Turk. \ Capt Samuel Dill, a native of Chatham, ' Mass, and captain of the packet ship Bay ^ State, of Boston, died at Baltimore, of small ^ pox, on Thursday. . The Staunton papers state that there wa« > a slight frost, on the 1st inst., in the country around that town. The Fairfax News says, on Tuesday last Had ley Beech and his son William had a hearing before Magistrates Col. S. Burke, Levi Burke and F. E. Johnston, on a charge of purloining ! six $o0 gold pieces besides a trifle of small j ! change from the house of Capt. Markham, | ; who resides about five miles South of this ; place. One of the parties returned all of the j money except about $30. In default of $1000 bail they were committed to the custody of Mr. Walter Powell. A man named Ilamil ; ton was also committed to jail on the same j day, charged with stealing a small amount I of money from Mr. Utterback, near Centre* > ville. i j The Fairfax News says: James Henry j Beech, who had been formerly indiated for maliciously stabbing John Clingscales and j who had made his escape from the jail of | this county and had been committed to the ^ ! jail of Alexandria county for an offence com- ■ mitted there, was brought intoCourton Wed- , . nesday last upon a writ of Halves Corpus,; j issued at the instance of the Commonwealth s : Attorney of this county, and a jury having been cm panned led to try him, he was found i guilty and sentenced to two years confine- , incut in the State Penitentiary. The Circuit Court of Petersburg was oe- ; ' o ipicd on Wednesday with the second case j of the Commonwealth vs. R. II. A\ illiauis, for | passing a forged check on Sturdivant, Hurt j & Co. The jury returned a verdict of “not , j guilty.” Tiie express says that the Prose-j cuting Attorney then, as be declared, in con- j sideration of the weeping father, who was j ! present, entered a nolle jn'oneiim on the two J pending indictments, and the prisoner was j i discharged. The Eastern Shore, of Maryland has j within a few years past exhibited a remarka- i bio degree of improvement. Land lias in- ■ creased largely in value, and the towns and villages are rapidly growing. Robert W. Latham, lias withdrawn from ! an active participation in the management ; ; of the concern of Selden, Withers & Co., with I a view to give bis attention to private affairs. | He still retains bis interest in the business. The new Methodist Episcopal Church, at ! Madison C. II., was accidentally destroyed by fire on Sunday night last. There was no insurance. Cost about $1,000. It will be | rebuilt. The Administration and its friends swear I that Vaux in Philadelphia, and Maury in : Washington, were nut Democratic candi dates. Well, they “know nothing.” The Circuit Court for Culpeper County, commenced its session on Monday last— j Judge Field presiding. --i • Telegraphic Despatchen. New York, June 8.—The St. John (N. I>.) papers of the 5th inst., received here, are tilled | with articles on the coming legislative elec- • i tious, free trade being the prominent topic, j A religious element appears to he also invol ved in the contest. Her Britannic Majesty’s cutter Nctly had arrived from Halifax for the protection of the fisheries in the Bay of Fundy. Flour, corn and corn meal are to he admit ted to Prince Edward's Island free of duty ; until October. ; The government armed steamer Daring sailed from Halifax for the Gulf of St. Law rence on the —7th ult., to protect the fisheries. 11 ARRisnrRu, Pa., June 8.—The temper ance convention met to-day at the time <>t ; appointment; one hundred delegates present. Hon. Eli Slifer, of Union county, was chosen president. Letters were received from the four candidates. That from Gov. Bigler is un ' satisfactory. The temperance men will vote j on the question of prohibition in October, i hut will not nominate a candidate for Gov . ernor. Hudson, N. Y., June 8th.—The delegates f rom the different classes of the Protestant Reformed Dutch Church of North America assembled this morning in the church of Rev. ; Mr. Demurest, the occasion being the annual meeting <>1 the General Synod of that religious body. Sixty-three delegates were present, mostly from the classes within the limits of Now York State. Rev. Dr. Hutton, of X. \., i was elected President. Utica, N. Y., June 7.—The second annual meeting of the 5N omen’s New 5 ork State i Temperance Society was held in this city to day. The attendance was quite large, com prising persons from this and adjoining States. Resolutions were introduced by Mrs. Bloomer, and adopted, denouncing Governor I Seymour for vetoing the prohibitory liquor : bifl. Resolutions were also adopted denouno t.tl.uoixi >!&:<•<milto (Irilllk Ill ^ HIV HvJV V « vv »/»*vvv -" —-n i enness. ! Norfolk. .June 8.—The brig Windward, of Boston, bound to Pensacola was run into on the 1st inst., off Cape Fear, by a ship which carried away her foremost, bowsprit, Ac.— She has put in to repair. Boston, .June 8—The steamer Niagara arrived at her wharf at 10 o’clock this morn ing. Her mails were despatched to New York by this morning’s train. Pittsburg, June 8.—Alderman Reinhart, of this city, died rather suddenly yesterday from the effects of a trifling wound received I whilst riding in a buggy last week. Wheeling, June 8.—There are six feet water in the channel, which is too low for large boats, hut small ones are running reg ! ularly. ! New Orleans, June 0.—The steamer Cres cent City has arrived with Havana dates to the 4th. * She brings nothing important. Long Inland Tragedy. The New York papers give the follow ing particulars of the examination of Nicho las Bahan, or Beheehan, the party charged with the recent fiendish murders on Long Is land: The examination took place on Wednes day. On being asked what he had to say to the warrant, he replied that he was not guil ty. lie asked permission to see his counsel, Spicer Dayton, esq., and requested that He len Holland be brought in and examined be fore him. Helen Holland was sworn, and gave a very plain, straightforward account of all the circumstances. 8hc was frequently in ! terrupted by the prisoner, who at times laughed aloud, and at times cross-questioned her. Dr. Benjamin I>. Carpenter was next ex amined with reference to the appearance of the rooms as he found them, the wounds of the murdered, Ae. While this was being detailed, Nicholas hung his head; but when the doctor proceeded to state the prisoner's confessions, the prisoner frequently inter ! rupted him with ‘ That’s a lie!” “1 never told him so,” “I was out sailing on the Bay that night,” Ac. lie denied, indeed, all the statements he had previously made, and even • that he had made any confession whatever. ^ The Pan Handle Kail Hoad. This road, the right of way for which has been more than once asked and refused by the Legislature of Virginia, has been made, independent of permission from the Legislar , ture. The Ust Welleburg Herald say*: — , “The rails are now dowrn for the entire length of the Pan Handle Kail Ko&d in Virginia, extending from the Ohio river to the Pennsylvania line, and the loco ► motive daily traverse* it, without let or hin r dranee. On the Pennsylvania portion, ope rations are in a state of forwardness.” From New York, June 8.—The steamer George Law has arrived from Aspinwall with the California mails of the 16th ult., 434 passen gers, and $973,472 gold on freight. The principal consignees are the American Ex change Bank $342,000. Adams <fc Co. $160, 000, Duncan & Sherman $170,000, WJls iV: Fargo $119,000, Wm. Ilogc & Co. $65,000, Wm. Platt & Son $49,000. The steamer Sea Bird met with an acci dent and lauded to send information to San Francisco. She then left the coast, probably to try her sails, and has not since been heard of. The surveying steamer Active went in search of her. Recorder Baker resigned his office on the 15th. Avery, who murdered Susanna Russell, on board the Yankee Blade, has been com mitted. His defence will possioly be in sanity. A vessel is fitting out to act as a privateer under the Russian Hag. Gen. Sharp has been shot by squatters whom be had ordered off his ranch. Rich diggings have been discovered on South Mount Diable. The Maine liquor will be adopted by the Legislature of Washington territory. No thing further interesting. The papers bare of news. New York, June 8.—The steamer Star of the West, from San Juan, has arrived, bring ing nearly Si,300J KM) in gold. fl lie princi pal consignees are: Duncan & Sherman, S320JXM); Adams & Co., $219J>00; American Exchange Bank, $250,000; Wm. lloge &Co., $150,000; Drexel A Co., $126,ooo; Wells & Fargo, $108,000 and nearly $500,000 in the hands of passengers. The loss by the fire at Freka is about $150,000. The Legislature adjourned on the 15th, af ter defeating the Senatorial Election bill and the Extension bill. The gold mines were yielding abundantly. The weather, since the last steamer, had been remarkably favorable for agricultural and mining purposes. The city officers of San Juan have resign ed, leaving the town without government.— No further disturbance bad taken place. The steamer Southerner hud arrived at San Francisco on the 16th. Among her pas sengers were Col. W alker, and a large por tion of his party. Wo rejoice to learn by the same arrival of the safety of the steamer Sea Bird. Her non-arrival created much ex citement. In a row at a gambling house at Los An gelos, a gambler named Frank Dana was killed. Two persons wounded, and several afterwards killed. Dates from Carthagcna to May 20th state that the Dictatorship is near its end. At the last accounts Generals Herrera and Mosque ra were a few miles from Bogota with 15,000 men, and were about to attack Gen. Melo. Dates from Valparaiso to April 30th bring nothing new. £an Francisco Markets.—On tlm 15th, the Flour market closed quietly at £11 5o for Gailego. Mess Pork £23 : Clear Pork £15. Bacon, extra clear, £10 50. Hams £15 75. The New Territories. The boundaries of the Territories of Ne braska and Kansas are thus laid down in the late act of Congress: “All that part of the Territory of the Tin ted States included within the following lim its, except such portions thereof as are hereafter expressly exempted from the opera tions of this act, to wit: Beginning at a point in the Missouri river where the 40th parallel of north latitude crosses the same, thence west on said parallel to the summit of the high lands separating the waters flowing into the Green river, or Colorado of the West, from the waters flowing into the Great Basin: thence northward of the said highlands to the summit of the Rocky Mountains; thence on said summit northward to the 40th paral lel of north latitude, thence cast on said par allel to the western boundary of the Territo ry of Minnesota; thence southward on said boundary to the Missouri river: thence down the main channel of said river to the place of beginning, be and the same is hereby created into a temporary Government by the name of the Territory of Nebraska.” “All that part of the Territory of the Tin ted States included within the billowing lim its, except such portions thereof as are hereaf ter expressly exempted from the operations of this aet, to wit: Beginning at a point on the western boundary of the State of Mis souri where the'37th parallel of north lati tude crosses the same: thence west on said prallel to the eastern boundary of New Mex ico; thence nortli on said boundary to the la titude 38; thence following said boundary westward to the summmit of the highlands dividing the waters flowing into the Colora of the West, or Green river, from the waters flowing into the Great Basin: thence north ward on said summit to the 40th parallel “f latitude: thence east on said parallel to the western boundary of the State of Missouri: thence south with the western boundary of said State to the place of beginning, he and the same is hereby created into a temporary Governnment by the name ot the Territory of Kansas.” It will be seen that Kansas covers from south to north three degrees of latitude and Nebraska nine degrees. The Fishery Question Settled. It was incidentally stated in this paper, a week or two ago, that Lord Elgin had come to Washington on a mission of amity, and we have the pleasure now of saying, that we believe that mission has been crowned with success. Through the good offices of this enlightened nobleman, combined with the efforts of the popular Minister ot England, and the just and pacific dispositions ot our Secretary of State, acting ot course under the sanction of the President, we believe that the terms of a treaty on the Fishery and Co lonial questions have been negotiated and signed by the respective parties, which will, when ratified by the respective Governments, settle finally the last link in the chain of knotty questions which have so long per plexed and frettod and withstood the diplo macy of the two countries, and furnished so much capital for demagogues and fumenters of strife to work upon the popular mind \sith. We do not profess to kuow, and do not care to inquire into the terms of this adjustment. Me are satisfied for the pre sent to know that an old and irritating sore has been healed, and we think it is a great point gained in the happiness <»t the world, amicably to settle a national dispute upon any terms reasonably lair. In this case, we arc sure none other have been demanded or conceded, and we are quite content to leave the conditions of the settlement to the good sense, fairness, and responsibility of ' the respective negotiators. We presume that wc express only the common sentiment of the persons, official and unofficial, who had the opportunities ot nearly observing Lord Elgin, when we say that iiis courteous and frank deportment dur ing his sojourn in this city was such as to conciliate the general respect and esteem.— i Sat. Iut. - » A Beautiful Tree iu Oregon. A Mr. Brooks, writing from Olympia, Ore gon, says:—‘‘A strange and beautiful tree has lately been found here, which is from one to seven feet high, with a leaf resembling that of the pear, and the trunk and branches those of the orange. The upper side of the leaf is coated with gum, of the consistence of oil, and it is highly fragrant, the odor resem bling that of bergamot or ripe fruit. It will be highly ornamental and a desirable addi tion to our gardens, and is an evergreen.” Treaty between Anatrla and Prumia. The following is said to be a close transla tion from the original German of the defen sive and offensive treaty lately concluded be tween Austria and Prussia. The military, or so-called secret stipulations, which contain the eventualities spoken ot in the con\ention, i are not annexed:— j OFFENSIVE AND DEFENSIVE TREAT! BETWEEN PRUSSIA AND AUSTRIA. His Majesty the King of Prussia, and His ! Majesty tiie Emperor ot Austria: Penetrated with profound regret at the ! fruitlessness of their previous efforts to a\crt the outbreak of war between Kussia on the ; one side, and Turkey, England and l ranee 1 on the other; Considering the moral obligations imposed j on them by having signed the last \ ienna protocol; Seeing the constant augmentation of mili 1 tarv measures on both sides, and the inffeas ing dangers emanating therefrom t»» the gen eral peace: Persuaded a* to the high mission which, on the threshold of a funexte future, is allot ted to them and to Germany, intimately al , lied with both states, in and for the interests ! of the European welfare: Have resolved to unite during the existence : of the war which has broken out between Uus | sia on the one side, and Turkey, France and England on the other, in a defensive and of fensive alliance, and have named for the con clusion thereof the following plenipotentia | ries:— 11 is Majesty the King of Prussia, his Min i istcr President Baron \ on Manteutfel, &o; His Majesty the Emperor of Austria: his Actual Privy Councillor Baron von Hess, and his Actual Privy Councillor Count Thun von Hohcnstein. The same, after exchanging their full pow j ers, found in due order, agreed upon the fol ! lowing points: Art 1. His Majesty the King of Prussia I and his Imperial Apostolical Majesty recipro cally guarantee to each other the possession of their German and non-German territories, so that any attack made upon the territory of j the one, no matter whence it may come, shall be regarded as a hostile attack on the terri tory of the other. Art. 2. In the same manner the high con tracting party hold themselves bound to safe guard the interests of Germany from all and every inroad, and regard themselves, consequently, as bound to resist every attack upon any portion of their territory, in case that one of them should in accord with the other, lind itself required to move (voranxu gehen) in defence of German interests.— A qu hi till* lmtlllflVP I (*1 ntritt) of ! the eventuality just mentioned, as well also I as to the extent of assistance to he afforded, shall form the subject of special arrange merits which are to be considered as integral portions of the present treaty. Art. 3. In order to give the necessary weight and strength to the offensive and de i fensive treaty concluded by them, the two great German Powers bind themselves, in ease of need, to hold a portion of their military force fully prepared for war, at given epochs and at given points, to he determined be tween them. Special resolutions shall also i ensue as regards the time, extent, and inode of employing this military force. Art. 4. The high contracting parties will ' invite all German states to adhere to this al liance in such measure as is provided for by Art. 47 of the Vienna concluding acts, so that the legal federal obligations shall receive , such extension by adhering states as the pre l sent treaty points out. Art. 5. Neither of the high contracting par ties will, during the existence of this alliance, conclude any separate treaty whatever with other states which does not fully harmonize with the principles of the present treaty. Art. 0. The present treaty shall be submit ted, as soon as possible, for the ratification of the august Sovereigns. Done at Berlin, April *20, 1854. Vox Manteuffel. \ ox 11 f.ss. Vox Thun. _ ; Additional Article to the OjYcnsire and De fensive Treaty conrludeil between Austria and Jkussia. According to stipulations of Art. 2 of the treatv concluded this day between his Majes ty the King of Prussia and his Majesty the Emperor of Austria, relative to arriving at an offensive and defensive alliance, the more explicit understanding as to theinitiativeof the eventuality whereon the action of one con tracting partv for the common defence of the i territory of the other shall be grounded, will form the subject of special arrangements to be considered as integral portions of the prin cipal treaty. “Their Majesties have not been able to overlook [baben so b die Kxwaynny mebf en I tzicben konnen) the consideration that the in ' definite prolongation of the occupation of bis Highness t ie Sultan’s territory on the Lower Danube by Russian troops will endanger the political, moral, and material interests of the j whole German Confederation, as well a* of their own States, and this insomuch higher degree the further Russia extends her war ; operations over Turkish territory. The august Courts of Austria and Prussia are united in the wish to avoid, it possible, nil participation in the war that has broken i out between Russia on the one side, and Eng land, France, and Turkey on the other: and at the same time to aid in the re-establish ment of general peace. They specially con sider the explanations recently given by the Court of St. Petersburg at Berlin, whereby Russia appears to consider the original cau<e Of occupying the principalities as set aside by the concessions now made to, and, in ma ny respects, carried out in favor of, the Porte’s Christian subjects, as a powerful clement of pacification, wnich they could only deeply deplore were they to sec it deprived ot furth er practical influence. They therefore hope that the expected replies i of the St. Peter>burg Cabinet to the Prus sian propositions, transmitted t»» it under date i of the Sth irist., will offer the required se curity for the speedy withdrawal of the Russian troops from the Turkish territory. In the event that these hopes should he dis ; appointed, the plenipotentiaries before men tioned, namely—on the part of His Majesty the King of Prussia, his Minister President, i and Minister for Foreign Affairs, Otto-Ieo dore Baron von Mantentfell; on the part ot His Majesty the Emperor of Austria, his ac tual Privy Councillor Lieutenant General and Quartermaster-General Heinrich Baron Von Hess, and his actual Privy Councillor and Chamberlain, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to the Prussian Court, Frederick Count of Thun, Hohcnstein, ; have determined upon the following more special engagement, ns regards the initiative, in the case designated in article - of the trea ty of alliance of this day:— SI VOLF. ARTICLE. The imperial Austrian Legation will, on its part, address to the Imperial Russian Court, propositions (eroffnung,) having for object to procure from His Majesty the Em peror of Russia the requisite orders f. »r the suspension of all further advance of his ar my into the Turkish territory, as well as to obtain from His Majesty complete (vollgugut tige) securities for the speedy evacuation of the Danubian Principalities. The Prussian | Government will, with reference to its re j presentations already transmitted to St. Pe , tersburg, again energetically support these propositions. Should the replies of the Imperial Russian Court, contrary to all hope, be of such kind that they should not afford complete trau quility as regards the two points atore men j tioned, then will one of the contracting par ties, in order to obtain the same, adopt mea sure?, under the stipulations of Article 2, of the offensive and defensive treaty concluded this day, to the effect that every hostile at tack upon the territory of one or both high I contracting parties shall he repulsed by the other by all the military force at it? dispo sal. An offensive action on the part of both (Kin offensives beiderseitiges vorgehen) would, however, be first occasioned by the incorporation of Principalities, or through an attack or passage of the Balkan, on the part of Russia. The present .agreement shall be submitted to the ratification of the August Sovereigns simultaneously with the treaty just men tioned. Bakov Otto Feodor Von Manteufff.i.. Henry Barov \on Hess, Lieut. General. F. Von Tin v. Hone at Berlin, April 20, 1*54. The Black Warrior Afl'air. Mod rid Conrsjxmdenre of the Loudon Tunes. The statement I referred to yesterday, : made by the Patrie, to the effect that at con ferences between Mr. Soule and two of the Spanish Ministers, the affair of the Black Warrior had been settled to the satisfaction of all parties, is totally false and unfounded. Interviews there certainly were, at or about the time mentioned by the French journal, hut they, unfortunately, led to no such de ' sirable result as that announced. Nor were they even of an official nature, hut rather of that of private conversations; and as regards any thing that has been done here, the question is as far from adjustment as when last 1 entered into it at sonic length , in my letters to you. My information on this head is positive. It appears that this Gov i eminent had agreed to return the $G,t>00 fine. M. Sartorius saw Mr. Soule and ex pressed a strong wish that means could he 1 found amicably and finally to settle the dis pute between the two countries. This being ; said in the course of non-official conversa- ! | tion, and as a private wish of M. Sartorius, j the American minister, taking it in the light j of an appeal to him to lend his good offices ! to the termination of the difficulty, did point out a manner in which he thought it might be concluded to the satisfaction of both par ties. At the very time that this occurred, and with that double dealing which is a char- ; act^ristic of Spanish Ministers, the Govern ment here had decided to send a special mes senger to the l nited States, to try to settle the question without Mr. Soule’s interven IIUII. iiunii I ill ill unn-ri^m after the conversation, M. Ualiano started for W ashington, the hearer of written dis patches and oral instructions from M. Cal deron de la Barca. Affairs of State, how ; ever, are not long secret in a country ruled I bv a woman so indiscreet of speech and so ! addicted to favorites as the present «ov I ereign of Spain; and it appears that before the departure of the special envoy, Mr. : Soule was acquainted with its approach, and with the nature of the mission. The ■ Ministers then tried to persuade him that M. daliam/s papers and instructions had refer ! once to the settlement of old affairs pending between the two countries, and had nothing to d<» with tiie Black Warrior; but Mr. Soule, ; ; it appears, wa< too well informed to be put j j off with such idle tales, and doubtless cun ! sidering that a well intended attempt on his j part to facilitate the friendly arrangement of i a troublesome affair had been met with du | plicity anti underhand dealing, he referred M. Calderon’s note to the V. S. Government, from which he awaits instructions before ! proceeding further in the business. This chain of circumstances and the actual posi i tion of the case are not generally known here; hut to a few persons they are known, and I must sav that 1 have heard some of those whose regard to fair play and straightfor i ward conduct is superior to the narrower . feelings of nationality, strongly censure the j proceedings of ministers in this last phase of the affair, in which Mr. Soule, upon the other hand, appears to have acted in a man ner tending to refute the charges brought against him of sharp practice and a hostile disposition in the earlier >tages of the ques tion. The Spanish Government, whose rep resentatives at Havana—as 1 have in former letters shown—certainly brought it into trou ble bv their too abrupt departure from a usage which, although it may have been illegal, had long been tolerated by their pre decessors in office, no sooner makes a small concession and intimates, with seeming cor diality and sincerity, a wish that the Ameri can Minister would point out to them how the affair might he amicably terminated, j than he, putting aside the feelings of an tag* > ' nmn and displeasure that may have grown ; up in %the course of the discussion, comes I to their aid in a conciliatory spirit, i I have no means of knowing what the terms | were in which Mr. Soule thought Spain and I the States might concur, without humiliation I to the former, and yet to the satisfaction of | the latter. Hut that is not the question. While M. S avtorius was consulting Mr. Soule J almost as a friend, he and his colleagues were 1 preparing a direct negotiation withthe Amer ican (io\ eminent, which is tantamount to j saying that they find it impossible to arrange | matters with that (lovernnient’s representa tive here, and even to a hint that they think Mr. Soule may he contending for more oner I ous terms than those whose delegate he is, would ho willing to accept. From all 1 can ! learn l cannot hut think that this affair might j have long since been settled with any coun | try hut Spain, whose statesmen have, unfor tunately, an unconquerable inclination to pro i crastination and to circuitous routes, and are, ; as a rule, to which there are rare excep tions. the very opposites to straightforward men of business. President W»lker--Thc Piltlbuster. When the desolate ex-President was the editor of the Crescent, in this city, his prin ! cipal employment was abusing and denoun cing fillibusterisin. He was the especial friend of the Spanish consul on an occcasiou when filibuster feeling made its first explo sion in this city. He had an intense horror j of the whole system. He was then a nice, 1 studious, scholarly young man, full of bile and bitterness, ready with the pen, and evi dently ambitious of cutting a tigure in the world editorial. lie was always esteemed an honorable, high-minded, and honest man. His faults are, excessive vanity, a rather overbearing temper, and an utter want of practical sa gacity and worldly tact. His talents are much above the ordinary; his imaginative ami reasoning faculties are strongly devel oped. IIis personal deportment was remark ably quiet, reserved and rather grave. A small, ungraceful tigure, a pale, freckled face, and eyes of light green, a drawling, slow, measured tone of voice, and a bearing by no means grand or impressive, made up the phy sique of this redoubtable gentleman, whom the fears and imaginations of the Mexicans have converted into a second Attila. His venerable father and estimable family now reside in Nashville.—X. *J. JJelfa. Nebraska Excitement. At the time of our paper going to press we learn there is a great excitement raised among the border Indians fronting the Platte country. A delegation was alter the deputy U. S. ‘Marshal, we understand, yesterday. ! He has also received direct orders from the department at Washington, to proceed imme diately to the territory, and notify all settlers not licensed to remain there, to leave at once, if not, by being thus notified, he is authoris ed to call on the commanding officer at Fort Leavenworth to furnish him with a sufficient force to remove them. He will visit the up per portion of the country in a few days.— Western (Afo.) Republican, May *2Jbth. Kx terminating Wire Grant. The Richmond Dispatch contains the fol lowing extract from a letter on the subject from Judge J. B. Christian, written to and by the request of the Commissioner of the Agricultural Society of Virginia. Kdmund j Rutfin, esq. The letter is followed by a brief comment by Mr. K., which will interest the farmer. Williamsburg, March 24th, 18J4. ****** “l had in Williams burg a lot of ground of about two acres, of light soil and very rich. It had l>een kept I enclosed, and used only for grazing for 8 or j 10 years. I determined to sow it down in oats; and preparatory thereto, late in the fall j of 1849, I had the lot well ploughed with a I double horse plough, lu the spring it was again ploughed and sowed in oats. 1 he ground was as thickly set in wire grass as any land I ever saw. The season was a good i one for oats—but the crop on this ground was a failure. It was evident that the oats were destroyed by the wire grass. 1 deter mined at once to make some experiment to wards ridding the land of this terrible pest. It occurred to me that if the land was kept constantly employed, during the whole vege tating and growing season of the year in crops that would entirely shade the ground, ) and, for the time, prevent this grass growing up, that it would in a few years }xrLih out. Accordingly, as soon as l reaped the oats. I ploughed the land, and sowed if thickly in peas. The crop of peas was an indifferent ; one for the land. The vines remained on the ground—and during the next winter it was ploughed preparatory for oats in the spring. At this ploughing, l perceived that the wire grass had very considerably diminished. In the spring I again sowed the lot in oats. The season was not very good here tor oats. However, the crop was more than double what it was the previous year. Immediately after cutting the oats, I again ploughed tin* land, and put it again in peas, sowing them thick, more than a bushel to the acre. 4 lie vines were, as before, lett on the ground. During winter, it was again ploughed; and in this ploughing there was not to be seen in the body of the land a vestige of wire-grass. In the spring the land was again sowed in oats, and in an ordinary season, there was produced, I think, as heavy a crop as I ever saw grown upon high land. During all this time there was no manure of any kind appli ed. That fall I sold the land. I learned from the present owner. Judge Soarburgh, that the lot has been since cultivated in va rious crops—corn, potatoes, turnips, etc. Yesterday l went with Judge S. to see the ground. We examined, aud found almost no wire-grass on it—certainly very little. A portion is in clover, which is very tine. A portion, a belt about 37 feet wide, running through the ground, had recently been ploughed. Here we had a fair opportunity of seeing whether there was much, or any wire-grass still in the land. \\ e saw not more than three or four spires or roots in the whole ploughing. From this experiment it would seem that two successive crops ot hofh oats and peas, requiring only two years, will entirely era dicate this horrible bane to all small grain crops.” Jiemark.1 by K. A’.—I hasten to publish the foregoing experiment, in advance of oth er minutes of facts or other subjects collec ted, that this trial may he repeated by oth ers, as soon as possible. This may be done fur the present year, l*v every farmer who has any thickly set wire grass ground now sown either in oats or wheat. For the beginning of the course, l incline to the belief that wheat would be a better growth than oats, for the object in view; as wheat would have earlier and more complete possession of the ground, and will better withstand the injuri ous growth of the wire grass. I know too, that peas immediately following wheat, tends much to restrain the growth of thickly set wire gra*s—and this course has been used for that purpose with good effect, by hd muiid Ruffm, dr., of Prince (Jeorge County. I have not known (on such land) a second crop of either wheat or oats to he followed immediately by another course of peas, as in Judge Christian’s trial—and therefore no such complete destruction of the growth ot wire grass was obtained by the shorter or , less perfect course of wheat, peas, wheat.— If, bv this course, wire grass can be even prevented, being a serious obstruction to til lage, for ten years thereafter, it will lie an immense advantage to the agriculture ot lower Virginia. _ Ittot 111 Philadelphia. Yesterday morning the return Judges and Inspectors of the 17th ward met at Devlin’s : tavern, Cadwalader and Master streets for the purpose of making out the election re turns. A crowd, who were ma l because of their defeat, attacked the officers and endea ! vi.ntil Tiritli*. njirier*. 1 he Insnectorj I ■ - - - - - - I II » i were compelled to leave. 111 the afternoon ( they started out again, accompanied by a detachment of police, under the command ot Lieut. McNally. On Wednesday evening word was sent to the Station House in Moyamensing. that a man was flourishing a bloody knife in a yard attached to a house in Christian street, he ! low Ninth. Lt. Cullen and two officers, pro ceeded to the spot, where they discovered a man raving with excitement, and swearing that he would kill anybody who dared to ap i proach him. In the scuttle to secure him the pistol of the Lieutenant, which was knocked out of his hands, went off as it was quickly i recovered, the ball from w hich entered the breast of the man ju«t above the right nipple. He was taken to the Hospital, and was still ! alive up to noon yesterday. His name is | John Legen, aged about 24 years, is an Irish man hv birth and has been in this country j about a year.—l*hit. Ana r. Cax«ftu» M. Clay* This notorious abolitionist has addre^od a letter to the New York Tribune in w hich i he lays down a new programme for the gui dance of the anti-slavery party. The docu | ment reeks with the rankest treason and , ruffianism and it is a matter of utter aston ment to us that the slaveholding people of , Kentucky should permit this daring ineen | diary to dwell in their midst. The writer expresses the belief that every man from the free States who voted for the repeal of the Missouri Compromise ought to be hanged; ! but as there is no legal way of inflicting this penalty, he recommends that they be broken mi the*wheel of public opinion, driven from the social circle and practically disfranchised forever. This is the first step in his pro gramme. Secondly, lie recommends that the | elections in the free States, even for the most inferior offices he made to turn on the repeal of the Nebraska bill: and thirdly, that the abolitionists shall tolerate and recognise all parties that will aid them as allies, with the view' of electing an anti-slavery President in l#5b. After throwing out these suggestions, the traitorous fanatic goes on to speculate in cool, attrocious, and, at the same time, business like fashion on the disolution of the Union and the ruin of the South.—Rich. Bulletin. Theodore Parker. As this individual has become so notorious of late, and as some of our readers may not be aware of who he is, and as he is ; so often styled the Rue. Theodore Parker, we will ju»t say he is not recognised as a i Christian minister by any religious denomi nation on earth. He was once classed with : the Unitarians, but they have discarded him altogether, as not one, in or out. of N>» i England, will exchange pulpit® with him.— He is considered by all religious bodies a* more of an infidel than Christian, as his ser I in on s all savor of anything but piety or ereu decent morality.