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rCBLlSUKD DAILY AND TKI-H'IKKLY MY
KDQAH 8NQWPEX._ ALEXANDRIA: THURSDAY MORNING, MAY 10, 1850. A letter from an American in France to hi» friend in Washington city, published in the National Intelligencer says: —“All hopes of an early peace have vanished, and no one pretends to predict the duration of the war or the nations which are yet to be drawn into the vortex. What I always predicted is every day becoming more certaiu. that Austria will not take an active part against Russia, and the utmost which can be expec ted from her will be continued neutrality.” We make, also1, the following extracts from this letter :— “Troops do not at present embark so gaily as formerly for the Crimea. It is no longer at first intimated, be taken by a coup de jxcd, and they have a powerful and brave enemy to fight. 1 still do not believe the Emperor will go to the Crimea. If Sebastopol had fallen and h# had established his entrenched camp near Constantinople, he might probably pay a flying vUit under the enthusiasm which would prevail at home and to show himself to tl^fermy. Still, in opposition to my own opinMn, Gen.-. of the Imperial Guard, who took leave of the Emperor a few days since to embark for the Crimea, called upon me and said the parting words of the Em peror were, “I shall soon see you at Con stantinople.” This war has greatly reversed the order of commerce. Formerly the Black Sea was the granary of Europe and supplied hall the continent with gram; now^it is shipped in immense quantities from France and Algeria to supply the army. This tact is a proot that the Allies can derive but small supplies from the country, and that they command only the ground on which they are euoamped. What I suggested in a former letter is to be realized. An entrenched camp for 40, 000 men is to be established near Constan tinople, and will be occupied by French troops; the city is also to be strongly forti fied. The French will be established in Turkey, and will never a<r(tin lrave Ih'rc. Mark this prediction, h»r he assured it w ill be verified. Diwtor Napoleon w ill take charge of the “sick man.” The Turks are convinc ed that their long encampment in Europe is about being broken up. 'i hey are no longer rulers in their own territory. The “t/i/n/t/” has possession of it, and means to remain. They would, however, much prefer the Kus ^iani ,f Mr. Wheeler the Minister of the United State* to the Kepublic of Nicaragua, in the address he delivered to the President of that republic, upon the occasion of his recent presentation, among other things said ; “While the eyes of the world are upon us both, the hearts and hopes of every friend of freedom are with us; at the same time, the jealousy of tyrants watches us with envy and with vigilance. Our true policy is not only to declare, but to maintain, that the peo ple of American republics cau govern them ••Ives, that no foreign power shall ever be allowed to control, in any manner, our views, or interfere, in (he slightest degree, with our interest*. “The dignity, rights, security, and repose of us both demand this; and the idea of any interference or colonization by any foreign power on this side of the ocean is utterly inadmissible.” This principle, laid down by one of the Presidents of our northern re Cblic at an earlier period of our history, • been reiterated by the present patriotic rhief of our republic'in his inaugural ad dress. and more than twenty millions of gal lant heart* in both republics have respond ed favorably to this decid-d cisatlantic senti ment. We hope that through no conduct of our* can the opponents of tree governments be strengthened in the idea of man s incapa city to govern himself; but that we will prove, by harmony and industry at home and enterprise abroad, the value and supe riority Of republican institutions over any and every other form of government. As nations, we will maintain, and faithfully carry out, as inviolably sacred, the plighted faith of the government; and w hile we re gard the-rights of others and Kites ot u just Ttcut/ulify, “every American shall real 140 that upon every sea and every soil, where enterprise may rightfully seek the protee tioa of our flag, American citizenship is an inviolable panoply for the security ot Ameri can rights.” The President of Nicaragua gave to this address a full and hearty response. The Jamestown Association of NN ashing ion, formed for the patriotic purpose of keep jog up the commemoration of the first set t lenient of Virginia, will hold their celebra lion on Saturday, the 1-th iost. They wil prooeed to Mount Vernon in the steamboal George Washington, which will leave NV ash ingtoo at half-past nine o’clock, a. m., stop niog at Alexandria, and proceed to Mourn Vernon, where the anniversary address wil bo delivered by George NN ashington I arkt Cootia, esq. After allowing the company sufficient time to examine everything oi iu terest connected with the residence ot the Father of his Country, the boat will proceed to tho White House Pavillion, where the so ciety will partake of a dinner prepared foi them. The Marine Band has been engaged for the occasion. Tickets for the excursion and dinner, $3. Wo learn that Mr. Wise spoke in Leesburg oa Monday last. A large number of per •out ware present, lie is said to have out Heroded Herod in his denunciation of tin American party, and to have rather weaken ed than advanced his cause by bis course.— Borne who were disposed to be neutral hav< now determined to vote the American ticket Our information is, that the Leesburg speed Aas damaged no one but the orator. A gentleman in Fauquier writes ti9 that be hae just received a letter from a reliable source in the North AVestern part of th* State, which gives the most encouraging ac counts of the prospects of the American par dy these.__ Son. Henry A. Wise arrived in Washing -ton on Tuesday, from his recent trip through 4Di the State. His health if good. «* The board of officers who are to decide upon the disqualifications of such as are to be put upon the “Reserved List" of the Navy, is composed as follows:—Captains Stepheu Cassin, John P. Zantainger, Thomas M. Newell, Uriah P. Levy, Horace B. Saw j yer. Commanders—Frederick Varnum, J. ] S. Chauncey, Thomas J. Manning, Robert 1>. ! Thorburn, Samuel Lockwood. Lieutenants ; —Jonathan 1>. Ferris, Bernard J. Moeller, ; Kdward C. Bowers, Thomas Brownell, Robt. B. Kiell. [The Washington Star of yesterday, says that the above information, contained in the Baltimore Sun, is not correct—hot a joke upon the officers named.] i _ _J_ On Mouday evening, the Seamen’s Friend Society held its celebratiou in N. Y. There were 3,800 boarders attbe Sailors’ Home in New York during the past year, and 43,850 since its existence. The Colored Sailors’ Home from Sept, 1851, to Feb. 1855,also bad 1,573 boarders. Receipts of the society for the year, 823.845, and expenditures $22,810. Temperance among seamen is said to l>e on the iucrease, the Marine Temperance Socie ty of New York having 29,000 members on its rolls, and one oi the banks has on deposit $2,250,0011, belonging to seamen. The re port, in accounting tor the scarcity of sea men, states that within the last five years the tonuageof American vessels has increas ed 75 per eer cent., w hile during the same time about 1,500 energetic American sea men have left for the Australian gold mines, and probably twice that number for Califor nia; many Swedes, Panes, &o.. who were ex cellent sailors, and served in American ves sels, have also been drawn oil'to the Eastern i war. - * ♦ ♦ - • The Board of Foreign Missions of the Presbyterian Church, report that the receipts of the society from all sources during the past year amounted to one hundred and eigh I ty-four thousand and seventy-four dollars. 1 aud the expenditures of the same period were one hundred and seventy-five thousand seven hundred and five dollars; that the Board has under its direction twenty missions and two hundred and twenty-two missionaries and assistants. Of these missions seven are amongthe Indian tribes in the Southwestern Territory, where it is reported the must en couraging progress in every department of civilization is taking place, the number oi communicants in connexion with the church es in that section having more than doubled during the past year, while the attendance at the schools had likewise been largely aug mented. - - — - • *-* - • A demonstration is to be made by the I Know Nothings iu the New York Couucil in i a day or two. Senator Brooks having claim j ed to establish the fact that Archbishop j Hughes is the owner of nearly five millions’ ; worth of real estate in tlie city and neigh ! borhood, a resolution will be ottered and ! backed by the whole Know-Nothing force, in favor of taxing said property. According to the laws of the l>tate, only the real estate i actually belonging to the church—that is to ! say, the ground on which the church stands, ! is subject to tax; but it is claimed that the i Bishop holds “lots” and “parcels of land” in which nobody is interested but himself.— The movement will make a noise. The April number of the New \ork Quar terly Review has an article on “Post Office , Improvements,” in which it is stated that , i the Boston people annually average about : thirty-three letters each; those in New York I about twenty-four: in Philadelphia, fourteen; i in New Orleans, about sixteen; and in Balti more ten. In the aggregate of the large cities of the United States there is an annual average of about twenty letters to each per son. In the country districts there are only about three letters annually to each person, and in the whole United States about four to each person. ---4 --- A young man, named John L}’ons, a na tive of Denmark, who has been in this coun try some six months, committed suicide in i Baltimore on Tuesday, at the house ut Dr. Win. Sands, on Eutaw street, near Pratt, where he has been hoarding, by taking I strychnine. He was aged about twenty-five : years, and is represented to have been an industrious man, of very correct habits, and was lately employed as clerk in the store of Hopkins,’ Hull A Co., dry goods dealers, Baltimore street. ... ► -- Letters received from Detroit dated 3d May, state that Mr. Holmes, the State Trea surer of Michigan, admits that an over-issue of the stock of the State bank has taken : place to the amount of $56,001*; and that it ! is his intention to postpone the declaration j of a dividend for the present that he may I have time to find out who has committed the fraud. Some bills sent to him, he declares to be fraudulent, having forged signatures of the Treasurer, though the engravings are from genuine plates. _____ The number of judges of the C ourt of Claims is now complete, and as all the gen tlemen appointed are now in \\ ashington, ■ there will be no further delay, which up to ■ this time has been unavoidable in the or ganization of this court. Their first labor will be to establish the rules of procedure, and other necessary preliminary business, 1 preparatory to their meeting for the hearing ; of cases. _ Mr. A. Dudley Mann, having resigned the ‘ post of Assistant Secretary of State, Mr. Win. 1 Hunter, the chief clerk of the Department of State, has been temporarily appointed in his i place. Mr. Robert S. Chew, of Virginia, who has long been one of the principal clerks rtf* dAnartment. has been appointed chief I clerk in the place of Mr. Hunter. The barque Cora sailed from Hampton Roads for Liberia on Saturday, having on board a large number of emigrants, some returning thither, others seeking a new home of adoption. Several missionaries of the P. Episcopal Church go out as passengers, among them the Rev. Mr. Hoffman and lady. t m9* __ Two shocks of an earthquake were felt at Cairo. (Illinois) about half past ten o’clock > of the night of the 30th ultimo. The inter val between the shocks was about five nain . utes. Their duration was about five seconds each, the vibratory motion being sensibly felt, and the rumbling sound distinctly heard. _ The Kingston (Canada) News of the 1st instant learns that, in consequence of the price of flour having been raised to thirteen , dollars per barrel, and other breadstuff's in proportion, the people of Smith s balls have broken open the stores and helped them selves ad UOitm/i. __ A letter from Orange County in the Rich mond Dispatch §ay§, that the Chinch Bug and Joint Worm have made their appear ance to some extent in that oounty, and that fears are entertained of their ravage*. The Richmond Enquirer learus “that the Guildhall speech of the Emperor of the French, has produced a profound sensatiou in official circles at Washington. It is regarded as so distinct in its assertions as to admit of no misinterpretation. In plain language, it means, as soon as Sebastopol capitulates, or the Eastern war is otherwise terminated the Allies will commence their operations for the abolition of slavery in this hemisphere.” The profound sensation” spoken of does not seem to have extended amongst the people, who ap pear to care very little, so far, about the “Guildhall speech.” The people of Norfolk have not yet realiz ed the benefits anticipated from the coinple tion of the tide-water connection at Rieh j mond. Th6 Norfolk Argus of Monday says: I “This great work (the tide-water connection) has been accomplished for many months, and | as yet no great results have followed. We see no barges down here, uor do we hear of I any being on their way.” TheKockiugham Register says:—“It is said the fly is making its appearance in some of the wheat fields in this county. A farmer informed us, a few' days ago, that the pros pect of a good crop wras not near so flattering as it w’as a few weeks ago. The recent rains have improved the appearance of the men i duU’a a ml tiUfihiPA fialilki *1 We saw yesterday letters from well iu ! formed gentlemen trom the central portion | of the State which speak of the highly favor ; able prospects of the American party in that quarter. In Albemarle there will he a heavy vote against Mr. Wise—ami so, also, in the j adjoing counties. Andrew Jackson Walker, better known as ‘Andy Walker,” a famous Indian fighter, died in Corpus Christi on the 15th ult., id consumption, in the 33d year of his age. Ilia funeral was attended very numerously by the most respectable citizens and quite a number of army officers. The Portland “State of Maine” states that the lion. Moses McDonald, late Representa ; tive in Congress, is to be appointed disburs ing otiieer during the completion of the new ! custoin-honse in Portland, with a compensa ! tion of $N per day for his services. The ship Living Age, reported lost in the I China Seas, if the American vessel of that name, was bound from Shaghai to New York with a cargo of teas valued at $300,000. She was heavily insured in Boston and New York. j Rev. Dr. rlyng announces that he has oon ! nected himself with Rev. Messrs. Anthon ! and Canfield, in the editorship of the Protes taut Churchman, a weekly journal of New ! York city. A laborer, at Maysville, Ky., was so affec ted by the heat of the sun on tho 2d instant. i that he fell from his work in an insensible condition, and died the same day. Another was similarly affected, but recovered. l Professor (ieorge P. Scarburgh, of William and Mary College, has been appointed by the President, to he a Judge of the Court of Claims, in the place of Joseph 11. Lumpkin, | who declined the appointment. Mr. Wise made a speech in Washington on Tuesday, being “called out” from the ! residence at which he was stopping. lie ’ said he was confident of his election. He is , a sanguine gentleman, and is mistaken. The new Mayor of Cincinnati is rivalling Mayor Wood iu the thoroughness with which ! he is enforcing law, particularly with respect to the observance of the Sabbath. I The want of rain is severely felt in many ’ parts of Brooklyn. In some localities, it is i said, the cisterns are dried up, and hard wa* j tor is had recourse to far domestic purposes. Mr. BenjainiuC. Bass of Chesterfield coun i ty. a contractor at one of the Coal Pits, was killed on the 7th inst., by the falling of a I piece of slate. The Richmond Theatre was sold on Mon day last, at auction, for the sum of $2o,()00. It was knocked down to Isaac A. Goddin, esq. The U. S. Court for tho W estern District of Virginia, is in session at Staunton, Judge Brockenbrough presiding. W'm. T. Early and Thomas Wood, have j been nominated as the candidates for the American party in Albemarle. A patent has been obtained by Wm. Paule i of Alexandria, for improvement in ventilat ing rail road cars. John M. Orr has been re-elected Mayor of Leesburg, Ya. The trial of Baker, at Orange Court House, I was still going on, at last dates. Loss of the schr. John Clark. It was stated under our telegraphic head, yesterday, that the schr. John Clark, Capt. McRay, of New York, had been wrecked on the passage to Jacmel, and that out of seven i on board, five perished from hunger. When the vessel became a complete wreck and full of water, the men were left without food or water, on the next day obtained a keg of crackers that were wet with salt wa j ter, after which they got a bucket of vinegar, I some shark liver oil and some catnphene; j the latter made them stupid and feel as if j they were on fire. The fifth day after the J catastrophe the captain, mate, steward and two men died, and the two remaining men had nothing to eat eight days previous to ' being taken off; those that died went crazy ; previous to death. They also state that they j saw two different vessels, one cf which, a ! fishing schooner, came so close to them that • they could see the man at the helm; the other I - s,1..on tli.if flint- IiqIIaaoiI fA fliom cn j l-tllilv OW V *VV7V J .. " —1 - v that the vessel hove to, and came close up ! under their lee, and after surveying them put i their helm hard up and bore away, without offering any assistance: all were living at that time, and but lor it being before daylight could have read her name, as her letters were indistinctly visible; the weather was l good and nothing to hinder them from sav ! all hands, The names of the two saved 1 are Robert Me Ray, (captain’s son,) and Charles Lowell._ Staves Kaeaplng to Canada. Canadian newspapers occasionally notice the arrival there of fugitive slaves from the i'nited States, but generally make wry faces, such as. in medical experience, are consider | ed premonitory symptoms of ejectment. The | Toronto Colonist says: “Large nubers of slaves continue to escape ! into Canada daily from the I'nited States. ! One of the Detroit papers tells us that on the 15th ult., no less than eighteen of them cross ed the river into Canada. We fear they are coming rather too fast for the good of the Province. People may talk about the hor rors of slavery as much as they choose, but fugitives slaves are by no means a desirable class of immigrants for Canada, especially when they oome in great numbers.” Telegraphic Despatches. Cincinnati, May 8.—The weather is quite cold. Last evening there was a smart frost, and all the early vegetables have beeu killed. The fruit is also supposed to be greatly in jured, and unless a change takes place, this afternoon and to-night will make a clean sweep of all kinds of fruit in this section ot country. Mr. Buchanan, the proprietor of an exten sive vineyard at Clifton, reports that halt of the grapes arc destroyed. Boston, May 8.—The lliss Investigating Committee have made a lengthy report. They find nothiug censurable in his con duct at Box bury or Worcester, but are se vere in relation to bis intercourse with Mrs. Patterson, and recommend his expulsion from the House. The report was accepted. Columbia, Pa., May 8.—The early emi grant train for the west was run into by the second train this morning whilst stand ing upon the track in Front street in this place. Three cars ot the second train were badly broken and several passengers were slightly injured—one seriously. Rochester, May 8.—Conolly & Co.’s pow der mills live miles lrom here exploded at six o’clock this evening, killing five men — The building was blown to pieces. Ibis is the fourth time in five years that these works nave been destroyed. Boston, May 8.—The State Temperance Convention met at the Tremont Temple this morning. The Governor ot the State acted as President. The attendance at the open ing was but limited. Boston, May 8.—The weekly statement of the City Banks shows the following to tals:—Loans, $52,091,058; Specie, $5,02 L 029; Deposits, $15,1-11,200; Circulation, $7, 016,100. Philadelphia, May 8.—The l nited States sloop ot-war St. Louis, lrom the Mediterra nean, is announced coming up the river, this evening. __ Presidency of Liberia. Edward J. Roye, one of the candidates for President of Liberia, was some ten years since a barber in Terre Haute, Indiana, from which he emigrated to Liberia. He engaged successfully in commercial pursuits at .Mon rovia, has been a member and speaker of the House of Representatives of that Republic; was a candidate two years ago lor the Presi dency against President Roberts, and is now editing and publishing a paper in that coun try. He is, we believe, a pure Airicaa— certainly a black man. •Stephen A. Benson, the other candidate, is of uianixed Africau descent, went with his parents to Liberia when a mere child, before ; the time of Gov. Ashtnun’s arrival in 1822, was taken captive by the natives in the war of December of that year, but was finally restored to his home after an absence ot sev eral months. He has be n entirely educated in Africa: is the principal merchant at Bas sa Cove: has tilled the office of Judge in one of the highest courts in and of Liberia, and is now the V ice President of the Republic. Benson is a Christian of eminent purity and benevolence of life, and enjoys the re J speet and confidence not only of the coin mu : nitv in which lie resides, but ot many distin guished strangers, and universally °f the citizens of the Liberian commonwea.th. The time for the election ot President, ; \ ice IVesident, Senators and Kepresenta | tives, is fixed in the Constitution ol Liberia, to he held “on the first Tuesday in May, in every two years.” Intelligence ol the choice I made un the first day of the present month will doubtless reach this country about the middle of June next. It is proper to remark that J. J. Roberts, for reasons honorable to himself, and to Li beria, declined are-nomination for President, i On the expiration of his official duties he ! will have served four terms of two years each, with marked credit to himself, honor ; to the colored race, and to the advancement and prosperity of his country. Cane of Depravity. A shocking case of depravity has recently : been the subject of comment in this city. , The case is that of repeated and most art j fully contrived thefts by one who has borne j the character and maintained the standing | of a lady depending on her own exertions ; for a means of support, as a lady’s eompan | ion. Of her guilt there is scarcely a shadow j of doubt. She has been in Newport oneoor tw'ieo, at one time stopping at a hotel, at 1 another with a private family; here she was : arrested, and is now in our jail awaiting trial. She is spoken of to us as extremely lady like in her manners, culti\nted and fa-einut : ing to a more than ordinary degree, and on j hearing her converse one can hardly he led ! to suppose for a moment that for so long a I time she has carried on her evil practices.— | Yet such is the case, and she has had many i modes of operating. While residing with | the family of Judge Miller, of New York, as j companion to Mrs. M., the house was uiyste* j riously robbed (entered, it was first supposed) ' and many articles of value carried off. The accused was the first to find out that ; the house had been entered, and was so suc ; cessful in ascertaining what articles had been J carried ofi’us to lead to suspicion. A watch j taken at that time, and seen on her person | in Newport, lead to her detection, and on examining lAr apartments in New York i abundant evidence was found to establish i her guilt. At the time of her arrest she was ; residing with a lady in this city as a com | panion, and it was found, on examining her | trunks, that she had robbed the house of six ! bottles of rum, a small pitchor, and several ' articles of little value. We understand that a requisition has been j sent on from New York, and she will be ! taken to that city for trial. She is Engli>h by birth, we believe, and her name is with j held for her friends’ sake.—A'eicport Mercury. Demand for Hiead*tuff*. ! There was an active speculative demand 1 in the New* York breadstuff* market on i Monday, and it is stated that if sellers had j slightly abated their demands 20,000 bar ! rels of flour could have been sold. As it i was there were 3,000 barrels conunou State I taken for July, at £8 To, the first fifteen i days sellers’ option, and 1,000 barrels in ! all July at $0. Afterwards the former fig ! ures were refused for 0,000 barrels. For corn there was also a good demand I for forward delivery, and 10,000 bushels western mixed were taken for the account I of a Baltimore house, at 98 cents, deliver able in all July, showing an advance of two ! cents per bushel over the last transactions. For August delivery sellers refused to accept less than $1, and there did not appear to he any very great anxiety to sell at even what is now considered to ho u pretty high figure. | l\ye also advanced fifteen cents a bushel. | The stock of flour in New York is said to be almost exhausted. From Canada the re ceipts are about 1,000 barrels daily. It i meets with ready sales. The telegraph reports a further advance in ! the New York markets yesterday (Tuesday.) Peas and Strawberries. We return our thanks to Mr. Mark Mad dr cks of Ferry Point, for his handsoiuo . present of Green Peas—delicate indeed — and luscious Strawberries. Mr. M. is fa j vorably known in our region as a scientific gardener—has a diploma, we believe—and has managed to get his productions into market early enough to secure him £3 a peck for his peas, and a gallon for his straw berries. Mr. Sammons, of Tanner’s Creek, also bad strawberries in market, and Mr. j Wood, of the same precinct, peas. Who are i making the money, the agriculturists or the “t’other folks ?”—Norfolk Argus. Tlie Long Lost Found* About two years since, as many will re collect, Mrs. Crozier, a widow lady residing near Utica, accompanied by a daughter, came here in quest of her boy, who bad run away, and gone, as she supposed, W estward. ! She stepped at the New England House, then kept by Mr. Ross. Mr. R.» and others : of our citizens, sympathized with her in her distress, and not only aided in the search, ! but gave her money to go Westward. At last, after having \isited nearly every West ern town, news came to her that the body ot i a boy, of similar appearance to hers, had ; been found on the shore of the Lake. She hastened on, and on view was satisfied in her | own mind that it was that of her long lost I boy. His hair, and many little things found j about him were retained by her, and almost ! worshipped as memorials of her favorite. A | few* days since, news came to her ear, that | the boy was not dead, but living and in | sound health, upon a farm near Toledo. 1 he | thought that a dear mother must have suffer ed deathly agony by his conduct, had found no place in his mind, and he, like many other young truant*, cared not for a mother’s love. She hastened to Toledo, and passed j through hero yesterday on her way home | with him. Sitting in the cars at the depot, she saw Clark Warren, who, as policeman, had aided her in her search two years ago.— She called him in, and perfectly wild w ith joy, cryiug and laughing, told him of her success. What can equal a mothers love?— Cleveland Herald, May 3. The lllack Warrior Affair. The Paris correspondent of the X. ^ oi k Times writes: “It is well known at Madrid that this trou blesome affair is already settled. Mr. Perry, our present representative at that Court, has, it seems, obtained from the Spanish (iovern i ment all that has ever been asked by <>ur i own. That Government recognises fully the illegal conduct of her officials; condemns them and disavows their acts: promises to dismiss from its service all who took a res ponsible part in that transaction; and as to those who are no longer in her service, from General Pezuela down, to bring them before the Supreme Tribunal of Justice, to answer accusations of the Government under that process, peculiar to the Spanish laws of the j Indies, by which the Captain General and other high officers of the possessions beyond ! the sea may be called before the Supreme ! Tribunal to give an account for their conduct ; whilst in office during a year after their re turn to Spain, and it condemned in anv par ; ticuiar, be made to suffer the corresponding ; pains and penalties. At the same time j Spain offers full and complete indemnity to | ail who suffered bv that outrage upon the I presentation of their papers proving their damages. This arrangement is understood to 1 have yonc to Washinylon some tune about the ; last oj‘ February, and the Government of Mnfiml is onlv waitin'' the return of the mail which ought to bring tlie formal acceptance of the arrangement by the Cabinet at Wash ington in i rtler to lay all the documents be fore the Cortes.” Fet tling t he ’tiortlierncri. We clip the following pleasant article from the New York Express. The editor is right 1 in supposing that the crops are promising. Green peas and strawberries havo already ap peared in our market, and soon the wharves | will be crowded with eaily potatoes, peas, tomatoes, cucumbers,apples, melons, &<?., Sc., for the Northern market. The grain fields j in the counties higher up in the State also ; look flourishing.—Norfolk Argun. j Food from ihc South.—It is comfortable to : think, amid the short supplies about us, that j States within 24 Hours of us, are rapidly rais | ing things for us to cat, and will soon he in | our markets, not only with early fruits, and 1 vegetables, but with some substantial food. I Already we hear of green peas and strawber ries in profusion—but soon we shall le henr ! ing of “harvesting” in the neighboring States 1 of Virginia and North Carolina, which can ; give us supplies either by the ‘ousting schoon i ers, or the excellent Janies I liver steamers, almost to anv extent. By the last of May, the early spring wheat is begun to be cut on the James Hiver (Va.) and in the southern part ot North Carolina, even at an earlier period still. As there has been no outoiy from that quarter, we infer from the silence, that the corps are promising. He who comes early to market will reach the tip top price —but he who is late, let him j stand from under. A Slave Trade in a * inn 11 way. It is reported that certain whalemen of New Bedford—which is a distinguish© 1 abo lition city—have been in the habit, during ; their voyages, of touching at negro settle j ments and impressing into their service nuni | bers of the natives, whom they compel to do the drudgery of shipboard until a cargo is made up. Having made ready for home, the unfortunate blacks are east ashore any where and anyhow, penniless often, and without the means of subsistence. The mat ter is to he inquired into.—Buxton Courier. More new books .rr Fbench's Bod, mnI Period" al Depot. ••>am Slick’s New Book."—Nature and Hu I man Nature, by the author ot "Wise Saw*.' -Old Judge,’ "Sam Slick tlie Clock Maker." etc , bU cts. My Brother's Keeper, hy A. B. Warner, au thor ot "Hollars and Cents. ’ "Mr. Rutherford s Children.M etc., To cts. No. fi Harper’s Story Books.—Emma or the Misfortunes of a Belle, 2b ct.v Torn Waters, the haunted Highwayman, 2b , cts. Dick Klybynight and the Black Gang,2b cts. The Sea Lark or the Quadroon of Louisiana, a thrilling Tale of land and sea. by Albert W. Sumner, 2b cts. Knickerbocker for May. 2bc‘s. my HI ! / 1 LOTUS, CAsSIMLUES. Sr — \_y Black and colored Eiench Cloths | Black and colored twilled for summer wear i v\et*ds and Draps • A beautiful assortment ot black and lancy Cas sinieres j Silk and Linen Coatings I White and colored Linen Drillings and Ducks ! Silk and Marseilles Vestings j Gents. Merino, Gauze, Silk and Lisle Under Shirts. Sc. : o:i»_ i r-- . _T' l 11 OllW aim vuii/iviian With almost every other article in our lire necessary to complete a gentleman’s wardrobe, to which we invite attention, my 10 G K. WITMER. BROS. A CO >URNETTS COD LIVER OIL.—(The ) (iknuine Article )—The subscribers have j just received a large supply of the above named Cod Liver Oil. which they can recommend as i the best article now m use. Call and get a bottle. For sale by .sTON K A HART. Apothecaries, No. 109. King street, corner of I itt. C^Sign of the Golden Mortar. my 10 SODA WATER NOTICE.—STONE * HjiRT, No. 1(»9. King sheet, Sign of the 1 Golden Mortar, have commenced the manufac ture of SODA OR M I N E R A L WATER, j (With an entire new apparatus.) and would re | spectfully ask a portion of the public patronage, my 10 MORE NEW DRY GOODS—We are this day receiving a tine assortment of Dry Goods, suited to the season, to which we call the attention ot our triends and the dealing public, my 10 TAYLOR A HUTCHISON. C1HILDRDXS AND GIRLS FLATS, of t Leghorn, Pedal, and Florence braids, just received at MEYENBERG, WILLI AN A CO’S, j my 10 [Sent ] Sarepta Hall, fting sf. UFF CURTAIN JLINEN, ail widths, for sale by ray 10 TAYLOR A HUTCHISON. | To the editor of the Alexandria Gazelle : Id censuring the secresy of the American order, let it he remembered, in the language ; of history, “that the Orthodox Church once imitated through choice even the awtul secre* 1 sy which prevailed in the Eieusinean myste ries.*' The Christians would thus render | their sacred institutions more respectable in i the eyes of the Fagan world. How were they not persecuted for this ? Their prudence afforded an opportunity for malice to invent, and for suspicious credulity to believe, the horrid tales which described the Christians as the most wicked of human kind, who practiced in their dark recesses every abomination that a depraved fancy could suggest, and who solicited favor of their unknown God, by the sacrifice of every moral virtue. There were many who pre tended to confess, or to relate (W iso-like) the I ceremonies of this abhored society. It was asserted that a new-born infant, entirely cov ; ered over with flour, was presented like some mystic symbol ot initiation to the knife of .1 __ ..I..*.. n-K» infliiOAil lilt* piu.-cijiv, »»•» —.ov - many a secret and mortal wound ou the in nocent victim of his error; that as soon as the cruel died was perpetrated, the sectaries drank up the blood, greedily tore asunder the quivering members, and pledged them selves to eternal sccresy by a mutual con sciousness of guilt. It was confidently as serted that this inhuman sacrifice was suc ceeded by a suitable entertainment, in which intemperance served as a provocative to bru tal lust, till at the appointed moment, the lights were suddenly extinguished; shame ; was banished, nature was forgotten, and hs , accident might direct, the darkness of the : night was polluted by the incestuous com merce of si>ters and brothers, of sons and of mothers. (Vide Gib. Vol. 1,200.) Where such loathsome and ignominious charges are to he found on the pages of his tory, preferred against the pure of this world, may wc not with reason expect, under the political state of party and our country, every thing that an unsanctified political violence may conceive, or a less sanctified malice invent? Nor will it be any defence | against such selfish and unscrupulous oppo ! cition, that we are Americans engaged in the nut much less holy service of protecting ; our country against the introduction of cor- • ruption lrum without, indifferent alike, ! I whether such corruption be in the guise of i the church, the world, the tlesh, or the devil. The leaders of party, sometimes absurdly called the street nix of the people, place | tnemselves obviously in the inconsistent | position, not o:.dy of desiring to direct pub | lie opinion, but imperiously to control it by i the severest censures and threats. The po ; pular will is violently subjected to a pupil 11 ii»1 critical and inouisito n i w m * rial, by party leaders and politicians, person* j ;»iiy ambitious and designing, unmindful of public good, but cunningly careful of their own benefit and promotion either directly ; : or by more insidious indirection. The peo- j i pie, the power, that should be for the good of i I all, uucorrupted, are often the dupes who bv j ' rigid discipline and the terrors of party j ; proscription, are severely held as the in no- : | cent but deceived instruments to be used by j ambitious leaders for their own profit, in- j different alike to the. unmanly degradation • of their benefactors, or the patent injuries j | to the State. If united and imperial Franco should I hesitate to permit a single unguarded repub ' lican to pass through her domain without i vigilant observation, how should it be with ! America, beached as she is by the hoary monarchies of a whole world? But reverse ! the migratory tides of mankind, and let us ; imagine that free America over peopled was pouring upon the shores • »f France, her n»il ; lion* of nati\e born p<* *ple; would not the ; arm of government be quickly exerted to prt*- , : vent it? Now it this should effect such a ; | government so single, so centralized, the su preme power in a supreme controlling will, . i how much more dangerous does it become in j a republic, that invests all that land with! ! equal political rights, with those that are j native to the system, the welfare and per- j ! munency of which is thus made to depend ; ! upon the adopted in no less a degree than j , upon tho native citizens of the country? The objections to such a course are too j many, too obvious to be enumerated. See j what a large proportion of emigrants hang j upon your cities, ready t<> participate in j ' scenes of violence and disorder, swelling to 1 | an offensive and injurious degree the mini- ] j bers of the idle, unproductive, and pauper i | classes. In the country now, in a popula- | ! tion of two million and about a quarter of* i foreigners, there are sixty-eight thousand | five hundred and thirty-eight paupers, whilst there are only sixty-six thousand and Rome few native paupers, in a population of seven teen million and a half of Americans. Are not such arguments unanswerable? | Again, of commitments to the citv prisons of New York, for the year past, under the restraint-', even that the progress of the na tional questions to which 1 refer would lei | likely to impose, there were ticcnfpdbr y j | Hum.sand seven hundred and twenty-five fut ' eigners, against six thousand nine hundred I and sixty-six native Americans, notwith- I j >tan ling the vast preponderance of the na- ! ' tive population of the city. These are stub born, astoHti ling and alarming facts. I hope l have a proper sympathy with the afflictions, the wants and thedistresses of man- j kind. I hope I have none whatever with its j crime and voluntary pauperism. A mind once ! ; degraded, by begging, except under the most ; afflictive necessities, in my opinion, is never ' j after purified to a degree which qualifies it j for the manly exercise of the suffrage-power. I It is a corse and slur upon the country when i | the moral standard trails so low in the dust, j : that there does not attach something of base I ne-s in the habitual occupation of a public | ah ns people, unless under the most stringent ; j necessities. In other countries such occupa- j j tion is often pursued in preference to those j that are laudably remunerative, and to our I ! shame he it said, such it is not without ex* I : ample in our own land. Thank Heaven, our real inheritance is too j wide and our granaries are t<»o full for the j ; industrious, the temperate, and the frugal j 1 man, evor, or scarcely ever, to lie driven to j the humiliation of sfrwt br>j'fin<j. It was a subject of vain exultation, among the pro- | j vincials of other days, that the neighboring j peopl» late an object of terror, began to ex- j ! hi hi 11 lie influences of their better society in 1 | the cultivation of the arts of industry, and the ' , labors of peaceful pursuirs. It was not long, howeter. alter *uch congratulations on an iu* 1 crease of population, that they had to take up a lamentation o\er the multitude of secret enemies, insolent from favor, that were intro duced into the heart of the Government. (G. : It. vol. 1. 182.) het us beware lest we into the same snare and have to raiso the same bitter wail. For inyself I care not what may be the ira 1 putation; call me even the worst of names, a traitor, I would not, valuing as I do the sa cred legacy of liberty, regarding as I do, the : danger of its exposure to such influences, ! • tru<t it to the uninstructed hands of any for- j eigti power for the “seas’ worth/1 I should ! feel as certain that the eflect would sooner or later be licentious, disorganizing, and fi nally destructive, as \ arn certain that pro per restrictions would be judicious, whole 1 some and conservative. | Is there, then, ^ny consideration, intelli gent and uninfatu*ted, which it neither the ; effect of party madness or oulpable indiffer ence, that must not see, and seeing must not confess, & danger crescent and aggreaaiv* which being regarded io time, may he even beneficially directed, but being encouraged or not less criminally connived at, may^L. come a poison that shall so distil itselfinto our system as to become fatal to the hop* of every patriot, to every sincere lover of rv tional liberty, and to our cherished hopes 0f this Republic. _ UNION. To the editor of the Alexandria Gazette: It is daily charged by the Democratic or*, tors and presses, that the American party (Jf Virginia is the old Whig party in a new phase, or, to use their own language, a Whig trick to catch Democrats. It t*enu t0 me that the most conclusive refutation of this charge is found in the action of tb* American party in their nominations for members of the next General Assembly of the State. I, therefore, submit to your ret ders a list of these nominations, sofara«[ have observed them, with the political ant*, cedents of the nominees: Senate. IV_ .... na,. Jefferson I)i*tnct,.1 •* Frederick “ I Loudoun . Stafford “ 1 Hanover “ I Appomattox •• I Norfolk City “ 1 Wythe ** I Spottsylvania - . Marshall *• I Franklin “ j Marion I Acconiac “ • * 5 House or Delegates. Dern Wiuf. Berkeley County.1 j J efferson “ I I Frederick 1 j Morgan ‘ I Clarke *• 1 Loudoun “ * Fairfax . 1 Rappahannock .1 Stafford A K. Geo. i Kssex, Ac 1 Henrico 1 Norfolk County .1 1 Amherst *• 1 Campbell “ I [ Appomattox ** 1 Bedford ** 2 Louisa ‘‘ 1 Montgomery •• 1 Harrison “ 1 1 Taylor “ .* * * *.1 Marion 1 l Lewis ** f Gilmer, Ac. u .I Pendleton u .! Highland *• 1 Cabell I Charles City, Ac .i Halifax “ 1 Pittsylvania 4i .I i Augusta *• I 'i Alleghany Ac Bath. I Greenbrier *• 1 Patrick •• I Roanoke “ I Goochland 4 1 Ritchie. •• I Cpshur 4- . .'to i'l Senate. V j 2PJ [To the aliove list may be added the re cent nomination of a Democrat in Alexan dria. I * To any one familiar with the political com plexion of the above districts and counties, it is manifest that of these nominations a larger share has been given to the Demo crats than they were entitled to uuder the old division of parties; for, bv this test, the Whigs were entitled to f» of the Senators with two other districts doubtful, and to 21 of the members of the House of Delegates, with three others doubtful. The counties con tained in tbe above list were represented in the last House of Delegates by 29 Democrat* and 21 Whigs, and from the counties which elected these 21 Whigs, the American party have nominated 13 Democrats. Does it look much like a Whig trick to see former Demo crats nominated from Jefferson, Augusts. Montgomery, Greenbrier. Cabell, Campbell. Pittsylvania, Patrick, and other old Whig counties? A\ AMERICAN. / 1 LOCKS. WATCHES. AM) JEWELRY \ j Opened this day, new style Jewelry, com prising the choicest articles in the line. nucIi FineGnld Wedding Rings, Diamond Pin* and Rings, Cvoid Stone Sleeve Buttons and Stud*. BreastPin and Ear rings. Medallion-, as Iowa* 7T) cents, and all other Jewelry from tbe lowest to the very finest quality. Fine heavy 18 karat cased English Lever*, warranted. Spoons, Fork and Ladles, suitable tot the country trade. Particular attention given to repairing, and new work made to order, by GEORGE DCFFKY. €i my jo—rtt* No. f>7, King-stree'. Alexandria county court, Xu 8th. I8.">fi.—The Court doth order an elec tion to be held in the First Ward of Alexandria City, on Thursday, the Vi4//* ins'an!, tor a Justice of the Peace, to fill the vacancy occasioned by tb* removal of William H. Rogers, late Justice, Irom said district, and doth appoint the same Commissioners and Conductor to superintend the same, that are appointed to superintend the general election to be held on that day in said Ward. A copy, teste: rny 10—eotd B H. BERRY. Clerk. / 1AMKRON MILK—PRICE REDCCED — \ j On and after the 10th f»J May. I will Milk at the following prices.—Six cent* per quart, four cents per pint, and smaller quanti ties at latter rates Seventeen quarts or thirty three pint tickets for $1. payable to driver vr delivery of tickets. my 10—3t R. F. ROBERTS. ‘Vr OTICE.—Runaway from my house, on Cuion street, on Tuesday, 8th instant, rr.y two negro hoys, C tLARLKS and SjIM/jV. public are warned against harboring or employ mg said boys, as the law will be enfold against all offenders. rnv 10—3t JOHN T. TRICE Horses.—Two very large draught MORSES will be at O’Neal's Tavern, or. King s’reet. this (vesting, at 1 orlmk. P. M-, *ni remain until MJ A. M., tomorrow. They work well, and will be sold for cash or credit, to ini’ the purchaser. ray 10—it JOHN W. FAIRFAX "X^ OTK’K.—All persons ha ving claims agat*^ the estate of Mrs. M. B. Hewitt will Prf sent them tor settlement, and those indebted thereto will please make payment to 0. Smith, Alexandria. Va., or the subscriber »• Richmond. Va. E. L. HEWITT, rny 10—eolw _Executor WANTED—A YOUNG MAN of active business habits, thoroughly acquaint with the Dry'Goods business—none other r.e* apply. Add teas G. K. & B.. Box No-290.1 o* Oliice. with name ami references, my lit—3^. 171ANS of a supeiior quality, received, a^ * for sale very low’ at M EVENBERG, WILLI AN A CO.*, ray ID [Sent] Swept* I''OK SALK — A go«,! MILCH 00*.** ^ sold lor no fault. Apply to myJO-St JOHN H E Y M ES. Wat erst. I) OOMS fO LET-—Three desirable *oo£» I'!/ to let, in a pleasant part of the ***)'• gmT»,tthu offitT_wrirfC! A NE* SUPPLY OF RIBBONS, jw« " my 3* MEYENBERO, WILLIAN A CO.'S.