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Alexandria gazette. [volume] (Alexandria, D.C.) 1834-1974, January 22, 1856, Image 2

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85025007/1856-01-22/ed-1/seq-2/

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The National Intelligencer referring to the |
article from the Union, on the subject of our !
Foreign Relations, and the rumored diflicul- j
ties with Great Britain, published in venter- ,
day’s Gaiette, says :
Thia explanation will tend to tranquil*
liie the public mind ; for, while it removes ;
the fear that our Government contemplates
any immediate interruption of our peaceful
relations with England, we will not be so
uncharitable as to suppose that the “serious
questions of difference *’ referred to are such
as to justify a rupture, so long as the two
Governments desire to avoid oue. B hen na- i
lions begin to take half the pains to agree
that they have hitherto taken to disagree,
the millennium will have commenced.^ As,
however, we do not expect to see that “ good
time'* in our day, a!l that we can hope for is
that they will try not to carry their disagree
ments to the extreme folly and criminality
of war." ^
The Petersburg lutelligencer well remarks
that “whilst our people are divided in politi
cal opinions aud are split up into two or
three parties which oppose oue another in
•lection campaigns, they stand together as j
oue man in the great struggle which has j
been brought about by fanaticism. It the
South did not stand in the attitude that she
does in this struggle there would not only |
be no hope for her, but none tor the Repub
lic. But standing as she does she is a bar
rier against the insurgent, aud treasonable :
schemes and proceedings of the hordes, who
have enlisted under the banuer of Black
Republicanism. Upon this unity of South
ern sentiment depeuds the ultimate safety ot
the country, and we therefore point to it as
the great conservative element that is to pro
tect and preserve the Union of the States.’
A letter from Manilla in regard to the aw
ful suffocation of a large number of coolies on
board the American shipBAverlv, intelligence
of which was received by the America, gives
a far more horrible complexion to the uthiir
even than the published account; for it as
serts that upon the opening of the hatches it
nas found that a large number ot the unfor
tunates had come to their deaths from scal
ding water poured down upon them trom
above, and that the total number who perish
ed by this means aud from suffocation was
about two hundred aud ninety. It is also
asserted that the alleged mutiny which led to
this inhuman treatment was a very small af
fair, but few of the Chinese takiug any part
in it ^ ^
A communication iu the National Intelli
gencer, says, “ the storm foretold by the
venerable philosopher of Alexandria, made
Its appearance io less thau forty-eight hours
from the issue of your Friday’s paper, not
withstanding the brightness and softness of
Saturday seemed to throw distrust upon the
suggestion, if the 9torui has not come with
(he “ greater intensity ” predicted, it has at
least rigor enough in it to make the house
less and the homeless seek shelter ol any
sort, and hundreds of the poor to feel sadly
the want of fuel and the ordinary comforts
of life/]___
It has been proposed iu mercantile circles
in New York, to get up a public meeting, Rr
(ha purpose of having an expression of sen
timent that will operate to preserve a good
understanding with England, notwithstand
ing the present warlike aspect of affairs.—
There is a reaf apprehension manifested by
capitalists and the business community, that
this country is on the verge of a war with
Great Britain. It is doubtful, however, whe
ther the meeting will take place, as suen a
movement at this time would be unpopular.
Indeed, it is Btated that many Americans
who have been solicited to lend it the intlu
enoe of their itfunes, have refused on the
ground that the step is inexpedient and pre
The Charleston Courier, in concluding a
beautiful tribute to the memory of Daniel
Webster, induced by the recurrence of the
anniversary of^iis birthday, says: “Let a
monument be built for Calhouu, B ebster,
end Clay; and in uniting at the obsequies
thus tendered in form ami solemn splendor,
to the illustrious and honored dead, the
sons of a common covenant, like Esau and
Jacob at the grave of the Patriarch, may
bury the strife and feuds that are never so
mischievous and fatal as when waged be
tween brothers/*
Captain James 11. Robinson, of Bedford
count?, was murdered last Thursday, under
the following circumstances:—He was en
gaged in getting ice, and one ot the hands,
a negro mao belonging to his brother, neg
lected his work, for which Captain B. inflic- j
(ad a very slight punishment, and turned off
to leava him, when the negro struck him on
the hsad with a stick or pole, inflicting such
an injury as to cause death early next morn
ing. The murderer had not been arrested
at the last accounts.
The Kentucky Democratic Convention,
which met at Frankfort, on last Wednesday ,
week, expressed its preference fur no partic- j
ular individual fur the Presidency; but, from
all accounts, it must have been the stormiest j
iml most turbulent body of men that ever ,
before assembled, for any purpose—not ex- J
cepting the sachems of Tammany Hall, with ;
Cnpt Rynder# at their head.
The friends of Mr. Hunter, in Virginia,
are quite active in bringing bis name forward j
as a candidate for the Presidentship. Seve
ral papers, in different quartets, express
their preference at once. While Mr. Hun-j
ter is pres ed in (he North B est, Mr. B i>e s
friends are not inactive in the South Best.
It Is stated that Faker H. French will
leave the country next week, and that Colo
nel Walker will soon send a native Nicara
here as Minister. Minister^ Wheeler
baa withdrawu bis credential#,
Walker's Government.
The Fredericksburg News says that a gen
;!eman in Richmond did Dot receive his let- i
• % I ^1
tors from Fredericksburg, for thirteen days— !
owing to the late obstructions. The News 1
is severe upon the mail arrangement. We *
are quite sure the Orange and Alexandria ^
Kail Road, have done all that it was in their j
power to effect, so far as the transportation j
of the mail over that road, is concerned.
There is some trouble anticipated iu Mine- j
sota, this winter, from the Indians. They are i
leaving their reserves and scattering over the !
country in hunting parties, sometimes to the '
great inconvenience and annoyance of set- ,
tiers, who are compelled to stay at home to
protect their houses and families. The;,
Indians are not backw ard to enter dwellings, J
and help themselves to whatever suits them
The Legislature of New York has passed j
a law that no religious or benevolent society
shall receive any bequest or devise the an
nual income of which is over £li>,000, and it ,
must have been made at least two months
before the death of the testator. In no case
shuli the bequest be more than one-fourth ot i
the estate.
___ -— ■
The Fredericksburg News, says, 44 at the j
recent Annual meeting of the Stockholders j
of the bank of Commerce, the following gen- !
tlernen were elected Directors for the ensuing j
year: Jas. B. Fieklen, President; A. 11. Ma- j
son, T. F. Knox, Hugh Scott, John K. Tac- |
kett. It. Garnett, Y/m. A. Little, J. W arren
Slaughter, James B. Fieklen.”
Frederick \V. Coleman (D) L proposed as
the successor of Wm, A. Moncure, in the
State Senate, from the Caroline district.
Mr. Moncure, it will be recollected, is the
Democratic nominee for the office of Second
Auditor, and will, of course, be elected.
-—— •
A decree has appeared in the Paris -Mon- •
iteur tor constituting the Imperial Guard on
a larger basis. The intention is that that se- ,
leetbodv and the other corps which have fought j
iu the Crimea, shall form the nucleus of an ar- j
my which can be directed to any point where 1
its services may be required.
Rev. A. L. Ilitzelberger, former pastor
of the Catholic church in Norfolk, has been
transferred to the St. John’s Church in
Philadelphia. Mr. H. was highly esteemed
by his church and congregation.
The speech of Mr. Seddon, of Stafford, in
the House of Delegates, on the straight Rail
Road from Charlottesville to Richmond, is
spokeu of, as excellent in matter and in man
..— « o » ►-— —
Mr. Kggborn of Culpeper 1ms offered a
resolution iu the House of Delegate tor a
plank or graded road from Brandy Station,
rot Stevensburg to Raccoon Ford, in Culpeper.
--+ - -■ ---
The Mayor of Washington has appointed
Dr. A. McDonald Davis, Health Co minis- |
sioner of Washington. Salary SloO»> per
annum. He has important duties.
Dr. Hugh B. Grigsby’s discourse, deliver- I
ed at William and Mary College, on the :
Yirgiuia Convention of 1770, is to be pub
j lished. It is highly spoken of.
! Mr. Daingertield Lewis, of King George
I county, was accidentally thrown troru a
1 sleigh, a few' days ago, and bad one of his
ribs broken.
-- — -
Webster’s Birth Day was celebrated inNew
York, boston, and other places. Mr. Ever
ett’s speech in boston, on the occasion was ;
| an eloquent one.
A ca^e of small pox hus occurred at Lyneh
j burg. Small pox has, also, appeared in
1 Prince Edward, Richmond city, Richmond
county, vt (*.
— ♦ ♦ ♦ * - ——
The Fredericksburg News says; The resi
dence of J. J. berry, Esq., on Main street, was
sold on Friday for £4,600—a good price.— !
Chas.S. Scott was the purchaser.
Johu Kowzee has been appointed Post
master at Dranesville, Fairfax County, Ya, ,
j vice Henry Bicksler, resigned.
Miss Adele Ilohnstock, the pianist, and j
sister of Karl Hohnstockdied of consumption
at Philadelphia last week.
The Southern Planter for January, con
tains a great deal of useful and interesting
matter on agricultural affairs.
Governor Shannon passed through St. j
Louis, on Wednesday, on his way to Wash
ington. ^ _
There was no business of importance (
transacted in the Legislature, on Saturday.
It is said that for ten consecutive Sundays,
it has either rained or snowed.
Tlte Foreign Sews.
The terms ot the ultimatum submitted to j
Russia by Austria, with the consent of the
Western Powers, are now definitely known,
but with respect to the reception they were
likely to receive from the Czar, all is still un
certainty. The general beliet, however, is
that he would not accept them, and that the
war must continue, at least for another cam- j
paign. The whole tone of the advices by ;
the America, indeed, are warlike. The j
French Emperor’s address to the (. rimean
troops was regarded as belligerent, and both
the English and Freueh journals seem to
have taken their tone from it. This, howev
er, mav be merely assumed from motives of
policy,"and with a view to effect upon Rus
sia. The counter propositions put forward
bv Russia are generally ridiculed, as not
likely to receive the slightest consideration ;
from* the allies. The London Post intimates
that the war may take a new direction in the
Spring, inasmuch as “ it is easier to reach
Berlin than Moscow, and in the coming cam
paign, so vast is now our strength that the
greater our enemy the greater our victory.” ,
The Times, however, says that Prussia and |
Austria have nothing to"fear from the allied j1
armies so long as they retain their neutrali- j i
tf.—Balt. Am. \_
Bui md Alive.
A letter in the New Orleans Picayune, da- (
ted December, 25, writteu from Lexington
Mississippi, says;— |
“A daughter of a very worthy gentleman, j
while riding on horseback to visit a neighbor, (
was assaulted by a negro man, who made ;
the most hellish attempt to violate her person.
She struggled in his demoniac grasp until
her strength was exhausted, until she was
sadly bruised and lacerated, when a gentle- i
mau came in sight. The negro ded, aud the 1
gentleman carried the almost inanimate girl ]
to her father’s house. After depositing her i
there ho raised the alarm, and the people ]
hurried out to hunt the negro. They were (
not long in finding him. He belonged to the i
Wade estate. They brought him into the I
town of Lexington, and then, in the moat i
public street, chained him to a atakc and i
burned him alive 1 It is thought the young <
lady will not survive her injuries/' <
Webster’* Birthday*
The anniversary of the birth of Daniel
Vebster was celebrated at the Ilevere House
u Boston, ou Friday evening, by a grand j
estival. Speeches were made by the Hon.
•idward Everett, George S. Hilliard, Gene- i
al Xye and others, and a poem delivered by
Jr. Holmes. The following letter was read
Vom Gen. Cass:
Washington, Jan. 10th, 1850.—Dear Sir:
[ cannot accept your invitation to meet tho
riends of Mr. Webster on the 18th instant,
he anniversary of his birthday, in order to
nterchange recollections of the patriot, and
>rator, aud statesman, because my public dw- j
ies will necessarily detain me nere. To
:hese and other high claims to distinction in
life, and to fame iu death, he added for me
[he associations of early youth, and the
kindness and friendship of mature age, as
well as of declining years. 1 have read with
jeep and mournful interest the extract from
His letter to you, which you were good
enough to enclose, written at the termination :
jf the struggle which attended the compro
mise measures in 1850, in which he says .
that “Gen. Cass, Gen. Husk, Mr. Dickenson, j
&c., have agreed that since our entrance up- j
L>n the stage of public action, no crisis has i
occurred fraught with so much danger to the 1
institutions of the country as that through !
which it has just passed, and that, in all hu- \
man probability, u<» other of so great mo- !
ment will occur again during the remainder
of our lives, and therefore we will hereatier
be friends, let our political differences on mi
nor subjects be what they may.” This tri
bute ol affectionate regard to his coadjutors
in a common struggle against a common pe
ril, from him, whose services were so pre
eminent, will be cherished, I am sure, with
proud recollection by all of us, to whom
these words ol kindness now come from the
tomb. You sav that this engagement, on
the part of our lamented friend, was, to your
personal knowledge, faithlully kept. It was
so. 1 know it, and rejoice at it. Aud l be
lieve 1 may add, with not less assurance, that
the conviction you express of the same fideli
ty to this bond of union and esteem on tho
part of those who co-operated with him, is
equally well founded, and that, though death
has dissolved the connection, yet his name
and his fame are dear to them, and will ever
find in them zealous advocates and defend
The grave closed upon this great statesman
and American before another crisis fraught
with evil passions and imminent dangers
had come to shake his confidence in the per
manency of the wise and healing measures ol
lS5u. \Vhat he did not live to see his asso
ciates in that work of patriotism, the whole
country, indeed, now sees, that we have again
fallen upon evil times, ai d that tho fount tins
ot agitation are broken up, and the waters are
out over the land. There is no master spirit
to say peace be still, and to be hoard and
heeded. Our trust is in the people of this
great republican confederation, and yet more
in the God of their fathers and their own
God, who guided and guarded us through
the drearv wilderness oi the revolution, and
brought us to a condition of freedom and
prosperity, of which the history of the world
furnishes no previous example. Would that
the eloquent accents which are now mute in
death, would that the burning words of him
whose birth you propose to commemorate,
and of his great compeer of the W est, though
dead, yet living in the hearts of his country
men, could now be heard warning the Amer
ican people of the dangers impending over
them, and calling them to tho support of that
Union and Constitution which have done so
much for them and for their fathers and are
destinod to do so much more for them and
for their children, if not sacrificed upon the
altar of a new Moloch, whose victims may be
the institutions of our country.
if this sectional agitation goes on, this
ever pressing effort to create and perpetuate
diversions between the Xoith and the South,
we shall find that we cannot live together in
peace, and shall have to live together in war.
And what such a condition would bring with
it between independent countries, thus situa
ted, tince friends, but become enemies, the
impressive narrative of the fate of the Gre
cian republics teaches us as plainly as the
future can he taught by the lessons of the
past. Your own State took a glorious part
in the war of Independence, and it contribu
ted ably aud faithfully to the adoption of the
Constitution. Her great deeds and great
names are inscribed upon the page.** ot our
history,and upon the hearts of our country
men. How would he who loved ard served
her so well, and w hose love and service were
so honorable to her—how would he deplore
tho position she has assumed towards the
government of our common country, and
the solemn provisions of its Constitution,
were he now living to witness the triumph
of sectional feelings over the dictates of duty
and patriotism i Let us hope that this is but
a temporary delusion, and that it will soon
pass away, leaving our institutions unscathed,
and the fraternal tie which still binds us to
gether unimpaired.
1 am, dear sir, with much regard, respect
fully yours, Lkwis Cass.
Deter Harvey, esq., Boston.
The Virginia Historical Society
Held its annual meeting in the Hall of the
Athenaum building la^t Thursday ni ht,
Hon. Win. C. Hives, President of the Socie
ty, occupying the Chair.
" Prof. Holcombe, of the University, was
then introduced, and delivered tho annual
discourse. His subject was “The Literature
of the Revolution,” and his address proved
highly interesting to the large and intelligent
audience present.
At the conclusion of the address, the fol
lowing officers were elected the present
President: Hon. Wm. C. Rives; Vice Pres
idents: Hon. James M. Mason, Wm. II. Mac
farland, esq., and Hod. John Y. Ma<on.—
Corresponding Secretary and Librarian: W m.
Maxwell. Recording Secretary: Andrew
Johnston. Treasurer: Jacqueliu P. Taylor.
Executive Committee: Conway Robinson,
Chairman; Gustavus A. M}ers, 1 hos. I.
Giles, Chas. Carter Lee, Arthur A. Morsou,
Thos. 11. Ellis and Geo. . Randolph.
The officers of the Society are, ex-officio,
members of the Executive Committee.—Rich.
Dispatch. _
A Windfall.
A young man, named Harry Grey, w ho is j
now' engaged as watchman at the Kentucky
Locomotive Works, has recently had left
Him, conditionally, by a deceased uncle iu
England, *200,M*u0/ Mr. Grev is only 25 ,
vears of age—already having inherited
M5,O00 from hie father, which he spent for
he benefit of himself and “makind iu gene
ral.” His piudeut old uncle, knowing hia
ast habits, in his youth, and not knowing
lis industrious habits, now inerted as a coa
lition of the inheritance, that if the said
llarry was in debt at the age of thirty j
)e should forfeit the inheritance. Here
s a stronger incentive to keep ahead of
>nes debts, than we have ever seen before.—
Lou iscilte Democrat.
More Trouble In Kaunas.
St. Lou is, Jan. 19.—The Kickapoo (Kan
iaa) “Pioneer” of the 18th says: “A battle
uok place last night at Kaston, between a
vartvof abolitionists and some pro-slavery
uenL_the former making the attack. One
vroslaverv man was killed and several woun
led. Several abolitionists were killed and
ome wounded. A company from Lawieuce,
leaded by Capt. Brown, commenced the j
ight with the Kickapoo Ranger*. A large
mmber of persons have left for Easton.. The
liiturbanee is supposed to have originated l
iut of tbs late freesoil eleotion of the lflth.
Tlie Philadelphia Monument.
In the House of Delegates, on Friday, the
Speaker presented a communication from the
Governor of the Commonwealth, transmit
ting the proceedings of a Convention, com
posed of delegates from the thirteen original
United States, held in Independence Ilall,
in July, '72, for the purpose of erecting one
or more monuments in Independence Square
Philadelphia, in commemoration of the De
claration of Independence, July 4th, 1776,
The Governor, after reviewing the pro
ceedings of the Convention, &c., proceed-, to
“ I am informed that nine of these States
have already passed acts conformable to the
memorial of this convention ; and the strong
est desire is expressed that Virginia shall
add her legislative sanction to that of her el
der sister sovereignties. 1 recommend that
she fail not to do so. Mother ot the Father
of his country—Mother of the Father of the
Declaration of Independence—Mother of the
Father of the Constitution, which made the
union of the Slates more perfect—first to put
the ball of the Revolution in motion —first
to call the Colonies Stab's—first to clothe
them with independent and separate sover
eignty—fir-t to unite them as Stait*—tv con
federate them as a Congress — Virginia ought
not to he last fi> contribute uil, by her
legislation, to the erection of a monument to
her own leading work, to her own leading
ideas of Liberty and ot Law, to her own
State Rights and the perpetuation of the evi
deuces which support them. And at a time
when the tiros of tlie Revolution seem to he
dying out, when there is a growing Irreve
rence for Washington himself, when there is
a wicked disposition to pervert the work ol
Jefferson, a treasonable tendency to destroy
the limitations of law laid down by Madi
son, a fanatical purpose to dissolve the
Union, let us hasten to co-operate in laying
the foundations of a monument at Indepen
dence Square, which shall tear it', grandeur
above the degeneracy of the times which
I shall point to Heaven its moral elevation,
and draw down anew* the inspirations ol
: sainted patriots who have gone to repose in
i the bosom of God. Let us raise a point in
! Pennsylvania, a middle State, which sht
cedes so freely to the Old Thirteen, around
w hich honor and truth and law and religion,
and the chivalry and very piety of patriotism
may rally for the defence of the works ol
the Revolution, and of tlie Fathers win
founded the bulwarks ot our freedom. ^ ir
ginia i* able to pay all her debts, perlorm al
her duties, and contribute her fud quota t
this monument of Independence, to make u
new 11tik, to bind a new tie of a Union ol
Affection and Peace among the family ol
States—Mothers and Daughters.
With the highest respect, 1 am, gentlemen
your obedient servant,
House of KepresenlalIves.
The continued anarchy of the House ai
Washington is not simply a disgrace—it is n
source of positive danger to our institutions
It is an indisputable fact that of late yean
an impression has been growing amon^
thoughtful men, that the popular branch o:
Congress is the weakest place in our politi
cal system, and that its constant tendency i
to grow weaker and more inefficient. V» Itai
, P
will he the reflections of these men whet
they see the thing at a dead stand-still—n<
longer the streuuous motive power it was des
igned to be, but a senseless, helpless clog.
The House of Representatives has of late
years been losing the power to control ami
regulate the country, till at last it hat
lost the power to control and regulate
itself. If this is not a sign of advauc
j ing deciepitudo, what is? For years thest
: servants of the people have been play
ing over again the part of the servants
of the Spanish King, who suffered their mas
; ter to be roasted alive because they eou d
not settle whose duty it way to draw his chaii
further from the fire: but they now carry the
folly one step further, for rather than vield
; one inch in their fierce dispute, they are
roasting themselves alive. The prime de
feat in the House is, that it contains no men
of first rate figure—no leading, controlling
spirits—no men fitted by statesman-like ca
pacity, state-mian-like knowledge, and states
man-like subnet v and solidity, to disable fac
tion and arouse the body to a sense of its real
duties. The House has undoubtedly an
abundance of honest and well-meaning men
—but great men—none. The majority ot
the House are not able to rise to the real ex
igencies of the occasion, and have no real
idea of the figure they are presenting to
the world—no tit view of what is really at
stake in this perpetuation of anarchy. And
there is no master-mind to unfold the truth,
and carry it home with irresistible power —
The active spirits of the ll<u»e are a tribe ot
i men whose highest ambition is to Hatter the
vanity and fit mulate the pugnacity of the
parties which they assume to lead, and tu
get off, on occasion, sharp personalities, pun
gent replies, stining sarcasms, adroit eva
sions, smart arguments, telling sophistries,
bunkum appeals. All deliberate reflection
upon the real interests ol the country is sunk
in a zeal for party triumph, and all generous
patriotic impulses are lost in the blind car
rying out of party mameuvres.—.V. Y.t’our.
Suicide l»y a S|>anl*li Puke.
From a letter to the Independence Beige,
dated Madrid, December 28th, wh translate
the following:
“The Duke of Sotomavor. farmer Presi
dent of the Uouncil of Ministers and chef
da palais, committed suicide day before yes
terday in a tit of despair caused by intense
suffering from the gnut. Yesterday ami to
day the officers of juatice were in his pal
ace seeking information from all tho>e about
him. There was a rumor that he had been
assa-sin ited, hut it appears to have had no
foundation ; for on another occasion lately
the deceased, while at Bayonne, tried to kill
himself, not being able to endure the pain
caused by his malady. He w as bfi years of
Not many Americans probably thought
that the subject ot this notice was a Phila
delphian by birth, although he was also a
nobleman of distinction in Spain.
The Short Track.
The bill authorising the construction of the
strait road to Charlottesville waspasHedjby the
House of Delegates yesterday in the form as
published by us this morning, by a majority
of 83 to 70. It was subjected to restrictions
of the most stringent character, in so much
that when n.e inquiry was addressed to the
Speaker whether it did not require the con
stitutional vote of 77 to pass it, a facetious
friend remarked that lie thought the rule
should be reversed and the hill passed, unless
77 voted ajainst it. It was a Senate bill, and
the amendments will rio doubt he agreed to
by that body.— Richmond Dispab-h.
Small Pox.
We regret to Plate that this direful disease
is prevailing extensively in Richmond.—
Without any wish or purpose to create any
alarm on the subject, we yet think it proper
to admonish our Board ot Health to see that
the requisite precautionary measures are
taken to guard againsr the possible contin
gency of the disease’s reaching Petersburg.
All persons who have not been vaccinated
should at once avail themselves of tHat ‘•ure
and only protection against one of the foul
est contagions by which the human family
has ever been scourged.—Refer slur <j Intel.
TAPIOCA; Bermuda Arrow Root : Corn
Starch; Gelatine; Cooper's Isinglass: Pearl
Sage; Carrageen or Irish Moss; Coxe’s Gelatine,
kc., received, and for sale, by
jan 25 H. COOK k CO , Sarepta Hall.
<«ov. \VI«*«**i* Speech .
At the dinner given to Senator Butler, in
Richmond, Got. Wise was present, and spoke,
i He alluded, with deep feeling, to the pro*
| found respect and high admiration in which
| he held the statesmen am] soldiers of South
Carolina—their exalted virtues, their burning
i eloquent*, their lofty and uncompromising
j honor, and their distinguished chivalry.—
i He was proud to see Virginia take South
j Carolina by the hand. In allusion to the
sentiment which spoke of him as the M ir
shal ol the advance guard of Virginia, he
said, measuring his words, with peculiar em
phasis, “If I am the Marshal, where is the
! advanced guard? It did not exist upon the
statute hook— there was no organized militia
| of Virginia.” He then *p >ke of the material
of which the Virginia militia was made, and
where it was to be found; it was Hast of the
mountains, in the Great Valley, and in tho
Trans-Alleghanv country, where be had seen
1 it in all irs pride and strength, during his 1st *
i Gubernatorial campaign. He said he had the
power under the Constitution to “ imbody”
the militia, and it an emergency required ir.
he would exercise that power. The Governor,
then, adverted to the foieign relations of the
country, and said there was no danger of a
; foreiyn war. The “ Sound Hues,” he said,
! was a humbity, and the Nicaragua question
would not result in war, if our government
acted firmly. lie apprehended no danger of
j Louis Napoleon’s stimulating Great Britain
j to war with tin* I nited States, and In* would
give her nonmterialaid, it wardideosue. He,
then, in a most serious manner, staled that
there was danger of war—not jomyn—hut
; at home. He, then, adverted to the aspect of
our public allairs, and the relations between
! the Northern and Southern States—the re
1 prated aggressions ot the North upon the
South, under the most aggravating circum
stances—the feeling of hostility growing up
between the two sections, and that unless these
! aggressions ceased, and a better feeling of
! fraternity was restored, the result must be dis
i union and civil war. He showed, most cou
• j clusivelv, that the North was responsible for
' this state of things. He dwelt with great
! feeling and effect, upon the advantages of the
Union—itsfuture power,grandeur,and glory,
if administered upon the principles ol the
Constitution. He spoke of the high place
which the name of Butler occupied on our his
! toric pag-*, invoked the Legislature, many of
the members of which were present, to place
the State in a condition of defence, and con
cluded with the expression of hi- great and
j anxious solicitude tor the wealth, power, and
' prosperity of tho Commonwealth.
, i Frozen Hog*.
On Friday last, there were a large number
of hog* detained at Erie, l\i., by the storm.—
They had been so long without water or
| food, that a number ot them died, and we
were told by a passenger that a drover by
the name of Noyes lost over worth on
that dav. At Lancaster and Town Line, on
the same day, there were over six hundred
hogs detained bv the snow drifts on the New
York City Road. 1 he*e hogs had been so
, long on board the cars without water that
- i they died for the want of it. The agent* of
■ the company turned them out of the car* in
to the depot at Lancaster, a portion of them
having been sent to town Line for more ac
commodation, and with all the help they
could muster they began the work ot mois
tening them up, but so furious were the
beasts, it was found impossible to manage
them and they had to be separated into
. smaller numbers. Ah it was, a large num
ber died.
The company purchased one hundred and
twenty bushels of corn in the ear for them.
The quantity of water also fed to them w as
truly surprising. Like cid whiskey drink
ers, they had been kept so long nr, stil slops
that their thirst had become like the “un
quenchable fire that never dies.”
The transportation of live stuck particu
larly “ * I li fed mv ine,”is rather more preca
rious to the drover at inclement season* of
the year, and, as we are informed the rail
road companies take care to protect them
selves against this species «d i• »•**-, by insert
ing a clause in tlnor contract with all m *.»v
i ers of live stock upon the roads. Since the
la*t storm all the roads, we hear, are now in
order and trains are running on tune as
usual.— Alf>,my Journal.
li iifthla.
Russia** Ri.av or the Xkxi Year’s Cam
— A letter from Moscow of the UOtli
oil., savs :—The grand couiiril ot general*
lately convoked at St. Petersburg, under the
pers onal presi tciiry ot the Emperor, have
nettled the principles on which the furtli
: coming campaign shall he carried on. Sr.
Petersburg ami Moscow are to bo fortified,
and, together with Warsaw, will form the
, three first class fortresses of the empire.—
Gen. Todleben has arrived here, and not
withstanding the extreme rigor ol the weath
i er—the frost having set in here with all tfie
proverbial violence of a Russian winter— :
amv he seen every day, accompanied by his !
staff ol engineers, all w rapped up in bear
skins, surveying the ground and fixing the
poles to designate the line of circumvallation,
which wiil be commenced on the breaking
up of the trust.
Besides this, other fixed principles of
strategy have l »*pn agreed on lor the prosecu
tion of the war, though it must bo c.»nfe.**e 1
that as it is so essentially a defensive war on
the part of the Russian?, all these plans j
uihv he completely upset, or at all event*
greatly modified, by any change in the system ;
of attack on the part ot the \\ astern
Rowers. It is fully expected in Russia that j
■ next year the principle seat of toe war wili
be transferred to the north, and the greatest
exertions are making for an efficient defence.
Shall Virginia Improve }»« i own River*!
The t’uiiimuii Council of the < ity ol Re- •
tersburg have issued a memorial to the Leg
irtlatwre of Virginia asking tor an appro
priation of > 11Hi,i lir.) for improving the nav -
gatioti of Appomattox river. 1 lie mem« rial
take* no narrow and sectional view of the
subject, but includes the three chief rivers
ot the State requiring aid, and discusses the
whole matter wivli masterly ability.
Thejustice of tfie matter, we presume no
right minded man will question, and we are
with our Petersburg friends, “head, heart
and hands,” if the Legislature contemplate
the commencement ol any new seheruen o!
The memorial is the product of a mind
that has examined the subject thoroughly,
and we shall make free use ot its sugges
1 tions, in order that the public may see the
full justice of the claims < f tic* v irginia
(’ities for aid, in opening up their great
highways to a foreign market.—FnJ. If'*’.
Unit JJrckitK.
The Pari* correspondent of the Journal of
Commerce writes :
• Flounces of blonde, plain, or worked
with gold and silver—of Brussels, or Lng
lieb, or Alencos lace, from the celebrated
factory of Tecmeo A Co., l.i Boulevard
Montmartre— are the decorations most in
vou"ue for ball dresses. 1 he bodies aiid
sleeves are decorated with trot same luce.
WT ET NURiSE WAN FED.—A wet nur*e
y j wanted immediately. A good horns
and good waues will fie given, to one who will
suit. Apply at tiii- office,
jan 22—3t [N.nt—ru;
1 BEDFORD WATER.—A full supply on
y hand, in whole and half barrels, received
j and for sale, by JOHN LEABBEA1ER,
1st mo 22 No*. 5 Ac 7, south Fairfax st.
I 3 MACKEREL.—f>0 bbls. Halifax No. ,
3 Mackerel, in store and for sale low. by I
Projected ('ntitpa Ign ou tlie Klttne.
The French Imperial Guard, by a new de- i
cree, is to be constituted on a large basis.— *
The rimes' correspondent sav- that it is with 1
view to a campaign ou the Rhine, in case I
Russia does not accept the peace proposals,
and Germany allows herself to be seduced or <
intimidated by the Czar. <
The tn >iv probable intention is that that <
select body, the Guard, and the other corps
which have fought in the Crimea, shall form <
the nucleus of an army which can be direc- <
ted to any point where its service may be re
Tlie London Times has an allusion on this
subject, aud on the future of the war, making
the following observations, apparently with
the view of allaying any apprehensions to
which the menacing articles of its Paris cor- *
respondent and uf the London Morning Post
' may have given rise:
*• Xu nation of Central Europe need tear
the announcement that the French Guard
are to lndd themselves ‘ready to march.'— ;
Although the allied powers would gl idly see
• the co operation of Prussia and Austria in
so great a cause, vet their neutrality is not
likely to be interrupted so long us it is a re
ahtv. It i> against the common foo of Eu
rope that the newly raised levies of the
French empire will b«* directed ; it is on the
frontier of the Czar that the storm will
break which is presaged by the short address
of tlie French sovereign."
The Times then proceeds to speak of the
plan of the next campaign, and while admit- j
ting that nothing has yet been decided, and
that its extent cannot he foreseen, tfiiuks it
possible to form some image of the war of
1 Sob:
*■ li will be carried on with equal energy >
in two seas, and will threaten tlie enemy’s ill
1 acquired nrovinces at both extremities of the
empire. It i* prohahlc that the struggle in
the Baltic will nut fall far .-hurt of that in the
south, either in regard to its magnitude or j
i results. The land forces may not reach the
j numbers which are now congregated in the
East, but tue tleet which the two nations will
shortly dispatch to the Northern waters, will
exceed anything that has ever been known in
naval warfare. The danger that impends
over Cronstadt and St. Petersburg, is not ne- ;
glected by the Czar. Everywhere fortifica
tions are .-pringing up, and the lessened bands !
of Rus-ia are still further divided by the ne- 1
I cessitv of defending the capital itself. There
is ^o »d reason for such precautions.
“ It i> inure than probable that a portion
of that Guard, whose return Paris has just
celebrated, will lie sent within a few months
tu earn new titles to applause, on the shores
of the Baltic. At last the war in this part
■ of the world nm-t lose the reproach of in*
: earring great expense to elfect little, and the
i two former fruitless campaigns will not be
wholly lost, ii the experience gained is useful
fur eventual success. The Crimea and the
Transeaucaisian provinces may each of them
he the scene of important events."
■ m* -
Tin* Indian Troubles In Florida.
Later advices announce the safety of
Eieut. Hart*utf, who was supposed to have i
been kibed by the Seminole Indians. His
wounds, which were very bad. caused his
delay in getting in, and toe consequent be
lie! that he had been killed. Four men were !
killed and three wounded in the engage
ment in question. Lieutenant II. hid him
self in the water and rushes, where he lay
concealed many hours, during which time
1 some one (supposed to he Bow Legs,) called
to him, in very good English, “Come out!
I’ll not kill." This was, however, an evident
feeler to assure themselves of Ins death. He
was subsequently able to crawl to Fort Drum.
There, being unable to proceed further, he
j lay down tn die, hut first wrote an account
1 uf tlie matter on the margin of a newspaper J
with pencil; intending to fasten it to a tree,
that his record might be extant: so ho laid
] him duwn in a pine grove and slept, hourly j '
expecting that death, in some shape, would j
visit him. It was dark when he awuke, ;
and vmi nm imagine the revolution of feci- ;
ing, you may conceive his joy, when the
sw»*et music of tlie drum, beating off lartoo, j
met his ear. No tattoo to him, but the
mo-t joyful of reveilles, indicating the dawn- :
ing of safety.) lint how shall he tell them
of his presence? flow indicate that he, one :
whom they seek is near? Suddenly he be- j
thought himself of his pistol, ami although | f
there was but little hopes that the charge
would be drv, yet the trial must be made,
f »r he cannot walk to them. He drew* and
lin'd the pistol, fortunately, it exploded—tlie ,
guard heard it—the long roll w a*, heat, that
the poor fugitive might le* a-sured his friends j
had recognized the signal ; they formed ann
inarched <// //u/.v.ve to his rescue. And oh!
what a met ting! Strong men cried like chil
dren lor very joy in his safety. j j
Grand Council,
The committee to nominate permanent j
officers of the [Know Nothing] Council, have j
presented the following names:
Au:.x vMiKir H. 11. Sii’akt, President.
1-t Di-’t,—Joseph Segar, ol Elizabeth City. 1
‘Jd “ Samuel Watts, of Portsmouth.
Jd “ Rich d. G. Morris, of Richmond. ‘
4th “ Hunter H. Marshall, of Charlotte,
nth “ Samuel G. Staples, of Patrick. i
• >111 “ Win. M. Burwell, of Bedford. j {
7tii “ X. Turner, of Fauquier. s
Mli “ 11. B. Powell, of Loudoun. 'r
‘.♦th “ Geo. Sam’I. II. Lewis, of Rock'm. ^
L»ih “ Wm. R. Pendleton, of Brooke. j t
II th “ John S. Garble, of Harrison. j
pjth “ Dan’I. II. Huge, of Montgomery. r
iJth “ Uaac Leftwitcfi, of Wythe. f
*E‘ 11 El AKIF.S. ]
J. V. Brooke, of Fauquier, Correspond-’t
ing Secretary. I
John L. Cochran, of Albemarle, Record- y
ing Secietary.—Sotionnl Animcan. i
““! S
llayti mill Shu Domingo,
New Y <Rk. Jan. 20.—Advices from Port
an P.-.n:e>d D *cemb *r‘J'.Ph bring rumors of '
an engagement between tfie Haytiens and
Dominicans. It is stated that the former | *
su-t line l a heavy loss in provisions, amuni- L
tiuii. Ac. It was also rumored that there t
was mu *h dissatisfaction among the Haytien j
troops, and that many had revolted. v
--r - . _ a
Tlie DhiiUIi-Soii lid Dim. f
New Yoke, .Jan !‘J.—A Paris letter, pub- \
lished in this alternoon’s issue of the Com
mercial Advertiser, states that Secretary ^
Marcy’s circular in regard to the Danish- ^
S uind dues gives great satisfaction, and that j
the difficulty is regarded as settled upon the :
basis of that document. f
V ACAl LAV S ENGLAND—('heap, rhmp! a
\ —1 nave now on hand The following edi
tion o! Macaulay England
i 1 a j peis beautiful orta .'0 edition of vols. HI. *
and I V . al fci fH per volume. y
Harper-s nand-orne duodecimo edition, vols. ^
1 and II., at uU cents per volume, and vols. III.
and IV.. at n A cents p*'f vo.urne.
Phillips~ and Sampson s elegant uniform edi- ;
tion. 4 volumes. >>•) cents p*-r volume.
Butier's cheap edition, irt readable type and
good paper. gfi cents per volume, paper cover*. r
Butler's octavo edition. 4 volumes in one. 0
half cloth, $l for tt.e sett, in full cloth, $1
Butler's oc avo edition of volumes III and IV.,
in o *• volume naif cloth, og cent*; full cloth. *
yr., enr.. [j in 22j ROBERT BELL. J
JM.Ol'R.—Family. Extra and Super Flour, in
^ store, and lor sale, by j
j l!t 2*2 No. 4 ‘ Union street.
KYE FLOUR.—Rye Flour, first and second .
q .alities. in store, and tor sale, by f
jan 22 No. 49, Union street. ■ ^
LARI).—No 1 Lard in .tore. and for Ml,; by j
.an ** WHEAT & BRO ,
l*owt office affair*.
- The trial of T. J. Eccles, mail agent, at
Charleston on the charge ot robbing the mail,
las resulted in l»i» acquital. The Hhailseton
Standard in recording the trial says :
The result, presents a subject h*r grave
consideration. It is certain that losses are
continually liable to occur in the transmission
)f articles of value by. the mails. Agents
nav be faithless, and it is certain that they
jften are so. S mie two years ago, the Hon.
Jacob Seihles, on his way to the |w>«t of hi-*
diplomatic duties in Europe, mailed tw »
:housand dollars at.M *ntg xucry( for Charles
ton, which never reached its destination;
within a few mouths, two thousand dollar*,
were mailed to one ot the hanks uf our city
and live thuusund to another, neither of which
have ever come to hand; besides these there
have been other cases of less importance
which might he mentioned. All these have
received the most vigilant attention of the
active agent of the Post office Department,
hut after the verdict oiihk trial he is hopeless
of any profitable result from his investiga
tious. From the nature . 1*the ca>e. the guilty
party cau only he convicted upon circumstan
ciai evidence, and as the chain of eircum
stances can only he the same in all other
cases, as that which has wound around the
prisoner iu the recent trial, and as this ha*
been found insufficient for conviction, he Lai
intimated his determination to attempt no
further prosecution under similar eircum
stances in this Stat**.
I mine.
The 6tory that a Mr. Brady, school teach*
or in Lexington, Kentucky, from Ohio, was
tarred and feathered in that city recently,
for publishing a letter iu an Oxford (Ohio)
paper, reflecting upon the institution of
'Livery, is untrue. The gentleman himself
states in the Cincinnati Commercial, that the
“outrage” was nothing more than an assault
made upon him by two or three ruffians, who
dragged him a short distance from the door
of his dwelling and daubed bis face with
black paint. During the soutHe, Brudv was
robbed of his pocket book. The Commercial
“Saturday morning he was told that tho
School Committee wished to see him. and ho
walked to their office, and there met them.
They all expressed very much regret at the
nitrage, hoped that he was not much hurt,
?t<\, but told him that it was understood that
tie was the author of the Oxford letter, as
they called it, and that, as there was a strong
feeling existing against him in thee oiimuni
ty, the best tiling that he could do would he
to resign and leave. I nis a hive Brady to l
and accordingly resigned.’’
Tilt* President.
A correspondent of the Philadelphia In
quirer, who called on President Pierce on
the 1st instant, says of him : “I had heard
that he was looking ill, but was not prepared
to find him such a wreck of his former self.
His person has became very thin, and his
face wears a hue so ghastly and cadavenu*
that one c >uld almost fancy he was gazing
upon a corpse.” — Pet rod Free /Ye .>.>?.
We assure our esteemed cotemporarv that
President Pierce was never in better health.
The correspondent of the Inquirer must have
drawn Jargelv on his imagination in the d»*
scription which he gives of the President’s
personal appearance. The government has
never had a mure laborious Executive, and
one more capable of enduring the severest
labor. His health during tho summer
months was somewhat impaired, hut for sei
eral months past he has enjoyed uninterrup
ted health.— I nion.
llallroail Accident.
A serious accident occurred on the PJtli
nst on the Virginia arid Tennessee Railroad.
1'he passenger train had twoenginesattnvhed,
ind on reaching a bridge below the Big
,iek depot, the structure gave way, precipi
ating the leading engine into the creek and
endering it a total wreck, fortunately the
rain was running slowly at the time, and
he rear engine and cars were prevented
rom taking the tearful plunge. 'I lie cutiduc*
or, Tip tain Hanneliug, Mr. Stanly, tire
nan, and Mr. Sawyer, engineer, were some*
vhat injured, though not seriously. It was
i narrow escape from a tearful disaster. A
lorrespondent of the Lynchburg Virginian
tates the cause of the accident, was the utter
vorthlessness of the bridge.
1)1 \ ortf.
A petition has been introduced into the
Sew York Senate, from Mrs. Mary R. Pell,
•raying for a divorce f rom h**r husband.
Carly in life she married u young gentleman
• verv wav suited to her. Iu a few years too
lose application to business, on his part,
induced insanity, and for '!'■’> years lie has
»een au inmate of the Insane Asylum.—
■'rom the income bequeathed her by her fa
her she ha* set apart $40,000 to provide
or his maintenance, hut being advised that
•roperty which she may acquire cannot he
old without her husband’s consent, which,
•f course, can never he obtained, 'he has
eluctantlv petitioned for a divorce, in obedi
mce to the advice of her friends.—A. ).
I)«afti uf a (■rruiMii Author.
The Augsburg AU jnn'in< Afdun'j of dan*
larv 1st, in a paragraph of three lines from
‘wirzerland, hearing date December-7, an
iouces the death Adolf Pollen, author of the
Uld. rtitul P> id*’//* r Pirklumj, or Gallery
if German Poetry. His death was occasion
>y an intiamation of the lungs, which car
ied him off after a short illness. He was
he brother of Dr. Charles follen, of New*
.(•rk, who perished with mo many others iu
he steamer Lexington, when it to *k fire in
iOng Island Sound. Adolf Pollen was cele*
rated as a writer of songs, and some of the
lost spirited and popular of those which are
ung at the social meetings of Germany, arc
rom his pen.
N OTICE.- vv** siin»Mey tender our thank*
to all those oi our customers w ho have, in
ccordance with the notice of the i*mi*- oi our
ill*, called arul paid af our desk their reaper
ive amounts. Those who Mill owe us aie r*»
ecttully urged to Mettle up their hills, without
raiting to be called on. which may be disagree
hie. All are aware, from the heading ol then
ilk. of The terms on which they rnad»* then
jan 22—dt I Feb.if
^ lias. Ohckola and V k<,lrablk Son s an !
)evilko OvrilFHM, served every day. Horn II
i. M . to 1 <J o »■ I*>»*k P. M . at nny Restauran’
armlies also may be supplied with an ex< * lien'
rticle, at short notice. III.NK'i ELDKED,
|dn 22—eotl Marshall House Rest inraut
. _ canal boat for sale —
^^Tt'tfiVli^^l’he tine (anal Boat ISAAC LONG,
t,out 120 tmiH burthen, will he sold on favorfa
le terms. Apply to G. \\ A 1 ERS.
cor. High and Water-st* , Georgetow it, D <
jan 22—-<ilw
I EXTRACT COFFEE—In hair pint bottles,
one teaspoonful of which is sufficient lor a
up ot excellent Coffi-e. A full supp V just !>•
eived arid lor sale by
J. LEA DBF A TER Stabler * old stand
1st mo 22 Nos. r> A 7. south Fairfax M.
iL’GAR.—1'» hhds. and hhk. West India
y Sugars, iu store and tor sa'e by
, j Clover anJ Timothy Seed, tor sale by
jan 22 WHEAT k BRO
r lOFKKK.—tOO bag* Gi«*n Kio, "bit*- Mai
i j araibo and Java Cotf«, in atoi* and
ale by fjaiCJti] FLEMING k DOLGLA"
0 HIRE, forth* year ISM, • l*k*lv SER
VANT BOY, in hi# l«<b y«»* Enquire
,t the Gaa.ua Offica. )•" *0jl

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