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P0BLI3UBD DAILY AND TRl-WBKKLY BY
KODAK 8NUWDBN. _ ALEXANDRIA: FRIDAY MORNING, JUNK 20, isr>*. Letter from \Vui< C*. Klvei. This patriotic gentleman, whose return to public life we should gladly hail, and whose services to this country would n<*w be inval uable, has written n letter to Robert 0. Wiu throp, of Boston, which is published, in re lation to the present condition of public af fairs. From this letter we make the follow ing extract:— “In Tegard to tboso deplorable events which have stained our border with fraternal bloodshed in civil strife, and desecrated the 1'apitol by a licentious grossness of speech nud scenes of personal violeuce which bring shame on. the cause of representative govern ment, the sober masses of the people in every portion of the I'uioo, i am persuaded, look upon them with stern disapprobation, in substituting a recurrence to physical force for the peaceful authority of the laws, and the coarseness of insulting denunciation for the dignity of rational persuasive argument, they so far amount to a dissolution of (Gov ernment and of civil society itself; and unless some means can be found of arrasting this uuhappy commencement of iutestine troubles, we have already entered upon a career of revolution, and that not a bloodless one, which must terminate iu a violent disrupture of the Union, with all its train of disastrous consequences to ourselves and to the world. Fortunately, means of correction, and those of the highest efficacy, do exist. The remedy is in the hands ot the independent and uncorrupted masses of the people. Let them speak out; let thorn hold laic and order meetings in every part of the country, to the North and to tho South, without regard to temporary and subordinate party distinctions; let them frown down factious aud revolution ary and personal violeuce in all its forms; let them set their faces against all recruiting or subornation of men, by whatsoever name, to go to Kansas to settle, with Sharp’s rifle, or the musket, or the bowie-knife, a question of local domestic policy which rightfully aud exclusively belongs to the free and sovereign decision of the Oouu jide inhabitants of the Territory when they are duly qualified to form a coustitutiou of Stato Government for themselves. In the mean time let the Gov ernment of the Union be called upon to ex- , ert all its constitutional powers, whether legislative, executive, or judicial, to repress; civil war, not merely in its overt acts but iu iu its incipient and preparatory movements, lu short, let good eitizeus everywhere, sopa- | rately and collectively, justify, by their con- | duct and their language iu upholding the cause of the public peace and the l nion, what was so well said of our political system by one of the fathers of the Republic, that, in a moral sense at least, “ours is the strongest Government on earth, where every mau will, at the call of the law, fly to the standard of the law, and meet invasions of tho pulio or der as his owu personal concern.” On tho subject of the Repeal of the Mis souri Compromise, and the Kansas and Ne braska act, Mr. Rives says: “The repeal of the Missouri Compromise, which rendered the Kansas and Nebraska bill so unpalatable to the North, was, as you are aware, not asked for at the time by the people of the South or their Representatives in Congress. It was a measure brought for ward, aud, if I mistake not, largely sus tained, from the North. Rut, being a mea sure flowing, as the South has always be lieved, from the true spirit and sound con struction of the constitution, which had with held from Congress any power, by a geo graphical line of discrimination or otherwise, to impose a restriction on slavery in the Ter ritories either while remaining in their Ter ritorial condition or coming iuto the Union as States, when the proposition was made from another quarter of the U nion to abolish a discrimination believed to be both uncon stitutional and injurious to the just equality nf tha StAtAH. the South could not but accept and cordially sustain it by its vote. The re peal is now the law of the laud ; and being hut a return to the principles of the Constitu tion, after a temporary and forced deviation from them, the South can never agree to give it up. Under these circumstances the friends of the Constitution and the l nion at tho North will, I am sure, be disposed to look at this great question of organic law, involving the equal rights and mutual harmony of the two grand divisions of the Confederacy, solely by the calm lights of reason, truth, and original plighted faith. Was the Missouri Compro mise % derogation from tho principles ot the Constitution, and without any warraut in the letter or spirit ot‘ the fundamental compact of union between the States, as the South has always contended and still believes ? It it was, then surely all just men will say it ought sooner or later to have been repeated ; aud, the repeal having been rnude, that repeal should now stand.* Mr. Rives then adds a number of extracts from a letter written in 1811), by Mr. Madi son, to Mr. Walsh, on tho Constitutional questions involved in the Missouri Compro mise. In furnishing these opinions, Mr Rives says:— “It so happens that, in his noble and digni fied retirement, two or three years after lie had closed his great public career, and in the very crisis of the Missouri agitation, which he looked upon with the solicitude ot a statesman whose patriotism ever embraced the whole Union, Mr. Madison was applied to by Mr. Walsh, of Philadelphia, for his opin ions on the various constitutional questions involved in that memorable discussion. lie answered the inquiries propounded to him fully and thoroughly, passing in successive review all those clauses of the Con&titutiou from which the power in question was claim ed,aud on each one of them arriving at a neg ative conclusion, fortitied by a clearness of statement and a simplicity and force of logic, not to speak of tho weight of his personal testimony, which appeared to me to be abso lutely irresistible. 1 sincerely hope, that in tho further pro gress and final decision of these painful con troversies there will be on all sides more of that spirit of moderation and forbearance, of mutual oourtosy and respect which you have so properly iuvoked, aud which can alone fold to a happy solution of questions so del icate. We have been of late rapidly and fearfully drifting into that geographical an tagonism of parties which all good and wisa men have so earnestly deprecated; and in which, when it shall have been consum mated, what, Mr. Madison impressively asks, i« to “control those great repulsive masses from awful shocks against each other?”— Pasting events have given a solemnity to this prophetic warning which it if no longer possible to disregard, and which calls upon patriotic and reflecting men every where to unite in a strenuous and determined effort to exclude from the arena of national politics a question so fruitful of sectional strife, and to relegate it henceforward to those independent local sovereignties which alone have the rightful oognizance of it.” What a War with England would be. The London Daily News, in deprecating the idea of war, sets forth, wbat, in its opin ion, would be the character of hostilities, if they should arise between Great Britain and the Doited States:— “If there is a war, it will bo a mere buc caneering war. The United States have no standing army; they cannot invade England; the immense extent of the Republic's territo ry, and the thinness of the population, enable it to laugh an invasion to scorn. But, on the other haud, the coasts of England and the United States are equally destitute of ' fortifications, and open to predatory incur sions; and both nations have hordes of un armed ship9 in every sea that would be au easy prey to vessels of war. ! The only way in which either state could harm the other, would be by shelling and | burning seaport towus, by sinking and cap turing merchant vessels. Fights there might be between single men*of-war or small i squadrons, but there would be no battle like the Nile or Trafalgar—for the simple reason that the United States have not a large enough lleet. While the war lasted, therefore, the ; efforts of tho belligerents would be almost • exclusively confined to predatory and destruc : tive operations against private property—a course of action calculated to lower the com batants to the level of the moss troopers or | buccaueers of former ceuturies. The loss on j both sides would be enormous. The mere 1 paralysis of productive industry produced j by the cessation of commercial iuter ; course, would spread bankruptcy and beggary through every district of England and the j United States." Col. John Charles Fremont, is the Anti : Slavery candidate for President, nominated I by what is called, the Black Republican Con | ventiou. llis politics, whilst he was a short j time Senator from California, were Deinocra• /ic*—but, hehas taken little cr no part, since, in the general politics of the country—and, this, ! we expect, is the only point that can be made in his favor. Wo think the nomina tion will add no strength to his present party —and that lie will not even receive the votes of all the “Republicans.” McLean, or Seward, or Chase would have made a better 9how. We hopo ho may receive such an overthrow, so cumpleto, entire, and decided, that uo man will hereafter have the hardi hood to run as the candidate of a party, whose end and aim is the destruction of the Union, by Sectional Agitation. The patriotic proceedings of the Whigs of Culpeper and Fairfax, will meet with a favor able response from all the Whigs in Virginia. We learn that in these meetings, were gentle men who took part and united with the American party, in the state, to effect a change in political affairs. Nor is there any thing in the principles avowed to which any true “American” can object, or which mili tates against the great and national objects originally had in view, by those who hoped that a National American party could be formed, which would put down sectionalism and stand by the Constitution and the Uuion. Where principles are identical, union and concert of action will prevail—and, whether in a majority or minority, the Whigs will be worthy of their name, and true to their coun i try. The Democratic Ratification Meeting in i Washington, took place on Wednesday night. It was very large, and there was firing of can non, transparencies, tlags, gas lights, «&c., Ac. The speakers were, Gen. Quitman, Sen ator Weller, Mr. Richardson, Mr. Florence, Mr. Mallory, Senator Douglas, Mr. C. J. Faulkner, Mr. Caruthers, and others.— Speaking took place from the two platforms, east and west. _ Wo learn that in presenting the excellent resolutions adopted at the Whig Meeting in Fairfax, Maj. Thomas accompanied them with an admirable speech, conciliatory in its tone, correct in its sentiments, and every w'ay proper for the occasion—and which gave _— ~ A L. . 1 ! A .v AM.l wl AA 4 a nil «•* A e»llk}l(UUVU (IUU juiujut v iv uu UMV heard it. From an article put ished in tho Ports mouth Transcript by Prof. Webster of that city, it appears that the theory of E. Mer iam, the sago of Brooklyn Heights, that the greatest mortality during the prevalence of the yellow fever in Norfolk and Portsmouth, occurred when thunder storms were most frequent, is not supported by the facts. The Union argues to show that Senator Sumner was not so badly injured by Mr. Brooks, as ho is represented to have been, and that he might, if it had so pleased him, attended to his public duties a day or two af ter the affair. _ Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper, pub lished in New York, contains a number of well executed wTood cuts and engravings; and is, altogether, or.o of the best of the pictorial newspapers that we have seen. Our subscribers in Ccntreville, Ya., are in formed that the package of the Uazetto is regularly put up aud mailed for that place, and that we caunot account for its delay in reaching its destination at the proper time. The “llepublicau*' Convention has nomi nated Mr. Dayton, of New Jersey, as their candidate for Yice President. The ticket is—Frf.uost and Dayton. The subject of the assault of Mr. Brooks upon Mr. Sumuer is to be taken up in the House of Uepresentativcs, on Monday next. France. France is not in a condition to endure even a partially bad harvest, and yet tHe unfavo rable weather and the damage done to tjQ crops by inundations, which had not yet sub sided, threaten that calamity. The Consti tutionnel, speaking of the budget, congratu lates the country that there is an estimated surplus of fifteen million francs for 1850, while it acknowledges that the budget .of 1854, despite a promised surplus, ended with a deficiency to|the extent of seventy millions, and that of 1855, despite also a promised surplus, shows a deficiency of fifty millions. In fact, the sum total of deficiencies on past years amounted to nine hundred millions.— Nevertheless 1857, like preceding years, is already endowed with a surplus which will, in aU probability* be found as its close to be quite the contrary. IVewi of the D«f» 14 7b show the very age arid body oj the times.” Tho London correspondent of the New York Journal of Commerce says, the general opinion in London is that Mr. Crampton’s dismissal will be followed by the dismissal of Mr. Dallas. This, however, the writer does not believe, and he adds, that great exer tions are making by powerful men, to in fluence the government not to tender Mr. Dallas his passports, and the writer is of opinion that they will not fail. It is proper to state that Mr. Dallas has exercisod no agency, directly or indirectly, on the subject. Lieutenant Governor Willard, of Indiana, was recently nominated by tho Democratic Convention of that State as the party candi date for Governor. But this honor, it seems by a statement in the Cincinnati Gazette, was conferred upon him on condition that he would take a pledge to abstain from the use of iutoxicating drinks. This promise he made before the Convention, and agreed, in case of failure to keep tho pledge, that he would withdraw from the canvas9 if it should be before the election, and resign office in case of it's occurring after he should bo elec ted. The Cincinnati Enquirer, Democratic, admits the fact, but says that the pledge was not to take effect until after his election as Governor. It seems that he has been drinkiug freely since he took the pledge, and the Cincinnati Gazette asks whether he will resign't There are somo transactions connected with the trial of the recent enlistment cases at Cincinnati which savor very much of fraud. The suit was brought against Chas. ltoweoroft, tho British Consul, and five oth ers, and though they were all tried together and it made but one case, yet the Marshal taxes the fees for every witness six times over, as though there had been six separate and distinct cases. There were fourteen witnesses in the case, each charging atten dance for five days, which, as taxed by the commissioner, amounted to $1,777.50.— These certificates being presented to the Comptroller at Washington, that officer, we 1 fm.mia ftlkfv Pinainnah tO JVUI U «A vui VMV V- - pay iuoro than £307.50, as being all that the witnesses cau legally claim. The Rev. Mr. Pease will sail from the United States for Liberia early in the com ing autumn, that he may enter, at the be ginning of the dr)' seasou, on his proposed exploration of the interior regions imme diately cast of Liberia, with a view to its capacity for civilization and settlement by colored emigrants from America. These countries are known to abound in cattle, horses, goats, and sheep, palm trees, fruit, and excellent vegetables. They contain a superior, moro intelligent, and moro numer ous aboriginal population thau is found ou the coast. Letters have been received from Thomas Crawford, esq., in Rome, announcing that the statue of Janies Otis, which was under taken bv him last year, for Mount Auburn cemetery, is now completed in plaster, of the full size, seven feet in height. Arrange ments are made by the artist lor putting it immediately into marble, and its timely ar rival in this country may bo expected. The corresponding statues ot Johu \\ inthropand John Adams are understood to be in au equal or greater state of forwardness, under the hands of Messrs. Greenough and Rogers. It is now stated, on what seems to bo ex cellent authority, that Lamartine’s literary project is an utter failure. A correspondent of the Independence llelgo thinks that his twenty thousand subscribers in America, and twenty thousand more in France, have been overstated by at least ono-halt, and wonders bow be could tl*»nk of getting up a work in the style he proposed, and paying off so large a debt by the mere profits of a literary* venture. Lamartine now owes about four hundred thousand dollars. J. A. Cullen, of Va., and A. J. Wilson, of Kentucky, two of the passengers of the bark Archibald Gracie, seized some six months ago at La Paz, Mexico, as a filibuster, have arrived at New Orleans. All on board the bark were thrown into prison, and have over since been confined. Recently, however, six of them made their escape, and the two referred to allege that, after travelling a dreary journey on foot of some 1,500 miles through Mexico, thy reached Vera Crux, and there embarked for New Orleans. A telegraphic despatch was received at Washington on Wednesday from Richmond, Va., calling for the arrest of a certain per son or persons on a charge of killing a man at Shadd’s tavern, in that city. The police were on the alert, and William Cline, Fran cis Buckland and George Williams having just removed from there were, on account of other circumstances -also, brought before Justico llollingshcad, and by him committed inil for A. further examination. The Loudoun County Court was in ses sion during the whole of la9t week, and among other business, levied the sum of $2 03 on eatb tithe in tho County, and 0 per cent on $02,127 33, the supposed Revenue paid by tho County into tho State Treasury. One dollar of tho head tax, aud the whole of the ») per cent, constitute the road fund for the ensuing year, of $12,139 43. The letter of Gov. Reeder, from which we gave an extract a few days since, and pur porting to have been written by him to Mr. Grow, of Pa., by an explanation which took place in the House of Representatives on Wednesday it appears, was addressed to Mr. Grove, of Kansas—if to any one. The Rev. Dr. Cummings,the veteran editor of the Christian Mirror at Portland, Maine, died on board the steamer Georgo Law, on the late trip from Panama whither ho had been to visit his daughter. He was buried at sea. The New Orleans Picayune notes with much satisfaction that it is in contemplation ! to run a line of tine large screw steamships between the port of New Orleans and Liver pool, which will commence operations very soon. -9 ^ » Soldiers of the War of ISIS. The first anniversary ctdebration of the Association of Soldiers of tho District of Col umbia of the War of 1812, took placo on Wednesday, in Washington, the 18th of June, in that year, having been the day on which war was declared against Great Bri tain. Nearly thirty members were present. The principal business to be transacted waa the election of officers for the ensuing year, which was taken by ballot, with tho following result: President. Col. Wm. W. Seaton. 1st Vice President, Col. Jno. S. Williams. 2d Vice President. Gen. Skinner. Secretary, Major Richard Burgess. Surgeon, Dr. Wm. Jones. Treasurer, James McCleary. Marshal, Col. Wm. P. Young. Several resolutions were offered and adop ted, of which we note only the following:— That honorary membership be conferred on any officer or soldier of the war of 1812 by unanimous concurrence of ike association. The Foreign llewii The news by the Steamer America, re lates mostly to the American difficulties. In the British House of Commons, in rela tion to the rumored dismissal of Mr. Cramp ton, Mr. D’Israeli pat the question direct to Lord Palmerston, who made a shuffling re ply, to the effect that ho understood so from an indirect source, but that Mr. Crampton not having said so himself, he (Palmerston) had no statement to make. In the House of Lords, the Earl of Hardwick put a similar question to the Earl of Granville, who re plied that the Government had no informa tion on the subject. The Paris correspondent of the London Morning Post writes that tho french Gov ernment used every effort to remove the un happy complications which have led to the suspension of diplomatic relations between England and America, and the Emperor will continue to exercise his good offices in the same spirit of reconciliation ; but, should the two nations actually CDgage iu a war, there is no doubt but England may reckon upon tho active alliance of France. Sir E. Lytton Bulwer put a question to the English Ministers with regard to rela tions with the United States touching the Central American question. He referred to his previous withdrawal of a motion on the same subject because the Government then stated that they had offered arbitration to tho United States, and daily expected a re ply. Since then, however, grave events had occurred. The Government of ^ alker had been recognised by tho United States, ves sels of war bad been sent to Nicaragua, and by tho last accounts front America there was a prospect of an invasiou of tho Mosquito territory by Walker, with a view of annexa tion to Nicaragua. Tho House would re member that England was pledged to pro tect that territory from external invasion, and a grave responsibility had devolved up ou tbo Government in this state of affairs.— lie asked whether in the interval any steps had been taken to press the United States Government for a reply. Lord Palmerston professed himself unable to give any definite answer, lie could only say that tho American Government had been made fully aware of the offer of arbitration, and the Ministry had not thought it necessa ry to press for a reply. IIo thought the in terests of tho country and the permanent maintenance of amicable relations between England and America would bo promoted by a continuance of the judicious forbear ance the House had hitherto shown. The questions now pending were very grave, but he siucerely hoped, and not without good reason, that their discussion might terminate peacefully. The Times' city article of the latest date says: “Although Lord Palmerston stated last evening that he had received informa tion that Mr. Crampton had been ordered to leave Washington, tho funds have closed steady at a slight advance.’’ In a leading article the Times condemns politicians in the United States, who, though condemning the policy of President Pierce’s Administra tion, do not oppose it with sufficient energy. The Huily News says though there is a uni versal dislike of the idea of a war with America ; still doubts begin to ariso in many minds whether England’s conciliatory deportment has not been carried quite as far as prudenee dictates, and whether General Pierce's Cabinet are not presuming too much on their knowledge of England’s de sire for peace, Mexico. By an arrival at New Orleans we have ad vices from Vera Cruz to the 8th inst. The Spanish Minister arrived at Vera Cruz, ac companied by the Spanish fleet, on the “8th ult., and immediately proceeded to the city of Mexico. The presence of tho fleet at A era Cruz had occasioned extraordinary excite ment, and “War with Spain—Heath to nil Spaniards” was the cry. Tho Mexican gov ernment hold that its dignity is insulted.— It refuses to receive the Minister, under a threat of the guns of war steamers, and re quires, as an indispensable condition, the de partureof the hostile fleet. The Spanish Minis ter, on the other hand, declares that becomes as a diplomatist, animated with pacific views so long us his propositions arc accepted, and that he has nothing to do with the squadron, which is under the authoiitv and control of the Captain-General of Cuba. The Kxtraor nary gives an explanation of the claims which Spain is seeking to enforce and thinks that hostilities will not ensue; it says Mexico is not so disposed, and that Spain cannot af ford to indclge in the expensive amusement just now; and it adds: “The first gun fired front a Spanish frigate would be the first an nouncing the loss of Cuba.” The domestic politics of the country were in a state of agitation. Congress was in ses sion, busily engaged in discussing a perma nent constitution in pursuance of the plan by Ayutla, but making very slow* progress. The influence of Comonfort is said to prevail with it; but there arc rumors of insurrec tionary tendencies, and brewings of revolution in tho capital, and Comonfort had retired, it is stated, with six thousand soldiers, from the National Palace to the villa of Tacubaya —how long to remain may depend upon con tingencies. Gen. Alverefchad tendered his resignation as President adinterhn and General of Hivis ion; but Congress refused to accept his rcsig nation, and complimented the old soldier in tho highest terms. The title of president ad interim is an empty name, as Gen. Co monfort is President with full powers. There was a report, said to be well founded, that Gen. Uraga had been put to death by order of Gen. Alverez, near Acapulco. The Mexican papers are silent on the subject. Condition of Walker’* Forces. A correspondent of the Now ^ ork Tribune presents a doleful picture of the condition of Walker’s forces in Nicaragua, lfo says that Walker has a force of about eight hun dred men, living almost wholly on rice and tortclia, destitute of the proper supplies of clothiDg, receiving no pay, but occupying the dwellings of tho people as they require them. The meu are generally dissatisfied, and this feeling extends even to the highest officers, some of whom are concerting measures with other parties to supersede Walker. Many of the officers would leave, but that they dis like tho appearance of desertion. M alker ai rogates to himself all power and authority, and his despotism is extreme. Rivas, the nominal President, is a mere tool, and in fact, is not at all informed as to the purposes of Walker. The means of exit, both by the Atlantic and Pacific are carefully guarded, so that no one can leave without the permis sion of Walker. Thus the unhappy men who once get there must stay. The expira tion of a term of service makes no matter, there being uo greater freedom after than be fore it. Officers who resigu their commis sions are forced into the ranks. No one is a!- j lowed to talk of government affairs, either for or against, under severe penalties. A great many of the passengers from New York on the first trip of the steamship Ori zaba were conveyeu to Granada and com pelled to join the army. Walker’s men take, without hesitation, whatever property they or the authorities may require, uo matter to whom it may belong. Government paper is offered in pay, which is valueless. Cor respondents of newspapers published in the United States, dare not write the truth.— Sickness his prevailed among Walker’s ar my to suoh an extent, that five hundred of his men must have died duriog the year in which has occupied the country. 1 he dis affection it well known to W alker, and after hit return from the fight at Rivas, be wat eo much afraid of it, that he appointed a body guard. # Hldttlebut-g, Va., and the Surroundlnff Country* Correspondence of ike Alexandria Gazette. Middleburg, June 15, 1850.—I under stand that preparations arc being made for the erection of another Methodist Kpiscopal Church in this village. From the plan, which I have seen, drawn by Richard II. Middleton, esq., (who has charge of the Independent Line of the Manassas (lap Rail road, and whoso superior in the line of hie profession cannot be found in this section ol the country,) it will be a very handsome and spacious edifice, and will be quito an ornament to that part of the villago where il . is proposed to erect it. The corner stone will probably be laid about the second week in August—due notice of which will be given through your paper. The ceremonies on the occasion will be quite interesting, as il is expected there will be a great many ol the distinguished divines, who have travelled on old Loudoun circuit, present to partici pate in the exercises. The Fast Loudoun Circuit have concluded not to hold a camp meeting this summer and, in lieu of it, when the corner-stone ol the new’ church will bo laid, to continue the meetings five or six days. Rev. Mr. lJowman, of the Methodist Kpis copal Church, who has lately been stationed here, in connection with Rev. Mr. McMullin has made a great many warm friends, lit is a gentleman of considerable talent am ability, and bids fair to become an ornameni to the profession in which he is engaged. 1 lmd the pleasure of listening to somt very fine music from a band that has beer raised here lately. It is composed of 13 oi 14 voung men, under the leadership of Mr Doddridge Thompson, and they deserve : great deal of credit for the progress thej have made. They have formed this banc for their own amusement, and for the grati fication of their friends; and, it is ven strange, that in a village of only five or si: hundred inhabitants, they can keep up an ex cellent band of music, while in Alexandria ■ ■•tilt rv A C am ^ .\n I ') \ * Ai«o*t <1 n 1VU IM '|'Uit»UWU VI Vf VI IVII y* J UlVUiTUUU they cannot support one. I understand however, that efforts are now being made tc form an association of that kind in Alexan dria, which I am satisfied will succeed, a the company that is trying to get it up, (tin Alexandria Riflemen, lately organized,) knov no such word a9 fail. 1 attended a pic-nic, during my stay, abou a mile from Aldie, gotten up by the youn; men of the latter place, under the manage ment of John R. Hutchinson, esq., and Hr Oden. It was a magnificent affair, am those who had the pleasure of participating in its delights, will long remember it as i green spot in their future reminiscences To my friend, Thomas II. B. Hutchinson, o Middleburg, I am indebted for many kim favors shown me on that occasion. The crops in the neighborhood do not pre sent a very promising appearance, althougl the late rain has improved them considcra bly, The best field of wheat that came tin dor my observation, was on the farm of Ceo i Bitzer, esq., about two milos from this place | who, by the-bye, is a good specimen of a Vir ginia gentleman, and the visit to whom ha j Ult “pleasant remembrances,” and is trea j sured among “tho joys we have tasted,’ which, I hope, “will sometimes return.” The stage that runs between Middleburg and the Plains has been bought bv tin Messrs. Noland, two enterprising and ener getic young men of this place. They do serve, and ought to receive, the support o the travelling public. The lino is under tin immediate management of one of the broth ers, (Brooke Noland,) who is well known a: | a careful and experienced driver. Middleburg is a delightful place for those who seek good fare, good water, and pun air, and free from the bustle and crowd of : j watering place : and one very important faol I liked to have forgotten—it is a temperance I village. Thero was a gentleman passing ■ through here, a few days ago, soliciting i orders for tho sale of liquor, and not one pur j chaser could ho drum up. This speaks wol 1 for the community. j It adds considerably to the comfort of tra | vcdlers, to be ] laced in charge of gentle | manly, polite, and attentive conductors ; am: | this can truly ho said of the conductors or the Orange and Alexandria Railroad, ami i the Manassas (lap Railroad. There arc several other items worth}* oi being mentioned, but I am afraid 1 have already made this letter too long. _ OBSERVER. Abducting Slave*, Quite an excitement was caused yester day, in the vicinity of the Law Buildings, in consequence of the examination, at the office of Justice Norris, of six colored men, upon the charge of having abducted five slaves, belonging to Mr. Joseph C. Wilson, merchant, Exchange Place. It appears that about three weeks since, Mr. Wilson, whose dwelling is on N. Charles street, discovered that five of his slaves had suddenly disappeared from his house. Their names are as follows :—Harriet Taylor, Har riet Eauntleroy and tier child, Lucy Taylor, and Jane Jack9on. Mr. Wilson procured li.__. _ , r *i.~ i uit- ou lU/to ui uiu iuiiv/|'tuuvuv iu in v» Messrs. Jeffers, Cook, Zell, and Manly, at the Raw Building!?, in endeavoring to re cover them. The members of the linn made a thorough investigation of the circum a'ancen’, and for a week or no travelled from State to State, but without success. About one week since, Mr. Samuel Rod graves, about one o’clock in the day, sent for Mr. Wilson to call and see him in reference to the mutter—the interview resulting in tbc assurance by Redgraves that he could re store the slaves, a9 he was positive he knew where he could lind them; and, furthermore, entered into a written contract with Mr. Wilson to restore them, providing he would increase the reward already offered, of £500, to SiSUO. Redgraves then obtained a con veyance, drove rapidly out to a place in Bal timore county, about three miles distant from Cockeysville, obtained tlie negroes, and by eight o’clock in the evening had them confined in Mr. Campbell’s jail, lie then informed Mr. Wilson of the fact, whereupon Mr. W. refused to pay a dollar, alleging that there was manifestly a collusion with other parties, who had doubtless induced the slaves to run away, with the expectation of themselves receiving the reward by deliver ing them up. The slaves, in the meantime, remained in jail, and gave an account of the circumstances, which involved the following colored men: Lewis Carmack, hack owner and driver; Americus Gray, stevedore; Thus. Skinner, furniture car driver, all belonging to “Baltimore city, and Augu.-tus Durtor, Shadrach Horton, and Charles Tort. The officers above mentioned soon succeeded in their arrest. Carmack, Gray, and Skinner, were arrested in this city, at their houses, at 12 o’clock on Monday night, and the others were secured in the county before daybreak on the same day. The accused were brought before Justice Norris, who committed them to jail, in default of security, for a further examination.—Jinlt. Sun. Liquors.- - 75 bids. Rectified Whiskey 40 “ Gibson * X, XX. XXX, Whiskey 20 J Pipe* Henesey Brandies 10 pipes Old Jamaica Rum 25 i Casks Wine*, for sale by je 20 _G_EOW. HARRISON^ CLARET WINE.—50 Cases Claret Wine, various brands, received per Packet, and for sale by [je20—1 moj F. A. MARBURY. [Communicated. Whig Meeting In Culpeper. On Monday, the 10th of June, a very unu ' sually large meeting of the old-line Whigs of Culpeper county, assembled at the Court House, and was organized by the appoint ment of the Hon. Jeremiah Morton as Chair man, and Fayette Mauzy as Secretary. Mr Morton, on taking the Chair, delivered an animated address, which elicited stroug approbation, especially whatever referred to Mr. Fillmore—of whom bespoke in very high terms—whilst, at the same time, his views as to the policy to be pursued by tho Whigs of Virginia, was exactly in accordance with the proceedings of the meeting as herewith published. George M. Williams then submitted to the meeting the preamble and resolutions which follow—and which were adopted unanimous ly, and without discussion. Hon. John S. Pendleton was repeatedly and earnestly call* ’ ; ed upon to address the meeting, but declined | to do so, as be stated, for the reason that, cor | dially approving the resolutions submitted, he held any discussion, in advance of the ac tion of the Whig Convention, to bo prema , ture and ill advised. When that Convention . shall have acted, he promised to be found at i his post, ready to do his duty hero or any 1 | where else. The following aro the preamble and reso ; lution?: i The Whigs of the county of Culpeper, by ! ! public notice assembled, desire to express to ! their political brethren throughout the Com ' monw ealth, their cordial and unanimous cou > j currenco iu opinion with those who propose i to hold a general State Whig Convention in ’ the city of Kiehmond, on some day during l the mouth of July ensuing. • j They will not attempt to perform the du r i ties intended to bo devolved on that Conven ; tion, by entering, at this time, into any dis ■ eussion of the various subjects of public in , i torest and opinion, which, in their aggregate > character, present, undoubtedly, the most im .1 11* 1%»* .1.1 . ponaui crisis in uic puuuc minin', umi uas • ! existed since tho peace which terminated the • war of the revolution. • i From causes which it is now unnecessary J I to enumerate, much less to discuss, the an < cient landmarks of political parties have be : come nearly or quite obliterated. We have t now no longer two great parties—ono repre ; j senting the conservative, the other the radi - j cal elements of society, as it exists under our • ; system of government—both parties nation al :tl, and resembling each other in no other ; j respect but that of their nationality ; divid i ing, with a remarkable approximation to • equality of numbers, the millions of the pop f j ular vote; carrying alternately for twenty 1 years past the election of Chief Magistrate of , the Union, and consequently controlling fur - ; almost equal periods of time, the administra* i tion of the (lovernment; and not only divid - ; ing so equally the general suffrage, but coun ■| ting almost equal strength, at all times, in • all the States of the confederacy—so that , there are but few districts or counties in the • thirty-one States of the Union, which can be » said to have been always so wise, as never to ■ j have erred, or always so stupid as never to have been right: but, in place of thisnatural and healthy division, we have now new par ; tii-s with strange names, and stranger princi i pies—defined by geographical lines, and in • llamed not only against each other, but, to a ■ great extent, against the Union itself, with f the worst passions of sectional and fanatical 3 animosity. Tho Whig party, always the most national • and patriotic known to tho oountry, has, perhaps, suffered most from the effects of this sudden, unfortunate, and general confu > ! t*ion. It has no present organization as a > national party, and seems to have no purpose of even presenting to the country a candidate 1 for the Presidency at the approaching cite I tion. ; The question is : Shall the Whig party of • Virginia submit to be entirely disbanded and i dispersed, or shall it maintain its organiza tion-cast its vote as a unit in favor of the • best candidate presented by the organized • parties—or nominate an independent candi ■ date of its own ? These questions and others, growing out of any decision that may be made in respect to : them, should, in tho opinion ot the \\ higs of ! Culpeper, be considered and determined by a convention of experienced and reliable men bcrsol the old Whig party, representing the whole party of the State—Now, therefore, be it— Hcsolrs'7, That the chairman of this meet ing appoint twenty-live gentlemen, to repre sent the Whigs of Culpeper in said Conven tion, and, in addition to these gentlemen, citizens of the county, that William (Ireen, Win. 11. Magfarlaml, John M. Patton, jr., and It. Itldgway, jr., be also appointed as dele gates from this county. :2. ]lasolcol, That we deem it inexpedient to give any manner of instructions to said delegates, except that they will he pleased to attend the Convention, and decide, first, whe ther wc can vote for any one of the candi dates then before tho country; and secondly, if so, which one it is most consistent with our _i — .i.. i»-1 j ixiii|>ao uiiu vui umj iv iiiv s.ra*v w j sustain ? I Hr tot ml, This meeting is of opinion | that a decision so made, wiil command the ! sanction of every true Whig in the county of | Culpeper, where that old conservative, natri ■ otic party led so long and so gallantly, hy tho ! most illustrious statesmen whom this century l has produced in any quarter of the world, I still lives, and moans to live, if it die every where else, Jictolcvl, That tho Itichmond Whig, En quirer, Alexandria Gazette, Culpeper Obser ver, and other papers throughout the State generally, be requested to publish these pro ceedings. JKK’ll MORION, Chairman. V. M .u zy. Secretary. The following are the Delegates appointed by the Chairman under the first resolution : Colvin’s.—J. S. Pendleton,G. M. Williams J. Garnett, jr., J. C. Green. Stevensburf.—C. C. Beckham, II. M. Bridges, P. P. Nalle, A. L. Ashby. Gathw right’s.— G. T. Wheatley, K. II. Cun ningham, d. 1’. Kelley, 0. N. Pemberton. Griffins burg.—Coleman Brown, -J. N. Grif fin, C. S. Jones, Win. Kaynor. Jefferson ton.—J. C. Major, P. B. Bowen, J. S. Armstrong, -I. It. Crigler. Court House.— Eton Stanard, G. T. Thom as, S. S. Bradford, das. A. Beckham. ]M)R RENT.—T|,«? subscriber offers for rent his Wh'-rdiight Simp, situated in Lewnens vilb*. 1'aii lax County. Va. The stand is an excel lent one, and to an industrious and steady work man, offers rare inducement*. There is a good | Blacksmith employed under'the same roof. For j particulars address the subscriber, I.augley, 1*. | O . Fairfax County, Virginia. je 20—eo3t F. If. JANNEY. j FOR RENT—The large three story I jljlBKICK DWELLING, Brick Kitchen and | Smoke House attached, all covered with slate, : situated on the north side of Kings! net, between j i Washington and Columbus streets, foi met ly occu pied by Dr. W. Washington dee d. Possession will be given immediately. Apply to je 20—2tw3w_C. W. WATTLES. A LARGE lot of the latest style PARA SOLS, on hand, which will be sold to close out, at reduced prices, by BERKLEY & SHACKLE1T, _ .je 20___No. 62, King-street. I FEATHERS.— 100o Uw Live Geese feathers, for sale by [je 20] WHEAT k BRO. ICoXHI’NICateii. Whig Meeting In Fairfax. At ft meeting of the Whigs of Fairfax Co convened at the Court-house, pursuant to pul lie notice, on Monday, 10th June, on motion, I)r. Jas. Hunter was called to the Chair, and Jxo. II. Garges appointed retary. The objects of the meeting were explained by Maj. II. W. Thomas, in a fow tut o! quent remarks, when on his motion the f lowing resolutions were unanimously ajcr tod: Resolved, That the exigencies of tke coun try imperatively demand a re-organixutiuli . the Whig Party, and that we heartily ap prove of the Whig State Convention j.» held in Richmond on the 12th day of Ju|y next. * > Resolved, That the Whigs of this County express now as heretofore their unaltered* devotion to the principles of the party a, proclaimed by their National Conventions^ 1 exhibited in the Administration of Millar I Fillmore: 1st, That the wise measures of Washing ton respecting the foreign policy of the conn try ought ever to guido the Federal tjuV. eminent in its intercourse with Lroi^u na tions— 2d. That the Public Lands are the common property of all the States, Virginia inclu sive; that any disposition made of tin m ?h u;,| be for the benefit of all, and that Coiigrt** has the undoubted constitutional ri^ht to distribute the proceeds thereof, and that s.im* equitable apportionment amongst all tlu States would be more just and wise than the partial distribution now made in the shaj«» of appropriating the lands themselves, under Democratic administrations and tv Demo cratic authority to the States in which they lie— 3. That whilst wo are opposed as to a Ta riff to an excessive rate of duties, and as t» Internal Improvements to extravagant appro priation*, we are content by a judicious ar rangement of duties necessary far an econ omical administration of the Government, to encourage domestic industry, ere.-ir* I, ..... markets, and to provide in time of peaces'll improvement of our harbors and rivers as may be necessary to assure our strength with in and securo our safety without— 4th. That we hold tho Union of the States to be a primary object of patriotic desire, and the Federal Government to bo indispen sable to its efficiency and permanency; as this sprung only from a couipromDeand mu tual concession between diverse interests, wo believo it can only he successfully adminis tered in the same conciliatory spirit which gave it birth, and wo consider respect (or its just authority and acquiescence in its con stitutional measures as duties required by the plainest considerations uf National, State, and individual welfare— 5th. That we believe it to have been the design of the founders of our Government, to make our beloved country the asylum of | the oppressed of every nation, but never to the subversion of its distinctive character as a Government controlled by the votes U us native citizens— Gtb. That Congress has no power to inter fere with or control tho domestic institutions of the several States, and that all such inter ference does but tend to create dimensions, dis turb tho happiness of our country, and to alienato their affections for our glorious union. Resolved, That whilst we have uudimin ished confidence in the character and politi cal integrity of Millard Fillmore, and believe that, should he he elected President, be would ondeavor to restore our Government to that simplicity and purity which marked the firf yoars of its existence, aud quiet all alarming sectional agitation by a scrupulous regard for the rights of every section of the l nion, ! which agitation causes every true friend of his country to mourn, yet, notwithstanding this belief we disclaim the right to pledge the Whigs of this county to his support. Resolvedt That the following Delegates la appointed to attend the Convention to be held in Richmond on tho 1-th day of duly neit, viz : Jas. Hunter, Jf. W Thomas, J. R. Pugh, R. R. Jackson, Ira Gunnell, Lewis Johnson, Edward F. Simpson, E. O. Powell, J. J. Moore, II. T. Monroe, Joshua Gibaou, A. 1. Willcoxen, Alexander Haight. Col. J. Mil Ian, Thomas Moore, Sandford Taylor, Col. John Reid, George Johnston, A. L. Foster, J. D. Makeley, John R. Hunter, Mark C. 1 Jones, Thomas Crux, Jas. Coleman, Win. R. Selecman, W. H. Thompson, A. S. Grigsby, Tyler Pavia, G. R. Whaley, J.G. Smoot, 1(. C. Taylor, J. W. Green, Thos. N’evitt, John A. Washington, Francis E. Johnston, C. A. Washington, John II. Garges, W. P. (Juesen hury, Rennie Johnston, Lorenzo Rodgtrs, S. D. Foote, Thomas Ayre, R. N. Daniel, Thos. J. Carper, Wm. Ayre, Wm. Swink, Oscar Moore, G. W. Huntt, John L. Moore, Tenley S. Swink, G.W. Risley, X. C. Hun ter, Augustine Wrenn and W. W. Eli/«y. Resolved, That any other Whigs of this county, favorable to the reorganization «f the W hig Party, be reouosted to attend euii Convention as Relegates. Resolved, That it be recommended to tho Stale Convention to appoint—-delegates for each Congressional district of the State to attend the Whig National Convention wk< n the same shall be held. Resolved, That these proceedings be pub lished in the Fairfax Co. News, Alexandria Gazette, and Richmond Whig. On motion, adjourned. JAS. HUNTER, IV*. J. II. Gauges, Sce'y. NAUU1KD. In Baltimore, on die morning of tin* l2’!» in stant., by the Rev. Thomas Myers. JE»L H 1). WALL, esq , ol Prim e Georges< ounfy. - . to Mrs. ELIZA HOLT, of that <*ity. On the same day, at St. Paul s (‘hutch, B*1’1 rpore, hy the Rev. Mr. (.’hew, WM. B MA I THRWS,of Charles county.Md., to Mi^ NAN NIE, daughter of Col. Win. N.porsett, ol Pi nice Georges county, Md. Outlie 17th instant, at Trinity Chiifi.h. Lv tne Rev. l)r Cummins, WILLIAM N. BALKEB. to REBECCA DULANEY, daughter ol ... Houston, all of Washington, DIED. Yesterday morning, at £ pa*-t J. o'clock. W M. NEWTON, infant son ol Charles A. and AD ria L. Baldwin, aged .0 months and 1 di\» \ The Iriendsol the family aie inviod to a« t^nd the funera! froin the residence ol tii* parent# on St. Asaph street, this (Friday; morning. *' 0 o’clock. In Piscataway district, Md.. Mrs. AMAM'A, thebeloved wifeof Geo. H. Hunter, esq. at . daughter of the late John B. Edelen a 1 ) niOrtt highly esteemed—of a sweet and arinal'1* disposition—a kind and affectionate \u> A1 ‘ mother—her loss will be muM deeply felt <*<‘(1 deplored by a sorrowing husband an 1 heip»eo» children. In Vansville district, Md., GEORGE W Id* VALL,e*.q., a highly esteemed citizen—a *nj!* of sterling integrity and great woifh. In Georgetown, on the lfcth inst., Mr* * \ 'f HEATH, relict of the late Major .las. P. H* a », formerly ol Baltimore. In Washington, on Wednesday evening L*** loth inst., RICHARD GIBSON, the grnst. On Saturday, I4th inst., near White Post Mr* SARAH JANE, comoit of Hiram P. Evau*. ani daughter ol ( ol. J. B. Earle. Bacons 10 Cask Country cured Shoulders 10 u Sides 200 Hams, for sale by je30 WHEAT & BRO. _ T ONDON PORTER AND INDIA ALE — I j 3 Casks bottled India Ale, and 2 C*»k# Condon Porter, received, and for sale by je 20—1 mo F A MARBlKi.