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Alexandria gazette. (Alexandria, D.C.) 1834-1974, August 05, 1856, Image 2

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PL'HLIStlKL) DAILY AND TRI-WEEKLY BY
EDGAR 8MOWDKM._
ALEXANDRIA:
TUESDAY MORNING, AUGUST 5, 1S56.
Mr. Wade, of Ohio, made an abolition
•peech in the House of Representatives, on
Saturday last, which Mr. Letcher of Ya.,
characterized as the most vltra he had ever
hsardfrom any quarter whatever. Mr. L.
replied to Mr. W. with great spirit, and
•bowed up his inconsistency, fanaticism, and
real hostility to the Union, lie exposed the
fact, that notwithstanding the denunciation
of the Fugitive Slave Law by Mr. Wade and
his “Republican” brethren, they had all vo
ted for it no longer ago than last Tuesday,
io sanctioning the Kansas bill, brought for
ward by Mr. Dunn. To which Mr. Wade
could make no other reply, than that “it was
a bitter pill—that he tasted it when he took
it—but he had been driven into a sharp cor
ner by the sham Democracy.”
V ^
The Richmond Enquirer publishes what pro
fesses to be a Circular, giving an account of
the formation of what is called an “Ameri
can League.” We have no knowledge what
ever of the matter, except what is contained
in the documents published in the Enquirer.
The objects and plans of the Association aro
set forth in these documents, and can be
judged of by the public. We copy them in
Another column.
Several members of the House of Rep
resentatives, not wishing, at this stage of
the public business, to take up the time cf
the House with speeches, have given no
tioe, that, instead of delivering their address
es on the floor of the House, they will con
tent themselves with having them printed. A
most wise and excellent resolution.
The Fredericksburg Herald speaks of the
Valuable Water Power secured by the Cor
poration of Fredericksburg. The owners
have brought it into market, and will sell
the whole or such rights as may be desired.
Tho alarm of fire here on Sunday reached
Washington, and the firemen of that city
came down a9 far as the Long Bridge, when
it was ascertained that their services would
not be needed. _ _
The late rains will, we suppose, help the
navigation of the Chesapeake and Ohio Ca
nal. Some coal boats from Cumberland are
coming down.
Mr. Shackelford, the Fillmore elector for
this district, is visiting the different Counties,
nod addressing the people with much vigor
nod effect.
Arthur Middleton Gibbes, of S. C., was
drowned accidentally last month,* near his
residence. He had been preparing to joiD
the Theological Seminary near this place.
The Grand Jury of Washington city, at
the present term of the Criminal Court, ex
amined more than a thousand witnesses, in
the different cases brought before them.
A verdict of $10,000 damages has been ob
tained by John Vaughan against the New
York Central Railroad, whose legs were bro
ken by a collision of cars two years since.
Mr. J. S. Browne, chief operator at the
telegraph office, in Washington, has resigned
_and will be succeeded by Mr. J. B. Iree.
The Washington Star replies and defends
itself with moderation, but ability, from the
attacks of Mr. Herbert, of Cal.
The Baltimore American and Baltimore
Patriot take decided ground in opposition to
Senator Pearce’s recent letter.
The trial of William Arrison, for the mur
der of Mrs. Allison, has been removed from
Cincinnati to Butler county, Ohio.
The health of Norfolk and Portsmouth is
represented as being better than for many
seasons past_ _ _
The late rains have done much good to
the corn crops of Maryland.
Several communications received, will
be attended to, in due order.
-s ^ s-—
Suptctcd Smuggling*
A French lady, recently arrived at New
York from Calcutta, managed by some plau
sible representation, through a custom-house
broker, to get passed free of duty a number
of packages containing dutiable goods sup
posed to be worth about v*25,0(H). Informa
tion of the irregularity having reached the
naval officer’s department, a search was in
stituted at the apartments occupied by the
lady at the Lafarge House, and the goods were
seized and oonveyed to the United States bon
ded warehouse to await an investigation into
the circumstances of the case. It is said
that the lady and the goods here simply
en route to France, and that if she erred she
did so in ignorance. The French Consul U
interesting bitnself in the matter, and will,
it is understood, appeal, it necessary, to the
Treasury Department at Washington. A
question as to the complicity of the captain
of the ship “Good Hope,” in which the goods
were brought is being investigated, and
if it is proved that be assisted in the evasion
of the revenue laws, his vessel will, like the
goods, be liable to forfeiture.
Tbe Elections*
Monday last was the day for elections in
five of the States: in Kentucky, for several ju
dicial and county officers; in Iowa for mem
bers of Congress and of the Legislature; Ark
ansas for Governor, members of Congross and j
the Legislature; Missouri, for Governor, mem- ;
bere of Congress, and of the Legislature; in
Texas, for members of the Legislature. On the
7th the election will be held in North Carolina 1
for Governor and members of the Legisla- 1
turn. Elections are to be held in the follow
ing States previous to the Presidential elec
tion; In Vermont, September 2d ; in Cali
Ionia on the 4th and in Maine on the Sth of *
September; in Florida on the 6th of Octo- ^
ber, and in Pennsylvania, Ohio, Indiana, and <
Sooth Carolina on the 14th of October. The (
results in nearly all of these States will be 1
considered as foreshadowing the results in 1
the Presidential election* 1
Hews or the Day.
11 To show the very age and body oj the times.”
The Montreal Transcript has discontinued
its daily issue for a few weeks, bacause “the
heat is so oppressive and the news so dull; so
many of our citizens have left for the coun
try, and so little can be written to edify or
amuse those who remain behind—that we
have resolved (and wc are sure our readers
will not be angry) to discontinue the publica
tion of our daily for a few weeks, until the
summer is further advanced, and the absent
public again return home.”
Another company of emigrants for Kansas
will leave Petersburg, Ya., on the 3d of Sep
tember, next, under the conduct of Capt. II.
C. Pate and A. W. Jone3, Esq., Agents of the
“Friends of Kansas,” and also accredited
agents of the Executive Committee of the
“Friends of Law aud Order” in Kansas. A
large number of emigrants are already en
rolled. The number to be sent will be limi
ted only by the amount of funds collected.—
Preference will be given to those from coun
ties that have contributed.
The Chicago Times says:—“A day or two
sinco a real estate operator in this city tele
graphed to Washington to know if a party
there would sell him a piece of property for
$6,000, upon a credit of sixty and ninety
diys. Toe answer was, 4 You can have it/—
The afternoon of tlie same day the operator
telegraphed to auother city that he would
sell the same property lor $8,500, upon thirty
and sixty days time, and the reply was, e
will take it/ Here was a clean profit of 82,
500 made without the investment of a dollar,
and all within twelve hours.”
The lT. S. Practice ship Plymouth, (attach
ed to the Navy School at Annapolis, Md.,)
Commander Joseph F. Green, L. S. N., ar
rived at Boston Harbor, July 30th, from a
month’s cruise on that eoast. On board are
fifty-two acting midshipmen, under instruc
tions in practical navigation, seamanship
and gunnery. The Plymouth will remaiu
iu port about a wt?ck, and then proceed on
her cruise further northward, and return to
Annapolis by the first of October.
Gen. Henry Stanton, one of the assistant
quartermaster generals in the United States
army, died, on the 1st inst., at Fort Hamil
ton, New York. Gen. Stanton entered the
army in 1813 as a lieutenant in tho light ar
tillery and resigned in 1817. In 1818, he
was reappointed assistant deputy quarter
M r,4am Awn 1 rAi'u*! vtid the of
UIOCVVI ^vuvi ---
Brigadier General iu 1*47 for meritorious
services iu Mexico, lie was a native ot
Vermont.
A farmer in Lincoln county, Tenn., a few
days ago, while plowing, had his horse aud
plow to sink and disappear in the earth, leav
ing a hole to which no bottom has yet been
found, and in which the farmer himself came
near falling. 11 is neighbors werecalled to the
place, who, by means of ropes let him down
in search of the horse and plow, to the depth
of thirty or forty feet, but the farther he went
the larger tho hole appeared, and he called
to his friends to pull him up, which they did.
The statue of Benjamin Franklin is to be
inaugurated in the city of Boston on the
17th of September, with appropriate ceremo
nies, and an oration by Hon. Robert C.
Winthrop. The day is the anniversary of
the settlement of Boston. The papers are
discussing the propriety of keeping this date
every year as a general holiday, with a re
lease of the public schools, a military re
view, fire-works and other features.
At Paterson N. J., on the 2J inst, a des
tructive fire occurred about five o’clock, con
suming five stores, as follows: The drug
store of W. II. Halstead, variety store of
John Stinson, china and glass store of John
Hoben, dry goods store of Blauvelt & Berry,
and the dry goods store of W & A. Stouten
burgh. Loss from fifteen to twenty thousand
dollars; partially insured. The fire was
doubtless the work of an incendiary.
Seventy thousand dollars worth of proper
ty was destroyed by fire in the village of West
Troy, New York, on tho 2d. The fire broke
out about 2 o’clock, in the pile of lumber im
mediately adjoining Lamby’s carriage estab
lishment, on Canal street, between Rochester
street and the Erie canal. From thence it
spread with almost inconceivable rapidity to
the buildings in the immediate vicinity.
A letter from Constantinople, in allusion
to the effect produced by the appearance of
so many fine samples of American marine
architecture in those waters during the East
ern war, says that the improssion produced
has been so favorable that the Turkish Min
ister of Marine is understood to have 6entto
New York for a naval architect to construct
some ships on the American model.
Ou the 27th ult., a young girl jumped from
one of the piers in the city of Racine, Mas
sachusetts, and was drownned. She had
> _i -r l:___
UIVUOCU \JL olCui I uivut j UVUJ WVI VUI
ployers, which impelled hor to this act of vio
lence. After her death the money was found
in the house where she had lived. It had
been mislaid.
The Fredericksburg Herald says:—“Mr.
Joseph Withers of Caroline, bought a farm
in that county a few years ago for which he
paid $1,300, considered a good price at the
time. Mr. W.’s crop of wheat this year will
be about 2,000 bushels, which at $1,50 per
bushel, gives a return of $3,000 to say noth
ing about the corn and oat crops.”
The receipts of foreign dry goods at the
port of New York havo been larger during
the past month than for the corresponding
period of anv preceding year. The total
for July is $4,047,925 larger than for ^uly,
1855, $1,987,818 larger than for the same
month of 1854, and $1,189,770 larger than
for July 1853.
Richard R. Crawford, of Georgetown, D.
C., was on last Friday evening, unanimously
elected by the Corporate authorities of that
place, to till the vacancy occasioned by the
death of the late D. W. Edmondson, iu the
Revisory Board, created by the late act of
Congress, in reference to the codification of
the laws of the District of Columbia.
Movements are being made in various <
States, responsive to the suggestion of the
Virginia Whig Convention for a National
Convention of the Whigs of the Union to be
held iu Baltimore, on the third Wednesday
in September. The good effects of the j
Maryland and Virginia Old Line Whig Con- j
ventions are visible everywhere.
The English soldiers, just previous to their t
ieparture from the Crimea, occupied their ]
leisure time in constructing, on the heights *j
of InkermaoD, an immense battery, with
20,000 bottles. It has been christened “Lord ,
Cardigan’s Black Bottle Battery.” It is A
laid that the Russians intend to build a sim
ilar one opposite.
The Chesapeake and Ohio Canal has not -
ret aroused from its dullness of business.— '
Eastern buyers and users of Cumberland [
roal are disappointed in their regular supply n
if an article uow* become so essential. \\ e I
tear that the Swanton Company alone have t<
nore than 1,600 tons stopped on the way for
rant of water at about Dam No. 5.
Letter of General Houston.
General Houston’s letter on the Presiden
tial question is severe on the Pierce Admin
istration. lie says:
“Where is that Democracy to-day? —
Swallowed up in unmitigated squatter sover
eignty—in seotional bickerings and disputes
—in disregarding compacts between the dif
ferent sections of the Union, the repeal of
which has led to insurrection in Kansas—in
getting up Indian wars wherever Indians
could be found, as a pretext for increasing
the regular army, the estimated expenses ol
which, at this time, are $12,000,000, per an
num, when $300,000, judiciously expended,
would secure peace with every Indiau tribe
on the continent, and induce them to em
brace the arts of civilization.
“The foreign policy of the present Demo
cratic President has been far from creditable
to our Government. It, too, ha9 shown a
disposition to court an alien influence to sus
tain it, while it has declared and practiced
relentless proscription against native born
American citizens. 1 will pursue this point
no further. To ruminate upon it is painful
enough for a man who loves his country;
but when called upon by friends 1 feel it due
to them to express my sentiments plainly.
You and I, and tens of thousands of old De
mocrats who were the true covenanters under
Jackson, wash our bands of these absurdi
ties, follies, and evidences of culpable mis
management.”
He gives in his adhesion to Fillmore and
Donelson in 6trong language, saying of the
former: . . ,
“Mr. Fillmore was a Whig, and served
the people of his district while he was a re
presentative in Congress, llis service was
satisfactory, and he secured their confidence.
When his official duties took a broader range,
and new and responsible duties devolved
upon him as the bead of the nation, he cast
aside every sectional and local bias—his
views on all important questions were limi
ted only by the extent of his duty to the
whole country, llis services met the accep
tance of the nation, and he retired from of
fice with the approving voice of thousands
who had been his former opponents, in my
opiuion, he administered the government
wisely and well, lie found the country in
great excitement, as well as dissatisfaction
and evon in peril; and yet he left it in repose,
tranquility and safety ; and it is a pleasure
for me to look back and remember that, with
out any deviation from my duty as a Jackson
democrat, I was enabled to sustain and aid
him in most of bis leadiug measures; and
so too, were nearly all the true hearted Jack
son democrats of that time.”
Among the Peter Funks.
The New York Post, of Friday, relates
. ^ _ l . i
tne toliowing amusing case wiui ocuurruu ui
a mock auctiou Btore in Broadway, on Thurs
day : . _
A gentleman from Baltimore, via Cape
May, arrived in town, and put up at one of
the hotels on Broadway. During yesterday,
while in a speculative mood, ho went to one
of the auction stores in Broadway where
gold watches are generally sold cheap to
strangers. A pretty silver watch was put
up aod the Peter Funks in the store bid it
up to a certain cheap rate. Our Baltimore
friend caught at the bait, bid twenty-five
dollars upon the watch, and it was knocked
down to him.
After paying for the watch, a disinterested
gentleman, as our friend supposed, stepped
up and assured him that the watch was a
very poor one, and not worth the money he
had paid. “1 am,” says the Peter Funk,
“Inspector of watches,” at the same time
putting a glass to his eye and looking into
the watch which he had opened. Our Balti
more friend, whom we shall call Shields,
seemed thankful for the information, and
thought he had better change the silver
watch for a gold watch.
The inspector charged Shields three dol
lars for hia examination, which the latter
paid, and upon the advice of the former, he
paid twenty dollars more and made an ex
change for a gold watch. After buying the
bargain, which had cost him forty eight
dollars altogether, the inspector told him he
could easily get fifty dollars for the watch at
another store in Broadway. Shields became
dissatisfied with his purchase, and concluded
to accompany the inspector to the store nam
ed and have the watch resold. Both men
then went to another mock-auction store in
Broadway, below Wall street, where the in
spector induced Shields to leave the watch,
and the auctioneer gave him a receipt for it.
Mr. Shields subsequently learned the char
acter of the men he had been dealing with,
and determined to have them arrested.—
This morning he called at the first district
police court and stated his case to Alderman
Clancy, the magistrate pro tem. The latter
despatched officer Metcalf with Shields to
the auction store. Shortly afterwards the
officer returned to court and announced the
fact that the Peter Funks had disgorged.—
Shields, who is going homo to Baltimore to
day, leaves our city with the opinion that we
have a great many sharks residing among us.
The Kxpress says it was Mr. Richard D.
Shields, grocer, ol Baltimore, who was thus
so outrageously swindled.
Singular Cave or Insanity,
Several weeks ago a young woman, about
22 years of age, Darned Caroline Fury, who
had become insane, commenced a system of
annoyance to tho family of Mr. Wm. Frey,
East Baltimore, which compelled her com
mittal to jail and detention there till she
could be sent to a hospital. On Saturday
lastajuryf/e lunatico enquirendo was accor
dingly sworn in the Criminal Court, and she
was declared to be insane and without means
of support, and ordered to be sent to the
Maryland Hospital. Some short time ago
she took it into her head that Mr. Frey was
her husband, although that gentleman is a
married man aud has an interesting family
of children;and she pertinaciously laid claim
t) him, insisting that she was married to him
in Jefferson street church by the Rev. Mr.
Ball, in the presence of the congregation.—
At other times ehe has insisted that the Rev.
Mr. Hamilton married them. Nothing could j
convince her of her mistake—she claimed Mr.
Frey in his class-room, he being a class
leader in Caroline M. E. Church station,
and the girl for a long time a member of
the church. She went on several occasions
to Mr. Frey’s house and told his wife to
leave, that Mr. Frey was her husband and
?behad come home to take possession—
it one time telling Mrs. Frey that she was
merely employed there to take care of the
children. Of course, this kind of annoy
ince was anything but pleasant. On one
)coasion she attempted to kill herself on
Caroline street by running and throwing
aerself down the front area of a house; and
lier whole conduct has showD a loss of rea
son. When in health she made a good liv
ng by hiring out, and was much respected
>y the Caroline street congregation, who
cnew her a9 being a very intelligent girl,
cine© this insanity has taken hold of her
ihe has become vicious and very abusive in
anguage. Dr. Martin, physician of the
ail, testified that her insanity was produced *
>y disease, and that with proper care and
ittention at a hospital she would recover. (
duch interest has been felt in her case by a |
lumber of persons—she being an orphan,
Aid her brothers, who are living, represent- t
ng that they are not able to take care of her. j
-Balt. Sun.__]
'“I REAT BARGAINS IN DRY GOODS.— J
JF We will close out our entirestock of Sum-,
ier Goods, such as Ginghams. Berages, Shallys, -
.awns, Fans, Mantillas, Parasols, &c., in order
) make room for next fall. Call soon at
MEYENBERG, BRO. & CO. S,
*ug 5 Sarepta Hall.
“American League.”
Richmond, June 28, 1850.—Dear Sir:—
At a meeting of Delegates representing a
portion of tbe friends of the Fillmore and
Donelson Ticket, held in this City on tbe
25th of June, a plan of organization was a
dopted, which if thoroughly carried into ef
fect, must insure us the State At the approach
ing election. May we look to you for sup
port in this matter? If you wish to aid us
in carrying out the plan proposed, please an
swer by return mail, and also send the names
of five true and reliable co-workers in jour
county, together with their Post Officers.
Upon the receipt of which the undersigned
will send you full instructions as to manner
of proceeding. Yours, truly,
On as. II. Lewis.
Corresponding Secretary.
American League Office,
Richmond, July 28, 185G.
Dear Sir:— Enclosed find a plan of organ
ization adopted for the campaigu. You will
proceed to organize by securing the atten
dance of five or more reliable friends of the
cause, selecting a President, \ ice-President,
Secretary and Treasurer. hen this is per
fected you will report the names and Post
Offico address of officers. With the means
furnished to the League at Richmond, it is
proposed to keep every county in the State
well supplied with documents and all infor
mation which will tend to lurther the pro
gress of the cause.
In organizing you will use the precaution to
secure only those who will keep inviolate tho
proceedings of the League, as its existence is
onlj’ known to those who are active and ener
getic friends of tho cause.
Yours, truly, C, II, Lewis.
Put this organization in the hands of those
you can most depend upon. It is spreading i
rapidly.
The American League, organised by a Con
vention of Americans, and friends of Fill
more and Donelson, held in the City of Rich- 1
mond, June25 lt$5G. Richmond. Printed at
the Whig Book and Job Office 185G.
UlTlflRS.
President.
Dr. John Dove, of Richmond.
]'ice Presidents,
1st. R. Porterfield Kinney, of Staunton.
2d. Charles E. Stuart, of Alexandria.
3d. Geo. W. Stainback, of Petersburg.
4th. Robf. A. Worrell, of Norftdk.
5th. D. T. Booker, of Lynchburg.
Gth. Alfred Caldwell, of Wheeling.
7th. Joseph Tidball, of Winchester.
Treasurer-Frauk 1 in Stearns, of Richmond.
Correspo tiding Secretary—C. 11. Lewis.
Organization.—This organization shall \
consist of a Grand League, composed of del- 1
egates representing each Subordinate League. !
Subordinates shall be organized in every ;
election precinct in Virginia—one lor each 1
precinct.
There shall he thirteen supervisors, one to
each Congressional District, to aid and assist
in the progress of the organization ; who
shall from time to time give such informa
tion to the Corresponding Secretary as he
may deem important.
Each Congressional District shall he divi- J
ded into three smaller districts—making in j
all, thirty-nine; and the Supervisors of the !
Districts thus subdivided may appoint three j
Deputy Supervisors to assist him in his du
ties. The names of the deputies thus appoint
ed should be communicated to the Secretary
at Kichmond ; and each Deputy Supervisor
should make a weekly report to the princi
pal.
Members.—The standard to be applied to
applicants for membership shall be: “Is
he active, untiring and devoted to tho
cause?” If the applicant can stand this test,
he shall be elected.
A pledge.—An applicant, after election,
must enroll himself, by personal application
to the Secretary; and before signing his
name, shall pledge himself “to perform cheer
fully all duties assigned, and to labor unre
mittingly in behalf of the election of Fill
more and Donelson.”
Fees.—A membership fee of fifty cents
shall he paid by all persons becoming mem
bers, and a monthly contribution of twenty
five cents, to defray tho expenses of the
League, shall be collected by the Treasurer.
Each League shall make a monthly contri
bution of ten coots per member from its
treasury, fur the support of the Grand League.
Members limited.—County Leagues shall
not havo more than thirty members to
each. Ward Leagues of cities or towns, not
more than sixty; unless an applicant re
ceives a unanimous vote.
Charter fee.—A Charter Fee of five dol
lars shall he charged for organizing a
League; which amount must be transmitted
with the application for Charter, with the
names of five applicants.
Meeting of Grand League.—A meeting
of the Grand League shall ho holden in the
City of Kichmond on the 30th of September
next. Delegates from subordinates are re
quired to he furnished with certificates of
election.
Communications.—Letter seeking informa
ation, documents, and all matters connected
with the emiKP. should he addressed to Charles
II. Lewis, Richmond, Ya., who will attend to
them promptly.
The Secretaries of Subordinate Lodges
shall make a report on the first and fifteenth
of every month, of the number of members
attached to their respective Leagues, with the
names and post-office address of all persons
undecided as to whom they will vote for.
By Laws.—Each Subordinate League may
adopt such By-Laws as it may deem best for j
its own government.
The Corresponding Secretary shall keep a
regular record of the Leagues, in the order
in which they are organized, giving to each its 1
appropriate number.
This organization shall in no wise conflict
with the present organization of the Amer
ican Party, but shall bo considered as an '
auxiliary.
Instructions.—First.— Each Leagueshall '
prepare a careful register of every voter re
siding within its jurisdiction—keeping thre? 1
columns, viz: Americans, Democrats, and
doubtful; makiug the doubtful column suffi
ciently large to include every voter who can ; 1
be swerved either to or from the support of | -
the American Ticket. j ^
Second.—At each meeting of the League ! *
the doubtful list should be read by the Secre- 1 \
tary, and such as can bo influenced, put un- '
der the charge of a member of the League. ^
SUPERVISORS.
1st District—Thomas C. Peek, Hampton. 1
2nd do. Samuel Watts, Portsmouth.
3rd do. Richard G. Morris*, Richmond. ; J
4th do. Dr. Robert E. Withers, Campbell.
5th do. Samuel G. Staples, Patrick.
Gth do. James F. Johnsou, Bedford.
7th do. Col. E. T. Tayloe, King George. '
8th do. Robert B. Sherrard, Hampshire. ‘
9th do. Col. S. If. Lewis, Rockingham.
10th do. William K. Pendleton, Brooke. '
L 1th do. John S. Carlile, Harrison.
12th do. D. II. Hoge, Montgomery.
13th do. Isaac J. Leftwich, Wythe.
r* / v REWARD.—Ranaway from the sub- *
scriber,on Tuesday, 29th of July, a r
legro man HENRY, about G leet high, black ^
ind well proportioned, and is a blacksmith by i i
rade. No scars recollected. He has a wife at a
dr. Francis Payne’s, near Orlean, Fauquier Co. t
will give the above reward if taken out ol the j ;
tate or 25 if taken in it,and secured so 1 canget i ,
im. WM. N. THORN, j .
Bealeton. Fauquier Co.,Va., aug f>—eo'tw s
Bonnets and ribbons win be sold at a 0
great sacrifice, at
MEYENBERG, BRO. & CO/S,
»ug 5 Saiepta Hall
Mr. Herbert of California*
The House of Representatives, on Saturday,
went into committee, (Mr. Haven, of New ,
York, in the chair,) and resumed the consid
eration of the appropriation bill:—
Mr. Herbert of California, proposed to j
consume the five minutes to which general
debate had been limited, remarking that his
object in rising was to reply to charges
that had been made against him traducing
his character as an honorable man. These
charges had become common in almost every
section of the country, on the Pacific as well '
as the Atlantic. So far as he was individual
ly concerned, he felt perfect indifference for
the allegations to which he referred, but he
deemed it a duty that he owed the House to
make an explanation with regard to them.—
What were these charges? Kvery one of
them bore upon its face falsehood, and not
one of them could be substantiated, he cared i
not whence it came. He claimed that he had
a character for which he was under obliga
tions to no man living-one that he had made
for himself, and which he believed would i
compare favorably with the purest in the
land. But whence came these charges? —
They emanated from political enemies—men !
who had ever been arrayed in hostility a- |
gainst him. He regretted these allegations
because many of them came from his owu j
State; but from a quarter which made him
feel that they were a compliment to him rath
er than a disgrace. When he came back to
the fountain head, the origin of the charges
that had been made against him in his own
State, be found that they had emanated from
one of the public prints of the city of Wash
ington. He would not so far forget himself,
ho would not abuse the dignity of the House ;
by giving a detail of the characters of the
difforent men who had assailed him, but bo
would say this—that there was not one of (
them whose character would compare with
his own in point of purity, honor, and integri
ty. It was such men as the publisher of
the “Star”—who had placed before the
country an ex parte statement of an unfortu
nate affair in which he (Mr. H.) became in- j
volved in this city, and suffered it to go be
fore the world, and after he had been honora- |
bly acquitted by a jury of his countrymeD,had ;
not the manliness nor the magnanimity to i
come out and say that he was in error—it was :
such men as these who had set up this hue
and cry against him. Another of these in- !
dividuals was the correspondent for the New ;
York “Times”—a person who ashort time since i
was assailed by this same man of the “Star”
as a “scoundrel,” and one whose occupation it
was to “levy black mail;” and similar char
ges had been made against the editor of the
“Star.” He looked upon it as a compliment
to be abused by such men, and, in the lun
_r_.1—
VI UllViUVI y tUVIO r U V' U I V4 MV/ ^MUV VA4 HI
the hands of every honest man a whip, that he j
might lash these rascals naked through the !
world. So far, then, as these charges were j
concerned, he pronounced them tal&e from be- j
ginning to end.
While speaking upon this subject, he de- j
sired to make reference to a bill which he j
had the honor to introduce and which certain j
parties had takeu occasion to stamp with j
infamy among the members of the House.— ;
He believed as un honorable man that if ever
there was a pure bill, undone calculated to !
promote the interest and welfare of his con
stituents, it was that to which he now adver
ted. He stood prepared to meet his col
league, (Mr. Denver,) or any other gentle- j
man who mighttake position against hiui upon |
it, any where. He was ready to go with his i
colleague before their common constituency j
and there defend the position he had takes
here. In hi* (Mr. II. ’s) opinion it was a just !
and proper bill, and one which he was satis- j
fied the House did not properly understand, i
He would at some future time address the j
House upon the subject.
| Here the five minutes expired to which
general debate had been restricted.)
The DI«orderi» In California.
In the House of Representatives, on Satur- !
day, Mr. Herbert, of California, asked con- I
sent to introduce a resolution, which he ask- j
ed to have read.
The Clerk commenced to read it as follows: •
“Whereas, we have seen with profound regret
the lawless proceedings of the Vigilance Com
mittee of San Francisco, California”
Here loud cries of “object, object,” inter
rupted the reading of the resolution, and it
was therefore not received.
[The following is the joint resolution in
full:
Whereas, we have seen with profound re
gret the lawless proceedings of the Vigilance
Committee of San Francisco, California;
and in order to give that protection to the
laws of said State, under the Constitution
of the United States, which we deem it our
duty to do: Therefore—
Be it resulted, d c. That the commander
of the Pacific division of the United States
army is hereby authorized and directed to
issue, upon the requisition of the Executive 1
of the State of California, such arms, ord
nance, and ammunition therefor as the Exe
cutive of said State may deem necessary in
preserving subordination to the laws of said
State. 1
And be it lesolrcd, <fr. That in ease it '
_i_ i 1 t _ 1 i _ _ • * i • • •
oiiuuiu uu uermuu nut. u**r»itrjf, m mu upiuiun
of said Executive of California, to call to his
assistance, in preserving subordination to
the laws of said S:ate, the naval forces be
longing to the I'nited States, then the com
manders of said forces he and they arc here
by required and directed to obey promptly
the order of said Executive of California.]
Failure of a lfnnk lu Maryland.
On Saturday morning Thompson’s New
York Reporter issued the follow'mg extra:
“New York, August 2, 185G.
“ Non- Redemption of the Notes of the Val
ley Hank, Md — The Valley Rank, Hagers
town, Maryland, was not redeemed by the
owners yesterday ato’clock, and it will
not be bought by the brokers to-day. The
iwners ot the bank are wealthy—wo may
say rich—and it is not probable they can ,
evade the redemption of the notes of their i
bank. If the hank fails we shall give a full ■
history of its owners and its career.”
The New York Evening Post adds:
“We understand that the principal owners
:>f this bank are the Messrs Rolands, of the i
Metropolitan Hotel, who are well known to '
:>e responsible parties, and it can hardly be
mpposed they will ret use to redeem the notes j
if this bank, ttie issues of which amount to '■
£140,000, of which they have enjoyed the j
jenefit.”
The Express says the notes of the bank '
xere purchased by the New York brokers on ]
Saturday at 25 cents un the dollar, and that i
he circulation is $150,000.
Learned Flea*.
The Italian correspondent of the Newark
Daily Advertiser, under date of Florence,
April 24, 185G, says:
“Learned bears, learned monkeys, and '
earned pigs are exhibited in other countries
-learned fleas here ! Who would believe
his who has not seen for himself a tiny :
hariot of cobweb wire drawn nimbly over a
hree foot race couroe by a team of these spry
nsects, while another of them holds the
eins—composed of gold thread as fine as the
inest hair—he driving four in hand, and the
nsect coursers trotting as methodically
long, as if it bad never been in their nature
o jump ?”
FOR REN I.—A STORE, on the north
side of King, next to the corner of Fairfax
treet, No. f>3. Possession given on the 1st <|ay
t September, or sooner. ! ,
ang 5—eotf _JOHN WEST. ,
ITTOOL purchased by <
IT jy 7 DANIEL F, HOOE. I
[Communicated.
A Voice from Virginia.
*• We know our rights, ami dare maintain
The condition of the Virginia mechanic
and workingman in the social, as well as the
political scale, has been the subject of much
consideration to the undersigned, a ^ irginia
laboring man. Self preservation, we are told,
is the first law of nature, and he that would
not maintain his rights, and exact a true and
faithful rendition of his accounts, from those
that are entrusted v ith them, does himself
and family much wrong, and will, sooner or
later, fall beneath the proper estimate of
God’s noblest image, an honest man!
The Democratic leaders of Virginia havoal
ways claimed to be the peculiar guardians of
the vested right* of tho whole people—the
laboring man, as well as the professional
man, and yet, with all their professions, the
facts, when divested of all embellishments,
and stripped of false coloring, incontestably
prove that there is but one idea in the whole
course of their proceeding*, and that is to
hold the patronage of the General Govern
ment, and pander to the prejudices of tho ig
norant and uninformed, by arraying one por
tion of the community against tho other—the
one interest against the many.
But while they profess to be tho friends of
equality, and the defenders of free speech and
a tree press, they pursue to tho death all that
will not subscribe to their peculiar doctrine,
and though their hypothesis will not stand
the test of fair and impartial investigation,
still
‘•They hold the word of promise to the ear,
But break it to the hope."
The present condition of the workingman
in Virginia, vs. the promises and professions
of the Democratic party, is the theme of the
writer of this communication. I am a Vir
ginian, born on the soil, and inheriting all
the peculiar characteristics of a true Virgini
an, “ poor as h—1, but proud as Lucifer;”
and this characteristic is not the property of
any class in tho State, but is shared alike by
all, for we are all of the F. F. V.’s, claiming
alike the same common head and source, and
although in our journey to that mighty ocean
which absorbs us all, we meet with obstruc
tions which separate us from the more fortu
nate, (who have taken the tlocd,) and split
us into fragmentary streams, yet we can
trace our source to the great head, and, be
ing still connected, feel every blow that may
be indicted on our common spring, as sensi
bly as those that may be in immediate con
tact with the fount itself. And, therefore, by
n C ii««» /i/\iiren rvl «*nn comn.v tlin v* o m nfoof
V* tuii vvu • wv v m vivwv » * i
when affected bv anv cause, from anv source, !
and giving back the sympathetic touch,
however feeble, should receive the support of j
the whole, or be entirely cut off. To sustain ;
itself unaided, to sustain the State and make
her great and prosperous, is the wish of all,
and, to do this, class legislation should be
carefully avoided, and all law should have
for its object the greatest good of the great
est number. The practical operation of the
Democratic creed of Virginia is antagonistic
to the theory they profess. They profess to
carry out the teachings of Jefferson, Madisou
and Monroe, while they establish an aristoc
racy, in fact worse than the wildest dream
er of a federalist ever thought of. They have, j
upon all occasions in which State policy '
was concerned, endeavored to array one class •
against another, by appealing to the passions
instead of the reason.
If there is in Virginia one feeling more ge
neral than all others, it is the feeling of con
scious superiority of the white man over the
black. It is not my intention to enter into
a physiological comparison of the relative po
sition of the two races, hut, taking things for
granted, quote Ex-Gov. Smith for authority.
At a Kansas meeting in Alexandria, July 11,
he said, “ Where is the man that does
not see the inferiority of the negro raco to
that of the white ; w here is the white man
that does not feel his own superiority; who
is willing to allow an equality tfhieh nature
lias denied, and against which she has plant
ed within us undying instincts. It is iiot tie
ressarg for a man to own negroes to feel his
svjwriority”
The poorest man feels it, and is as much
npposed to being put on an equality with
than as if he owned a thousand. Every man
who respects himself, is interested in keeping
up the distinction between the two races,
which nature has stamped in her boldest cha
racter. And yet Henry A. Wise, in bis cru
sade against Know-Nothingism in Virginia,
used this very feeling, to array the Have ow
ner against the mechanic and laboring man,
by erroneous propositions and statements for
political aggrandizement and party advan
ce.
The institutions of the South are the apple
of the eye and the core of the heart of the
Virginia yeomanry. To protect those institu
:ioD8 in all their pristine purity, and transmit
:hem unimpaired to their children as they re
ceived them from their patriotic sires, is the
ibiding faith of all who have soul enough to
love their hearth-stones ; and he is a traitor
ind a villain who would cause that heart to
irop tears of blood, until the first law of
ielf-pre^ervation asserts her rights, and bids
lim hold. The Virginia mechanic is as firm
is the firmest upon all Questions in which l
Virginia right* and Virginia institutions
are interested, and yet Mr. Wise took occa
sion to use the exercise of a very natural
right, one guaranteed by the constitution and
the bill of rights—the right of petition—to
secure his election, by vilifying and denounc
ing the mechanics of Norfolk and Ports
mouth, because he found them, upon piinci- ;
pie, opposed to hi* election.
The mechanics of the Gosport Navy Yard,
true to the teachings of their fathers—true to
their instincts—true to their ^elf-respect and
inherent pride—true to themselves—petition
ed to the Secretary of tho Navy to abolish (
negro labor in the (jovcrnmnit work-shops (
and navy-yards. They could not maintain i
their natural position of superiority, when
their necessities forced then, in their daily j
occupation, to be cheek by jole with a ne- t
gro, and to protest against this wrong, i
was to be branded by this Democratic candi- I
date of Democratic Virginia, ns traitors, fac- i
tiorists, abolitionists;—but hear this extract
from bis campaign speech in Alexandria,
February 3d, 1*55. *
Speaking of Know-Xotli ingism, be said :— *
“ Hut there is a last and worst element which !
they address, for which, as conservatives, . 1
they can offer me no excuse, and I come to 1
it boldlv. This is the most difficult, and the 1
hardest subject to deal with in a slave-hold
ing community. Gentlemen, the last consti
tutional convcnti n of Virginia, betrayed to
tho North, as well as to ourselves, the impor
tant fact that out of 125,000 voter* in the State
of V irginia, hut 25,000 or 30,000 voters were
slave-holding voters. About one voter in five j
is a slave-holder. I say it boldly, and no j
man will dispute it who has been to Norfolk j I
and Portsmouth, that the last and worst ele- j
moot appealed to, is the agrarian element up- ;
pealing to tho white laborer of the State i ^
against the black laborer of the State. Go > ^
all over the State, and tell me where Know- j j
Nothingism i* rankest and most violent.— p
(Voice in the crowd, “Down on the wharves.") t
I tell you that you will not find it down -
on the wharves a* has been said, and well
said, in the crowd, but you will find it worse j
than any where else, around the wharves of *
Portsmouth and in the Portsmouth Navy !
Y ard. The very men who for ten years have -
been petitioning the Secretary of the Nav^y
to forbid the employment of slave labor (it I _
should have been negro labor) in the Gosport | ^
Navy Yard—the very men who petitioned !
the last convention w’bo framed a new j “
constitution for Virgiuia, to make it part ! ^
>f the organic law of the State, that j &
5la?e qwaers should not allow their slaves l
to be taught the mechanic arts;
are the men who are the hot bed of K',, *
Notbingism. (Voice in the crowd “send th q,
to bell/') American Mrcftumcx! The al ■.
language was used in Democratic Vir^;t
1 by the Democratic Governor. A negr/'.
; good enough, (according to such ar^utn^r.u
as these,) to be made a mechanic of. and ^
pete with the poor white man for the f4v r.
of the General Government, in Iibm atru^. I
for bread, but to make a Lawyer or a 1» t!
■ of him is forbid by Democratic law!
Special law protects the professional
ests to keep up their respectable positi -
while the social condition of the
' class of Jay laborers in the State is but lit: *
1 better, and the physical, infinitely worse thin
the slave of a good master, and yet t»-tr v
I to improve their unhappy erudition i» *
j crime in Virginia, according to modern Lu
1 mocracy. Who are the sustains and «ur
I porters of the burden of this G ivernnisr*
| the 100,CMX) or the 28 or 3U.U00? Say. Mr
Wise, when have the mechanics of the Sut
beeo appealed to in vain to sustain and [■
■ tect her institutions?
When have they been found wanting in
the hour of danger. The post of honor..,
the post of danger, and there you will *
ways find the Virginia Yeomanry and M
chanic, Know Nothing, or w ha? not.
Let demagogues rant and rail us they w ’’
to raise the social scale of the workingmu,
position, and to break down the false h
in which he is held by those who take up m
I themselves the control of public opioion.
i my object. It is that for which 1 have toil*]
American mechanics will you help me iu
this mighty work? Will you sustain th
that sustain your interests? Is there one
among you that would not have M^url
the petition of your brothers in Portsmouth
and Norfolk? I do not believe there is
VIRGINIA MECHANIC.
| CoMMlWlCATED.
Query.
Can “Fill,” who so readily discover*]
“the “ir/iy” of Gov. Pratt's determinati :.
to support the Democratic nominees,” inform
us as to the “trhy” of a like determinati d
on the part of his able colleague, Sen at r
Pearce. That gentlemau, it appears, holds
hie seat until March 3d, 1801; his “tf/iy,"
therefore, according to “Fill's” logic, must
be different from that of Gov. Pratt.
WHIG.
[Com min icateo.
It would doubtless be gratifying to the
numerous frieuds of It. W. Latham esq., io
this region, to publish the following editorial
taken from the Pittsburg Commercial, ut a
recent date:
“Mr. Latham arrived here on Monday last,
io company with Mr. Jno. S. King, one «.!
the contractors, to complete the Pittsburg
and Steubenville Railroad.
At a meeting of the Board yesterday, in
accordance with a previous arrangement,
Mr. Isaac Jones, the President of the compa
ny, voluntarily resigned his office, to take
effect on the 1st October, and Mr. Latham
was uuaniniously elected President of the
Company, as a reward lor the important s*-r
vices which he has rendered iu bringing to a
successful termination the contract to finish,
equip and run the Bond.
We learn that Mr. Latham has been acting
as an assistant in the Banking House of Jo
Thompson, B"*q., New \oik, nearly ever
since the failure of the House of &eldeu,
Withers &Co., of Washington City.
In the failure of Sehleu, Withers &. Co.,
Mr. Latham’s reputation as a negotiator and
financier had suffered very materially, but
whatever damage it may have sustained by
the unfortunate suspension of that llmiso
has been fully repaired by his able and suc
cessful initiation and prosecution of the con
tract which he has made to complete the
Pittsburg and Steubenville Railroad.
It is evident that none but an energetic,
patient and skilful negotiator, could have
made this contract, reconciling the conflict
ing and jarring interests by which the road
was surrounded. We understand the work
will be commenced in a few days, with a
strong force of men, and all except the brii
ges, will be finished in December next."
[CoMMl’MCATFD.
Great Despatch.—A message from Balti
more, for Alexandria, sent to the Telegraph
Office iu Baltimore, on .Saturday last, before
10 o’clock, A. M., was received hero in the
incredibly short space of eight hours and a
naif, reaching its destination at six o’clock, I*.
M! What an accommodation ! How could
people transact business without this light
r»iikj express which can convey messages 4 »
miles in eight hour*9 \ IC.
r* « v i % «
ASH IS BETTER THAN CREDIT— K.
VV. ROBINSON, will from fhi* date mal e
l deduction of five per cent. <*n all Dill** made
a*ith him, believing that tnis arrangement vvtil
»uit his customers better than allowing them to
itand until the end of the year, a* by it they
make the 0 percent, liis wish is to curtail the
credit system, whicb must be accomplish***!
He has appointed Mr James C. Hoods to colled
ill accounts due him to July 1. lSbri.
aug f)—tt
1JAUQUIER SCHOOL.—The next s*s*ion
* of my School will commence the Dt ui
September, and close the latter part *>t Jure.
Ancient and Modern Languages, MatbemaV;,
tc., are taught; and pupils prepared with
'ial reference to the completion ol their edu< a
ion at the University.
Tkrmb —Two hundred dollars for the-*&*ion,
ncludirig everything necessary, except light* m
he dormitories, and payable one halt in ad
ance. and the other on the first of February'
•’or Circulars, address me at Middlebnrg. Lou
loun County. VV . VV. '1
Uni v krsity ok Virginia, Jan. IS, |S.r»*J.
Mr. Willoughby W Tebbs, a graduate in sev*
ral schools of the University, specifically,
n all the subjects he professes to teach, and
laving had considerable experience in giving
nstruction to young gentlemen preparing loi
he University, is cordially recommended b> the
indersigned, as being every w ay uncommonly
yell qualified to conduct a Classical and Math*
uatical Academy.
HtbaNEU Hamhibon. Prof. Ancient Languages,
Wsi. H. McGuffe Y, Prof. Moral i’luiosophy,
M. Schelk Dk V eer, Prof. Modern Languages,
Jso. B. Minor. Prof, of Law,
J. L. Cabell. Prof. Physiology and Surgery,
Francis U. Sshth. Prof. Nat. Philosophy,
1 graduated in Mathematics under the late
'rot. Courtenay.
jy 21—eo2m W. W. TEBBS.
^1APON SPRINGS.—Manassas Gak R K.
j Office. July 1, lS.Vi.—Route—Orange and
Jexandria Railioad at 7 A. M., to Manassas
unction—Manassas train to Strasburg—Kemp a
ne of stages to Capon—arriving at the Spring*
y 5 o’clock in the afternoon. jy 2—‘-cm
PERUVIAN GUANO-We have received.
and are daily expecting a full supply of
lo. 1 PERUVIAN GUANO, from which we
aall be able to furnish sur Customers at the
tarket rate, fmh 2s—dtfl FOWLS A CO
For sale .—two thomghfcrrri bi ll
CALVES, of the celebrated Alderney
reed, from Cows imported by me in 1S65.
jy 19—eotf GEO. 1). FOM LL.
I |RS. KING.sFOKDS SEMINARY, Alex
andria, Vihuhia—The exercises ot thi*
chool will be resumed on Wednesday, October
st, 1&56. tug 2—eolm

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