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Alexandria gazette. (Alexandria, D.C.) 1834-1974, August 14, 1856, Image 2

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85025007/1856-08-14/ed-1/seq-2/

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PUBLISHED DAILY AND TRI-WKRKLY BY
_KODAK SNOWUKN.
ALEXANDRIA:
THURSDAY MORNING, AUGUST 14, lNf»6.
lit the previous national political contests
in this country, the question of siinvw.*, gen
erally has had weight in the determination
of the election—and to show that a candidate
has the best chance of gaining the prize, is to
place the prize much nearer to his grasp, ii
not absolutely to band it over to his posses
sion. We do not speak now of the propriety
of this state of things, however much we may
object to such a condition of parties as can
render it tolerable. It is, certainly, as a rule,
not creditable to the country. There must
be a lack of high toned principle in politics,
in ordinary cases, when votes are obtained,
because by voting in a particular way, those
who give them will be able to belong to the
majority and swim with the current. AN e
will gladly accept the excuse that this is not
applicable to the great mass of the people,
however it may be true of some politicians,
and that the proportion is as hundreds to
thousands who think and act differently.—
Nevertheless, this question as to the chances
of success is an element in our party couteets,
and we must deal with it practically, and
look at it, however we may lament its exis
tence, and condemn its appearance. And
we remember no Presidential canvass when
it was so much urged, and so much relied on,
as in the present one. Indeed, our roost dis
tinguished men, and some, too, on whom we
have hitherto placed the greatest reliance,
and in whose judgments we have most confi
ded, make the calculation of chances the
basis of their political action. Directly after
Mr. Fillmore's nomination, for example, his
prospects looked blue enough, and we con
stantly saw appeals to his friends, and those
who thought his election would be best for
the country, to withdraw from his support,
on the ground that he could not be elected.
A re-action took place—his prospects bright
ened, and then similar appeals were made to
the friends of another candidate to desert
him, not on principle, but because his chances
looked hopeless. Again, since the adverse
termination of the State elections in Ken
tucky and North Carolina, and a cloud,
temporary we hope, has again passed over
Mr. Fillmore, his friends are once more ur
gently exhorted to drop him, because bis op
ponents would have them believe, he is in
the minority. Thus the see saw is kept up
—and thus each party seeks to make capital
o ut of the presumed weakness of its antago
nist. There is this to be said, however, in
justification of this pbaxe of party, at this
time. It is not now a fair, open fight, between
tfo great contending national parties—but
a dangerous and insidious foe has taken the
field, whose ranks are to be strengthened by
recruits from the national parties—and these
latter, much as they are opposed to each
other, would, for the most part, prefer to see
the triumph of their regular adversaries,
than the success of this faction, detestable
alike in the motives which impel it to action,
and in the end which it seeks to accomplish,
lienee, the chance of defeating it by concen
trating upon another, becomes, comparative
ly, a legitimate, and fair subject of inquiry.
As much as we prefer Mr. Fillmore, as ar
dently as we desire his election, we would
rather see him defeated than 6ee 1 reiuont
elected. We happen to think, however, that
the surest way of defeating 1 remont, is to
unite upon Mr. Fillmore—others thiuk dif
ferently,—and so it runs. In the mean
time, the condition of many, in the uncer
tainty of future events, is rather ludicrous.
«>■ -«a 1_ V. I _ .I! iviMiOrn.
mere Win aiwajra -
ments, “waiters upon Providence”—men
who look at the movements of parties only
to see which side is the strongest, and to
take their positions accordingly. There are
iq unusual number of these sort of people in
the Northern states, especially, just at this
period in our political history. They re
semble the French villagers, that Paul Louis
Courier tells his pleasant story about, who
annoyed at the frequent changes of govern
ment which had taken place, in their eoun
try, as far as they could see, without rhyme
or reason, and with which they had nothing
to do, except being compelled to about the
part y cry of the day, at last met in solemn
council and resolv’ed tbat-“seeing the ex
treme difficulty of knowing at what precise
time either Vive le Roi, Vive la Republique,
V ive PEmpereur, or Vive any tiling else,
was quite appropriate, it would be advisable
until further notice, to abstain from shouting
at all.” And it may be added, for the con
solation, if not edification of those to whom
the story is applicable, that the same au
thority on which it is given, states that the
decision gave great satisfaction, and beiog
rigorously acted upon, acquired for the vil
lagers an immense reputation for solid sense
and sound discernment, so that it was likely
their example would soon be very generally
followed.” m
The Miners* Journal of Saturday, publish
ed in the very centre of the Schuylkill Coal
trade, urgee the proeeee abroad to call the
attention of the consumers to the state of the
coal trade, if they want to keep prices down
to a moderate rate next winter. The trade
ie absolutely languishing for the want of de
mand; notwithstanding the large deficiency
—everybody appears to be holding back ex
pecting coal to be still lower—in a few weeks
longer the real state of the trade will begin
to be realised, and then there will be a gene
ral rush—ap will go the prices of both freight
and tolls—and the price of coal will also go
up to a corresponding rate. Those who have
the means ought to lay 10 their stocks now
they can save few £0 to 75 cents P* Wn in
t
The N. York Courier and Enquirer says
that at least half of that class of articles
• L* 1
known as fancy goods, in common use m this
country, are manufactured in American
workshops. Reticules and porte-monnaiee
were imported altogether a few years ago.—
Now the American manufactured articles
are regarded as superior, and the importa
tion of them has entirely ceased. The man
ufacture of jewelry and silver ware, we have
long known, is carried on in this country to
an extent that places us in a position quite
independent of importation. In toys, also,
—l»y no means an unimportant branch of
trade—American manufactures have made
great progress, and in a measure supplanted
the imported articles. In fact, there is a
considerable exportation yearly. We are
without competition in toys manufactured
from India rubber, which form the principal
export. __
A letter to the St. Louis Republican, dated
Whitehead, (Kansas,) 4tu instant, reports
the commencement of the session of the Uni
ted States district court, Judge Lecorapte
presiding. The cases before the court were
numerous. It was reported that 500 of Lane 8
troops were ready to rescue the convicted
parties. On the strength of this rumor Gen.
Smith sent fifty dragoons to enforce the de
crees of the court. _
The unfavorable news for the next crop
from nearly all the sugar-growing countries,
and the Known bad prospects of the Louisiana
crops, have opened the contract fever early
this year. The New York Post says that a
number of crops liavo been contracted for at
various prices, which it reports at from $21 to
$23 per box of 1G and 1G1 arrobes, all with
more or less heavy cash advances.
The Cumberland Civilian says: “The Ca
nal is in excellent boating order. There is
as yet, an abundance of water, and at this
city it is now freely running over the dam.
Great activity prevails amongst the boatmen,
and for the last week the unprecedented num
ber of 125 boats descended the canal, carry
ing 12,397.05 tons of coal.”
Alexander L. Boggs, esq., for many years
a prominent, active and enterprising mer
chant in Baltimore, and a most estimable
man in all the relations of private life, died
on Tuesday, after a protracted illness, and
his demise will cause deep sorrow to a large
circle of his friends. __
The house of Horace Williams of East
Hartford, Ct., was struck by lightning on
Friday, although it was protected by three
rods, but a tip of one was beut and might
have been struck. The fluid made a large
hole in the house, and passed through to a
shed with a metal covering, which it crossed.
The yellow fever barricade at Staten Is
land is scrupulously maintained. Citizens
with muskets, acting by the authority of the
Board of Health, and the Stapleton Vigilance
Committee, pace to and fro, ready to present
arms to all who may attempt to communi
cate with the Marine Hospital.
—- 1 "* •
Advices from Maderia to the 23d of July,
received via England, report that the United
States sloop-of-war Jamestown was then at
that port, all well. From the same direction
we learn that the United States corvette Con
stellation was at Gibraltar on the 17th ult.
The ninth annual exhibition of the Mary
land State Agricultural Society, will be held
at the grounds of the Society, on Charles
street, Baltimore, on Tuesday, Wednesday,
Thursday and Friday, commencing on the
21st and closing on the 24th of October.
A meeting of European refugees in New
York, was held on Saturday, io order to per
fect measures to enable the revolutionists in
this country to depart for Europe on the first
sigus of a revolution. Abut three hundred
persons, mostly Frenchmen, were in atten
dance. __ _
The State Democratic Central Committee
have recently made the followiug appoint
ment:— Lucien B. Norvall, of Frince William
county, a member of said Committee, in
place of James Barbour, resigned.
The Natioual Intelligencer says, “wo anti
cipate a speedy adjustment in regard to the
appropriation bills, and a harmonious termi
nation of the session of Congress on the day
appointed.” _ _ _
Every where the late rains have improved
the growing Corn, and a good yield is now
generally expected, in almost all sections of
the country—with tbeexceptionof some coun
ties in the Southern states.
Mr. George R. Morris, a well-known and
highly esteemed citizen of \ork, Pa., died
very suddenly at the Warm Sprinzs, Adams
county, Pa., on Monday last, of apoplexy.
The widow of Lord Byron is yet alive and
hearty. She has recently purchased the
residence of the late poet, Rogers, in Lon
don. _
A moog the graduates of \ ale, this session,
we note the name of Robert M. Baker, of
W inchester._^
A National Convention of instructors of
the I>eaf and Dumb, was to assemble at the
institution in Staunton, A a., yesterday.
Surprise Parlies*
Of 1 ate a very novel and questionable sort
of amusement has become fashionable.
Several friends and acquaintances inform
each other that they intend to drop in and
take tea with Mr. and Mrs. B;-• The
familv are surprised and astonished to find
fifteen or twenty friends and acquaintances
in the house who have called to take tea.—
The tea chest is just exhausted—not a bit of
cake in the pantry—not a loaf of bread in
the grocery, and not enough cups and sauoers
and teaspoons to go round. What a pack of
trouble the poor woman is in. She’d give
h©p wedding gown if she had only known of
their coming. There is a mighty deal of
fun in these surprise parties, and a great deal
of annoyance and bad feelings. The day
before yesterday a very unpleasant incident
occurred at one of these parties. A mer
chant who has heretofore held a respectable
position in society has selected by some
friends to call on. It was a surprise party
indeed to all concerned. They found the
husband insensible from the effects of liquor,
Ivin* on the ball stairs, and his wife with
a bruised face and black aye, bathing Ins
tamtlw wilh ice water. How many web
scenes occur unknown to the world.—Albany
Knickerbocker.
Our Present Naturalization L»ws.
Tbe speech of Senator Adame, of Missis
sippi, on the bill to change the naturalisation
laws, contains tbe following statement. In
answer to inquiries of Henry Poulscr, agent,
residing in New York, Mr. Adams received
the following:
411 have frequently been present as an in
terpreter, during tbe process of naturalization;
tbe instances of persons applying to be natu
ralized who are wholly ignorant of the Eng
lish language are frequent; and though they
understand the terms of the oath, when trans
lated to them in words, yet they were fre
quently unable to comprehend the meaning
of said oath; and there are now hundreds of
Germans who have been admitted citizens
who do not understand the English language,
or the meaning of the oaths to which they
have been sworn ; and as to the principles of
the Constitution of the United States, they
have no knowledge or comprehension ot
them. Many of them are aged persons, with
out any education, and who are naturalized
at the solicitation of others, and without any
desire of their own, merely to become the
tools of political parties. I have been asked
to interpret the oaths, and my interpretation
has beeu received without having been
sworn.”
4*It is a general practice to advertise ia Ger
man papers in this city that all Germans
wishing to be naturalized should applv to
the German committee at Tammany Hall,
where they will receive naturalization gratis.
I am well informed that it is the practice
previous to elections, for persons employed
for that purpose by Tammany Hall, to call
on the Germans and to persuade them to be
naturalized, and I have learned, in their gen
eral conversation, that it is often the case
that the certificates of naturalization are kept
by said committee until the day of election,
when they are handed to the parties to be
presented by them at the polls, they being
accompanied there by some ono of the said
committee.”
Similar proceedings take place in every
large city of tbe Union, by winch thousands
of foreigners are annually converted into cit
izens aud made to vote without knowing lor
whom or for what they are voting, and en
tirely indifferent as to the result of their ac
tion. In fact, the foreign voters of the coun
try have elected our Presidents and control
led the course of public events. The Ameri
can people have long complaiued of this
improper influence, but never ustil recently
have made a combined effort to check it, by
putting a restriction upon the nght to be
come citizens. The movement for this pur
pose must and will succeed. It it felt to ho
indispensable to the public safety, and to the
preservation of our republican system of go
vernment. When it is considered,too, that
this mass of ignorance is now turnei against
tho South, the grievance becomes ten-fold
greater. Hut we shall not despair $f seeing
the Democratic party, before Jong, jome to
the assistance of the conservative inci of the
country, in arresting and redrossiig this
monster evil. The remedy would con* with
peculiar propriety from them, since tin evil
has its main source in the policy they have
pursued.—Lynchburg 1 irginum.
Complaint! from the Party,
The Charleston Mercury, one of the most
distinguished organs of Southern Democratic
sentiment and principle, breaks forth into the
following wail.
“The Democratic leaders in Congress seem
to be smitten with that madness which is said
to be tho fore runner of destruction. In the
faoe of its oft-asserted principles, the vetoes
of its President, the warning of its friends,
and the perils of the coming canvass, the
party still persists in passing bill after hill
for Internal Improvements. The telegraph
informs us, that the Seoate has already
passed “sixteen hills” for this single purpose.
Without any report upon the facts, and in
some cases, without estimates of cost, the
Committee in the Senate, composed chiefly
of Democrats, recommended the appropria
tions which have passed that body. What
does this conduct on the part of the Demo
cratic party in Congress moan? Do its lead
ers intend to disgust the whole country by
the unblushing betrayal of principle, in the
eager scramble for spoils? Are they so ig
norant of the positions of their party,
threatened as it is with formidable opposi
tion on every side, that they th us recklessly
trample under foot their pledges freshly
made at Cincinnati? No party can long sur
vive its principle*. Plunder, if it be a bond
of cohesion, is also, and more inevitably, a
fatal poison. It destroys public confidence
in a party, perverts its counsols into the
wranglings of avarice, degrades its spirt, and
makes it the short-lived contemptible instru
ment of personal aggrandisement. Towards
this fate is the Democratic party tending.—
At a time when it should bear its faith most
loftily, and assert, in the teeth of its enemies,
the principles of its fathers,—when itshould
aspire to stand out iu the “sea of troubles”
a shining and steady light, to cheer the hopes
and guide the steps of true men iu every
section—at suoh a time, we find its leaders
rivalling each other in the l>etrayal of prin
ciple, and striking down all who hold up the
ancient standards. It is not enough, that its
constantly repeated pledges of Free Trade
stand unredeemed, while tho South suffers
• • rat • id* W f «
by the exactions ol an oaious jann. ivm
enough, that its compromises with Abolition
have turned out a farce and delusion. Not
enough that popular sovereignty and the
Nebraska bill are set aside by Douglas’s pa
eifieation bill, calling lor “Congressional in
tervention,M but as if to make the name of
Democracy the synonyme of faithlessness
and corruption, and to expose the falsity ol
its claim to be the party of principle, its
leaders plunge the Government into extrav
agant expenditures on the wildest objects.”
Baltimore City Council*
It will be scon by the proceedings of the
First Branch, that another stampede took
place yesterday afternoon by five of the Dem
ocrats* These men, supposing themselves to
be in a minority on a question now before
that body—to correct the division of the
Wards—are unwilling to meet a vote, and in
order to defeat it retire from the Branch as
soon as the reading is called for, so as to
leave it without a .quorum. Such conduct is
disreputable, especially in those who boast
themselves the champions of Democracy, one
of the Leading features of which is that the
majority shall govern. By the action of these
recusants all legislation is shopped, a°d an
adjournment sine die can never be reached—
for, without a quorum, the Branch must ad
journ from day to day. Then see tho unne
cessary expense the city is incurring. These
men occupy their seats some fifteen minutes,
claim their per diem, and then go off, so that
no business can be transacted by those who
are anxious to get through with the impor
tant and vital matters requiring their atten
tion, and adjourn sine die,—Balt. Pat.
Mormoalsm tu New Jersey.
A correspondent of the Newark Adverti
ser states that a Mormon church is in full
operation in Ocean county. The number of
converts is quite large and increasing, The
writer says;
“They maintain all the tenets of the Mor
mon Church stoutly. They have preachers
resident here, and priests of a higher grade
frequently visiting them from Salt Lake City,
and from New York. Although prevented
bylaw from openly practising polygamy here,
they warmly defend and advocate it, and
that by a course and style of argument not
at all calculated, I assure you, to elevate the
morals of the place. Large numbers of both
sexes attend their Cborcb, and they are pro
selyting very fast—particularly amongst t be
young i*eo#ff4 woupo.”
“The School of Athens. ”
We find the following notice in a late
number of the London Herald of this paint
ing, which has been purchased for the Uni
versity of Virginia, and which Mr. Pratt is
now exhibiting in London. We understand
it will be brought to this country very soon,
and will be exhibited in some of our cities
prior to its removal to the University.—Rich*
Whig.
Yesterday afternoon a private exhibition
of M. Paul Baize’s celebrated J'ac simile of
Raphael’s masterpiece of the “School of
Athens,” was given by Mr. Pepper, at the
above institution. This copy was painted
by M. Baize for the University of Virginia,
United States. It is of gigantic siz*», con
taining upwards of 700 square feet of can
vass. In it there are 58 life size figures of
the most celebrated of the early Greek philo
sophers. Mr. William A. Pratt, the agent
of the University, in whoso charge the pic
ture is, intends giving a course of five lec
tures, illustrative of it, during its exhibition
in the institution. The first of those lec
tures was delivered last evening, the subject
being “Athenian Philosophy illustrated in
the Persons of her Sages.” Mr. Pepper, in
introducing Mr. Pratt to the audience, stated
that this pictures owes its origin to the
French commission appointed by M. Theirs
in 18)18, to recommend some competent artist
to make accurate copies of the masterpieces
of Raphael, so that in case of fire or other
accident destroying the originals these won
derful productions might not bo entirely lost
to mankind. Upon the recommendation of
that commission M. Baize, an artist of some
celebrity, was engaged by the French gov
ernment to undertake the task. That gen
tleman spent no less a period than twelve
years in completing the work, but so suc
cessfully had he labored that he received
testimonials from Horace A ernet and many
other painters of note, stating that so excel
lent was tho execution that the picture might
readily pass as a doubtful original. The
University of Arirginia, anxious to possess so
good au imitation of the great masterpiece,
prevailed upon M. Baize to paint another,
which, upon its completion, was considered
by the most competent judges to be in no re
spect inferior to the first. The illustrative
lecture, which was delivered in verse, gave
a short biographical sketch of the lives of
the philosophers represented in the painting.
Though the glances at each individual were
necessarily short, yet they were sufficiently
explicit to render the general character of
rha work intelligible.
I The lecture itself was delivered with some
force, and in some parts displayed poetical
beauties of no ordinary class. At its con
clusion Mr. Pratt was received with a very
liberal round of applause from the audience.
The ensuing lectures, though ostensibly
illustrative of the picture, embrace subjects
of A' far more philosophical character—
namely, the second, to be delivered this •
evening, will be upon “Philosophy, its in
fluence on the spread of Christianity under
the preaching of St. Paul.” The third, up
on “Music and Poetry, as influenced by the
Creek schools.” Fourth, “Tho Arts as ex
emplified in Athens.” Fifth, “The Julian
age immortalized as the period of Raphael's
labors.” The picture, as a work of art, is
well worthy of a visit, and the philosophic
lectures of Mr. Pratt cannot but prove an
additional attraction.
Remorse of Conscience*
John 0. Lawler, a young man aged twen
ty eight, who had recently become a soldier
onBedlow’s Island, (New York) a few days
ago wrote to the Chief of Police that il an
officer was sent for him he would reveal the
facts of a murder. The Chief having sent
for the man, he proceeded to state that ho
had in 1852, while a schoolmaster in the work
house of Rathdrum, Wicklow county, Ire
land, became enamored with a girl named
Mary Dunn. While walking with her one
evening by the side of a small river at that
place he made proposals, which were rejec
ted, and he then committed an assault, which
be feared she would complain of, ami con
sign him to prison for many years. To
avoid the exposure ultimate, he watched his
opportunity and threw her into the stream.—
She was drowned, but her murderer was
never known until this confession. The
murder has ever since haunted him, harassed
bis mind, and rendered him one of the most
miserable beings, and he finally resolved to
relieve his mind and risk the consequences.
He is held for examination, and will proba
bly be sent to Ireland under the Ashburton
treaty.—Ar. V. Courier.
Tlie (*rent«8| Wonder Vef,
Calvin Edson, and all the fat women,
dwarfs and giants are eclipsed by a mat! now
on exhibition at Havana, who was born with
out either legs or arms, but who having te
naciously set himself to work to conquer the
inconveniences naturally consequent upon
such deprivation, has made himself a won
der by the variety of his feats. Among oth
er things, he announces that he is able to
spit! atop with such perfection that it will
hit any spot named, to spin a dollar over a
table, to throw a sling, to take a sixpence
from a table and put it in bis left ear and
take it out again, to make a knot with a hal- !
ter, to thread a needle, to ascend and descend
r ladder, to uncork a hottlo with a Cork
screw, to load a fowling piece and kill any
thing designated, or put out a candle with a
simple wad—quite wonders enough for a man
without either legs or arms.
Black Republicanism.
The True American, a black-republican or
gan in Erie country, Pennsylvania, iu com
menting upon a speech delivered at a demo
cratic meeting, says:
“This twaddle about the t§ Union” and its
> (serration' is too silly ami sickening for any
good effect. We think that the hhetty of a
single stare is worth more than am. the U
nions God’s universe can h«»i.i>!*'
In the above atrocious sentiment we bare
a beautiful illustration of the preponderating
negro-worshipping feature of black republi
canism. In the opinion of the danng »gwes, fa
natics, and madmen who have nominated Mr.
Fremont for the presidency, one negro is of
more consequence than the safety and per
petuity of our glorious Union. — inion.
The Administration and Kansas Affairs.
The Washington correspondents assert that
the administration is taking tho back track
in relation to Kansas affairs. The corres
pondent of the New York Herald, under date
of Monday says: —
“The President some time since requested
the two judges in Kansas Territory, Lecompte
and Cato, to resign. They failed to comply
with bis wishes, and I learn thi3 evening that
he has removed them ; and, further, that
prosecutions against citizens of Kansas for
treason and other crimes are all to be quash
ed. This course has been pursued at tho re
quest of Col. Geary, the new Governor, who
informed the President that he would not ac
cept the position unless he (Pierce) would
agree to the above/*
Artificial Granite.
The Rochester Union says: “We have
seen some specimens of this article for build
ing purposes, which have a durable appear
ance, besides being handsome. The ‘granite’
is made of a composition of sand and lime.
Thorough chemical tests have proven its in
destructibility. It is moulded in blocks of
! five times tho size of common bricks, and in
i admirable shape for building. Each block
baa a mortice through it, so as to pass a cur
rent of air through the centre of the entire
wall of the buildiog, and thus prevent frost
from entering. The cost of the article, even
in New York, is said to be far lew than
brick*; and it pap be laid mpre rapidly/'
Pulpit Eloquence.—[Selected.
Ono must be struck very forcibly with the
inferior grade of sermons which are now in
vogue. A fine sermon is the rarest of things
with which we now-a-days meet. For the
most part, the productions of our ablest Di
vine* are tame, common place and dry.—
There is a sad want of vitality iu most of
them that reminds us of toe departure, in
large measure, of eloquence from the Pulpit.
How seldom do we listen to discourses rich
in illustration, ripe in Biblical scholarship,
chaste in style, and delived in a telling and
impassioned manner? Instead of these, is it
not too frequently the case that thero is no ani
mus in the manner of the preacher, no felici
ty of illustration in his sermon, no evidence
of deep research, no brilliant passages of
wooing invitation to the sin-stricken, and no
noble strokes of blasting satire levelled against
the empire of darkness. One is almost com
pelled to exclaim, after listening to the long,
dry and doleful discourses of the preseutday,
the age of eloquence is gone! The firery iu*
vective and graceful periods of Chalmers, the
splendid imagery and excited gesture of
Massillon, the massive argument and iron
logic of Whitfield, the gentle manner and
persuasive tone of Edwards, all seem to find
few followers now-a-days. There arc, howev
er, some exceptions. Bishop Johns, Bishop
Pearce, Doctor Plumer and Doctor Way*
land will not suffer materially in comparison
with their distinguished predecessors.
The dearth in the pulpit eloquence of this
country is suggestive. There must be some
adequate cause, and if we will look carelully
into this matter we will discovor the true ori
gin. It cannot be that America is too barren
to produce the requisite taleut. Her history
shows that she has produced as great men as
any of whom the old world can boast—men
wdiose memories will last as long as the lan
guage io which their glorious epitaphs are
written. The true cause, as it appears to
us, may he sumed up in one short sen
tence. Our ministers have too much to
do. It is idlo to suppose that a good sermon
is an easy task. The experience of the most
eminent Divines in the New’ and Old wrorld
disproves such an assumption. Onr ministers
are required to preach twice and even three
times during the week. Add to this the du
ties of the pastor, and the frequent calls up
them on funeral occasions, and we arrive at
the present comparatively low standard of elo
ouenee in our pulpits. The simple truth is,
we expect them to do moro work than they
are able, either mentally or physically to ac
complish. It would be well for our congre
gations to keep in mind that it is one tiling to
hear, and quite another to originate a good
discourse. Ministers are men as well asour
eelvs, subject to the same fatigue of raiud
and body, and not even the largest amount
of grace cun enable them to perform impossi
bi 111ios. ■— l\tersbury lkm.
The Price of Money.
“If he had carefully examined the history
of money, and compared the periods ot high
and low prices in this country ami else
where, he would have discovered that inter
est is always high when and where the
prices of property are high. In other
words, interest is always dear where money
is cheap. Gold runs away from those coun
tries where interest is high, to countries
where interest is low, and llies from paper
money as mankind ilee from a pestilence.
We can do nothing so effectual to raise the
rate of interest, as to increase the quantity
of money, whether metallic or paper; but
more especially of paper, for that is debt,
having the preference of every other debt.
It is the debt of institutions holding the
purse-strings of society; in every adverse
state of the exchanges, turning the screw
upon all other debtors, and raising the rates
of interest with irresistible power. Califor
nia furnishes an example of a high rate of
interest with a plenty of gold, and conse
quent higti prices of property. Our Atlan
tic States, where money is made plenty with
paper, come next, and the rate of interest
continues to decline successively, in Eng
land, France, &c., to those German Stales
and those Eastern countries, where money
is the least abundant, but exclusively metal
lic and most valueless, and the precious me
tals are travelling in the direction indicated
by the declining rate of interest with the
steadiness that belongs only to the operation
of a natural law.”—llvnt's Merchant.v* May.
The Czar'i Coronation.
We read in the Berlin (July -4) corres
pondence of the London Times :
“ The programme for the popular festivi
ties that are to accompany the coronation in
Moscow, lmb already received the sanction of
the Emperor in the form in which it has been
drawn up by the director of the Imperial
Theatres, Gucdeanoff*. In addition to other
provisions for the entertainment of those as
sembled in the old Russian capital, there will
be companies of Russian, G.rman and french
actors, and Italian opera singers. Among
the numerous crowd of applications for Gov
ernment concessions, the French are in all
branches of enterprise the most favored. A
French company, for instance, has received
the permission to erect a Urge bazaar for ar
ticles of art, luxury, and general trade on one
.. . i _ _• .I . ....... ,.r
01 me largUM opcu puics III mo lunu Vi
Moscow; the building is to be somewhat ol
the shape of a tent, with glass sides and glass
rojf, and is to communicate with uu estab
lishment for refreshments and a coffee house.
“ With reference to the approaching coro
nation, the Emperor lias selected 27 pages
from out ot the highest Russian, German,
Finnish, and even Oriental families; the mini
her of horses from the Imperial studs which
are now in course ot being forwarded to Mos
cow for the purposes of the pageant amounts
to 20U.
Kimiii |)le.
There is not, says the Albany Statesman,
a nobler example for a young man than
Millard Fillmore, lie was a pour boy. lie
went to a trade, learned it, and became a
clothier, llis intellectual thirst led him to
read and acquire knowledge. He studied
law. Too modest, as he himself declares,
to begin the practice in Buffalo, he moved
into a countiy place hard by. Having ac
quired confidence and some experience, be
returned to Buffalo. He rose by degrees in
his profession. Whatever he undertook he
did well, and was faithful to every trust.—
Asking not distinction nor honors, they were
showered upon him. He proved himself
equal to every station and trust, and thus
proved his real greatness. This day he
stands out undeniably, taken all in all, the
first man in the nation. The whole range
of personal and political history docs not
furnish another example so full of encour
agement and instruction as the simple narra
tive of Millard Fillmore's life. Young men
may well study it with pride.
One Farm Equal lo Three.
In a recent address before the Ohio State
Agricultural Society, G. T. Stewart esq., thus
spoke on this subject:
“Many farmers are destroying the pro
ductiveness of their farms by shallow work.
As thoy find that their crops are diminish
ing, they think onjy of extending their acres
of surface, as they think their title deeds
only give them a right to six incites of earth.
If they will take their deeds, study their
meaning, and apply the lesson to their fields,
they will soon realize in three fold crops,
that the law has given them three farm where
they had supposed they had only one; in oth
er words, that the subsoil brought up and
combined with top soil, and enriched in the
atmospheric influences, and those other ele
ments which agricultural science teaches
them to apply to their ground, will inorease
three fold the measure of its productireneee.
Tht presidential Kltclles.
Wo have reviewed all our presidential elec
tions. There is not in the history of man so
convincing an exhibition of the capacity for
self government as the election by this people
of successive chief magistrates; the formation
of seventeen administrations; and “the abso
lute acquiescence” of all to the will of the ma
jority. These administrations have consisted
of illustrious citizens, wisely selected from
different sections, who would have been or
naments of any country, and who have con
ducted both our domestic and onr foreign
affairs with an unequalled administrative
ability. The national spirit which has gov
erned the elections and the selection of the
cabinets has been a substantial renewal,
every four years, of the spirit ot compromise
which called iuto existence the constitution
and the Union. .
A party now comes forward upon a basis
that must necessarily change this national
policy. It is not correct to say that this is
the first appearance of such a party. Such
a formation was advocated at the north forty
years ago; but the project met with stern con
demnation from the good sense, the intelli
gence, and the patriotism of the people.
Such a party was formed in 1848, but it did
not get an electoral vote for its presidential
candidates. It appears now, for the first
time, as a formidable combination. For the
first time a sectional party assumes a general
northern aspect. For the first time the aw
ful appeals to local passions and seusibilities;
to local pride and prejudices; the whole role
of sectional exasperation, has been made
available to form a wide, compact, solid sec
tional party. The success of such a party,
in the change it would create in the adminis
tration of national affairs, would threaten
the most alarming consequences.
Such a result, the triumph of such a par
ty, and the inauguration of ultra measures,
could not fail to alienate one portion of our
country from the rest; could not fail to enfee
ble the sacred ties that uow link together the
various parts of this common land; yea,
could not fail to destroy that union which is
the palladium of our safety and prosperity;
which is our strength in war and our bene
diction in peace.
The severest condemnation of this fearful
northern sectional party is, that Jofferson,
Madison, Washington—the whole of the il
lustrious founders of the republic—have leit
on record burning words against it. The na
tional spirit of their entire action is against
it 'Choir ulmln thought and whole lives
“indignantly frown" upon it. And if such
authority has speech for to-day at all, it calls
upon the people, by every patriotic considera
tion, to regard it as a paramount duty to
cast an influence against this mischievous
sectional party; and so act as to maiutain the
compromises of the Constitution, and to
transmit to afar distant posterity, the incal
culable blesings of tbe American Union.—
Boston Post.
Wood Saving for Steam Engines*
Mr. Win. Wiggins, an engineman on the Pa
cific Railroad, has been for some time experi
menting to see bow far be could reduce the
cost of running bis engine, and has at last
found that he can run one hundred and twen
ty-five miles with one cord ot wood. This
statement being ridiculed by those who sup
posed themselves experts, Mr. Wm. M. Mc
Pherson, the President of the road, examin
ed into the case, and makes the following
statement:
“ Last Wednesday, I had occasion to visit
Jefferson City, and I determined to see tbe
experiment tested, and to see that it was fair
ly tested, i therefore requested Mr. Ceorge
Trask, who is no way connected with the
running department of the road, and as you
know, a reliable man, to go out to the ma
chine shop and sec the wood measured and
put in the tank, to see that it was fairly mea
sured, and that no other wood was aboard; to
allow Mr. Wiggins to use sufficient wood in
addition for one tire to run the train down to
the depot, (one and a half miles) and direc
ted that the train should come down early
euough to allow the tire to bum down before
tbe hour of starting.
Mr. Trask saw the wood measured, rode on
the train, saw that no more was put on board,
ami the train stood at tbe depot eighteen
minutes before starting, so that the tire had
to be supplied with wood when we started.—
I then got on to the engine to see that the
test was fairly made, and rode all the way to
Jefferson City. The train stopped at all the
way stations to put on the mails and passen
gers, and arriving at Jefferson City in §oven
hours (regular time,) and burning one cord
of wood, distance one hundred and twenty
live miles. The train consisted of three pas
senger and one baggage and express cars
carrying one hundred and six passengers, the
mails, Adams A Co’s Kxpress freight and
passengers’ baggage.
In the first forty-five miles the maximum
grade is forty-five feet to the mile, and there
are two l«»ng grades to ascend, the remaining
eighty miles varying from ten to twenty feet
per mile, hut is all on an ascending grade,
and the great amount of curvature on this
r<*ad requires additional power to overcome
ihe friction.
The wood used was ordinary oak wood, and
I the engine was the Mississippi, No. 'J, built
j by Rogers Ketch tun A* (Jrovenor, of Paterson,
V uiir .Licunv Anvinn twAiitv
V,T v v> ” -n v # f
eight tons; size of driving wheels, five feet six
inches. The engine is a very fine one. Hut
the feat proves Mr. Wiggins to be master of
his business, and if any other engineman in
the country can e<jual this, 1 should like to
hear of it."
Treaty with the Sandwich Islands.
This treaty, which is before the Senate for
ratification, proposes to admit the following
products of the Islands into the United
States free of duty :
Muscovado, brown, clayed, and all other
refined sugars, syrups of sugar, molasses;
coffee: arrow root; live stock and animals of
all kinds; cotton, unmanufactured; seeds and
vegetables not preserved; poultry, eggs,
plants, shrubs and trees; pelts, wool unman
ufactured; rags; hides, furs, skius, undres
sed; hotter, tallow.
And the bdlowing products of the Uoited
States into the Sandwich Islands free of duty:
Flour nod wheat; fish of all kinds; coal,
timber and lumber of all kinds, round,
hewed and sawed, unmanufactured in whole
or in part; staves and heading: cotton, un
manufactured; seeds and vegetables not pre
served; undried fruits not preserved; poultry,
eggs; plants, shrubs and trees; pelts, wool,
unmanufactured; rags; hides, furs, skins,
undressed; butter, tallow.
i
A Singular Coincide nee.
We visited a few days since, a spot render
ed somewhat memorable as having been the
scene of a duel between two of Kentucky's
sons. The position of the duelists, about
eight paces, was marked by two trees, oue ot
which hears the initials of one of the party's
entire name cut into the hark, the other
hears only the initial of the last name of the
other party. The tree under which the par
ty stood who was killed, is dead, haring as
we are credibly informed gradually decayed
from the time. The other tree is singularly
tvpical of the condition of the surviving par
ty, who is now an inmate of a lunatic asy
lum, standing as it it does, with the lower
branches full of life and verdure, while its
top is dead and leafless. Strange thoughts
crowded our mind as we stood and gazed up
| on these unfortunate witnesses of an uufor
tunate death.— Geargrtown Journal.
Epidemic among 91 Ik Warms.
The Eco della Bona, of Milan, says that
the epidemic whioh has raged among (he silk
worms this year, in Lombardy, has caused
a loss to that province of thirty million franc#.
An kh|iiiii urciii»(,
Our readers will remember that *lQle
months ago the British exploring ship /t>,
lute was, by an American Whaler, found em
bedded in the ice, on the Arctic sea, aba„.
doned by her crew, and was rercued, and by
great and persevering exertions brought inty
the port of New Lmdoo: and our reader*
will rememtier also that the .Seoatemost h ,(i
orahly passed an act appropriating m
for the purchase of the English ve>sel fr,llu
her salvors and for her repair, and directing
that she should then be freely restored to the
British Government. This handsome aet
drew from a well-known English poet the sub.
joined felicitous lines.
THE AFFAIR OF THE “RESOU TK”
AN INTERNATIONAL IULI.AU.
A gracious and generous action,
Outweighing all sins on each side,
Outsh&ming the treasons of faction,
Ambition, and folly, and pride;
No jealousies now shall be rankling,
No silly suspicions intrude,
But round the remembrance of Fkanuis,
Our brotherly loves be renew'd!
The Resolute, lying forsaken,
The sport of the winds and the ice,
By luck to America taken,
la—uobly restored without price!
Nor only refusing all ransom,
But—fitted anew for the Oueeo,
In a manner more gracious and handsome
And kinder than ever was seen !
We. too, were not lacking of honor;
For, waiving all claim to the ship,
When Buddington’s Hag was upon her,
We Hung away quibble and quip—
“He saved her, and so let him take her "
But handsome America said,
“I guess, cousin, that we can make her
A prettier present instead;
“With thousands of dollars we'll buy her,
With thousands of dollars repair,
(Diplomacy cannot take tire
That here at least all isn't fair,)
In honor of Britain’s ice heroes,
Of Franklin, and Ross, and McClure,
To gentle Victoria, the Sea-Rose,
Her Resolute—thus we restore!”
Huzzah for this generous greeting!
lluzzah, too, for Grinncll and Kane,
And all the kind hearts that are beating
k!aLI ■« Fbam If nntio j t<i M a i rvn^
L7V UUVIJ II VUI ■ a wmvmw
Our instincts sre all for each other,
(Though both have a tincture of heat )
And truly, as brother with brother,
Our bosoms in uuison beat.
When crafty diplomacy’s blindness
So often does harm iu the dark,
Ooe plain international kindness
Comes—just as the dove to the Ark,
O wisdom, above the astuteness
Of placemen by cunning defil’d;
0 better than manhood’s acuteness
This kindliness as of a child !
Alburv, July 17. Martin F. Tlitir.
“Uncle Tom” Again In London.
The London Times, of the *J9th ult., baa the
following item:
“Yesterday afternoon a long line of car
riages, drawn up before Stafford-house, the
residence of the Dutchess of Sutherland, de
clared to the wen end world that some new
attraction had brought together several mem
bersofthe higher circles. Mrs. M. E. Webb.»
lady of color, daughter of a Spanish gentle
man and of a female slave of Virginia, hsi
recently arrived in London, bringing with
her a dramatized version of Uncle Tow's
Cabin, composed by Mrs. Stowe herself, tor
the purpose of a public reading, and the hull
of the splendid mansion in St. James, had
been granted to her by the Duchess, as the
site of the entertainment. Placed behind a
reading desk, Mrs. Webb read in a char
voice, and with great signs of intelligence,
the interesting scenes that bad beeu prepared
for her, and which comprised the most cele
brated dialogues and incidents in the cele
brated novel. Without exactly acting the
different parts, she discriminated them with
a great deal of nicety, and the dark hue of
her delicately formed counteoauce gave a
characteristic tone to the performance. The
Karl of Shaftesbury and several distinguish
ed adherents of the philanthropic pariv
were among her audience, which couli
scarcely be surpassed in brilliancy."
' EXCURSION FOR THE HEX
£^£JbkEFIT' op sT MARY’S CHURCH
The Steamer THOMAS COLLYER, Captain
(Jeduey, has been engaged by a number •»* gen
tlemen attached to the congregation o! V
Mary s Church, lor an EX( I RSION to tb**
WHITE HOUSE PAVILION, ON THVHs
DAY, Aununt 2l*t, in aid of the improvement*
to that Church now in progress.
The first boat will leave Queen street vs barf
at ‘J o clock, A. M . and the second at 'i oVlo.1*
P. M. Return trips will he made from ih«
White House, at r*and l«t o'clock, P M
An excellent Cotillion Hand will he in jttvt
dance, and dinner, supper, and other retred.
merits will be luniishcd by the ladies ol th*- c.n
gregation. at moderate prices.
IF;* Tick sis admitting a gentleman and I«!y
or gentleman only, *'t» I. Ladies tickets eOr
Children under 14 years of age and servant**
cents, to he had at R. H. Stabler’?* Diug Stoi**
N. W. corner of King and Washington streets
• n.l Clttl.l.an W.Wltk |->l ktreet At
thony Moran, ♦*♦>, King street, ami Hamsou
Jacobs, ti2, Prince sheet.
Kxkcctivk Committ*k
Harrison Jacobs, Anthony Moran,
John T. Hill.
CoM MIT IKK O* AkKANwKIIXNTrt.
Alexander Delozi»*r, Dr. I bos. W. Meagher
Stephen Wool la, Dr. John W. Graham
James H. McLean, Richard L Carne, Ji
Dr. William Diaine, John Verdon,
Michael McNally, Thomas L Monroe
Jeremiah Sullivan, \ ictor Becker,
aug 14—eu4t
REWARD—Ranaway from the
/ subscriber, living near AM:* m
the night of the 9th instant, a negro womar
named BETTY, about twenty thiee year* ** !
dark yellow, medium si/.e, has a good co»*|,r
nance; her clothing cannot be described I "l!!
give the above reward it taken out ol the Stat** 1
Virginia, or one hundred and fitly dollar*it
in the State, in either case she must In* sec-iir!
in jail so that I get her again.
HENRY B HITCH ISOS
A.ldie, aug 14—eotf
13RRSH DREGS Aic-Sulphateof '
^ Acetate and Sulphate ol Morphia, I mV}
Opium, Tannin, Bordeaux and Marseilles S'1 r*'
Oil, Cblorolorm, Camphor, McMuiiu's Elixir
Opium, Terrocyanide ot Iron, Sal Tartar. A«
seed, Cara way Seed, Nutmega, White lv||'
Pulv Ipecacuanha, Ground Flaxseed. Pu!v
Arabic, Blue Mass, Weight s Pills. Biamlre’r.>
Pills, Sulphuric Ether, Ac., just received arid t f
sale by J. R. PlERPOlNT
aug 14 172, S.E. cor. King and Wa*h >• * ’
TyTOTICE.-From the rumors abroad in M
J^| Q,|*^r an<^ bounties, I dee:.,
proper to give tnis public notice, that, l ha'* 'J
interest directly or indirectly in the tnercai'; r
house, trading under the name of Sto\**r, Hi’"
ison ,k Co, at Rectortown Station, on th** •''*
n&ssas Gsp Railroad. E. C. BROVN N
Middleburg, Va.. aug 14—eolm.^
\rARNS AND BATTING —
X lUW B>s Cotton Yarns, assorted muni*11
10 bales Tie Yarn
13 “ Cotton Bats, at Factory pro'1’
for sale by MILLF-R A ENGI.l>r >
aug 14 No. 49, I mou *tfrr
13LOUR AND CORN MEAL —
^ DHJ bbls. suj*er Flour
Ml “ extra do. ,
20 “ Corn Meal, in store, and for
by MILLER *1 ENGLISH
rtll< (4_No 4". L'mort ##
B~ OILED LINSEED OIL, ju*l r
lot tile by J. ». PIKBHMI'T.
nag 14 172, S E. cor King »od " «*k" *
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