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Alexandria gazette. [volume] (Alexandria, D.C.) 1834-1974, September 06, 1856, Image 2

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PUBLISHED DAILY AND TRI-WKKKLY BY
BDUAK SMOWDBJI. _
"ALEXANDRIA: “
SATURDAY MORNING, Septkmrxr 6, 1856.
A reliable breadstuff circular, prepared in
New York, shows that the total exports of
breadstuffs to Great Britain and Ireland
from the various ports in the l nited States
during the year ending on the 31st ultimo
were as follows, as near as can be ascer
tained : Flour, 1,635,733 barrels, against ou
ly 172,761 to about the same period 1855 ;
wheat, 7,850,012 bushels, against 309,077 ;
and com, 6,622,209, against G,784,5o5. The
exports of the latter part of August, from
distant ports, have to be added to the above
figures; but the statement is a sufficient il
lustration of the immense increase in the
shipments of Hour and wheat during the
past twelve months over the year preceding.
The exports to the continent of Europe, which
are but a small fraction of those to Great Brit
ain exhibit an equally large increase.
Reliable information from Constantinople
mentions that the Turkish Government,
which is now turning its attention with re
newed vigor to the subject of its commercial
relations with foreign powers, is not disposed
to renew its present commercial treaties in
the same shape as heretofore, but is already
occupied with the elaboration of a draft for
a general treaty of commerce to be offered to
all nations. The leading feature of this
draft-treaty is described to consist in the
principle of circumscribing for the advan
tage of native produce, the concessions hith
erto made to foreign trade.
The question of the Sound dues is reported
in the foreign journals to be in a fair train
of settlement, Great Britain and Prussia hav
ing Consented to the capitalization of the
toll. The only obstacle that now remains to
the final settlement of the dispute, is the
stand taken by our government against the
principle of this compromise, it being held
that if we become parties to it, we shall be
abandoning wbat we have always contended
for—the entire freedom of the seas.
There are now in the city of Baltimore
143 houses of public worship, of the follow
ing denominations: Protestant Episcopal, 19;
Presbyterian, IT ; Roman Catholio, 18; Meth
odist Episcopal, 40 ; Methodist Protestant, a;
African Methodist Episcopal, a ; Baptist, 9 ;
Christian Church, I; Lutheran, 9 ; German
Reformed, 4 ; Evangelical Association, 4 ;
Seamen's Union Bethel, I; Friends, 3 ; Uni
versalist, 1; UnitariaD, 1; SwedenborgiaD, 1;
Jewish Synagogues, 5.
According to letters from St. Petersburg,
the United States Government has sent spe
cial instructions to its resident envoy, Mr.
Seymour, to act as envoy at the coronation.
Me 88rs. Pierce, Colt, Jarvis, Ac., are to be
attached to the mission, with permission to
wear such attire us they may think most
becoming upon the occasion, and least op
posed to the etiquette or rules of the Russian
court. *
The North Carolina papers contain a list
of the members elected to the next Legisla
ture in that State, from w hich it appears that
the Democrats have a majority of sixty on
joint ballot. In the Senate they have thirty
three out of the fifty members of which it is
composed, and in the House of Representa
tives they have eighty out of its 140 members.
The Charleston Mercury of the 1st instant
- --4a 4l>o tK VPJ.
DChJ C»| VIV ^ --j
terday afternoon, of Samuel AY. Jacobs, son
of the Rev. Ferdinand Jacobs, from his foot
being crushed by a train on the Northeast
ern Railroad on the 2*3d ult. lie was a
voung man of much promise, and his death
is a subject of deep and wide-spread regret.
— • — . |
The Board of trade and Public School
Commissioners of Baltimore, having deter
mined to educate a portion of the youth of
their city in the science of navigation, have
purchased the ship Ontario from the (»oy
ernment for the purpose, and are now about
to commence the necessary repairs and adap
tations. _
The Fort Hamilton (N. Y.) Relief Society
have published a card returning thanks to
the many physicians, the ladies and gentle
men of New York. Brooklyn, Philadelphia,
Baltimore, and Norfolk, as well as to the i
Howard Association of Norfolk, who have ,
all so nobly tendered their aid to them dur- j
iug the prevalence of yellow fever there.
From the report of the Commissioners of
Health of New York city, it appears that
several cases of supposed yellow fever in the
city were reported to them. An investiga
tion proved that only one of them was a case :
of real yellow fever, and that of a person |
who caught the disease frew an infected
vessel. m
The grand jury cf the U. S. District Court
of Baltimore have presented Capt. C. F. Ba- j
ker and Don Carlos Labradada for the al- j
leged engaging in the slave trade and sailing j
the slave schooner “C. A. F. Cole.” Baker !
is in jail; Labradada has forfeited his bail
and fled. _
The Dudley observatory trustees at Alba
ny, have proposed to the Now \ork Common
Council, to furnish astronomical time to any
two city clocks that may be designated, pro- j
vided the Corporation will build a line of two
wire telegraph to Albany. The cost of this f
telegraph will be $7,000
The old line Whigs of Massachusetts seem j
to be rallying almost eo masse for Millard
Fillmore. From Cambridge, Waltham, Wo
burn, Lancaster, Beverly, Milferd, Bingham,
Braintree, Newtown, Winchester, Water
towo, Ac., Ac.,—we have accounts of lively
Whig meetings.
A letter from Nicaragua gives an unquali
fied denial to the report that Dr. Livingston,
the United States Commercial Agent at Leon,
had been executed by the Rivaa party in re
taliation for the death of Salizar, and regards
as absurd all the rumors to that effect.
A letter from Hampshire County, Mass.,
say9:—“We have had a bright, glowing fire
in the bouse every day for the past fortnight,
and are really comfortable only when beside
it. One evening the mercury was but four
degrees above freezing.”
An attempt was made to poison the family
of Mr. James Noe, of Norfolk, on Saturday
: last, by two negro children. A quantity of
! quicksilver was the agent U9ed; but it was for
1 tunately discovered before being swallowed.
The Newburyport Herald reports that the
blue fish, the enemy of all other fishes, have
filled the waters tberebouts, driving away
cod, mackerel and all others usually found in
I that vicinity.
Late advices from Newfoundland speak
confidently of the telegraph across that island
being completed by the end of the present
month, when New York will be in instanta
neous communication with St. John’s.
John B. Groves, of Boston, Mass., w?ho
, went to Europe last year, is pronounced the
, best violinist in the Brussels Conservatory,
aud has been presented with a silver cup for
a performance in a Beethoven quartette.
' In the interior of Peru there has been dis
covered a beautiful tunnel under a river, the
; work of the old Inca Indians, and a lasting
I proof of their civilization.
A Pnnvanfi.'in r\f Uio A morinan Will
be held in Petersburg oq Wednesday, the
10th of September, for the purpose of ap
pointing an Elector for that District.
Charles W. Abbot, of Rhode Island, has
; been appointed Purser in the Navy, from the
| 2d of September, 1850, in place of John P.
; Abbot, resigned.
An American is reported to have obtained
: a firman to examine the practicability of
! the principal rivers of Asia Minor for nav
gation.
An Austrian Colonel lately insulted the
American Vice-Consul in Ancona, Italy.
The latter had demanded redress from the
the United States Minister in Rome.
Mr. G. Wright, of the firm of Palmer,
Cook & Co., of San Francisco, denies, in a
public card, that Col. Fremont is or ever was
a partner in that firm.
lion. Johu M. Botts delivered a powerful
speech at Taylor's Mills, Rockingham Coun
ty, on Tuesday last, lie was replied to by
Mr. J. T. Harris, the district elector.
lion. John Letcher states that he does not
intend to decline a re-election to Congress
! next spring.
The Seaboard Agricultural Society are
making great preparations for their fall ex
hibition at Norfolk.
James Clark, esq., formerly Mayor of
Staunton, Ya., is dead.
Telegraphic Despatches.
Providence, Sept. 3.—The Democracy of
Rhode Island held a mass meeting here to
day. Great enthusiasm was manifested,
lion. Philip Allan presided. The meeting
was addressed by Hon. A. Smalley, of \ er
mont; Hon. W. Sayles, of this city ; Hod.
Nathan Porter, ot Cranston, and others.
Letters were read from Hon. Lewis Cass,
Rufus Choate, John Van Buren, Howell
Cobb, and others, regretting their inability
to be present.
IIonesdale, Pa., Sept. 3.— The Democracy
held a large meeting here to-dav. Speeches
were made by ex-Gov. Bigler, Senator Brod
head, and Ellis B. Schnabel, esq.
New York, Sept. 4.—Four new cases of
yellow fever are reported at Fort Hamilton
since the last despatch, all of a mild charac
ter ; also, two new case9 at the Military
Hospital. The cases previously reported are
doin' well. Several new cases have occurred
at Governor’s Island since yesterday s re
port. Tho troops are to be removed tempo
rarily.
Manchester, N. II., Sept. 4.—Melodeon
Ilall and several adjoining dwellings and
stables were burnt lust night. Loss estima
ted at $15,000.
Concord, Sept. 4.—A large Democratic
State Convention was held here to-day.
Presidential electors were chosen. John S.
Wells was nominated by acclamation for
Governor, and Mark Noble for Caual Com
missioner. The Convention was very enthu
siastic.
Boston, Sept. 4.—A call has been issued
by the President of the Fremont American
State Council, for a Convention at Worces
ter, ou tbe lGth, on the ground that ex-Gov.
Johnston, the North American candidate tor
the Vice Presidency, has given notice that
be shall decline. The Republican State
Convention and anti Gardner Fremont Amer
icans meet on the same day.
Montreal, Sept. 3.—Accounts have been
received of the total loss of the ship Amoy,
the rescue of the crew, and their safe arri
val at Quebec. The Amoy bad on board a
cargo of lumber, and was lost in latitude —,
longitude 25. There was a partial insurance
on the vessel in New \ork. x
Washington, Sept. 4.—Th&refusal of
Comptroller Whittlesey to passlbe requisi
tion for the extra pay of clerks end other
employees of the two Houses of Congress,
has caused much excitement among that
class. He deems the action of Congress in
sufficient to guide him in the premises.
New Orleans, Sept. 3.—Tbe steamship
Daniel Webster, which sailed hence a tew
days since for New \ork, has returned in
distress, having encountered a hurricane in
the Gulf, and lost her wheel houses.
Cincinnati, Sept. 3.—The Hon. J. J. Crit
tenden and Hon. Humphrey Marshall were
serenaded last night, in this city, by the
Know Nothing Council. Both of them res
ponded in eloquent speeches.
Washington, Sept. 4.—Ground was bro
ken to day tor the erection of tho north wing
of the Patent Office. About fifty laborers
are employed in tbe work.
Portland, Sept. 2.—A congratulatory
meeting of the citizens, on the passage of the
armv bill was held here last night, when
Messrs. George Evans and Jonathan Apple
ton made speeches.
New Y ork, Sept. 4.—-The steamer Erics- I
son, from Liverpool, with dates to the 20tb,
(anticipated by the Persia,) arrived here at
G o'clock this evening.
—■—
Frost*
Since oar last issue the western section of
this county has been visited by several
frosts, which have done considerable damage
to the growing buckwheat crop, and nipped
the corn somewhat.—Cvtn berland Tel•
» • A
Interview of the Kansas Committee
with President Pierce*
The deputation of free State men that late
ly waited upon President Pierce, in relation
| to affaire in Kansas, have made a report of
their mission to the National Kansas Com
mittee. They give the following as a sum
mary of results :
The opinions expressed by the Executive,
are substantially as follows:
While government has been exhausting its
constitutional powers (which are limited) to
maintain order, Kansas Aid Societies have
been actively stirring up rebellion. A fac
tious spirit among the people of Kansas res
pecting institutions which they need not have
; concerned themselves about, and which would
: have all come right in time, originated the
; troubles. From the nature, habits and edu
! catiou of the border men, it was natural to
find them excited by such an agitation. At
! this crisis, the North, instead of sending in
! armed men, who went about boasting of their
ability to protect themselves, should have
i sent in order-loving and law-abiding citizens;
! should have sent in peace-seeking men, who
would have promoted concord by moral agen
: oies—by Bibles rather than by Sharp's rifles.
Such a course would have strengthened the
| hands of the President, instead of tying them,
; as they have been. The sufferings of the set
: tiers are, therefore, of their own seeking, and
i the legitimate fruits of that gunpowder-bible
preaching which they and their supporters
at the North have advocated. Each side is
doubtless to blame. Inflammatory appeals
are circulated both South and North, and re
ports false or exaggerated put forth by heat
ed partisans, to stir up sectional strife. If
i nartv would >*et rid of about a hundred
! of their designing and restless leaders, agi
tation would cease, and a speedy end be put
to the disorders.
The interposition of the Executive is claim
| ed by both sides, each party urging against
the other exactly the same charges. At this
distance from the scene of strife, the Presi
dent cannot determine between them, llis
i action must be guided by official reports.—
I Gen. Smith communicates a very different
| condition of things from the exaggerated
statements which have gone abroad. No ap
prehension of an armed invasion need be ap
prehended. But, should it happen, the whole
power of the government will be exerted to
i repel it, come from whatever source it may.—
: The army in Kansas is not there to prevent
i or correct outrages, unless they amount to in
| vasion or insurrection. The civil power
: alone is competent to this. Application
i should be made there. Gen. Smith had no
j power to redress the wrongs of Mr. Strawn.
j He applied to the wrong quarter. He should
I have gone to the courts. As to granting him
| an escort, 44 Gen. Smith thought that if Mr.
Strawn was smart enough to find bis way
! safely to him without one, he ought to be able
to find his way back !” The courts are open
to all classes of citizens, without distinction.
No authentic information has ever reached
the Executive of an individual who has
| sought a redress of wrongs at the hands of
the civil power in Kansas, and failed to ob
tain it. If one such case had been presented,
he would at once have removed the offending
official. If the majority of the people in Kan
sas had wanted peace and quiet, they could
have had it. The way to get it was for the
settlers among themselves to frown down all
agitation growing out of differences of opin
ion a9 to local institutions.
The Executive bad always felt solicitous
about the Territory, and had exerted his con
stitutional powers to their full extent to pre
serve order. The affair at Lawrence had giv
en him great anxiety, and he at that time tel
i egraphed both to Col. Sumner and Governor
j Shannon, besides sending a special messen
* ger. (Here the President produced copies of
his telegraphic despatches, which, we believe,
were made public at the time.) The outra
ges at Lawrence were not done by authority.
The President admits that mistakes have
been made, as is evident by bis removal of
Shannon. But an impartial man has uow
gone there, who will see justice done to both
parties. If he should catch either party in
acts of violence, they shall be bung up on the
spot. The civil power of the Territory must
be maintained !
The committee further report that the
President assured them that there would be
no change in the policy pursued towards
the Territory.
The Smlthnonlan Institution.
Is now busily engaged iu sending off its nu
merous and valuable contributions to foreign
scientific and literary institutions. If sent
altogether, the collection will be a considera
ble item in the freight-list of the vessel that
carries it. In return for these periodical
transmissions from our side the water, the
Smithsonian continually receives highly val
uable augmentations to its rich stores from all
the civilized countries of the globe. Tester
day, lor instance, as many as seveniy-seven
ucw hydrographic maps and charts, with twen
ty corrected ones, and accompanying docu
ments and books, arrived from the British Ad
miralty, forwarded by John Washington esq ,
Ilydrogropher, all of them of great value
and importance to our navigating interests.
Very recently also has been received a uni
que work from the Government ot Austria,
forcing the ready admiration of every behol
der. It consists of five hundred folio and
thirty quarto engravings of the plants of the
Austrian Empire, all of them perfect fac sim
iles ot the originals, and executed in the best
style of modern art. It is a work that could
be accomplished only by the meausof a Gov
ernment, and certainly confers honor on the
authorities that planned and executed it.—
This great uational tribute to botanical sci
ence is in five volumes, and i9 called “Phys
iotypia Plantarum Austriacarum,” or “The
Natural Self-printing Process, in its appli
cation to the vascular plants of the Austrian
Empire, with especial regard to the nerva
tions and the surface organs of the plants,
by Constantine Von Ettiughansen and Alios
Pokoruy.” The plan by which the beautiful
and exact copies of these plants, with their
leaves, flowers, and roots, is thus effected, is
simply this: the plant is placed upon a sheet
of pure lead, which is very soft, and on it
is laid a copper sheet of similar size: both
sheets are then pressed powerfully together, so
as to impress the printof the plaQt on the lead.
The elect^otvping process is then applied and
the plate is printed. Accompanying the
plates is a volume of explanatory letterpress.
—Nat. Ini.
Attempt toRob end Murder*
A most outrageous attempt to rob and
murder a useful old colored woman was
made near Ceotreville, in this county, on
last Monday night week. It seems the old
woman, who is a midwile was called on
that night by a negro fellow who pretended !
to have been sent for her to go to a farmer’s
house, and advised her, as the distance was
great, to take along with her some money.—
Not suspecting the design of the fellow, she
did as he suggested. Shortly after both left
the house the negro fellow returned w'ith a
key and stated that he was sent back to get
more money from a drawer. Search being i
made for it by a person left in charge of the !
house without success, the fellow went off!
evidently disappointed in his main design of j
getting possession of all the old woman’s
money. Next morning the old woman was
foand lying in the road, so bruised and in- j
jured about the head and face that those who j
knew her well could then scarcely recognize
her. She was still alive, however, but in
sensible. The perpetrator of this outrage is
unknown, and all efforts to find him out
have proved unavailing. The old woman it
is thought will recover, and there is yet hope
that she will be able to identify him.—Tor
tobacco Times,
Harvest Reports from Ireland .
Dublin (Aug. *22) Correspondence of the
London Times.
The following rather discouraging agricul
tural report, appears in the Packet of last
night. Since that was written, the weather
happily has undergone a favorable change,
the whole of last night and tLis morning be
ing fair, and as the wind is blowing duo
north it is to be hoped that we have done
with the rain for the present:
“We are sorry to say that our advices of
I to-day give a discouraging account of the
| state of the weather in the Irish provinces.—
| Harvest operations have been in many parts
■ of the country t jtally suspended in conse
quence of heavy rains, and our accounts all
agree instating that the cereal crops are, to
some extent, damaged. Wo have personally
; seen fields very much injured ; but, as these
w'ere in peculiarly exposed situations, we may
j express a hope that their case is not 90 general
; as the fears of some persons lead them to an
! cipate. In Dublin yesterday, a very constant
and heavy rain descended, and to-day also,
though the atmosphere is less heavy, the
w’eather is singularly unpropitious for all
manner of field work. We hope we shall
not have to record more considerable injuries
; to the wheat and oat crops than we as yet
hear of. This condition of the weather has
I led to a rise in the corn markets.”
j In the country about Dublin, at the nortu
I side, the blight in the potato crop has made
extraordinary progress during the last two
or three days. Yesterday a field was dug up
near Malahide, and the produce was so seri
ously affected that the owner was glad to dis
pose of the crop upon any terms, in order to
' rid the ground of it. This moruiug’s ac
i counts from Cork says :
“The rain has, of course, retarded har
vesting operations, but the crops themselves
do not appear to have sustained injury. A
continuance of wet weather could, however,
hardly fail to be highly prejudicial to the
cereals although it may be serviceable to the
green crops. Owing to the abundance of the
harvest aud the great scarcity of laborers,
! wages have auvaneeu in this district to me
| unusual rate of 3s. a day with diet, and
! even at this remuneration there is great diffi
culty in getting good reapers. Women are
getting from Is. 6d. to-s. a day with diet.—
j Laborers competent to do farm work are
very scarce, and farmers are thankful that
i the disembodiment of the militia has taken
j place, otherwise a great portion of the har
vest must have been lost.”
The IjO»* of a "Wife.
We commend the following most touching
and beautiful article to the attention of our
readers. Some of them have already had to
undergo this trial. Some have it yet in
store. Partings must take place before long,
: between husband and wife. In view of it,
j how every other questien sinks into nothing,
| but this one—When you part, will you meet
j again with Christ? “Meet again!” Aye!
meet again. Pleasant it will be, after the
, turmoil of life, after its harshness and unquiet
ness are over; after tears have been shed and
groans uttered; after the heart in sympathy
almost ceases to beat, and the cold weight of
sorrow presses down in our loneliness, as if
one long dark night had settled upon us:
pleasant it will be after all these are over;
after “lie thatsittetb upon the throne” has
wiped all tears from our eyes, pleasant it will
be then, to meet ajain, where sorrow is no
; more and partings have an end.—Southern
Churchman.
“In comparison with the loss of a wife all
other bereavements are trilling. The wife!
! she who fills 60 large a space in the domestic
heaven : she who busied herself so unwearily
for the precious ones around her : bitter,
bitter is the tear that falls upon her cold
clay ! You stand beside her coffin and think
of the past. It seems an umber colored
pathway, where the sun shone on beautiful
flowers, and the stars hung glittering over
head. Fain would the soul linger there—
| no thorns are remembered save those your
j hands may unwillingly have planted. Her
noble tender heart lies open to your inmost
! sight. You think of her now as all gentle
ness, all beauty, all purity. Hut she is dead!
The dear head that has lain upon your bosom,
rests in the still darkness upon a pillow of
clay. The hands that havo ministered so
uutiringly, are folded, white and cold, be
neath the gloomy portals. The heart whose
overy beat measured an eternity of love, lies ;
under your feet. The flowers she hent over
in smiles, bend now above her in tears, shak- |
ing the dew from their petals, that the ver- :
dure around her may be kept green and
beautiful.”
American Fa*IiIoi»* In Nicaragua.
It is surprising with what rapidity (iranada ■
is assuming the air and appearance of an
American city. Hut one short year ago
there wero but very few white persons
living here, but now, nearly every face seen
in the streets is white. Were it not that the
Indians from the eoimtry bring in daily their
commodities for the market, we would scarce
ly be conscious of an absence from the Uni*
ci * ..i : . „ 1__.:i i•
IC'4 UUHvn, Al i« I'l V,U pill'ic III
tli© manners of tho people. They now pay
some attention to their dress; and, indeed, so
stylish are the garments of some of the seno- |
ras, that it will be necessary before long to j
import fashions. When the “latest N. York I
and Paris fashions” are adopted here, we j
trust they will be confined to the more weal- j
thy of the inhabitants, as, for a poor man’s j
wife, it would be hard to improve the present j
styles. One of the most marked and useful
innovations upon Spanish customs, is the ap
plication of wheels to carts. Hitherto things
have been trundled along upon rollers, some
what similar to those used in moving houses
in the United States—the only differeneo was j
a slight increase in the diameter of the j
wheel, and a moderate contraction in its j
breadth. With the old style of carts it re
quired two yokes of osen, two men to drive
them, and a boy to walk in front with some
thing in his hands to coax the cattle along, to
move any burden too heavy for an Indian to
carry on his back or head; hut now we are
beginning to have the regular American cart,
running on regular American wheels, in reg
ular American style. It is somewhat amus
ing to see the Amcricau drivers rush past the
sombre looking native, and melancholy look
ing oxen, and listen to the jolly “ga’ lang,” j
a9 the old competitors are left behind. Be- ‘
fore another year ends, we expect to see the
American style of edifices embellishing our
city with their graceful forms.—El Ninira- '
yueme.
Curious Invention*.
A machine has been invented which takes !
hold of a sheet of brass, copper, or iron, and !
turns off complete hinges at the rate of a
gross in ten minutes—binges, too, neater
than are made by any other process ; also, a
machine that takes hold of an iron rod and
whips it into perfect bit-pointed screws, with
wonderful rapidity, and by a single process.
By means of a machine invented by Mr. Win.
Wickershara, almost any number of thick
nesses of the stoutest leather may be firmly
sewed at once, w ax thread of auy size desir
ed being used with perfect facility. There is
an awl that first pierces the leather, and then
tho needle follows. A girl using one of these
Deadlines can side from eight to twelve cases
of boots per day. Mr. Naylor, the eminent
locomotive builder in England, has patented
a steam-hammer said to have remarkable ad
vantages for all sorts of malleable iron man
ufacture. A new slide rest has been patent
ed, the peculiarity of which relates to the
adjustment of tbe cutting tool, the edge of
which can be elevated and depressed with |
great facility, so as to bring it in a proper j
relative position or angle with the article to ]
be turned, by simply turning a hand wheel.
j Kmiitu Kiaggtralloii.
| By the Columbia Statesman, dated August
j 29th, we have news from Kansas Territory,
from which we learn that the late wars and
rumors of wars heretofore published were
all extravagantly colored, and in many in
stances were m«>st violent misrepresentation*
of the truth. The following confirms the ae
■ counts which have appeared in our paper :
! For instance, says tiie Statesman, Lecomp
tou nas not been taken, nor even attacked :
( the State prisoners, R »binson, Brown, and
others, have not been rescued, but are all in
safe custody; the Fnited States troops have
not been whipped ; on the contrary, they
have not even been in a fight; instead ot
most of Col. Treadwell’s men having fallen,
uot one of them was even taken prisoner, all
! of them escaping without injury to their
persons. Not a single pro-slavery man was
either killed or taken prisoner at Franklin.
Col. Titus was not killed; his wounds,
though serious, are not mortal, and he is in
a fair way to recover. He and uiueteen of
his men were taken prisoners, but have since
been exchanged for a number of prisoners
held by the pro-slavery party. It is not
true that the town of Franklin is in ashes;
but one bouse in it has been burnt.
<’apt. Moore’s company, all well mounted
and equipped, started from Westport fur the
seat of war on Saturday last. It is said
four companies of l nited States troops ar:
I at Leconipton to protect it agiinst attack.—
Capt. Bill Martin, an old Texas ranger, with
his six hundred “Kickapoo Rangers,’’ had
also arrived at Leconipton.
The report that an attack was made, on
Friday night last, on Leavenworth city, and
that several persons were killed, cannon cap
tured, &o., we suppose to be untrue, tor the
! Herald of that place, dated the next day,
says nothing about it.—St. Louis Vnnorrut.
Fillmore Meeting In New .Jersey.
The \\»w .lerspv Americans assembled en
wa.s\sr on Wednesday afternoon, on the Com
mon at Rahway, to give an expression of
opinion on the merits of the people’s candi
dates. At two o’clock, the country people,
for twenty miles round, and we may safely
say, two-thirds of the entire population of the
town, congregated upon the Common, a beau
tiful lawn, well adapted for the purpose.—
The stands were erected a short distance from
the Hotel, which was tastefully decorated
with appropriate emblems. From the roof
was extended to a Hag staff on the opposite
! side of the road, a large banner, bearing the
ticket, in large letters.
Two brass bands were in attendance, and
headed a long procession of the people on
foot, horseback, aud iu wagons, gaily dressed
! with streamers.
The meeting was organized by electing
Benj. M . Price, esq., President, with a long
list of Vice Presidents and Secretaries.
Earnest and admirable speeohesjwero made
by P.tvid Paul Brown, esq., of Philadelphia,
; Ex-Recorder Talmadge and Senator Bensley,
of New York, Mr. Rupium, of Mass., Mr.
Northrop, of Long Island, and Commodore
Stockton, of New Jersey, who, in the course
of his remarks, pledged New Jersey for Fill
more.
Children Hound for the West*
; On Tuesday afternoon a happy colony of
young people left New York for the West,
under the guardianship of the Rev. Mr. Van
meter. The number of the little emigrants
was about fifty of both sexes, and varied in
age from six years up to twelve and fourteen.
They were accompanied to the cars by Messrs.
Maey, Mead, and C. C. Tracy, of the News
boys’ Lodging House, and had been tilted
out for the West by the Five Points Ladies’
Mission, the Children’s Aid Society, aud the
Home for the Friendless. The young faces
of the little ones expressed such perfect hap
piness as they sat together like one family in
one of the cars, which they entirely occupied,
that the picture presented was calculated to
awaken kindred emotions in the minds of
those who were fortunate enough to obtain a
view of them. Every one was affected as the
children sung ‘‘ Happy Land" with the
graceful pathos of childhood, as thecars were
about to start. The only tears shed were
those which honorthe kindly sympathies and
tenderest affections of human natuie.—X. V.
Evening Post.
Tl*e Heported Guano Inland.
Washington, Sept. 4.—The following is
an extract from a letter from a gentleman on
b >ard the frigite Independence to a Inend in
the Cnited states:
"The guano island was represented to be
more than five hundred miles from the main
and more than two hundred miles from any
land, in a rainless region, and not laid down
on any chart. Its position was kept secret
until it was descried, when it proved to be
New Nantucket Island, in latitude lf> min
utes north and longitude 17b deg. ’*<> min.
west—a low, level island, about three miles
in diameter covered with vegetation and sur
rounded by a strong surf of such a charac
ter that landing was out of the question.—
There was no anchorage, and a four knot cur
rent swept past to the westward. There was
no guano within ten degrees north or sooth
of the equator beyond the influence of the
V M U^UIUOV. UKH ID (• IUIIIJ Avfd
X>w Kind of Ga«.
An English paper states that the Queen's
Palace has for some time been lighted by
means of the “Torbanehill mineral,” the gas
from this substance being destitute of sul
phur. The same journal says : List year ten
thousand tons of this mineral were sent to
London abme. Not long ago the French
Government published a report concerning
this substance, which had previously lighted
up the whole of the Hotel dcs Invalided, it
is sent to the most distant part of the globe.
A ship loaded with blocks of this mineral
conveys an enormous quantity of a peculiar
ml, the source of the illuminating power, in
the smallest possible bulk-—seventy-five per
cent, or three-fourths of the substance being
latent oil and the rest pure clay.
Safety of the Arabia*
The Persia brings an assurance of the
safety oi the Arabia, she having spoken the
latter vessel otf the Stag-, inside of Capo
Clear, on Sunday, the 24th, at Z\, 1*. M.
The Arabia, therefore, would probably ar
rive in Liverpool, on Monday, the 25th. The
Arabia is the steamer that ran on tne Blonde
Rock and sailed from Halifax, it will he re
membered, leaking (as report said) at the
rate of 20 tons an hour. The apprehensions
that she would never reach Liverpool, there
fore, are thus happily dispelled. Notwith
standing her safety, the sailing out of a
steamship in such unseaworthy condition
was a dangerous experiment, that ought Lot
to be repeated.
A Collision and a Race.
On Tuesday the locomotive attached to the
ballast train, as it ran up through town to
the three mile water station, was run into
by the yard engine, smashing up the tender
and knocking the cylinder head cut. The
engineer of the ballast locomotive seeing the
approach of the yard engine reversed the
steam, hut not in time to prevent the acci
dent. When the collision had taken place
the engine ran with lightning speed down
through town to the deep cut, one mile below
the city, where it was caught. No one was
hurt.—Cumbn'land Td.
A Good Voyage.
Whaling schooner James, of Sippican, ar
rived at that port on Sunday from a cruise in
the Atlantio ocean. The James has been (
absent since the 2Uth of May last. She has
taken 215 barrels of sperm oil, worth at pre
sent prices $10,158.75. This is a very fair |
return fur the money invested.
<»Xcw Version” Movement In Englaud
A correspondent of the Journal of Com
merce communicates the following in regard
to tlie recent movement in Parliament fur a
new version of the Bible:
“All protestants have a share in what
was uttered pro and con on Mr. Hey wood's
motion, for praying her Majesty to appoint un
erudite commission, to consider the amend
ments which the authorised version ot the
Bible might seem to require, i’he mover a*
1 vailed himself of American example. The
reply of Sirl*. tirey, in defence of the ver
sion, was so satisfactory to the House, that
the motion was at once withdrawn. Changes
would tend to unsettle the faith of the pco
I pie and relax their reverence for the Scrip
tures. Looking to the general accuracy and
fidelity of the received translation, it was
entitled to that respect in which it was almost
universally held. The London Morning Post,
| of the iioth uit., lias a sensible and impres
! sive editorial commentary on the subject; the
I same proposals have been before urg »d in Par
1 liament. The discords as to meaning of dis
| puted texts which would ensue between the
> Biblical scholars of the several denominations
| of Christianity—each 6tri\ing* for the ad
1 mission of technical or other terms favorable
i to their respective creeds—could not fail to
1 shake the authority of the sacred volume.—
This is nut the golden age ot scholarship in
Kngland; the commissioners must be more
j than teamed in the common sense; they
i must be proved superior to the authors ot
; the old version; the mischief of unsettling
public confidence could scarcely be overrated;
a new version would necessitate correspond
ing alterations in the Prayer Book, wh»ch
| was authorized by Convocation and Parlia
■ ment, and cf the concurrence uf those bod
| its in a scheme of amendment, there was no
j prospect."
Au Affray at Home.
The traditional ferocity of the inhabitants
I of the Monti district of Home, burst forth, a
; few days ago, in an exterminating contiict
between four principal combatants, which,
like the struggle of the Iloratii and Curatii,
left but one survivor, and, like that classic
combat, was waged by brothers against bro
thers. The scene of the tight was at first
an outer ia, and a woman, as usual, the
I tetlerriina causa; but after a great number
! of the host’s glasses had been smashed on
i each other’s heads, the combatants rushed
I into the street and killed each other with
knives and paving stones, the only survivor,
i named Paolane, running off toward Santa
! Maria Maggiore, although himself stabbed
! in the groin, and wounded in the head with
i a stone, in which plight he was assailed and
disarmed by a Swiss brewer, who grappled
with him on the ground until a picket of
Swiss soldiers came up and arrested the
| desperado.
; These same Swiss soldiers, meanwhile,
had been obliged to defend themselves with
tixed bayonets from the excited populace,
who pelted them to prevent them from cap
turing the fugitive, the common people here
; always sympathizing with culprits in similar
situations. During this battie royal, who
should pass but the Minister of Anna, Gen.
Farina, who was greatly alarmed at the
shower of atones, to avoid which be had to
crouch down at the bottom of the carriage,
bidding his coachman drive on as rapidly a»
possible. The chief combatants iu this affray
j were strong ruffians, corn porters by trade,
! and fond of the knife.—Roman Corrcspon
i (Rut oj the Daily Rctrs.
_ _ __
The Turnverdn,
I
As tlicro is now a convention of the mem
bers of this order in this city, some notice of
the history of Turnverein may be interesting |
, to our readers.
| The society had its origin witli Frederick ,
| Louis Jahn, us early as the spring of 1810.—
His first 'Dtrnplatz (Gymnasium) was begun
in that year at the Ilasm/iaule, a large pub- •
lie housenear Berlin, Prussia. Dr. Jahn was j
1 a man of profound learning, an ardent patriot, ;
, and his memory is dear to thousands and tens
| of thousands who have enjoyed the benefit of
i bis arduous labors.
In 1800, the French were masters of Ger
many. Jahn, who was a prominent and ac
tive patriot, was for a long time employed in
devising the best means for preparing the
Germans for a contest with their oppressors.
His classic mind hit upon the idea of restor- 1
ing, in some degree, the ancient yymnamu, as
better adapted to congregate the young men
</f Germany, where the more readily their
patriotic impulses might be developed and
nurtured. In 1810, he reduced his plans to
practice.
Abuses having crept into the societies ini
a lew years, the Government ordered their
suppression. They were, however, again
organized by the impetuous Jahn, and the
revolution of 1830 again aroused their lib
eral tendencies. They were denounced as
a revolutionary society, and again suppres
' sed.
The first regular Turner Society was estab
{ lished in Sew York in 1848. In the same
I vear a society was organized in Cincinnati,
and one likewise in Louisville. Nnce that
tinio it has expanded very rapidly, and its !
ramifications now embrace the whole l uiou,
from Maine to Texas.— Wash. S/or.
KaUltijf a Column.
Within a day or two, one of the large iron
columns intended to be placed to support the
crown of the great dome of the Capitol, hai*
been set up on the roof, near the east front. j
for the purpose of satisfaction as to the
strength and fitness of the hoisting power, ,
as well as to give some idea of the appear* j
ance of a colonade from the ground. These
1 columns are twenty-seven feet high, and
j when arrayed in the circle in their final
j standing piaee, it is easy to see, will present |
i a magnificent appearance. Touching the !
! adequacy of the hoisting power, the result j
; of the trial seems to be completely satisfai- |
| tory ; a great point surely, and one which, !
thus early gained, must contribute towards i
i as rapid a procedure as the magnitude of the j
j Work will admit of.—Xuf. Int.
Mother Carey’s Chickens.
For the first time within the recollection .
of the “Oldest inhabitant" these little deni- I
zens of the stormy ucean were seen in our
harbor on Monday. They came in large !
numbers and were occupied during the day j
in lightly and gracefully skimming the wa- !
ter in quest of food. Mariners are of opin
ion that the gale must bavo been of intense
severity outside the Capes, to have driven
them from their home on the Ocean-wave t>
seek an asylum in our harbor. These birds (
build their nests among reefs rnd desert,
rocks in the Ocean, and ride upon the howl- ,
ing storm. They are often seen sporting un- j
ler the lee ot vessels lying too in a gale of j
wind at sea.—XorfoU; Herald. f
Cliensajirake and Olilo Canal.
The water in the canal is again getting
very low, owing to the continuance of the!
drought and the breaking of the steam pump j
at Harness bottom. Dam So. 5. is also in 8 1
bud condition. These evils weigh heavily '
upon the people in this county, particularly '
upon the coal operators and the batmen.— j
It seems as though a fatality is hinging over !
tliis great work.— Cu miser I and Tel.
Fast Trotting.
A trotting match for £1,<XN) came off yes
terday over the Union Course, between the ,
two “crack" horses, Flora Temple and Ta- '
cony, the former to harness, and the other to
saddle. Flora distanced her competitor oa
the first beat, making the following extraor
dinary time: Quarter, 37; half mile, 1:13;
mile ‘J: 244. This is taid to be the fastest ■
beat erer trotted,—Ar. Y. Mirror,
[CoMMIMcaTKIi. '
A VI»11 to Frlruda.
Many and various are the accounts that
come to us every day through the medium of
| the press, of Tournaments, Feasts, ic., at
| the different Watering places, together with
: high wrought eulogiums upon the splendid
, sceuery, agreeable company, and a thousand
other attractions. But it is rarely that w$
, bear of a visit to one’s friends, living i0 jlUi
pie country style, ever being published *1
{ though in nine cases out of ten, more re.*|
enjoyment is in attendance on the latter
1 To give a brief outline of a visit | a>sed
amongst the good people of West lli?^r
Md.f is the object of this present conunum
cation. On a tine August morning,
found ourselves on board the splendid-team
1 er Wilson Small, Capt. kirwan, rapidly
; leaving Baltimore for the Chesapeake Bay.
I The morning being delightful, and havui*
! had the benefit of a good night s rest at tU
: Maltby House, (which by the wav, we cau
i recommend to all who desire a good stopping
place,) we were prepared to enjoy the splen
j did prospect that opened up before us —
About two and a half hours brought us tj
Annapolis : a city rendered memorable by
its connection with some of the most impor
tant events in the life of the immortal Wash
ington. Its appearance lrom the river is
quite attractive. The Naval School, State
House, St. John's College, aud (lovernor’s
l House, forming important features in the
: prospect. On leaving Annapolis another
hour brought us to (ialesville, a pleasant
Village at the head of West River, which
presents a business like appearance, ani
which we were assured was a place of con
| siderable trade, as Lumber, Coal, and tiro
J ceries are furnished at Baltimore prices.—
Finding, through the kindness of our friends,
a boat in waiting to convey us to our desti
nation, in a very short time we were quar
tered in as pleasant a situation as ordinarily
falls to the lot of man in this world. “Chalk
jP ‘ ‘ ded
00 mree *iue* uv water, aiiuosi luruuug a
peninsula, and there is scarcely a spot upon
it that does not present a handsome Water
view. Its principal products are wheat and
corn which it yields in abundance, and its
healthiness is undoubted. The water aroun 1
I it being salt, Crabs, Oysters, and Fish
abound, and wo can testify to the skill
I old “Uncle Ben” in trapping these deliou
cies, as we never sat down to a meal without
these accompaniments, to which we were
always prepared to do justice.
The land in this vicinity is very level, a;
fording tine timber forship-building, audewu
tractors from Maine are often found her** tell
ing these monarch* of the forest, in order t <
convert them into vehicles of commen t* to the
most distant parts of the world. After a day
or two of heartfelt enjoyment with our low
land friends, we left tor old familiar sc*»ne*
in the upper country, where, in days “ l.*ng
! Svne,” we had often wondered, and always
found the string of the latch on the outside.
Arriving at our first stopping place, we found
; changesand improvementsvisibleeverywhere,
j and a feeling of sadness came over u** as wo
! missed the faces of some who were ever wont
to greet us with a smile; but finding in their
stead fit representatives of worthy sires, we
soon felt at home, as wo could not fee 1 other
wise, from the kind attentions we received -
Sabbath occurring, wo had the choice of sev
c-ral places of worship, and concluded to at
tend Mount Zion Church, an appointment
memorable in the history of Methodism, as
being one of the first places where this de
nomination established a society in this *****
tiou of *ountry. The old building ha** given
way to a spacious brick edifice, standing in a
delightful grove, and, on the day in question,
a very respectable and highly intelligent
congregation listened attentively to an emi
nently practical discourse from the Kev. Mr.
Sank*, who is evidently a real gospel preach
er. A stranger is struck with the appearance
of the people generally, as indicating a high
degree of refinement, as well as the tasty
arrangement and neat appearance of their
farms, which, in the main, lar exceed those
of any section of the country with which we
are familiar. The lands are rolling and very
susceptible of improvement, and, from their
proximity to Baltimore, the means of sus
tainir.g them in a high state of cultivation is
thus placed within the reach of all. and, t >
judge from the appearance of the-e “ garden
spots,” the inhabitant* are not slow to avail
themselves of the facilities thus afforded, to
sustain and keep up their reputation for
thrift and enterprise.
But as all enjoyments must have an end,
so it was with our visit, and alter bidding a
reluctant adieu to our kind and estimable
friends, we soon found ourselves on boarJ
our favorite Steamer, en route for Baltimore,
w here we arrived in time for the Cars home
ward bound, and with despatch were return
ed to the starting point, bringing with u« an
increased attachment to the friend* we l*dt
behind U9. But we cannot conclude this
hasty and imperfect sketch, without rec*»m
*«• ■■ • .1.1 o. \VI
meuuing, to an inieresieu, me oicaun;i ••
son Small an.1 her noble Commander. I he
boat is swift and commodious—her accommo
dations are of a superior order, and her Cap
tain (Kirwan) ooe of the most perfect spcci
mens of a real gentleman we have ever met
with; and wo have resolved that if business
or pleasure should again call »ih over the same
route, to endeavor always to hit the time of
the Wilson Small. To denoribe fully the
scenes through which we passed in this short
time, would occupy too much space on paper,
an well as fall far short of the reality. Rut
we will say that for intelligence, moral w**rtb,
and genuine hospitality, the people of W**et
River, MJ., cannot be eclipsed. H. A R
ul’XK'a i »:n.
Democratic Mettlng.
Considering the preparatory flourish of
trumpets in reference to “the Campaign <»ra
tor," the attendance at the Lyceum Hail, Let
evening, was far from complimentary to the
speaker, and evinced very little Democratic
ardor in the pending contest.
The vexed question was largely descant^!
upon by Mr. Funsten, and I was eurpri-cl
to hear him say that the anti-slavery senti
ment of the Northern Democracy, was gre.v
ly controlled by the National position of the
Democratic party; that neither Congress nor
a Territorial Legislature had any power over
the subject of slavery.
That such is or has ever been the
al position of iha» party, wan entirely new to
us, and we should be glad to be informed
when, where, or by whom, such position h*s
ever been Nationally propourd^d.
ENQUIRER.
/ \ REWARD.—Ranaway Irorn th
subscriber, Fairfax County,
n«*ar Alexandria, on Satuiday the 5"ih
ult .rny negro man GEORGE. He j* about
years of ag#*, f> feet 6 or H inches high, st*’ 1
built, mulatto —clothing not recollected, '* ^
had such a variety, but took with him a bin*
coat with metal buttons, and stripd pantaloon*
I presume he has gone to the North, as h* bail
a wile living in New- Jersey, the last tun* ‘
beard from her. L will give the above reward
of 5250 dollars, if secure*! in jail so that 1 gf *im
again. D. MINGK.
Fairfax County, Va.. sep ♦>—eotl
[Hagerstown Torch Light, and Leesburg Gas!*
ingtonian, copy and seud bill* to adve;tis»'r J
1.1A .MILY FLOUR—50 Bids, Choice Family
^ Flour, in store, and lor sale by
MILLER t* ENGLISH.
9«*p6 No. 4b Union stieet
g^UGAR — 35 bbls. Crushed and Clarified M •
GARS, in store, and lor sale by
%p 4—eoj w % A. 8RKWJS it tO.

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