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CliBLISHJCD DAILY AND TR1-WKXKLY BY
«DO AH SNOW UK A. _ ALEXANDRIA: SATURDAY MORNING, MARCH 21, 1*57. The Washington correspondent of the Bal timore American says:—“Mr. Buchanan al ready begins to feel a serious effect upon his physical constitution by the oppressive du ties of bis position, and the pertinacious in trusions of political cormorants upon his usual hour of retirement and repose. It is high time that there should be a re-organiza tion or reconstruction of eiicjuette at the White llou»e, even at the expense of our pride of republicanism, or democratic sim plicity. It can scarcely be expected that the most vigorous constitution cau long oppose the requirements of nature for rest and re pose, and much less that a person of Mr. Bu chanan's age and regular habits can long support the present onerous duties and inno vations upon his rest, without a visible change iu his health and spirits." Gov. King, of New” York, has appointed William M.Evarts, esq., associate couusel for the State of New York iu the Lemraco slave case, which is to come up in the New Y ork Supreme Court in May next. The appoint ment is made to till the vacancy created by the death of the lion. Ogden Hoffman. In view of the controlling influence which the decision in the Dred Scott case would seem to have in this matter, great importance will attach to the above trial, and the result will be watched with much interest throughout the Union. __ A good story is told of Mr. Marcy, says the W’arrenton Flag, to the effect that as Jbx* Secretaries Guthrie and Marcy were return ing from a dinner party since the 4th, the conversation turned upon the subject of rota tion in office, and Mr. G. asked Mr. M. what be thought of the policy. Marcy replied that he “had got the credit of originating the doctrine “to the victors belong the spoils” but heaven forbid that he should ever coun tenance the pillaging of our own camp!” The Philadelphia Eveniug Journal says, that, next to that city and Pittsburg, Potts town, in Berks county, is the most important manufacturing place in the Keystone State. A few years ago, the town was not considered ' worthy of an indication on the maps, but it now numbers tweuty-tive hundred inhabi tants, and comprises within its limits manu facturing establishments which have no su periors in the State. The War Department has issued special orders constituting a hoard of examination fo* the admission and promotion of Assistant Surgeons in the Army. It will be composed of Surgeons C. A. Finley, K. S. Satterlee and C. McDougal, and assembles in New York on the 1st of May. Candidates for admis sion are required to make applications t hrough the Secretary of War. It appears to be a general impression that Mr. Dallas will be permitted to remain in his present official capacity until the Cen tral-American treaty shall have beeu duly ratified. It would be indecorous, to say the least of it, to recall him sooner, he being the projector and negotiator ot it. lie should he allowed the laurels due to the victor ot 60 imminent a diplomatic combat. The Washington correspondent of the Bal timore American says that the sub commit tee of the Washington Board of Health vis ited the National Hotel on Thursday. I bey were confirmed in the opinion that the dis ease was produced by the cause stated io the iiazette yesterday. During the entire day there was a strong southerly breezo, and the atmosphere in the cellars ot the hotel was al most insupportable. 1 he Intelligencer con tains a communication from a practising phy sician in relation to this subject, incorrect io some minor details, but generally corroct a* to the cause and prevalence of the disease. The writer proposes the removal of the steam boiler from the cellar, closing up the drams, and the construction of ventilating tluestrom cellar to roof. This procedure miyfU remove all danger to health, with the assistance of - chemical disinfectants; but it is extremely questionable if any thing less than the en tire demolition and reconstruction of the building, and a change of its name, woulu ever festore the confidence of the public and make it remunerative to its lessees. The Pacer Mill of Mr. George Hill, situa ted in Montgomery county, Md., at a place known as Capt. John, was entirely consumed by fire on Tuesday last, together with a considerable amount of raw and manufac tured material. We are informed that Mr. Hill'd loss will be some $0,000 or $8,000, on which there is no insurance. Tempting programmes to Kansas emi grants are again being circulated by the44Na tioaai Kansas Committee," who announce that, the arrangements for reduced fares along the entire roote having been pertected, llrst-elass tickets from New York to Leaven worth can now be had at the low price of $31.25. The New York Philosophical Society have appointed a committee, who are now tiying to solve the problem, 44Can the phenomena sty led Spiritual Manifestations be accounted for by physical laws?” The committee have already had before them a number of me diuma, among then the celebrated Mrs. Hatch. _ Hon. Jas. C. Dobbin, late Secretary of the Navy, arrived at his home in hayetteville ( N. C.) on Saturday last. In anticipation ol his arrival, a large meetiog of the citizens was held, and it was resolved to tender him a publio reception, but the health of Mr. D. was in such a precarious condition that bs was forced to decline all honors. A yooug man named Edward Reynolds was arrested on Tuesday, at Bedford, West chester county, Md., on a charge of stealing three shawls valued at $300 from the house .of Mrs. Mary T. HungeKord, of New York. .Accused w4s just preparing to lead w young ■lady to the altar when called upon by the gftcer, who conveyed him to prison. “Hansford, a tale of Bacon's Rebellion," is a new Virginia novel, by St. George Tucker, es<p, just published in Richmond, by George M. West—and beautifully printed. The de sign of the author, as he himself states, is to illustrate the period of our colonial histo ry, to which the story relates, and to show that the early struggle for freedom then, was the morning harbinger of that light which has since been seen and recognized by the whole world. The reader will become more and more interested as he goes on with the story, ! and a perusal of the work will satisfy him that Mr. Tucker has written a book which does him much credit. Defects there may be undoubtedly, both in the story and narration —but there are some well drawn characters, and, in general, an ease ot composition, a grace in the style, and a knowledge of hu man nature, displayed, which attract aod win favor. Received and for sale, at their bookstore, by James Fntwisle & Son, Kiug street. The Union says, “Until the malign influ ence of sectionalism assumed an imposing and defiant form, not a candidate for public favor ever failed to pledge himself to the Union and the whole Union. No one could com mand the suffrages of the people who was not heart and soul for it, now and in all time to come. Beneath the dark clouds ot sectionalism other views gained a hot-bed ex istence. ThQ trust of disappointment has giveu them a death chill." Bark Adriatic, Captain Sherman, which was in collision with the steamer Lionnais, we see, has been siezed by the French. She loaded with cotton at Savannah and sailed for La Ciotat, France, and immediately upon tier arrival Captaiu Sherman was imprison ed. He has thrown himself upon the protec tion of the American Consul at Marseilles. It is impossible to tell where this case will end. The New York thief, James Wilson, who was detected in his nefarious practices in Washington, during the recent inaugura tion excitement, has been tried before the Criminal court, and convicted. Ho was sentenced to sis years hard labor in the pen itentiary. _‘ The spring trade of Philadelphia, of the pres-ent season, is said by the merchants to have been thus far unusually large, exceed ing any previous year perhaps except 1854, which showed the heaviest ever known to the city. _ The National Intelligencer eoutradicts the statement that the “National Hotel sickness” has spread outside of the Hotel, or invaded the rooms of the Telegraph lines, in close contiguity. Accounts from Washington represent that the anticipations entertained that there would be less office seeking than usual, upon the installation of the present Executive, have not been realised. The contract for manufacturing 2,Go0,000 bricks for the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company, to be used in arching tunnels, has been awarded to Daniel Blocher, esq. I he price has not transpired. Rev. Calvin Colton, a political writer of celebrity, author of a Life of Henry Clay, Ac., died, on yesterday week, at Savannah, Georgia. ^ Mr. R. L. T. Beale has been nominated as the Democratic candidate for the State Senate i from the Westmoreland District. Mr. J. T. liict is the Whig and American candidate. Garroting is still practiced iu New Y'ork— a Boston merchant was knocked down and robbed, corner of Broadway and Pearl streets, a few nights ago. - m Telegrnphlc Deip»tch«*« Washington, March 19.—Tim grand jury of the Criminal Court to day found a true bill against Col. Lee, late a clerk in the Pen sion Office, for murder in the first degree iu the killing of Mr. Home, of Alexandria. Lee is now in jail awaiting his trial. Strong efforts are being made for the ap pointment of a Southern ro&n as Governor of Kansas. The Cabinet have now under consideration the affairs of that Territory. The following are reported and believed to be the appointments made for Philadelphia to-day. Lewis D. Baker, collector* Cham bers McKibbin, naval officer; John IJamil r __ 11'... nurr norpnt' con, or., Bunrjyi, -J* • Jacob Yost, marshal of the eastern district; and Gideon G. Wescott, postmaster. Washington. March 19.—The President's dinner party this evening comprised about thirty persons. Among the invited guests were ex President Pierce, Vice-President • Breckinridge, Mr. Appleton, the editor of the Union; Governor Mercy, of the old cabinet, and all the members of the Dew cabinet, Senators Bigler, Douglas, Bright, Thompson, of New Jersey, and the wives of such ot them as are in the city. Troy. N. Y.. March 1.8.—An affray occur red at Eddy Foundry, in this city, this morn i ing, between John Allen and Hugh Donnel ly. The former struck the latter with a hammer, injuring him so that he died at 1 o'clock this afternoon. Allen has escaped. Boston, March 13.—In the Stoughton poisoning case the coroner’s jury to-day, rendered a verdict of “Death by poison, ad ministered by Hosea Briggs." Briggs was placed in custody, az)d Miss Amanda Drake was discharged. ^_ The Cabinet. The correspondent of the Baltimore Amer ican gives the following directory of the resi dence of the members of the cabinet: “Hon. Jacob Thompson, Secretary of the Interior, has taken a house on F street, near Twelfth; Hon. Howell Cobb, Secretary of the Treasury, still retains his quarters at Crutchett's Cottage on Capitol Hill; Hon. A. V. Brown, Postmaster General, is at Brown’s Hotel; General Case has taken the house formerly occupied by Mr. Marcy, io the First Ward., and IIoo. Isaac Toucey is on Twelfth street." ■■ - Revolutionary Belle, The Boston Courier of the ItKth instant, says: _ “Sunday evening a Urge barn in East Lexington, owned by Mrs. Robbins, was de stroyed by fire. It is not know^n how the » fire originated, but it is attributed to incen diarism. There were boards upon the barn, it is said, that were perforated by the bullets of tbe British during the war of tbo revolu tion." . . Paying Investment* Theii ileigh (N. C.) Register says a gen tleman of t&t city, at the North Carolina State Fairt bought a half breed Devon cow, four years old. for wbiuh ha paid $40 to a Lynchburg, Va., dealer. The purchase was made on tbe 17th of October, sine*, which time a strict account of the milk obtained from the cow has been kept, which foots up .she enormous quantity of three hundred and sigh t gallons. Valu able in vestment. Correspondence. Baltimore, March 4, 1857. Sir:—The undersigned, merchants of Bal timore, recognising your long and faithful advocacy of the commercial interests ot the I United States, and more particularly appre ciating your despatch on maritime law, as j sertiog the principle that private property on the high seas in time of war shall be l held as sacred and inviolable as it is by the laws of all civilized nations admitted to be 1 on land, most respectfully invite your accep ! tance of a dinner with them on such day as may be most convenient and agreeable to you, and remain, Sir, with high regard, Your most obd't serv'ts, Alex. Brown A Sons, Wm. Wiijion A Sons. F. W. Bri ne A Sons. Kirkland, Chase A Co., Fitzgerald, Booth A Co., Thus. Whitridge A Co., Thus. Wilson A Co., And many others. To Hon. W. L. Marcy, Washington. Washington, March 13, 1857. Gentlemeu:—1 have received with grateful feelings, the invitation to a dinner which you have, in such complimentary terms, convey ed to me. On entering the station from which I have to receutly retired, it was my anxious desire, as it was my duty, to aid the President in cher ishing and promoting the interests of all be effected by my official conduct Am ng classesof ourcitizens, which could in any way the most important of these interests was that of foreign Commerce, because it was, more than any other, immediately dependant upon the proper management of the exterior relations of the country. The approval of the conduct of the late administration, in regard to this great inter est, by the intelligent merchants of one of the largest cities of the Union, is a most grat ifying testimonial. The general recognition of the principle to which you refer—the immunity ot all pri vate property upon the high seas in time of war—I am confident would prove a blessing to the world. The extreme limits of belliger • . . , I I I____.4^/1 eut rigius nave oeeu gr«iuuiin^ as civilization has advanced, and the spirit of the age calls for a mitigation of the rigors of war. 1 The benificent principle proposed by this government of exempting property upon the ocean from pillage, to the same extent that it is now exempted upon land, by the usage of modern warfare, has been received with general favor by all enlightened nations; and the way seems to be already prepared for its introduction into the code of national law. I highly appreciate your kind and compli mentary invitation, but there are circumstan ces which constrain me more respectfully to decline it. * I am, with great respect, your ob’t serv’t, W. L. Marly. Ex«Goveruor Aiken* of South Carolina* Some of the most fiery of the South Caro lina journals are denouncing Gov. Aiken for his motion, at the close of the late session of Congress, for the cue ternary vote of thanks to the Speaker. We think that this is a very unnecessary expenditure of indignation.— Gov. Aiken is, we understand, a polished gentleman, and he no doubt conceived the idea that the act of courtesy in question, coming from 7umselj\ would, under the cir cumstances, have iu every way, a favorable influence, w hilst it could not possibly be pro ductive of any injurious consequence, either to South Carolina or to the country. We are very far from thinking that in making the motion he was guilty of any thing worse than an act of perfect projrriefy. We have no more toleration for Speaker Banks’s }xtit ties than our volcanic contemporaries ot the Palmetto State—but we really see nothing in this courtesy of Gov. Aiken’s to a man w ho he believed bad discharged his official duties with ability and fidelity, to provoke wrath and stir up a rumpus. No Southern right was sacrificed or jeoparded in the proceed ing, that we can discover; neither can we discover that there was any compromise of a chivalrous spirit in it. It was a matter of taste rather than of principle—and we are a good deal surprised to see in his own State this explosion of indignation against the ex Qovernor on account of so trivial a circum stance. We would respectfully remind those who have arraigned him at the bar of public opinion in South Carolina, that a yreat many Southern members voted with the majority on the resolution of thanks.— Petersbury Jut. Xhc Mysterle* of the l*w. In Maine, at the term of the Supreme Court now being held at Portland, a bill of indictment was found by the Grand .Jury against John S. Sprague, for the crime of polygamy. The indictment charged that Sprague, on the \ lth of September, 1854, be ing then and there an unmarried man, was lawfully married to Emily M. Clark, and that afterwards, on the 4th of Peeember, 1855, his first wife being still living, be mar ried Khoda Sylvia Stewart, thereby commit ting the crime of polygamy. Sprague's coun sel stated lo the Court that the County At torney was willing to admit, and that the de lence could prove, that the alleged first mar ■ riage was not a legal one, Sprague at that time being a married man, and having a wife living; in fact, that he had three wiyes • but as the indictment was based upon the legali ty of the second marriage, which was not legal, it must fail. And, further, if the Gov ernment attempted to prove that the first wife was living when Sprague marred the third one, he should oMect to such evidence, as there was no such allegation in the indict ment, This last position being sustained by i the Court, the Couuty Attorney entered ft noL. jjrps.j and thus Sprague, who was charg ed with having tux wives, got clear by hav ing three, Xievr York Sew*. The N. York correspondent of the Charles ton Courier gives a long account of a most strange story, which be alleges to be strictly true. A beloved and elderly pastor of one of the New York city churches, was called upon one night by a mao, who requested hiua to go and christen two of his children. As he was returning b°m^, he was accosted by a person, who called him by and ac cused him of issuing from ft house of ijl fame* Money was demanded of him, and, in default of his paying it, be was threaten ed with exposure, The clergyman took no notice of it tor awhile; but bis steps were dogged perpetually, till finally it began to « wear upon him. lie told no one, but left and ; went to Europe, thinking thereby to escape 1 from his tormentors. But he was mistaken. Ou his return they ut;;i pursued him. He resigned bis oharge to the astonishment of his parishioners, wrho could not comprehend the reason. He went to a country village, was still pursued, and it is believed that, dreading the effects of such reports, false though they were, be actually paid bush mo ney. Finally the rascals were arrested for some other villainy, when this whole affair leaked out, and the clergyman came back to bis church. It is incredible that a pastor should cower to such scoundrels. It all trans pired within eighteen tnont&s p$st. Hackney Celebes. The extortionate demands And the insclent conduct of Washington hack-drivers are fast beeomiug proverbial, and should be. reme died. Each coach eboujd contain legibly printed lists of fares; and, if complaint yras iniie tb*t the driver thereof had charged more than ha yaa entitled to, or had.refused to go anywhere when not already engaged, be ahauid be punished, or at any rate, should have bis license revoked. We saw yesterday afternoon a driver refuse to go a distance of two squares ^inless he was paid two dollars as tbeVe*was no other coach on the stand and he felt certain of securing the job.— Washington Union, Treaty with Persia. The treaty with Persia, lately ratified by the Senate, is one both of political and com mercial importance to the United States. It was negotiated in December last by Carroll Spence, the American minister at Constanti nople, and Ferrouk Khan, the ambassador sent by the Shah to the Emperor of France, between whom a commercial treaty has been lately concluded. Those who are at all ac quainted with eastern statesmen, know how important in the negotia;ion of treaties with them it is to be fortified with handsome pre sents as propitiatory offerings, and how fre quently they fail when unable to advance these powerful arguments. Mr. Spence, therefore, deserves no little credit for the di plomatic talent he has displayed in bringing the negotiations to a successful issue, and obtaining for his country so favorable a trea ty as the present one—especially as it was made without those presents, and in spite of the open and bitter opposition of the British government. It is a commercial one, and by it the United States gain all the privileges granted by Persia to the most favored na* tions, toobt&in which some of them have shed no little blood, and spent much money.— Balt. Amer. David Funsten, esq. In looking over the proceedings of the Martinsburg Convention, we find that David Funsten, esq., of Alexandria, received at one time over 13,000 votes, and upon the next ballot would, in all probability, have gotten the nomination, when one or two prominent members from his owu section went to work and succeeded in giving him a most signal defeat. This can by us be accounted for in but one way: Mr. Funsten, two years since, received nearly one thousand votes against . . . . . «• « #im • Uov. £>mitu, uitnougn nor a eaouiuaie. inis strength came from tho-e Democrats who have always refused to give the Governor their influence. From the fact that Mr. F. is now in favor of a convention, we are led to the conclusion that he was overslaughed solely on account of his being opposed to the re-election of Governor Smith, if he runs without the endorsement of a district con vention. As many votes thrown away on Mr. F. this spring will beat Governor S. into tits.— Warrenton Whig. Important to Emigrants to tlie Pacific. Troops are to cross the Western Plains this spring for the protection of the overland emigrants bound for California and Oregon. Orders have been issued for the 4ch Infan try, now stationed in Oregon, to move across the country, constructing the road for which appropriations have been made. The com panies of the Gth Infantry, now at Forts Kearny and Leavenworth, are to follow up the Platte Valley, in the old Oregon trail, and go through the mountains at South Pass. The companies stationed in Kansas are to embark at Furt Leavenworth, and ascend the Missouri in boats to Fort Benton, there to remain until relieved by the 4th Infantry, some time in the sur mier, when they, too, w ill move across over the route passed over by them on their march from Oregon. These movements of troops on the Western Plains will keep the way open this spring and sum mer for emigrating parties destined tor the shores of the Pacific.— St. T^out.i l)d>n. A lltctt Community. A (lay or two since, we had occasion to mention that the result of the late sale of the Delaware (Indians) trust lands was $470,000. The lands sold were only those comprised in the eastern division of this great reservation. The western division is now advertised to ho sold. That contains some 350,000 acres, and will undoubtedly bring an aggregate of at least $000,000. The tribe are also the owners of a home reservation almost imme diately adjoining Leavenworth City, forty miles long by ten broad. That would sell to morrow readdv for $10 per acre; or an ag gregate of $3,000,000. 'Thus their total wealth, independent of personal property— and some of them are men of considerable individual means—is about $4,0i0,000.— They number in all some nine hundred souls, and, from the real estate described above, are worth an average of $4,440 per soul, or $22,220 to each family ottive persons among them.— Wash. Star. Water Proof Clothes. The New York Commercial Advertiser says : ... **M. Payne, a Parisian chemist, is the in ventor of a simple and cheap method of ren dering clothes water-proof, which has been ex tensiiely tested, anil its importance acknowl edged, both in Franco and England. His process is to take one kilogramme of alum, and dissolve it in about eight gallons of wa ter. On mixing the two liquids, there will be a precipitate in the form of a powder created, which io the sulphate of lead. 1 urn off the liquid which retains in dissolution the acetate of alum, and plunge into it the article to be rendered impermeable. Mal axate the article by kneeding it with the bands until it becomes thoroughly saturated, when, after, a few moments, tnke it out of the liquid and hang it in the air so diy.— Goods rendered impermeable by this process retain po unpleasant odor.” The Illness of i*lr. Crawford, « * 5 % The New York Express says: _ _ • _ i . A • 1 . \ “Jjlr. urawlora s itne American scuipnir; disease is fungus henmtodts} (bleeding fun gus,) an irremediable form of cancerous dis ease, This form of malignant disease, as in the case of Mr. Crawford, very frequently chooses for its seat of development the orbit# of the eye. It soon punches the eye for ward out of its socket, and by its pressure on the optic nerve, dej-troys sight. Later on, the obstacle plate of bone which separatee the tumor fronc tho membranes of the brain is neersed and absorbed, the tumor pomes in contact with the brain, and the patient eventually dies, either trom the pressure of the brain or by the general cachexia of the system, or by the combined influence of both If it ia operated upon, it is speedily reproduced in another part of the body. !b?re is no cause left but a palliative treatment, id or. der to mitigate the patient’** sufferings. Small Pox, The frequent mention ut the prevalence of this disease in various parts of the country, admonishes us to be ever vigilant in precau tionary provisions. Not only in New \ork and Philadelphia, and other large cities has it lately formed an item io tbs mortality bills, hut the rural districts of oiany of the States have also been visited. Among its latest ravages we observe it is creating much unea siness in Mississippi. 1 he Lafayette paper in that State speak** in sorrowful terms of its destructive spread, and says a number of masters and slaves had already fallen victims, nod that the prospect was it would not cease until all bad felt the affliction. The case of Lafayette is by no means singular in the ior terior of the country.— Bait- Atner. The seventh District, VTe bear that the friends of Gov. Smith proclaimed that they intend to crush every mad wjjp belongs Jo that portion of the Democratic party opposed to bid re-elec tion. They scout at the idea that that part* can number more than a corporal's guard; and as they are disorganizes and disturbers flf the public peace they are to be either driveu forcibly into the traces or tamed out to die upon the common;. J"very candidate for office in Fauquier this spring has po go through a rigid examination, and if he fails to answer ati questions then he is to be de capitated. Th4$, for instance, #r, Silas Hud too will* mb^t probably have a bard read to travel, unless he shifts his firmer ground nod goes io for Smith.— WarrciUon Whig. Highway Robbery. Light Thou sail. aiul Fifty Dollars Stolen. —The particulars of one of the most daring and successful robberies ever perpetrated in 4his city, came to our ears yesterday. It seems that a person named Solomon Wolf, a merchant residing in Spriogfield, iu this State, arrived in this city on Monday, in the , evening train, and at about nine o'clock, while in search of the residence of a young man whom he wished to engage as a clerk, he walked up to Twelfth street, whore, while passing by the side of the burying ground, he was met by a couple of men, one of whom drew forth a weapon, in all probability a slung shot, stTuck him a violent blow with it ; on the head, which felled him to the ground, and rendered him insenrdble for some time, : during which interval they rifled him of a I pocket-book containing $S,UoO, mostly in i large bills. Mr. Wolf has given information to the Police, but there is little hope of the desper ate scoundrels being brought to justice, as it i was so dark at the time the outrage was com , mitted that Mr. Wolf is fearful he cannot, if confronted, identify either of his assailants.— : Cincinnati Com., 18//i. The Taxes. Here in Virginia the land tax has been actually quadrupled in the last twelve months; 1 for the rate has neon doubled and the new assessment has doubled the amount to be I taxed. A farm under the old assessment paid not more than a fourth of what it is charged ! with under the new. We think that this game | has been played long enough. The taxes I are now at a figure which makes them serious- ! ly felt, particularly in the towns. The State has other means of improving her condition | without such an imposition upon the people. ! Clia ic K .nti l in inaMpa to tliprn t.n rPilll7.fi what is her lawful due, and thereby liberate them as much as possible from the exactions under which they are suffering. They have an interest in the national domain which will, i if claimed and secured, as it ought to be, prufit them just as much as the same resource has profited the Free State—particularly the new oues. We therefore boldly tell the peo ple to look to their rights, and to elect men to the Legislature and to Congress who will contend for the State's share of the Public LandPetersburg Intelligencer. Tlie True Ground. •We are gratified to know that a number of life-long Democrats are in favor of an equal distribution of the public lands. Among i the number, we may mention that old ! wbeel-horse.of Democracy, Maj. Chas. Yan cey, ol Buckingham—a gentleman who is a Democrat all over, and who voted for the cel : ebrated resolutions of ’98-’99, being then a ! member of the Virginia Legislature. A Democratic correspoudeut, who appear ed in our yesterday's issue, reasons like a rational man and a patriot, and takes the true ground, lie says:—“I am a Democrat and have always voted the Democratic ticket, but upon this subject (distribution) I shall take what I consider the part of the South and my native State. I think it to the inter e-it of both. 1 think it perfectly right, just | and honorable." j This is common sense, practical loasoning, : and wo trust it may have due weight upon all the Democrats in the State.—Rich. If hnj. Fruit Pros|M*ctH»»Favoralile New*. The following letter from (lenesee county, coincides with other information received at the New York Tribune office. “The prospects of a fruit crop were never better here at this season of the year than now. The dry weather of last year retarded the growth of the fruit-trees, and in conse quence the wood was thoroughly ripened, and the severe cold of the past Winter has left the fruit buds uninjured. The lowest range of the thermometer hero was fourteen | degrees beiow zero. The staple fruit here is I apples, but peaches, cherries, plums, apri I cots, pears, grapes and the small iruits are j all cultivated to some exteut. The apricot buds are entirely destroyed. I examined them the first of the month and found them sound; but the weather the last of February caused them to swell, and the severe cob! since (two degrees below zero) 1ms killed thorn. The peach-buds did not swell as much, and are yet entirely sound." liigrnloufc For|p*rlr«, The Buffalo Kxpress of Tuesday say*: — “A series of forgeries were discovered here yesterday to the extent of some $12,000, ami the forger, Frederick A. McKnight, was ar rested. The process by which these forge ries have been committed was to aiter tli»» fillings of drafts on New York arid past checks on the banks in this city. He would purchn«c a draft for thirty five dollars and then fi:l in the ‘hundred,’ making the amount $3,50W. So with other denomina tions. Then he would make his own check fop some small sum dated ahead, ami go to the bank and get it certified. This ho would altpr in its denomination, say a $25 check to $2,500, until yesterday he was detected at one of our banks in such a performance and immediately fled. He was arrested last evening. How large an amount of these forgeries be may have committed remains to be ascertained, but we understand that some $12,00U have already toon discovered." Property In Mavra. Jn rcplv to the New \ork Tribune’s rant upon the subject of the recognition of slaves a* property bv the constitution, the New York Express reminds its fanatical cotempo rary that for a hundred and fifty years, all the Courts, Federal and State, in the North ern commercial States, have recognised slaves to be property. There is not a manufactur : er in Connecticut or Mnssaclmsetts, who sells | his products South, that does not know, ! slaves are often levied on as property there, and sold as property to collect Northern debts if sued in toe South. The treaty of 1783 with Great Eritain demanded payment for abducted negroes as property. The treaty of 1810 (of Ghent) ditto, ditto. John Quin cy Adams is on the record, recognising slaves, over cod over again, to be property. A A Norfolk paper says: —‘‘On Sunday, the display of vessels in Hampton Roads and off Jewell’s Point, was very splendid and ex eu sive. Thors were Q full-rigged ships, 8 bugs, 3 barks, 2 ketches, and o/ schooners, rcrm’ ing a magnificent fleet of fifty-sis sail.— The weather being tine and ca!ra, the sails were spread out in the sunlight, and were | reflected on the smooth surface of the bay, presenting one of the most striking and at tractive scenes ever beheld at the great out let of three powerful States.” Methodist Protestant Conference. This l/>dy brought its labors to a close on Wednesday night, after a session of eeveo days. The session was of a harmonious char acter, and the appointments) of the ministers J i were such as to give general satisfaction.— j The w hole district embraced in this confer- j | enee is under the immediate supervision of j | the President, there being no presiding elders ; recognized iu the government of the church, i I —Halt. Amer. The Solar Tel«»r»p*». ! Experiments with a solar <?':-gr»Pb (•**• , an eiuimnL'e) have been made with complete . i suceese in 1’aris, in the presence of }> Verri er, Struve, and others. The rays of the sqo are projected from and upon mirrors; the du- . ! ration of the ray make* the alphabet, after the system of Morse. It >» proposed to ftp- J p»y it to the use of the French army in Algo < ria, wfcere the ordinary telegraph canDot j i be worked. The posts can be established at 20 leagues from each other. ‘‘Unleavened Bread*'* Of this the Louisville Journal says: This M atzot cake is baked almost exclu sively in the city of New York, and thence sent to all portions of the cnuotry. It is made solely of the best wheat flour, and wa ter is added to a certain weight of flour.— It is mixed up—not kneaded as the house wife or ordinary baker does common dough, with the bands; not yet as the pilot bread ba ker does, “with his ieet,”—but broken with a sort of lever, one eud of which acts upon a hinge and the other end is raised up and down by a boy, who sits upon it, and springs himself up aud down very much as boys do who play “see-saw.” This dough after being broken underg>es a rolling process between two sets of rollers. It is then placed upon the feed board of an apparatus similar to a cracker machine, and it is then subjected to another roiling after which it falls upon a linen duck apron, which .carries it along un der the cotter. Here it is by one operation cut into rouud cakes, and at the same time perforated with small holes at equal distances. Alter the cake is baked it is packed and sent otf in baskets. The Matzot is very good and pleasant to the taste, but modern Christians could hardly reconcile themselves to eating it al most exclusively for the eight days the “Feast of the Passover” continues. Kallruad Financial Precautions* The New York Post remarks upon the ab sence of any fund, in the provisions made by railroad directors against the physical depre ciation or wear and tear of their roads, is a great deficiency, and has a very injurious effect on the value ot railroad securities in general. Provisions for a sinking-fund, to redeem gradually bonded indebtedness, is not near so important as a renewal or other fund, set apart out of incomes for the necessary repairs or renewal, or rather maintenance, of roads J a Mn I vr An a a v turn dAmnftnlAA hdVA made any such provisions. The New York Times alludes to the fact that the stockholders of our railroad com panies do not retain anything like tbecootrol of their affairs which the stockholders of the English companies do. They make or con firm the dividends recommended by the direc tors, and sometimes do not follow the recom mendation, but judge for themselves. Here it is otherwise. Tue directors assume an absolute power in dividend making. It would be a wholesome check, were the vote of the stockholders necessary to legalise a dividend, and a public discussion among the stockhol ders allowed on the proposition to make a divideud.—/?a// Amer. The Hainan Face. The Rev. Orville Dewey, in one of bis lectures on the Problem of Human Destiny, remarks: “The expression of the face is a beauti ful distinction of humanity. We are little aware of the influence which it constantly exerts. If the dumb animal, over whom man exercises his cruelty, if the horse or dog, when suffering by a blow from the violence of man, could turn upon him with a look of indignation or appeal, oould any one resist the pow**r of the mute expostulation ? How extraordinary, too, the difference of expres sion in the human face, by which the recog nition of personal idenity is secured. On this small surface, nine inches by six, are depicted such various traits, that among the millions of inhabitants on the earth, no two have the same lineaments of the face. What dire confusion would ensue if all countenan ces were alike ; if fathers did not know their own children by sight, nor husbands tbeir wives. Hut now wc could pick out oar friend from among the multitudes of the as sembled universe.” _ Selling III Ratlier High. The following is the Persian description of the sovereigns of France and Persia: “IIis high majesty Napoleon, whose eleva tion is equal to that of the planet Saturn, the sovereign of whom the sun is a standard, the shining star on the tirmanent of crowned heads, the sun of the heaven of royalty, the ornament of the diadem, the splendor of the standards and of the imperial signs, the il lustrious and liberal monarch : and his ma* jesry, elevated like the planet Saturn, tns sovereign to whom the sun is a standard, whoso splendor and magnificence equal that of toe starred sky; the sublime sovereign, the monarch whose weapons are numerous as the stars, whose greatness reminds us of that of Djemschid, whose magnificence equals that of Darius, the heir to the crown and throne of the Keyanides, the sublime and absolute emperor of all Persia.” The Illustrated News remarks—“It is a consolation that we are already in alliance with the first of these tremendous persona, and the sooner we propitiate the second the better.” Kxcltemciit In Southwcit Missouri* (ireat excitement existed in and about (•olden drove, Barton county, Mo., last week, owing to a large company of men called “Slickers” going in pursuit of a rnan named Smith, an alleged horse thief. These “Slick ers” or “border ruffians,” it appears all got drunk; and the St. Louis Intelligencer says they slicked near a dozen men on charges of harboring or being friends of Smith—some of them are said to be good, peaceable citizens. Some them were whipped so severely that their lives arc despaired of. Two or three females who interfered were beat and bruised up, and the persons of several females viola ted. Neither age nor sex were spared during Monday and Tuesday. They weot to the house of E. Smith, and cut open his beds and poured out the. feathers—took his meat and corn and throw them to the hogs, and turned his wife and child out of doors. But on Wednesday they became alarmed at their own recklessness, and ceased opera tions after compelling the inhabitants to tly tor tneir lives. “Recommended” for Office* V/e lmvo already mentioned that the sys tem of “recoinmending” for federal appoint ments inaugurated by-the Virginia electoral college and very extensively* copied r^sently (if report is to be believed,) had beeu deter* mined upon in Annapolis. Agreeably to ap pointment the balloting for these recommen dations took place on Tuesday, and resulted as follows:—• For Postmaster.—A. Gassaway, 56; John T. Hammond, 0. £br '.’aval Storkoeper.—Wm. Bryan, 61; J. II. Iglehart, 3. For Collector of the Port.—\JTashington D. Basil, 70; James Sands, 3; Blank, 8. It is seen that but 76 votes were polled, whereas there are over 200 io the city. It leads to an inference that the majority do not approve of this new plan of getting the uiilk from the cocoanut.—Jbt/t. Amcr. Crinoline* A lady correspondent inquire? of us th® exact moaning of the word crinoline. Thu term crinoline is derived from the LatiQ word crinis, winch means the air of the head. This word in the French language becomes and is generally applied to horse hair, in colloquial Litin, or the Latin of the Low* er Empire, crinin, might actually pass into the diminutive criuolu, and from this we easily form the term crinoline, to signify a fabric woven of hair—a finer and more dain ty tissue than tji* common ba'rrclcAb called by the French cific:. “■ :,M - * “A. Grand Crasto.tr A Scotch clergy man, Br. Cummings, has predicted the probable ’‘smash*'of t|)il * 8,-14 I in June next, and, as uSnal with sugh predic tions, among the ignorant there is a great deal of excitement about the subject iu Eng land and France. The Laat of the Volcano. A Mr. 1). A. Flecker recently travell*j sixty miles through snow and ice t» Mt «f. himself of the truth of the report that a v,! cano had burst forh in the mountain ? Pendleton county. The Staunton Speeut • publishes a report of his explorati on, fr 0J which it appears that the volcano is n< thir.j more thao a “hole in the ground/' discou-r i by Mr. Spoonargle, a celebrated hunter. <ju ring the extreme cold weather of the ; winter. “From all ex ernal appearances -av* Mr. P.) there never did any smoke from the 'hole / the green moss and lichee are undisturbed around the crater, and n tr, ing seems to be darkened by smoke—pl.il sopbicalty, smoke may is*ue from the ugior.it,.* in extreme cold weather. A stream of * vt-r comes out At the base of the mountain, there may be a communication from thi- « - ter, it passing directly under. If so, rr„* it. mosphere would be warm proceeding thore from, and coming directly in contact mtu * cold air. Without, it would become con deosed, and hence fog is seen/’ A Tight Savings U*Nk. Harriet Wallace, a frugal factory girl, wh, had nearly a hundred dollars deposited m in the Lowell Savings Bank, has just Uvu permitted to draw ber money, after a 1 n : and painful course of litigation. Sheen,, menced ber deposited with $41, in 184.'». :u,.f being about to leave the city temporarily, she employed a friend to take the money t the institution, and sign with her name tU by-laws; other depositee followed, but uhen the young lady oarne to get her money out, iu 1853, the treasurer refused to deliver it up without proof that the firbt depositor friend) was not the real owner of the m nev. That young woman being dead, ami M Wallace being unable to give a bond <d in demnity, the matter went to law, first in the Common Pleas, and then the Supreme < ’ urt, and the claim was sustained by both. Hie bank now pays the deposit with interest an] float of nroseeution. A Kovel Expedient. The very latest invontion is an expedient adopted by a New York office-seeker t-> in sure due perusal of bis “papers” by the a« pointing power. To this end he has actually caused a copy of them to be printed, making * a good sized volume, whic^be has tile 1 wi t, % the originals. We mention the fact by w&y of illustrating the progress of the era in ti e matter of office-seeking, wherein, if .* uie improvement could be invented to disp-n'e with the insutferable*boring incident to it up to this time, the genius originating it wuui-i be fairly entitled to a fortune, even it I - should never thus make one.—Star, Trouble at Cape Palmas, Afrlrs. Bishop Payne, of the Protestant Episcopal Church, writes as follows, under d ate of De cember 30, from Cape Palmas, Airies: “The colonists, moved by various provrv i tions, have burned up all the Cape Palms* andGrahway towns, eight in number, at. i driven their inhabitants—not far below six thousand—into the forest, or such interior villages as would afford them shelter; ar t the natives, on their purt, have burned >*•'. eral unprotected houses in the colony, art I among them our first station and our tir«t African home—Mount Vaughan/1 Artificial Arms aiad L«gi. In England, the Lords of tho Admiralty have ordered John Luck, who had been f. > merly employed in the dock, and had both his arms torn off by machinery, to be sup plied with a new pair of patent artificial arms. With these Mr. Luck can not only % dress himself and cut and eat his food, but even write letters, and by a new appliatn of the most ingenious description, he will 1 able in the course of a week or two to abate himself without danger. Fresh Flab Plenty and Cheap. Fresh fish are plenty and cheap at Swamp scot Beach, where, on Friday last, one hun dred and fifty-five thousand pounds of c»» I an I haddock were disposed of at one cent p**r pound. The schooner Minnehaha, Capt. C Stone caught the largest number, twenty one thousand pounds. Fish aro now so plants at the Beach that they sell for one half c**nt per pound.— fluxion Traveller. |AA REWARD.—Runaway. from M I \ f\ f Henry Edwards, of Stafford < * ty, on the IHh inst., a negro boy nam«l .M >H Said boy is 18 years old, about five feet hii:: , rather slender, has sharp feature*.. asht * if hiith cheek bones, with laige white eyes. ;u 1 pleasing countenance when spoken to. ks-t on when he left a grey speckled c.*p, a »a*-k • ■ and pants of fullers eledh. Joe may be linking about Fredyirksbu I think it likely he may lv trying to make way to a free Mate or possibly to MnMlo \ county, where his mother lives. I will give thirty dollars reward if taken v\r? ^jj in the adjoining counties, titty dollars if t.»»* • within any other comity in the State, and m ** hundred dollars if taken without the State, ai secured so that 1 can get him. ROBERT N BF.AKf Snowden, Stafford Co., mh ‘2| —w iw S‘ T. GEORGE TUCKERS NEW Booh —Hansford, a tale ol Bacon's Keb**lli. one vol. 1*2 mo., cloth, $1,*25. I ue rrivate t orrespwnuMice ot luniei » *. •ter. edited by Fletcher Webster, 2 vols. > £loth', $4,50. Memorial Papers.—The Memorial wi*u <■ culars and questions ot* the Episcopal (' u.u i sion, report of thecommis-ion, contribution the eommis ioners, and communications ?i<-u Episcopal and Non-Episeopal Divines ^ ith .» intioduction, by Rt. Rev. Alonzo Pott**r. D P I vol. 12 mo., cloth, $1,25. Just published •ale by JAS. ENTWISLE A SON , mh 91 No. 95, King street MORK NEW BOOKS, MAGAZINES, v AT FRENCH S.' Claude and the Abbetsar, a Night in a N*n nery, 25 cents. New York Journal for April, 19c. Graham's Magazine for April, 25c. Arthurs Magazine, H*c. New York National, 19c. Blue Ridge Republican. 3 Fairfax News. nm I m rpHE KEYSTONE STATE SAPOMHKK | for making Soap—the process ot making with it is so simple and cheap. 9..i every family can make its own Soap, at a *.< r small cost. Received and for sale by PEEL, STEVENS A CO mh 21 Corner of King and Alfred-' IlUR tpe convetiiei ce ol many resident* e* ^ itrangers, the “ A1/Kxaxpeia Gaautts he procured daily, at G. E. FRENCH ’S Hook and Periodical depot. HM King street, mb21 %)~ BOXES SUPERIOR ENGLISH HAIM CHEESE, just received, and lor *a!e bv JOHN A. DIXON. mh 2l Family Grocer EW FRUIT.—25 boxes Oranges and Lem on* also, Raisins and Figs, Ac , Ac, rfrcMved, in store, and lor sale by mb 21 'v JOHN A. DIXON KOWANDS* REMEDY, for Weak E> i Ear Ache. Deafness, Tooth Ache, Ac . r* ceived, and lor sale by mh 21 H. COOK A CO.. Sarepta Hal! MOHA1K CAPS, a large supply, ju*f r^c»-iv. ed, and lor sale by C. C. BERRY, mb 21 No. 72, King’-fr^ei, XT OT ICE—TO THE PUBLIC-1 lave a I [lj jifie assortment of Scott’*,, D-rrrv^S a.... ^ my own inariuiactdre of RBfRltiJiRA,l I for sakai ' ENOCH CRIMES> mh IQ No 14. Fairfax ST /\ BRLS. Rectiped Whijke# dlj 26 bbU.OId Ry- Whis^ 10 u French Brandy • 10 “ Apple Brandy, tor sale by mh 11 KLNCJlEtOE A BKL1N.