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Alexandria gazette. [volume] (Alexandria, D.C.) 1834-1974, March 21, 1857, Image 2

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The Washington correspondent of the Bal
timore American says:—“Mr. Buchanan al
ready begins to feel a serious effect upon his
physical constitution by the oppressive du
ties of bis position, and the pertinacious in
trusions of political cormorants upon his
usual hour of retirement and repose. It is
high time that there should be a re-organiza
tion or reconstruction of eiicjuette at the
White llou»e, even at the expense of our
pride of republicanism, or democratic sim
plicity. It can scarcely be expected that the
most vigorous constitution cau long oppose
the requirements of nature for rest and re
pose, and much less that a person of Mr. Bu
chanan's age and regular habits can long
support the present onerous duties and inno
vations upon his rest, without a visible change
iu his health and spirits."
Gov. King, of New” York, has appointed
William M.Evarts, esq., associate couusel for
the State of New York iu the Lemraco slave
case, which is to come up in the New Y ork
Supreme Court in May next. The appoint
ment is made to till the vacancy created by
the death of the lion. Ogden Hoffman. In
view of the controlling influence which the
decision in the Dred Scott case would seem
to have in this matter, great importance will
attach to the above trial, and the result will
be watched with much interest throughout
the Union. __
A good story is told of Mr. Marcy, says the
W’arrenton Flag, to the effect that as Jbx*
Secretaries Guthrie and Marcy were return
ing from a dinner party since the 4th, the
conversation turned upon the subject of rota
tion in office, and Mr. G. asked Mr. M. what
be thought of the policy. Marcy replied
that he “had got the credit of originating the
doctrine “to the victors belong the spoils”
but heaven forbid that he should ever coun
tenance the pillaging of our own camp!”
The Philadelphia Eveniug Journal says,
that, next to that city and Pittsburg, Potts
town, in Berks county, is the most important
manufacturing place in the Keystone State.
A few years ago, the town was not considered
' worthy of an indication on the maps, but it
now numbers tweuty-tive hundred inhabi
tants, and comprises within its limits manu
facturing establishments which have no su
periors in the State.
The War Department has issued special
orders constituting a hoard of examination
fo* the admission and promotion of Assistant
Surgeons in the Army. It will be composed
of Surgeons C. A. Finley, K. S. Satterlee and
C. McDougal, and assembles in New York
on the 1st of May. Candidates for admis
sion are required to make applications
t hrough the Secretary of War.
It appears to be a general impression
that Mr. Dallas will be permitted to remain
in his present official capacity until the Cen
tral-American treaty shall have beeu duly
ratified. It would be indecorous, to say the
least of it, to recall him sooner, he being the
projector and negotiator ot it. lie should
he allowed the laurels due to the victor ot
60 imminent a diplomatic combat.
The Washington correspondent of the Bal
timore American says that the sub commit
tee of the Washington Board of Health vis
ited the National Hotel on Thursday. I bey
were confirmed in the opinion that the dis
ease was produced by the cause stated io the
iiazette yesterday. During the entire day
there was a strong southerly breezo, and the
atmosphere in the cellars ot the hotel was al
most insupportable. 1 he Intelligencer con
tains a communication from a practising phy
sician in relation to this subject, incorrect io
some minor details, but generally corroct a*
to the cause and prevalence of the disease.
The writer proposes the removal of the steam
boiler from the cellar, closing up the drams,
and the construction of ventilating tluestrom
cellar to roof. This procedure miyfU remove
all danger to health, with the assistance of
- chemical disinfectants; but it is extremely
questionable if any thing less than the en
tire demolition and reconstruction of the
building, and a change of its name, woulu
ever festore the confidence of the public and
make it remunerative to its lessees.
The Pacer Mill of Mr. George Hill, situa
ted in Montgomery county, Md., at a place
known as Capt. John, was entirely consumed
by fire on Tuesday last, together with a
considerable amount of raw and manufac
tured material. We are informed that Mr.
Hill'd loss will be some $0,000 or $8,000,
on which there is no insurance.
Tempting programmes to Kansas emi
grants are again being circulated by the44Na
tioaai Kansas Committee," who announce
that, the arrangements for reduced fares
along the entire roote having been pertected,
llrst-elass tickets from New York to Leaven
worth can now be had at the low price of
The New York Philosophical Society have
appointed a committee, who are now tiying to
solve the problem, 44Can the phenomena sty
led Spiritual Manifestations be accounted for
by physical laws?” The committee have
already had before them a number of me
diuma, among then the celebrated Mrs.
Hatch. _
Hon. Jas. C. Dobbin, late Secretary of the
Navy, arrived at his home in hayetteville
( N. C.) on Saturday last. In anticipation ol
his arrival, a large meetiog of the citizens
was held, and it was resolved to tender him a
publio reception, but the health of Mr. D.
was in such a precarious condition that bs
was forced to decline all honors.
A yooug man named Edward Reynolds
was arrested on Tuesday, at Bedford, West
chester county, Md., on a charge of stealing
three shawls valued at $300 from the house
.of Mrs. Mary T. HungeKord, of New York.
.Accused w4s just preparing to lead w young
■lady to the altar when called upon by the
gftcer, who conveyed him to prison.
“Hansford, a tale of Bacon's Rebellion," is
a new Virginia novel, by St. George Tucker,
es<p, just published in Richmond, by George
M. West—and beautifully printed. The de
sign of the author, as he himself states, is
to illustrate the period of our colonial histo
ry, to which the story relates, and to show
that the early struggle for freedom then, was
the morning harbinger of that light which has
since been seen and recognized by the whole
world. The reader will become more and
more interested as he goes on with the story,
! and a perusal of the work will satisfy him
that Mr. Tucker has written a book which
does him much credit. Defects there may be
undoubtedly, both in the story and narration
—but there are some well drawn characters,
and, in general, an ease ot composition, a
grace in the style, and a knowledge of hu
man nature, displayed, which attract aod
win favor.
Received and for sale, at their bookstore,
by James Fntwisle & Son, Kiug street.
The Union says, “Until the malign influ
ence of sectionalism assumed an imposing
and defiant form, not a candidate for public
favor ever failed to pledge himself to the Union
and the whole Union. No one could com
mand the suffrages of the people who was
not heart and soul for it, now and in all
time to come. Beneath the dark clouds ot
sectionalism other views gained a hot-bed ex
istence. ThQ trust of disappointment has
giveu them a death chill."
Bark Adriatic, Captain Sherman, which
was in collision with the steamer Lionnais,
we see, has been siezed by the French. She
loaded with cotton at Savannah and sailed
for La Ciotat, France, and immediately upon
tier arrival Captaiu Sherman was imprison
ed. He has thrown himself upon the protec
tion of the American Consul at Marseilles.
It is impossible to tell where this case will
The New York thief, James Wilson, who
was detected in his nefarious practices in
Washington, during the recent inaugura
tion excitement, has been tried before the
Criminal court, and convicted. Ho was
sentenced to sis years hard labor in the pen
itentiary. _‘
The spring trade of Philadelphia, of the
pres-ent season, is said by the merchants to
have been thus far unusually large, exceed
ing any previous year perhaps except 1854,
which showed the heaviest ever known to
the city. _
The National Intelligencer eoutradicts the
statement that the “National Hotel sickness”
has spread outside of the Hotel, or invaded
the rooms of the Telegraph lines, in close
Accounts from Washington represent that
the anticipations entertained that there would
be less office seeking than usual, upon the
installation of the present Executive, have
not been realised.
The contract for manufacturing 2,Go0,000
bricks for the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad
Company, to be used in arching tunnels, has
been awarded to Daniel Blocher, esq. I he
price has not transpired.
Rev. Calvin Colton, a political writer of
celebrity, author of a Life of Henry Clay,
Ac., died, on yesterday week, at Savannah,
Georgia. ^
Mr. R. L. T. Beale has been nominated as
the Democratic candidate for the State Senate
i from the Westmoreland District. Mr. J. T.
liict is the Whig and American candidate.
Garroting is still practiced iu New Y'ork—
a Boston merchant was knocked down and
robbed, corner of Broadway and Pearl streets,
a few nights ago. - m
Telegrnphlc Deip»tch«*«
Washington, March 19.—Tim grand jury
of the Criminal Court to day found a true
bill against Col. Lee, late a clerk in the Pen
sion Office, for murder in the first degree iu
the killing of Mr. Home, of Alexandria.
Lee is now in jail awaiting his trial.
Strong efforts are being made for the ap
pointment of a Southern ro&n as Governor
of Kansas. The Cabinet have now under
consideration the affairs of that Territory.
The following are reported and believed to
be the appointments made for Philadelphia
to-day. Lewis D. Baker, collector* Cham
bers McKibbin, naval officer; John IJamil
r __ 11'... nurr norpnt'
con, or., Bunrjyi, -J* •
Jacob Yost, marshal of the eastern district;
and Gideon G. Wescott, postmaster.
Washington. March 19.—The President's
dinner party this evening comprised about
thirty persons. Among the invited guests
were ex President Pierce, Vice-President
• Breckinridge, Mr. Appleton, the editor of the
Union; Governor Mercy, of the old cabinet,
and all the members of the Dew cabinet,
Senators Bigler, Douglas, Bright, Thompson,
of New Jersey, and the wives of such ot
them as are in the city.
Troy. N. Y.. March 1.8.—An affray occur
red at Eddy Foundry, in this city, this morn
i ing, between John Allen and Hugh Donnel
ly. The former struck the latter with a
hammer, injuring him so that he died at 1
o'clock this afternoon. Allen has escaped.
Boston, March 13.—In the Stoughton
poisoning case the coroner’s jury to-day,
rendered a verdict of “Death by poison, ad
ministered by Hosea Briggs." Briggs was
placed in custody, az)d Miss Amanda Drake
was discharged. ^_
The Cabinet.
The correspondent of the Baltimore Amer
ican gives the following directory of the resi
dence of the members of the cabinet:
“Hon. Jacob Thompson, Secretary of the
Interior, has taken a house on F street, near
Twelfth; Hon. Howell Cobb, Secretary of
the Treasury, still retains his quarters at
Crutchett's Cottage on Capitol Hill; Hon. A.
V. Brown, Postmaster General, is at Brown’s
Hotel; General Case has taken the house
formerly occupied by Mr. Marcy, io the First
Ward., and IIoo. Isaac Toucey is on Twelfth
■■ -
Revolutionary Belle,
The Boston Courier of the ItKth instant,
says: _
“Sunday evening a Urge barn in East
Lexington, owned by Mrs. Robbins, was de
stroyed by fire. It is not know^n how the
» fire originated, but it is attributed to incen
diarism. There were boards upon the barn,
it is said, that were perforated by the bullets
of tbe British during the war of tbo revolu
tion." . .
Paying Investment*
Theii ileigh (N. C.) Register says a gen
tleman of t&t city, at the North Carolina
State Fairt bought a half breed Devon cow,
four years old. for wbiuh ha paid $40 to a
Lynchburg, Va., dealer. The purchase was
made on tbe 17th of October, sine*, which
time a strict account of the milk obtained
from the cow has been kept, which foots up
.she enormous quantity of three hundred and
sigh t gallons. Valu able in vestment.
Baltimore, March 4, 1857.
Sir:—The undersigned, merchants of Bal
timore, recognising your long and faithful
advocacy of the commercial interests ot the
I United States, and more particularly appre
ciating your despatch on maritime law, as
j sertiog the principle that private property
on the high seas in time of war shall be
l held as sacred and inviolable as it is by the
laws of all civilized nations admitted to be
1 on land, most respectfully invite your accep
! tance of a dinner with them on such day as
may be most convenient and agreeable to
you, and remain, Sir, with high regard,
Your most obd't serv'ts,
Alex. Brown A Sons, Wm. Wiijion A Sons.
F. W. Bri ne A Sons. Kirkland, Chase A Co.,
Fitzgerald, Booth A Co., Thus. Whitridge A Co.,
Thus. Wilson A Co., And many others.
To Hon. W. L. Marcy, Washington.
Washington, March 13, 1857.
Gentlemeu:—1 have received with grateful
feelings, the invitation to a dinner which you
have, in such complimentary terms, convey
ed to me.
On entering the station from which I have
to receutly retired, it was my anxious desire,
as it was my duty, to aid the President in cher
ishing and promoting the interests of all
be effected by my official conduct Am ng
classesof ourcitizens, which could in any way
the most important of these interests was
that of foreign Commerce, because it was,
more than any other, immediately dependant
upon the proper management of the exterior
relations of the country.
The approval of the conduct of the late
administration, in regard to this great inter
est, by the intelligent merchants of one of
the largest cities of the Union, is a most grat
ifying testimonial.
The general recognition of the principle
to which you refer—the immunity ot all pri
vate property upon the high seas in time of
war—I am confident would prove a blessing
to the world. The extreme limits of belliger
• . . , I I I____.4^/1
eut rigius nave oeeu gr«iuuiin^
as civilization has advanced, and the spirit
of the age calls for a mitigation of the rigors
of war. 1
The benificent principle proposed by this
government of exempting property upon the
ocean from pillage, to the same extent that
it is now exempted upon land, by the usage
of modern warfare, has been received with
general favor by all enlightened nations; and
the way seems to be already prepared for its
introduction into the code of national law.
I highly appreciate your kind and compli
mentary invitation, but there are circumstan
ces which constrain me more respectfully to
decline it. *
I am, with great respect, your ob’t serv’t,
W. L. Marly.
Ex«Goveruor Aiken* of South Carolina*
Some of the most fiery of the South Caro
lina journals are denouncing Gov. Aiken for
his motion, at the close of the late session of
Congress, for the cue ternary vote of thanks
to the Speaker. We think that this is a very
unnecessary expenditure of indignation.—
Gov. Aiken is, we understand, a polished
gentleman, and he no doubt conceived the
idea that the act of courtesy in question,
coming from 7umselj\ would, under the cir
cumstances, have iu every way, a favorable
influence, w hilst it could not possibly be pro
ductive of any injurious consequence, either
to South Carolina or to the country. We
are very far from thinking that in making
the motion he was guilty of any thing worse
than an act of perfect projrriefy. We have
no more toleration for Speaker Banks’s }xtit
ties than our volcanic contemporaries ot the
Palmetto State—but we really see nothing in
this courtesy of Gov. Aiken’s to a man w ho
he believed bad discharged his official duties
with ability and fidelity, to provoke wrath
and stir up a rumpus. No Southern right
was sacrificed or jeoparded in the proceed
ing, that we can discover; neither can we
discover that there was any compromise of a
chivalrous spirit in it. It was a matter of
taste rather than of principle—and we are a
good deal surprised to see in his own State
this explosion of indignation against the ex
Qovernor on account of so trivial a circum
stance. We would respectfully remind those
who have arraigned him at the bar of public
opinion in South Carolina, that a yreat many
Southern members voted with the majority
on the resolution of thanks.— Petersbury Jut.
Xhc Mysterle* of the l*w.
In Maine, at the term of the Supreme
Court now being held at Portland, a bill of
indictment was found by the Grand .Jury
against John S. Sprague, for the crime of
polygamy. The indictment charged that
Sprague, on the \ lth of September, 1854, be
ing then and there an unmarried man, was
lawfully married to Emily M. Clark, and
that afterwards, on the 4th of Peeember,
1855, his first wife being still living, be mar
ried Khoda Sylvia Stewart, thereby commit
ting the crime of polygamy. Sprague's coun
sel stated lo the Court that the County At
torney was willing to admit, and that the de
lence could prove, that the alleged first mar
■ riage was not a legal one, Sprague at that
time being a married man, and having a wife
living; in fact, that he had three wiyes • but
as the indictment was based upon the legali
ty of the second marriage, which was not
legal, it must fail. And, further, if the Gov
ernment attempted to prove that the first
wife was living when Sprague marred the
third one, he should oMect to such evidence,
as there was no such allegation in the indict
ment, This last position being sustained by
i the Court, the Couuty Attorney entered ft
noL. jjrps.j and thus Sprague, who was charg
ed with having tux wives, got clear by hav
ing three,
Xievr York Sew*.
The N. York correspondent of the Charles
ton Courier gives a long account of a most
strange story, which be alleges to be strictly
true. A beloved and elderly pastor of one
of the New York city churches, was called
upon one night by a mao, who requested hiua
to go and christen two of his children. As
he was returning b°m^, he was accosted by
a person, who called him by and ac
cused him of issuing from ft house of ijl
fame* Money was demanded of him, and,
in default of his paying it, be was threaten
ed with exposure, The clergyman took no
notice of it tor awhile; but bis steps were
dogged perpetually, till finally it began to
« wear upon him. lie told no one, but left and
; went to Europe, thinking thereby to escape
1 from his tormentors. But he was mistaken.
Ou his return they ut;;i pursued him. He
resigned bis oharge to the astonishment of
his parishioners, wrho could not comprehend
the reason. He went to a country village,
was still pursued, and it is believed that,
dreading the effects of such reports, false
though they were, be actually paid bush mo
ney. Finally the rascals were arrested for
some other villainy, when this whole affair
leaked out, and the clergyman came back to
bis church. It is incredible that a pastor
should cower to such scoundrels. It all trans
pired within eighteen tnont&s p$st.
Hackney Celebes.
The extortionate demands And the insclent
conduct of Washington hack-drivers are fast
beeomiug proverbial, and should be. reme
died. Each coach eboujd contain legibly
printed lists of fares; and, if complaint yras
iniie tb*t the driver thereof had charged
more than ha yaa entitled to, or had.refused
to go anywhere when not already engaged,
be ahauid be punished, or at any rate,
should have bis license revoked. We saw
yesterday afternoon a driver refuse to go a
distance of two squares ^inless he was paid
two dollars as tbeVe*was no other coach on
the stand and he felt certain of securing the
job.— Washington Union,
Treaty with Persia.
The treaty with Persia, lately ratified by
the Senate, is one both of political and com
mercial importance to the United States. It
was negotiated in December last by Carroll
Spence, the American minister at Constanti
nople, and Ferrouk Khan, the ambassador
sent by the Shah to the Emperor of France,
between whom a commercial treaty has been
lately concluded. Those who are at all ac
quainted with eastern statesmen, know how
important in the negotia;ion of treaties with
them it is to be fortified with handsome pre
sents as propitiatory offerings, and how fre
quently they fail when unable to advance
these powerful arguments. Mr. Spence,
therefore, deserves no little credit for the di
plomatic talent he has displayed in bringing
the negotiations to a successful issue, and
obtaining for his country so favorable a trea
ty as the present one—especially as it was
made without those presents, and in spite of
the open and bitter opposition of the British
government. It is a commercial one, and by
it the United States gain all the privileges
granted by Persia to the most favored na*
tions, toobt&in which some of them have shed
no little blood, and spent much money.—
Balt. Amer.
David Funsten, esq.
In looking over the proceedings of the
Martinsburg Convention, we find that David
Funsten, esq., of Alexandria, received at one
time over 13,000 votes, and upon the next
ballot would, in all probability, have gotten
the nomination, when one or two prominent
members from his owu section went to work
and succeeded in giving him a most signal
defeat. This can by us be accounted for in
but one way: Mr. Funsten, two years since,
received nearly one thousand votes against
. . . . . «• « #im •
Uov. £>mitu, uitnougn nor a eaouiuaie. inis
strength came from tho-e Democrats who
have always refused to give the Governor
their influence. From the fact that Mr. F.
is now in favor of a convention, we are led
to the conclusion that he was overslaughed
solely on account of his being opposed to the
re-election of Governor Smith, if he runs
without the endorsement of a district con
vention. As many votes thrown away on
Mr. F. this spring will beat Governor S. into
tits.— Warrenton Whig.
Important to Emigrants to tlie Pacific.
Troops are to cross the Western Plains
this spring for the protection of the overland
emigrants bound for California and Oregon.
Orders have been issued for the 4ch Infan
try, now stationed in Oregon, to move across
the country, constructing the road for which
appropriations have been made. The com
panies of the Gth Infantry, now at Forts
Kearny and Leavenworth, are to follow up
the Platte Valley, in the old Oregon trail,
and go through the mountains at South Pass.
The companies stationed in Kansas are to
embark at Furt Leavenworth, and ascend the
Missouri in boats to Fort Benton, there to
remain until relieved by the 4th Infantry,
some time in the sur mier, when they, too,
w ill move across over the route passed over
by them on their march from Oregon. These
movements of troops on the Western Plains
will keep the way open this spring and sum
mer for emigrating parties destined tor the
shores of the Pacific.— St. T^out.i l)d>n.
A lltctt Community.
A (lay or two since, we had occasion to
mention that the result of the late sale of the
Delaware (Indians) trust lands was $470,000.
The lands sold were only those comprised in
the eastern division of this great reservation.
The western division is now advertised to ho
sold. That contains some 350,000 acres,
and will undoubtedly bring an aggregate of
at least $000,000. The tribe are also the
owners of a home reservation almost imme
diately adjoining Leavenworth City, forty
miles long by ten broad. That would sell
to morrow readdv for $10 per acre; or an ag
gregate of $3,000,000. 'Thus their total
wealth, independent of personal property—
and some of them are men of considerable
individual means—is about $4,0i0,000.—
They number in all some nine hundred souls,
and, from the real estate described above,
are worth an average of $4,440 per soul, or
$22,220 to each family ottive persons among
them.— Wash. Star.
Water Proof Clothes.
The New York Commercial Advertiser
says : ...
**M. Payne, a Parisian chemist, is the in
ventor of a simple and cheap method of ren
dering clothes water-proof, which has been ex
tensiiely tested, anil its importance acknowl
edged, both in Franco and England. His
process is to take one kilogramme of alum,
and dissolve it in about eight gallons of wa
ter. On mixing the two liquids, there will
be a precipitate in the form of a powder
created, which io the sulphate of lead. 1 urn
off the liquid which retains in dissolution
the acetate of alum, and plunge into it the
article to be rendered impermeable. Mal
axate the article by kneeding it with the
bands until it becomes thoroughly saturated,
when, after, a few moments, tnke it out of
the liquid and hang it in the air so diy.—
Goods rendered impermeable by this process
retain po unpleasant odor.”
The Illness of i*lr. Crawford,
« * 5 %
The New York Express says:
_ _ • _ i . A • 1 . \
“Jjlr. urawlora s itne American scuipnir;
disease is fungus henmtodts} (bleeding fun
gus,) an irremediable form of cancerous dis
ease, This form of malignant disease, as in
the case of Mr. Crawford, very frequently
chooses for its seat of development the orbit#
of the eye. It soon punches the eye for
ward out of its socket, and by its pressure on
the optic nerve, dej-troys sight. Later on,
the obstacle plate of bone which separatee
the tumor fronc tho membranes of the brain
is neersed and absorbed, the tumor pomes in
contact with the brain, and the patient
eventually dies, either trom the pressure of
the brain or by the general cachexia of the
system, or by the combined influence of both
If it ia operated upon, it is speedily reproduced
in another part of the body. !b?re is no
cause left but a palliative treatment, id or.
der to mitigate the patient’** sufferings.
Small Pox,
The frequent mention ut the prevalence of
this disease in various parts of the country,
admonishes us to be ever vigilant in precau
tionary provisions. Not only in New \ork
and Philadelphia, and other large cities has
it lately formed an item io tbs mortality bills,
hut the rural districts of oiany of the States
have also been visited. Among its latest
ravages we observe it is creating much unea
siness in Mississippi. 1 he Lafayette paper
in that State speak** in sorrowful terms of its
destructive spread, and says a number of
masters and slaves had already fallen victims,
nod that the prospect was it would not cease
until all bad felt the affliction. The case of
Lafayette is by no means singular in the ior
terior of the country.— Bait- Atner.
The seventh District,
VTe bear that the friends of Gov. Smith
proclaimed that they intend to crush
every mad wjjp belongs Jo that portion of
the Democratic party opposed to bid re-elec
tion. They scout at the idea that that part*
can number more than a corporal's guard;
and as they are disorganizes and disturbers
flf the public peace they are to be either
driveu forcibly into the traces or tamed out
to die upon the common;. J"very candidate
for office in Fauquier this spring has po go
through a rigid examination, and if he fails
to answer ati questions then he is to be de
capitated. Th4$, for instance, #r, Silas
Hud too will* mb^t probably have a bard read
to travel, unless he shifts his firmer ground
nod goes io for Smith.— WarrciUon Whig.
Highway Robbery.
Light Thou sail. aiul Fifty Dollars Stolen.
—The particulars of one of the most daring
and successful robberies ever perpetrated in
4his city, came to our ears yesterday. It
seems that a person named Solomon Wolf, a
merchant residing in Spriogfield, iu this
State, arrived in this city on Monday, in the
, evening train, and at about nine o'clock,
while in search of the residence of a young
man whom he wished to engage as a clerk,
he walked up to Twelfth street, whore, while
passing by the side of the burying ground,
he was met by a couple of men, one of whom
drew forth a weapon, in all probability a
slung shot, stTuck him a violent blow with it
; on the head, which felled him to the ground,
and rendered him insenrdble for some time,
: during which interval they rifled him of a
I pocket-book containing $S,UoO, mostly in
i large bills.
Mr. Wolf has given information to the
Police, but there is little hope of the desper
ate scoundrels being brought to justice, as it
i was so dark at the time the outrage was com
, mitted that Mr. Wolf is fearful he cannot, if
confronted, identify either of his assailants.—
: Cincinnati Com., 18//i.
The Taxes.
Here in Virginia the land tax has been
actually quadrupled in the last twelve months;
1 for the rate has neon doubled and the new
assessment has doubled the amount to be
I taxed. A farm under the old assessment paid
not more than a fourth of what it is charged !
with under the new. We think that this game |
has been played long enough. The taxes I
are now at a figure which makes them serious- !
ly felt, particularly in the towns. The State
has other means of improving her condition
| without such an imposition upon the people.
! Clia ic K .nti l in inaMpa to tliprn t.n rPilll7.fi
what is her lawful due, and thereby liberate
them as much as possible from the exactions
under which they are suffering. They have
an interest in the national domain which will,
i if claimed and secured, as it ought to be,
prufit them just as much as the same resource
has profited the Free State—particularly the
new oues. We therefore boldly tell the peo
ple to look to their rights, and to elect men
to the Legislature and to Congress who will
contend for the State's share of the Public
LandPetersburg Intelligencer.
Tlie True Ground.
•We are gratified to know that a number of
life-long Democrats are in favor of an equal
distribution of the public lands. Among
i the number, we may mention that old
! wbeel-horse.of Democracy, Maj. Chas. Yan
cey, ol Buckingham—a gentleman who is a
Democrat all over, and who voted for the cel
: ebrated resolutions of ’98-’99, being then a
! member of the Virginia Legislature.
A Democratic correspoudeut, who appear
ed in our yesterday's issue, reasons like a
rational man and a patriot, and takes the
true ground, lie says:—“I am a Democrat
and have always voted the Democratic ticket,
but upon this subject (distribution) I shall
take what I consider the part of the South
and my native State. I think it to the inter
e-it of both. 1 think it perfectly right, just
| and honorable."
j This is common sense, practical loasoning,
: and wo trust it may have due weight upon
all the Democrats in the State.—Rich. If hnj.
Fruit Pros|M*ctH»»Favoralile New*.
The following letter from (lenesee county,
coincides with other information received at
the New York Tribune office.
“The prospects of a fruit crop were never
better here at this season of the year than
now. The dry weather of last year retarded
the growth of the fruit-trees, and in conse
quence the wood was thoroughly ripened,
and the severe cold of the past Winter has
left the fruit buds uninjured. The lowest
range of the thermometer hero was fourteen
| degrees beiow zero. The staple fruit here is
I apples, but peaches, cherries, plums, apri
I cots, pears, grapes and the small iruits are
j all cultivated to some exteut. The apricot
buds are entirely destroyed. I examined
them the first of the month and found them
sound; but the weather the last of February
caused them to swell, and the severe cob!
since (two degrees below zero) 1ms killed
thorn. The peach-buds did not swell as
much, and are yet entirely sound."
liigrnloufc For|p*rlr«,
The Buffalo Kxpress of Tuesday say*: —
“A series of forgeries were discovered here
yesterday to the extent of some $12,000, ami
the forger, Frederick A. McKnight, was ar
rested. The process by which these forge
ries have been committed was to aiter tli»»
fillings of drafts on New York arid past
checks on the banks in this city. He would
purchn«c a draft for thirty five dollars and
then fi:l in the ‘hundred,’ making the
amount $3,50W. So with other denomina
tions. Then he would make his own check
fop some small sum dated ahead, ami go to
the bank and get it certified. This ho would
altpr in its denomination, say a $25 check to
$2,500, until yesterday he was detected at
one of our banks in such a performance and
immediately fled. He was arrested last
evening. How large an amount of these
forgeries be may have committed remains to
be ascertained, but we understand that some
$12,00U have already toon discovered."
Property In Mavra.
Jn rcplv to the New \ork Tribune’s rant
upon the subject of the recognition of slaves
a* property bv the constitution, the New
York Express reminds its fanatical cotempo
rary that for a hundred and fifty years, all
the Courts, Federal and State, in the North
ern commercial States, have recognised slaves
to be property. There is not a manufactur
: er in Connecticut or Mnssaclmsetts, who sells
| his products South, that does not know,
! slaves are often levied on as property there,
and sold as property to collect Northern debts
if sued in toe South. The treaty of 1783
with Great Eritain demanded payment for
abducted negroes as property. The treaty
of 1810 (of Ghent) ditto, ditto. John Quin
cy Adams is on the record, recognising
slaves, over cod over again, to be property.
A Norfolk paper says: —‘‘On Sunday, the
display of vessels in Hampton Roads and off
Jewell’s Point, was very splendid and ex eu
sive. Thors were Q full-rigged ships, 8 bugs,
3 barks, 2 ketches, and o/ schooners, rcrm’
ing a magnificent fleet of fifty-sis sail.—
The weather being tine and ca!ra, the sails
were spread out in the sunlight, and were
| reflected on the smooth surface of the bay,
presenting one of the most striking and at
tractive scenes ever beheld at the great out
let of three powerful States.”
Methodist Protestant Conference.
This l/>dy brought its labors to a close on
Wednesday night, after a session of eeveo
days. The session was of a harmonious char
acter, and the appointments) of the ministers J
i were such as to give general satisfaction.—
j The w hole district embraced in this confer- j
| enee is under the immediate supervision of j
| the President, there being no presiding elders ;
recognized iu the government of the church, i
I —Halt. Amer.
The Solar Tel«»r»p*».
! Experiments with a solar <?':-gr»Pb (•**• ,
an eiuimnL'e) have been made with complete .
i suceese in 1’aris, in the presence of }> Verri
er, Struve, and others. The rays of the sqo
are projected from and upon mirrors; the du- .
! ration of the ray make* the alphabet, after
the system of Morse. It >» proposed to ftp- J
p»y it to the use of the French army in Algo
< ria, wfcere the ordinary telegraph canDot j
i be worked. The posts can be established at
20 leagues from each other.
‘‘Unleavened Bread*'*
Of this the Louisville Journal says:
This M atzot cake is baked almost exclu
sively in the city of New York, and thence
sent to all portions of the cnuotry. It is
made solely of the best wheat flour, and wa
ter is added to a certain weight of flour.—
It is mixed up—not kneaded as the house
wife or ordinary baker does common dough,
with the bands; not yet as the pilot bread ba
ker does, “with his ieet,”—but broken with a
sort of lever, one eud of which acts upon a
hinge and the other end is raised up and
down by a boy, who sits upon it, and springs
himself up aud down very much as boys do
who play “see-saw.” This dough after being
broken underg>es a rolling process between
two sets of rollers. It is then placed upon
the feed board of an apparatus similar to a
cracker machine, and it is then subjected to
another roiling after which it falls upon a
linen duck apron, which .carries it along un
der the cotter. Here it is by one operation
cut into rouud cakes, and at the same time
perforated with small holes at equal distances.
Alter the cake is baked it is packed and sent
otf in baskets.
The Matzot is very good and pleasant
to the taste, but modern Christians could
hardly reconcile themselves to eating it al
most exclusively for the eight days the
“Feast of the Passover” continues.
Kallruad Financial Precautions*
The New York Post remarks upon the ab
sence of any fund, in the provisions made by
railroad directors against the physical depre
ciation or wear and tear of their roads, is a
great deficiency, and has a very injurious effect
on the value ot railroad securities in general.
Provisions for a sinking-fund, to redeem
gradually bonded indebtedness, is not near so
important as a renewal or other fund, set
apart out of incomes for the necessary repairs
or renewal, or rather maintenance, of roads
J a Mn I vr An a a v turn dAmnftnlAA hdVA
made any such provisions.
The New York Times alludes to the fact
that the stockholders of our railroad com
panies do not retain anything like tbecootrol
of their affairs which the stockholders of the
English companies do. They make or con
firm the dividends recommended by the direc
tors, and sometimes do not follow the recom
mendation, but judge for themselves. Here
it is otherwise. Tue directors assume an
absolute power in dividend making. It would
be a wholesome check, were the vote of the
stockholders necessary to legalise a dividend,
and a public discussion among the stockhol
ders allowed on the proposition to make a
divideud.—/?a// Amer.
The Hainan Face.
The Rev. Orville Dewey, in one of bis
lectures on the Problem of Human Destiny,
“The expression of the face is a beauti
ful distinction of humanity. We are little
aware of the influence which it constantly
exerts. If the dumb animal, over whom
man exercises his cruelty, if the horse or dog,
when suffering by a blow from the violence
of man, could turn upon him with a look
of indignation or appeal, oould any one resist
the pow**r of the mute expostulation ? How
extraordinary, too, the difference of expres
sion in the human face, by which the recog
nition of personal idenity is secured. On
this small surface, nine inches by six, are
depicted such various traits, that among the
millions of inhabitants on the earth, no two
have the same lineaments of the face. What
dire confusion would ensue if all countenan
ces were alike ; if fathers did not know their
own children by sight, nor husbands tbeir
wives. Hut now wc could pick out oar
friend from among the multitudes of the as
sembled universe.” _
Selling III Ratlier High.
The following is the Persian description of
the sovereigns of France and Persia:
“IIis high majesty Napoleon, whose eleva
tion is equal to that of the planet Saturn,
the sovereign of whom the sun is a standard,
the shining star on the tirmanent of crowned
heads, the sun of the heaven of royalty, the
ornament of the diadem, the splendor of the
standards and of the imperial signs, the il
lustrious and liberal monarch : and his ma*
jesry, elevated like the planet Saturn, tns
sovereign to whom the sun is a standard,
whoso splendor and magnificence equal that
of toe starred sky; the sublime sovereign,
the monarch whose weapons are numerous
as the stars, whose greatness reminds us of
that of Djemschid, whose magnificence equals
that of Darius, the heir to the crown and
throne of the Keyanides, the sublime and
absolute emperor of all Persia.”
The Illustrated News remarks—“It is a
consolation that we are already in alliance
with the first of these tremendous persona,
and the sooner we propitiate the second the
Kxcltemciit In Southwcit Missouri*
(ireat excitement existed in and about
(•olden drove, Barton county, Mo., last week,
owing to a large company of men called
“Slickers” going in pursuit of a rnan named
Smith, an alleged horse thief. These “Slick
ers” or “border ruffians,” it appears all got
drunk; and the St. Louis Intelligencer says
they slicked near a dozen men on charges of
harboring or being friends of Smith—some
of them are said to be good, peaceable citizens.
Some them were whipped so severely that
their lives arc despaired of. Two or three
females who interfered were beat and bruised
up, and the persons of several females viola
ted. Neither age nor sex were spared during
Monday and Tuesday. They weot to the
house of E. Smith, and cut open his beds
and poured out the. feathers—took his meat
and corn and throw them to the hogs,
and turned his wife and child out of doors.
But on Wednesday they became alarmed at
their own recklessness, and ceased opera
tions after compelling the inhabitants to tly
tor tneir lives.
“Recommended” for Office*
V/e lmvo already mentioned that the sys
tem of “recoinmending” for federal appoint
ments inaugurated by-the Virginia electoral
college and very extensively* copied r^sently
(if report is to be believed,) had beeu deter*
mined upon in Annapolis. Agreeably to ap
pointment the balloting for these recommen
dations took place on Tuesday, and resulted
as follows:—•
For Postmaster.—A. Gassaway, 56; John
T. Hammond, 0.
£br '.’aval Storkoeper.—Wm. Bryan, 61;
J. II. Iglehart, 3.
For Collector of the Port.—\JTashington
D. Basil, 70; James Sands, 3; Blank, 8.
It is seen that but 76 votes were polled,
whereas there are over 200 io the city. It
leads to an inference that the majority do not
approve of this new plan of getting the uiilk
from the cocoanut.—Jbt/t. Amcr.
A lady correspondent inquire? of us th®
exact moaning of the word crinoline. Thu
term crinoline is derived from the LatiQ
word crinis, winch means the air of the head.
This word in the French language becomes
and is generally applied to horse hair,
in colloquial Litin, or the Latin of the Low*
er Empire, crinin, might actually pass into
the diminutive criuolu, and from this we
easily form the term crinoline, to signify a
fabric woven of hair—a finer and more dain
ty tissue than tji* common ba'rrclcAb called
by the French cific:. “■ :,M - *
“A. Grand Crasto.tr
A Scotch clergy man, Br. Cummings, has
predicted the probable ’‘smash*'of t|)il * 8,-14 I
in June next, and, as uSnal with sugh predic
tions, among the ignorant there is a great
deal of excitement about the subject iu Eng
land and France.
The Laat of the Volcano.
A Mr. 1). A. Flecker recently travell*j
sixty miles through snow and ice t» Mt «f.
himself of the truth of the report that a v,!
cano had burst forh in the mountain ?
Pendleton county. The Staunton Speeut •
publishes a report of his explorati on, fr 0J
which it appears that the volcano is n< thir.j
more thao a “hole in the ground/' discou-r i
by Mr. Spoonargle, a celebrated hunter. <ju
ring the extreme cold weather of the ;
winter. “From all ex ernal appearances -av*
Mr. P.) there never did any smoke
from the 'hole / the green moss and lichee
are undisturbed around the crater, and n tr,
ing seems to be darkened by smoke—pl.il
sopbicalty, smoke may is*ue from the ugior.it,.*
in extreme cold weather. A stream of * vt-r
comes out At the base of the mountain,
there may be a communication from thi- « -
ter, it passing directly under. If so, rr„* it.
mosphere would be warm proceeding thore
from, and coming directly in contact mtu *
cold air. Without, it would become con
deosed, and hence fog is seen/’
A Tight Savings U*Nk.
Harriet Wallace, a frugal factory girl, wh,
had nearly a hundred dollars deposited m
in the Lowell Savings Bank, has just Uvu
permitted to draw ber money, after a 1 n :
and painful course of litigation. Sheen,,
menced ber deposited with $41, in 184.'». :u,.f
being about to leave the city temporarily,
she employed a friend to take the money t
the institution, and sign with her name tU
by-laws; other depositee followed, but uhen
the young lady oarne to get her money out,
iu 1853, the treasurer refused to deliver it
up without proof that the firbt depositor
friend) was not the real owner of the m nev.
That young woman being dead, ami M
Wallace being unable to give a bond <d in
demnity, the matter went to law, first in the
Common Pleas, and then the Supreme < ’ urt,
and the claim was sustained by both. Hie
bank now pays the deposit with interest an]
float of nroseeution.
A Kovel Expedient.
The very latest invontion is an expedient
adopted by a New York office-seeker t-> in
sure due perusal of bis “papers” by the a«
pointing power. To this end he has actually
caused a copy of them to be printed, making *
a good sized volume, whic^be has tile 1 wi t, %
the originals. We mention the fact by w&y
of illustrating the progress of the era in ti e
matter of office-seeking, wherein, if .* uie
improvement could be invented to disp-n'e
with the insutferable*boring incident to it up
to this time, the genius originating it wuui-i
be fairly entitled to a fortune, even it I -
should never thus make one.—Star,
Trouble at Cape Palmas, Afrlrs.
Bishop Payne, of the Protestant Episcopal
Church, writes as follows, under d ate of De
cember 30, from Cape Palmas, Airies:
“The colonists, moved by various provrv i
tions, have burned up all the Cape Palms*
andGrahway towns, eight in number, at. i
driven their inhabitants—not far below six
thousand—into the forest, or such interior
villages as would afford them shelter; ar t
the natives, on their purt, have burned >*•'.
eral unprotected houses in the colony, art I
among them our first station and our tir«t
African home—Mount Vaughan/1
Artificial Arms aiad L«gi.
In England, the Lords of tho Admiralty
have ordered John Luck, who had been f. >
merly employed in the dock, and had both
his arms torn off by machinery, to be sup
plied with a new pair of patent artificial
arms. With these Mr. Luck can not only %
dress himself and cut and eat his food, but
even write letters, and by a new appliatn
of the most ingenious description, he will 1
able in the course of a week or two to abate
himself without danger.
Fresh Flab Plenty and Cheap.
Fresh fish are plenty and cheap at Swamp
scot Beach, where, on Friday last, one hun
dred and fifty-five thousand pounds of c»» I an I
haddock were disposed of at one cent p**r
pound. The schooner Minnehaha, Capt. C
Stone caught the largest number, twenty one
thousand pounds. Fish aro now so plants
at the Beach that they sell for one half c**nt
per pound.— fluxion Traveller.
|AA REWARD.—Runaway. from M
I \ f\ f Henry Edwards, of Stafford < *
ty, on the IHh inst., a negro boy nam«l .M >H
Said boy is 18 years old, about five feet hii:: ,
rather slender, has sharp feature*.. asht * if
hiith cheek bones, with laige white eyes. ;u 1
pleasing countenance when spoken to. ks-t
on when he left a grey speckled c.*p, a »a*-k • ■
and pants of fullers eledh.
Joe may be linking about Fredyirksbu
I think it likely he may lv trying to make
way to a free Mate or possibly to MnMlo \
county, where his mother lives.
I will give thirty dollars reward if taken v\r? ^jj
in the adjoining counties, titty dollars if t.»»* •
within any other comity in the State, and m **
hundred dollars if taken without the State, ai
secured so that 1 can get him.
Snowden, Stafford Co., mh ‘2| —w iw
—Hansford, a tale ol Bacon's Keb**lli.
one vol. 1*2 mo., cloth, $1,*25.
I ue rrivate t orrespwnuMice ot luniei » *.
•ter. edited by Fletcher Webster, 2 vols. >
£loth', $4,50.
Memorial Papers.—The Memorial wi*u <■
culars and questions ot* the Episcopal (' u.u i
sion, report of thecommis-ion, contribution
the eommis ioners, and communications ?i<-u
Episcopal and Non-Episeopal Divines ^ ith .»
intioduction, by Rt. Rev. Alonzo Pott**r. D P
I vol. 12 mo., cloth, $1,25. Just published
mh 91 No. 95, King street
Claude and the Abbetsar, a Night in a N*n
nery, 25 cents.
New York Journal for April, 19c.
Graham's Magazine for April, 25c.
Arthurs Magazine, H*c.
New York National, 19c.
Blue Ridge Republican. 3
Fairfax News. nm I m
| for making Soap—the process ot
making with it is so simple and cheap. 9..i
every family can make its own Soap, at a *.< r
small cost. Received and for sale by
mh 21 Corner of King and Alfred-'
IlUR tpe convetiiei ce ol many resident* e*
^ itrangers, the “ A1/Kxaxpeia Gaautts
he procured daily, at G. E. FRENCH ’S Hook
and Periodical depot. HM King street, mb21
CHEESE, just received, and lor *a!e bv
mh 2l Family Grocer
EW FRUIT.—25 boxes Oranges and Lem
on* also, Raisins and Figs, Ac , Ac,
rfrcMved, in store, and lor sale by
mb 21 'v JOHN A. DIXON
i Ear Ache. Deafness, Tooth Ache, Ac . r*
ceived, and lor sale by
mh 21 H. COOK A CO.. Sarepta Hal!
MOHA1K CAPS, a large supply, ju*f r^c»-iv.
ed, and lor sale by C. C. BERRY,
mb 21 No. 72, King’-fr^ei,
[lj jifie assortment of Scott’*,, D-rrrv^S a.... ^
my own inariuiactdre of RBfRltiJiRA,l I
for sakai ' ENOCH CRIMES>
mh IQ No 14. Fairfax
ST /\ BRLS. Rectiped Whijke#
dlj 26 bbU.OId Ry- Whis^
10 u French Brandy •
10 “ Apple Brandy, tor sale by

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