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Alexandria gazette. [volume] (Alexandria, D.C.) 1834-1974, April 15, 1857, Image 2

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Minnesota is to couie into the Union as a
State next session, and her Senators will
probably be Gen. Shields, aud Mr. Rice, the
delegate from tbe Territory in the last two
Congresses. The Legislature of Minnesota
will meet on the 27 th of this month, for the
purpose of dieposiog of the monifioeot do
nation of lands in aid of railroads within
the Territory, which was made by Congress
at the late session. This is supposed to be
the largest donation of the sort ever made to
any new State or Territory, and will proba
bly be found to embrace six millions ot acres.
Henry Bates, the late state treasurer, of |
California, of whose impeachment we had j
intelligence, has been tried aud convicted.—
The amount of his delaloation ^ks Sl24,lH>0.
He has been declared incompetent hereafter
to bold any office of public trust or honor
in the state. lie has also been indicted, aud
is to be proceeded against critniually.—
Comptroller Wbeatmau has been impeached
fur malfeasance, but has not yet knen tried.
Tbe finances of the state are in much em
barrassment and confusioo, but toe papers
express a firm corfideuce that the eotire
state indebtedness will be tael in a reasonable
time. ^
Henry Bircks, one of the members of tbe
United Slates Cornet Band, died io Philadel
phia, on Friday, of disease contracted at the
National Hotel, while on a visit to Washing
ton on the 4th of March. He accompanied
the band with the Twelfth Ward Democratic
Association. Oo his return, he became seri
ouely sick, and lingered until Friday. He
•was formerly leader of the hand. Mr. Ba
ker, the newly appointed Collector ot Phil
adelphia, who has beeu lying eerii.uely ill at
Lancaster from the same malady, is now con
valescing slowly.
The MiseourrHemocrat learns from a gen
tleman who recently arrived from Council
Bluffs that the people of the various towns
on the river above St. Joseph, were destitute,
cot only of the luxuries, but many of the neces
saries of life. As the it* amer St. Mary passed
along, eager crowds hastened on board at
every landing, for the purpose of purchasing
portions of her cargo that might be for sale.
Several persons who weot up with her had
provided themselves for suoh demands, and
realised large profits on their veutures.
Gen. Harney, with sixteen companies of
infantry, is ordered to Fort Leavenworth, in
Kansas. A detachment of dragoons, un
der Col. Johnson, and another uoder Gen.
Stunner, are undAr orders for the West. Ooe
detachment is destined probably for service
against the Chian Indians, who are hostile
and troublesome. Perhaps the other msy
be ultimately deetined for the Territory of
Utah. _ _
The elections are the engrossing subject
of interest in England. The Liverpool
Times says: “That great constitutional
struggle, a general election, has commenced,
and the country is now agitated through its
length and breadth with the claims of the
rival candidates. For the next fortnight or
three weeks, thiseonteet will continue, and
during that time nothing else will occupy
the public attention."
There are now at the W ashiDgton Navy
yard but two vessels vi*: the steamer Ful
ton, and the practice ship Plymouth. On
the former a considerable force*is engaged
iu putting io new boilers, and making other
general repairs. The Utter is receiving two
of Lieotennot Dahlgceen’s heavy shell guns—
one of and the other of II inch bore, lor
experimental gunnery.
The recent returns of the municipal elec
tions in St. Louis, showing, as they do, the
existence of an emancipation majority io the
capital of Missouri, have created considerable
surprise io the minds of a portion of the
Southern people. The idea of having Mis
souri a free State wculd be, indeed, sugges
tive of important considerations.
_ ^
Comet panic* are no novelty. During one ,
of these popular trepidations, the Fiencb j
Academy of Science offered a prize for the so
lution of the problem, “What are the ebancee
of the earth being struck by the impending
comet?" The answer, if we recollect, was,
One chsnce for, two millions against! The
public agitation immediately subsided.
Mr. Bowlin, the U. S. Minister, and Mr.
Morse, the Special Coromiseoner, joiotly
deputed to lay before the Executive of Bogota
the proposition of the United States Govern
ment, relative to the 15th of April, have been
unsuccessful, negotiations have bten suspen
ded, and now all further action in the matter
Tests with Mr. Buchaaan and the Cabinet at
A correspondent cf the London Times,
wruing from Montevideo on the 4th of Feb
vuary, says that “Paraguay has refused
to ratify the treaty made with the Uni.ed
States, osteoeively because there ba\e been
eoma verbal alterations made in it; but, it
is believed, in reality because President
Lopes wishes first too see the issues of the
late Consul llopkin's demands for damages."
it ia understood that all except four of the
eollectorsbips where commisMons have ex
pired by limitation, have been considered by j
the Cabinet Three of the four are believed
to be those of Alexandria, Georgetown and
Wheeling, and it is thought that these will
be taken up ere long.
The Secretary of the Navy, Mr. Tuoeey,
has refused to allow a newspaper correspon
dent to accompany either of the steamers
Niagara or Mississippi, in order to report the
incidents and manner o{ laying the telegraph
ic cable aeroes the Atlantie.
The Southern papers make general eoss
plaiot that the fruit crop has been ruined, i
wad 4ftcefo and wheat damaged by the cold ]
It i* stated in the London paper* that at a
grand ball recently giten the Minister
of Foreign Affair® m Hanover, a game of
ehe« «hi played or a marked floor by hu
man chessmen, dressed molt gorgeously, ac
cording to their stations.
At a special meeting of the Board of Trade
of Baltimore, on Monday, a committee of
five was authorized to be appointed, to rep
resent the Beard in the Oenera) Quarantine
Convention, which will sit in ^Philadelphia
about the middle of May ensuing.
The Ballinasloe Star says, “the spirit of
emigration is again abroad throughout Ire
land. Not only to the United States and
Canada, but to Australia a large portion of
the emigrants engage their passages.**
Telegraphic Despatches.
Washington, April 13.—Kirby Benedict
has been re appointed Associate Justice ol the
Supreme Court of* New Mexico.
The Administration have acted on all the
cases excepting four, where the commissions
of the custom house officers have expired.—
The other oominissioos will not expire till
The new naval oourt of ioquiry met this
morning and arranged the preliminaries for
i:s proceedings.
The treasury instructions to the collectors i
respecting the tariff act will not be issued for [
two we°ks.
The President has appointed John II. Me
Brayen. of Kentucky, Indian Ageut for the
Blackfeet and other neighboring tribes, vice
Mr Hatch, resigned ; and Vincent E. Grier,
of California, agent lor the Indians in that
Slate, vice Mr. Patterson removed.
The administration have just acquiesced iu
the plan of the European powers for the re
demption of the Sound duo*.
St. Louis, April 13th.—Kansas advices to
the 7th iost., have been received. Kobioson
and Deitzier appeared at Lecompton on the
Gib instant to stand their trial for alleged
treason, but the time, place, and the court be
ing changed, they wore directed to appear on
the first Monday of May. The requirements
of the law not being carried out respecting
the census lists, no voting will be allowed
at Lawrence or Lecompton. Two obscure
places have been designated for bolding the
Philadelphia, April 13th.-A despatch from
Jdokaou, Mississippi, states that siz inches ot
snow fell there yesterday.
The Missouri is so high that it has over
flowed its banks at Weston, Lexington, and
I other towns. Tue ice is still solid in Lake
Pepin, but the river is open above there to
at. raul e.
Worcester, Mass., April 12.—The satinet
factory of John A. Hunt, on the westerly
: part of Worcester, was burnt at 11 o’clock ou
I Saturday night, with all its contents, inclu
i ding 4.000 vards ot cloth read? f >r the mar
i ket. The loss is about $5,600. Insured
| for $3,600 in the Providence aud Greenfield
i offices.
New York, April 13.—The Express of this
afternoon publishes a dispatch dated Aspin
wall, April 4tb, evening, stating that news
had reached Grevtown on the 24 that Csl.
Lock bridge captured Castillo on the 30th of
March. This is doubtful.
Philadelphia, April 13.—Ex President
Pierce left here tor New Hampshire to-day,
to returnon Saturday. Mrs. Pierce remains
at the La Pierre Hoq»e, under the oharge of
Sidney Webster, esq. Her health is improv
New York, April 13.—The weekly state
ment of the city banks shows an increase in
loans of $541,000. and a decrease of $654,
000 in specie, $31,000 in ciroulati >n, and
! $**22,000 in deposits.
Quebec, April 13.—At an election on Sat
urday great riots occurred at St. Roche. The
police were beaten and the military were or
dered out.
Hagerstown, Md.t April 13.—At the mu
nicipal election here to day the American
council ticket was elected by 78 majority.
Norfolk aud Petersburg Haliroad.
It is expected that the track of this road
between Wood’s point, (Norfolk,) and Suf
folk, will be ready for the cars by the 4th of
July, and that the whole of the first division
ot the road, (viz: the thirty inil£s next to
Norfolk,) including the East Branch Bridge
and the connection between the streets of
Norfolk aud Bramble's Point, will be comple
ted io August next. Tbe arrangements con
template a final finish in time to run tbe
cars through to Petersburg, (80 miles,) in De
cember next. The company propose to raise
the neceessary balance, by tbe issue of a first
class security in the shape of mortgage bonds
to the extent if $600,0(0, secured upon the 1
entire property and revenue of the Company,
worth when all is completed, nearly $2,000,
0(H). Between $200,000 and $300,000 of
these bonds have already been appropriated
on most favorable term*, to meet contracts
for superstructure and equipment which are
now being executed.
Om|i« Culture.
The Boonville (Missouri) Observer learns
from the vine growers of that region that the
grape is uninjured, and at a moderate calcu
lation there will be manufactured from eight
to ten thousand gallons ot wine there and in
the immediate vicinity, this season, there
were about five thousand gallons of Cstawha
wine manufactuied there in the fall of 1855,
aud the increased a^e and number of bear
ing vines will probably double that product.!
In the neighborhood ot Chatanooga con
siderable attention is given to the cultivation
of the Catwaba grape. It is said Sauiuel J.
Boyce, esq., is planting about thirty acres,
and Col. J. A. Whiteside and Col. Reese B.
Brabsen, three aoree each. We have beard
of several other gentlemen, in Last and Mid
dle Tennessee, who are paying much atieo*
tian to this branch of culture.
The Kaliless Horse Ahoe,
In the method recently invented of clamp*
iog the shoe to the foot tf the horse without
nails* the plan is to make the whole into
two pieces, employing, in addition, two small
screws to aid in screwing the parte together.
Both are made of malleable iron, the lower
portion or “sole" being very similar to the
horse-shoe ordinarily employed, bnt with a
grove around its exterior without nail-boles.
The upper portion or “vamp" is thin, and
has a flange projecting inward from its lower
edge to match the grove in the sole. These
parts are so arranged as to secure a light
and firm connection, and the whole Is
additionally secure by the aid of the set
sciews at the heel.
Missouri United States Senators.
During a State existence of thirty-six
years Missouri has had hut six persooe to
represent her in the Seuate of the United
States. Thomas II. Benton served thirty
years, followed by II. S. Geyer for six years,
the other seat having been filled by David
Barton eight years, Alex. Buckner four
years, Lew is F. Linn ten years, D. R. Atchi
son twelve years, and vacant two years. The
vacancies are now filled by Trosten Polk 1
and James S. Green.—Missouri Statesman. 1
_ mUm <
Tbv old BrickCSsrcA. t
The tower of the old Brick Church is gone. <
It was shored up with timber, uodermined, i
the timbers set on fire, and on Saturdny even- '
ing it came down with a tremendous crash. 1
Nothing now remains but a heap uf brick c
tod mortar of wbat was once one of the jpe*t (
prominent lAodmAiks o! the uity.—1
Commercial •> I
Th® Original Dred HeotI.
The origioal Dred Scott is a resident of St.
Louie, and the News, of that city, gi*** •
•ketch of bis h'istory. The New* says :
The distinguished cobwed individual, who
haduade such a noise in the woild in the
case of Scott against Sandford, end who has
beootne so tangled up with the Missouri Com
promise and other great subjects—Dfed Scott
_is • resident, not oitixen of St. Louis.—
He is well known to many of our citixens,
i and may frequently be seen pasting along
! Third street. He is an old inhabitant, bav
; iog come to this city thirty years ago. Dred
i Scott was boro in Virginia, where he be
i longed to Capt. Peter Blow, the father of
; Henry C. Blow and Taylor Blow of this city.
He was brought by bis master to St. Louis,
! about thirty years ago, and in the course of
' time becooie the property of Dootor Emer
son, a surgeon in the army, whom he accom
panied on that trip to Hock Lland and Fort
Soelliug, on the ground of which he based
bis claim to freedom. The wife of Dr. Emer
son was formerly Miss Stndford, and is now
Mrs. Chaffee, wife of lion. Mr. Chaffte, of
Massachusetts. He has been married tw ee,
his first wife, by whom he had no children,
having been sold from him. He has had
foor children by his present wife—two boy*,
both dead, and two girls, both living. Dred
was at Corpus Cbristi at the breaking out of
the Mexican war, as the servant of Captain
Bainbridge, whom he speaks of as a “good
On kis return from Mexico he applied to
his mistress, Mrs. Emerson, then living near
St. Louis, for the \ uichase of himse.t and
family, offergig to pay part of the money
down, and gave an eminent citizen of St. Lou
is, and officer in the army, as security for the
payment of the remainder. His mistress re
fused his proposition, and Dpsd being in
formed that he was entitled to bis freedom
by the operation of the laws regulating the
Northwest Territory, forthwith brought suit
for it. The suit was commenced about ten
years ago, and has cost Dred $>500 in cash,
b&Jdes labor for a nearly equal am mot. It
has giveu him a “heap o' trouble,” he says,
and if he had knowo that “it was gwine to last
so long,” he would not have bn ugbt it. The
suit was defeoded by Mr. John feaniford an
executor of Dr. Emerson’s will.
Dred does not appear at all discouraged by
the issue of the celebrated case, although it
dooms him to slavery. He talks about the
affair with the ease of a veteran litigant,
though oot exactly iu technical language,
aod is hugely tickled at the idea of tiuding
himself a personage of such importance. He
does not take on airs, however, but laughs
ka4i>irtv «h«n inlkiniT of “de fuss dev made
dar iq Washington 'bout de ole nigger.”
He is about tiffcj-tive years old, we should
think, though he does not koow his owo age.
He is of uomixed African blood, and as black
as a piece of charcoal. For two or three
years past he has been running at large, no
one exercibing ownership over him, or put
ting any restraint upon his movements,—
He could gain his freedom at a much less
cost than even one-tenth of the expense of the
famous suit. He will not do so, however, in
sisting on abiding by the principles involved
ia the decision of the suit, He declares that
be will stick to his mistress as loog as he
lives. His daughters, Eliz a and Lucy, less
conscientious about the matter, took advan
tage of the absence of restraint upon their
movements, a year or two since, to disap
pear, and their whereabouts remains a mys
Dred, though illiterate, is not ignorant —
He has travelled considerably, and has im
proved bis stock of strong common sense by
much information picked up in bis journey
ing*. He is anxious to know who owns him,
being ignorant whether he is the property or
Mrs. Chaffee, or Mr. Sandford, though we pre
sume, there is no doubt that the former is his
legal owner. He seem* tired of running
about with no one to look after him, while, at
the same time, he i* a slave. He says, grin
ningly, that be could make thousands of dol
lars, if allowed, by travelling over the coun
try and telling who he is.
Hew CatHolle J|l»hop«
We learri that the Archbishop of Sf. Lou
is has received from Rome tbe “Apostolic Let
ters,'' confirming the appointment and author
izing the consecration of the new Bishops
of the province of St. Louis. 1 hey are the
Right Rev. James Duggan, Bishop of Auti
gone, in partibus, and Co-adjutor of the
Archbishop ol St. Loui*.
Right Kev. Clement Smyth, Bishop of Ath
anasia, and Co-adjutor of the Bishop of Du
Right Rev. II. Junker, Bishop of Alton,
The Right Rev. James Duggan is the Pas
tor of the Church of the Immaculate Concep
tion in this city, and Vicar-General of the di
ocese. Dr. Smyth is the Superior of the
Trappist Monastery of Mount Molleray near
Dubuque, and the Right Rrtv. II. Juoker
is Pastor at Dayton, Ohio.—halt. 4w
Deiftaud for H eilern L*an<|.
Tbe St. Louis Republican of April 9ch
“We learo that the present season $£2 000
have been withdrawn from Lexington (Mo.)
for the purchase of lands in Western Missou
ri and Kansas. At the Platteburg land of
fice tbe number of applicants for entries is
immense. There is not land enough in the
district to meet the demand by one hajfr—
The prospect is that by June next all the de
sirable land in tyortoe^n Missouri wijl have
passed into second bands. )Ve learn also
that sopth of the Missouri there is much ac
tivity iu entering lands jn all the counties
Iroin tbs Missouri to the Arkanua# line/'
Mrs. 1’Qllt*
Mrs. Polk, the esteemed widow of the ex
Preeident, has determined to reside in Wash
ington during tbe next session of Congress.
Heretofore, since her husband’s death, with
the exception of a yisitto London at fhe time
when Mr. Buchanan was tbe American Min
ister there. Mrs. Polk has resideded in Ten
posses. ft will be remembered that the
deceased ex-president left to his widow the
charge of taking care of and publishing bis
memoirs which, so far as they relate to his
administration, are said to be minute, full of
interesting persooal anecdote und abound
ing in reflections suggested by the state of
public affairs and the conduct of his cabinet.
—AT. r. Post. _
Tilt Great Catastrophe*
The impression that tbe world is to be at
an end op tbe }3tb of June, is is so prevalent
in Gallicia that the pedants are becoming
somwhat difficult to manage. Tb£ poor ig*
noraot creatures have been confirmed in the
idea that they t^re but a few more weeks to
live by the abolition of the “passport torture”
in Austria, and the reduction of the passport
tax in Russia. According to a Polish corres
pondent of the Ost Deutschie Post, the lower
classes express themselves as follows: “No
one now troubles himself about the world
and its inhabitants. A man can go where he
pleases, as it is now all the same whether be
is here or in America.”
I^ayar R«pul*ed.
A company of French geptlerpen, as our
readers have bean informed, own a aonsider
ible tract of land in Southwestern Virginia,
*e believe in Wythe county. Mr. Lacour
eur, an intelligent citizen of France, who is
me of the company, is in this country acting
is its agent. Wre learn frcm the Wythetille j 1
telegraph that Eli Thayer has proposed to ,
tim recently to join bim in tbe enterprise of !
e tiling these lands. Mr. L. declined the
ivyrtuga. The Telegraph says that Eli came
>ut of the correspondence with a feea in bis
U* «
The Eogllah Election*.
The English papers are occupied, almost
to the entipe exclusion of everything else,
with election news.*. The Liverpool Times
sums up tbe progress end prospects of the
contest in the following paragraphs:
It will be seen by reference to our election
news that Lord John Russell had the largest
show of hands at the city of London nomi* ;
nation yesterday—that the popular candi* :
dates at Manchester, tested by the same stan
dard, were Messrs. Bright and Potter, 20,000
beiog present at tbe nomination-that Mr.
Massey, in Salford, bad the show of hands
over Sir E Armitage—that the show of hands 1
at Sheffield was in favor of Messrs. K >ebuck
and iladtield—that tbe show of hands at
Huddersfield was in favor of Mr. Cobden,
that Westminister has returned Evans and
Shelley without opposition—that the brave
o’d General Thompson, of Anti-Corn L<-w nc
toriey, has t een returned for Brad.'otd—that '
Sir James Graham is in fur Carlisle—that
Mr. Weguelin has succeeded at Southamp- i
ton—and that at Birmingham the old mem- |
bers were returned without opposition.
Lord Palmerston’s personal popularity,
which three weeks ago stood so high, will
be tested in this struggle, and we shall soon
see whether his majority in the new House
of Commons will be such as to enable him to
retain permanent power. At present, to
make use of an expression of his own, “he
is master of the situation,’’ and in the e< urse
of (? fortnight we shall be enabled to ju'Jgu
whether this advantage can be maintained.
New’ party combinations are certain to arise
out of the existing chaotic confusion, which
may ultimately advance those domestic re
forms of which the country stands so much
iu need. To show the interest which some of j
the leadiug statesmen of the age are taking in !
tbe composition of the new liou*e of Com
mons, Mr. W. E. Gladstone presented biunelf
at Mold on Thursday, avowedly to eject Mr.
Mostyn from the representation of Flintshire,
and substitu e Mr. Gladstone’s brother-in-law,
Sir Stephen Glynn. Toe spetch on this oc*
casion, like all Mr. Gladstone’s, wras a great
effort, and a strong contest may be expected
in that county.
With regard to the latest news from China,
the same journal says—
L rd Palmerston is the most fortunate of
ministers. Ilis s‘.ar seems to be always in the
ascendant. Compelled to dissolve Parlia- |
ment because he justified the course which |
the agents of the British Crown pursued in j
China, we now learu. bv telegraph last night, j
that the Emperor of China disapproves as i
strongly of the proceedings of Commissioner \
Yeh at Canton as the British Premier himself. |
Not only is the bead of the “Celestials” anx- '•
mi« to conciliate the British, mn inhering ,
former troubles in which he was involved j
with them, but he will have no tear. In a |
word, the “Chinese difficulty" may be said
to be arranged by tho sprit of Lord Palmer- j
stun, a fact which ctnnot fail to tell upuu the j
elections which are now pending.
Resignation of a t ultcfl Slates Judge.
The Hon. W. W. Drummond, one of the
justices of the supreme court of Utah terri
tory, has forwarded his resignation to Wash
ington. lie thus sets forth his reasons for re
signing ’
“In the fir*t place, Brigham Young, the
governor of Utah territory, is the acknow- j
(edged head of the “Church of Jesus Christ j
of Latter-Day Saints," commonly called j
“Mormons," and as such head the Mormons j
look to him alone, for the law by which they j
are to be governed; therefoie, n<» law of Con- ;
gress is by them considered binding io any j
u anner.
Secondly. I know that there is a secret
oath-bound organization among all the male
members of the church, to scknowledge
no law save the law of the “holy priesthood,"
which comes to the people through Brigham
Young, direct from God, he, Y‘*ung, being
the vicegerent of God and prophetic succes
sor of Joseph Smith, wh > was the founder
of this blind and treasonable organization.
Thirdly. I am fully aware thut there is a
set of men set apart by special order of the
church to take both the lives and property
of persons who may question the authori
ty of the church, (the names of whom 1
will promptly make known at a future
time )
Fourthly. That the records, papers &o.,
of the Supreme Court have been destroyed
by order of the chuiuh, with the direct know
ledge and approbation of Gov. B. Young, and
the federal officers grossly insulted for presu
ming to raise a single question about the
treasonable act.
Fifthly. That the federal officers of the ter- j
ritory are constantly insulted, harassed and
annoyed by the Mormons, and for these in
subs thorp is no redress.
Sixthly. That the federal officers are daily
compelled to hear the form of the American
government traduced, the chief executives ol
the nation, both living and dead, slandered
and abused from the masses, as well as from
all the leading members oi the church, in
the moftt vylgar, loathsome and wicked man
ner that the evil passion* of iqan oau possibly ;
conceive." j
Ap American Consul lu Trouble*
The Londonderry (Ireland) Journal cm
tain* an account of tho prosecution of a
charge against Mr. Smith, the coneul of the
United States at that port, in the police court,
for an infringement of the prison discipline
act by conveying some whiskey to an Amer
ican captain, who was a prisoner for debt.
On being brought before a magistrate Mr. j
Smith undertook to appear when called on, j
b^t grhen the case subsequently enme on for ,
hearing, that gentleman did not make his up* j
pearance, and a summons was issued, lbe
Londonderry Journal adds: i
“The case has received a great deal of pub
lie attention, and as the consul has lowered '
hit flag, some fears are entertained of an un- j
friendly feeling between the English and the ;
Maryland Deeds*
The New York Tribune publishes the fol- j
lowing extract from a letter writeo by a dis
tinguished lawyer in Maryland:
“It is doubtful whether a deed can now
spfely be executed before a Commissioner out
of the State of Maryland, to bind land there- ,
in, and it is therefore better to acknowledge j
before a votary pvllic, or a judge of any
State or federal Court, having a seal, io re- i
gard to whom there is np Jogbt.”
A Subscription.
A day or two since the Treasurer of the j
United States received a letter on public j
business with the following superscription, :
written evidently, in dead earnest.
“You night E D Stats Treser.”— Wash, j
STEEL PENS—I have just received a Urge
supply ot STEEL PENS, embracing all i
the beat manuUctuie of Perry, Gillott and
others, also, a supply of the celebrated Washing- ;
ton Medallion Pen, made by the American Steel
Pen Manufacturing Company. Pgn Holders, a i
great variety, and at all prices,
ap 15 ROBT BELL, j
a full supply, just prepared, and lor sale by
Stabler’* o!d stand, Nos. 0 &7, south Fairfax-ts. ;
•j po lei __
WRAPPING PAPER r-( have just leceiv
ed -*>00 Reams of Wrapping Paper, of
rarious sizes, of most excellent quality, at low
prices. [ap 14] ROBT. BELL.
Refrigerators, just received.—
The celebrated Dr. Kane and Waterman’s
Patent Refrigerators; also, an assortment of
Water Coolers. Call and examine them, at
a^ 13 No. I18,Kiog-atraet, cor. of Pitt.
Cumberland Affair*.
Cumberland, Mb, April 11.—A strike
among the boatmen Dn the canal occur
red here yesterday, oauaed by several or
the companies operating in the t rostburg coai
region combining tu put down the price ol
freight from $1,35 to $1,30 per ton to Alex
andria. The matter has, however, been ad
justed. To-day the companies agreed to
concede the point, and the boatmen are now
loading. There are a large number of b »ata
on band, and the trade will be rapidly in
Your readers interested in the early re
sumption of canal navigation will be grati
fied to learn that the water at dam No. 5
was let in on yesterday. Tne repairs are so
far completed as to justify the act. Boats, wo
learn from a reliable source, were enabled
to pass that point to-day. The regular trips
from this port to Alexandria may be to all
intents and purposes considered resumed.—
Henceforth we shall have much lile and
activity about the various wharves in the
city. •
Heo. A. Thruston, esq , truster, sold to-day
to Col* M. 0. Davidson, of your city, the
lands of the Swanton Coal and iron Compa
ny, including miners7 tenements, traio roal,
load bouses, stock and all necessary appli
ances for prosecuting the mining business,
for the sum of $42,510. I am informed that
operations at the colliery will be resumed at
an early day.—Corr. HaU. Sun.
There is to be a magoiticeot bal costume
likewise at the Hotel P-, in the Faubourg
St. llooore, and great secrecy is maintained
as to the disguise to be assumed by twelve
members of the Jockey Club, who are to en
ter the ball r«K)m in procession as the "Joliet
Femmes de Paris:’ The curiosity and alarm
of the ladies has diverted us exceedingly,
and every one belonging to the Marquise de
P-’s set will certainly be there, The
Joliet Femmes de Farit will be attired in the
very first style of fashion. Their boonets,
dresses and mantelets are all made by the
most approved faiseuset, their crinolines
are as wide and ample as the rage just
now’. They will enter through the fold
ing doors of the ball room, two and two,
hand in hand. As they walk round, bowing
and smiling on all friends, the crinolines will
gradually expand by a rnecanique made for
the purpose, until they assume such gigantic
proportions tfiat the whole company will
have to crowd in the corners of the room, and
the beaten crinolines of the present mode be
compelled to retire in shame and in contusion
before a mightier power than they.—Farit
Correspondent of the Court Journal.
Worth Monument,
Tbe rauniripal government of New York
has voted $24,000 for the erection of a
monument on the triaoguUr plot * f ground
bounded by the Fifth avenue, Broadway,
and Twenty-filth street, in commemoration
of the military serv.ces of M*jor General
Worth. The shaft will be about thirty-five
five feet ten inches iu length, and will be dec
orated with a representation of military tro
phies won at Chippewa, Lundy's Lane, in
Florida *nd Mexico, by General Worth, to
gether with the names of the battles in which
he figured conspicuously.
Land Hales In fttansas*
Three great land sales are now advertised
by the [J. S. government. The first will oc
cur at Iowa Point in Doniphan county, Kan
sas beginning on the fifth of May. This sale
is for the benefit of the Iowa tribe. Anoth
er will occur at Pauli, in Lykins county,
Kansas, commencing on thp 20ih of May, for
the confederated b. nds ol Kaskaskias, Per
ria*, Piunkeshaw and Weas. The third will
commence atO-awkee, in Kansas, on the 23d
of Jon*, for the Delaware tribe. For the
benefit of Iowa tribe 95,(XX) acres will he sold
for the confederate bands 214,000 and for
the Delaware trrbe 345,000, making in all
654,000 acres.
Lcttera of Doctor Franklin*
Mr. Henry Stevens, of Vermont, agent of
the Smithsonian Institution in Paris, is said
to have discovered a collection of four thous
and letters, wholly in the handwriting of Dr.
Franklin. A great many of them were
written from Plassy, ne iry Jhirie. It is not
generally known that Franklin invented the
manifold copying ink and press now in such
general merpautile use, whereby a facsimile
of each letter is immediately transient in
to a book of tisssue paper. Franklin kept
duplicates taken in this manner of all his
letters, public and private.
Paper Towns In Nebraska*
We mould advise all our friend* to beware |
of paper towns. There is at this time a per* j
feet town making mania; ejery body seem* |
desirous of bejng Die owner of a town. 411
person* desiring to secure an interest in
Nebraska woulu do well to examine for them
selves or get a responsible agent to act for
them. Never buy from floating speculators,
unless you thoroughly* examine the title and
property, or vou may be “fleeced."—Nebras
ka March 24.
scribers are now receiving a very choice
apd select assortment of F ANC’V DRY GOODS,
whiph, wfrb the qqarpity Qf OOTTQNS AND
OTHKR STAPLE GOODS, fortunately on hand, j
tMi*/>h'ira<l t/\ru t Y\ rico r»i i 1 uc fboi r Stnpb on m. i
plete and very desirable.
To all wb<> buy lor cash, and to punctual cm»- |
tomers, great inducements will be otlered. We j
have also a lie*h supply of GROCERIES,
Queen ware, Drugs ami Medicines, Confection
ery, Notions, Jewelry, Ac.. Ac. We have Agri
cultural Implements, in great variety, including
Ploughs, Cdfting Boxes, Corn bhellers, Corn ;
Coverers, Seed Sowers, Ac.; and one Reap.-r and i
Afovyer ip store and for sale. We have always !
or. hand Iron, Piaster, o«lf, Lime, plank, Shin- !
gles, Pickets, Plastering Laths, amt Extra and
jouper Eh>ur. FOSTER A CO.
Plain*, ap 15—ro f
Another new book at pkem'us
Book and Periodical Depot.—Proles-or Sou
tag § Thrilling Narrative of the Grinnell Ex
ptoring Expedition to the Art.c Ocean, in the
years 1853, 1854. and 1855. in Search of Sir
John Franklin, under the command of Dr. E.
K. Kane, U. S. N , containing the History of ail I
previous Explorations ot the Ar'ic Ocean, from
v. tie year Id I*, to th* precept time, with nearlv I
one hundred splendid engravings, by prut. An.
gust Sontag, Astronomer to the Expedition,
.ofmejiy of the Royal Observatory at Vienna,
late of the U. S. Obseryaiory, Washington, D. j
0., p ice fMJ cfs ap J5
[Fairfax News and Blue Ridge Republican J
VOTICE—Many accounts due us Jan. Ut j
Xx 18.57 remain unpaid,and as it i» important ,
that the busmens of the old firm should be speed* j
ily closed,we trust further notice will not be 1
necessary. G. K. WITMER, BROS. A CO. |
ap 15
[Sentinel. Port Tobacco Times, Culpeper Ob- |
server, Fairfax News, and Marlboro’ Gazette ]
Yeast Powder, a full sun/ly, received and 1
tor t»ale by H. COOK A CD., ,
*P 1 5 Rarepta Hall,
supply, just received per express, and for
sale by [ap fij C. C. BERRY, No 72 Kingst.
Refrigerators, of many styles, sixes
and prices, for sale by
DRESS GOODS .r— Oriental, Luxur, Sardinia ,
Plaids, Berages,Challies, Fr*ncb Mutlins, i
i beautiful assortment, by
COAL! COALU—A cargo of White ami
Red Ash, Egg, Philadelphia Anthracite,
iaily expected, for sale by • /. i
DlitrlbottW-S®‘ ^
To the editor of the Alexandria Gazette:
Believing that there is oo man so humble
that he may not contribute bis mite toward
the public good, and feeling a deep solicitude
that the subject of Distribution ehould bo un
derstood, and its importance appreciated, l
hope I will no: be accused of presumption
| in attempting briefly to elucidate a subject
replete with imereti, oot only to Virgtoi*.
but to my sense, so vitally involving the in
terest and future prosperity of the United
| States, that I believ* verily upon its spee»
| dy and satislactory adjustment depend the
1 duration of thq Union, and perpetuity of our
Republican institutions. Is there any good
reasoo, why there should not be a gene
ral and equitable distribution of the pro
j ceed* of the public lands ? W by should
not Virginia receive a fair proportion there
of? Her claim is certainly highor, and her
; necessities as great as any State in the Union;
i for she not only contributed more largely
I than any other to the Land fund; but with a
I patriotic magnanimity unparalleled, she gen
erously ceded to the United States a territo
ry which might in process of time have ena
bled her to. rival the proudest oriental
i empire; stipulating only, that she should
i enjoy the uue and benefit of a fa’.r and equii
| able proportion thereof, with her eister
1 States. Why then can't Virginia get jus
tice ? Simply because it suits the purpo
j ses of party demagogues to keep up party
, issues—Because brawling politicians prefer
I party, plunder, and places, to honor, justice,
and the country. Their pretext for with
holding her dues, is “that Congress has no
right to raise revenue by taxation for distri
bution among the States; and that there is
no difference between revenue raised by im
post, and revenue raised by sale of the pub
j lie lauds." 1 cheerfully concede that Cou
I gross has no right to raise revenue by direct
j taxation, duties, impost, or excise, for distri
, butivin among the States but l deny, utterly
! deny, the identity of revenue raised by im
I post, and that raised by ihe sale of public
| lands. Nay, I go further; I don't care to
! wnat extent revenue may accumulate trom
| impost, ito., or what may be the necessities
I of the States, the General Government has
! no constitutional right to make an uncondi
i ttonal distribution amoog the States; nor wid
; any extremity justify the General Govern
ment in converting funds derived from the
sale of public lands into revenue for its uses,
I without the acquiesence of the Scutes. The
General Government is a Government with
I limited, specified and delegated powers; and
can legitim itelv exercise no powers except *
such as are expressly granted; aud such as
may be necessary to carry them into effect, <
This admitted, let us refer to the powers I
granted, touching the subject under consider- |
Art. l.Sec. 8.- “Congress shall I avepower <
to lay and collect taxes, duties, impost, and
excise, to pay the debts, aud prdtide for the 1
common defence, and general welfare of the !
United Scales: Ar.d to borrow money upon i
toe credit of the United States." You have
here specified not only the modes by which l
Congress shall raise reveoue; but, you have, i
also, hi eciti ’d, the purposes to which revenue I
so raised must be applied. The enumerated i
purposes comprehend every possible waul ot i
the United States. The powers conferred (
enable Congress not only to supply every 1
want, but to meet and provide for every pos- c
sible exigency. To my sense this plenary j
and unlimited power to raise revenue by t
every known form of taxatiuo, plainly indp <i
cates that it was the intention of the framers t
of ihe Constitution to restrict Congress to
the modes indicated for supply, especially j
as there is nothing in the Constitution te
warrant the conclusion, that the public (
lands in any event cau legitimately be made t
a source of revenue for Its purposes. The *
advocates of the power contend that it is ip* i
ferentially granted hy the 3d Sec. of 4fti t
Art. of the Constitution—“The Congress i
shall have power to dispose of and make ail <
needful rules and regulations respecting the i
territory and other property of the Umte<i t
States; and pothjng in this Constitution c
shall bo so construed as to prejudice any i
claim of the United Mates, or ot any yarUcu- \
tar State” it is impossible to furnish a <
more conclusive argument against the pow* <
er, than that contained in the clause, relied i
upon to prove its existence. For if Con- .
gresg has the power, how can its exercise in
fringe or prejudice the claim of the United ‘
States, or of any particular State—especial
ly if it be true, as alleged, “that a benefit (
will result to the States in the exact prepor* r
non stipulated by ihe deeds of oevsion?" - If j
a legitimate source of revenue, and the ben- c
efit resulting, equal, how can the claim of ;
any Srate be prejudiced by converting it into
revenne? It is evident that the position a»- 1
Humed is tal-e, or that part of the clause, fc
which has reference to the claims of the c
United States and States spp^rately, is un- e
necessary surplusage. The best proof of
the intent and design of the cesHions, and
nature and extent of the power intended to *
be conferred, are the deeds themselves. The
condition of that of New Y,,rk which was r
executed in 1781, is “that the lands hereby 1
ceded to the United States shall eoure tor (
the use ana benent oi sucn oi me unuea
States as shall become members of the Fede
ral alliance of the said States, and for no
other use or purpose whatever/* Virginia
oeded in March, 178-1, upon the condition
••that the Lands sh'ifll be Considered e com
mon fund, for the use and benefit of such
States as have became, and such as may
hereafter become members of the confedera
tion, or federal alliance of said States, Vir
ginia inclusive; according to their usual pro
portions in (lie genera) charge and expend!?
tare,” Massachusetts,Connecticut,and South
Carolina ceded upon similar conditions in
the years '85, *80, and ’87, The deeds of
North Carolina and Georgia were executed in
171)0 and 1802. The conditions upon wbifch
they ceded are transcripts of that of Virgin
ia Now, bear in mind, that the deeds, with
the exception of two, were executed and rat
ified anterior to the formation of the (Jnion;
*n<l prior to the adoption of our Constitution.
That they were executed to tbe Cnited
States during tbe existence of the old pan
federation, and that the conditions of cession
wer« that the land ceded should enure to
the use and benefit of the States jo the pro
portion indicated by tbe deeds of cession;
and for no other use or purpose whatever,
To examine Into the nature and structure
of that old government may not be uoio*
ntructive, and ouy enable us to some exteat
to deleimine die measure of the power of
the General Government over these lands.
* _ MADfSON.
And so Mr. Charles James Faulkner can- u
not address the people of bis district, in ex-1 ®
cu*e for his real opposition to the best way ^
of furthering the interests of tbe Alexsndria, t
Loudoun, and Hampshire Itaiiroad, without ^
afinffkt Alexandria, calling it “a oity which I
has been ied upon public pap. If be means > I
by this that whilst Alexandria formed a part ] n
of the jj.strict of Columbia, it received a porr ii
tion of the appropriations which Congress 1
made, for the benefit of tbe seat of govern
ment—and only a small pbrtion-rthe snefr ^
can be explained —not otherwise. Let hid),
men, make the most of this argument against .
the hill for granting lands for the benelh of a
a Virginia Improvement. * ' - j *
Theodosia Earnest, or the Heroine of t
This is a book of thrilling interest, i
full of instruction. I bespenk lor it h gen.
ral perusal. Ooce begin, and youwwnt * ,
to stop till you are through. Miss K.»rr.«v
is a very lovely and beautiful young |*,)f
and of rare accomplishments, and her *ut •.
ing that of the F. F/s. .She is engaged ^
be married to an accomplished young u*.
yer by the name of Percy, between whom
and berself a discussion arises after witoe*.
•ing ‘a certain scene. Not being able t,
agrees, they called in the village School Mi.
ter, a Mr. Courtney, which displeased Mr.
Earnest, the mother of Miss Theodosia, f<.ry
much, as she regarded him as a wy lUji '
dent and low fellow, and hs being wi-*» ,Vrr
much. The old lady becomes aLrmel v»
the turn things are taking, and is u,
trouble and perplexity, on account of h-r
daughter, as she seems heady and bigbmii,
ed. She sends for her pastor, the Pre«bvt*
rian preacher, but all to no avail, as the glr.
is “too deaf to bear the voice of reason, ar i
too blind to see the light of truth.” pt’ ,jc,‘
sor Jones, the uncle of Miss Kirn*.
brought in, but still she is the same. Van
ous interviews now take place between M .,
Theodosia, Mr. Courtney, Mr. Jolio«»n, tU
Minister, and Professor Jones, the uncle, be;
the girl says, what I said first, 1 ^y U.lt
About this stage of the proceedings, Colonel
White, a friend of tbe family, and ofMu..
faith and order, goes to Mr. Pe/cy, the betrut!
ed of Miss Earnest, and implores his dire ;
efforts to put a stop to what was going 0n,
and he, (Mr. Percy,) writes to Miss K a let
ter, in which he tells her iu plain Ui.
guage some hard things. He implores her
not to bring dishonor upon her lather’s
name, nor sorrow to her mother's heart.
This letter had a tremendous effect and pro
duced extreme grief on the part ot the yuun^
lady. Then comes her most touching ai.d
yet noble and self-sacrificing reply. Mi«s
Earnest takes do step backward. H-ad es
pecially the chapter at page 24J, “Tne dnv
after the 7ih night.” But if you would
know the whole of this most interesting
story, and get the gist ot the discussion, and
learn what you never knew before, get the
book and read the whole of it carefully. It
contains some astonishing facts, and ther? *
practical idea is given of “rowing one wav
and looking another/’ and why so many
people iu the world all their life time havi
to row against wind and tide. The hook
may be bad of Robert Bell, esq.—lict it.
The following paragraph id the Haltimurt
American has attracted my attention
“A correspondent of tbe Richmond En
quirer denies the correctness of the repreaen
Ations that are current in regard to the im
provement of Virginia farming lands by
Northern labor. lie states that in Fairfax
iounty, where old estates which had beruei
bjqusted were bought at low prices and Hi
ded by Northern emigrants, the experiment
Pas proved an utter failure. The lands weru
pot improved,—the products of the farm*
aere meagre, and the purchasers were gUd
0 sell out to new emigrants who had been
nduoed to go thither by the growing but en
irely oufouuded accounts published of them
n agricultural and other newspaper*. He
itates also, that as a general thing, the North
>rn people who have come into Virginia are
ess intelligent, less enterprising, and le»*
lisposed to educate their children than the
ieople of Virginia themselves, lie thinks
bat if the laud of Virginia is ever to be re
eemed, it must be by some other agencies
ban these.” #
I believe the writer referred to is entirely
ncorrect in his statements. The purchaser*
if lands in Fairfax County have improv'd
hem—and several of them have been highly
uccessful. The emigrants from New York,
iod other States, have generally proved
bemselves to be as intelligent, enterprising,
ind useful citizens as any others, and a* oi**
lient t<> the laws of tlie general Government
md tlie State, as any others — and take quits
is much interest in the education of their
ihil<iren. There may be exceptions—l Jj
lot know them. I do not think it is ju*t to
flake distinctions between oitixnns of on*
1 mnty. such as is sought in the above arti
ile. We ought all to live to *ether in peace
md harmony. A Native Virginian
eived and on sale an imme use variety of h
wrb goods, in great variety, in new style* ami
a values, adapted to the comfort and copvr
ience of housekeepers. We name the folio*
ng articles w hich will be found the be*t and
heapest of their kind ever offered in this mat
In Table Linens, we have—12-4 by 12-4 to L
2-4 by 16-4 Belgian double Satin Damask T» w|
le Cloths, This make ot Linen i» very on 1
omm°u id th‘* country. The design* are quit
8 4 by 8-4 t# 8-4 by 10 16 Breakfast Cloths
10-4 oy lU 4 tq lU-4 by lo-16double Damask
Iqnner, Irish manut^ctqre.
34 double satin Damask, tor overlay*. to
natch tbe above. This i* a new article o! l«*i
ihure, and a great improvement in the »aui
>i time and trouble at the dinner table.
4*4 by 4-4 to 5 b by 5-8 Table Napkin* to
latch, tome as low as $1.V5 p/*r dozen.
Toilet Goods,— Russia, Barnsley. Scotch, and
rish l 3 4, 12-4, 11-4 10-4. and tM Linen Sheer
ng*; tome as low as O'll cents
Ali widtns and qualities Pillow and Bolster
ale Linens.
An immense variety of Toilet Toweling, t.»r
il purposes.
Elegant Marseilles, Turkish, Dimity. Lan
aster, and Allendale Toilet guilts, in M l down
o y-4 figes.
Crib and Toilet Covers to match.
Fiencb Canopies,lor suspending nets or <l;«
series of any kind over beds,
Three yard w ide pink and whife Bobiii'fi, M
led riynets.
English and French furniture Chintz**.
Do do twilled Eugene 2>trip'*(
or summer.
Coverings for chairs, Divans Sofas, Ac I
Ail colors Colfon Damask, tor ditto. flj
Parlor Flbnitlrk —Elegant Piano and'I able
'overs, in Burgaudy, Crimson. GreeH and B u<
:iofh«, in rich Satin and Embroidered Border*.
I’bese good* are entirely new and sup* rU
Tapestry apd Embossed ditto, in all color*
And many other goods, the st>|es ol which
iaye never been seen in this city beiore the pr«'
cut time.
The attention of the h'HJsekeepersof Washing'
on, Georgetown, Alexandria, and environ* i»
particularly invited to our stock.
Washington, ap 15—eolw.
tfPKI&G TftApg, 48*1.
0 R \rA X, ADAM S >' Co.,
GOOpS, which will be found upon exam
ation, to be very desirable.embracing every am*
le useful in the DRY»GOODS line. Toea*bor
trietiy six months purchasers, we olfer every
iducement, and respectfully solicit an examine*
ion of our sock. mb 20—d IwXeobw
AyflLLKNEKY GOODS.—We are new re
,f 1 eeiving a full Stock ol Bonnets, Kibeom,
lowers and Rcciies, w ith a general a**ort
lent pi M1LTENERY COOPS of the lal€*i
nportgtiou, to which we invite the attention of
ha ladies, and dealers.
I3T Milliners will do well by examining our
todk, before going North.
ap l No. b5 King street, San-p'a Hall.
~lLOYfER SEED.-~bO bushels Clover heed
j received and for sale by

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