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Alexandria gazette. (Alexandria, D.C.) 1834-1974, August 24, 1857, Image 2

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CUBLISHKD DAILY AM* TR1-WLKKLY BY
BDOAK SSOV; Dk3i.
~ALEXAXDR 1A:
MONDAY MORNING, AUGUST ‘24 1S57.
If the details of the accusation against
the Italians, lately tried in Paris, for a con
spiracy to assassinate the Emperor of the
French, were fully proved—ami in some par
ticulars they certainly were proved—they
very strongly implicate Mazzini and other
refugees now in London. No one cau go be
yond us in our detestation of the usurpation
and tyranny of Louis Napoleon s govern
ment—'but that does not prevent us from
holding in still greater abhorenee those who
would effect a revolution by means of mur
der. The New York Commercial speaking
on the subject tavs:—“We suspect that Muz
zici and his accomplices will find England aa
uncomfortable residence from henct forth.—
They will have effectually excluded them
selves from that sympathy which English
men have always shown to political refugees,
for if there be anything that the EuglL-b de
test, it is the coward and the assassin—the
man who stabs secretly and in the dark,
witheut giving bis victim a chance of self- 1
defence. We are sure that such men would
not find a congenial home in the United
States, unless such coward!y and heartless
schemes are abandoned, and honorable revo
lutionary action substituted for them. For
assassins, whether hired or biriug, Ameri
cans can have no sympathy or respect; for
the open, manly foe of oppression and des
potism, they have ever opeu hands and
hearts.”
The Boston Courier, in an article on Mas
sacuusetts politics, says that no goal, out
only evil continually, has icsuhcd in that
state, from other parties attempting to con
ciliate or coalesce with, the Black Republicans.
“First, the Whig party courted them, and
never gained a vote, but lost fr *m year to
year, deserters to their side, and finally by
its own act placed itself in a position to be
destroyed. Then the Democracy, taking ad
vantage of this weakness, tampered with
them for the overthrow of the Whig party,
destroyed that and themselves, ai d almost
the Commonwealth,—aid Massachusetts,
which is not and never has been an abolition
State, in consequence of tampering with abo
litionists, has been where wo ha\o seen her
for some years past.”
The Union, very discreetly, explains its
late articles on Kansas affairs, as not design
ed to apply, in certain strictures, to all who
object to Gov. Walker’s course. It sayc: —
“The position of tho great body of southern
democrats who differ from Governor \Y alker,
but who are determined, notwithstanding
that difference, to sustain the administration
of Mr. Buchanan, is on© thirg: and the
oourse of such avowed extremists and di^un
ionists as the “Charleston Mercury,” is quite
another.” __
The Lexington Gazette has been requested
by Gov. Wise, to call tbc attention of the
friends of sound lean ing to the \ irginia
Educational Convention, and to endeavor to
enlist the press in its behalf, so that there
may be a full meeting, io which every pait
of the State, ard every interest connected
with the great work of education, may be
ably and thoroughly rep»esented. The Con
vention is to assemble at Richmond, to mor
row.
It seems as if the feud between the friends
of Gov! Wise and Senator Hunter, widens.
The Richmoi d Enquirer complains of the
course pursued towards Governor V> iee. A
North Carolina paper states, that the diffi
culty made itself manifest in the /outhern
Convention among the Virginia delegates,
on the vote for President of that body.
We presume that tho a most universal
voice of censure and disapprobation express
ed throughout the South, at the proceedings
0l the late so called, “Southern Commercial
Convention," will prevent the continuation of
these assemblages—which have, we fear, not
only done no good, but are calculated to in
jure our section of the country.
A letter from a missionary at Ascension
island, speaks of the Whaling Ships, and
their captains, generally, in terms, which we
hope the actual facts do not justify, lie says
these ships, “are disgusting pett houses”—
and their officers and crews vicious to the
last degree. _ _
From the abstracts of the papers read be
p fore the American Association for the Ad
vancement of Scienee, published in tin
newspapers, we should judge that many of
them are important contributions to science
and learning generally—-and that when col
lected they will form a most valuable volume.
A great outcry i9 raised in Portugal, in
France, and in Idadeira, at the adulteration
of wine by the dealers. It is next to impos
sible to get pofe wine n* w. Ouo man in
Paris detected in drugging liquor has been
severely punished.
The Richmond Enquirer thinks that not
withstanding the noise aqd bluster of the
Charleston Mercury, the mass of the people
in South Carolina, are not in favor of a dis
solution of the union.
The Lynchburg Republican and the Val
ley Democrat oppose the projositiou for
another Constitutional Contention in Vir
ginia. ___
We see accounts of the potato rot in s^roe
sections ot the country-but, generally, the
prospect for a tine yield is go< d.
The Bath or Berkeley Spring?, under the
direotion of Col. Strother, are well patronized
Ibis year.
New» of (lie Day.
“ To show the eery aye and body of the times.”
t
'I he statement of a few facts will show the
wonderful effect which will he produced by
the sutcas*«ful laying of the cable of the At
lantic te’egraph. The London Exchange
closes at three o’clock, and as the difference in
time between thatci’y and New York is f* ur
hours and forty five rail utes, we will receive
the report of the price of consols at eleven
o’clock in tho morning. The British Parlia
ment may sometimes sit as late ns one o’clock,
and tin ir sessions are occasionally prolonged
till two in the morning, but the result of
; their deliberations will reach us about ten
o’clock of the preceding evening.
The Baltimore Patriot says:—“Ibis is
I perhaps the most prolific fruit season we
j have ever had. It is generally so through
out the country. From all quarters we have
accounts of great ahuudm oe. Oar own mar
I k t is already glutted with peaches, water*
• melons, cantelopes, tomatoes, and every spe
cies of fruit, with indications of a still greater
j supply when the season further advances.—
It is becoming very cheap—a fact which all
j consumers must rejoice to hear. The crop
| of potatoes will be unusually large.”
Tue New -Jersey llailroad Campanv has
successfully tried tho experiment of lighting
a car by gas. The cxpeiiment was tried oo
a car of a Newark train, from Jersey City, on
Wednesday night, and last night one of the
train to Philadelphia was lighted in the same
manner. Tue gas is taken from the pipes of
the G is Light Company and pressed into an
apparatus to which machinery is attached,
wh»ch affords force to make the gas tlow
steadily for several hours.
The Interior Department have advices from
Superintendent Magraw, (of tho Fort Kear
ney, S>uth Pass and Honey Lake road.)
at Fort K , ou tho 31st ult. The party
reached there on the previous day, travelling
on the trail of Captain Alexander’s com
mand, on their wav to lr:ah. They were to
leave there on the 3d instant. The health of
the expedition had been go<.d, with slight ex
ceptions.
A Pari* letter says the Sultan of Turkey
has ordered Fremont Meurice to make him a
spleudid inir ror, set in diamonds. It will
oo*t above $100,1*00, and is destined for the
favorite oi the hutcui—a beauty who not on
ly exhausts the immense allowance given by
her lord, but manages to run up bills in Con
stantinople to the amount tf half a million of
Jullars yearly.
The Paris correspordont of the New York
Commercial slates that a manufactory <~-f ten
dollar counterfeit bills on the Bank of North
America wag lately pit in operation by a
Frenchman named lhipas, who formerly
resided in New York. A number of the
counterfeits were put in circulation in Paris;
but l>upas was soon arrested and placed in
prison, where he committed suicide.
l>r. J. 15. Francis, of Philadelphia, has
invented what he calls a galvanic forceps,
which is intended as a relict to tho pain of
extracting teeth. It is a combination of the
ordinaiy forceps, with a galvanic arrange
ment attached, whereby the nerve of the
tooth may be charged with the galvanic in
fluence and its sensibility bo suspended. In
this condition the extraction will be without
the pain usually acci mpat.ying the drawing
of a tooth in a high state of inflammation.
At the last Rockingham County Court,Geo.
II. Chriemaii, esq., addressed the Court, in
regard to the bonds of the county of Rock
ingham, issued to the Manassas Gap Railroad
Company ; but the Court took no action there
upon. Mr. Cbrisinun’s olject, we believe,
was to stop the payment cf interest on that
portion of the bends which are not in u?e.
The story that Nicaiapua has confirmed
ihe cession of the Nicaragua Transit route to
Messrs. Morgan. Harris, AY ehster & Co., has
no frurd ition w hatever in truth. That Gov
ernment will not appr* ve any contract of the
sort except such as maybe made by its Min
ister here.
The new residence of George AV. Riggs,
now approaching completion, ou I street, in
AVashin&ton, attracts attention ns one of the
most beauriiul buildings which the taste of
capitalists has add. d to the adornment of tho
political metropolis.
Previous to the discovery of gold in Aus
tralia, Melbourne had a population of 23,000.
The population we believe is now estimated
at 10(1,000. The total population of Aus
tralia catout be far from 500.000, of whom
not more than 20,000 are tho aborigines. f
It is generally understood that the new
. • • * » « i i t
constitution in it wa nas oeenaunpieu uy mo
people, but that the separate clause, admit
ting free colored men to free suffrage in com
mon with the whites, has been voted down
by a very large majority.
It is said that Donald McKay, the ship
builder of East Boston, has commenced a
suit against his brother^ Capt. L. McKay,
tor slat der, tix ug his damages at the sum if
$20,000.
At the Treasury extension in Washington,
the first of the mighty granite pilasters, of
nearly thirty tons each, has been elevated by
ihe powerful cranes, tackles, and machinery
collected at the spot.
Four Ottawa Indians, chiefs and headmen
of the Nation, have returned to Kansas Ter
ritory from Washington city, where they
have negotiated a favorable treaty on behalf
of their tribe.
The Weather iu France for the last month
has been unusually warm at d dry. On the
,Vh instant the thermometer attained 97 of
Fahrenheit, the highest point, it is said, it
has attain* d for a century and a half.
Reports from reliable gentlemen and fugi
tive Mormons say that Brigham Young is
preparing to resist Gen. Harney. The Gov
ernment of the United States is held up to
supreme contempt by the ‘ Saints.
The sale of the Delaware Indian Trust
Lands, nine tinted to $587 oh7.35 every tract
put up being sold. Good order prevailed
throughout the sale.
It is now conceded that Maynard, Amen*
can, is elected to Congress from the Knox
ville District, Tennessee, instead of Wallace,
Democrat.
The editor of the Hardy Whig, printed at
Moon field, has been showu a stock of corn (
raised in that nieiuity, which bad upon it 30
ears.
A boarding house keeper in Baltimore
advertie* to “furnish gentlemen with plea
sant and comfortable rooms, also one oi two
gentlemen with wives.”
The result of the gubernatorial election in
Missouri is still in doubt, although the
chances are iu f&vor of the democratic can
didate.
The widi w of Rcustan, the well known
Mameluke of Napoleon I, has just died at
Yereaitlt*, at a very advanced age.
| Among the dispatches just received by
government is tbo correspondence between
• one of our naval officers and the Government
1 of Singapore, relative to the orderiog our
flag to be hauled down by a British officer
j from the Dutch barque Henrietta Maria,
which had been abandoned by her officers,
and most of her crew, and taken possession
of by the muster of an American ship.
Governor Blundell, earnestly disclaims
any want ot respect to the American flag or
to the rij;h*8 of American citizens in the
steps he felt it to be his du‘y to take, but the
matter does not here terminate. The bark
: was delivered to the government of the Neth
erlands, in lr d'H, on the ground that the
vessel beiug Dutch, the Chinese coolies
b und on board, if innoceut of imriny,
| bad a claim on the owners, and if guilty,
were punishable only by the Dutch criminal
court.
For nearly a week past, Mr. George K.
| Callis, well known in Baltimore as an cm- ,
t ploying bricklayer, has been missing, and
! notwithstanding inquiry has been made for
him by interested parties, his actual where
abouts are not yet positively known, though
it is rumored among his friends that he pro
ceeded to New lurk a few days since, and
there embarked in a steamer tor California,
if it be difficult to trace his present .locality, j
it were an ea«y matter to divine the cnu*e
which impelled him to leave house, home,
family, friends, and whatever else may be
supposed to bind a man to his native place,
: and depart without a moment's warning, per
| haps never to return. It is plain that finan
cial embarrassments induced him to such a
painful step.
Charles G. Davis has been coovicted in
tbo Criminal Court, in Philadelphia, for an
attempt to set tiro to his store, situate at Old
York lviud and 0 ik Lane, on the first day of
May last, with intent to defraud the Spring
Garden Insurance Company. The defendant I
had an insurance on his stock of dry goods, i
&c., of $3,000, and the value of h"* goods, j
at the time, was alleged to be but $1,200.—
The defendant's storo had been tired some
month before, but was put out before much
damage was done. The neighbors,suspecting
j tbo owner of the attempt, organized a regu
lar watch, which continued on duty for near
ly six weeks, and were rewarded for their
services by discovering the offender iu the
very act.
TheOswego, N. Y., Palladium says there are J
at lea9t sixteen men in 0<wego who arc worth
from $100,1X10 to $300,000, and twenty men
were counted who were worth from $50,000
L t V 1 Hi ) 1 U U 1 If i u 11 m n toil u t n im wlnPUfn
%v % • VV|VVV# a v »II \ »■ * I* • • ■ '' ^ ' • **%V
calculation, that there are thirty-six men in
Oswego who are worth in the aggregate not
less than four million dollars. But what is
remarkable, out of this Dumber of citizens,
who lived there thirteen years ago, there are
not more than five of them that weie worth
at that time to exceed $20,000 each. Be
sides the above there nr*' about tilty persons
who are worth at least $25,000.
On Monday afternoon last, during a sudden
storm at Louisville, the steamer W. A. Laves j
was struck by lightning. The electric lluid
struck the hurricane deck just over tho cen
tre of the ladies’ cabin, shattering a chande
lier into a thousand fragments, upsetting four
ladies who were in the cabin, knocking the
chairs and tables about ami making every
soul on hoard think that the boat had (Xplo
ded her boilers. The lightning was so vivid
that the passengers were blind* d for some
time, many ( f them them thinking the boat
was enveloped in a mist.
A Chicago Journal states that in conse
quence of the improper motives attributed by
the press to Senator Douglas in his donation
of lard to the Uuivereity of Chicago, that he
has made a proposition to the Trustees and
regents of that contemplated institution, of
substantially the following purpor1: That he
will pay all the expenses they have incurred
in locating the institute n on land donated
by him, and give them $50,000 in addition,
if they will relinquish their claim to the
present site, and locate anywhere else in the
Sbate.
The Lynchburg Courier says:—That Mr.
E. Walker, partner of Green, the great mule
dealer, has within the past week or two, pur
chased $18,000 worth r.f mules in that city.
They were bought of western drovers, who
aro now* largely resorting to that market.—
Mr. Geo. Bruce, at whose stables the sales
were made, informed the Courier that the
average price now is from $1*15 to $150 per
head. Mr. Walker designs these purchases
for his Virginia customers, whom ho is assi
duous in his efforts to accommodate.
On the 11th instant, Capt. Anthony Chris
ty, keeper of the light-house at the mouth
of the Christiana river, Delaware, celebra
ted his one hundredth birthday by a pub
.1!__ m I.iaU nt <k c Dttnnilml til) nil hlS
11U UlllUVi) nuivu ^ -
children, grand-childrcn, great grand-chil
dren, to the number of forty, with their hue
bands and wives. About one hundred and
fifty persons sat down to the table.
On Monday night, in the town of Ports
mouth, two women, (we suppose under the
influence rf liquor) became angry with one
another, and alter quarrelling for some time
got into an altercan n, in winch blows were
freely passed, one of them using a bottle with
such severity that it caused the death of a
woman by the name of Coleman.
The land, lot and property taxes for Hamp
shire, Va., as returned by the assessors,
amount to $21,841 GO for the present year.
Mr. (leorge Peabody has taken $50,000
worth of Atlantic Telegraph Stock.
C. F, Hoftinftii* the Poet*
Every visitor of intelligence who enters the
Asylum calls tosee 1I< Ifwan. lie recedes
them all with a hearty greeting, will ask
them to sup and drink with him, and^whrn
they leave invite them to “call open. On
the last occasion that we saw him, after sit
ting in his cell and indulging in a pleasant
chat—no, not pleasant, for the feeling of his
condition prevented this—lie oidered at sev
eral times some of his fellows to fetch
wine and glasses. They would just stare at
him, and he would seem to forget it, until
suddenly the order would bo repeated and
again forgotten. He generally labors under
the idea that his place i f confinement is a
garrison, of which be is the commander, and
is only prevented from enjoying the outside
by advice of his physicians. He will fre
quently endeavor to prevail on the superin
tendent to grant him liberty to roam through
the country for a while, and when this is re
fused will submit quietly. Hi ffman wears a
cocked hat continually, and walks with a
cane. His appearance bears the mark of
eccentricity and genius, but the former may
not have been the case bclore his iusanity.—
1 His voice is clear, commanding, but still
cheerful.— JIarrisburg her.
Parllc* in Kan*a».
The people may bp classed into four politi
cal parties, viz :—The Ultra Pro-Slavery, the
Conservative Pro-Slavery, the Ultra Free- j
State, and the Conservative Free-State par- ■
ties. The division in the pro slavery, is whe
ther the Constitution shall be submitted to a
vote of the people, or not—the ultra party
assuming that it shall not, while the conser
vative party insist that it shall be. The t reo
State party is divided on various issues, such
as Negro Equality, the Topeka Constitution,
Disunion, aud other questions.
Tcleffrnplilc Desipatcttrii.
New* York, Aug. 21.—The steamers “M<>
ses Taylor” and ‘‘Splendid,” both lying in
| the Cunard docks, Jerm-y citv, were burned
this morning. The Mo-es Tailor wap a now
boat, belonging to the Delaware and Lick°.
wanna Railroad Company, ar.d was insured
for $lo,OC»0. The Splendid, belonged to 0.
J. S’.ott, and was insured for $10,000. Mr.
Scott’s son wa« aboard the latter, and it is
feared,.peri'dicd in the dimes. The Cunard
steamship Arabia was, at one time, in immi
nent danger.
Sr. Paul, August 21.—The Democratic
Constitutional Convention have parsed a re
solution to appoiut a committee to c..*nler
with the Republicans tor the submission of
but one constitution to the people. It is not
probable that the members wiil meet in one
Convention, but a great obstacle to the im
njed:ato settlement of tbo difficulties is re
moved.
The rumored collision between the Sioux
and Chippewa Indians is unfounded.
Boston, August 21.—Messrs. Elward C. !
Bates k to. Lavo suspended pav ment. Their
liabilities amount to $500,1)00. The cause
is said to be speculations in,sugar.
Boston, August 21 —It is reported that
the firm of Messrs. Blanchard, Sherman k
Co. have suspended in consequence of the j
failure of Mes.-rs. Bates & Co. Their li it i!- j
ities are about $400,000, aud their assets
are estimated at $250,000.
St Louis, August 21 —A letter to the Re- j
publican, dated Fort Keanu v, 7th instant,
says the 5th and 10th regiments of infantry
and Captain Phelps’ battery have arrived
there. Captain Van Yleit had gone in ad- j
vanco on important busi.ess. Toe troop* |
were much dissatisfied, and the 5th and 10th
regiments had lost nearly 500 men by deser
tion. 1
New York, August 20.—Peter Cooper, i
e*q., the President of the American and !
Newfoundland Telegraph Companies, has
ordered the free me of their wires to the i
prgss of this country on the arrival of the •
submarine cable at Newfoundland for tho
transmission of any communications thereto.
lloi.LIDA VSIJURG, P.I., Aug. 21.— Mi Kill),
the murderer of Nortros*, was executed here |
to-day at 20 minutes of I o’clock, lie died
protesting his innocence. He attempted to
commit suicide this morning. He spoke
nearly two hours from the scaffold.
Philadelphia, Aug. 2i.—Mr. Bray man,
the editor of the Democrat, was arrested
here this morning, charged with robbing the
Post Office drawers of money and letters,
which were found in his possession. He j
waives an examination, and has been held to
hail in the sum ot $0,1 MO.
Toronto, Aug. 21 —The return cricket j
mt'ifiOi th« I fiir.'d S rind ihiriA >
da clubs has resulted in the latter winning, :
with seven “nickels” to go down.
AruivrA, Aug. 21.—A bale of new Fi’ri- ;
ua cotton was received on Wednesday at S i
vannah. Two hundred tin u<ar:d bushels ot :
wheat have been received hero in the last j
twenty days.
Pittsui'ko, Aug. 2d. — The late rains keep
the Ohio 2n tine navigable older. Haats arc
abundant at this place, and freights low to j
ail western ports.
Cincinnati, Aug. 20. — John 11. Strauss,
one ot the proprietors < f the Ihiily Commer
cial, died suddenly to d; y. j
St. Johns, N. F., August 2d.—The rail-|
way between Shediac and Moncton was open- I
ed yesterday.
New Ori fans, Aug. 2d.— M. jor Heard, the
celebrated auctioneer of t lii- city, is dead.
New* York, Aug. 21 —Arrived, govern
ment dispatch steamer Water \\ itch, Iroui
Norfolk.
The liny Trade.
It is no uncommon thing to see in the news- i
papers, statements setting forth the largo |
quantities of hay br< ught from the North,
and especially from New England, to the
ports of Virginia and other Southern States,
and thence, very often, c rrh d to considera
ble distances in the interior. Such statements
are too often aeemnpunitd I y complaints and
disparaging remarks in regard to \ irginia 1
farmers; intimating that they are wanting in |
energy, thus to permit an article of such j
general interest and value to be furnished by
Northern fanners. We think such animad
versions not only thoughtless and ui just, but !
absolutely mischievous, and shall give our i
rca*on«, or a lew of them, for entertaining
tliis opinion.
To suppose that Eastern Virginia could pro- I
duce any large quantity of hay, or that she
can ever make enough i<>r her own consump
tion on better terms than she can buy it,
argues, wo think, a want of know ledge as to
the character both of the soil and climate,
necessary fur the profitable culture of grasses
on a large scale. Eastern \ irginia has tew
of the elements and characteristics of a grass
growing country. In some restricted localities,
and utdtr very peculiar circumstances, hay
may be a profitable crop. Hut as a general
rn 1a rE.nrfl wilt ho litrle doubt that the farm
ers of Virginia, east of the lliue K dge, will j
best subserve their ow n interest by cultivating '
the great staples adapt* d to tluir soil and j
climate—such as wheat, corn nrd tobacco— ;
and buying their hay. or at least trying to ;
make ctoly enough for th^ir own consumption, |
leaving the cities and towns to be supplied ,
from other sources. With tobacco at fifteen i
dollars per hundred, and wheat at a dollar and j
a half per bushel, the farmers of Lantern \ ir- j
ginia wouid soon find hiy makiny a poor
business.— Kuh. Exam in*,r.
Hoy Attacked t>y *» H#*ar.
A horrible occurrence took place at Crest
line on Saturday last. It appears that a tame j
bear has for sometime past been kept chain* j
ed near bis place of business, by a saloon j
keeper. On Saturday a duple ot boys were
amusing themselves by te-sing llruin, by
running first towaid, and then Inm him,
when of a sudden he made a epir.g at than,
and breaking his chain started alter them; j
they had reached the door ot the saloon, '
when the foremost one rushed in ard under
the influence of fear closed the door before
his companion could get in; the latter w as
followed by the bear once an urd the budd
ing, when she seiz d him and tore and man
gled him in a frightful manner. A crowd
suceedid in frightening the animal away
from bis victim. hen taken up, the boy,
who is about fourteen years of age, was una
ble to speak or help himself. It was feared
that he could not suivive the injuiies sus
tained. The bear was subsequently shot.
Much indignation is felt in the community :
towaid the ow ner of the bear, for leaving it
so insecure.— Cleavelnnd Herald.
African Slavery.
The lesson of all that we have said is this:
—That unless Mississippi, Louisiana, Ala
bama, Georgia and South Carolina—States
which have us large a black te white popu
lation—shall s*r.d a tupply of slaves into '
Kansas sufficient to perform the agricultural j
labor of that country. Kansas cannot remain
a slave State even it c-ur friends there nre
fortunate enough to bring it into the Union
assuch. Ttijjge States concede that Virginia, j
Maryland, Kentucky end Miss' uri have not ,
negroes to spare for Kansas. These can per- 7
petuate the institution within their borders, ;
with tho slaves thiy cannot colon.zc new j
States from their stocks. This can only be j
dime by the States which have them already •
in inconvenient and unsafe numbers, and hr- 1
less the gulf States send slaves in large
enough numbers to Kansas to make it a slave
State in the flesh and blood and not merely 1
on paper, the lose of Kansas to the South will j
be ibeir own dereliction.—Rich. Examiner.
Jentm RumtiRy rihI Slf«n»boul*.
Correa, of the Richmond Daily i'nrpatch.
PoiMENTotf, Va., Aug. 18, 1*57 —It is
with pleasure wo learn that A. It Boteler,
esq , of Jefferson County, has accepted sin
invitation to deliver the annual address in
October next, before the Mechanic’s Insti
tute, in your city. Mr. Bolder is an affable
and agreeable gentleman, an accomplished
scholar, a graceful and ei* quent speaker,
and the Institute has done well in selecting
him. He will bring to Hold things that have
hitherto been hid from the world, and will
do honor to Virginia, ard confer a favor
upon ti e antiquaries of mechanical iovrn
ti ns. IPs object wili bo to prove that \ ir*
ginia has done more in the way of mechani
cal inventions, than oil the Yankee States
nut together; and he will show that theworid
is indebted to a Virginia mechanic for tne
invention of the steamboat, nud the success
ful application ot steam a* a motive power.
Jaap's Kumsay, of S'icph«rd*town, \ a.,
in 1785, obtained patents from the General
Assemblies of Virginia and Maryland, fur
the exclusive privilege of mvi- ating their
waters for tirelve years, with steamboats of
his own invention, and in 17n>, made a pub
lic and successful trial of his boat on the
Potomac at Shepherdstown, in the precence
of George Washington and others, whoso
testimony, together with the depositions of
the men who assisted in the construction ot
the boat, giving accurate descriptions of it,
are now in the possession of Mr. Boteler.
Mr. Kumsay then went to England in order
the better to carry out lbs plans, and made
some valuable improvements in his inven
tion. Several years afterwards he mention*
in n btter to a friend, ui having met with
an “ingenious youth named Robert t niton,
(the inventor oi the torpedo,) with whom he
was much pleased.” Thus an intimacy be
gan between them, and in 1807, nearly
fourteen years after Kumsay had made known
his invention, and some \ears after iiis death,
Rot ert Fulton writes that he has discovered
a way to move vessels by steam; aud alter
many vain attempts to improve his so-called
invention, he makes a successful effort on the
waters of the Hudson: and the boat then
used differs not one iota from the one inven
ted by Kumsay in 1783, and launched upon
the waters of the Potomac. Vet the humid
world persists in giving the honor of the in- .
ventPn to K >bert Fulton, when he is only
the Vcspucius and James Kumsay the Co
lumbia.
Mr. Botelcr has been for fifteen years en
gaged in collecting materials on this subject,
and has in hi» possession documents that
will establish, beyond a shadow of doub% \
that to James Kumsay, a Virginia mechanic, !
belongs the honor of being the inventor of
the steamboat.
I n... .... vi.lu I ('nil f* III Inn.
Tho Convention which brought its pro
ceedings to a close iti Knoxville on tho loth
inset, was a decided failure. It is true a
larger number of delegates attended it than
were present at anv former Convention, but
numbers did not e •mpeusatc for the want of
ability, and tho Kmxville Convention in- ,
stead ui being ( is exicrience should have
nmde it) ati improvement on tho one at St
vatinah, fell far hel *w it. Nearly a fourth
of the session of the Convention was worse
than wasted in idly discussing whether an j
insignificant reporter of a North#rn paper ,
should beadoved a s.*:it in the H ill. The j
calibre of tho speakers, with a few honor*- ;
ble exceptions, wa.- so exceedingly small that
we wondered their concuding remarks were
not made to empty benches and deserted j
walls. The remarks of the President, Mr. 1
Bellow, of Mr. Spratt of Charleston, oj H<»n.
Mr. Boyce nnd C >1. Bryan, of South Car - j
bna, and of James Lyons and Unger A.
Ihyor, of Virginia with those of a lew
others, wero worthy of any deliberative
body, but the re.-t were mere pop gun speech- !
es, which pleased none but the deliverer*, j
who alter their efforts, seemed to consider
themselves “lions,” and aetid accordingly.
d ho business committee evidently consid
ered ton Convention a until affair, and bur- i
ried up a report, the majority ot which was
passed without thought or deliberation. The
most practical measures were either rejected
or passed without explanation. Mr. A. j
Hadley M inn’s scheme was not endorsed as i
supposed; it was opposed hv the ultras o| the j
South upon the ground that it sin uld come 1
to no otli^r than a cotti n port, and by l»be- !
r;il delegates because they supposed it im
practicable.
One feature about this C mvention winch
we noticed was the number of tu inomaniacs
present, all of whom itched to make a spcecli j
on their particular hobby, which as a matter j
of c-oir-e was as essential to tho sdvatnn
of the S fUth us religion is to the sou.!— Aor
Julk A rtj tot.
(irii. yVaikrr not Eixlorntd.
It will bo teen by the tallowing, which wo
clip from the last day’s proceedings of the j
Southern Commercial Convent on, that that
body refused to endorse Walker’s ree.nt
course in Nicaragua:
Mr. Cage, ot Alabama, offered the follow
ing resolutions:
n.. . ....... ... r . t •
lit solved Ur, mat u is tne m mu ;
Convention, that the course of Gen. Walker!
in Nicaragua, has been highly meritorious, j
and that, in our opinion, the interference
with his relations !*v the boiled States man* i
of-war“,S7. Mays,” was uncalled for and
wrong.
Resolved 2nd, That thi? Convention sym
pathizes with (Jen. Walker in his attempts, ;
under the ext ress invitation <>t the provisi»»u- i
al govi rnnu nt of Nic tr.agua, to institute a j
new order of things in tuus unhappy and dis- i
tracted country.
Resolved Avd, That the policy of General ;
Walker, to introduce a system of African i
slavery in Nicaragua, be p.pjrovtd by thi-*
Convent on, and that it recommend his enter
prise to the serious and earnest eon ideraiion
of the S. uthern State* in this Confederacy.
Resulted d//y, That a copy of these resok
tions he Transmitted to the G jverrwrs of th'1
several States here represented, ani to their
representatives in Congn>s.
The oiirstion was then taken upon the
adoption the resolutions, and ih y were
rejected by thf f.illowirg vi te*-:
Yeas.—Georgia K>, Louisiana 7, Alabama
9-25.
Navs.— Tennessee 12 Mis^issinpi <,S>tith
Carolina 8. North Carolina 1<>, Virginia 15,
Maryland S—GO.
A:yIII Air*
This is the season when we are emphati \
callv liable to levers, cholera, cholera mor
bus and other kindrtd d-aeaaes, an<i in view
of this fact a medical writer in the New York
Post says:
4 I do not mean to allude now to errors of
diet arid various other causes, hut to the air
we breathe, which, in these hot and reeking
cities, is In ien with an : flluvia unfavorable
to health. K*peciolly is it at night freighted
with unwholesome vapors, which care should j
be taken to avoid. These im rease as the
night wears on, and it is unsafe to sleep with |
window* open. These noisome fumes do not j
rise to a great height, perhafs not higher •
than a fourth or filth story, bu* below that j
the windows should he closed, and not open j
cd until after sunri-e, when the character of
the air becomes gradually changed.”
A Plea for Cucumber*.
A champion of this much slandered vege- ;
table has appeared in Ltie li u-tratfd. lie |
s»*ys that not only are cucumbers harmless,
but they act 1 eLt ficialiy on the system, arid j
especially invigorate tho mental faculties and
clear the brain. We expect there will be a j
rush for cucumbers, if all the p»eop!e with 1
muddled brains should try this remedy.— i
lot Hand Adc.
Kfiect of Foreign Immigration upon tbe
Soul it*
At the recent session of the Knoxville Con
* vention, a resolution was introduced by Col.
0. I*. Temple, of Tennessee, that a Committee
be appointed to report to the Dtxt Convention
at Montgomery as to the influence of the
immigration of foreigners upon the political
power < f the Northern and Southern sections
ul the Union
In introducing ti n resolution, Col. Temple
said he was actuated by no partiz in motives.
He believed that much of the political pre
ponderance of tho North was due to this im
migration. A 8 -uthern man only—divested
of evt ry feeling of party—and as one of those
who had come together to consult the best in
terest* of the south, he believed this subject
to be one of commanding importance. He
believed a full investigation would show that
the overshadowing power of the North in the
confederacy was maiulv due to the immense
increase of the population, by immigration
from other lands.
The subject was one far more germane
to the objects of the Convention than many
others that had been introduced —yet, the
Convention at once yofced down Col. Temple’s
resolution. At first it was warmly accepted
I — even hy 8 'Utb Carolina. Maryland, North
Carolina, at <1 Teoneesee were the only States
which voted for the resolution.
r.oudouii Items*
Tourn aments «re now the order of the day,
and on Thur-day last tbe beautiful scenery
around Mt. Gilead, was enlivened by the
sports ar d pleasures incident to these occa
sions. A IargA number »>f persons were pres
ent to witness the tilts of the gallant Knights
and admire the beauty assembled. The
propietms of the “Mountain House” had all
things necessary to tbe comfort of tbe visi
tors.
The W ateuford TournameDl came off
on Tnursday.
The I^uarteri.v Meeting of the Society
of Friends was held at tbe Goose Creek Meet
ing House, in this county, on Sunday and ;
M today last. A larg* concourse of persons
were present. The exercises were very in
teresting.
An Attempt at Burglakv was made on
Tuesday night last, by a negro man of this
place, the property of Hr. Thos. II. Clagett,
named G irland.in endeavoring to break open
the store of Robt. Gray, esq. The store has
two d >ors, one fronting on King and the other
on Market streets. Kacli door was bored in
several places by an auger; but being lined
on the inside with sheet-iron, they were not
penetrated. The negro was discovered in
the attempt and information sent to Mr.
(iiey, who w’as soon present and arrested
liim before he made his escape.
An a geo Xlgko.—We have been infdftned
that Mrs. Mary Sullivau, of Fauquier coun
ty, own* a negro by the name of Joe, sup
posed to be upward* of one hundred years
tdd. IBs mind is iinimpair d by age, and he
,Min relate many interesting incidents con
nect* d with the revolutionary war.— Iacs
bill 1/ 11 <i.s/'(tuytoumn.
Firing iifl* die Mutineers.
UnniHc Sraici.— The following extract
from a letter of a British officer in India,
showing how the mutineers were treated at
Fosi.awur, makes us lear that barbarities are
not wholly c«»i fined to the Sepoy side:
“A luree of Europeans, with guns, was
sent around the fort, one of which, Moerdan,
was held by the 55th native infantry in open
mutiny; tiny tried tj eseipo when our force
appeared, and some g“t off to Swat—the oth
er* wore made prisoners. One hundred and
fifty were killed on the spot, nine tried by
drumhead court matial and instantly shot,
including a native ( ffi *er of a regiment not
in mutiny, who would not act as he was or
dered. Other* were driven into the hills and
killed by the hillmen, a price of 10 rupees
being set on their bead*. Tbo colonel of this
regiment blew out his brains in disgust at
the mutiny. The villain* kept their officers
in confinement, and told them if they tried
to escape they would roast them alive. They
did, however, manage to escape. The force
then went and disarmed all the other regi
ment* in the huts, and quieted the district.
Some of trie two hundred prisoners of the
55to have leon tried, and ire bltir forty of
tfr in oiniy from our yuns% in presence of the
whole force, tor -o days ago—a fearful but
necessary example, which bn* struck terror
into their *ouis. Tbr« e sides of a square
were formed, ten gur* pointing outwards,
the sent* nee of the court was read, a prisoner
hound to each pun, the signal given, and the
salvo fired. Such a scene 1 hope never again
to v, i’nes*—human trunk*, heads, legs, arms,
&c., living about in all directions. All met
ill' ir fate with firmness hut two, who would
net be tied up, so to save time they were
dropped to the ground, and their brains
blown out by the rnu*kerry.”
Price of Wheat.
We have no wish that farmers should re
ceive more for their products, than they sre
worth. But tin v are entitled to simple ius
tier; and they ask tiu in- re. We do not be
lieve, that the farmer* are unreasonable in
seeking at least £1 50 a bushel clear for
their wheat. We believe, under existing cir
cumstance®, it costs them very nearly that
to make it, and if they havo to take loss,
th“V should iba.ul *n it* culture. The price
of £l 5m is not equal to 75 cents, five ye-irs
n'ji the cost of labor, of oil article* which
enter into a fanner’* consumption, and the
cost of that hum expco-ive manure, guano,
without which very little wheat can be made, (
being r.iken into consideration. We believe, i
more cJe;*r money was made six years ago i
at si CM without guano, tlian would be I
made now at >2 MM a Lushed w ith it —Rich,
Whig.
Corrrc I ton*
We have br-cn informed that our stricture*
upon the conduct of th*» lion. NV. \V. Boyce
jn the Knoxville Convention, d*d him it jus- ,
?ieA, and that he did not *u| port the propo- j
sit jon to re-« pen the Alrican Slave Trade,
but made an able and conclusive speech ,
against if, upon the ground of policy alone.
Wc observed that .South Carolina was re
potted to have voted a* a unit upon the
question, ami thercf.re concluded very naru
railv that Mr. Boyce was of the number. It
i* represented to u* aUo that Mr. K. Barn
well Khett, jr.,—a name that w<ul J appear 1
to be the svnonynie ol all that i* extreme in
Sum horn j< btics—also voted against it, and
expressed the opinion that it was by no
means certain that South Carolina would
sanction the measure.
We take pleasure in making this record.
— LgnchLurg I irginian.
Taxation lt» lloaloit*
We learn from tables published in the
Boston papers that the taxable basis in that
city, a- shown bv a recent jpue-snient iv. real
i *'at- £14* (H 12.2mm, personal £108.291,000—
total £257,193 *J»M. The increase from the
last year’s valuation sh'-wn by these figures
i? very con-i Jc^nl^e. rl be increase in real
estate is £5 527,< 00 or 3 7-10 per cent.; in
personal estate £3 144.2MO or 3 per cent.
T -tai increase, £8,472,100 or 3 4 10 per cent.
The Advertiser shows from a comparison of
figures that while the increase in the valua
tion of New York from 1*50 to 1*57 was at
the rat** of 1 4 10 per cent, in Boston it has
been 3 4 10 per cent., ao advantage of 2 per
cent, in favor of Boston.
The rate of taxation for the year is not
absolutely settled, but will probably be #9 30 !
per $1,(H»H. or less than £1 on the £lUOofi
taxable property,
T.anp.ralure of Hi. K.rih.
‘*1W experiments Madedmir i . > M
I by Professor Smyth, at F. jit?: wrV^-'* ’tiM
' series of eaith-ihertnomeur*. imtt 7 7 *1
tarth at varying dfptb,, it' j, pfWt
.there is a gradually incrra-it.g |M..ir . *'
degree, Fahrenheit, f. revei v f nv :
go that at less than tw, imla’hi* •
water would he at holing h^r, : t)j' ‘
than one hundred mil** a, 8 17
| must be in a state of tn.d .•i.'’ ’ “ I
j This statement, taken from a fn- * j
| nal, has been published it. st v r, , l
* ** * l -IJ rf% I
the Gazette among others. \ W|
being strictly incorrect, ,t \< cJcuU:.-!*? f
create a wrung impress! m, at: 1 ► !
'some modification an] iilustra* i- r,
first place, in perforating the ear:}/,.

I it is found by numerous exporiim*,:t*
| justified by common observation, tnr.t * r
| is a diminution uf temperature { r *
• tance downwards. This distance v.il j. .
: upon the nature of the soil an] the jntPM .
of the euu’s rays at that particular p i< t_,',
,iuto a loose, porous, pulverulent fuiJ
f .* J i
1 ray8 will penetrate to a greater diktat r,- ^ .
into a close, compact one. By «-<*nr.rUiL.
the boring downward*, a stratum f Pir.-:
at length reached, when the decrease «t
perature ceases. This is callel l v eci^cr*"".
meo, tbo stratum of invariable temper i:u. ’
as it continues nearly uniform uuritg I
whole year. Descending below thi* •triun*
the temperature uow begins to ir. r , ^
\ continues at such a ratio as, e uM *» »r..*
; trate deep enough, wo should most ora.,, |
discover tire interior of our earth to br !n i
state of igneous fusion. 1 suppose that ip .
fe?sor Smyth, in stating tbo gr idu il increa»$
of heat to bo one degree, Fahrenheit, j .
every forty feet of depth, intends it: > !* t; -
meau result of his investigafi ms. \uo,rr
ous observations, made not only on the te;u
perature of the air in mines, bur on that f
the rocks arid on the water issuing tr >i.» u.*;.
have given different results. Ttie m *ui
of increase, calculated from result® ohu.nei
in six of the deepest e>al mines in Durhiai
and Northumberland, K igland, is one
Fahrenheit, tor a descent of forty-four feet. A
series of observations made in several •»( t -
principal lead and silver mines in .Six »ov,
gave one degree, Fahrenheit, for every >uw
feet. In this case, the bulb of the therm in
ter was introduced into cavities purpose.;. *
cut in the solid rock, at depths varying it* .
two to nine hundred feet. But hi the oils:
mines of the same couutry, it was necessary
to descend thrice as far for each deg tee i ;
temperature. A thermometer was tized in j
the rock of tho Ibdcoath mine at the gri d:
depth of l,.580 feet, and frequently ob*«r\«i
during eighteen months ; the me.in t«-mr.»-r
afure was 08, Fahrenheit, that of the cmi n..
being 50°, which gives one degree f .r cury
seventy fivo. These are a few among iikh v
experiments to vindio to the theory <d inter
nal fluidity. The principal facts in i.irri. r
proof of the accumulation of heat l«*l w tli*
surface of the earth, may be sumnit'l nr, n
a few word-*. Several volcanoes a - •• in
stantly in eruption, as Srromb'di and Niei
ragua. Many craters emit hot vapor.-* in »i »
intervals between eruptions. Sn m < f I, ,-ij >
temperature bus continued f >r in re thm
twenty years to emit tr»ru the “Stub*.’’
as the Italians c*l! them; at. 1 thmnal
springs abound not only in r#*L:i.»riol • .rtk
quakes, but ate found in almost a!! •-• en
tries, however di-tant froiu active veni*. It
is probable, siys Pnles-r Ly< I’, to tin* un
ceasing discharge of sublet r.mean heat, that
we owe the general tranquility of the gl»*le,
and the occasional convulsions which «?c»ur
may arise from the temporary stoppage <7
the channels by which the internal heat h
transmitted to the surface. Now, ulth■•u/ii
convulsed by earthquakes, wl ich spread hor
ror and dismay and devastation over larg*
tracts of country, y *t the ordinary t » p »*e « t
the surface of the earth implies an inertne**
in the internal mass which is truly w od r
ful. When we consider ihe e« mhu-Ubie n.»
ture of the element* of the earth, k I tr m
they are known to us; when we rcolh-ct tint
expansive power of steam, and that wsit.r it
self is composed of two gases, which by difir
union produce intense hea*; wlu-n vh «*:i! 11 >
mind the number of explosive an i det< nv
live compounds, hid in the deep ts web £
the*earth, which hr»vo already been di*c.»v*
ered, we may be allowed to share tie* a*: n
islunent of Pliny, that a single «lay sii nil
pass without a general conflagration.
ALHKItl' i; BASSFUlUb
Alexandria, August 2*2, 1>77.
[ Com mi nk \ rn*.
A word of seasonable advice to the thous
ands who are seeking Health and Ilecrcaiim
at our various Watering places, may not
amiss; and this, perhaps, may he fotin I in
the best form in “Burke’s New Work on th-J
Virginia Springs.”
"Between the 20 h and 27th of Augi:*t. it
almost invariably happens that there ar* t*»
or three days of rainy, blustering, c 11
weather, after which it clears away en ! be
comes exceedingly pleasant, until the Iddi
to the 15th of September, when it iJ r.or ur * I
common to see a heavy ram, succeeded iy
two or three cold nights and white (r *t-.
The vixitor*. alarmed by this little (quin ****
tial demonstrati in, disperse like migrating
bird*, find leave tho-e bcau'ifiil valley-8, laf**
ly the abode* of gaiety, *«dit iry an J deeolita
hh a deserted village. They have scarcely
crossed the Blue Kidge, however, ere tie ?
find their apprehension* of a permanent
ihnnge in the weather premature, ami nowr
‘arnestly wish tbeimeive* hack again hoi mg
:he friends from whom they er pirated, *1 l
;he scene* from which they hud ju-t departed.
In truth, the hi st d» lightl«n period in ti e
nountairiH, is between the -(i !i of Sc* mm*
ber and the l*t of November. It i* tla
iweet season of Indian Simmer, when r.-i
wood* are clothed in their ni»**t in-r/'om
ivery —when Nature seem* to er j y a < »!t;i
rppo«e, a* if to prepare her-elf for the toll t*
ng Htomis of approaching Winter.
‘Attempered *tiM> »11v**.
*weet Earn'd, and shrdding through Inn! < ’> !
\ pleasing ralm: while broad, and hrowr •
Extensive harvests hang their heavy hea I
Rich, silent, deep they stand, lor not a g. !•*.
Rolls its light billows o’er the bending plan
\ calrg ol plenty ! *
rflOUBNA.MKNT at WARKKN M'M.m-'.
1 —There will be aTOCRN A MKM a’
Warren VVhi*e Sulphur S pririgs. on H;»»* »
the 28th instant, and a numerous and g.i. a- **
binge is expected. aug2t—<•> '
ST. JOHN s ACADEMY .ex. «
will be iesunied on MOSD.iY n»*r ’ *
all Students are requested to he pies>»-ut »*ii ’
day.
A report having obtained cmierny. -o' *
effect that the institution w,-.* m on t*» : »• ‘ ■* •
the Principal deem*; it n.rew-ary to >!a'e '*•
has declined the apponrrrn nt *en*'eied m 1
Richmond, and h is lo intention wha'* . ; ol
leaving Alexandria.
Parents or guardians wishing t«» *• "1
Call at Ao. fttl. A'ieg slrr»t. cut i tr of h o r! n
ri he Acaoenriy hms been entirely re m. ;i:-'* •
and the entire arrangement* lor the <■ ' • \
session are such as to merit a continual-" wl
public patronage.
RICHARD B. CAKNE. Jr.
atig 24—eorit li - - •
11RKSH BRIMIKn Probangs <'«»x > vHrk'
' ling Gelatine; Peters’s R:ce Hour. :■»<■ 'j
Toilet; Palm Soap, in bars, just recme.l *»'
for sale by JAMKS FATVNM.h Jr.
aug 24 Apothecary, No. v*4. ;
LIMK—HU bbN. Stone l.i i e, loi *' f V
aug IV HAKPKR 4 WH

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