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• ‘UULlSHIBD DAIL.I AXV lIU-WfcftiMii 01 feDGAR SXOWDKX. ALEXANDRIA: i htusdav morning,October20, iNr>7. nobs Mild Riots Iu the Cities* To such an extent does the spirit otdw7;/ ii,iu prevail in some of the larger d ies iu the country—all of them, we believe north of the Potomac, so far—that “Vigilance Com mittees" arc seriously spoken ot, as the only feasible remedy to correct the evil. V*'e hope t > see do such “higher law’7 proposition car ried into effect—both because, we fear, the remedy would turn out, in the end, to bo as bad as the disease—and because the strong arm of justice, according to law, has never vt been sufficiently exerted, to quell the iu uinous and bloody disposition which seems ti» prevail among portions of the population of the cit es to which we refer. Arrest, trial, and certain and setwe pii'iishment of the ul y in the premises, ore what is wanted, jspeely trial, and no reprieves, and no miti gations of sentence, would bring things back to the old staadurd. This is, always sup posing there is an honest police. If that is wanting it is useless to hope for a change —and the respectable people of these cities have it in their power to secure the services of a good police. To do this, they must ex ercise ull th- ir riyhts—they must, at all haz ard-, go to the polls and vote—they must not suffer themselves to be deterred or intim idated bv rowdies and ruffians, generally cowards, anl once confronted likely to skulk and quail. And in defence of the just rights of the citizens, as opposed to mob law, there should always be in readiness tho power ot the state, in all its departments, civil and military. ^ Full accounts are furnished of the closing scenes of the life of Crawford, the sculptor. Thorvaldsen had a high idea of Crawford's genius—and predicted E>r him a successful career. Had cot death removed him from his lal rs, it is probable, he would have ful filled all the expectations of his friends. Lie leaves a widow and four children. Some of the wholesale houses in Boston having already announced their deterinina ti >n hereafter to ignore long credits, and to d> business only on the cash and short time svstem, the l'iiiladelphia North American sr.ys, “the sooner it is adopted here, as well as in Baltimore, New York, and Boston, the better it will be for all concerned." The Cumberland Civiliau says the weather in that region, is quite cool and winter like. Last week, the mountains west were covered with snow. Ico had formed in the glades to a thickness of half an inch. Several heavy fro-ts visited the county a few nights ago, and vegetation had assumed a blackened and withered appearance. The graphic description of the loss of the Central America, and the eloquent eulogy on Com. llcrndoo, furnished in the letter ot Lieut. Maury, to the Secretary of the Navy, will be read with deep iuterest. The letter is one of the most affecting narratives ever presented to the public. It is mentioned iu the English papers, that the ship Investigator, in which Captain Cook made his voyage round the world, and which f r many years has been moored oft the JN-mcrset House as a Thames police sta tion, has been removed to Deptford dockyard to be broken up. We perceive by tbe English paper? that in Ireland large numbers are volunteering for service in India. The Roscommon nidi tia quite recently requested their command ing oflicer, Col. Caulfield, to forward to the War Department their liter to volunteer in a body for India The fporting world arc in testacies over the victory won by Mr. floo Broock s mare 4 ‘Prioress." Mr. Ten B. is said to have written to bis friends, that all bis losses hitherto, be now counts as nothing. His victory at Czrrewicb is worth all the disap pointments experienced before. A congress of naturalists has jn«t been held at Born. - By a let:cr addressed to the ].re* idcnt of this learned assembly, l»aron Alexander de Humboldt announces for next month the publication of the ti.st part ot the fourth and last volume of his “Cosmos/ Hut on* lank in New York has a l^gal existence—the Chemical, which has little circulation, is a close corporation, is owned mostly by the directors, and is a bank of deposit mainly, and stands like an oasis in the desert. _ _ The Charleston Mercury is not very jubi lant over the result of the State elections in Ohio and Pennsylvania—maintaining, that it makes but little difference, so far as the South is concerned, which party is the victor. One set of Pillars for the new dome of the Capitol and one of the beautiful base columns, are already up, and several more aro ready to be sot as soon as the state of the weather will permit. The Richmond South is out upon the “Rockingham Democratic Meeting,” in op position to Senator Hunter, and scores very severely the leaders of that meeting. A considerable portion of the Ohio State Penitentiary, at Columbus, was destroyed by fire on Sunday night. Some adjoining property also was destroyed. It will be seen that Maj. A. 0. P. Xichol eon has been elected Senator from Tennes see. to eoeeeed Mr. Bell. Gen. Pillow takes nothing by his recent motions. Mr. Butler's poem of “Nothing to Wear” is announced for reprinting by Sampson Low, Son & Co., of London, illustrated by Alfred Crowquill. The Norfolk Argus, a democratic journal, speaking of the recent attempt to crush out Senator Hunter, says:—“There was a tin6 and we sincerely hoped that time had not pissed, when the Democracy of Virginia re quired the President, in order to gain their support and approbation, to confirm to the views of her Senators ; but it seems that Old Virginia in the opinion of certain organs, i must surrender the first position in politics to other States, as she has done in commerce and population, and instead of the Adminis tration conlormingto the ancient principles of the Virginia Senators, the \ irginia Sena tors must lorget their States Light indepen dence, and conform to the views of the Ad ministration.” ^ The Chicago Press of the 24th inst., says: —“Monday last may be set dowrn as one of the most fatal days in the year—fatal to life and property both on land and water. In the morning upwards of twenty lives were lost by a dreadful conflagration, and before night upwards of twenty wore lives lay cold in the embrace of death on the shores of Lake Michigan. It was a hard day on the lakes. It U cw a most terrible gale, with a heavy blinding snow storm. We hoar of it along Lake Michigan, up Lake Superior, and can trace it by its work of disaster along the shores of the lower lakes. It was only yesterday, however, that we realized to the full extent the severity of the gale.” James O’Connor and others, who were charged with conspiracy to defraud the Mer chants ami Manufacturers’ Lank of Pittsburg, out of SflO.OUO, had a further hearing on Saturday last. Wilson Lleakncy, one of the defendants and book-keeper of the institu tion, made a statement under oath exculpa ting Mr. Scott, the president, and the other officers of the bank, from all connection with the alleged fraud. The investigation resulted in Mr. O’Conner being held to bail in £10,000 to answer at the next term. At the last meeting of the Philadelphia City Councils, Mr. Lurns submitted a bill authorizing the Receiver of Taxes to accept the City Warrants in payment of Taxes, un til the 1st cf February next. The bill also contained a provision that no interest he paid on said Warrants. After considerable de bate, the bill was referred to a Special Com mittee w ith instructions to report at the eom iog meeting of Councils. I he President has determined to have one of the new sloops of war constructed at Nor folk, but whether iuside or outside of the Government Yard is still in dispute. He agrees with Secretary Toucey in regard to new proposals, and says there must be a re advertiscraent. It a suitable model has been determined on by the Department, why should there be further delay and expense? “Professor” Marion was to ascend in a balloon from Hudson, Saturday afternoon, but, as usual, “didn’t go up.” Meanwhile an unfortunate ascident occurred. Sjme 20 or GO women and children had collected to see the sight on top of a wooden awning, which gave way, and precipitated them to the ground, w ith some severe injuries. Scarlet Fever appears to be scourging a portion of Mississippi. 1 he Macon Beacon says that since the first appearance of the di sease in Noxubee county, (three months ago) there have been upwards of a hundred deaths. In some instances it has carried off as many as five or six members of a family. Anthony Burns, the Iamous fugitive, whose recapture iu Brston produced such an excite ment a few vears since, is now a “student/ in the Fairmont Theological Seminary near Cincinnati. He has been studying a year or so past at Obcrlhi. The Charleston Standard invites laborers in the North, out of employment, to come and settle in and around Charleston. SciiMtor iluiKo’o Letter* We lav before our readers the manly and independent reply of 31 r. Hunter to a loiter addressed him by the Hod. S. I. Leake. If any real doubt, in regard to 3Ir. Hunter’s po sition upon the K an^as question, or his inten tions towards the Administration, ever exist ed in the minds cl the “alarmists,” they are forever dispelled. The reader will not fail to be struck with the honest and unequivocal tone of his feelings towards the 1 resident, aud the bold assertion of tho^e tests by w hich he will judge the acts of the Administration; nor will he he disappointed in his construc tion ot the intent and operation of the Kan su* Bill. 31 r. Hunter, by this letter, does not assume for himself, m w lor the first time, but reiterates that his position is still on that independent, honest, and pure platform of principle and notion, on which alone true i Southern Democrats can stand. It thai let ’ icr atane does no confirm his claims and qualifications for the Senatorial representa tion, we are willing to see him ueleated. since it is better to fail in tho maintenance of in dependence of action and integrity of prin ciple, than to attain to political honor by sup ple subserviency to unwarrantable assump tions of power, or by an unbelieving support <T false and treacherous doctrines.— lied t iu'ksbn )'tj _ From NfMPhl* 1» tVuhhlnjjton < lty. ' The East Tennessee am! Virginia Railroad Company have opened another section of their road west of Jonesboro , reducing the staging to •»- miles, and have closed up, hy a new schedule, which is now in operation, all the delays between Memphis and \X ash : ingteo city," reducing tho time between Mem I phis and’ Washington to three days aud seven hours, between Nashvillo and Wash ington to three dive, and between Dalton and Washington to two days and four hours. The track-laving is progressing rapidly on the unfinished gap, which will be closed in a short time, giving a direct Railroad route from Memphis to Washington and New York, through East Tennessee and \ irginia, and the most beautiful, hcaithy, and pictu resque regions on the American continent, and saving twelve hours over all other routes.—Memphis Kjffk nwl Lnquircr, ,tk. A Sew K»lt •“ «'•* F,eId* The Washington corrwpoudent of the New York Herald says that in the eicnt of Hun ter's not satisfactorily dctiuing his position in regard to the Administration, it is «he pur pose of bis opponents to present Ooy. iloyd as a candidate in opposition to biro, we know not how this is; but we nave our doubts as to the accuracy of the report. The con test is purely one between W ise and Hooter —not only lor the Senatorship. but for the higher honor of the Presidential Domination in Vm.—Rich. Whig._ Apropos. ‘•Mv other piece of advise,” Copperficld, “you know. Annual income—twenty poun a. Annual expenditure—nineteen* nineteen six* result—happiness. Annual income twen ty pounds. Annual expenditure—twenty pounds ought and six; result—misery. The blossom is blighted; the leif is withered; the god of day goes down upon the dreary scene, , and, in short, you are forever floored.”—Mb. Mjcapjjm. Telegrapbic Deipatcliei* Washington, Oct. 27.— lbe administra tration continues the consideration of tho currency question us connected with the gov ernment operations. It is ascertained from an altogether reliable source that there is no disposition to suspend the public works now : io process of construction, nor to interfere j with the contractors, but there is a dispusi- ; tion not to commence new works uuless of such a character as to render them absolutely necessary. The administration’s course on j these uud other matters will depend more or ! less on the developments of the next four or j fivo months, indicated by the receipts from customs. In the meantime information will continue to be sought with a view to correct estimates. Until this is obtained there can be no definite policy. The new mode! rifle mu-ket is to be at > once distributed to tho army particularly among the, troops in Utah, Kansas, and on ! the Pacific. Oswego, Ojt. 20.—The wind has been . blowing a heavy gate hero all day. The schooner Christian from Panada with barley was driven on shore and is a total wreck. Her crew were saved. Cleveland, Ohio, Oct. 20.— The brig Hen. ' j Worth with a cargo of iron ore from Suueri- ' or, went ashore west of the piers last night I and is badly damaged. She is insured. Washington, Oct. 27.—The following offi cers have been assigned to the sloop of-war Yandalia to join the Pacific squadron: Com mander Sinclair, Lieuts. Brown, Cadwell, John L. Hivis, Frov, Gosn 11, Acting Master Babcock, Surgeon Wilson, Assistant Surge ou Tlist and Purser Jackson. New Haven, Oct. 2G.—Oipt. George S. Hine, at 4 o’clock this morning, while on his way to his schooner, the Isabella ibirt, bound ; for Albany had a bag thrown over his head J by two men, who tiieu robbed him of $1,220 | Port Stanley, C. W., October 2G.—A ; j tire tfiis morning destroyed the steamer Free Trade, tho schooner Buchanan, the ware- ! house of Rowth & Hividson, Williams & Thompson, and many other buildings. Loss very heavy, mostly insured. New York, Ojt. 27.—The heavy rains of the last three days havo produced a destruc- | tive Hood in the valiev of the Mohawk. Much J 90 ; damage ha9 been done to property, and a j j considerable quantity of corn and buckwheat destroyrd. Chicago, Ojt. 27.—Minnesota election re- | turns complete, give Sibley, dem., 12G major ity. A large number of Indians voted in Pemlina district. Official returns from 40 counties of Iowa give Gen. L^we, rep., 2,207 majority. Nashville. Oct. 27.—A. O. P. Nicholson | was elected United States Senator to-day, t> i succeed lion. John Bell, whose term expires in 1850. An attemnt was made to “instruct” Senator Bell out. Montreal, Oct. 20—A canoe containing twelve persons upset above the city last eve ning. Seven lives were lost. New York, Oct. 27 —Secretary Floyd, who has been on an official visit to this city, sud denly left to-day for Washington. From Kansan. To ike Editor* of the Richmond Enquirer. Westport, Mo., Oct. 11th, 1857.—Returns, though incomplete, show the Southern party have ejected a majority of both Houses of our next Legislature. There has been very little illegal voting on either side. Ransom is defeated by 5,U00 as far as we can to-day learn. The Constitutional Convention can now go to work with* the hearty wishes ol success fiooi the nation. 1 leel proud, that I have hung on, when tho South hooted at the chances ol suc cess, and to the last. . j We have carried this election by district ing tbe Territory, and not by a lump vote, which accounts lor the defeat ol Ransom. As this lump vote is against us, the Consti tution will not bo referred back to the peope. Neither can wc send it hack to the registered voters, or those who voted for members of the Constitutional Convention, because the vote in the late election is so large, as to prove that the registered vote does not constitute \ one third the people. It must go direct to Washington, resting upon the victory we have just achieved. 1 fear war. The free press is charging in madness. They encourage a contesting ol the votes, followed up with a resort to arms. They have now lost all, even honor, and des perate as a wounded snake, turn to rend the leaders Robinson, Lane and others w ho ad- j vised the unfortunate course. ( lieaapeake ami onto C anal. It appears by a statement in the Cumber land Civilian that, during the present sea son, 875 boats Lave passed over this canal, carrying 1(10,302 tons ol coal, the toll on which, at 45 cents per ton, amounts to §47, 802. To this is to he added a toll of §9 per boat, amounting to §7,875, making the total receipts to the canal lr»>ui the coal trado lor the season to date §55,737. This sum has i been expended in repairs, salaries, <Vc., and I falls short ol meeting the expenses incurred for the same time, many thousands of dollars. The canal is now in good condition, aud boats arriving and departing lrcely: but, ow ing to the difficulty of selling coal lor cash, occasioned by the stringency in tho money market, a number of the coal companies talk j ol curtailing operations. Thus it goes; when the companies were prepared to send coal ou an extensive scale, the canal was uot naviga bio, and now that the canal is in order, the companies cannot sell coal for cash, and con sequently are obliged to limit their opera uons. For the week ending Saturday last, tho George’s Creek Coal ami Iron Company ship ped from their mines 2,223 tons of coal, mak ing for the year, to that time, GSJuG tons; the Hampshire Coal and Iron Company ship ped for the same time 3-17 Urns, arid lor the year 47,310 tom*; and tho Franklin mines shipped for the week <GT tons, lhe Cum berland Civilian says: j “We have no report from the other com panies operating in tho George’s Creek re gion, but understand that the American com pany and C. E. Hetmold have been shipping. The trustees of the Cumberland Coal and j Iron Company are forwarding considerable 1 coal, via canal, and operations at their canal j wharf look livelier at this time than ever bo loro._ lltgli Prices. In Washington as in Alexandria, everything ir. the shape uf breadstuil?,&c., continues enor mously high—why it it, we do not know. It is very strange that w hile flour iu New \ork ia selling at live dollars and a half, and six, the ; same article here and in Alexandria, is being retailed for eight and nine. Now people j will not stand this ; breadstuff* must come down, bacon must comedown, and dry goods, likewise, must come down ; because iu the Northern cities the merchant princes are selling off their splendid stocks at as low as sixty cents in the dollar, in order that they may meet their engagements. The reign of high prices must have an end.— Warrcnton Whig. Bear Killed. Mr. John Peer, of this town, one day last j week, killed a Bear in the North Mountain, I near Buffalo Gap. The animal was securely lodged, with too of her cubs, in a tree, but Mr. P. being a good marksman brought her to the earth. Though in bad order, weight supposed 200 lbs., and had it been fat, it is thought it would have weighed between 3 or 400. The fore foot measured about 7 inches and weighed 1 lb. Pretty good Bear for Au gutte—Staunton Vindicator. The State Fair* The Richmond Whig of Monday inti- i mates, that thus far, all the ugly men and vromen in the Commonwealth have congre gated at Richmond for the purpose of attend ing the State Fair. In the midst of such a vast assemblage of “homely folks,” it is con soling to know that not a score of them hail from Petersburg, for at tbe time the Whig’s article was penned, we are credibly informed, that not a half a dozen had gone from the Cockade city. V.’o annex the article of the Whig, entire. It is not by any means devoid of interest, and we bespeak for it a careful perusal.—1\ tcrsbu rj Exp. “The city is already pretty full of victors to the fair, which commences to-morrow, and the crowd is still pouring in from all direc tions. From present indications, therefore, i we incline to the opinion that the number of persons in attendance, will be nearly, if not quite as large, as on any previous occasion. It is the fir>t wiHi of a!! of th^ni, no doubt, to catch a glimpse of tbe Crisis, which isaaid to have been prowling about and waylay ing cities, but, which from the fat and jolly appearance of nnny of our rural cou sins, has not yet penetrated into the country. In justice to the general cause of truth and our own conscience in particular, we cannot say much fur the personal pulchritude of either the men or the women who have yet assembled in our goodly city. To be sure they all have quite a healthy and contented appearance, as if meat and bread existed in great abundance, and as if they indulged in these good things to a somew hat censurable excess. We have often marvelled, in times like these, when people congregate in over whelming crowds, whence come such a mul titude of inexcusably homely folks. A fair seems to possess some inherent and mysteri ous attraction for the ill-favored of our proud old Commonweal;!). We are consoled by the pleasing reflection, however, that none ol the same sort are left behind, but that all, for the time being, are concentrated hero. We have no idea of provoking a personal difficulty with any of the chivalrous gentle men, who have come hither to the lair; but we do say, in spite of the world, the flesh, and the devil, that Heaven, in manufactur ing most of them, was exceedingly sparing of its comely materials. \\ e observe a tew sons of Anak from six to ten feet in height, aud wearing beards and moustaches that looked entirely innocent of any knowledge of either water or napkins, who have come down here, we suj pose, for the sole purpose of seeing how badly they can frighten the animals on the Fair (iroutids and the little children on the streets. If they d) nut srare off the Crisis, then the Crisis is a perfectly unbearable thing. The remainder of the inale portion of the assembled crowds is in admirable keeping with the general appear ance oi the Anak boys. » e pity the poor fathers aud mothers who have been fated for so many years to look at and to meditate upon this unmitigated aul boundless ugli ness. As to the female portion, language fails uj to speak of their infinite merits—in the re spect alluded to—in terms at ouoe truthful and graphic. The amount of female homeli ness in town at the present time is utterly indescribable and unimaginable. Thero are a few noticeable, and even brilliant excep tions, however, to look upon, which is a feast to the eye and rapture to the soul. But may a kir.d Providence soon take the balance to himself, and make them jewels in his crown —for their light on earth, derived from their personal appearance, wiii never be brighter than that emitted by a rusty tenpenny nail. We remark, by the way of that crinoline ap pears to have suffered a sad collapse. Its di mensions have fearfully diminished — owing altogether, we presume, to the pressure. Be ing an ardent admirer and advocate of crin oline, we deplore the melancholy and unim posing strait to which it has been reduced; and we breathe an everlasting curse upon the pressure. With a tear for crinoline, therefore, we con clude our original and eloquent and apposite observations on the visitors to the Fair. We protest moreover, that we have intended no offence by our discourse to any mortal, male or female—for, while penning these lines, we have been whistling, like good uncle Toby, Lilabulicro, all the time.” _m_ The Mrititih Minister. Lord Napier when about sailing for Amer ica was urged by Mr. (Jrampton, his prede cessor, to take the latter’s late residence on Georgetown Heights. This he declined to do upon grounds equally creditable to Lis lord ship’s head and heart. Should he locate himself upon the Heights of Georgetown, he , could receive attention iroui and extend Lis hospitality to, those only who wore able to support equipages. As h»9 great object would he to know the people among whom lie had bnen sent to reside, and to cultivate the ac quaintance of his American cousins, he pre ferred “to pitch his tent” in their midst, and has accordingly taken the late residence of .Senator Fish of New York, which has been thoroughly refitted, and greatly enlarged and ornamented, 1 cated on H. street and near the Presidential man*-h>n. Lord Napier is ab»ut in the meridian of life, near six feet high, well proportioned, with a heavy suit of black hair slightly mixed with grey—and with nn eye as piercing as the eagle’s. His face is highly intellectual, and alternately thoughtful or lively, with a smile pleasant and winning, though sea soned with the quizical, evincing a decided relish for a good joke. Though comparative ly young, Lord Napier has resided near sev eral of the Kuropc&u courts aud established _ ... „ ,r.r ./i r. n n ml i1! ril. 1 r»i f I - f <1 I C^UlUllUli '• OVMIV* --f-- 7 equalled by few men of the ; re-ent age. He is destined to becomo the must popular repre sensitive Her Majesty’s government lias bad near the I’nitcd Slates since the days of the lamented Fox. lint the great popularity of the new Min ister will not rest solely upon bis own shoulders, but will be supported iri nosmall degree bv bis accomplished and amiable partner—Lady Napier—who seems to un derstand and appreciate American chatac ter ; for already she is the idol of a large circle of friends here, as she was the pride of those at home. Youthful and pretty, Lady Napier undoubtedly is, but the great est attraction is her gonl common sense.— She reasons on all subjects; and her con clusion^ are ns correct as her premises are sound. There is nothing light or trilling in her manner or conversation, aod at the same timo she is perfectly free from tint hauteur so often met with in ladies in her social posi tion. A religious sentiment seems to per vade and run through her whole being; and she is evidently destined to be the particular star in our Washington society, whoever el?e uiay enter the circle.— Cur. of Rich. Eny. Official vole of Pennsylvania. % The official vote for governor, at the late election in Pennsylvania, is as follows: Packer, democrat.1 h5,S77 Wiimot, black republican.146,145 Hazlehurst, American. 2S.277 Packer’s majority over Wiimot, 39,732; over- Wiimot and liazlchurst combined, 11, 455. Toe legislature stands as follows : Opposition. Democrats Senate.12 21 House oi Representatives... 31 69 43 90 43 _ Democratic majority on joint ballot..47 The new artesian well at Charleston S. C., j has reached the depth of 913 feet.—Ex. The patience of Charleston is to be com meuded. Probably no otber part of our land j won Id stand buuh a tore.—Ex. Loss of the Steam»hlp Central America. The following letter from Lieut. Maury, to the Secretary of the Navy, will he read with general interest: Observatorv, Wash’n., Oct. 10, 1Sj7. Sib: On the l*J:h day of September last, at sea, the United States mail steamship “Central America,” with the California mails, most of the passengers and crew, and a large amount of treasure on board, foundered in a g ilo of wind. The law requires the vessels of this line to bo commanded hy officers of the navy, and Commander William Lewis llerndou had this one. He went down with his ship, leav ing a glowing example of devotion to duty, Christian conduct, and true heroism. All hopes of his having been picked up bv some passing vessel have vanished. The sur vivors of the wreck have made their state ments of the gale, the sinking of the ehip, and their rescue. These have g"i:o the rounds of the newspaper pres-, and we are probably possessed of all the particulars concerning that awiu! catastrophe that the public will ever know. The department has already been officially informed ul this wreck and disaster, and of how nobly llerndou stood to his post and gloriously p<-risked ; how the women and children were all saved, and how lie did aii that man couid do, or officer should, to save his ship and crew also, licit the particulars have been given to tlie department only in the perishable form of newspaper records. As a tribute to his memory, as material for history, as an heirloom of the navy, and a legacy to his country, 1 desire to place <»u record in the department, this simple writing in memorial of him. We wero intimates: l have known him from boyhood ; lie was my kinsman. fl iie ties uf consanguinity, as well as cur profes sional avocations, brought us frequently and much together; we were close friends. Under these circumstances, 1 a.-k your leave to file a report of that gale, and his loss. I aim to embody in it a simple narra tive of incidents derived from statements which the survivors from the wreck have made either public through the prints of the day, or privately to bis family and friends. The-o incidents, in the silent influence of the lessons they teach, constitute an inheritance of rare value to his countrymen; they art* the heirloom of which I spoke, and will, l am persuaded, be productive of much good to the service. The “Central America,” at the time of tier los-s, was bound from Aspinwall via Havana, to New York. She had on board, as nearly as has been ascertained, about two millions in gold, and -174 passengers, besides a crew, all told, of 101 souls; total 575. She touched at Havana on the 7th of Sep tember last, and put to sea again at 1* o’clock on the morning of the 8‘h. The ship was apparently in good order; the time seemed propitious; and ail hands were in tine health and spirits, for the prospects of a sale and speedy passage htine vv» re very cheering. The breeza was from the trade-wind quarter at X. E.; but at midnight of the 9ih it fresh ened to a gale, which continued to increase till the forenoon of Friday, September 11. when it blew with great violence Ir.-m X. X. E. Fp to this time the ship behaved admira bly: nothing had occurred worthy of note, or in auy way calculated to excite suspicions of her prowess, until the forenoon of that day, when it was discovered that she had sprung a leak. The sea was running high; the ship was very much keeled over ou the starboard side, and laboring heavily; the leak was so large, that by 1, p. in., the water had risen high enough to extinguish the tires ou cue bide, and stop the engine. Bailing gangs were set to work—the pas sengers cheerfully assisting—and all bands were sent over on the windward tido to trim ship. Being relieved in a measure, she righted, and the tires were relighted: but there was a very heavy sea on, and in spite of pumps and bailing gangs, with their buckets, whits, and barrels, the water gained upon them until it reached the furnaces and extinguished the tires again, never to bo re kindled. This was Friday. The ship was now at the meroy of the waves, and was wallowing in the trough of the sea like a log. She wras a bide wheel steamer, with not a little top hamper, and therefore an ugly thing to manage in such a situation. The storm spencer had been blown away, and the foreyard was sent down during the night. Attempts were made to gtt the ship before the wind, but no canvass was stout enough to withstand the raging of the storm. After the head sails had been blown away, the captain ordered the clews of the foresail to be lashed down to the deck, thinking to hoist the yard up a little way, show canvass, and get her off; but by the time the yard was well clear of the bulwarks, the sail was taken out of the bolt ropes, so great was the force of the wind, and such the fury of the gale. The foremast was then cut away; the fore* yard was c inverted into a drag, and got over board; f»its of canvass, also, were pn-:»*i in the rigging afq hoping by these expedients, as a last report, to bring ihe ship bead to wind, but all to no purpose; she refund to come. Crew and passengers worked manfully, pumping and bailing all Friday afternoon and night; and when day dawned upon them, the violence of the bturtn was still in* rreasim* All that energy, professional skill, ami seamanship could do to weather the storm ami save the ship, had been done. The tem pest was still raging, resources were exhaus ted, the working parties were lagged out, and the captain foreniw that his ship must go dow ti. S iil, there was some chance for hope; he might save life, even ii he lost r-hip, mails, and treasure, lie was in a frequented part of the ocean, and a passing vessel might come to the rescue of crew arid passengers, if they could manage to keep the ship afloat till the gale abated, lie encouraged them with this hope, and asked fora rally. They responded with cheers. The lady passen gers also offered to help, and the men wont to work with a will, whipping up water by the barrel full, to the steady measure of the sailors' working song. The Hag was hoisted “union dow’n,” that every vessel, as sire huve iu sight, might know they were in distress, and wanted help. Under this rally of crew and passengers, they gained on the writer for a little while, but they were worn out with the toil of the last night and day; they had not the strength to keep it under. Finally, about noon of Saturday, the 12:h, the gale began to abate, and the sky to brighter; a vested hove in eight, saw the sig nal, ran down to the steamer, was hailed, answered, and was asked for help. She Could give none, and kept on h^r course. At about 2, p. in., th * brig “Marine," Cap tain Burt, of Boston, hound from the West Indies to New York, heard minute guns, find saw the steamer's signals cf distress. She ran down to the sicking ship, and though very much crippled herself by the gale, pro mised to lay by. She passed under the stea mer's stern, spoke, rounded to, and kef t her word. The steamer's boats were ordered to be lowered; the “Marine" had none that could live io such a sea. Now came another trying time. The boat scenes of the steamer “Arctic" had made a deep impression upon Herndon’s mind; they new crowded iuto remembrance. Who of this crew should be selected toman his boats? Would they desert him when they got off from the ship? There were some who he knew would not. 1 It was not an occasion when the word might be passed for volunteers; for it was tho post of safety, not of danger, but never theless of great trust, tha: was to be tilled. The captain warned trusty men that he knew well from long association; and the crew of such vessels is not very permanent as to its personnel; therefore, be felt at a loss, for there wis i-till a man wanting for Hi nek, the boatswain’s boat. A sailor, per ceiving the captain’s dilemma, stepped up and modestly offered to go. lie had not, it may be supposed, been long in the ship, fir Herndon evidently did not know him well, and replied in his mild and gentle way, “l wonder if 1 can trust you V* The sailor instinctively understood this call lor a Shibboleth, and simply said, “1 have hands that are hard to row, and a heart that's soft to feel/’ This was enough; he went, and was true. Not a boat deserted that ship. All tho women and children were first sent to the brig, arid every one arrived there in safety. L ich boat made two load* to tho brig, carrying in all one hundred persons. Uy this time night was setting in. The brig had drifted to leeward several miles away tr m the steamer, and was so crippled th it she eoul 1 n >t heat up to her again. Illuck, the boatswain’s boat, alone return ed the second time. Her gallant crew had been buffeting with the storm f*>r two days and a night without rest and with little or n no food. The boat itself had been badly stove while alongside with the last load of passengers; she was so much knocked to pieces as to he redly unserviceable; nor could she have held another person; still tho-e bravo seamen, true to the tru*t reposed in them by their captain, did not hesitate to leave the brig in iter again, and pull back ! through the dark for miles across an angry sea, that they might join him iu his sinking ship and take their chances with the rept. ; Let no one call this rash, idle, or vain; it was conduct the most logical, noble, and true. Tho names of this brave crew have uut been given, else 1 should suggest the propriety of making some formal acknow ledgment of the high appreciation in which such devotion to duty and such conduct, are held bv the department. I am aware that these men do not belong to the Navy, hut they are American seamen, nobly doing their duty under the American flag, and ad ding lustre to it by their deeds. Whether of the naval or of the merchant service, such conduct should not go unrequited by the go vernment. i\.»i.A l fi * l.ivrt fo A n .1 I'm n y v i • v. *w n > vi viiv vvnvv| uu\4 fc»#v embarkation of the women and children, ttiere was a? much discipline preserved among the crew oi that ship, and as much order observed among her passengers, ns was ever witnessed to board the best-regulated man-of war. The law requires ever}’ commander in the Navy to show in himself ft good example of virtue and patriotism; and never was exam ple more ruddy set or beautifully followed. Captain lien dun, by those noble traits which have sj endeared his memory to the hearts of his countrymen, had won the ro spc-ct and admiration of the crew and pas sengers of that ship in such a degree as to acquire an intluencc over them that was marvellous in its effects. The men yielded to it, and even the women felt its force; calm and resolute themselves, they encouraged and cheered the men at the pumps and in the gangways; and finally, to Herndon’s last appeal tor one more effort, they rose superior to their sex, and proposed to go on deek themselves, arid with fair hands and feeble arms there to do men’s work in battling with the tempt st. There were many touching incidents of tho most heroic personal devotion to doty and to him during that drcadtul storm. Kven alter the ship had g >ne down, and her passengers were left in the water, clinging to whatever they could lay hands on, offices of knightly courtesy were passed among them. A« one of the last boats wa* about to leave the ship, her commander gavo bis watch to a passenger with a request that it might be delivered to his wife. He wished to charge him with ft message for her, also; but his utterance was choked. “Tell her | -Triable to proceed, ho bent down ; his head arid buried his face iu his hands for j a moment, as if in prayer; for he was a de- | vout man cn 1 a true Christian. In that moment, brief as it was, he endur ed tho great agony. But it was over now. His crowding thoughts, no d >ubt, had been of friends and home—its desolation—a be loved wife and lovely daughter dependent alone for support upon him. (ijd and his country would care for them now. Honor and duty required him to stick to his ship, aud he saw that she must go down. Calm and collected, he rose up from that short but mighty struggle, with renewed vigor, and went with encouraging looks about the duties of the ship as before. He ordered the hurricane deck to be cut away and rafts to bo made. The life-preservers j were also brought up and distributed to all who w -tild wear tb*-m. Night was setting j in, and he directed Frazer, the second officer, to take charge of the arm-chcst and send up a rocket every half hour. Van Konnselacr, hi- first officer, was also by him. Herndon has spoken to me in terms of esteem and admiration of this offi cer; and Van K.nnselaer proved himself worthy to the Fist of such commendations. ouio f*y sme tney kioou at meir pot*r, auu perished together with their harnecM on. After ti»e l».#:«r which bore Mr. Payne—to whom Herndon had intrusted his watch — had shoved ( If, the ciptaiu went to his state room smd put on his uniform. The gold f and around his cap was concealed by the oiI-ci!k c vering which he usually wore over it. Ho took ir off and threw it on his cabin f! jor; then wa'king out, he took his stand on the wheel h u-o, holding on to the iron rail ing with his lelt hand. A rocket was set oil; the ship fetched her last lurch; and, as she went d nvn, ho uncovered. A cry aroso from the sea; hut not from bis lips. The waves had closed about him, and the curtain of the night was drawn over one of the most sublime moral spectacles that the sea ever saw. •Just before the steamer went down, a row j boat was heard .approaching. Herndon hailed her. It was tbe boatswain's boat, rowed by bard hands and a gentle heart, re turning on hoard from the brig to report her ! disabled condition. If she came alongside s'.c would be engulped with the sinking ship; Herndon ordered her to keep ( If; she did to, and was paved. This, so far us I have been able to learn, was his last order. Forgetful of self, min lrul of others, his life was beau tiful lo the hiM; and in his death he has ad ded a new glory to the annals of the sea. Forty-nine of the passengers and crew were picked up floating on the water that night and the next morning by tha Norwe gian barque “Kileo,” Capt. Johnson, and hr night safely into Norfolk. Oo tbe 9th day after the wreck, the English brig “Mary" picked up three others, who bad drifted about doO miles with the Gulf stream. Total saved lo2. The “Central America” 6unk about 8, P. M.t of September 12, lfcoT, near tbe outer odje of the Gulf stream, and the parallel of 31° 45v N. It does not appear certain that her com mander was seen or heard after she went dowo by any of those who survived the wreck. Mr. Cbiids, one of tbe pAsseogers, thinks be conversed with him in tbe water ■ after midnight of Saturday, only a little while before he himself was picked up. But iler&doo was small of statoro, of otlieatt frame and constitution, and by no metrs ;a robust health. He was already §utf, r;. , from the incessant labor and exposure ,ft * last two days and that long Friday nigt ? __ llis fatigue must have been great, arufuli^ the waves closed over his ship he wa-, in a ; probability', too much exhausted to stru;-;'. with the rest in that pool ot drowning 3 for floats and life. j Everything that could be done by the lev sea captain to save his slip wa- .1 n*» t save this one. Brave hearts and stringing and willing minds were on board. 'IVre w .. no lack of skill or of courage, t»r.l**r aI*; discipline were preserved to the* I ,*» ir i she went down under conduct that til. heart with unutterable sentiments of -4v ration. lletndon was in the 44th year <»f hi* He was horn in Fredericksburg, Ya , .. -5th day of October, 181J. 1 L» w \* i|, . „ of the late Dabney Herndon, ot that y[ and was the fifth of seven children—. and two daughter.-—of whom Mr-. the elder, lie was named after . \« u, Lewis, of the navv. who was lost 4: v.;i [' board the 1’nited Spates f)r:g Kp rvi.r Lewis Herndon was left early an urpLuj and entered the navy at the age el :4; Affectionate in disposition, s it and 'uu* in liis manners, he was beloved ot his A1 He also won the love and esteem of his :i*. ciutes wherever he went, and became a fai ite throughout the service, i None knew him better or lovei him m rc thao,TCspectfully, your obedient servant M. F. MAI FA, Lieutenant l nited State.- Navv. Hon. Isaac Touchy, Secretary of the Navy, Washin.-tjn. A Jukr. The Boston Advertiser giv..- the t 11 w'u,: particulars of a joke recently perpetrated a; Cambridge: i “\Ve take this occasion to mention a col ' legej >ke which it is proper should he public ly explained, for a reason that w:il appear. | A now practice has recently been e.-tabli-lei. by which the .Faculty cause to be pnpirei | at the end of each academical year, an ‘an ! nual scale,’ of the rank in each c!as.\ formei ‘ by reckoning up the work of that y«*ar al no, without regard to the credits obtain, j m : former years. The ‘annual rank/ thus determined, of the first half cla-s was I i warded in a printed circular to the par o:s or guardians of each stuient: t\e nun - ol the students in the second half of tie class being appended in alphabetical old t. 1'Uh was done in accordance w ith the new v ie t printed‘orders and regulations of the faculty* about three weeks ago. “About ten days since, tbo parents an i guardians of the students in tbe present senior class received each a copy of another circular, in all respects similar to that ab te described, which began with a pretend-i extract from tbo coll“ge laws, setting forth that in addition to tbe 'annual rank,’ already furnished, it had been determined to s»*nl forth a similar statement of the ‘getntal rank' of the students for the whole three years of their College course up to the 1 egio niog of the senior year,—which 'general rank' purported to be given in the new eir cular. Here the names were arrange! in iuverted order; the whole first half uf the being represented as the second half; and the students of tbe second half being arranged according to tbo fancy of tbo wags who | cr petrated the joke; the tirst rank being as signed jointly to two students not geDrraiiy considered as tbe most eminent, 'read ng men' of the class, and the other high placet in like manner distributed iu utter coufusi u of the claims of scholarship. Ami u3 re soonses were of course addressed to ihe President by tbe ferplexed parents who found their sons in two short woek* oiiangH about in singular confusion. Copies ot tbo circular were pasted upon the college bulletin and tbe tutors' doors, from which they wer« with difficulty removed by a patent applica tion of soap and water under tbe bands of the janitor." [CoMMl'NICATfcO. The people of this city are certainly the most perverse, and obstinate set of people, on the face of tbe earth. Instead of taking the advice of thoso who understand all thnr wants, and who offer advice free gratis 1 r nothing, they act as if they really iinder^ 1 their own affairs, and intended to pui.ue their own course, regardless of all conse quences. Take lor example, the small notes recently issued in our midst. We have been told that such currency is not rocogm. ed by tbe plainest provisions of the status that tbe law will lay its strong arm- upon the rebels who are issuing or giving eireula tion to such trash—and yet we pursue the even tenor of our way, as if we were n >t afraid of either tire, law, newspaper squibs or any other desperate thing. Our perverseness has moved even the sympathies of the people out of Alexandria, and the appeal is made to those who have heretofore exhibited great solicitude urn the subject, to “put on their arm >r an i battle with all their might in opp >;ti »n t * tv* small notes—and also the prematur- »*he'i n of f’nited States Senator." X >w, it <-ur<it i/ens cannot he moved after fU'-b an api o. coming as it does, from those who are r- a v ? shed tears over our delinquency, they *h u: i be given over as a hopeless set. Ihequ* .:»_ ,.r .k/. .i..f I r iiuii iiii; ticvuuu vi « •• * * is thought to be of tremendous imp rt .r • just row. .Ju?*t think of it then — the*»• ••'. ri of Senator, an i Small Notes, put side t v aide—the one of equal cornu quenee with the other. Put down the Small Note**, v ! st )p the premafuie election of I . S. S.rut r Let this be the watch word. A4 to the inconvenience attending t waul of small change, that is a in itter < I !IJ' Iiltlo mment. It the people want gold if-1 silver, it can he had at the brokers, a? f,,;! per cent., which is moderate enough, r iil conscience! Fifty cents out ol a ■'»*'*!'» ,s [ a small matter, as the >4 -r><) left, w.U k*ep i i man out of the hands of the broken tw three days, provided he has no other u-» t r bis money than to buy bis grub. | Let the cry be hereafter, “no more *"■* j notes,” “no premature election of S -na» t. [ ' A C1TI/KN. iCoMMl'M* VTf .'. And so the people of Alexandria are be taken under the control of our couutrv friends, and our actions to be governed by their dictum! Suppose, at the next election for members of our City Council, we 1 *'e 1 member from Albemarle, one fr »m Rocking ham, one from Culpeper, and s> on, fr IJ‘ each county in this section of the 1,4 order that any action taken by our c:t can be ratified, or rejected, by the c:tix,,f-"< tbeoe counties, without delay? And v.r* still—Alexandria has grown to be 1 x[ more importance than any city in the ^a-u —Our small note question is to be mix*'! ^ with the election of L. S. Senator! 1 w fl der what Mr. Hunter's opinion i® ( n t.<< question? Let's have it right off! liut* jesting aside—it is the mo**t perfect *1 * ^ ness to be making a fuf-s about w hat'' ' /' pi: have chosen to do for their own acc-mui dation. What business is it of outsiu*Ts we choose to receive our own due bibs a change, rather than lose fifty cents on a v dollar bill? A Fly irith a bU*9 WE are now receiving our Fall siq } *> °* GROCERIES axi> LIQUORS, trorn V* York, Philadelphia, and Baltimore, to wr.-c-'j we invite the attention of our customer ^ others: ail of which we will sell low ioi ^a-u* <Kt 3—fo3m T. A. BREWIS & CO.