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Alexandria gazette. (Alexandria, D.C.) 1834-1974, October 30, 1857, Image 2

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PUiSLIsa*£> DAILY AND TR1-WKLKLY BY
ICUCiAK SNOWOKX.
ALEXANDRIA:
FRIDAY MORNING, OCTOBER SO, 1SS7.
FlutncUl Affair*.
The subject of the Exchunyes continu e
naturally to be a very interesting one, espe
cially to the Southern cities, where the Mer- |
chants 6uff*r so severely from tho present
state of things. Is there no remedy for the
gross inequality and injustice now experi
enced? Could there not be a meeting of the
Presidents of the several Bauks of New
York, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Richmond,
&o. kc., at which arrangements satisfactory,
or at least much more satisfactory thau the
existing <iUarranyementy could bo entered
upon, for the relief of the merchants ? We
throw cut the suggestion, without attempting
to enter into details, which those much more
competent and experienced might make.—
There ought to be no difficulty in the matter,
we should think.
But if the ixchanyes are all against us,
there is another matter quite as serious, af
fecting every body, in these tiroes. Why is
specie at so much a higher premium with us,
than in New York uuU Boston? People here
Lave to pay six and eight per cont. for gold ;
whilst in the cities named, it is at 1 j to 2 per
cent, premium? The Banks have alike sus
pended at the North and the South, and there
is, to say the least, quite a9 much solidity
and solvency at the South as at the North.
And yet we have to pay twice or three times
as much for coin, as the people of the North
ern cities. One explanation of this, is given
in the fact, that a large portion of the circu
lation of the New York and Massachusetts
banks consists of notes of the denominations
of one, two, three, four, six, seveu and eight
dollars. These notes, current and available
for the purchase of every thing wanted, ob
viate the necessity in times like these, of
buying specie. They are convertible iuto
food, clothing, groceries, and the necessaries
of life. The'public would as soon have
them, for this purpose, as specie, and all
they want, is the change for the dollar.—
This, we mention, as the reason given for
easier times in New York, in 6mall money
matters, than with us. Is not this matter,
aUo, worth looking at, and considering, in
the movements that are to be made in refer
ence to Banking. We do not desire to super
sede a currency of coin with that cf paper—
but facts are facts—and, it is well to take all
these matters into account, having reference
to the future—and in considering the whole
subject of bank issues, especially in periods
of suspension. _
Gov. Ligon, of Md., has issued a Procla
mation to the citizens of Baltimore, in which
he announces as follows:
“I hereby proclaim to the citizens of Balti
more that, in virtue of my powers and duties
under the constitution and laws of the State,
1 have directed the proper military officers
to enroll and hold in readiness their respec
tive corps for active service at once, and
especially on the approaching day of election,
and 1 bavo issued to them full instructions
to preserve the peace of the city, ard secure
to the legal voters their rights against the
violence and intimidation of the lawless ruf
liaus who have disgraced the city and out
raged the elective rights in the recent elec
tion/'
And the following orders are appended
to the Proclamation:
order no. 1.
IIxad Quarters M. M.,)
Baltimore, Oct. 28th, 1857. )
Mftjor-Geueral George H. Steuart, com
manding 1st Lt. Division, M. V.—You are
hereby ordered to hold your entire command
ready for immediate servico, fully equipped,
and report to me at noon on Saturday next.
T. W Atkins Ligon.
ORDER NO. 2.
Headquarters M. M.,)
Baltimore, Oct. 28th, 1857. }
John Spear Smith, Major General 3d Divi
sion, M. M.—You are hereby ordered to
eoroll and embody, without deloy, six regi
ments of not lees than six hundred men each,
(to be officered and equipped,) and hold the
same iu readiness for service by noon on Sa
turday next, and report to mo.
T. Watkins Lioon.
The Loudoun Mirror says;—“The case of
Hodgson i'9. Hodgson, &c , occupied the Lou
doun Court, last week. It was most ably
and eloquently argued by Messrs. Scott, of
Fauquier, Chilton, of Washington, and Breut
of Baltimore, for the Plaintiff, and by Messrs.
Janney and Harrison, and Mr. Attorney Gen
eral Tucker, for the Defendant! It was sub
mitted to the jury about 8 o'clock on Satur
day night, who after retiring for some time,
reported to the court their inability to agree
upon a verdict: when they were adjourned
over 'till Monday morning. They appeared
in pursuance of adjournment, but upon a se
cond deliberation, they being still unable to
agree, the jury was discharged and the case
continued until the next term tor a new trial
to be had therein."
A movement is about to be commenced by
the democratic organization in regard to a re
form of the currency, and proper regulations
of the local banks. The democratic clubs in
New \ork will take up the subject prior to i
the approaching election, and make it one of j
their issues. The plan to be propustd for the
modification of the banking system and im
provement of the currency, is the adoption j
by the States of independent treasuries, i
after the example of the government, and
the prohibition of the issue by the local
banks of notes under the denomination of l
ten dollars. _
A great .stampede of Slavea took place at
Cambridge, Md., on Saturday night last.— j
No less than thirty made their escape—fif
teen belonging to Samuel Pattison, esq, j
seven to Miss Jane Cator; three to Kichard j
Keene; one to W. V. Brannock; one to Rea- j
ben E. Phillips: one to the estate of »»m. D. j
Traverse, deceased, and two free negroes.— :
These make 44 who hare left that place with- •
in two weeks.
The Farmers' Assembly convened in the
African Church, Richmond, on Tuesday af
ternoon last. Maj. O. M. Crutchfield, of
Spotsylvania, proposed Mr. Williams, the
Secretary of the society, as Clerk of the As
sembly, which nomination was unanimously
endorsed by the meeting. Maj. C. then pro
posed the lion. Win. C. Rives as Chairman,
which was received with acclamation, when
he was escorted to the chair by Maj. C. and
Mr. 1\ St. George Cocke, of Powhatan.
Mr. Fortune, who lias been employed for a
number of years iu China by the Last India
Company, has been requested by tbe Patent
i Mhce to mako selections of the tea plant and
other seeds for introduction into the United
States. lie will probably accompany his se
lections to this country for the purpose of se
lectinjr the proper localities iu which to com
uuuce the experiments.
Hon. J. F. Farm worth, member of Con
gross elect from Chicago, is said to be sink
mg fast, and no hope is now entertained of
his recovery. The circulation of blood in one
of his lower limbs has entirely ceased, and
mortification has set in.
The Agricultural Fair at Richmond has a
splendid exhibition of stock of all kinds,
farming products and implements, &c., &c.
The grounds are crowded—and there are, it
is said, nearly as many visitors as in former
years. ^
The Navy Department have advices of the
recent death of Lieut. Reuben Harris, U. S.
N., at the Naval Hospital in Brooklyn, N.
V. uf consumption. #
The stand taken in Washington against
,he high price of provisions, is beginning to
have an effect.
J. C. McGuire, on Wednesday evening,
’ sold S3,TOO of Washington corporation stock,
at from 100J to 102 cents.
! Hon. John M. S. Causiu, a distinguished
| lawyer of Maryland, is about to remove to
I Chicago.
Telegraphic Despatches.
Boston, Oct. 28.—An address was deliver
ed to the citizens of Boston, in Faueuil Hall,
j at noon, yesterday, by IP n. Caleb Cushing,
upon political topics. The speech was both
able and eloquent, and was listened to by a
large audience, despite the severe storm that
prevailed.
The speaker urged the support of tho dem
j oeratie State nominees, and appealed to the
; merchants of Boston and the people of Mas
sachusetts to rebuke sectionalism, and closed
( with an eloquent peroration iu reference to
i the future of the nation.
Albany, N. Y., Oct. 27 —A terrible north
west gale of wind and rain has prevailed
• here for some two days. Hardly any out
1 door business could be done. During last
night, tbo water in the river began to
i rise, and at daylight this morning, all the
wharves and piers, wero submerged, and all
the stores upon them flooded eighteen inch
es. So unexpected was this great rise of
water that no preparations were made to re
j ceive it, consequently large amounts of pro
j perty on the lower floors have been injured,
and considerable destroyed,
i The Central railroad is submerged in sev
eral places along the Mohawk so deeply that
; the fires were put out in the locomotives.—
! The damage must be extensive north and
1 west.
I Andrew Kirk, brewer, and one of our most
respected, honored aud worthy citizens, died
this morning. He was president of the St.
Andrew’s Society.
New Orleans, Oct. 27.—The schr. Mary,
from Belize, Honduras, reports the probable
loss of the barque Elizabeth and the brig
Harriet, bound from Belize to England, dur
ing the late hurricane. 1 he brig l nicorn,
also experienced the hurricane, but returned
I to Belize dismasted.
New Orleans, Oct. 27.—Tho money mar
ket shows no change, and the prospects are
i gloomy.
There has 6till been nothing dono in ex
' changes.
j Advices from Texas report the prevalence
I of severe frosts.
Philadelphia, Oct. 28.—An affray occur
red yesterday, in the cars, near Chambers
burg, between Mr. McKiblin, member of
Congress from California, and Isaac Craig,
his brother-in-law. The latter had incurred
the enmity of the whole family by the alleg
ed seduction of the M. C/s sister, a deaf and
dumb girl, several years since. The parties
met accidentally for the first timo since the
occurrence. Pistols were used, and Craig
was wouuded, but not dangerously. Mc
Kiblin is a son of the naval officer of this
port.
Washington, Oct. 28.—Wm. Flinn has
been appointed by the President assistant
secretary to sign land patents in the (Gene
ral Land Office.
Tho notes of tbo Philadelphia and New
York city banks, are received as currency by
the banks of this District.
i Boston, Oct. 27.—There is a general stag
nation in money matters and business, and a
duller day has seldom been witnessed. One
of the chief causes of this is the heavy north
east storm which has already continued for
S 4$ hours, and which is still coming down.—
! An immense quantity of rain has fallen, and
• many cellars are flooded.
Boston, Oct. 28.—A man, who gave his
name ns Colt, ot New York, was arrested
i here yesterday, on a charge of having passed
two lorgcd checks upon the Blaekston Bank,
; the proceeds of which he made way with.—
The checks were for $700 each, and no trace
i of the money since it was given to the ac
cused has yet beeu discovered.
Middleton, Conk., Oot. 27.—Dr. ;lliam
j Boyle, of this place, committed suicide about
3 o'clock, this morning, by cutting his throat
with a razor. He is supposed to have been
laboring nnder a fit of temporary insanity.
Boston, Oct. 28.—A heavy storm raged in
this vicinity yesterday. No marine disas
1 ters have yet been reported. The steamer
Joseph Whitney, from Baltimore, put in at
Chatham yesterday afternoon for harbor.
Boston. Oct. 27.-The U. S. barque Re
lease is to to befitted out as astoreship, and
will sail from the Charleston Davy yard io a
few weeks for Spezzia, Sardinia, with stores
for the Mediterranean squadron.
St Loris, October 27.—A man named
Emerson, charged with swindling Messrs.
Hanford A Brothers and other parties in N.
York, of $14,000, was arrested in this city
vesterday. , , .
“ Chicago, Oct. 28.—It is now stated that
Mionesota has gone repub ican, and that the
republican candidate for Governor has been
successful by 12 majority.
New Orleans, Oot. 20.—there were 139
deaths in this city last week, and 37 of them
were from yellow fever.
Toronto, C. W., Oct 27,-Meaers. Ross
Mitaholl & Co., importers, have failed, with
liabilities amounting to a million and a quar
ter of dollars.
Naval Courts of Inquiry.
Before Court No. 1, yesterday, the case of
ez Lt. Noland, was considered.
Before Court No. 2, the case of Comman
der Ringgold, was pending.
Before Court No. 3, the ©a$e of Captain
Ritchie, was up.
Potomac River, Washington, George
town aud Alexandria,
From the National Intelligencer.
The march to pay a last tribute of respect
to the vcuerable Patriot of Arlington, in
view of tho river, has brought to mind this
long discussed and interesting subject, both
as regards the interests of the United States
and those of tho three separate communities
withiu the original ten miles square.
The opposition iu sentiment baa remained
the same, as regards these communities,
since the first serious agitation of the subject
iu 1800. It was then in the hand* of able
and experienced men, w ho were guided (it is
fair to presume) by interests comparatively as
strong and controlling as those of the present
Jay.
These separato communities were repre
sented at that time, one by Cuthbert Powell,
Jonah Thompson, and others; another by
General John Mason, Benjamin Stoddart,
Walter Smith, and others: and the third by
Robert Brent, Thomas Law, Frederick May,
Daniel Carroll, of DuJdiogton, and others;
and opinions were obtained from B. 11.
Litrobe, Thomas Moore, and other scientific !
men in relation to the subject. From these |
sources it appears that the main channel
from Georgetown passed between Masou’s j
island and tho Virginia shore; that its :
breadth down tlie river wa9 more than three
hundred yards and its depth twenty-one and
a half feet; that upon the petition and solici- j
tation of tho people of Georgetow n this
channel or “arm of the river Potomac” was i
closed up by the erection of tho “dam or
causeway” between Mason’s island and the
Virginia shore, under the authority ot the
act of Congress of the 10th of January, 1805; j
that this delusion was so complete as to in*
duce tho whole people of Georgetown to im
pose upon themselves and submit to a heavy
tax upon their property in order to strike
this fatal blow ou their own commerce and
prosperity. !
Georgetown, therefore, owes to herself too
destruction of the main channel to her port.
They thus cut off their right “arm” of naviga
tion, and have since attributed all the •
fortunes connected with t-ii> navigation to
the erection and existence of tho “Long Po
tomac Bridge.” A more uofortunate delusion
never existed, as has been proved by ecienco
and confirmed by experience. A bridge on
piles has never injured the channel of a river,
but the injury to the western channel of this
river comaieuced the moment that that dam
or causeway was completed ; and this great
natural outlet and safety-valve for tho floods
having been shut up, and tho river, in the
lace of the town, so uiueh contracted, that it
has thrown those floods over the wharves,
! and into the warehouses of the merchants
and the streets, to the loss and destruction of
thousands of dollars worth of property; while
the only injury done to Georgetown by that
bridge has been occasional detentions of ves
sels at the draw, and occasional chafing of
their sides against the pile.*; but a greater evil
has been felt by the raising of tho draws and
passago of vessels in detail, producing long
detention of many persons, in all kinds of
land conveyances and on foot, of which wc
had a tedious example on our march from
Arlington.
Public policy and private rights require
that navigation, commerce, and travel should
not interfere nor run counter to each other,
but should concur, sympathize, and aid each
other.
With the improvements, lights, and intel
ligence of the present day, the question has
cotally changed, and it is the true policy of
Washington, as well as of Georgetown, now,
for the sake of their navigation, trade, com
merce, travel, and, what is of vital impor
tance to their well being, their health, not
only to remove this LoDg Bridge, but also
tho ruinous dam or causeway from Mason’s
island to the Virginia shore, and to make
the other improvements which I shall here
bog leave to suggest.
These reflections were elicited by the march
over the Aqueduct, and were meditated up; n
in tho solemn march to the Patriot’s grave,
and in the return route over the LoDg Potomac
bridge to Washington.
And the following is intended simply to
unfold the practical result of these reflections,
as being calculated to pruduce the most
beneficial effects, viz:
1st. Correct the fatal error made in 1805, ;
by totally removing the causeway from
Mason’s Island to the Virginia shore, and
restoring that ample and ancient channel of
the commerce of Georgetown, extending its
deep water far down the river; for, without
thus reinstating this natural arrangement of
Providence, the expenditure of millions may
bo fruitless in restoring the navigation of
the river.
2d. Krect two strong and permanent piers
or sea-walls, one from the southwest and the >
other from the southeast corner of that island, ;
giving direction to the current divided by the |
northwestern point of it, the one about half j
a mile long, to direct the current iu the
straight course of tho Virginia channel, and *
the other much longer, witii a curve and bend, j
to direct the current to the Maryland side j
or city channel, and the Tiber creek or canal, i
so that one-third of tho breadth of the river,
where it expands, may lie between the south- 1
ern ends of these piers.
This will give Georgetown tho choice of ,
two channels, perhaps of equal depth; the!
allnvion deposite will then take place behind
these piers, ami rapidly increase the size of
the island, while the harbor or channel of
Washington will bo increased in breadth
and depth from Georgotowa to the Eistern
Branch, and be more than restored to its
original dimensions.
This will render a sea-wall necessary to j
protect Monument Point, and should the mud j
island choking up the mouth of the Tiber be j
removed, will give a current and increased ,
depth to the Tiber and the canal which will
effectually keep it clear, and will, beyond a ;
doubt, improve the health of the whole city, j
as well as it will open a now chanuel and j
character of commerce to the canal and ;
along the entire western shore of the city up j
to the wharves of Georgetown. Indeed, the j
increased supply of constant running water
would justify the extension of the canal to |
double its present dimensions, and would re- <
quire its being opeued into James’s creek at
the Toiled States Arsenal, which would be j
an immense advantage to the Government in :
receiving its supplies of coal and other
material from the mountains and rivers i
above, and military stores from Harper’s
Ferry.
But physicians and the citizens generally ;
will easily understand what difference it will ,
make to the health, commerce, travel, and j
general prosperity of W ashington to have a .
tine wide and active stream passing through i
the very heart of the city, instead of the j
stagnant, sluggish cesspool that is now per
mitted to lie in the midst of it and vitiate the
breath of life of the civil, politic, and corpo
rate body.
Should the heavy floods of the river be at j
aoy time inconvenient in the Tiber and ca
nal, they may be excluded by a heavy sea
wall thrown across the mouth of ths Tiber,
with ample locks, so that when the floods
subside the natural current and the tides j
may be admitted at pleasure.
But there is another ample and most con- j
▼enient node of having a constant current in \
the Tiber and canal, which is that of using
that part of the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal
lying within the limita of W ashington, and
making it a channel to convey the pure wa
ters of Rock Creek through the Tiber and the
Washington Canal, discharging them through
the old branch on New Jersey avenue, and
through a new and indispensable, branch, j
(which would become rather the main stem.) j
and would occupy the channel of James s 1
Creak, at the United State# Arsenal.
3. Erect amassivo and permanent vir.duct
at Georgetown, either in connection with the
aqueduct or independently of it, (as the
Engineers may determine,) should a better
position be found above it, that will allord
ample room for a railroad and for a wagon
aud carriage road, and pathways for foot
passengers; and then construct a railroad
from Washington, over Keck Creek, through
Georgetown and over this viaduct to Al
exandria, to connect with the Southern rail
road there, when this all-important link in
the chain from North to South, which has
remained so long broken, will for the lirst
time bo permanently aud effectually filled up,
and which cannot in any other way be certain
ly andpermanent/y *jfectid.
Over this railroad will be the quickest
passage possible of travelling and transport
ing the mail and burden from Washington or
Georgetown to Alexandria, and vice versa;
for, while the steamboat is making one trip
of half the distance by water, the cars will
make two trips; and as to the canal boats go
ing at full speed beside this railroad, they
would appear to bo standing still when pass
ed by tin; cars.
4th. This railroad will connect with tho
Metropolitan railroad, which will bring into
tho three cities a vast increase of travel and
commerce direct from tlie West.
These cities should, therefore, immediately
commence this road, for the slow-motioned
canal boats will never be able to compete
with the fast railroad cars to Baltimore.
5tb. Remove entirely the present Potomac
Bridge and causeways, (where commerce in
juriously interrupts travel and continued tra
vel may exclude commerce,) and use tne ma
terials m the constructi mol tho piers men
tioned under the second head. I his bridge
has at best, from the beginning, been a mere
temporary structure having oiteu been crush
ed and destroyed by the irresistible power of
old Potomac, In his vindictive rage and fo-y,
for thus impotcntly attempting to interrupt
his majestic progress tr# the ocean. It is a
constant ano^anco and hindrance to passen
gers •'.r.u to the 6mall craft that are permitted
to pass its forbidding portals. The city
could well afford to lose that crippled and
rickety concern by having in exchange a line
channel and harbor for shipping all along
its western shoro up to Monument Point, and
in the Tiber, and up to the wharves of George
town; while a steam or horse power ferry,
as at Philadelphia, New York, Brooklyn,
Jersey City, and other places, would more
thao replace the bridge for marketing, travel
ling, and transporting purposes from and to
the adjaeeut country and to Alexandria, and
would support itself; while the steam packets
to Alexandria will convey passengers aud
freight, including horses and carriages, as at
present; and, moreover, will 1 e enabled,
this improvement of the navigation, to take
them from the heart of the city and from any
part of its shores. l>y this arrangement eve
ry lot of ground on “tho Island” would bo
enhanced in value to a large extent; while
along the whole extent of the shore, from
Uock Creek to the Eastern Branch, every
foot of water property would be quadrupled
in value, by throwing otf the delusion and
incubu9 that has so long held down enterpi ise
and crippled tho commercial prosperity of
Washington.
It is not that the Long Bridge has injured
the channel of the river or that tho people of
Georgetown wish it removed that this sug
gestion is made, but that the commercial in
terests of Washington require its removal; for,
should their navigation be improved, as it is
confidently believed it can be, travel could
not proceed over the bridge, as the draws
would be constantly up or so nearly so that
it might well be so considered.
6th. With the question of a union between
Georgetown and Washington, which has
been sometimes mooted, it would bo a deli
cate matter to interfere. Tho erection by
Congress of a single but massive and noble
granite arch, as wide as au avenue, from the
eastern to the western shore of Rock Creek,
would confirm the bands by an indissoluble
bond; and smiles and sweet counsels would
ever after characterize this loving pair, while
Heaven would approve their prudent choice.
A VOLUNTEER
James Illver and Knuawlta Company.
The twenty-third annual meeting of the
James River and Kanawha Company, was
held at their office in Richmond, last Mon
day night.
The meeting was called to order at half
past 7 o’clock, and organized by the appoint
ment of Sam’l. McDowell Reid, as chairman,
and Wm. 1\ Munford, Secretary.
A quorum (7,*105 votes) being present,
the meeting proceeded to the transaction of
business.
The President, Col. Thos. H. Ellis, sub
mitted the Annual Report of the Board of Di
rectors, which, with the accompanying docu
ments, were ordered to be printed for the use
of the Stockholders.
The report presents as favorable a view of
tho condition of the Company, as could be
expected in the present financial embarrass
ment of the country. The works have been
subjected during the past year, to the sever
est ordeals from ice and freshets: but there
has been the least possible interruption to
navigation, and in a few days they will be
in a state of perfect security from any ordi
nary visitation of the kind.
Tho financial condition of the Company is
quite satisfactory, and with liberal aid from
the legislature at its next session, this great
improvement will be placed upon a firm ba
sis. 1 ts completion to Covington is of the
first importance to the city of Richmond.
The Ijhsi Foreign New*,
The steamer Persia brings Liverpool dates
to the 17th ult. and £200,000 sterling in
specie—nearly a million of dollars. The
commercial panic in Europe was on the in
crease. The Bank of England had lost a large
amount of bullion, notwithstanding largo
arrivals of Australian gold, and at Vienna
and Lisbon monetary troubles had arisen.—
No fartheradvar.ee in bank rates is announ
ced in England. The banks of Holland and
Be'gium bad advanced their rates. Consols
closed at 88£ to 8S:j, showing a firmness in j
the face of the revulsion that must be corn-id- \
ered favorable. Cotton and breadstuff* had !
both slightly declined. The general news is '
meagre. The Indian mails confirm the j
favorable report* received by telegraph. It |
is believed that the next arrival will an- 1
nounce the fall of Delhi. The cholera is re- I
ported to have appeared at a village uear
London. Another of the American hordes, j
Babylon, bad triumphed at the New Market
races.—/Li//. Amer.
I BEG LEAVE to notify those of my custo-j
mers whose orders were not tilled, as well T
as those whose orders were partly tilled from
Schr. S. E. Jones' cargo, that I have another *
vessel coming trom Philadelphia, from which j
they shall certainly be supplied. Said vessel j
wiil be due here about Tuesday next, the 3rd j
proximo.
I have ordered and expect to receive during
the en>u:ng month, thiee additional cargoes of
RED AND WHITE ASH COAL, of the qual
ity which 1 always sell, that is a No. 1.
1200 TONS OF CUMBERLAND COAL
now in the yard, and for sale.
W. A. DUNCAN, Union-street,
oct 30—dlw opposite Custom House.
I7MNE ILLUSTRATED Household edition
. of the Waverly Novels.—Sixteen volumes
now ready, published by Ticknor & Fields.
Price 75 cts. per vol. For sale by
JAMES ENTWISLE & SON,
_oct 30 No. 95 King-street.
DRESS FURS, for Ladies, Misses, and Chil
dren, in great variety and beauty, and at
moderate prices, at
MEVENBERG, BRO. & CO/S,
oct 23 Saiepta Hall,
Result of tlie L.nte Election In Ivans**.
From the St. Louis Republican oj ltd. 25.
The news which we publish this morning
is of a most interesting and exciting charac
ter. Governor Walker and Secretary Stanton
h ive determined to reject the pretended vote
of Johnson county, and this leaves the Dem
ocrats in a clear minority in the Legislature.
They, at the same time, acquit the Missouri
ans of all attempts at interference in the elec
tion in every quarter, ard thus put au extin
guisher on this fulse charge.
Lawrence, (K. T.) October 20.—The news
for the past few days in Kansas has been of
! a very exciting nature. i have kept you ad
vised of the election returns, from which it
! has been seen that the Free State party have
! triumphed. On Thursday last a protest was
filed against the fraudulent returns from tho
Oxford precinct.
Gov. Walker and Secretary Stanton, otter
I receiving this protest, went in person to the
! precinct at which these frauds were alleged
: to be committed. Their proclamation over
their signatures, published this morning, con
8titutes"their report. | Hie proclamation sets
forth tho facts, and explains the reasons why
they rejected tho alleged fraudulent returns.]
'i bis proclamation produced the most in
tense excitement among the extreme pro
slavery men at Lecompton. All sorts of ven
geance is threatened against tho Governor and
Secretary. The former is quite ill. He sent
vesterday to Lawrence for Hr. Swift, of the
United States army, to visit him. Excessive
labor and latigue, with the excitement of the
past few days, were too great for his natural
ly fe*?ble constitution.
As the returns now stand tho Free State
j party have twenty-two of the thii»^*even
: members of the House, and ‘TO in the Coun
cil. Fraudulent re^tTus have been received
i from McG«i*» county, adding twelve hundred
| Vji**4; from that county where but eighteen
i were absolutely polled, if this succeeds it
will give the pro-slavery party seventeen
members in the House; but there is little
duubt but our officials will crush out this
! fraud as they have those in Johnson county,
and give tho additional members to the Free
j State party.
Kelentles* Procedure.
A case occurred a few days since at Fough
I keepsie, at a sale of mortgage foreclosure,
| which we hope may find but few parallels,
and as the parties are of this town, and the
mortgagor is well known in the community as
a good citizen, and a highly industrious and
respectable man, who is thus reduced topov
... • .1 i • _i_ :_
eriy wirougu me cruui inanui;
of the mortgagee, we cannot forbear t> 8tatj
the particulars, though f>r the present we
suppress the names of those concerned.
> A mortgage had been given on the premi
ses owned and occupied by the grantor, on
fifty-five acres of land, worth over one hun
i dred dollars an acre, and for which the price
! of ninety dollars per acre had been offered
for forty acres, without the building3, and the
whole amount to be paid in cash by the first
i of April next, to have proceedings stayed,
1 but this was refused. At the day of sale
friend* appeared to prevent a sacrifice of
the property, when at the moment of sale it
was announced that the terms would be ten
i per cent, down, as soon as bid off, and
tho b dance in one hour, the wholo to he
1 paid in gold ! Friends remonstrated in vain,
and the eager mortgagee who b id already
signified his intention to dispossess forthwith,
was a prompt bidder to the amount of bis
1 claim, $3,400.
Fortunately the friend who had offered
to purchase was prepared for such an emer
gency, and bidding $100 moro rescued the
prize from the astonished previous bidder,
who probably finding that he could not com
I ply with his own hard terms, in gottiug
! the surplus gold, lost his grasp, and had
to be content with his honest dues, much
! to his chagrin. The occupant was then di
rected to return to the peaceful enjoyment
I of bis premisps, w here it is to be hoped he
may be permitted long to remain, while
his oppressor is left to n licet upon bis heart
less and unsuccessful scheme for appropri
ating to himself the homestead of on unfor
; tunato family at such a time as this.
The Latter Day Saints*
The recent news from Utah seems to got it
beyond doubt that tho entrance of the l mted
States troops into that territory will meet
with a desperate and successful resistance.
Capf. Van Vliet, of tho United Stat» e Army,
who left Great Salt Lake City on the 14th
of September, reports a state of things
which cannot be mistaken. A discourse
delivered by lleher C. Kimball, at Salt
Like City, and published in the Peserct
New-, indicates plainly the spirit which
prevails among the Mormons. “We are/’
he I’Xcliims, “the people of Peseret: she
shall ho Deseret.; she shall no more be
called Utah.” lie scoff-at the pretensions
of the general government to appoint officers
over them, and exhorts the people to arm,
even to the women and children. And then
in the very phrenzy of fanaticism lie cries
out, “We arc the kingd >m of God; wo are
the State of Deseret; and we will have you”
(turning to Young, who was present) “broth
er Brigham, as our governor just as long as
you live; we will not have any other gover
nor,” and all the pe*»plo shouted “Amen!”
All Antique Ciiunterpniif•
Wo mentioned tho other day several uni
quo specimens of Ladies handicraft in the
way ol Quilts, entered for the Fair to be held
in this place next week. Wc have another
specimen in the shape ol a embroidered Cut
ton Counterpane, worthy of a passing notice.
The material of this Counterpane was grown
on the farm of Col. William Alexander ol
Effingham, Prince William county, Ya., in
the year 17So. It was spun, woven and em
broidered by one of bis daughters in 17NO,
and after being in general use for over seven
ty years, is now exhibited by the daughter of
the lady who manufactured it, forcompurieon
and competition with similar productions of
the present age. — Fred. Her.
Acknowledgment.—w e ac k no w i e<i ge
the receipt this morning, thiough the Post
Office, of a Ten Dollar Note, on the Patriotic
Bank, of Washington, Irorn some unknown
hand. No doubt this is a case of conscience.
The sender will receive our sincere thanks.
We know there are many more who should he
similarly affected. Ir. these troublous times the
receipt of moneys justly due us will he a great
reliet. CLAGETT U DODSON.
. Washington, oct 30—3t
1)LASTER.—200 tons fine Blue PLASTER,
on hand, and for sale by
M. ELDRIDGE,
oct 30—2w Union Wharf.
CITY HOTEL, Alexandra, Va.—This
house so well and favorably known is now
in charge of the undersigned, who will be hap
py to see and wait on their friend3.
SAMUEL HEELEBOWER. Proprietor,
oct ^4—3m J. J. ROBERTS, Supt.
IjMSH.—100 bbls. prime Alewives, in store,
and for sale by M. ELDRIDGE,
oct 30—2w Union Wharf.
1 MACKEREL, in halt barrels, just ;
received and for sale by
oct 16 MARSHALL & WARD.
HHDS. P. R. SUGAR, part strictly
£\J prime, just received, and for sale by
oet 10_MARSHALL k WARD.
Ill MOTH Y SEED.-A lot of prime TIMO
I H V SEED, received, and for .‘ale by
oct 27_ADDISON, WALLACE * CO.
FISH.—A lot of prime No. 1 Nova Scotia j
Herrings, just received and for sale by.
oct 24—2w M. ELDRIDGE.
NEW YORK BUTTER, ju»t received, and
for sale by JOHN A. DIXON,
oct 22 Family Grocer.
By Yesterday Evening’s Malls*
I Death of Rev. R. D. Woodley.—We re
gret to announce the death of Rev. Father
! Woodley, the beloved Pastor of St. Thomas’
(Catholic) Church, near this village. As a
| Christian minister and a gentleman be was
highly esteemed by all who knew him. His
illness was brief. Having what wan suppos
ed to be a slight billions attack, preceded by
j a chill, on Tuesday of last week, lus disease
; goon assumed a violent congestive type, hi d
on Sunday evenii g he breathed his Ust. H*j
was a native, we believe, of Virginia; and
during the prevalence of the yellow fever at
Norfolk, in the summer of 1850, was one of
the few, who, trora a sense of duty and regard
I less of self, visited that plague stricken city
! and administered to the sick and dying the
i consolations of religion.— Port Tobacco Tunes.
Pickpockets.—We understand that a lady
had her pocket picked, on the Fair Grounds,
yesterday, h was a'so stated that a gentle
man’s pocket, containing $.*50, was cut out
by a thief in the crowd outside of the grounds.
; We reiterate the caution so often given, be
; ware of pickpockets.
Since the above was in type we have as
j certained that Col. T. V>*. Eppes, of Peters
burg, while pissing through the crowd at
the gates of the Fair Grounds, yesterday,
had his pocket picked of $200.
A young man, who registered his nar.ie £3
Chas. Cornell, from Washington, was detect
ed last night, at the Central Hotel, in the act
i of picking :r.^ pocket of Mr. Jesse Rondley,
, o* Goochland county. After disgorging bis
plunder, ho was taken to the upper station
house.—Rich. Ihs.
A Fatal Accident.—At the races near
Centrcville, in this cuunty, on Friday last,
one of the riders—a youth named Clark,
about 10 years of age—was thrown violently
against the Judges’ stand aud killed almost
instantly. The horse he was riding boiled,
i which movement caused the accideut. The
! mother of Clark, who is a widow, resides in
* Washington city.
| We understood that another rider named
! Hagan was also thrown by his horse at the
same time, and iay insensible about 15 min
ute ■», when ho was restored to consciousness.
—Rod 'Tobacco Times.
The Potato Crop In Europe.
Imports oj’ Breadstuff s.—The generally fa
' vorable accounts received of the harvest
' nbrnad have, in addition to their other difti
culties, excited a good doal of uneasiness
j among our farmers. It seems, however,
thero is likely to be a demand for our
breadstuff’s, in consequence of the failuro
of the potato crop in England. The Mark
Lane Express, received by tho Baltic, an*
rmuncea that the potato disease, during the
three weeks ending on the 12th of Octo
ber, had asssumed a virulence equal iu de
structiveness to the worst period of tho
j prevalence, which was in 1840, the year
I previous t > the Irish famine. To aggravate
the apprehensions inspired by this calami
ty, it appears that Great Britain cannot re
ly upon the grain crops on the continent,
abundant as they are, to make up the de
ficiency ot food that will be caused by this
failure of the potato crop. In France, the
potato rot has manifested itself to an almost
equally alarming extent, and the government
has taker, the precaution of prohibiting the
exportation of grain until September, 1858.
j Should the disease spread its ravages over
the continent generally, there is no doubt
that similar protective measures will be
adopted by the different governments. Tho
Express anticipates rhat owing to the failure
of the rotate crop, England will be compel
led to import next year at least five million
quarters of grain, the greater portion of
which will, probably, be drawn from the
United States.
lutllau .Vhiikh.
“IVjor" or “pore,” which are found to make
the termination of so many Indian cities and
settlements, signifies town. Thus Nagpore
means tho Town of Serpents—a definition, by
tho way, sufficiently appropriate when wo
reflect on the treacherous character of the
Sepoys by whom it was so recently garrison
ed. “Abad” and “patam” also signifv town;
Hyderabad being Ilyder’s Town, and Siringa
apatara—from Seringa, a name of a god \ ish
no.;—being the town of Seringa. Allahabad,
front “Allah,” God, and “abad,” abode,
means the Abode of God; that city being the
capital of Agra, the chief school of the Brah
mins, and much resorted to by pilgrims.—
Fur j tub is the country of Five Rivers, and
I load is applied to a part of a country be
tween two rivers.
A Dutch brig is reported in dames river
with Crawford's statue of Washington for
Richmond._
MAKK1KI).
Iti Washington, on Tuesday, the 27th instant,
by the Rev. B. F. Bittinger, Mr. CHALKLEY
(. SINGLES, to Miss FHEBK J. RODGERS,
of Pennsylvania.
In Washington, on the 2Uth instant, at St,
John’s (’hurt h. by the Rev. (’harles H. Hall,
Mr. EDWARD C. EDDIE, to Mis® ELLEN
HAMMOND, both ol Washington.
Iii Georgetown, on the evening of the 22d in
i stant, by tlie Rev. Mr. .Murray. Mr. JOHN
BERRY, to Mi«? MARTHA A., second daugh
ter of George Hill, Jr., esq . ot the former place.
On the 1st instant, by the Rev. James A. Har
rold. Mr. JAMES H GILMORE, of Virginia,
and Miss ESTELLE DERRICK, of Washing
ton city.
DlKUi
In Washington, on Tuesday, the 27th instant,
SAMUEL J. BOATS, in the G3rd year of hi*
age.
In Washington, on Wednesday morning, the
28th instant, Miss HOXORA GRIFFIN, aged
seventy-five jeais.
On the morning of the 23d of October, MA
RIA LEE. infant daughter ol Fenton M. and
the late Maria E. Henderson, aged seven months
and one day. The kind attention and watchful
care ot the lady, who had her in charge, were
all unavailing to arrest the disease, which from
her birth preyed upon her, and just as the day
dawned, another little wearied angel reached
home to rest forever.
\\TANTED IMMEDIATELY.—We are in
f f w ant of $3,000 in gold, lor which we
will pay the highest price.
J. F. k L. A. LARKIN,
oct 2S No. 64. King-street.
1 J LATTER! PLASTER l!—The undersigned
are just receiving a cargo of Soft Blue
Vv indoor Plaster, to which they call the atten
tion ol Farmers. KNOX k BRO.
oct 17—1 m
C1IDER MILLS and PRESSES.—I have just
/ received another supply of Hickok s celebra
ted Mills, which grinds and presses Sugar cane
as well as apples, for sale by
oct 2b DRAYTON G. MEADE.
Bakers tobacco —
15 boxes Gold Leaf
10 boxes Joy to the World, on hand, and
for sale by KNOX k BROTHER,
oct 2—im ^
PLASTER.—300 tons No. 1 soft blue Plaster,
cargo brig Speedaw ay, from Windsor, N.
S., for sale by NEVETT k SNOWDEN,
oct 1U
LOST.—On Tuesday evening an EIGHT
DOLLAR BANK NOTE. The finder will
p:ease leave it at this office, where he will re
ceive either thanks or reward. oct 29- 3t
SUGAR AND COFFEE.—5 hhds. low pri
ced SUGAR; 10 bags Rio COFFEE—re
ceived, and for sale, by
oct 28 DAVY k HARMON,
ICOMMIMCATED.
Corporation Due Uill«.
I am just in this situation, I think the U.
sue and circulation of the Corporation pu,
| Bills to be illegal, though, I understand there
; is a difference of opinion among lawve*.
as to that fact, or rather whether there i« a, ,1
provision of law which can prohibit or r.ur.
: i*h, the issuing, receiving, or passing of tLc5*
due bills. 1 am, also, of opinion that tU
•o-permi <n of specie payments by the
, is clearly illegul. Now, why sh .uld I J,.
nounce the one illegality, and say not aw - [
! about, but in fact excuse, the other ill, ,,,
Is it safer or more politic, to denounce
and abuse Corporation l>ue Bilb, thmt
abuse the Banks, for not Complying with r\
law, in redeeming their notes in gold an j *\.
?er? Besides, it seems cruel and uiju*t t
attempt to force mechanics,and laboring m'rl
to have their bank notes shaved every >
•Jay night, compelling them to lose im!.
earnings, six, eight, and ten per et. Tj',ere
is no specie afloat in Alexandria to aur'ply
i the necessities of the people. Boor men cann ;
afford to lo?e sixty and seventy cent* , u*k j
every five dollars, they earn. If these du«
; bills had not been at hand, murk < ,,itrr
would have been experienced i„ tn;.; immu
nity. 1 do not now they get on else*
i wbeio— nut here, l know, the Banks do n :
’ pay out specie either in small sum*, or lar^
j sums, and that to obtain change, poir
would have had, but for the Corporation uuu>,
to buy gold and silver at ruinous rntes t
them. Show me where to get gold ar.d
ver, wi hout grinding the faces of the \ :
and I will unite to drive away the due
But until that can be done, show mer-’v 11 the
laboring aud working clasits! They’are a5
j “law-abiding” and “law loving” a cla*s iq
i this place, as those who w uld force them t*
! use the proceeds of their labor to ht, g.jj
with which to purchase food ami raiment, t r
the sako of the law, and have not a word tj
say against the suspension of the Bink«,
(which has brought the present necessity up
on us,)J'or the sake of the lair.
KING STKEET.
[Communicated.
Specie is getting scarcer and scarcer in
this place, and it is wanted by business men
for their business transactions abroad, and
consequently is less seen iu circulation than
over. Yesterday, after standing out {or two
or three weeks, 1 “knocked under* and t k
in payment of a debt, a corporation due bill
—horrid rag! It was rather mortifying t)
my pride after all I had said, to find tbit
the corporation due bill, for all the purpo.-ei
of purchasing a beef steak, a peck of pota
toes, a quart of hominy, and, 1 may add. re
ceiving in exchange fir it, gold or silver
was just as good as a bank note, and save!
mo sixty cents in the hargain. I \iij; a.
»
COMMKUC1AL.
Alexandria Market, October 4V.
The market was dull, and prices had a defin -
ing tendency. The offerings were light K
is in limited demand at previous quo!aM«-t.*
No sales reported. There were lew trai>a*•: •
in Wheat. No sales of fair or good white •.
red Some small lots very interior i«d sold lu
750100c., but these cannot be consider*d as re
gular market prices. Corn continuer in Ui:
demand, with light offerings. We continue :■>
quote 73075c. for white and mixed.
Tk0 Markets*
Baltimore, Oct. 29.—Flour r» firm Houan
street and Ohio $5.25, cash Wheat i>* turn
red 1150125c.; white 1250140c Corn is in:
proving, white 65072c.; yellow *v a71c
key is steady, at 210214c. for City. at. 1 .
22 Jc. for Ohio.
Nkw York, October 29.—Flour is bum a*'
sales of 12,000 bhls ; S‘ate $L650$4 75, o . a
$5.1O0$5.4O; Southern $5.4u0$5 **u. W:.» :
closed at an advancing tendency. ga!e> jre ui.
important; Milwaukie Club Iu3/zl04; Chican
Spring $1 00. Corn closed at an a!\.it**:^
tendency, and holders demand an advance, *
unimportant; mixed 72073c. Provisions **
heavy. Mess Poik $20.250$20 50. Ch.<
repacked Beef $14. Lard has declined 5
sales at 1O012$c. Whiskey hai advance! |
Ohio 210224c. Stocks are dull. Cuinhei’.i;
Coal Co., 0$. Virginia *Vs 7Sj.
ALMANAC.
1857. ;StiN Sun
OCTOBER. riit» xrlt. Moon s F’/ja-f*.
1 i i __
30 Friday.jo 48 5 12 d h. m
31 Saturday... 6 49 5 11 Full .... 1 '• 571
1 Sunday. 5 50 5 10 f.Rst qr. 8 II Ms
2 Monday.../) 51 5 9 New*-10 10 51 v
3 Tuesday... .0 52 5 8 Firstar 24 12 i:e
4 Wednesday 6 54 5 0 moil watkk
5 Thurs*lay.. 6 55 5 5 Oct.b 30 5h irr
LATEST DATES.
London.OdL 17 I Hnvre.
Liverpool .*)rt. 17 | New Orle.tn*— • *
M A KIN k LIST.
PORT OF ALEXANDRIA—<K T<UiKR . *
Akuived.
Schr. S. (». King, Andrews, Philadelphia
S. Shinn.
Schr. Beauty. Johnson. Philad* iphia,
Nevett Ac Snowden.
Steamer Diamond State, Kcrvvin. B«'in
to Wheat Ac Bro.
Sailed.
Schr. D. K. Sawyer. Pearson. New York. *'•4
by Cumberland Coal and Iron Co.
Schr. S. K. Jones, Providence, K. I rod
Cumberland Coal and Iron Co.
X3F RELIGIOUS NOTICE —Rev l»t I1
dkk will preach in St. Mary h Church, on ' *•
day evening next, trie Kve ol the Cott ,!A_
tion of the Soul of the Faithful Depart*-1 *
o clock. The choir will accompany >c;
ces with Rossini s “Stabat Mater.
oct 30—2t
Iy The publ ic should know that Mr l-a
am, who had the difficulty with Dr. 1- '■ J
Mr. Wright, has not been discharged t,,jm
service of the Orange and Alexandria
Company, as published in the papers !•'
still the owner ot the Omnibus line, wb. *
from the Alexandria Depot of the Dranjr
to the Washington Depot ot the Baltimore m •
in the service of the Orang* Company, ,
officials who have charge of th** passenu*^
baggage are as insolent as ever. As Iw* **
these people, thus acting, are connec’eil w u
Orange road, let the public beware o: tfu* *r -*
Let all who value their pleasure, sentih' 1
safety, travel on some other road. [lne i.an-_
of the writer of this notice is left with it. * “
be is responsible for what be says J „
oct 30—It 'IAi
JUST OPENED a large assortment ol '
Hoed., Talma., Rigolelte.. Circular • >“
tillas, Opera Cloaks, Scarf., Comfort. !>■;» .
Hood., Wool Gauntlet., Gaiters, *•' ■ “" ‘
.ale at reduced prices to suit the times. f
C. C. BEKS)
oct 28 _ Ho, 72 King *”
SANFORD'S INVIGORATOR. tor *
tion. of the Liver. Dyspepsia, Debi.i.y '
Stabler'. Anodyne Cherry Expectorant
cure of Cough.. Cold., Ac., for sale by
DR. R. H. STABLER. N» l' '
oct 27 Kings: cor. ol #
nAA BUSHRLS FRESH ORC'H.'l'
/()(J GRASS SEED, just received,*
Sle by DRAYTON G. MEAlR.
oct 28 No IS Kama* '
0AA 8ACKS G. A. Salt; 200do
oUU Jiffrtr * Darcey; 150 do. Ashtoi* ,
factory filled, in store and for eale by _
oct 20 MARSHALL A S ARR

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